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UNITED STATES 
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For Quarterly Period Ended April 04, 2021
Commission File Number 001-33994
INTERFACE INC
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Georgia58-1451243
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
1280 West Peachtree Street, Atlanta, Georgia 30309
(Address of principal executive offices and zip code)
(770) 437-6800
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each ClassTrading Symbol(s)Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock, $0.10 Par Value Per ShareTILENasdaq Global Select Market

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Date File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes þ No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer¨Accelerated filerþNon-accelerated filer¨Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).   Yes    No þ
Shares outstanding of each of the registrant’s classes of common stock at May 7, 2021:
ClassNumber of Shares
Common Stock, $0.10 par value per share59,013,341


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INTERFACE, INC.
INDEX
PAGE
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Table of Contents
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
INTERFACE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except par values)
APRIL 4, 2021JANUARY 3, 2021
(UNAUDITED)
ASSETS
Current Assets
Cash and cash equivalents$106,923 $103,053 
Accounts receivable, net128,610 139,869 
Inventories, net243,067 228,725 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets38,827 23,747 
Total current assets517,427 495,394 
Property, plant and equipment, net348,632 359,036 
Operating lease right-of-use assets94,609 98,013 
Deferred tax asset15,007 18,175 
Goodwill and intangibles, net239,158 253,536 
Other assets80,493 81,857 
 
Total assets$1,295,326 $1,306,011 
 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities
Accounts payable$72,029 $58,687 
Accrued expenses116,590 105,739 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities13,289 13,555 
Current portion of long-term debt15,176 15,319 
Total current liabilities217,084 193,300 
Long-term debt547,395 561,251 
Operating lease liabilities83,173 86,468 
Deferred income taxes32,462 34,307 
Other long-term liabilities100,397 104,147 
 
Total liabilities980,511 979,473 
 
Commitments and contingencies
 
Shareholders’ equity
Preferred stock, par value $1.00 per share; 5,000 shares authorized; none issued or outstanding at April 4, 2021 and January 3, 2021
  
Common stock, par value $0.10 per share; 120,000 shares authorized; 59,014 and 58,664 shares issued and outstanding at April 4, 2021 and January 3, 2021, respectively
5,901 5,865 
Additional paid-in capital248,571 247,920 
Retained earnings214,911 208,562 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss – foreign currency translation(79,928)(60,331)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss – cash flow hedge(5,441)(6,190)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss – pension liability(69,199)(69,288)
 
Total shareholders’ equity314,815 326,538 
 
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity$1,295,326 $1,306,011 
See accompanying notes to consolidated condensed financial statements.
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INTERFACE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except per share data)
THREE MONTHS ENDED
APRIL 4, 2021APRIL 5, 2020
NET SALES$253,260 $288,169 
Cost of Sales157,222 173,858 
GROSS PROFIT ON SALES96,038 114,311 
 
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses79,302 87,683 
Restructuring Charges(130)(1,118)
Goodwill and Intangible Asset Impairment Charge 121,258 
OPERATING INCOME (LOSS)16,866 (93,512)
 
Interest Expense7,256 5,630 
Other Expense715 1,491 
 
INCOME (LOSS) BEFORE INCOME TAX EXPENSE8,895 (100,633)
Income Tax Expense1,957 1,534 
 
NET INCOME (LOSS)$6,938 $(102,167)
 
Earnings (Loss) Per Share – Basic$0.12 $(1.75)
Earnings (Loss) Per Share – Diluted$0.12 $(1.75)
 
Common Shares Outstanding – Basic58,730 58,450 
Common Shares Outstanding – Diluted58,730 58,452 
See accompanying notes to consolidated condensed financial statements.
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INTERFACE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(UNAUDITED)
(in thousands)
THREE MONTHS ENDED
APRIL 4, 2021APRIL 5, 2020
Net Income (Loss)$6,938 $(102,167)
Other Comprehensive Loss, Foreign Currency Translation Adjustment(19,597)(15,245)
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), Cash Flow Hedge749 (6,140)
Other Comprehensive Income, Pension Liability Adjustment89 1,733 
Comprehensive Loss$(11,821)$(121,819)
See accompanying notes to consolidated condensed financial statements.
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INTERFACE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(UNAUDITED)
(in thousands)
THREE MONTHS ENDED
APRIL 4, 2021APRIL 5, 2020
OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
Net income (loss)$6,938 $(102,167)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization11,934 10,940 
Stock compensation amortization expense (benefit)924 (2,932)
Deferred income taxes and other230 (15,732)
Amortization of acquired intangible assets1,421 1,315 
Goodwill and intangible asset impairment 121,258 
Working capital changes:
Accounts receivable9,794 28,635 
Inventories(19,046)(22,514)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets(15,852)(7,464)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses28,512 (27,056)
 
CASH PROVIDED BY (USED IN) OPERATING ACTIVITIES24,855 (15,717)
 
INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
Capital expenditures(5,214)(22,204)
Other (90)
 
CASH USED IN INVESTING ACTIVITIES(5,214)(22,294)
 
FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
Repayments of long-term debt(30,239)(19,875)
Borrowing of long-term debt18,000 54,000 
Tax withholding payments for share-based compensation(179)(1,344)
Proceeds from issuance of common stock 93 
Debt issuance costs(36) 
Finance lease payments(527)(399)
 
CASH PROVIDED BY (USED IN) FINANCING ACTIVITIES(12,981)32,475 
 
Net cash provided by (used in) operating, investing and financing activities6,660 (5,536)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash(2,790)(3,114)
 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS:
Net change during the period3,870 (8,650)
Balance at beginning of period103,053 81,301 
 
Balance at end of period$106,923 $72,651 
See accompanying notes to consolidated condensed financial statements.
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INTERFACE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
NOTE 1 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Basis of Presentation
As contemplated by the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”) instructions to Form 10-Q, the following footnotes have been condensed and, therefore, do not contain all disclosures required in connection with annual financial statements. Reference should be made to the Company’s year-end financial statements and notes thereto contained in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 3, 2021, as filed with the Commission.
The financial information included in this report has been prepared by the Company, without audit. In the opinion of management, the financial information included in this report contains all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of the results for the interim periods. All such adjustments are of a normal recurring nature unless otherwise disclosed. Nevertheless, the results shown for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for the full year. The January 3, 2021, consolidated condensed balance sheet data was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”).
The three month period ended April 4, 2021 includes 13 weeks, and the three month period ended April 5, 2020 includes 14 weeks.
Risks and Uncertainties
The World Health Organization declared the COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic in March 2020, and many companies have experienced disruptions in their operations. The Company considered the impact of COVID-19 on the assumptions and estimates used and determined that, except for the goodwill and intangible asset impairment recorded in the first quarter of 2020 and discussed in Note 10 “Goodwill and Intangible Assets,” the decline in 2021 revenue, and its consequent impacts on production volume, operating income, net income, cash flows, and order rates, there were no other material adverse impacts on the Company’s results of operations and financial position at April 4, 2021. The Company’s primary credit facility has various financial and other covenants including, but not limited to, a covenant to not exceed a maximum secured net debt to EBITDA ratio, as defined by the credit facility agreement. The Company is currently in compliance with all covenants under the credit facility agreement and anticipates that it will remain in compliance with the covenants for the foreseeable future. The full extent of the future impact of COVID-19 on the Company’s operations is uncertain. A prolonged COVID-19 pandemic may continue to have a material adverse impact on our operations, financial condition, and supply chains. It may negatively impact our ability to collect outstanding receivables, manage inventory, produce our products and service customers. The impact of COVID-19 could result in additional impairment losses related to goodwill, intangible assets, and property, plant and equipment.
As the virus spreads through communities, it could impact the physical health, mental health, and productivity of our workforce as many of them are required to shelter in place and work from home for prolonged periods of time, and it could also impact our ability to reach our customers and collaborate with them as they are required to shelter in place and work from home for prolonged periods of time. The COVID-19 pandemic is having broad and negative implications on the global economy, which affects the size and timing of our customers’ capital budgets, and could result in delays or terminations of new and existing renovation projects, remodeling projects, new construction projects, and other projects where our products are used.
COVID-19 Impact
We continue to monitor our operations and have implemented various programs to mitigate the effects of COVID-19 on our business including reductions in employee headcount, labor costs, marketing expenses, consulting spend, travel costs, various other costs, and capital expenditures, as well as suspending and reducing shifts in our production facilities, temporarily furloughing employees, and implementing other cost reduction or avoidance initiatives.
Reclassifications
In the first quarter of fiscal 2021, the Company determined that it has two operating and reportable segments – namely Americas (“AMS”) and Europe, Africa, Asia and Australia (collectively “EAAA”). The AMS operating segment is unchanged from prior year and continues to include the United States, Canada and Latin America geographic areas. Segment disclosures for 2020 have been restated to conform to the current reportable segment structure. See Note 11 entitled “Segment Information” for additional information.

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Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
On January 4, 2021, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2019-12, “Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes.” The amendments in this update simplify the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions to the general principles in ASC Topic 740 related to intraperiod tax allocation, the calculation of income taxes in interim periods, and the accounting for outside basis differences of foreign subsidiaries and equity method investments. The amendments also improve consistent application of and simplify GAAP for other areas of ASC Topic 740, including franchise or similar taxes partially based on income, the accounting for a step-up in tax basis goodwill, and interim recognition of an enacted change in tax laws or rates, by clarifying and amending existing guidance. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact to the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted
In March 2020, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU 2020-04, “Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting.” This standard addresses the risks from the discontinuation of the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) and provides optional expedients and exceptions to contracts, hedging relationships and other transactions that reference LIBOR if certain criteria are met. This new guidance is effective and may be applied beginning March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2022. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adoption of this standard.
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NOTE 2 – REVENUE RECOGNITION
Revenue from sales of carpet, modular resilient flooring, rubber flooring, and other flooring-related material was approximately 99% and 98% of total revenue for the three month periods ended April 4, 2021 and April 5, 2020, respectively. The remaining 1% and 2% of revenue was generated from the installation of carpet and other flooring-related material for the 2021 and 2020 three month periods, respectively.
Disaggregation of Revenue
For the three months ended April 4, 2021 and April 5, 2020, revenue from the Company’s customers is broken down by geography as follows:
Three Months Ended
GeographyApril 4, 2021April 5, 2020
Americas50.1%54.9%
Europe35.1%32.8%
Asia-Pacific14.8%12.3%
Revenue from the Company’s customers in the Americas corresponds to the AMS operating segment, and the EAAA operating segment includes revenue from the Europe and Asia-Pacific geographies. See Note 11 entitled “Segment Information” for additional information.
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NOTE 3 – INVENTORIES
Inventories are summarized as follows:
April 4, 2021January 3, 2021
(in thousands)
Finished goods$169,213 $152,836 
Work in process15,743 17,109 
Raw materials58,111 58,780 
Inventories, net$243,067 $228,725 

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NOTE 4 – EARNINGS PER SHARE
The Company computes basic earnings or loss per share (“EPS”) by dividing net income or loss by the weighted average common shares outstanding, including participating securities outstanding, during the period as discussed below. Diluted EPS reflects the potential dilution beyond shares for basic EPS that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock were exercised, converted into common stock or resulted in the issuance of common stock that would have shared in the Company’s earnings.
The Company includes all unvested stock awards which contain non-forfeitable rights to dividends or dividend equivalents, whether paid or unpaid, in the number of shares outstanding in the basic and diluted EPS calculations when the inclusion of these shares would be dilutive. Unvested share-based awards of restricted stock are paid dividends equally with all other shares of common stock. As a result, the Company includes all outstanding restricted stock awards in the calculation of basic and diluted EPS. Distributed earnings include common stock dividends and dividends earned on unvested share-based payment awards. Undistributed earnings represent earnings that were available for distribution but were not distributed. The following tables show distributed and undistributed earnings:
Three Months Ended
Earnings (Loss) Per ShareApril 4, 2021April 5, 2020
Basic Earnings (Loss) Per Share:
Distributed earnings $0.01 $0.07 
Undistributed earnings (loss)0.11 (1.82)
Total$0.12 $(1.75)
 
Diluted Earnings (Loss) Per Share:
Distributed earnings $0.01 $0.07 
Undistributed earnings (loss)0.11 (1.82)
Total$0.12 $(1.75)
 
Basic earnings (loss) per share$0.12 $(1.75)
Diluted earnings (loss) per share$0.12 $(1.75)
The following table presents net income that was attributable to participating securities:
Three Months Ended
April 4, 2021April 5, 2020
(in millions)
Net income attributable to participating securities$0.1 $ 
The weighted average shares for basic and diluted EPS were as follows:
Three Months Ended
April 4, 2021April 5, 2020
(in thousands)
Weighted average shares outstanding57,979 58,060 
Participating securities751 390 
Shares for basic earnings per share58,730 58,450 
Dilutive effect of stock options 2 
Shares for diluted earnings per share58,730 58,452 
For all periods presented, there were no stock options or participating securities excluded from the computation of diluted EPS.
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NOTE 5 – LONG-TERM DEBT
Long-term debt consisted of the following:
April 4, 2021January 3, 2021
Outstanding Principal
Interest Rate(1)
Outstanding Principal
Interest Rate(1)
(in thousands)(in thousands)
Syndicated Credit Facility:
Revolving loan borrowings$ 4.00 %$3,000 4.00 %
Term loan borrowings270,901 1.84 %282,215 1.87 %
Total borrowings under Syndicated Credit Facility270,901 1.84 %285,215 1.89 %
5.50% Senior Notes due 2028300,000 5.50 %300,000 5.50 %
 
Total debt570,901 585,215 
Less: Unamortized debt issuance costs(8,330)(8,645)
 
Total debt, net562,571 576,570 
Less: Current portion of long-term debt(15,176)(15,319)
 
Total long-term debt, net$547,395 $561,251 
(1) Represents the stated rate of interest, without the effect of debt issuance costs or interest rate swaps.
Syndicated Credit Facility
The Syndicated Credit Facility (the “Facility”) provides the Company and certain of its subsidiaries a multicurrency revolving loan and U.S. denominated and multicurrency term loans. Interest on base rate loans is charged at varying rates computed by applying a margin depending on the Company’s consolidated net leverage ratio as of the most recently completed fiscal quarter. Interest on Eurocurrency-based loans and fees for letters of credit are charged at varying rates computed by applying a margin over the applicable Eurocurrency rate, depending on the Company’s consolidated net leverage ratio as of the most recently completed fiscal quarter. In addition, the Company pays a commitment fee per annum (depending on the Company’s consolidated net leverage ratio as of the most recently completed fiscal quarter) on the unused portion of the Facility.
As of both April 4, 2021 and January 3, 2021, the Company had $1.6 million in letters of credit outstanding under the Facility.
As of both April 4, 2021 and January 3, 2021, the carrying value of the Company’s borrowings under the Facility approximated its fair value as the Facility bears interest rates that are similar to existing market rates.
Under the Facility, the Company is required to make quarterly amortization payments of the term loan borrowings, which are due on the last day of the calendar quarter.
The Company is currently in compliance with all covenants under the Facility and anticipates that it will remain in compliance with the covenants for the foreseeable future.
5.50% Senior Notes due 2028
The 5.50% Senior Notes due 2028 (the “Senior Notes”) bear an interest rate at 5.50% per annum and mature on December 1, 2028. Interest is paid semi-annually on June 1 and December 1 of each year, beginning on June 1, 2021. The Senior Notes are unsecured and are guaranteed, jointly and severally, by each of the Company’s material domestic subsidiaries, all of which also guarantee the obligations of the Company under its existing Facility.

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As of April 4, 2021, the estimated fair value of the Senior Notes was $310.7 million, compared with a carrying value recorded in the Company’s consolidated condensed balance sheet of $300.0 million, excluding unamortized debt issuance costs. The fair value of the Senior Notes is derived using quoted prices for similar instruments and is considered Level 2 within the fair value hierarchy.
Other Lines of Credit
Subsidiaries of the Company had an aggregate of the equivalent of $6.0 million of other lines of credit available at interest rates ranging from 3.5% to 6.0% as of both April 4, 2021 and January 3, 2021. As of April 4, 2021 and January 3, 2021, there were no borrowings outstanding under these lines of credit.
Borrowing Costs
Debt issuance costs associated with the Company’s Senior Notes and term loans under the Facility are reflected as a reduction of long-term debt in accordance with applicable accounting standards. As these fees are expensed over the life of the outstanding borrowing, the debt balance will increase by the same amount as the fees that are expensed. As of April 4, 2021 and January 3, 2021, the unamortized debt issuance costs recorded as a reduction of long-term debt were $8.3 million and $8.6 million, respectively.
Other deferred borrowing costs, which include underwriting, legal and other direct costs related to the issuance of revolving debt, net of accumulated amortization, were $1.9 million and $2.0 million as of April 4, 2021 and January 3, 2021, respectively. These amounts are included in other assets in the Company’s consolidated condensed balance sheets. The Company amortizes these costs over the life of the related debt.
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NOTE 6 – DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS
Interest Rate Risk Management
From time to time, the Company enters into interest rate swap transactions to fix the variable interest rate on a portion of its term loan borrowing in order to manage a portion of its exposure to interest rate fluctuations. The Company’s objective and strategy with respect to these interest rate swaps is to protect the Company against adverse fluctuations in interest rates by reducing its exposure to variability to cash flows relating to interest payments on a portion of its outstanding debt.
Cash Flow Interest Rate Swaps
In the fourth quarter of 2020 the Company terminated its designated interest rate swap transactions with a total notional value of $250 million. Hedge accounting was also discontinued at that time. Losses recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income for these terminated interest rate swaps are reclassified and recorded in the consolidated condensed statement of operations to the extent it is probable that a portion of the original forecasted transactions related to the portion of the hedged debt repaid will not occur by the end of the originally specified time period. See Note 14 entitled “Items Reclassified From Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss” for additional information.
As of April 4, 2021 and January 3, 2021, the remaining accumulated other comprehensive loss associated with the terminated interest rate swaps was $7.6 million and $8.7 million, respectively, and will be amortized to earnings over the remaining term of the interest rate swaps prior to termination. We expect that approximately $4.1 million related to the terminated interest rate swaps will be reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss as an increase to interest expense in the next 12 months.
The following table summarizes the impact that changes in the fair value of derivatives designated as cash flow hedges had on accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax, during the three months ended April 5, 2020:
Three Months Ended
April 5, 2020
(in thousands)
Interest rate swap contracts loss$(6,140)
Derivative Transactions Not Designated as Hedging Instruments
Our Asia-Pacific operations, from time to time, purchase foreign currency options to economically hedge inventory purchases denominated in foreign currencies other than their functional currency. The Company’s objective with respect to these foreign currency options is to protect the Company against adverse fluctuations in currency rates by reducing its exposure to variability in cash flows related to payment on inventory purchases. These options are classified as non-designated derivative instruments. Gains and losses on the changes in fair value of these foreign currency options are recognized in earnings each period. As of April 4, 2021, the Company had outstanding foreign currency options with an aggregate notional amount of $8.8 million.
The table below sets forth the fair value of derivative instruments not designated as hedging instruments as of April 4, 2021 and January 3, 2021:
Asset Derivatives
Balance Sheet LocationFair Value as of April 4, 2021Fair Value as of January 3, 2021
(in thousands)
Foreign currency optionsOther current assets$21 $37 

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The following table summarizes gains and losses on derivatives not designated as hedging instruments within the consolidated condensed statements of operations for the three months ended April 4, 2021 and April 5, 2020:
Three Months Ended
Statement of Operations LocationApril 4, 2021April 5, 2020
(in thousands)
Foreign currency options gainOther expense$185 $1,700 

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NOTE 7 – SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
The following tables depict the activity in the accounts which make up shareholders’ equity for the three months ended April 4, 2021 and April 5, 2020:
SHARESCOMMON STOCKADDITIONAL PAID-IN CAPITALRETAINED
EARNINGS
PENSION LIABILITYFOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSLATION ADJUSTMENTCASH FLOW
HEDGE
(in thousands)
Balance, at January 3, 202158,664 $5,865 $247,920 $208,562 $(69,288)$(60,331)$(6,190)
Net income— — — 6,938 — — — 
Restricted stock issuances376 38 5,277 — — — — 
Unamortized compensation expense related to restricted stock awards— — (5,315)— — — — 
Cash dividends declared, $0.01 per common share
— — — (589)— — — 
Forfeitures and compensation expense related to stock awards(26)(2)689 — — — — 
Pension liability adjustment— — — — 89 — — 
Foreign currency translation adjustment— — — — — (19,597)— 
Reclassification out of accumulated other comprehensive income - discontinued cash flow hedge— — — — — — 749 
Balance, at April 4, 202159,014 $5,901 $248,571 $214,911 $(69,199)$(79,928)$(5,441)
SHARESCOMMON STOCKADDITIONAL PAID-IN CAPITALRETAINED
EARNINGS
PENSION LIABILITYFOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSLATION ADJUSTMENTCASH FLOW
HEDGE
(in thousands)
Balance, at December 29, 201958,416 $5,842 $250,306 $286,056 $(56,700)$(113,139)$(4,163)
Net loss— — — (102,167)— — — 
Issuances of stock (other than restricted stock)220 22 197 — — — — 
Restricted stock issuances107 10 1,720 — — — — 
Unamortized compensation expense related to restricted stock awards— — (1,731)— — — — 
Cash dividends declared, $0.065 per common share
— — — (3,807)— — — 
Forfeitures and compensation expense related to stock awards(255)(25)(4,114)— — — — 
Pension liability adjustment— — — — 1,733 — — 
Foreign currency translation adjustment— — — — — (15,245)— 
Cash flow hedge unrealized loss— — — — — — (6,140)
Balance, at April 5, 202058,488 $5,849 $246,378 $180,082 $(54,967)$(128,384)$(10,303)
Stock Option Awards
In accordance with accounting standards, the Company measures the cost of employee services received in exchange for an award of equity instruments based on the grant date fair value of the award. That cost will be recognized over the period in which the employee is required to provide the services – the requisite service period (usually the vesting period) – in exchange for the award. All outstanding stock options vested prior to the end of 2013, and therefore there was no stock option compensation expense in the first three months of 2021 or 2020.
As of April 4, 2021, there were no stock options outstanding and exercisable. There were no stock options granted in the first three months of 2021 or 2020. There were no stock options exercised and no stock options forfeited in the first three months of 2021. There were 7,500 stock options exercised in the first three months of 2020 and no stock option forfeitures during those three months.
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Restricted Stock Awards
During the three months ended April 4, 2021 and April 5, 2020, the Company granted restricted stock awards for 375,600 and 199,600 shares of common stock, respectively. Awards of restricted stock (or a portion thereof) vest with respect to each recipient over a one to three-year period from the date of grant, provided the individual remains in the employment or service of the Company as of the vesting date. Additionally, certain awards (or a portion thereof) could vest earlier in the event of a change in control of the Company, or upon involuntary termination without cause.
Compensation expense (benefit) related to restricted stock grants was $0.7 million and $(0.7) million for the three months ended April 4, 2021, and April 5, 2020, respectively. The Company has reduced its expense for restricted stock forfeited during the period.
The following table summarizes restricted stock outstanding as of April 4, 2021, as well as activity during the three months then ended:
Restricted SharesWeighted Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
Outstanding at January 3, 2021436,900 $24.73 
Granted375,600 14.15 
Vested(58,600)24.09 
Forfeited or canceled(3,100)16.69 
Outstanding at April 4, 2021750,800 $19.52 
As of April 4, 2021, the unrecognized total compensation cost related to unvested restricted stock was $7.5 million. That cost is expected to be recognized by the end of 2024.
Performance Share Awards
During the three months ended April 4, 2021 and April 5, 2020, the Company issued awards of performance shares to certain employees. These awards vest based on the achievement of certain performance-based goals over a performance period of one to three years, subject to the employee’s continued employment, and will be settled in shares of our common stock or in cash at the Company’s election. The number of shares that may be issued in settlement of the performance shares to the award recipients may be greater (up to 200%) or lesser than the nominal award amount depending on actual performance achieved as compared to the performance targets set forth in the awards.
The following table summarizes the performance shares outstanding as of April 4, 2021, as well as the activity during the three months then ended:
Performance SharesWeighted Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
Outstanding at January 3, 2021405,300 $16.94 
Granted296,900 14.15 
Vested  
Forfeited or canceled(47,500)23.42 
Outstanding at April 4, 2021654,700 $15.20 
Compensation expense (benefit) related to the performance shares was $0.2 million and $(2.2) million for the three months ended April 4, 2021 and April 5, 2020, respectively. The Company has reduced its expense for performance shares forfeited during the period. Unrecognized compensation expense related to these performance shares was approximately $9.5 million as of April 4, 2021. Depending on the performance of the Company, any compensation expense related to these outstanding performance shares will be recognized by the end of 2024.
The tax benefit recognized with regard to restricted stock and performance shares was approximately $0.2 million for the three months ended April 4, 2021.
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NOTE 8 – LEASES
General
The Company has operating and finance leases for manufacturing equipment, corporate offices, showrooms, distribution facilities, design centers, as well as computer and office equipment. The Company’s leases have terms ranging from 1 to 20 years, some of which may include options to extend the lease term for up to 5 years, and certain leases may include an option to terminate the lease. Our lease accounting may include these options to extend or terminate a lease when it is reasonably certain that we will exercise that option.
The Company records a right-of-use asset and lease liability for leases extending beyond one year for operating and finance leases once a contract that contains a lease is executed and we have the right to control the use of the leased asset. The right-of-use asset is measured as the present value of the lease obligation. The discount rate used to calculate the present value of the lease liability was the Company’s incremental borrowing rate for the applicable geographical region.
As of April 4, 2021, there were no significant leases that had not commenced as of the end of the first quarter.
The table below represents a summary of the balances recorded in the consolidated condensed balance sheets related to our leases as of April 4, 2021 and January 3, 2021:
April 4, 2021January 3, 2021
Balance Sheet LocationOperating LeasesFinance LeasesOperating LeasesFinance Leases
(in thousands)
Operating lease right-of-use assets$94,609 $98,013 
 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities$13,289 $13,555 
Operating lease liabilities83,173 86,468 
Total operating lease liabilities$96,462 $100,023 
 
Property, plant and equipment, net$6,835 $6,138 
 
Accrued expenses$1,733 $1,496 
Other long-term liabilities3,148 2,688 
Total finance lease liabilities$4,881 $4,184 
Lease Costs
Three Months Ended
April 4, 2021April 5, 2020
(in thousands)
Finance lease cost:
Amortization of right-of-use assets$279 $300 
Interest on lease liabilities32 18 
Operating lease cost5,886 6,222 
Short-term lease cost463 175 
Variable lease cost806 646 
Total lease cost$7,466 $7,361 

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Other Supplemental Information
Three Months Ended
April 4, 2021April 5, 2020
(in thousands)
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
Operating cash flows from finance leases$32 $18 
Operating cash flows from operating leases5,200 5,881 
Financing cash flows from finance leases527 399 
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new finance lease liabilities1,273 213 
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new operating lease liabilities2,378 977 
Lease Term and Discount Rate
The table below presents the weighted average remaining lease terms and discount rates for finance and operating leases as of April 4, 2021 and January 3, 2021:
 April 4, 2021January 3, 2021
Weighted-average remaining lease term – finance leases (in years)3.193.35
Weighted-average remaining lease term – operating leases (in years)10.4110.61
Weighted-average discount rate – finance leases2.60 %2.64 %
Weighted-average discount rate – operating leases5.98 %5.98 %
Maturity Analysis
A maturity analysis of lease payments under non-cancellable leases is presented as follows:
Fiscal YearOperating LeasesFinance Leases
(in thousands)
2021 (excluding the three months ended April 4, 2021)
$14,250 $1,437 
202216,036 1,519 
202313,000 1,237 
202410,889 712 
20259,939 196 
Thereafter68,815  
Total future minimum lease payments (undiscounted)132,929 5,101 
Less: Present value discount(36,467)(220)
Total lease liability$96,462 $4,881 
Policy Elections
The Company made an accounting policy election not to separate lease and non-lease components for all asset classes, except for data center assets, and will account for the lease payments as a single component. The Company also made an accounting policy election to exclude leases with an initial term of 12 months or less from the calculation of the right-of-use asset and lease liability recorded on the consolidated condensed balance sheets. These leases primarily represent month-to-month operating leases for vehicles and office equipment where we were reasonably certain that we would not elect an option to extend the lease.
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NOTE 9 – EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS
The Company recorded multi-employer pension expense related to multi-employer contributions of $0.7 million during both three month periods ended April 4, 2021 and April 5, 2020.
The following tables provide the components of net periodic benefit cost for the three months ended April 4, 2021 and April 5, 2020:
Three Months Ended
Defined Benefit Retirement Plans (Europe)
April 4, 2021April 5, 2020
(in thousands)
Interest cost$572 $891 
Expected return on assets(849)(1,064)
Amortization of prior service cost29 26 
Amortization of net actuarial losses404 326 
Net periodic benefit cost$156 $179 

Three Months Ended
Salary Continuation PlanApril 4, 2021April 5, 2020
(in thousands)
Interest cost$176 $234 
Amortization of net actuarial losses186 140 
Net periodic benefit cost$362 $374 

Three Months Ended
nora Defined Benefit Plan
April 4, 2021April 5, 2020
(in thousands)
Service cost$277 $258 
Interest cost103 111 
Amortization of net actuarial losses92  
Net periodic benefit cost$472 $369 
In accordance with applicable accounting standards, the service cost component of net periodic benefit costs is presented within operating income (loss) in the consolidated condensed statements of operations, while all other components of net periodic benefit costs are presented within other expense in the consolidated condensed statements of operations.
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NOTE 10 – GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS
In the first quarter of 2021, the Company determined that it has two operating and reportable segments – namely AMS and EAAA. See Note 11 entitled “Segment Information” for additional information. The Company tests goodwill for impairment at least annually at the reporting unit level. The Company’s reporting units remain unchanged following the realignment of its segments and consist of Americas, Europe, and Asia-Pacific. The Americas reporting unit is the same as the AMS reportable segment, and the Europe and Asia-Pacific reporting units are one level below the EAAA reportable segment.
During the first quarter of 2020, as a result of changes in macroeconomic conditions related to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company recognized a charge of $121.3 million for the impairment of goodwill and certain intangible assets. As a result of the first quarter assessment, we determined that the fair value for two reporting units was less than the carrying value and recognized a goodwill impairment loss of $116.5 million in the first quarter of 2020. The expected decline in revenue due to the impact of COVID-19 contributed to the lower fair value of our Europe and Asia-Pacific reporting units. As such, the goodwill impairment loss was allocated to our Europe and Asia-Pacific reporting units in the amounts of $99.2 million and $17.3 million, respectively. There were no indicators of additional goodwill impairment as of April 4, 2021.
The changes in the carrying amounts of goodwill for the three months ended April 4, 2021 are as follows:
Goodwill
(in thousands)
Balance, at January 3, 2021$165,777 
Foreign currency translation(9,815)
Balance, at April 4, 2021$155,962 
Additionally, we determined that the trademarks and trade names intangible assets related to the acquired nora business were also impaired and recognized an impairment loss of $4.8 million in the first quarter of 2020. The carrying value of intangible assets was $83.2 million at April 4, 2021. There were no indicators of additional intangible asset impairment as of the end of the first quarter of 2021.
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NOTE 11 – SEGMENT INFORMATION
The Company determines that an operating segment exists if a component (i) engages in business activities from which it earns revenues and incurs expenses, (ii) has operating results that are regularly reviewed by the chief operating decision maker (“CODM”) and (iii) has discrete financial information. Additionally, accounting standards require the utilization of a “management approach” to report the financial results of operating segments, which is based on information used by the CODM to assess performance and make operating and resource allocation decisions. In the first quarter of 2021, the Company largely completed its integration of the nora acquisition, and integration of its European and Asia-Pacific commercial areas and determined that it has two operating segments organized by geographical area – namely (a) Americas (“AMS”) and (b) Europe, Africa, Asia and Australia (collectively “EAAA”). The AMS operating segment is unchanged from prior year and continues to include the United States, Canada and Latin America geographic areas.
Pursuant to the management approach discussed above, the Company’s CODM, our chief executive officer, evaluates performance at the AMS and EAAA operating segment levels and makes operating and resource allocation decisions based on segment adjusted operating income or loss (“AOI”), which includes allocations of corporate selling, general and administrative expenses. AOI excludes nora purchase accounting amortization, goodwill and intangible asset impairment charges, changes in equity award forfeiture accounting, restructuring charges, asset impairment, severance and other charges. Intersegment revenues for the three months ended April 4, 2021 and April 5, 2020 were $15.7 million and $19.5 million, respectively. Intersegment revenues are eliminated from net sales presented below since these amounts are not included in the information provided to the CODM.
The Company has determined that it has two reportable segments – AMS and EAAA as each operating segment meets the quantitative thresholds defined in the accounting guidance.
Segment information below for fiscal year 2020 has been restated to reflect our new reportable segment structure.
Three Months Ended
April 4, 2021April 5, 2020
(in thousands)
Net Sales
AMS$126,967 $158,091 
EAAA126,293 130,078 
Total net sales$253,260 $288,169 
 
Segment AOI
AMS$11,913 $23,552 
EAAA 8,011 5,798 
 
Depreciation and Amortization
AMS$4,723 $3,907 
EAAA7,211 7,033 
Total depreciation and amortization$11,934 $10,940 
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A reconciliation of the Company’s total operating segment assets to the corresponding consolidated amounts follows:
April 4, 2021January 3, 2021
(in thousands)
Assets
AMS$795,007 $800,068 
EAAA679,240 682,295 
Total segment assets$1,474,247 $1,482,363 
Corporate assets129,199 111,073 
Eliminations(308,120)(287,425)
Total reported assets$1,295,326 $1,306,011 

A reconciliation of operating income to income (loss) before income tax expense and segment AOI is presented as follows:
Three Months Ended
April 4, 2021April 5, 2020
(in thousands)
AMS operating income$11,647 $20,100 
EAAA operating income (loss)5,219 (113,612)
Consolidated operating income (loss)$16,866 $(93,512)
Interest expense7,256 5,630 
Other expense715 1,491 
Income (loss) before income tax expense$8,895 $(100,633)
Three Months Ended April 4, 2021
AMSEAAA
(in thousands)
Operating income$11,647 $5,219 
Purchase accounting amortization 1,421 
Restructuring, asset impairment, severance and other charges266 1,371 
AOI$11,913 $8,011 
Three Months Ended April 5, 2020
AMSEAAA
(in thousands)
Operating income (loss)$20,100 $(113,612)
Purchase accounting amortization 1,315 
Goodwill and intangible asset impairment2,695 118,563 
Impact of change in equity award forfeiture accounting757 650 
Restructuring, asset impairment, severance and other charges (1,118)
AOI$23,552 $5,798 
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NOTE 12 – SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION
Cash payments for interest amounted to $1.6 million and $6.6 million for the three months ended April 4, 2021 and April 5, 2020, respectively. Income tax payments, net of refunds, amounted to $3.2 million and $9.3 million for the three months ended April 4, 2021 and April 5, 2020, respectively.
Non-Cash Investing and Financing Activities
On March 16, 2021, the Company declared cash dividends on its common stock of $0.6 million, which were paid during the second quarter of 2021 to shareholders of record as of April 2, 2021. At April 4, 2021, the dividends were recorded within Accrued Expenses in the consolidated condensed balance sheet.
See Note 8 entitled “Leases” for supplemental disclosures related to finance and operating leases.
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NOTE 13 – INCOME TAXES
The Company determines its provision for income taxes for interim periods using an estimate of its annual effective tax rate and records any changes affecting the estimated annual effective tax rate in the interim period in which the change occurs, including discrete tax items.
During the three months ended April 4, 2021, the Company recorded a total income tax provision of $2.0 million on pre-tax income of $8.9 million resulting in an effective tax rate of 22.0%, as compared to a total income tax provision of $1.5 million on a pre-tax loss of $100.6 million resulting in an effective tax rate of (1.5)% during the three months ended April 5, 2020. The effective tax rate for the period ended April 5, 2020 was primarily impacted by a non-deductible goodwill impairment. Excluding the impact of the goodwill impairment, the effective tax rate was 7.4% during the three months ended April 5, 2020. The increase in the effective tax rate as compared to the period ended April 5, 2020, excluding the non-deductible goodwill impairment, was due to the one-time favorable impacts of amending prior year tax returns during the three months ended April 5, 2020.
In the first three months of 2021, the Company decreased its liability for unrecognized tax benefits by $0.8 million. The decrease was primarily due to settlements with taxing authorities and lapse of applicable statute of limitations. As of April 4, 2021, the Company had accrued approximately $10.0 million for unrecognized tax benefits. In accordance with applicable accounting standards, the Company’s deferred tax asset as of April 4, 2021 reflects a reduction for $3.0 million of these unrecognized tax benefits.
Unrecognized tax benefits are reviewed on an ongoing basis and are adjusted for changing facts and circumstances, including the progress of tax audits and the closing of statutes of limitations. Based on information currently available, it is reasonably possible that approximately $1.8 million of unrecognized tax benefits may be recognized within the next 12 months due to a lapse of statute of limitations.
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NOTE 14 – ITEMS RECLASSIFIED FROM ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
Amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (“AOCI”), before tax, to the consolidated condensed statements of operations during the three months ended April 4, 2021 and April 5, 2020 are reflected in the table below:
Three Months Ended
Statement of Operations LocationApril 4, 2021April 5, 2020
(in thousands)
Interest rate swap contracts lossInterest expense$(1,061)$(492)
Amortization of benefit plan prior service cost and net actuarial lossesOther expense(711)(492)
Total loss reclassified from AOCI, net$(1,772)$(984)

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NOTE 15 – RESTRUCTURING CHARGES
A summary of restructuring activities for the 2019 restructuring plan is presented below:
Workforce Reduction
(in thousands)
Balance, at January 3, 2021$1,064 
Charged to expenses(130)
Deductions474 
Balance, at April 4, 2021$460 
For the three months ended April 4, 2021, the Company recorded a reduction of $0.1 million of previously recognized restructuring charges due to changes in expected cash payments. At April 4, 2021, the restructuring reserve was $0.5 million. Below is a discussion of the restructuring plan activities under the 2019 restructuring plan.
2019 Restructuring Plan
On December 23, 2019, the Company committed to a new restructuring plan that continues to focus on efforts to improve efficiencies and decrease costs across its worldwide operations, and more closely align its operating structure with its business strategy. The plan involved a reduction of approximately 105 employees and early termination of two office leases. As a result of this plan, the Company recorded a pre-tax restructuring charge in the fourth quarter of 2019 of approximately $9.0 million. The charge was comprised of severance expenses ($8.8 million) and lease exit costs ($0.2 million).
The restructuring plan was expected to result in cash expenditures of approximately $9.0 million for payment of the employee severance and lease exit costs, as described above. The Company expects to complete the restructuring plan in fiscal year 2021 and expects the plan to yield annualized savings of approximately $6.0 million. A portion of the annualized savings was realized on the income statement in fiscal year 2020, with the remaining portion of the annualized savings expected to be realized in fiscal year 2021.


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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Our discussions below in this Item 2 are based upon the more detailed discussions about our business, operations and financial condition included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 3, 2021, under Part II, Item 7 of that Form 10-K. Our discussions here focus on our results during the quarter ended, or as of, April 4, 2021, and the comparable periods of 2020 for comparison purposes, and, to the extent applicable, any material changes from the information discussed in that Form 10-K or other important intervening developments or information since that time. These discussions should be read in conjunction with that Form 10-K for more detailed and background information. The three month period ended April 4, 2021 includes 13 weeks, and the three month period ended April 5, 2020 includes 14 weeks.
Forward-Looking Statements
This report contains statements which may constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Important factors currently known to management that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in forward-looking statements include risks and uncertainties associated with the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and the economic conditions in the commercial interiors industry as well as the risks and uncertainties discussed under the heading “Risk Factors” included in Part I, Item 1A of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 3, 2021. The Company undertakes no obligation to update or revise forward-looking statements to reflect changed assumptions, the occurrence of unanticipated events or changes to future operating results over time.
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Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic
In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic, and the virus continues to spread in areas where we operate and sell our products and services. The COVID-19 pandemic has had material adverse effects on our business, results of operations, and financial condition, and it is anticipated that this will continue for an indefinite period of time. The duration of the pandemic will ultimately determine the extent to which our operations are impacted. We continue to monitor our operations and have implemented various programs to mitigate the effects on our business including reductions in employees, labor costs, marketing expenses, consulting expenses, travel costs, various other costs, and capital expenditures, as well as reducing the amount of the cash dividend that we pay on our common stock and suspending and reducing shifts in our production facilities, temporarily furloughing employees, and implementing other cost reduction or avoidance initiatives.
During the first quarter of 2021, the COVID-19 pandemic continued to impact our global operations, as consolidated net sales declined 12.1% compared to the same period last year. Lower sales are primarily in the corporate office market segment as COVID-19 continues to impact corporate spending and reinvestment. As discussed above, the Company implemented, and continues to implement, various cost cutting initiatives to mitigate the effects of COVID-19 on our operations. During the three months ended April 4, 2021, the Company recorded $1.4 million of involuntary severance costs, which are included in selling, general and administrative expenses in the Consolidated Condensed Statements of Operations. In addition, many of our salesforce and administrative employees globally continue to work remotely in accordance with the Company’s ongoing safety measures, as well as any local government orders and “shelter in place” directives in place from time to time.
General
In the first quarter of 2021, the Company largely completed its integration of the nora acquisition, and integration of its European and Asia-Pacific commercial areas and determined that it has two operating and reportable segments - namely Americas (“AMS”) and Europe, Africa, Asia and Australia (collectively “EAAA”). The AMS operating segment is unchanged from prior year and continues to include the United States, Canada and Latin America geographic areas. See Part I, Item 1, Note 11 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q entitled “Segment Information” for additional information. The results of operations discussion below also includes segment information.
During the quarter ended April 4, 2021, consolidated net sales were $253.3 million compared with net sales of $288.2 million in the first quarter last year. The first quarter of 2021 was negatively impacted by the continued effects of the COVID-19 pandemic as discussed above. Fluctuations in currency exchange rates had a positive impact on net sales of approximately $11.8 million for the first quarter of 2021 compared to the first quarter of last year, mostly driven by the strengthening of the Euro, British Pound sterling and Australian dollar against the U.S. dollar.
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Goodwill, Intangible Asset and Fixed Asset Impairment
During the first quarter of 2021, there were no indicators of goodwill or intangible asset impairment. During the first quarter of 2020, the Company recognized a charge of $121.3 million for the impairment of goodwill and certain intangible assets. See Note 10 entitled “Goodwill and Intangible Assets” of Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for additional information.
Results of Operations
Consolidated
The following table presents, as a percentage of net sales, certain items included in our consolidated condensed statements of operations for the three month periods ended April 4, 2021 and April 5, 2020:
Three Months Ended
April 4, 2021April 5, 2020
Net sales100.0 %100.0 %
Cost of sales62.1 60.3 
Gross profit on sales37.9 39.7 
Selling, general and administrative expenses31.3 30.4 
Restructuring charges(0.1)(0.4)
Goodwill and intangible asset impairment charge— 42.1 
Operating income (loss)6.7 (32.4)
Interest/Other expenses3.1 2.5 
Income (loss) before tax expense3.6 (34.9)
Income tax expense0.8 0.5 
Net income (loss)2.8 %(35.4)%
Net Sales
Below is information regarding our consolidated net sales, and analysis of those results, for the three month periods ended April 4, 2021, and April 5, 2020:
Three Months EndedPercentage
Change
April 4, 2021April 5, 2020
(in thousands)
Consolidated net sales$253,260 $288,169 (12.1)%
For the quarter ended April 4, 2021, consolidated net sales decreased $34.9 million (12.1%) versus the comparable period in 2020, net of positive currency fluctuations of approximately $11.8 million (4.1%). The sales decline was primarily due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic as discussed above. Currency fluctuations had a positive impact on first quarter 2021 sales compared to the first quarter of 2020 mostly due to the strengthening of the Euro, British Pound sterling and Australian dollar against the U.S. dollar.
Cost and Expenses
The following table presents our consolidated cost of sales and selling, general and administrative expenses for the three month periods ended April 4, 2021, and April 5, 2020:
Three Months EndedPercentage
Change
April 4, 2021April 5, 2020
(in thousands)
Cost of sales$157,222 $173,858 (9.6)%
Selling, general and administrative expenses79,302 87,683 (9.6)%

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For the quarter ended April 4, 2021, consolidated cost of sales decreased $16.6 million (9.6%) compared to the first quarter of 2020, primarily due to lower net sales and the negative impact of currency fluctuations of approximately $7.6 million (4.3%) on the year-over-year comparison. As a percentage of net sales, our cost of sales increased to 62.1% for the first quarter of 2021 versus 60.3% for the first quarter of 2020, primarily due to changes in fixed cost absorption driven by lower production volumes due to the impact of COVID-19.
For the quarter ended April 4, 2021, consolidated selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses decreased $8.4 million (9.6%) versus the comparable period in 2020. Currency translation had a $2.8 million (3.2%) negative impact on the year-over-year comparison. SG&A expenses were lower for the first quarter of 2021 primarily due to (1) lower selling expenses of $8.9 million due to lower net sales, and (2) lower marketing expenses of $1.3 million due to fewer marketing initiatives. These decreases were partially offset by higher performance-based compensation of $2.4 million as these costs were lower in the prior year due to the impacts of COVID-19. As a percentage of sales, SG&A expenses increased to 31.3% for the first quarter of 2021 versus 30.4% for the first quarter of 2020. 
Interest Expense
For the quarter ended April 4, 2021, interest expense increased $1.7 million, from $5.6 million in the comparable period last year to $7.3 million, primarily due to deferred losses on terminated interest rate swaps that were reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss into interest expense during the quarter.
Segment Operating Results
As discussed above, in the first quarter of 2021, the Company has two operating and reportable segments – AMS and EAAA. Segment information presented below for fiscal year 2020 has been restated to conform to the new reportable segment structure.
AMS Segment - Net Sales and Adjusted Operating Income (“AOI”)
The following table presents AMS segment net sales and AOI for the three month periods ended April 4, 2021, and April 5, 2020:
Three Months EndedPercentage Change
April 4, 2021April 5, 2020
(in thousands)
AMS segment net sales$126,967 $158,091 (19.7)%
AMS segment AOI(1)
11,913 23,552 (49.4)%
(1) Includes allocation of corporate SG&A expenses
During the first quarter of 2021, net sales in AMS decreased 19.7% versus the comparable period in 2020 primarily due to the continued impacts of COVID-19. On a market segment basis, the AMS sales decrease was most significant in the corporate, hospitality, public buildings and education market segments, partially offset by increases in the healthcare and consumer residential market segments.
AOI in AMS decreased 49.4% during the first quarter of 2021 primarily due to lower net sales as discussed above. Lower profit margins due to lower fixed cost leverage in the plant, higher raw material costs and higher freight costs also contributed to the decrease in AOI compared to the prior year period, partially offset by lower selling expenses due to reduced sales.

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EAAA Segment - Net Sales and AOI
The following table presents EAAA segment net sales and AOI for the three month periods ended April 4, 2021, and April 5, 2020:
Three Months EndedPercentage Change
April 4, 2021April 5, 2020
(in thousands)
EAAA segment net sales$126,293 $130,078 (2.9)%
EAAA segment AOI(1)
8,011 5,798 38.2 %
(1) Includes allocation of corporate SG&A expenses
During the first quarter of 2021, net sales in EAAA decreased 2.9% versus the comparable period in 2020 primarily due to the continued impacts of COVID-19. Currency fluctuations had an approximately $11.2 million (8.6%) positive impact on EAAA’s first quarter 2021 sales compared to 2020 due to the strengthening of the Euro, British Pound sterling and the Australian dollar against the U.S. dollar. On a market segment basis, the EAAA sales decrease was most significant in the corporate, transportation and hospitality market segments, partially offset by increases in the public building, retail, and education market segments.
AOI in EAAA increased 38.2% during the first quarter of 2021 versus the comparable period in 2020. Currency fluctuations had an approximately $1.5 million (13.2%) positive impact on AOI for the quarter. The impact of lower net sales was offset by higher gross profit margins and lower SG&A expenses, comprised of lower selling expenses and lower labor costs due to employee position eliminations.
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Liquidity and Capital Resources
General
At April 4, 2021, we had $106.9 million in cash. At that date, we had $270.9 million in term loan borrowing, no revolving loan borrowings, and $1.6 million in letters of credit outstanding under our Syndicated Credit Facility, and we had $300.0 million of Senior Notes outstanding. As of April 4, 2021, we had additional borrowing capacity of $298.4 million under the Syndicated Credit Facility and $6.0 million of borrowing capacity under other credit facilities in place at other non-U.S. subsidiaries. We anticipate that our liquidity is sufficient to meet our obligations for the next 12 months.
The Senior Notes are unsecured and are guaranteed, jointly and severally, by each of the Company’s material domestic subsidiaries, all of which also guarantee the obligations of the Company under its existing Facility. The Company’s foreign subsidiaries and certain non-material domestic subsidiaries are considered non-guarantors. Net sales for the non-guarantor subsidiaries were approximately $136 million for the three month period ended April 4, 2021. Total indebtedness of the non-guarantor subsidiaries was approximately $79 million as of April 4, 2021.
Analysis of Cash Flows
The following table presents a summary of cash flows for the three month periods ended April 4, 2021 and April 5, 2020, respectively:
Three Months Ended
April 4, 2021April 5, 2020
(in thousands)
Net cash provided by (used in):
Operating activities$24,855 $(15,717)
Investing activities(5,214)(22,294)
Financing activities(12,981)32,475 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash(2,790)(3,114)
Net change in cash and cash equivalents3,870 (8,650)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period103,053 81,301 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$106,923 $72,651 
Cash provided by operating activities was $24.9 million for the three months ended April 4, 2021, which represents an increase of $40.6 million compared with cash used in operating activities in the prior year comparable period. The increase was primarily due to variable compensation payouts in 2021 related to 2020 performance that were greatly reduced versus the payouts that occurred in 2020 related to 2019 performance. Working capital changes also contributed positively, specifically increases in accounts payable and accrued expenses, offset by higher inventories and higher prepaid expenses due primarily to a build-up of inventory due to higher expected demand. Accounts receivable collections also contributed to the increase in working capital during 2021 despite lower net sales due to the impacts of COVID-19.
Cash used in investing activities was $5.2 million for the three months ended April 4, 2021, which represents a decrease of $17.1 million from the prior year comparable period. The decrease was primarily due to a decrease in capital expenditures from the prior year comparable period due to reduced capital investment as a result of the impacts of COVID-19.
Cash used in financing activities was $13.0 million for the three months ended April 4, 2021, which represents a decrease of $45.5 million compared with cash provided by financing activities in the prior year comparable period. Financing activities for 2021 include lower revolving loan borrowings offset by higher repayments of term loan and revolving loan debt.

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Forward-Looking Statement on Impact of COVID-19
While we are aggressively managing our response to the COVID-19 pandemic, its impacts on our full year fiscal 2021 results and beyond are uncertain. We believe the most significant elements of uncertainty are (1) the intensity and duration of the impact on construction, renovation, and remodeling; (2) corporate, government, and consumer spending levels and sentiment including but not limited to when and how employees will be required to work from their office versus working from home; and (3) the ability of our sales channels, supply chain, manufacturing, and distribution partners to continue operating through disruptions. Any or all of these factors could negatively impact our financial position, results of operations, cash flows, and outlook. As the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic continues to affect companies with global operations, we anticipate that our business and results in the second quarter of 2021 will continue to be adversely affected, and the timeline and pace of recovery is uncertain. While we are unable to predict with certainty, we anticipate revenue and operating income growth in the second quarter of fiscal year 2021 compared with the second quarter of 2020.
The Company has implemented several cost reduction and avoidance initiatives to align with anticipated customer demand, including a voluntary employee separation program, temporary employee furloughs and other time-and-pay reduction programs, involuntary employee separations where necessary to streamline roles and responsibilities, and various other cost reducing initiatives. In addition, the Company has reduced its capital spending plans.
Cash flows from operations, cash and cash equivalents, and other sources of liquidity are expected to be available and sufficient to meet foreseeable cash requirements. However, the Company’s cash flows from operations can be affected by numerous factors including the uncertainty of COVID-19 and its impact on global operations, raw material availability and cost, and demand for our products.
Backlog
As of April 25, 2021, the consolidated backlog of orders was approximately $202.9 million. As disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 3, 2021, backlog was approximately $177.7 million as of February 7, 2021. Disruptions in supply and distribution chains, global travel restrictions and government shelter in place orders due to the impact of COVID-19 have resulted in delays of construction projects and flooring installations in many regions worldwide.
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ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
The discussion below in this Item 3 is based upon the more detailed discussions of our market risk and related matters included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 3, 2021, under Part II, Item 7A of that Form 10-K. The discussion here focuses on the three months ended April 4, 2021, and any material changes from (or other important intervening developments since the time of) the information discussed in that Form 10-K. This discussion should be read in conjunction with that Form 10-K for more detailed and background information.
Sensitivity Analysis
For purposes of specific risk analysis, we use sensitivity analysis to measure the impact that market risk may have on the fair values of our market sensitive instruments. To perform sensitivity analysis, we assess the risk of loss in fair values associated with the impact of hypothetical changes in interest rates and foreign currency exchange rates on market sensitive instruments.
Because the debt outstanding under our Syndicated Credit Facility has variable interest rates based on an underlying prime lending rate or LIBOR rate, we do not believe changes in interest rates would have any significant impact on the fair value of that debt instrument. Changes in the underlying prime lending rate or LIBOR rate would, however, impact the amount of our interest expense. For a discussion of these hypothetical impacts on our interest expense, please see the discussion in Part II, Item 7A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended January 3, 2021.
As of April 4, 2021, a 10% decrease or increase in the levels of foreign currency exchange rates against the U.S. dollar, with all other variables held constant, would result in a decrease in the fair value of our financial instruments of $10.8 million or an increase in the fair value of our financial instruments of $13.2 million, respectively. As the impact of offsetting changes in the fair market value of our net foreign investments is not included in the sensitivity model, these results are not indicative of our actual exposure to foreign currency exchange risk.
As of April 4, 2021, based on a hypothetical immediate 100 basis point increase in interest rates, with all other variables held constant, the fair value of our fixed rate long-term debt would be impacted by a net decrease of $13.3 million. Conversely, a 100 basis point decrease in interest rates would result in a net increase in the fair value of our fixed rate long-term debt of $10.8 million.