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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
___________________________________
FORM 10-Q
___________________________________
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2021
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from __________ to __________
Commission File Number 001-35504
FORUM ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware61-1488595
(State or other jurisdiction of(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
incorporation or organization)
10344 Sam Houston Park Drive Suite 300HoustonTexas77064
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)(Zip Code)
(281)949-2500
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
______________________________________________
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stockFETNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes þ No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of large accelerated filer, accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, and emerging growth company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No þ
As of May 4, 2021 there were 5,600,367 common shares outstanding.
1



Table of Contents

2


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements

Forum Energy Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss
(Unaudited)
  Three Months Ended March 31,
(in thousands, except per share information)20212020
Revenue$114,517 $182,632 
Cost of sales88,332 160,542 
Gross profit26,185 22,090 
Operating expenses
Selling, general and administrative expenses41,474 60,161 
Impairments of intangible assets, property and equipment 17,320 
Loss (gain) on disposal of assets and other(909)16 
Total operating expenses40,565 77,497 
Operating loss(14,380)(55,407)
Other expense (income)
Interest expense9,162 6,724 
Foreign exchange and other losses (gains), net3,470 (5,007)
Loss (gain) on extinguishment of debt933 (7,459)
Deferred loan costs written off 1,829 
Total other expense (income), net13,565 (3,913)
Loss before income taxes(27,945)(51,494)
Income tax expense (benefit)1,718 (14,350)
Net loss(29,663)(37,144)
Weighted average shares outstanding
Basic5,613 5,559 
Diluted5,613 5,559 
Loss per share
Basic$(5.28)$(6.68)
Diluted(5.28)(6.68)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
Net loss(29,663)(37,144)
Change in foreign currency translation, net of tax of $0
3,152 (8,846)
Gain on pension liability77 21 
Comprehensive loss$(26,434)$(45,969)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


Forum Energy Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)
(in thousands, except share information)March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Assets
Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents$100,810 $128,617 
Accounts receivable—trade, net of allowances of $9,921 and $9,217
88,624 80,606 
Inventories, net236,427 251,747 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets19,225 19,018 
Accrued revenue1,132 1,687 
Costs and estimated profits in excess of billings9,373 8,516 
Total current assets455,591 490,191 
Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation108,740 113,668 
Operating lease assets29,630 31,520 
Deferred financing costs, net125 249 
Intangible assets, net233,711 240,444 
Deferred income taxes, net97 102 
Other long-term assets16,065 13,752 
Total assets$843,959 $889,926 
Liabilities and equity
Current liabilities
Current portion of long-term debt$1,054 $1,322 
Accounts payable—trade53,561 46,351 
Accrued liabilities68,195 67,581 
Deferred revenue8,240 7,863 
Billings in excess of costs and profits recognized2,621 1,817 
Total current liabilities133,671 124,934 
Long-term debt, net of current portion267,330 293,373 
Deferred income taxes, net1,913 1,952 
Operating lease liabilities41,603 44,536 
Other long-term liabilities17,883 18,895 
Total liabilities462,400 483,690 
Commitments and contingencies
Equity
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 14,800,000 shares authorized, 6,038,225 and 5,992,400 shares issued
60 60 
Additional paid-in capital1,244,477 1,242,720 
Treasury stock at cost, 410,877 shares
(134,499)(134,499)
Retained deficit(631,319)(601,656)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(97,160)(100,389)
Total equity381,559 406,236 
Total liabilities and equity$843,959 $889,926 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
4


Forum Energy Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended March 31,
(in thousands)20212020
Cash flows from operating activities
Net loss$(29,663)$(37,144)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
Depreciation expense4,953 7,355 
Amortization of intangible assets6,357 6,838 
Impairments of intangible assets, property and equipment 17,320 
Impairments of operating lease assets 9,483 
Inventory write down1,410 11,567 
Stock-based compensation expense1,896 3,223 
Loss (gain) on extinguishment of debt933 (7,459)
Deferred loan costs written off 1,829 
Deferred income taxes265 1,152 
Noncash losses (gains) and other, net2,065 (734)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities
Accounts receivable—trade(8,999)6,773 
Inventories13,726 6,704 
Prepaid expenses and other assets(2,458)(11,002)
Cost and estimated profit in excess of billings(281)1,374 
Accounts payable, deferred revenue and other accrued liabilities7,692 (14,955)
Billings in excess of costs and estimated profits earned766 (757)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities$(1,338)$1,567 
Cash flows from investing activities
Capital expenditures for property and equipment(389)(958)
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment1,499 37 
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities$1,110 $(921)
Cash flows from financing activities
Borrowings on revolving Credit Facility 55,000 
Repayments on revolving Credit Facility(13,126) 
Cash paid to repurchase 2025 Notes and 2021 Notes(13,711)(3,362)
Payment of capital lease obligations(482)(101)
Repurchases of stock(139)(179)
Deferred financing costs (254)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities$(27,458)$51,104 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash(121)(712)
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(27,807)51,038 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period128,617 57,911 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period$100,810 $108,949 
Noncash activities
Operating lease right of use assets obtained in exchange for lease obligations284 688 
Finance lease right of use assets obtained in exchange for lease obligations47 931 


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
5


Forum Energy Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
(in thousands)Common stockAdditional paid-in capitalTreasury stockRetained
deficit
Accumulated
other
comprehensive
income / (loss)
Total equity
Balance at December 31, 2020$60 $1,242,720 $(134,499)$(601,656)$(100,389)$406,236 
Stock-based compensation expense— 1,896 — — — 1,896 
Restricted stock issuance, net of forfeitures— (139)— — — (139)
Currency translation adjustment— — — — 3,152 3,152 
Change in pension liability— — — — 77 77 
Net loss— — — (29,663)— (29,663)
Balance at March 31, 2021$60 $1,244,477 $(134,499)$(631,319)$(97,160)$381,559 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


6


Forum Energy Technologies, Inc. and subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020
(in thousands)Common stockAdditional paid-in capitalTreasury stockRetained
deficit
Accumulated
other
comprehensive
income / (loss)
Total equity
Balance at December 31, 2019$1,189 $1,231,650 $(134,493)$(503,369)$(108,938)$486,039 
Stock-based compensation expense— 3,223 — — — 3,223 
Restricted stock issuance, net of forfeitures5 (178)— — — (173)
Shares issued in employee stock purchase plan2 344 — — — 346 
Adjustment for adoption of ASU 2016-13
— — — (1,398)— (1,398)
Treasury stock— — (6)— — (6)
Currency translation adjustment— — — — (8,846)(8,846)
Change in pension liability— — — — 21 21 
Net loss— — — (37,144)— (37,144)
Balance at March 31, 2020$1,196 $1,235,039 $(134,499)$(541,911)$(117,763)$442,062 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
7

Table of Contents
Forum Energy Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(Unaudited)

1. Organization and Basis of Presentation
Forum Energy Technologies, Inc. (the “Company,” "Forum," “we,” “our,” or “us”), a Delaware corporation, is a global products company, serving the oil, natural gas, industrial and renewable energy industries. The Company designs, manufactures and distributes value added solutions that increase the safety and efficiency of energy exploration and production. We also engage in aftermarket parts supply and services that complement our product offering. Forum is headquartered in Houston, Texas with manufacturing and distribution facilities strategically located around the globe.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries. All intercompany transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Certain reclassifications have been made to prior year amounts to conform with the current year presentation.
In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for the fair statement of the Company’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows have been included. Operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2021 or any other interim period.
These interim financial statements are unaudited and have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) regarding interim financial reporting. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for complete consolidated financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2020, which are included in the Company’s 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 2, 2021.
COVID-19 Impacts
The outbreak of COVID-19 in 2020 has continued to cause significant disruptions in the U.S. and world economies. In response, federal, state and local governments have continued, to varying degrees, the imposition of restrictions on business and social activities, including quarantine and “stay-at-home” orders. As a result of these government orders, there has been an adverse impact on the level of oil and natural gas demand and many companies in these industries have sought protection under Chapter 11 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code. The timing and extent to which economic and operating conditions recover from the impacts of the COVID-19 outbreak will ultimately depend on the number of vaccinations administered worldwide and actions taken by governmental authorities, customers, suppliers and other third parties, and the level of demand created by a return to a historically normal way of life and business operations. We anticipate that our liquidity, financial condition and future results of operations will continue to be impacted by ongoing developments from the COVID-19 pandemic.
2. Recent Accounting Pronouncements
From time to time, new accounting pronouncements are issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”), which we adopt as of the specified effective date. Unless otherwise discussed, management believes that the impact of recently issued standards, which are not yet effective, will not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements upon adoption.
Accounting Standards Adopted in 2021
Income Tax. In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-12 Income Taxes (Topic 740) - Disclosure Framework - Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, which simplified the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions to the general principles of Topic 740 and clarifying and amending existing guidance. We adopted this new standard as of January 1, 2021. The adoption of this new standard did not have a material impact on our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
Accounting Standards Issued But Not Yet Adopted
Convertible Debt. In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-06 Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity's Own Equity. This update reduces the number of accounting models for convertible debt instruments resulting in fewer embedded conversion features being separately recognized from the host contract as compared with current GAAP. Convertible instruments that continue to be subject to separation models are (1)
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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(Unaudited)
those with embedded conversion features that are not clearly and closely related to the host contract, that meet the definition of a derivative, and that do not qualify for a scope exception from derivative accounting and (2) convertible debt instruments issued with substantial premiums for which the premiums are recorded as paid-in-capital. In addition, this update also makes targeted changes to the disclosures for convertible instruments and earnings-per-share guidance. This guidance may be adopted through either a modified retrospective or fully retrospective method of transition and will take effect for public companies with fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2021. Early adoption is permitted, but no earlier than fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, including interim periods within those fiscal years, and must be adopted as of the beginning of the Company's fiscal year. We are currently evaluating the impact of this new guidance. However, we currently expect that the adoption of this guidance will not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
3. Revenue
Revenue is recognized when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to our customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration we expect to be entitled to receive in exchange for those goods or services. For a detailed discussion of our revenue recognition policies, refer to the Company’s 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Disaggregated Revenue
Refer to Note 11 Business Segments for disaggregated revenue by product line and geography.
Contract Balances
Contract balances are determined on a contract by contract basis. Contract assets represent revenue recognized for goods and services provided to our customers when payment is conditioned on something other than the passage of time. Similarly, we record a contract liability when we receive consideration, or such consideration is unconditionally due, from a customer prior to transferring goods or services to the customer under the terms of a sales contract. Such contract liabilities typically result from billings in excess of costs incurred on construction contracts and advance payments received on product sales.
The following table reflects the changes in our contract assets and contract liabilities balances for the three months ended March 31, 2021 (in thousands):
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020Increase
$%
Accrued revenue$1,132 $1,687 
Costs and estimated profits in excess of billings9,373 8,516 
Contract assets$10,505 $10,203 $302 3 %
Deferred revenue$8,240 $7,863 
Billings in excess of costs and profits recognized2,621 1,817 
Contract liabilities$10,861 $9,680 $1,181 12 %
During the three months ended March 31, 2021, our contract assets increased by $0.3 million and our contract liabilities increased by $1.2 million due to the timing of billings for significant projects within our Subsea and Production Equipment product lines.
During the three months ended March 31, 2021, we recognized $3.9 million of revenue that was included in the contract liability balance at the beginning of the period.
As substantially all of our contracts are less than one year in duration, we have elected to apply the practical expedient which allows an entity to exclude disclosures about its remaining performance obligations if the performance obligation is part of a contract that has an original expected duration of one year or less.
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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(Unaudited)
4. Dispositions
2020 Disposition of ABZ and Quadrant Valves
On December 31, 2020, we sold certain assets of our ABZ and Quadrant valve brands for cash consideration of $104.6 million. This transaction was accounted for as a disposition of a business. We recognized a gain on disposition of $88.4 million based on the difference in cash received less $15.0 million of net book value of assets sold and a $1.2 million accrued liability for an estimated working capital settlement. Pro forma results of operations for this disposition have not been presented because the effects were not material to the consolidated financial statements.
5. Inventories
Our significant components of inventory at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 were as follows (in thousands):
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Raw materials and parts$124,343 $151,531 
Work in process18,959 15,946 
Finished goods202,589 229,212 
Gross inventories345,891 396,689 
Inventory reserve(109,464)(144,942)
Inventories$236,427 $251,747 

6. Intangible Assets
Intangible assets consisted of the following as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively (in thousands):
March 31, 2021
Gross Carrying AmountAccumulated AmortizationNet IntangiblesAmortization Period (In Years)
Customer relationships$268,465 $(121,645)$146,820 
10 - 15
Patents and technology89,145 (25,570)63,575 
5 - 19
Non-compete agreements190 (146)44 
2 - 6
Trade names42,915 (23,545)19,370 
7 - 19
Trademarks5,089 (1,187)3,902 
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Intangible Assets Total$405,804 $(172,093)$233,711 
December 31, 2020
Gross Carrying AmountAccumulated AmortizationNet IntangiblesAmortization Period (In Years)
Customer relationships$272,470 $(121,294)$151,176 
10 - 15
Patents and technology89,626 (24,440)65,186 
5 - 19
Non-compete agreements190 (137)53 
2 - 6
Trade names42,984 (22,941)20,043 
7 - 19
Trademarks5,089 (1,103)3,986 
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Intangible Assets Total$410,359 $(169,915)$240,444 

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Forum Energy Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(Unaudited)
7. Impairments of Long-Lived Assets
During the three months ended March 31, 2021, there were no impairments of long-lived assets.
During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic and associated preventative actions taken around the world to mitigate its spread caused oil demand to deteriorate and economic activity to decrease. As a result, oil prices declined significantly during the period and created an extremely challenging market for all sub-sectors of the oil and natural gas industry. In addition, responses to the spread of COVID-19, including significant government restrictions on movement, resulted in sharp declines in global economic activity.
As a result, during the three months ended March 31, 2020, we determined that certain long-lived assets were impaired as their carrying values exceeded their fair values. The amount of the impairment charges were measured as the difference between the carrying value and the estimated fair value of the assets. The fair value was determined either through analysis of discounted future cash flows or, for certain real estate, based on a third party's sales price estimate (classified within level 3 of the fair value hierarchy).
Following is a summary of impairment charges recognized in our segments during the three months ended March 31, 2020 (in thousands):
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020
Impairments of:Drilling & DownholeCompletionsProductionTotal Impairments
Property and equipment (1)
1,076 9,608 1,378 12,062 
Intangible assets (2)
5,258   5,258 
Operating lease right of use assets (3)
1,429 6,139 1,915 9,483 
Total impairments$7,763 $15,747 $3,293 $26,803 

(1) These charges are included in Impairments of intangible assets, property and equipment in the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss.
(2) These charges are included in Impairments of intangible assets, property and equipment in the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss and include primarily customer relationships, technology and distributor relationships.
(3) $8.6 million of these charges are included in Cost of sales and $0.9 million are included in Selling, general and administrative expenses in the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss.

8. Debt
Notes payable and lines of credit as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 consisted of the following (in thousands): 
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
2025 Notes300,341 316,863 
Unamortized debt discount(27,132)(30,248)
Debt issuance cost(6,660)(7,318)
Credit Facility 13,126 
Other debt1,835 2,272 
Total debt268,384 294,695 
Less: current maturities(1,054)(1,322)
Long-term debt$267,330 $293,373 
2025 Notes
In August 2020, we exchanged $315.5 million principal amount of our previous 6.25% unsecured notes due 2021 (“2021 Notes”) for new 9.00% convertible secured notes due August 2025 (the “2025 Notes”). This transaction was
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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(Unaudited)
accounted for as an extinguishment of the 2021 Notes with the new 2025 Notes recorded at fair value on the transaction date. We estimated the fair value of the 2025 Notes to be $282.6 million at the issuance date, resulting in a $32.9 million discount (“Debt Discount”) at issuance. As a result, we recognized a $28.7 million gain on extinguishment of debt that reflects the difference in the $314.8 million net carrying value of the 2021 Notes exchanged, including debt issuance costs and unamortized debt premium, less the $282.6 million estimated fair value of 2025 Notes and a $3.5 million early participation fee paid to bondholders that participated in the exchange. The Debt Discount is being amortized as non-cash interest expense over the term of the 2025 Notes using the effective interest method.
The 2025 Notes pay interest at the rate of 9.00%, of which 6.25% is payable in cash and 2.75% is payable in cash or additional notes, at the Company’s option. The 2025 Notes are secured by a first lien on substantially all of the Company’s assets, except for Credit Facility priority collateral, which secures the 2025 Notes on a second lien basis. A portion of the 2025 Notes, initially equal to $150.0 million total principal amount, is mandatorily convertible into shares of our common stock at a conversion rate of 37.0370 shares per $1,000 principal amount of 2025 Notes converted, equivalent to a conversion price of $27.00 per share, subject, however, to the condition that the average of the daily trading prices for the common stock over the preceding 20-trading day period is at least $30.00 per share. Holders of the 2025 Notes also have optional conversion rights in the event that the Company elects to redeem the 2025 Notes in cash and at the final maturity of the new notes. Any interest that the Company elects to pay in additional notes are also subject to the mandatory and optional conversion rights.
During the three months ended March 31, 2021, we repurchased an aggregate $16.5 million of principal amount of our 2025 Notes for $15.6 million. The repurchase amount of $15.6 million includes $13.7 million paid in cash and $1.9 million payable for bonds repurchased but not yet settled as of March 31, 2021. The net carrying value of the extinguished debt, including unamortized debt discount and debt issuance costs, was $14.7 million, resulting in a $0.9 million loss on extinguishment of debt.
Credit Facility
In connection with the issuance of the 2025 Notes, we amended our senior secured revolving credit facility ("Credit Facility"). Following such amendment, our Credit Facility provides revolving credit commitments of $250.0 million (with a sublimit of up to $45.0 million available for the issuance of letters of credit for the account of the Company and certain of its domestic subsidiaries) (the “U.S. Line”), of which up to $25.0 million is available to certain of our Canadian subsidiaries for loans in U.S. or Canadian dollars (with a sublimit of up to $3.0 million available for the issuance of letters of credit for the account of our Canadian subsidiaries) (the “Canadian Line”).
Availability under the Credit Facility is subject to a borrowing base calculated by reference to eligible accounts receivable in the U.S., Canada and certain other jurisdictions (subject to a cap) and eligible inventory in the U.S. and Canada. Such eligible accounts receivable and eligible inventory serve as priority collateral for the Credit Facility, which is also secured on a second lien basis by substantially all of the Company's other assets. The amount of eligible inventory included in the borrowing base is restricted to the lesser of $130.0 million (subject to a quarterly reduction of $0.5 million that started on October 1, 2020) and 80.0% of the total borrowing base. Our borrowing capacity under the Credit Facility could be reduced or eliminated, depending on future fluctuations in our receivables and inventory. As of March 31, 2021, our total borrowing base was $156.8 million, of which no amounts were drawn and $15.3 million was used for security of outstanding letters of credit, resulting in remaining availability of $141.5 million.
Borrowings under the U.S. line bear interest at a rate equal to, at our option, either (a) the LIBOR rate, subject to a floor of 0.75%, plus a margin of 2.50% or (b) a base rate plus a margin of 1.50%. The U.S. line base rate is determined by reference to the greatest of (i) the federal funds rate plus 0.50% per annum, (ii) the one-month adjusted LIBOR plus 1.00% per annum, and (iii) the rate of interest announced, from time to time, by Wells Fargo at its principal office in San Francisco as its prime rate, subject to a floor of 0.75%.
Borrowings under the Canadian Line bear interest at a rate equal to, at Forum Canada’s option, either (a) the CDOR rate, subject to a floor of 0.75%, plus a margin of 2.50% or (b) a base rate plus a margin of 1.50%. The Canadian line base rate is determined by reference to the greater of (i) the one-month CDOR rate plus 1.00% and (ii) the prime rate for Canadian dollar commercial loans made in Canada as reported by Thomson Reuters, subject to a floor of 0.75%.
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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(Unaudited)
The Credit Facility also provides for a commitment fee in the amount of (a) 0.375% on the unused portion of commitments if average usage of the Credit Facility is greater than 50% and (b) 0.500% on the unused portion of commitments if average usage of the Credit Facility is less than or equal to 50%.
The Credit Facility is currently scheduled to mature on October 30, 2022. If excess availability under the Credit Facility falls below the greater of 12.5% of the borrowing base and $31.3 million, we will be required to maintain a fixed charge coverage ratio of at least 1.00:1.00 as of the end of each fiscal quarter until excess availability under the Credit Facility exceeds such thresholds for at least 60 consecutive days. Furthermore, the Credit Facility includes an obligation to prepay outstanding loans with cash on hand in excess of certain thresholds and includes a cross-default to the 2025 Notes.
Deferred Loan Costs
We have incurred loan costs that have been deferred and are amortized to interest expense over the term of the 2025 Notes and the Credit Facility. In the first quarter of 2020, we wrote-off $1.8 million of deferred loan costs for the termination of previous discussions related to a potential exchange offer for our 2021 Notes.
Other Debt
Other debt consists primarily of various finance leases of equipment.
Letters of Credit and Guarantees
We execute letters of credit in the normal course of business to secure the delivery of product from specific vendors and also to guarantee our fulfillment of performance obligations relating to certain large contracts. We had $15.3 million and $15.6 million in total outstanding letters of credit as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.
9. Income Taxes
For interim periods, our income tax expense or benefit is computed based on our estimated annual effective tax rate and any discrete items that impact the interim periods. We recorded a tax expense of $1.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to a tax benefit of $14.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The estimated annual effective tax rates for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 were impacted by losses in jurisdictions where the recording of a tax benefit is not available. Furthermore, the tax expense or benefit recorded can vary from period to period depending on the Company’s relative mix of earnings and losses by jurisdiction.
The tax benefit for the three months ended March 31, 2020 includes a $16.6 million benefit related to a carryback claim for U.S. federal tax losses based on provisions in the U.S. Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (“CARES Act”) which was signed into law on March 27, 2020. The CARES Act provided relief to corporate taxpayers by permitting a five-year carryback of 2018-2020 NOLs, increased the 30% limitation on interest expense deductibility to 50% of adjusted taxable income for 2019 and 2020, and accelerated refunds for minimum tax credit carryforwards, among other provisions. The tax effects of changes in tax laws are recognized in the period in which the law is enacted.
We have deferred tax assets related to net operating loss and other tax carryforwards in the U.S. and in certain states and foreign jurisdictions. We recognize deferred tax assets to the extent that we believe these assets are more likely than not to be realized. In making such a determination, we consider all available positive and negative evidence, including future reversals of existing taxable temporary differences, projected future taxable income, tax-planning and recent operating results. As of March 31, 2021, we do not anticipate being able to fully utilize all of the losses prior to their expiration in the following jurisdictions: the U.S., the U.K., Germany, Singapore, China and Saudi Arabia. As a result, we have certain valuation allowances against our deferred tax assets as of March 31, 2021.
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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(Unaudited)
10. Fair Value Measurements
The Company had zero and $13.1 million of borrowings outstanding under the Credit Facility as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. The Credit Facility incurs interest at a variable interest rate, and therefore, the carrying amount approximates fair value. The fair value of the debt is classified as a Level 2 measurement because interest rates charged are similar to other financial instruments with similar terms and maturities.
The fair value of our 2025 Notes is estimated using Level 2 inputs in the fair value hierarchy and is based on quoted prices for those or similar instruments. At March 31, 2021, the fair value and the carrying value of our 2025 Notes approximated $282.4 million and $266.5 million, respectively. At December 31, 2020, the fair value and the carrying value of our 2025 Notes approximated $200.3 million and $279.3 million, respectively.
There were no other outstanding financial assets as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 that required measuring the amounts at fair value. We did not change our valuation techniques associated with recurring fair value measurements from prior periods, and there were no transfers between levels of the fair value hierarchy during the three months ended March 31, 2021.
11. Business Segments
The Company reports results of operations in the following three reporting segments: Drilling & Downhole, Completions and Production. The amounts indicated below as “Corporate” relate to costs and assets not allocated to the reportable segments. Summary financial data by segment follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
Revenue:
Drilling & Downhole48,656 76,643 
Completions37,843 50,823 
Production28,031 55,605 
Eliminations(13)(439)
Total revenue$114,517 $182,632 
Operating loss
Drilling & Downhole$(4,506)$(4,145)
Completions68 (17,318)
Production(3,841)(8,179)
Corporate(7,010)(8,429)
Segment operating loss(15,289)(38,071)
Impairments of intangible assets, property and equipment 17,320 
Loss (gain) on disposal of assets and other(909)16 
Operating loss$(14,380)$(55,407)
A summary of consolidated assets by reportable segment is as follows (in thousands):
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Drilling & Downhole$305,409 $314,375 
Completions356,303 356,645 
Production89,661 92,949 
Corporate92,586 125,957 
Total assets$843,959 $889,926 
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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(Unaudited)
Corporate assets primarily include cash and certain prepaid assets.
The following table presents our revenues disaggregated by product line (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20212020
Drilling Technologies$18,520 $36,638 
Downhole Technologies15,093 24,951 
Subsea Technologies15,043 15,054 
Stimulation and Intervention18,702 24,476 
Coiled Tubing19,141 26,347 
Production Equipment14,394 18,749 
Valve Solutions13,637 36,856 
Eliminations(13)(439)
Total revenue$114,517 $182,632 
The following table presents our revenues disaggregated by geography (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20212020
United States$68,314 $123,890 
Canada8,961 7,952 
Europe & Africa12,664 11,146 
Middle East10,341 13,140 
Asia-Pacific8,880 18,793 
Latin America5,357 7,711 
Total Revenue$114,517 $182,632 

12. Commitments and Contingencies
In the ordinary course of business, the Company is, and in the future could be, involved in various pending or threatened legal actions, some of which may or may not be covered by insurance. Management reviewed such pending judicial and legal proceedings, the reasonably anticipated costs and expenses in connection with such proceedings, and the availability and limits of insurance coverage, and has established reserves that are believed to be appropriate in light of those outcomes that are believed to be probable and can be estimated. The reserves accrued at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, are immaterial. In the opinion of management, the Company’s ultimate liability, if any, with respect to these actions is not expected to have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
For further disclosure regarding certain litigation matters, refer to Note 13 of the notes to the consolidated financial statements included in Item 8 of the Company’s 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 2, 2021. There have been no material changes related to these matters during the three months ended March 31, 2021.
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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(Unaudited)
13. Loss Per Share
The calculation of basic and diluted earnings per share for each period presented was as follows (dollars and shares in thousands, except per share amounts):
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20212020
Net loss$(29,663)$(37,144)
Basic - weighted average shares outstanding5,613 5,559 
Dilutive effect of stock options and restricted stock  
Dilutive effect of convertible notes due 2025  
Diluted - weighted average shares outstanding5,613 5,559 
Loss per share
Basic$(5.28)$(6.68)
Diluted$(5.28)$(6.68)
For all periods presented, we excluded all potentially dilutive restricted shares, stock options and the assumed conversion of the 2025 Notes in calculating diluted earnings per share as the effect was anti-dilutive due to net losses incurred for these periods.
14. Stockholders' Equity
Stock-based compensation
During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company granted 73,839 restricted stock units that vest ratably over three years. The Company also granted 66,524 contingent restricted stock units that vest ratably over three years dependent upon achieving a minimum stock price of $23.49 for 20 trading days during each performance period.
Liability-classified awards
During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company granted 66,524 cash-settled phantom stock units that vest ratably over three years. These awards have a maximum payout that is calculated based on five times the stock price on the date of grant.
The Company also granted 73,839 cash-settled contingent phantom stock units that vest ratably over three years dependent upon achieving a minimum stock price of $23.49 for 20 trading days during each performance period. These awards also have a maximum payout that is calculated based on five times the stock price on the date of grant.
Reverse stock split
In order to bring the Company into compliance with the listing requirements of the New York Stock Exchange, our Board of Directors approved a 1-for-20 reverse stock split (the “Reverse Stock Split”) of the Company’s issued and outstanding shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, accompanied by a corresponding decrease in the Company’s authorized shares of common stock. The Company's stockholders previously approved the Reverse Stock Split at the annual meeting of stockholders on May 12, 2020.
The effective time of the Reverse Stock Split was after market close on November 9, 2020, with the common stock trading on a post-split basis under the Company’s existing trading symbol, “FET,” at the market open on November 10, 2020. No fractional shares of common stock were issued as a result of the Reverse Stock Split. Instead, any stockholder who would have been entitled to a fractional share received a cash payment in lieu of such fractional shares.
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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)
(Unaudited)
Following the completion of the Reverse Stock Split, the number of authorized shares of common stock was reduced from 296,000,000 to 14,800,000. Unless otherwise indicated, the number of shares of common stock outstanding and per-share amounts in these consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes have been retroactively adjusted to reflect the effect of the Reverse Stock Split. The par value of our common stock remains at $0.01 per share.
15. Related Party Transactions
The Company has sold and purchased inventory, services and fixed assets to and from certain affiliates of certain directors. The dollar amounts of these related party activities are not significant to the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
Item 2. Management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations
CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). These forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond the Company’s control. All statements, other than statements of historical fact, included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q regarding our strategy, future operations, financial position, estimated revenues and losses, projected costs, prospects, plans and objectives of management are forward-looking statements. When used in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, the words “will,” “could,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “estimate,” “expect,” “may,” “continue,” “predict,” “potential,” “project” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain such identifying words.
All forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. We disclaim any obligation to update or revise these statements unless required by law, and you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Although we believe that our plans, intentions and expectations reflected in or suggested by the forward-looking statements we make in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are reasonable, we can give no assurance that these plans, intentions or expectations will be achieved. We disclose important factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from our expectations in “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on March 2, 2021, and elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. These cautionary statements qualify all forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf.
Overview
We are a global products company, serving the oil, natural gas, and renewable energy industries. We design, manufacture and distribute value added solutions that increase the safety and efficiency of energy exploration and production. We also engage in aftermarket parts supply and services that complement our product offering. Our products include highly engineered capital equipment as well as products that are consumed in the drilling, well construction, production and transportation of oil and natural gas. These consumable products are used in drilling, well construction and completions activities, within the supporting infrastructure, and at processing centers and refineries. Our engineered capital products are directed at drilling rig equipment for new rigs, upgrades and refurbishment projects, subsea construction and development projects, pressure pumping equipment, the placement of production equipment on new producing wells, downstream capital projects and capital equipment for renewable energy projects. Our products are aimed at improving the efficiency, safety and environmental and social impact of our customers' operations. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, approximately 80% of our revenue was derived from consumable products and activity-based equipment, while the balance was primarily derived from capital products with a small amount from rental and other services.
We design, manufacture and supply high quality reliable products that create value for our diverse customer base, which includes, among others, oil and natural gas operators, land and offshore drilling contractors, oilfield service companies, subsea construction and service companies, and pipeline and refinery operators. In addition, we offer some of our products to renewable energy and new energy companies.
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A summary of the products and services offered by each segment is as follows:
Drilling & Downhole. This segment designs, manufactures and supplies products and provides related services to the drilling, well construction, artificial lift and subsea energy construction and services markets as well as other sectors such as renewable energy, defense and communications. The products and related services consist primarily of: (i) capital equipment and a broad line of expendable products consumed in the drilling process; (ii) well construction casing and cementing equipment and protection products for artificial lift equipment and cables; and (iii) subsea remotely operated vehicles and trenchers, submarine rescue vehicles, specialty components and tooling, and complementary subsea technical services.
Completions. This segment designs, manufactures and supplies products and provides related services to the coiled tubing, well stimulation and intervention markets. The products and related services consist primarily of: (i) capital and consumable products sold to the pressure pumping, hydraulic fracturing and flowback services markets, including hydraulic fracturing pumps, cooling systems and flow iron as well as wireline cable and pressure control equipment used in the well completion and intervention service markets; and (ii) coiled tubing strings and coiled line pipe and related services.
Production. This segment designs, manufactures and supplies products and provides related equipment and services for production and infrastructure markets. The products and related services consist primarily of: (i) engineered process systems, production equipment, as well as specialty separation equipment; and (ii) a wide range of industrial valves focused on serving upstream, midstream, and downstream oil and natural gas customers as well as power generation and other industries.
Market Conditions
The level of demand for our products is directly related to the activity levels, and the capital and operating budgets of our customers, which in turn are heavily influenced by energy prices and expectations as to future price trends. In addition, the availability of existing capital equipment adequate to serve exploration and production requirements, or lack thereof, drives demand for our capital equipment products.
In 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic and associated actions taken around the world to mitigate the spread of COVID-19 caused unprecedented declines in economic activity, energy demand and oil and natural gas prices. In response, OPEC+ agreed to a significant reduction in oil production and North American exploration and production companies aggressively reduced drilling and completion activities. The extreme volatility and lower price environment in 2020 created a very challenging market for all sub-sectors of the oil and natural gas industry, including those in which the Company competes.
More recently, oil demand and prices have partially rebounded as oil supply and demand have rebalanced at a lower level. The U.S. drilling rig count bottomed at 244 rigs in August 2020 and has since increased to over 400 rigs as of the end of the first quarter of 2021. In addition, the level of active hydraulic fracturing fleets for well completions also increased in the first quarter of 2021 in order to meet increasing oil demand. However, overall activity levels and the North America rig count remain far below pre-pandemic levels.
Due to the challenging market conditions, exploration and production companies in North America are under pressure to generate positive cash flows and constrain capital and maintenance expenditures. In addition, bankruptcies and consolidation of exploration and production and service companies continued through 2020. This trend has led to a reduction in the demand for our products compared to periods prior to the pandemic.
While activity levels in international regions, as well as global offshore and subsea activity, have also been impacted by COVID-19 related activity disruptions, international revenue for our drilling and subsea capital equipment offerings have recently increased due to an improved outlook for our international drilling customers and the diversification of our subsea product line revenue outside of the oil and natural gas industry.
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Demand for products in our Valve Solutions product line is driven by capital projects and maintenance spending in the upstream, midstream and downstream markets. As such, revenue for our Valve Solutions product line has also been negatively affected by lower energy prices and the impacts of COVID-19 on the global economy.
On December 31, 2020, we sold assets pertaining to our ABZ and Quadrant valve brands for total consideration of $104.6 million and recognized a gain on disposition of $88.4 million. The disposition of these brands resulted in a sequential decrease in our Valve Solutions product line’s revenue.
Although we have experienced some operational inefficiencies, our manufacturing facilities and business operations have not experienced work stoppages due to COVID-19 or associated government regulations. However, in response to the decline in demand for our products and decreases in revenue, we implemented significant cost reduction actions, including exiting facilities, lowering headcount, reducing salaries, suspending the Company’s matching contribution to the U.S. and Canada defined contribution retirement plans, and furloughing select employee groups. Certain facility closures and headcount reduction efforts continued in the first quarter of 2021 and are expected to be completed during the first half of 2021.
The table below shows average crude oil and natural gas prices for West Texas Intermediate crude oil (“WTI”), United Kingdom Brent crude oil (“Brent”), and Henry Hub natural gas:
Three Months Ended
March 31,December 31,March 31,
202120202020
Average global oil, $/bbl
West Texas Intermediate$58.09 $42.52 $45.34 
United Kingdom Brent$61.04 $44.32 $50.27 
Average North American Natural Gas, $/Mcf
Henry Hub$3.50 $2.52 $1.90 
The price of oil varied dramatically in 2020 with the spot prices for WTI and Brent falling from $61.14 and $67.77 per barrel, respectively, as of December 31, 2019 to lows below $15.00 per barrel in April 2020. Since that time, oil prices have increased substantially to average $58.09 and $61.04 for WTI and Brent, respectively, in the first quarter 2021, a 37% increase from the fourth quarter 2020. In addition, natural gas prices continued to increase in the first quarter 2021 with average price levels approximately 39% higher compared to the fourth quarter 2020 and 84% higher compared to the first quarter 2020.
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The table below shows the average number of active drilling rigs, based on the weekly Baker Hughes Incorporated rig count, operating by geographic area and drilling for different purposes.
Three Months Ended
March 31,December 31,March 31,
202120202020
Active Rigs by Location
United States393 311 785 
Canada145 88 205 
International698 663 1,074 
Global Active Rigs1,236 1,062 2,064 
Land vs. Offshore Rigs
Land1,052 891 1,796 
Offshore184 171 268 
Global Active Rigs1,236 1,062 2,064 
U.S. Commodity Target
Oil/Gas302 233 671 
Gas90 76 112 
Unclassified
Total U.S. Active Rigs393 311 785 
U.S. Well Path
Horizontal353 272 704 
Vertical22 18 34 
Directional18 21 47 
Total U.S. Active Rigs393 311 785 
A substantial portion of our revenue is impacted by the level of rig activity and the number of wells completed. The average U.S. rig count for the first quarter 2021 was 26% higher compared to the fourth quarter of 2020, but 50% lower compared to the first quarter of 2020. The U.S. rig count started 2020 at 805 working rigs and fell 70% to a low of 244 rigs in August 2020. Since that time, the number of active rigs has partially recovered, ending the first quarter 2021 at 417.
The table below shows the amount of total inbound orders by segment:
(in millions of dollars)Three Months Ended
March 31,December 31,March 31,
202120202020
Drilling & Downhole$57.9 $57.5 $70.0 
Completions47.2 30.3 49.9 
Production 32.9 36.3 50.7 
Total Orders$138.0 $124.1 $170.6 

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Results of operations
Three months ended March 31, 2021 compared with three months ended March 31, 2020
Three Months Ended March 31,Change
(in thousands of dollars, except per share information)20212020$%
Revenue:
Drilling & Downhole$48,656 $76,643 $(27,987)(36.5)%
Completions37,843 50,823 (12,980)(25.5)%
Production28,031 55,605 (27,574)(49.6)%
Eliminations(13)(439)426 *
Total revenue114,517 182,632 (68,115)(37.3)%
Operating income (loss):
Drilling & Downhole$(4,506)$(4,145)$(361)(8.7)%
Operating margin %(9.3)%(5.4)%
Completions68 (17,318)17,386 100.4 %
Operating margin %0.2 %(34.1)%
Production(3,841)(8,179)4,338 53.0 %
Operating margin %(13.7)%(14.7)%
Corporate(7,010)(8,429)1,419 16.8 %
Total segment operating loss(15,289)(38,071)22,782 59.8 %
Operating margin %(13.4)%(20.8)%
Impairments of intangible assets, property and equipment— 17,320 (17,320)*
Loss (gain) on disposal of assets and other(909)16 (925)*
Operating loss(14,380)(55,407)41,027 74.0 %
Interest expense9,162 6,724 2,438 36.3 %
Foreign exchange losses (gains) and other, net3,470 (5,007)8,477 *
Loss (gain) on extinguishment of debt933 (7,459)8,392 *
Deferred loan costs written off— 1,829 (1,829)*
Total other (income) expense, net13,565 (3,913)17,478 446.7 %
Loss before income taxes(27,945)(51,494)23,549 45.7 %
Income tax expense (benefit)1,718 (14,350)16,068 112.0 %
Net loss$(29,663)$(37,144)$7,481 20.1 %
Weighted average shares outstanding
Basic5,613 5,559 
Diluted5,613 5,559 
Loss per share
Basic$(5.28)$(6.68)
Diluted$(5.28)$(6.68)
* not meaningful
We sold certain assets of our ABZ and Quadrant valve brands on December 31, 2020. Therefore, our results of operations for the first quarter of 2021 may not be comparable to the results of operations for the first quarter of 2020. Refer to Note 4 Dispositions for additional information.
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Revenue
Our revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2021 was $114.5 million, a decrease of $68.1 million, or 37.3%, compared to the three months ended March 31, 2020. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, our Drilling & Downhole, Completions, and Production segments comprised 42.5%, 33.0%, and 24.5% of our total revenue, respectively, which compared to 42.0%, 27.6%, and 30.4% of our total revenue, respectively, for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The overall decline in revenue is primarily related to lower sales volumes due to the significant decrease in drilling and completions activity levels. The changes in revenue by operating segment consisted of the following:
Drilling & Downhole segment — Revenue was $48.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, a decrease of $28.0 million, or 36.5%, compared to the three months ended March 31, 2020. This decrease was driven by an $18.1 million, or 49.5%, decline in revenue for our Drilling Technologies product line due to lower sales volumes of consumable products and capital equipment as a result of the 50% year-over-year decline in U.S. rig activity. Revenue for our Downhole Technologies product line decreased by $9.9 million, primarily due to lower sales volumes of artificial lift products due to the significant decline in the number of well completions in the first quarter 2021 compared to 2020. Revenue for our Subsea Technologies product line was flat compared to the previous year with continued diversification of sales to customers outside the oil and natural gas industry.
Completions segment — Revenue was $37.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, a decrease of $13.0 million, or 25.5%, compared to the three months ended March 31, 2020. This decline was driven by a $7.2 million decrease in sales volumes for our Coiled Tubing product line and a $5.8 million decrease in revenue for our Stimulation and Intervention product line due to the significant reduction in U.S. hydraulic fracturing and well intervention service activity levels, and the cannibalization of existing excess equipment.
Production segment — Revenue was $28.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, a decrease of $27.6 million, or 49.6%, compared to the three months ended March 31, 2020. This decrease includes a $12.9 million decline from the divestiture of our ABZ and Quadrant valve brands in the fourth quarter 2020. The remaining decline was driven by a $10.3 million decline in sales volumes of our other valve brands, primarily due to lower sales into the North America upstream and midstream oil and natural gas market, and a $4.4 million decrease in revenue for our Production Equipment product line from lower sales volumes of our surface production equipment due to lower well completions activity in 2021.
Segment operating income (loss) and segment operating margin percentage
Segment operating loss for the three months ended March 31, 2021 was $15.3 million, a decline of $22.8 million compared to a loss of $38.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, segment operating margin percentage was (13.4)% compared to (20.8)% for the three months ended March 31, 2020. Segment operating margin percentage is calculated by dividing segment operating loss by revenue for the period. The change in operating income (loss) for each segment is explained as follows:
Drilling & Downhole segment — Segment operating loss was $4.5 million, or (9.3)%, for the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to a loss of $4.1 million, or (5.4)%, for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The $0.4 million decline in segment operating results is primarily attributable to lower gross profit from the 36.5% decline in segment revenues, partially offset by lower employee and facility related costs due to headcount, salary and other cost reductions implemented in 2020.
Completions segment — Segment operating income was $0.1 million, or 0.2%, for the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to a segment operating loss of $17.3 million, or (34.1)%, for the three months ended March 31, 2020. Segment operating results were negatively impacted by the reduction in gross profit from the 25.5% decline in revenues discussed above. However, segment operating results improved by $17.4 million due to a $7.5 million reduction in inventory write-downs, a $6.1 million decline from lease impairments recognized in the first quarter 2020, a $1.9 million reduction in severance and restructuring related costs and lower employee and facility related costs due to headcount, salary and other cost reductions implemented in 2020.
Production segment — Segment operating loss was $3.8 million, or (13.7)%, for the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to a loss of $8.2 million, or (14.7)%, for the three months ended March 31, 2020. Segment operating results were negatively impacted by the reduction in gross profit from the 49.6% decline in revenue discussed above, including the disposition of our ABZ and Quadrant valve brands in the fourth quarter 2020. However, segment operating results improved by $4.3 million due to a $2.6 million reduction in inventory write-downs, a $1.9 million decline from lease impairments recognized in the first quarter 2020 and lower employee and facility related costs due to headcount, salary and other cost reductions implemented in 2020.
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Corporate — Selling, general and administrative expenses for Corporate were $7.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, a $1.4 million decrease compared to the three months ended March 31, 2020. This decrease was primarily related to lower employee related costs and reductions in professional fees in connection with headcount, salary and other cost reductions implemented in 2020. Corporate costs include, among other items, payroll related costs for management, administration, finance, legal, and human resources personnel; professional fees for legal, accounting and related services; and marketing costs.
Other items not included in segment operating loss
Several items are not included in segment operating loss, but are included in total operating loss. These items include transaction expenses, impairments of intangible assets, property and equipment, and gain on the disposal of assets and other. Transaction expenses relate to legal and other advisory costs incurred in acquiring or disposing of businesses and are not considered to be part of segment operating income (loss). For further information related to impairments of intangible assets, property and equipment, refer to Note 7 Impairments of Long-Lived Assets.
Other income and expense
Other income and expense includes interest expense, foreign exchange losses (gains) and other, loss (gain) on extinguishment of debt, and deferred loan costs written off. We incurred $9.2 million of interest expense during the three months ended March 31, 2021, an increase of $2.4 million compared to the three months ended March 31, 2020 primarily due to higher non-cash amortization of debt discount and debt issuance costs associated with our 9.0% convertible secured notes due August 2025 (the “2025 Notes”) and a higher interest rate on our new 2025 Notes compared to our previous notes outstanding.
The foreign exchange losses (gains) are primarily the result of movements in the British pound and Euro relative to the U.S. dollar. These movements in exchange rates create foreign exchange gains or losses when applied to monetary assets or liabilities denominated in currencies other than the location’s functional currency, primarily U.S. dollar denominated cash, trade account receivables and net intercompany receivable balances for our entities using a functional currency other than the U.S. dollar.
During the three months ended March 31, 2021, we repurchased an aggregate $16.5 million of principal amount of our 2025 Notes for $15.6 million. The net carrying value of the extinguished debt, including unamortized debt discount and debt issuance costs, was $14.7 million, resulting in a $0.9 million loss on extinguishment of debt.
During the three months ended March 31, 2020, we repurchased an aggregate $10.9 million of principal amount of our 2021 Notes for $3.4 million and recognized a net gain of $7.5 million reflecting the difference in the amount paid and the net carrying value of the extinguished debt, including debt issuance costs and unamortized debt premium. In addition, we wrote off $1.8 million of deferred loan costs due to the termination of discussions related to a potential exchange offer for our 2021 Notes.
Taxes
We recorded a tax expense of $1.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to a tax benefit of $14.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The estimated annual effective tax rates for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 were impacted by losses in jurisdictions where the recording of a tax benefit is not available. Furthermore, the tax expense or benefit recorded can vary from period to period depending on the Company’s relative mix of earnings and losses by jurisdiction.
The tax benefit for the three months ended March 31, 2020 includes a $16.6 million benefit related to a carryback claim for U.S. federal tax losses based on provisions in the U.S. Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (“CARES Act”) which was signed into law on March 27, 2020. The CARES Act provided relief to corporate taxpayers by permitting a five-year carryback of 2018-2020 NOLs, increased the 30% limitation on interest expense deductibility to 50% of adjusted taxable income for 2019 and 2020, and accelerated refunds for minimum tax credit carryforwards, among other provisions. The tax effects of changes in tax laws are recognized in the period in which the law is enacted.
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Liquidity and capital resources
Sources and uses of liquidity
Our internal sources of liquidity are cash on hand and cash flows from operations, while our primary external sources include trade credit, our Credit Facility and the 2025 Notes. Our primary uses of capital have been for inventories, sales on credit to our customers and maintenance and growth capital expenditures. We continually monitor potential capital sources, including equity and debt financing, to meet our investment and target liquidity requirements. Our future success and growth will be highly dependent on our ability to generate positive operating cash flow and access outside sources of capital.
As of December 31, 2020, we had $316.9 million principal amount of 2025 Notes outstanding and $13.1 million outstanding on our revolving Credit Facility. During the first quarter of 2021, we repurchased an aggregate $16.5 million principal amount of our 2025 Notes for $15.6 million. The repurchase amount of $15.6 million includes $13.7 million paid in cash and $1.9 million payable for bonds repurchased but not yet settled as of March 31, 2021. In addition, we repaid the $13.1 million outstanding on our revolving Credit Facility. Following these transactions, we had $300.3 million principal amount of 2025 Notes and no borrowings outstanding under our Credit Facility as of March 31, 2021. The Credit Facility is scheduled to mature on October 30, 2022 and the 2025 notes are scheduled to mature in August 2025.
See Note 8 Debt for further details related to the terms for our 2025 Notes and Credit Facility.
As of March 31, 2021, we had cash and cash equivalents of $100.8 million and $141.5 million of availability under our Credit Facility. We anticipate that our future working capital requirements for our operations will fluctuate directionally with revenues. Furthermore, availability under our Credit Facility will fluctuate directionally based on the level of our eligible accounts receivable and inventory subject to applicable sublimits. In addition, we expect total 2021 capital expenditures to be less than $10.0 million, consisting of, among other items, replacing end of life machinery and equipment.
We expect our available cash on-hand, cash generated by operations, and estimated availability under our Credit Facility to be adequate to fund current operations during the next 12 months. In addition, based on existing market conditions and our expected liquidity needs, among other factors, we may use a portion of our cash flows from operations, proceeds from divestitures, securities offerings or other eligible capital to reduce the principal amount of our 2025 Notes or other debt outstanding.
In 2020, we completed one disposition for total consideration of $104.6 million. For additional information, see Note 4 Dispositions. We may pursue acquisitions in the future, which may be funded with cash and/or equity. Our ability to make significant acquisitions for cash may require us to pursue additional equity or debt financing, which we may not be able to obtain on terms acceptable to us or at all.
To the extent that access to the capital and other financial markets is adversely affected by the effects of COVID-19, our customers and other counterparties may become unable to make payments to us, on a timely basis or at all, which could adversely affect our business, cash flows, liquidity, financial condition and results of operations.
Our cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 are presented below (in millions):
  Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities$(1.3)$1.6 
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities1.1 (0.9)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities(27.5)51.1 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash(0.1)(0.8)
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash$(27.8)$51.0 
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
Net cash used in operating activities was $1.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to $1.6 million of cash provided by operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2020. This decline is primarily attributable to the decline in operating results. Net income adjusted for non-cash items used $11.8 million of cash for the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to providing $13.4 million of cash for the three months ended March 31, 2020. This decline was partially offset by changes in working capital which provided cash of $10.4 million
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for the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to using $11.9 million of cash for the three months ended March 31, 2020.
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
Net cash provided by investing activities was $1.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 including $1.5 million of proceeds from the sale of property and equipment, partially offset by $0.4 million of capital expenditures. Net cash provided by investing activities was $0.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, primarily related to $1.0 million of capital expenditures for property and equipment.
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
Net cash used in financing activities was $27.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to $51.1 million provided by financing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2020. Net cash used in financing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2021 includes $13.7 million of cash used to repurchase 2025 Notes and $13.1 million of repayments on the revolving Credit Facility. Net cash provided by financing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2020 primarily includes $55.0 million of borrowings on the revolving Credit Facility, partially offset by $3.4 million of repurchases of our previous 2021 Notes.
Supplemental Guarantor Financial Information
The Company’s 2025 Notes are guaranteed by our domestic subsidiaries which are 100% owned, directly or indirectly, by the Company. The guarantees are full and unconditional, joint and several.
The guarantees of the 2025 Notes are (i) pari passu in right of payment with all existing and future senior indebtedness of such guarantor, including all obligations under our Credit Facility; (ii) secured by certain collateral of such guarantor, subject to permitted liens under the indenture governing the 2025 Notes; (iii) effectively senior to all unsecured indebtedness of that guarantor, to the extent of the value of the collateral securing the 2025 Notes (after giving effect to the liens securing our Credit Facility and any other senior liens on the collateral); and (v) senior in right of payment to any future subordinated indebtedness of that guarantor.
In the event of a bankruptcy, liquidation or reorganization of any of the non-guarantor subsidiaries of the 2025 Notes, the non-guarantor subsidiaries of such notes will pay the holders of their debt and their trade creditors before they will be able to distribute any of their assets to the Company or to any guarantors.
The 2025 Notes guarantees shall each be released upon (i) any sale or other disposition of all or substantially all of the assets of such guarantor (by merger, consolidation or otherwise) to a person that is not (either before or after giving effect to such transaction) the Company or a subsidiary, if the sale or other disposition does not violate the applicable provisions of the indenture governing such notes; (ii) any sale, exchange or transfer (by merger, consolidation or otherwise) of the equity interests of such guarantor after which the applicable guarantor is no longer a subsidiary, which sale, exchange or transfer does not violate the applicable provisions of the indenture governing such notes; (iii) legal or covenant defeasance or satisfaction and discharge of the indenture governing such notes; or (iv) dissolution of such guarantor, provided no default or event of default has occurred that is continuing.
The obligations of each guarantor of the 2025 Notes under its guarantee will be limited to the maximum amount as will, after giving effect to all other contingent and fixed liabilities of such guarantor (including, without limitation, any guarantees under the Credit Facility) and any collections from or payments made by or on behalf of any other guarantor in respect of the obligations of such other guarantor under its guarantee or pursuant to its contribution obligations under the applicable indenture, result in the obligations of such guarantor under its guarantee not constituting a fraudulent conveyance, fraudulent preference or fraudulent transfer or otherwise reviewable transaction under applicable law. Nonetheless, in the event of the bankruptcy, insolvency or financial difficulty of a guarantor, such guarantor’s obligations under its guarantee may be subject to review and avoidance under applicable fraudulent conveyance, fraudulent preference, fraudulent transfer and insolvency laws.
We are presenting the following summarized financial information for the Company and the subsidiary guarantors (collectively referred to as the "Obligated Group") pursuant to Rule 13-01 of Regulation S-X, Guarantors and Issuers of Guaranteed Securities Registered or Being Registered. For purposes of the following summarized financial information, transactions between the Company and the subsidiary guarantors, presented on a combined basis, have been eliminated and information for the non-guarantor subsidiaries have been excluded. Amounts due to the non-guarantor subsidiaries and other related parties, as applicable, have been separately presented within the summarized financial information below.
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Summarized financial information for the year-to-date interim period and the most recent annual period was as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended March 31,
Summarized Statements of Operations20212020
Revenue$82,197 $