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Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended   March 31, 2021

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                        to

Commission
File Number

   

Exact Name of Registrant
as specified in its charter

State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization

   

IRS Employer
Identification Number

1-9936

EDISON INTERNATIONAL

California

95-4137452

1-2313

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA EDISON COMPANY

California

95-1240335

EDISON INTERNATIONAL

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA EDISON COMPANY

2244 Walnut Grove Avenue

2244 Walnut Grove Avenue

(P.O. Box 976)

(P.O. Box 800)

Rosemead, California 91770

Rosemead, California 91770

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Address of principal executive offices)

(626) 302-2222

(626) 302-1212

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Edison International:

Title of each class

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, no par value

EIX

NYSE LLC

Southern California Edison Company: None.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

Edison International

Yes  No 

Southern California Edison Company

Yes  No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).

Edison International

Yes  No 

Southern California Edison Company

Yes  No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-12 of the Exchange Act.

Edison International

   

Large Accelerated Filer

   

Accelerated Filer

   

Non-accelerated Filer

   

Smaller Reporting Company

   

Emerging growth company

Southern California Edison Company

Large Accelerated Filer

Accelerated Filer

Non-accelerated Filer

Smaller Reporting Company

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Edison International

Southern California Edison Company

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

Edison International

Yes  No 

Southern California Edison Company

Yes No 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date:

Common Stock outstanding as of April 20, 2021:

Edison International

379,438,053 Shares

Southern California Edison Company

434,888,104 Shares

Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SEC Form 10-Q

Reference Number

GLOSSARY

iv

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

1

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

4

Part I, Item 2

MANAGEMENT OVERVIEW

4

Highlights of Operating Results

4

Southern California Wildfires and Mudslides

5

CSRP

7

COVID-19

8

2021 General Rate Case

8

Wildfire Mitigation, Wildfire Insurance and Restoration Expenses

8

Capital Program

9

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

9

Southern California Edison Company

9

Three months ended March 31, 2021 versus March 31, 2020

10

Earning Activities

10

Cost-Recovery Activities

11

Supplemental Operating Revenue Information

11

Income Taxes

11

Edison International Parent and Other

12

Loss from Operations

12

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

12

Southern California Edison Company

12

Available Liquidity

14

Regulatory Proceedings

15

Capital Investment Plan

15

Margin and Collateral Deposits

16

Edison International Parent and Other

16

Historical Cash Flows

18

Southern California Edison Company

18

Edison International Parent and Other

21

Contingencies

21

MARKET RISK EXPOSURES

21

Commodity Price Risk

21

i

Table of Contents

Credit Risk

22

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES AND POLICIES

22

NEW ACCOUNTING GUIDANCE

22

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

22

Part I, Item 3

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

24

Part I, Item 1

Edison International Consolidated Statements of Income

24

Edison International Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

25

Edison International Consolidated Balance Sheets

26

Edison International Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

28

SCE Consolidated Statements of Income

29

SCE Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

29

SCE Consolidated Balance Sheets

30

SCE Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

32

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

33

Note 1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

33

Note 2. Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity

36

Note 3. Variable Interest Entities

37

Note 4. Fair Value Measurements

39

Note 5. Debt and Credit Agreements

42

Note 6. Derivative Instruments

44

Note 7. Revenue

46

Note 8. Income Taxes

47

Note 9. Compensation and Benefit Plans

48

Note 10. Investments

49

Note 11. Regulatory Assets and Liabilities

50

Note 12. Commitments and Contingencies

51

Note 13. Equity

64

Note 14. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

65

Note 15. Other Income

65

Note 16. Supplemental Cash Flows Information

66

Note 17. Related-Party Transactions

66

CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

67

Part I, Item 4

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

67

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

67

Jointly Owned Utility Plant

67

LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

67

Part II, Item 1

ii

Table of Contents

2017/2018/Wildfire/Mudslide Events

67

Environmental Proceedings

67

EXHIBITS

68

Part II, Item 6

SIGNATURES

69

This is a combined Form 10-Q separately filed by Edison International and Southern California Edison Company. Information contained herein relating to an individual company is filed by such company on its own behalf.

iii

Table of Contents

GLOSSARY

The following terms and abbreviations appearing in the text of this report have the meanings indicated below.

2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events

    

the Thomas Fire, the Koenigstein Fire, the Montecito Mudslides and the Woolsey Fire, collectively

2019/2020 Wildfires

wildfires that originated in Southern California in 2019 and 2020 where SCE's equipment may be alleged to be associated with the fire's ignition

2020 Form 10-K

Edison International’s and SCE’s combined Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020

AB 1054

California Assembly Bill 1054, executed by the governor of California on July 12, 2019

AB 1054 Excluded Capital Expenditures

 

approximately $1.6 billion in wildfire risk mitigation capital expenditures that SCE will exclude from the equity portion of SCE's rate base as required under AB 1054

AB 1054 Liability Cap

 

a cap on the aggregate requirement to reimburse the Wildfire Insurance Fund over a trailing three calendar year period which applies if certain conditions are met and is equal to 20% of the equity portion of the utility's transmission and distribution rate base, excluding general plant and intangibles, in the year of the applicable prudency determination

ARO(s)

asset retirement obligation(s)

BRRBA

 

Base Revenue Requirement Balancing Account

CAISO

 

California Independent System Operator

Capital Structure Compliance Period

January 1, 2020 to December 31, 2022, the current compliance period for SCE's CPUC authorized capital structure

CCAs

 

community choice aggregators which are cities, counties, and certain other public agencies with the authority to generate and/or purchase electricity for their local residents and businesses

CEMA

Catastrophic Event Memorandum Accounts

COVID-19

Coronavirus disease 2019

CPUC

California Public Utilities Commission

CSRP

Customer Service Re-platform, a SCE project to implement a new customer service system

DERs

distributed energy resources

Edison Energy

 

Edison Energy, LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Edison Energy Group that is engaged in the competitive business of providing data-driven energy solutions to commercial, institutional and industrial customers

Edison Energy Group

 

Edison Energy Group, Inc., an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of Edison International, that is a holding company for subsidiaries engaged in competitive businesses

Edison International Proxy Statement

Proxy Statement to be filed with the SEC in connection with Edison International's Annual Meeting of Shareholders' held on April 22, 2021

Electric Service Provider

 

an entity that offers electric power and ancillary services to retail customers, other than electrical corporations (like SCE) and CCAs

ERRA

 

Energy Resource Recovery Account

FERC

 

Federal Energy Regulatory Commission

FHPMA

 

Fire Hazard Prevention Memorandum Account

Fitch

Fitch Ratings, Inc.

GAAP

generally accepted accounting principles

GHG

greenhouse gas

GRC

general rate case

GS&RP

    

Grid Safety and Resiliency Program

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Koenigstein Fire

a wind-driven fire that originated near Koenigstein Road in the City of Santa Paula in Ventura County, California, on December 4, 2017

kV

unit of electrical potential equal to 1000 volts

MD&A

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results
of Operations

Montecito Mudslides

the debris flows and flooding in Montecito, Santa Barbara County, California, that occurred in January 2018

Moody's

Moody's Investors Service, Inc.

NERC

North American Electric Reliability Corporation

NRC

Nuclear Regulatory Commission

PABA

Portfolio Allocation Balancing Account

Palo Verde

nuclear electric generating facility located near Phoenix, Arizona in which SCE holds a 15.8% ownership interest

PBOP(s)

postretirement benefits other than pension(s)

PG&E

Pacific Gas & Electric Company

PSPS

Public Safety Power Shutoffs

ROE

return on common equity

RPS

renewables portfolio standard

S&P

Standard & Poor's Financial Services LLC

San Onofre

retired nuclear generating facility located in south San Clemente, California in which SCE holds a 78.21% ownership interest

SCE

Southern California Edison Company, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Edison International

SDG&E

San Diego Gas & Electric

SEC

U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission

SED

Safety and Enforcement Division of the CPUC

Tax Reform

Tax Cuts and Jobs Act signed into law on December 22, 2017

Thomas Fire

a wind-driven fire that originated in the Anlauf Canyon area of Ventura County, California, on December 4, 2017

TKM

collectively, the Thomas Fire, the Koenigstein Fire and the Montecito Mudslides

TKM Subrogation Plaintiffs

the plaintiffs party to the TKM Subrogation Settlement, representing all the insurance subrogation plaintiffs in the TKM litigation at the time of the settlement

TKM Subrogation Settlement

a settlement entered into by Edison International and SCE in September 2020 in the TKM litigation to which the TKM Subrogation Plaintiffs are party

VCFD

Ventura County Fire Department

WEMA

Wildfire Expense Memorandum Account

WMP

a wildfire mitigation plan required to be filed under AB 1054 to describe a utility's plans to construct, operate, and maintain electrical lines and equipment that will help minimize the risk of catastrophic wildfires caused by such electrical lines and equipment

Wildfire Insurance Fund

the insurance fund established under AB 1054

Woolsey Fire

a wind-driven fire that originated in Ventura County in November 2018

Woolsey Subrogation Plaintiffs

the plaintiffs party to the Woolsey Subrogation Settlement, representing all the insurance subrogation plaintiffs in the Woolsey Fire litigation at the time of the settlement

Woolsey Subrogation Settlement

a settlement entered into by Edison International and SCE in January 2021 in the Woolsey litigation to which the Woolsey Subrogation Plaintiffs are party

WSD

Wildfire Safety Division of the CPUC

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FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This quarterly report on Form 10-Q contains "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements reflect Edison International’s and SCE’s current expectations and projections about future events based on Edison International’s and SCE’s knowledge of present facts and circumstances and assumptions about future events and include any statements that do not directly relate to a historical or current fact. Other information distributed by Edison International and SCE that is incorporated in this report, or that refers to or incorporates this report, may also contain forward-looking statements. In this report and elsewhere, the words "expects," "believes," "anticipates," "estimates," "projects," "intends," "plans," "probable," "may," "will," "could," "would," "should," and variations of such words and similar expressions, or discussions of strategy or plans, are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Such statements necessarily involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated. Some of the risks, uncertainties and other important factors that could cause results to differ from those currently expected, or that otherwise could impact Edison International and SCE, include, but are not limited to the:

ability of SCE to recover its costs through regulated rates, including uninsured wildfire-related and debris flow-related costs, costs incurred to mitigate the risk of utility equipment causing future wildfires, costs incurred to implement SCE's new customer service system and costs incurred as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic;
ability of SCE to implement its WMP;
risks of regulatory or legislative restrictions that would limit SCE’s ability to implement PSPS when conditions warrant or would otherwise limit SCE’s operational PSPS practices;
risks associated with implementing PSPS, including regulatory fines and penalties, claims for damages and reputational harm;
ability of SCE to maintain a valid safety certification;
ability to obtain sufficient insurance at a reasonable cost, including insurance relating to SCE's nuclear facilities and wildfire-related claims, and to recover the costs of such insurance or, in the event liabilities exceed insured amounts, the ability to recover uninsured losses from customers or other parties;
extreme weather-related incidents (including events caused, or exacerbated, by climate change, such as wildfires, debris flows, high wind events and extreme heat events) and other natural disasters (such as earthquakes), which could cause, among other things, public safety issues, property damage, operational issues (such as rotating outages and issues due to damaged infrastructure), PSPS activations and unanticipated costs;
risks associated with AB 1054 effectively mitigating the significant risk faced by California investor-owned utilities related to liability for damages arising from catastrophic wildfires where utility facilities are alleged to be a substantial cause, including the longevity of the Wildfire Insurance Fund and the CPUC's interpretation of and actions under AB 1054, including its interpretation of the new prudency standard established under AB 1054;
decisions and other actions by the CPUC, the FERC, the NRC and other governmental authorities, including decisions and actions related to nationwide or statewide crisis, determinations of authorized rates of return or return on equity, the recoverability of wildfire-related and debris flow-related costs, issuance of SCE's wildfire safety certification, wildfire mitigation efforts, and delays in executive, regulatory and legislative actions;
ability of Edison International or SCE to borrow funds and access bank and capital markets on reasonable terms;

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risks associated with the decommissioning of San Onofre, including those related to worker and public safety, public opposition, permitting, governmental approvals, on-site storage of spent nuclear fuel, delays, contractual disputes, and cost overruns;
pandemics, such as COVID-19, and other events that cause regional, statewide, national or global disruption, which could impact, among other things, Edison International's and SCE's business, operations, cash flows, liquidity and/or financial results and cause Edison International and SCE to incur unanticipated costs;
physical security of Edison International's and SCE's critical assets and personnel and the cybersecurity of Edison International's and SCE's critical information technology systems for grid control, and business, employee and customer data;
risks associated with cost allocation resulting in higher rates for utility bundled service customers because of possible customer bypass or departure for other electricity providers such as CCAs and Electric Service Providers;
risks inherent in SCE's transmission and distribution infrastructure investment program, including those related to project site identification, public opposition, environmental mitigation, construction, permitting, power curtailment costs (payments due under power contracts in the event there is insufficient transmission to enable acceptance of power delivery), changes in the CAISO's transmission plans, and governmental approvals;
risks associated with the operation of transmission and distribution assets and power generating facilities, including worker and public safety issues, the risk of utility assets causing or contributing to wildfires, failure, availability, efficiency, and output of equipment and facilities, and availability and cost of spare parts;
actions by credit rating agencies to downgrade Edison International or SCE's credit ratings or to place those ratings on negative watch or negative outlook;
changes in tax laws and regulations, at both the state and federal levels, or changes in the application of those laws, that could affect recorded deferred tax assets and liabilities and effective tax rate;
changes in future taxable income, or changes in tax law, that would limit Edison International's and SCE's realization of expected net operating loss and tax credit carryover benefits prior to expiration;
changes in the fair value of investments and other assets;
changes in interest rates and rates of inflation, including escalation rates (which may be adjusted by public utility regulators);
governmental, statutory, regulatory, or administrative changes or initiatives affecting the electricity industry, including the market structure rules applicable to each market adopted by the NERC, CAISO, Western Electricity Council, and similar regulatory bodies in adjoining regions, and changes in the United States' and California's environmental priorities that lessen the importance the state places on GHG reduction;
availability and creditworthiness of counterparties and the resulting effects on liquidity in the power and fuel markets and/or the ability of counterparties to pay amounts owed in excess of collateral provided in support of their obligations;
cost and availability of labor, equipment and materials;
potential for penalties or disallowance for non-compliance with applicable laws and regulations; and

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cost of fuel for generating facilities and related transportation, which could be impacted by, among other things, disruption of natural gas storage facilities, to the extent not recovered through regulated rate cost escalation provisions or balancing accounts.

Additional information about risks and uncertainties, including more detail about the factors described in this report, is contained throughout this report and in the 2020 Form 10-K, including the "Risk Factors" section. Readers are urged to read this entire report, including information incorporated by reference, as well as the 2020 Form 10-K, and carefully consider the risks, uncertainties, and other factors that affect Edison International’s and SCE’s businesses. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made and neither Edison International nor SCE are obligated to publicly update or revise forward-looking statements. Readers should review future reports filed by Edison International and SCE with the SEC. Edison International and SCE post or provide direct links to (i) certain SCE and other parties’ regulatory filings and documents with the CPUC and the FERC and certain agency rulings and notices in open proceedings in a section titled "SCE Regulatory Highlights," (ii) certain documents and information related to Southern California wildfires which may be of interest to investors in a section titled "Southern California Wildfires," and (iii) presentations, documents and information that may be of interest to investors in a section titled "Presentations" at www.edisoninvestor.com in order to publicly disseminate such information. The reports, presentations, documents and information contained on, or connected to, the Edison investor website are not deemed part of, and are not incorporated by reference into, this report.

The MD&A for the three months ended March 31, 2021 discusses material changes in the consolidated financial condition, results of operations and other developments of Edison International and SCE since December 31, 2020 and as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2020. This discussion presumes that the reader has read or has access to Edison International’s and SCE’s MD&A for the calendar year 2020 (the "2020 MD&A"), which was included in the 2020 Form 10-K.

Except when otherwise stated, references to each of Edison International, SCE, or Edison Energy Group mean each such company with its subsidiaries on a consolidated basis. References to "Edison International Parent and Other" mean Edison International Parent and its consolidated competitive subsidiaries and "Edison International Parent" mean Edison International on a stand-alone basis, not consolidated with its subsidiaries. Unless otherwise described, all the information contained in this report relates to both filers.

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MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

MANAGEMENT OVERVIEW

Highlights of Operating Results

Edison International is the parent holding company of SCE and Edison Energy Group. SCE is an investor-owned public utility primarily engaged in the business of supplying and delivering electricity to an approximately 50,000 square mile area of southern California. Edison Energy Group is a holding company for Edison Energy which is engaged in the competitive business of providing data-driven energy solutions to commercial, institutional and industrial customers. Edison Energy's business activities are currently not material to report as a separate business segment.

Three months ended

March 31, 

(in millions)

    

2021

    

2020

    

 Change

Net income (loss) attributable to Edison International

 

  

 

  

 

  

SCE

$

296

$

219

$

77

Edison International Parent and Other

 

(37)

 

(36)

 

(1)

Edison International

 

259

 

183

 

76

Less: Non-core items

 

  

 

  

 

  

SCE

 

 

 

  

2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events expenses

(4)

(4)

Wildfire Insurance Fund expense

 

(38)

 

(60)

 

22

Re-measurement of tax liabilities

18

(18)

Edison International Parent and Other

 

 

 

Re-measurement of tax liabilities

(3)

3

Total non-core items

 

(42)

 

(45)

 

3

Core earnings (losses)

 

  

 

  

 

  

SCE

 

338

 

261

 

77

Edison International Parent and Other

 

(37)

 

(33)

 

(4)

Edison International

$

301

$

228

$

73

Edison International’s earnings are prepared in accordance with GAAP. Management uses core earnings (losses) internally for financial planning and for analysis of performance. Core earnings (losses) are also used when communicating with investors and analysts regarding Edison International’s earnings results to facilitate comparisons of the company’s performance from period to period. Core earnings (losses) are a non-GAAP financial measure and may not be comparable to those of other companies. Core earnings (losses) are defined as earnings attributable to Edison International shareholders less non-core items. Non-core items include income or loss from discontinued operations and income or loss from significant discrete items that management does not consider representative of ongoing earnings, such as write downs, asset impairments and other income and expense related to changes in law, outcomes in tax, regulatory or legal proceedings, and exit activities, including sale of certain assets and other activities that are no longer continuing.

Edison International’s first quarter 2021 earnings increased $76 million from the first quarter of 2020, resulting from an increase in SCE’s earnings of $77 million and an increase in Edison International Parent and Other’s losses of $1 million. SCE’s higher earnings consists of $77 million of higher core earnings, and non-core losses consistent with the prior year.

The increase in SCE’s core earnings was primarily due to lower expenses related to wildfire mitigation activities and employee benefits as well as higher income from the equity portion of allowance for funds used during construction ("AFUDC").

Edison International Parent and Other’s losses for the three months ended March 31, 2021, which are largely consistent with prior year, consist of $4 million of higher core losses, partially offset by $3 million of lower non-core losses.

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Consolidated non-core items for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 primarily included:

Charges of $53 million ($38 million after-tax) recorded in 2021 and $84 million ($60 million after-tax) recorded in 2020 from the amortization of SCE’s contributions to the Wildfire Insurance Fund. See "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 12. Commitments and Contingencies" for further information.
A charge of $5 million ($4 million after-tax) in 2021 for 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events expenses.
An income tax benefit of $18 million and income tax expense of $3 million recorded in 2020 for SCE and Edison International Parent and Other, respectively, due to re-measurement of uncertain tax positions related to the 2010 – 2012 California state tax filings currently under audit.

See "Results of Operations" for discussion of SCE and Edison International Parent and Other results of operations.

Southern California Wildfires and Mudslides

California has experienced unprecedented weather conditions in recent years and SCE's service territory remains susceptible to additional wildfire activity in 2021 and beyond. The worsening conditions across California increase the likelihood of wildfires, including those where SCE's equipment may be alleged to be associated with the fire's ignition. In response to worsening weather and fuel conditions and increased wildfire activity over the past several years, SCE has developed and is implementing its 2020 – 2022 WMP to reduce the risk of SCE equipment contributing to the ignition of wildfires. In addition, California has increased its investment in wildfire prevention and fire suppression capabilities.

In addition to the investments SCE is making through its WMP, SCE also uses PSPS program to proactively de-energize power lines to mitigate the risk of catastrophic wildfires during extreme weather events. SCE may be subject to mandated changes to, or restrictions on, its operational PSPS practices, regulatory fines and penalties, claims for damages and reputational harm if SCE does not execute PSPS in compliance with applicable rules and regulations or if it is determined that SCE has placed excessive or unreasonable reliance on PSPS. In April 2021, the CPUC issued a proposed decision which, if implemented, among other things, would reduce future authorized revenue for the volumetric reductions in electricity sales resulting from future PSPS events.

Wildfires in SCE's territory in December 2017 and November 2018 caused loss of life, substantial damage to both residential and business properties, and service outages for SCE customers. Edison International and SCE have incurred material losses in connection with the 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events.

SCE's equipment has been, and may further be, alleged to be associated with several wildfires that have originated in Southern California subsequent to 2018. Edison International and SCE expect that any losses incurred in connection with those fires will be covered by insurance, subject to self-insured retentions and co-insurance, and expect that any such losses after insurance recoveries will not be material.

2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events

As discussed in the 2020 Form 10-K, multiple lawsuits related to the 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events have been initiated against SCE and Edison International.

Through March 31, 2021, Edison International and SCE have recorded total pre-tax charges of $6.2 billion, expected recoveries from insurance of $2.0 billion and expected recoveries through FERC electric rates of $233 million related to the 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events. The after-tax net charges to earnings recorded through March 31, 2021 have been $2.9 billion.

As of March 31, 2021, SCE had paid $2.4 billion under executed settlements and had $1.8 billion to be paid under executed settlements related to the 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events. As of the same date, SCE had recovered $1.3 billion through insurance and $142 million through FERC-jurisdictional electric rates.

After giving effect to all settlements entered into through March 31, 2021, Edison International and SCE's best estimate of expected losses for remaining alleged and potential claims related to the 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events was $2.0 billion. The remaining estimated losses for the 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events do not include an estimate of any potential fines or penalties that could be levied against SCE in connection with the 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide

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Events. Edison International and SCE are currently unable to reasonably estimate the magnitude of any such fines or penalties, or the associated timing if they were to be imposed. Estimated losses for the 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events litigation are based on a number of assumptions and are subject to change as additional information becomes available. Actual losses incurred may be higher or lower than estimated based on several factors, including: the uncertainty as to the legal and factual determinations to be made during litigation, including uncertainty as to the contributing causes of the 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events, the complexities associated with fires that merge, whether inverse condemnation will be held applicable to SCE with respect to damages caused by the Montecito Mudslides, uncertainties related to the litigation processes, the uncertainty in estimating damages that may be alleged, and the uncertainty as to how these factors impact future settlements.

SCE will seek CPUC-jurisdictional rate recovery of prudently-incurred, actual losses realized in connection with the 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events in excess of available insurance. SCE believes that, in light of the CPUC's decision in a cost recovery proceeding involving SDG&E arising from several 2007 wildfires in SDG&E's service area, there is substantial uncertainty regarding how the CPUC will interpret and apply its prudency standard to an investor-owned utility in future wildfire cost-recovery proceedings for fires ignited prior to July 12, 2019. Accordingly, while the CPUC has not made a determination regarding SCE's prudency relative to any of the 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events, SCE is unable to conclude, at this time, that uninsured CPUC-jurisdictional wildfire-related costs are probable of recovery through electric rates.

Current Wildfire Insurance Coverage

SCE has approximately $1.0 billion of wildfire-specific insurance coverage for events that may occur during the period July 1, 2020 through June 30, 2021, subject to $50 million of self-insured retention and up to $80 million of co-insurance, which results in net coverage of approximately $870 million. Various coverage limitations within the policies that make up SCE's wildfire insurance coverage could result in additional material self-insured costs, for instance in the event of multiple wildfire occurrences during a policy period. SCE believes that its insurance coverage for the July 1, 2020 through June 30, 2021 period meets its obligation to maintain reasonable insurance coverage under AB 1054. SCE is in the process of procuring wildfire-specific insurance coverage for the period that will begin on July 1, 2021.

2019 Wildfire Legislation

In July 2019, AB 1054 was signed by the governor of California and became effective immediately. The summary of the wildfire legislation in this report is based on SCE’s interpretation of the legislation and is qualified in its entirety by, and should be read together with, AB 1054 and companion Assembly Bill 111.

AB 1054 Prudency Standard

Under AB 1054, the CPUC must apply a new standard when assessing the prudency of a utility in connection with a request for recovery of wildfire costs for wildfires ignited after July 12, 2019. Utilities with a valid safety certification will be presumed to have acted prudently related to a wildfire ignition unless a party in the cost recovery proceeding creates serious doubt as to the reasonableness of the utility's conduct, at which time, the burden shifts back to the utility to prove its conduct was prudent. If a utility does not have a valid safety certification, it will have the burden to prove, based on a preponderance of evidence, that its conduct was prudent.

Wildfire Insurance Fund

AB 1054 also provided for the Wildfire Insurance Fund to reimburse a utility for payment of certain third-party damage claims arising from certain wildfires that exceed, in aggregate in a calendar year, the greater of $1.0 billion or the insurance coverage required to be maintained under AB 1054. Through March 31, 2021, the participating investor-owned utilities, PG&E, SCE and SDG&E, have collectively contributed approximately $8.1 billion to the Wildfire Insurance Fund and have not sought reimbursement from of any wildfire claims from the fund.

Participating investor-owned utilities will be reimbursed from the Wildfire Insurance Fund for eligible claims, subject to the fund administrator's review. Utilities participating in the Wildfire Insurance Fund are not required to reimburse the fund for amounts withdrawn from the fund that the CPUC finds were prudently incurred and can recover such prudently incurred wildfire costs through electric rates if the fund has been exhausted. SCE will reimburse the fund for any withdrawn amounts if SCE receives payment of such amounts under an indemnification agreement or from an insurance

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provider or other third-party. SCE will also be required to reimburse the fund for withdrawn amounts that the CPUC disallows subject to the AB 1054 Liability Cap. A utility will not be eligible for the AB 1054 Liability Cap if it does not maintain a valid safety certification or its actions or inactions that resulted in the wildfire are found to constitute conscious or willful disregard of the rights and safety of others. Based on SCE's forecasted weighted-average 2021 transmission and distribution rate base, excluding general plant and intangibles, and using the equity portion of SCE's CPUC authorized capital structure of 52%, SCE's requirement to reimburse the Wildfire Insurance Fund for eligible claims disallowed in 2021 would be capped at approximately $3.2 billion. SCE will not be allowed to recover borrowing costs incurred to reimburse the fund for amounts that the CPUC disallows. The Wildfire Insurance Fund and, consequently, the AB 1054 Liability Cap, will terminate when the administrator determines that the fund has been exhausted.

Safety Certification and Wildfire Mitigation Plan

Under AB 1054, SCE can obtain an annual safety certification upon the submission of certain required safety information, including an approved WMP. On September 17, 2020, SCE obtained a safety certification that will be valid for 12 months. Notwithstanding its 12-month term, if SCE requests a new safety certification prior to the expiration of its current safety certification, then its current safety certification will remain valid until the WSD acts on SCE's request for a new safety certification.

SCE filed its 2020 – 2022 WMP in February 2020. In June 2020, the CPUC ratified the WSD's conditional approval of SCE's 2020 – 2022 WMP. The approval is conditioned on SCE providing requested information to the WSD, including additional descriptions of how SCE is implementing, and will implement, certain requirements imposed by the WSD. SCE filed updates to its 2020 – 2022 WMP in February 2021 to, among other things, report on implementation of its plan in 2020 and describe new and ongoing wildfire mitigation activities.

Capital Expenditure Requirement

Under AB 1054, approximately $1.6 billion of spending by SCE on wildfire risk mitigation capital expenditures made after August 1, 2019, cannot be included in the equity portion of SCE's rate base. SCE can apply for irrevocable orders from the CPUC to finance these AB 1054 Excluded Capital Expenditures, including through the issuance of securitized bonds, and can recover any prudently incurred financing costs. In November 2020, the CPUC issued an irrevocable order permitting SCE to finance approximately $340 million, comprised of AB 1054 Excluded Capital Expenditures incurred in connection with GS&RP and prudently incurred financing costs, through the issuance of securitized bonds. As of March 31, 2021, SCE has spent approximately $1.5 billion in AB 1054 Excluded Capital Expenditures. SCE issued securitized bonds in the amount of $338 million in February 2021 and expects to seek additional irrevocable orders from the CPUC to finance the remaining AB 1054 Excluded Capital Expenditures. See "Liquidity and Capital Resources—SCE—Regulatory Proceedings—Financing Order" for further details.

For further information, see "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies—Initial and annual contributions to the wildfire insurance fund established pursuant to California Assembly Bill 1054" in the 2020 Form 10-K and "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 12. Commitments and Contingencies—Contingencies—Southern California Wildfires and Mudslides" in this report.

CSRP

In April 2021, SCE implemented a new customer service system, which replaced a majority of SCE’s customer systems. The project is referred to as the Customer Service Re-Platform (CSRP). SCE has tracked the cost of the CSRP system implementation in a previously approved memorandum account and will seek CPUC recovery of the CSRP implementation costs in a future application anticipated to be filed with the CPUC in 2021. Total forecasted expenditures for the CSRP project are approximately $540 million in capital and $90 million in operations and maintenance from inception through 2021. If approved, the project is expected to increase SCE’s rate base by approximately $500 million by 2023.

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COVID-19

As discussed in the 2020 Form 10-K, the COVID-19 pandemic is having a significant impact on global society and economies. As a result of the pandemic, Edison International and SCE have experienced increased costs, but the pandemic has not had a pervasive impact on SCE's or Edison International's ability to operate their business.

As a result of the pandemic and increased estimates of uncollectible expenses, largely related to the economic impacts of the pandemic on SCE’s customers, SCE has recognized $231 million of incremental costs as of March 31, 2021, of which $87 million has been deferred to memorandum accounts for future CPUC reasonableness review and $144 million has been transferred to balancing accounts pending recovery. In addition to the increases in expected uncollectible accounts, SCE has incurred incremental costs associated with sequestering certain SCE employees at essential work locations and coordination of SCE's response to the emergency.

In April 2021, the CPUC issued a decision to adopt a COVID-19 disconnection moratorium for medium-large commercial and industrial electric customers and established a memorandum account to track, and seek recovery of, the resulting costs.

SCE expects to securitize $112 million of incremental residential uncollectible expenses associated with the economic effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, subject to approval of a financing order by the CPUC. See "Liquidity and Capital Resources—SCE—Regulatory Proceedings—Financing Order" for further details.

For further information see "Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 11. Regulatory Assets and Liabilities" in this filing and "Management Overview—COVID-19" and "Risk Factors" in the 2020 MD&A.

2021 General Rate Case

The 2021 GRC consists of four separate tracks. Track 1 is similar to previous GRCs and addresses revenue requirements for the three-year period of 20212023. Tracks 2 and 3 address the reasonableness of 20182019 and 2020 wildfire mitigation costs that were incremental to amounts authorized in the 2018 GRC, respectively. In January 2020, a CPUC decision introduced a third attrition year in current and future GRCs. As a result, track 4 will address the revenue requirement for 2024. SCE is scheduled to submit its testimony for track 4 in May 2022.

As discussed in the 2020 Form 10-K, in the 2021 GRC, SCE has requested a test year revenue requirement of $7.6 billion, an approximately $1.3 billion increase over the 2020 revenue requirement authorized in the 2018 GRC as updated for post test-year ratemaking changes. SCE’s request proposes post test-year increases in 2022 and 2023 of $452 million and $524 million, respectively. SCE’s request excludes the revenue requirement associated with the approximately $1.6 billion of AB 1054 Excluded Capital Expenditures. The CPUC has approved the establishment of a memorandum account making the authorized revenue requirement changes effective January 1, 2021. SCE cannot predict the revenue requirement the CPUC will ultimately authorize or forecast the timing of a final decision. SCE is recognizing revenue based on the 2020 authorized revenue requirement until a GRC decision is issued.

For more information on tracks 2 and 3 of the 2021 GRC, see "Liquidity and Capital Resources—SCE—Regulatory Proceedings—Wildfire Related Regulatory Proceedings—2021 General Rate Case Wildfire Mitigation Memorandum Account Balances."

Wildfire Mitigation, Wildfire Insurance and Restoration Expenses

As discussed in the 2020 Form 10-K, in response to the increase in wildfire activity, and faster progression of and increased damage from wildfires across SCE's service territory and throughout California, SCE is currently incurring wildfire mitigation, wildfire insurance and wildfire and drought restoration related spending at levels significantly exceeding amounts authorized in its 2018 GRC.

As of March 31, 2021, SCE has recognized $901 million of regulatory assets related to incremental wildfire mitigation expenses, including depreciation expense from $1.8 billion of total incremental wildfire mitigation capital expenditures. The regulatory assets include $401 million of operations and maintenance expense approved for recovery in the GRC track 2 proceeding. SCE expects to securitize this amount, subject to approval of a financing order by the CPUC. See "Liquidity and Capital Resources—SCE—Regulatory Proceedings—Financing Order" for further details. In the event these costs are not authorized for securitization, SCE will include the costs in customer rates as soon as practicable.

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Additionally, SCE has recognized $397 million of regulatory assets associated with drought and wildfire restoration and $241 million of regulatory assets related to incremental wildfire insurance expenses. While SCE believes such costs are probable of future recovery, there is no assurance that SCE will collect all amounts currently deferred as regulatory assets.

In January 2021, the CPUC approved recovery of certain incremental wildfire mitigation expenses through track 2 of the 2021 GRC. In February 2021, the AB 1054 Excluded Capital Expenditures incurred in connection with GS&RP and prudently incurred financing costs previously deferred to memorandum accounts were recovered through securitization.

For additional information, see "Liquidity and Capital Resources—SCE" and "Liquidity and Capital Resources—SCE—Regulatory Proceedings—Wildfire Related Regulatory Proceedings."

Capital Program

Total capital expenditures (including accruals) were $1.1 billion and $1.0 billion for the first three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

As discussed in the 2020 MD&A, in the absence of a 2021 GRC decision, SCE has developed, and is executing against, a 2021 capital expenditure plan that will allow SCE to meet what is ultimately authorized in the 2021 GRC decision while minimizing the associated risk of unauthorized spending.

The 2021 actual capital spending may be affected by changes in regulatory, environmental and engineering design requirements, permitting and project delays, cost and availability of labor, equipment and materials and other factors. For further information regarding the capital program see "Liquidity and Capital Resources—SCE—Capital Investment Plan" in this filing and "Management Overview—Capital Program" in the 2020 MD&A.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

SCE

SCE’s results of operations are derived mainly through two sources:

Earning activities – representing revenue authorized by the CPUC and the FERC, which is intended to provide SCE a reasonable opportunity to recover its costs and earn a return on its net investment in generation, transmission and distribution assets. The annual revenue requirements are comprised of authorized operation and maintenance costs, depreciation, taxes and a return consistent with the capital structure. Also, included in earnings activities are revenue or penalties related to incentive mechanisms, other operating revenue, and regulatory charges or disallowances.
Cost-recovery activities – representing CPUC- and FERC- authorized balancing accounts, which allow for recovery of specific project or program costs, subject to reasonableness review or compliance with upfront standards. Cost-recovery activities include rates which provide recovery, subject to reasonableness review of, among other things, fuel costs, purchased power costs, public purpose related-program costs (including energy efficiency and demand-side management programs) and certain operation and maintenance expenses. SCE earns no return on these activities.

The following table is a summary of SCE’s results of operations for the periods indicated.

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Three months ended March 31, 2021 versus March 31, 2020

    

Three months ended March 31, 2021

Three months ended March 31, 2020

Cost-

Cost-

Earning

Recovery

Total

Earning

 Recovery

Total

(in millions)

    

 Activities

    

  Activities

    

 Consolidated

  

  

 Activities

    

 Activities

    

 Consolidated

  

Operating revenue

$

1,767

$

1,186

$

2,953

$

1,741

$

1,039

$

2,780

Purchased power and fuel

1,013

 

1,013

2

926

 

928

Operation and maintenance

621

206

 

827

717

142

 

859

Wildfire Insurance Fund expense

53

 

53

84

 

84

Depreciation and amortization

524

 

524

483

 

483

Property and other taxes

124

1

 

125

110

 

110

Total operating expenses

 

1,322

 

1,220

2,542

 

1,396

 

1,068

2,464

Operating income (loss)

 

445

 

(34)

411

 

345

 

(29)

316

Interest expense

 

(184)

(184)

 

(194)

 

(194)

Other income

 

38

34

72

 

23

 

29

52

Income before taxes

 

299

 

299

 

174

 

174

Income tax benefit

 

(24)

(24)

 

(75)

 

(75)

Net income

 

323

 

323

 

249

 

249

Less: Preferred and preference stock dividend requirements

 

27

27

 

30

 

30

Net income available for common stock

$

296

$

$

296

$

219

$

$

219

Net income available for common stock

$

296

$

219

Less: Non-core expense

 

  

 

  

 

(42)

 

  

 

  

 

(42)

Core earnings1

  

 

  

$

338

 

  

 

  

$

261

1See use of non-GAAP financial measures in "Management Overview—Highlights of Operating Results."

Earning Activities

Earning activities were primarily affected by the following:

Higher operating revenue of $26 million primarily due to the following:
An increase in CPUC-related revenue of $11 million primarily due to higher rate base earning a return through balancing accounts and higher operating costs subject to balancing account treatment.
An increase in FERC-related revenue and other operating revenue of $15 million primarily due to FERC rate base growth.
Lower operation and maintenance costs of $96 million primarily due to the following:
Lower expenses of $36 million related to wildfire-mitigation costs including inspections and preventive maintenance.
Lower employee benefit expenses of $20 million from short-term incentive compensation.
Decreased other expenses of $40 million primarily due to lower customer uncollectible expenses, worker's compensation costs and environmental remediation. The impact on utility earnings activities from residential uncollectible accounts decreased as the CPUC authorized cost recovery for those amounts through the Residential Uncollectible Balancing Account ("RUBA").
Lower Wildfire Insurance Fund expense of $31 million due to the change in the estimated life of the Wildfire Insurance Fund which increased the amortization period of SCE contributions in 2021. See "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 12. Commitments and Contingences" for further information.
Higher depreciation and amortization expense of $41 million primarily due to increased plant balances in 2021.

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Higher property and other taxes of $14 million primarily due to higher property assessed values in 2021.
Lower interest expense of $10 million primarily due to lower interest rate on balancing accounts, partially offset by increased borrowings.
Higher other income of $15 million primarily due to higher AFUDC equity income.
Lower income tax benefit of $51 million primarily due to higher pre-tax income and a tax benefit in 2020 from the re-measurement of uncertain tax positions.

Cost-Recovery Activities

Cost-recovery activities were primarily affected by the following:

Higher purchased power and fuel costs of $87 million primarily due to higher power and gas prices from extreme winter weather in February 2021, partially offset by higher congestion revenue right credits and the CAISO generation surcharge of $59 million incurred in 2020.
Higher operation and maintenance costs of $64 million due to the CAISO transmission refund received in 2020 for $66 million related to the surcharge mentioned above and the authorization to recover uncollectible costs through the RUBA, partially offset by lower transmission access charges.

Supplemental Operating Revenue Information

SCE’s retail billed and unbilled revenue (excluding wholesale sales) was $2.7 billion and $2.5 billion for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

The increase for the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to the same periods in 2020 is primarily due to higher cost-recovery activities related to higher power and gas prices. See "—Cost-Recovery Activities" for further details.

As a result of the CPUC-authorized decoupling mechanism, SCE earnings are not affected by changes in retail electricity sales.

Income Taxes

SCE’s income tax benefit decreased by $51 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to the same period in 2020. The decrease is primarily due to higher pre-tax income and a tax benefit in 2020 from the re-measurement of uncertain tax positions.

The effective tax rates were (8.0)% and (43.1)% for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. SCE’s effective tax rate is below the federal statutory rate of 21% primarily due to CPUC’s ratemaking treatment for the current tax benefit arising from certain property-related and other temporary differences, which reverse over time. The accounting treatment for these temporary differences results in recording regulatory assets and liabilities for amounts that would otherwise be recorded to deferred income tax expense.

See "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 8. Income Taxes" for a reconciliation of the federal statutory rate to the effective income tax rates.

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Edison International Parent and Other

Results of operations for Edison International Parent and Other include amounts from other subsidiaries that are not significant as a reportable segment, as well as intercompany eliminations.

Loss from Operations

The following table summarizes the results of Edison International Parent and Other:

Three months ended March 31, 

(in millions)

    

2021

    

2020

Edison Energy Group and subsidiaries

$

(3)

$

(2)

Corporate expenses and other subsidiaries

 

(34)

 

(34)

Total Edison International Parent and Other

$

(37)

$

(36)

Less: Non-core expense

(3)

Core losses1

$

(37)

$

(33)

1 See use of non-GAAP financial measures in "Management Overview—Highlights of Operating Results."

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

SCE

SCE’s ability to operate its business, fund capital expenditures, and implement its business strategy is dependent upon its cash flow and access to the bank and capital markets. SCE’s overall cash flows fluctuate based on, among other things, its ability to recover its costs in a timely manner from its customers through regulated rates, changes in commodity prices and volumes, collateral requirements, interest obligations, dividend payments to and equity contributions from Edison International, obligations to preference shareholders, and the outcome of tax, regulatory and legal matters.

The COVID-19 pandemic may cause narrower access to, or further increased costs of accessing, bank and capital markets. For further details, see "Management Overview—COVID-19" and "—Available Liquidity."

In the next 12 months, SCE expects to fund its cash requirements through operating cash flows, capital market financings, and equity contributions from Edison International Parent, as needed. SCE also has availability under its credit facilities to fund cash requirements.

In addition, in the second quarter of 2021, SCE plans to file an application with the CPUC to finance up to $1.0 billion through the issuance of securitized bonds. For further details, see "—Regulatory Proceedings—Financing Order."

In April 2021, SCE issued $400 million of floating rate first and refunding mortgage bonds due in 2023, $400 million of floating rate first and refunding mortgage bonds due in 2024, $350 million of first and refunding mortgage bonds due in 2023 and $700 million of first and refunding mortgage bonds due in 2024. Floating rate bonds will pay interest at a floating rate equal to the Secured Overnight Financing Rate ("SOFR") plus a spread. For further details, see "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 5. Debt and Credit Agreements." The proceeds of these issuances were used to fund the payment of wildfire claims exceeding insurance proceeds, including amounts paid under the Woolsey Subrogation Settlement.

In February 2021, SCE Recovery Funding LLC, a bankruptcy remote, wholly owned special purpose subsidiary of SCE, issued $338 million of Senior Secured Recovery Bonds Series 2021-A ("Recovery Bonds") in three tranches, of $138 million, $100 million and $100 million with final maturities in 2033, 2040 and 2045, respectively, and used the proceeds of the Recovery Bonds to acquire SCE's right to collect charges associated with the AB 1054 Excluded Capital Expenditures from certain existing and future SCE customers ("Recovery Property"). SCE used the proceeds it received from the sale of the Recovery Property to reimburse itself for previously incurred AB 1054 Excluded Capital Expenditures, including the retirement of related debt and financing costs. For further details, see "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 3. Variable Interest Entities," "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 5. Debt and Credit Agreements" and "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 11. Regulatory Assets and Liabilities."

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In January 2021, SCE issued $150 million and $750 million first and refunding mortgage bonds due in 2030 and 2051, respectively. For further details, see "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 5. Debt and Credit Agreements." The proceeds were primarily used to repay SCE's commercial paper borrowings and for general corporate purposes.

In February 2021, Edison International made a $325 million equity contribution to SCE. In March 2021, Edison International made a $575 million equity contribution to SCE from the proceeds of an issuance of preferred stock.

Edison International is issuing securities with equity content as viewed by rating agencies, such as common or preferred stock, in 2021, to enable SCE to issue debt, including the debt SCE issued in April 2021 and debt to finance payments for future resolution of wildfire claims related to the 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events, while allowing Edison International and SCE to maintain investment grade credit ratings. Edison International expects to issue further securities with up to approximately $375 million of equity content for investment in SCE in 2021. For further details, see "—Edison International Parent and Other."

The following table summarizes SCE’s current, long-term issuer credit ratings and outlook from the major credit rating agencies:

    

Moody's

    

Fitch

    

S&P

Credit Rating

 

Baa2

 

BBB-

 

BBB

Outlook

 

Stable

 

Stable

 

Negative

SCE’s credit ratings may be further affected if, among other things, regulators fail to successfully implement AB 1054 in a consistent and credit supportive manner or the Wildfire Insurance Fund is depleted by claims from catastrophic wildfires. The broad economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic may also affect SCE’s credit ratings. For further information see "Management Overview—COVID-19" in this report and "Risk Factors" in the 2020 Form 10-K. Credit rating downgrades increase the cost and may impact the availability of short-term and long-term borrowings, including commercial paper, credit facilities, bond financings or other borrowings. In addition, some of SCE’s power procurement contracts require SCE to pay related liabilities or post additional collateral if SCE’s credit rating were to fall below investment grade. Incremental collateral requirements for power procurement contracts and environmental remediation obligations would result from a potential downgrade of SCE’s credit rating to below investment grade. For further details, see "—Margin and Collateral Deposits."

The cost of capital mechanism set by the CPUC could impact SCE's results of operations and cash flows. The benchmark value for the current mechanism is the 12-month, October 1, 2018 through September 30, 2019, average Moody’s Baa utility bond yield of 4.5%. If the difference between the benchmark and the average of the same index for the 12-month period to September 30, 2021 exceeds 100-basis points, SCE's CPUC-authorized ROE will be adjusted for 2022 by half the amount of the difference (up or down). If the mechanism is triggered, SCE's costs of long-term debt and preferred equity will also be adjusted for 2022 to reflect the then current embedded costs and projected interest rates. The average Moody's Baa utility bond yield between October 1, 2020 and April 20, 2021 was 3.33%. The spot rate for Moody’s Baa utility bond was 3.53% on April 20, 2021 and an average Moody’s Baa utility bond yield of 3.69% or less from April 21, 2021 through September 30, 2021 will trigger the mechanism. SCE is required to file its next cost of capital application by April 2022 for rates effective beginning January 2023. For further information see "Business—SCE— Overview of Ratemaking Process" in the 2020 Form 10-K.

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Available Liquidity

At March 31, 2021, SCE had cash on hand of $25 million.

The following table summarizes the status of SCE's credit facilities at March 31, 2021:

(in millions, except for rates)

Execution

Termination

LIBOR

Outstanding

Outstanding

Amount

date

date

plus (bps) 

Use of proceeds

    

Commitment

    

borrowings

    

letters of credit

    

available

March 2020

May 2021

65

Finance a portion of the AB 1054 Capital Expenditures1

$

800

$

800

$

$

May 2020

May 2021

150

Undercollections related to COVID-19 and general corporate purposes

1,500

1,500

June 2019

May 2024

108

Support commercial paper borrowings and general corporate purposes2, 3

 

3,000

 

674

 

120

 

2,206

Total SCE:

$

5,300

$

1,474

$

120

$

3,706

1In February 2021, SCE and the lenders amended the March 2020 credit agreement and have extended the termination date from March 2021 to May 2021. This credit facility may also be extended for two 364-day periods, at the lenders' discretion. The aggregate maximum principal amount may be increased up to $1.1 billion provided that additional lender commitments are obtained.
2At March 31, 2021 SCE had $674 million outstanding commercial paper, net of discount, at a weighted-average interest rate of 0.32%.
3The aggregate maximum principal amount under the SCE and Edison International Parent revolving credit facilities may be increased up to $4.0 billion and $2.0 billion, respectively, provided that additional lender commitments are obtained.

SCE may finance balancing account undercollections and working capital requirements to support operations and capital expenditures with commercial paper, its credit facilities or other borrowings, subject to availability in the bank and capital markets. As necessary, SCE will utilize its available liquidity, capital market financings, other borrowings or parent company contributions to SCE equity in order to meet its obligations as they become due, including costs related to the 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events. For further information, see "Management Overview—Southern California Wildfires and Mudslides."

Debt Covenant

SCE’s credit facilities and term loan require a debt to total capitalization ratio as defined in the applicable agreements of less than or equal to 0.65 to 1. At March 31, 2021, SCE’s debt to total capitalization ratio was 0.51 to 1.

At March 31, 2021, SCE was in compliance with all financial covenants that affect access to capital.

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Regulatory Proceedings

Wildfire Related Regulatory Proceedings

2021 General Rate Case Wildfire Mitigation Memorandum Account Balances

SCE's GRC track 2 expenditures, which occurred during 2018 and 2019, predominantly related to enhanced overhead inspections, an expanded vegetation management program and expert consultant contract labor costs supporting SCE's wildfire mitigation activities. The majority of these expenditures were recorded in the WMP memorandum account and the FHPMA.

In January 2021, the CPUC approved a settlement between parties to track 2 of the 2021 GRC, which led to a $41 million increase to regulatory deferrals for 2018 – 2019 in the fourth quarter of 2020. The revenue requirement under the settlement was $391 million, after adjusting for flow through taxes. Due to the determination that the AB 1054 Excluded Capital Expenditures associated with track 2 were reasonably incurred, they were eligible for recovery through securitization, and were not part of the settlement revenue requirement. For information on securitization of the approved expense, see "—Financing Order."

In March 2021, SCE made its 2021 GRC track 3 filing with the CPUC. In its filing, SCE requested reasonableness review of approximately $1.2 billion of wildfire mitigation costs incurred prior to 2021, consisting of $476 million of incremental operations and maintenance expense and $679 million of incremental capital expenditures. The track 3 expenditures predominantly related to grid hardening, vegetation management, PSPS activities and enhancements to grid operations. The capital expenditures included $502 million of GS&RP capital expenditures not previously subject to settlement.

The CPUC schedule for SCE's 2021 GRC includes a proposed decision on track 3 in the first quarter of 2022. The $679 million in incremental capital expenditures to be reviewed by the CPUC in track 3 are AB 1054 Excluded Capital Expenditures, and SCE intends to seek a financing order from the CPUC in the second quarter of 2022 to securitize these expenses if such expenses are deemed reasonable by the CPUC. In its track 3 filing, SCE requested recovery through customer rates of the $497 million of incremental operations and maintenance expenses and other costs.

2020 Emergency Wildfire Restoration

Multiple wildfires occurred during 2020 which caused damage within SCE's service territory and to SCE's Big Creek hydroelectric facility. Restoration work is ongoing in relation to these wildfires. In 2020 and the first quarter of 2021, SCE recorded $235 million of incremental operation and maintenance expenses and $410 million of capital expenditures in relation to these restoration efforts. SCE expects to file CEMA requests for recovery of amounts incremental to authorized revenue requirements beginning in 2021.

Financing order

SCE plans on applying for an irrevocable order from the CPUC in the second quarter of 2021 to finance up to $1.0 billion of costs through the issuance of securitized bonds, as well as the financing costs associated with the securitized bond. These costs consist of approximately $518 million of AB 1054 Excluded Capital Expenditures, comprised of $219 million approved in the 2021 GRC track 2 settlement and $299 million to be incurred in 2021 and pending authorization in track 1 of the GRC, $401 million of wildfire-related operations and maintenance expenditures approved in the GRC track 2 settlement, and $112 million of incremental residential uncollectible expenses associated with the economic effects of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Capital Investment Plan

Major Transmission Projects

Eldorado-Lugo-Mohave Upgrade

Construction for the project began in November 2020 and the project is expected to be operational in June 2022. On January 20, 2021, the Secretary of the Interior issued a suspension order that effectively placed a 60-day hold on any

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new project construction on federal land. In February 2021, the Department of the Interior issued a waiver of the suspension order allowing the project to proceed.

Margin and Collateral Deposits

Certain derivative instruments, power and energy procurement contracts and other contractual arrangements contain collateral requirements. In addition, certain environmental remediation obligations require financial assurance that may be in the form of collateral postings. Future collateral requirements may differ from the requirements at March 31, 2021 due to the addition of incremental power and energy procurement contracts with collateral requirements, if any, the impact of changes in wholesale power and natural gas prices on SCE’s contractual obligations and the impact of SCE’s credit ratings falling below investment grade.

The table below provides the amount of collateral posted by SCE to its counterparties as well as the potential collateral that would have been required as of March 31, 2021, if SCE’s credit rating had been downgraded to below investment grade as of that date. The table below also provides the potential collateral that could be required due to adverse changes in wholesale power and natural gas prices over the remaining lives of existing power and energy procurement contracts.

In addition to the amounts presented in the table below, SCE has a service agreement with Southern California Gas Company to purchase, schedule and balance natural gas supplies for SCE owned generation and contracts for which SCE is the fuel manager. In February 2021, extreme winter conditions in large parts of the United States led to significant increases in natural gas prices which affected the potential collateral requirements calculated as specified within that agreement. As of March 31, 2021, Southern California Gas Company could have requested an additional $196 million of collateral from SCE which is based on a historically high February 2021 natural gas price. Southern California Gas Company did not require SCE to post this collateral. As a result of the subsequent decrease in natural gas prices, as of April 21, 2021, there is no collateral requirement per the agreement.

In addition to amounts shown in the table, power and fuel contract counterparties may also institute new collateral requirements, applicable to future transactions to allow SCE to continue trading in power and fuel contracts at the time of a downgrade. Furthermore, SCE may also be required to post up to $50 million in collateral in connection with its environmental remediation obligations, within 120 days of the end of the fiscal year in which the downgrade occurs.

(in millions)

    

Collateral posted as of March 31, 20211

$

129

Incremental collateral requirements for purchased power and fuel contracts resulting from a potential downgrade of SCE's credit rating to below investment grade2

 

37

Incremental collateral requirements for purchased power and fuel contracts resulting from adverse market price movement3

 

24

Posted and potential collateral requirements

$

190

1

Net collateral provided to counterparties and other brokers consisted of $127 million in letters of credit and surety bonds and $2 million of cash collateral which was reflected in "Other current assets" on the consolidated balance sheets.

2

Represents collateral requirements for accounts payable and market-to-market valuation at March 31, 2021. Requirement varies throughout the period and is generally lower at the end of the month.

3

Incremental collateral requirements were based on potential changes in SCE’s forward positions as of March 31, 2021 due to adverse market price movements over the remaining lives of the existing power contracts using a 95% confidence level.

Edison International Parent and Other

In the next 12 months, Edison International expects to fund its net cash requirements through cash on hand, dividends from SCE, and capital market and bank financings. Edison International may finance its ongoing cash requirements, including common stock dividends, working capital requirements, payment of obligations, and capital investments, including capital contributions to subsidiaries, with short-term or other financings, subject to availability in the bank and capital markets.

The COVID-19 pandemic may cause narrower access to, or further increased costs of accessing, bank and capital markets. For further details, see "Management Overview—COVID-19."

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At March 31, 2021, Edison International Parent had cash on hand of $364 million and no borrowings on its $1.5 billion revolving credit facility. The credit facility is available for borrowing needs until May 2024 and may be extended for one additional year with the lenders’ approval. Under certain circumstances, the aggregate maximum principal amount under the credit facility may be increased up to $2.0 billion, provided additional lender commitments are obtained.

Edison International is issuing securities with equity content as viewed by rating agencies, such as common or preferred stock, in 2021 to enable SCE to issue debt, including the debt SCE issued in April 2021 and debt to finance payments for future resolution of wildfire claims related to the 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events, while allowing Edison International and SCE to maintain investment grade credit ratings. Edison International expects to issue further securities with up to approximately $375 million of equity content to invest in SCE in 2021.

In March 2021, Edison International issued 1,250,000 shares of its 5.375% Fixed-Rate Reset Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock, Series A, liquidation value of $1,000 per share (the "Series A Preferred Stock"), regarded by rating agencies as having 50% equity content. The proceeds were used to repay Edison International’s commercial paper borrowings and for general corporate purposes, including making a $575 million equity contribution to SCE. For further details, see "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 13. Equity."

Edison International Parent expects to make further capital contributions to SCE in 2021 to maintain the common equity component of SCE’s capital structure, after CPUC allowed exclusions, at 52% on a weighted average basis over the Capital Structure Compliance Period. For further information, see "—SCE—SCE Dividends" in the 2020 MD&A.

Edison International Parent and Other’s liquidity and its ability to pay operating expenses and pay dividends to common shareholders are dependent on access to the bank and capital markets, dividends from SCE, realization of tax benefits and its ability to meet California law requirements for the declaration of dividends. Prior to declaring dividends, Edison International’s Board of Directors evaluates available information, including when applicable, information pertaining to the 2017/2018 Wildfire/Mudslide Events, to ensure that the California law requirements for the declarations are met. For information on the California law requirements on the declaration of dividends, see "—SCE—SCE Dividends" in the 2020 MD&A. Edison International intends to maintain its target payout ratio of 45% – 55% of SCE’s core earnings, subject to the factors identified above.

Edison International's ability to declare and pay common dividends may be restricted under the terms of the Series A Preferred Stock. For further information see "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 13. Equity."

Edison International Parent’s credit facility requires a consolidated debt to total capitalization ratio as defined in the applicable agreements of less than or equal to 0.70 to 1. At March 31, 2021, Edison International consolidated debt to total capitalization ratio was 0.58 to 1.

At March 31, 2021, Edison International Parent was in compliance with all financial covenants that affect access to capital.

The following table summarizes Edison International Parent’s current long-term issuer credit ratings and outlook from the major credit rating agencies:

    

Moody's

    

Fitch

    

S&P

Long-term Issuer Credit Rating

 

Baa3

 

BBB-

 

BBB

Outlook

 

Stable

 

Stable

 

Negative

Edison International Parent’s credit ratings may be further affected if, among other things, regulators fail to successfully implement AB 1054 in a consistent and credit supportive manner or the Wildfire Insurance Fund is depleted by claims from catastrophic wildfires. The broad economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic may also affect Edison International’s credit rating. For further information see "Management Overview—COVID-19" in this filing and "Risk Factors" in the 2020 Form 10-K. Credit rating downgrades increase the cost and may impact the availability of short-term and long-term borrowings, including commercial paper, credit facilities, note financings or other borrowings.

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Historical Cash Flows

SCE

Three months ended March 31, 

(in millions)

    

2021

    

2020

Net cash provided by operating activities

$

48

$

334

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

1,204

 

1,368

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(1,282)

 

(1,274)

Net (decrease) increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

$

(30)

$

428

Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities

The following table summarizes major categories of net cash provided by operating activities as provided in more detail in SCE’s consolidated statements of cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.

Three months ended March 31, 

Change in cash flows

(in millions)

    

2021

    

2020

    

2021/2020

Net income

    

$

323

    

$

249

    

  

Non-cash items1

 

541

 

535

 

  

Subtotal

 

864

784

 

$

80

Changes in cash flow resulting from working capital2

 

(138)

 

(107)

 

(31)

Regulatory assets and liabilities

 

(70)

 

(372)

 

302

Other noncurrent assets and liabilities3

 

(608)

 

29

 

(637)

Net cash provided by operating activities

$

48

$

334

$

(286)

1Non-cash items include depreciation and amortization, allowance for equity during construction, deferred income taxes, Wildfire Insurance Fund amortization expenses and other.
2Changes in working capital items include receivables, accrued unbilled revenue, prepaid expenses, inventory, accounts payable, tax receivables and payables, and other current assets and liabilities.
3Includes changes in wildfire-related insurance receivables and wildfire-related claims. Also includes nuclear decommissioning trusts. See "Nuclear Decommissioning Activities" below for further information.

Net cash provided by operating activities was impacted by the following:

Net income and non-cash items increased in 2021 by $80 million primarily due to lower expenses related to wildfire mitigation activities and employee benefits.

Net cash outflow for working capital was $138 million and $107 million during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Net cash outflow for working capital in 2021 is primarily due to a net increase in unbilled revenue and customer receivables of $108 million and decrease in payables of $115 million. Net cash outflow in 2020 was primarily due to timing of disbursements of $226 million, partially offset by a change in receivables from customers of $70 million. Net cash outflow for working capital in both periods was impacted by insurance premium payments of $16 million and $72 million for wildfire-related coverage in 2021 and 2020, respectively.

Net cash used in regulatory assets and liabilities, including increases in net undercollections of balancing accounts was $70 million and $372 million during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. SCE has a number of balancing and memorandum accounts, which impact cash flows based on differences between timing of collection of amounts through rates and accrual expenditures. Cash flows were primarily impacted by the following:

2021

Net undercollections of BRRBA were $662 million and $622 million at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. Net undercollections increased by $40 million primarily due to current year undercollections due to lower sales volume partially offset by recovery of prior year undercollections, including WEMA and GS&RP to be collected over a two-year and one-year period, respectively, starting October 2020.

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Undercollections of $38 million related to wildfire-related expenses that are probable of future recovery from customers, including wildfire risk mitigation costs, insurance premiums, service restoration and damage repair costs. See "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 11. Regulatory Assets and Liabilities" for further information.
Undercollections of $36 million related to service restoration and damage repair costs that were tracked in CEMA accounts, primarily due to wildfire events incurred in 2018, 2019 and 2020. See "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 11. Regulatory Assets and Liabilities" for further information.
Net undercollections for ERRA, PABA and the New System Generation Balancing Account decreased by $100 million primarily due to recovery of prior PABA and NSGBA undercollections, overcollection due to higher than expected load, partially offset by undercollections due to higher open market exposure and higher gas and power price driven by extreme winter conditions in large part of the United States in February 2021.
Net undercollections of $40 million from COVID-19-related memorandum and balancing accounts.

2020

Net undercollections of BRRBA were $101 million at March 31, 2020, compared to net overcollections of $328 million at December 31, 2019. Net undercollections increased by $429 million primarily due to refunds of prior overcollections (including incremental tax benefits and overcollections of distribution revenue that are being refunded over an 18-month period, starting in July 2019, as part of SCE's 2018 GRC final decision) and current year undercollections due to lower than forecasted sales volumes.
Additional undercollections of $79 million related to wildfire-related expenses that are probable of future recovery from customers, including wildfire risk mitigation costs, insurance premiums, service restoration and damage repair costs.
Higher cash due to $110 million of overcollections related to the timing of receiving GHG auction revenue and low carbon fuel standard credit sales, and the related refunds and rebates to eligible customers. SCE is accelerating the semi-annual payment of California climate credits to customers, normally made in the fourth quarter, into the second quarter of 2020 pursuant to an April 2020 CPUC decision.
Net undercollections for ERRA, PABA and the New System Generation Balancing Account decreased by $45 million primarily due to recovery of prior ERRA undercollections, partially offset by lower sales than forecasted in rates in ERRA, refunds of prior overcollections from the New System Generation Balancing Account and refund of 2019 and 2018 overcollections of generation revenue over an 18-month period, starting in July 2019, as part of SCE's 2018 GRC final decision.

Cash flows (used in) provided by other noncurrent assets and liabilities were primarily related to wildfire claim payments of $(620) million, partially offset by insurance recoveries of $43 million in the first quarter of 2021 and $58 million of wildfire related insurance recoveries in 2020, respectively. Cash flow for other noncurrent assets and liabilities also includes payments of decommissioning costs ($61 million in 2021 and $43 million in 2020, respectively), partially offset by SCE’s net earnings from nuclear decommissioning trust investments ($23 million in 2021 and $27 million in 2020, respectively). See "Nuclear Decommissioning Activities" below for further discussion.

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Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities

The following table summarizes cash provided by financing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020. Issuances of debt are discussed in "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 5. Debt and Credit Agreements."

    

Three months ended March 31, 

(in millions)

2021

    

2020

Issuances of first and refunding mortgage bonds, including premium/discount and net of issuance costs

$

1,223

$

1,719

Long-term debt repaid or repurchased

 

(490)

 

(40)

Short-term debt financing, net

 

(22)

 

475

Commercial paper repayment, net of borrowing

 

(51)

 

(550)

Capital contributions from Edison International Parent

 

900

 

269

Payment of common stock dividends to Edison International

 

(325)

 

(469)

Payment of preferred and preference stock dividends

 

(32)

 

(36)

Other

 

1

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

$

1,204

$

1,368

Net Cash Used in Investing Activities

Cash flows used in investing activities are primarily due to capital expenditures related to transmission and distribution investments ($1.4 billion and $1.3 billion for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively). In addition, SCE had a net redemption (purchase) of nuclear decommissioning trust investments of $52 million and $(14) million during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. See "Nuclear Decommissioning Activities" below for further discussion.

Nuclear Decommissioning Activities

SCE’s consolidated statements of cash flows include nuclear decommissioning activities, which are reflected in the following line items:

Three months ended March 31, 

(in millions)

    

2021

    

2020

Net cash used in operating activities:

Net earnings from nuclear decommissioning trust investments

$

23

$

27

SCE’s decommissioning costs

 

(61)

 

(43)

Net cash provided by investing activities:

 

 

Proceeds from sale of investments

1,270

1,407

Purchases of investments

 

(1,218)

 

(1,421)

Net cash impact

$

14

$

(30)

Net cash used in operating activities relates to interest and dividends less administrative expenses, taxes and SCE’s decommissioning costs. Investing activities represent the purchase and sale of investments within the nuclear decommissioning trusts, including the reinvestment of earnings from nuclear decommissioning trust investments. The net cash impact reflects timing of decommissioning payments ($61 million and $43 million in 2021 and 2020, respectively) and reimbursements to SCE from the nuclear decommissioning trust ($75 million and $13 million in 2021 and 2020, respectively).

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Edison International Parent and Other

The table below sets forth condensed historical cash flow from operations for Edison International Parent and Other, including intercompany eliminations.

    

Three months ended March 31, 

(in millions)

    

2021

    

2020

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

$

24

$

(19)

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

307

 

863

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(4)

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

$

331

$

840

Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Operating Activities

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities was impacted by the following:

$63 million cash inflow from wildfire insurance recovery received by Edison Insurance Services, Inc. ("EIS"), a wholly-owned subsidiary of Edison International in 2021.
$39 million and $19 million cash outflow from operating activities in 2021 and 2020, respectively, primarily due to payments relating to interest and operating costs.

Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities

Net cash provided by financing activities was as follows:

    

Three months ended March 31, 

(in millions)

    

2021

    

2020

Dividends paid to Edison International common shareholders

$

(247)

$

(226)

Dividends received from SCE

 

325

 

469

Capital contributions to SCE

 

(900)

 

(269)

Issuance of common stock

 

15

 

74

Issuance of preferred stock, net of issuance costs

1,237

Issuance of term loan

 

 

800

Commercial paper repayment, net

 

(129)

 

Other

 

6

 

15

Net cash provided by financing activities

$

307

$

863

Contingencies

SCE has contingencies related to wildfire and debris flow events, wildfire insurance, environmental remediation, nuclear insurance, spent nuclear fuel and the Upstream Lighting Program, which are discussed in "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 12. Commitments and Contingencies."

MARKET RISK EXPOSURES

Edison International’s and SCE’s primary market risks are described in the 2020 Form 10-K. For further discussion of market risk exposures, including commodity price risk, credit risk, and interest rate risk, see "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 4. Fair Value Measurements" and "—Note 6. Derivative Instruments."

Commodity Price Risk

SCE records derivative instruments on its consolidated balance sheets as either assets or liabilities measured at fair value unless otherwise exempted from derivative treatment as normal purchases or sales. The fair value of outstanding derivative instruments used to mitigate exposure to commodity price risk was reflected as a net asset of $99 million and $108 million on SCE’s consolidated balance sheets at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. For further discussion of fair value measurements and the fair value hierarchy, see "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 4. Fair Value Measurements" and "— Note 6. Derivative Instruments."

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Credit Risk

Credit risk exposure from counterparties for power and gas trading activities is measured as the sum of net accounts receivable (accounts receivable less accounts payable) and the current fair value of net derivative assets (derivative assets less derivative liabilities) reflected on the consolidated balance sheets. SCE enters into master agreements which typically provide for a right of setoff. Accordingly, SCE’s credit risk exposure from counterparties is based on a net exposure under these arrangements. SCE manages the credit risk on the portfolio of counterparties based on credit ratings and other publicly disclosed information, such as financial statements, regulatory filings and press releases, to guide it in the process of setting credit levels, risk limits and contractual arrangements, including master netting agreements. Based on SCE’s policies and risk exposures related to credit, SCE does not anticipate a material adverse effect on their financial statements as a result of counterparty nonperformance. At March 31, 2021, SCE’s power and gas trading counterparty credit risk exposure was $96 million, which is associated with entities that have an investment grade rating of A or higher. SCE assigns a credit rating to counterparties based on the lower of a counterparty’s S&P or Moody’s rating.

For more information related to credit risks, see "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 6. Derivative Instruments."

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES AND POLICIES

For a discussion of Edison International’s and SCE’s critical accounting policies, see "Critical Accounting Estimates and Policies" in the 2020 MD&A.

NEW ACCOUNTING GUIDANCE

New accounting guidance is discussed in "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies—New Accounting Guidance."

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

Information responding to this section is included in the MD&A under the heading "Market Risk Exposures" and is incorporated herein by reference.

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FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Consolidated Statements of Income

Edison International

Three months ended

March 31, 

(in millions, except per-share amounts, unaudited)

    

2021

    

2020

Total operating revenue

$

2,960

$

2,790

Purchased power and fuel

 

1,013

 

928

Operation and maintenance

 

844

 

881

Wildfire Insurance Fund expense

 

53

 

84

Depreciation and amortization

 

525

 

484

Property and other taxes

 

126