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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form10-Q

(Mark One)
Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 for the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2021.
Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 for the transition period from                    to                    .
Commission File Number: 001-31950
MONEYGRAM INTERNATIONAL, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware 16-1690064
(State or other jurisdiction of (I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization) Identification No.)
2828 N. Harwood St., 15th Floor
Dallas, Texas
 
75201
(Zip Code)
(Address of principal executive offices) 
(214) 999-7552
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code
Not applicable
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
___________________________________
Securities Registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
 Trading Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, $0.01 par value MGIThe NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
Preferred Stock Purchase RightsN/AThe NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes          No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit files).    Yes          No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.:
Large accelerated filer 
  Accelerated filer 
Non-accelerated filer 
  Smaller reporting company 
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes          No  
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date. As of May 5, 2021, 79,674,091 shares of common stock, $0.01 par value, were outstanding.



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GLOSSARY OF TERMS
This glossary highlights some of the terms used in the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and is not a complete list of all the defined terms used herein.

AbbreviationTerm
Amended DPAAmendment to and Extension of Deferred Prosecution Agreement
APIApplication Programming Interface
CIDCivil Investigative Demand
Consent Order
Stipulated Order for Compensatory Relief and Modified Order for Permanent Injunction
CorridorWith regard to a money transfer transaction, the originating "send" location and the designated "receive" location are referred to as a corridor
COVID-19Coronavirus disease
Digital ChannelTransactions in which either the send transaction, receive transaction or both occur through one of the Company's digital properties such as moneygram.com, the native mobile application or virtual agents or end in an account deposit, wallet or card such as the Visa Direct program
Dodd-Frank ActDodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act
DPA
Deferred Prosecution Agreement
FCPAForeign Corrupt Practices Act
FitchFitch Ratings, Inc.
FTCFederal Trade Commission
IRSInternal Revenue Service
LIBORLondon Interbank Offered Rate
MDPAU.S. Attorney's Office for the Middle District of Pennsylvania
Moody'sMoody's Investor Service
Non-U.S. dollarThe impact of non-U.S. dollar exchange rate fluctuations on the Company's financial results is typically calculated as the difference between current period activity translated using the current period's exchange rates and the comparable prior-year period's exchange rates; this method is used to calculate the impact of changes in non-U.S. dollar exchange rates on revenues, commissions and other operating expenses for all countries where the functional currency is not the U.S. dollar.
NYDFSNew York Department of Financial Services
ODLOn Demand Liquidity
OFACU.S. Treasury Department's Office of Foreign Assets Control
PensionThe Company’s Pension Plan and SERPs
Pension PlanDefined benefit pension plan
Postretirement BenefitsDefined benefit postretirement plan
P2PPeer-to-peer
ReceiverPerson receiving a money transfer transaction
ROEReport of Examination
ROURight-of-use
SERPsSupplemental executive retirement plans
S&PStandard & Poor's
SECU.S. Securities and Exchange Commission
SPASecurities Purchase Agreement
U.S. DOJU.S. Department of Justice, Criminal Division, Money Laundering and Asset Recovery Section
U.S. GAAPAccounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America
Retail ChannelTransactions in which both the send transaction and receive transaction occur at one of the Company's physical agent locations



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CAUTIONARY STATEMENTS REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and certain documents incorporated by reference herein may contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (the "Reform Act"), including statements with respect to, among other things, the financial condition, results of operations, plans, objectives, future performance and business of MoneyGram and its subsidiaries. Statements preceded by, followed by or that include words such as “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “projects,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “continues,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “may,” “might,” “would,” “goals,” “predicts,” “potential,” “target,” “forecast,” “outlook,” “currently,” and other similar expressions are intended to identify some of the forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Reform Act and are included, along with this statement, for purposes of complying with the safe harbor provisions of the Reform Act. These forward-looking statements are based on management’s current expectations, beliefs and assumptions as of the date of this report, are not historical facts or guarantees of future performance, and are subject to certain risks, uncertainties and changes in circumstances that are difficult to predict and many of which are outside of our control due to a number of factors. These factors include, but are not limited to:
the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic or future pandemics on our business, including the potential for work stoppages, lockdowns, shelter-in-place or restricted movement guidelines, service delays and lower consumer and commercial activity;
our ability to compete effectively;
our ability to maintain key agent or biller relationships, or a reduction in business or transaction volume from these relationships, including with our largest agent, Walmart, through its introduction of additional competing white-label money transfer products or otherwise;
our ability to continue to grow our Digital Channel, including through our direct-to-consumer digital business, MoneyGram Online;
a security or privacy breach in systems, networks or databases on which we rely;
current and proposed regulations addressing consumer privacy and data use and security;
our ability to manage fraud risks from consumers or agents;
our ability to extend or refinance the First and Second Lien Credit Facilities, and refinance such facilities, or comply with the terms thereof;
the ability of us and our agents to comply with U.S. and international law and regulations;
litigation and regulatory proceedings involving us or our agents and other commercial relationships, which could result in material settlements, fines or penalties, revocation of required licenses or registrations, termination of contracts, other administrative actions or lawsuits and negative publicity;
disruptions to our computer systems and data centers and our ability to effectively operate and adapt our technology;
the ability of us and our agents to maintain adequate banking relationships;
our ability to successfully develop and timely introduce new and enhanced products and services and our investments in new products, services or infrastructure changes;
our high degree of leverage and substantial debt service obligations, significant debt covenant requirements and our ability to comply with such requirements;
our below investment-grade credit rating;
our ability to maintain sufficient capital;
weakness in economic conditions, in both the U.S. and global markets;
the financial health of certain European countries or the secession of a country from the European Union;
a significant change, material slow down or complete disruption of international migration patterns;
our ability to manage risks associated with our international sales and operations, including exchange rates among currencies;
our offering of money transfer services through agents in regions that are politically volatile or, in a limited number of cases, that may be subject to certain OFAC restrictions;
major bank failure or sustained financial market illiquidity, or illiquidity at our clearing, cash management and custodial financial institutions;


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changes in tax laws or unfavorable outcomes of tax positions we take, or a failure by us to establish adequate reserves for tax events;
our ability to manage credit risks from our agents and official check financial institution customers;
our ability to adequately protect our brand and intellectual property rights and to avoid infringing on the rights of others;
our ability to manage risks related to the operation of retail locations and the acquisition or start-up of businesses;
any restructuring actions and cost reduction initiatives that we undertake may not deliver the expected results and these actions may adversely affect our business;
our capital structure; and
the risks and uncertainties described in the Risk Factors and Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations sections of our 2020 Form 10-K, as well as any additional risk factors that may be described in our other filings with the SEC from time to time.
These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made, and MoneyGram undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements for any reason, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by federal securities law.


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PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MONEYGRAM INTERNATIONAL, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
UNAUDITED
 
(Amounts in millions, except share data)March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
ASSETS
Cash and cash equivalents$152.8 $196.1 
Settlement assets3,667.0 3,702.9 
Property and equipment, net142.7 148.1 
Goodwill442.2 442.2 
Right-of-use assets54.5 55.1 
Other assets128.4 129.7 
Total assets$4,587.6 $4,674.1 
LIABILITIES
Payment service obligations$3,667.0 $3,702.9 
Debt, net858.8 857.8 
Pension and other postretirement benefits75.0 74.5 
Lease liabilities58.0 59.1 
Accounts payable and other liabilities188.0 216.8 
Total liabilities4,846.8 4,911.1 
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES (NOTE 12)
STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIT
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 162,500,000 shares authorized, 80,273,419 and 72,530,770 shares issued, 79,741,398 and 72,517,539 shares outstanding at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively
0.8 0.7 
Additional paid-in capital1,297.8 1,296.0 
Retained loss(1,490.8)(1,475.3)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(63.4)(58.4)
Treasury stock: 532,021 and 13,231 shares at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively
(3.6) 
Total stockholders' deficit(259.2)(237.0)
Total liabilities and stockholders' deficit$4,587.6 $4,674.1 
See Notes to the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
















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MONEYGRAM INTERNATIONAL, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
UNAUDITED
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(Amounts in millions, except per share data)20212020
REVENUE
Fee and other revenue$308.1 $280.8 
Investment revenue2.0 10.1 
Total revenue310.1 290.9 
COST OF REVENUE
Commissions and other fee expense149.9 143.2 
Investment commissions expense0.2 3.0 
Direct transaction expense15.2 8.2 
Total cost of revenue165.3 154.4 
GROSS PROFIT144.8 136.5 
OPERATING EXPENSES
Compensation and benefits62.2 53.4 
Transaction and operations support43.4 38.0 
Occupancy, equipment and supplies15.5 14.9 
Depreciation and amortization15.3 17.1 
Total operating expenses136.4 123.4 
OPERATING INCOME8.4 13.1 
Other expenses
Interest expense22.3 23.8 
Other non-operating expense1.0 1.1 
Total other expenses23.3 24.9 
Loss before income taxes(14.9)(11.8)
Income tax expense0.5 9.7 
NET LOSS$(15.4)$(21.5)
Basic and diluted loss per common share$(0.19)$(0.28)
Basic and diluted weighted-average outstanding common shares and equivalents used in computing loss per common share79.6 77.4 
See Notes to the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
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MONEYGRAM INTERNATIONAL, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
UNAUDITED
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(Amounts in millions)20212020
NET LOSS$(15.4)$(21.5)
OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
Net change in unrealized holding loss on available-for-sale securities arising during the period, net of tax expense of $0.1 and $0.0 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively
0.3  
Net change in pension liability due to amortization of prior service credit and net actuarial loss, net of tax benefit of $0.1 and $0.1 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively
0.5 0.4 
Unrealized non-U.S. dollar translation adjustments, net of tax expense of $0.0 and $0.0 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively
(5.8)(7.2)
Other comprehensive loss(5.0)(6.8)
COMPREHENSIVE LOSS$(20.4)$(28.3)
See Notes to the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
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MONEYGRAM INTERNATIONAL, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
UNAUDITED
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(Amounts in millions)20212020
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
Net loss$(15.4)$(21.5)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization15.3 17.1 
Signing bonus amortization14.3 12.5 
Change in right-of-use assets3.6 3.0 
Amortization of debt discount and debt issuance costs2.9 2.9 
Non-cash compensation and pension expense2.8 3.1 
Signing bonus payments(13.0)(25.0)
Change in other assets(12.9)(24.2)
Change in lease liabilities(3.9)(4.4)
Change in accounts payable and other liabilities(20.7)10.1 
Other non-cash items, net0.1  
Net cash used in operating activities(26.9)(26.4)
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
Payments for capital expenditures(11.2)(10.1)
Net cash used in investing activities(11.2)(10.1)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
Principal payments on debt(1.6)(1.6)
Proceeds from revolving credit facility 23.0 
Payments to tax authorities for stock-based compensation(3.6)(0.7)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities(5.2)20.7 
NET CHANGE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS(43.3)(15.8)
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS—Beginning of year196.1 146.8 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS—End of period$152.8 $131.0 
Supplemental cash flow information:
Cash payments for interest$11.9 $17.6 
See Notes to the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
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MONEYGRAM INTERNATIONAL, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT
UNAUDITED

(Amounts in millions)Common
Stock
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
Retained LossAccumulated Other Comprehensive LossTreasury
Stock
Total
January 1, 2021$0.7 $1,296.0 $(1,475.3)$(58.4)$ $(237.0)
Net loss— — (15.4)— — (15.4)
Stock-based compensation activity— 1.9 (0.1)— (3.6)(1.8)
Exercise of Ripple Warrants0.1 (0.1)— — — — 
Other comprehensive loss— — — (5.0)— (5.0)
March 31, 2021$0.8 $1,297.8 $(1,490.8)$(63.4)$(3.6)$(259.2)

(Amounts in millions)Preferred
Stock
Common
Stock
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
Retained
Loss
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Treasury
Stock
Total
January 1, 2020$183.9 $0.7 $1,116.9 $(1,460.1)$(63.5)$(18.3)$(240.4)
Net loss— — — (21.5)— — (21.5)
Stock-based compensation activity— — 1.9 (6.9)— 6.0 1.0 
Other comprehensive loss— — — — (6.8)— (6.8)
March 31, 2020$183.9 $0.7 $1,118.8 $(1,488.5)$(70.3)$(12.3)$(267.7)
See Notes to the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
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MONEYGRAM INTERNATIONAL, INC.
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 1 — Description of the Business and Basis of Presentation
References to "MoneyGram," the "Company," "we," "us" and "our" are to MoneyGram International, Inc. and its subsidiaries.
Nature of Operations — MoneyGram offers products and services under its two    reporting segments: Global Funds Transfer and Financial Paper Products. The Global Funds Transfer segment provides global money transfer services and bill payment services to consumers through two primary distribution channels: retail and digital. Through our Retail Channel, we offer services through third-party agents, including retail chains, independent retailers, post offices and other financial institutions. Additionally, we have limited Company-operated retail locations. We offer services such as moneygram.com, mobile solutions, account deposit and kiosk-based services as part of our Digital Channel. The Financial Paper Products segment provides official check outsourcing services and money orders through financial institutions and agent locations.
Basis of Presentation — The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of MoneyGram are prepared in conformity with U.S. GAAP for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets are unclassified due to the timing uncertainty surrounding the payment of settlement obligations. The condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments of a normal recurring nature that, in the opinion of management, are necessary in order to make the financial statements not misleading.
Impact of Novel Coronavirus ("COVID-19") Pandemic On Our Financial Statements — The global spread of COVID-19 and the unprecedented impact of the COVID-19 pandemic is complex and ever-evolving. In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a global pandemic and recommended extensive containment and mitigation measures worldwide. The outbreak reached all of the regions in which we do business, and governmental authorities around the world implemented numerous measures attempting to contain and mitigate the effects of the virus, including travel bans and restrictions, border closings, quarantines, shelter-in-place orders, shutdowns, limitations or closures of non-essential businesses, school closures and social distancing requirements. The global spread of COVID-19 and resulting government actions taken in response to the virus have caused, and may continue to cause significant economic and business disruption, volatility and financial uncertainty, and a continued significant global economic downturn. This has had, and may continue to have, a negative impact on our workforce, agents, customers, financial markets, consumer spending and credit markets. Even after the COVID-19 pandemic has subsided, we may continue to experience adverse impacts to our business as a result of any economic recession or depression that has occurred or may occur in the future. Therefore, the Company cannot reasonably estimate the future impact at this time.
There were no other material impacts to our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements as of and for the quarter ended March 31, 2021, based on the Company's assessment of its estimates. As additional information becomes available to us, our future assessment of these estimates, including our expectations at the time regarding the duration, scope and severity of the pandemic, as well as other factors, could materially and adversely impact our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in future reporting periods.
Use of Estimates — The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. These estimates and assumptions are based on historical experience, future expectations, impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and other factors and assumptions the Company believes to be reasonable under the circumstances. These estimates and assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis and are revised when necessary. Changes in estimates are recorded in the period of change. Actual amounts may differ from these estimates.
Principles of Consolidation — The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of MoneyGram International, Inc. and its subsidiaries. Intercompany profits, transactions and account balances have been eliminated in consolidation.
Reclassification — Certain prior amounts have been reclassified in order to conform to the current year presentation. In 2020, the Company changed the presentation of its right-of-use assets and associated lease liabilities in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets and Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. Increases to our right-of-asset and liabilities that result from new operating leases, extension of existing operating leases or modifications of existing operating leases are excluded from the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows as these are non-cash items in the period they occur.
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Presentation — During the first quarter of 2021, the Company changed its presentation to disclose "Gross profit" in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. The presentation of gross profit is intended to supplement investors with an understanding of our operating performance. Gross profit is calculated as total revenue less commissions and direct transaction expenses. These expenses were previously included within "Operating expenses" and are now presented within "Cost of revenue" in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. The change in presentation was applied retrospectively to all periods presented in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and it had no effect on Operating income, Net loss or Loss per share. The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss, Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Deficit and Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows are not affected by this change in presentation.
Recently Issued Accounting Standards and Related Developments Not Yet Adopted — In June 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. The new credit impairment standard changes the impairment model for most financial assets and certain other instruments. For trade and other receivables, held-to-maturity debt securities, loans and other instruments, entities will be required to use a new forward-looking expected loss model that generally will result in the earlier recognition of allowances for credit losses. For available-for-sale debt securities with unrealized losses, entities will measure credit losses in a manner similar to what they do today, except that the losses will be recognized as allowances rather than as reductions in the amortized cost of the securities. To further assist with adoption and implementation of ASU 2016-13, the FASB issued the following ASUs:
ASU 2018-19 (Issued November 2018) — Codification Improvements to Topic 326, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses
ASU 2019-04 (Issued April 2019) — Codification Improvements to Topic 326, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses, Topic 815, Derivatives and Hedging, and Topic 825, Financial Instruments
ASU 2019-05 (Issued May 2019) — Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Targeted Transition Relief
ASU 2019-10 (Issued November 2019) — Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326), Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815), and Leases (Topic 842): Effective Dates
ASU 2019-11 (Issued November 2019) — Codification Improvements to Topic 326, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses
ASU 2020-02 (Issued February 2020) — Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326) and Leases (Topic 842): Amendments to SEC Paragraphs Pursuant to SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 119 and Update to SEC Section on Effective Date Related to Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) (SEC Update)
ASU 2020-03 (Issued March 2020) Codification Improvements to Financial Instruments
ASU 2019-10 changed the effective date of ASU 2016-13 for public business entities that meet the definition of a U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") filer but that are eligible to be a smaller reporting company to fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022. MoneyGram is a smaller reporting company and, as such, has elected to adopt the amendments in these standards in 2023. We are still evaluating these ASUs, but we do not believe the adoption will have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.
In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting. The amendments in this ASU provide, if certain criteria are met, optional expedients and exceptions for applying the GAAP requirements for contract modifications, hedging relationships and sales or transfers of debt securities that reference LIBOR or another reference rate expected to be discontinued because of reference rate reform through December 31, 2022. The adoption of this ASU is optional and the election can be made anytime during the effective period. The amendments in this ASU are effective as of March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2022. MoneyGram is currently evaluating the impact of this standard and has not yet determined whether we will elect the optional expedients.
In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-06, Debt - Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging - Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity's Own Equity. This ASU changes how entities account for convertible instruments and contracts in an entity's own equity and simplifies the accounting for convertible instruments by removing certain separation models for convertible instruments. This ASU also modifies the guidance on diluted earnings per share calculations. The amendments are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, including interim periods within those fiscal years. We are currently evaluating the impact of this standard on our condensed consolidated financial statements.
The Company has determined that there have been no other recently adopted or issued accounting standards that had, or will have, a material impact on its condensed consolidated financial statements.

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Note 2 — Reorganization Costs
In the first quarter of 2021, the Company committed to an operational plan to reduce overall operating expenses, including the elimination of approximately 110 positions across the Company and certain actions to reduce other ongoing operating expenses, including real estate-related expenses (the “2021 Organizational Realignment”). The actions are designed to streamline operations and structure the Company in a way that will be more agile and aligned around its plan to execute digital and market-specific strategies. The workforce reduction portion of the 2021 Organizational Realignment was substantially completed in the first quarter of 2021 and the Company anticipates related cash expenditures to be substantially paid out by the end of 2021. Costs incurred in the first quarter of 2021 consisted primarily of one-time termination benefits for employee severance and related costs, which are recorded in "Compensation and benefits" on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. The Company’s estimates are based on a number of assumptions. Actual results may differ materially, and additional charges not currently expected may be incurred in connection with, or as a result of, the 2021 Organizational Realignment.
The following table is a roll-forward of the reorganization costs accrual as of March 31, 2021:
(Amounts in millions)2021 Organizational
Realignment
Balance at December 31, 2020$ 
Expenses5.9 
Cash payments(4.3)
Balance at March 31, 2021$1.6 

The following table is a summary of the cumulative reorganization costs incurred to date in operating expenses and the estimated remaining reorganization costs to be incurred as of March 31, 2021:
(Amounts in millions)2021 Organizational
Realignment
Cumulative reorganization costs incurred to date in operating expenses$5.9 
Estimated additional reorganization costs to be incurred3.8 
Total reorganization costs incurred and to be incurred$9.7 

The following table is a summary of the cumulative reorganization costs incurred to date in operating expenses by reporting segment:
(Amounts in millions)Global Funds TransferFinancial Paper ProductsTotal
Balance at December 31, 2020$ $ $ 
First quarter 20215.7 0.2 5.9 
Total cumulative reorganization costs incurred to date$5.7 $0.2 $5.9 

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Note 3 — Settlement Assets and Payment Service Obligations
The Company records payment service obligations relating to amounts payable under money transfers, money orders and consumer payment service arrangements. These obligations are recognized by the Company at the time the underlying transaction occurs. The Company records corresponding settlement assets, which represent funds received or to be received for unsettled money transfers, money orders and consumer payments.
The following table summarizes the amount of settlement assets and payment service obligations:
(Amounts in millions)March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Settlement assets:
Settlement cash and cash equivalents$1,846.4 $1,883.2 
Receivables, net 824.9 825.0 
Interest-bearing investments 992.3 991.2 
Available-for-sale investments3.4 3.5 
Total settlement assets$3,667.0 $3,702.9 
Payment service obligations$(3,667.0)$(3,702.9)


Note 4 — Fair Value Measurement
Fair value is defined as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability, or the exit price, in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date.

Assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis:
Available-for-sale investments — For residential mortgage-backed securities issued by U.S. government agencies, fair value measures are obtained from an independent pricing service. As market quotes are generally not readily available or accessible for these specific securities, the pricing service measures fair value through the use of pricing models utilizing reported market quotes adjusted for observable inputs, such as market prices for comparable securities, spreads, prepayment speeds, yield curves and delinquency rates. Accordingly, these securities are classified as Level 2 financial instruments.
For asset-backed and other securities, which include investments in limited partnerships, market quotes are generally not available. The Company utilizes broker quotes to measure market value, if available. Because the inputs and assumptions that brokers use to develop prices are unobservable, valuations that are based on brokers' quotes are classified as Level 3. Also, the Company uses pricing services that utilize pricing models based on market observable and unobservable data. The observable inputs include quotes for comparable securities, yield curves, default indices, interest rates, historical prepayment speeds and delinquency rates. These pricing models also apply an inactive market adjustment as a significant unobservable input. Accordingly, asset-backed and other securities valued using third-party pricing models are classified as Level 3.
Derivative financial instruments — Derivatives consist of forward contracts to manage income statement exposure to non-U.S. dollar exchange risk arising from the Company's assets and liabilities denominated in non-U.S. dollar currencies. The Company's forward contracts are well-established products, allowing the use of standardized models with market-based inputs. These models do not contain a high level of subjectivity, and the inputs are readily observable. Accordingly, the Company has classified its forward contracts as Level 2 financial instruments. See Note 6Derivative Financial Instruments for additional disclosure on the Company's forward contracts.
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The following table summarizes the Company's financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value by hierarchy level on a recurring basis:
(Amounts in millions)Level 2Level 3Total
March 31, 2021
Financial assets:
Available-for-sale investments:
Residential mortgage-backed securities$2.8 $ $2.8 
Asset-backed and other securities 0.6 0.6 
Forward contracts2.3  2.3 
Total financial assets$5.1 $0.6 $5.7 
Financial liabilities:
Forward contracts$0.1 $ $0.1 
December 31, 2020
Financial assets:
Available-for-sale investments:
Residential mortgage-backed securities$3.0 $ $3.0 
Asset-backed and other securities 0.5 0.5 
Forward contracts0.1  0.1 
Total financial assets$3.1 $0.5 $3.6 
Financial liabilities:
Forward contracts$2.2 $ $2.2 
Assets and liabilities that are disclosed at fair value Debt and interest-bearing investments are carried at amortized cost; however, the Company estimates the fair value of debt for disclosure purposes. The fair value of the first lien credit facility is estimated using an observable market quotation (Level 2). As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the fair value of the first lien credit facility was $633.7 million and $635.3 million, respectively, with a carrying value of $633.7 million and $635.3 million, respectively. The fair value of the second lien credit facility is estimated using unobservable market inputs (Level 3), including broker quotes for comparable traded securities and yield curves. As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the fair value of the second lien credit facility was $248.8 million and $254.3 million, respectively, with a carrying value of $254.6 million and $254.6 million, respectively.
The carrying amounts for the Company's cash and cash equivalents, settlement cash and cash equivalents, receivables, interest-bearing investments and payment service obligations approximate fair value as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
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Note 5 — Investment Portfolio
The following table shows the components of the investment portfolio:
(Amounts in millions)March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Cash$1,999.2 $2,076.8 
Money market securities 2.5 
Cash and cash equivalents (1)
1,999.2 2,079.3 
Interest-bearing investments992.3 991.2 
Available-for-sale investments 3.4 3.5 
Total investment portfolio$2,994.9 $3,074.0 
(1) For purposes of the disclosure of the investment portfolio as a whole, the cash and cash equivalents balance includes settlement cash and cash equivalents.
The following table is a summary of the amortized cost and fair value of available-for-sale investments:
(Amounts in millions)Amortized
Cost
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
Fair
Value
March 31, 2021
Residential mortgage-backed securities$2.5 $0.3 $ $2.8 
Asset-backed and other securities 0.6  0.6 
Total$2.5 $0.9 $ $3.4 
December 31, 2020
Residential mortgage-backed securities$2.6 $0.4 $ $3.0 
Asset-backed and other securities0.2 0.5 (0.2)0.5 
Total$2.8 $0.9 $(0.2)$3.5 
As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, 82% and 86%, respectively, of the fair value of the available-for-sale portfolio were invested in residential mortgage-backed securities issued by U.S. government agencies. These securities have the implicit backing of the U.S. government, and the Company expects to receive full par value upon maturity or pay-down, as well as all interest payments.
Gains and Losses For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company had no realized gains or losses.
Contractual Maturities — Actual maturities may differ from contractual maturities as borrowers may have the right to call or prepay obligations, sometimes without call or prepayment penalties. Maturities of residential mortgage-backed and asset-backed and other securities depend on the repayment characteristics and experience of the underlying obligations. 

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Note 6 — Derivative Financial Instruments
The Company uses forward contracts to manage its non-U.S. dollar needs and non-U.S. dollar exchange risk arising from its assets and liabilities denominated in non-U.S. dollars. While these contracts may mitigate certain non-U.S. dollar risk, they are not designated as hedges for accounting purposes and will result in gains and losses in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. The Company also reports gains and losses from the spread differential between the rate set for its transactions and the actual cost of currency at the time the Company buys or sells in the open market.
The following net gains (losses) related to assets and liabilities denominated in non-U.S. dollar are included in "Transaction and operations support" in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and in the "Net cash used in operating activities" line in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(Amounts in millions)20212020
Net realized non-U.S. dollar loss$(8.2)$(3.8)
Net gain from the related forward contracts6.6 6.3 
Net (loss) gain from non-U.S. dollar transactions and related forward contracts$(1.6)$2.5 
As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company had $501.5 million and $643.8 million, respectively, of outstanding notional amounts relating to its non-U.S. dollar forward contracts.
As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company reflects the following fair values of derivative forward contract instruments in its Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets: 
 Gross Amount of Recognized AssetsGross Amount of Offset Net Amount of Assets Presented in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Amounts in millions)Balance Sheet LocationMarch 31, 2021December 31, 2020March 31, 2021December 31, 2020March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Forward contracts"Other assets"$4.0 $1.0 $(1.7)$(0.9)$2.3 $0.1 

 Gross Amount of Recognized LiabilitiesGross Amount of OffsetNet Amount of Liabilities Presented in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Amounts in millions)Balance Sheet LocationMarch 31, 2021December 31, 2020March 31, 2021December 31, 2020March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Forward contracts"Accounts payable and other liabilities"$1.8 $3.1 $(1.7)$(0.9)$0.1 $2.2 
The Company's forward contracts are primarily executed with counterparties governed by International Swaps and Derivatives Association agreements that generally include standard netting arrangements. Asset and liability positions from forward contracts and all other non-U.S. dollar exchange transactions with the same counterparty are net settled upon maturity.
The Company is exposed to credit loss in the event of non-performance by counterparties to its derivative contracts. The Company actively monitors its exposure to credit risk through the use of credit approvals and credit limits and by selecting major international banks and financial institutions as counterparties. Collateral generally is not required of the counterparties or of the Company. In the unlikely event the counterparty fails to meet the contractual terms of the derivative contract, the Company's risk is limited to the fair value of the instrument. The Company has not had any historical instances of non-performance by any counterparties, nor does it anticipate any future instances of non-performance.
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Note 7 — Debt
The following is a summary of the Company's outstanding debt:
(Amounts in millions, except percentages)March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
7.00% first lien credit facility due 2023
$633.7 $635.3 
13.00% second lien credit facility due 2024
254.6 254.6 
Senior secured credit facilities888.3 889.9 
Unamortized debt issuance costs and debt discounts(29.5)(32.1)
Total debt, net$858.8 $857.8 
First Lien Credit Agreement and Revolving Credit Facility — The First Lien Credit Agreement provides for (a) a senior secured three-year revolving credit facility that may be used for revolving credit loans, swingline loans and letters of credit up to an aggregate principal amount of $35.0 million, which matures September 30, 2022 (the "First Lien Revolving Credit Facility") and (b) a senior secured four-year term loan facility in an aggregate principal amount of $645.0 million (the "First Lien Term Credit Facility" and together with the First Lien Revolving Credit Facility, the "First Lien Credit Facility").
The First Lien Credit Agreement provides that in the event the Company's cash balance exceeds $130.0 million at the end of any month, the Company would be required to use such excess cash to pay any outstanding obligations to the revolving lenders under our First Lien Revolving Credit Facility, and that the Company may not draw on the First Lien Revolving Credit Facility to the extent that the Company would have a cash balance in excess of $130.0 million after giving effect to such borrowing. As of March 31, 2021, the Company had no borrowings and nominal outstanding letters of credit under the First Lien Revolving Credit Facility.
Second Lien Credit Agreement — The Second Lien Credit Agreement provides for a second lien secured five-year term loan facility in an aggregate principal amount of $245.0 million (the "Second Lien Term Credit Facility" and together with the First Lien Credit Facility, the "Credit Facilities"). Subject to certain conditions and limitations, the Company may elect to pay interest under the Second Lien Term Credit Facility partially in cash and partially in kind. The outstanding principal balance for the Second Lien Credit Agreement is due on the maturity date.
The Credit Facilities are secured by substantially all of the Company's assets and its material domestic subsidiaries that guarantee the payment and performance of the Company's obligations under the Credit Facilities.
Debt Covenants and Other Restrictions — The Credit Facilities contain various limitations that restrict the Company's ability to: incur additional indebtedness; create or incur additional liens; effect mergers and consolidations; make certain acquisitions or investments; sell assets or subsidiary stock; pay dividends and make other restricted payments; and effect loans, advances and certain other transactions with affiliates. In addition, the First Lien Revolving Credit Facility requires the Company and its consolidated subsidiaries (w) to maintain a minimum interest coverage ratio, (x) to maintain a minimum asset coverage ratio, (y) to not exceed a maximum first lien leverage ratio and (z) to not exceed a total leverage ratio. The First Lien Credit Facility requires the Company to not exceed a maximum first lien leverage ratio of 4.00:1.00 and the Second Lien Credit Facility requires the Company to not exceed a maximum secured leverage ratio of 5.50:1.00, commencing September 30, 2019.
The asset coverage covenant contained in the First Lien Credit Agreement requires the aggregate amount of the Company's cash and cash equivalents and other settlement assets to exceed its aggregate payment service obligations. The Company's assets in excess of payment service obligations used for the asset coverage calculation were $152.8 million and $196.1 million as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. The table below summarizes the Revolver Financial Covenants Under the First Lien Credit Agreement, the interest coverage, first lien and total leverage ratio covenants, which are calculated based on the four-fiscal quarter period ending on each quarter end through the maturity of the First Lien Credit Facility:
 Interest Coverage Minimum RatioFirst Lien Leverage Ratio Not to ExceedTotal Leverage Ratio Not to Exceed
January 1, 2021 through maturity
2.50:1
3.000:1
4.500:1
As of March 31, 2021, the Company was in compliance with its financial covenants: our interest coverage ratio was 3.161 to 1.00, our first lien leverage ratio was 2.527 to 1.00 and our total leverage ratio was 3.542 to 1.00. We continuously monitor our compliance with our debt covenants.
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Note 8 — Pension and Other Benefits
The following table is a summary of net periodic benefit expense for the Company's defined benefit Pension Plan and supplemental executive retirement plans, collectively referred to as "Pension":
 Three Months Ended March 31,
(Amounts in millions)20212020
Interest cost$0.5 $0.8 
Expected return on plan assets(0.2)(0.2)
Amortization of net actuarial loss0.6 0.5 
Net periodic benefit expense$0.9 $1.1 
The Company had nominal net periodic benefit expense for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively for its postretirement medical benefit plan ("Postretirement Benefits"). Net periodic benefit expense for the Pension and Postretirement Benefits is recorded in "Other non-operating expense" in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

Note 9 — Stockholders' Deficit
Common Stock — No dividends were paid during the three months ended March 31, 2021 or 2020.
Series D Participating Convertible Preferred Stock (the "D Stock") — In 2011, the Company issued 71,282 shares of D Stock to Goldman Sachs. Each share of D Stock has a liquidation preference of $0.01 and is convertible into 125 shares of common stock. In 2020, Goldman Sachs converted all of its 71,282 shares of D Stock into 8,910,234 shares of common stock with a par value of $0.01 per share. As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company had 200,000 shares of D Stock with a par value of $0.01 per share, authorized and none issued.
The following table is a summary of changes in the number of shares of the Company’s authorized, issued and outstanding stock as of March 31, 2021:
 Common StockTreasury
Stock
AuthorizedIssuedOutstanding
December 31, 2020162,500,000 72,530,770 (72,517,539)13,231 
Exercise of Ripple Warrants— 5,948,895 (5,948,895)— 
Release for restricted stock units— 1,793,754 (1,274,964)518,790 
March 31, 2021162,500,000 80,273,419 (79,741,398)532,021 

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss The following table is a summary of the significant amounts reclassified out of each component of "Accumulated other comprehensive loss":
Three Months Ended March 31,
(Amounts in millions)20212020Statement of Operations Location
Pension and Postretirement Benefits adjustments:
Amortization of net actuarial loss$0.6 $0.5 "Other non-operating expense"
Total before tax0.6 0.5 
Tax benefit, net(0.1)(0.1)
Total reclassified for the period, net of tax$0.5 $0.4 
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The following table is a summary of the changes to Accumulated other comprehensive loss by component:
(Amounts in millions)Net Unrealized Gains on Securities Classified as Available-for-sale, Net of TaxCumulative non-U.S. dollar Translation Adjustments, Net of TaxPension and Postretirement Benefits Adjustment, Net of TaxTotal
January 1, 2021$1.2 $(20.9)$(38.7)$(58.4)
Other comprehensive loss before reclassification0.3 (5.8) (5.5)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss  0.5 0.5 
Net current period other comprehensive loss0.3 (5.8)0.5 (5.0)
March 31, 2021$1.5 $(26.7)$(38.2)$(63.4)

(Amounts in millions)Net Unrealized Gains on Securities Classified as Available-for-sale, Net of TaxCumulative non-U.S. dollar Translation Adjustments, Net of TaxPension and Postretirement Benefits Adjustment, Net of TaxTotal
January 1, 2020$1.6 $(28.1)$(37.0)$(63.5)
Other comprehensive loss before reclassification (7.2) (7.2)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss  0.4 0.4 
Net current period other comprehensive loss (7.2)0.4 (6.8)
March 31, 2020$1.6 $(35.3)$(36.6)$(70.3)


Note 10 — Stock-Based Compensation
The following table is a summary of the Company's stock-based compensation expense:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(Amounts in millions)20212020
Stock-based compensation expense$1.8 $2.0 
Stock Options — The following table is a summary of the Company's stock option activity: 
SharesWeighted-
Average
Exercise
Price
Weighted-
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Term
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
($000,000)
Options outstanding at December 31, 2020277,962 $19.58 1.8 years$ 
Forfeited/Expired(8,751)17.17 
Options outstanding, vested or expected to vest,
     and exercisable at March 31, 2021
269,211 $19.66 1.6 years$ 
As of March 31, 2021, the Company had no unrecognized stock option expense related to outstanding options.
Restricted Stock Units — On February 24, 2021, the Company granted time-based and performance-based restricted stock units. The time-based restricted stock units vest in three equal installments on each anniversary of the grant date. The performance-based restricted stock units are subject to performance conditions and a one-year performance period. When and if the conditions are satisfied at the end of the one-year performance period, vesting of the performance-based restricted stock units are subject only to the passage of time and vest in three equal installments on each anniversary of the grant date.
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The following table is a summary of the Company's restricted stock unit activity:
Total
Shares
Weighted-Average Grant-Date Fair ValueWeighted-Average Remaining Contractual TermAggregate Intrinsic Value ($000,000)
Restricted stock units outstanding at December 31, 20205,158,235 $2.62 0.95 years$28.2 
Granted1,495,575 5.49 
Vested and converted to shares(1,795,796)3.31 
Forfeited(546,259)2.29 
Restricted stock units outstanding at March 31, 20214,311,755 $3.36 1.42 years$28.3 
Restricted stock units vested and deferred at March 31, 2021215,021 $3.37 $1.4 
The following table is a summary of the Company's restricted stock unit compensation information:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(Amounts in millions)20212020
Weighted-average grant-date fair value of restricted stock units vested during the period
$5.9 $6.9 
Total intrinsic value of vested and converted shares$12.4 $2.5 
As of March 31, 2021, the Company's outstanding restricted stock units had unrecognized compensation expense of $12.6 million with a remaining weighted-average vesting period of 1.9 years.


Note 11 — Income Taxes
For the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company recognized an income tax expense of $0.5 million on a pre-tax loss of $14.9 million primarily due to non-deductible expenses, foreign taxes net of federal income tax benefits, an increase in valuation allowance, U.S. taxation of foreign earnings and state taxes, all of which were partially offset by U.S. general business credits and recognition of excess tax benefits on share-based compensation.
Unrecognized tax benefits are recorded in "Accounts payable and other liabilities" in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the liability for unrecognized tax benefits was $19.7 million for both periods, exclusive of interest and penalties. The total amount of unrecognized tax benefits that, if recognized, would affect the effective tax rate was $19.7 million as of March 31, 2021. The Company accrues interest and penalties for unrecognized tax benefits through "Income tax (benefit) expense" in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company's accrual for interest and penalties increased by $0.2 million and $0.3 million, respectively. As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company had a liability of $9.6 million and $9.4 million, respectively, for accrued interest and penalties within "Accounts payable and other liabilities." As a result of the Company's litigation related to its securities losses discussed in more detail in Note 12 — Commitments and Contingencies, it is possible that there could be a significant decrease to the total amount of unrecognized tax benefits over the next 12 months. However, as of March 31, 2021, it is not possible to reasonably estimate the expected change to the total amount of unrecognized tax positions over the next 12 months.


Note 12 — Commitments and Contingencies
Letters of Credit — At March 31, 2021, the Company had no borrowings and nominal outstanding letters of credit under the First Lien Revolving Credit Facility.
Legal Proceedings — The matters set forth below are subject to uncertainties and outcomes that are not predictable. The Company accrues for these matters as any resulting losses become probable and can be reasonably estimated. Further, the Company maintains insurance coverage for many claims and litigation matters. In relation to various legal matters, including those described below, the Company had $57.0 million of liability recorded in "Accounts payable and other liabilities" in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020. For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, a nominal charge was recorded for legal proceedings in "Transaction and operations support" in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
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Litigation Commenced Against the Company:
Class Action Securities Litigation On November 14, 2018, a putative securities class action lawsuit was filed in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois against MoneyGram and certain of its executive officers. The lawsuit asserts claims under Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and alleges that MoneyGram made material misrepresentations regarding its compliance with the stipulated order for permanent injunction and final judgment that MoneyGram entered into with the Federal Trade Commission ("FTC") in October 2009 and with the deferred prosecution agreement (the "DPA") that MoneyGram entered into with the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Middle District of Pennsylvania and the U.S. Department of Justice in November 2012. The lawsuit seeks unspecified damages, equitable relief, interest and costs and attorneys' fees. The Company believes the case is without merit and is vigorously defending this matter. We are unable to predict the outcome, or the possible loss or range of loss, if any, related to this matter.
Shareholder Derivative Litigation — On February 19 and 20, 2019, two virtually identical shareholder derivative lawsuits were filed in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Texas. The suits, which were consolidated, purport to assert claims derivatively on behalf of MoneyGram against MoneyGram’s directors and certain of its executive officers for violations of Sections 10(b), 14(a) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and for common-law breach of fiduciary duty and unjust enrichment. The complaints asserted that the individual defendants caused MoneyGram to make material misstatements regarding MoneyGram's compliance with the stipulated order and DPA described below and breached their fiduciary duties in connection with MoneyGram's compliance programs. The lawsuit sought unspecified damages, equitable relief, interest and costs and attorneys' fees. On February 24, 2020, the United States District for the Northern District of Texas entered an agreed final judgment dismissing the consolidated case. On December 28, 2019, another MoneyGram shareholder filed a putative derivative action suit in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware, New Castle County, against certain of MoneyGram's officers and directors. The Delaware suit asserts claims for breach of fiduciary duty and other common law theories and seeks unspecified damages on behalf of MoneyGram based on allegations that the individual defendants failed to take appropriate actions to prevent or remedy noncompliance with the stipulated order and DPA described below. On December 31, 2020, the Court of Chancery granted the motion to dismiss filed by MoneyGram and the individual defendants, holding that the complaint failed to plead particularized facts showing a substantial likelihood that MoneyGram’s directors acted in bad faith. The Court of Chancery entered a judgment of dismissal with prejudice on January 25, 2021. No appeal has been filed.
Books and Records Requests — The Company has received multiple requests from various putative shareholders for inspection of books and records pursuant to Section 220 of the Delaware General Corporation Law relating to the subject matter of the putative class and derivative lawsuits described in the preceding paragraphs. On February 26, 2019, two of these shareholders filed a petition in the Delaware Court of Chancery to compel MoneyGram to produce books and records in accordance with their request but have since dismissed their action. We are unable to predict the outcome, or the possible loss or range of loss, if any, related to these matters.
Class Action Securities Litigation Relating to XRP Cryptocurrency — On March 1, 2021, a putative securities class action lawsuit was filed in the United States District Court for the Central District of California against MoneyGram and certain of its executive officers. A second substantially similar putative class action was filed March 10, 2021 in the same court. The lawsuits assert claims under Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and allege that MoneyGram made material misrepresentations regarding its business relationship with Ripple Labs, Inc. (“Ripple”) and MoneyGram’s use of Ripple’s XRP cryptocurrency. The lawsuits seek unspecified damages, equitable relief, interest and costs and attorneys' fees. On April 8, 2021, by agreement of the parties, the court consolidated the two lawsuits and transferred the consolidated action to the United States District Court for the Northern District of Texas, where the case remains pending. The Company believes the case is without merit and is vigorously defending this matter. We are unable to predict the outcome, or the possible loss or range of loss, if any, related to this matter.
It is possible that additional shareholder lawsuits could be filed relating to the subject matter of the above class actions, derivative actions and Section 220 requests.
Other Matters — The Company is involved in various other claims and litigation that arise from time to time in the ordinary course of the Company's business. Management does not believe that after final disposition any of these matters is likely to have a material adverse impact on the Company's financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
Government Investigations:
OFAC — In 2015, we initiated an internal investigation to identify any payments processed by the Company that were violations of the U.S. Department of the Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control ("OFAC") sanctions regulations. We notified OFAC of the internal investigation, which was conducted in conjunction with the Company's outside counsel. On March 28, 2017, we filed a Voluntary Self-Disclosure with OFAC regarding the findings of our internal investigation. On April 21, 2021, the Company entered into a settlement agreement with OFAC to settle all pending matters, which included a nominal payment by the Company to OFAC. In assessing this nominal penalty, OFAC acknowledged several mitigating factors
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including that MoneyGram discovered and voluntarily disclosed the apparent violations as part of its ongoing efforts to improve its compliance program, MoneyGram’s remedial actions, significant investments in compliance-related functions and MoneyGram’s cooperation with OFAC’s investigation.
Deferred Prosecution Agreement — In November 2012, we announced that a settlement was reached with the U.S. Attorney's Office for the Middle District of Pennsylvania (the "MDPA") and the U.S. Department of Justice, Criminal Division, Money Laundering and Asset Recovery Section (the "U.S. DOJ") relating to the previously disclosed investigation of transactions involving certain of our U.S. and Canadian agents, as well as fraud complaint data and the consumer anti-fraud program, during the period from 2003 to early 2009. In connection with this settlement, we entered into the DPA with the MDPA and U.S. DOJ (collectively, the "Government") dated November 9, 2012.
On November 1, 2017, the Company agreed to a stipulation with the Government that the five-year term of the Company's DPA be extended for 90 days to February 6, 2018. Between January 31, 2018 and September 14, 2018, the Company agreed to enter into various extensions of the DPA with the Government, with the last extension ending on November 6, 2018. Each extension of the DPA extended all terms of the DPA, including the term of the monitorship for an equivalent period. The purpose of the extensions was to provide the Company and the Government additional time to discuss whether the Company was in compliance with the DPA.
On November 8, 2018, the Company announced that it entered into (1) an Amendment to and Extension of Deferred Prosecution Agreement (the "Amended DPA") with the Government and (2) a Stipulated Order for Compensatory Relief and Modified Order for Permanent Injunction (the "Consent Order") with the FTC. The motions underlying the Amended DPA and Consent Order focus primarily on the Company's anti-fraud and anti-money laundering programs, including whether the Company had adequate controls to prevent third parties from using its systems to commit fraud. The Amended DPA amended and extended the original DPA entered into on November 9, 2012 by and between the Company and the Government. The DPA, Amended DPA and Consent Order are collectively referred to herein as the "Agreements." On February 25, 2020, the Company entered into an Amendment to and Extension of the DPA Agreement which extended the due date to November 8, 2020 for the final $55.0 million payment due to the Government pursuant to the Amended DPA. On July 24, 2020, the Company entered into the Second Amendment to the Amendment to and Extension of the Deferred Prosecution Agreement which further extended the due date of the $55.0 million payment to May 9, 2021 and also reduced the frequency of the reporting requirements under the Amended DPA from monthly to quarterly.
Under the Agreements, as amended, the Company agreed to, among other things, (1) pay an aggregate amount of $125.0 million to the Government, of which $70.0 million was paid in November 2018 and the remaining $55.0 million was paid in April 2021, and is to be made available by the Government to reimburse consumers who were the victims of third-party fraud conducted through the Company's money transfer services and (2) continue to retain an independent compliance monitor until May 10, 2021 to review and assess actions taken by the Company under the Agreements to further enhance its compliance program. No separate payment to the FTC is required under the Agreements. If the Company fails to comply with the Agreements, it could face criminal prosecution, civil litigation, significant fines, damage awards or regulatory consequences which could have a material adverse effect on the Company's business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
On May 4, 2021, the Company, along with the Government filed the Joint Status Report with the United States District Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania regarding the status of the DPA, as amended, previously entered into among the parties.
In the Joint Status Report, the parties confirmed that MoneyGram has satisfied its financial obligations under the DPA and that, pursuant to the terms of the DPA, the independent compliance monitor has certified to MoneyGram and the Government that MoneyGram’s anti-fraud and anti-money laundering compliance program, including its policies and procedures, are reasonably designed and implemented to detect and prevent fraud and money laundering and to comply with the Bank Secrecy Act.
In addition, the Joint Status Report states that on May 10, 2021, MoneyGram, through its Chief Executive Officer and Chief Compliance Officer, intends to certify to the United States that the Company has fulfilled its obligations under the DPA, and that after the United States receives the required certifications from MoneyGram, and provided that the Company has otherwise complied with the DPA, the Government will move to dismiss the matter underlying the DPA within 45 days of May 10, 2021.
NYDFS — On June 22, 2018, the Company received a request for production of documents from the New York Department of Financial Services (the "NYDFS") related to the subject of the DPA and FTC matters described above. This request followed previous inquiries by the NYDFS regarding certain of our New York based agents. Following the June 22, 2018 request for production, the Company received and responded to several inquiries from the NYDFS related to this matter and has met with the NYDFS to discuss the matter. The NYDFS did not indicate what, if any, action it intended to take in connection with this matter, although it is possible that it could seek additional information, initiate civil litigation and/or seek to impose fines, damages or other regulatory consequences, any or all of which could have an adverse effect on the Company's business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. The Company is unable to predict the outcome, or the possible loss or range of loss, if any, that could be associated with this matter.
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CFPB — On February 12, 2020, the Company received a Report of Examination ("ROE") from the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau ("CFPB") stating that previous findings from a 2019 exam were not remediated, and the matter would be referred to its Enforcement Unit. On March 18, 2020, the Company received a Civil Investigative Demand ("CID") from the CFPB's Enforcement Unit. On June 11, 2020, the Company provided a timely response to the ROE describing the remedial actions taken and that the findings have been substantially remediated. On August 21, 2020, the Company completed its production in response to the CID. On February 25, 2021, the CFPB provided MoneyGram with a Notice and Opportunity to Respond and Advise (“NORA”) letter, documenting the CFPB’s intent to take legal action against MoneyGram based on four alleged violations under the Remittance Rule, the Electronic Fund Transfer Act and the Consumer Financial Protection Act. MoneyGram provided the CFPB with its written response to the NORA letter on March 17, 2021. At this time, it is not possible to determine the outcome of this matter, or the significance, if any, to our business, financial condition or results of operations.
Other Matters — The Company is involved in various other government inquiries and other matters that arise from time to time. Management does not believe that after final disposition any of these other matters is likely to have a material adverse impact on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
Actions Commenced by the Company:
Tax Litigation — The IRS completed its examination of the Company's consolidated income tax returns through 2013 and issued Notices of Deficiency for 2005-2007 and 2009, and an Examination Report for 2008. The Notices of Deficiency and Examination Report disallow, among other items, approximately $900.0 million of ordinary deductions on securities losses in the 2007, 2008 and 2009 tax returns. In May 2012 and December 2012, the Company filed petitions in the U.S. Tax Court ("Tax Court") challenging the 2005-2007 and 2009 Notices of Deficiency, respectively. In 2013, the Company reached a partial settlement with the IRS allowing ordinary loss treatment on $186.9 million of deductions in dispute. In January 2015, the Tax Court granted the IRS's motion for summary judgment upholding the remaining adjustments in the Notices of Deficiency. The Company filed a notice of appeal with the Tax Court on July 27, 2015 for an appeal to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit ("Fifth Circuit"). Oral arguments were held before the Fifth Circuit on June 7, 2016, and on November 15, 2016, the Fifth Circuit vacated the Tax Court’s decision and remanded the case to the Tax Court for further proceedings. The Company filed a motion for summary judgment in the Tax Court on May 31, 2017. On August 23, 2017, the IRS filed a motion for summary judgment and its response to the Company’s motion for summary judgment. The Tax Court directed the parties to agree to a joint stipulation of facts, which the parties filed with the court. Each party filed updated memorandums in support of its motions for summary judgment in the Tax Court. The Tax Court held oral arguments on this matter on September 9, 2019 and the Tax Court issued an opinion on December 3, 2019 denying the Company’s motion for summary judgment. MoneyGram disagrees with many of the U.S. Tax Court's findings and filed a Notice of Appeal to the Fifth Circuit on February 21, 2020. The matter is currently pending in the Fifth Circuit and oral arguments were held before a Fifth Circuit panel of judges on March 1, 2021.
Although the Company believes that it has substantive tax law arguments in favor of its position and has appealed the ruling, the reassessment resulted in the Company determining that it is no longer more likely than not that its existing position will be sustained. Accordingly, the Company re-characterized certain deductions relating to securities losses to be capital in nature, rather than ordinary. The Company recorded a full valuation allowance against these losses in the quarter ended March 31, 2015. This change increased "Income tax expense" in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations in the quarter ended March 31, 2015 by $63.7 million. During 2015, the Company made payments to the IRS of $61.0 million for federal tax payments and associated interest related to the matter. The November 2016 Fifth Circuit decision to remand the case back to the Tax Court did not change the Company’s assessment regarding the likelihood of whether these deductions would ultimately be sustained. Accordingly, no change in the valuation allowance was made for this matter as of March 31, 2021.
Pending the ultimate outcome of the Tax Court proceeding, the Company may be required to file amended state returns and make additional cash payments up to $21.4 million for various state taxes on amounts that have previously been accrued. The Company filed a Notice of Appeal to the Fifth Circuit on February 21, 2020, and has not yet received a decision on the matter.
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Note 13 — Loss Per Common Share
For all periods in which they are outstanding, the shares of D Stock and the second lien warrants are included in the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding utilized to calculate basic earnings per common share because the shares of D Stock are deemed a common stock equivalent and the second lien warrants are considered outstanding common shares.
The following table summarizes the weighted-average share amounts used in calculating loss per common share:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(Amounts in millions)20212020
Basic and diluted common shares outstanding79.6 77.4 
Potential common shares issuable to employees upon exercise or conversion of shares under the Company's stock-based compensation plans and upon exercise of the Ripple Warrants (as defined below) are excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per common share when the effect would be anti-dilutive. All potential common shares are anti-dilutive in periods of net loss available to common stockholders. Stock options are anti-dilutive when the exercise price of these instruments is greater than the average market price of the Company's common stock for the period, regardless of whether the Company is in a period of net loss available to common shareholders.
The following table summarizes the weighted-average potential common shares excluded from diluted loss per common share as their effect would be anti-dilutive:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(Amounts in millions)20212020
Shares related to stock options0.3 0.4 
Shares related to restricted stock units4.8 2.8 
Shares related to Ripple Warrants4.3 6.0 
Shares excluded from the computation9.4 9.2 

Note 14 — Segment Information
The Company's reporting segments are primarily organized based on the nature of products and services offered and the type of consumer served. The Company has two reporting segments: Global Funds Transfer and Financial Paper Products. See Note 1 — Description of the Business and Basis of Presentation for further discussion on our segments. Walmart Inc. ("Walmart") is our only agent, for both the Global Funds Transfer segment and the Financial Paper Products segment, that accounts for more than 10% of total revenue. For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, Walmart accounted for