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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington D.C. 20549 
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2021
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission File Number: 0-24260 
AMEDISYS, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
 

Delaware 11-3131700
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
3854 American Way, Suite A, Baton Rouge, LA 70816
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)
(225) 292-2031 or (800) 467-2662
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.001 per shareAMEDThe NASDAQ Global Select Market

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes     No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes     No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
 
Large accelerated filer   Accelerated filer 
Non-accelerated filer 
  Smaller reporting company 
Emerging growth company 
   
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes    No  
The number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date, is as follows: Common stock, $0.001 par value, 32,571,826 shares outstanding as of April 23, 2021.




TABLE OF CONTENTS
;;;
PART I.
ITEM 1.
ITEM 2.
ITEM 3
ITEM 4.
ITEM 1.
ITEM 1A.
ITEM 2.
ITEM 3.
ITEM 4.
ITEM 5.
ITEM 6.




SPECIAL CAUTION CONCERNING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

When included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, or in other documents that we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) or in statements made by or on behalf of the Company, words like “believes,” “belief,” “expects,” “strategy,”“plans,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “projects,” “estimates,” “may,” “might,” “could,” “would,” “should” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements as defined by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements involve a variety of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those described therein. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to the following: the impact of the novel coronavirus pandemic ("COVID-19"), including the measures that have been and may be taken by governmental authorities to mitigate it, on our business, financial condition and results of operations, changes in or our failure to comply with existing federal and state laws or regulations or the inability to comply with new government regulations on a timely basis, changes in Medicare and other medical payment levels, our ability to open care centers, acquire additional care centers and integrate and operate these care centers effectively, competition in the healthcare industry, changes in the case mix of patients and payment methodologies, changes in estimates and judgments associated with critical accounting policies, our ability to maintain or establish new patient referral sources, our ability to consistently provide high-quality care, our ability to attract and retain qualified personnel, our ability to keep our patients and employees safe, changes in payments and covered services by federal and state governments, future cost containment initiatives undertaken by third-party payors, our access to financing, our ability to meet debt service requirements and comply with covenants in debt agreements, business disruptions due to natural disasters or acts of terrorism, widespread protests or civil unrest, our ability to integrate, manage and keep our information systems secure, our ability to realize the anticipated benefits of acquisitions, changes in law or developments with respect to any litigation relating to the Company, including various other matters, many of which are beyond our control.
Because forward-looking statements are inherently subject to risks and uncertainties, some of which cannot be predicted or quantified, you should not rely on any forward-looking statement as a prediction of future events. We expressly disclaim any obligation or undertaking and we do not intend to release publicly any updates or changes in our expectations concerning the forward-looking statements or any changes in events, conditions or circumstances upon which any forward-looking statement may be based, except as required by law. For a discussion of some of the factors discussed above as well as additional factors, see our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, filed with the SEC on February 25, 2021, particularly, Part I, Item 1A - Risk Factors therein, which are incorporated herein by reference, and Part II, Item 1A. Risk Factors of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Additional risk factors may also be described in reports that we file from time to time with the SEC.
Available Information
Our company website address is www.amedisys.com. We use our website as a channel of distribution for important company information. Important information, including press releases, analyst presentations and financial information regarding our company, is routinely posted on and accessible on the Investor Relations subpage of our website, which is accessible by clicking on the tab labeled “Investors” on our website home page. Visitors to our website can also register to receive automatic e-mail and other notifications alerting them when new information is made available on the Investor Relations subpage of our website. In addition, we make available on the Investor Relations subpage of our website (under the link “SEC filings”), free of charge, our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, ownership reports on Forms 3, 4 and 5 and any amendments to those reports as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file or furnish such reports with the SEC. Further, copies of our Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws, our Code of Ethical Business Conduct, our Corporate Governance Guidelines and the charters for the Audit, Compensation, Quality of Care, Compliance and Ethics and Nominating and Corporate Governance Committees of our Board are also available on the Investor Relations subpage of our website (under the link “Governance”). Reference to our website does not constitute incorporation by reference of the information contained on the website and should not be considered part of this document. Our electronically filed reports can also be obtained on the SEC’s internet site at http://www.sec.gov.
1


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
AMEDISYS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Amounts in thousands, except share data)
March 31, 2021 (unaudited)December 31, 2020
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$77,344 $81,808 
Restricted cash1,000 1,549 
Patient accounts receivable275,632 255,145 
Prepaid expenses15,449 10,217 
Other current assets11,025 13,265 
Total current assets380,450 361,984 
Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $97,698 and $95,024
21,679 23,719 
Operating lease right of use assets94,620 93,440 
Goodwill933,207 932,685 
Intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of $12,738 and $22,973
69,764 74,183 
Deferred income taxes40,576 47,987 
Other assets32,913 33,200 
Total assets$1,573,209 $1,567,198 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$38,865 $42,674 
Payroll and employee benefits150,887 146,929 
Accrued expenses170,954 166,192 
Provider relief fund advance55,000 60,000 
Current portion of long-term obligations10,329 10,496 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities30,047 30,046 
Total current liabilities456,082 456,337 
Long-term obligations, less current portion231,380 204,511 
Operating lease liabilities, less current portion63,359 61,987 
Other long-term obligations32,814 33,622 
Total liabilities783,635 756,457 
Commitments and Contingencies—Note 6
Equity:
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 5,000,000 shares authorized; none issued or outstanding
  
Common stock, $0.001 par value, 60,000,000 shares authorized; 37,538,837 and 37,470,212 shares issued; and 32,567,712 and 32,814,278 shares outstanding
38 38 
Additional paid-in capital
707,006 698,287 
Treasury stock, at cost 4,971,125 and 4,655,934 shares of common stock
(398,752)(319,092)
Retained earnings479,861 429,991 
Total Amedisys, Inc. stockholders’ equity788,153 809,224 
Noncontrolling interests1,421 1,517 
Total equity789,574 810,741 
Total liabilities and equity$1,573,209 $1,567,198 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
2


AMEDISYS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
 
 For the Three-Month 
Periods Ended March 31,
 20212020
Net service revenue$537,144 $491,685 
Other operating income8,701  
Cost of service, excluding depreciation and amortization297,203 285,737 
General and administrative expenses:
Salaries and benefits115,825 101,566 
Non-cash compensation7,307 5,909 
Other49,106 49,265 
Depreciation and amortization7,555 5,338 
Operating expenses476,996 447,815 
Operating income68,849 43,870 
Other income (expense):
Interest income24 13 
Interest expense(2,072)(3,231)
Equity in earnings from equity method investments1,118 477 
Miscellaneous, net288 263 
Total other expense, net(642)(2,478)
Income before income taxes68,207 41,392 
Income tax expense(17,915)(9,346)
Net income50,292 32,046 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests(422)(244)
Net income attributable to Amedisys, Inc.$49,870 $31,802 
Basic earnings per common share:
Net income attributable to Amedisys, Inc. common stockholders$1.52 $0.98 
Weighted average shares outstanding32,780 32,331 
Diluted earnings per common share:
Net income attributable to Amedisys, Inc. common stockholders$1.50 $0.96 
Weighted average shares outstanding33,190 33,234 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
3


AMEDISYS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(Amounts in thousands, except common stock shares)
(Unaudited)
For the Three-Months Ended March 31, 2021
TotalCommon StockAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Treasury
Stock
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive Income
Retained
Earnings
Noncontrolling
Interests
SharesAmount
Balance, December 31, 2020$810,741 37,470,212 $38 $698,287 $(319,092)$ $429,991 $1,517 
Issuance of stock – employee stock purchase plan1,048 4,202 — 1,048 — — — — 
Issuance/(cancellation) of non-vested stock 57,001   — — — — 
Exercise of stock options364 7,422 — 364 — — — — 
Non-cash compensation7,307 — — 7,307 — — — — 
Surrendered shares(6,774)— —  (6,774)— — — 
Shares repurchased(72,886)— — — (72,886)— — — 
Noncontrolling interest distribution(518)— — — — — — (518)
Net income50,292 — — — — — 49,870 422 
Balance, March 31, 2021$789,574 37,538,837 $38 $707,006 $(398,752)$ $479,861 $1,421 
For the Three-Months Ended March 31, 2020
TotalCommon StockAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Treasury
Stock
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive Income
Retained
Earnings
Noncontrolling
Interests
SharesAmount
Balance, December 31, 2019$641,513 36,638,021 $37 $645,256 $(251,241)$15 $246,383 $1,063 
Issuance of stock – employee stock purchase plan860 6,063 — 860 — — — — 
Issuance of stock – 401(k) plan3,057 18,312 — 3,057 — — — — 
Issuance/(cancellation) of non-vested stock 55,423   — — — — 
Exercise of stock options1,184 28,735 — 1,184 — — — — 
Non-cash compensation5,909 — — 5,909 — — — — 
Surrendered shares(4,050)— — — (4,050)— — — 
Noncontrolling interest distribution(360)— — — — — — (360)
Write-off of other comprehensive income(15)— — — — (15)— — 
Net income32,046 — — — — — 31,802 244 
Balance, March 31, 2020$680,144 36,746,554 $37 $656,266 $(255,291)$ $278,185 $947 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
4


AMEDISYS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Amounts in thousands)
(Unaudited)
 For the Three-Month 
Periods Ended March 31,
 20212020
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:
Net income$50,292 $32,046 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization7,555 5,338 
Non-cash compensation7,307 5,909 
Amortization and impairment of operating lease right of use assets9,850 9,058 
Loss on disposal of property and equipment14 55 
Write-off of other comprehensive income (15)
Deferred income taxes7,411 1,228 
Equity in earnings from equity method investments(1,118)(477)
Amortization of deferred debt issuance costs/debt discount216 220 
Return on equity investment1,500 2,369 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of impact of acquisitions:
Patient accounts receivable(20,448)(25,459)
Other current assets(2,874)(5,756)
Other assets(115)417 
Accounts payable(3,374)(2,673)
Accrued expenses8,370 (10,336)
Other long-term obligations(808)3,060 
Operating lease liabilities(9,014)(8,132)
Operating lease right of use assets(762)(817)
Net cash provided by operating activities54,002 6,035 
Cash Flows from Investing Activities:
Proceeds from sale of deferred compensation plan assets19 16 
Proceeds from the sale of property and equipment42 12 
Purchases of property and equipment(1,618)(1,434)
Acquisitions of businesses, net of cash acquired (69,349)
Net cash used in investing activities(1,557)(70,755)
Cash Flows from Financing Activities:
Proceeds from issuance of stock upon exercise of stock options364 1,184 
Proceeds from issuance of stock to employee stock purchase plan1,048 860 
Shares withheld to pay taxes on non-cash compensation(6,774)(4,050)
Noncontrolling interest distribution(518)(360)
Proceeds from borrowings under revolving line of credit215,200 187,500 
Repayments of borrowings under revolving line of credit (186,200)(37,500)
Principal payments of long-term obligations(2,692)(1,592)
Purchase of company stock(72,886) 
Provider relief fund advance(5,000) 
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities(57,458)146,042 
Net (decrease) increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(5,013)81,322 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period83,357 96,490 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period$78,344 $177,812 
Supplemental Disclosures of Cash Flow Information:
Cash paid for interest$1,011 $1,755 
Cash paid for income taxes, net of refunds received$971 $5,272 
Cash paid for operating lease liabilities$9,776 $8,949 
Cash paid for finance lease liabilities$503 $499 
Supplemental Disclosures of Non-Cash Activity:
Right of use assets obtained in exchange for operating lease liabilities$10,548 $6,437 
Right of use assets obtained in exchange for finance lease liabilities$177 $254 
Reductions to right of use assets resulting from reductions to operating lease liabilities$279 $159 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
5


AMEDISYS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)



1. NATURE OF OPERATIONS, CONSOLIDATION AND PRESENTATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Amedisys, Inc., a Delaware corporation, (together with its consolidated subsidiaries, referred to herein as “Amedisys,” “we,” “us,” or “our”) is a multi-state provider of home health, hospice and personal care services with approximately 75% and 74% of our revenue derived from Medicare for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. As of March 31, 2021, we owned and operated 320 Medicare-certified home health care centers, 180 Medicare-certified hospice care centers and 14 personal-care care centers in 39 states within the United States and the District of Columbia.
Basis of Presentation
In our opinion, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments (consisting solely of normal recurring adjustments) necessary to present fairly our financial position, our results of operations and our cash flows in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial reporting. Our results of operations for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results of our operations for the entire year and have not been audited by our independent auditors.
This report should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and related notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on February 25, 2021 (the “Form 10-K”), which includes information and disclosures not included herein. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted from the interim financial information presented, as allowed by SEC rules and regulations.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
On January 1, 2021, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2020-10, Codification Improvements, which included minor technical corrections and clarifications to improve consistency by amending the codification to include all disclosure guidance in the appropriate disclosure sections and clarified application of various provisions in the codification by amending and adding new headings, cross referencing to other guidance and refining or correcting terminology. Our adoption of this standard did not have a material effect on our condensed consolidated financial statements.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
In March 2020, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued ASU 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting, which provides optional expedients and exceptions for applying U.S. GAAP to contract modifications and hedging relationships that reference the London Inter-Bank Offered Rate ("LIBOR") or another reference rate expected to be discontinued, subject to meeting certain criteria. In January 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-01, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848), which adds implementation guidance to ASU 2020-04 to clarify certain optional expedients in Topic 848. The guidance in ASU 2020-04 and ASU 2021-01 was effective upon issuance and may generally be applied prospectively through December 31, 2022. This standard will not have an effect on our condensed consolidated financial statements.
Use of Estimates
Our accounting and reporting policies conform with U.S. GAAP. In preparing the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, we are required to make estimates and assumptions that impact the amounts reported in the condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Principles of Consolidation
These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Amedisys, Inc. and our wholly owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated and business combinations accounted for as purchases have been included from their respective dates of acquisition. In addition to our wholly owned subsidiaries, we also have certain equity investments that are accounted for as set forth below.
6


AMEDISYS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


Investments
We consolidate investments when the entity is a variable interest entity and we are the primary beneficiary or if we have controlling interests in the entity, which is generally ownership in excess of 50%. Third party equity interests in our consolidated joint ventures are reflected as noncontrolling interests in our condensed consolidated financial statements.
We account for investments in entities in which we have the ability to exercise significant influence under the equity method if we hold 50% or less of the voting stock and the entity is not a variable interest entity in which we are the primary beneficiary. The book value of investments that we account for under the equity method of accounting was $13.8 million and $14.2 million as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, and is reflected in other assets within our condensed consolidated balance sheets.
2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Revenue Recognition
We account for revenue from contracts with customers in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, and as such, we recognize revenue in the period in which we satisfy our performance obligations under our contracts by transferring our promised services to our customers in amounts that reflect the consideration to which we expect to be entitled in exchange for providing patient care, which are the transaction prices allocated to the distinct services. The Company's cost of obtaining contracts is not material.
Revenues are recognized as performance obligations are satisfied, which varies based on the nature of the services provided. Our performance obligation is the delivery of patient care services in accordance with the nature and frequency of services outlined in physicians' orders, which are determined by a physician based on a patient's specific goals.
The Company's performance obligations relate to contracts with a duration of less than one year; therefore, the Company has elected to apply the optional exemption provided by ASC 606 and is not required to disclose the aggregate amount of the transaction price allocated to performance obligations that are unsatisfied or partially unsatisfied as of the end of the reporting period. The unsatisfied or partially unsatisfied performance obligations are generally completed when the patients are discharged, which generally occurs within days or weeks of the end of the reporting period.
We determine the transaction price based on gross charges for services provided, reduced by estimates for contractual and non-contractual revenue adjustments. Contractual revenue adjustments are recorded for the difference between our standard rates and the contracted rates to be realized from patients, third-party payors and others for services provided. Non-contractual revenue adjustments include discounts provided to self-pay, uninsured patients or other payors, adjustments resulting from payment reviews and adjustments arising from our inability to obtain appropriate billing documentation, authorizations or face-to-face documentation. Subsequent changes to the estimate of the transaction price are recorded as adjustments to net service revenue in the period of change.
Non-contractual revenue adjustments are recorded for self-pay, uninsured patients and other payors by major payor class based on our historical collection experience, aged accounts receivable by payor and current economic conditions. The non-contractual revenue adjustments represent the difference between amounts billed and amounts we expect to collect based on our collection history with similar payors. The Company assesses its ability to collect for the healthcare services provided at the time of patient admission based on the Company's verification of the patient's insurance coverage under Medicare, Medicaid, and other commercial or managed care insurance programs. Medicare represents approximately 75% and 74% of our net service revenue for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
Amounts due from third-party payors, primarily commercial health insurers and government programs (Medicare and Medicaid), include variable consideration for retroactive revenue adjustments due to settlements of audits and payment reviews. We determine our estimates for non-contractual revenue adjustments related to payment reviews based on our historical experience and success rates in the claim appeals and adjudication process.
We determine our estimates for non-contractual revenue adjustments related to our inability to obtain appropriate billing documentation, authorizations, or face-to-face documentation based on our historical experience which primarily includes a historical collection rate of over 99% on Medicare claims. Revenue is recorded at amounts we estimate to be realizable for services provided.

7


AMEDISYS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


Revenue by payor class as a percentage of total net service revenue is as follows:
For the Three-Month Periods Ended March 31,
20212020
Home Health:
     Medicare41 %41 %
     Non-Medicare - Episodic-based7 %6 %
     Non-Medicare - Non-episodic based13 %14 %
Hospice (1):
     Medicare34 %33 %
     Non-Medicare2 %2 %
Personal Care3 %4 %
100 %100 %
(1) Acquired AseraCare Hospice ("AseraCare") on June 1, 2020.

Home Health Revenue Recognition
Medicare Revenue
Effective January 1, 2020, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services ("CMS") implemented a revised case-mix adjustment methodology, the Patient-Driven Groupings Model ("PDGM"), to better align payment with patient care needs and ensure that clinically complex and ill beneficiaries have adequate access to home health care. PDGM uses 30-day periods of care rather than 60-day episodes of care as the unit of payment, eliminates the use of the number of therapy visits provided in determining payment and relies more heavily on clinical characteristics and other patient information.
Net service revenue is recorded based on the established Federal Medicare home health payment rate for a 30-day period of care. ASC 606 notes that if an entity has a right to consideration from a customer in an amount that corresponds directly with the value of the entity’s performance completed to date, the entity may recognize revenue in the amount to which the entity has a right to invoice. We have elected to apply the "right to invoice" practical expedient and therefore, our revenue recognition is based on the reimbursement we are entitled to for each 30-day payment period. We utilize our historical average length of stay for each 30-day period of care as the measure of progress towards the satisfaction of our performance obligation.
All Medicare contracts are required to have a signed plan of care which represents a single performance obligation, comprised of the delivery of a series of distinct services that are substantially similar and have a similar pattern of transfer to the customer. Accordingly, the Company accounts for the series of services ("episode") as a single performance obligation satisfied over time, as the customer simultaneously receives and consumes the benefits of the goods and services provided. An episode starts the first day a billable visit is performed and ends 60 days later or upon discharge, if earlier, with multiple continuous episodes allowed.
PDGM uses timing, admission source, functional impairment levels and principal and other diagnoses to case-mix adjust payments. The case-mix adjusted payment for a 30-day period of care is subject to additional adjustments based on certain variables, including, but not limited to (a) an outlier payment if our patient's care was unusually costly (capped at 10% of total reimbursement per provider number); (b) a low utilization payment adjustment (“LUPA”) if the number of visits provided was less than the established threshold, which ranges from two to six visits and varies for every case-mix group under PDGM; (c) a partial payment if a patient is transferred to another provider or from another provider before completing the 30-day period of care; and (d) the applicable geographic wage index. Payments for routine and non-routine supplies are included in the 30-day payment rate.
Medicare can also make various adjustments to payments received if we are unable to produce appropriate billing documentation or acceptable authorizations. We estimate the impact of such adjustments based on our historical experience, which primarily includes a historical collection rate of over 99% on Medicare claims, and record this estimate during the period in which services are rendered to revenue with a corresponding reduction to patient accounts receivable.
Amounts due from Medicare include variable consideration for retroactive revenue adjustments due to settlements of audits and payment reviews. We determine our estimates for non-contractual revenue adjustments related to payment reviews based on our historical experience and success rates in the claim appeals and adjudication process.
8


AMEDISYS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


The Medicare home health benefit requires that beneficiaries be homebound (meaning that the beneficiary is unable to leave his/her home without a considerable and taxing effort), require intermittent skilled nursing, physical therapy or speech therapy services, and receive treatment under a plan of care established and periodically reviewed by a physician. In order to provide greater flexibility during the novel coronavirus pandemic ("COVID-19"), CMS has relaxed the definition of homebound status through the duration of the public health emergency. During the pandemic, a beneficiary is considered homebound if they have been instructed by a physician not to leave their home because of a confirmed or suspected COVID-19 diagnosis or if the patient has a condition that makes them more susceptible to contracting COVID-19. Therefore, if a beneficiary is homebound due to COVID-19 and requires skilled services, the services will be covered under the Medicare home health benefit.
Prior to January 1, 2021, a portion of reimbursement from each Medicare episode, referred to as a request for anticipated payment ("RAP"), was billed near the start of each 30-day period of care, and cash was typically received before all services were rendered. Any cash received from Medicare for a RAP for a 30-day period of care that exceeded the associated revenue earned was recorded to accrued expenses within our condensed consolidated balance sheets. The upfront payment for RAPs was 20% in 2020. CMS fully eliminated all upfront payments associated with RAPs effective January 1, 2021.
Non-Medicare Revenue
Episodic-based Revenue. We recognize revenue in a similar manner as we recognize Medicare revenue for amounts that are paid by other insurance carriers, including Medicare Advantage programs; however, these amounts can vary based upon the negotiated terms which generally range from 90% to 100% of Medicare rates.
Non-episodic based Revenue. Gross revenue is recorded on an accrual basis based upon the date of service at amounts equal to our established or estimated per-visit rates. Contractual revenue adjustments are recorded for the difference between our standard rates and the contracted rates to be realized from patients, third parties and others for services provided and are deducted from gross revenue to determine net service revenue. We also make non-contractual revenue adjustments to non-episodic revenue based on our historical experience to reflect the estimated transaction price. We receive a minimal amount of our net service revenue from patients who are either self-insured or are obligated for an insurance co-payment.
Hospice Revenue Recognition
Hospice Medicare Revenue
Gross revenue is recorded on an accrual basis based upon the date of service at amounts equal to the estimated payment rates. The estimated payment rates are predetermined daily or hourly rates for each of the four levels of care we deliver. The four levels of care are routine care, general inpatient care, continuous home care and respite care. Routine care accounted for 97% of our total net Medicare hospice service revenue for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. There are two separate payment rates for routine care: payments for the first 60 days of care and care beyond 60 days. In addition to the two routine rates, we may also receive a service intensity add-on (“SIA”). The SIA is based on visits made in the last seven days of life by a registered nurse or medical social worker for patients in a routine level of care.
The performance obligation is the delivery of hospice services to the patient, as determined by a physician, each day the patient is on hospice care.
We make adjustments to Medicare revenue for non-contractual revenue adjustments, which include our inability to obtain appropriate billing documentation or acceptable authorizations and other reasons unrelated to credit risk. We estimate the impact of these non-contractual revenue adjustments based on our historical experience, which primarily includes a historical collection rate of over 99% on Medicare claims, and record it during the period services are rendered.
Additionally, our hospice service revenue is subject to certain limitations on payments from Medicare which are considered variable consideration. We are subject to an inpatient cap limit and an overall Medicare payment cap for each provider number. We monitor these caps on a provider-by-provider basis and estimate amounts due back to Medicare if we estimate a cap has been exceeded. We record these adjustments as a reduction to revenue and an increase in accrued expenses within our condensed consolidated balance sheets. Providers are required to self-report and pay their estimated cap liability by February 28th of the following year. As of March 31, 2021, we have recorded $8.6 million for estimated amounts due back to Medicare in accrued expenses for the Federal cap years ended October 31, 2014 through September 30, 2021; $1.7 million of this balance was acquired with the AseraCare acquisition. As of December 31, 2020, we had recorded $9.3 million for estimated amounts due back to Medicare in accrued expenses for the Federal cap years ended October 31, 2014 through September 30, 2021.
9


AMEDISYS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


Hospice Non-Medicare Revenue
Gross revenue is recorded on an accrual basis based upon the date of service at amounts equal to our established rates or estimated per day rates, as applicable. Contractual revenue adjustments are recorded for the difference between our standard rates and the contractual rates to be realized from patients, third party payors and others for services provided and are deducted from gross revenue to determine our net service revenue. We also make non-contractual adjustments to non-Medicare revenue based on our historical experience to reflect the estimated transaction price.
Personal Care Revenue Recognition
Personal Care Revenue
We generate net service revenues by providing our services directly to patients based on authorized hours, visits or units determined by the relevant agency, at a rate that is either contractual or fixed by legislation. Net service revenue is recognized at the time services are rendered based on gross charges for the services provided, reduced by estimates for contractual and non-contractual revenue adjustments. We receive payment for providing such services from payors, including state and local governmental agencies, managed care organizations, commercial insurers and private consumers. Payors include the following elder service agencies: Aging Services Access Points ("ASAPs"), Senior Care Options ("SCOs"), Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly ("PACE") and the Veterans Administration ("VA").
Government Grants
In the absence of specific guidance to account for government grants under U.S. GAAP, we have decided to account for government grants in accordance with International Accounting Standard ("IAS") 20, Accounting for Government Grants and Disclosure of Government Assistance, and as such, we recognize grant income on a systematic basis in line with the recognition of expenses or the loss of revenues for which the grants are intended to compensate. We recognize grants once both of the following conditions are met: (1) we are able to comply with the relevant conditions of the grant and (2) the grant will be received. See Note 3 - Novel Coronavirus Pandemic ("COVID-19") for additional information on our accounting for government funds received under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act ("CARES Act").
Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash
Cash and cash equivalents include certificates of deposit and all highly liquid debt instruments with maturities of three months or less when purchased. Our cash balance as of March 31, 2021 includes approximately $70 million associated with the CARES Act Provider Relief Fund ("PRF"). We separated the PRF funds into their own account and as of March 31, 2021, we have only transferred funds used during the year ended December 31, 2020 to our operating account. We will transfer funds used during the three-month period ended March 31, 2021 to our operating account during the second quarter of 2021. Restricted cash includes cash that is not available for ordinary business use. As of March 31, 2021, we had $1.0 million of restricted cash that was placed into an escrow account related to the indemnity and closing payment adjustment provisions within the Asana Hospice purchase agreement.
10


AMEDISYS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


The following table summarizes the balances related to our cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash (amounts in millions):
As of March 31, 2021As of December 31, 2020
Cash and cash equivalents$77.3 $81.8 
Restricted cash1.0 1.5 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash$78.3 83.3 
Patient Accounts Receivable
We report accounts receivable from services rendered at their estimated transaction price, which includes contractual and non-contractual revenue adjustments based on the amounts expected to be due from payors. Our patient accounts receivable are uncollateralized and consist of amounts due from Medicare, Medicaid, other third-party payors and patients. The Company's non-Medicare third-party payor base is comprised of a diverse group of payors that are geographically dispersed across the country. As of March 31, 2021, there is no single payor, other than Medicare, that accounts for more than 10% of our total outstanding patient receivables. Thus, we believe there are no other significant concentrations of receivables that would subject us to any significant credit risk in the collection of our patient accounts receivable. We write off accounts on a monthly basis once we have exhausted our collection efforts and deem an account to be uncollectible. We believe the collectability risk associated with our Medicare accounts, which represent 67% and 64% of our patient accounts receivable at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, is limited due to our historical collection rate of over 99% from Medicare and the fact that Medicare is a U.S. government payor.
We do not believe there are any significant concentrations of revenues from any payor that would subject us to any significant credit risk in the collection of our accounts receivable.
Medicare Home Health
For our home health patients, our pre-billing process includes verifying that we are eligible for payment from Medicare for the services that we provide to our patients. Our Medicare billing begins with a process to ensure that our billings are accurate through the utilization of an electronic Medicare claim review. Prior to January 1, 2021, we submitted a RAP for 20% of our estimated payment for each 30-day period of care. The RAP received was then deducted from our final payment. Effective January 1, 2021, CMS eliminated all upfront payments associated with RAPs.
Medicare Hospice
For our hospice patients, our pre-billing process includes verifying that we are eligible for payment from Medicare for the services that we provide to our patients. Our Medicare billing begins with a process to ensure that our billings are accurate through the utilization of an electronic Medicare claim review. We bill Medicare on a monthly basis for the services provided to the patient.
Non-Medicare Home Health, Hospice and Personal Care
For our non-Medicare patients, our pre-billing process primarily begins with verifying a patient’s eligibility for services with the applicable payor. Once the patient has been confirmed for eligibility, we will provide services to the patient and bill the applicable payor. Our review and evaluation of non-Medicare accounts receivable includes a detailed review of outstanding balances and special consideration to concentrations of receivables from particular payors or groups of payors with similar characteristics that would subject us to any significant credit risk.
Business Combinations
We account for acquisitions using the acquisition method of accounting in accordance with ASC 805, Business Combinations. Acquisitions are accounted for as purchases and are included in our condensed consolidated financial statements from their respective acquisition dates. Assets acquired and liabilities assumed, if any, are measured at fair value on the acquisition date using the appropriate valuation method. Goodwill generated from acquisitions is recognized for the excess of the purchase price over tangible and identifiable intangible assets. In determining the fair value of identifiable intangible assets, we use various valuation techniques including discounted cash flow analysis, the income approach, the cost approach and the market approach. These valuation methods require us to make estimates and assumptions surrounding projected revenues and costs, growth rates and discount rates.
11


AMEDISYS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The following details our financial instruments where the carrying value and the fair value differ (amounts in millions):
 Fair Value at Reporting Date Using
Financial InstrumentCarrying Value as of March 31, 2021Quoted Prices in Active
Markets for Identical
Items
(Level 1)
Significant Other
Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
Significant
Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
Long-term obligations$241.9 $ $244.4 $ 

The fair value hierarchy is based on three levels of inputs, of which the first two are considered observable and the last unobservable, that may be used to measure fair value. The three levels of inputs are as follows:

Level 1 – Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities.

Level 2 – Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.

Level 3 – Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.
Our deferred compensation plan assets are recorded at fair value and are considered a level 2 measurement. For our other financial instruments, including our cash and cash equivalents, patient accounts receivable, accounts payable, payroll and employee benefits and accrued expenses, we estimate the carrying amounts approximate fair value.
Weighted-Average Shares Outstanding
Net income per share attributable to Amedisys, Inc. common stockholders, calculated on the treasury stock method, is based on the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period. The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, shares used in our computation of the weighted-average shares outstanding, which are used to calculate our basic and diluted net income attributable to Amedisys, Inc. common stockholders (amounts in thousands):
 For the Three-
Month Periods
Ended March 31,
 20212020
Weighted average number of shares outstanding - basic32,780 32,331 
Effect of dilutive securities:
Stock options151 594 
Non-vested stock and stock units
259 309 
Weighted average number of shares outstanding - diluted33,190 33,234 
Anti-dilutive securities42 57 

12


AMEDISYS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


3. NOVEL CORONAVIRUS PANDEMIC ("COVID-19")
In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a pandemic. As a healthcare at home company, we have been and will continue to be impacted by the effects of COVID-19; however, we remain committed to carrying out our mission of caring for our patients. We will continue to closely monitor the impact of COVID-19 on all aspects of our business, including the impacts to our employees, patients and suppliers; however, at this time, we are unable to estimate the ultimate impact the pandemic will have on our consolidated financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
On March 27, 2020, the CARES Act was signed into legislation. The CARES Act provided for $175 billion to healthcare providers, including hospitals on the front lines of the COVID-19 pandemic. Of this total allocated amount, $30 billion was distributed immediately to providers based on their proportionate share of Medicare fee-for-service reimbursements in 2019. Healthcare providers were required to sign an attestation confirming receipt of the Provider Relief Fund ("PRF") funds and agree to the terms and conditions of payment. Our home health and hospice segments received approximately $100 million from the first $30 billion of funds distributed to healthcare providers in April 2020, which is inclusive of $2 million related to our joint venture care centers (equity method investments). We also acquired approximately $6 million of PRF funds in connection with the acquisition of AseraCare. Under the terms and conditions for receipt of the payment, we are allowed to use the funds to cover lost revenues and health care costs related to COVID-19, and we are required to properly and fully document the use of these funds in reports to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services ("HHS").
For our wholly-owned subsidiaries, we have decided to only utilize PRF funds to the extent we have qualifying COVID-19 expenses, which totaled $9 million and $1 million for our home health and hospice segments during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Accordingly, for our wholly-owned subsidiaries, we will not be using PRF funds to cover lost revenues resulting from COVID-19. The grant income associated with the COVID-19 expenses incurred during the three-month period ended March 31, 2021 is reflected in other operating income within our condensed consolidated statements of operations. We did not record the income associated with the COVID-19 costs incurred during the three-month period ended March 31, 2020 until the second quarter of 2020, as the CARES Act funds were not available until the second quarter.
PRF funds can be used towards lost revenues or expenses attributable to COVID-19 through June 30, 2021. We do not believe that we will fully utilize the funds received; therefore, we recorded a liability related to the funds that we do not expect to utilize, which totaled $55 million at March 31, 2021 and $60 million at December 31, 2020 (see the Provider Relief Fund Advance account in current liabilities within our condensed consolidated balance sheets). Funds that we intend to use in the future to cover COVID-19 expenses, which we have estimated to be approximately $8 million as of March 31, 2021, have been recorded to a deferred liability account within accrued expenses in our condensed consolidated balance sheet. These estimates may change as our ability to utilize and retain the funds will depend on the magnitude, timing and nature of the impact of the pandemic. In summary, the total funds that we have received from the CARES Act PRF have been accounted for as follows as of March 31, 2021 (amounts in millions):

Amount
Funds utilized through March 31, 2021$42.0 
Estimated funds to be utilized April 2021 through June 20217.9 
Estimated funds to be repaid to the government55.0 
Funds received by unconsolidated joint ventures1.9 
$106.8 

On April 24, 2020, HHS distributed an additional $18 billion in funds to healthcare providers. We did not receive, nor apply, for any additional funds from this second distribution. On October 1, 2020, HHS announced $20 billion in new funding to healthcare providers under the Phase 3 general distribution. We did not apply for any additional funds from this distribution.
The CARES Act also provided for the temporary suspension of the automatic 2% reduction of Medicare claim reimbursements (sequestration) for the period May 1, 2020 through December 31, 2020. In December 2020, Congress passed additional COVID-19 relief legislation as part of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021. This legislation extended the suspension of sequestration through March 31, 2021. In April 2021, Congress passed H.R. 1868, which among other items, provides for an
13


AMEDISYS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


additional extension of the temporary suspension of sequestration through December 31, 2021. We estimate that the April 2021 extension will increase our 2021 net service revenue by approximately $29 million.
Additionally, the CARES Act provided for the deferral of the employer share of social security tax (6.2%), effective for payments due after the enactment date. Fifty percent of the deferred payroll taxes are due on December 31, 2021 with the remaining amounts due on December 31, 2022. During 2020, we deferred approximately $55.0 million of social security taxes; approximately $28 million is reflected in each of payroll and employee benefits and other long-term obligations within our condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Our personal care segment did not receive funds under the CARES Act; however, they did receive funds totaling $1 million from the Mass Home Care ASAP COVID-19 Provider Sustainability Program, which were used during 2020 to cover costs related to the public health emergency.

4. ACQUISITIONS
We complete acquisitions from time to time in order to pursue our strategy of increasing our market presence by expanding our service base and enhancing our position in certain geographic areas as a leading provider of home health, hospice and personal care services. The purchase price paid for acquisitions is negotiated through arm’s length transactions, with consideration based on our analysis of, among other things, comparable acquisitions and expected cash flows. Acquisitions are accounted for as purchases and are included in our condensed consolidated financial statements from their respective acquisition dates. Goodwill generated from acquisitions is recognized for the excess of the purchase price over tangible and identifiable intangible assets because of the expected contributions of the acquisitions to our overall corporate strategy. We typically engage outside appraisal firms to assist in the fair value determination of identifiable intangible assets for significant acquisitions. The preliminary purchase price allocation is adjusted, as necessary, up to one year after the acquisition closing date if management obtains more information regarding asset valuations and liabilities assumed.
2020 Acquisitions
On June 1, 2020, we acquired Homecare Preferred Choice, Inc., doing business as AseraCare Hospice ("AseraCare"), a national hospice care provider with 44 locations, for an estimated purchase price of $230.4 million, net of cash acquired and inclusive of a $32 million tax asset. The closing payment for the purchase price included estimates for cash, working capital and various other items. Under the purchase agreement, the purchase price was subject to a closing payment adjustment for any differences between estimated amounts included in the closing payment and actual amounts at close, not to exceed $1.0 million. The closing payment adjustment, which was finalized in October 2020, reduced the purchase price by $0.8 million, from $230.4 million to $229.6 million.
The Company is in the process of reviewing the fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed. During the three-month period ended March 31, 2021, we recorded measurement period adjustments based on changes to management's estimates and assumptions related to accounts payable and accrued expenses. The final valuation of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed will be finalized within the allowable measurement period. Based on the Company's preliminary valuation, the total estimated consideration of $229.6 million has been allocated to assets acquired and liabilities assumed as of the acquisition date as follows (amounts in millions):

14


AMEDISYS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


Amount
Patient accounts receivable$15.0 
Prepaid expenses0.7 
Property and equipment0.6 
Operating lease right of use assets5.9 
Intangible assets24.3 
Other assets0.1 
Total assets acquired
46.6 
Accounts payable(6.0)
Payroll and employee benefits(5.9)
Accrued expenses(10.7)
Operating lease liabilities(5.4)
Total liabilities assumed
(28.0)
Net identifiable assets acquired18.6 
Goodwill211.0 
Total estimated consideration$229.6 

Intangible assets acquired include licenses ($8.7 million), certificates of need ($0.7 million), acquired names ($5.7 million) and non-compete agreements ($9.2 million). The acquired names will be amortized over a weighted-average period of 2.0 years and the non-compete agreements will be amortized over a weighted-average period of 1.7 years.
AseraCare contributed approximately $24.7 million in net service revenue and an operating loss of $0.6 million (inclusive of acquisition and integration costs totaling $0.6 million and intangibles amortization totaling $2.4 million) during the three-month period ended March 31, 2021.
We expect the entire amount of goodwill recorded for this acquisition to be deductible for income tax purposes over approximately 15 years.
5. LONG-TERM OBLIGATIONS
Long-term debt consists of the following for the periods indicated (amounts in millions):
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
$175.0 million Term Loan; interest rate at Base Rate plus Applicable Rate or Eurodollar Rate plus Applicable Rate (1.4% at March 31, 2021); due February 4, 2024
$161.9 $164.1 
$550.0 million Revolving Credit Facility; interest only payments; interest rate at Base Rate plus Applicable Rate or Eurodollar Rate plus Applicable Rate (1.4% at March 31, 2021); due February 4, 2024
80.0 51.0 
Finance leases2.3 2.6 
Principal amount of long-term obligations244.2 217.7 
Deferred debt issuance costs(2.5)(2.7)
241.7 215.0 
Current portion of long-term obligations(10.3)(10.5)
Total$231.4 $204.5 
15


AMEDISYS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)



First Amendment to Amended and Restated Credit Agreement

On February 4, 2019, we entered into the First Amendment to our Credit Agreement (as amended by the First Amendment, the "Amended Credit Agreement"). The Amended Credit Agreement provides for a senior secured credit facility in an initial aggregate principal amount of up to $725.0 million, which includes a $550.0 million Revolving Credit Facility under the Credit Agreement, and a term loan facility with a principal amount of up to $175.0 million (the "Term Loan Facility" and collectively with the Revolving Credit Facility, the "Credit Facility"), which was added by the First Amendment.

The loans issued under the Credit Facility bear interest on a per annum basis, at our election, at either: (i) the Base Rate plus the Applicable Rate or (ii) the Eurodollar Rate plus the Applicable Rate. The “Base Rate” means a fluctuating rate per annum equal to the highest of (a) the federal funds rate plus 0.50% per annum, (b) the prime rate of interest established by the Administrative Agent, and (c) the Eurodollar Rate plus 1% per annum. The “Eurodollar Rate” means the quoted rate per annum equal to the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) or a comparable successor rate approved by the Administrative Agent for an interest period of one, two, three or six months (as selected by us). The “Applicable Rate” is based on the consolidated leverage ratio and is presented in the table below. As of March 31, 2021, the Applicable Rate is 0.25% per annum for Base Rate loans and 1.25% per annum for Eurodollar Rate loans. We are also subject to a commitment fee and letter of credit fee under the terms of the Amended Credit Agreement, as presented in the table below.

Pricing TierConsolidated Leverage RatioCommitment FeeLetter of Credit FeeEurodollar Rate LoansBase Rate Loans
I
3.00 to 1.0
0.35%1.75%2.00%1.00%
II
< 3.00 to 1.0 but ≥ 2.00 to 1.0
0.30%1.50%1.75%0.75%
III
< 2.00 to 1.0 but ≥ 0.75 to 1.0
0.25%1.25%1.50%0.50%
IV
< 0.75 to 1.0
0.20%1.00%1.25%0.25%

The final maturity date of the Credit Facility is February 4, 2024. The Revolving Credit Facility will terminate and be due and payable as of the final maturity date. The Term Loan Facility, however, is subject to quarterly amortization of principal in the amount of (i) 0.625% for the period commencing on February 4, 2019 and ending on March 31, 2020, (ii) 1.250% for the period commencing on April 1, 2020 and ending on March 31, 2023, and (iii) 1.875% for the period commencing on April 1, 2023 and ending on February 4, 2024. The remaining balance of the Term Loan Facility must be paid upon the final maturity date. In addition to the scheduled amortization of the Term Loan Facility, and subject to customary exceptions and reinvestment rights, we are required to prepay the Term Loan Facility first and the Revolving Credit Facility second with 100% of all net cash proceeds received by any loan party or any subsidiary thereof in connection with (a) any asset sale or disposition where such loan party receives net cash proceeds in excess of $5 million or (b) any debt issuance that is not permitted under the Amended Credit Agreement.

The Amended Credit Agreement requires maintenance of two financial covenants: (i) a consolidated leverage ratio of funded indebtedness to Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization ("EBITDA"), as defined in the Amended Credit Agreement, and (ii) a consolidated interest coverage ratio of EBITDA to cash interest charges, as defined in the Amended Credit Agreement. Each of these covenants is calculated over rolling four-quarter periods and also is subject to certain exceptions and baskets. The Amended Credit Agreement also contains customary covenants, including, but not limited to, restrictions on: incurrence of liens, incurrence of additional debt, sales of assets and other fundamental corporate changes, investments, and declarations of dividends. These covenants contain customary exclusions and baskets as detailed in the Amended Credit Agreement.

The Revolving Credit Facility is guaranteed by substantially all of our wholly-owned direct and indirect subsidiaries. The Amended Credit Agreement requires at all times that we (i) provide guarantees from wholly-owned subsidiaries that in the aggregate represent not less than 95% of our consolidated net revenues and adjusted EBITDA from all wholly-owned subsidiaries and (ii) provide guarantees from subsidiaries that in the aggregate represent not less than 70% of consolidated adjusted EBITDA, subject to certain exceptions.

Our weighted average interest rate for borrowings under our $550.0 million Revolving Credit Facility was 2.0% and 3.2% for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Our weighted average interest rate for borrowings under
16


AMEDISYS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


our $175.0 million Term Loan Facility was 1.6% and 3.2% for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
As of March 31, 2021, our consolidated leverage ratio was 0.7, our consolidated interest coverage ratio was 34.5 and we are in compliance with our covenants under the Amended Credit Agreement. In the event we are not in compliance with our debt covenants in the future, we would pursue various alternatives in an attempt to successfully resolve the non-compliance, which might include, among other things, seeking debt covenant waivers or amendments.
As of March 31, 2021, our availability under our $550.0 million Revolving Credit Facility was $440.3 million as we have $80.0 million outstanding in borrowings and $29.7 million outstanding in letters of credit.
Joinder Agreements

In connection with the CCH acquisition, we entered into a Joinder Agreement, dated as of February 4, 2019 (the “CCH Joinder”), pursuant to which CCH and its subsidiaries were made parties to, and became subject to the terms and conditions of, the Amended Credit Agreement, the Amended and Restated Security Agreement, dated as of June 29, 2018 (the “Amended and Restated Security Agreement”), and the Amended and Restated Pledge Agreement, dated as of June 29, 2018 (the “Amended and Restated Pledge Agreement”). In connection with the AseraCare acquisition, we entered into a Joinder Agreement, dated as of June 12, 2020, pursuant to which the AseraCare entities were made parties to, and became subject to the terms and conditions of, the Amended Credit Agreement, the Amended and Restated Security Agreement and the Amended and Restated Pledge Agreement (the “AseraCare Joinder,” and together with the CCH Joinder, the “Joinders”). Pursuant to the Joinders, the Amended and Restated Security Agreement and the Amended and Restated Pledge Agreement, CCH and its subsidiaries and the AseraCare entities granted in favor of the Administrative Agent a first lien security interest in substantially all of their personal property assets and pledged to the Administrative Agent each of their respective subsidiaries' issued and outstanding equity interests. CCH and its subsidiaries and the AseraCare entities also guaranteed our obligations, whether now existing or arising after the respective effective dates of the Joinders, under the Amended Credit Agreement pursuant to the terms of the Joinders and the Amended Credit Agreement.

6. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Legal Proceedings - Ongoing
We are involved in the following legal actions:
Subpoena Duces Tecum and Civil Investigative Demands Issued by the U.S. Department of Justice
On May 21, 2015, we received a Subpoena Duces Tecum (“Subpoena”) issued by the U.S. Department of Justice. The Subpoena requests the delivery of information regarding 53 identified hospice patients to the United States Attorney’s Office for the District of Massachusetts. It also requests the delivery of documents relating to our hospice clinical and business operations and related compliance activities. The Subpoena generally covers the period from January 1, 2011 through May 21, 2015. We are fully cooperating with the U.S. Department of Justice with respect to this investigation.
On November 3, 2015, we received a civil investigative demand (“CID”) issued by the U.S. Department of Justice pursuant to the federal False Claims Act relating to claims submitted to Medicare and/or Medicaid for hospice services provided through designated facilities in the Morgantown, West Virginia area. The CID requests the delivery of information to the United States Attorney’s Office for the Northern District of West Virginia regarding 66 identified hospice patients, as well as documents relating to our hospice clinical and business operations in the Morgantown area. The CID generally covers the period from January 1, 2009 through August 31, 2015. We are fully cooperating with the U.S. Department of Justice with respect to this investigation.
 
On June 27, 2016, we received a CID issued by the U.S. Department of Justice pursuant to the federal False Claims Act relating to claims submitted to Medicare and/or Medicaid for hospice services provided through designated facilities in the Parkersburg, West Virginia area. The CID requests the delivery of information to the United States Attorney’s Office for the Southern District of West Virginia regarding 68 identified hospice patients, as well as documents relating to our hospice clinical and business operations in the Parkersburg area. The CID generally covers the period from January 1, 2011 through June 20, 2016. We are fully cooperating with the U.S. Department of Justice with respect to this investigation.
17


AMEDISYS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


Based on our analysis of sample claims data in connection with preliminary settlement discussions with the U.S. Department of Justice regarding the above matters, we have recorded a total of $6.5 million to accrued expenses in our condensed consolidated balance sheets related to these matters. Due to the ongoing nature of the investigations and current stage of the settlement discussions, we are unable to estimate a range of potential loss at this time, and we cannot predict the timing or outcome of these investigations.
In addition to the matters referenced in this note, we are involved in legal actions in the normal course of business, some of which seek monetary damages, including claims for punitive damages. Based on information available to us as of the date of this filing, we do not believe that these normal course actions, when finally concluded and determined, will have a material impact on our consolidated financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
Legal fees related to all legal matters are expensed as incurred.
Third Party Audits - Ongoing
From time to time, in the ordinary course of business, we are subject to audits under various governmental programs in which third party firms engaged by CMS, including Recovery Audit Contractors (“RACs”), Zone Program Integrity Contractors (“ZPICs”), Uniform Program Integrity Contractors (“UPICs”), Program Safeguard Contractors (“PSCs”), Medicaid Integrity Contractors (“MICs”) and Supplemental Medical Review Contractors (“SMRCs”), conduct extensive reviews of claims data to identify potential improper payments. We cannot predict the ultimate outcome of any regulatory reviews or other governmental audits and investigations.
In July 2010, our subsidiary that provides hospice services in Florence, South Carolina received from a ZPIC a request for records regarding a sample of 30 beneficiaries who received services from the subsidiary during the period of January 1, 2008 through March 31, 2010 (the “Review Period”) to determine whether the underlying services met pertinent Medicare payment requirements. We acquired the hospice operations subject to this review on August 1, 2009; the Review Period covers time periods both before and after our ownership of these hospice operations. Based on the ZPIC’s findings for 16 beneficiaries, which were extrapolated to all claims for hospice services provided by the Florence subsidiary billed during the Review Period, on June 6, 2011, the Medicare Administrative Contractor (“MAC”) for the subsidiary issued a notice of overpayment seeking recovery from our subsidiary of an alleged overpayment. We dispute these findings, and our Florence subsidiary has filed appeals through the Original Medicare Standard Appeals Process, in which we are seeking to have those findings overturned. An administrative law judge ("ALJ") hearing was held in early January 2015. On January 18, 2016, we received a letter dated January 6, 2016 referencing the ALJ hearing decision for the overpayment issued on June 6, 2011. The decision was partially favorable with a new overpayment amount of $3.7 million with a balance owed of $5.6 million, including interest, based on 9 disputed claims (originally 16). We filed an appeal to the Medicare Appeals Council on the remaining 9 disputed claims and also argued that the statistical method used to select the sample was not valid. No assurances can be given as to the timing or outcome of the Medicare Appeals Council decision. As of March 31, 2021, Medicare has withheld payments of $5.7 million (including additional interest) as part of their standard procedures once this level of the appeal process has been reached. In the event we are not able to recoup this alleged overpayment, we are entitled to be indemnified by the prior owners of the hospice operations for amounts relating to the period prior to August 1, 2009. On January 10, 2019, an arbitration panel from the American Health Lawyers Association determined that the prior owners' liability for their indemnification obligation was $2.8 million. This amount is recorded as an indemnity receivable within other assets in our condensed consolidated balance sheets.
In July 2016, the Company received a request for medical records from SafeGuard Services, L.L.C (“SafeGuard”), a ZPIC, related to services provided by some of the care centers that the Company acquired from Infinity Home Care, L.L.C. The review period covers time periods both before and after our ownership of the care centers, which were acquired on December 31, 2015. In August 2017, the Company received Requests for Repayment from Palmetto GBA, LLC ("Palmetto") regarding Infinity Home Care of Lakeland, LLC ("Lakeland Care Centers") and Infinity Home Care of Pinellas, LLC ("Clearwater Care Center"). The Palmetto letters are based on a statistical extrapolation performed by SafeGuard which alleged an overpayment of $34.0 million for the Lakeland Care Centers on a universe of 72 Medicare claims totaling $0.2 million in actual claims payments using a 100% error rate and an overpayment of $4.8 million for the Clearwater Care Center on a universe of 70 Medicare claims totaling $0.2 million in actual claims payments using a 100% error rate.
The Lakeland Request for Repayment covers claims between January 2, 2014 and September 13, 2016. The Clearwater Request for Repayment covers claims between January 2, 2015 and December 9, 2016. As a result of partially successful Level I and Level II Administrative Appeals, the alleged overpayment for the Lakeland Care Centers has been reduced to $26.0 million and
18


AMEDISYS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


the alleged overpayment for the Clearwater Care Center has been reduced to $3.3 million. The Company has now filed Level III Administrative Appeals, and will continue to vigorously pursue its appeal rights, which include contesting the methodology used by the ZPIC contractor to perform statistical extrapolation. The Company is contractually entitled to indemnification by the prior owners for all claims prior to December 31, 2015, for up to $12.6 million.
At this stage of the review, based on the information currently available to the Company, the Company cannot predict the timing or outcome of this review. The Company estimates a low-end potential range of loss related to this review of $6.5 million (assuming the Company is successful in seeking indemnity from the prior owners and unsuccessful in demonstrating that the extrapolation method used by SafeGuard was erroneous). The Company has reduced its high-end potential range of loss from $38.8 million (the maximum amount Palmetto claims has been overpaid for both the Lakeland Care Centers and the Clearwater Care Center, of which amount $12.6 million is subject to indemnification by the prior owners) to $29.3 million based on the partial success achieved by the Company in prosecuting its Level I and II Administrative Appeals.
As of March 31, 2021, we have an accrued liability of approximately $17.4 million related to this matter. We expect to be indemnified by the prior owners for approximately $10.9 million of the total $12.6 million available indemnification related to this matter and have recorded this amount within other assets in our condensed consolidated balance sheets. The net of these two amounts, $6.5 million, was recorded as a reduction in revenue in our condensed consolidated statements of operations during 2017. As of March 31, 2021, $1.5 million of receivables have been impacted by this payment suspension.
Insurance
We are obligated for certain costs associated with our insurance programs, including employee health, workers’ compensation and professional liability. While we maintain various insurance programs to cover these risks, we are self-insured for a substantial portion of our potential claims. We recognize our obligations associated with these costs, up to specified deductible limits in the period in which a claim is incurred, including with respect to both reported claims and claims incurred but not reported. These costs have generally been estimated based on historical data of our claims experience. Such estimates, and the resulting reserves, are reviewed and updated by us on a quarterly basis.
Our health insurance has an exposure limit of $1.3 million for any individual covered life. Our workers’ compensation insurance has a retention limit of $1.0 million per incident and our professional liability insurance has a retention limit of $0.3 million per incident.
7. SEGMENT INFORMATION
Our operations involve servicing patients through our three reportable business segments: home health, hospice and personal care. Our home health segment delivers a wide range of services in the homes of individuals who may be recovering from surgery, have a chronic disability or terminal illness or need assistance with completing important personal tasks. Our hospice segment provides palliative care and comfort to terminally ill patients and their families. Our personal care segment provides patients with assistance with the essential activities of daily living. The “other” column in the following tables consists of costs relating to executive management and administrative support functions, primarily information services, accounting, finance, billing and collections, legal, compliance, risk management, procurement, marketing, clinical administration, training, human resources and administration.
19


AMEDISYS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


Management evaluates performance and allocates resources based on the operating income of the reportable segments, which includes an allocation of corporate expenses directly attributable to the specific segment and includes revenues and all other costs directly attributable to the specific segment. Segment assets are not reviewed by the company’s chief operating decision maker and therefore are not disclosed below (amounts in millions).
 For the Three-Month Period Ended March 31, 2021
 Home
Health
HospicePersonal
Care
OtherTotal
Net service revenue$328.6 $191.5 $17.0 $ $537.1 
Other operating income5.0 3.7   8.7 
Cost of service, excluding depreciation and amortization183.0 101.6 12.6  297.2 
General and administrative expenses80.1 46.5 3.0 42.6 172.2 
Depreciation and amortization1.0 0.6 0.1 5.9 7.6 
Operating expenses264.1 148.7 15.7 48.5 477.0 
Operating income (loss)$69.5 $46.5 $1.3 $(48.5)$68.8 
 For the Three-Month Period Ended March 31, 2020
 Home
Health
HospicePersonal
Care
OtherTotal
Net service revenue$303.6 $169.4 $18.7 $ $491.7 
Cost of service, excluding depreciation and amortization179.8 91.8 14.1  285.7 
General and administrative expenses75.7 38.7 3.4 39.0 156.8 
Depreciation and amortization1.0 0.6  3.7 5.3 
Operating expenses256.5 131.1 17.5 42.7 447.8 
Operating income (loss)$47.1 $38.3 $1.2 $(42.7)$43.9 

8. SHARE REPURCHASES
2021 Stock Repurchase Program
On December 23, 2020, we announced that our Board of Directors authorized a stock repurchase program, under which we may repurchase up to $100 million of our outstanding common stock through December 31, 2021.
Under the terms of the program, we are allowed to repurchase shares from time to time through open market purchases, unsolicited or solicited privately negotiated transactions, an accelerated stock repurchase program, and/or a trading plan in compliance with Exchange Act Rule 10b5-1. The timing and the amount of the repurchases will be determined by management based on a number of factors, including but not limited to share price, trading volume and general market conditions, as well as on working capital requirements, general business conditions and other factors.
During the three-month period ended March 31, 2021, pursuant to this program, we repurchased 292,348 shares of our common stock at a weighted average price of $249.28 per share and a total cost of approximately $73 million. The repurchased shares are classified as treasury shares.
9. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
During 2018, we made a $7.0 million investment in Medalogix, a healthcare predictive data and analytics company; this investment is accounted for under the equity method. We incurred costs of approximately $1.3 million and $0.6 million during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, in connection with the usage of Medalogix's analytics platforms. We believe that the terms of these transactions are consistent with those negotiated at arm's length.
20


ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following discussion and analysis provides information we believe is relevant to an assessment and understanding of our results of operations and financial condition for the three-month period ended March 31, 2021. This discussion should be read in conjunction with the condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included herein, and the consolidated financial statements and notes and the related Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on February 25, 2021 (the “Form 10-K”), which are incorporated herein by this reference. Historical results that appear in the condensed consolidated financial statements should not be interpreted as being indicative of future operations.
Unless otherwise provided, “Amedisys,” “we,” “our,” and the “Company” refer to Amedisys, Inc. and our consolidated subsidiaries.
Overview
We are a provider of high-quality in-home healthcare and related services to the chronic, co-morbid, aging American population, with approximately 75% and 74% of our revenue derived from Medicare for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
Our operations involve servicing patients through our three reportable business segments: home health, hospice and personal care. Our home health segment delivers a wide range of services in the homes of individuals who may be recovering from an illness, injury or surgery. Our hospice segment provides care that is designed to provide comfort and support for those who are facing a terminal illness. Our personal care segment provides patients with assistance with the essential activities of daily living. As of March 31, 2021, we owned and operated 320 Medicare-certified home health care centers, 180 Medicare-certified hospice care centers and 14 personal-care care centers in 39 states within the United States and the District of Columbia.
Care Centers Summary (Includes Unconsolidated Joint Ventures) 
Home
Health
HospicePersonal
Care
As of December 31, 2020320 180 14 
Acquisitions/Startups/Denovos— — — 
Closed/Consolidated— — — 
As of March 31, 2021320 180 14 
Recent Developments
Governmental Inquiries and Investigations and Other Litigation
See Note 6 – Commitments and Contingencies to our condensed consolidated financial statements for a discussion of and updates regarding legal proceedings and investigations we are involved in. No assurances can be given as to the timing or outcome of these items.
Payment
Hospice
On July 31, 2020, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services ("CMS") issued a final rule to update hospice payment rates and the wage index for fiscal year 2021, effective for services provided beginning October 1, 2020. CMS estimates hospices serving Medicare beneficiaries would see an estimated 2.4% increase in payments. This increase is the result of a 2.4% market basket adjustment as required under the Patient Protection and Affordable Health Care Act and the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act (collectively, "PPACA"). The rule also changed the hospice wage index by adopting the most recent Office of Management and Budget statistical area delineations with a five percent cap on wage index decreases. Finally, CMS increased the aggregate cap amount by 2.4% to $30,684. Based on our analysis of the final rule, we expect our impact to be in line with the 2.4% increase.
On April 8, 2021, CMS issued a proposed rule to update hospice payment rates and the wage index for fiscal year 2022, effective for services provided beginning October 1, 2021. CMS estimates hospices serving Medicare beneficiaries would see an estimated 2.3% increase in payments. This increase is the result of a 2.3% market basket adjustment as required under PPACA. Additionally, CMS proposed an increase in the aggregate cap amount by 2.3% to $31,390. The proposed rule also includes rebasing and revising the labor shares for all four levels of care based on the compensation cost weights for each level of care from the 2018 Medicare data for freestanding hospices and changes to the hospice conditions of participation ("COPs")
21


which would make permanent certain flexibilities allowed during the COVD-19 public health emergency. Based on our analysis of the final rule, we expect our impact to be in line with the 2.3% increase.
Home Health
On October 29, 2020, CMS issued the Home Health Final Rule for Medicare home health providers for calendar year 2021. CMS estimates that the final rule will result in a 1.9% increase in payments to home health providers. The increase is the result of a 2.0% market basket adjustment reduced by 0.1% for the rural add-on. Based on our analysis of the final rule, we expect our impact to be in line with the 1.9% increase. Additionally, CMS made permanent the telehealth flexibilities that were announced in the Interim Final Rule (Emergency Rule) for COVID-19 in March 2020. These flexibilities allow home health agencies to provide certain care via telehealth if it is clinically appropriate and included in the plan of care. Telehealth visits still do not count as visits for purposes of patient eligibility or payment.
Novel Coronavirus Pandemic ("COVID-19")
Our operations and financial performance for the three-month period ended March 31, 2021 continued to be impacted by COVID-19. The financial impacts of COVID-19 are discussed in further detail under "Results of Operations" below. While we currently believe that we have a reasonable view of operations, the uncertainty created by COVID-19 could alter our outlook of the pandemic's impact on our consolidated financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. The following factors could potentially impact our performance: the continued increase or decrease in the number of COVID-19 cases nationwide, the severity and impacts of new variants of the virus, uncertainty regarding vaccine distribution timing and efficacy, the utilization of elective procedures, the return of patient confidence to enter a hospital or a doctor's office, the ability to have access to our patients in their homes and in facilities, cost normalization around personal protective equipment ("PPE") and any future or prolonged shelter-in-place orders and other federal, state and local requirements. Potential impacts of COVID-19 on our results include lower revenue; higher salary and wage expense related to quarantine pay, contract clinicians and training; and increased supply costs related to PPE and COVID-19 testing. The impacts to revenue may consist of the following:
lower volumes due to interruption of the operations of our referral sources, patients' unwillingness to accept services and restrictions on access to facilities for hospice services;
lower reimbursement due to missed visits resulting in an increase in low utilization payment adjustments ("LUPAs") and lost billing periods; and
lower hospice average daily census due to a decline in average length of stay.
On March 27, 2020, the bipartisan Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act ("CARES Act") was signed into legislation. The CARES Act provided for the following:
$175 billion to healthcare providers, including hospitals on the front lines of the COVID-19 pandemic. Of this total allocated amount, $30 billion was distributed immediately to providers based on their proportionate share of Medicare fee-for-service reimbursements in 2019. Healthcare providers were required to sign an attestation confirming receipt of the Provider Relief Fund ("PRF") funds and agree to the terms and conditions of payment. Our home health and hospice segments received approximately $100 million from the first $30 billion of funds distributed to healthcare providers in April 2020, which is inclusive of $2 million related to our joint venture care centers (equity method investments). We also acquired approximately $6 million of PRF funds in connection with the acquisition of AseraCare. Consistent with the terms and conditions for receipt of the payment, we are allowed to use the funds to cover lost revenues and health care costs related to COVID-19, and we are required to properly and fully document the use of these funds in reports to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services ("HHS").
For our wholly-owned subsidiaries, we have decided to only utilize PRF funds to the extent we have qualifying COVID-19 expenses, which totaled $9 million and $1 million for our home health and hospice segments during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. We do not believe that we will fully utilize the funds received; therefore, we have recorded a liability related to the funds that we do not expect to utilize which totaled $55 million at March 31, 2021 and $60 million at December 31, 2020 (see the Provider Relief Fund Advance account in current liabilities within our condensed consolidated balance sheets). Funds that we intend to use in the future to cover COVID-19 expenses, which we have estimated to be approximately $8 million as of March 31, 2021, have been recorded to a deferred liability account within accrued expenses in our condensed consolidated balance sheet. These estimates may change as our ability to utilize and retain the funds will depend on the magnitude, timing and nature of the impact of the pandemic.
The temporary suspension of the automatic 2% reduction of Medicare claim reimbursements ("sequestration") for the period May 1, 2020 through December 31, 2020. In December 2020, Congress passed additional COVID-19 relief legislation as part of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021. This legislation extended the suspension of sequestration through March 31, 2021. The impact was an increase to our net service revenue of approximately $8 million during the three-month period ended March 31, 2021. In April 2021, Congress passed H.R. 1868, which
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among other items, provides for an additional extension of the temporary suspension of sequestration through December 31, 2021. We estimate that the April 2021 extension will increase our 2021 net service revenue by approximately $29 million.
The deferral of the employer share of social security tax (6.2%), effective for payments due after the enactment date through December 31, 2020. Fifty percent of the deferred payments is due on December 31, 2021 with the remaining amounts due on December 31, 2022. During 2020, we deferred approximately $55 million of social security tax; approximately $28 million is reflected in each of payroll and employee benefits and other long-term obligations within our condensed consolidated balance sheets.
The temporary suspension of Medicare patient coverage criteria and documentation and care requirements and the expansion of providing home health and hospice care to patients via telehealth.
The ability for non-physician practitioners to certify for home health, order home health services, establish and review plans of care and certify and recertify eligibility.
The well-being of our employees has been one of our top priorities during this pandemic. We took the following steps during 2020 to support our employees: implemented up to 14 days of paid leave during any required quarantine periods; awarded SPIRIT bonuses to our clinicians and caregivers who have seen patients during the pandemic; completed an early cash pay-out of employee paid-time-off; instituted work-from-home arrangements for our corporate and administrative support employees; allowed employees to temporarily suspend any 401(k) plan loan deductions and offered employees the option of making a withdrawal from their 401(k) plan for coronavirus-related distributions without incurring the additional 10% early withdrawal penalty; expanded access to telehealth services to all employees; provided access to COVID-19 self-test kits to all employees and created a COVID-19 Resource Center, available 24 hours a day, seven days a week for employees to access educational materials, safety documents, policies, clinical protocols and operational metrics.
The safety of our clinicians and patients has also been a focus, and as a result, we have made the following business changes: developed clinical protocols for COVID-19 testing, proper usage of PPE, caring for COVID-positive patients and maintaining safety measures in our care centers; researched each state's vaccination plan to develop a state by state protocol to work with local health departments and other health systems to obtain vaccine appointments for our clinical staff; implemented software enabling us to track staff that have been vaccinated; procured millions in PPE and created a centralized distribution center for all critical PPE, allowing us to flex our inventory on a care center by care center basis, based on need and demand.
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Results of Operations
Three-Month Period Ended March 31, 2021 Compared to the Three-Month Period Ended March 31, 2020
Consolidated
The following table summarizes our consolidated results of operations (amounts in millions):
 
 For the Three-Month Periods
Ended March 31,
 20212020
Net service revenue$537.1 $491.7 
Other operating income8.7 — 
Cost of service, excluding depreciation and amortization297.2 285.7 
Gross margin, excluding depreciation and amortization248.6 206.0 
% of revenue46.3 %41.9 %
Other operating expenses172.2 156.8 
% of revenue32.1 %31.9 %
Depreciation and amortization7.6 5.3 
Operating income68.8 43.9 
Total other expense(0.6)(2.5)
Income tax expense(17.9)(9.4)
Effective income tax rate26.3 %22.6 %
Net income50.3 32.0 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests(0.4)(0.2)
Net income attributable to Amedisys, Inc.$49.9 $31.8 

On a consolidated basis, our operating income increased approximately $25 million on a revenue increase of $45 million. Our 2021 results include the acquisition of AseraCare, which contributed revenue of $25 million and an operating loss of $1 million, which is inclusive of acquisition and integration costs totaling $1 million and intangibles amortization totaling $2 million. Our 2021 operating results were positively impacted by the suspension of sequestration effective May 1, 2020, which resulted in an increase to net service revenue of approximately $8 million (excluding the AseraCare acquisition), and rate increases, which resulted in an increase to net service revenue of approximately $10 million (excluding the AseraCare acquisition). Additionally, we were able to expand margin in our home health segment by delivering improvements in clinician utilization and discipline mix and by reducing our revenue adjustments. We also experienced an expansion in our hospice gross margin resulting from lower costs associated with a decline in visit volumes due to access restrictions.
Our 2021 results continue to be impacted by COVID-19. Within our home health segment, the most significant impact during the quarter relates to an increase in costs resulting from an increase in the usage of contract clinicians to supplement our registered nurse staffing levels and premiums paid to contract clinicians in COVID-19 high demand areas. We are monitoring both our contractor utilization and rates closely and expect the costs to come down as we increase our registered nurse staffing levels and as our clinicians continue to get vaccinated. Within our hospice segment, the most significant impact during the quarter relates to a decline in our average daily census, which is the main driver of hospice revenue. During the fourth quarter of 2020, we experienced a decline in our length of stay resulting from an increase in the discharge rate of our patients and a delay in the timing of patients coming onto service due to COVID-19, which resulted in a declining census as we exited 2020 and continued into 2021. We started to see improvements in our discharge rate toward the end of the first quarter. While overall flat to the fourth quarter of 2020, our first quarter discharge rate was favorable to our internal projections. Throughout the remainder of the year, we expect our admissions to continue to grow, our discharge rate to normalize and our length of stay to increase, all of which will contribute to growth in our average daily census. Additionally, within our hospice segment, we started to see an increase in access to patients in both facilities and their homes toward the end of the first quarter. We expect our costs to increase as access restrictions are lifted and as the visits performed by our hourly hospice aides and licensed practical nurses return to pre-COVID-19 levels. Within our personal care segment, the most significant impact relates to a decline in revenue resulting from staffing shortages. We have implemented a focused recruitment and retention plan to drive revenue growth. In addition, each of our segments have incurred incremental costs due to COVID-19 associated with the purchase of PPE, clinician training, quarantine pay and COVID-19 testing.
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As noted above, for our wholly-owned subsidiaries, we have elected to use the CARES Act PRF funds to cover COVID-19 expenses incurred by our home health and hospice segments which totaled $9 million and $1 million during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. We have recorded income related to the CARES Act funds totaling $9 million in other operating income within our condensed consolidated statement of operations during the three-month period ended March 31, 2021. We did not record the income associated with the COVID-19 costs incurred during the three-month period ended March 31, 2020 until the second quarter of 2020, as the CARES Act funds were not available until the second quarter.
Our operating results reflect a 9.8% increase in our other operating expenses compared to prior year. The AseraCare acquisition added $9 million to our hospice segment and corporate operating expenses. Excluding the AseraCare acquisition, our operating expenses increased 4.1% due to the addition of resources to support growth (primarily business development employees and care center administrative staff), planned wage increases, higher incentive compensation costs, higher health insurance costs and investments related to PDGM partially offset by lower travel and training spend during the pandemic and lower acquisition and integration costs.
Home Health Segment
The following table summarizes our home health segment results of operations:
 
 For the Three-Month Periods
Ended March 31,
 20212020
Financial Information (in millions):
Medicare$221.4 $203.9 
Non-Medicare107.2 99.7 
Net service revenue328.6 303.6 
Other operating income5.0 — 
Cost of service183.0 179.8 
Gross margin150.6 123.8 
Other operating expenses81.1 76.7 
Operating income$69.5 $47.1 
Same Store Growth (1):
Medicare revenue%(4 %)
Non-Medicare revenue%%
Total admissions%%
Total volume (2)%%
Key Statistical Data - Total (3):
Admissions89,830 85,975 
Recertifications (6)43,808 39,867 
Total volume (6)133,638 125,842 
Medicare completed episodes75,332 75,636 
Average Medicare revenue per completed episode (4)$2,931 $2,734 
Medicare visits per completed episode (5)13.9 15.8 
Visiting Clinician Cost per Visit$90.32 $84.01 
Clinical Manager Cost per Visit$9.50 $8.97 
Total Cost per Visit$99.82 $92.98 
Visits1,832,912 1,933,445 
(1) Same store information represents the percent change in our Medicare, Non-Medicare and Total revenue, admissions or volume for the period as a percent of the Medicare, Non-Medicare and Total revenue, admissions or volume of the prior period. Same store is defined as care centers that we have operated for at least the last twelve months and startups that are an expansion of a same store care center.
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(2) Total volume includes all admissions and recertifications.
(3) Total includes acquisitions, start-ups and denovos.
(4) Average Medicare revenue per completed episode is the average Medicare revenue earned for each Medicare completed episode of care. Average Medicare revenue per completed episode reflects the transition to PDGM effective January 1, 2020 and the suspension of sequestration effective May 1, 2020.
(5) Medicare visits per completed episode are the home health Medicare visits on completed episodes divided by the home health Medicare episodes completed during the period.
(6) Prior year amounts have been recast to conform to the current year calculation.
Operating Results
Overall, our operating income increased $22 million on a $25 million increase in net service revenue. Our results for the three-month period ended March 31, 2021 reflect year over year growth in volumes, an increase in our Medicare revenue per episode, which is described in more detail below, as well as significant improvement in our operating performance driven by improvements in our clinician utilization and discipline mix, both of which have contributed to year over year gross margin expansion. These items were partially offset by an increase in the usage of contract clinicians to supplement our registered nurse staffing levels and premiums paid to contract clinicians in COVID-19 high demand areas.
Our operating results were also impacted by incremental costs totaling $5 million related to COVID-19, which were offset by the recognition of income associated with the CARES Act PRF.
Net Service Revenue
Our net service revenue increased $25 million (8%) on a 6% increase in total volume and a 7% increase in Medicare revenue per episode. The volume growth was driven by a 5% increase in admissions and a 10% increase in recertification volume, both of which were impacted by the bad weather and snow/ice storms that we experienced during the quarter. The year over year growth is also partially attributable to the impact of COVID-19 on prior year volumes; COVID-19 began impacting our referral volumes during the second week of March 2020. The increase in Medicare revenue per episode is the result of a 1.9% increase in reimbursement, a 2% increase related to the suspension of sequestration, a decline in lost billing periods resulting from missed visits related to COVID-19 in prior year and improvements in our case mix and functional impairment scores. Additionally, we have seen a reduction in our revenue adjustments year over year.
Other Operating Income
Other operating income consists of the recognition of funds received from the CARES Act PRF. In accordance with the terms and conditions, these funds can be used to cover lost revenues as well as costs directly attributable to COVID-19. For our wholly-owned subsidiaries, we have elected to utilize the funds to cover COVID-19 related costs only, and therefore, have recognized income equal to the amount of COVID-19 costs incurred during the three-month period ended March 31, 2021 totaling $5 million. These costs are associated with the purchase of PPE, premiums paid to contract clinicians in COVID-19 high demand areas, clinician training, quarantine pay and COVID-19 testing and have been recorded to cost of service within our condensed consolidated statement of operations.
Cost of Service, Excluding Depreciation and Amortization
Our cost of service consists of costs associated with direct clinician care in the homes of our patients as well as the cost of clinical managers who monitor the overall delivery of care. Overall, our total cost of service increased 2% primarily due to a 7% increase in our total cost per visit partially offset by a 5% decrease in total visits driven by improvements in clinician utilization, as evidenced by a decline of 1.9 visits per completed episode year over year, and optimization of discipline mix. The 7% increase in our total cost per visit is due to planned wage increases, an increase in the utilization of contractors to supplement clinician visits, an increase in premiums paid to contract clinicians in COVID-19 high demand areas, inclement weather pay, higher health insurance costs, a change in the mix of our visits and costs directly attributable to COVID-19 totaling approximately $5 million. In addition, while we compensate our clinicians on a per visit basis, there is a fixed cost component of our cost structure which also resulted in an increase in our cost per visit as we had a significant decline in visits year over year.
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Other Operating Expenses
Other operating expenses increased approximately $4 million primarily due to planned wage increases, higher incentive compensation costs, higher health insurance costs, the addition of resources to support volume growth and investments related to PDGM. These increases were partially offset by lower travel and training spend during the pandemic.
Hospice Segment
The following table summarizes our hospice segment results of operations:
 
 For the Three-Month Periods
Ended March 31,
 20212020
Financial Information (in millions):
Medicare$