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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC 20549
 
FORM 10-Q


 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2021
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from ______________________ to_______________________
 
Commission File Number 001-08568
 
Teligent, Inc.
(Formerly IGI Laboratories, Inc.)
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware01-0355758
(State or other Jurisdiction of(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
incorporation or organization)
105 Lincoln Avenue
Buena, New Jersey
08310
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)(Zip Code)
 
(856) 697-1441
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act: 
Title of each classTrading symbol(s)Name of each exchange on
Common Stock, Par Value $0.01 Per ShareTLGTThe Nasdaq Stock Market


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes þ     No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
Yes þ     No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
1


 
Large accelerated filer
¨
Accelerated filer
¨
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter). ☐

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨     No þ

The number of shares outstanding of the issuer's common stock was 92,817,493 shares as of May 21, 2021.






2


OTHER INFORMATION
 
When used in this report, the terms, “we,” the “Company,” “our,” and “us” refer to Teligent, Inc., a Delaware corporation (formerly IGI Laboratories, Inc.), and its consolidated subsidiaries.
3


PART I
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1.    Financial Statements
TELIGENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except share and per share information)
March 31, 2021 (unaudited)December 31, 2020
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$27,454 $5,946 
Restricted cash206 206 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $2,749 and $2,399, as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively
9,891 11,257 
Inventories20,936 23,396 
Prepaid expenses and other receivables2,678 3,486 
Total current assets61,165 44,291 
Property, plant and equipment, net15,949 16,131 
Intangible assets, net19,473 22,964 
Goodwill508 501 
Other assets3,683 3,901 
Total assets$100,778 $87,788 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$4,734 $7,972 
Accrued expenses8,763 14,713 
Capital lease obligation, current435 436 
Total current liabilities13,932 23,121 
Series C Senior Secured Convertible Notes, net of debt discount and debt issuance costs (face of $0 and $50,323 as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively)
 31,922 
Series D Senior Convertible Notes, net of debt discount and debt issuance costs (face of $277 and $3,352 as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively)
297 5,796 
Revolver, net of debt issuance costs (face of $25,000 and $25,000 as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively)
25,000 25,000 
2023 Term Loans, net of debt issuance costs (face of $83,515 and $102,905 as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively )
88,870 99,490 
Derivative liabilities 7,507 
Deferred tax liability192 190 
Other long term liabilities4,807 4,914 
Total liabilities133,098 197,940 
Commitments and Contingencies
Mezzanine equity:
Redeemable, convertible preferred stock, Series D preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 1,000,000 shares authorized; 85.412 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2021
15,374  
Stockholders’ deficit:
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized; 89,428,513 and 21,754,223 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively
1,198 220 
Additional paid-in capital195,297 135,218 
Accumulated deficit(241,343)(243,496)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(2,846)(2,094)
Total stockholders’ deficit(47,694)(110,152)
Total liabilities, mezzanine equity and stockholders' deficit$100,778 $87,788 
 The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.



4






TELIGENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except shares and per share information)
(Unaudited)
 
Three months ended March 31,
20212020
Revenue, net$11,588 $7,447 
Costs and expenses:
Cost of revenues12,799 8,610 
Selling, general and administrative expenses6,272 6,717 
Impairment charges24 8,373 
Product development and research expenses1,463 1,800 
Total costs and expenses20,558 25,500 
Operating loss(8,970)(18,053)
Other Expense:
Foreign currency exchange loss(2,092)(1,597)
Interest and other expense, net(4,119)(5,876)
Gain on debt restructuring22,439  
Inducement loss(1,889) 
  Change in the fair value of derivative liabilities(3,186)(1,258)
Income/(loss) before income tax expense2,183 (26,784)
Income tax expense30 52 
Net income/(loss) attributable to common shareholders$2,153 $(26,836)
Basic income/(loss) per share$0.04 $(4.98)
Diluted income/(loss) per share$0.03 $(4.98)
Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding:
Basic shares58,472,427 5,387,933 
Diluted shares77,142,350 5,387,933 


 The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements

.
5



TELIGENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME/(LOSS)
(in thousands)
(Unaudited) 
 
Three months ended March 31,
20212020
Net income/(loss)$2,153 $(26,836)
Other comprehensive (loss)/income, net of tax:
Foreign currency translation adjustment(752)(199)
Other comprehensive (loss)/income, net of tax(752)(199)
Comprehensive income/(loss)$1,401 $(27,035)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.
6



TELIGENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN REDEEMABLE PREFERRED STOCK AND STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIT
(in thousands, except share information)

 
AdditionalAccumulated
Other
Total
Redeemable, Convertible Preferred StockCommon StockPaid-InAccumulatedComprehensiveStockholders’
Series D SharesAmountShares (*)Amount (*)Capital (*)DeficitLossDeficit
Balance, December 31, 2020 (audited)  21,754,223 $220 $135,218 $(243,496)$(2,094)$(110,152)
Stock based compensation expense— — — — 70 — — 70 
Issuance of stock for vested restricted stock units— — 181 2 — — — 2 
Fair value of conversion feature on Convertible 2023 Series Notes— — 2,049,997 21 2,012 — — 2,033 
ATM— — 35,322,875 353 31,419 — — 31,772 
Issuance of shares for debt exchange— — 30,002,611 303 — — — 303 
Series C Extinguishment— — 298,626 299 26,578 — — 26,877 
Issuance of preferred shares to settle Second Lien Credit Agreement paid-in- kind interest            85,412 15,374 — — — — — — 
Cumulative translation adjustment— — — — — — (752)(752)
Net income2,153 2,153 
85,412 15,374 89,428,513 $1,198 $195,297 $(241,343)$(2,846)$(47,694)

(*) Adjusted to reflect the 1-for-10 reverse stock split effectuated at 12:01 a.m. Eastern Time on May 28, 2020.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.
7


TELIGENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
(Unaudited)
Three months ended March 31,
20212020
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income/(loss)$2,153 $(26,836)
Reconciliation of net loss to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities:
Depreciation of fixed assets and leases182 985 
Provision for bad debt350 85 
Provision for write down of inventory(1,077)1,394 
Stock based compensation70 491 
Amortization of debt costs and debt discount186 1,704 
Amortization of intangible assets589 741 
Non cash lease expense91 103 
Foreign currency exchange (gain)/loss 2,092 1,597 
Loss on impairment of intangible assets24 8,373 
Non cash interest expense3,134 1,984 
Gain on debt restructuring(22,439) 
   Inducement loss1,889  
Change in the fair value of derivative liabilities3,186 1,258 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable1,037 11,637 
Inventories3,590 (8,186)
Prepaid expenses, other current receivables, and assets365 (58)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses(6,187)1,889 
Operating liabilities(109)(107)
Net cash used in operating activities(10,874)(2,946)
Cash flows from investing activities:
Capital expenditures(47)(880)
Net cash used in investing activities(47)(880)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from Term Loan 20231,465  
Proceeds from ATM34,940  
Debt issuance costs(3,986) 
Principal paid on lease obligation(4)(3)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities32,415 (3)
Effect of exchange rate on cash and cash equivalents104 (651)
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash21,598 (4,480)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period6,712 16,182 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period$28,310 $11,702 
Supplemental Cash flow information:
Cash payments for interest$441 $388 
Cash payments for income taxes16 34 
Non-cash operating, investing and financing transactions:
Acquisition of capital expenditures in accounts payable and accrued expenses24 183 
Capitalized stock compensation in capital expenditures 5 
Issuance of Series D preferred stock15,374  
 The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.
8


TELIGENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 8-03 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements included in the Company's Annual Report on its Form 10-K ('Form 10-K') for the year ended December 31, 2020, as updated by other reports we may file from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2020, has been derived from those audited consolidated financial statements. Operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2021.





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1. Nature of the Business and Going Concern

Nature of the Business

Teligent, Inc. (the “Company”) is a generic pharmaceutical company. All references to "Teligent," the "Company," "we," "us," and "our" refer to Teligent, Inc. and its subsidiaries. Our mission is to become a leader in high-barrier to entry generic pharmaceuticals. Our platform for growth is centered around the development, manufacturing and marketing of a portfolio of generic pharmaceutical products under our own label and private labeled for other pharmaceutical companies in topical, injectable and other high-barrier dosage forms. We believe that expanding our development and commercial base beyond topical generics, historically the cornerstone of our expertise, to include injectable generics and other high-barrier generics, will leverage our existing expertise and capabilities, and broaden our platform for more diversified strategic growth.

We currently market and sell generic topical and generic and branded generic injectable pharmaceutical products in the United States and Canada. In the United States, we market 37 generic topical pharmaceutical products and 2 branded injectable pharmaceutical products. We have received FDA approvals for 36 topical generic products from our internally developed pipeline and we have 7 Abbreviated New Drug Applications, ("ANDAs") on topical products and 3 New Drug Application ("NDA") Prior Approval Supplements ("PASs") for sterile injectable products submitted to the FDA that are awaiting approval. We market 25 generic injectable, 3 generic topical, and 3 generic ophthalmic products. We have 1 Abbreviated New Drug Submission (“ANDS”) pending at Health Canada. In the United States, approved ANDA generic drugs are usually interchangeable with the innovator drug. This means that the generic version may generally be substituted for the branded product by either a physician or pharmacist when dispensing a prescription. We also provide contract development and manufacturing services to the prescription and over-the-counter ("OTC") pharmaceutical and cosmetic markets. We operate our business under one operating segment. Our common stock is traded on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the trading symbol “TLGT.” Our principal executive office, laboratories and manufacturing facilities are located at 105 Lincoln Avenue, Buena, New Jersey. We have additional offices located in Iselin, New Jersey, and Mississauga, Canada. In late 2020, we decided to reposition the research and development operation mainly performed at our Tallinn, Estonia office to our US manufacturing site at Buena, New Jersey and consequently we have divested our limited assets in Estonia and are in the process of formally dissolving our Estonian operations.

The manufacturing and commercialization of generic pharmaceutical products is competitive, and there are established manufacturers, suppliers and distributors actively engaged in all phases of our business. We currently manufacture and sell topical, injectable and ophthalmic generic pharmaceutical products under our own label in both the US and Canada.

Liquidity and Capital Resources; Going Concern

We have incurred significant losses and generated negative cash flows from operations in recent years, and we expect to continue to incur losses and generate negative cash flows from operations for the foreseeable future. We are not currently generating revenues from operations that are sufficient to cover our operating expenses, and our available capital resources are not sufficient for us to continue to meet our obligations as they become due, presenting substantial doubt as to our ability to continue as a going concern. Our cash and cash equivalents at March 31, 2021 were approximately $28.3 million, compared to approximately $11.7 at March 31, 2020. We continue to work diligently with our financial and strategic advisors to critically assess the strengths of the company which we can leverage moving forward.

As of the date of this Form 10-Q filing, our cash and cash equivalents are approximately $24.6 million. In the absence of additional liquidity, we anticipate that existing cash resources, after giving effect to $4.6 million in interim funding under the Second Lien Credit Agreement, with the equity raise and our continued focus on cash conservation, we estimate that we will have sufficient operating cash until the end of 2021 or into the first quarter of 2022.

We have been and are actively pursuing potential sources of additional liquidity, including:

Equity Financing. We completed the at-the-market offering on March 31, 2021 with aggregate gross proceeds of $38,712,036 from the sale of shares of our common stock at an average price of $0.993 per share.

Debt Financing. We have undertaken several deleveraging transactions to reduce our indebtedness and our related costs of capital. Additionally, we have worked with our lenders under the Senior Credit Facilities to obtain short-term financing to meet our immediate liquidity needs, including $4.6 million in interim funding under the Second Lien Credit Agreement. At the commencement of the ATM offering, we and Ares agreed to
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amendments of the Senior Credit Agreements to provide for an extension of relief from certain financial covenants (including, among others, our minimum liquidity covenant through March 31, 2022). There can be no assurances that our senior lenders will continue to provide interim financing or other relief from the covenants contained in our Senior Credit Agreements, from which we may need one or more additional waivers based on our currently expected results. In the event such waivers are not extended and we violate one or more of certain specified covenants in our Senior Credit Agreements, such violation may lead to one or more events of default under the Senior Credit Agreements, which may trigger certain cross-default provisions under the terms of any other indebtedness then in effect. We continue to engage with our business, financial and legal advisors to further analyze and explore new potential transactions to refinance or restructure our remaining outstanding debt.

Strategic Alternatives and Further Deleveraging. We expect to continually engage in such exploratory discussions with potential partners and counterparties in regard to strategic transactions and further deleveraging transactions as we and our board of directors determine are appropriate. We are continuing to diligently pursue with our financial and strategic advisors critical assessments of our operational and strategic strengths and how we can best leverage them moving forward. However, the outcome of these activities is uncertain at this time and there can be no assurance that we will be able to complete any such potential transaction on terms that are acceptable to us, if at all.

It has been very difficult to estimate our liquidity requirements, future cash burn rates and future operating results, during the last 12 months due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Further, it has been difficult to determine when our operating environment will change to allow us to return to more normalized operations, including in respect of the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. By way of example, the COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in a significant decrease in elective visits to dermatologists in the United States, which has led to a reduction in the volume of prescriptions written for topical products customarily supplied by us, which has negatively impacted our revenue. Further, the FDA Warning Letter (discussed further below) has prevented us from launching our new sterile injectable product line to be produced at our new facility, and due to regulatory and inventory production requirements, as well as certain issues of non-conformance with respect to certain products identified during our review undertaken in connection with the FDA Warning Letter (including, among other matters, product recalls, long-term production pauses, short-term clear path to market production pauses, and continued production with minor process correction), we anticipate continuing to experience a significant delay in the launch of such product line even after the restrictions imposed by the FDA Warning Letter are rescinded (if such restrictions are rescinded at all). We also continue to experience significant pressures on our liquidity related to remediation efforts arising in respect of the FDA Warning Letter. While we believe we have made substantial progress in remediating the issues identified in the FDA Warning Letter and in subsequent internal reviews, the FDA has significantly reduced its on-site inspections during the COVID-19 pandemic. As a result, there can be no assurances as to when the FDA will re-inspect our Buena, NJ facility and whether (and to what extent) the FDA will agree to remove the restrictions imposed by the FDA Warning Letter following such re-inspection.

As such, there is substantial doubt as to when the restrictions imposed by the FDA Warning Letter and the reinspection of our Buena, NJ facility will be realized or that, when realized, our increased ability to operate will generate sufficient liquidity required by us until we are able to achieve more normalized operating results. Further, given the substantial doubts of our ability to proceed as a going concern and the significant operational challenges we face in the near- and long-term, there can be no assurances that any or all these potential sources of liquidity will be available to us on commercially acceptable terms, if at all.

FDA Warning Letter

As part of our efforts to remediate the issues identified in the FDA’s warning letter issued in November 2019 (the “FDA Warning Letter”) and to strengthen our quality systems, we undertook a comprehensive review of all of our products. This review was completed in December 2020. While the review did not identify material issues with many of our products, it identified certain issues of non-conformance with respect to certain products which have resulted in recalls and halting the production of certain products, that we are actively reviewing and remediating. We have experienced and may continue to experience, among other matters, product recalls, long-term production pauses, short-term clear path to market production pauses, and continued production with minor process corrections. We believe the foregoing disruptions with respect to certain of our products and the diversion of resources to remediate the product quality issues will have a negative impact on our business, financial position, results of operations and cash flows during 2021, including reducing our revenue, negatively impacting operating/(loss), and possibly resulting in impairment and other charges. Further, we anticipate that the FDA’s issuance of the warning letter and review of our processes will continue to delay the FDA’s pre-approval inspection for commercial production on the newly installed injectable line at the Buena, NJ facility. The continued failure
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to address the issues identified by the FDA in its warning letter and those subsequently identified by us in our comprehensive product quality review as well as the continued delay in obtaining the FDA’s pre-approval inspection for commercial production on the newly installed injectable line at the Buena, NJ facility will have a negative impact on our business, financial position, results of operations and cash flows.

COVID-19 Response

As a pharmaceutical manufacturing facility, we are considered “essential” under applicable directives from the state of New Jersey. During the COVID-19 Public Health Emergency and State of Emergency we maintained our manufacturing operations and monitored conditions in order to maintain a safe workplace for our employees. Among other preventative measures, we have directed all employees that could perform their function remotely to work from home in accordance with applicable guidelines, implemented social distancing measures on-site at our manufacturing facility, provided daily personal protective equipment to our onsite employees upon their arrival to the site and implemented temperature monitoring services at our newly established single point of entrance. We have also implemented a more frequent sanitization process of the facility. As the Public Health Emergency, State of Emergency and restrictions have abated, we are in the process of implementing a phased ‘return to office’ protocol under which we will maintain social distanced workspace and continue to sanitize our facilities.

In order to preserve cash and align manufacturing-related resources with downward adjustments made to our production schedule, we initiated a reduction in force at our Buena, NJ manufacturing facility effective June 19, 2020. In connection with the reduction, we terminated 53 employees, furloughed another 15 employees and eliminated the 2nd shift packaging operation. Many of the furloughed employees have now been recalled and our employee base has stabilized and begun to rebound as we recruit and fill critical positions. Our employee base is currently 146 versus 153 on December 31, 2020, down 4.6%.

In addition, we decided to shift our research and development operation being performed in our Tallinn, Estonia office to our US manufacturing site at Buena, New Jersey and subsequently to wind-down our Estonia operation. On September 30, 2020, we sold certain of our assets located in Estonia.

Government Grant Advance

On May 15, 2020, the Company received $3.4 million of proceeds from the U.S. Small Business Administration (the "SBA") Paycheck Protection Program (the "Government Grant Advance") and utilized the advance to balance its employee-related actions previously taken with the business needs to ensure a significant portion of the loan will be forgiven. The Government Grant Advance matures in 2 years with accrued interest at an annual rate of 1.00%, being deferred for payments on amounts not forgiven at the later of (a) 10 months following the borrower's covered period, or (b) when the SBA remits any amounts forgiven to the lender. According to IAS 20, Accounting for Government Grants and Disclosure of Government Assistance, the Company recorded $3.4 million in other income on the Consolidated Statements of Operations for the year ended December 31, 2020.

Nasdaq Delisting Notice

On April 9, 2021, the Company received a notice (the “Notice”) from The Nasdaq Stock Market informing the Company that for the last 30 consecutive business days, the bid price of the Company’s securities had closed below $1.00 per share, which is the minimum required closing bid price for continued listing on Nasdaq pursuant to Listing Rule 5450(a)(1) (the “Bid Price Requirement”). The Notice has no immediate effect on the Company’s Nasdaq listing or trading of the Company’s common stock. The Company has 180 calendar days, or until October 6, 2021, to regain compliance. To regain compliance, the closing bid price of the Company’s securities must be at least $1.00 per share for a minimum of ten consecutive business days. If the Company does not regain compliance by October 6, 2021, the Company may be eligible for additional time to regain compliance or if the Company is otherwise not eligible, the Company may request a hearing before a Hearings Panel.

The negative financial conditions described above raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern as of March 31, 2021. To that end, and as described above, the Company is not currently generating revenues from operations that are sufficient to cover its operating expenses, and its available capital resources are not sufficient for it to continue to meet its obligations as they become due. As a result, the Company has engaged financial and legal advisors to assist it in, among other things, analyzing all available strategic alternatives to address its liquidity and capital structure. However, the Company cannot provide assurances that additional capital will be available when needed or that any
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strategic alternatives or restructuring pursued will be on acceptable. The accompanying financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.




2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
 
Basis of Presentation

The condensed consolidated financial statements contained in this report are unaudited. In the opinion of management, the condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments, which are of a normal recurring nature, necessary to present fairly the financial position at March 31, 2021, and the results of operations and cash flows for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020. Certain information and disclosures normally included in consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted. Accordingly, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the notes to the audited consolidated financial statements contained in the Company’s Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 4, 2021.

Reverse Stock Split

On May 28, 2020, the Company effectuated a one-for-ten reverse stock split of its outstanding shares of common stock (the "Reverse Stock Split"). The Reverse Stock Split reduces the Company's shares of outstanding common stock and stock options. Fractional shares of Common Stock that would have otherwise resulted from the Reverse Stock Split were rounded up to the nearest whole share. All share and per share data for all periods presented in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and the related disclosures have been adjusted retroactively to reflect the Reverse Stock Split. The number of authorized shares of common stock and the par value per share remains unchanged.

Principles of Consolidation

The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Teligent, Inc. and its wholly owned and majority-owned subsidiaries. The Company consolidated the following entities: Igen, Inc., Teligent Pharma. Inc., Teligent Luxembourg S.à.r.l., Teligent OÜ, and Teligent Canada Inc., in addition to the following inactive entities: Microburst Energy, Inc., Blood Cells, Inc. and Flavorsome, Ltd. All inter-company accounts and transactions have been eliminated.

Use of Estimates
 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Significant estimates include the valuation of derivative liabilities associated with certain Notes and the Senior Credit Facility, sales returns and allowances, allowances for excess and obsolete inventories, allowances for doubtful accounts, provisions for income taxes and related valuation allowances, stock based compensation, the assessment for the impairment of long-lived assets (including property, plant and equipment), indefinite-lived assets (including, goodwill, intangibles, and In-Process research and development), and legal accruals for environmental cleanup and remediation costs. The Company bases its estimates and assumptions on historical experience, known or expected trends and various other assumptions that it believes to be reasonable. As future events and their effects cannot be determined with precision, actual results could differ significantly from these estimates.

Related Parties

The Company follows subtopic 850-10 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification for the identification of related parties and disclosure of related party transactions.

The financial statements shall include disclosures of material related party transactions, other than compensation arrangements, expense allowances, and other similar items in the ordinary course of business. However, disclosure of transactions that are eliminated in the preparation of financial statements is not required in those statements. The disclosures shall include: a. the nature of the relationship(s) involved; b. a description of the transactions, including transactions to which no amounts or nominal amounts were ascribed, for each of the periods for which income statements
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are presented, and such other information deemed necessary to an understanding of the effects of the transactions on the financial statements; c. the dollar amounts of transactions for each of the periods for which income statements are presented and the effects of any change in the method of establishing the terms from that used in the preceding period; and d. amounts due from or to related parties as of the date of each balance sheet presented and, if not otherwise apparent, the terms and manner of settlement.

Cash Equivalents
 
The Company considers all highly liquid instruments purchased with the original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents to the extent the funds are not being held for investment purposes. Cash and cash equivalents include cash on hand and bank demand deposits used in the Company’s cash management program.

The Company has restricted cash, consisting of escrow accounts and letter of credits, which are included within other long-term assets on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. Pursuant to the New Credit Facilities agreement, proceeds from the 2023 Term Loan were deposited in a blocked bank account and restricted for use for the sole purpose of repurchasing the outstanding 2019 Notes. In the beginning of 2019, the Company used a total of $2.7 million of the restricted cash to repurchase a portion of the remaining 2019 Notes. The Company settled the remaining 2019 Notes upon its maturity in December 2019 (Note 7).

The following table provides a reconciliation of cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash reported in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet to the total amounts in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows as follows:
March 31, 2021March 31, 2020
Cash and cash equivalents$27,454 $11,028 
Restricted cash206 206 
Restricted cash in other assets650 468 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash in the statement of cash flows$28,310 $11,702 

Accounts at each institution are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) up to $250,000. At March 31, 2021 and March 31, 2020, the Company had $28,060,000 and $11,452,000 in excess of the FDIC insured limit, respectively.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments
 
The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents, trade receivables, restricted cash, accounts payable and other accrued liabilities at March 31, 2021 approximate their fair value for all periods presented. The Company measures fair value in accordance with ASC 820-10, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures”. ASC 820-10 clarifies that fair value is an exit price, representing the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. As such, fair value is a market-based measurement that should be determined based on assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or a liability. As a basis for considering such assumptions, ASC 820-10 establishes a three-tier value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in the valuation methodologies in measuring fair value:
 
Level 1 Inputs: Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities accessible to the reporting entity at the measurement date.
 
Level 2 Inputs: Other than quoted prices included in Level 1 inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the asset or liability.
 
Level 3 Inputs: Unobservable inputs for the asset or liability used to measure fair value to the extent that observable inputs are not available, thereby allowing for situations in which there is little, if any, market activity for the asset or liability at the measurement date. The fair value hierarchy also requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value.

As of March 31, 2021, the fair value and the respective net carrying value of the outstanding Convertible Notes are as follows:

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(in thousands)


Fair ValueNet Carrying Value
2023 Series D Convertible Notes126 297 
Series D Preferred Stock10,627 15,374 

Income/(Loss) Per Common Share
 
Basic income/(loss) per share of common stock is computed based on the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted income/(loss) per share of common stock is computed using the weighted average number of shares of common stock and potentially dilutive common stock equivalents outstanding during the period. Potential dilutive common stock equivalents include shares issuable upon the conversion of the notes and the exercise of options and warrants. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, the potential dilutive common stock equivalents have been excluded from the computation of diluted loss per share, as their effect would have been anti-dilutive.

(in thousands except shares and per share data) 
Three months ended March 31,
20212020
Basic income/(loss) per share computation:
Net income/(loss) - basic$2,153 $(26,836)
Weighted average common shares - basic 58,472,427 5,387,933 
Basic income/(loss) per share$0.04 $(4.98)
Diluted income/(loss) per share computation:
Net income/(loss) - diluted$2,153 $(26,836)
Series D conversion gain78  
Net income/(loss) - diluted$2,231 $(26,836)
  Share Computation:
Weighted average common shares - basic58,472,427 5,387,933 
Effect of convertible senior notes184,668  
Effect of dilutive stock options and RSU's1,402,970  
     Effect of convertible preferred stock17,082,285  
Weighted average common shares outstanding - diluted77,142,350 5,387,933 
Diluted income/(loss) per share$0.03 $(4.98)


Concentration of Credit Risk
 
Major customers of the Company are defined as those constituting greater than 10% of the Company's total revenue. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, one of the Company's customers accounted for 32.7% of the Company’s revenue. For the three months ended March 31, 2020, one of the Company’s customers accounted for 16.9% of the Company’s revenue. Accounts receivable related to the Company’s major customers comprised 61% of all accounts receivable as of March 31, 2021 and 12% as of March 31, 2020, respectively. The loss of one or more of these major customers could have a significant impact on our revenues, our business, and results of operations.
 
For the three months ended March 31, 2021, domestic net revenues were $8.1 million and foreign net revenues were $3.5 million. As of March 31, 2021, domestic assets were $74.6 million and foreign assets were $26.1. For the three months ended March 31, 2020, domestic net revenues were $5.6 million and foreign net revenues were $1.8 million. As of March 31, 2020, domestic assets were $146.4 million and foreign assets were $40.5 million.

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Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting (“ASU No. 2020-04”). The update provides optional guidance for a limited period to ease the potential burden in accounting for (or recognizing the effects of) contract modifications on financial reporting caused by reference rate reform. ASU 2020-04 is effective for all entities as of March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2022. The Company adopted this guidance in the second quarter of 2020. The adoption of this guidance had no impact on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements or the related disclosures.

In December 2019, the FASB issued an accounting standard update to simplify the accounting for income taxes. The standard’s amendments include changes in various subtopics of accounting for income taxes including, but not limited to, accounting for “hybrid” tax regimes, tax basis step-up in goodwill obtained in a transaction that is not a business combination, intraperiod tax allocation exception to an incremental approach, ownership changes in investments, interim-period accounting for enacted changes in tax law, and year-to-date loss limitation in interim-period tax accounting. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020 with early adoption permitted, including the interim periods within those years. The Company has implemented the guidance on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and related disclosures in the enclosed statements.

Recently Issued Not Yet Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-06 (“ASU 2020-06”) “Debt—Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging—Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity.” ASU 2020-06 simplifies the accounting for convertible instruments by reducing the number of accounting models for convertible debt instruments and convertible preferred stock. Limiting the accounting models results in fewer embedded conversion features being separately recognized from the host contract as compared with current GAAP. Convertible instruments that continue to be subject to separation models are (1) those with embedded conversion features that are not clearly and closely related to the host contract, that meet the definition of a derivative, and that do not qualify for a scope exception from derivative accounting and (2) convertible debt instruments issued with substantial premiums for which the premiums are recorded as paid-in capital. In addition, ASU 2020-06 amends the guidance for the derivatives scope exception for contracts in an entity’s own equity to reduce form-over-substance-based accounting conclusions. The Amendments also affects the diluted EPS calculation for instruments that may be settled in cash or shares and for convertible instruments. The amendments are effective for public entities excluding smaller reporting companies for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, including interim periods within those fiscal years. For all other entities, the amendments are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is evaluating the impact this guidance will have on its Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and related disclosures upon adoption effective January 1, 2024.

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (“ASU No. 2016-13”), which requires that a financial asset (or a group of financial assets) measured at an amortized cost basis be presented at the net amount expected to be collected. This approach to estimating credit losses applies to most financial assets measured at amortized cost and certain other instruments, including but not limited to, trade and other receivables. The amendments in this update are initially effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. The Financial Accounting Standards Board subsequently postponed the effective date for small reporting companies to January 2023, which for the Company means January 1, 2023. Based on the current status of the evaluation, the Company believes the adoption of the guidance will not have a material impact on its Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and related disclosures. The Company expects to continue and finalize its evaluation and assessment as required by the guidance upon adoption.


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3. Revenues, Recognition and Allowances

Revenue Recognition

The Company derives its revenues from three types of transactions: sales of its own pharmaceutical products (Company product sales), sales of the manufactured products for its customers (contract manufacturing sales), and research and product development services performed for third parties.

Revenue is recognized when a customer obtains control of promised goods or services, in an amount that reflects the consideration which the entity expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. To the extent the transaction price includes variable consideration, the Company estimates the amount of variable consideration that should be included in the transaction price using the expected value method based on historical experience as well as applicable information currently available.

Company Product Sales

Revenue from Company product sales is recognized upon transfer of control of a product to a customer at a point in time, generally as the Company's products are sold on a FOB destination basis and because of the inventory risk and risk of ownership pass to the customer upon delivery.

Company product sales are recorded net of accruals for estimated chargebacks, rebates, cash discounts, other allowances, and returns.
 
Contract Manufacturing Sales

The Company recognizes revenue for contract manufacturing sales over-time, as milestones are achieved. Shipments are made in accordance with sales commitments and related sales orders that the Company entered into with customers either verbally or in written form.

Contract manufacturing sales are recognized net of accruals for cash discounts which are established at the time of sale and are included in Revenue, net in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations.

Research and Development Services and Other Income

The Company establishes agreed-upon product development agreements with its customers to perform product development services. Revenues are recognized in accordance with the agreement upon the completion of the phases of development and when the Company has no future performance obligations relating to that phase of development. Other types of revenue include royalty or licensing revenue that would be recognized over time, at a point in time, or based upon the contractual term upon completion of the earnings process. Judgments are required to evaluate contingencies such as potential variances in the schedule or costs, the impact of change orders, liability claims, contract disputes, or the achievement of contractual performance standards.

Revenues by Transaction Type

The Company operates under one reportable segment and therefore the results of the Company's operations are reported on a consolidated basis, which is consistent with internal management reporting utilized by the chief decision maker.

Net revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 are as follows:
Three months ended March 31,
20212020
Company product sales$10,595 $7,139 
Contract manufacturing sales818 197 
Research and development services and other income175 111 
Revenue, net$11,588 $7,447 

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Disaggregated information for the Company product sales revenue has been recognized in the accompanying unaudited interim Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and is presented below according to product type:
Three months ended March 31,
Company Product Sales20212020
Topical$7,020 $5,380 
Injectables3,575 1,759 
Total$10,595 $7,139 

In the three months ended March 31, 2021 and March 31, 2020, the Company did not incur, and therefore did not defer, any material incremental costs to obtain contracts.

Sales Returns and Allowances

As is customary in the pharmaceutical industry, the Company’s product sales are subject to a variety of deductions, including chargebacks, rebates, cash discounts, other allowances, and returns. Product sales are recorded net of accruals for returns and allowances, which are established at the time of sale. The Company analyzes the adequacy of its accruals for returns and allowances quarterly. Amounts accrued for sales deductions are adjusted when trends or significant events indicate that an adjustment is appropriate. Accruals are also adjusted to reflect actual results. These provisions are estimates based on historical payment experience, historical relationship to revenues, estimated customer inventory levels and current contract sales terms with direct and indirect customers. The Company uses a variety of methods to assess the adequacy of its returns and allowances reserves to ensure that its financial statements are fairly stated. These include periodic reviews of customer inventory data, customer contract programs, subsequent actual payment experience, and product pricing trends to analyze and validate the return and allowances reserves.

Net revenue and accounts receivable balances in the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements are presented net of sales returns and allowances (SRA). Accounts receivable were presented net of SRA estimates of $31.2 million and $28.9 million at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. Certain SRA balances were included in accounts payable and accrued expenses.

The allowance for doubtful accounts was $2.7 million and $2.4 million at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. The allowance for doubtful accounts was primarily related to one specific customer for $1.7 million.

Chargebacks are one of the Company's most significant estimates for recognition of product sales. A chargeback represents an amount payable in the future to a wholesaler for the difference between the invoice price paid to the Company by its wholesale customer for a particular product and the negotiated contract price that the wholesaler’s customer pays for that product. The Company’s chargeback provision and related reserve vary with changes in product mix, changes in customer pricing and changes to estimated wholesaler inventories. The provision for chargebacks estimates the expected wholesaler sell-through levels to indirect customers at contract prices. The Company validates the chargeback accrual quarterly through a review of the inventory reports obtained from its largest wholesale customers. This customer inventory information is used to establish the estimated liability for future chargeback claims based on historical chargeback and contract rates. These large wholesalers represent the majority of the Company’s chargeback payments. The Company continually monitors current pricing trends and wholesaler inventory levels to ensure the liability for future chargebacks is fairly stated.

Rebates are used for various discounts which can be programs or one-time events. The Company reviews the percentage of products sold through these programs by reviewing chargeback data and uses the appropriate percentages to calculate the rebate accrual. Rebates are invoiced monthly, quarterly, or annually and reviewed against the accruals. Other items that could be included in accrued rebates would be price protection fees, shelf stock adjustments (SSAs), or other various amounts that would serve as one-time discounts on specific products.

The Company's adjustments for the deductions to gross product sales are as follows:
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Three months ended March 31,
20212020
Gross product sales$32,848 $23,166 
Deduction to gross product sales:
Chargebacks and billbacks16,980 11,955 
Wholesaler fees for service1,359 1,142 
Sales discounts and other allowances3,914 2,930 
Total reduction to gross product sales$22,253 $16,027 
Company product sales, net$10,595 $7,139 

Financing and Payment

The Company's payment terms vary by the type of the customer and the products or services offered. The term between invoicing and when payment is due is not significant. Generally, the Company does not incur incremental costs to obtain contracts. The Company does not adjust revenue for the effects of a significant financing component as the Company's customers generally pay within 100 days.

Costs to Obtain or Fulfill a Customer Contract

Costs related to shipping and handling are comprised of outbound freight and associated labor. The Company accounts for shipping and handling activities related to contracts with customers as fulfillment costs which are included in the cost of sales in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

The Company is required to pay a 40% royalty on certain product net sales to a pharmaceutical partner. There are currently 4 products manufactured and distributed under the Company’s label in the U.S. which are subject to this agreement. Payments are made quarterly. Royalty expense of $0.3 million and $0.1 million was included in the cost of sales in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.


4. Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost or net realizable value and using the first-in-first-out method. Inventories as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 consisted of:

March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Raw materials$13,275 $13,487 
Work in progress538 386 
Finished goods15,835 21,525 
Inventories reserve(8,712)(12,002)
Inventories, net$20,936 $23,396 

5. Property, Plant and Equipment
 
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Property, plant and equipment consists of the following:
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Land$257 $257 
Building and improvements11,660 11,660 
Machinery and equipment1,625 1,625 
Computer hardware and software301 300 
Furniture and fixtures74 74 
Construction in progress2,302 2,302 
16,219 16,218 
Less accumulated depreciation and amortization(270)(87)
Property, plant and equipment, net$15,949 $16,131 
 
The Company recorded depreciation expense of $0.2 million and $1.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

The Company received the certificate of completion of its building in the fourth quarter of 2018. For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and March 31, 2020, there was $0.0 million and $0.3 million of payroll costs, respectively, capitalized as construction in progress.


6. Leases

According to ASC Topic 842, Leases, the Company recognizes Right-of-Use ("ROU") assets and lease liabilities for all leases with terms greater than 12 months at the commencement date. The Company determines whether an agreement is a lease at its inception. The Company has operating and finance leases for its corporate, manufacturing, and international facilities as well as certain equipment. Its leases have remaining terms of less than 1 year to up to 9 years, including available options to extend some of its lease terms for up to 5 years. One of its lease agreements has an early termination option within one year. As the interest rates implicit in the Company's leases are typically not readily determinable, the Company has elected to utilize an incremental borrowing rate as the discount rate, determined based on the expected term of the lease, the Company’s credit risk and existing borrowings.

In May 2020, the Company modified one of its office lease agreements and obtained a deferral of 2 months rental payments amid the pandemic. According to FASB Staff Q&A on Topic 842 and 841, because the amount of the total consideration paid under the modified lease agreement is substantially the same as the original agreement, except the deferral of the lease payments which only affect the timing of the payments, the Company accounted for the concession as if no changes to the lease contract were made and continues to recognize expenses during the deferral period.

The discount rates utilized ranged from 4.86% to 8.60% and were utilized to determine the present value of the lease liabilities. The components of lease expense are as follows:
Three months ended March 31,
20212020
Operating lease cost$136 $158 
Finance lease cost:
        Amortization of right-of-use assets4 4
        Interest on lease liabilities1 1
Total finance lease cost$5 $5 
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new operating lease liabilities were zero and $1.0 million as of March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of operating lease liabilities for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 was $0.1 million and $0.1 million, respectively. Cash paid for amounts
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included in the measurement of finance lease liabilities for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, was not material.
Supplemental balance sheet information related to leases as of the periods presented are as follows:
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Operating Leases
Other assets$1,919 $2,001 
Capital lease obligation, current420 422 
Other long-term liabilities1,658 1,761 
Total operating lease liabilities2,078 2,183 
Finance Leases
Property, plant, and equipment81 81 
Accumulated depreciation(32)(25)
Property, plant, and equipment, net49 56 
Capital lease obligation, current14 14 
Other long-term liabilities39 43 
Total finance lease liabilities$53 $57 

The weighted average remaining lease terms as of March 31, 2021 for operating and financing leases were 5.6 years and 3.4 years, respectively. The weighted average discount rates for operating and finance leases as of March 31, 2021 were 8.4% and 8.0%, respectively.

As of March 31, 2021, maturities of lease liabilities are as follows:
Operating Financing
Year Ending March 31, LeasesLeases
2021 (excluding the three months ended March 31, 2021)444 13 
2022552 18 
2023551 18 
2024238 12 
2025210  
2026210  
Thereafter432  
Total lease payments2,637 62 
Less imputed interest559 9 
Total $2,078 $53 



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7. Redeemable, Convertible Preferred Stock

As discussed in Note 8, the lenders under the Second Lien Credit Agreement agreed to convert a portion of the outstanding term loans constituting 100% of the approximately $24.5 million in accrued PIK interest into an aggregate of approximately 85,412 shares of the Company’s newly created Series D Preferred Stock, par value $0.01 per share (the “Series D Preferred Stock”). The Series D Preferred Stock does not qualify as a liability instrument under ASC 480 – Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity, because it is not mandatorily redeemable. However, the Company classified the Series D Preferred Stock as mezzanine-equity, as the Series D Preferred Stock is contingently redeemable upon a change-in-control event that is outside of the Company’s control.

Each share of Series D Preferred Stock is non-voting and, subject to an increase in the number of shares of common stock available for issuance under the Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation, is convertible into 200 shares of common stock. The shares of Series D Preferred Stock issued in connection with the PIK Interest Exchange are convertible into an aggregate of 17,082,285 shares of common stock. The holders of shares of Series D Preferred Stock may not convert such shares of Series D Preferred Stock into shares of common stock to the extent such a conversion would result in a holder thereof, together with its affiliates, collectively owning more than 15% of the number of shares of common stock then outstanding. Upon the occurrence of a sale of the Company, subject to customary exceptions, the Company must redeem each share of Series D Preferred Stock by paying each holder of Series D Preferred Stock an amount equal to the amount such holder would have received in connection with such sale had such holder converted such share of Series D Preferred Stock into common stock immediately prior to such sale. The holders of Series D Preferred Stock are entitled to dividends on shares of Series D Preferred Stock equal (on an as-if-converted-to-Common-Stock basis) to and in the same form as dividends (other than dividends in the form of common stock) actually paid on shares of common stock when, as and if such dividends (other than dividends in the form of common stock) are paid on shares of common stock.

Pursuant to the terms of the Exchange Agreement, the Company is required to seek the requisite approval of its stockholders for an amendment to its amended and restated certificate of incorporation to allow for the conversion in full of all shares of Series D Preferred Stock into shares of common stock (either by an increase in the number of authorized shares of Common Stock, the effectuation of a reverse stock split, or otherwise) (the “Stockholder Approval”). The Exchange Agreement provides that, if the Company is unable to obtain the Stockholder Approval on or before July 1, 2021, then the Company will issue to each holder of Series D Preferred Stock, on a quarterly basis, additional shares of Series D Preferred Stock equal to 2.5% of the number of shares of Series D Preferred Stock originally issued to such holder until the Stockholder Approval is obtained (with a prorated amount of Series D Preferred Stock to be issued in the event the Stockholder Approval is obtained during any such calendar quarter).

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8. Debt

Convertible Notes

2023 Series A Convertible Notes

On April 27, 2018, the Company entered into separate exchange agreements with certain holders of the then outstanding Convertible 3.75% Senior Notes, due 2019 (the "2019 Notes") that effected the exchange, in aggregate, of $75.1 million of the 2019 Notes for $75.1 million of Convertible 4.75% Senior Notes due 2023 (the "2023 Series A Notes"). The 2023 Series A Notes bear a fixed interest rate of 4.75% per year, payable semi-annually with the principal payable in May 2023. At the option of the holders, the 2023 Series A Notes are convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock, cash or a combination thereof. The initial conversion rate was $44.50 per share, subject to certain adjustments, related to either the Company's stock price volatility, or the Company's declaration of a stock dividend, stock distribution, share combination or share split expected dividends or other anti-dilutive activities. In addition, holders will be entitled to receive additional shares of common stock under a make-whole provision in some circumstances that could reduce the per share conversion rate to as low as $35.60 per share. The Company incurred debt issuance costs of $1.6 million upon issuance of the 2023 Notes. The 2019 Notes had been previously settled during 2019.

In accordance with accounting for convertible debt within the cash conversion guidance of ASC 470-20, the Company allocated the principal amount of the 2023 Series A Notes between its liability and equity components. The carrying amount of the liability component was determined by measuring the fair value of a similar debt instrument of similar credit quality and maturity that did not have the conversion feature. The carrying amount of the equity component, representing the embedded conversion option, was determined by deducting the fair value of the liability component from the principal amount of the 2023 Notes as a whole. The equity component was recorded to additional paid-in capital and is not remeasured as long as it continues to meet the conditions for equity classification. The excess of the principal amount of the 2023 Series A Notes over the carrying amount of the liability component was recorded as a debt discount of $19.0 million and is being amortized to interest expense using the effective interest method through the maturity date. The Company allocated the total amount of debt issuance costs incurred to the liability and equity components using the same proportions as the proceeds from the 2023 Notes. The debt issuance costs attributable to the liability component were recorded as a direct deduction from the liability component of the 2023 Notes and are being amortized to interest expense using the effective interest method through the maturity date. Transaction costs attributable to the equity component were netted with the equity component of the 2023 Notes in additional paid-in capital. The effective interest rate of the 2023 Notes, inclusive of the debt discount and issuance costs, was 11.90%.

Following the issuance of the 2023 Series D Convertible Notes described below, all outstanding debt with respect to the 2023 Series A Convertible Notes had been extinguished through exchange of 2023 Series C and 2023 Series D Convertible Notes (see below).

2023 Series B Convertible Notes

On October 31, 2019, the Company closed its offering of the 2023 Series B Convertible Notes in the aggregate principal amount of $34.4 million (“2023 Series B Notes”). The 2023 Series B Notes will mature in May 2023 and are convertible at the option of the holder at any time prior to its maturity. The initial conversion price was $7.20 per share, subject to adjustment under certain circumstances.

As part of the offering, the Company entered into agreements with certain holders of its existing 2023 Series A Notes to exchange $9.0 million of the 2023 Series A Notes for $5.1 million of the 2023 Series B Notes. The gross cash proceeds of approximately $29.3 million from the financing were used to extinguish the Company’s previously existing 2019 Notes in December 2019 and intended to pay amounts owing with respect to other indebtedness and to fund general corporate and working capital requirements. The net proceeds from the financing were $26.9 million after deducting a total of $2.3 million of the initial purchasers’ discounts and professional fees associated with the transaction. The 2023 Series B Notes bear interest at a rate of 7.00% per annum if paid in cash, semiannually in arrears on May 1 and November 1 of each year, beginning on May 1, 2020. The Company also has an option, and has agreed with its senior lender, to pay-in-kind ("PIK") the interest at 8.00% per annum, to defer cash payments. The Company has elected the paid-in-kind interest option and increased the principal balance of the 2023 Series B Notes by $0 during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and March 31, 2020, respectively.

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Under ASC 470-60, Troubled Debt Restructurings by Debtors, the exchange of the $9.0 million of the 2023 Series A Notes for the $5.1 million of the 2023 Series B Notes represents a troubled debt restructuring ("TDR"). The TDR did not result in a gain recognition. As a result, a new effective interest rate was established based on the $7.2 million carrying value of the original debt, net of the $2.0 million fair value of the embedded derivative liability related to the new debt issued in the TDR and $0.2 million issuance costs, getting accreted to $6.8 million representing the total amount of the future undiscounted cash flows related to the $5.1 million of the 2023 Series B Notes.

In accordance with ASC 815-15, Derivatives and hedging, Embedded Derivatives, the embedded conversion option should be bifurcated and separately accounted for as a derivative instrument, because the Company did not have enough authorized shares available to share-settle the conversion option. Such derivative instruments was initially and subsequently measured at fair value, with changes in fair value recognized in earnings (Note 9). The derivative liability recorded at the issuance date was $13.5 million, including the $2.0 million above accounted for in the TDR, which was subsequently remeasured to $2.8 million as of March 31, 2020, with $4.0 million recognized as a gain on change in fair value of the derivative in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations mainly due to a share price decline during the first quarter of 2020. On May 28, 2020, the Company effectuated a one-for-ten Reverse Stock Split on its outstanding shares of common stock (Note 2), which allows the Company to have sufficient authorized shares to share-settle the embedded convertible option. The derivative liability had a fair value of $6.3 million as of the reverse stock split date, with a $3.5 million mark-to-market loss recognized in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations in the three months ended June 30, 2020. Also, on the reverse stock split date, the $6.3 million of the fair value of the derivative liability was reclassed to the stockholder's equity without further subsequent remeasurement required.

In accordance with ASC 470-20, the initial carrying amount of the liability component of the 2023 Series B Notes, excluding the $5.1 million portion above accounted for as a TDR, upon issuance is the residual amount between total proceeds from the transaction and the derivative liability net of allocated issuance costs. The $1.4 million debt issuance costs attributable to the liability component were recorded as a direct deduction from the liability component of the 2023 Series B Notes and are being amortized to interest expense using the effective interest method through the maturity date. The discount from the par amount of the 2023 Series B Notes will be accreted to par utilizing the effective-interest rate method over the term of the Notes from the issuance date through May 2023. The effective interest rate of the 2023 Series B Notes, inclusive of the debt discount and issuance costs is 27.4%.

Following the issuance of the 2023 Series D Convertible Notes described below, all outstanding debt with respect to the 2023 Series B Convertible Notes had been extinguished through exchange of 2023 Series C and 2023 Series D Convertible Notes (see below).

2023 Series C Secured Convertible Notes

On July 20, 2020, the Company completed the sale and issuance of $13.8 million aggregate principal amount of 9.5% Series C Senior Secured Convertible Notes due 2023 (the “2023 Series C Notes”) pursuant to a Note Purchase Agreement between the Company and each purchaser of 2023 Series C Notes. After taking into account an original issue discount and other fees payable to the Purchasers, the Company received net cash proceeds of approximately $10.0 million, which the Company expects to use for general corporate purposes.

The Company also issued approximately $32.3 million in aggregate principal amount of 2023 Series C Notes in exchange for approximately $35.9 million in aggregate principal amount, plus accrued but unpaid interest thereon, of the Company’s outstanding 7.0% Cash / 8.0% PIK 2023 Series B Notes, giving effect to a 10.0% discount on the principal amount of the 2023 Series B Notes so exchanged, pursuant to an exchange agreement (the "Series B Exchange Agreement") between the Company and the holders of the 2023 Series B Notes party thereto. In addition, the Company issued approximately $3.7 million in aggregate principal amount of 2023 Series C Notes in exchange for approximately $8.2 million in aggregate principal amount, plus accrued but unpaid interest thereon, of the Company’s outstanding 2023 Series A Notes, giving effect to a 55% discount on the principal amount of Notes so exchanged between the Company and the holders of 2023 Series A Notes party thereto.

Interest on the 2023 Series C Notes accrues at the rate of 9.5% per annum and is payable in kind and capitalized with principal semiannually in arrears on March 1 and September 1 of each year, beginning on September 1, 2020. The 2023 Series C Notes will mature on March 30, 2023, unless earlier converted or repurchased and are subordinate to the indebtedness under the Senior Credit Facilities. The Company has elected the paid-in-kind interest option and increased the principal balance of the 2023 Series C Notes by $0.0 million in the period ending March 31, 2021. The Company has agreed to use its commercially reasonable best efforts to obtain the approval of its stockholders that is required under
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applicable Nasdaq rules and regulations to permit holders of the 2023 Series C Notes to beneficially own shares of common stock without being subject to the Nasdaq Change of Control Cap. In the event that the Company did not obtain such stockholder approval at an annual or special meeting of its stockholders on or before October 31, 2020, holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of outstanding 2023 Series C Notes may elect to increase the interest rate payable on the 2023 Series C Notes to 18.0% per annum until such stockholder approval is obtained, which will continue to be paid in kind in the form of additional principal with respect to any applicable period in which the increased interest rate remains in effect. Pursuant to a notice dated November 2, 2020, the holders of a majority in principal amount of the outstanding 2023 Series C Notes elected to increase the interest rate payable on the 2023 Series C Notes from 9.5% to 18.0%. The Company convened and adjourned a special meeting of stockholders on October 22, 2020, and further adjourned such special meeting on November 11, 2020 and November 25, 2020, due to a lack of quorum. The special meeting of stockholders was held on December 16, 2020, pursuant to which the stockholders of the Company approved the holders of the 2023 Series C Notes beneficially owning shares of common stock without being subject to the Nasdaq Change of Control Cap. As a result of the approval, the interest rate payable on the 2023 Series C Notes was decreased to 9.5%.

The 2023 Series C Notes are convertible at an initial conversion price per share of Common Stock equal to $2.78. The Series C holders are entitled to convert principal and accrued, unpaid interest on the Notes into, at the Company’s election, cash, shares of the Company’s common stock (the “Common Stock”), or a combination thereof, subject to certain limitations and adjustments under certain circumstances. The initial conversion price represents a conversion premium of 20% to the average daily volume weighted average price of the Company's common stock for the ten consecutive trading day period ended and including July 17, 2020. The 2023 Series C Notes are not redeemable by the Company, but the Company has the right to force conversion of the 2023 Series C Notes if the Company’s per-share stock price exceeds the conversion price of the 2023 Series C Notes by 100% for a period of time after January 1, 2022, by 75% or a period of time after July 1, 2022, and by 50% for a period of time after January 1, 2023.

In connection with the issuance of the 2023 Series C Notes, the Company and certain of the Company’s material U.S. subsidiaries (the “Guaranteeing U.S. Subsidiaries”) granted a third lien security interest in substantially all of their respective assets. Teligent Canada Inc., a subsidiary of the Company organized under the laws of the Province of British Columbia (“Teligent Canada”), also granted a third lien security interest in substantially all of its assets. The security interests granted by the Company, the Guaranteeing U.S. Subsidiaries and Teligent Canada are subordinate to the security interests granted to the agents under the Senior Credit Facilities.

The 2023 Series C Notes provide for customary events of default. In the case of certain events of default, either the trustee or noteholders holding no less than 25% of the aggregate principal amount outstanding under the 2023 Series C Notes may declare all of the outstanding principal amount of the 2023 Series C Notes and accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to be immediately due and payable. Upon certain events of bankruptcy, insolvency, or reorganization of the Company or certain of its subsidiaries, the outstanding principal amount of the 2023 Series C Notes and accrued and unpaid interest, if any, will become automatically immediately due and payable.

The exchange of $35.9 million in aggregate principal amount, plus accrued but unpaid interest of the Company's outstanding 7.0% Cash / PIK 2023 Series B Notes and $8.2 million in aggregate principal amount, plus accrued but unpaid interest thereon, of the Company's outstanding 2023 Series A Notes was considered a debt extinguishment under ASC 470-50. The 2023 Series A Notes and 2023 Series B Notes were accounted for under cash conversion guidance in ASC 470-20, which requires the Company to allocate the fair value of the consideration transferred upon settlement to the extinguishment of the liability component and the reacquisition of the equity component. In accordance with the aforementioned guidance, the Company allocated $19.3 million of 2023 Series A Notes and $0.5 million of 2023 Series B Notes to the extinguishment of the liability component equal to the fair value of that component immediately before extinguishment and recognized a $11.8 million extinguishment gain in the gain on debt restructuring line on the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations during the three months ending September 30, 2020. The extinguishment gain was measured as the difference between (i) the fair value of the liability component immediately before derecognition and (ii) the net carrying amount of the liability component (which is already net of any unamortized debt issuance costs). The Company recorded a $16.2 million reduction of Additional Paid in Capital in connection with the extinguishment of 2023 Series A Notes and 2023 Series B Notes. In addition, the Company paid $1.8 million in lender fees and $2.2 million in third party fees of which $1.2 million are included in the gain on debt restructuring line of the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations during the three months ending September 30, 2020 and $1.0 million attributable to the equity component is recorded in APIC.

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In accordance with accounting for convertible debt within the cash conversion guidance of ASC 470-20, the Company allocated the principal amount of the 2023 Series C Notes between its liability and equity components. The carrying amount of the liability component was determined by measuring the fair value of a similar debt instrument of similar credit quality and maturity that did not have the conversion feature. The carrying amount of the equity component, representing the embedded conversion option, was determined by deducting the fair value of the liability component from the initial proceeds ascribed to the 2023 Series C Notes as a whole. The equity component was recorded to additional paid-in capital and is not remeasured as long as it continues to meet the conditions for equity classification. The excess of the principal amount of the 2023 Series C Notes over the carrying amount of the liability component (inclusive of the put feature, see Note 9) was recorded as a debt discount of $14.6 million, and is being amortized to interest expense using the effective interest method through the maturity date.

On January 27, 2021 (the "Modification Date"), the Company entered into a recapitalization and equitization transaction ("the Debt Exchange") pursuant to the Exchange Agreement between the Company, the Series C Noteholders and Ares Capital Corporation, whereby the holders of all of the Company’s 2023 Series C Notes agreed to exchange an aggregate of approximately $50.3 million of outstanding 2023 Series C Notes principal and accrued interest, for an aggregate of 29,862,641 shares of the Company’s common stock (the “Exchange Shares”). The Company’s common stock have been publicly traded at Nasdaq stock exchange starting from April 2016, and as of the Modification Date the market price of the Company’s common stock was equal to $0.90 per share. The Series C Equitization resulted in the extinguishment of all of our obligations under the Indenture, dated July 20, 2020, between the Company and Wilmington Trust, National Association, as trustee and collateral agent.

2023 Series D Convertible Notes

On September 22, 2020, the Company completed the issuance of approximately $27.5 million aggregate principal amount of 2023 Series D Convertible Notes (the "2023 Series D Notes") in exchange for approximately $59.0 million in aggregate principal amount, plus accrued but unpaid interest, of 2023 Series A Notes, giving effect to a 53.4% discount on the principal amount of the 2023 Series A Notes exchanged. The Company also issued approximately $0.4 million aggregate principal amount of the 2023 Series D Notes in exchange for approximately $0.5 million in aggregate principal amount, plus accrued but unpaid interest, of the Company’s outstanding 2023 Series B Notes, giving effect to a 31.9% discount on the principal amount of the 2023 Series B Notes exchanged.

Following the issuance of the 2023 Series D Notes, all amounts owed with respect to the 2023 Series A Notes and 2023 Series B Notes had been paid and the related indentures and the Company’s obligations thereunder were satisfied and discharged.

Holders of the 2023 Series D Notes are entitled to convert principal and accrued, unpaid interest on the 2023 Series D Notes into, at the Company’s election, cash, shares of the Company’s common stock, or a combination thereof, subject to certain limitations, at an initial conversion price per share of common stock equal to $1.50, subject to adjustment under certain circumstances. Since the original issuance of the 2023 Series D Notes on September 22, 2020 and continuing through March 31, 2021, the holders thereof have converted $27.6 million principal amount of 2023 Series D Notes into a total of 18.4 million shares of common stock. The 2023 Series D Notes are not redeemable by the Company.
The indenture relating to the 2023 Series D Notes provides for customary events of default. In the case of certain events of default, either the trustee or noteholders holding more than 25% of the aggregate principal amount outstanding under the 2023 Series D Notes may declare all of the outstanding principal amount of the 2023 Series D Notes and accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to be immediately due and payable. Upon certain events of bankruptcy, insolvency, or reorganization of the Company or certain of its subsidiaries, the outstanding principal amount of the 2023 Series D Notes and accrued and unpaid interest, if any, will become automatically and immediately due and payable.

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The exchange of the $59.0 million of the 2023 Series A Notes and $0.5 million of 2023 Series B Notes for $27.9 million of aggregate principal amount of 2023 Series D Notes represented a TDR. In accordance with ASC 470-60, as the exchange transaction involved only a modification of terms and did not involve a transfer of assets or grant of an equity interest, the Company accounted for the exchange transaction prospectively from the time of the restructuring and accordingly recorded the 2023 Series D Notes at the carrying amount of the 2023 Series A Notes and 2023 Series B Notes. Furthermore, as the maximum total undiscounted future cash payments equal or exceed the carrying amount of the 2023 Series D Notes, no gain was recognized related to the exchange transaction. The Company recorded the 2023 Series D Notes in the amount of $50.1 million which equals the sum of the Series A and Series B Notes carrying amounts as of the 2023 Series D Notes issuance date. The $0.6 million of 2023 Series D Notes issuance costs were expensed and reported in gain on debt restructuring in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations for the quarter ended September 30, 2020.

Subsequent to issuance of the 2023 Series D Notes, the holders have started to convert the notes into common stock of the Company. As the conversion features under the 2023 Series D Notes are much more beneficial than the conversion terms of the 2023 Series A Notes and 2023 Series B Notes as discussed above, the Company deemed it appropriate to analogize to the induced conversion guidance associated with instruments subject to cash conversion guidance. In accordance with this guidance, upon each conversion of the 2023 Series D Notes, the Company will recognize an inducement loss equal to the excess of the fair value of the consideration transferred over the fair value of the consideration that would have been issuable under the original conversion terms. The Company will then determine the extinguishment gain/loss by allocating the fair value of consideration issuable under the original terms between (1) the extinguishment of the liability component and (2) the reacquisition of the original instrument’s equity component in accordance with ASC 470-20. The fair value of the liability component will be allocated to the liability component and compared with the net carrying amount of the liability component in the determination of a gain or loss upon debt extinguishment. Any remaining amount of the fair value of consideration issuable under the original terms will be allocated to the equity component. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, $3.1 million of 2023 Series D Notes were converted into the Company’s common stock at a 666.6667 conversion rate per $1,000 principal amount of 2023 Series D Notes. As a result, the Company recognized an inducement loss of $1.9 million and an extinguishment gain of $5.4 million during the three months ended March 31, 2021. In connection with the accounting for these conversion transactions, no amount was allocated to the equity component as the fair value of the liability component exceeded the fair value of the consideration issuable under the original terms.

Senior Credit Facilities

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On December 13, 2018, the Company entered into: (i) a First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement, by and among the Company, as the borrower, certain of our subsidiaries, as guarantors, the lenders from time to time party thereto, and ACF Finco I LP, as administrative agent (the “First Lien Agent”) (as amended on October 31, 2019, the “First Lien Credit Agreement”) and (ii) a Second Lien Credit Agreement, by and among us, as the borrower, certain of our subsidiaries, as guarantors, the lenders from time to time party thereto, and Ares Capital Corporation, as administrative agent (the “Second Lien Agent”) (as amended on February 8, 2019, June 29, 2019 and October 31, 2019, the “Second Lien Credit Agreement” and, together with the First Credit Agreement, the “Senior Credit Facilities”). The Senior Credit Facilities consist of a first lien asset based revolving credit facility of up to $25.0 million ("Revolver") and an aggregate of $80.0 million in original principal amount of second lien term loans consisting of a $50.0 million initial term loan and a $30.0 million delayed draw term loan A (collectively, the “Term Loans”). The Senior Credit Facilities also included a $15.0 million delayed draw term loan B commitment, which remained undrawn and expired on October 31, 2019. As of September 30, 2020, $25.0 million was drawn under the Revolver and $83.5 million of Term Loans were outstanding. The Revolver was fully drawn in 2019. The Company extended commitments related to undrawn amounts of the Delayed Draw Term Loan A from June 30, 2019 to December 13, 2019, pursuant to an amendment the Company entered with the Second Lien Agent on July 18, 2019. The extended Delayed Draw Term Loan A was subsequently drawn down by the Company in December 2019. Drawn amounts under the Delayed Draw Term Loans mature at the same time as the Initial Term Loan. The Term Loans mature on the earliest to occur of June 23, 2024 and the date of that is 181 days prior to the maturity date of each of (x) the 2023 Notes and (y) the 2023 Series B Notes. The Revolver matures on the earliest to occur of the June 23, 2024 and the date of that is 91 days prior to the maturity date of each of (x) the 2023 Notes and (y) the 2023 Series B Notes. The Company’s ability to borrow under the Revolver is subject to a borrowing base determined based upon eligible inventory, eligible equipment, eligible real estate and eligible receivables. The Senior Credit Facilities are secured by substantially all of the Company’s assets. All of the Company’s debt is subordinated to the Senior Credit Facilities. The liens securing the Term Loans are subordinate to the liens securing the Revolver. The Senior Credit Facilities had customary financial and non-financial covenants, including affirmative, negative and reporting covenants, representations and warranties, and events of default, including cross-defaults on other material indebtedness, as well as events of default triggered by a change of control and certain actions initiated by the FDA which were superseded by the amendments noted below. The financial covenants consisted of a minimum revenue test, a minimum adjusted EBITDA test and a maximum total net leverage ratio.

The Revolver bore interest at a fluctuating rate of interest equal to one, two, three or six-month LIBOR plus a margin of 3.75% or a rate based on the prime rate plus a margin of 2.75%. The Term Loans bore interest at a fluctuating rate of interest equal to one, two, three or six-month LIBOR plus a margin of 8.75% or a rate based on the prime rate plus a margin of 7.75%. Interest on the Senior Credit Facilities was payable in cash quarterly in arrears (or more frequently in connection with customary LIBOR interest provisions), provided, that the Company may elect (and has covenanted to the lenders under its First Lien Credit Agreement to) pay interest on the Term Loans in kind until the earlier to occur of the date upon which Company has provided financial statements demonstrating twelve-months of revenue of at least $125.0 million and (ii) December 28, 2020.

Amounts drawn under the Revolver may be prepaid at the option of the Company without premium or penalty, subject, in the case of acceleration of the Revolver or termination or reduction of the revolving credit commitments thereunder, to certain call protections which vary depending on the time at which such prepayments are made. Amounts drawn under the Revolver are subject to mandatory prepayment to the extent that aggregate extensions under the Revolver exceed the lesser of the revolving credit commitment then in effect and the borrowing base then in effect, and upon the occurrence of certain events and conditions, including non-ordinary course asset dispositions, receipt of certain insurance proceeds and condemnation awards and issuances of certain debt obligations. Amounts outstanding under the Term Loans may be prepaid at the option of the Company subject to applicable premiums, including a make-whole premium, and certain call protections which vary depending on the time at which such prepayments are made. Subject to payment of outstanding obligations under the Revolver as a result of any corresponding mandatory prepayment requirements thereunder, amounts outstanding under the Term Loans are subject to mandatory prepayment upon the occurrence of certain events and conditions, including non-ordinary course asset dispositions, receipt of certain insurance proceeds and condemnation awards, issuances of certain debt obligations and a change of control transaction.

In connection with the Revolver, the Company incurred a debt discount of $0.5 million and debt issuance costs of $0.3 million. The debt discount is due to annual fees and lender fees paid on the initial drawdown of $15.0 million. The debt issuance costs and debt discount are recorded as an asset on the Consolidated Balance Sheet and are amortized to interest expense using the straight-line method through the estimated Revolver maturity date. The annual fees related to the Revolver and the Initial Term Loan are amortized to interest expense using the straight-line method over the annual period they relate to. In connection with the Initial Term Loan and Delayed Draw Term Loan A, the Company incurred a debt discount of $1.8 million and debt issuance issue costs of $0.8 million. The debt discount is due to lender fees paid on the
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Initial Term Loan of $50.0 million and drawdown of Delayed Draw Term Loan A of $20.0 million. The debt issuance costs and debt discount costs are amortized to interest expense using the effective interest rate method through the estimated maturity date. In addition, the Company incurred $0.5 million of debt issuance costs related to the commitment fees paid to the lenders for the undrawn amounts of the Delayed Draw Term Loans. These debt issuance costs were recorded as an asset on the balance sheet and amortized on a straight-line basis over the access period of the Delayed Draw Term Loans through June 30, 2019.

The Initial Term Loan of $50.0 million and $15.0 million of the Revolver were drawn by the Company on December 13, 2018. On December 21, 2018, the Company drew $20.0 million of the Delayed Draw Term Loan A. In January 2019, the Company drew down $5.0 million and subsequently the remaining $5.0 million under the Revolver were drawn down by the Company in April 2019. On September 18, 2019, pursuant to terms of the First Lien Credit Agreement, the Company borrowed an advance in the aggregate principal amount of $2.5 million (the “Protective Advance”). The Protective Advance is secured Obligations under the First Lien Credit Agreement and bears interest at the rate applicable to the Revolver. The Protective Advance was subsequently repaid in November 2019 along with a repayment fee of $0.1 million. The Company drew down the remaining $10.0 million under its borrowing capacity of Delayed Draw Term Loan A before its expiry in December 2019. The $15.0 million Delayed Draw Term Loan B expired upon the issuance of the 2023 Series B Notes, prior to the Company drawing down any monies.

The Term Loans are governed by the Second Lien Credit Agreement. The Term Loans include a 24-month paid-in-kind interest option available to the Company should it choose to defer cash payments in order to maintain the liquidity needed to continue launching new products, and preparing for an FDA prior approval inspection of its new injectable manufacturing facility. The Company has elected the paid-in-kind interest option and increased the principal balance of Term Loans by $2.0 million through the period ended March 31, 2021, respectively.

On April 6, 2020 (the “Amendment Closing Date”), the Company entered (i) Amendment No. 2 of the Revolver and Amendment No. 4 of the Term Loans, effective as of December 31, 2019. The amendments collectively among other things, (i) increase the interest rates, (ii) reset certain prepayment premiums and modify the terms of certain mandatory prepayments and (iii) modify certain financial covenant levels inclusive of the disposition of prior covenants as of and for the period ended December 31, 2019. The additions and changes to financial covenants set forth in both Amendments are: (i) a new minimum net revenue covenant is added that is tested on the last day of each fiscal quarter from March 31, 2020 until the quarter ending December 31, 2020, (ii) resets a minimum consolidated adjusted EBITDA covenant that is tested on the last day of each fiscal quarter ending during the period from March 31, 2021 to maturity, (iii) eliminates a total net leverage covenant and (iv) adds a minimum liquidity covenant tested at all times during the term of the Senior Credit Facilities.

The associated increase in interest rates are effective as of the Amendment Closing Date. The Revolver bears interest at a fluctuating rate of interest equal to the one, two, three or six-month LIBOR plus a margin of 5.5% or a rate based on the prime rate plus a margin of 4.5%, with a LIBOR floor of 1.5%. The Term Loans bear interest at a fluctuating rate of interest equal to the one, two, three or six-month LIBOR plus a margin of 13.0% or a rate based on the prime rate plus a margin of 12.0%, with a LIBOR floor of 1.5%. Interest on the Senior Credit Facilities is payable in cash quarterly in arrears (or more frequently in connection with customary LIBOR interest provisions), provided, that the Company may elect (and has covenanted to the lenders under its Senior Credit Facilities and subsequent amendments thereto) to pay interest on the Term Loans in kind through December 13, 2021 but only if the following occurs: (1) the Company receives a “warning letter close-out letter” from the Federal Drug Administration in response to corrective actions taken by the Company since receipt of the warning letter in November 2019 and (2) the Company receives a written recommendation from the Federal Drug Administration setting forth its approval decision in respect of the pre-approval inspection for commercial production on the newly installed injectable line at the Company’s New Jersey facility. If only one of those items occurs by December 13, 2020, then the Company may still elect to pay interest in kind during 2021, but only from the time the second condition has been satisfied until December 13, 2021. Thereafter, a portion of interest on the loans accruing at a rate of 4.25% per annum may continue to be paid in kind.

Both amendments provide that in the event of receipt of net proceeds from a disposition triggering a mandatory prepayment, net proceeds of such disposition will be applied as follows: (i) first, to be retained by the Company or applied to amounts outstanding under the First Lien Credit Agreement until such time as liquidity of the Company and its subsidiaries equals $10.0 million, (ii) next to amounts outstanding under the Revolver (without a permanent reduction in the revolving loan commitments of the lenders) until such amounts are paid in full (with the first lien administrative agent having the right to waive such prepayment, in which event, such net proceeds are applied to amounts outstanding under the Second Lien Credit Agreement), and (iii) finally, to amounts outstanding under the Term Loans. In addition, pursuant
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to the Revolver, the Company has agreed at all times to maintain book cash of the Company and its subsidiaries not in excess of $10.0 million with any excess being required to prepay the outstanding obligations under the Revolver.

The Company was in compliance with its financial covenants as of March 31, 2021. If the Company fails to comply with its trailing twelve months revenue covenant, an event of default under the Credit Agreement would be triggered and its obligations under the Senior Credit Facilities or other agreements (including as a result of cross-default provisions) may be accelerated. As such, as of June 30, 2020, the Company recorded a $5.6 million derivative liability associated with certain mandatory prepayment penalties and the recognition of future interest payments in the anticipation of a potential future default on its Senior Credit Facilities. The Company reversed the event of default liability in the third quarter of 2020 based on the 2023 Series C Notes offering which terminates the previous revenue covenant under the Senior Credit Facilities, according to which the Company recognized a $5.6 million gain in change in the fair value of the derivative liability line on the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations for the year ended December 31, 2020.

After the modification, the effective interest rates, inclusive of the debt discounts and issuance costs for the Initial Term Loan and Delayed Draw Term Loan A were between 16.6% and 17.7% and for the various borrowing tranches of the Revolver, were between 9.6% and 10.9%.

In connection with the Term Loan Amendments dated April 6, 2020, the Company issued to the Term Loan lenders certain Warrants to purchase up to, in the aggregate, 538,995 of post reverse stock split shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $0.01 per share. The Warrants initially were recorded at fair value upon issuance and classified as a liability as the Company did not have sufficient authorized unissued shares for the Warrants’ exercise. The Warrants were remeasured to fair value up to the reverse stock split date, with any fair value adjustments recognized in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. The Warrants were reclassified as equity at their fair value upon the reverse stock split date and will not be remeasured subsequently. The estimated fair value of the Warrants on the date of issuance of $1.4 million was recorded as a debt discount. The Warrants had a fair value of $2.2 million as of the reverse stock split date which was reclassified to equity. The Warrants are exercisable at any time after the reverse stock split which occurred on May 28, 2020 and will remain exercisable, in whole or in part, for a period of 5 years from the issuance date. As of March 31, 2021, all 538,995 Warrants remain outstanding (Note 9).

The number of shares issuable upon the exercise of the Warrants is subject to customary adjustments upon the occurrence of certain events, including (i) payment of a dividend or distribution to holders of shares of the Company’s common stock payable in shares of the Company’s common stock, (ii) a subdivision, capital reorganization or reclassification of the Company’s common stock or (iii) a merger, sale or other change of control transaction.

On July 20, 2020, the Company entered into (i) a Consent and Amendment No. 3 to First Lien Revolving Credit Agreement (the “First Lien Amendment”), and (ii) a Consent and Amendment No. 5 to Second Lien Credit Agreement (the “Second Lien Amendment”). The First Lien Amendment amends the First Lien Credit Agreement to, among other things, (i) permit the issuance of the 2023 Series C Notes and the other transactions contemplated by the Indenture, (ii) modify the terms of certain mandatory prepayments, (iii) modify certain negative covenants and (iv) modify certain financial covenants. The Second Lien Amendment amends the Second Lien Credit Agreement to, among other things, (i) permit the issuance of the 2023 Series C Notes and the other transactions contemplated by the Indenture, (ii) modify the terms of certain mandatory prepayments, (iii) modify certain negative covenants, (iv) modify certain financial covenants and (v) extend the time period in which the Company may elect to pay interest in kind.

In connection with the transactions contemplated by the Second Lien Amendment, on July 20, 2020, the Company issued to the lenders party to the Second Lien Credit Agreement certain Warrants to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock. The Warrants are exercisable for up to, in the aggregate, 134,667 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $0.01 per share of common stock. The Warrants are immediately exercisable upon issuance and will remain exercisable, in whole or in part, for a period of five years from the original issuance date. The number of shares issuable upon the exercise of the Warrants is subject to customary adjustments upon the occurrence of certain events, including (i) payment of a dividend or distribution to holders of shares of the Company’s common stock payable in shares of the Company’s common stock, (ii) a subdivision, capital reorganization or reclassification of the Company’s common stock or (iii) a merger, sale or other change of control transaction. Fair Value of the Warrants of $0.3 million was recorded as a debt discount with credit to additional paid in capital. As the Warrants are classified in equity, they are not subject to subsequent remeasurement. As of March 31, 2021, all 134,667 Warrants remain outstanding (Note 9).

The terms and assumptions used to determine the fair value of the Warrants were as follows:

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Measurement DateJuly 20, 2020
Stock Price$2.45
Expected Life in Years5.00
Annualized Volatility79.5 %
Discount Rate - Bond Equivalent Yield0.3 %

On January 27, 2021 (the "Amendment Date"), in connection with the Exchange Agreement between the Company, the Series C Secured Convertible Noteholders, and Ares, the Company entered into a recapitalization and equitization transaction, whereby all of the PIK interest accrued as of the Amendment Date in the amount of $24.5 million under the Second Lien Credit Agreement was converted into 85,412 shares of the Company's newly created Series D preferred stock (see Note 7), which are convertible into 17,082,285 shares of the Company's common stock. Additionally, in connection with the Debt Exchange, the Company entered into Amendment No. 4 of the Revolver (the “FCL Amendment”) and Amendment No. 6 of the Term Loans (the “SCL Amendment” together with the FCL Amendment, the “Amendment”). Pursuant to the SCL Amendment, certain mandatory prepayment provisions, financial and negative covenants were modified, the Debt Exchange transaction was permitted, and a new Second Lien Delayed Draw Term Loan C Facility (the “Delayed Draw Term Loan C”) in the aggregate principal amount of up to $4.6 million was provided for, which will be made available to the Company until December 31, 2021, subject to satisfaction of certain conditions. Pursuant to the FCL Amendment, certain mandatory prepayment provisions, financial and negative covenants were modified, and the Company was permitted borrowing under the Revolver, subject to availability, provided that such borrowings are only available until the commitments of the lenders under the Delayed Draw Term Loan C Facility have been reduced to zero. Prior to the Amendment Date, certain events of default occurred under the FCL agreement and SCL agreement. Pursuant to the Amendment, all defaults identified as of the Amendment Date were waived. The Debt Exchange, in the aggregate, represented a TDR, and the TDR did not result in a gain recognition. As a result, a new effective interest rate was established based on the carrying value of the original debt, net of the fair value of the redeemable convertible Series D preferred stock issued in the TDR and the related issuance costs, getting accreted to the new carrying amount representing the total amount of the future undiscounted cash flows.

At March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the net carrying value of the debt and the remaining unamortized debt discount and issuance costs are as follows:
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Face amount of the 2023 Series C Notes (due March 2023)$ $50,323 
Face amount of the 2023 Series D Notes (due May 2023)277 3,352 
Face amount of the Revolver Credit Facility (due December 2022)25,000 25,000 
Face amount of the 2023 Loan (due February 2023)83,515 102,905 
Total carrying value