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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period endedMarch 31, 2021
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from               to               .
Commission file number: 001-35120

CVR PARTNERS, LP
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
56-2677689
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
2277 Plaza Drive, Suite 500, Sugar Land, Texas 77479
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(281207-3200
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
_____________________________________________________________
          Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common units representing limited partner interestsUANThe New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes      No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes      No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filerNon-Accelerated filer
Smaller reporting companyEmerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes      No 

There were 10,681,332 common units representing limited partner interests of CVR Partners, LP (“common units”) outstanding at April 30, 2021.



Table of Contents
 TABLE OF CONTENTS
CVR PARTNERS, LP - Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q
March 31, 2021


PART I. Financial Information
PART II. Other Information
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Partners’ Capital - Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 (unaudited)
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows - Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 (unaudited)

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (including documents incorporated by reference herein) contains statements with respect to our expectations or beliefs as to future events. These types of statements are “forward-looking” and subject to uncertainties. See “Important Information Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” section of this filing.

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Important Information Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “Report”) contains forward-looking statements including, but not limited to, those under Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. These forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond our control. All statements other than statements of historical fact, including without limitation, statements regarding future operations, financial position, estimated revenues and losses, growth, capital projects, unit repurchases, impacts of legal proceedings, projected costs, prospects, plans, and objectives of management are forward-looking statements. The words “could,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “estimate,” “expect,” “may,” “continue,” “predict,” “potential,” “project,” and similar terms and phrases are intended to identify forward-looking statements.
Although we believe our assumptions concerning future events are reasonable, a number of risks, uncertainties and other factors could cause actual results and trends to differ materially from those projected or forward-looking. Forward-looking statements, as well as certain risks, contingencies, or uncertainties that may impact our forward-looking statements, include, but are not limited to, the following:
our ability to generate distributable cash or make cash distributions on our common units;
the ability of our general partner to modify or revoke our distribution policy at any time;
the volatile nature of our business and the variable nature of our distributions;
the severity, magnitude, duration, and impact of the novel coronavirus 2019 (“COVID-19”) pandemic and of businesses’ and governments’ responses to such pandemic on our operations, personnel, commercial activity, and supply and demand across our and our customers’ and suppliers’ businesses;
changes in market conditions and market volatility arising from the COVID-19 pandemic, including fertilizer, natural gas, and other commodity prices and the impact of such changes on our operating results and financial position;
the cyclical and seasonal nature of our business;
the impact of weather on our business including our ability to produce, market, sell, transport or deliver fertilizer products profitably or at all;
the dependence of our operations on a few third-party suppliers, including providers of transportation services, and equipment;
our reliance on, or our ability to procure economically or at all, pet coke we purchase from CVR Energy, Inc. (together with its subsidiaries, but excluding the Partnership and its subsidiaries, “CVR Energy”) and other third-party suppliers;
our reliance on the natural gas, electricity, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur processing, compressed dry air and other products that we purchase from third parties;
the supply, availability, and prices of essential raw materials;
our production levels, including the risk of a material decline in those levels, including our ability to upgrade ammonia to UAN;
accidents or other unscheduled shutdowns or interruptions affecting our facilities, machinery, or equipment, or those of our suppliers or customers;
potential operating hazards from accidents, fire, severe weather, tornadoes, floods or other natural disasters;
our ability to obtain, retain, or renew permits, licenses and authorizations to operate our business;
competition in the nitrogen fertilizer businesses including potential impacts of domestic and global supply and demand; and/or domestic or international duties, tariffs, or similar costs;
foreign wheat and coarse grain production, including increases thereto and farm planting acreage;
capital expenditures;
existing and future laws, rulings and regulations, including but not limited to those relating to the environment, climate change, and/or the transportation or production of hazardous chemicals like ammonia, including potential liabilities or capital requirements arising from such laws, rulings, or regulations;
alternative energy or fuel sources and impacts on corn prices (ethanol), and the end-use and application of fertilizers;
risks of terrorism, cybersecurity attacks, the security of chemical manufacturing facilities and other matters beyond our control;
our lack of asset diversification;
our dependence on significant customers and the creditworthiness and performance by counterparties;
our potential loss of transportation cost advantage over our competitors;
risks associated with third party operation of or control over important facilities necessary for operation of our nitrogen fertilizer facilities;
the volatile nature of ammonia, potential liability for accidents involving ammonia including damage or injury to persons, property, the environment or human health and increased costs related to the transport or production of ammonia;
our potential inability to successfully implement our business strategies, including the completion of significant capital programs or projects;
our reliance on CVR Energy’s senior management team and conflicts of interest they may face operating each of CVR Partners and CVR Energy;
control of our general partner by CVR Energy;
our ability to continue to license the technology used in our operations;
restrictions in our debt agreements;
asset impairments and impacts thereof;
March 31, 2021 | 3

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asset useful life;
realizable inventory value;
the number of investors willing to hold or acquire our common units;
our ability to issue securities or obtain financing;
the possibility of changes in tax and other law, regulations and policies;
ability to qualify for 45Q tax credits;
changes in our treatment as a partnership for U.S. federal income or state tax purposes;
rulings, judgments or settlements in litigation, tax or other legal or regulatory matters;
instability and volatility in the capital and credit markets;
competition with CVR Energy and its affiliates;
transactions and/or conflicts with CVR Energy’s controlling shareholder;
the value of payouts under our equity and non-equity incentive plans;
our ability to recover under our insurance policies for damages or losses in full or at all; and
the factors described in greater detail under “Risk Factors” in Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 and our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”).
All forward-looking statements included in this Report are based on information available to us on the date of this Report. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

Information About Us

Investors should note that we make available, free of charge on our website at cvrenergy.com, our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and any amendments to those reports as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the SEC. We also post announcements, updates, events, investor information and presentations on our website in addition to copies of all recent news releases. We may use the Investor Relations section of our website to communicate with investors. It is possible that the financial and other information posted there could be deemed to be material information. Documents and information on our website are not incorporated by reference herein.
The SEC maintains a website at www.sec.gov that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers, including us, that file electronically with the SEC.

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PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements

CVR PARTNERS, LP AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(unaudited)
(in thousands)March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$52,561 $30,559 
Accounts receivable15,491 36,896 
Inventories57,184 42,349 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets7,494 8,410 
Total current assets132,730 118,214 
Property, plant, and equipment, net883,336 897,847 
Other long-term assets15,816 16,819 
Total assets$1,031,882 $1,032,880 
LIABILITIES AND PARTNERS’ CAPITAL
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$20,603 $19,544 
Accounts payable to affiliates1,061 5,217 
Deferred revenue40,383 30,631 
Other current liabilities37,781 20,949 
Total current liabilities99,828 76,341 
Long-term liabilities:
Long-term debt, net of current portion634,946 633,942 
Other long-term liabilities8,780 8,356 
Total long-term liabilities643,726 642,298 
Commitments and contingencies (See Note 11)
Partners’ capital:
Common unitholders, 10,681,332 and 10,705,710 units issued and outstanding at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively
288,327 314,240 
General partner interest1 1 
Total partners’ capital288,328 314,241 
Total liabilities and partners’ capital$1,031,882 $1,032,880 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
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CVR PARTNERS, LP AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(unaudited)
Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in thousands, except per unit data)20212020
Net sales
$60,921 $75,080 
Operating costs and expenses:
Cost of materials and other
17,766 23,991 
Direct operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)
37,075 35,123 
Depreciation and amortization
14,123 15,597 
Cost of sales
68,964 74,711 
Selling, general and administrative expenses
5,891 5,354 
Loss (gain) on asset disposal72 (13)
Operating loss(14,006)(4,972)
Other (expense) income:
Interest expense, net
(15,916)(15,783)
Other income, net4,557 27 
Loss before income tax expense(25,365)(20,728)
Income tax expense19 7 
Net loss$(25,384)$(20,735)
Basic and diluted loss per unit$(2.37)$(1.83)
Weighted-average common units outstanding:
Basic and Diluted
10,695 11,328 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

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CVR PARTNERS, LP AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF PARTNERS’ CAPITAL
(unaudited)
Common Units General
Partner
Interest
Total Partners’ Capital
(in thousands, except unit data)IssuedAmount
Balance at December 31, 202010,705,710 $314,240 $1 $314,241 
Unit repurchases(24,378)(529) (529)
Net loss (25,384) (25,384)
Balance at March 31, 202110,681,332 $288,327 $1 $288,328 

Common Units General
Partner
Interest
Total Partners’ Capital
(in thousands, except unit data)IssuedAmount
Balance at December 31, 201911,328,297 $419,543 $1 $419,544 
Land exchange with affiliate— (116)— (116)
Net loss— (20,735)— (20,735)
Balance at March 31, 202011,328,297 $398,692 $1 $398,693 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


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CVR PARTNERS, LP AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(unaudited)
Three Months Ended March 31,
(in thousands)20212020
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net loss$(25,384)$(20,735)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization14,123 15,597 
Share-based compensation3,592 (477)
Other adjustments1,259 1,262 
Change in assets and liabilities:
Current assets and liabilities33,782 32,645 
Non-current assets and liabilities(1,821)(585)
Net cash provided by operating activities25,551 27,707 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Capital expenditures (2,994)(6,710)
Proceeds from sale of assets  48 
Net cash used in investing activities(2,994)(6,662)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Repurchase of common units(529) 
Other financing activities(26)(25)
Net cash used in financing activities(555)(25)
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents22,002 21,020 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period 30,559 36,994 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period $52,561 $58,014 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

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NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)

(1) Organization and Nature of Business

CVR Partners, LP (“CVR Partners” or the “Partnership”) is a Delaware limited partnership formed by CVR Energy, Inc. (together with its subsidiaries, but excluding the Partnership and its subsidiaries, “CVR Energy”) to own, operate and grow its nitrogen fertilizer business. The Partnership produces nitrogen fertilizer products at two manufacturing facilities, which are located in Coffeyville, Kansas (the “Coffeyville Facility”) and East Dubuque, Illinois (the “East Dubuque Facility”). Both facilities manufacture ammonia and are able to further upgrade to other nitrogen fertilizer products, principally urea ammonium nitrate (“UAN”). Nitrogen fertilizer is used by farmers to improve the yield and quality of their crops, primarily corn and wheat. The Partnership’s products are sold on a wholesale basis in the United States of America. As used in these financial statements, references to CVR Partners, the Partnership, “we”, “us”, and “our” may refer to consolidated subsidiaries of CVR Partners or one or both of the facilities, as the context may require.

Interest Holders

As of March 31, 2021, public common unitholders held approximately 64% of the Partnership’s outstanding limited partner interests; CVR Services, LLC (“CVR Services”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of CVR Energy, held approximately 36% of the Partnership’s outstanding limited partner interests; and CVR GP, LLC (“CVR GP” or the “general partner”), a wholly owned subsidiary of CVR Energy, held 100% of the Partnership’s general partner interest. As of March 31, 2021, Icahn Enterprises L.P. (“IEP”) and its affiliates owned approximately 71% of the common stock of CVR Energy.

Unit Repurchase Program

On May 6, 2020, the board of directors of the Partnership’s general partner (the “Board”), on behalf of the Partnership, authorized a unit repurchase program (the “Unit Repurchase Program”). The Unit Repurchase Program enables the Partnership to repurchase up to $10 million of the Partnership’s common units. On February 22, 2021, the Board authorized an additional $10 million for the Unit Repurchase Program. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Partnership repurchased 24,378 common units on the open market, in accordance with a repurchase agreement under Rules 10b5-1 and 10b-18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), at a cost of $0.5 million, inclusive of transaction costs, or an average price of $21.70 per common unit. As of March 31, 2021, the Partnership had $12.4 million in authority remaining under the Unit Repurchase Program. This Unit Repurchase Program does not obligate the Partnership to acquire any common units and may be cancelled or terminated by the Board at any time.

Management and Operations

The Partnership, including CVR GP, is managed by a combination of the Board, the general partner’s executive officers, CVR Services (as sole member of the general partner), and certain officers of CVR Energy, pursuant to the Partnership Agreement, as well as a number of agreements between the Partnership, CVR GP, CVR Energy, and certain of their respective subsidiaries, including a services agreement. See Part II, Item 8 of CVR Partners’ Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 (the “2020 Form 10-K”) for further discussion. Common unitholders have limited voting rights on matters affecting the Partnership and have no right to elect the general partner’s directors or officers, whether on an annual or continuing basis or otherwise.

(2) Basis of Presentation

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the December 31, 2020 audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the 2020 Form 10-K.

In the opinion of the Partnership’s management, the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments that are necessary for fair presentation of the financial position and results of operations of the Partnership for the periods presented. Such adjustments are of a normal recurring nature, unless otherwise disclosed.

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NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
The preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, and expenses, and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results that will be realized for the year ending December 31, 2021 or any other interim or annual period.

(3) Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Recent Accounting Pronouncements - Adoption of Income Taxes Standard

In December 2019, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standard Update (“ASU”) 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740). The ASU simplifies the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740 and modifies other areas of the topic to clarify the application of GAAP. Certain amendments within the standard are required to be applied on a retrospective basis and others on a prospective basis. Effective January 1, 2021, we adopted this ASU with no material impact on the Partnership’s consolidated financial position or results of operations.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements - Adoption of Codification Improvements Standard

In October 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-10, Codification Improvements. The ASU amends various sections of the codification in the Boards ongoing efforts to simplify and improve guidance. Effective January 1, 2021, we adopted this ASU with no material impact on the Partnership’s consolidated financial position or results of operations.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements - New Accounting Standards Issued But Not Yet Implemented

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848). This ASU was issued because, by the end of 2021, banks will no longer be required to report information that is used to determine London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”), which is used globally by all types of entities. As a result, LIBOR could be discontinued, as well as other interest rates used globally. ASU 2020-04 provides companies with optional expedients for contract modifications under Topics 310, 470, 842, and 815-15, excluded components of certain hedging relationships, fair value hedges, and cash flow hedges, as well as certain exceptions, which are intended to help ease the potential accounting burden associated with transitioning away from these reference rates. ASU 2021-01 clarifies certain optional expedients and exceptions for contract modifications and hedge accounting. Companies can apply the ASU immediately. However, the guidance will only be available for a limited time (generally through December 31, 2022). The Partnership is currently evaluating the impact that adopting this new accounting standard will have on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

(4) Inventories

Inventories consisted of the following:
(in thousands)March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Finished goods$24,490 $9,815 
Raw materials100 152 
Parts, supplies and other32,594 32,382 
Total inventories
$57,184 $42,349 

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NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
(5) Property, Plant and Equipment

Property, plant and equipment consisted of the following:
(in thousands)March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Machinery and equipment $1,392,503 $1,388,735 
Buildings and improvements 17,598 17,598 
Automotive equipment 16,608 16,608 
Land and improvements 14,132 14,132 
Construction in progress 10,746 12,098 
Other2,027 1,721 
1,453,614 1,450,892 
Less: Accumulated depreciation and amortization570,278 553,045 
Total property, plant and equipment, net
$883,336 $897,847 

As of March 31, 2021, the Partnership had not identified the existence of an impairment indicator for our long-lived asset groups as outlined under ASC Topic 360, Property, Plant, and Equipment.

(6) Leases

Lease Overview

We lease railcars and certain facilities to support the Partnership’s operations. Most leases include one or more options to renew, with renewal terms that can extend the lease term from one to 20 years or more. The exercise of lease renewal options is at our sole discretion. Certain leases also include options to purchase the leased property. The depreciable life of assets and leasehold improvements are limited by the expected lease term, unless there is a transfer of title or purchase option reasonably certain of exercise. Certain of our lease agreements include rental payments which are adjusted periodically for factors such as inflation. Our lease agreements do not contain any material residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants. Additionally, we do not have any material lessor or sub-leasing arrangements.

Balance Sheet Summary as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020

The following tables summarize the ROU asset and lease liability balances for the Partnership’s operating and finance leases at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020:
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
(in thousands)Operating LeasesFinance LeasesOperating LeasesFinance Leases
ROU asset, net
Railcars$6,558 $ $7,327 $ 
Real estate and other2,944 95 3,040 101 
Lease liability
Railcars$6,931 $ $7,696 $ 
Real estate and other817 70 867 105 

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NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
Lease Expense Summary for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 and 2020

We recognize lease expense on a straight-line basis over the lease term and short-term lease expense within Direct operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization). For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, we recognized lease expense comprised of the following components:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in thousands)20212020
Operating lease expense$916 $1,111 
Finance lease expense:
Amortization of ROU asset$22 $27 
Interest expense on lease liability1 2 
Short-term lease expense$160 $77 

Lease Terms and Discount Rates

The following outlines the remaining lease terms and discount rates used in the measurement of the Partnership’s ROU assets and liabilities at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020:
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Operating LeasesFinance LeasesOperating LeasesFinance Leases
Weighted-average remaining lease term2.7 years1.1 years2.9 years1.3 years
Weighted-average discount rate5.1 %3.9 %5.1 %4.0 %

Maturities of Lease Liabilities

The following summarizes the remaining minimum lease payments through maturity of the Partnership’s ROU assets and liabilities at March 31, 2021:
(in thousands)Operating LeasesFinance Leases
Remainder of 2021$2,754 $71 
20223,236  
20231,367  
2024684  
2025263  
Thereafter  
Total lease payments 8,304 71 
Less: imputed interest(556)(1)
Total lease liability$7,748 $70 

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NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
(7) Other Current Liabilities

Other current liabilities consisted of the following:
(in thousands)March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Accrued interest$17,470 $2,506 
Personnel accruals5,287 7,475 
Operating lease liabilities3,356 3,309 
Sales incentives2,954 2,215 
Share-based compensation2,313 442 
Current portion of long-term debt and finance lease obligations2,310 2,240 
Prepaid revenue contracts138 197 
Other accrued expenses and liabilities 3,953 2,565 
Total other current liabilities
$37,781 $20,949 

(8) Long-Term Debt

Long-term debt consists of the following:
(in thousands)March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
9.25% Senior Secured Notes, due June 2023 (1)
$645,000 $645,000 
Unamortized discount and debt issuance costs (2)(10,054)(11,058)
Total long-term debt and finance lease obligations, net of current portion634,946 633,942 
Current portion of long-term debt and finance lease obligations (3)(4)2,310 2,240 
Total long-term debt and finance lease obligations, including current portion$637,256 $636,182 

(1)The estimated fair value of long-term debt outstanding was approximately $650.6 million and $645.7 million as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. This estimate of fair value is a Level 2 measurement as it was determined by quotations obtained from a broker-dealer who makes a market in these and similar securities. The call price of the 2023 Notes decreases to par on June 15, 2021.
(2)For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, amortization of the discount on debt and amortization of deferred financing costs reported as Interest expense, net totaled approximately $1.0 million and $0.9 million, respectively.
(3)The 6.50% Notes, due April 2021, mature within 12 months, and, therefore, the outstanding balance of $2.2 million has been classified as short-term debt as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020. Amounts are reported in Other current liabilities. On April 15, 2021, the 2021 Notes matured, and the Partnership paid the outstanding balance, plus accrued and unpaid interest.
(4)Current portion of finance lease obligations recognized was approximately $0.1 million as of March 31, 2021. Amounts reported in Other current liabilities.

Credit Agreements
(in thousands)Total Available Borrowing CapacityAmount Borrowed as of March 31, 2021Outstanding Letters of CreditAvailable Capacity as of March 31, 2021Maturity Date
ABL Credit Agreement (1)(2)$24,609 $ $ $24,609 September 30, 2022

(1)Beginning January 1, 2021, loans under the Partnership’s ABL Credit Agreement (the “ABL Credit Agreement”) bear interest at an annual rate equal to (i) (a) 2.00% plus LIBOR, to the extent available, or (b) 1.00% plus a base rate, if our quarterly excess availability is greater than 50% and (ii) (a) 2.50% plus LIBOR, to the extent available, or (b) 1.50% plus a base rate, otherwise.
(2)Amortization expense was $0.1 million and $0.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

Covenant Compliance

The Partnership and its subsidiaries were in compliance with all covenants under their respective debt instruments as of March 31, 2021.

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NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
(9) Revenue

The following table presents the Partnership’s revenue, disaggregated by major product:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in thousands)20212020
Ammonia$9,534 $14,147 
UAN 38,062 47,014 
Urea products4,758 3,533 
Net sales, exclusive of freight and other52,354 64,694 
Freight revenue6,114 7,722 
Other revenue2,453 2,664 
Net sales$60,921 $75,080 

Transaction Price Allocated to Remaining Performance Obligations

As of March 31, 2021, the Partnership had approximately $6.1 million of remaining performance obligations for contracts with an original expected duration of more than one year. The Partnership expects to recognize approximately $3.5 million of these performance obligations as revenue by the end of 2021, an additional $2.3 million in 2022, and the remaining balance thereafter.

Contract Balances

The Partnership’s deferred revenue is a contract liability that primarily relates to nitrogen fertilizer sales contracts requiring customer prepayment prior to product delivery to guarantee a price and supply of nitrogen fertilizer. Deferred revenue is recorded at the point in time in which a prepaid contract is legally enforceable and the associated right to consideration is unconditional prior to transferring product to the customer. An associated receivable is recorded for uncollected prepaid contract amounts. Contracts requiring prepayment are generally short-term in nature and, as discussed above, revenue is recognized at the point in time in which the customer obtains control of the product.

A summary of the deferred revenue activity for the three months ended March 31, 2021 is presented below:
(in thousands)
Balance at December 31, 2020$30,631 
Add:
New prepay contracts entered into during the period (1)20,094 
Less:
Revenue recognized that was included in the contract liability balance at the beginning of the period(7,505)
Revenue recognized related to contracts entered into during the period(2,800)
Other changes(37)
Balance at March 31, 2021$40,383 

(1) Includes $18.6 million where payment associated with prepaid contracts was collected as of March 31, 2021.

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NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
(10) Share-Based Compensation

A summary of compensation expense for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 is presented below:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in thousands)20212020
Phantom Units$3,145 $(259)
Other Awards (1)
447 (218)
Total share-based compensation expense$3,592 $(477)

(1)Other awards include the allocation of compensation expense for certain employees of CVR Energy and certain of its subsidiaries who perform services for the Partnership under the services agreement with CVR Energy and the Limited Partnership Agreement, respectively, and participate in equity compensation plans of CVR Partners’ affiliates.

(11) Commitments and Contingencies

There have been no material changes in the Partnership’s commitments and contingencies disclosed in the 2020 Form 10-K. In the ordinary course of business, the Partnership may become party to lawsuits, administrative proceedings, and governmental investigations, including environmental, regulatory, and other matters. The outcome of these matters cannot always be predicted accurately, but the Partnership accrues liabilities for these matters if the Partnership has determined that it is probable a loss has been incurred and the loss can be reasonably estimated. While it is not possible to predict the outcome of such proceedings, if one or more of them were decided against us, the Partnership believes there would be no material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

The Partnership continues to monitor its contractual arrangements and customer, vendor, and supplier relationships to determine whether and to what extent, if any, the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic or recent price volatility will impair or excuse the performance of the Partnership or its subsidiaries or their customers, vendors, or suppliers under existing agreements. As of March 31, 2021, the Partnership had not experienced a material financial impact from any actual or threatened impairment of or excuse in its or others’ performance under such agreements.

(12) Supplemental Cash Flow Information

Cash flows related to income taxes, interest, leases, and capital expenditures included in accounts payable are as follows:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in thousands)20212020
Supplemental disclosures:
Cash paid for interest$45 $49 
Cash paid, net of refunds (received, net of payments) for income taxes (1)
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
Operating cash flows from operating leases918 1,118 
Operating cash flows from finance leases1 2 
Financing cash flows from finance leases26 25 
Non-cash investing activities:
Change in capital expenditures included in accounts payable131 (1,117)

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NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
(13) Related Party Transactions

Activity associated with the Partnership’s related party arrangements for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 is summarized below.

Related Party Activity
Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in thousands)20212020
Sales to related parties (1)$219 $540 
Purchases from related parties (2)6,693 5,938 


March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Due to related parties (3)902 1,446 

(1)Sales to related parties, included in Net sales, consist primarily of sales of feedstocks and services to Coffeyville Resources Refining & Marketing, LLC (“CRRM”) under the Master Service Agreement with Coffeyville Resources Nitrogen Fertilizers, LLC (the “Coffeyville MSA”).
(2)Purchases from related parties, included in Cost of materials and other, Direct operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization), and Selling, general and administrative expenses, consist primarily of pet coke and hydrogen purchased from CRRM under the Coffeyville MSA.
(3)Due (from) to related parties, included in Accounts payable to affiliates, Other current liabilities, and Other long-term liabilities, consist primarily of amounts to be received or payable for feedstocks and other supplies and services provided by CRRM and CVR Services under the Coffeyville MSA and Corporate MSA.

Distributions to CVR Partners’ Unitholders

Distributions, if any, including the payment, amount, and timing thereof, are subject to change at the discretion of the Board. There were no distributions declared or paid by the Partnership during the three months ended March 31, 2021 related to the fourth quarter of 2020, and no distributions were paid during 2020. No distributions were declared for the first quarter of 2021.


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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows should be read in conjunction with the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes and with the statistical information and financial data appearing in this Report, as well as our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on February 23, 2021 (the “2020 Form 10-K”). Results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of results to be attained for any other period. See “Important Information Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.”

Reflected in this discussion and analysis is how management views the Partnership’s current financial condition and results of operations along with key external variables and management actions that may impact the Partnership. Understanding significant external variables, such as market conditions, weather, and seasonal trends, among others, and management actions taken to manage the Partnership, address external variables, among others, which will increase users’ understanding of the Partnership, its financial condition and results of operations. This discussion may contain forward-looking statements that reflect our plans, estimates and beliefs. Our actual results could differ materially from those discussed in the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to those discussed below and elsewhere in this Report.
Partnership Overview

CVR Partners, LP (“CVR Partners” or the “Partnership”) is a Delaware limited partnership formed in 2011 by CVR Energy, Inc. (“CVR Energy”) to own, operate, and grow its nitrogen fertilizer business. The Partnership produces and distributes nitrogen fertilizer products, which are used by farmers to improve the yield and quality of their crops. The Partnership produces these products at two manufacturing facilities, which are located in Coffeyville, Kansas (the “Coffeyville Facility”) and East Dubuque, Illinois (the “East Dubuque Facility”). Our principal products are ammonia and urea ammonium nitrate (“UAN”). All of our products are sold on a wholesale basis. References to CVR Partners, the Partnership, “we”, “us”, and “our” may refer to consolidated subsidiaries of CVR Partners or one or both of the facilities, as the context may require. Additionally, as the context may require, references to CVR Energy may refer to CVR Energy and its consolidated subsidiaries which include its petroleum refining, marketing, and logistics operations.

Strategy and Goals

Mission and Core Values

Our Mission is to be a top tier North American nitrogen-based fertilizer company as measured by safe and reliable operations, superior performance and profitable growth. The foundation of how we operate is built on five core Values:

Safety - We always put safety first. The protection of our employees, contractors and communities is paramount. We have an unwavering commitment to safety above all else. If it’s not safe, then we don’t do it.

Environment - We care for our environment. Complying with all regulations and minimizing any environmental impact from our operations is essential. We understand our obligation to the environment and that it’s our duty to protect it.

Integrity - We require high business ethics. We comply with the law and practice sound corporate governance. We only conduct business one way—the right way with integrity.

Corporate Citizenship - We are proud members of the communities where we operate. We are good neighbors and know that it’s a privilege we can’t take for granted. We seek to make a positive economic and social impact through our financial donations and the contributions of time, knowledge and talent of our employees to the places where we live and work.

Continuous Improvement - We believe in both individual and team success. We foster accountability under a performance-driven culture that supports creative thinking, teamwork, diversity and personal development so that
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employees can realize their maximum potential. We use defined work practices for consistency, efficiency and to create value across the organization.

Our core values are driven by our people, inform the way we do business each and every day and enhance our ability to accomplish our mission and related strategic objectives.

Strategic Objectives

We have outlined the following strategic objectives to drive the accomplishment of our mission:

Environmental Health & Safety (“EH&S”) - We aim to achieve continuous improvement in all EH&S areas through ensuring our people’s commitment to environmental, health and safety comes first, the refinement of existing policies, continuous training, and enhanced monitoring procedures.

Reliability - Our goal is to achieve industry-leading utilization rates at both of our facilities through safe and reliable operations. We are focusing on improvements in day-to-day plant operations, identifying alternative sources for plant inputs to reduce lost time due to third-party operational constraints, and optimizing our commercial and marketing functions to maintain plant operations at their highest level.

Market Capture - We continuously evaluate opportunities to improve the facilities’ realized pricing at the gate and reduce variable costs incurred in production to maximize our capture of market opportunities.

Financial Discipline - We strive to be efficient as possible by maintaining low operating costs and disciplined deployment of capital.

Achievements

During the first three months of 2021, we successfully executed a number of achievements in support of our strategic objectives shown below through the date of this filing despite the challenges experienced by the industry as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic:
SafetyReliabilityMarket CaptureFinancial Discipline
Achieved record truck shipments and total shipments from the Coffeyville Facility in March 2021üüü
Opportunistically sold natural gas into high priced market, offsetting storm-related lost profit opportunities üü
Operated the East Dubuque Ammonia plant at high utilization rates, excluding downtime related to Winter Storm Uri üü
Recovered quickly from storm-related downtime at both facilities üüü
Achieved 45% reduction in process safety incidents and 33% reduction in environmental events compared to the first quarter of 2020ü

Industry Factors and Market Indicators
Within the nitrogen fertilizer business, earnings and cash flows from operations are primarily affected by the relationship between nitrogen fertilizer product prices, utilization, and operating costs and expenses, including petroleum coke and natural gas feedstock costs.

The price at which nitrogen fertilizer products are ultimately sold depends on numerous factors, including the global supply and demand for nitrogen fertilizer products which, in turn, depends on, among other factors, world grain demand and production levels, changes in world population, the cost and availability of fertilizer transportation infrastructure, weather conditions, the availability of imports, and the extent of government intervention in agriculture markets.
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Nitrogen fertilizer prices are also affected by local factors, including local market conditions and the operating levels of competing facilities. An expansion or upgrade of competitors’ facilities, new facility development, political and economic developments, and other factors are likely to continue to play an important role in nitrogen fertilizer industry economics. These factors can impact, among other things, the level of inventories in the market, resulting in price volatility and a reduction in product margins. Moreover, the industry typically experiences seasonal fluctuations in demand for nitrogen fertilizer products.
General Business Environment

Throughout 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic and actions taken by governments and others in response thereto negatively impacted the worldwide economy, financial markets, and the agricultural industry. The COVID-19 pandemic also resulted in significant business and operational disruptions, including business closures in the restaurant and food supply industries, among others, liquidity strains, destruction of non-essential demand, as well as supply chain challenges, travel restrictions, stay-at-home orders, and limitations on the availability of the workforce, including farmers in the agricultural industry. As a result, the U.S. demand for liquid transportation fuels, including ethanol (the production of which is a significant driver of demand for corn), declined, causing many refineries and plants to reduce production or idle. Over recent quarters, government restrictions have eased, vaccines have become available, and demand for transportation fuels has increased. However, demand levels remain below pre-pandemic levels as evidenced by a decline in the first quarter 2021 average ethanol production of 12% compared to the first quarter of 2020. Additionally, given market conditions for transportation fuels over the past year, the processing of sweet crude oil, including at the crude oil refinery owned and operated by Coffeyville Resources Refining & Marketing, LLC (“CRRM”), an indirect, wholly-owned subsidiary of CVR Energy (the “Coffeyville Refinery”), has increased compared to the period pre-COVID-19 resulting in lower sour crude oil being processed as refineries have adjusted to market dynamics. As a result, pet coke production has declined, including at the Coffeyville Refinery, which has and may continue to cause increased production costs at our Coffeyville Facility. Concerns over the long-term negative effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on economic and business prospects across the world have contributed to increased market and grain price volatility and have diminished expectations for the global economy.

The Partnership believes the general business environment in which it operates will continue to remain volatile during 2021, driven by uncertainty around the availability and prices of its feedstocks and the demand for its products. As a result, future operating results and current and long-term financial condition could be negatively impacted if economic conditions decline, remain volatile, and do not return to pre-pandemic levels. Due to the uncertainty of the global recovery, including its duration, timing, and strength, the Partnership is not able at this time to predict the extent to which these events may have a material, or any, effect on its financial or operational results in future periods.

Market Indicators

While there is risk of shorter-term volatility given the inherent nature of the commodity cycle, the Partnership believes the long-term fundamentals for the U.S. nitrogen fertilizer industry remain intact. The Partnership views the anticipated combination of (i) increasing global population, (ii) decreasing arable land per capita, (iii) continued evolution to more protein-based diets in developing countries, (iv) sustained use of corn as feedstock for the domestic production of ethanol, and (v) positioning at the lower end of the global cost curve should provide a solid foundation for nitrogen fertilizer producers in the U.S. over the longer term.

Corn and soybean are two major crops planted by farmers in North America. Corn crops result in the depletion of the amount of nitrogen and ammonia within the soil in which it is grown, which in turn, results in the need for these nutrients to be replenished after each growing cycle. Unlike corn, soybeans are able to obtain their own nitrogen through a process known as “N fixation.” As such, upon harvesting of soybeans, the soil retains a certain amount of nitrogen which results in lower demand for nitrogen fertilizer for the following corn planting cycle. Due to these factors, nitrogen fertilizer consumers generally operate a balanced corn-soybean rotational planting cycle as evident through the chart presented below for 2021 and 2020.

The relationship between the total acres planted for both corn and soybean has a direct impact on the overall demand for nitrogen products. As the number of corn acres increases, the market and demand for nitrogen also increases. Correspondingly, as the number of soybean acres increases, the market and demand for nitrogen decreases. Additionally, an estimated 8 billion pounds of soybean oil is expected to be used in producing cleaner biodiesel in 2020 and 2021. Multiple refiners have announced biodiesel expansion projects for 2021 and beyond, which will only increase the demand and capacity for soybeans. Due to the uncertainty of how these factors will truly affect the soybean market, it is not yet known how the nitrogen business will be impacted.
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Ethanol is blended with gasoline to meet renewable fuel standard requirements and for its octane value. Ethanol production has historically consumed approximately 35% of the U.S. corn crop, so demand for corn generally rises and falls with ethanol demand. There has been a decline in ethanol demand in 2020 due to decreased demand for transportation fuels as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the lower ethanol demand did not alter the spring 2021 or 2020 planting decisions by farmers as evidenced in the charts below.
While weather conditions in 2020 exhibited normal patterns, weather continues to be a critical variable for crop production. The normal weather in the spring and the fall of 2020 allowed for an efficient spring application period and fall harvest. However, the unusual derecho storm in the Midwest in August 2020 damaged a significant number of corn acres, reducing harvested corn yields and, coupled with higher demand for corn starting in the second half of 2020, led to much lower corn inventory levels and significantly higher corn prices. Soybeans have also experienced high demand levels starting in the second half of 2020 and inventory levels are much lower, resulting in much higher soybean prices. The higher corn and soybean prices have increased expectations for planted corn and soybean acres for the spring of 2021 and led to higher demand for nitrogen fertilizer, as well as other crop inputs.

The preliminary 2021 United States Department of Agriculture (“USDA”) reports on corn and soybean acres planted indicated farmers’ intentions to plant 91.1 million acres of corn, representing an increase of 0.2% in corn acres planted as compared to 91.0 million corn acres in 2020. Planted soybean acres are estimated to be 87.6 million acres, representing a 5.4% increase in soybean acres planted as compared to 83.1 million soybean acres in 2020. The combined corn and soybean planted acres of 178.7 million is the highest in history, and based on expected yields and crop prices, farm economics are expected to be very attractive in 2021.

Due to strong crop prices, an expected strong spring planting season, and lower fertilizer supply due to nitrogen fertilizer production outages during Winter Storm Uri, fertilizer prices have risen significantly since January 1, 2021. In 2020, UAN prices were impacted by the imposition of import duties on UAN product by the European Union (the “EU”), which resulted in shifts in UAN trade flows for product that had previously been shipped to the EU. The impact on pricing of the changes in trade flows was significant in 2020 but has lessened in the first quarter of 2021. While natural gas prices were at historical lows across the world in 2020, they have recovered significantly since the summer of 2020, reducing the incentive to maximize production at nitrogen fertilizer production facilities.

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The tables below show relevant market indicators by month through March 31, 2021:
(1)Information used within this chart was obtained from the U.S. Energy Information Administration (“EIA”).
(2)Information used within this chart was obtained from the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Services. Grown acres for 2021 are preliminary USDA estimated amounts and will be updated for actual amounts as the information becomes available, which is expected to be during the third quarter of 2021.
(3)Information used within these charts was obtained from various third-party sources, including Green Markets (a Bloomberg Company), Pace Petroleum Coke Quarterly, and the EIA, amongst others.

Results of Operations

The following should be read in conjunction with the information outlined in the previous sections of this Part I, Item 2, the financial statements, and related notes thereto in Part I, Item 1 of this Report.
The charts presented below summarize our ammonia utilization rates on a consolidated basis and at each of our facilities. Utilization is an important measure used by management to assess operational output at each of the Partnership’s facilities. Utilization is calculated as actual tons of ammonia produced divided by capacity adjusted for planned maintenance and turnarounds.
The presentation of our utilization is on a two-year rolling average which takes into account the impact of our planned and unplanned outages on any specific period. We believe the two-year rolling average is a more useful presentation of the long-term utilization performance of our facilities.

Utilization is presented solely on ammonia production rather than each nitrogen product as it provides a comparative baseline against industry peers and eliminates the disparity of facility configurations for upgrade of ammonia into other nitrogen products. With efforts primarily focused on ammonia upgrade capabilities, we believe this measure provides a meaningful view of how well we operate.
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On a consolidated basis, utilization increased 3% to 96% for the two years ended March 31, 2021 compared to the two years ended March 31, 2020. The first quarter of 2019 ammonia storage capacity was constrained at the East Dubuque Facility impacting comparability for 2020 and 2021.

Sales and Pricing per Ton - Two of our key operating metrics are total sales for ammonia and UAN, along with the product pricing per ton realized at the gate. Total sales for ammonia and UAN were unfavorable, driven by lower production due to downtime associated with the Messer air separation plant and production and shipping constraints due to Winter Storm Uri. Ammonia sales prices were favorable compared to difficult market conditions in the first quarter of 2020. UAN sales prices were slightly unfavorable due to forward sales of product completed in November/December 2020 prior to the increase in UAN market prices. Product pricing at the gate represents net sales less freight revenue divided by product sales volume in tons and is shown in order to provide a pricing measure comparable across the fertilizer industry.

Operating Highlights for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 versus March 31, 2020)


Production Volumes - Gross tons produced for ammonia represent the total ammonia produced, including ammonia produced, that was upgraded into other fertilizer products. Net tons available for sale represent the ammonia available for sale
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that was not upgraded into other fertilizer products. The table below presents these metrics for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020:
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in thousands of tons)2021 2020
Ammonia (gross produced)188 201 
Ammonia (net available for sale)70 78 
UAN272 317 

Feedstock - Our Coffeyville Facility utilizes a pet coke gasification process to produce nitrogen fertilizer. Our East Dubuque Facility uses natural gas in its production of ammonia. The table below presents these feedstocks for both facilities for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020:
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
2021 2020
Petroleum coke used in production (thousand tons)128 125 
Petroleum coke (dollars per ton)$42.91 $44.68 
Natural gas used in production (thousands of MMBtu) (1)1,882 2,141 
Natural gas used in production (dollars per MMBtu) (1)$3.10 $2.42 
Natural gas in cost of materials and other (thousands of MMBtu) (1)940 1,418 
Natural gas in cost of materials and other (dollars per MMBtu) (1)$2.94 $2.80 

(1)The feedstock natural gas shown above does not include natural gas used for fuel. The cost of fuel natural gas is included in Direct operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization).

Financial Highlights for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 and 2020

Overview - For the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Partnership’s operating loss and net loss were $14.0 million and $25.4 million, a $9.0 million increase in operating loss and $4.7 million increase in net loss, respectively, compared to the three months ended March 31, 2020. These increases were driven primarily by fewer sales as a result of lower production due to downtime associated with the Messer air separation plant and production and shipping impacts from Winter Storm Uri.
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(1)See “Non-GAAP Reconciliations” section below for reconciliations of the non-GAAP measures shown above.

Net Sales - For the three months ended March 31, 2021, net sales decreased by $14.2 million to $60.9 million compared to the three months ended March 31, 2020. This decrease was primarily due to decreased sales volumes which contributed $13.2 million in lower revenues and unfavorable sales pricing contributed $0.5 million in lower revenues as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2020.

The following table demonstrates the impact of changes in sales volumes and pricing for the primary components of net sales, excluding urea products, freight, and other revenue, for the three months ended March 31, 2021 as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2020:
(in thousands)Price
 Variance
Volume
 Variance
UAN$(1,673)$(7,419)
Ammonia1,145 (5,769)

The increase in ammonia sales pricing for the three months ended March 31, 2021 as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2020 was primarily attributable to favorable market conditions in the first quarter of 2021 compared to difficult market conditions in the first quarter of 2020. UAN sales prices were slightly unfavorable due to forward sales of product completed in November and December 2020 prior to the increase in UAN market prices. The decrease in UAN and ammonia sales volumes for the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2020 was primarily attributable to lower production due to downtime associated with the Messer air separation plant and production and shipping impacts from Winter Storm Uri.
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(1)Exclusive of depreciation and amortization expense.

Cost of Materials and Other - For the three months ended March 31, 2021, cost of materials and other was $17.8 million from $24.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The $6.2 million decrease was largely tied to reduced sales in 2021 compared to the 2020 period. Additionally, lower natural gas and other production costs of $2.3 million as compared to the first quarter of 2020 at the East Dubuque Facility were realized from the shutdown of operations during Winter Storm Uri. These decreases are partially offset by increases to third-party coke, refinery coke, and hydrogen feedstock purchases of $0.6 million in the first quarter of 2021 as compared to the first quarter of 2020 at the Coffeyville Facility.

Direct Operating Expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) - For the three months ended March 31, 2021, direct operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) were $37.1 million compared to $35.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The $2.0 million increase was primarily due to higher personnel costs of $3.9 million for labor and stock-based compensation expenses as a result of higher market prices for CVR Energy’s shares and CVR Partners’ units in the first quarter of 2021, coupled with higher utility costs of $2.2 million related to higher electricity rates and usage at the Coffeyville Facility and higher overall natural gas prices during the three months ended March 31, 2021. These costs were partially offset by lower operating costs at the East Dubuque Facility from the shutdown of operations during Winter Storm Uri of $3.0 million.
Depreciation and Amortization Expense - For the three months ended March 31, 2021, depreciation and amortization expense decreased $1.5 million compared to the three months ended March 31, 2020 primarily as a result of certain assets being fully depreciated or retired during the three months ended March 31, 2021.

Selling, General, and Administrative Expenses, and Other - For the three months ended March 31, 2021, selling, general and administrative expenses and other increased $0.7 million compared to the three months ended March 31, 2020. This
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increase was primarily related to higher personnel costs due to an increase in stock-based compensation expenses resulting from market increases in CVR Energy’s share price and CVR Partners’ unit price coupled with an increase in asset write-offs. This increase was partially offset by a reduction in bad debt reserves and non-personnel expenses for outside services and public relations costs.

Other Income, Net - For the three months ended March 31, 2021, other income, net was $4.6 million compared to less than $0.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 due to sales of natural gas volumes at the East Dubuque Facility in February 2021.

Non-GAAP Measures

Our management uses certain non-GAAP performance measures, and reconciliations to those measures, to evaluate current and past performance and prospects for the future to supplement our GAAP financial information presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP. These non-GAAP financial measures are important factors in assessing our operating results and profitability and include the performance and liquidity measures defined below.

The following are non-GAAP measures we present for the period ended March 31, 2021:

EBITDA - Net income (loss) before (i) interest expense, net, (ii) income tax expense (benefit) and (iii) depreciation and amortization expense.

Reconciliation of Net Cash Provided By Operating Activities to EBITDA - Net cash provided by operating activities reduced by (i) interest expense, net, (ii) income tax expense (benefit), (iii) change in working capital, and (iv) other non-cash adjustments.

Available Cash for Distribution - EBITDA for the quarter excluding non-cash income or expense items (if any), for which adjustment is deemed necessary or appropriate by the board of directors of our general partner (the “Board”) in its sole discretion, less (i) reserves for maintenance capital expenditures, debt service and other contractual obligations, and (ii) reserves for future operating or capital needs (if any), in each case, that the Board deems necessary or appropriate in its sole discretion. Available cash for distribution may be increased by the release of previously established cash reserves, if any, and other excess cash, at the discretion of the Board.

We present these measures because we believe they may help investors, analysts, lenders, and ratings agencies analyze our results of operations and liquidity in conjunction with our U.S. GAAP results, including, but not limited to, our operating performance as compared to other publicly traded companies in the fertilizer industry, without regard to historical cost basis or financing methods, and our ability to incur and service debt and fund capital expenditures. Non-GAAP measures have important limitations as analytical tools, because they exclude some, but not all, items that affect net earnings and operating income. These measures should not be considered substitutes for their most directly comparable U.S. GAAP financial measures. Refer to the “Non-GAAP Reconciliations” included herein for reconciliation of these amounts. Due to rounding, numbers presented within this section may not add or equal to numbers or totals presented elsewhere within this document.

Non-GAAP Reconciliations

Reconciliation of Net Loss to EBITDA

Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in thousands)20212020
Net loss$(25,384)$(20,735)
Add:
Interest expense, net15,916 15,783 
Income tax expense19 
Depreciation and amortization14,123 15,597 
EBITDA $4,674 $10,652 
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Reconciliation of Net Cash Provided By Operating Activities to EBITDA

Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in thousands)20212020
Net cash provided by operating activities$25,551 $27,707 
Non-cash items:
Other(4,851)(785)
Adjustments:
Interest expense, net15,916 15,783 
Income tax expense19 
Change in assets and liabilities(31,961)(32,060)
EBITDA$4,674 $10,652 

Reconciliation of EBITDA to Available Cash for Distribution

Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in thousands)20212020
EBITDA$4,674 $10,652 
Current reserves for amounts related to:
Debt service(14,996)(14,999)
Maintenance capital expenditures (2,459)(4,139)
Common units repurchased(529)— 
Other (reserves) releases:
Future turnaround(1,500)— 
Previously established cash reserves5,331 2,567 
Available Cash for distribution (1) (2)$(9,479)$(5,919)
Common units outstanding10,681 11,328 

(1)Amount represents the cumulative available cash based on year-to-date results. However, available cash for distribution is calculated quarterly, with distributions (if any) being paid in the period following declaration.
(2)The Partnership paid no cash distributions related to the fourth quarter of 2020, and no distribution was declared for the first quarter of 2021.
Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our principal source of liquidity has historically been and continues to be cash from operations, which can include cash advances from customers resulting from prepay contracts. Our principal uses of cash are for working capital, capital expenditures, funding our debt service obligations, and paying distributions to our unitholders, as further discussed below.

The effects of the COVID-19 pandemic resulted in a reduction in U.S. economic activity. These effects caused significant volatility and disruption of the financial markets, and we have observed adverse impacts to our business and financial performance, of which the nature and extent of such impacts remains uncertain. In early 2021, as the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic started to recover, Winter Storm Uri caused unprecedented disruptions to natural gas and electricity supply throughout the Midwest and Gulf Coast regions, leading to lower fertilizer supply due to production outages which increased the price of fertilizer. This period of extreme economic disruption may continue to have an impact on our business, results of operations, and access to sources of liquidity. While we believe demand for our fertilizer products is stable, there is still uncertainty on the horizon as COVID-19 vaccines are distributed and countries and states continue to monitor their efforts
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against the virus and weigh further lock-down measures. In executing financial discipline, we have successfully implemented and are maintaining the following measures:

Deferring the East Dubuque Facility turnaround from 2021 to 2022; and
Reducing the amount of maintenance capital expenditures to only include those projects which are a priority to support continuing safe and reliable operations, or which we consider are critical to support future activities.

When paired with the actions outlined above and prudently managing our operating costs and capital expenditures in 2021, we believe that our cash from operations and existing cash and cash equivalents, along with borrowings, as necessary, under the ABL Credit Agreement will be sufficient to satisfy anticipated cash requirements associated with our existing operations for at least the next 12 months. However, our future capital expenditures and other cash requirements could be higher than we currently expect as a result of various factors. Additionally, our ability to generate sufficient cash from our operating activities and secure additional financing depends on our future performance, which is subject to general economic, political, financial, competitive, and other factors, some of which may be beyond our control.

Depending on the needs of our business, contractual limitations, and market conditions, we may from time to time seek to issue equity securities, incur additional debt, issue debt securities, or otherwise refinance our existing debt. There can be no assurance that we will seek to do any of the foregoing or that we will be able to do any of the foregoing on terms acceptable to us or at all.

There have been no material changes in liquidity from our 2020 Form 10-K. The Partnership and its subsidiaries were in compliance with all covenants under their respective debt instruments as of March 31, 2021, as applicable.

We do not have any “off-balance sheet arrangements” as such term is defined within the rules and regulations of the SEC.

Cash and Other Liquidity


As of March 31, 2021, we had cash and cash equivalents of $52.6 million, including $39.0 million of customer advances. Combined with $24.6 million available under our ABL Credit Agreement, we had total liquidity of $77.2 million. As of December 31, 2020, we had $30.6 million in cash and cash equivalents, including $7.6 million of customer advances.
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
(in thousands)
9.25% Senior Secured Notes, due June 2023 (1)$645,000 $645,000 
Unamortized discount and debt issuance costs(10,054)(11,058)
Total long-term debt$634,946 $633,942 
Current portion of long-term debt (2)2,240 2,240 
Total long-term debt, including current portion$637,186 $636,182 

(1)The call price of the 2023 Notes decreases to par on June 15, 2021.
(2)The 6.50% Notes, due April 2021, mature within 12 months, and, therefore, the outstanding balance of $2.2 million has been classified as short-term debt as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020. Amounts reported in Other current liabilities. On April 15, 2021, the 2021 Notes matured, and the Partnership paid the outstanding balance, plus accrued and unpaid interest.

Capital Spending

We divide capital spending needs into two categories: maintenance and growth. Maintenance capital spending includes non-discretionary maintenance projects and projects required to comply with environmental, health, and safety regulations. Growth capital projects generally involve an expansion of existing capacity and/or a reduction in direct operating expenses. We undertake growth capital spending based on the expected return on incremental capital employed.

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Our total capital expenditures for the three months ended March 31, 2021, along with our estimated expenditures for 2021 are as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,Estimated full year
(in thousands)20212021
Maintenance capital$2,459 $18,000 - 20,000
Growth capital666 4,000 - 6,000
Total capital expenditures$3,125 $22,000 - 26,000

Our estimated capital expenditures are subject to change due to unanticipated changes in the cost, scope, and completion time for capital projects. For example, we may experience unexpected changes in labor or equipment costs necessary to comply with government regulations or to complete projects that sustain or improve the profitability of the refineries or nitrogen fertilizer facilities. We may also accelerate or defer some capital expenditures from time to time. Capital spending for CVR Partners is determined by the Board.
The next planned turnaround is at the Coffeyville Facility which is expected to occur in the fall of 2021, with an estimated cost of $8 to $10 million. We will continue to monitor market conditions and make adjustments, if needed, to our current capital spending or turnaround plans.
Distributions to Unitholders
The current policy of the Board is to distribute all Available Cash the Partnership generated on a quarterly basis. Available Cash for each quarter will be determined by the Board following the end of such quarter. Available Cash for each quarter is calculated as EBITDA for the quarter excluding non-cash income or expense items (if any), for which adjustment is deemed necessary or appropriate by the Board in its sole discretion, less (i) reserves for maintenance capital expenditures, debt service and other contractual obligations, and (ii) reserves for future operating or capital needs (if any), in each case, that the Board deems necessary or appropriate in its sole discretion. Available cash for distribution may be increased by the release of previously established cash reserves, if any, and other excess cash, at the discretion of the Board.

Distributions, if any, including the payment, amount, and timing thereof, are subject to change at the discretion of the Board. There were no distributions declared or paid by the Partnership during the three months ended March 31, 2021 related to the fourth quarter of 2020, and no distributions were paid during 2020. No distributions were declared for the first quarter of 2021.
Capital Structure

On May 6, 2020, the Board, on behalf of the Partnership, authorized a unit repurchase program (the “Unit Repurchase Program”). The Unit Repurchase Program enables the Partnership to repurchase up to $10 million of the Partnership’s common units. On February 22, 2021, the Board authorized an additional $10 million for the Unit Repurchase Program. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Partnership repurchased 24,378 common units on the open market, in accordance with a repurchase agreement under Rules 10b5-1 and 10b-18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), at a cost of $0.5 million, inclusive of transaction costs, or an average price of $21.70 per common unit. As of March 31, 2021, the Partnership had $12.4 million in authority remaining under the Unit Repurchase Program. This Unit Repurchase Program does not obligate the Partnership to acquire any common units and may be cancelled or terminated by the Board at any time.

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Cash Flows

The following table sets forth our cash flows for the periods indicated below:

Three Months Ended March 31,
(in thousands)20212020Change
Net cash flow provided by (used in):
Operating activities
$25,551 $27,707 $(2,156)
Investing activities
(2,994)(6,662)3,668 
Financing activities
(555)(25)(530)
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents$22,002 $21,020 $982 

Cash Flows Provided by Operating Activities

The change in net cash flows from operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2021 as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2020 is primarily due to a $6.0 million decrease in EBITDA, of which $4.1 million resulted from higher non-cash share-based compensation in 2021 compared to 2020.

Cash Flows Used in Investing Activities

The change in net cash used in investing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2020, was due to decreased capital expenditures during 2021 of $3.7 million resulting from measures taken in 2020 to defer capital projects in light of the economic downturn, including the reduction of maintenance capital expenditures to only include those projects which are a priority to support continuing safe and reliable operations.

Cash Flows Used in Financing Activities

The change in net cash used in financing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2020 is primarily due to the repurchasing of CVR Partner’s common units for $0.5 million in 2021 with no similar repurchases in 2020.

Critical Accounting Estimates

Our critical accounting estimates are disclosed in the “Critical Accounting Estimates” section of our 2020 Form 10-K. No modifications have been made during the three months ended March 31, 2021 to these estimates.

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

There have been no material changes to our market risks as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2021 as compared to the risks discussed in Part II, Item 7A of our 2020 Form 10-K.

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

As of March 31, 2021, we have evaluated, under the direction of our Executive Chairman, Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and Chief Accounting Officer, the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(e). Based upon and as of the date of that evaluation, our Executive Chairman, Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and Chief Accounting Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to the Partnership’s management, including our Executive Chairman, Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, and Chief Accounting Officer as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

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Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

There have been no material changes in the Partnership’s internal controls over financial reporting required by Rule 13a-15 of the Exchange Act that occurred during the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2021 that materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Partnership’s internal control over financial reporting. Despite many of our employees working in a remote environment due to the COVID-19 pandemic, we have not experienced any material impact to our internal controls over financial reporting. We are continually monitoring and assessing the COVID-19 pandemic to determine any potential impact on the design and operating effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting.

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

See Note 11 (“Commitments and Contingencies”) to Part I, Item 1 of this Report, which is incorporated by reference into this Part II, Item 1, for a description of certain litigation, legal, and administrative proceedings and environmental matters.

Item 1A. Risk Factors

There have been no material changes from the risk factors previously disclosed in the “Risk Factors” section of our 2020 Form 10-K.

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Repurchases of the Partnership’s equity securities during the three months ended March 31, 2021 were as follows:
PeriodTotal Number of Units PurchasedAverage Price paid per UnitTotal Number of Units Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or ProgramsApproximate Dollar Value of Units that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs (1)
January 1 to January 31, 2021
7,878 $15.01 7,878 $2,806,180 
February 1 to February 28, 2021
5,500 15.00 5,500 12,723,656 
March 1 to March 31, 2021
11,000 29.84 11,000 12,395,428 
Total24,378 24,378 

(1)On May 6, 2020, the Board, on behalf of the Partnership, authorized the Partnership to repurchase up to $10 million of the Partnership’s common units. On February 22, 2021, the Board authorized the Partnership to repurchase an additional $10 million of the Partnership’s common units.. Repurchases may be made through open market transactions, block trades, privately negotiated transactions, or otherwise in accordance with applicable securities laws. Through March 31, 2021, the Partnership has repurchased $7.6 million of its common units under these authorizations and $12.4 million of authority may yet be used to purchase common units.

Item 5. Other Information

None.

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Item 6. Exhibits
ExhibitExhibit Description
10.1**+
31.1*
31.2*
31.3*
31.4*
32.1†
101*
The following financial information for CVR Partners, LP’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2021, formatted Inline XBRL (“Extensible Business Reporting Language”) includes: (1) Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (unaudited), (2) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (unaudited), (3) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Partners’ Capital (unaudited), (4) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited) and (5) the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited), tagged in detail.
104*Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101).

*    Filed herewith.
**    Previously filed.
†    Furnished herewith.
+    Denotes management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement.

PLEASE NOTE: Pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC, we may file or incorporate by reference agreements referenced as exhibits to the reports that we file with or furnish to the SEC. The agreements are filed to provide investors with information regarding their respective terms. The agreements are not intended to provide any other factual information about the Partnership, its business or operations. In particular, the assertions embodied in any representations, warranties and covenants contained in the agreements may be subject to qualifications with respect to knowledge and materiality different from those applicable to investors and may be qualified by information in confidential disclosure schedules not included with the exhibits. These disclosure schedules may contain information that modifies, qualifies and creates exceptions to the representations, warranties and covenants set forth in the agreements. Moreover, certain representations, warranties and covenants in the agreements may have been used for the purpose of allocating risk between the parties, rather than establishing matters as facts. In addition, information concerning the subject matter of the representations, warranties and covenants may have changed after the date of the respective agreement, which subsequent information may or may not be fully reflected in the Partnership’s public disclosures. Accordingly, investors should not rely on the representations, warranties and covenants in the agreements as characterizations of the actual state of facts about the Partnership, its business or operations on the date hereof.
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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
CVR Partners, LP
By:CVR GP, LLC, its general partner
May 4, 2021By:/s/ Tracy D. Jackson
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial Officer)
May 4, 2021By:/s/ Matthew W. Bley
Chief Accounting Officer and Corporate Controller
(Principal Accounting Officer)

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