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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_________________________________________
FORM 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended April 3, 2021
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from __________ to __________
Commission file number 1-09453
ARK RESTAURANTS CORP.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
New York 13-3156768
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
 (IRS Employer Identification No.)
85 Fifth Avenue,New York,NY10003
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:   (212) 206-8800  
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $.01 per shareARKRThe NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes    No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes    No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
   
Non-accelerated filer
 Smaller Reporting Company
   
Emerging Growth Company
  
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Yes    No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 12b-2). Yes    No ý
As of May 12, 2021, there were 3,544,407 shares of the registrant's common stock outstanding.



SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
On one or more occasions, we may make statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q regarding our assumptions, projections, expectations, targets, intentions or beliefs about future events. All statements, other than statements of historical facts, included or incorporated by reference herein relating to management’s current expectations of future financial performance, continued growth and changes in economic conditions or capital markets are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.
Words or phrases such as “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “predicts,” “projects,” “targets,” “will likely result,” “hopes,” “will continue” or similar expressions identify forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties which could cause actual results or outcomes to differ materially from those expressed. We caution that while we make such statements in good faith and we believe such statements are based on reasonable assumptions, including without limitation, management’s examination of historical operating trends, data contained in records and other data available from third parties, we cannot assure you that our projections will be achieved. Factors that may cause such differences include: economic conditions generally and in each of the markets in which we are located, the amount of sales contributed by new and existing restaurants, labor costs for our personnel, fluctuations in the cost of food products, adverse weather conditions, changes in consumer preferences and the level of competition from existing or new competitors.
While we believe that our assumptions are reasonable, we caution that it is very difficult to predict the impact of known factors, and it is impossible for us to anticipate all factors that could affect our actual results. All forward-looking statements are expressly qualified in their entirety by these cautionary statements. You should evaluate all forward-looking statements made in this report in the context of the factors that could cause outcomes to differ materially from our expectations. These factors include, but are not limited to:
the impacts of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on our company, our employees, our customers, our partners, our industry and the economy as a whole;
the adverse impact of economic conditions on our (i) operating results and financial condition, (ii) ability to comply with the terms and covenants of our debt agreements, and (iii) ability to pay or refinance our existing debt or to obtain additional financing;
the adverse impact of civil unrest on our (i) operating results and financial condition, (ii) ability to comply with the terms and covenants of our debt agreements, and (iii) ability to pay or refinance our existing debt or to obtain additional financing;
our ability to open new restaurants in new and existing markets, including difficulty in finding sites and in negotiating acceptable leases;
vulnerability to changes in consumer preferences and economic conditions;
vulnerability to conditions in the cities in which we operate;
vulnerability to natural disasters given the geographic concentration and real estate intensive nature of our business;
changes to food and supply costs, especially for seafood, shellfish, chicken and beef;
negative publicity, whether or not valid, and our ability to respond to and effectively manage the accelerated impact of social media;
concerns about food safety and quality and about food-borne illnesses;
our ability to service our level of indebtedness;
the impact of any security breaches of confidential customer information in connection with our electronic process of credit and debit card transactions; and
the impact of any failure of our information technology system or any breach of our network security.
We caution you that the important factors referenced above may not contain all of the factors that are important to you. In addition, we cannot assure you that we will realize the results or developments we expect or anticipate or, even if substantially realized, that they will result in the consequences we anticipate or affect us or our operations in the ways that we expect. The
- 2 -


forward-looking statements included in this report are made only as of the date hereof. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law. If we do update one or more forward-looking statements, no inference should be made that we will make additional updates with respect to those or other forward-looking statements. We qualify all of our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements.
From time to time, oral or written forward-looking statements are also included in our reports on Forms 10-K, 10-Q, and 8-K, our Schedule 14A, our press releases and other materials released to the public. Although we believe, that at the time made, the expectations reflected in all of these forward-looking statements are and will be reasonable, any or all of the forward-looking statements may prove to be incorrect. This may occur as a result of inaccurate assumptions or as a consequence of known or unknown risks and uncertainties. Many factors discussed in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, certain of which are beyond our control, will be important in determining our future performance. Consequently, actual results may differ materially from those that might be anticipated from forward-looking statements. In light of these and other uncertainties, you should not regard the inclusion of a forward-looking statement in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q or other public communications that we might make as a representation by us that our plans and objectives will be achieved, and you should not place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements.
We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. However, your attention is directed to any further disclosures made on related subjects in our subsequent periodic reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on Forms 10-Q, 10-K, 8-K and Schedule 14A.
Unless the context requires otherwise, references to “we,” “us,” “our,” “ARKR” and the “Company” refer specifically to Ark Restaurants Corp., and its subsidiaries, partnerships, variable interest entities and predecessor entities.

- 3 -


Part I. Financial Information
Item 1. Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements
ARK RESTAURANTS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS
(In Thousands, Except Per Share Amounts)
April 3,
2021
October 3,
2020
 (unaudited)(Note 1) 
ASSETS  
CURRENT ASSETS:  
Cash and cash equivalents (includes $544 at April 3, 2021 and $567 at October 3, 2020
    related to VIEs)
$11,398 $16,886 
Accounts receivable (includes $158 at April 3, 2021 and $162 at October 3, 2020 related to VIEs)
3,463 1,738 
Employee receivables391 385 
Inventories (includes $22 at April 3, 2021 and $27 at October 3, 2020 related to VIEs)
2,150 2,553 
Prepaid and refundable income taxes (includes $276 at April 3, 2021 and $274 at October 3, 2020
    related to VIEs)
4,571 2,870 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets (includes $33 at April 3, 2021 and $13 at
    October 3, 2020 related to VIEs)
2,127 2,469 
Total current assets24,100 26,901 
FIXED ASSETS - Net (includes $227 at April 3, 2021 and $241 at October 3, 2020 related to VIEs)
36,826 37,682 
OPERATING LEASE RIGHT-OF-USE ASSETS - Net (includes $2,470 at April 3, 2021 and $2,658 at October 3, 2020 related to VIEs)
59,313 54,191 
INTANGIBLE ASSETS - Net425 49 
GOODWILL17,440 15,570 
TRADEMARKS4,220 3,720 
DEFERRED INCOME TAXES9,042 5,897 
INVESTMENT IN AND RECEIVABLE FROM NEW MEADOWLANDS RACETRACK6,901 6,874 
OTHER ASSETS (includes $82 at April 3, 2021 and October 3, 2020 related to VIEs)
2,567 2,432 
TOTAL ASSETS$160,834 $153,316 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
CURRENT LIABILITIES:
Accounts payable - trade (includes $94 at April 3, 2021 and $119 at October 3, 2020
    related to VIEs)
$3,683 $2,329 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities (includes $248 at April 3, 2021 and $331 at October 3, 2020 related to VIEs)
12,592 12,688 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities (includes $237 at April 3, 2021 and $226 at
    October 3, 2020 related to VIEs)
6,321 6,117 
Current portion of notes payable (includes $142 at April 3, 2021 related to VIEs)
5,065 9,001 
Total current liabilities27,661 30,135 
OPERATING LEASE LIABILITIES, LESS CURRENT PORTION (includes $2,321 at April 3, 2021 and $2,442 at October 3, 2020 related to VIEs)
56,310 49,960 
NOTES PAYABLE, LESS CURRENT PORTION, net of deferred financing costs (includes $691 at April 3, 2021 and $723 at October 3, 2020 related to VIEs)
35,643 36,068 
TOTAL LIABILITIES119,614 116,163 
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
EQUITY:
Common stock, par value $0.01 per share - authorized, 10,000 shares; issued and outstanding,
    3,532 shares at April 3, 2021 and 3,502 shares at October 3, 2020
35 35 
Additional paid-in capital14,062 13,503 
Retained earnings26,387 22,989 
Total Ark Restaurants Corp. shareholders’ equity40,484 36,527 
NON-CONTROLLING INTERESTS736 626 
TOTAL EQUITY41,220 37,153 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND EQUITY$160,834 $153,316 

See notes to consolidated condensed financial statements.
- 4 -


ARK RESTAURANTS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (Unaudited)
(In Thousands, Except Per Share Amounts)
13 Weeks Ended26 Weeks Ended
April 3,
2021
March 28,
2020
April 3,
2021
March 28,
2020
REVENUES:
Food and beverage sales$25,181 $33,114 $45,070 $75,943 
Other revenue586 888 996 1,573 
Total revenues25,767 34,002 46,066 77,516 
COSTS AND EXPENSES:
Food and beverage cost of sales7,764 9,578 13,705 20,518 
Payroll expenses8,391 13,103 17,041 28,224 
Occupancy expenses3,523 3,830 6,997 9,269 
Other operating costs and expenses3,529 5,654 6,339 10,982 
General and administrative expenses3,036 2,397 4,824 5,451 
Loss on termination of lease 364  364 
Depreciation and amortization1,021 1,012 1,963 2,208 
Total costs and expenses27,264 35,938 50,869 77,016 
OPERATING INCOME (LOSS)(1,497)(1,936)(4,803)500 
OTHER (INCOME) EXPENSE:
Interest expense308 303 632 762 
Interest income(13)(61)(27)(74)
Gain on forgiveness of PPP Loans(4,124) (4,124) 
Total other (income) expense, net(3,829)242 (3,519)688 
INCOME (LOSS) BEFORE BENEFIT FOR INCOME TAXES2,332 (2,178)(1,284)(188)
Benefit for income taxes(1,921)(414)(4,839)(95)
CONSOLIDATED NET INCOME (LOSS)4,253 (1,764)3,555 (93)
Net income attributable to non-controlling interests(92)(14)(157)(172)
NET INCOME (LOSS) ATTRIBUTABLE TO ARK RESTAURANTS CORP.$4,161 $(1,778)$3,398 $(265)
NET INCOME (LOSS) PER ARK RESTAURANTS CORP. COMMON SHARE:
Basic$1.19 $(0.51)$0.97 $(0.08)
Diluted$1.15 $(0.51)$0.95 $(0.08)
WEIGHTED AVERAGE NUMBER OF COMMON SHARES OUTSTANDING:
Basic3,511 3,500 3,507 3,499 
Diluted3,627 3,500 3,579 3,499 
See notes to consolidated condensed financial statements.

- 5 -


ARK RESTAURANTS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY (unaudited)
(In Thousands, Except Per Share Amounts)
For the 13 weeks ended April 3, 2021
Common StockAdditional
Paid-In Capital
Retained EarningsTotal Ark
Restaurants
Corp.
Shareholders’ Equity
Non-
controlling Interests
Total Equity
 SharesAmount
Balance - January 2, 20213,502 $35 $13,563 $22,226 $35,824 $618 $36,442 
Net income— — — 4,161 4,161 92 4,253 
Exercise of stock options30 — 426 — 426 — 426 
Stock-based compensation— — 73 — 73 — 73 
Distributions to non-controlling interests— — — — — 26 26 
Balance - April 3, 20213,532 $35 $14,062 $26,387 $40,484 $736 $41,220 
For the 26 weeks ended April 3, 2021
Common StockAdditional
Paid-In Capital
Retained EarningsTotal Ark
Restaurants
Corp.
Shareholders’ Equity
Non-
controlling Interests
Total Equity
SharesAmount
BALANCE - October 3, 20203,502 $35 $13,503 $22,989 $36,527 $626 $37,153 
Net income— — — 3,398 3,398 157 3,555 
Exercise of stock options30 — 426 — 426 — 426 
Stock-based compensation— — 133 — 133 — 133 
Distributions to non-controlling interests— — — — — (47)(47)
BALANCE - April 3, 20213,532 $35 $14,062 $26,387 $40,484 $736 $41,220 
See notes to consolidated condensed financial statements.











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ARK RESTAURANTS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY (unaudited)
(In Thousands, Except Per Share Amounts)
For the 13 weeks ended March 28, 2020
Common StockAdditional
Paid-In Capital
Retained EarningsTotal Ark
Restaurants
Corp.
Shareholders’ Equity
Non-
controlling Interests
Total Equity
SharesAmount
BALANCE - December 28, 20193,499 $35 $13,289 $29,190 $42,514 $929 $43,443 
Net income (loss)— — — (1,778)(1,778)14 (1,764)
Exercise of stock options3 — 50 — 50 — 50 
Stock-based compensation— — 43 — 43 — 43 
Distributions to non-controlling interests— — — — — (66)(66)
Dividends accrued - $0.25 per share
— — — (876)(876)— (876)
BALANCE - March 28, 20203,502 $35 $13,382 $26,536 $39,953 $877 $40,830 
For the 26 weeks ended March 28, 2020
Common StockAdditional
Paid-In Capital
Retained EarningsTotal Ark
Restaurants
Corp.
Shareholders’ Equity
Non-
controlling Interests
Total Equity
SharesAmount
BALANCE - September 28, 20193,499 $35 $13,277 $28,552 $41,864 $843 $42,707 
Net income (loss)— — — (265)(265)172 (93)
Exercise of stock options3 — 50 — 50 — 50 
Stock-based compensation— — 55 — 55 — 55 
Distributions to non-controlling interests— — — — — (138)(138)
Dividends paid and accrued - $0.50 per share
— — — (1,751)(1,751)— (1,751)
BALANCE - March 28, 20203,502 $35 $13,382 $26,536 $39,953 $877 $40,830 
See notes to consolidated condensed financial statements.
- 7 -


ARK RESTAURANTS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
(In Thousands)
 26 Weeks Ended
April 3,
2021
March 28,
2020
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:  
Consolidated net income (loss)$3,555 $(93)
Adjustments to reconcile consolidated net income (loss) to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
Stock-based compensation133 55 
Gain on forgiveness of PPP Loans(4,124) 
Loss on termination of lease 364 
Deferred income taxes(3,145)(7)
Accrued interest on note receivable from NMR(27)(26)
Depreciation and amortization1,963 2,208 
Amortization of operating lease assets1,432 186 
Amortization of deferred financing costs33 20 
Operating lease deferred credit (197)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable(1,725)1,195 
Inventories442 (602)
Prepaid, refundable and accrued income taxes(1,701)(280)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets342 (406)
Other assets(105)(15)
Accounts payable - trade1,354 865 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities(71)(1,157)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities(1,644)2,110 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
Purchases of fixed assets(1,103)(1,787)
Loans and advances made to employees(40)(75)
Payments received on employee receivables34 93 
Purchase of Blue Moon Fish Company, net of cash acquired(1,817) 
Net cash used in investing activities(2,926)(1,769)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
Principal payments on notes payable(1,408)(1,350)
Borrowings under credit facility 3,000 
Proceeds from PPP Loans111  
Dividends paid (1,750)
Proceeds from issuance of stock upon exercise of stock options426 50 
Distributions to non-controlling interests(47)(138)
Net cash used in financing activities(918)(188)
NET (DECREASE) INCREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS(5,488)153 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, Beginning of period16,886 7,177 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, End of period$11,398 $7,330 
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION:
Cash paid during the period for:
Interest$534 $714 
Income taxes$7 $192 
Non-cash financing activities:
Note payable in connection with the purchase of Blue Moon Fish Company$1,000 $ 
Accrued dividend$ $876 
See notes to consolidated condensed financial statements.
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ARK RESTAURANTS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
April 3, 2021
(Unaudited)
1.    BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES
The consolidated condensed balance sheet as of October 3, 2020, which has been derived from the audited consolidated financial statements included in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended October 3, 2020 (“Form 10-K”), and the unaudited interim consolidated condensed financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Accordingly, certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted. All adjustments that, in the opinion of management are necessary for a fair presentation for the periods presented, have been reflected as required by Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Such adjustments are of a normal, recurring nature. These consolidated condensed financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Form 10-K.
COVID-19 PANDEMIC — The Company is subject to continued risks and uncertainties as a result of the outbreak of, and local, state and federal governmental responses to, the COVID-19 pandemic which was declared a National Public Health Emergency in March 2020. We experienced significant disruptions to our business as suggested and mandated social distancing and shelter-in-place orders led to the temporary closure of all of our restaurants. In the third quarter of fiscal 2020, certain jurisdictions began allowing the reopening of indoor dining at varying capacities. However, restrictions on indoor dining capacity and social distancing protocols continue to change.
As of April 3, 2021, the Company had reopened all of its properties, with the exception of Thunder Grill in Washington, D.C. (see Note 4 – Recent Restaurant Dispositions), at varying levels of capacity as allowed by local, state and federal governments. In addition to government mandated shut-downs and capacity restrictions, during the 26 weeks ended April 3, 2021, the Company temporarily closed several restaurants, typically for three to ten days due to a high rate of positive COVD-19 tests of our employees. These closures, capacity restrictions and social distancing protocols have had and will continue to have a material adverse impact on our operations.
The pandemic has caused and continues to cause unprecedented business disruptions, especially in the hospitality industry. Although we have experienced some recovery from the impact of COVID-19 in our Florida, Las Vegas and Alabama locations, the long-term impact of COVID-19 on the economy and on our business remains uncertain, the duration and scope of which cannot currently be predicted. Further, we cannot predict how long the COVID-19 pandemic will last or whether it will reoccur, what additional restrictions may be enacted, or if individuals will be comfortable returning to our restaurants during or following social distancing protocols and what long-lasting effects the COVID-19 pandemic may have on the restaurant industry as a whole. The extent of the reopening process, along with the potential impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on consumer spending behavior, will determine the continued significance of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic to our operating results and financial position.
As a result of these developments, the Company experienced a significant negative impact on its revenues, results of operations and cash flows, and has a working capital deficiency of $(3,561,000) as of April 3, 2021, all of which could negatively impact its ability to meet its obligations over the next 12 months. However, we believe that our existing cash balances, which include the proceeds from Paycheck Protection Program loans (see Note 8 - Notes Payable) will be sufficient to meet our liquidity and capital spending requirements through May 18, 2022.
PRINCIPLES OF CONSOLIDATION — The consolidated condensed financial statements include the accounts of Ark Restaurants Corp. and all of its wholly-owned subsidiaries, partnerships and other entities in which it has a controlling interest, collectively herein referred to as the “Company”. Also included in the consolidated condensed financial statements are certain variable interest entities (“VIEs”). All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
USE OF ESTIMATES — The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities, at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The accounting estimates that require management’s most difficult and subjective judgments include: projected cash flows, allowances for potential bad debts on receivables, assumptions regarding discount rates related to lease accounting, the useful lives and recoverability of its assets, such as property and intangibles, fair values of financial instruments and share-based compensation, estimates made in connection with acquisitions and impairment analyses, the realizable value of its tax assets and determining when investment impairments are other-than-temporary. Because of the uncertainty in such estimates, actual results may differ
- 9 -


from these estimates. The results of operations for the 13 and 26 weeks ended April 3, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for any other interim period or for the year ending October 2, 2021.
NON-CONTROLLING INTERESTS Non-controlling interests represent capital contributions, income and loss attributable to the shareholders of less than wholly-owned and consolidated entities.
SEASONALITY — The Company has substantial fixed costs that do not decline proportionally with sales. The first and second fiscal quarters, which include the winter months, usually reflect lower customer traffic than in the third and fourth fiscal quarters. However, sales in the third and fourth fiscal quarters can be adversely affected by inclement weather due to the significant amount of outdoor seating at the Company’s restaurants.
FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS — The carrying amount of cash and cash equivalents, receivables, accounts payable and accrued expenses approximate fair value due to the immediate or short-term maturity of these financial instruments. The fair values of notes receivable and payable are determined using current applicable rates for similar instruments as of the balance sheet dates and approximate the carrying value of such debt instruments.
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS — Cash and cash equivalents include cash on hand, deposits with banks and highly liquid investments generally with original maturities of three months or less. Outstanding checks in excess of account balances, typically vendor payments, payroll and other contractual obligations disbursed after the last day of a reporting period are reported as a current liability in the accompanying consolidated condensed balance sheets.
CONCENTRATIONS OF CREDIT RISK — Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents and accounts receivable. The Company reduces credit risk by placing its cash and cash equivalents with major financial institutions with high credit ratings. At times, such amounts may exceed federally insured limits. Accounts receivable are primarily comprised of normal business receivables, such as credit card receivables, that are collected in a short period of time and amounts due from the hotel operators where the Company has a location, and are recorded upon satisfaction of the performance obligation. The Company reviews the collectability of its receivables on an ongoing basis, and provides for an allowance when it considers the entity unable to meet its obligation. The concentration of credit risk with respect to accounts receivable is generally limited due to the short payment terms extended by the Company and the number of customers comprising the Company’s customer base.
As of April 3, 2021, the Company had accounts receivable balances due from two hotel operators totaling 36% of total accounts receivable. As of October 3, 2020, the Company had accounts receivable balances due from two hotel operators totaling 46% of total accounts receivable.
For the 13-week period ended April 3, 2021, the Company made purchases from one vendor that accounted for 12% of total purchases. For the 13-week period ended March 28, 2020, the Company made purchases from two vendors that accounted for 20% of total purchases.
For the 26-week period ended April 3, 2021, the Company made purchases from one vendor that accounted for 14% of total purchases. For the 26-week period ended March 28, 2020, the Company did not make purchases from any one vendor that accounted for 10% or greater of total purchases.
As of April 3, 2021 and October 3, 2020, all debt outstanding, other than Paycheck Protection Program loans and the note payable to the sellers of the Blue Moon Fish Company, is with one lender (see Note 8 – Notes Payable).
GOODWILL AND TRADEMARKS — Goodwill and trademarks are not amortized, but are subject to impairment analysis. We assess the potential impairment of goodwill and trademarks annually (at the end of our fourth quarter) and on an interim basis whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. If we determine through the impairment review process that goodwill or trademarks are impaired, we record an impairment charge in our consolidated condensed statements of operations.
Due to the recent impact of the COVID-19 pandemic to the global economy, including but not limited to, the volatility of the Company's stock price, temporary closure of the Company's restaurants and the challenging environment for the restaurant industry in general, the Company determined that there were indicators of potential impairment of its goodwill and trademarks during the 13 weeks ended April 3, 2021. As such, the Company performed a qualitative assessment for both goodwill and its trademarks and concluded that the fair value of these assets exceeded their carrying values. Accordingly, the Company did not record any impairment to its goodwill or trademarks during the 13 and 26 weeks ended April 3, 2021. The ultimate severity and longevity of the COVID-19 pandemic is unknown, and therefore, it is possible that impairments could be identified in future periods, and such amounts could be material.
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LONG-LIVED AND RIGHT-OF-USE ASSETS — Long-lived assets, such as property, plant and equipment, purchased intangibles subject to amortization, and right-of-use assets ("ROU assets") are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. In the evaluation of the fair value and future benefits of long-lived assets, the Company performs an analysis of the anticipated undiscounted future net cash flows of the related long-lived assets. If the carrying value of the related asset exceeds the undiscounted cash flows, the carrying value is reduced to its fair value. Various factors including estimated future sales growth and estimated profit margins are included in this analysis.
The Company considers a triggering event related to long-lived assets or ROU assets in a net asset position to have occurred related to a specific restaurant if the restaurant’s cash flows for the last 12 months are less than a minimum threshold or if consistent levels of undiscounted cash flows for the remaining lease period are less than the carrying value of the restaurant’s assets. Additionally, the Company considers a triggering event related to ROU assets to have occurred related to a specific lease if the location has been subleased and future estimated sublease income is less than current lease payments. If the Company concludes that the carrying value of certain long-lived and ROU assets will not be recovered based on expected undiscounted future cash flows, an impairment loss is recorded to reduce the long-lived or ROU assets to their estimated fair value. The fair value is measured on a nonrecurring basis using unobservable (Level 3) inputs. There is uncertainty in the projected undiscounted future cash flows used in the Company's impairment review analysis, which requires the use of estimates and assumptions. If actual performance does not achieve the projections, or if the assumptions used change in the future, the Company may be required to recognize impairment charges in future periods, and such charges could be material.
Based on the results of this analysis, no impairment charges were recognized related to long-lived assets and ROU assets during the 13 and 26 weeks ended April 3, 2021. Given the inherent uncertainty in projecting results of restaurants under the current circumstances, particularly taking into account the projected impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company is monitoring the recoverability of the carrying value of the assets of several restaurants on an ongoing basis. For these restaurants, if expected performance is not realized, an impairment charge may be recognized in future periods, and such charge could be material.
REVENUE RECOGNITION — We recognize revenues when it satisfies a performance obligation by transferring control over a product or service to a restaurant guest or other customer. Revenues from restaurant operations are presented net of discounts, coupons, employee meals and complimentary meals and recognized when food, beverage and retail products are sold. Sales tax collected from customers is excluded from sales and the obligation is included in sales tax payable until the taxes are remitted to the appropriate taxing authorities. Catering service revenue is generated through contracts with customers whereby the customer agrees to pay a contract rate for the service. Revenues from catered events are recognized in income upon satisfaction of the performance obligation (the date the event is held) and all customer payments, including nonrefundable upfront deposits, are deferred as a contract liability until such time. We recognized $71,000 and $1,552,000 in catering services revenue for the 13-week periods ended April 3, 2021 and March 28, 2020, respectively, and $208,000 and $7,234,000 for the 26-week periods ended April 3, 2021 and March 28, 2020, respectively. Unearned revenue, which is included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities on the consolidated condensed balance sheets as of April 3, 2021 and October 3, 2020, was $4,012,000 and $3,661,000, respectively.
Revenues from gift cards are deferred and recognized upon redemption. Deferrals are not reduced for potential non-use as we generally have a legal obligation to remit the value of unredeemed gift cards to the relevant jurisdictions in which they are sold. As of April 3, 2021 and October 3, 2020, the total liability for gift cards in the amounts of approximately $221,000 and $227,000, respectively, are included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities in the consolidated condensed balance sheets.
Other revenues include purchase service fees which represent commissions earned by a subsidiary of the Company for providing services to other restaurant groups, as well as license fees, property management fees and other rentals.
LEASES — We determine if an arrangement contains a lease at inception. An arrangement contains a lease if it implicitly or explicitly identifies an asset to be used and conveys the right to control the use of the identified asset in exchange for consideration. As a lessee, we include operating leases in Operating lease right-of-use assets and Operating lease liabilities in our consolidated condensed balance sheet. Right-of-use assets represent our right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent our obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. Operating lease right-of-use assets and liabilities are recognized upon commencement of the lease based on the present value of the lease payments over the lease term. As most of our leases do not provide an implicit interest rate, we use our incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at commencement date to determine the present value of lease payments. Our lease terms may include options to extend or terminate the lease.  Options are included when it is reasonably certain that we will exercise that option. Lease expense for lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Amendments or modifications to lease terms are accounted for as variable lease payments. Leases with a lease term of 12 months or less are accounted for using the practical expedient which allows for straight-line rent expense over the remaining term of the lease. 
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SEGMENT REPORTING — As of April 3, 2021, the Company owned and operated 18 restaurants and bars, 17 fast food concepts and catering operations, exclusively in the United States, that have similar economic characteristics, nature of products and services, class of customers and distribution methods. The Company believes it meets the criteria for aggregating its operating segments into a single reporting segment in accordance with applicable accounting guidance.

RECENTLY ADOPTED ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLES — In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04, Intangibles—Goodwill and Other (Topic 350)—Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment (“ASU 2017-04”). ASU 2017-04 simplifies the accounting for goodwill impairments by eliminating the requirement to compare the implied fair value of goodwill with its carrying amount as part of step two of the goodwill impairment test referenced in Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 350, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (“ASC 350”). As a result, an entity should perform its annual, or interim, goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount. An impairment charge should be recognized for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value. However, the impairment loss recognized should not exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit. ASU 2017-04 is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, including any interim impairment tests within those annual periods, with early application permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017. The Company adopted this guidance in the first quarter of fiscal 2021. Such adoption did not have a material impact on our consolidated condensed financial statements.
NEW ACCOUNTING STANDARDS NOT YET ADOPTED — In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes ("ASU 2019-12"), which modifies Topic 740 to simplify the accounting for income taxes. ASU 2019-12 is effective for financial statements issued for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2020, and for the interim periods therein. The Company is currently evaluating the effect of adopting ASU 2019-12 to determine the impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position and results of operations.
2.    VARIABLE INTEREST ENTITIES
The Company consolidates any variable interest entities in which it holds a variable interest and is the primary beneficiary. Generally, a variable interest entity, or VIE, is an entity with one or more of the following characteristics: (a) the total equity investment at risk is not sufficient to permit the entity to finance its activities without additional subordinated financial support; (b) as a group the holders of the equity investment at risk lack (i) the ability to make decisions about an entity’s activities through voting or similar rights, (ii) the obligation to absorb the expected losses of the entity, or (iii) the right to receive the expected residual returns of the entity; or (c) the equity investors have voting rights that are not proportional to their economic interests and substantially all of the entity’s activities either involve, or are conducted on behalf of, an investor that has disproportionately few voting rights. The primary beneficiary of a VIE is generally the entity that has (a) the power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact the VIE’s economic performance, and (b) the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive benefits that could potentially be significant to the VIE.












- 12 -


The Company has determined that it is the primary beneficiary of three VIEs and, accordingly, consolidates the financial results of these entities. Following are the required disclosures associated with the Company’s consolidated VIEs:
 April 3,
2021
October 3,
2020
 (in thousands)
Cash and cash equivalents$544 $567 
Accounts receivable158 162 
Inventories22 27 
Prepaid and refundable income taxes276 274 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets33 13 
Due from Ark Restaurants Corp. and affiliates (1)422 419 
Fixed assets - net227 241 
Operating lease right-of-use assets - net2,470 2,658 
Other assets82 82 
Total assets$4,234 $4,443 
Accounts payable - trade$94 $119 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities248 331 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities237 226 
Current portion of notes payable142  
Operating lease liabilities, less current portion2,321 2,442 
Notes payable, less current portion691 723 
Total liabilities3,733 3,841 
Equity of variable interest entities501 602 
Total liabilities and equity$4,234 $4,443 
(1)Amounts Due from and to Ark Restaurants Corp. and affiliates are eliminated upon consolidation.
The liabilities recognized as a result of consolidating these VIEs do not represent additional claims on the Company’s general assets; rather, they represent claims against the specific assets of the consolidated VIEs. Conversely, assets recognized as a result of consolidating these VIEs do not represent additional assets that could be used to satisfy claims against the Company’s general assets.

3.    RECENT RESTAURANT EXPANSION AND OTHER DEVELOPMENTS
On December 1, 2020, the Company, through a newly formed, wholly-owned subsidiary, acquired the assets of Bear Ice, Inc. and File Gumbo Inc., which collectively operated a restaurant and bar named Blue Moon Fish Company located in Lauderdale-by-the- Sea, FL. The total purchase price of $2,820,000, as set out below, was paid with cash in the amount of $1,820,000 and a four-year note held by the sellers in the amount of $1,000,000 payable monthly with 5% interest. The acquisition was accounted for as a business combination. Concurrent with the acquisition, the Company assumed the related lease which expires in 2026 and has four five-year extension options. Rent payments under the lease are approximately $360,000 per year and increase by 15% as each option is exercised.






- 13 -


The fair values of the assets acquired were allocated as follows (amounts in thousands):

Cash$3 
Inventory39 
Security deposit30 
Trademarks500 
Non-compete agreement380 
Goodwill1,870 
Liabilities assumed(2)
 $2,820 
Goodwill recognized in connection with this transaction represents the residual amount of the purchase price over separately identifiable intangible assets and is expected to be deductible for tax purposes.
The consolidated condensed statements of operations for the 13 and 26 weeks ended April 3, 2021 include revenues and net income of approximately $1,962,000 and $2,441,000 and $448,000 and $455,000, respectively, related to Blue Moon Fish Company. The unaudited pro forma financial information set forth below is based upon the Company’s historical consolidated condensed statements of operations for the 13 and 26 weeks ended March 28, 2020 and the 26 weeks ended April 3, 2021 and includes the results of operations for Blue Moon Fish Company for the period prior to acquisition. The unaudited pro forma financial information (which is presented in thousands except per share and share data), which has been adjusted for interest expense on the note, is presented for informational purposes only and may not be indicative of what actual results of operations would have been had the acquisition of Blue Moon Fish Company occurred on the dates indicated, nor does it purport to represent the results of operations for future periods.  
13 Weeks Ended26 Weeks Ended
 March 28,
2020
April 3,
2021
March 28,
2020
(unaudited)(unaudited)
Total revenues$35,368 $46,743 $80,688 
Net income$(1,542)$3,433 $315 
Net income per share - basic$(0.44)$0.98 $0.09 
Net income per share - diluted$(0.44)$0.96 $0.09 
     Basic3,500 3,507 3,499 
     Diluted3,500 3,579 3,538 

On January 26, 2021, the Company exercised its right-of-first-refusal to acquire the land, building and parking lot associated with JB’s on the Beach and immediately contributed such rights and interest to an unrelated entity ("Newco") that purchased the properties on March 22, 2021. In exchange, the Company expects to receive an interest in Newco, which plans future development of the sites. In addition, all rights and privileges under the current lease were assigned to Newco, as landlord and the lease terms will remain unchanged. The Company is still in the process of negotiating the final details of the above with the managing member of Newco.
4.    RECENT RESTAURANT DISPOSITIONS

On November 13, 2020, the Company was advised by the landlord that it would have to vacate Gallagher’s Steakhouse and Gallagher’s Burger Bar at the Resorts Casino Hotel located in Atlantic City, NJ which were on a month-to-month, no rent lease. The closure of these properties occurred on January 2, 2021 and did not result in a material charge to the Company’s operations.

As of January 2, 2021, the Company determined that it will not reopen Thunder Grill in Washington, D.C. which has been closed since March 20, 2020. This closure did not result in a material charge to the Company’s operations.




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5.    INVESTMENT IN AND RECEIVABLE FROM NEW MEADOWLANDS RACETRACK
On March 12, 2013, the Company made a $4,200,000 investment in the New Meadowlands Racetrack LLC (“NMR”) through its purchase of a membership interest in Meadowlands Newmark, LLC, an existing member of NMR with a then 63.7% ownership interest. On November 19, 2013, the Company invested an additional $464,000 in NMR through a purchase of an additional membership interest in Meadowlands Newmark, LLC resulting in a total ownership of 11.6% of Meadowlands Newmark, LLC, and an effective ownership interest in NMR of 7.4%, subject to dilution. In 2015, the Company invested an additional $222,000 in NMR and on February 7, 2017, the Company invested an additional $222,000 in NMR, both as a result of capital calls, bringing its total investment to $5,108,000 with no change in ownership. The Company accounts for this investment at cost, less impairment, adjusted for subsequent observable price changes in accordance with ASU No. 2016-01. There are no observable prices for this investment.
Due to the recent impact of the COVID-19 pandemic to the global economy, including but not limited to, the temporary closure of the NMR facility, the Company evaluated its investment in NMR for impairment and concluded that its fair value exceeds the carrying value. Accordingly, the Company did not record any impairment during the 13- and 26-weeks ended April 3, 2021. The ultimate severity and longevity of the COVID-19 pandemic is unknown, and therefore, it is possible that impairments could be identified in future periods, and such amounts could be material. Any future changes in the carrying value of our investment in NMR will be reflected in earnings.
In addition to the Company’s ownership interest in NMR through Meadowlands Newmark, LLC, if casino gaming is approved at the Meadowlands and NMR is granted the right to conduct said gaming, neither of which can be assured, the Company shall be granted the exclusive right to operate the food and beverage concessions in the gaming facility with the exception of one restaurant.
In conjunction with this investment, the Company, through a 97% owned subsidiary, Ark Meadowlands LLC (“AM VIE”), also entered into a long-term agreement with NMR for the exclusive right to operate food and beverage concessions serving the new raceway facilities (the “Racing F&B Concessions”) located in the new raceway grandstand constructed at the Meadowlands Racetrack in northern New Jersey. Under the agreement, NMR is responsible to pay for the costs and expenses incurred in the operation of the Racing F&B Concessions, and all revenues and profits thereof inure to the benefit of NMR. AM VIE receives an annual fee equal to 5% of the net profits received by NMR from the Racing F&B Concessions during each calendar year. AM VIE is a variable interest entity; however, based on qualitative consideration of the contracts with AM VIE, the operating structure of AM VIE, the Company’s role with AM VIE, and that the Company is not obligated to absorb expected losses of AM VIE, the Company has concluded that it is not the primary beneficiary and not required to consolidate the operations of AM VIE.
The Company’s maximum exposure to loss as a result of its involvement with AM VIE is limited to any receivable from AM VIE’s primary beneficiary (NMR, a related party). As of April 3, 2021 and October 3, 2020, no amounts were due AM VIE by NMR.
On April 25, 2014, the Company loaned $1,500,000 to Meadowlands Newmark, LLC. The note bears interest at 3%, compounded monthly and added to the principal, and is due in its entirety on January 31, 2024. The note may be prepaid, in whole or in part, at any time without penalty or premium. On July 13, 2016, the Company made an additional loan to Meadowlands Newmark, LLC in the amount of $200,000. Such amount is subject to the same terms and conditions as the original loan as discussed above. The principal and accrued interest related to this note in the amounts of $1,793,000 and $1,766,000 are included in Investment In and Receivable From New Meadowlands Racetrack in the consolidated condensed balance sheets at April 3, 2021 and October 3, 2020, respectively.
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6.    ACCRUED EXPENSES AND OTHER CURRENT LIABILITIES
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities consist of the following:
 April 3,
2021
October 3,
2020
(In thousands)
Sales tax payable$811 $477 
Accrued wages and payroll related costs3,606 3,302 
Customer advance deposits4,012 3,661 
Accrued occupancy and other operating expenses4,163 5,248 
 $12,592 $12,688 

7.    LEASES
Other than locations where we own the underlying property, we lease our restaurant locations as well as our corporate office under various non-cancelable real estate lease agreements that expire on various dates through 2044. We evaluate whether we control the use of the asset, which is determined by assessing whether we obtain substantially all economic benefits from the use of the asset, and whether we have the right to direct the use of the asset. If these criteria are met and we have identified a lease, we account for the contract under the requirements of ASC Topic 842.
Upon taking possession of a leased asset, we determine its classification as an operating or finance lease. All of our real estate leases are classified as operating leases. We do not have any finance leases as of April 3, 2021. Generally, our real estate leases have initial terms ranging from 10 to 25 years and typically include renewal options. Renewal options are recognized as part of the ROU assets and lease liabilities if it is reasonably certain at the date of adoption that we would exercise the options to extend the lease. Our real estate leases typically provide for fixed minimum rent payments and/or contingent rent payments based upon sales in excess of specified thresholds. When the achievement of such sales thresholds are deemed to be probable, variable lease expense is accrued in proportion to the sales recognized during the period. For operating leases that include rent holidays and rent escalation clauses, we recognize lease expense on a straight-line basis over the lease term from the date we take possession of the leased property. We record the straight-line lease expense and any contingent rent, if applicable, in occupancy expenses in the consolidated condensed statements of operations.
Many of our real estate leases also require us to pay real estate taxes, common area maintenance costs and other occupancy costs (“non-lease components”) which are included in occupancy related expenses in the consolidated condensed statements of operations. Our lease agreements do not contain any material residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants.
As there were no explicit rates provided in our leases, we used our incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at commencement date in determining the present value of lease payments.
The components of lease expense in the consolidated condensed statements of operations are as follows:
13 Weeks Ended26 Weeks Ended
April 3,
2021
March 28,
2020
April 3,
2021
March 28,
2020
 (In thousands)(In thousands)
Operating lease expense - occupancy expenses (1)
$1,720 $2,393 $3,937 $4,947 
Occupancy lease expense - general and
administrative expenses
111 166 152 323 
Variable lease expense956 612 1,395 2,368 
Total lease expense$2,787 $3,171 $5,484 $7,638 
_________________________________
(1)    Includes short-term leases, which are immaterial.


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Supplemental cash flow information related to leases:
26 Weeks Ended
April 3,
2021
March 28,
2020
 (In thousands)
Cash paid for amounts included in the
measurement of lease liabilities:
     Operating cash flows related to operating leases$4,118 $7,313 
Non-cash investing activities:
     ROU assets obtained in exchange for new
operating lease liabilities
$8,712 $62,330 
The weighted average remaining lease terms and discount rates as of April 3, 2021 are as follows:
Weighted Average
Remaining Lease Term
Weighted Average
Discount Rate
Operating leases12.9 years5.2 %
The annual maturities of our lease liabilities as of April 3, 2021 are as follows:
Operating
Leases
Fiscal Year Ending(In thousands)
October 2, 2021$4,623 
October 1, 20229,565 
September 30, 20238,076 
September 28, 20247,694 
September 27, 20256,685 
Thereafter50,508 
Total future lease commitments87,151 
Less imputed interest(24,520)
Present value of lease liabilities$62,631 























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8.    NOTES PAYABLE
Long-term debt consists of the following:
April 3,
2021
October 3,
2020
 (In thousands)
Promissory Note - Rustic Inn purchase$3,615 $3,758 
Promissory Note - Shuckers purchase4,165 4,335 
Promissory Note - Oyster House purchase3,801 4,109 
Promissory Note - JB's on the Beach purchase5,250 5,750 
Promissory Note - Sequoia renovation2,400 2,629 
Revolver Borrowings9,666 9,666 
Promissory Note - Blue Moon Fish Company (see Note 3)943  
Paycheck Protection Program Loans11,009 14,995 
 40,849 45,242 
Less: Current maturities(5,065)(9,001)
Less: Unamortized deferred financing costs(141)(173)
Long-term debt$35,643 $36,068 
Notes Payable - Bank
On June 1, 2018, the Company refinanced (the "Refinancing") its then existing indebtedness with its current lender, Bank Hapoalim B.M. (“BHBM”), by entering into an amended and restated credit agreement (the “Revolving Facility”), which matures on October 3, 2021. The Revolving Facility provides for total availability of the lesser of (i) $10,000,000 and (ii) $35,000,000 less the then aggregate amount of all indebtedness and obligations to BHBM. Borrowings under the Revolving Facility are payable upon maturity of the Revolving Facility with interest payable monthly at LIBOR plus 3.5%, subject to adjustment based on certain ratios. We expect that the LIBOR rate will be discontinued at some point during 2021 and to work with BHBM to identify a suitable replacement rate and amend our debt agreements to reflect this new reference rate accordingly. We do not expect the discontinuation of LIBOR as a reference rate in our debt agreements to have a material adverse effect on our financial position or materially affect our interest expense.
The Revolving Facility also requires, among other things, that the Company meet minimum quarterly tangible net worth amounts, maintain a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio and meet minimum annual net income amounts. The Revolving Facility contains customary representations, warranties and affirmative covenants as well as customary negative covenants, subject to negotiated exceptions on liens, relating to other indebtedness, capital expenditures, liens, affiliate transactions, disposal of assets and certain changes in ownership. As of April 3, 2021 and October 3, 2020, borrowings of $9,666,000 were outstanding under the Revolving Facility and had a weighted average interest rate of 3.6% and 3.0%, respectively. As a result of the impacts to our business from the COVID-19 pandemic, on May 11, 2021, BHBM agreed to extend the maturity date of our Revolving Facility including all outstanding borrowings thereunder, in the amount of $9,666,000, to May 19, 2022.
Borrowings under the Revolving Facility, which include all of the above promissory notes, are secured by all tangible and intangible personal property (including accounts receivable, inventory, equipment, general intangibles, documents, chattel paper, instruments, letter-of-credit rights, investment property, intellectual property and deposit accounts) and fixtures of the Company.
On June 12, 2020 and again on February 15, 2021, as a result of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business, BHBM agreed to modified financial covenants through fiscal Q2 2022. .
In connection with the Refinancing, the Company also amended the principal amounts and payment terms of its outstanding term notes with BHBM as follows:
Promissory Note – Rustic Inn purchase – The principal amount of $4,400,000, which is secured by a mortgage on the Rustic Inn real estate, is payable in 27 equal quarterly installments of $71,333, commencing on September 1, 2018, with a balloon payment of $2,474,000 on June 1, 2025 and bears interest at LIBOR plus 3.5% per annum.
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Promissory Note – Shuckers purchase – The principal amount of $5,100,000, which is secured by a mortgage on the Shuckers real estate, is payable in 27 equal quarterly installments of $85,000, commencing on September 1, 2018, with a balloon payment of $2,805,000 on June 1, 2025 and bears interest at LIBOR plus 3.5% per annum.
Promissory Note – Oyster House purchase – In connection with the Refinancing, this note was amended and restated and separated into two notes. The first note, in the principal amount of $3,300,000, is secured by a mortgage on the Oyster House Gulf Shores real estate, is payable in 19 equal quarterly installments of $117,857, commencing on September 1, 2018, with a balloon payment of $1,060,716 on June 1, 2023 and bears interest at LIBOR plus 3.5% per annum. The second note, in the principal amount of $2,200,000, is secured by a mortgage on the Oyster House Spanish Fort real estate, is payable in 27 equal quarterly installments of $36,667, commencing on September 1, 2018, with a balloon payment of $1,210,000 on June 1, 2025 and bears interest at LIBOR plus 3.5% per annum.
Promissory Note – JB's on the Beach purchase On May 15, 2019, the Company issued a promissory note under the Revolving Facility to BHBM for $7,000,000, which is payable in 23 equal quarterly installments of $250,000, commencing on September 1, 2019, with a balloon payment of $1,250,000 on June 1, 2025 and bears interest at LIBOR plus 3.5% per annum.
Promissory Note – Sequoia renovation – Also on May 15, 2019, the Company converted $3,200,000 of Revolving Facility borrowings incurred in connection with the Sequoia renovation to a promissory note which is payable in 23 equal quarterly installments of $114,286, commencing on September 1, 2019, with a balloon payment of $571,429 on June 1, 2025 and bears interest at LIBOR plus 3.5% per annum.
Paycheck Protection Program Loans
During the year ended October 3, 2020, subsidiaries (the “Borrowers”) of the Company received loan proceeds from several banks (the “Lenders”) in the aggregate amount of $14,995,000 (the “PPP Loans”) under the Paycheck Protection Program (the “PPP”) of the CARES Act, which was enacted March 27, 2020. In addition, during the 13-weeks ended April 3, 2021, one of our consolidated VIEs received a second draw PPP Loan in the amount of $111,000. The PPP Loans are evidenced by individual promissory notes of each of the Borrowers (together, the “Notes”) in favor of the Lender, which Notes bear interest at the rate of 1.00% per annum. Funds from the PPP Loans may be used only for payroll and related costs, costs used to continue group health care benefits, mortgage payments, rent, utilities, and interest on other debt obligations that were incurred by a Borrower prior to February 15, 2020 (the “Qualifying Expenses”). Under the terms of the PPP Loans, some or all of the amounts thereunder, including accrued interest, may be forgiven if they are used for Qualifying Expenses as described in and in compliance with the CARES Act. Each Note may be prepaid by the respective Borrower at any time prior to maturity with no prepayment penalties. No payments of principal or interest are due under the Notes until the date on which the amount of loan forgiveness (if any) under the CARES Act for each respective Note is remitted to the Lender and a forgiveness decision is received by the Borrower. Forgiveness applications can be submitted up to 10 months after the end of the related notes covered period (which is defined as 24 weeks after the date of the loan) (the “Deferral Period”) and the ultimate forgiveness decisions can be made by the Lenders up to 60 days after submitting the applications and possibly longer if forgiveness is fully or partially denied and the Borrower appeals the decision. While the Company and each Borrower intends to use the PPP Loan proceeds exclusively for Qualifying Expenses, it is unclear and uncertain whether the conditions for forgiveness of the PPP Loans will be met under the current guidelines of the CARES Act. Therefore, we cannot make any assurances that the Company, or any of the Borrowers, will be eligible for forgiveness of the PPP Loans, in whole or in part. Accordingly, based on the above, we have classified $2,130,000 of the PPP Loans as short-term in the consolidated condensed balance sheet as of April 3, 2021.

During the 13 weeks ended April 3, 2021, $4,124,000 of PPP Loans (including $27,000 of accrued interest) were forgiven. To the extent, if any, that any or all of the PPP Loans are not forgiven, beginning one month following expiration of the Deferral Period, and continuing monthly until 24 months from the date of each applicable Note (the “Maturity Date”), each respective Borrower is obligated to make monthly payments of principal and interest to the Lender with respect to any unforgiven portion of the Notes, in such equal amounts required to fully amortize the principal amount outstanding on such Notes as of the last day of the applicable Deferral Period by the applicable Maturity Date.
Deferred Financing Costs
Deferred financing costs incurred in the amount of $271,000 are being amortized over the life of the agreements using the effective interest rate method and included in interest expense. Amortization expense of approximately $16,000 and $10,000 is included in interest expense for the 13 weeks ended April 3, 2021 and March 28, 2020, respectively. Amortization expense was $33,000 and $20,000 for the 26 weeks ended April 3, 2021 and March 28, 2020, respectively.


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9.    COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Leases — The Company leases several restaurants, bar facilities, and administrative headquarters through its subsidiaries under terms expiring at various dates through 2044. Most of the leases provide for the payment of base rents plus real estate taxes, insurance and other expenses and, in certain instances, for the payment of a percentage of the restaurant’s sales in excess of stipulated amounts at such facility and in one instance based on profits. In connection with one of our leases, the Company obtained and delivered an irrevocable letter of credit in the amount of approximately $238,000 as a security deposit under such lease.
Legal Proceedings — In the ordinary course of its business, the Company is a party to various lawsuits arising from accidents at its restaurants and workers’ compensation claims, which are generally handled by the Company’s insurance carriers. The employment by the Company of management personnel, waiters, waitresses and kitchen staff at a number of different restaurants has resulted in the institution, from time to time, of litigation alleging violation by the Company of employment discrimination laws. Management believes, based in part on the advice of counsel, that the ultimate resolution of these matters will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
On May 1, 2018, two former tipped service workers (the “Plaintiffs”), individually and on behalf of all other similarly situated personnel, filed a putative class action lawsuit (the “Complaint”) against the Company and certain subsidiaries as well as certain officers of the Company (the “Defendants”).  Plaintiffs alleged, on behalf of themselves and the putative class, that the Company violated certain of the New York State Labor Laws and related regulations.  The Complaint sought unspecified money damages, together with interest, liquidated damages and attorney fees.  On December 14, 2020, the parties reached a settlement agreement resolving all issues alleged in the Complaint, which received preliminary approval by the New York State Supreme Court, for approximately the amount which was previously accrued.

10.    STOCK OPTIONS
The Company has options outstanding under two stock option plans, the 2010 Stock Option Plan (the “2010 Plan”) and the 2016 Stock Option Plan (the “2016 Plan”). Options granted under both plans are exercisable at prices at least equal to the fair market value of such stock on the dates the options were granted and expire 10 years after the date of grant.
During the 13-week period ended April 3, 2021, no options to purchase shares of common stock were issued by the Company
During the 26-week period ended April 3, 2021, options to purchase 110,500 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $10.65 per share were granted to employees and directors of the Company (the "2021 Grant").  Such options are exercisable as to 50% of the shares commencing on the second anniversary of the date of grant and as to 50% on the fourth anniversary of the date of grant. Such options had an aggregate grant date fair value of $2.22 per share and totaled approximately $246,000.    
During the 13 and 26-week period ended March 28, 2020, options to purchase 266,500 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $21.90 per share were granted to employees, directors of the Company and other service providers.  Such options are exercisable as to 50% of the shares commencing on the second anniversary of the date of grant and as to the remaining 50% commencing on the fourth anniversary of the date of grant. The grant date fair value of these stock options was $3.35 per share.
The fair value of each of the Company’s stock options is estimated on the date of grant using a Black-Scholes option-pricing model that uses assumptions that relate to the expected volatility of the Company’s common stock, the expected dividend yield of our stock, the expected life of the options and the risk-free interest rate. The assumptions used for the 2021 Grant include a risk-free interest rate of 0.86%, volatility of 37.1%, a dividend yield of 3.0% and an expected life of 10 years.
The Company also maintains a Section 162(m) Cash Bonus Plan. Under the Company's Section 162(m) Cash Bonus Plan, compensation paid in excess of $1,000,000 to any employee who is the chief executive officer or one of the three highest paid executive officers on the last day of that tax year (other than the chief executive officer or the chief financial officer) is not tax deductible.
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A summary of stock option activity is presented below:
 2021
 SharesWeighted
Average
Exercise
Price
Weighted
Average
Contractual
Term
Aggregate
Intrinsic Value
Outstanding, beginning of period626,500 $20.416.1 years 
Options: 
Granted110,750 $10.65 
Exercised(29,500)$14.40 
Canceled or expired(17,000)$21.05 
Outstanding and expected to vest,
   end of period
690,750 $19.086.4 years$1,817,000 
Exercisable, end of period319,250 $19.753.3 years$672,000 
Shares available for future grant63,750    

Compensation cost charged to operations for the 13 weeks ended April 3, 2021 and March 28, 2020 for share-based compensation programs was approximately $73,000 and $43,000, respectively, and for the 26 weeks ended April 3, 2021 and March 28, 2020 was approximately $133,000 and $55,000, respectively. The compensation cost recognized is classified as a general and administrative expense in the consolidated condensed statements of operations.
As of April 3, 2021, there was approximately $884,000 of unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested stock options, which is expected to be recognized over a period of 3.5 years.

11.    INCOME TAXES

We calculate our interim income tax provision in accordance with ASC Topic 270, Interim Reporting and ASC Topic 740, Accounting for Income Taxes. At the end of each interim period, we estimate the annual effective tax rate and apply that rate to our ordinary year to date earnings. In addition, the tax effects of unusual or infrequently occurring items including changes in judgement about valuation allowances and effects of changes in enacted tax laws are recognized discretely in the interim period in which the change occurs. The computation of the annual estimated effective tax rate at each interim period requires certain estimates and significant judgment including the expected operating (loss) income for the year, permanent and temporary differences as a result of differences between amounts measured and recognized in accordance with tax laws and financial accounting standards, and the likelihood of recovering deferred tax assets generated in the current fiscal year. The accounting estimates used to compute income tax expense may change as new events occur, additional information is obtained, or the tax environment changes.

On March 27, 2020, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act ("CARES Act") was enacted to provide economic relief to those impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition to the PPP loans, the CARES Act made various tax law changes including among other things (i) modifications to the federal net operating loss rules including permitting federal net operating losses incurred in 2018, 2019, and 2020 tax years to be carried back to the five preceding taxable years in order to generate a refund of previously paid income taxes, (ii) enhanced recoverability of AMT tax credit carryforwards, (iii) increased the limitation under IRC Section 163(j) for 2019 and 2020 to permit additional expensing of interest, and (iv) enacted a technical correction so that qualified improvement property can be immediately expensed under IRC Section 168(k).

On December 27, 2020, the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2021 (“CAA”) was enacted and provided clarification on the tax deductibility of expenses funded with PPP loans as fully deductible for tax purposes. During the period ended April 3, 2021, the Company recorded income for financial reporting purposes related to the forgiveness of some of its PPP loans. The forgiveness of these PPP loans is not taxable. The income recorded for financial reporting purposes was considered an unusual or infrequent event and the tax effect was recorded discretely in the quarter ended April 3, 2021.

As a result of the CARES Act and the CAA, the Company carried back taxable losses from fiscal year 2020 and is expected to carryback taxable losses from fiscal 2021 to generate a refund of previously paid income taxes. As a result of these carrybacks, the Company recorded income tax benefits as the taxable losses from fiscal 2020 and fiscal 2021 are being carried back to tax years in which the Company was subject to a higher federal corporate income tax rate. The carryback of taxable losses from fiscal
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2021 was recorded as a component of the estimated annual effective tax rate. The adjustment to the fiscal 2020 carryback was recorded as a discrete item.

The income tax benefit for the 26-week period ended April 3, 2021 was $(4,839,000). The effective tax rate for the 26-week period ended April 3, 2021 of 376.56% differed from the statutory rate of 21% primarily related to the discrete tax benefit attributable to the income related to the PPP loan forgiveness which is not taxable for tax purposes.

The income tax benefit for the 26-week period ended March 28, 2020 was ($95,000). The effective tax rate for the 26-week period ended March 28, 2020 of 50.4% differed from the statutory rate of 21% primarily as a result of the tax benefits related to the generation of FICA tax credits and the incremental benefit arising from the ability to carryback the 2020 net operating loss to prior years when the tax rate was 34%.

The Company’s overall effective tax rate in the future will be affected by factors such as changes in tax law, the utilization of state and local net operating loss carryforwards, the generation of FICA tax credits and the mix of earnings by state taxing jurisdictions as Nevada does not impose a state income tax, as compared to the other major state and local jurisdictions in which the Company has operations. The final annual tax rate cannot be determined until the end of the fiscal year; therefore, the actual tax rate could differ from current estimates.

12.    INCOME PER SHARE OF COMMON STOCK
Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net income attributable to Ark Restaurants Corp. by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Our diluted earnings per share is computed similarly to basic earnings per share, except that it reflects the effect of common shares issuable upon exercise of stock options, using the treasury stock method in periods in which they have a dilutive effect.

A reconciliation of shares used in calculating earnings per basic and diluted share follows:
 13 Weeks Ended26 Weeks Ended
 April 3,
2021
March 28,
2020
April 3,
2021
March 28,
2020
Basic3,511 3,500 3,507 3,499 
Effect of dilutive securities:
     Stock options116  72  
Diluted3,627 3,500 3,579 3,499 

For the 13- and 26- week periods ended April 3, 2021, the dilutive effect of 482,500 options were not included in diluted earnings per share as their impact would be anti-dilutive.

For the 13- and 26- week periods ended March 28, 2020, the dilutive effect of all outstanding options to purchase shares of our common stock were not included in diluted earnings per share as their impact would have been anti-dilutive.

13. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
Subsequent to April 3, 2021, $1,717,000 of PPP Loans (including $16,000 of accrued interest) were forgiven.
On May 3, 2021, New York State Governor Andrew Cuomo announced that New York City restaurants can seat customers indoors at 100% capacity, in accordance with social distancing guidelines, starting on May 19, 2021.





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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

This section and other parts of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q ("Form 10-Q") contain forward-looking statements, within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 ("PSLRA"), which are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other important factors that may cause actual results to be materially different from the statements made herein. All statements other than statements of historical fact are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements discuss our current expectations and projections relating to our financial position, results of operations, plans, objectives, future performance and business. You can identify forward-looking statements by the fact that they do not relate strictly to any historical or current facts. These statements may include words such as "aim," "anticipate," "believe," "estimate," "expect," "forecast," "future," "intend," "outlook," "potential," "project," "projection," "plan," "seek," "may," "could," "would," "will," "should," "can," "can have," "likely," the negatives thereof and other similar expressions. All forward-looking statements are expressly qualified in their entirety by these cautionary statements.
The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended October 3, 2020 and the consolidated condensed financial statements and notes thereto included in Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q. All information presented herein is based on our fiscal calendar. Unless otherwise stated, references to particular years, quarters, months or periods refer to our fiscal years and the associated quarters, months and periods of those fiscal years.
COVID-19 Pandemic
The Company is subject to continued risks and uncertainties as a result of the outbreak of, and local, state and federal governmental responses to, the COVID-19 pandemic which was declared a National Public Health Emergency in March 2020. We experienced significant disruptions to our business as suggested and mandated social distancing and shelter-in-place orders led to the temporary closure of all of our restaurants. In the third quarter of fiscal 2020, certain jurisdictions began allowing the reopening of indoor dining at varying capacities. However, restrictions on indoor dining capacity and social distancing protocols continue to change.
As of April 3, 2021, the Company had reopened all of its properties, with the exception of Thunder Grill in Washington, D.C., at varying levels of capacity as allowed by local, state and federal governments. In addition to government mandated shut-downs and capacity restrictions, during the 26 weeks ended April 3, 2021, the Company temporarily closed several restaurants, typically for three to ten days due to a high rate of positive COVD-19 tests of our employees. These closures, capacity restrictions and social distancing protocols have had and will continue to have a material adverse impact on our operations.
The pandemic has caused and continues to cause unprecedented business disruptions, especially in the hospitality industry. Although we have experienced some recovery from the impact of COVID-19 in our Florida, Las Vegas and Alabama locations, the long-term impact of COVID-19 on the economy and on our business remains uncertain, the duration and scope of which cannot currently be predicted. Further, we cannot predict how long the COVID-19 pandemic will last or whether it will reoccur, what additional restrictions may be enacted, or if individuals will be comfortable returning to our restaurants during or following social distancing protocols and what long-lasting effects the COVID-19 pandemic may have on the restaurant industry as a whole. The extent of the reopening process, along with the potential impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on consumer spending behavior, will determine the continued significance of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic to our operating results and financial position.
As a result of these developments, the Company experienced a significant negative impact on its revenues, results of operations and cash flows, and has a working capital deficiency of $(3,561,000) as of April 3, 2021, all of which could negatively impact its ability to meet its obligations over the next 12 months. However, we believe that our existing cash balances, which include the proceeds from Paycheck Protection Program loans will be sufficient to meet our liquidity and capital spending requirements through May 18, 2022.






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Overview
As of April 3, 2021, the Company owned and operated 18 restaurants and bars, 17 fast food concepts and catering operations, exclusively in the United States, that have similar economic characteristics, nature of products and service, class of customer and distribution methods. The Company believes it meets the criteria for aggregating its operating segments into a single reporting segment in accordance with applicable accounting guidance.
The consolidated condensed statements of operations for the 13 and 26 weeks ended April 3, 2021 include revenues and income of approximately $1,962,000 and $2,441,000 and $448,000 and $455,000, respectively, related to Blue Moon Fish Company, which was acquired on December 1, 2020.
Accounting Period
Our fiscal year ends on the Saturday nearest September 30. We report fiscal years under a 52/53-week format. This reporting method is used by many companies in the hospitality industry and is meant to improve year-to-year comparisons of operating results. Under this method certain years will contain 53 weeks. The periods ended April 3, 2021 and March 28, 2020 each included 13 and 26 weeks.
Seasonality
The Company has substantial fixed costs that do not decline proportionately with sales. At our properties located in the northeast, the first and second fiscal quarters, which include the winter months, usually reflect lower customer traffic than in the third and fourth fiscal quarters. However, sales in the third and fourth fiscal quarters can be adversely affected by inclement weather due to the significant amount of outdoor seating at the Company’s restaurants.
Results of Operations
The Company’s operating loss for the 13-weeks ended April 3, 2021 was $(1,497,000), as compared to $(1,936,000) for the 13-weeks ended March 28, 2020. This increase resulted primarily from strong performance of our Florida and Alabama operations in the current period partially offset by the government mandated closures of all our restaurants in March 2020 in connection with the COVID-19 pandemic.
The Company’s operating loss for the 26-weeks ended April 3, 2021 was $(4,803,000), as compared to operating income of $500,000 for the 26-weeks ended March 28, 2020. This decrease resulted primarily from the severe impacts of the government mandated closures and/or capacity restrictions at all of our restaurants in the first quarter of fiscal 2021, particularly on our event business in New York and Washington, D.C. as compared to the same period of the prior year, which was prior to the COVID-19 pandemic.