UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

Form 10–K/A

(Amendment No. 1)

 

(Mark One) 

   ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended: December 31, 2020

 

OR

 

   TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from               to             

 

Commission File Number 001-38363

 

HALL OF FAME RESORT & ENTERTAINMENT COMPANY

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   82-1270173
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

2626 Fulton Drive NW

Canton, OH

  44718
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

 

(330) 458-9176
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered under section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of each exchange on
which registered
Common Stock, $0.0001 par value per share   HOFV   Nasdaq Capital Market
Warrants to purchase 1.421333 shares of Common Stock   HOFVW   Nasdaq Capital Market

 

Securities registered under section 12(g) of the Act:

Not applicable

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ☐ No

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act. Yes ☐ No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company”, and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:

 

Large accelerated filer ☐ Accelerated filer ☐
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
  Emerging growth company 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by checkmark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes ☐ No

 

As of June 30, 2020, the last day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter; the aggregate market value of the registrant’s common stock held by non–affiliates of the registrant was approximately $36,923,755.

 

As of March 9, 2021, the registrant had outstanding 83,284,597 shares of common stock, $0.0001 par value.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

Portions of the registrant’s Proxy Statement for the 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders are incorporated herein by reference in Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K/A to the extent stated herein. Such proxy statement was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 14, 2021.

 

 

 

 

EXPLANATORY NOTE

 

Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company (the “Company”) is filing this Amendment No. 1 on Form 10-K/A (the “Amendment”) to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, originally filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on March 10, 2021 (“Original Report”), to restate our financial statements and related footnote disclosures as of and for the year ended December 31, 2020 and the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 (unaudited). This Form 10-K/A also amends certain other Items in the Original Report, as listed in “Items Amended in this Form 10-K/A” below.

 

Background of Restatement

 

The restatement is primarily related to consideration of the factors in determining whether to classify contracts that may be settled in an entity’s own stock as equity of the entity or as an asset or liability. On April 12, 2021, staff of the SEC issued a public statement regarding the accounting and reporting considerations for warrants issued by special purpose acquisition companies entitled “Staff Statement on Accounting and Reporting Considerations for Warrants Issued by Special Purpose Acquisition Companies (“SPACs”)” (the “SEC Statement”). As a result of the SEC Statement, the Company reevaluated the accounting treatment of the Company’s warrants. Specifically, the SEC Statement focused on certain settlement terms and provisions related to certain tender offers following a business combination, which terms are similar to governing the Company’s (i) warrants issued in the July 2020 Business Combination (defined below), each of which is exercisable for 1.421333 shares of Common Stock at a price of $11.50 per share (the “Series A Warrants”), (ii) warrants issued in the November 2020 follow-on public offering, each of which is exercisable for one share of Common Stock at an exercise price of $1.40 per share (“Series B Warrants”), and (iii) warrants issues in a December 2020 private placement, each of which is exercisable for one share of Common Stock at an exercise price of $1.40 per share (“Series C Warrants”). The Company previously accounted for the Series A Warrants, Series B Warrants, and Series C Warrants as components of equity.

 

On April 23, 2021, the Company’s management concluded that the Company’s previously issued (i) audited consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2020 included in the Original Report, and (ii) unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 included in the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for such period (collectively, the “Relevant Periods”) should be restated to reflect the impact of the SEC Statement and, accordingly, should no longer be relied upon. The Company’s management concluded that the Company Series A Warrants, Series B Warrants, and Series C Warrants do not meet the conditions to be classified in equity and instead should be recorded as liabilities on the consolidated balance sheet. The Audit Committee of the Board of Directors of the Company (the “Audit Committee”) approved management’s decision. This Amendment includes the restated financial statements for the Relevant Periods.

 

Effects of Restatement

 

As a result of the factors described above, the Company has included in this Amendment: (i) certain restated items on the previously issued balance sheet and statement of operations as of and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 (the “September 10-Q”), and (ii) restated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2020 that were previously reported on the Original 10-K, to restate the following non-cash items:

 

  overstatement of net assets acquired in our Business Combination with GPAQ of $30.0 million as of July 1, 2020;
     

  understatement of liabilities of approximately $4.5 million and $19.1 million as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2020, respectively;
     
  overstatement of net loss by approximately $25.5 million and $25.8 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and for the year ended December 31, 2020, respectively; and
     
  overstatement of basic and diluted net loss per share of $1.75 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and $0.97 for the year ended December 31, 2020.

 

The restatement of the financial statements had no impact on the Company’s liquidity or cash position.

 

See Notes 2 and 15 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Amendment for additional information on the restatement and the related condensed consolidated financial statement effects.

 

Items Amended in the Form 10-K/A

 

This Form 10-K/A presents the Original Report, amended and restated with modifications as necessary to reflect the restatements. The following items have been amended to reflect the restatement:

 

Part I, Item 1A. Risk Factors

Part II, Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Part II, Item 8. Financial Statements

Part II. Item 9A. Controls and Procedures

Part IV, Item 15. Exhibit and Financial Statement Schedules

 

In addition, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have provided new certifications dated as of the date of this filing in connection with this Form 10-K/A (Exhibits 31.1, 31.2, 32.1 and 32.2). This Form 10-K/A adds Exhibit 4.7, Description of Registered Securities, which was missing from the original Report.

 

Except as described above, this Form 10-K/A does not amend, update or change any other items or disclosures in the Original Report and does not purport to reflect any information or events subsequent to the filing thereof. As such, this Form 10-K/A speaks only as of the date the Original Report was filed, and we have not undertaken herein to amend, supplement or update any information contained in the Original Report to give effect to any subsequent events. Accordingly, this Form 10-K/A should be read in conjunction with our filings made with the SEC subsequent to the filing of the Original Report, including any amendment to those filings.

 

 

 

HALL OF FAME RESORT & ENTERTAINMENT COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES

INDEX

 

PART I 1
Item 1. Business 1
Item 1A. Risk Factors 8
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments 27
Item 2. Properties 27
Item 3. Legal Proceedings 27
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 27
 
PART II 28
Item 5. Market For Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters And Issuer’s Purchases Of Equity Securities 28
Item 6. Selected Financial Data 28
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 28
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure About Market Risk 35
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data 35
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure 35
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures 35
   
PART III 37
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance 37
Item 11. Executive Compensation 37
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management And Related Stockholder Matters 37
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence 37
Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services 37
   
PART IV 38
Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules. 38
Item 16. Form 10–K Summary. 40
SIGNATURES 41

 

i

 

 

NOTE REGARDING FORWARD–LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This Annual Report on Form 10-K/A may contain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such statements are generally identified by use of words such as “will likely result,” “are expected to,” “will continue,” “is anticipated,” “estimated,” “believe,” “intend,” “plan,” “projection,” “outlook,” “target,” “seek,” or words of similar meaning. These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements regarding future opportunities for the Company and the Company’s estimated future results. Such forward-looking statements are based upon the current beliefs and expectations of our management and are inherently subject to significant business, economic and competitive uncertainties and contingencies, many of which are difficult to predict and generally beyond our control. Actual results and the timing of events may differ materially from the results anticipated in these forward-looking statements.

 

In addition to factors identified elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K/A, the following risks, among others, could cause actual results and the timing of events to differ materially from the anticipated results or other expectations expressed in the forward-looking statements: the benefits of the Business Combination (defined below); the future financial performance of the Company and its subsidiaries, including Newco (as defined below); changes in the market in which the Company competes; expansion and other plans and opportunities; the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company’s business; the Company’s ability to raise financing in the future; the Company’s ability to maintain the listing of its Common Stock on the Nasdaq Capital Market (“Nasdaq”); other factors detailed under the section titled “Risk Factors” in this Report.

 

Actual results, performance or achievements may differ materially, and potentially adversely, from any projections and forward-looking statements and the assumptions on which those forward-looking statements are based. There can be no assurance that the data contained herein is reflective of future performance to any degree. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements as a predictor of future performance. All information set forth herein speaks only as of the date hereof, in the case of information about the Company, or as of the date of such information, in the case of information from persons other than the Company, and we disclaim any intention or obligation to update any forward-looking statements as a result of developments occurring after the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K/A. Forecasts and estimates regarding the Company’s industry and end markets are based on sources we believe to be reliable, however there can be no assurance these forecasts and estimates will prove accurate in whole or in part. Annualized, pro forma, projected and estimated numbers are used for illustrative purpose only, are not forecasts and may not reflect actual results.

 

Unless the context indicates otherwise, references in this Annual Report on Form 10-K/A to the “Company,” “HOFRE,” “we,” “us,” “our” and similar terms refer to Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company.

 

ii

 

 

PART I

 

Item 1. Business

 

Corporate History and Background

 

The Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company (formerly known as GPAQ Acquisition Holdings, Inc.) was incorporated in Delaware on August 29, 2019, as a subsidiary of Gordon Pointe Acquisition Corp. (“GPAQ”), a special purpose acquisition company formed for the purpose of effecting a merger, capital stock exchange, asset acquisition, stock purchase or other similar business combination with one or more businesses or assets.

 

On July 1, 2020, we consummated the previously announced business combination with HOF Village, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“HOF Village”), pursuant to an Agreement and Plan of Merger dated September 16, 2019 (as amended on November 6, 2019, March 10, 2020 and May 22, 2020, the “Merger Agreement”), by and among the Company, GPAQ Acquiror Merger Sub, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Acquiror Merger Sub”), GPAQ Company Merger Sub, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Company Merger Sub”), HOF Village and HOF Village Newco, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Newco”). The transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement are referred to in this Annual Report on Form 10-K/A as the “Business Combination.”

 

Upon the consummation of the Business Combination: (i) Acquiror Merger Sub merged with and into GPAQ, with GPAQ continuing as the surviving entity (the “Acquiror Merger”) and (ii) Company Merger Sub merged with and into Newco, with Newco continuing as the surviving entity (the “Company Merger”). In advance of the Company Merger, HOF Village transferred all of its assets, liabilities and obligations to Newco pursuant to a contribution agreement. In connection with the closing of the Business Combination, the Company changed its name from “GPAQ Acquisition Holdings, Inc.” to “Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company.” As a result of the Business Combination, GPAQ and Newco continue as our wholly owned subsidiaries.

 

In connection with the consummation of the Business Combination and pursuant to the Merger Agreement, (a) each issued and outstanding unit of GPAQ, if not already detached, was detached and each holder of such a unit was deemed to hold one share of GPAQ Class A common stock and one GPAQ warrant (“GPAQ Warrant”), (b) each issued and outstanding share of GPAQ Class A common stock (excluding any shares held by a GPAQ stockholder that elected to have its shares redeemed pursuant to GPAQ’s organizational documents) was converted automatically into the right to receive 1.421333 shares of our Common Stock, following which all shares of GPAQ Class A common stock ceased to be outstanding and were automatically canceled and cease to exist; (c) each issued and outstanding share of GPAQ Class F common stock was converted automatically into the right to receive one share of Common Stock, following which all shares of GPAQ Class F common stock ceased to be outstanding and were automatically canceled and cease to exist; (d) each issued and outstanding GPAQ Warrant (including GPAQ private placement warrants) was automatically converted into one Warrant (which we refer to in this Form 10-K/A as a “Series A Warrant”) to purchase 1.421333 shares of Common Stock per warrant, following which all GPAQ Warrants ceased to be outstanding and were automatically canceled and retired and cease to exist; and (e) each issued and outstanding membership interest in Newco converted automatically into the right to receive a pro rata portion of the Company Merger Consideration (as defined in the Merger Agreement), which was payable in shares of Common Stock.

 

The rights of holders of our Common Stock and Series A Warrants are governed by our amended and restated certificate of incorporation (the “Certificate of Incorporation”), our amended and restated bylaws (the “Bylaws’) and the Delaware General Corporation Law (the “DGCL”), and in the case of our Series A Warrants, the Warrant Agreement, dated January 24, 2018, between GPAQ and the Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, each of which is described below under “Description of Securities.” On November 3, 2020, our stockholders approved an amendment to our Certificate of Incorporation to increase the number of authorized shares of our Common Stock from 100,000,000 to 300,000,000.

 

Upon consummation of the Business Combination and, in connection therewith, we became a successor issuer to GPAQ by operation of Rule 12g-3(a) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”).

 

Overview

 

We are a resort and entertainment company leveraging the power and popularity of professional football and its legendary players in partnership with the National Football Museum, Inc., doing business as the Pro Football Hall of Fame (“PFHOF”). Headquartered in Canton, Ohio, we own the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls, a multi-use sports and entertainment destination centered around the PFHOF’s campus. We expect to create a diversified set of revenue streams through developing themed attractions, premier entertainment programming and sponsorships. The strategic plan has been developed in three phases of growth.

 

1

 

 

The first phase of the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls is operational, consisting of the Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium, the National Youth Football & Sports Complex, and HOF Village Media Group, LLC (“Hall of Fame Village Media”). In 2016, HOF Village substantially completed the Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium, a sports and entertainment venue with a seating capacity of approximately 23,000, with continued development of the end zones into 2021. The Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium hosts multiple sports and entertainment events, including the NFL Hall of Fame Game, Enshrinement and Concert for Legends during the annual Pro Football Hall of Fame Enshrinement Week. In 2016, HOF Village opened the National Youth Football & Sports Complex, which will consist of eight full-sized, multi-use regulation football fields, five of which have been completed in Phase I. The facility hosts camps and tournaments for football players, as well as athletes from across the country in other sports such as lacrosse, rugby and soccer. In 2017, HOF Village formed a sports and entertainment media company, Hall of Fame Village Media, leveraging the sport of professional football to produce exclusive programming by licensing the extensive content controlled by the PFHOF as well as new programming assets developed from live events such as youth tournaments, camps and sporting events held at the National Youth Football & Sports Complex and the Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium.

 

We are developing new hospitality, attraction and corporate assets surrounding the Pro Football Hall of Fame Museum as part of a Phase II development plan. Plans for future components of the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls include two hotels (one on campus and one in downtown Canton about five minutes from campus that was opened in Q4 2020), the Hall of Fame Indoor Waterpark, the Constellation Center for Excellence (an office building including retail and meeting space), the Center for Performance (a convention center/field house), and the Hall of Fame Retail Promenade. We are pursuing a differentiation strategy across three pillars, including Destination-Based Assets, the Media Company, and Gaming (including the Fantasy Football League we acquired a majority stake in). Phase III expansion plans may include a potential mix of residential space, additional attractions, entertainment, dining, merchandise and more.

 

Business Strategy

 

Our unique position and multimedia approach makes us the only company of our kind fully poised to capitalize on the popularity of professional football, one of the most popular brands in sports (as measured by total league revenue and number of fans). Our principal business objectives are to successfully develop and operate Destination Based Assets such as the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls as a premiere destination resort and entertainment company leveraging the expansive popularity of professional football and the Pro Football Hall of Fame; Hall of Fame Village Media taking advantage of direct access to exclusive content; and a gaming vertical including fantasy sports, and potential growth across eGaming and sports betting. The resort and entertainment platform will significantly extend the presence of the Pro Football Hall of Fame, the singular institution focused on promoting and preserving the legends and values of professional football. We are located in Canton, Ohio, the birthplace of American professional football. It is in a market area with limited themed attractions and within an 8-hour driving distance to nearly half of the NFL franchises. Together with the PFHOF, we intend to become an elite entertainment venue and premier attraction for the region. The current operational assets of the PFHOF and the Company currently attract approximately one million visitors annually.

 

We are building a year-round, multi-use destination complex with a master development plan that calls for three Phases. Phase I, already complete, includes The Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium, the National Youth Football & Sports Complex, Hall of Fame Village Media, and complementary, long-term sponsorship agreements. Phase II, already begun, will add the Hall of Fame Indoor Waterpark, hotels as well as additional attractions, retail and commercial assets. Plans for Phase III include an immersive VR/AR attraction, a hotel with retail space, multi-family housing and certain other components under consideration.

 

Strategic Relationship with PFHOF

 

PFHOF is a distinct entity from the Company but serves as a significant shareholder and aligned partner. The Pro Football Hall of Fame, which is owned and operated by PHFOF and not the Company, is a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit educational institution that focuses on the education, promotion, preservation and honoring of the individuals and moments that shaped professional football’s history. Since opening in 1963, the Museum has grown in both size and stature. The building was expanded in 1971, 1978 and 1995, and completed major exhibit gallery renovations in 2003, 2008, and 2009. Together, these improvements have transformed the original 19,000 square-foot Hall of Fame museum into an exciting internationally recognized institution and travel destination. The “Future 50” Expansion & Renovation Project has expanded the museum to 118,000 square feet. The two-year, $27 million project was completed in the summer of 2013 after a major renovation to 38,000 square feet of museum space was finished. Today, the Hall of Fame stands as a shining tribute to the over 300 men who have earned their Gold Jackets and made professional football America’s most popular sport. The Pro Football Hall of Fame Museum and the Gold Jacket inductees serve as unique and valuable partners that contribute to the development of the Hall of Fame Village.

 

See the section entitled “Risk Factors – The success of our business is substantially dependent upon the continued success of the PFHOF brand and museum experience and our ability to continue to secure favorable contracts with and maintain a good working relationship with PFHOF and its management team” for additional information relating to the relationship with PFHOF.

 

About Phase I

 

We have invested approximately $250 million of capital to build Phase I of the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls and prepare for Phase II and Phase III. Phase I, already complete, includes the Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium, the National Youth Football & Sports Complex, Hall of Fame Village Media, complementary, long-term sponsorship agreements, as well as land and infrastructure to support Phase II and Phase III. We are executing strategies to significantly increase programming of the Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium and National Youth Football & Sports Complex and developing unique media content through Hall of Fame Village Media.

 

2

 

 

Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium

 

The Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium holds up to 23,000 spectators and hosts the annual Pro Football Hall of Fame Enshrinement Week powered by Johnson Controls as well as other premier sporting events such as the Historic Black College Hall of Fame Game, the Ohio State High School Football Championships and the World Youth Football Championships. During the Pro Football Hall of Fame Enshrinement Week, the Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium hosts the Hall of Fame Game, the first nationally televised NFL game of the season, and the Hall of Fame Enshrinement for NFL players. The Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium is also equipped with cut-away seats, allowing it to serve as an elite concert venue. The Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium has hosted performances by national recording artists such as Aerosmith, Tim McGraw, Pitbull, Toby Keith and Maroon 5.

 

National Youth Football & Sports Complex

 

The National Youth Football & Sports Complex will consist of eight full sized fields, five of which are completed (four turf fields and one grass field) and three of which are planned for Phase II construction. The facility hosts camps and tournaments for football players as well as athletes from other sports such as lacrosse, rugby and soccer from across the country. Since 2017, the National Youth Football & Sports Complex has hosted the Pro Football Hall of Fame World Youth Championships. The World Youth Championships are a national competition, with a watch list of youth football teams developed by former NFL executives that compete in regional playoffs all over the country. The World Youth Championships allow the best teams in a variety of different weight, age and regional groups to compete at the National Youth Football & Sports Complex and the Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium. The 2017 and 2018 World Youth Championships featured special guests like PFHOF inductees Ray Lewis and Randy Moss and were broadcast on CBS Sports Network.

 

Hall of Fame Village Media

 

In 2017, HOF Village formed a sports and entertainment media company, Hall of Fame Village Media, leveraging the sport of professional football to produce exclusive content, including content developed from live events such as tournaments, camps and sporting events held at the National Youth Football & Sports Complex and the Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium. Hall of Fame Village Media has the ability to serve multiple media formats including full length feature films, live and taped television specials, studio shows, live sports events, books and artwork. Through our partnership with the PFHOF, Hall of Fame Village Media has access to over 50 million pieces of photo, video and document archives. To date, Hall of Fame Village Media has produced broadcasts for the World Youth Football Championships aired on CBS Sports Network, National Signing Day, during which top high school athletes announce their college commitments and is in the initial stages of producing six different sports related shows. Future live content is also expected to include programming with the NFL Alumni Association, including the NFL Alumni Academy taking part at the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls campus in Canton, Ohio.

 

Sponsorship Agreements

 

We are bringing together world-class sponsors and partners. To date, we have struck formal agreements related to sponsorship alliances for development support from best-in-class companies, including Johnson Controls, the founding partner and official naming rights partner, Constellation NewEnergy, Inc. (an Exelon Company), the official energy partner, First Data Merchant Services, LLC (now Fiserv), the official processing and payment solutions partner, Turf Nation, Inc., the official artificial turf partner, Xenith, LLC, the World Bowl official partner, and Republic Services of Ohio, LLC, the preferred waste and recycling partner.

 

Generally, under the terms of our sponsorship agreements, we will receive a fixed amount of revenue each year in exchange for granting certain rights to the relevant sponsor. The revenue may consist of a combination of cash, in-kind and/or activation funds. However, in some cases, the sponsorship fee may consist of a fixed initial payment with variable annual payments thereafter, based on our completion of certain projects or fulfillment of certain requirements.

 

Under the terms of the Naming Rights Agreement, we will receive a fixed amount of revenue each year in return for granting to Johnson Controls exclusive rights to designate the name of the destination complex as well as granting to Johnson Controls certain branding, signage, advertising and similar rights. The Naming Rights Agreement is scheduled to expire on December 31, 2034. We are obligated to spend $18 million as activation expenses for the benefit of promoting the Johnson Controls and our brands.

 

Under the terms of the Constellation Sponsorship Agreement, we will receive a fixed amount of revenue each year in return for granting Constellation exclusive rights to designate the name of the Constellation Center for Excellence as well as granting Constellation certain branding, signage, advertising and similar rights. The Constellation Sponsorship Agreement is scheduled to expire on December 31, 2029. The annual revenue consists of sponsorship fees and annual activation fund proceeds. Activation fund proceeds may be used for a media plan, hospitality packages, business development and other expenses for the benefit of promoting the Constellation and our brands. Annual activation fund proceeds must be used in a particular calendar year, and any unused funds are not rolled into future contract years.

 

See the section entitled “Risk Factors — We rely on sponsorship contracts to generate revenue” for additional terms and conditions relating to the Naming Rights Agreement and the Constellation Sponsorship Agreement.

 

About Phase II

 

Phase II is expected to add additional strategic attractions, hospitality, and corporate assets in a well-planned and synergistic manner intended to increase consumer appeal and drive revenue and profitability growth. The Company has made material progress toward the full execution of Phase II.

 

3

 

 

To date, either through ground leases, purchase agreements, or through acquisition of title, the Company has acquired all land and received zoning approval from the City of Canton for the development of Phase II. In 2016 and 2017, the Company received significant support from the City of Canton through a pair of ordinances. In June 2016, the Planning Commission of the City of Canton amended the Planning and Zoning Code of Codified Ordinances of the City of Canton to include the Hall of Fame Village District, providing us with a zoning mechanism required to implement our mixed-use development plan. In February 2017, the Planning Commission of the City of Canton and City Council granted approval of the Hall of Fame Village Development plan, including plans for Phase II. The Company has gained control of over 200 parcels of land surrounding the Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium, Youth Fields, and Pro Football Hall of Fame Museum for the future development of the Hall of Fame Indoor Waterpark, on-campus hotel attached to the Hall of Fame Indoor Waterpark, and a retail promenade offering a variety of food and beverage options, as well as other specialized entertainment alternatives. The Company has commissioned and completed three separate Phase I Environmental Site Assessments on land underlying the Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium, National Youth Football & Sports Complex and residential land acquired for Phase II of the development plan. To date, no recognized environmental conditions have been revealed.

 

In addition, the Company has made significant progress in the design and development planning for Phase II. Phase II is projected to cost approximately $300 million in capital spending with construction beginning in 2020 and the expectation is that all components will be complete and operational by 2023. In 2018 the Company added significantly to its construction and planning resources with the goal of developing and delivering Company assets on time and on budget. The Company hired a leading project management firm and two top commercial construction groups, who formed a partnership to use national and local resources as the master general contractors of Phase II. Detailed estimates and a timeline were prepared by our management in conjunction with such master general contractors based upon schematic and design documents of Phase II, familiarity with the Ohio market and development expertise.

 

The Company’s master general contractors delivered schematic and design documents in March 2020. Required permits have been identified and are in the process of being secured. The Company received a Guaranteed Maximum Price (“GMP”) commitment from its project management consultants and general contractors in the first quarter of 2021. The GMP, along with the design and development work completed, will serve as critical elements in arranging a construction loan to meet the proposed schedule. The strategic plan reflects the $300million in capital spending, a construction loan/equity/public financing to support this spending and any other costs associated with completion and the attractive financial return characteristics of these assets. Construction began in 2020, and it is expected that all material components of Phase II will be complete and operational by 2023.

 

In Phase II, the critical business strategies are to drive further asset development, increased event programming, new alliance sponsorships, media development and explore additional growth verticals:

 

Further Asset Development: We are planning to develop additional assets in Phase II to attract and entertain guests. We have acquired or entered into agreements to acquire all land needed for Phase II development and are expected to have the design and development planning completed for each component in 2020. See developments that took place during the year related to Phase II, as described in greater detail below. In October 2019, HOF Village, after conducting diligence, acquired the McKinley Grand Hotel in downtown Canton, Ohio to serve as its off-site hotel, which was rebranded a DoubleTree by Hilton. Renovation plans and permitting were completed in November 2019, demolition began in November 2019, renovations began in January 2020, and opened in November 2020. Additional assets will include the Hall of Fame Indoor Waterpark, an on-campus hotel attached to the waterpark, and a retail promenade offering a variety of food and beverage options, as well as other specialized entertainment alternatives. There also will be an office complex targeting medically based tenants expanding the corporate appeal of HOF Village, a Center for Performance to provide a variety of year-round programming options, including the NFL Alumni Academy. A green space area which will be called Play-Action Plaza is expected to provide 3.5 acres for fun, football-themed recreation, events, and formal gatherings. Future destination-themed assets can include live entertainment, gaming, dining, and more all over the country alongside major NFL franchise cities. Construction began in 2020, and all assets are projected to be operational by 2023.

 

Increased Event Programming: HOF Village plans to utilize the Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium for an expanded offering of live entertainment and events, including top performers, sporting events and festival programming. Also, given the appeal and popularity of youth sports, additional year-round programming is expected to be available across multiple sports utilizing the national appeal of the Hall of Fame brand. HOF Village has made key strategic hires who will help drive increased Event Programming and Alliance Sponsorships. There are also plans for multiple concerts, multi-day festivals, and on-going business event productions. In partnership with the NFL Alumni Association and regional tourism bureaus, we are targeting the development of ‘Hall of Fame Huddle Programs’ and other youth programs in NFL cities.

 

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New Alliance Sponsorships: HOF Village has been successful attracting a strong sponsorship base and will continue to form significant partnerships with leading companies and brands across a range of untapped categories. These partnerships are expected to be in the form of naming rights agreements or additional category-specific sponsorships. HOF Village plans to target a number of industry verticals for additional sponsorship revenue, such as autos, telecom and beverages.

 

Media Development: HOF Village is developing original content from both its event programming and its direct access to millions of pieces of historic Pro Football artifacts located within the PFHOF archive through Hall of Fame Village Media. HOF Village is planning on producing full-length films, shows and other digital content marketing through multiple channels of distribution. Already advanced discussions with media leaders, creative, development and distribution partners have occurred. HOF Village entered into a consulting agreement with a media executive in June 2019. Under the terms of the consulting agreement, the media executive receives a monthly fee and provides assistance with assessing and identifying market opportunities for content development, developing a business plan for HOF Village’s media company, identifying sources of new creative content, and engaging in discussions with distributor channels to identify the types of content they are seeking. The initial term of the consulting agreement was four months, but the consulting agreement is currently being extended on a month-to-month basis and will automatically terminate at the end of any given month unless both parties agree to an extension. In September 2020, we terminated the consulting agreement described above and hired that consultant as the Executive Vice President of Content Development/Distribution. Further, in November 2020, we hired an Executive Vice President of Media Business Development.

 

Hall of Fame Village Gaming: eGaming is expected to be the connective tissue that integrates the rest of the business units across the Company. This encompasses Youth Sports as a way to increase engagement, as well as gaming as a part of offsite asset building and programming, purpose-driven physical destination resort locations, and broadcast/streaming gaming content within media. We entered the high-growth vertical of fantasy sports with the acquisition of a majority stake in The Crown League, the first professional fantasy football league. The league has been rebranded to Hall of Fantasy League and is expected to relaunch in Fall 2021 with geo-based franchises professionally managed with ownership and influence from the public. There is potential for industry expertise to be provided by experienced fantasy analysts, NFL Hall of Famers, and NFL Alumni.

 

Exploring Additional Growth Verticals: HOF Village has begun exploring additional growth verticals as part of Phase II. There also are expected to be opportunities to consider expanding certain destination-based assets in other geographic markets leveraging the popularity of professional football. Sports betting is not legalized in Ohio. We are poised to utilize existing brand partnerships with our newly rebranded Hall of Fantasy League and eGaming, both of which can be designed to accept sports wagering. We are exploring online partnerships to take advantage of sports betting opportunities that can create a revenue stream immediately while awaiting legalization in Ohio. We have hired several additional full-time employees to actively research these and other growth verticals. These Additional Growth Verticals are not included in the current set of financial projections.

 

About Phase III

 

With Phase I and Phase II assets providing a solid foundation, growth is expected to continue with the development of Phase III, including a potential mix of residential space, and additional attractions, entertainment, dining, merchandise and more. This next phase of development would potentially be initiated upon substantial completion of Phase II. The financial performance of Phase III is not currently fully reflected in the financial projections contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K/A.

 

Competition

 

We currently face and will face competition in each of our businesses, as follows:

 

Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium, the National Youth Football & Sports Complex and the planned Center for Performance will compete with other facilities and venues across the region and country for hosting concerts, athletic events (including professional sports events, sports camps and tournaments) and other major conventions.

 

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Hall of Fame Village Media will compete (i) with other media and content producers to obtain creative and performing talent, sports and other programming content, story properties, advertiser support, distribution channels and market share and (ii) for viewers with other broadcast, cable and satellite services as well as with home entertainment products, new sources of broadband and mobile delivered content and internet usage.

 

The Hall of Fame Indoor Waterpark, the Hall of Fame hotels and the retail promenade, if and when completed, will compete with other theme parks and resorts, such as Cedar Point, located in Sandusky, Ohio, and other theme parks, retail and tourist destinations in Ohio and around the country, and with other forms of entertainment, lodging, tourism and recreation activities.

 

The planned Constellation Center for Excellence will compete for tenants with other suppliers of commercial and/or retail space. 

 

Employees

 

As of March 9, 2021, we have 30 employees that perform various administrative, finance and accounting, event planning, youth sports programming and corporate management functions for the Company and its subsidiaries.

 

Properties

 

We own real property in Canton, Ohio, at the site of the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls development, including the Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium and our main offices. Certain parcels of real property on which the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls is located are owned by the City of Canton and the Canton City School District (Board of Education), and are subject to long-term ground leases and agreements with us for the use and development of such property.

 

Emerging Growth Company and Smaller Reporting Company

 

We are an “emerging growth company,” as defined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act, as modified by the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the “JOBS Act”), and we may take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not emerging growth companies, including, but not limited to, not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements, and exemptions from the requirements of holding a nonbinding advisory vote on executive compensation and stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved.

 

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Further, Section 102(b)(1) of the JOBS Act exempts emerging growth companies from being required to comply with new or revised financial accounting standards until private companies (that is, those that have not had a registration statement under the Securities Act declared effective or do not have a class of securities registered under the Exchange Act) are required to comply with the new or revised financial accounting standards. The JOBS Act provides that a company can elect to opt out of the extended transition period and comply with the requirements that apply to non-emerging growth companies, but any such an election to opt out is irrevocable. We have elected not to opt out of such extended transition period, which means that when a standard is issued or revised and it has different application dates for public or private companies, we, as an emerging growth company, can adopt the new or revised standard at the time private companies adopt the new or revised standard. This may make comparison of our financial statements with another public company, which is neither an emerging growth company nor an emerging growth company that has opted out of using the extended transition period, difficult or impossible because of the potential differences in accounting standards used.

 

We will remain an emerging growth company until the earlier of: (1) the last day of the fiscal year (a) following the fifth anniversary of the closing of the Company’s initial public offering, (b) in which we have total annual revenue of at least $1.07 billion, or (c) in which we are deemed to be a large accelerated filer, which means the market value of our common equity that is held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of the end of the prior fiscal year’s second fiscal quarter; and (2) the date on which we have issued more than $1.00 billion in non-convertible debt securities during the prior three-year period. References herein to “emerging growth company” have the meaning associated with it in the JOBS Act.

 

Additionally, we are a “smaller reporting company” as defined in Item 10(f)(1) of Regulation S-K. Smaller reporting companies may take advantage of certain reduced disclosure obligations, including, among other things, providing only two years of audited financial statements. We will remain a smaller reporting company until the last day of any fiscal year for so long as either (1) the market value of our shares of Common Stock held by non-affiliates did not equal or exceed $250 million as of the prior June 30, or (2) our annual revenues did not equal or exceed $100 million during such completed fiscal year and the market value of our shares of Common Stock held by non-affiliates did not equal or exceed $700 million as of the prior June 30.

 

The COVID-19 Pandemic

 

During 2020 and continuing into 2021, the world has been, and continues to be, impacted by the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. COVID-19 and measures to prevent its spread impacted our business in a number of ways, most significantly with regard to a reduction in the number of events and attendance at events at Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium and National Youth Football and Sports Complex, which negatively impacts our ability to sell sponsorships. Also, we opened our newly renovated DoubleTree by Hilton in Canton in November 2020, but the occupancy rate has been negatively impacted by the pandemic. The impact of these disruptions and the extent of their adverse impact on our financial and operating results will be dictated by the length of time that such disruptions continue, which will, in turn, depend on the currently unknowable duration and severity of the impacts of COVID-19, and among other things, the impact of governmental actions imposed in response to COVID-19 and individuals’ and companies’ risk tolerance regarding health matters going forward and developing strain mutations.

 

Recent Developments

 

Proposed Private Placement of Preferred Stock and Warrants to Purchase Common Stock

 

On January 28, 2021, we executed a binding term sheet with IRG, LLC pursuant to which we agreed to issue and sell to IRG, LLC in a private placement for a purchase price of $15,000,000 (i) shares of a new series of preferred stock, which are convertible into shares of our Common Stock (the “New Private Placement Preferred Stock”), having an aggregate liquidation preference of $15,000,000, and (ii) a number of warrants, convertible into shares of our Common Stock at an exercise price of $6.90 per share (the “New Private Placement Warrants”), equal to 50% of the liquidation preference of the preferred stock to be sold divided by the closing price of the Common Stock on a specified date (the “New Private Placement”). The New Private Placement is expected to close in the first quarter of 2021. If we consummate the New Private Placement, we intend to deposit the net proceeds as necessary into the Proceeds Account (as defined herein), and use the net proceeds for general corporate purposes. We cannot give any assurance that the New Private Placement will be completed on the terms described herein, on a timely basis or at all.

 

Termination of Sponsorship Agreement with Aultman Health Foundation

 

On January 12, 2021, the Company notified Aultman Health Foundation (“Aultman”) that the Company terminated as to itself, effective as of January 26, 2021, the Sponsorship Agreement, dated December 6, 2016, among Aultman, PFHOF, and HOF Village (subsequently assigned to Newco).

 

Purchase of Real Property from PFHOF

 

On February 3, 2021, the Company purchased for $1.75 million certain parcels of real property from PFHOF located at the site of the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls. In connection with the purchase, the Company granted certain easements to PFHOF to ensure accessibility to the PFHOF museum.

 

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February Follow-On Public Offering

 

On February 12, 2021, the Company closed its public offering of 12,244,897 shares of Common Stock at a public offering price of $2.45 per share pursuant to the terms of the underwriting agreement between the Company and Maxim Group LLC, entered into on February 9, 2021 (the “Underwriting Agreement”). On February 18, 2021, the Company closed the sale of an additional 1,836,734 shares of Common Stock at $2.45 per share pursuant to the exercise of the underwriters’ over-allotment option in connection with its public offering that closed on February 12, 2021. Under the terms of the Underwriting Agreement, each of the Company’s executive officers, directors and stockholders of more than 5% of the outstanding Common Stock signed lock-up agreements pursuant to which each agreed, subject to certain exceptions, not to transact in the Common Stock for a period of 90 days following February 12, 2021. Gross proceeds including the over-allotment, before underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses, are approximately $34.5 million.

 

Shared Services Agreement with PFHOF

 

On March 9, 2021, the Company entered into an additional Shared Services Agreement with PFHOF, which supplements the existing Shared Services Agreement by, among other things, providing for the sharing of costs for activities relating to shared services.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

Certain factors may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. You should carefully consider the risks described below, in addition to other information contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K/A, including our financial statements and related notes. If any of these risks and uncertainties actually occur, our business, financial condition and results of operations may be materially adversely affected. As a result, the market price of our securities could decline, and you could lose all or part of your investment. Additionally, the risks and uncertainties described in this Annual Report on Form 10-K/A are not the only risks and uncertainties that we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently believe to be immaterial may become material and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Summary of Risk Factors

 

Our business is subject to a number of risks, including risks that may prevent us from achieving our business objectives or may adversely affect our business and financial performance. These risks are discussed more fully below and include, but are not limited to, the following:

 

  We are an early stage company with a minimal track record and limited historical financial information available.
     
  Our ability to implement our proposed business strategy may be materially and adversely affected by many known and unknown factors.
     
  The success of our business is substantially dependent upon the continued success of the PFHOF brand and our ability to continue to secure favorable contracts with and maintain a good working relationship with PFHOF and its management team.
     
  Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company will operate in highly competitive industries and our revenues, profits or market share could be harmed if we are unable to compete effectively.
     
  Our planned sports betting, fantasy sports and eSports operations and the growth prospects and marketability of such operations are subject to a variety of U.S. and foreign laws, many of which are unsettled and still developing and which could subject us to claims or otherwise harm our business.
     
  Changes in consumer tastes and preferences for sports and entertainment products, including fantasy sports, sports betting and eSports, or declines in discretionary consumer spending, consumer confidence and general and regional economic conditions could reduce demand for our offerings and products and adversely affect the profitability of our business
     
  We are dependent on our management team, and the loss of one or more key employees could harm our business and prevent us from implementing our business plan in a timely manner.
     
  The high fixed cost structure of the Company’s operations may result in significantly lower margins if revenues decline.
     
  The COVID-19 pandemic could continue to have a material adverse effect on our business.
     
  Cyber security risks and the failure to maintain the integrity of internal or guest data could result in damages to our reputation, the disruption of operations and/or subject us to costs, fines or lawsuits.
     
  The suspension or termination of, or the failure to obtain, any business or other licenses may have a negative impact on our business.

 

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  We will have to increase leverage to develop the Company, which could further exacerbate the risks associated with our substantial indebtedness, and we may not be able to generate sufficient cash flow from operations to service all of our indebtedness and may be forced to take other actions to satisfy our obligations under our indebtedness, which may not be successful.
     
  Our management determined that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as of December 31, 2020.
     
  We currently do not intend to pay dividends on our Common Stock. Consequently, your ability to achieve a return on your investment will depend on appreciation in the price of our Common Stock.
     
 

Our Series A Warrants, Series B Warrants, and Series C Warrants are accounted for as liabilities and the changes in value of such warrants could have a material effect on our financial statements.

     
  The trading price of our securities has been, and likely will continue to be, volatile and you could lose all or part of your investment.
     
  We may be required to take write-downs or write-offs, restructuring and impairment or other charges that could have a significant negative effect on our financial condition, results of operations and our stock price, which could cause you to lose some or all of your investment.

 

Risks Related to Our Business

 

We are an early stage company with a minimal track record and limited historical financial information available.

 

HOF Village was formed as a limited liability company on December 16, 2015 by certain affiliates of Industrial Realty Group and a subsidiary of PFHOF, to own and operate the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls in Canton, Ohio, as a premiere destination resort and entertainment company leveraging the expansive popularity of professional football and the PFHOF. As a result of the Business Combination, HOF Village became our wholly owned subsidiary. As of the date hereof, we anticipate that the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls will have the following major components:

 

Phase I:

 

  Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium

 

  National Youth Football & Sports Complex

 

  Hall of Fame Village Media

 

Phase II:

 

  Hall of Fame Indoor Waterpark (“Hall of Fame Indoor Waterpark”)

 

  Two hotels (one on campus and one in downtown Canton about five minutes from campus)

 

  Constellation Center for Excellence (Office Building, Retail and Meeting Space)

 

  Center for Performance (Field House and Convention Center)

 

 

Retail promenade

 

  Play Action Plaza (Green space for recreation, events and informal gatherings)

 

  Hall of Fantasy League (Fantasy Football)

 

Phase III (Potential):

 

  Residential space

 

  Additional attractions

 

  Entertainment, dining, merchandise and more

 

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While the components in Phase I are substantially complete and the DoubleTree by Hilton Canton Hotel opened in November 2020, to date most components of Phase II and Phase III are still in the planning and construction stage, and have not commenced operations or generated any revenue. The components of the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls that have been developed in Phase I have limited operating history and business track record. In addition, our business strategy is broad and may be subject to significant modifications in the future. Our current strategy may not be successful, and if not successful, we may be unable to modify it in a timely and successful manner. A company with this extent of operations still in the planning stage is highly speculative and subject to an unusually high degree of risk.

 

Because we are in the early stages of executing our business strategy, we cannot provide assurance that, or when, we will be profitable. We will need to make significant investments to develop and operate the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls and expect to incur significant expenses in connection with operating components of the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls, including costs for entertainment, talent fees, marketing, salaries and maintenance of properties and equipment. We expect to incur significant capital, operational and marketing expenses for a few years in connection with our planned Phase II and III expansion. Any failure to achieve or sustain profitability may have a material adverse impact on the value of the shares of our Common Stock.

 

Our ability to implement our proposed business strategy may be materially and adversely affected by many known and unknown factors.

 

Our business strategy relies upon our future ability to successfully develop and operate the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls as well as our other business verticals. Our strategy assumes that we will be able to, among other things: secure sufficient capital to repay our indebtedness; continue to lease or to acquire additional property in Canton, Ohio at attractive prices and develop such property into efficient and profitable operations; and maintain our relationships with key partners, including PFHOF, the general contractors for the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls, and various other design firms, technology consultants, managers and operators and vendors that we are relying on for the successful development and operation of the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls, as well as to develop new relationships and partnerships with third parties that will be necessary for the success of the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls. These assumptions, which are critical to our prospects for success, are subject to significant economic, competitive, regulatory and operational uncertainties, contingencies and risks, many of which are beyond our control. These uncertainties are particularly heightened by the fact that we have significantly limited historical financial results or data on which financial projections might be based.

 

Our future ability to execute our business strategy and develop the various components of the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls is uncertain, and it can be expected that one or more of our assumptions will prove to be incorrect and that we will face unanticipated events and circumstances that may adversely affect our proposed business. Any one or more of the following factors, or other factors which may be beyond our control, may have a material adverse effect on our ability to implement our proposed strategy:

 

  the impact of the pandemic involving the novel strain of coronavirus, COVID-19, governmental reactions thereto, and economic conditions resulting from such governmental reactions to the pandemic on our business strategy, operations, financial results, as well as on our future ability to access debt or equity financing;

 

  inability to complete development and construction on schedule, on budget or otherwise in a timely and cost-effective manner;

 

 

issues impacting the brands of the PFHOF or the NFL Alumni Association or the NFL;

 

  inability to secure and maintain relationships and sponsorships with key partners, or a failure by key partners to fulfill their obligations;

 

  failure to manage rapidly expanding operations in the projected time frame;

 

  our or our partners’ ability to provide innovative entertainment that competes favorably against other entertainment parks and similar enterprises on the basis of price, quality, design, appeal, reliability and performance;

 

  increases in operating costs, including capital improvements, insurance premiums, general taxes, real estate taxes and utilities, affecting our profit margins;

 

  general economic, political and business conditions in the United States and, in particular, in the Midwest and the geographic area around Canton, Ohio;

 

  inflation, appreciation of the real estate and fluctuations in interest rates; or

 

  existing and future governmental laws and regulations, including changes in our ability to use or receive Tourism Development District (“TDD”) funds, tax-increment financing (“TIF”) funds or other state and local grants and tax credits (including Ohio Film Tax Credits).

 

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We are relying on various forms of public financing and public debt to finance the Company.

 

We currently expect to obtain a portion of the capital required for the development and operations of the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls from various forms of public financing and public debt, including TDD funds, TIF funds, state and local grants and tax credits, which depend, in part, on factors outside of our control. The concept of a TDD was created under state law specifically for Canton, Ohio and the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls. Canton City Council was permitted to designate up to 600 acres as a TDD and to approve the collection of additional taxes within that acreage to be used to foster tourism development. Canton City Council passed legislation allowing the collection of a 5% admissions tax and an additional 2% gross receipts tax and agreed to give the revenue from its 3% municipal lodging tax collected at any hotels built in the TDD to the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls for 30 years. Our ability to obtain funds from TDD depends on, among other things, ticket sales (including parking lots, garages, stadiums, auditoriums, museums, athletic parks, swimming pools and theaters), wholesale, retail and some food sales within the TDD and revenues from our hotels within the TDD. For TIF funds, the amount of property tax that a specific district generates is set at a base amount and as property values increase, property tax growth above that base amount, net of property taxes retained by the school districts, can be used to fund redevelopment projects within the district. Our ability to obtain TIF funds is dependent on the value of developed property in the specific district, the collection of general property taxes from property owners in the specific district, the time it takes the tax assessor to update the tax rolls and market interest rates at the time the tax increment bonds are issued.

 

If we are unable to realize the expected benefits from these various forms of public financing and public debt, we may need to obtain alternative financing through other means, including private transactions. If we are required to obtain alternative financing, such alternative financing may not be available at all or may not be available in a timely manner or on terms substantially similar or as favorable to public financing and public debt, which could significantly affect our ability to develop the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls, increase our cost of capital and have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, cash flows and financial position.

 

If we were to obtain financing through private investment in public equity investments or other alternative financing, it could subject us to risks that, if realized, would adversely affect us, including the following:

 

  our cash flows from operations could be insufficient to make required payments of principal of and interest on any debt financing, and a failure to pay would likely result in acceleration of such debt and could result in cross accelerations or cross defaults on other debt;

 

  such debt may increase our vulnerability to adverse economic and industry conditions;

 

  to the extent that we generate and use any cash flow from operations to make payments on such debt, it will reduce our funds available for operations, development, capital expenditures and future investment opportunities or other purposes;

 

  debt covenants may limit our ability to borrow additional amounts, including for working capital, capital expenditures, debt service requirements, executing our development plan and other purposes;

 

  restrictive debt covenants may limit our flexibility in operating our business, including limitations on our ability to make certain investments; incur additional indebtedness; create certain liens; incur obligations that restrict the ability of our subsidiaries to make payments to us; consolidate, merge or transfer all or substantially all of our assets; or enter into transactions with affiliates; and

 

  to the extent that such debt bears interest at a variable rate, we would be exposed to the risk of increased interest rates.

 

We must retain our key management personnel.

 

We aim to recruit the most qualified candidates, and strive for a diverse and well-balanced workforce. We reward and support employees through competitive pay, benefits, and perquisite programs that allow employees to thrive. If we are unable to retain the key management personnel at our Company, the underlying business could suffer.

 

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The success of our business is substantially dependent upon the continued success of the PFHOF brand and museum experience and our ability to continue to secure favorable contracts with and maintain a good working relationship with PFHOF and its management team. 

 

The success of our business is substantially dependent upon the continued success of the PFHOF brand and our ability to continue to secure favorable contracts with and maintain a good working relationship with PFHOF and its management team. PFHOF’s support and cooperation – through agreements, alliances, opportunities and otherwise – is of critical importance to our long-term success.

 

PFHOF is a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization that owns and operates the Pro Football Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio. We are geographically located adjacent to PFHOF, and the local community and broader public generally view the Company and PFHOF as closely-connected affiliates. While PFHOF currently beneficially owns approximately 8% of the Company’s outstanding Common Stock, the Company is neither a subsidiary of nor controlled by PFHOF. PFHOF is a party to the Director Nominating Agreement, which among other things provides PFHOF with the right to designate one individual to be appointed or nominated for election to the Company’s board of directors, subject to certain conditions. Our director, Ed Roth, was designated by PFHOF pursuant to the Director Nominating Agreement.

 

We have entered into several agreements with PFHOF that are of significance to our business, including: (i) a First Amended and Restated License Agreement, dated September 16, 2019 (the “License Agreement”), (ii) an Amended and Restated Media License Agreement, dated July 1, 2020 (the “Media License Agreement”), and (iii) Shared Services Agreements, dated June 30, 2020 and March 9, 2021 (the “Shared Services Agreements”). These agreements address topics that include, but are not limited to, the following:

 

  License to use PFHOF marks. Under the License Agreement, PFHOF grants to our Company a non-transferable, non-exclusive right and license to use PFHOF marks in conjunction with the Hall of Fame Village complex (the “Village”), Legends Landing, any theme park, water park, theater, sports arena, sports facility, hotel, sports bar, general or specific location-based entertainment, youth sports programs (excluding certain NFL-sponsored youth sports programs) (“Exclusive Fields of Use”). The license is exclusive for the Exclusive Fields of Use only within the municipal boundary of the City of Canton, Ohio. Under the License Agreement, PFHOF agreed that it will not grant any third party a license to use PFHOF marks outside of Canton, Ohio, in connection with the themed entertainment industry without giving us a right of first refusal to accept such third-party offer. In addition, the License Agreement provides that, subject to certain exceptions, all communications with the National Football League (the “NFL”), its 32 member clubs and its Hall of Famers must be made exclusively through PFHOF rather than from the Company. Many of the Company’s events involve the participation of the NFL’s Hall of Famers. The Company therefore must rely on PFHOF’s cooperation and support to a significant extent in coordinating events and other activities involving any of these parties.

 

  Sponsorships. The License Agreement provides that PFHOF and our Company have the right to jointly seek sponsorships from third parties in conjunction with the Village and to sublicense PFHOF marks to such sponsors. The License Agreement provides that PFHOF and our Company have the right to enter into exclusive sponsorships for their individually owned and operated assets. The License Agreement provides that our Company and PFHOF will use their best efforts to coordinate the marketing, sales and activation of sponsorships so as to maximize the revenue of both organizations and minimize any potential negative impact to either organization. We and PFHOF are both parties to sponsorship agreements that are important to our business, such as the Naming Rights Agreement and the Constellation Sponsorship Agreement. We also rely on a collaborative approach with PFHOF to pursue other joint sponsorship agreements with third parties. Our success in obtaining those sponsorship agreements is highly dependent on the maintenance of a good working relationship with PFHOF and its management team. In addition, once these sponsorships are obtained, the Company must rely on PFHOF’s cooperation in performing the obligations relating to PFHOF required by the sponsorship agreements. See “Risk Factors – Risk Related to Our Business – We rely on sponsorship contracts to generate revenues.”

 

  Use of PFHOF media assets. The Media License Agreement provides for the sharing of media-related opportunities between PFHOF and our Company and sets forth the terms under which PFHOF enables our Company to exploit existing PFHOF works and create new works. Our ability to successfully monetize PFHOF assets (e.g., photographs, videos, memorabilia and other historically significant football-related assets) under the Media License Agreement depends upon PFHOF’s providing access to such media assets as contemplated by the terms of the Media License Agreement.

 

  Shared Services. Under the Shared Services Agreements, our Company and PFHOF agree to act in good faith to coordinate with each other on certain services, including, without limitation, community relations, government relations, marketing and public relations, new business development, sponsorship activities and youth programming. Our success in these endeavors depends to a significant extent on PFHOF’s cooperation in coordinating these services and events.

 

In the past, we have had to renegotiate payment terms and other provisions in certain of our agreements with PFHOF as part of improving the Company’s financial position. If we were to lose or be required to renegotiate any of these agreements or if PFHOF failed to perform any of these agreements, our business may be adversely affected.

 

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Changes in consumer tastes and preferences for sports and entertainment products could reduce demand for our offerings and products and adversely affect the profitability of our business.

 

The success of our business depends on our ability to consistently provide, maintain and expand attractions and events as well as create and distribute media programming, virtual experiences and consumer products that meet changing consumer preferences. Consumers who are fans of professional football will likely constitute a substantial majority of the attendance to Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls, and our success depends in part on the continued popularity of professional football and on our ability to successfully predict and adapt to tastes and preferences of this consumer group. If our sports and entertainment offerings and products do not achieve sufficient consumer acceptance or if consumer preferences change or consumers are drawn to other spectator sports and entertainment options, our business, financial condition or results of operations could be materially adversely affected. In the past, we have hosted major professional football events, as well as other musical and live entertainment events, and we can provide no assurance that we will be able to continue to host such events.

 

Incidents or adverse publicity concerning the Company, PFHOF, the NFL or the NFL Alumni Association could harm our reputation as well as negatively impact our revenues and profitability.

 

Our reputation is an important factor in the success of our business. Our ability to attract and retain consumers depends, in part, upon the external perceptions of our Company, the brands we are associated with, the quality of Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls and its services and our corporate and management integrity. If market recognition or the perception of the Company diminishes, there may be a material adverse effect on our revenues, profits and cash flow. In addition, the operations of Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls, particularly the Hall of Fame Indoor Waterpark, involve the risk of accidents, illnesses, environmental incidents and other incidents which may negatively affect the perception of guest and employee safety, health, security and guest satisfaction and which could negatively impact our reputation, reduce attendance at our facilities and negatively impact our business and results of operations.

 

We rely on sponsorship contracts to generate revenues.

 

We will receive a portion of our annual revenues from sponsorship agreements, including the amended and restated sponsorship and naming rights agreement, dated as of July 2, 2020 (the “Naming Rights Agreement”), by and among HOF Village, PFHOF and Johnson Controls, the sponsorship and services agreement, dated as of December 19, 2018, as amended (the “Constellation Sponsorship Agreement”), by and among HOF Village, PFHOF and Constellation NewEnergy, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Constellation”), and other sponsorship agreements for various content, media and live events produced at Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls such as title, official product and promotional partner sponsorships, billboards, signs and other media. We are continuously in negotiations with existing sponsors and actively seeking new sponsors as there is significant competition for sponsorships. Some of our live events may not secure a title sponsor, may not secure a sufficient number of sponsorships on favorable terms, or may not secure sponsorships sufficiently enough in advance of an event, which may lead to event cancellations or otherwise adversely affect the revenue generated from such events.

 

The Naming Rights Agreement is scheduled to expire on December 31, 2034, but provides termination rights both to (a) HOF Village and PFHOF and (b) Johnson Controls, which may be exercised in the event the other party breaches any of its covenants and agreements under the Naming Rights Agreement beyond certain notice and cure periods, applies for or consents to the appointment of a custodian of any kind with respect to all or substantially all of its assets, becomes insolvent or is unable to pay its debts generally as they become due, makes a general assignment for the benefit of its creditors, files a voluntary petition seeking relief under any bankruptcy law, or an involuntary petition is filed by a creditor under any bankruptcy law and is approved by a court of competent jurisdiction. Additionally, Johnson Controls has a right to terminate the Naming Rights Agreement if Phase II is not open for business by January 2, 2024 and if HOF Village is in default beyond applicable notice and cure periods under certain agreements, such as the Technology as a Service Agreement, any loan document evidencing or securing any construction loan with respect to the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls and any agreement with its general contractor with respect to the construction of the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls, among others.

 

The Constellation Sponsorship Agreement is scheduled to expire on December 31, 2029, but provides termination rights both to (a) HOF Village and PFHOF and (b) Constellation, which may be exercised if a party would suffer material damage to its reputation by association with the other party or if there is an event of default. An event of default under the Constellation Sponsorship Agreement includes a party’s failure to perform its material obligations (which includes our failure to reach certain specified milestones in the construction of the Constellation Center for Excellence) for 60 days after receiving written notice from the other party and failure to cure such default; a party’s becoming insolvent or filing a voluntary petition in bankruptcy; a party’s being adjudged bankrupt; an involuntary petition under any bankruptcy or insolvency law being filed against a party; a party’s sale, assignment or transfer of all or substantially all of its assets (other than to an affiliate in the case of HOF Village or PFHOF). Additionally, Constellation has a right to terminate the Constellation Sponsorship Agreement effective as of December 31, 2023 for failure to recover its investment in the form of new business, if it provides written notice on or prior to December 1, 2022.

 

13

 

 

Loss of our existing title sponsors or other major sponsorship agreements, including the Naming Rights Agreement and Constellation Sponsorship Agreement, or failure to secure sponsorship agreements in the future on favorable terms, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

We could be adversely affected by declines in discretionary consumer spending, consumer confidence and general and regional economic conditions.

 

Our success depends to a significant extent on discretionary consumer spending, which is heavily influenced by general economic conditions and the availability of discretionary income. The current economic downturn as a result of COVID-19, coupled with high volatility and uncertainty as to the future global economic landscape, has had an adverse effect on consumers’ discretionary income and consumer confidence. Future volatile, negative or uncertain economic conditions and recessionary periods or periods of significant inflation may adversely impact attendance and guest spending levels at Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls, which would materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls is located in Canton, Ohio. The concentration of our operations in this market exposes us to greater risks than if our operations were more geographically diverse. As a result, negative developments in the local economic conditions in the Midwest region, particularly those impacting travel, hotel or other real estate operations, could reduce guest attendance, negatively impact consumer spending, increase tenant defaults and otherwise have a material adverse effect on our profitability.

 

Other factors that can affect consumer spending and confidence include severe weather, hurricanes, flooding, earthquakes and other natural disasters, elevated terrorism alerts, terrorist attacks, military actions, air travel concerns, outbreaks of disease, and geopolitical events, as well as various industry and other business conditions, including an ever increasing number of sporting and entertainment options that compete for discretionary spending. Such factors or incidents, even if not directly impacting us, can disrupt or otherwise adversely impact the spending sentiment and interest of our present or potential customers and sponsors.

 

The Company will operate in highly competitive industries and our revenues, profits or market share could be harmed if we are unable to compete effectively.

 

We will face substantial competition in each of our businesses. For example:

 

  Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium, the National Youth Football & Sports Complex and the Center for Performance will compete with other facilities and venues across the region and country for hosting concerts, athletic events (including professional sports events, sports camps and tournaments) and other major conventions;

 

  Hall of Fame Village Media will compete (i) with other media and content producers to obtain creative and performing talent, sports and other programming content, story properties, advertiser support, distribution channels and market share and (ii) for viewers with other broadcast, cable and satellite services as well as with home entertainment products, new sources of broadband and mobile delivered content and internet usage;

 

 

The indoor waterpark, the Hilton hotels, and the retail promenade, if and when completed, will compete for guests with other theme parks, waterparks, and resorts, such as Cedar Point, located in Sandusky, Ohio, and other theme parks, retail and tourist destinations in Ohio and around the country, and with other forms of entertainment, lodging, tourism and recreation activities;

 

  The planned Constellation Center for Excellence will compete for tenants with other suppliers of commercial and/or retail space; and

 

 

The planned Hall of Fantasy League fantasy football league will face competition from existing fantasy football leagues as well as other forms of virtual entertainment and fan interactions during the professional football season.

 

Competition in each of these areas may increase as a result of technological developments, changes in consumer preferences, economic conditions, changes in market structure and other factors that affect the recreation, entertainment, vacation, retail, tourism and leisure industries generally. Increased competition may divert consumers from Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls to other forms of entertainment, which could reduce our revenue or increase our marketing costs. Our competitors may have substantially greater financial resources than we do, and they may be able to adapt more quickly to changes in consumer preferences or devote greater resources to promotion of their offerings and services or to development or acquisition of offerings and services that are perceived to be of a higher quality or value than our offerings and services. As a result, we may not be able to compete successfully against such competitors.

 

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We may not be able to fund capital expenditures and investment in future attractions and projects.

 

A principal competitive factor for Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls is the originality and perceived quality of its events, attractions and offerings. Even after completion of the various components of the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls, we will need to make continued capital investments through maintenance and the regular addition of new events, attractions and offerings. Our ability to fund capital expenditures will depend on our ability to generate sufficient cash flow from operations and to raise capital from third parties. We cannot assure you that our operations will be able to generate sufficient cash flow to fund such costs, or that we will be able to obtain sufficient financing on adequate terms, or at all, which could cause us to delay or abandon certain projects or plans.

 

The high fixed cost structure of the Company’s operations may result in significantly lower margins if revenues decline.

 

We expect a large portion of our operating expenses to be relatively fixed because the costs for full-time employees, maintenance, utilities, advertising and insurance will not vary significantly with attendance. These fixed costs may increase at a greater rate than our revenues and may not be able to be reduced at the same rate as declining revenues. If cost-cutting efforts are insufficient to offset declines in revenues or are impracticable, we could experience a material decline in margins, revenues, profitability and reduced or negative cash flows. Such effects can be especially pronounced during periods of economic contraction or slow economic growth.

 

Increased labor costs, labor shortages or labor disruptions could reduce our profitability.

 

Because labor costs are and will continue to be a major component of our operating expenses, higher labor costs could reduce our profitability. Higher labor costs could result from, among other things, labor shortages that require us to raise labor rates in order to attract employees, and increases in minimum wage rates. Higher employee health insurance costs could also adversely affect our profitability. Additionally, increased labor costs, labor shortages or labor disruptions by employees of our third-party contractors and subcontractors could disrupt our operations, increase our costs and affect our profitability.

 

Cyber security risks and the failure to maintain the integrity of internal or guest data could result in damages to our reputation, the disruption of operations and/or subject us to costs, fines or lawsuits.

 

We anticipate that we will collect and retain large volumes of internal and guest data, including credit card numbers and other personally identifiable information, for business purposes, including for transactional or target marketing and promotional purposes, and our various information technology systems enter, process, summarize and report such data. We also expect to maintain personally identifiable information about our employees. The integrity and protection of our guest, employee and company data will be critical to our business and our guests and employees are likely to have a high expectation that we will adequately protect their personal information. The regulatory environment, as well as the requirements imposed on us by the credit card industry, governing information, security and privacy laws is increasingly demanding and continues to evolve. Maintaining compliance with applicable security and privacy regulations may increase our operating costs and/or adversely impact our ability to market our theme parks, products and services to our guests.

 

We also expect to rely on accounting, financial and operational management information technology systems to conduct our operations. If these information technology systems suffer severe damage, disruption or shutdown and our business continuity plans do not effectively resolve the issues in a timely manner, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially adversely affected.

 

We may face various security threats, including cyber security attacks on our data (including our vendors’ and guests’ data) and/or information technology infrastructure. Although we will utilize various procedures and controls to monitor and mitigate these threats, there can be no assurance that these procedures and controls will be sufficient to prevent penetrations or disruptions to our systems. Furthermore, a penetrated or compromised data system or the intentional, inadvertent or negligent release or disclosure of data could result in theft, loss, fraudulent or unlawful use of guest, employee or company data which could harm our reputation or result in remedial and other costs, fines or lawsuits and require significant management attention and resources to be spent. In addition, our insurance coverage and indemnification arrangements that we enter into, if any, may not be adequate to cover all the costs related to cyber security attacks or disruptions resulting from such events. To date, cyber security attacks directed at us have not had a material impact on our financial results. Due to the evolving nature of security threats, however, the impact of any future incident cannot be predicted.

 

15

 

 

Investors are subject to litigation risk and their respective investments in the shares of our Common Stock may be lost as a result of our legal liabilities or the legal liabilities of our affiliates.

 

We or our affiliates may from time to time be subject to claims by third parties and may be plaintiffs or defendants in civil proceedings. There can be no assurance that claims will not be brought in the future if we cannot generate the revenue that we forecast or raise sufficient capital to pay contractors in connection with constructing other components of the project. The expense of prosecuting claims, for which there is no guarantee of success, and/or the expense of defending against claims by third parties and paying any amounts pursuant to settlements or judgments, would generally be borne by the Company and could result in the reduction or complete loss of all of the assets of the Company, and investors in our Common Stock could lose all or a part of their investment.

 

Our business may be adversely affected by tenant defaults or bankruptcy.

 

Our business may be adversely affected if any future tenants at the Constellation Center for Excellence or Hall of Fame retail promenade default on their obligations to us. A default by a tenant may result in the inability of such tenant to re-lease space from us on economically favorable terms, or at all. In the event of a default by a tenant, we may experience delays in payments and incur substantial costs in recovering our losses. In addition, our tenants may file for bankruptcy or be involved in insolvency proceedings and we may be required to expense costs associated with leases of bankrupt tenants and may not be able to replace future rents for tenant space rejected in bankruptcy proceedings, which could adversely affect our properties. Any bankruptcies of our tenants could make it difficult for us to enforce our rights as lessor and protect our investment.

 

Fluctuations in real estate values may require us to write down the carrying value of our real estate assets or investments.

 

Real estate valuations are subject to significant variability and fluctuation. The valuation of our real estate assets or real estate investments is inherently subjective and based on the individual characteristics of each asset. Factors such as competitive market supply and demand for inventory, changes in laws and regulations, political and economic conditions and interest and inflation rate fluctuations subject our valuations to uncertainty. Our valuations are or will be made on the basis of assumptions that may not prove to reflect economic or demographic reality. If the real estate market deteriorates, we may reevaluate the assumptions used in our analyses. As a result, adverse market conditions may require us to write down the book value of certain real estate assets or real estate investments and some of those write-downs could be material. Any material write-downs of assets could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

Our property taxes could increase due to rate increases or reassessments or the imposition of new taxes or assessments or loss of tax credits, which may adversely impact our financial condition and results of operations.

 

We are required to pay state and local real property taxes and assessments on our properties. The real property taxes and assessments on our properties may increase as property or special tax rates increase or if our properties are assessed or reassessed at a higher value by taxing authorities. In addition, if we are obligated to pay new taxes or if there are increases in the property taxes and assessments that we currently pay, our financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected. We are relying on various forms of public financing and public debt to finance the development and operations of the Company.

 

Our insurance coverage may not be adequate to cover all possible losses that we could suffer and our insurance costs may increase.

 

We seek to maintain comprehensive insurance coverage at commercially reasonable rates. Although we maintain various safety and loss prevention programs and carry property and casualty insurance to cover certain risks, our insurance policies do not cover all types of losses and liabilities. There can be no assurance that our insurance will be sufficient to cover the full extent of all losses or liabilities for which we are insured, and we cannot guarantee that we will be able to renew our current insurance policies on favorable terms, or at all. In addition, if we or other theme park operators sustain significant losses or make significant insurance claims, then our ability to obtain future insurance coverage at commercially reasonable rates could be materially adversely affected.

 

Our operations and our ownership of property subject us to environmental requirements, and to environmental expenditures and liabilities.

 

We incur costs to comply with environmental requirements, such as those relating to water use, wastewater and storm water management and disposal, air emissions control, hazardous materials management, solid and hazardous waste disposal, and the clean-up of properties affected by regulated materials.

 

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We may be required to investigate and clean-up hazardous or toxic substances or chemical releases, and other releases, from current or formerly owned or operated facilities. In addition, in the ordinary course of our business, we generate, use and dispose of large volumes of water, which requires us to comply with a number of federal, state and local regulations and to incur significant expenses. Failure to comply with such regulations could subject us to fines and penalties and/or require us to incur additional expenses.

 

We cannot assure you that we will not incur substantial costs to comply with new or expanded environmental requirements in the future or to investigate or clean-up new or newly identified environmental conditions, which could also impair our ability to use or transfer the affected properties and to obtain financing.

 

Our planned sports betting, fantasy sports and eSports operations are subject to a variety of U.S. and foreign laws, many of which are unsettled and still developing and which could subject us to claims or otherwise harm our business. Any change in existing regulations or their interpretation, or the regulatory climate applicable to our products and services, or changes in tax rules and regulations or interpretation thereof related to our products and services, could adversely impact our ability to operate our business as currently conducted or as we seek to operate in the future, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

Our planned sports betting, fantasy sports and eSports operations are generally subject to laws and regulations relating to sports betting, fantasy sports and eSports in the jurisdictions in which we are planning to conduct such operations or in some circumstances, in those jurisdictions in which we offer our services or they are available, as well as the general laws and regulations that apply to all e-commerce businesses, such as those related to privacy and personal information, tax and consumer protection. These laws and regulations vary from one jurisdiction to another and future legislative and regulatory action, court decisions or other governmental action, which may be affected by, among other things, political pressures, attitudes and climates, as well as personal biases, may have a material impact on our operations and financial results. In particular, some jurisdictions have introduced regulations attempting to restrict or prohibit online gaming, while others have taken the position that online gaming should be licensed and regulated and have adopted or are in the process of considering legislation and regulations to enable that to happen. Additionally some jurisdictions in which we may operate could presently be unregulated or partially regulated and therefore more susceptible to the enactment or change of laws and regulations.

 

In May 2018, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down as unconstitutional the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act of 1992 (“PASPA”). This decision has the effect of lifting federal restrictions on sports betting and thus allows states to determine by themselves the legality of sports betting. Since the repeal of PASPA, several states (including Washington D.C.) have legalized online sports betting. To the extent new real money gaming or sports betting jurisdictions are established or expanded, we cannot guarantee that we will be successful in penetrating such new jurisdictions. If we are unable to effectively develop and operate directly or indirectly within existing or new jurisdictions or if our competitors are able to successfully penetrate geographic jurisdictions that we cannot access or where we face other restrictions, there could be a material adverse effect on our sports betting, fantasy sports and eSports operations. Our failure to obtain or maintain the necessary regulatory approvals in jurisdictions, whether individually or collectively, would have a material adverse effect on our business. To operate in any jurisdiction, we may need to be licensed and obtain approvals of our product offerings. This is a time-consuming process that can be extremely costly. Any delays in obtaining or difficulty in maintaining regulatory approvals needed for expansion within existing jurisdictions or into new jurisdictions can negatively affect our opportunities for growth, including the growth of our customer base, or delay our ability to recognize revenue from our offerings in any such jurisdictions.

 

Future legislative and regulatory action, and court decisions or other governmental action, may have a material impact on our planned sports betting, fantasy sports and eSports operations. Governmental authorities could view us as having violated local laws, despite our efforts to obtain all applicable licenses or approvals. There is also a risk that civil and criminal proceedings, including class actions brought by or on behalf of prosecutors or public entities or incumbent monopoly providers, or private individuals, could be initiated against us, Internet service providers, credit card and other payment processors, advertisers and others involved in the sports betting industry. Such potential proceedings could involve substantial litigation expense, penalties, fines, seizure of assets, injunctions or other restrictions being imposed upon us or our licensees or other business partners, while diverting the attention of key executives. Such proceedings could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects, as well as impact our reputation.

 

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Failure to comply with regulatory requirements in a particular jurisdiction, or the failure to successfully obtain a license or permit applied for in a particular jurisdiction, could impact our ability to comply with licensing and regulatory requirements in other jurisdictions, or could cause the rejection of license applications or cancelation of existing licenses in other jurisdictions, or could cause financial institutions, online and mobile platforms, advertisers and distributors to stop providing services to us which we rely upon to receive payments from, or distribute amounts to, our users, or otherwise to deliver and promote our services.

 

Compliance with the various regulations applicable to fantasy sports and real money gaming is costly and time-consuming. Regulatory authorities at the non-U.S., U.S. federal, state and local levels have broad powers with respect to the regulation and licensing of fantasy sports and real money gaming operations and may revoke, suspend, condition or limit our fantasy sports or real money gaming licenses, impose substantial fines on us and take other actions, any one of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects. These laws and regulations are dynamic and subject to potentially differing interpretations, and various legislative and regulatory bodies may expand current laws or regulations or enact new laws and regulations regarding these matters. We will strive to comply with all applicable laws and regulations relating to our business. It is possible, however, that these requirements may be interpreted and applied in a manner that is inconsistent from one jurisdiction to another and may conflict with other rules. Non-compliance with any such law or regulations could expose us to claims, proceedings, litigation and investigations by private parties and regulatory authorities, as well as substantial fines and negative publicity, each of which may materially and adversely affect our business.

 

Any fantasy sports or real money gaming license obtained could be revoked, suspended or conditioned at any time. The loss of a license in one jurisdiction could trigger the loss of a license or affect our eligibility for such a license in another jurisdiction, and any of such losses, or potential for such loss, could cause us to cease offering some or all of our offerings in the impacted jurisdictions. We may be unable to obtain or maintain all necessary registrations, licenses, permits or approvals, and could incur fines or experience delays related to the licensing process, which could adversely affect our operations. Our delay or failure to obtain or maintain licenses in any jurisdiction may prevent us from distributing our offerings, increasing our customer base and/or generating revenues. We cannot assure you that we will be able to obtain and maintain the licenses and related approvals necessary to conduct our planned sports betting operations. Any failure to maintain or renew our licenses, registrations, permits or approvals could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.

 

18

 

 

Negative events or negative media coverage relating to, or a declining popularity of, fantasy sports, sports betting, the underlying sports or athletes, or online sports betting in particular, or other negative coverage may adversely impact our ability to retain or attract users, which could have an adverse impact on our proposed sports betting, fantasy sports and eSports operations.

 

Public opinion can significantly influence our business. Unfavorable publicity regarding us, for example, our product changes, product quality, litigation, or regulatory activity, or regarding the actions of third parties with whom we have relationships or the underlying sports (including declining popularity of the sports or athletes) could seriously harm our reputation. In addition, a negative shift in the perception of sports betting by the public or by politicians, lobbyists or others could affect future legislation of sports betting, which could cause jurisdictions to abandon proposals to legalize sports betting, thereby limiting the number of jurisdictions in which we can operate such operations. Furthermore, illegal betting activity by athletes could result in negative publicity for our industry and could harm our brand reputation. Negative public perception could also lead to new restrictions on or to the prohibition of sports betting in jurisdictions in which such operations are currently legal. Such negative publicity could also adversely affect the size, demographics, engagement, and loyalty of our customer base and result in decreased revenue or slower user growth rates, which could seriously harm our business.

 

The suspension or termination of, or the failure to obtain, any business or other licenses may have a negative impact on our business.

 

We maintain a variety of business licenses issued by federal, state and local authorities that are renewable on a periodic basis. We cannot guarantee that we will be successful in renewing all of our licenses on a periodic basis. The suspension, termination or expiration of one or more of these licenses could materially adversely affect our revenues and profits. Any changes to the licensing requirements for any of our licenses could affect our ability to maintain the licenses. In addition, we do not yet have all of the appropriate licenses required for our operations, including liquor licenses. The failure to obtain liquor or other licenses may negatively impact our business.

 

Delays or restrictions in obtaining permits for capital investments could impair our business.

 

Our capital investments require regulatory permits from one or more governmental agencies in order to build new theme parks, attractions and shows. Such permits are typically issued by state agencies, but federal and local governmental permits may also be required. The requirements for such permits vary depending on the location of such capital investments. As with all governmental permitting processes, there is a degree of uncertainty as to whether a permit will be granted, the time it will take for a permit to be issued, and the conditions that may be imposed in connection with the granting of the permit. Therefore, our capital investments in certain areas may be delayed, interrupted or suspended for varying lengths of time, causing a loss of revenue to us and adversely affecting our results of operations.

 

The maturity date of the Term Loan, which is secured by substantially all of our assets, is December 1, 2021. There can be no assurance that we will be able to repay the obligation upon maturity to avoid a default.

 

On December 1, 2020 (the “Effective Date”), we entered into a term loan agreement (the “Term Loan Agreement”) among the Company, Newco, and certain of Newco’s subsidiaries, as borrowers (collectively, the “Borrowers”), and Aquarian Credit Funding LLC (“Aquarian”), as lead arranger, administrative agent, collateral agent and representative of the lenders party thereto (the “Lenders”), pursuant to which we borrowed $40.0 million from the Lenders (the “Term Loan”). The term of the Term Loan Agreement is 12 months from the Effective Date (the “Term”). The Term Loan will bear interest at a fixed rate equal to 10.0% per annum, payable monthly in advance on the outstanding amount of the Term Loan during the Term.

 

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On the Effective Date, we used approximately $4.04 million from the Term Loan to prefund an amount equal to the cash interest on the Term Loan for the entire Term into an account controlled by Aquarian. We used approximately $23.3 million from the Term Loan to pay the outstanding balance and fees under our bridge loan, dated March 20, 2018, among the Company, various lenders party thereto and GACP Finance Co., LLC (“Bridge Loan”). The remaining proceeds of the Term Loan, after payment of various fees and expenses, and subject to the Liquidity Covenant (defined below), are available for general corporate purposes.

 

The Term Loan Agreement contains customary affirmative and negative covenants for this type of loan, including without limitation (i) affirmative covenants, including the maintenance of certain key contracts and content rights, adherence to a detailed cash flow forecast including a hard cost and a soft cost construction budget, and (ii) negative covenants, including restrictions on additional indebtedness, prepayment of other indebtedness, transactions with related parties, additional liens, dividends, investments and advances, sales of assets, capital expenditures, mergers and acquisitions, and standard prohibitions on change of control. Additionally, from the Effective Date until repayment of the Term Loan, we must maintain, in an account controlled by Aquarian (the “Proceeds Account”), cash and cash equivalents equal to at least $7.5 million (the “Liquidity Covenant”). Subject to stated exceptions, we must deposit all funds received by the Borrowers during the Term from any and all sources into the Proceeds Account and must have Aquarian’s prior written approval to withdraw any amounts from the Proceeds Account, pursuant to a budget and schedule agreed upon by the parties. As of December 31, 2020, there was approximately $15 million in the Proceeds Account. We are also required to prepay the outstanding balance of the Term Loan under certain circumstances and the Lenders will have the right to approve certain types of transactions by us during the Term.

 

We have provided collateral in connection with the Term Loan, including, with certain exceptions: (i) a perfected, first priority security interest in all our real and intangible property, including cash and accounts (to be perfected through account control agreements), contracts, intellectual property, leases, plans and specifications, permits, licenses, approvals, entitlements, and development rights; (ii) a perfected first priority pledge of 100% of the portion of the ownership interests in our subsidiaries; and (iii) a first mortgage, an assignment of leases and rents, and environmental indemnity covering the property owned by the Borrowers (collateral protection to include other customary documentation, including but not limited to deeds in lieu and cognovits, subject to prior exhaustion of all customary notice and cure periods in the event of default, as detailed in the Term Loan documents).

 

The Term Loan is guaranteed up to $22.3 million (the “Guaranty”) by IRG Master Holding, Inc. (the “Guarantor”), an affiliate of Industrial Realty Group, LLC, a Nevada limited liability company (“IRG”), that is controlled by one of our directors, Stuart Lichter. The Guaranty will terminate upon the occurrence of any of the following events: (i) the payment in full of all obligations under the Term Loan Agreement; (ii) the Guarantor or any of its affiliates purchases $22.3 million of the principal amount of the Term Loan pursuant to a written agreement mutually acceptable to Aquarian, the required Lenders and the Guarantor (whether in the form of a co-lender arrangement or participation); or (iii) the Borrowers deposit in the Proceeds Account net cash proceeds from additional permitted equity issuances and/or permitted indebtedness in an amount equal to or greater than $25 million.

 

There can be no assurance that we will be able to meet certain construction deadlines under a Letter of Representations, which could cause a cross-default under the Term Loan.

 

If construction is delayed for any reason and we do not meet certain construction deadlines, we could be in breach of a letter of representations agreement with the Canton City School District and Stark County Port Authority (the “Letter of Representations”). A breach of the Letter of Representations would cause a cross-default under the Term Loan. If we default on our obligations under the Term Loan, Aquarian could accelerate the entire amount of the Term Loan, declare the unpaid balance (plus interest, fees and expenses) immediately due and payable and take other action to enforce the Term Loan, including foreclosure of substantially all of our assets that secure the Term Loan. An affiliate of Industrial Realty Group has guaranteed certain payment obligations under the Term Loan in the event of a default.

 

In connection with the Term Loan, HOF Village entered into a mortgage granting a security interest in its rights to certain premises that HOF Village leases from the Canton City School District and Stark County Port Authority. The Letter of Representations provides that any lien created by the mortgage or any other security interest granted in such premises in connection with the Term Loan will attach only to HOF Village’s and the other Borrowers’ interest in such premises and would remain subordinate to and not disturb the rights and interests of the City of Canton, Ohio, the Canton City School District, Stark County Port Authority, PFHOF, the State of Ohio, Plain Local School District, the Canton Symphony Orchestra, and persons identified as benefitted parties under any TIF revenue bond declaration. Additionally, the Letter of Representations provides that HOF Village and its relevant affiliates will remain bound to fulfill their respective obligations under the existing ground leases, project leases and certain other agreements with the Canton City School District and Stark County Port Authority and that HOF Village will cause certain payments to be made to Canton City School District and Stark County Port Authority.

 

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If we do not receive sufficient capital to substantially repay our indebtedness, our indebtedness may have a material adverse effect on our business, our financial condition and results of operations and our ability to secure additional financing in the future, and we may not be able to raise sufficient funds to repay our indebtedness.

 

As of December 31, 2020, the Company’s capital structure includes debt and debt-like obligations consisting of the following gross principal amounts:

 

 

approximately $9.7 million of net indebtedness to Development Finance Authority of Summit County, Ohio, representing tax-increment financing proceeds;

 

  approximately $1.8 million of indebtedness outstanding pursuant to a loan and security agreement by and among JCIHOFV Financing, LLC (a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company), HOF Village, PFHOF, other lenders and Wilmington Trust, National Association, as agent, collateralized by the Naming Rights Agreement;

    

  approximately $1.8 million of indebtedness related to the Naming Rights Securitization

 

 

approximately $3.0 million drawn on a loan facility of up to $3.0 million with New Market Project, Inc., the proceeds of which are to be used for the development of the McKinley Grand Hotel;

 

  approximately $3.5 million drawn on a loan facility of up to $3.5 million with the City of Canton, Ohio;

 

  approximately $9.9 million in financing from Constellation through its Efficiency Made Easy (“EME”) program;

 

  approximately $0.4 million of indebtedness outstanding representing a federal paycheck protection program loan to HOF Village;

 

  approximately $7.0 million of indebtedness outstanding pursuant to a promissory note, by HOF Village in favor of JKP Financial, LLC;

  

  approximately $15.3 million of net indebtedness outstanding pursuant to a construction loan agreement with Erie Bank, the proceeds of which are to be used for the development of the McKinley Grand Hotel; and

 

  approximately $21.8 million of net indebtedness representing Convertible PIPE Notes with Magnetar Financial, LLC

 

  approximately $2.7 million of net indebtedness representing a cooperating agreement with DFA Summit, the City of Canton, Ohio, the Canton Regional Special Improvement District, Inc. and the U.S. Bank National Association for the construction of the Series 2020C Project.

 

  approximately $40.0 million of net indebtedness outstanding pursuant to a promissory note in favor of Aquarian Credit Funding, LLC

 

If we do not have sufficient funds to repay our debt at maturity, our indebtedness could subject us to many risks that, if realized, would adversely affect us, including the following:

 

  our cash flows from operations would be insufficient to make required payments of principal of and interest on the debt, and a failure to pay would likely result in acceleration of such debt and could result in cross accelerations or cross defaults on other debt;

 

  our debt may increase our vulnerability to adverse economic and industry conditions;

 

  to the extent that we generate and use any cash flow from operations to make payments on our debt, it will reduce our funds available for operations, development, capital expenditures and future investment opportunities or other purposes;

 

  debt covenants limit our ability to borrow additional amounts, including for working capital, capital expenditures, debt service requirements, executing our development plan and other purposes;
     
  restrictive debt covenants may limit our flexibility in operating our business, including limitations on our ability to make certain investments; incur additional indebtedness; create certain liens; incur obligations that restrict the ability of our subsidiaries to make payments to us; consolidate, merge or transfer all or substantially all of our assets; or enter into transactions with affiliates;

 

  to the extent that our indebtedness bears interest at a variable rate, we are exposed to the risk of increased interest rates;

 

  debt covenants may limit our subsidiaries’ ability to make distributions to us;

 

  causing an event of default under the Term Loan if it is not repaid in full at maturity; and

 

  if any debt is refinanced, the terms of any refinancing may not be as favorable as the terms of the debt being refinanced.

 

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If we do not have sufficient funds to repay our debt at maturity, it may be necessary to refinance the debt through additional debt or equity financings. If, at the time of any refinancing, prevailing interest rates or other factors result in a higher interest rate on such refinancing, increases in interest expense could adversely affect our cash flows and results of operations. If we are unable to refinance our debt on acceptable terms or at all, we may be forced to dispose of uncollateralized assets on disadvantageous terms, postpone investments in the development of our properties or the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls or default on our debt. In addition, to the extent we cannot meet any future debt service obligations, we will risk losing some or all of our assets that are pledged to secure such obligations.

 

Our business plan requires additional liquidity and capital resources that might not be available on terms that are favorable to us, or at all.

 

While our strategy assumes that we will receive sufficient capital to have sufficient working capital, we currently do not have available cash and cash flows from operations to provide us with adequate liquidity for the near-term or foreseeable future. Our current projected liabilities exceed our current cash projections and we have very limited cash flow from current operations. We therefore will require additional capital and/or cash flow from future operations to fund the Company, our debt service obligations and our ongoing business. There is no assurance that we will be able to raise sufficient additional capital or generate sufficient future cash flow from our future operations to fund the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls, our debt service obligations or our ongoing business. If the amount of capital we are able to raise, together with any income from future operations, is not sufficient to satisfy our liquidity and capital needs, including funding our current debt obligations, we may be required to abandon or alter our plans for the Company. As discussed in greater detail above, there can be no assurance that we will be able to repay the Term Loan obligation upon maturity or otherwise avoid a default. The Company may also have to raise additional capital through the equity market, which could result in substantial dilution to existing stockholders.

 

Our ability to obtain necessary financing may be impaired by factors such as the health of and access to capital markets, our limited track record and the limited historical financial information available, or the substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. Any additional capital raised through the sale of additional shares of our capital stock, convertible debt or other equity may dilute the ownership percentage of our stockholders.

 

We will have to increase leverage to develop the Company, which could further exacerbate the risks associated with our substantial indebtedness.

 

While we used proceeds from the Business Combination and subsequent capital raises to pay down certain outstanding debt, we will have to take on substantially more debt to complete the construction of the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls. We may incur additional indebtedness from time to time in the future to finance working capital, capital expenditures, investments or acquisitions, or for other purposes. If and when we incur additional indebtedness, the risks related to our indebtedness could intensify.

 

We may not be able to generate sufficient cash flow from operations to service all of our indebtedness and may be forced to take other actions to satisfy our obligations under our indebtedness, which may not be successful.

 

Our ability to make scheduled payments on or refinance our debt obligations depends on our financial condition and operating performance, which are subject to prevailing economic and competitive conditions and to certain financial, business, legislative, regulatory and other factors beyond our control. We may be unable to generate a level of cash flows from operating activities sufficient to permit us to pay the principal, premium, if any, and interest on our indebtedness. Until such time as we can service our indebtedness with cash flow from operations, we intend to service our indebtedness from other sources.

 

If our cash flows, cash on hand and other capital resources are insufficient to fund our debt service obligations, we could face continued and future liquidity concerns and could be forced to reduce or delay investments and capital expenditures or to dispose of material assets or operations, seek additional indebtedness or equity capital, or restructure or refinance our indebtedness. We may not be able to effect any such alternative measures, if necessary, on commercially reasonable terms or at all and, even if successful, those alternative actions may not allow us to meet our scheduled debt service obligations. The Term Loan restricts our ability to dispose of assets and use the proceeds from those dispositions and may also restrict our ability to raise indebtedness or equity capital to be used to repay other indebtedness when it becomes due. We may not be able to consummate those dispositions or to obtain proceeds in an amount sufficient to meet any debt service obligations then due.

 

Our inability to generate sufficient cash flows to satisfy our debt obligations, or to refinance our indebtedness on commercially reasonable terms or at all, would materially and adversely affect our financial position and results of operations.

 

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If we fail to comply with the reporting obligations of the Exchange Act and Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, or if we fail to maintain adequate internal control over financial reporting, our business, financial condition, and results of operations, and investors’ confidence in us, could be materially and adversely affected.

 

As a public company, we are required to comply with the periodic reporting obligations of the Exchange Act, including preparing annual reports, quarterly reports, and current reports. Our failure to prepare and disclose this information in a timely manner and meet our reporting obligations in their entirety could subject us to penalties under federal securities laws and regulations of the Nasdaq, expose us to lawsuits, and restrict our ability to access financing on favorable terms, or at all.

 

In addition, pursuant to Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, we are required to develop, evaluate and provide a management report of our systems of internal control over financial reporting. During the course of the evaluation of our internal control over financial reporting, we have identified and could identify areas requiring improvement and could be required to design enhanced processes and controls to address issues identified through this review. This could result in significant delays and costs to us and require us to divert substantial resources, including management time, from other activities.

 

If we fail to comply with the requirements of Section 404 on a timely basis this could result in the loss of investor confidence in the reliability of our financial statements, which in turn could, negatively impact the trading price of our stock, and adversely affect investors’ confidence in the Company and our ability to access capital markets for financing.

 

Our management determined that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as of December 31, 2020.

 

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures designed to ensure that the information we are required to disclose in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified under the rules and forms of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures. As required by paragraph (b) of Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15 under the Exchange Act, our Chief Executive Officer (our principal executive) and Chief Financial Officer (our principal financial officer and principal accounting officer) carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of December 31, 2020. Based on this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in paragraph (e) of Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15 under the Exchange Act) were not effective as of December 31, 2020 due to material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting as described below.

 

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f). Internal control over financial reporting is a process used to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of our financial reporting and the preparation of our financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States. Internal control over financial reporting includes policies and procedures that pertain to the maintenance of records that in reasonable detail accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of our assets; provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of our financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, and that our receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with the authorization of our board of directors and management; and provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of our assets that could have a material effect on our financial statements.

 

Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer (our principal executive officer) and Chief Financial Officer (our principal financial officer and principal accounting officer), we performed an assessment of the Company’s significant processes and key controls. Based on this assessment, management concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was not effective as of December 31, 2020 due to the material weaknesses described below.

 

A material weakness is defined within the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board’s Auditing Standard No. 5 as a deficiency or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the Company’s annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. We determined that our internal control over financial reporting had the following material weaknesses:

 

  Primarily due to the small size of the Company, the Company does not maintain sufficient segregation of duties to ensure the processing, review and authorization of all transactions including non-routine transactions.
     
  Our processes lacked timely and complete reviews and analysis of information used to prepare our financial statements and disclosures in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

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The Company is evaluating these weaknesses to determine the appropriate remedy. Because disclosure controls and procedures include those components of internal control over financial reporting that provide reasonable assurances that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, management also determined that its disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as a result of the foregoing material weaknesses in its internal control over financial reporting.

 

The requirements of being a public company may strain our resources and distract management.

 

We expect to incur significant costs associated with our public company reporting requirements and costs associated with applicable corporate governance requirements. These applicable rules and regulations are expected to significantly increase our legal and financial compliance costs and to make some activities more time consuming and costly than those for privately owned companies that are not registrants with the SEC. Compliance with these rules and regulations may divert management’s attention from other business concerns.

 

The COVID-19 pandemic has had, and is expected to continue to have, a material adverse effect on our business.

 

During 2020 and continuing into 2021, the world has been, and continues to be, impacted by the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. COVID-19 and measures to prevent its spread impacted our business in a number of ways, most significantly with regard to a reduction in the number of events and attendance at events at Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium and our National Youth Football and Sports Complex, which negatively impacts our ability to generate revenue. Also, we opened our newly renovated DoubleTree by Hilton in Canton in November 2020, but the occupancy rate has been negatively impacted by the pandemic. The impact of these disruptions and the extent of their adverse impact on our financial and operating results will be dictated by the length of time that such disruptions continue, which will, in turn, depend on the currently unknowable duration and severity of the impacts of COVID-19, and among other things, the impact of governmental actions imposed in response to COVID-19 and individuals’ and companies’ risk tolerance regarding health matters going forward.

 

Even after restrictions loosen, the demand for sports and entertainment events may decrease as fears over travel or attending large-scale events linger due to concerns over the spread of COVID-19. If unemployment levels persist and economic disruption continues, the demand for entertainment activities, travel and other discretionary consumer spending may also decline as consumers have less money to spend. We may be required to enforce social distancing measures within our facilities by, among other things, limiting the number of people admitted or standing in lines at any time, or adding social distancing signage and markers. We may incur additional costs associated with maintaining the health and safety of our guests and employees, including facility improvements such as additional sanitization stations or requiring the broad use of personal protective equipment. If it is alleged or determined that illness associated with COVID-19 was contracted at one of our facilities, we may suffer reputational damage that could adversely affect attendance and future ticket sales.

 

Even after we are able to open our facilities, we may elect or be required to close them in the future in response to the continued impact of COVID-19 or outbreaks involving other epidemics. Any decrease in demand for the sports and entertainment industry would likely affect our business and financial results. The extent and duration of the long-term impact of COVID-19 remains uncertain and the full impact on our business operations cannot be predicted.

 

Risk Related to Our Securities

 

We currently do not intend to pay dividends on our Common Stock. Consequently, our stockholders’ ability to achieve a return on their investment will depend on appreciation in the price of our Common Stock.

 

We do not expect to pay cash dividends on our Common Stock. Any future dividend payments are within the absolute discretion of our board of directors and will depend on, among other things, our results of operations, working capital requirements, capital expenditure requirements, financial condition, level of indebtedness, contractual restrictions with respect to payment of dividends, business opportunities, anticipated cash needs, provisions of applicable law and other factors that our board of directors may deem relevant.

 

We may be required to take write-downs or write-offs, restructuring and impairment or other charges that could have a significant negative effect on our financial condition, results of operations and our stock price, which could cause our stockholders to lose some or all of their investment.

 

We may be forced to write-down or write-off assets, restructure our operations, or incur impairment or other charges that could result in our reporting losses. Even though these charges may be non-cash items and not have an immediate impact on our liquidity, the fact that we report charges of this nature could contribute to negative market perceptions about us or our securities. In addition, charges of this nature may cause us to violate net worth or other covenants to which we may be subject. Accordingly, a stockholder could suffer a reduction in the value of their shares of Common Stock.

 

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Our Series A Warrants, Series B Warrants, and Series C Warrants are accounted for as liabilities and the changes in value of such warrants could have a material effect on our financial results. 

 

On April 12, 2021, the SEC staff issued the SEC Statement regarding the accounting and reporting considerations for warrants issued by SPACs. Specifically, the SEC Statement focused on certain settlement terms and provisions related to certain tender offers following a business combination, which terms are similar to those governing our Series A Warrants, Series B Warrants, and Series C Warrants. As a result of the SEC Statement, we reevaluated the accounting treatment of such warrants, and determined to classify such warrants as derivative liabilities measured at fair value, with changes in fair value each period reported in earnings.

 

As a result, included on our balance sheet as of December 31, 2020 contained elsewhere in this Annual Report are derivative liabilities related to embedded features contained within our Series A Warrants, Series B Warrants, and Series C Warrants. ASC Subtopic 815, Derivatives and Hedging, provides for the remeasurement of the fair value of such derivatives at each balance sheet date, with a resulting non-cash gain or loss related to the change in the fair value being recognized in earnings in the statement of operations. As a result of the recurring fair value measurement, our financial statements and results of operations may fluctuate quarterly, based on factors which are outside of our control. Due to the recurring fair value measurement, we expect that we will recognize non-cash gains or losses on our Series A Warrants, Series B Warrants, and Series C Warrants each reporting period and that the amount of such gains or losses could be material.

 

The trading price of our securities has been, and likely will continue to be, volatile and you could lose all or part of your investment.

 

The trading price of our securities could be volatile and subject to wide fluctuations in response to various factors, some of which are beyond our control, including but not limited to our general business condition, the release of our financial reports and general economic conditions and forecasts. Broad market and industry factors may materially harm the market price of our securities irrespective of our operating performance. The stock market in general, and Nasdaq, have experienced price and volume fluctuations that have often been unrelated or disproportionate to the operating performance of the particular companies affected. The trading prices and valuations of these stocks, and of our securities, may not be predictable. A loss of investor confidence in the market for the stocks of other companies which investors perceive to be similar to us could depress our stock price regardless of our business, prospects, financial conditions or results of operations. A decline in the market price of our securities also could adversely affect our ability to issue additional securities and our ability to obtain additional financing in the future. Any of these factors could have a material adverse effect on our stockholders’ investment in our securities, and our securities may trade at prices significantly below the price they paid for them. In such circumstances, the trading price of our securities may not recover and may experience a further decline.

 

Anti-takeover provisions contained in our Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws, as well as provisions of Delaware law, could impair a takeover attempt.

 

Our Certificate of Incorporation contains provisions that may discourage unsolicited takeover proposals that stockholders may consider to be in their best interests. We are also subject to anti-takeover provisions under Delaware law, which could delay or prevent a change of control. Together, these provisions may make more difficult the removal of management and may discourage transactions that otherwise could involve payment of a premium over prevailing market prices for our securities. These provisions include:

 

  no cumulative voting in the election of directors, which limits the ability of minority stockholders to elect director candidates;

 

  a classified board of directors with three-year staggered terms, which could delay the ability of stockholders to change the membership of a majority of our board of directors;

 

  the right of our board of directors to elect a director to fill a vacancy created by the expansion of our board of directors or the resignation, death or removal of a director in certain circumstances, which prevents stockholders from being able to fill vacancies on our board of directors;

 

  a prohibition on stockholder action by written consent, which forces stockholder action to be taken at an annual or special meeting of our stockholders; and

 

  the requirement that a meeting of stockholders may only be called by members of our board of directors or the stockholders holding a majority of our shares, which may delay the ability of our stockholders to force consideration of a proposal or to take action, including the removal of directors.

 

Our Certificate of Incorporation provides, subject to limited exceptions, that the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware will be the sole and exclusive forum for certain stockholder litigation matters, which could limit our stockholders’ ability to obtain a favorable judicial forum for disputes with us or our directors, officers, employees or stockholders.

 

Our Certificate of Incorporation requires, to the fullest extent permitted by law, that derivative actions brought in HOFRE’s name, actions against directors, officers, stockholders and employees for breach of fiduciary duty, actions under the Delaware General Corporation Law or under our Certificate of Incorporation, or actions asserting a claim governed by the internal affairs doctrine may be brought only in the Court of Chancery in the State of Delaware and, if brought outside of Delaware, the stockholder bringing the suit will be deemed to have consented to service of process on such stockholder’s counsel. This choice of forum provision does not preclude or contract the scope of exclusive federal or concurrent jurisdiction for any actions brought under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act. Accordingly, such exclusive forum provision will not relieve us of our duties to comply with the federal securities laws and the rules and regulations thereunder, and our stockholders will not be deemed to have waived its compliance with these laws, rules and regulations.

 

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Any person or entity purchasing or otherwise acquiring any interest in shares of our capital stock shall be deemed to have notice of and consented to the forum provisions in our Certificate of Incorporation. This choice of forum provision does not exclude stockholders from suing in federal court for claims under the federal securities laws but may limit a stockholder’s ability to bring such claims in a judicial forum that it finds favorable for disputes with HOFRE or any of its directors, officers, other employees or stockholders, which may discourage lawsuits with respect to such claims.

 

Alternatively, if a court were to find the choice of forum provision contained in our Certificate of Incorporation to be inapplicable or unenforceable in an action, we may incur additional costs associated with resolving such action in other jurisdictions, which could harm our business, operating results and financial condition.

 

If securities or industry analysts do not publish research or publish inaccurate or unfavorable research about our business, our stock price and trading volume could decline.

 

The trading market for our securities will depend in part on the research and reports that securities or industry analysts publish about us or our business. If only a limited number of securities or industry analysts commence coverage of our Company, the trading price for our securities would likely be negatively impacted. In the event securities or industry analysts initiate coverage, if one or more of the analysts who covers us downgrades our stock or publishes unfavorable research about our business, our stock price may decline. If one or more of these analysts ceases coverage of our Company or fails to publish reports on us regularly, demand for our securities could decrease, which might cause our stock price and trading volume to decline.

 

Our executive officers and directors, and their affiliated entities, along with our six other largest stockholders, own a significant percentage of our stock and will be able to exert significant control over matters subject to stockholder approval.

 

Our executive officers and directors, together with entities affiliated with such individuals, along with our six other largest stockholders, will beneficially own approximately 49% of our Common Stock. Accordingly, these stockholders are able to control the election of a majority of our directors and the determination of all corporate actions. This concentration of ownership could delay or prevent a change in control of the Company.

 

We are an emerging growth company and a smaller reporting company within the meaning of the Securities Act, and if we take advantage of certain exemptions from disclosure requirements available to emerging growth companies or smaller reporting companies, this could make our securities less attractive to investors and may make it more difficult to compare our performance with other public companies.

 

We are an “emerging growth company,” as defined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act, as modified by the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the “JOBS Act”), and we may take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not emerging growth companies, including, but not limited to, not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements, and exemptions from the requirements of holding a nonbinding advisory vote on executive compensation and stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved.

 

Further, Section 102(b)(1) of the JOBS Act exempts emerging growth companies from being required to comply with new or revised financial accounting standards until private companies (that is, those that have not had a registration statement under the Securities Act declared effective or do not have a class of securities registered under the Exchange Act) are required to comply with the new or revised financial accounting standards. The JOBS Act provides that a company can elect to opt out of the extended transition period and comply with the requirements that apply to non-emerging growth companies, but any such an election to opt out is irrevocable. We have elected not to opt out of such extended transition period, which means that when a standard is issued or revised and it has different application dates for public or private companies, we, as an emerging growth company, can adopt the new or revised standard at the time private companies adopt the new or revised standard. This may make comparison of our financial statements with another public company, which is neither an emerging growth company nor an emerging growth company that has opted out of using the extended transition period, difficult or impossible because of the potential differences in accounting standards used.

 

We will remain an emerging growth company until the earlier of: (1) the last day of the fiscal year (a) following the fifth anniversary of the closing of the Company’s initial public offering, (b) in which we have total annual revenue of at least $1.07 billion, or (c) in which we are deemed to be a large accelerated filer, which means the market value of our common equity that is held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of the end of the prior fiscal year’s second fiscal quarter; and (2) the date on which we have issued more than $1.00 billion in non-convertible debt securities during the prior three-year period. References herein to “emerging growth company” have the meaning associated with it in the JOBS Act.

 

Additionally, we are a “smaller reporting company” as defined in Item 10(f)(1) of Regulation S-K. Smaller reporting companies may take advantage of certain reduced disclosure obligations, including, among other things, providing only two years of audited financial statements. We will remain a smaller reporting company until the last day of any fiscal year for so long as either (1) the market value of our shares of Class A common stock held by non-affiliates did not equal or exceed $250 million as of the prior June 30, or (2) our annual revenues did not equal or exceed $100 million during such completed fiscal year and the market value of our shares of Class A common stock held by non-affiliates did not equal or exceed $700 million as of the prior June 30.

 

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Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 2. Properties

 

The Company owns real property in Canton, Ohio, at the site of the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls development, including the Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium and the Company’s principal corporate office. Certain parcels of real property on which the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls is located are owned by the City of Canton and the Canton City School District (Board of Education), and are subject to long-term ground leases and agreements with the Company for the use and development of such property.

 

On February 3, 2021, the Company purchased for $1.75 million certain parcels of real property from PFHOF located at the site of the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls. In connection with the purchase, the Company granted certain easements to PFHOF to ensure accessibility to the PFHOF museum.

 

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

 

Information with respect to certain legal proceedings is set forth in Note 8, “Contingencies,” to the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements and is incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable.

 

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PART II

 

Item 5. Market For Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters And Issuer’s Purchases Of Equity Securities

 

Market Information

 

Our Common Stock is traded on The NASDAQ Capital Markets under the symbol “HOFV”.

 

Holders

 

On March 9, 2021, the Company had 112 holders of record of our Common Stock.

 

Dividends

 

The Company has never declared or paid cash dividends on its Common Stock and has no intention to do so in the foreseeable future.

 

Item 6. Selected Financial Data

 

Not applicable.

  

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Phase I of the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls is operational, consisting of the Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium, the National Youth Football & Sports Complex, and HOF Village Media Group, LLC (“Hall of Fame Village Media”). In 2016, HOF Village completed the Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium, a sports and entertainment venue with a seating capacity of approximately 23,000. The Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium hosts multiple sports and entertainment events, including the NFL Hall of Fame Game, Enshrinement and Concert for Legends during the annual Pro Football Hall of Fame Enshrinement Week. In 2016, HOF Village opened the National Youth Football & Sports Complex, which will consist of eight full-sized, multi-use regulation football fields, five of which have been completed in Phase I. The facility hosts camps and tournaments for football players, as well as athletes from across the country in other sports such as lacrosse, rugby and soccer. In 2017, HOF Village formed a sports and entertainment media company, Hall of Fame Village Media, leveraging the sport of professional football to produce exclusive programming by licensing the extensive content controlled by the PFHOF as well as new programming assets developed from live events such as youth tournaments, business meetings, weddings, festivals, camps, sporting events, and more held at the National Youth Football & Sports Complex and the Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium (once the Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium is complete).

 

We are developing new hospitality, attraction and corporate assets surrounding the Pro Football Hall of Fame Museum as part of a Phase II development plan. Plans for future components of the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls include two hotels (one on campus and one in downtown Canton about five minutes from campus that was opened in November 2020), the Hall of Fame Indoor Waterpark, the Constellation Center for Excellence (an office building including retail and meeting space), the Center for Performance (a convention center/field house), and the Hall of Fame Retail Promenade. We are pursuing a differentiation strategy across three pillars, including Destination-Based Assets, Hall of Fame Village Media, and Gaming (including the Fantasy Football League we acquired a majority stake in). Phase III expansion plans may include a potential mix of residential space, additional attractions, entertainment, dining, merchandise and more.

 

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Business Combination

 

On July 1, 2020, we (formerly known as GPAQ Acquisition Holdings, Inc.) consummated the previously announced business combination with HOF Village, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“HOF Village”), pursuant to an Agreement and Plan of Merger dated September 16, 2019 (as amended on November 6, 2019, March 10, 2020 and May 22, 2020, the “Merger Agreement”), by and among the Company, Gordon Pointe Acquisition Corp., a Delaware corporation (“GPAQ”), GPAQ Acquiror Merger Sub, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Acquiror Merger Sub”), GPAQ Company Merger Sub, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Company Merger Sub”), HOF Village and HOF Village Newco, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Newco”). The transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement are referred to in this Annual Report on Form 10-K/A as the “Business Combination.”

 

Upon the consummation of the Business Combination: (i) Acquiror Merger Sub merged with and into GPAQ, with GPAQ continuing as the surviving entity (the “Acquiror Merger”) and (ii) Company Merger Sub merged with and into Newco, with Newco continuing as the surviving entity (the “Company Merger”). In advance of the Company Merger, HOF Village transferred all of its assets, liabilities and obligations to Newco pursuant to a contribution agreement. In connection with the closing of the Business Combination, the Company changed its name from “GPAQ Acquisition Holdings, Inc.” to “Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company.” As a result of the Business Combination, GPAQ and Newco continue as our wholly owned subsidiaries.

 

In connection with the consummation of the Business Combination and pursuant to the Merger Agreement, (a) each issued and outstanding unit of GPAQ, if not already detached, was detached and each holder of such a unit was deemed to hold one share of GPAQ Class A common stock and one GPAQ warrant (“GPAQ Warrant”), (b) each issued and outstanding share of GPAQ Class A common stock (excluding any shares held by a GPAQ stockholder that elected to have its shares redeemed pursuant to GPAQ’s organizational documents) was converted automatically into the right to receive 1.421333 shares of our Common Stock, following which all shares of GPAQ Class A common stock ceased to be outstanding and were automatically canceled and cease to exist; (c) each issued and outstanding share of GPAQ Class F common stock was converted automatically into the right to receive one share of Common Stock, following which all shares of GPAQ Class F common stock ceased to be outstanding and were automatically canceled and cease to exist; (d) each issued and outstanding GPAQ Warrant (including GPAQ private placement warrants) was automatically converted into one Warrant (which we refer to in this Form 10-K/A as a “Series A Warrant”) to purchase 1.421333 shares of Common Stock per warrant, following which all GPAQ Warrants ceased to be outstanding and were automatically canceled and retired and cease to exist; and (e) each issued and outstanding membership interest in Newco converted automatically into the right to receive a pro rata portion of the Company Merger Consideration (as defined in the Merger Agreement), which was payable in shares of Common Stock. Our Common Stock is traded on Nasdaq under the symbol “HOFV” and our Series A Warrants are traded on Nasdaq under the symbol “HOFVW”.

 

The rights of holders of our Common Stock and Series A Warrants are governed by our amended and restated certificate of incorporation (the “Certificate of Incorporation”), our amended and restated bylaws (the “Bylaws’) and the Delaware General Corporation Law (the “DGCL”), and in the case of our Series A Warrants, the Warrant Agreement, dated January 24, 2018, between GPAQ and the Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company (the “Series A Warrant Agreement”).

 

Key Components of the Company’s Results of Operations

 

Revenue

 

The Company’s sponsorship revenue is derived from its agreements with third parties such as Johnson Controls, Inc. (“JCI”) and Constellation NewEnergy, Inc. (“Constellation”). These sponsorship agreements are generally multi-year agreements to provide cash or some other type of benefit to the Company. Some agreements require the Company to use a portion of the sponsorship revenue to incur marketing and other activation costs associated with the agreement, and this revenue is shown net of those associated costs. Additionally, the Company’s Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium is used to host premier entertainment and sports events to generate event revenues. In addition to top entertainers, the stadium is used to host a variety of sporting events, including high school, college and professional football games throughout the year. The Company plans to continue to expand programming where applicable for its live event business. The Company’s other revenue is derived primarily from rents and cost reimbursement.

 

The Company also entered into agreements with the NFL Alumni Association earlier in 2020. The Company also took a 60% ownership stake in Hall of Fantasy League earlier in 2020. The Company expects to recognize revenue from the NFL Alumni Association, Youth Sports, DoubleTree Hotel and the Hall of Fantasy League in 2021.

 

Operating Expenses

 

The Company’s operating expenses include property operating expenses, depreciation expense and other operating expenses. These expenses have increased in connection with putting the Company’s first phase into operation and the Company expects these expenses to continue to increase with the Company’s growth.

 

The Company’s property operating expenses include the costs associated with running its operational entertainment and destination assets such as the Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium and the National Youth Football & Sports Complex. As more of the Company’s Phase II assets become operational and additional events for top performers and sporting events are held, the Company expects these expenses to continue to increase with the Company’s development.

 

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Other operating expenses include items such as management fees, commission expense and professional fees. The Company expects these expenses to continue to increase with the Company’s growth.

 

The Company’s depreciation expense includes the related costs to owning and operating significant property and entertainment assets. These expenses have grown as the Company completed Phase I development and the assets associated with Phase I became operational. The Company expects these expenses to continue to grow as Phases II and III assets are developed and become operational.

 

Warrant Liabilities

 

We account for warrants to purchase shares of our Common Stock that are not indexed to our own stock as liabilities at fair value on the balance sheet in accordance with the Accounting Standards Codification Topic 815 “Derivatives and Hedging”. The warrants are subject to remeasurement at each balance sheet date, and any change in fair value is recognized as a component of other income (expense), net on the statement of operations. We will continue to adjust the liability for changes in fair value until the earlier of the exercise or expiration of the Common Stock warrants. At that time, the portion of the warrant liability related to the Common Stock warrants will be reclassified to additional paid-in capital.

 

Results of Operations

 

The following table sets forth information comparing the components of net loss for the years ended December 31, 2020 and the comparable period in 2019:

 

   For the Year Ended
December 31,
   2020  2019
Revenues  (Restated)   
Sponsorships, net of activation costs  $6,424,201   $6,720,298 
Rents and cost recoveries   474,020    1,064,569 
Event revenues   38,750    76,464 
Hotel revenues   162,183    - 
Total revenues  $7,099,154   $7,861,331 
           
Operating expenses          
Property operating expenses   26,631,821    16,707,537 
Hotel operating expenses   419,595    - 
Commission expense   1,671,964    1,003,226 
Depreciation expense   11,085,230    10,915,839 
Loss on abandonment of project development costs   -    12,194,783 
Total operating expenses  $39,808,610   $40,821,385 
           
Loss from operations   (32,709,456)   (32,960,054)
           
Other expense          
Interest expense   (5,718,473)   (9,416,099)
Amortization of discount on note payable   (10,570,974)   (13,274,793)
Change in fair value of warrant liability   26,733,116    - 
Loss on extinguishment of debt   (4,282,220)   - 
Loss in joint venture   -    (252,934)
Business combination costs   (19,137,165)   - 
Total other expense  $(12,975,716)  $(22,943,826)
           
Net loss  $(45,685,172)  $(55,903,880)
           
Non-controlling interest   (196,506)   - 
           
Net loss attributable to HOFRE stockholders  $(45,488,666)  $(55,903,880)
           
Net loss per share – basic and diluted  $(1.71)  $(10.28)
           
Weighted average shares outstanding, basic and diluted   26,644,449    5,436,000 

 

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Year Ended December 31, 2020 as Compared to the Year Ended December 31, 2019

 

Sponsorship Revenues

 

The Company’s sponsorship revenues for the year ended December 31, 2020 decreased by $296,097, or 4.41%, to $6,424,201 as compared to $6,720,298 for the year ended December 31, 2019. This change was primarily driven by the recognition of deferred revenue for the sponsorship agreements in place at June 30, 2019 as well as the impact of revisions to two sponsorship agreements effective in the third quarter of 2020.

 

Rents and cost recoveries

 

The Company’s revenue from rents and cost recoveries for the year ended December 31, 2020 decreased to $474,020 from $1,064,569 for the year ended December 31, 2019, for a decrease of $590,549, or 55.47%. This change was primarily driven by the cancellation of many youth sports events and the Pro Football Hall of Fame 2020 Enshrinement Festival due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

 

Event Revenues

 

The Company’s event revenue for the year ended December 31, 2020 was $38,750 compared to $76,464 from the year ended December 31, 2019, for a decrease of $37,714, or 49.32%. This was primarily driven by the cancellation of private events that were to be held in the stadium during the COVID-19 pandemic. During 2020, we canceled 50 events due to COVID-19.

 

Hotel Revenues

 

The Company’s hotel revenue for the year ended December 31, 2020 was $162,183 compared to $0 from the year ended December 31, 2019. This was driven by the opening of the DoubleTree Hotel in November 2020.

 

Property Operating Expenses

 

The Company’s property operating expense was $26,631,821 for the year ended December 31, 2020 as compared to $16,707,537 for the year ended December 31, 2019, for an increase of $9,924,284, or 59.40%. This increase was driven by the Company’s recording of $2,305,586 in stock-based compensation for restricted stock issued to select HOFRE leadership, increased headcount year over year resulting in additional payroll and related expenses of $4,208,029, additional insurance premiums of $1,102,810 and higher consulting fees of $952,887 for the year ended December 31, 2020.

 

Hotel Operating Expenses

 

The Company’s hotel operating expense was $419,595 for the year ended December 31, 2020 as compared to $0 for the year ended December 31, 2019. This increase was driven by the Company incurring operating expenses related to the DoubleTree Hotel being placed in service during the fourth quarter of 2020.

 

Commission Expense

 

The Company’s commission expense was $1,671,964 for the year ended December 31, 2020, as compared to $1,003,226 for the year ended December 31, 2019, for an increase of $668,738, or 66.66%. The increase in commission expense is primarily the result of final prior year commissions fees paid per the agreements in place.

 

Depreciation Expense

 

The Company’s depreciation expense was $11,085,230 for the year ended December 31, 2020 as compared to $10,915,839 for the year ended December 31, 2019, for an increase of $169,391, or 1.55%. The increase in depreciation expense is primarily the result of additional depreciation expense incurred due to the DoubleTree Hotel being placed in service in the fourth quarter as well as renovations completed at the Company’s temporary office location earlier in the year.

 

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Loss on Abandonment of Project Development Costs

 

The Company’s loss on abandonment of project development costs was $0 for the year ended December 31, 2020 as compared to $12,194,783 for the year ended December 31, 2019. The loss on abandonment of project development costs relates to costs previously capitalized but subsequently abandoned during 2019.

 

Interest Expense

 

The Company’s total interest expense was $5,718,473 for the year ended December 31, 2020, as compared to $9,416,099 for the year ended December 31, 2019, for a decrease of $3,697,626, or 39.27%. The decrease in total interest expense is primarily due to extinguishment of select debt instruments at the close of the Business Combination and the cancellation of a note we owed IRG in exchange for issuance of Common Stock and warrants in December, as well as changes in interest rates and certain interest expense due to affiliate that was waived under a revised agreement at June 30, 2020.

 

Amortization of Debt Discount

 

The Company’s total amortization of debt discount was $10,570,974 for the year ended December 31, 2020, as compared to $13,274,793 for the year ended December 31, 2019, for a decrease of $2,703,819, or 20.37%. The decrease in total amortization of debt discount is primarily due to the conversion of the Company’s various outstanding notes payable throughout the second half of 2020.

 

Change in Fair Value of Warrant Liability

 

The Company recorded change in fair value of its warrant liability of $26,733,116 for the year ended December 31, 2020. The Company did not record any change in fair value of its warrant liability during the year ended December 31, 2019, as the warrants were not yet outstanding. The change in fair value was largely due to the decrease in our stock price from our initial Business Combination date through December 31, 2020, which has a significant effect on the value of the warrant liability.

 

Loss on Extinguishment of Debt

 

The Company’s loss on extinguishment of debt was $4,282,220 for the year ended December 31, 2020, as compared to $0 for the year ended December 31, 2019. The increase in loss on extinguishment of debt is primarily due to IRG November Note conversion resulting in a $3,404,244 loss on extinguishment of debt along with various other notes payable converting into equity upon the consummation of the Business Combination.

 

Loss in Joint Venture

 

The Company’s loss in joint venture was $0 for the year ended December 31, 2020, as compared to $252,934 for the year ended December 31, 2019. The loss in joint venture is primarily due to the Company’s investment in Youth Sports that was changed from the equity method of accounting.

 

Business Combination Costs

 

The Company’s Business Combination costs were $19,137,165 for the year ended December 31, 2020, as compared to $0 for the year ended December 31, 2019. The Business Combination costs consisted of $6,233,473 in closing costs incurred for the Business Combination, $10,789,840 for shares issued to a related party, $2,218,187 related to our CEO’s restricted stock award in which one-third vested on July 2, 2020 in conjunction with the closing of the Business Combination, a $200,000 cash bonus to our CEO, and other legal and professional fees incurred in the Business Combination. 

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

The Company has sustained recurring losses and negative cash flows from operations through December 31, 2020. In addition, the Company has significant debt obligations maturing in the twelve-month period subsequent to the date these consolidated financial statements are issued. Since inception, the Company’s operations have been funded principally through the issuance of debt and equity. As of December 31, 2020, the Company had approximately $7 million of unrestricted cash and $33 million of restricted cash, respectively.

 

On January 28, 2021, the Company executed a binding term sheet with IRG pursuant to which the Company agreed to issue and sell to IRG in a private placement of preferred stock and warrants to purchase common stock for a purchase price of $15 million. In addition, during February 2020, the Company received approximately $34.5 million from the issuance of shares of its common stock, net of offering costs, in an underwritten public offering. See Note 14 to the consolidated financial statements herein. The Company will deposit up to $25 million of the net proceeds from the private placement and the underwritten public offering in the Proceeds Account required under the Term Loan. The Company must have the lender’s prior written approval to withdraw any amounts from the Proceeds Account, pursuant to a budget and schedule agreed upon by HOFV and the lender.

 

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The Company believes that, as a result of these transactions, it currently has sufficient cash and financing commitments to meet its funding requirements over the next year. Notwithstanding, the Company expects that it will need to raise additional financing to accomplish its development plan over the next several years. The Company is seeking to obtain additional funding through debt, construction lending, and equity financing. There are no assurances that the Company will be able to raise capital on terms acceptable to the Company or at all, or that cash flows generated from its operations will be sufficient to meet its current operating costs. If the Company is unable to obtain sufficient amounts of additional capital, it may be required to reduce the scope of its planned development, which could harm its financial condition and operating results.

 

Cash Flows

 

Since inception, the Company has primarily used its available cash to fund its project development expenditures. The following table sets forth a summary of cash flows for the periods presented:

  

   For the Year Ended December 31, 
   2020   2019 
Cash (used in) provided by:          
Operating Activities  $(18,365,271)  $933,018 
Investing Activities   (17,579,550)   (16,723,883)
Financing Activities   67,383,690    15,987,507 
Net increase in cash and restricted cash  $31,438,869   $196,642 

 

Cash Flows for the Years Ended December 31, 2020 and 2019

 

Operating Activities (Restated)

 

Net cash used in operating activities was $18,365,271 during the year ended December 31, 2020, which consisted primarily of a net loss of $45,685,172, a non-cash change in fair value of warrant liability of $26,733,116, offset by non-cash depreciation expense of $11,085,230, amortization of note discounts of $10,570,974, payment-in-kind interest rolled into debt of $4,066,691, an increase in loss on extinguishment of $4,282,220, an increase in stock-based compensation expense of $4,523,773, a decrease in prepaid expenses and other assets of $4,627,992, an increase in accounts payable and accrued expenses of $29,264,412, a decrease in due to affiliates of $9,644,241, and an increase in other liabilities of $4,721,670.

 

Net cash provided by operating activities was $933,018 during the year ended December 31, 2019, which consisted primarily of a net loss of $55,903,880, offset by non-cash depreciation expense of $10,915,839, amortization of note discounts of $13,274,793, bad debt expense of $788,689, an increase on loss on abandonment of project development costs of $12,194,783, prepaid rent of $2,644,397, interest paid in kind of $5,722,638, an increase in accounts receivable of $360,677, an increase in prepaid expenses and other assets of $1,012,568, an increase in accounts payable and accrued expenses of $3,650,041, an increase in due to affiliates of $9,459,293, and an increase in other liabilities of $1,849,398.

 

Investing Activities

 

Net cash used in investing activities was $17,579,550 during the year ended December 31, 2020, and consisted of $48,614,331 of cash used for project development costs and $31,034,781 of proceeds from the Business Combination. During the year ended December 31, 2019, net cash used in investing activities was $16,723,883, which consisted solely of cash used for project development costs.

 

Financing Activities

 

Net cash provided by financing activities was $67,383,690 during the year ended December 31, 2020, which consisted primarily of $106,976,651 in proceeds from notes payable and 26,228,499 of proceeds from equity raises, offset by $62,593,562 in repayments of notes payable, and $3,227,898 in payment of financing costs.

 

Net cash provided by financing activities was $15,987,507 during the year ended December 31, 2019, which consisted primarily of $23,588,122 in proceeds from notes payable, offset by $7,023,874 in repayments of notes payable and $576,741 in payment of financing costs.

 

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Subsequent Financing Activity since December 31, 2020

 

Proposed Private Placement of Preferred Stock and Warrants to Purchase Common Stock

 

On January 28, 2021, the Company executed a binding term sheet with IRG, LLC (“IRG”) pursuant to which the Company agreed to issue and sell to IRG in a private placement for a purchase price of $15,000,000 (i) shares of a new series of preferred stock, which are convertible into shares of the Company’s Common Stock (the “New Private Placement Preferred Stock”), having an aggregate liquidation preference of $15,000,000, and (ii) a number of warrants, convertible into shares of the Company’s Common Stock at an exercise price of $6.90 per share (the “New Private Placement Warrants”), equal to 50% of the liquidation preference of the preferred stock to be sold divided by the closing price of the Common Stock on a specified date (the “New Private Placement”). The New Private Placement is expected to close in the first quarter of 2021. If the Company consummates the New Private Placement, the Company intends to deposit the net proceeds as necessary into the Proceeds Account (as defined herein), and use the net proceeds for general corporate purposes. The Company cannot give any assurance that the New Private Placement will be completed on the terms described herein, on a timely basis or at all.

 

February Follow-On Public Offering

 

On February 12, 2021, the Company closed its public offering of 12,244,897 shares of Common Stock at a public offering price of $2.45 per share pursuant to the terms of the underwriting agreement between the Company and Maxim Group LLC, entered into on February 9, 2021 (the “Underwriting Agreement”). On February 18, 2021, the Company closed the sale of an additional 1,836,734 shares of Common Stock at $2.45 per share pursuant to the exercise of the underwriters’ over-allotment option in connection with its public offering that closed on February 12, 2021. Under the terms of the Underwriting Agreement, each of the Company’s executive officers, directors and stockholders of more than 5% of the outstanding Common Stock signed lock-up agreements pursuant to which each agreed, subject to certain exceptions, not to transact in the Common Stock for a period of 90 days following February 12, 2021. Gross proceeds including the over-allotment, before underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses, are approximately $34.5 million. 

 

Contractual Obligations and Commitments

 

The following is a summary of the contractual obligations as of December 31, 2020 and the effect of such obligations are expected to have on the liquidity and cash flows in future periods:

  

   Total   Less than
1 Year
   1-3 Years   3-5 Years   More than
5 Years
 
Notes payable commitments  $116,957,539   $54,058,060   $21,499,819   $27,593,660   $13,806,000 
Project and ground leases  $42,930,300   $321,900   $965,700   $965,700   $40,677,000 
Total  $159,887,839   $54,379,960   $22,465,519   $28,559,360   $54,483,000 

  

The Company has various debt covenants that require certain financial information to be met. If the Company does not meet the requirements of the debt covenants, the Company will be responsible for paying the full outstanding amount of the note immediately. As of December 31, 2020, we were in compliance with all relevant debt covenants.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

The Company did not have any off-balance sheet arrangements as of December 31, 2020.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Significant Judgments and Estimates

 

This discussion and analysis of the Company’s financial condition and results of operations is based on the Company’s consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America, or U.S. GAAP. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported periods. In accordance with U.S. GAAP, the Company bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions the Company believes are reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

 

For information on the Company’s significant accounting policies please refer to Note 2 to the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure About Market Risk

 

The Company is not exposed to market risk related to interest rates on foreign currencies.

 

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

The financial statements required by this Item are included in Item 15 of this report and are presented beginning on page F-1.

 

Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

 

None.

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures designed to ensure that the information we are required to disclose in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified under the rules and forms of the SEC. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures. As required by paragraph (b) of Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15 under the Exchange Act, our Chief Executive Officer (our principal executive) and Chief Financial Officer (our principal financial officer and principal accounting officer) carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of December 31, 2020. Based on this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in paragraph (e) of Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15 under the Exchange Act) were not effective as December 31, 2020 due to material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting as described below. 

 

Limitations on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

An internal control system over financial reporting has inherent limitations and may not prevent or detect misstatements. Therefore, even those systems determined to be effective can provide only reasonable assurance with respect to financial statement preparation and presentation. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate. However, these inherent limitations are known features of the financial reporting process. Therefore, it is possible to design into the process safeguards to reduce, though not eliminate, this risk.

 

35

 

 

Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f). Internal control over financial reporting is a process used to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of our financial reporting and the preparation of our financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States. Internal control over financial reporting includes policies and procedures that pertain to the maintenance of records that in reasonable detail accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of our assets; provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of our financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, and that our receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with the authorization of our board of directors and management; and provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of our assets that could have a material effect on our financial statements.

 

Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer (our principal executive officer) and Chief Financial Officer (our principal financial officer and principal accounting officer), we performed an assessment of the Company’s significant processes and key controls. Based on this assessment, management concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was not effective as of December 31, 2020 due to the material weaknesses described below.

 

A material weakness is defined within the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board’s Auditing Standard No. 5 as a deficiency or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the Company’s annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. We determined that our internal control over financial reporting had the following material weaknesses:

 

Primarily due to the small size of the Company, the Company does not maintain sufficient segregation of duties to ensure the processing, review and authorization of all transactions including non-routine transactions.

 

  Our processes lacked timely and complete reviews and analysis of information used to prepare our financial statements and disclosures in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.  This material weakness resulted in a material error in our accounting for our Warrants and a Restatement of our previously issued financial statements are more fully described in the Explanatory Note in this report and in Note 2, “Restatement of Previously Issued Financial Statements” to our consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this report.

 

The Company is evaluating and remediating these weaknesses. Because disclosure controls and procedures include those components of internal control over financial reporting that provide reasonable assurances that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, management also determined that its disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as a result of the foregoing material weaknesses in its internal control over financial reporting.

 

As a non-accelerated filer, the Company is not required to include in this report a report on the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting by the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm.

 

Restatement of Previously Issued Financial Statements

 

On April 23, 2021, we revised our prior position on accounting for our warrants and concluded that our previously issued (i) audited consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2020 included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for such period, and (ii) unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 included in the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for such period, should not be relied on because of a misapplication in the guidance on warrant accounting. However, the restatement of the financial statements had no impact on the Company’s liquidity or cash position.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

During the quarter ended December 31, 2020, the Company was in the process of remediating its material weaknesses and to design an effective internal control environment. However, the circumstances that led to the restatement of our financial statements described in this Annual Report on Form 10-K/A had not yet been identified during the quarter ended December 31, 2020. We are in the process of improving our processes regarding the review and analysis of transactions to ensure that the nuances of such transactions are effectively evaluated in the context of the increasingly complex accounting standards. Specifically, we plan to provide enhanced access to accounting literature and research materials and consult with third party professionals regarding complex accounting matters. The elements of our remediation plan can only be accomplished over time, and we cannot guarantee that these initiatives will ultimately have the intended effects.

 

Item 9B. Other Information

 

None.

 

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PART III

 

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

 

The information required by this Item 10 is incorporated by reference to our Proxy Statement for the 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.

 

Item 11. Executive Compensation

 

The information required by this Item 11 is incorporated by reference to our Proxy Statement for the 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.

 

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management And Related Stockholder Matters

 

The information required by this Item 12 is incorporated by reference to our Proxy Statement for the 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.

 

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence

  

The information required by this Item 13 is incorporated by reference to our Proxy Statement for the 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.

 

Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services

 

The information required by this Item 14 is incorporated by reference to our Proxy Statement for the 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.

 

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PART IV

 

Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules.

 

Financial Statements

 

The consolidated financial statements of the Company for the fiscal years covered by this Annual Report are located on beginning on page F-1 of this Annual Report.

 

Exhibit No.   Description
     
2.1+   Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of September 16, 2019, by and among Gordon Pointe Acquisition Corp., GPAQ Acquisition Holdings, Inc., GPAQ Acquiror Merger Sub, Inc., GPAQ Company Merger Sub, LLC, HOF Village, LLC and HOF Village Newco, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 2.1 to Gordon Pointe Acquisition Corp.’s Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 001-38363) filed with the Commission on September 17, 2019)
2.2   First Amendment to Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of November 5, 2019, by and among Gordon Pointe Acquisition Corp., GPAQ Acquisition Holdings, Inc., GPAQ Acquiror Merger Sub, Inc., GPAQ Company Merger Sub, LLC, HOF Village, LLC and HOF Village Newco, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 2.2 to Gordon Pointe Acquisition Corp.’s Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 001-38363) filed with the Commission on November 8, 2019)
2.3   Second Amendment to Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of March 10, 2020, by and among Gordon Pointe Acquisition Corp., GPAQ Acquisition Holdings, Inc., GPAQ Acquiror Merger Sub, Inc., GPAQ Company Merger Sub, LLC, HOF Village, LLC and HOF Village Newco, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 2.1 to Gordon Pointe Acquisition Corp.’s Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 001-38363) filed with the Commission on March 16, 2020)
2.4   Third Amendment to Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of May 22, 2020, by and among Gordon Pointe Acquisition Corp., GPAQ Acquisition Holdings, Inc., GPAQ Acquiror Merger Sub, Inc., GPAQ Company Merger Sub, LLC, HOF Village, LLC and HOF Village Newco, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 2.1 to Gordon Pointe Acquisition Corp.’s Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 001-38363) filed with the Commission on May 28, 2020)
3.1   Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Company (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 of the Company’s Form 8-K (001-38363), filed with the Commission on July 8, 2020)
3.2   Certificate of Designations of 7.00% Series A Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock of Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 of the Company’s Form 8-K (001-38363), filed with the Commission on October 15, 2020)
3.3   Certificate of Amendment to Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 of the Company’s Form 8-K (001-38363), filed with the Commission on November 6, 2020)
3.4   Amended and Restated Bylaws of the Company (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 of the Company’s Form 8-K (001-38363), filed with the Commission on July 8, 2020)
4.1   Specimen Common Stock Certificate (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 of the Company’s Form 8-K (001-38363), filed with the Commission on July 8, 2020)
4.2   Specimen Warrant Certificate (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 of the Company’s Form 8-K (001-38363), filed with the Commission on July 8, 2020)
4.3   Form of Warrant Agreement (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 to Gordon Pointe Acquisition Corp.’s Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 001-38363) filed with the Commission on January 30, 2018)
4.4   Form of Warrant (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 of the Company’s Form 8-K (001-38363), filed with the Commission on November 19, 2020)
4.5   Warrant Agency Agreement, dated November 18, 2020, between Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company and Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 of the Company’s Form 8-K (001-38363), filed with the Commission on November 19, 2020)
4.6   Warrant (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 of the Company’s Form 8-K (001-38363), filed with the Commission on December 30, 2020)
4.7   Description of Registered Securities*
10.1   Form of Lock-Up Agreement (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to GPAQ Acquisition Holdings, Inc.’s Registration Statement on Form S-4 (File No. 333-234655) filed with the Commission on November 12, 2019)
10.2   Director Nominating Agreement (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-252807) filed with the Commission on February 5, 2021)
10.3   Form of Release Agreement (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.3 to GPAQ Acquisition Holdings, Inc.’s Registration Statement on Form S-4 (File No. 333-234655) filed with the Commission on November 12, 2019)
10.4   Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company 2020 Omnibus Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.1 of the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-8 (File No. 333-248851) filed with the Commission on September 16, 2020)
10.5   Form of Restricted Stock Award Agreement under Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company 2020 Omnibus Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.2 of the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-8 (File No. 333-248851) filed with the Commission on September 16, 2020)
10.6   Restricted Stock Unit Award Agreement, by and between the Company and Tara Charnes, dated as of September 16, 2020 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.3 of the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-8 (File No. 333-248851) filed with the Commission on September 16, 2020)
10.7   Restricted Stock Unit Award Agreement, by and between the Company and Erica Muhleman, dated as of September 16, 2020 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.4 of the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-8 (File No. 333-248851) filed with the Commission on September 16, 2020)

 

38

 

 

10.8   Form of Restricted Stock Unit Award Agreement under Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company 2020 Omnibus Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.5 of the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-8 (File No. 333-248851) filed with the Commission on September 16, 2020)
10.9   Form of Non-Employee Director Restricted Stock Unit Award Agreement under Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company 2020 Omnibus Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.6 of the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-8 (File No. 333-248851) filed with the Commission on September 16, 2020)
10.10   Employment Agreement, dated July 1, 2020, by and between Michael Crawford, HOFV Newco, LLC and Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.5 of the Company’s Form 8-K (001-38363), filed with the Commission on July 8, 2020)
10.11   Employment Agreement, dated June 22, 2020, by and between Michael Levy and HOF Village, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.6 of the Company’s Form 8-K (001-38363), filed with the Commission on July 8, 2020)
10.12   Employment Agreement, dated September 16, 2019, by and between Jason Krom and HOF Village, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.7 of the Company’s Amendment No. 1 to Form S-3 on Form S-1 (File No. 333-240045), filed with the Commission on September 2, 2020)
10.13   Employment Agreement, dated December 1, 2019, by and between Anne Graffice and HOF Village, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.8 of the Company’s Amendment No. 1 to Form S-3 on Form S-1 (File No. 333-240045), filed with the Commission on September 2, 2020)
10.14   Employment Agreement, dated August 31, 2020, by and between Tara Charnes and Hall of Fame Resort  & Entertainment Company (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.9 of the Company’s Amendment No. 1 to Form S-3 on Form S-1 (File No. 333-240045), filed with the Commission on September 2, 2020)
10.15   Employment Agreement dated September 14, 2020, between Erica Muhleman and Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.10 of the Company’s Amendment No. 2 to Form S-3 on Form S-1 (File No. 333-240045), filed with the Commission on September 22, 2020)
10.16   Amendment No. 1, dated December 22, 2020, to Employment Agreement between Michael Crawford, HOFV Newco, LLC and Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.16 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-252807) filed with the Commission on February 5, 2021)
10.17   Amendment No. 1, dated December 22, 2020, to Employment Agreement between Michael Levy and HOF Village, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.17 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-252807) filed with the Commission on February 5, 2021)
10.18   Amendment No. 1, dated December 22, 2020, to Employment Agreement between Jason Krom and HOF Village, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.18 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-252807) filed with the Commission on February 5, 2021)
10.19   Amendment No. 1, dated December 22, 2020, to Employment Agreement between Anne Graffice and HOF Village, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.19 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-252807) filed with the Commission on February 5, 2021)
10.20   Amendment No. 1, dated December 22, 2020, to Employment Agreement between Tara Charnes and Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.20 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-252807) filed with the Commission on February 5, 2021)
10.21   Amendment No. 1, dated December 22, 2020, to Employment Agreement between Erica Muhleman and Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.21 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-252807) filed with the Commission on February 5, 2021)
10.22+   Note Purchase Agreement, dated July 1, 2020, by and among Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company and certain funds managed by Magnetar Financial, LLC and the purchasers listed on the signature pages thereto (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.7 of the Company’s Form 8-K (001-38363), filed with the Commission on July 8, 2020)
10.23   Registration Rights Agreement, dated July 1, 2020, by and among Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company and certain funds managed by Magnetar Financial, LLC and the purchasers listed on the signature pages thereto (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.8 of the Company’s Form 8-K (001-38363), filed with the Commission on July 8, 2020)
10.24   Note Redemption and Warrant Agreement, dated July 1, 2020, by and among Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company and certain funds managed by Magnetar Financial, LLC and the purchasers listed on the signature pages thereto (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.9 of the Company’s Form 8-K (001-38363), filed with the Commission on July 8, 2020)
10.25+   Amended and Restated Sponsorship and Naming Rights Agreement, dated July 2, 2020, by and among HOF Village, LLC, National Football Museum, Inc. and Johnson Controls, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.10 of the Company’s Form 8-K (001-38363), filed with the Commission on July 8, 2020)
10.26   Promissory Note, dated June 24, 2020, by HOF Village, LLC and HOF Village Hotel II, LLC in favor of JKP Financial, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.11 of the Company’s Form 8-K (001-38363), filed with the Commission on July 8, 2020)
10.27   Letter Agreement re Payment Terms, dated June 25, 2020, by and among Industrial Realty Group, LLC, IRG Master Holdings, LLC, HOF Village, LLC and certain affiliates party thereto (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.12 of the Company’s Form 8-K (001-38363), filed with the Commission on July 8, 2020)
10.28   IRG Master Holdings, LLC Guaranty dated November 16, 2019 in favor of GACP Finance Co., LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.17 to Amendment No. 1 to GPAQ Acquisition Holdings, Inc.’s Registration Statement on Form S-4 (File No. 333-234655) filed with the Commission on January 23, 2020)
10.29+   Amendment to Sponsorship and Services Agreement, dated June 15, 2020, by and among HOF Village, LLC, National Football Museum, Inc. and Constellation NewEnergy, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.14 of the Company’s Form 8-K (001-38363), filed with the Commission on July 8, 2020)
10.30   First Amended and Restated License Agreement, dated September 16, 2019, between the National Football Museum, Inc. and HOF Village, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.5 to Amendment No. 1 to GPAQ Acquisition Holdings, Inc.’s Registration Statement on Form S-4 (File No. 333-234655) filed with the Commission on January 23, 2020)

 

39

 

 

10.31+   Amended and Restated Media License Agreement, dated July 1, 2020, among National Football Museum, Inc., HOF Village Media Group, LLC and HOF Village, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.30 of the Company’s Amendment No. 1 to Form S-1 (File No. 333-249133), filed with the Commission on October 19, 2020)
10.32+   Technology as a Service Agreement, dated October 9, 2020, by and between HOF Village NEWCO, LLC and Johnson Controls, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.9 of the Company’s Form 10-Q (001-38363), filed with the Commission on November 5, 2020)
10.33+   Term Loan Agreement, dated December 1, 2020, among Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company, HOF Village Newco, LLC, certain of its subsidiaries, and Aquarian Credit Funding LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 of the Company’s Form 8-K (001-38363), filed with the Commission on December 3, 2020)
10.34   Guaranty Agreement, dated December 1, 2020, by IRG Master Holding, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 of the Company’s Form 8-K (001-38363), filed with the Commission on December 3, 2020)
10.35   Letter Agreement, dated as of December 1, 2020, by and among Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company, HOF Village Newco, LLC, certain of its subsidiaries, and IRG Master Holdings, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.36 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-252807) filed with the Commission on February 5, 2021)
10.36   Securities Purchase Agreement, dated December 29, 2020, between Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company, Industrial Realty Group, LLC and CH Capital Lending, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 of the Company’s Form 8-K (001-38363), filed with the Commission on December 30, 2020)
10.37   Securities Purchase Term Sheet, dated January 28, 2021, between Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.38 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-252807) filed with the Commission on February 5, 2021) and IRG, LLC
21.1   Subsidiaries (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 21.1 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Commission on March 10, 2021)
23.1   Consent of independent registered public accountant.*
31.1   Certification of the Principal Executive Officer required by Rule 13a-14(a) or Rule 15d-14(a)*
31.2   Certification of the Principal Financial Officer required by Rule 13a-14(a) or Rule 15d-14(a)*
32   Certification of the Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer required by Rule 13a-14(a) or Rule 15d-14(b) and 18 U.S.C. 1350*
101.INS   XBRL Instance Document*
101.SCH   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema*
101.CAL   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document*
101.DEF   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document*
101.LAB   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Labels Linkbase Document*
101.PRE   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document*

 

*Filed herewith.
+ Schedules to this exhibit have been omitted pursuant to Item 601(b)(2) of Registration S-K. The registrant hereby agrees to furnish a copy of any omitted schedules to the Commission upon request.

 

Item 16. Form 10–K Summary.

 

Not applicable.

 

40

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

  HALL OF FAME RESORT & ENTERTAINMENT COMPANY
     
May 11, 2021 By: /s/ Michael Crawford
    Michael Crawford
    President and Chief Executive Officer

 

41

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company and Subsidiaries

 

Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Years Ended December 31, 2020 (Restated) and 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table of Contents

    Page
     
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm   F-2
     
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2020 (Restated) and 2019   F-3
     
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2020 (Restated) and 2019   F-4
     
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity for the years ended December 31, 2020 (Restated) and 2019   F-5
     
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2020 (Restated) and 2019   F-6
     
Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements   F-8

 

F-1

 

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

To the Stockholders and Board of Directors of

Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company

 

Opinion on the Financial Statements

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, the related consolidated statements of operations, changes in stockholders’ equity and cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended December 31, 2020, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “financial statements”). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended December 31, 2020, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

Restatement of Previously Issued Financial Statements

 

As disclosed in Notes 2 and 15 to the financial statements, the accompanying consolidated financial statements as of December 31, 2020 and for the year then ended have been restated to correct an error.

 

Basis for Opinion

 

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

 

Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

/s/ Marcum LLP

 

Marcum LLP

 

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2019.

 

New York, NY
March 10, 2021, except for the effects of the restatement disclosed in Notes 2 and 15 to the consolidated financial statements as to which the date is May 11, 2021

 

F-2

 

 

HALL OF FAME RESORT & ENTERTAINMENT COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

   As of December 31,
   2020  2019
   (Restated)   
Assets      
Cash  $7,145,661   $2,818,194 
Restricted cash   32,907,800    5,796,398 
Accounts receivable, net   1,545,089    1,355,369 
Prepaid expenses and other assets   6,920,851    2,292,859 
Property and equipment, net   154,355,763    134,910,887 
Project development costs   107,969,139    88,587,699 
Total assets  $310,844,303   $235,761,406 
           
Liabilities and stockholders’ equity          
Liabilities          
Notes payable, net  $98,899,367   $164,922,714 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses   20,538,190    12,871,487 
Due to affiliate   1,723,556    19,333,590 
Warrant liability   19,112,000    
-
 
Other liabilities   5,489,469    3,684,276 
Total liabilities   145,762,582    200,812,067 
           
Commitments and contingencies (Note 7 and 8)   
 
    
 
 
           
Stockholders’ equity          
Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value; 5,000,000 shares authorized; No shares issued or outstanding at December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019   
-
    
-
 
Common stock, $0.0001 par value; 300,000,000 shares authorized; 64,091,266 and 5,436,000 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively   6,410    544 
Additional paid-in capital   172,112,688    
-
 
(Accumulated deficit) retained earnings   (6,840,871)   34,948,795 
Total equity attributable to HOFRE   165,278,227    34,949,339 
Non-controlling interest   (196,506)   
-
 
Total equity   165,081,721    
-
 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity  $310,844,303   $235,761,406 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

F-3

 

 

HALL OF FAME RESORT & ENTERTAINMENT COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

 

   For the Years Ended
December 31,
   2020  2019
   (Restated)   
Revenues      
Sponsorships, net of activation costs  $6,424,201   $6,720,298 
Rents and cost recoveries   474,020    1,064,569 
Event revenues   38,750    76,464 
Hotel revenues   162,183    
-
 
Total revenues  $7,099,154   $7,861,331 
           
Operating expenses          
Property operating expenses   26,631,821    16,707,537 
Hotel operating expenses   419,595    
-
 
Commission expense   1,671,964    1,003,226 
Depreciation expense   11,085,230    10,915,839 
Loss on abandonment of project development costs   
-
    12,194,783 
Total operating expenses   39,808,610    40,821,385 
           
Loss from operations   (32,709,456)   (32,960,054)
           
Other expense          
Interest expense   (5,718,473)   (9,416,099)
Amortization of discount on note payable   (10,570,974)   (13,274,793)
Change in fair value of warrant liability   26,733,116    
 -
 
Loss on extinguishment of debt   (4,282,220)   
-
 
Loss in joint venture   
-
    (252,934)
Business combination costs   (19,137,165)   
-
 
Total other expense  $(12,975,716)  $(22,943,826)
           
Net loss before income taxes  $(45,685,172)  $(55,903,880)
           
(Benefit from) provision for income taxes   
-
    
-
 
           
Net loss  $(45,685,172)  $(55,903,880)
           
Non-controlling interest   (196,506)   
-
 
           
Net loss attributable to HOFRE stockholders  $(45,488,666)  $(55,903,880)
           
Net loss per share - basic and diluted  $(1.71)  $(10.28)
           
Weighted average shares outstanding, basic and diluted   26,644,449    5,436,000 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

F-4

 

 

HALL OF FAME RESORT & ENTERTAINMENT COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

   Common Stock   Additional
Paid-In
   (Accumulated
Deficit)
Retained
   Total Equity
Attributable to
HOFRE
   Non-controlling   Total
Stockholders’
 
   Shares   Amount   Capital   Earnings   Stockholders   Interest   Equity 
                             
Balance as of January 1, 2019   5,436,000   $544   $
-
   $90,852,675   $90,853,219   $
-
   $90,853,219 
                                    
Net loss   -    
-
    
-
    (55,903,880)   (55,903,880)   
-
    (55,903,880)
                                    
Balance as of December 31, 2019   5,436,000   $544   $
-
   $34,948,795   $34,949,339   $
-
   $34,949,339 
                                    
Contribution from shareholders   -    
-
    
-
    3,699,000    3,699,000    
-
    3,699,000 
Conversion of the preferred equity loan   12,277,428    1,228    58,438,397    
-
    58,439,625    
-
    58,439,625 
Shares of common stock issued for accounts payable and due to affiliates   2,292,624    229    23,425,932    
-
    23,426,161    
-
    23,426,161 
Business combination with GPAQ on July 1, 2020 (Restated)   6,538,201    653    494,179    
-
    494,781    
-
    494,781 
Shares of common stock issued in exchange of debt   16,093,857    1,609    54,516,767    
-
    54,518,376    
-
    54,518,376 
Stock-based compensation on restricted stock awards   715,929    72    2,772,733    
-
    2,772,805    
-
    2,772,805 
Stock-based compensation on restricted stock units   -    
-
    1,554,968    
-
    1,554,968    
-
    1,554,968 
Vesting of restricted stock units   176,514    18    (18)   
-
    
-
    
-
    
-
 
Stock-based compensation - common stock awards   25,000    3    195,997    
-
    196,000    
-
    196,000 
Contingent beneficial conversion feature on PIPE Notes   -    
-
    14,166,339    
-
    14,166,339    
-
    14,166,339 
November 18, 2020 capital raise, net of offering costs (Restated)   17,857,142    1,786    14,476,624    
-
    14,478,410    
-
    14,478,410 
December 4, 2020 capital raise, net of offering costs (Restated)   2,678,571    268    2,070,821    
-
    2,071,089    
-
    2,071,089 
Net loss (Restated)   -    
-
    
-
    (45,488,666)   (45,488,666)   (196,506)   (45,685,172)
                                    
Balance as of December 31, 2020 (Restated)   64,091,266   $6,410   $172,112,688   $(6,840,871)  $165,278,227   $(196,506)  $165,081,721 

 

 

  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

F-5

 

 

HALL OF FAME RESORT & ENTERTAINMENT COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 

   For the Years Ended
December 31,
 
   2020   2019 
   (Restated)     
Cash Flows From Operating Activities        
Net loss  $(45,685,172)  $(55,903,880)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to cash flows (used in) provided by operating activities          
Depreciation expense   11,085,230    10,915,839 
Amortization of note discounts   10,570,974    13,274,793 
Change in fair value of warrant liability   (26,733,116)     
Bad debt expense   
-
    788,689 
Loss on abandonment of project development costs   
-
    12,194,783 
Loss from equity method investment   
-
    252,576 
Interest paid in kind   4,066,691    5,722,638 
Loss on extinguishment of debt   4,282,220    
-
 
Stock-based compensation expense   4,523,773    
-
 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
Accounts receivable   (189,720)   360,677 
Prepaid expenses and other assets   (4,627,992)   (1,631,829)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses   29,264,412    3,650,041 
Due to affiliates   (9,644,241)   9,459,293 
Other liabilities   4,721,670    1,849,398 
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities   (18,365,271)   933,018 
           
Cash Flows From Investing Activities          
Additions to project development costs and property equipment   (48,614,331)   (16,723,883)
Proceeds from business combination   31,034,781    
-
 
Net cash used in investing activities   (17,579,550)   (16,723,883)
           
Cash Flows From Financing Activities          
Proceeds from notes payable   106,976,651    23,588,122 
Repayments of notes payable   (62,593,562)   (7,023,874)
Payment of financing costs   (3,227,898)   (576,741)
Proceeds from equity raises   26,228,499    
-
 
Net cash provided by financing activities   67,383,690    15,987,507 
           
Net increase in cash and restricted cash   31,438,869    196,642 
           
Cash and restricted cash, beginning of year   8,614,592    8,417,950 
           
Cash and restricted cash, end of year  $40,053,461   $8,614,592 
           
Cash  $7,145,661   $2,818,194 
Restricted Cash   32,907,800    5,796,398 
Total cash and restricted cash  $40,053,461   $8,614,592 

  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

F-6

 

 

HALL OF FAME RESORT & ENTERTAINMENT COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 

   For the Years Ended
December 31,
 
   2020   2019 
   (Restated)     
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information        
Cash paid during the year for interest  $5,962,918   $1,198,888 
Cash paid for income taxes  $
-
   $
-
 
           
Non-cash investing and financing activities          
Project development cost acquired through accounts payable and accrued expenses, net  $(1,297,215)  $(3,329,800)
Conversion of the preferred equity loan to common equity  $58,439,625   $
-
 
Shares of common stock issued for accounts payable and due to affiliate  $23,426,161   $
-
 
Non-cash contribution from PFHOF in shared services agreement  $3,699,000   $
-
 
Shares of common stock issued in exchange of debt  $54,518,376   $
-
 
Conversion of GPAQ Sponsor Loan into convertible PIPE debt  $500,000   $
-
 
Deferred financing costs in accounts payable and accrued expenses, net  $610,810   $620,576 
Contingent beneficial conversion feature on PIPE Notes  $14,166,339   $
-
 
Initial value of warrants issued accounted for as liabilities  $

45,845,116

   $
-
 
Reclassify amounts from capitalized development costs to property and equipment  $27,373,715   $
-
 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

F-7

 

 

Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 1: Organization and Nature of Business

 

Organization and Nature of Business

 

Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company, a Delaware corporation (together with its subsidiaries, unless the context indicates otherwise, the “Company” or “HOFRE”), was incorporated in Delaware as GPAQ Acquisition Holdings, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of our legal predecessor, Gordon Pointe Acquisition Corp. (“GPAQ”), a special purpose acquisition company.

 

On July 1, 2020, the Company consummated a business combination with HOF Village, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“HOF Village”), pursuant to an Agreement and Plan of Merger dated September 16, 2019 (as amended on November 6, 2019, March 10, 2020 and May 22, 2020, the “Merger Agreement”), by and among the Company, GPAQ, GPAQ Acquiror Merger Sub, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Acquiror Merger Sub”), GPAQ Company Merger Sub, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Company Merger Sub”), HOF Village and HOF Village Newco, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Newco”). The transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement are referred to in this Form 10-K/A as the “Business Combination.”

 

Upon the consummation of the Business Combination: (i) Acquiror Merger Sub merged with and into GPAQ, with GPAQ continuing as the surviving entity (the “Acquiror Merger”) and (ii) Company Merger Sub merged with and into Newco, with Newco continuing as the surviving entity (the “Company Merger”). In advance of the Company Merger, HOF Village transferred all of its assets, liabilities and obligations to Newco pursuant to a contribution agreement. In connection with the closing of the Business Combination, the Company changed its name from “GPAQ Acquisition Holdings, Inc.” to “Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company.” As a result of the Business Combination, GPAQ and Newco continue as the Company’s wholly owned subsidiaries. Upon consummation of the Business Combination and, in connection therewith, HOFRE became a successor issuer to GPAQ by operation of Rule 12g-3(a) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). The Business Combination is, in substance, a reverse merger recapitalization and accordingly, the historical financials prior to the date of the Business Combination in these consolidated financial statements are those of HOF Village LLC and its subsidiaries. The Business Combination is further described in Note 11.

 

The Company is a resort and entertainment company leveraging the power and popularity of professional football and its legendary players in partnership with the National Football Museum, Inc., doing business as the Pro Football Hall of Fame (“PFHOF”). Headquartered in Canton, Ohio, the Company owns the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls, a multi-use sports, entertainment and media destination centered around the PFHOF’s campus. The Company is creating a diversified set of revenue streams through developing themed attractions, premier entertainment programming, sponsorships and media.

 

The Company has entered into several agreements with PFHOF, an affiliate of HOFRE, and certain government entities, which outline the rights and obligations of each of the parties with regard to the property on which the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls sits, portions of which are owned by the Company and portions of which are net leased to the Company by the government entities (see Note 7). Under these agreements, the PFHOF and the government entities are entitled to use portions of the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls on a direct-cost basis.

 

F-8

 

 

Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 1: Organization and Nature of Business (continued)

 

Organization and Nature of Business (continued)

 

On December 11, 2018, the HOF Village entered into the Master Transaction Agreement (the “Master Transaction Agreement”), whereby, among other things, it amended the HOF Village LLC Agreement (see Note 4).

 

COVID-19

 

In December 2019, a novel strain of coronavirus, COVID-19, was reported to have surfaced in Wuhan, China. Since then, COVID-19 has spread to multiple countries, including the United States. As the COVID-19 continues to spread in the United States, the Company may experience disruptions that could severely impact the Company. The global outbreak of COVID-19 continues to rapidly evolve. The extent to which COVID-19 may impact the Company’s business will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted with confidence, such as the ultimate geographic spread of the disease, the duration of the outbreak, travel restrictions and social distancing in the United States and other countries, business closures or business disruptions and the effectiveness of actions taken in the United States to contain and treat the disease. The Company has had to cancel events due to COVID-19 and is in process of monitoring COVID-19’s potential impact on the Company’s operations. The Company has taken several steps to minimize COVID-19’s impact on the Company’s business by furloughing some of its employees, deferring payments from certain of its vendors and lenders, and re-negotiating various agreements with third parties.

 

Liquidity

 

The Company has sustained recurring losses and negative cash flows from operations through December 31, 2020. In addition, the Company has significant debt obligations maturing in the twelve-month period subsequent to the date these consolidated financial statements are issued. Since inception, the Company’s operations have been funded principally through the issuance of debt and equity. As of December 31, 2020, the Company had approximately $7 million of cash and cash equivalents and $33 million of restricted cash, respectively. 

 

On January 28, 2021, the Company executed a binding term sheet with IRG pursuant to which the Company agreed to issue and sell to IRG in a private placement of preferred stock and warrants to purchase common stock for a purchase price of $15 million. The private placement is expected to close in the first quarter of 2021. In addition, during February 2020, the Company received approximately $34.5 million from the issuance of shares of its common stock, net of offering costs. See Note 14. We will deposit up to $25 million of the net proceeds from the private placement and the underwritten public offering in the Proceeds Account required under the Term Loan. We must have the lender’s prior written approval to withdraw any amounts from the Proceeds Account, pursuant to a budget and schedule agreed upon by the parties.

 

The Company believes that, as a result of these transactions, it currently has sufficient cash and financing commitments to meet its funding requirements over the next year. Notwithstanding, the Company expects that it will need to raise additional financing to accomplish its development plan over the next several years. The Company is seeking to obtain additional funding through debt, construction lending, and equity financing. There are no assurances that the Company will be able to raise capital on terms acceptable to the Company or at all, or that cash flows generated from its operations will be sufficient to meet its current operating costs. If the Company is unable to obtain sufficient amounts of additional capital, it may be required to reduce the scope of its planned development, which could harm its financial condition and operating results.

 

Note 2: Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements of the Company for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) and applicable rules and regulations of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).

 

Consolidation

 

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts and activity of the Company, and its wholly owned subsidiaries. Investments in a variable interest entity in which the Company is not the primary beneficiary, or where the Company does not own a majority interest but has the ability to exercise significant influence over operating and financial policies, are accounted for using the equity method. All intercompany profits, transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

The Company owns a 60% interest in Mountaineer GM, LLC (“Mountaineer”), whose results are consolidated into the Company’s results of operations. The Company acquired 60% of the equity interests in Mountaineer for a purchase price of $100 from one of its related parties. See Note 9 for additional information on the terms of the agreement. The portion of Mountaineer’s net loss that is not attributable to the Company is included in non-controlling interest.

 

F-9

 

 

Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 2: Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (continued)

 

Restatement of Previously Issued Financial Statements

 

The Company has restated its consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2020, as well as the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, to correct misstatements in those prior periods primarily related to misstatements identified in improperly applying accounting guidance on certain warrants, recognizing them as equity instead of a warrant liability, under the guidance of Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 815-40, Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity.

 

See Note 15, Restatement of Previously Issued Financial Statements for additional information regarding the errors identified and the restatement adjustments made to the consolidated financial statements.

 

Emerging Growth Company

 

The Company is an “emerging growth company,” as defined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, (the “Securities Act”), as modified by the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the “JOBS Act”), and it may take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not emerging growth companies including, but not limited to, not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in its periodic reports and proxy statements, and exemptions from the requirements of holding a nonbinding advisory vote on executive compensation and stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved.

 

Further, Section 102(b)(1) of the JOBS Act exempts emerging growth companies from being required to comply with new or revised financial accounting standards until private companies (that is, those that have not had a Securities Act registration statement declared effective or do not have a class of securities registered under the Exchange Act) are required to comply with the new or revised financial accounting standards. The JOBS Act provides that a company can elect to opt out of the extended transition period and comply with the requirements that apply to non-emerging growth companies but any such election to opt out is irrevocable. The Company has elected not to opt out of such extended transition period which means that when a standard is issued or revised and it has different application dates for public or private companies, the Company, as an emerging growth company, can adopt the new or revised standard at the time private companies adopt the new or revised standard. This may make comparison of the Company’s financial statements with another public company which is neither an emerging growth company nor an emerging growth company which has opted out of using the extended transition period difficult or impossible because of the potential differences in accounting standards used.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The most significant estimates and assumptions for the Company relate to bad debt, depreciation, costs capitalized to project development costs, useful lives of assets, fair value of financial instruments, and estimates and assumptions used to measure impairment. Management adjusts such estimates when facts and circumstances dictate. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

F-10

 

 

Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 2: Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (continued)

 

Property and Equipment and Project Development Costs

 

Property and equipment are recorded at historical cost and are depreciated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets. During the construction period, the Company capitalizes all costs related to the development of the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls. Project development costs include predevelopment costs, amortization of finance costs, real estate taxes, insurance, and other project costs incurred during the period of development. The capitalization of costs began during the preconstruction period, which the Company defines as activities that are necessary to the development of the project. The Company ceases cost capitalization when a portion of the project is held available for occupancy and placed into service. This usually occurs upon substantial completion of all costs necessary to bring a portion of the project to the condition needed for its intended use, but no later than one year from the completion of major construction activity. The Company will continue to capitalize only those costs associated with the portion still under construction. Capitalization will also cease if activities necessary for the development of the project have been suspended. As of December 31, 2020, the second two phases of the project remained subject to such capitalization.

 

The Company reviews its property and equipment and projects under development for impairment whenever events or changes indicate that the carrying value of the long-lived assets may not be fully recoverable. In cases where the Company does not expect to recover its carrying costs, an impairment charge is recorded.

 

The Company measures and records impairment losses on its long-lived assets when indicators of impairment are present and the undiscounted cash flows estimated to be generated by those assets are less than their carrying amount. Considerable judgment by management is necessary to estimate undiscounted future operating cash flows and fair values and, accordingly, actual results could vary significantly from such estimates. On January 18, 2019, management determined that previously capitalized costs for the development of a hotel should be written off because plans for this particular hotel and site location have been abandoned and will not benefit the current plans for another hotel elsewhere on the site. Management reviewed its capitalized costs and identified the costs that had no future benefit. The Company recorded a $12,194,783 charge as a loss on abandonment of project development costs within the accompanying statement of operations.

 

Cash and Restricted Cash

 

The Company considers all highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less when purchased, to be cash equivalents. There were no cash equivalents at December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The Company maintains its cash and escrow accounts at national financial institutions. The balances, at times, may exceed federally insured limits.

 

Restricted cash includes escrow reserve accounts for capital improvements and debt service as required under certain of the Company’s debt agreements. The balances at December 31, 2020 and 2019 were $32,907,800 and $5,796,398, respectively.

 

F-11

 

 

Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 2: Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (continued)

 

Accounts Receivable

 

Accounts receivable are generally amounts due under sponsorship and other agreements. Accounts receivable are reviewed for delinquencies on a case by case basis and are considered delinquent when the sponsor or debtor has missed a scheduled payment. Interest is not charged on delinquencies.

 

The carrying amount of accounts receivable is reduced by an allowance that reflects management’s best estimate of the amounts that will not be collected. Management individually reviews all delinquent accounts receivable balances and based on an assessment of current creditworthiness, estimates the portion, if any, of the balance that will not be collected. At December 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company had an allowance for doubtful accounts of $0 and $1,306,047, respectively, which related to the Company’s receivable from Youth Sports Management, LLC (“Youth Sports”). See Note 7 for additional information on Youth Sports.

 

Deferred Financing Costs

 

Costs incurred in obtaining financing are capitalized and amortized to additions in project development costs during the construction period over the term of the related loans, without regard for any extension options until the project or portion thereof is considered substantially complete. Upon substantial completion of the project or portion thereof, such costs are amortized as interest expense over the term of the related loan. Any unamortized costs are shown as an offset to Notes Payable on the accompanying consolidated balance sheet.

 

Investment in Joint Venture

 

The Company previously used the equity method to record the activities of its 50% owned joint venture in Youth Sports. The equity method of accounting required that the Company recognize its initial capital investment at cost and subsequently, its share of the earnings or losses in the joint venture. The joint venture agreement was structured whereby the Company was not at risk for losses above its original capital investment. Therefore, the Company did not record a deficit that would have resulted in the equity being negative from the investment in joint venture.

 

The maximum exposure to loss represented the potential loss of assets which may have been recognized by the Company relating to its investment in the joint venture. On May 29, 2020, the Company acquired the remaining 50% in Youth Sports for the accounts receivable amounts due from them, which was fully reserved as of the date of the transaction. The results of this non-cash transaction increased the Company’s interest to 100%. Upon acquisition, the Company consolidated the Youth Sports joint venture, an inactive voting interest entity. The Company accounted for the transaction as an asset acquisition under a cost accumulation model, and no gain on the change of control of interest was recognized in the consolidation, resulting in no consolidated assets or liabilities.

 

F-12

 

 

Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 2: Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (continued)

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company utilizes an asset and liability approach for financial accounting and reporting for income taxes. The provision for income taxes is based upon income or loss after adjustment for those permanent items that are not considered in the determination of taxable income. Deferred income taxes represent the tax effects of differences between the financial reporting and tax basis of the Company’s assets and liabilities at the enacted tax rates in effect for the years in which the differences are expected to reverse.

 

The Company evaluates the recoverability of deferred tax assets and establishes a valuation allowance when it is more likely than not that some portion or all the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Management makes judgments as to the interpretation of the tax laws that might be challenged upon an audit and cause changes to previous estimates of tax liability. In management’s opinion, adequate provisions for income taxes have been made. If actual taxable income by tax jurisdiction varies from estimates, additional allowances or reversals of reserves may be necessary.

 

Tax benefits are recognized only for tax positions that are more likely than not to be sustained upon examination by tax authorities. The amount recognized is measured as the largest amount of benefit that is greater than 50 percent likely to be realized upon settlement. A liability for “unrecognized tax benefits” is recorded for any tax benefits claimed in the Company’s tax returns that do not meet these recognition and measurement standards. As of December 31, 2020 and 2019, no liability for unrecognized tax benefits was required to be reported.

 

The Company’s policy for recording interest and penalties associated with tax audits is to record such items as a component of general and administrative expense. There were no amounts accrued for penalties and interest for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019. The Company does not expect its uncertain tax position to change during the next twelve months. Management is currently unaware of any issues under review that could result in significant payments, accruals or material deviations from its position. The Company’s effective tax rates of zero differ from the statutory rate for the years presented primarily due to the Company’s net operating loss, which was fully reserved for all years presented.

 

The Company has identified its United States tax return and its state tax return in Ohio as its “major” tax jurisdictions, and such returns for the years 2016 through 2019 remain subject to examination.

 

Warrant Liabilities (Restated)

 

The Company accounts for warrants to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock that are not indexed to its own stock as liabilities at fair value on the balance sheet in accordance with ASC 815, “Derivatives and Hedging”. The warrants are subject to remeasurement at each balance sheet date and any change in fair value is recognized as a component of other expense on the statement of operations. The Company will continue to adjust the liability for changes in fair value until the earlier of the exercise or expiration of the common stock warrants. At that time, the portion of the warrant liability related to the common stock warrants will be reclassified to additional paid-in capital.

 

Net Loss Per Common Share (Restated)

 

Basic net loss per common share is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the periods.

 

Diluted net loss per share is computed by dividing the net loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. The Company’s potentially dilutive common stock equivalent shares, which include incremental common shares issuable upon (i) the exercise of outstanding stock options and warrants (ii) vesting of restricted stock units and restricted stock awards, and (iii) conversion of preferred stock, are only included in the calculation of diluted net loss per share when their effect is dilutive.

 

F-13

 

 

Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 2: Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (continued)

 

Net Loss Per Common Share (Restated) (continued)

 

At December 31, 2020 and 2019, the following outstanding common stock equivalents have been excluded from the calculation of net loss per share because their impact would be anti-dilutive.

 

   For the year
ended
December 31,
2020
   For the year
ended
December 31,
2019
 
Warrants to purchase shares of common stock   55,303,832    
-
 
Restricted stock awards to purchase shares of common stock   715,929    
-
 
Restricted stock units to purchase shares of common stock   1,672,177    
-
 
Total potentially dilutive securities   57,691,938    
-
 

 

 Revenue Recognition

 

The Company follows ASC 606, Revenue with Contracts with Customers, under ASC 606, revenue is recognized when a customer obtains control of promised goods or services, in an amount that reflects the consideration which the entity expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. To determine revenue recognition for arrangements that an entity determines are within the scope of ASC 606, the Company performs the following five steps: (i) identify the contract(s) with a customer; (ii) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (v) recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation.

 

The Company generates revenues from various streams such as sponsorship agreements, rents, cost recoveries and events. The sponsorship arrangements, in which the customer sponsors a play area or event and receives specified brand recognition and other benefits over a set period of time, recognized revenue on a straight-line basis over the time period specified in the contract. Refer to Note 6 for more details. Revenue for rents, cost recoveries and events are recognized at the time the respective event or service has been performed.

 

A performance obligation is a promise in a contract to transfer a distinct good or service to a customer. If the contract does not specify the revenue by performance obligation, the Company allocates the transaction price to each performance obligation based on its relative standalone selling price. Such prices are generally determined using prices charged to customers or using the Company’s expected cost plus margin. Revenue is recognized as the Company’s performance obligations are satisfied. If consideration is received in advance of the Company’s performance, including amounts which are refundable, recognition of revenue is deferred until the performance obligation is satisfied or amounts are no longer refundable.

 

F-14

 

 

Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 2: Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (continued)

 

Revenue Recognition (continued)

 

The Company’s owned hotel revenues primarily consist of hotel room sales, revenue from accommodations sold in conjunction with other services (e.g. packages reservations), food and beverage sales and other ancillary goods and services (e.g. parking) related to owned hotel properties. Revenue is recognized when rooms are occupied or goods and services have been delivered or rendered, respectively. Payment terms typically align with when the goods and services are provided. Although the transaction prices of hotel room sales, goods and other services are generally fixed and based on the respective room reservation or other agreement, an estimate to reduce the transaction price is required if a discount is expected to be provided to the customer. For package reservations, the transaction price is allocated to the performance obligations within the package based on the estimated standalone selling prices of each component.

 

Advertising

 

The Company expenses all advertising and marketing costs as they are incurred. Total advertising and marketing costs for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 were $484,978 and $383,104, respectively, which are recorded as property operating expenses on the Company’s consolidated statements of operations.

 

The Company received a grant of $100,000 from Visit Canton on April 3, 2020, which grant is to be used to generate visitors to the Canton area through the Company’s events. This grant will be used to offset future marketing and tourism expenses. The grant is recorded in other liabilities on the Company’s balance sheet.

 

Ground Rent Expense

 

Ground rent expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the life of the related operating lease.

 

Stock–Based Compensation

 

The Company recognizes compensation expense for all equity-based payments in accordance with ASC 718 “Compensation – Stock Compensation.” Under fair value recognition provisions, the Company recognizes equity-based compensation net of an estimated forfeiture rate and recognizes compensation cost only for those shares expected to vest over the requisite service period of the award.

 

Restricted stock units are granted at the discretion of the Compensation Committee of the Company’s board of directors (the “Board of Directors”). These awards are restricted as to the transfer of ownership and generally vest over the requisite service periods, typically over a 12 to 36-month period.

 

Segments

 

The Company has evaluated its business to determine whether it has multiple operating segments. The Company has concluded that, as of December 31, 2020, it only has one operating segment, given that its chief operating decision maker reviews the Company’s results solely on a consolidated basis.

 

Software Development Costs

 

The Company recognizes all costs incurred to establish technological feasibility of a computer software product to be sold, leased, or otherwise marketed are research and development costs. Prior to the point of reaching technological feasibility, all costs shall be charged to expense when incurred. Once the development of the product establishes technological feasibility, the Company will begin capitalizing these costs. Technological feasibility is established when a product design and working model have been completed and the completeness of the working model and its consistency with the product design have been confirmed through testing. As of December 31, 2020, the Company did not have any software development projects that had reached technological feasibility.

 

Accounting for Real Estate Investments

 

Upon the acquisition of real estate properties, a determination is made as to whether the acquisition meets the criteria to be accounted for as an asset or business combination. The determination is primarily based on whether the assets acquired, and liabilities assumed meet the definition of a business. The determination of whether the assets acquired, and liabilities assumed meet the definition of a business include a single or similar asset threshold. In applying the single or similar asset threshold, if substantially all the fair value of the gross assets acquired is concentrated in a single identifiable asset or group of similar identifiable assets, the assets acquired, and liabilities assumed are not considered a business. Most of the Company’s acquisitions meet the single or similar asset threshold, due to the fact that substantially all the fair value of the gross assets acquired is attributable to the real estate acquired.

 

F-15

 

 

Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 2: Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (continued)

 

Accounting for Real Estate Investments (continued)

 

Acquired real estate properties accounted for as asset acquisitions are recorded at cost, including acquisition and closing costs. The Company allocates the cost of real estate properties to the tangible and intangible assets and liabilities acquired based on their estimated relative fair values. The Company determines the fair value of tangible assets, such as land, building, furniture, fixtures and equipment, using a combination of internal valuation techniques that consider comparable market transactions, replacement costs and other available information and fair value estimates provided by third party valuation specialists, depending upon the circumstances of the acquisition. The Company determines the fair value of identified intangible assets or liabilities, which typically relate to in-place leases, using a combination of internal valuation techniques that consider the terms of the in-place leases, current market data for comparable leases, and fair value estimates provided by third party valuation specialists, depending upon the circumstances of the acquisition.

 

If a transaction is determined to be a business combination, the assets acquired, liabilities assumed, and any identified intangibles are recorded at their estimated fair values on the transaction date, and transaction costs are expensed in the period incurred.

 

Fair Value Measurement  (Restated)

 

The Company follows Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 820–10 “Fair Value Measurement” of the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification to measure the fair value of its financial instruments and disclosures about fair value of its financial instruments. ASC 820–10 establishes a framework for measuring fair value and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. To increase consistency and comparability in fair value measurements and related disclosures, ASC 820–10 establishes a fair value hierarchy which prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three (3) broad levels.

 

The three (3) levels of fair value hierarchy defined by ASC 820–10 are described below:

 

Level 1   Quoted market prices available in active markets for identical assets or liabilities as of the reporting date.
     
Level 2   Pricing inputs other than quoted prices in active markets included in Level 1, which are either directly or indirectly observable as of the reporting date.
     
Level 3   Pricing inputs that are generally unobservable inputs and not corroborated by market data.

 

Financial assets or liabilities are considered Level 3 when their fair values are determined using pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies or similar techniques and at least one significant model assumption or input is unobservable.

 

The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs. If the inputs used to measure the financial assets and liabilities fall within more than one level described above, the categorization is based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement of the instrument.

 

The carrying amounts of the Company’s financial assets and liabilities, such as cash, prepaid expenses and other current assets, accounts payable and accrued expenses approximate their fair values due to the short-term nature of these instruments.

 

The Company uses Levels 1 and 3 of the fair value hierarchy to measure the fair value of its warrant liabilities. The Company revalues such liabilities at every reporting period and recognizes gains or losses as revenue and cost of revenue respectively in the consolidated statements of operations that are attributable to the change in the fair value of the warrant liabilities.

 

The following table provides the financial liabilities measured on a recurring basis and reported at fair value on the balance sheet as of December 31, 2020 and indicates the fair value hierarchy of the valuation inputs the Company utilized to determine such fair value.

 

   Level   December 31, 2020 
Warrant liabilities – Public Warrants   1   $4,130,000 
Warrant liabilities – Private Warrants   3    420,000 
Warrant liabilities – November Warrants   3    9,781,000 
Warrant liabilities – December Warrants   3    4,781,000 

 

The Company had no assets or liabilities measured at fair value at December 31, 2019.

 

The Public Warrants are classified as Level 1 due to the use of an observable market quote in the active market. Level 3 financial liabilities consist of the Private Warrants, November Warrants, and December Warrants, for which there is no current market for these securities such that the determination of fair value requires significant judgment or estimation. Changes in fair value measurements categorized within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy are analyzed each period based on changes in estimates or assumptions and recorded as appropriate.

 

F-16

 

 

Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 2: Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (continued)

 

Fair Value Measurement (Restated) (continued)

 

Initial Measurement

 

The Company established the initial fair value of its warrant liabilities at the respective dates of issuance. In the case of the Public Warrants, the Company valued the warrants using the quoted market price on the date of issuance. In the case of the Private Warrants, November Warrants and December Warrants, the Company used a Black Scholes valuation model in order to determine their value. The key inputs into the Black Scholes valuation model for the initial valuations are below:

 

    Private Warrants     November Warrants     December Warrants  
    July 1, 2020     November 18, 2020     December 29, 2020  
Term (years)     5.0       5.0       5.0  
Stock price   $ 8.44     $ 1.22     $ 1.29  
Exercise price   $ 11.50     $ 1.40     $ 1.40  
Dividend yield     0.0 %     0.0 %     0.0 %
Expected volatility     13.3 %     49.4 %     49.5 %
Risk free interest rate     0.3 %     0.4 %     0.4 %
                         
Number of shares     1,480,000       20,535,713       10,036,925  
Value (per share)   $ 1.74     $ 0.52     $ 0.52  

 

Subsequent measurement

 

The following table presents the changes in fair value of the warrant liabilities:

 

   Public Warrants   Private Warrants   November Warrants   December Warrants   Total Warrant Liability 
Fair value as of January 1, 2020  $
-
   $
-
   $
-
   $
-
   $
-
 
                          
Initial measurement   27,460,000    2,580,000    10,609,000    5,196,116    45,845,116 
Change in fair value   (23,330,000)   (2,160,000)   (828,000)   (415,116)   (26,733,116)
                          
Fair value as of December 31, 2020  $4,130,000   $420,000   $9,781,000   $4,781,000   $19,112,000 

 

The key inputs into the Black Scholes valuation model for the Level 3 valuations as of December 31, 2020 are below:

 

    Private Warrants     November Warrants     December Warrants  
Term (years)     4.5       4.9       5.0  
Stock price   $ 1.23     $ 1.23     $ 1.23  
Exercise price   $ 11.50     $ 1.40     $ 1.40  
Dividend yield     0.0 %     0.0 %     0.0 %
Expected volatility     70.7 %     49.5 %     49.5 %
Risk free interest rate     0.3 %     0.3 %     0.3 %
                         
Number of shares     1,480,000       20,535,713       10,036,925  
Value (per share)   $ 0.28     $ 0.48     $ 0.48  

 

F-17

 

 

Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 2: Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (continued)

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In February 2016, FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), as modified by subsequently issued ASU Nos. 2018-01, 2018-10, 2018-11, 2018-20 and 2019-01 (collectively “ASU 2016-02”). This ASU is effective for private companies beginning after December 15, 2021. ASU 2016-02 requires recognition of right-of-use assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet. In June 2020, FASB issued ASU 2020-05, further extending the effective date by one year making it effective for the Company for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2021 and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, with early adoption permitted. Most prominent among the changes in ASU 2016-02 is the lessees’ recognition of a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for operating leases. The right-of-use asset and lease liability are initially measured based on the present value of committed lease payments. Leases are classified as either finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition. Expenses related to operating leases are recognized on a straight-line basis, while those related to financing leases are recognized under a front-loaded approach in which interest expense and amortization of the right-of-use asset are presented separately in the statement of operations. As the Company is an emerging growth company and following private company deadlines, the Company has an additional deferral under this ASU to adopt beginning after December 15, 2021. Similarly, lessors are required to classify leases as sales-type, finance or operating with classification affecting the pattern of income recognition.

 

Classification for both lessees and lessors is based on an assessment of whether risks and rewards as well as substantive control have been transferred through a lease contract. ASU 2016-02 also requires qualitative and quantitative disclosures to assess the amount, timing and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the pending adoption of this new standard on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In August 2018, FASB issued ASU 2018-15, “Intangibles – Goodwill and Other – Internal-Use Software (Topic 350): Customer’s Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract.” This update clarifies the accounting treatment for fees paid by a customer in a cloud computing arrangement by providing guidance for determining when the arrangement includes a software license. This guidance is effective for public business entities for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. The amendments must be applied either retrospectively or prospectively to all implementation costs incurred after the date of adoption. The Company adopted this guidance on a prospective basis in the first quarter of 2020. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

 

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes (“Topic 740”): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes (“ASU 2019-12”). ASU 2019-12 simplifies the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740. ASU 2019-12 also simplifies aspects of accounting for franchise taxes and clarifies the accounting for transactions that result in a step-up in the tax basis of goodwill. ASU 2019-12 is effective for annual and interim financial statement periods beginning after December 15, 2021, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the pending adoption of this new standard on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In January 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-01, Investments—Equity Securities (Topic 321), Investments—Equity Method and Joint-Ventures (Topic 323), and Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815), clarifying the Interactions between Topic 321, Topic 323, and Topic 815. This ASU is effective for private companies beginning after December 15, 2021. Early application is permitted, including early adoption in an interim period for public business entities for periods for which financial statements have not yet been issued. An entity should apply ASU No. 2020-01 prospectively at the beginning of the interim period that includes the adoption date. This ASU among other things clarifies that a company should consider observable transactions that require a company to either apply or discontinue the equity method of accounting under Topic 323, Investments—Equity Method and Joint Ventures, for the purposes of applying the measurement alternative in accordance with Topic 321 immediately before applying or upon discontinuing the equity method. The new ASU clarifies that, when determining the accounting for certain forward contracts and purchased options a company should not consider, whether upon settlement or exercise, if the underlying securities would be accounted for under the equity method or fair value option. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the pending adoption of this new standard on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In March 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-01, “Leases (Topic 842): Codification Improvements,” which requires an entity (a lessee or lessor) to provide transition disclosures under Topic 250 upon adoption of Topic 842. In February 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-02, “Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326): Amendments to SEC Paragraphs Pursuant to SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 119 and Update to SEC Section on Effective Date Related to Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-02, Leases.” The ASU adds and amends SEC paragraphs in the ASC to reflect the issuance of SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 119 related to the new credit losses standard and comments by the SEC staff related to the revised effective date of the new leases standard. This new standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, including interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the pending adoption of this new standard on its consolidated financial statements.

 

Subsequent Events

 

Subsequent events have been evaluated through March 10, 2021, the date the consolidated financial statements were issued. Other than what has been disclosed in the consolidated financial statements in Note 14, no other events have been identified requiring disclosure or recording.

 

F-18

 

 

Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 3: Property and Equipment and Project Development Costs

 

Property and equipment consists of the following:

 

   Useful Life  December 31,
2020
   December 31,
2019
 
Land     $535,954   $278,556 
Land improvements  25 years   31,078,211    31,078,211 
Building and improvements  15 to 39 years   158,020,145    128,599,831 
Equipment  5 to 10 years   2,165,882    1,313,488 
Property and equipment, gross      191,800,192    161,270,086 
              
Less: accumulated depreciation      (37,444,429)   (26,359,199)
Property and equipment, net     $154,355,763   $134,910,887 
              
Project development costs     $107,969,139   $88,587,699 

 

For the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company recorded depreciation expense of $11,085,230 and $10,915,839, respectively. Additionally, the Company recorded a charge of $12,194,783 for the year ended December 31, 2019 for a loss on abandonment of project development costs for previously capitalized development costs within the accompanying consolidated statement of operations. For the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company incurred $19,381,440 and $7,403,848 of capitalized project development costs, respectively. During 2019, the Company acquired the McKinley Grand hotel property for a purchase price of $3,800,000 including external acquisition-related costs. The fair value of the assets acquired consisted of land and building in the amounts of $241,100 and $3,558,900, respectively, which were capitalized and included in project development costs. During November 2020, the Company place the hotel property into service.

 

Note 4: Notes Payable, net

 

Notes payable, net consisted of the following at December 31, 2020:

 

   Gross   Discount   Net 
TIF loan  $9,654,000   $(1,666,725)  $7,987,275 
Syndicated unsecured term loan   170,090    
-
    170,090 
Preferred equity loan   1,800,000    
-
    1,800,000 
Naming rights securitization loan   1,821,559    (113,762)   1,707,797 
City of Canton Loan   3,500,000    (7,681)   3,492,319 
New Market/SCF   2,999,989    
-
    2,999,989 
Constellation EME   9,900,000    
-
    9,900,000 
Paycheck protection plan loan   390,400    
-
    390,400 
JKP Capital loan   6,953,831    (13,887)   6,939,944 
MKG DoubleTree Loan   15,300,000    (443,435)   14,856,565 
Convertible PIPE Notes, plus PIK accrual   21,797,670    (13,475,202)   8,322,468 
Canton Cooperative Agreement   2,670,000    (181,177)   2,488,823 
Aquarian Mortgage Loan   40,000,000    (2,156,303)   37,843,697 
Total  $116,957,539   $(18,058,172)  $98,899,367 

 

F-19

 

 

Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 4: Notes Payable, net (continued)

 

Notes payable, net consisted of the following at December 31, 2019:

 

   Gross   Discount   Net 
Bridge loan  $65,000,000   $(361,655)  $64,638,345 
TIF loan   9,847,000    (1,721,761)   8,125,239 
Syndicated unsecured term loan   6,803,530    (2,838,067)   3,965,463 
Preferred equity loan   99,603,847    (53,365,911)   46,237,936 
Land loan with affiliate   1,273,888    
-
    1,273,888 
Naming rights securitization loan   9,235,845    (566,096)   8,669,749 
McKinley Grand Mortgage   1,900,000    (51,787)   1,848,213 
CH capital lending   1,807,339    
-
    1,807,339 
Convertible notes   17,310,252    (471,965)   16,838,287 
IRG November Note   11,585,792    (67,537)   11,518,255 
Total  $224,367,493   $(59,444,779)  $164,922,714 

 

During the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company recorded amortization of note discounts of $10,570,974 and $13,274,793, respectively.

 

Accrued Interest on Notes Payable

 

As of December 31, 2020 and 2019, accrued interest on notes payable, were as follows:

 

   December 31,
2020
   December 31,
2019
 
Bridge loan  $
-
   $2,084,711 
Preferred equity loan   27,125    717,286 
Land loan with affiliate   
-
    101,662 
Constellation EME   248,832    
-
 
Paycheck protection plan loan   2,706    
-
 
Naming rights securitization loan   
-
    30,786 
City of Canton Loan   4,472    
-
 
Mortgage McKinley Grand   
-
    41,821 
JKP Capital Note   416,836    
-
 
Convertible notes   
-
    269,271 
MKG Doubletree loan   67,716    
-
 
Canton Cooperative Agreement   20,593    
-
 
Aquarian Mortgage Loan   333,333    
-
 
Total  $1,121,613   $3,245,537 

 

The amounts above were included in accounts payable and accrued expenses and other liabilities on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet, as follows:

 

   December 31,
2020
   December 31,
2019
 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses  $1,094,488   $2,528,251 
Other liabilities   27,125    717,286 
   $1,121,613   $3,245,537 

 

F-20

 

 

Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 4: Notes Payable, net (continued)

 

Bridge Loan

 

On June 30, 2020, the Company entered into an amendment to the $65 million bridge loan (the “Bridge Loan”) dated March 20, 2018, that the Company had originally utilized to build the Tom Benson Stadium, among the Company, various lenders party thereto (“Lenders”) and GACP Finance Co., LLC (“GACP”), as administrative agent (the “Term Loan Agreement”), which further extended the maturity date to November 30, 2020, updated certain defined terms to align with the final transaction structure resulting from the Business Combination, specified the amount of proceeds from the Business Combination and Private Placement (defined below) that were required to be paid towards amounts outstanding under the Term Loan Agreement (the “Gordon Pointe Transaction Prepayment Amount”), added a fee payable to certain Lenders relative to the amounts owed after giving effect to the Gordon Pointe Transaction Prepayment Amount, amended various provisions related to mandatory prepayments of outstanding amounts owed under the Term Loan Agreement (including, but not limited to, prepayments due in connection with future equity and debt raises), and other minor amendments regarding HOF Village Hotel II, LLC (“HOF Village Hotel II”) and Mountaineer to facilitate their planned operations. The Bridge Loan has an exit fee of 1% on the balance due at the maturity of the loan, which the Company is accreting over the term of the Bridge Loan.

 

At the date of the Business Combination, on July 1, 2020, the Company used proceeds from the Business Combination to pay $15,500,000 on the Bridge Loan, while an additional $15,000,000 converted into equity in the newly formed HOFRE. The remaining balance following the Business Combination was approximately $34,500,000. The maturity date on the remaining balance had been extended one month to November 30, 2020. During the fourth quarter of 2020, the Company paid off the remaining $34,500,000 outstanding balance owed previously using a portion of the proceeds from the November 2020 Public Offering and the Aquarian Mortgage Loan.

 

TIF Loan

 

For the Company, the Development Finance Authority of Summit County (“DFA Summit”) offered a private placement of $10,030,000 in taxable development revenue bonds, Series 2018. The bond proceeds are to reimburse the developer for costs of certain public improvements at the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls, which are eligible uses of tax-incremental funding (“TIF”) proceeds.

 

Under the cooperative agreement entered into by the Company, two subsidiaries, the City of Canton, DFA Summit, Stark County Port Authority, and the bank trustee, the Company and certain subsidiaries have been exempted from certain real estate taxes. However, the Company must make real estate tax payments on the TIF parcels sufficient to cover future required payments on the bond debt service until the 2018 bonds are no longer outstanding. This is a significant commitment made by the Company and is guaranteed by an individual’s trust, an individual, and two subsidiaries of the Company.

 

Since the bond debt service is fixed and determinable, a liability has been recorded as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, representing the present value of the future bond debt service payments. The term of the TIF requires the Company to make installment payments through July 31, 2048. The current imputed interest rate is 5.2%, which runs through July 31, 2028. The imputed interest rate then increases to 6.6% through July 31, 2038 and finally increases to 7.7% through the remainder of the TIF. The Company is required to make payments on the TIF semi-annually in June and December each year. During the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company made principal payments on this loan totaling $193,000 and $183,000, respectively.

 

F-21

 

 

Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 4: Notes Payable, net (continued)

 

Syndicated Unsecured Term Loan and Preferred Equity Loan

 

On January 1, 2016, as amended and restated on October 15, 2017, the Company entered into a financing agreement with a syndicate of lenders, including affiliates of IRG Canton Village Member, LLC, a member of HOF Village (the “IRG Member”), for a loan amount up to $150,000,000 as an unsecured promissory note (the “Syndicated Unsecured Term Loan”). The Syndicated Unsecured Term Loan may not be prepaid either in whole or in part until the initial maturity date without the express consent of the lender. Proceeds from the Syndicated Unsecured Term Loan are intended to cover working capital and the construction costs for venues including the Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium, youth fields, and campus infrastructure projects. The maturity date is February 26, 2021, and the Syndicated Unsecured Term Loan accrues interest at a rate of 12% per annum.

 

 On December 11, 2018, the Company and various parties signed the Master Transaction Agreement setting forth various terms and conditions for the development of the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls. As part of the Master Transaction Agreement, American Capital Center, LLC (“ACC”), an affiliate of the Company, exchanged $106,450,000 of the Company’s debt and $24,470,142 of accrued interest and origination fees, as well as $336,579 of amounts due to PFHOF, by converting it to preferred equity instruments with a face value of $95,500,000 and an amended subordinated debt agreement with a face value of $6,450,000. In accordance with the Extinguishment of Liabilities subtopic of the FASB ASC 470-50, given that ACC was a related party, the Company treated the Master Transaction Agreement as a capital transaction and recapitalized the debt to equity in the amount of $96,076,120, net of discounts and unamortized deferred financing costs.

 

The subordinated debt accrues interest at a rate of 5% and the balance is due February 26, 2021. The remaining subordinated debt is subordinate to the Bridge Loan. Additionally, the subordinated debt contains a payment-in-kind (“PIK”) interest provision, which represents contractually deferred interest added to the subordinated debt outstanding balance that is due at maturity. For the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company incurred PIK interest of $256,441 and $353,530, respectively. As part of the Business Combination, on July 1, 2020, the entire balance of the Preferred Equity Loan’s and all but $170,089 of the Syndicated Unsecured Term Loan outstanding were converted into an aggregate of 13,762,039 shares of common stock.

 

Land Loan with Affiliate

 

On July 10, 2017, the Company entered into a promissory note with the PFHOF, an affiliate of HOFRE, for purpose of the acquisition of land at the Hall of Fame Village powered by Johnson Controls. The promissory note had an outstanding balance of $1,273,888 at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, which bore interest at a rate of 1.22% per annum. The loan may be prepaid in whole or in part without penalty. For any unpaid balance after December 31, 2017, the interest rate was increased by 5%. The loan was subordinate to the Bridge Loan and had a maturity date of February 26, 2023. On July 2, 2020, the Company issued 580,000 shares in exchange of (a) full satisfaction of the promissory note in the amount of $1,273,888, (b) accrued interest in the amount of $50,158, and (c) other amounts due to PFHOF in the amount of $4,266,793. The Company determined that the issuance of shares for full satisfaction of the note resulted in a loss on extinguishment of debt of $209,160.

 

F-22

 

 

Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 4: Notes Payable, net (continued)

 

Naming Rights Securitization Loan

 

On November 9, 2017, the Company, through a subsidiary, JCIHOFV Financing, LLC, entered into a secured loan with a financial institution for $22,800,000, collateralized by the entire payment stream of the Johnson Controls Naming Rights Agreement, dated November 17, 2016 (see Note 6). Monthly payments include principal and interest at 4% per annum with the remaining principal balance due on March 31, 2021. The loan may not be prepaid, in whole or in part, without paying the prepayment premium, which is equal to the present value of the remaining interest payments.

 

City of Canton Loan

 

On December 30, 2019, the Company entered into a loan facility with the City of Canton, OH, whereby it may borrow up to $3,500,000. The loan accrues interest at a rate of one-half percent (0.5%) per annum. Upon an event of default, the interest rate will increase to five percent (5%) per annum on the outstanding balance at the time of default. The loan shall mature on July 1, 2027. During the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company borrowed the maximum amount of $3,500,000 on the loan. The Company has the option to extend the loan’s maturity date for three years, to July 1, 2030 if the Company meets certain criteria in terms of the hotel occupancy level and maintaining certain financial ratios.

 

New Market/SCF

 

On December 30, 2019, the Company entered into a loan facility with New Market Project, Inc., whereby it may borrow up to $3,000,000, of which the proceeds are to be used for the development of McKinley Grand Hotel, as described below. During the year ended December 31, 2020 the Company borrowed $2,999,989 on this facility. The loan has a maturity date of December 30, 2024 and accrues interest at a rate of 4% per annum. In the event of default, including failure to pay upon final maturity, the interest rate shall increase by adding a 5% fee that applies to each succeeding interest rate change that would have applied had there been no default.

 

McKinley Grand Mortgage

 

On October 22, 2019, the Company purchased the McKinley Grand Hotel in Canton, Ohio for $3.9 million, which was partially financed by separate notes payable of $1,900,000 and $1,807,339.

 

The $1,807,339 note payable, in favor of CH Capital Lending, LLC (the “CH Capital Note”), accrued interest at a fixed rate equal to 10% per annum. The Company was required to make payments commencing on or prior to December 30, 2019. The maturity date of the CH Capital Note was April 30, 2020 and interest was payable quarterly. The Company was previously in default on the CH Capital Note, however the CH Capital Note was paid in full on June 24, 2020.

 

The $1,900,000 note payable had a maturity date of October 22, 2021. Interest accrued at a rate equal to the greater of (i) 3.75% or (ii) the sum of the LIBOR rate plus 2.75%. The Company was required to make interest payments commencing on November 1, 2019, and on the first day of each successive month until the note was repaid. In September 2020, the Company paid off the full outstanding $1,900,000 principal and interest owed, using proceeds from the MKG Double Tree Loan (defined below).

 

F-23

 

 

Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 4: Notes Payable, net (continued)

 

Constellation EME

 

On December 30, 2019, the Company entered into a loan facility with Constellation NewEnergy, Inc. (“Constellation”) whereby it may borrow up to $9,900,000 (the “Constellation Loan Facility”). The proceeds of the Constellation Loan Facility are to be held in escrow by a custodian to fund future development costs. The proceeds will be released from escrow as development costs are incurred. The Constellation Loan Facility was amended on April 13, 2020 to modify the payment schedule and maturity date, reflecting current project timetables. The maturity date is December 31, 2022 and payments are due in 29 monthly installments totaling $11,075,000, with an effective interest rate of 6.1%. Beginning in August 2020 through December 2020, the monthly installment amount is $55,000, which increases in January 2021 to $450,000 through December 2022. During the years ended December 31, 2020, the Company borrowed the full amount under the Constellation Loan Facility.

 

As of December 31, 2020, $5,318,820 of such funds had been released from the custodial accounts to the Company under the Constellation Loan Facility.

 

The Company also has a sponsorship agreement with Constellation. Refer to Note 6 for additional information.

 

Convertible Notes

 

On December 24, 2018, the Company issued a series of convertible notes totaling $7,750,000 (the “Convertible Notes”). The notes accrued interest at a rate of 10%, with payments due semi-annually in arrears. The principal and all accrued interest amounts were due November 5, 2025. The Company was able to redeem the Convertible Notes after December 24, 2023, subject to terms defined in the individual notes. Convertible Notes redeemed between December 24, 2023 and December 24, 2024 would have been redeemed at 105% of face value. Convertible Notes redeemed after December 24, 2024 would have been redeemed at 102.5% of face value. Additionally, the Convertible Notes contained a PIK interest provision, which represented contractually deferred interest added to the Convertible Notes outstanding balance that was due at maturity. For the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company incurred PIK interest of $875,129 and $1,180,252, respectively. On July 1, 2020, upon consummation of the Business Combination, all outstanding Convertible Notes were exchanged for PIPE Notes (defined below).

 

IRG November Note

 

On February 7, 2020, as effective on November 27, 2019, HOF Village, as borrower, entered into a subordinated promissory note with Industrial Realty Group, as lender, in an amount up to $30,000,000 (the “IRG November Note”). As of December 31, 2019, the aggregate principal amounts, excluding PIK interest, borrowed under the IRG November Note was $11,585,792. The IRG November Note accrues interest at a rate of 12% per annum and had a maturity date of November 1, 2020. Additionally, the IRG November Note contained a PIK interest provision, which represents contractually deferred interest added to the IRG November Note outstanding balance that is due at maturity. For the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company incurred $1,858,744 and $85,009 of PIK interest, respectively. On July 1, 2020, upon consummation of the Business Combination, Industrial Realty Group exchanged $9,000,000 of the outstanding balance under the IRG November Note for PIPE Notes.

 

F-24

 

 

Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 4: Notes Payable, net (continued)

 

IRG November Note (continued)

 

On December 29, 2020, the Company entered into a securities purchase agreement with Industrial Realty Group, LLC, a Nevada limited liability company (“IRG”), and CH Capital Lending, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company affiliated with IRG (the “Purchaser”), pursuant to which the Company sold Purchaser 10,813,774 shares of the Company’s common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, and warrants to purchase 10,036,925 shares of common stock for an aggregate purchase price of $15,239,653. The Purchase Price was paid in the form of the cancellation in full of certain financial obligations owed by the Company and its affiliates to IRG and its affiliates in the amount of the Purchase Price, including the IRG November Note. The Company determined that the issuance of shares and warrants for full satisfaction of the note resulted in a loss on extinguishment of debt of $3,404,244. The Company valued the warrants using the following assumptions:

 

   Warrants 
Stock Price  $1.29 
Exercise Price  $1.40 
Dividend Yield   
N/A
 
Expected Volatility   49.45%
Risk-Free Interest Rate   0.37%
Number of Shares   10,036,925 
Value (USD)  $5,196,116 
Term (in years)   5.00 

 

Paycheck Protection Program Loan

 

On April 22, 2020, the Company obtained a Paycheck Protection Program Loan (“PPP Loan”) for $390,400. The PPP Loan has a fixed interest rate of 1%, requires the Company to make 18 monthly payments beginning on November 22, 2020, with a maturity date of April 22, 2022, subject to debt forgiveness provisions from the Small Business Association. On February 1, 2021, the Company obtained notice from the Small Business Association that the full outstanding amount of the PPP Loan was forgiven.

 

JKP Capital Loan

 

On June 24, 2020, HOF Village and HOFV Hotel II executed a loan evidenced by a promissory note (the “JKP Capital Loan”) in favor of JKP Financial, LLC for the principal sum of $7,000,000. The JKP Capital Loan bears interest at a rate of 12% per annum and matures on December 2, 2021, on which date all unpaid principal and accrued and unpaid interest is due. The JKP Capital Loan is secured by the membership interests in HOFV Hotel II held by HOF Village.

 

SCF Subordinated Note

 

On June 22, 2020, the Company entered into a loan facility with Stark Community Foundation (the “SCF Subordinated Note”) for $1,000,000. The SCF Subordinated Note has a fixed interest rate of 5% per annum, has a PIK interest provision that was payable semi-annually in arrears on each July 22 and January 22 commencing July 22, 2020, and with a maturity date of June 22, 2023. On July 1, 2020, the SCF Subordinated Note was exchanged for PIPE Notes, described in greater detail below, under “Convertible P Notes”.

 

F-25

 

 

Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 4: Notes Payable, net (continued)

 

Convertible PIPE Notes

 

On July 1, 2020, concurrently with the closing of the Business Combination, the Company entered into a Note Purchase Agreement (the “Note Purchase Agreement”) with certain funds managed by Magnetar Financial, LLC and other purchasers (together, the “Purchasers”), pursuant to which the Company agreed to issue and sell to the Purchasers in a private placement (the “Private Placement”) $20,721,293 in aggregate principal amount of the Company’s 8.00% Convertible Notes due 2025 (the “PIPE Notes”). Pursuant to the terms of the Note Purchase Agreement, the PIPE Notes may be converted into shares of Common Stock at a conversion price initially equal to $11.50 per share, subject to customary adjustment. Accordingly, the aggregate amount of PIPE Notes issued and sold in the Private Placement is convertible into 1,801,851 shares of Common Stock based on the conversion rate applicable on July 1, 2020. The conversion rate will convert at a conversion price of $11.50 per share. There are also Note Redemption Warrants that may be issued pursuant to the Note Purchase Agreement that will be exercisable for a number of shares of common stock to be determined at the time any such warrant is issued. The exercise price per share of common stock of any warrant will be set at the time such warrant is issued pursuant to the Note Purchase Agreement.

 

The PIPE Notes provide for a conversion price reset such that, if the last reported sale price of the common stock is less than or equal to $6.00 for any ten trading days within any 30 trading day period preceding the maturity date, then the conversion price is adjusted down $6.90 per share. On July 28, 2020, the conversion price reset was triggered. On this date, the Company recorded a beneficial conversion feature of $14,166,339, which will be amortized over the remaining term of the PIPE Notes using the effective interest method. The Company recorded $268,758 on amortization of debt discount related to the contingent beneficial conversion feature for the year ended December 31, 2020 in the Company’s consolidated statements of operations.

 

Industrial Realty Group exchanged $9.0 million of the amount outstanding under the IRG November Note for PIPE Notes in the principal amount of $9.0 million. Gordon Pointe Management, LLC exchanged $500,000 of the principal component of the indebtedness owed to such Purchaser by GPAQ under loan agreements and related promissory notes for PIPE Notes in the principal amount of $500,000. Seven other Purchasers exchanged a total of $4,221,293 in GPAQ founder notes held by such Purchasers for PIPE Notes in the aggregate principal amount of $4,221,293. Consequently, the Company received cash proceeds from the issuance and sale of the PIPE Notes of approximately $7 million. The Company used proceeds of the Private Placement to fund the Company’s obligations related to the Merger Agreement and to pay transaction fees and expenses and used the remaining proceeds of the Private Placement to satisfy the Company’s working capital obligations. The PIPE Notes began to accrue interest on October 1, 2020, but the Company has elected to apply the PIK interest provision, thereby increasing the outstanding balance of the PIPE Notes by the amount of accrued interest each month.

 

The Convertible PIPE Notes contain a PIK interest provision, which represents contractually deferred interest added to the subordinated debt outstanding balance that is due at maturity. For the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company incurred PIK interest of $1,076,378.

 

F-26

 

 

Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 4: Notes Payable, net (continued)

 

MKG DoubleTree Loan

 

On September 14, 2020, the Company entered into a construction loan agreement with Erie Bank, a wholly owned subsidiary of CNB Financial Corporation, a Pennsylvania corporation, as lender. The Company has applied and been approved for a first mortgage loan for $15.3 million (“MKG DoubleTree Loan”) with a variable interest rate of 1.75% plus the prime commercial rate, at which no time can it drop below 5%, for the purpose of renovating the McKinley Grand Hotel in the City of Canton, Ohio. The initial maturity date is 18 months after the exercised loan date, March 13, 2022, and the agreement includes an extended maturity date of September 13, 2022, should HOFRE need more time with an extension fee of 0.1% of the then outstanding principal balance. The Company intends to use the proceeds of the MKG DoubleTree Loan for building acquisition costs and costs incurred for material and labor in connection with the improvements, which make up just under 75% of the MKG DoubleTree Loan. The remaining portion of the MKG DoubleTree Loan will be used for administrative, legal, operational, and environmental costs. A bank account has been created with Erie Bank and the balance must be maintained between $1 and $2 million within the account as collateral, which will promptly be refunded to the Company upon complete payment of the MKG DoubleTree Loan on the maturity date. The MKG DoubleTree Loan has certain financial covenants whereby the Company must maintain a minimum tangible net worth of $5,000,000 and minimum liquidity of not less than $2,000,000. These covenants are to be tested annually based upon the financial statements at the end of each fiscal year. As of December 31, 2020, the amount of restricted cash related to the MKG DoubleTree Loan was $199,645.

 

Canton Cooperative Agreement

 

On September 1, 2020, HOFRE entered into a Cooperative Agreement with DFA Summit, the City of Canton, Ohio (“Canton”), the Canton Regional Energy Special Improvement District, Inc. (the “District”), and U.S Bank National Association for the construction of the Series 2020C Project. The Series 2020C Project constitutes a port authority facility and a special energy improvement project under the Special Improvement District Act. HOFRE applied and received approval from the District and Canton for the aforementioned project. The loan amount is $2,670,000, with a discount of $182,723, which will be amortized over the life of the loan using the effective interest method.

 

In order to pay for the costs of the Series 2020C Project, the District and HOFRE have requested and been approved by DFA Summit, to issue and sell the Series 2020C Bonds pursuant to an Indenture and make a portion of the proceeds of the Series 2020C Bonds available to the developer to undertake the provision of the Series 2020C Project.

 

While the Series 2020C Bonds are outstanding, HOFRE shall pay the special assessment and the service payments semi-annually to the Canton County Treasurer pursuant to and in accordance with the Assessing Ordinance, the TIF Act, and the TIF Ordinance. The service payments shall be in the same amount as the real property taxes that would have been charged and payable against the Improvements had the TIF Exemption not been granted. The special assessment payments will be made on January 31st and July 31st over the course of 17 years, commencing on January 31, 2022 with a maturity date of January 31, 2039. For the first eight years, each payment will consist of $188,188 and decrease to $161,567 in 2030.

 

F-27

 

 

Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 4: Notes Payable, net (continued)

 

Aquarian Mortgage Loan

 

On December 1, 2020, the Company entered into a mortgage loan with Aquarian Credit Funding, LLC (“Aquarian”) for $40,000,000 of gross proceeds. The Aquarian Mortgage Loan bears interest at 10% per annum and the principal payments are due monthly, which began in December 2020. Upon the occurrence and during the continuance of an event of default, Aquarian may, at its option, take such action, without notice or demand that Aquarian deems advisable to protect and enforce its rights against the Company, including declaring the debt to become immediately due and payable.

 

Issuance of 7.00% Series A Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock

 

During October, 2020, the Company issued to American Capital Center, LLC (the “Preferred Investor”) an aggregate of 1,800 shares of 7.00% Series A Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock (“Series A Preferred Stock”) at $1,000 per share for an aggregate purchase price of $1,800,000. The Company paid the Preferred Investor an origination fee of 2%. The issuance and sale of the Series A Preferred Stock to the Preferred Investor was exempt from registration pursuant to Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act. HOFRE used half of the proceeds from the sale of the Series A Preferred Stock to pay down outstanding amounts under its Bridge Loan. The Series A Preferred Stock is required to be redeemed in cash after five years and is recorded in notes payable, net on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet.

 

Future Minimum Principal Payments

 

The minimum required principal payments on notes payable outstanding as of December 31, 2020 are as follows:

 

For the year ended December 31,  Amount 
2021  $54,058,060 
2022   21,044,819 
2023   455,000 
2024   3,521,989 
2025   24,071,671 
Thereafter   13,806,000 
Total Gross Principal Payments  $116,957,539 
      
Less: Discount   (18,058,172)
      
Total Net Principal Payments  $98,899,367 

 

F-28

 

 

Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 5: Stockholders’ Equity

 

Authorized Capital

 

On November 3, 2020, the Company’s stockholders approved an amendment to the Company’s charter to increase the authorized shares of common stock from 100,000,000 to 300,000,000. Consequently, the Company’s charter allows the Company to issue up to 300,000,000 shares of common stock and to issue and designate its rights of, without stockholder approval, up to 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.0001. On October 8, 2020, the Company filed a Certificate of Designations (the “Certificate of Designations”) with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware to establish preferences, limitations and relative rights of the 7.00% Series A Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock (“Series A Preferred Stock”). The number of authorized shares of Series A Preferred Stock is 52,800.

 

2020 Omnibus Incentive Plan

 

On July 1, 2020, in connection with the closing of the Business Combination, the Company’s omnibus incentive plan (the “2020 Omnibus Incentive Plan”) became effective immediately upon the closing of the Business Combination. The 2020 Omnibus Incentive Plan was previously approved by the Company’s stockholders and Board of Directors. Subject to adjustment, the maximum number of shares of common stock authorized for issuance under the 2020 Omnibus Incentive Plan is 1,812,728 shares. As of December 31, 2020, 561,290 shares remained available for issuance under the 2020 Omnibus Incentive Plan.

 

Issuance of Restricted Stock Awards

 

On July 2, 2020, the Company granted 715,929 shares of the Company’s restricted stock to the Company’s Chief Executive Officer under the 2020 Omnibus Incentive Plan. The shares will vest at three separate dates, 238,643 on July 2, 2020, 238,643 on July 2, 2021, and fully vest on July 2, 2022 with a final installment of 238,643. In connection with vesting of 238,643 shares on July 2, 2020, the Company withheld 106,840 shares for tax withholding.

 

The Company’s activity in restricted common stock was as follows for years ended December 31, 2020:

 

   Number of
shares
   Weighted
average
grant date
fair
value
 
Non–vested at January 1, 2020   
-
   $
-
 
Granted   715,929   $9.30 
Vested   (238,643)  $9.30 
Non–vested at December 31, 2020   477,286   $9.30 

 

F-29

 

 

Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 5: Stockholders’ Equity (continued)

 

Issuance of Restricted Stock Awards (continued)

 

For the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company recorded $3,327,280 and $0, in employee and director stock-based compensation expense. Of this amount, $2,218,187 is included as a component of business combination costs on the Company’s consolidated statement of operations, as the initial vesting of the restricted stock award was directly related to the completion of the Company’s Business Combination. The remaining stock-based compensation expense is included as a component of property operating expenses. As of December 31, 2020, unamortized stock-based compensation costs related to restricted share arrangements was $3,327,280 and will be recognized over a weighted average period of 1.5 years.

 

Issuance of Restricted Stock Units

 

On August 31, 2020, the Company granted 138,568 restricted stock units (“RSUs”) to an employee as an inducement grant not under the 2020 Omnibus Incentive Plan. The RSUs will vest at three separate dates, 46,189 on August 31, 2021, 46,189 on August 31, 2022, and fully vest on August 31, 2023 with a final installment of 46,190.

 

On September 1, 2020, the Company granted 64,240 RSUs to an employee as an inducement grant not under the 2020 Omnibus Incentive Plan. The RSUs will vest at three separate dates, 21,413 on September 1, 2021, 21,413 on September 1, 2022, and fully vest on September 1, 2023 with a final installment of 21,414.

 

On September 16, 2020, the Company granted 148,883 RSUs to an employee as an inducement grant not under the 2020 Omnibus Incentive Plan. The RSUs will vest at three separate dates, 49,628 on September 14, 2021, 49,628 on September 14, 2022, and fully vest on September 14, 2023 with a final installment of 49,627.

 

On September 22, 2020, the Company granted an aggregate of 529,543 RSUs to employees under the 2020 Omnibus Incentive Plan. The RSUs will vest at three separate dates, one third on September 22, 2020, one third on July 1, 2021, and fully vest on July 1, 2022.

 

On September 22, 2020, the Company granted an aggregate of 45,000 RSUs to independent directors under the 2020 Omnibus Incentive Plan. The RSUs will fully vest on September 22, 2021.

 

On November 16, 2020, the Company granted 131,694 RSUs to an employee under the 2020 Omnibus Incentive Plan as an inducement grant not under the 2020 Omnibus Incentive Plan. The RSUs will vest at three separate dates, 43,898 on November 16, 2021, 43,898 on November 16, 2022, and fully vest on November 16, 2023 with a final installment of 43,898.

 

On December 22, 2020, the Company granted an aggregate of 477,778 RSUs to the Chief Executive Officer under the 2020 Omnibus Incentive Plan. The RSUs vest contingent upon shareholder approval to increase the number of authorized shares under the Omnibus Incentive Plan in the 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.

 

On December 22, 2020, the Company granted an aggregate of 140,741 RSUs to employees under the 2020 Omnibus Incentive Plan. The RSUs vest in full on December 22, 2021.

 

F-30

 

 

Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 5: Stockholders’ Equity (continued)

 

Issuance of Restricted Stock Units (continued)

 

The Company’s activity in restricted stock units was as follows for years ended December 31, 2020:

 

   Number of
shares
   Weighted
average
grant date
fair
value
 
Non–vested at January 1, 2020   
-
   $
-
 
Granted   1,676,447   $2.52 
Vested   (176,514)  $2.80 
Forfeited   
-
    
-
 
Non–vested at December 31, 2020   1,499,933   $2.49 

  

For the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company recorded $1,003,255 and $0, respectively, in employee and director stock-based compensation expense, which is a component of property operating expenses in the consolidated statement of operations. As of December 31, 2020, unamortized stock-based compensation costs related to restricted stock units was $3,228,092 and will be recognized over a weighted average period of 1.62 years.

 

F-31

 

 

Hall of Fame Resort & Entertainment Company and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 5: Stockholders’ Equity (continued)

 

Warrants (Restated)

 

The Company’s warrant activity was as follows for the years ended December 31, 2020:

 

   Number of
Shares
   Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price (USD)
   Weighted
Average
Contractual
Life (years)
   Intrinsic
Value (USD)
 
Outstanding - January 1, 2020   
-
   $
-
           
Issued in connection with Business Combination   24,731,194   $11.50    4.50      
Issued in connection with November 2020 Public Offering   17,857,142   $1.40    4.88      
Issued in connection with November 2020 overallotment   2,678,571   $1.40