10-K 1 tm211759d1_10k.htm FORM 10-K

 

 

 

UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

Form 10-K

 

x ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020

 

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 (NO FEE REQUIRED)

 

For the transition period from                    to

 

Commission File No. 0-25969

 

 

 

URBAN ONE, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware 52-1166660
(State or other jurisdiction of (I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization) Identification No.)

 

1010 Wayne Avenue,

14th Floor

Silver Spring, Maryland 20910

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code

(301) 429-3200

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

None

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

Class A Common Stock, $.001 par value

Class D Common Stock, $.001 par value

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes  ¨     No   x

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act.  Yes  ¨     No  x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  x      No  ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes     x      No  ¨

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of the registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  Yes  ¨     No  x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer  ¨            Accelerated filer   ¨            Non-accelerated filer  x

Smaller reporting company x Emerging growth company  ¨

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.  Yes  ¨    No  x

 

The number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock is as follows:

 

Class   Outstanding at March 12, 2021
Class A Common Stock, $.001 par value   6,327,900
Class B Common Stock, $.001 par value   2,861,843
Class C Common Stock, $.001 par value   2,928,906
Class D Common Stock, $.001 par value   37,040,505

 

The aggregate market value of common stock held by non-affiliates of the Registrant, based upon the closing price of the Registrant’s Class A and Class D common stock on June 30, 2020, was approximately $69.9 million.

 

 

 

 

 

URBAN ONE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

Form 10-K

For the Year Ended December 31, 2020

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

    Page
PART I
     
Item 1. Business 5
Item 1A. Risk Factors 20
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments 31
Item 2. Properties 31
Item 3. Legal Proceedings 31
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosure 31
   
PART II
   
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities 32
Item 6. Selected Financial Data 33
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 33
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure About Market Risk 57
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data 57
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure 58
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures 58
Item 9B. Other Information 59
   
PART III
   
Item 10. Directors and Executive Officers of the Registrant 60
Item 11. Executive  Compensation 60
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters 60
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions 60
Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services 60
   
PART IV
   
Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules 61
Item 16. Form 10-K Summary 64
   
SIGNATURES 65

 

 

 

CERTAIN DEFINITIONS

 

Unless otherwise noted, throughout this report, the terms “Urban One,” “the Company,” “we,” “our,” and “us” refer to Urban One, Inc. together with all of its subsidiaries.

 

We use the terms “local marketing agreement” (“LMA”) or time brokerage agreement (“TBA”) in various places in this report. An LMA or a TBA is an agreement under which a Federal Communications Commission (“FCC”) licensee of a radio station makes available, for a fee, air time on its station to another party.  The other party provides programming to be broadcast during the airtime and collects revenues from advertising it sells for broadcast during that programming. In addition to entering into LMAs or TBAs, we will, from time to time, enter into management or consulting agreements that provide us with the ability, as contractually specified, to assist current owners in the management of radio station assets that we have contracted to purchase, subject to FCC approval. In such arrangements, we generally receive a contractually specified management fee or consulting fee in exchange for the services provided.

 

The term “broadcast and digital operating income” is used throughout this report.  Net income (loss) before depreciation and amortization, income taxes, interest expense, interest income, noncontrolling interests in income of subsidiaries, other (income) expense, corporate selling, general and administrative, expenses, stock-based compensation, impairment of long-lived assets, (gain) loss on retirement of debt and gain on sale-leaseback, is commonly referred to in the radio broadcasting industry as “station operating income.” However, given the diverse nature of our business, station operating income is not truly reflective of our multi-media operation and, therefore, we now use the term broadcast and digital operating income. Broadcast and digital operating income is not a measure of financial performance under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”). Nevertheless, broadcast and digital operating income is a significant basis used by our management to evaluate the operating performance of our core operating segments. Broadcast and digital operating income provides helpful information about our results of operations, apart from expenses associated with our fixed and long-lived intangible assets, income taxes, investments, impairment charges, debt financings and retirements, corporate overhead and stock-based compensation. Our measure of broadcast and digital operating income is similar to our historic use of station operating income; however, it reflects our more diverse business, and therefore, may not be similar to “station operating income” or other similarly titled measures as used by other companies. Broadcast and digital operating income does not represent operating loss or cash flow from operating activities, as those terms are defined under GAAP, and should not be considered as an alternative to those measurements as an indicator of our performance.

 

The term “broadcast and digital operating income margin” is also used throughout this report.  Broadcast and digital operating income margin represents broadcast and digital operating income as a percentage of net revenue. Broadcast and digital operating income margin is not a measure of financial performance under GAAP. Nevertheless, we believe that broadcast and digital operating income margin is a useful measure of our performance because it provides helpful information about our profitability as a percentage of our net revenue. Broadcast and digital operating margin includes results from all four segments (radio broadcasting, Reach Media, digital and cable television).

 

Unless otherwise indicated:

 

  · we obtained total radio industry revenue levels from the Radio Advertising Bureau (the “RAB”);

 

  · we obtained audience share and ranking information from Nielsen Audio, Inc. (“Nielsen”); and

 

  · we derived historical market statistics and market revenue share percentages from data published by Miller, Kaplan, Arase & Co., LLP (“Miller Kaplan”), a public accounting firm that specializes in serving the broadcasting industry and BIA/Kelsey (“BIA”), a media and telecommunications advisory services firm.

 

2

 

 

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

 

Our disclosure and analysis in this annual report on Form 10-K concerning our operations, cash flows and financial position, contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These forward-looking statements do not relay historical facts, but rather reflect our current expectations concerning future operations, results and events. All statements other than statements of historical fact are “forward-looking statements” including any projections of earnings, revenues or other financial items; any statements of the plans, strategies and objectives of management for future operations; any statements concerning proposed new services or developments; any statements regarding future economic conditions or performance; any statements of belief; and any statements of assumptions underlying any of the foregoing. You can identify some of these forward-looking statements by our use of words such as “anticipates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “seeks,” “likely,” “may,” “estimates” and similar expressions. You can also identify a forward-looking statement in that such statements discuss matters in a way that anticipates operations, results or events that have not already occurred but rather will or may occur in future periods. We cannot guarantee that we will achieve any forward-looking plans, intentions, results, operations or expectations. Because these statements apply to future events, they are subject to risks and uncertainties, some of which are beyond our control that could cause actual results to differ materially from those forecasted or anticipated in the forward-looking statements. These risks, uncertainties and factors include (in no particular order), but are not limited to:

 

  · economic volatility, financial market unpredictability and fluctuations in the United States and other world economies that may affect our business and financial condition, and the business and financial conditions of our advertisers, including as a result of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic;

 

  · our high degree of leverage, certain cash commitments related thereto and potential inability to finance strategic transactions given fluctuations in market conditions;

 

  · fluctuations in the local economies of the markets in which we operate (particularly our largest markets, Atlanta; Baltimore; Houston; and Washington, DC) could negatively impact our ability to meet our cash needs and our ability to maintain compliance with our debt covenants;

 

·The extent of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic (particularly in our largest markets, Atlanta; Baltimore; Houston; and Washington, DC), including the duration, spread, severity, and any recurrence of the COVID-19 pandemic, the duration and scope of related government orders and restrictions, the impact on our employees, and the extent of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on overall demand for  advertising across our various media;

 

·local, regional, national, and international economic conditions that have deteriorated as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, including the risks of a global recession or a recession in one or more of our key markets, the impact that these economic conditions may have on us and our customers, and our assessment of that impact;

 

  · risks associated with the implementation and execution of our business diversification strategy;

 

  · regulation by the Federal Communications Commission (“FCC”) relative to maintaining our broadcasting licenses, enacting media ownership rules and enforcing of indecency rules;

 

  · regulation by certain gaming commissions relative to maintaining our interests, or our creditors ability to foreclose on collateral that includes our interests in, in any gaming licenses, joint ventures or other gaming and casino investments;

 

·risks associated with our investment in gaming businesses that are managed or operated by persons not affiliated with us and over which we have little or no control;

 

3

 

 

  · changes in our key personnel and on-air talent;

 

  · increases in competition for and in the costs of our programming and content, including on-air talent and content production or acquisitions costs;

 

  · financial losses that may be incurred due to impairment charges against our broadcasting licenses, goodwill, and other intangible assets;

 

  · increased competition for advertising revenues with other radio stations, broadcast and cable television, newspapers and magazines, outdoor advertising, direct mail, internet radio, satellite radio, smart phones, tablets, and other wireless media, the internet, social media, and other forms of advertising;

 

  · the impact of our acquisitions, dispositions and similar transactions, as well as consolidation in industries in which we and our advertisers operate;

 

  · developments and/or changes in laws and regulations, such as the California Consumer Privacy Act or other similar federal or state regulation through legislative action and revised rules and standards;

 

  · disruptions to our technology network including computer systems and software, whether by man-made or other disruptions of our operating systems, structures or equipment as well as natural events such as pandemic, severe weather, fires, floods and earthquakes;

 

  · other factors mentioned in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) including the factors discussed in detail in Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” contained in this report.

 

You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which reflect our views based only on information currently available to us as of the date of this report. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements because of new information, future events, or otherwise.

 

4

 

 

PART I

 

ITEM 1. BUSINESS

 

Overview

 

Urban One, Inc. (a Delaware corporation originally formed in 1980 and hereinafter referred to as “Urban One”) and its subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company”) is an urban-oriented, multi-media company that primarily targets African-American and urban consumers. Our core business is our radio broadcasting franchise which is the largest radio broadcasting operation that primarily targets African-American and urban listeners. As of December 31, 2020, we owned and/or operated 63 independently formatted, revenue producing broadcast stations (including 54 FM or AM stations, 7 HD stations, and the 2 low power television stations we operate) located in 13 of the most populous African-American markets in the United States. While a core source of our revenue has historically been and remains the sale of local and national advertising for broadcast on our radio stations, our strategy is to operate the premier multi-media entertainment and information content provider targeting African-American and urban consumers. Thus, we have diversified our revenue streams by making acquisitions and investments in other complementary media properties. Our diverse media and entertainment interests include TV One, LLC (“TV One”), an African-American targeted cable television network; our 80.0% ownership interest in Reach Media, Inc. (“Reach Media”), which operates the Rickey Smiley Morning Show and our other syndicated programming assets, including the Get Up! Mornings with Erica Campbell Show, Russ Parr Morning Show and the DL Hughley Show; and Interactive One, LLC (“Interactive One”), our wholly owned digital platform serving the African-American community through social content, news, information, and entertainment websites, including its Cassius and Bossip, HipHopWired and MadameNoire digital platforms and brands. We also hold a minority ownership interest in MGM National Harbor Casino, a gaming resort located in Prince George’s County, Maryland. Through our national multi-media operations, we provide advertisers with a unique and powerful delivery mechanism to the African-American and urban audiences.

 

Our core radio broadcasting franchise operates under the brand “Radio One.”  We also operate our other brands, such as TV One, Reach Media and Interactive One, while developing additional branding reflective of our diverse media operations and targeting our African-American and urban audiences.

 

Recent Developments

 

Impact of Public Health Crisis

 

Throughout 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic had an impact on certain of our revenue and alternative revenue sources. Most notably, a number of advertisers across significant advertising categories reduced advertising spend due to the outbreak. This was particularly true within our radio segment which derives substantial revenue from local advertisers, including in areas such as Texas, Ohio and Georgia. The economies in these areas were hit particularly hard due to social distancing and other government interventions. Further, the COVID-19 outbreak caused the postponement of our 2020 Tom Joyner Foundation Fantastic Voyage cruise and impaired ticket sales of other tent pole special events, some of which we had to cancel. We do not carry business interruption insurance to compensate us for losses that occurred in 2020 and such losses may continue to occur as a result of the ongoing nature of the COVID-19 pandemic. Outbreaks in the markets in which we operate could have material impacts on our liquidity, operations including potential impairment of assets, and our financial results. Likewise, our income from our investment in MGM National Harbor Casino has been negatively affected by closures and limitations on occupancy imposed by state and local governmental authorities.

 

We anticipate continued decreases in revenues due to ongoing nature of the COVID-19 pandemic.  As such, we assessed our operations considering a variety of factors, including but not limited to, media industry financial reforecasts, expected operating results, estimated net cash flows from operations, future obligations and liquidity, capital expenditure commitments and projected debt covenant compliance.  If we had been unable to meet financial covenants under certain of our debt instruments outstanding in 2020, an event of default could have occurred and our debt could have been required to be classified as current, which we could have been unable to repay if lenders were to call the debt.

 

5

 

 

To address the matter, we proactively implemented certain cost-cutting measures including furloughs, layoffs, salary reductions, other expense reduction (including eliminating travel and entertainment expenses), eliminating merit raises, decreasing or deferring marketing spend, deferring programming/production costs, reducing special events costs, and implementing a hiring freeze on open positions. Further, out of an abundance of caution and to provide for further liquidity given the uncertainty around the pandemic, we drew approximately $27.5 million on our ABL Facility (as defined below) on March 19, 2020. As operating conditions improved throughout the year, we were able to accumulate cash and all amounts outstanding under our ABL Facility (as defined below) were repaid on December 22, 2020, and as of December 31, 2020, no amounts were outstanding. Finally in January 2021, we refinanced our debt to include less restrictive terms in certain instances, which we anticipate providing greater operating flexibility (See 2028 Notes Offering below).

 

On November 9, 2020, we completed an exchange of 99.15% of our outstanding 7.375% Senior Secured Notes due 2022 (the “7.375% Notes”) for $347 million aggregate principal amount of newly issued 8.75% Senior Secured Notes due December 2022 (the “8.75% Notes”) (the “Exchange Offer”). In connection with the Exchange Offer, we also entered into an amendment to certain terms of our 2018 Credit Facility (as defined below) including the extension of the maturity date of the 2018 Credit Facility to March 31, 2023. (See 2028 Notes Offering below).

 

On November 6, 2020, we announced that we had signed a definitive asset exchange agreement with Entercom Communications Corp. pursuant to which we will receive the following Charlotte stations:  WLNK-FM (Adult Contemporary); WBT-AM & FM (News Talk Radio); and WFNZ-AM & 102.5 FM Translator (Sports Radio).  As part of the transaction, we will transfer three radio stations to Entercom: St. Louis, WHHL-FM (Urban Contemporary); Philadelphia, WPHI-FM (Urban Contemporary); and Washington, DC, WTEM-AM (Sports); as well as the intellectual property to its St. Louis radio station, WFUN-FM (Adult Urban Contemporary).  The deal is subject to Federal Communications Commission (“FCC”) approval and other customary closing conditions and is anticipated to close early in the second quarter. We also concurrently sold the remaining WFUN-FM assets in a separate transaction.

 

On December 19, 2019, we entered into both an asset purchase agreement (“APA”) and a time brokerage agreement (“TBA”) with Guardian Enterprise Group, Inc. and certain of its affiliates (collectively, “GEG”) with respect to the acquisition and interim operation of low power television station WQMC-LD in Columbus, Ohio. Pursuant to the TBA, in January 2020, we began to operate WQMC-LD until such time as the purchase transaction could close under the APA after approval by the FCC. Under the terms of the TBA, we paid a monthly fee as well as certain operating costs of WQMC-LD, and, in exchange, we retained all revenues from the sale of the advertising within the programming. After receipt of FCC approval, we closed the transactions under the APA and took ownership of WQMC-LD on February 24, 2020.

 

On October 20, 2011, we entered into TBA with WGPR, Inc. (“WGPR”). Pursuant to the TBA, on October 24, 2011, we began to broadcast programs produced, owned or acquired by the Company on WGPR’s Detroit radio station, WGPR-FM. We paid a monthly fee as well as certain operating costs of WGPR-FM, and, in exchange, we retained all revenues from the sale of the advertising within the programming we provided. The original term of the TBA was through December 31, 2014; however, in September 2014, we entered into an amendment to the TBA to extend the term of the TBA through December 31, 2019 on which date we ceased operation of the station on our behalf. While we ceased operations of the station on December 31, 2019, the Company continues to provide management services to the current owner and operator of WGPR.

 

On August 31, 2019, the Company closed on its previously announced sale of assets of its Detroit, Michigan radio station, WDMK-FM and three translators W228CJ, W252BX, and W260CB for approximately $13.5 million to Beasley Broadcast Group, Inc. The Company recognized an immaterial loss on the sale of the station during the year ended December 31, 2019.

 

On January 19, 2019, the Company launched CLEO TV, a lifestyle and entertainment network targeting Millennial and Gen X women of color. CLEO TV offers quality content that defies negative and cultural stereotypes of today’s modern women. The results of CLEO TV’s operations will be reflected in the Company’s cable television segment.

 

6

 

 

On January 17, 2019, the Company announced that it had given the required notice (“2020 Redemption Notice”) under the indenture governing its 9.25% Senior Subordinated Notes due 2020 (the “2020 Notes”) to redeem for cash all outstanding aggregate principal amount of its Notes to the extent outstanding on February 15, 2019 (the “Redemption Date”). The redemption price for the 2020 Notes was 100.0% of the principal amount of the Notes, plus accrued and unpaid interest to the Redemption Date.

 

On December 4, 2018, the Company and certain of its subsidiaries entered into a credit agreement (“2018 Credit Facility”), among the Company, the lenders party thereto from time to time, Wilmington Trust, National Association, as administrative agent, and TCG Senior Funding L.L.C., as sole lead arranger and sole book-runner. The 2018 Credit Facility, provided $192.0 million in term loan borrowings. Concurrently, on December 4, 2018, Urban One Entertainment SPV, LLC and its immediate parent, Radio One Entertainment Holdings, LLC, each of which is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, entered into a credit agreement, providing $50.0 million in term loan borrowings (the “MGM National Harbor Loan”). The net proceeds of term loan borrowings under the 2018 Credit Facility and the MGM National Harbor Loan were used to refinance and redeem substantially all of the Company’s outstanding 2020 Notes. Simultaneously with entry into the 2018 Credit Facility and the MGM National Harbor Loan, the Company announced the launch of a cash tender offer for any and all of its 2020 Notes. Under the Tender Offer, the Company accepted for purchase $213,255,000 aggregate principal amount of the 2020 Notes, and paid for such 2020 Notes on December 20, 2018. Concurrently with that settlement, the Company also repurchased at par of approximately $29.7 million aggregate principal amount of 2020 Notes from certain lenders under the new credit facilities. Immediately following these settlements, approximately $2.0 million aggregate principal amount of 2020 Notes remained outstanding. Such 2020 Notes were the subject of the 2020 Redemption Notice described above. (The 2018 Credit Facility and MGM National Harbor Loan are more fully described in Note 9 of our consolidated financial statements — Long-Term Debt.)

 

PPP Loans

 

On December 27, 2020, the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2021 was signed into law. The legislation creates a second round of Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”) loans of up to $2 million available to businesses with 300 or fewer employees that have sustained a 25% revenue loss in any quarter of 2020. Certain of the new PPP provisions may benefit broadcasters such as the Company. The provisions (i) allow individual TV and radio stations to apply for PPP loans as long as the individual TV or radio station employs not more than 300 employees per physical location; (ii) permit the Small Business Administration (“SBA”) to make loans up to $10 million total across TV and radio stations owned by a station group; (iii) require newly eligible individual TV and radio stations to make a good faith certification that proceeds of the loan will be used to support expenses for the production or distribution of locally-focused or emergency information; and (iv) waive any prohibition on loans to broadcast stations owned by publicly traded entities.  On January 29, 2021, the Company submitted an application for participation in the PPP loan program. There is no guarantee that the Company will be awarded any loan monies. While certain of the loans may be forgivable, to the extent the Company is awarded the loans the amount may constitute debt under the 2028 Notes (as defined below) and increase the Company’s leverage prior to repayment or forgiveness.

 

2028 Notes Offering

 

On January 7, 2021, the Company launched an offering (the “2028 Notes Offering”) of $825 million in aggregate principal amount of senior secured notes due 2028 (the “2028 Notes”) in a private offering exempt from the registration requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”). The 2028 Notes are general senior secured obligations of the Company and are guaranteed on a senior secured basis by certain of the Company’s direct and indirect restricted subsidiaries.  The 2028 Notes mature on February 1, 2028 and interest on the Notes accrues and is payable semi-annually in arrears on February 1 and August 1 of each year, commencing on August 1, 2021 at the rate of 7.375% per annum. On January 8, 2021, the Company entered into a purchase agreement with respect to the 2028 Notes at an issue price of 100% and the 2028 Notes Offering closed on January 25, 2021.

 

The Company used the net proceeds from the 2028 Notes Offering, together with cash on hand, to repay or redeem (1) the loans outstanding under that certain Credit Agreement, dated as of April 18, 2017, by and among the Company, various lenders party thereto, Guggenheim Securities Credit Partners, LLC, as administrative agent, and The Bank of New York Mellon, as collateral agent (the “2017 Credit Facility”), (2) the 2018 Credit Facility, (3) the MGM National Harbor Loan; (4) the remaining amounts of our 7.375% Notes, and (5) our 8.75% Notes that were issued in the November 2020 Exchange Offer. Upon settlement of the 2028 Notes Offering, the 2017 Credit Facility, the 2018 Credit Facility and the MGM National Harbor Loan were terminated and the indentures governing the 7.375% Notes and the 8.75% Notes were satisfied and discharged.

 

7

 

 

 

Segments

 

As part of our consolidated financial statements, consistent with our financial reporting structure and how the Company currently manages its businesses, we have provided selected financial information on the Company’s four reportable segments: (i) radio broadcasting; (ii) cable television; (iii) Reach Media; and (iv) digital.

 

Our Radio Station Portfolio, Strategy and Markets

 

As noted above, our core business is our radio broadcasting franchise which is the largest radio broadcasting operation in the country primarily targeting African-American and urban listeners. Within the markets in which we operate, we strive to build clusters of radio stations with each radio station targeting different demographic segments of the African-American population. This clustering and programming segmentation strategy allows us to achieve greater penetration within the distinct segments of our overall target market. In addition, we have been able to achieve operating efficiencies by consolidating office and studio space where possible to minimize duplicative management positions and reduce overhead expenses. Depending on market conditions, changes in ratings methodologies and economic and demographic shifts, from time to time, we may reprogram some of our stations in underperforming segments of certain markets.

 

As of December 31, 2020, we owned and/or operated 63 independently formatted, revenue producing broadcast stations (including 54 FM or AM stations, 7 HD stations, and the 2 low power television stations we operate but excluding translators) located in 13 of the most populous African-American markets in the United States. The following tables set forth further selected information about our portfolio of radio stations as of December 31, 2020.

 

    Urban One   Market Data 
Market  Number of Stations*   Entire Audience
Four Book
Average Audience
Share(1)
   Ranking by Size of
African-American
Population Persons
12+(2)
   Estimated Fall 2019
Metro
Population Persons
12+
 
   FM   AM   HD   LP/TV**           Total
(millions)
   African-
American
%
 
Atlanta   4         1         13.2    2    5.0    36 
Washington, DC   4    2              10.9    3    5.0    27 
Houston   3         1         10.3    6    6.0    18 
Dallas   2                   4.1    5    6.4    17 
Philadelphia   2         2         5.4    7    4.6    21 
Baltimore   2    2    1         15.8    11    2.4    30 
Charlotte   6    1              20.9    12    2.4    23 
Raleigh-Durham   4                   19.6    18    1.7    22 
Cleveland   2    2    1         12.6    20    1.8    20 
Richmond(3)   4    2              18.6    23    1.1    30 
Columbus   5              1    7.3    25    1.7    17 
Indianapolis   3    1    1    1    10.7    30    1.6    17 
Cincinnati   2    1              5.7    36    1.9    13 
Total   43    11    7    2                     

 

  (1) Audience share data are for the 12+ demographic and derived from the Nielsen Survey ending with the Fall 2020 Nielsen Survey.

 

8

 

 

  (2) Population estimates are from the Nielsen Radio Market Survey Population, Rankings and Information, Fall 2020.

 

  (3) Richmond is the only market in which we operate using the diary methodology of audience measurement.

 

  * 19 non-independently formatted HD stations and 12 non-independently formatted translators owned and operated by the Company are not included in the above station count.  Changes in the programming of our HD stations or translators may alter our station count from time to time.
     
  ** Low power television station

 

Market   Market Rank Metro
Population 2020
   Format  Target Demo
Atlanta    7       
             
WAMJ/WUMJ        Urban AC  25-54
WHTA        Urban Contemporary  18-34
WPZE        Contemporary Inspirational  25-54
WAMJ-HD-2        Urban Contemporary  25-54
             
Baltimore    23       
             
WERQ        Urban Contemporary  18-34
WOLB        News/Talk  35-64
WWIN-FM        Urban AC  25-54
WWIN-AM        Gospel  35-64
WLIF-HD-2        Contemporary Inspirational  25-54
             
Charlotte    21       
             
WPZS        Contemporary Inspirational  25-54
WOSF        Urban AC / Old School  25-54
WQNC        Urban Contemporary  18-34
WBT-AM        News Talk  25-54
WBT-FM        News Talk  25-54
WFNZ        Sports Talk  25-54
WLNK        Hot Adult Contemporary  25-54
             
Cincinnati    33       
             
WIZF        Urban Contemporary  18-34
WOSL        Urban AC / Old School  25-54
WDBZ-AM        Urban AC / Old School  35-64
             
Cleveland    35        
              
WENZ        Urban Contemporary  18-34
WERE-AM        News/Talk  35-64
WJMO-AM        Contemporary Inspirational  35-64
WZAK        Urban AC  25-54
WENZ-HD-2        Contemporary Inspirational  35-64
              

9

 

              
Columbus    36        
              
WCKX        Urban Contemporary  18-34
WXMG        Urban AC  25-54
WBMO        Urban Contemporary  18-34
WJYD        Contemporary Inspirational  25-54
WWLG        Hispanic  25-54
WQMC-TV        Television  25-54
              
              
Dallas    5        
              
KBFB        Urban Contemporary  18-34
KZJM        Urban Contemporary  25-54
              
Houston    6        
              
KBXX        Urban Contemporary  18-34
KMJQ        Urban AC  25-54
KROI        Pop/CHR  18-34
KMJQ-HD2        Contemporary Inspirational   25-54
              
Indianapolis    39        
              
WTLC-FM        Urban AC  25-54
WHHH        Urban Contemporary  18-34
WNOW        Pop/CHR  18-34
WTLC-AM        Contemporary Inspirational  35-64
WNOW-HD2        Regional Mexican  25-54
WDNI-TV        Television  25-54
              
Philadelphia    9        
              
WPPZ        Adult Contemporary  25-54
WRNB        Mainstream Urban  25-54
WPPZ-HD2        Contemporary Inspirational  25-54
WRNB-HD2        Urban AC  25-54
              
Raleigh    37        
              
WFXC/WFXK        Urban AC  25-54
WQOK        Urban Contemporary  18-34
WNNL        Contemporary Inspirational  25-54
              
Richmond (1)    52        
              
WKJS/WKJM        Urban AC  25-54
WCDX        Urban Contemporary  18-34
WPZZ        Contemporary Inspirational  25-54
WXGI-AM/WTPS-AM        Sports  25-54

 

10

 

 

Washington DC     8        
               
WKYS         Urban Contemporary  18-34
WMMJ/WDCJ         Urban AC  25-54
WPRS         Contemporary Inspirational  25-54
WOL-AM         News/Talk  35-64
WYCB-AM         Gospel  35-64

 

AC-refers to Adult Contemporary

 

CHR-refers to Contemporary Hit Radio

 

Pop-refers to Popular Music

 

Old School - refers to Old School Hip/Hop

 

  (1) Richmond is the only market in which we operate using the diary methodology of audience measurement.

 

For the year ended December 31, 2020, approximately 34.7% of our net revenue was generated from the sale of advertising in our core radio business, excluding Reach Media. Within our core radio business, four (Houston, Washington, DC, Atlanta and Baltimore) of the 14 markets in which we operated radio stations throughout 2020 or a portion thereof accounted for approximately 55.0% of our radio station net revenue for the year ended December 31, 2020. Revenue from the operations of Reach Media, along with revenue from both the Houston and Washington, DC markets accounted for approximately 18.0% of our total consolidated net revenue for the year ended December 31, 2020. Revenue from the operations of Reach Media, along with revenue from the four significant contributing radio markets, accounted for approximately 27.2% of our total consolidated net revenue for the year ended December 31, 2020. Adverse events or conditions (economic, including government cutbacks or otherwise) could lead to declines in the contribution of Reach Media or declines in one or more of the four significant contributing radio markets, which could have a material adverse effect on our overall financial performance and results of operations.

 

Radio Advertising Revenue

 

Substantially all net revenue generated from our radio franchise is generated from the sale of local, national and network advertising. Local sales are made by the sales staff located in our markets. National sales are made primarily by Katz Communications, Inc. (“Katz”), a firm specializing in radio advertising sales on the national level. Katz is paid agency commissions on the advertising sold. Approximately 53.2% of our net revenue from our core radio business for the year ended December 31, 2020, was generated from the sale of local advertising and 45.3% from sales to national advertisers, including network/syndication advertising. The balance of net revenue from our radio segment is primarily derived from tower rental income, ticket sales, and revenue related to sponsored events, management fees and other alternative revenue.

 

Advertising rates charged by radio stations are based primarily on:

 

  · a radio station’s audience share within the demographic groups targeted by the advertisers;

 

  · the number of radio stations in the market competing for the same demographic groups; and

 

  · the supply and demand for radio advertising time.

 

A radio station’s listenership is measured by the Portable People MeterTM (the “PPMTM”) system or diary ratings surveys, both of which estimate the number of listeners tuned to a radio station and the time they spend listening to that radio station. Ratings are used by advertisers to evaluate whether to advertise on our radio stations, and are used by us to chart audience size, set advertising rates and adjust programming. Advertising rates are generally highest during the morning and afternoon commuting hours.

 

11

 

 

Cable Television, Reach Media and Digital Segments, Strategy and Sources of Revenue and Income

 

We have expanded our operations to include other media forms that are complementary to our core radio business. In a strategy similar to our radio market segmentation, we have multiple complementary media and online brands. Each of these brands focuses upon a different segment of African-American consumers. With our multiple brands, we are able to direct advertisers to specific audiences within the urban communities in which we are located or to bundle the brands for advertising sales purposes when advantageous.

 

TV One, our cable television franchise targeting the African-American and urban communities, derives its revenue from advertising and affiliate revenue. Advertising revenue is derived from the sale of television air time to advertisers and is recognized when the advertisements are run. TV One also derives revenue from affiliate fees under the terms of various affiliation agreements based upon a per subscriber fee multiplied by the most recent subscriber counts reported by the applicable affiliate. In January 2019, we launched CLEO TV, a lifestyle and entertainment network targeting Millennial and Gen X women of color. CLEO TV derives its revenue principally from advertising.

 

Reach Media, our syndicated radio unit, primarily derives its revenue from the sale of advertising in connection with its syndicated radio shows, including the Rickey Smiley Morning Show, Get Up! Mornings with Erica Campbell, the Russ Parr Morning Show, and the DL Hughley Show. In addition to being broadcast on 50 Urban One stations, our syndicated radio programming also was available on over 205 non-Urban One stations throughout the United States as of December 31, 2020.

 

We have launched websites that simultaneously stream radio station content for each of our radio stations, and we derive revenue from the sale of advertisements on those websites. We generally encourage our web advertisers to run simultaneous radio campaigns and use mentions in our radio airtime to promote our websites. By providing streaming, we have been able to broaden our listener reach, particularly to “office hour” listeners. We believe streaming has had a positive impact on our radio stations’ reach to listeners. In addition, our station websites link to our other online properties operated by our primary digital unit, Interactive One. Interactive One operates the largest social networking site primarily targeting African-Americans and other branded websites, including Bossip, HipHopWired and MadameNoire. Interactive One derives revenue from advertising services on non-radio station branded websites, and studio services where Interactive One provides services to other publishers. Advertising services include the sale of banner and sponsorship advertisements. Advertising revenue is recognized either as impressions (the number of times advertisements appear in viewed pages) are delivered, when “click through” purchases are made, or ratably over the contract period, where applicable. In addition, Interactive One derives revenue from its studio operations which provide third-party clients with digital platforms and expertise. In the case of the studio operations, revenue is recognized primarily through fixed contractual monthly fees and/or as a share of the third party’s reported revenue.

 

Finally, our MGM National Harbor investment entitles us to an annual cash distribution based on net gaming revenue. Future opportunities could include investments in, or acquisitions of, companies in diverse media businesses, gaming and entertainment, music production and distribution, movie distribution, internet-based services, and distribution of our content through emerging distribution systems such as the Internet, smartphones, cellular phones, tablets, and the home entertainment market.

 

Competition

 

The media industry is highly competitive and we face intense competition across our core radio franchise and all of our complementary media properties. Our media properties compete for audiences and advertising revenue with other radio stations and with other media such as broadcast and cable television, the Internet, satellite radio, newspapers, magazines, direct mail and outdoor advertising, some of which may be controlled by horizontally-integrated companies. Audience ratings and advertising revenue are subject to change and any adverse change in a market could adversely affect our net revenue in that market. If a competing radio station converts to a format similar to that of one of our radio stations, or if one of our competitors strengthens its signal or operations, our stations could suffer a reduction in ratings and advertising revenue. Other media companies which are larger and have more resources may also enter or increase their presence in markets or segments in which we operate. Although we believe our media properties are well positioned to compete, we cannot assure that our properties will maintain or increase their current ratings, market share or advertising revenue.

 

12

 

 

Providing content across various distribution platforms is a highly competitive business. Our digital and cable television segments compete for the time and attention of internet users and viewers and, thus, advertisers and advertising revenues with a wide range of internet companies such as AmazonTM, NetflixTM, Yahoo!TM, GoogleTM, and MicrosoftTM, with social networking sites such as FacebookTM and with traditional media companies, which are increasingly offering their own digital products and services both organically and through acquisition. We experience competition for the development and acquisition of content, distribution of content, sale of commercial time on our digital and cable television networks and viewership. There is competition from other digital companies, production studios and other television networks for the acquisition of content and creative talent such as writers, producers and directors. Our ability to produce and acquire popular content is an important competitive factor for the distribution of our content, attracting viewers and the sale of advertising. Our success in securing popular content and creative talent depends on various factors such as the number of competitors providing content that targets the same genre and audience, the distribution of our content, viewership, and the production, marketing and advertising support we provide.

 

Our TV One and CLEO TV networks compete with other television networks for the distribution of our content and fees charged to cable television operators, DTH satellite service providers, and other distributors that carry our content. Our ability to secure distribution agreements is necessary to ensure the retention of our audiences. Our contractual agreements with distributors are renewed or renegotiated from time to time in the ordinary course of business. Growth in the number of networks distributed, consolidation and other market conditions in the cable and satellite distribution industry, and increased popularity of other platforms may adversely affect our ability to obtain and maintain contractual terms for the distribution of our content that are as favorable as those currently in place. The ability to secure distribution agreements is dependent upon the production, acquisition and packaging of original content, viewership, the marketing and advertising support and incentives provided to distributors, the product offering across a series of networks within a region, and the prices charged for carriage.

 

Our networks and digital products compete with other television networks, including broadcast, cable, local networks and other content distribution outlets for their target audiences and the sale of advertising. Our success in selling advertising is a function of the size and demographics of our audiences, quantitative and qualitative characteristics of the audience of each network, the perceived quality of the network and of the particular content, the brand appeal of the network and ratings as determined by third-party research companies, prices charged for advertising and overall advertiser demand in the marketplace.

 

Federal Antitrust Laws

 

The agencies responsible for enforcing the federal antitrust laws, the Federal Trade Commission or the Department of Justice, may investigate certain acquisitions. We cannot predict the outcome of any specific FTC or Department of Justice investigation. Any decision by the FTC or the Department of Justice to challenge a proposed acquisition could affect our ability to consummate the acquisition or to consummate it on the proposed terms. For an acquisition meeting certain size thresholds, the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976 requires the parties to file Notification and Report Forms concerning antitrust issues with the FTC and the Department of Justice and to observe specified waiting period requirements before consummating the acquisition.

 

Federal Regulation of Radio Broadcasting

 

The radio broadcasting industry is subject to extensive and changing regulation by the FCC and other federal agencies of ownership, programming, technical operations, employment and other business practices. The FCC regulates radio broadcast stations pursuant to the Communications Act of 1934, as amended (the “Communications Act”). The Communications Act permits the operation of radio broadcast stations only in accordance with a license issued by the FCC upon a finding that the grant of a license would serve the public interest, convenience and necessity. Among other things, the FCC:

 

  · assigns frequency bands for radio broadcasting;

 

13

 

 

  · determines the particular frequencies, locations, operating power, interference standards, and other technical parameters for radio broadcast stations;

 

  · issues, renews, revokes and modifies radio broadcast station licenses;

 

  · imposes annual regulatory fees and application processing fees to recover its administrative costs;

 

  · establishes technical requirements for certain transmitting equipment to restrict harmful emissions;

 

  · adopts and implements regulations and policies that affect the ownership, operation, program content, employment, and business practices of radio broadcast stations; and

 

  · has the power to impose penalties, including monetary forfeitures, for violations of its rules and the Communications Act.

 

The Communications Act prohibits the assignment of an FCC license, or the transfer of control of an FCC licensee, without the prior approval of the FCC. In determining whether to grant or renew a radio broadcast license or consent to assignment or transfer of a license, the FCC considers a number of factors, including restrictions on foreign ownership, compliance with FCC media ownership limits and other FCC rules, the character and other qualifications of the licensee (or proposed licensee) and compliance with the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988. A licensee’s failure to comply with the requirements of the Communications Act or FCC rules and policies may result in the imposition of sanctions, including admonishment, fines, the grant of a license renewal for less than a full eight-year term or with conditions, denial of a license renewal application, the revocation of an FCC license, and/or the denial of FCC consent to acquire additional broadcast properties.

 

Congress, the FCC and, in some cases, other federal agencies and local jurisdictions are considering or may in the future consider and adopt new laws, regulations and policies that could affect the operation, ownership and profitability of our radio stations, result in the loss of audience share and advertising revenue for our radio broadcast stations or affect our ability to acquire additional radio broadcast stations or finance such acquisitions. Such matters include or may include:

 

  · changes to the license authorization and renewal process;

 

  · proposals to increase record keeping, including enhanced disclosure of stations’ efforts to serve the public interest;

 

  · proposals to impose spectrum use or other fees on FCC licensees;

 

  · changes to rules relating to political broadcasting, including proposals to grant free air time to candidates, and other changes regarding political and non-political program content, political advertising rates and sponsorship disclosures;

 

  · revised rules and policies regarding the regulation of the broadcast of indecent content;

 

  · proposals to increase the actions stations must take to demonstrate service to their local communities;

 

  · technical and frequency allocation matters;

 

  · changes in broadcast multiple ownership, foreign ownership, cross-ownership and ownership attribution policies;

 

  · service and technical rules for digital radio, including possible additional public interest requirements for terrestrial digital audio broadcasters;

 

14

 

 

  · legislation that would provide for the payment of sound recording royalties to artists, musicians or record companies whose music is played on terrestrial radio stations; and

 

  · changes to tax laws affecting broadcast operations and acquisitions.

 

The FCC also has adopted procedures for the auction of broadcast spectrum in circumstances where two or more parties have filed mutually exclusive applications for authority to construct new stations or certain major changes in existing stations. Such procedures may limit our efforts to modify or expand the broadcast signals of our stations.

 

We cannot predict what changes, if any, might be adopted or considered in the future, or what impact, if any, the implementation of any particular proposals or changes might have on our business.

 

FCC License Grants and Renewals.  In making licensing determinations, the FCC considers an applicant’s legal, technical, character and other qualifications. The FCC grants radio broadcast station licenses for specific periods of time and, upon application, may renew them for additional terms. A station may continue to operate beyond the expiration date of its license if a timely filed license renewal application is pending. Under the Communications Act, radio broadcast station licenses may be granted for a maximum term of eight years.

 

Generally, the FCC renews radio broadcast licenses without a hearing upon a finding that:

 

  · the radio station has served the public interest, convenience and necessity;

 

  · there have been no serious violations by the licensee of the Communications Act or FCC rules and regulations; and

 

  · there have been no other violations by the licensee of the Communications Act or FCC rules and regulations which, taken together, indicate a pattern of abuse.

 

After considering these factors and any petitions to deny a license renewal application (which may lead to a hearing), the FCC may grant the license renewal application with or without conditions, including renewal for a term less than the maximum otherwise permitted. Historically, our licenses have been renewed for full eight-year terms without any conditions or sanctions; however, there can be no assurance that the licenses of each of our stations will be renewed for a full term without conditions or sanctions.

 

Types of FCC Broadcast Licenses. The FCC classifies each AM and FM radio station. An AM radio station operates on either a clear channel, regional channel or local channel. A clear channel serves wide areas, particularly at night. A regional channel serves primarily a principal population center and the contiguous rural areas. A local channel serves primarily a community and the suburban and rural areas immediately contiguous to it. AM radio stations are designated as Class A, Class B, Class C or Class D. Class A, B and C stations each operate unlimited time. Class A radio stations render primary and secondary service over an extended area. Class B stations render service only over a primary service area. Class C stations render service only over a primary service area that may be reduced as a consequence of interference. Class D stations operate either during daytime hours only, during limited times only, or unlimited time with low nighttime power.

 

FM class designations depend upon the geographic zone in which the transmitter of the FM radio station is located. The minimum and maximum facilities requirements for an FM radio station are determined by its class. In general, commercial FM radio stations are classified as follows, in order of increasing power and antenna height: Class A, B1, C3, B, C2, C1, C0 and C. The FCC has adopted a rule subjecting Class C FM stations that do not satisfy a certain antenna height requirement to an involuntary downgrade in class to Class C0 under certain circumstances.

 

Urban One’s Licenses. The following table sets forth information with respect to each of our radio stations for which we hold the license as of December 31, 2020. Stations which we do not own as of December 31, 2020, but operate under an LMA, are not reflected on this table. A broadcast station’s market may be different from its community of license. The coverage of an AM radio station is chiefly a function of the power of the radio station’s transmitter, less dissipative power losses and any directional antenna adjustments. For FM radio stations, signal coverage area is chiefly a function of the ERP of the radio station’s antenna and the HAAT of the radio station’s antenna. “ERP” refers to the effective radiated power of an FM radio station. “HAAT” refers to the antenna height above average terrain of an FM radio station.

 

15

 

 

Market  Station Call Letters  Year of
Acquisition
   FCC
Class
  ERP (FM)
Power
(AM) in
Kilowatts
   Antenna
Height
(AM)
HAAT in
Meters
   Operating
Frequency
  Expiration
Date of FCC
License
Atlanta  WUMJ-FM   1999   C3   8.5    165.0   97.5 MHz  4/1/2028
   WAMJ-FM   1999   C2   33.0    185.0   107.5 MHz  4/1/2028
   WHTA-FM   2002   C2   35.0    177.0   107.9 MHz  4/1/2028
   WPZE-FM   1999   A   3.0    143.0   102.5 MHz  4/1/2028
                            
Washington, DC  WOL-AM   1980   C   0.37    N/A   1450 kHz  10/1/2027
   WMMJ-FM   1987   A   2.9    146.0   102.3 MHz  10/1/2027
   WKYS-FM   1995   B   24.5    215.0   93.9 MHz  10/1/2027
   WPRS-FM   2008   B   20.0    244.0   104.1 MHz  10/1/2027
   WYCB-AM   1998   C   1.0    N/A   1340 kHz  10/1/2027
   WDCJ-FM   2017   A   2.85    145.0   92.7 MHz  10/1/2027
    WTEM-AM   2018   B   50     N/A    980 kHz  10/1/2027
                            
Philadelphia  WPHI-FM   1997   A   0.27    338.0   103.9 MHz  8/1/2022
   WRNB-FM   2000   B   17.0    263.0   100.3 MHz  8/1/2022
   WPPZ-FM   2004   A   0.78    276.0   107.9 MHz  6/1/2022
                            
Houston  KMJQ-FM   2000   C   100.0    524.0   102.1 MHz  8/1/2021
   KBXX-FM   2000   C   100.0    585.0   97.9 MHz  8/1/2021
   KROI-FM   2004   C1   22.00    526   92.1 MHz  8/1/2021
                            
Dallas  KBFB-FM   2000   C   100.0    574   97.9 MHz  8/1/2021
   KZMJ-FM   2001   C   100.0    591.0   94.5 MHz  8/1/2021
                            
Baltimore  WWIN-AM   1992   C   0.5    N/A   1400 kHz  10/1/2027
   WWIN-FM   1992   A   3.0    91.0   95.9 MHz  10/1/2027
   WOLB-AM   1993   D   0.25    N/A   1010 kHz  10/1/2027
   WERQ-FM   1993   B   37.0    173.0   92.3 MHz  10/1/2027
                            
Charlotte  WQNC-FM   2000   C3   10.5    154.0   92.7 MHz  12/1/2027
   WPZS-FM   2004   A   6.0    94.0   100.9 MHz  12/1/2027
   WOSF-FM   2014   C1   51.0    395.0   105.3 MHz  12/1/2027

 

St. Louis  WFUN-FM   1999   C3   10.5    155.0   95.5 MHz  12/1/2021
   WHHL-FM   2006   C2   50.0    140.0   104.1 MHz  2/1/2029
                            
Cleveland  WJMO-AM   1999   B   5.0    N/A   1300 kHz  10/1/2028
   WENZ-FM   1999   B   16.0    272.0   107.9 MHz  10/1/2028
   WZAK-FM   2000   B   27.5    189.0   93.1 MHz  10/1/2028
   WERE-AM   2000   C   1.0    N/A   1490 kHz  10/1/2028
                            
Raleigh-Durham  WQOK-FM   2000   C2   50.0    146.0   97.5 MHz  12/1/2027
   WFXK-FM   2000   C1   100.0    299.0   104.3 MHz  12/1/2027
   WFXC-FM   2000   C3   13.0    141.0   107.1 MHz  12/1/2027
   WNNL-FM   2000   C3   7.9    176.0   103.9 MHz  12/1/2027
                            
Richmond  WPZZ-FM   1999   C1   100.0    299.0   104.7 MHz  10/1/2027
   WCDX-FM   2001   B1   4.5    235.0   92.1 MHz  10/1/2027
   WKJM-FM   2001   A   6.0    100.0   99.3 MHz  10/1/2027
   WKJS-FM   2001   A   2.3    162.0   105.7 MHz  10/1/2027
   WTPS-AM   2001   C   1.0    N/A   1240 kHz  10/1/2027
   WXGI-AM   2017   D   3.9    N/A   950 kHz  10/1/2027
                            

16

 

                            
Columbus  WCKX-FM   2001   A   1.9    126.0   107.5 MHz  10/1/2028
   WBMO-FM   2001   A   6.0    99.0   106.3 MHz  10/1/2028
   WXMG-FM   2016   B   21.0    232.0   95.5 MHz  10/1/2028
   WJYD-FM   2016   A   6.0    100.0   107.1 MHz  10/1/2028
                            
Indianapolis  WHHH-FM   2000   A   3.3    87.0   96.3 MHz  8/1/2028
   WTLC-FM   2000   A   6.0    99.0   106.7 MHz  8/1/2028
   WNOW-FM   2000   A   6.0    100.0   100.9 MHz  8/1/2028
   WTLC-AM   2001   B   5.0    N/A   1310 kHz  8/1/2028
                            
Cincinnati  WIZF-FM   2001   A   2.5    155.0   101.1 MHz  8/1/2028
   WDBZ-AM   2007   C   1.0    N/A   1230 kHz  10/1/2028
   WOSL-FM   2006   A   3.1    141.0   100.3 MHz  10/1/2028

 

To obtain the FCC’s prior consent to assign or transfer control of a broadcast license, an appropriate application must be filed with the FCC. If the assignment or transfer involves a substantial change in ownership or control of the licensee, for example, the transfer of more than 50% of the voting stock, the applicant must give public notice and the application is subject to a 30-day period for public comment. During this time, interested parties may file petitions with the FCC to deny the application. Informal objections may be filed at any time until the FCC acts upon the application. If the FCC grants an assignment or transfer application, administrative procedures provide for petitions seeking reconsideration or full FCC review of the grant. The Communications Act also permits the appeal of a contested grant to a federal court.

 

Under the Communications Act, a broadcast license may not be granted to or held by any person who is not a U.S. citizen or by any entity that has more than 20% of its capital stock owned or voted by non-U.S. citizens or entities or their representatives, or by foreign governments or their representatives. The Communications Act prohibits more than 25% indirect foreign ownership or control of a licensee through a parent company if the FCC determines the public interest will be served by such prohibition. The FCC has interpreted this provision of the Communications Act to require an affirmative public interest finding before this 25% limit may be exceeded. Since we serve as a holding company for subsidiaries that serve as licensees for our stations, we are effectively restricted from having more than one-fourth of our stock owned or voted directly or indirectly by non-U.S. citizens or their representatives, foreign governments, representatives of foreign governments, or foreign business entities unless we seek and obtain FCC authority to exceed that level. The FCC will entertain and authorize, on a case-by-case basis and upon a sufficient public interest showing and favorable executive branch review, proposals to exceed the 25% indirect foreign ownership limit in broadcast licensees.

 

The FCC applies its media ownership limits to “attributable” interests. The interests of officers, directors and those who directly or indirectly hold five percent or more of the total outstanding voting stock of a corporation that holds a broadcast license (or a corporate parent) are generally deemed attributable interests, as are any limited partnership or limited liability company interests that are not properly “insulated” from management activities. Certain passive investors that hold stock for investment purposes only are deemed attributable with the ownership of 20% or more of the voting stock of a licensee or parent corporation. An entity with one or more radio stations in a market that enters into a local marketing agreement or a time brokerage agreement with another radio station in the same market obtains an attributable interest in the brokered radio station if the brokering station supplies programming for more than 15% of the brokered radio station’s weekly broadcast hours. Similarly, a radio station licensee’s right under a joint sales agreement (“JSA”) to sell more than 15% per week of the advertising time on another radio station in the same market constitutes an attributable ownership interest in such station for purposes of the FCC’s ownership rules. Debt instruments, non-voting stock, unexercised options and warrants, minority voting interests in corporations having a single majority shareholder, and limited partnership or limited liability company membership interests where the interest holder is not “materially involved” in the media-related activities of the partnership or limited liability company pursuant to FCC-prescribed “insulation” provisions, generally do not subject their holders to attribution unless such interests implicate the FCC’s equity-debt-plus (or “EDP”) rule. Under the EDP rule, a major programming supplier or the holder of an attributable interest in a same-market radio station, television station or daily newspaper will have an attributable interest in a station if the supplier or same-market media entity also holds debt or equity, or both, in the station that is greater than 33% of the value of the station’s total debt plus equity. For purposes of the EDP rule, equity includes all stock, whether voting or nonvoting, and interests held by limited partners or limited liability company members that are “insulated” from material involvement in the company’s media activities. A major programming supplier is any supplier that provides more than 15% of the station’s weekly programming hours.

 

17

 

 

The Communications Act and FCC rules generally restrict ownership, operation or control of, or the common holding of attributable interests in, radio broadcast stations serving the same local market in excess of specified numerical limits.

 

The numerical limits on radio stations that one entity may own in a local market are as follows:

 

  · in a radio market with 45 or more commercial radio stations, a party may hold an attributable interest in up to eight commercial radio stations, not more than five of which are in the same service (AM or FM);

 

  · in a radio market with 30 to 44 commercial radio stations, a party may hold an attributable interest in up to seven commercial radio stations, not more than four of which are in the same service (AM or FM);

 

  · in a radio market with 15 to 29 commercial radio stations, a party may hold an attributable interest in up to six commercial radio stations, not more than four of which are in the same service (AM or FM); and

 

  · in a radio market with 14 or fewer commercial radio stations, a party may hold an attributable interest in up to five commercial radio stations, not more than three of which are in the same service (AM or FM), except that a party may not hold an attributable interest in more than 50% of the radio stations in such market.

 

To apply these tiers, the FCC currently relies on Nielsen Metro Survey Areas, where they exist. In other areas, the FCC relies on a contour-overlap methodology. The FCC has initiated a rulemaking to determine how to define local radio markets in areas located outside Nielsen Metro Survey Areas. The market definition used by the FCC in applying its ownership rules may not be the same as that used for purposes of the Hart-Scott-Rodino Act. In 2003, when the FCC changed its methodology for defining local radio markets, it grandfathered existing combinations of radio stations that would not comply with the modified rules. The FCC provided that these grandfathered combinations could not be sold intact except to certain “eligible entities,” which the FCC defined as entities qualifying as a small business consistent with Small Business Administration standards. In response to a federal appeals court decision, the FCC repealed the eligible entity standard in December 2019.

 

FCC rules currently in effect also limit the number of radio stations that may be commonly owned (or in which common attributable interests may be held) with television stations in the same market, and generally prohibit the common ownership (or common attributable interests) in a radio station and a daily newspaper in the same market.

 

The media ownership rules are subject to review by the FCC every four years. In August 2016, the FCC issued an order concluding its 2010 and 2014 quadrennial reviews. The August 2016 decision retained the local radio ownership rule, the radio-television cross-ownership rule and the prohibition on newspaper-broadcast cross-ownership without significant changes. In November 2017, the FCC adopted an order reconsidering the August 2016 decision and modifying it in a number of respects. The November 2017 order on reconsideration did not significantly modify the August 2016 decision with respect to the local radio ownership limits. It did, however, eliminate the FCC’s previous limits on radio/television cross-ownership and newspaper/broadcast cross-ownership effective February 7, 2018. In September 2019, however, a federal appeals court vacated the FCC’s November 2017 order on reconsideration, as a result of which the radio/television and newspaper/broadcast cross-ownership rules have been reinstated. The U.S. Supreme Court has granted certiorari to review the September 2019 appeals court ruling, and a decision is expected in 2021. The FCC’s 2018 quadrennial review of its media ownership rules, which commenced in December 2018, is currently pending.

 

18

 

 

 

The attribution and media ownership rules limit the number of radio stations we may acquire or own in any particular market and may limit the prospective buyers of any stations we want to sell. The FCC’s rules could affect our business in a number of ways, including, but not limited to, the following:

 

  · the FCC’s radio ownership limits could have an adverse effect on our ability to accumulate stations in a given area or to sell a group of stations in a local market to a single entity;

 

  · restricting the assignment and transfer of control of “grandfathered” radio combinations that exceed the ownership limits as a result of the FCC’s 2003 change in local market definition could adversely affect our ability to buy or sell a group of stations in a local market from or to a single entity; and

 

  · in general terms, future changes in the way the FCC defines radio markets or in the numerical station caps could limit our ability to acquire new stations in certain markets, our ability to operate stations pursuant to certain agreements, and our ability to improve the coverage contours of our existing stations.

 

Programming and Operations. The Communications Act requires broadcasters to serve the “public interest” by presenting programming that responds to community problems, needs and interests and by maintaining records demonstrating its responsiveness. The FCC considers complaints from viewers or listeners about a broadcast station’s programming. All radio stations are now required to maintain their public inspection files on a publicly accessible FCC-hosted online database. Moreover, the FCC has proposed rules designed to increase local programming content and diversity, including renewal application processing guidelines for locally-oriented programming and a requirement that broadcasters establish advisory boards in the communities where they own stations. Stations also must follow FCC rules and policies regulating political advertising, obscene or indecent programming, sponsorship identification, contests and lotteries and technical operation, including limits on human exposure to radio frequency radiation.

 

The FCC requires that licensees not discriminate in hiring practices on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin or gender. It also requires stations with at least five full-time employees to broadly disseminate information about all full-time job openings and undertake outreach initiatives from an FCC list of activities such as participation in job fairs, internships, or scholarship programs. The FCC is considering whether to apply these recruitment requirements to part-time employment positions. Stations must retain records of their outreach efforts and keep an annual Equal Employment Opportunity (“EEO”) report in their public inspection files and post an electronic version on their websites.

 

From time to time, complaints may be filed against any of our radio stations alleging violations of these or other rules. In addition, the FCC may conduct audits or inspections to ensure and verify licensee compliance with FCC rules and regulations. Failure to observe these or other rules and regulations can result in the imposition of various sanctions, including fines or conditions, the grant of “short” (less than the maximum eight year) renewal terms or, for particularly egregious violations, the denial of a license renewal application or the revocation of a license.

 

Employees

 

As of December 31, 2020, we employed 753 full-time employees and 459 part-time employees. Our employees are not unionized.

 

Environmental

 

As the owner, lessee or operator of various real properties and facilities, we are subject to federal, state and local environmental laws and regulations. Historically, compliance with these laws and regulations has not had a material adverse effect on our business. There can be no assurance, however, that compliance with existing or new environmental laws and regulations will not require us to make significant expenditures in the future.

 

19

 

 

Corporate Governance

 

Code of Ethics. We have adopted a code of ethics that applies to all of our directors, officers (including our principal financial officer and principal accounting officer) and employees and meets the requirements of the SEC and the NASDAQ Stock Market Rules. Our code of ethics can be found on our website, www.urban1.com. We will provide a paper copy of the code of ethics, free of charge, upon request.

 

Audit Committee Charter. Our audit committee has adopted a charter as required by the NASDAQ Stock Market Rules. This committee charter can be found on our website, www.urban1.com. We will provide a paper copy of the audit committee charter, free of charge, upon request.

 

Compensation Committee Charter. Our Board of Directors has adopted a compensation committee charter. We will provide a paper copy of the compensation committee charter, free of charge, upon request.

 

Internet Address and Internet Access to SEC Reports

 

Our internet address is www.urban1.com. You may obtain through our internet website, free of charge, copies of our proxies, annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and 10-Q/A, current reports on Form 8-K, and any amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. These reports are available as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file them with or furnish them to the SEC. Our website and the information contained therein or connected thereto shall not be deemed to be incorporated into this Form 10-K.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

Risks Related to Our Business and Industry

 

In an enterprise as large and complex as ours, a wide range of factors could affect our business and financial results. The factors described below are considered to be the most significant, but are not listed in any particular order. There may be other currently unknown or unpredictable economic, business, competitive, regulatory or other factors that could have material adverse effects on our future results. Past financial performance may not be a reliable indicator of future performance and historical trends should not be used to anticipate results or trends in future periods. The following discussion of risk factors should be read in conjunction with “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and the consolidated financial statements and related notes in “Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” of this Form 10-K.

 

Risks Related to the Nature and Operations of Our Business

 

Impact of Ongoing Public Health Crisis

 

An epidemic or pandemic disease outbreak, such as the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, could cause, and is causing, significant disruption to our business operations. Measures taken by governmental authorities and private actors to limit the spread of the virus have interfered and continue to interfere with the ability our employees, suppliers, and customers to conduct their functions and business in a normal manner. Further, the demand for advertising across our various segments/platforms is linked to the level of economic activity and employment in the U.S. Specifically, our business is heavily dependent on the demand for advertising from consumer-focused companies. The significant dislocation of consumer demand due to social distancing and government interventions (such as lockdowns or shelter in place policies) has caused, and could further cause, advertisers to reduce, postpone or eliminate their marketing spending generally, and on our platforms in particular. Continued or future social distancing, government interventions and/or recessions could have a material adverse effect on our business and financial condition. Moreover, continued or future declines or disruptions due to the COVID-19 pandemic and new variants of COVID-19, could adversely affect our business and financial performance. The COVID-19 pandemic has had an impact on certain of the Company's revenue and alternative revenue sources. Most notably, a number of advertisers across significant advertising categories have reduced advertising spend due to the outbreak, particularly within our radio segment which derives substantial revenue from local advertisers who have been particularly hard hit due to social distancing and government interventions. Further, the COVID-19 outbreak has caused the postponement of our 2020 Tom Joyner Foundation Fantastic Voyage cruise and was impairing ticket sales of other tent pole special events. We do not carry business interruption insurance to compensate us for losses that may occur as a result of any of these interruptions and continued impacts from the COVID-19 outbreak. Outbreaks in the markets in which we operate (particularly in our largest markets, Atlanta; Baltimore; Houston; and Washington, DC) could have material impacts on our liquidity, operations including potential impairment of assets, and our financial results.

 

20

 

 

The state and condition of the global financial markets and fluctuations in the global and U.S. economies may have an unpredictable impact on our business and financial condition.

 

From time to time, the global equity and credit markets experience high levels of volatility and disruption. At various points in time, the markets have produced upward and/or downward pressure on stock prices and limited credit capacity for certain companies without regard to those companies’ underlying financial strength. In addition, advertising is a discretionary and variable business expense. Spending on advertising tends to decline disproportionately during an economic recession or downturn as compared to other types of business spending. Consequently, a downturn in the United States economy generally has an adverse effect on our advertising revenue and, therefore, our results of operations. A recession or downturn in the economy of any individual geographic market, particularly a major market in which we operate, also may have a significant effect on us. Radio revenues in the markets in which we operate may also face greater challenges than the U.S. economy generally and may remain so. Radio revenues in certain markets in which we operate have lagged the growth of the general United States economy. Radio revenues in markets in which we operate, as measured by the accounting firm Miller Kaplan Arase LLP (“Miller Kaplan”) were down in 2020. Even in the absence of a general recession or downturn in the economy, an individual business sector (such as the automotive industry) that tends to spend more on advertising than other sectors might be forced to reduce its advertising expenditures if that sector experiences a downturn. If that sector’s spending represents a significant portion of our advertising revenues, any reduction in its advertising expenditures may affect our revenue.

 

Any deterioration in the economy could negatively impact our ability to meet our cash needs and our ability to maintain compliance with our debt covenants.

 

If economic conditions change, or other adverse factors outside our control arise, including continued disruptions due to the pandemic or other social factors, our operations could be negatively impacted, which could prevent us from maintaining liquidity or compliance with our debt covenants. If it appears that we could not meet our liquidity needs or that noncompliance with debt covenants is likely, we would implement remedial measures, which could include, but not be limited to, operating cost and capital expenditure reductions and deferrals. In addition, we could implement de-leveraging actions, which may include, but not be limited to, other debt repayments, subject to our available liquidity and contractual ability to make such repayments and/or debt refinancing and amendments.

 

The terms of our indebtedness and the indebtedness of our direct and indirect subsidiaries may restrict our current and future operations, particularly our ability to respond to changes in market conditions or to take some actions.

 

Our debt instruments impose operating and financial restrictions on us. These restrictions limit or prohibit, among other things, our ability and the ability of our subsidiaries to incur additional indebtedness, issue preferred stock, incur liens, pay dividends, enter into asset purchase or sale transactions, merge or consolidate with another company, dispose of all or substantially all of our assets or make certain other payments or investments. These restrictions could limit our ability to grow our business through acquisitions and could limit our ability to respond to market conditions or meet extraordinary capital needs.

 

We have historically incurred net losses which could continue into the future.

 

We have historically reported net losses in our consolidated statements of operations, due mostly in part to recording non-cash impairment charges for write-downs to radio broadcasting licenses and goodwill, interest expenses (both cash and non-cash), and revenue declines caused by weakened advertising demand resulting from the current economic environment. These results have had a negative impact on our financial condition and could be exacerbated in a poor economic climate. If these trends continue in the future, they could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition.

 

21

 

 

Our revenue is substantially dependent on spending and allocation decisions by advertisers, and seasonality and/or weakening economic conditions may have an impact upon our business.

 

Substantially all of our revenue is derived from sales of advertisements and program sponsorships to local and national advertisers. Any reduction in advertising expenditures or changes in advertisers’ spending priorities and/or allocations across different types of media/platforms or programming could have an adverse effect on the Company’s revenues and results of operations. We do not obtain long-term commitments from our advertisers and advertisers may cancel, reduce, or postpone advertisements without penalty, which could adversely affect our revenue. Seasonal net revenue fluctuations are common in the media industries and are due primarily to fluctuations in advertising expenditures by local and national advertisers. In addition, advertising revenues in even-numbered years tend to benefit from advertising placed by candidates for political offices and this increase was particularly dramatic in the year-ended December 31, 2020. The effects of such seasonality (including the weather), combined with the severe structural changes that have occurred in the U.S. economy, make it difficult to estimate future operating results based on the previous results of any specific quarter and may adversely affect operating results.

 

Advertising expenditures also tend to be cyclical and reflect general economic conditions, both nationally and locally. Because we derive a substantial portion of our revenues from the sale of advertising, a decline or delay in advertising expenditures could reduce our revenues or hinder our ability to increase these revenues. Advertising expenditures by companies in certain sectors of the economy, including the automotive, financial, entertainment, and retail industries, represent a significant portion of our advertising revenues. Structural changes (such as reduced footprints in retail and the movement of retailers online) and business failures in these industries have affected our revenues and continued structural changes or business failures in any of these industries could have significant further impact on our revenues. Any political, economic, social, or technological change resulting in a significant reduction in the advertising spending of these sectors could adversely affect our advertising revenues or our ability to increase such revenues. In addition, because many of the products and services offered by our advertisers are largely discretionary items, weakening economic conditions or changes in consumer spending patterns could reduce the consumption of such products and services and, thus, reduce advertising for such products and services. Changes in advertisers’ spending priorities during economic cycles may also affect our results. Pandemics, disasters (domestic or external to the United States), acts of terrorism, political uncertainty or hostilities could also lead to a reduction in advertising expenditures as a result of supply or demand issues, uninterrupted news coverage and economic uncertainty.

 

Our success is dependent upon audience acceptance of our content, particularly our television and radio programs, which is difficult to predict.

 

Radio, video, and digital content production and distribution are inherently risky businesses because the revenues derived from the production and distribution of media content or a radio program, and the licensing of rights to the intellectual property associated with the content or program, depend primarily upon their acceptance and perceptions by the public, which can change quickly and are difficult to predict. The commercial success of content or a program also depends upon the quality and acceptance of other competing programs released into the marketplace at or near the same time, the availability of alternative forms of entertainment and leisure time activities, general economic conditions, and other tangible and intangible factors, all of which are difficult to predict. Our failure to obtain or retain rights to popular content on any part of our multi-media platform could adversely affect our revenues. Further, social distancing measures and governmental restrictions on gatherings can make the production of new content difficult (if not impossible) and this difficulty can translate in to difficulty in making sales to advertiser who prefer to advertise against new content.

 

Ratings for broadcast stations and traffic on a particular website are also factors that are weighed when advertisers determine which outlets to use and in determining the advertising rates that the outlet receives. Poor ratings or traffic levels can lead to a reduction in pricing and advertising revenues. For example, if there is an event causing a change of programming at one of our stations, there could be no assurance that any replacement programming would generate the same level of ratings, revenues, or profitability as the previous programming. In addition, changes in ratings methodology and technology could adversely impact our ratings and negatively affect our advertising revenues.

 

22

 

 

Television content production is inherently a risky business because the revenues derived from the production and distribution of a television program and the licensing of rights to the associated intellectual property depends primarily upon the public’s level of acceptance, which is difficult to predict. The commercial success of a television program also depends upon the quality and acceptance of other competing programs in the marketplace at or near the same time, the availability of alternative forms of entertainment and leisure time activities, general economic conditions, and other tangible and intangible factors, all of which are difficult to predict. Rating points are also factors that are weighed when determining the advertising rates that TV One receives. Poor ratings can lead to a reduction in pricing and advertising revenues. Consequently, low public acceptance of TV One’s content may have an adverse effect on TV One’s results of operations. Further, networks or programming launched by NetflixTM, Oprah Winfrey (OWNTM), Sean Combs (REVOLT TVTM), and Magic Johnson (ASPIRETM), could take away from our audience share and ratings and thus have an adverse effect on TV One’s results of operations.

 

Legislation could require radio broadcasters to pay additional royalties, including to additional parties such as record labels or recording artists.

 

We currently pay royalties to song composers and publishers through BMI, ASCAP, SESAC and GMR but not to record labels or recording artists for exhibition or use of over the air broadcasts of music. From time to time, Congress considers legislation which could change the copyright fees and the procedures by which the fees are determined. The legislation historically has been the subject of considerable debate and activity by the broadcast industry and other parties affected by the proposed legislation. It cannot be predicted whether any proposed future legislation will become law or what impact it would have on our results from operations, cash flows or financial position.

 

A disproportionate share of our radio segment revenue comes from a small number of geographic markets and our syndicated radio business, Reach Media.

 

For the year ended December 31, 2020, approximately 34.7% of our net revenue was generated from the sale of advertising in our core radio business, excluding Reach Media. Within our core radio business, four (Houston, Washington, DC, Atlanta and Baltimore) of the 14 markets in which we operated radio stations throughout 2020 or a portion thereof accounted for approximately 55.0% of our radio station net revenue for the year ended December 31, 2020. Revenue from the operations of Reach Media, along with revenue from both the Houston and Washington, DC markets accounted for approximately 18.0% of our total consolidated net revenue for the year ended December 31, 2020. Revenue from the operations of Reach Media, along with revenue from the four significant contributing radio markets, accounted for approximately 27.2% of our total consolidated net revenue for the year ended December 31, 2020. Adverse events or conditions (economic, including government cutbacks or otherwise) could lead to declines in the contribution of Reach Media or declines in one or more of the four significant contributing radio markets, which could have a material adverse effect on our overall financial performance and results of operations.

  

We may lose audience share and advertising revenue to our competitors.

 

Our media properties compete for audiences and advertising revenue with other radio stations and station groups and other media such as broadcast television, newspapers, magazines, cable television, satellite television, satellite radio, outdoor advertising, “over the top providers” on the internet and direct mail. Adverse changes in audience ratings, internet traffic, and market shares could have a material adverse effect on our revenue. Larger media companies, with more financial resources than we have may target our core audiences or enter the segments or markets in which we operate, causing competitive pressure. Further, other media and broadcast companies may change their programming format or engage in aggressive promotional campaigns to compete directly with our media properties for our core audiences and advertisers. Competition for our core audiences in any of our segments or markets could result in lower ratings or traffic and, hence, lower advertising revenue for us, or cause us to increase promotion and other expenses and, consequently, lower our earnings and cash flow. Changes in population, demographics, audience tastes and other factors beyond our control, could also cause changes in audience ratings or market share. Failure by us to respond successfully to these changes could have an adverse effect on our business and financial performance. We cannot assure that we will be able to maintain or increase our current audience ratings and advertising revenue.

 

23

 

 

We must respond to the rapid changes in technology, content offerings, services, and standards across our entire platform in order to remain competitive.

 

Technological standards across our media properties are evolving and new distribution technologies/platforms are emerging at a rapid pace. We cannot assure that we will have the resources to acquire new technologies or to introduce new features, content or services to compete with these new technologies. New media has resulted in fragmentation in the advertising market, and we cannot predict the effect, if any, that additional competition arising from new technologies or content offerings may have across any of our business segments or our financial condition and results of operations, which may be adversely affected if we are not able to adapt successfully to these new media technologies or distribution platforms. The continuing growth and evolution of channels and platforms has increased our challenges in differentiating ourselves from other media platforms. We continually seek to develop and enhance our content offerings and distribution platforms/methodologies. Failure to effectively execute in these efforts, actions by our competitors, or other failures to deliver content effectively could hurt our ability to differentiate ourselves from our competitors and, as a result, have adverse effects across our business.

 

The loss of key personnel, including certain on-air talent, could disrupt the management and operations of our business.

 

Our business depends upon the continued efforts, abilities and expertise of our executive officers and other key employees, including certain on-air personalities. We believe that the combination of skills and experience possessed by our executive officers and other key employees could be difficult to replace, and that the loss of one or more of them could have a material adverse effect on us, including the impairment of our ability to execute our business strategy. In addition, several of our on-air personalities and syndicated radio programs hosts have large loyal audiences in their respective broadcast areas and may be significantly responsible for the ratings of a station. The loss of such on-air personalities or any change in their popularity could impact the ability of the station to sell advertising and our ability to derive revenue from syndicating programs hosted by them. We cannot be assured that these individuals will remain with us or will retain their current audiences or ratings.

 

If our digital segment does not continue to develop and offer compelling and differentiated content, products and services, our advertising revenues could be adversely affected.

 

In order to attract consumers and generate increased activity on our digital properties, we believe that we must offer compelling and differentiated content, products and services. However, acquiring, developing, and offering such content, products and services may require significant costs and time to develop, while consumer tastes may be difficult to predict and are subject to rapid change. Further, social distancing and governmental restrictions on gatherings may inhibit our ability to produce content. If we are unable to provide content, products and services that are sufficiently attractive to our digital users, we may not be able to generate the increases in activity necessary to generate increased advertising revenues. In addition, although we have access to certain content provided by our other businesses, we may be required to make substantial payments to license such content. Many of our content arrangements with third parties are non-exclusive, so competitors may be able to offer similar or identical content. If we are not able to acquire or develop compelling content and do so at reasonable prices, or if other companies offer content that is similar to that provided by our digital segment, we may not be able to attract and increase the engagement of digital consumers on our digital properties.

 

Continued growth in our digital business also depends on our ability to continue offering a competitive and distinctive range of advertising products and services for advertisers and publishers and our ability to maintain or increase prices for our advertising products and services. Continuing to develop and improve these products and services may require significant time and costs. If we cannot continue to develop and improve our advertising products and services or if prices for our advertising products and services decrease, our digital advertising revenues could be adversely affected.

 

24

 

 

More individuals are using devices other than personal and laptop computers to access and use the internet, and, if we cannot make our products and services available and attractive to consumers via these alternative devices, our internet advertising revenues could be adversely affected.

 

Digital users are increasingly accessing and using the internet through mobile tablets and smartphones. In order for consumers to access and use our products and services via these devices, we must ensure that our products and services are technologically compatible with such devices. If we cannot effectively make our products and services available on these devices, fewer internet consumers may access and use our products and services and our advertising revenue may be negatively affected.

 

Unrelated third parties may claim that we infringe on their rights based on the nature and content of information posted on websites we maintain.

 

We host internet services that enable individuals to exchange information, generate content, comment on our content, and engage in various online activities. The law relating to the liability of providers of these online services for activities of their users is currently unsettled both within the United States and internationally. While we monitor postings to such websites, claims may be brought against us for defamation, negligence, copyright or trademark infringement, unlawful activity, tort, including personal injury, fraud, or other theories based on the nature and content of information that may be posted online or generated by our users. Our defense of such actions could be costly and involve significant time and attention of our management and other resources.

 

If we are unable to protect our domain names and/or content, our reputation and brands could be adversely affected.

 

We currently hold various domain name registrations relating to our brands, including urban1.com, radio-one.com and interactiveone.com. The registration and maintenance of domain names are generally regulated by governmental agencies and their designees. Governing bodies may establish additional top-level domains, appoint additional domain name registrars, or modify the requirements for holding domain names. As a result, we may be unable to register or maintain relevant domain names. We may be unable, without significant cost or at all, to prevent third parties from registering domain names that are similar to, infringe upon, or otherwise decrease the value of our trademarks and other proprietary rights. Failure to protect our domain names could adversely affect our reputation and brands, and make it more difficult for users to find our websites and our services. In addition, piracy of the Company’s content, including digital piracy, may decrease revenue received from the exploitation of the Company’s programming and other content and adversely affect its businesses and profitability.

 

Future asset impairment to the carrying values of our FCC licenses and goodwill could adversely impact our results of operations and net worth.

 

As of December 31, 2020, we had approximately $484.1 million in broadcast licenses and $223.4 million in goodwill, which totaled $707.5 million, and represented approximately 59.2% of our total assets. Therefore, we believe estimating the fair value of goodwill and radio broadcasting licenses is a critical accounting estimate because of the significance of their carrying values in relation to our total assets. We recorded impairment charges against radio broadcasting licenses and goodwill of approximately $84.4 million during the year ended December 31, 2020.

 

We are required to test our goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment at least annually, which we have traditionally done in the fourth quarter, or on an interim basis when events or changes in circumstances suggest impairment may have occurred. Impairment is measured as the excess of the carrying value of the goodwill or indefinite-lived intangible asset over its fair value. Impairment may result from deterioration in our performance, changes in anticipated future cash flows, changes in business plans, adverse economic or market conditions, adverse changes in applicable laws and regulations, or other factors beyond our control. The amount of any impairment must be expensed as a charge to operations. Fair values of FCC licenses and goodwill have been estimated using the income approach, which involves a 10-year model that incorporates several judgmental assumptions about projected revenue growth, future operating margins, discount rates and terminal values. We also utilize a market-based approach to evaluate our fair value estimates. There are inherent uncertainties related to these assumptions and our judgment in applying them to the impairment analysis.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company recorded an impairment charge of approximately $15.9 million related to its Atlanta market and Indianapolis goodwill balances and also an impairment charge of approximately $68.5 million associated with our Atlanta, Cincinnati, Dallas, Houston, Indianapolis, Philadelphia, Raleigh, Richmond and St. Louis market radio broadcasting licenses.

 

25

 

 

Changes in certain events or circumstances could result in changes to our estimated fair values, and may result in further write-downs to the carrying values of these assets. Additional impairment charges could adversely affect our financial results, financial ratios and could limit our ability to obtain financing in the future.

 

Our business depends on maintaining our licenses with the FCC. We could be prevented from operating a radio station if we fail to maintain its license.

 

Within our primary business, we are required to maintain radio broadcasting licenses issued by the FCC. These licenses are ordinarily issued for a maximum term of eight years and are renewable. Currently, subject to renewal, our radio broadcasting licenses expire at various times beginning August 2021 through February 1, 2029. While we anticipate receiving renewals of all of our broadcasting licenses, interested third parties may challenge our renewal applications. In addition, we are subject to extensive and changing regulation by the FCC with respect to such matters as programming, indecency standards, technical operations, employment and business practices. If we or any of our significant stockholders, officers, or directors violate the FCC’s rules and regulations or the Communications Act of 1934, as amended (the “Communications Act”), or is convicted of a felony or found to have engaged in certain other types of non-FCC related misconduct, the FCC may commence a proceeding to impose fines or other sanctions upon us. Examples of possible sanctions include the imposition of fines, the renewal of one or more of our broadcasting licenses for a term of fewer than eight years or the revocation of our broadcast licenses. If the FCC were to issue an order denying a license renewal application or revoking a license, we would be required to cease operating the radio station covered by the license only after we had exhausted administrative and judicial review without success.

 

Disruptions or security breaches of our information technology infrastructure could interfere with our operations, compromise client information and expose us to liability, possibly causing our business and reputation to suffer.

 

Our industry is prone to cyber-attacks by third parties seeking unauthorized access to our data or users’ data. Any failure to prevent or mitigate security breaches and improper access to or disclosure of our data or user data could result in the loss or misuse of such data, which could harm our business and reputation and diminish our competitive position. In addition, computer malware, viruses, social engineering (predominantly spear phishing attacks), and general hacking have become more prevalent in general. Our efforts to protect our company’s data or the information we receive may be unsuccessful due to software bugs or other technical malfunctions; employee, contractor, or vendor error or malfeasance; government surveillance; or other threats that evolve. In addition, third parties may attempt to fraudulently induce employees or users to disclose information in order to gain access to our data or our users’ data on a continual basis.

 

Any internal technology breach, error or failure impacting systems hosted internally or externally, or any large scale external interruption in technology infrastructure we depend on, such as power, telecommunications or the Internet, may disrupt our technology network. Any individual, sustained or repeated failure of technology could impact our customer service and result in increased costs or reduced revenues. Our technology systems and related data also may be vulnerable to a variety of sources of interruption due to events beyond our control, including natural disasters, terrorist attacks, telecommunications failures, computer viruses, hackers and other security issues. Our technology security initiatives, disaster recovery plans and other measures may not be adequate or implemented properly to prevent a business disruption and its adverse financial consequences to our reputation.

 

In addition, as a part of our ordinary business operations, we may collect and store sensitive data, including personal information of our clients, listeners and employees. The secure operation of the networks and systems on which this type of information is stored, processed and maintained is critical to our business operations and strategy. Any compromise of our technology systems resulting from attacks by hackers or breaches due to employee error or malfeasance could result in the loss, disclosure, misappropriation of or access to clients’, listeners’, employees’ or business partners’ information. Any such loss, disclosure, misappropriation or access could result in legal claims or proceedings, liability or regulatory penalties under laws protecting the privacy of personal information, disruption of our operations and damage to our reputation, any or all of which could adversely affect our business. Although we have developed systems and processes that are designed to protect our data and user data, to prevent data loss, and to prevent or detect security breaches, we cannot assure you that such measures will provide absolute security.

 

26

 

 

In the event of a technical or cyber event, we could experience a significant, unplanned disruption, or substantial and extensive degradation of our services, or our network may fail in the future. Despite our significant infrastructure investments, we may have insufficient communications and server capacity to address these or other disruptions, which could result in interruptions in our services. Any widespread interruption or substantial and extensive degradation in the functioning of our IT or technical platform for any reason could negatively impact our revenue and could harm our business and results of operations. If such a widespread interruption occurred, or if we failed to deliver content to users as expected, our reputation could be damaged severely. Moreover, any disruptions, significant degradation, cybersecurity threats, security breaches, or attacks on our internal information technology systems could impact our ratings and cause us to lose listeners, users or viewers or make it more difficult to attract new ones, either of which could harm our business and results of operations.

 

On December 13, 2020, SolarWinds Corporation (“SolarWinds”) made its customers, including the Company, aware of a cyberattack against SolarWinds that inserted a vulnerability within its Orion monitoring products, products which the Company uses as a part of its IT infrastructure. SolarWinds advised its customers that this incident was likely the result of a highly sophisticated, targeted and manual supply chain attack by an outside nation state. SolarWinds delivered a communication to its customers, including the Company, that contained risk mitigation steps, including making available a hotfix update to address this vulnerability in part and additional measures that customers could take to help secure their environments. As of the date of this report, while we believe this attack against SolarWinds did not have an impact on the Company, this may not continue to be the case going forward. Following the disclosure from SolarWinds, we have taken steps designed to improve the security of our networks and computer systems. Despite these defensive measures, there can be no assurance that we are adequately protecting our information or that we will not experience future incidents.

 

Certain Regulatory Risks

 

The FCC’s media ownership rules could restrict our ability to acquire radio stations.

 

The Communications Act and FCC rules and policies limit the number of broadcasting properties that any person or entity may own (directly or by attribution) in any market and require FCC approval for transfers of control and assignments of licenses. The FCC’s media ownership rules remain subject to further agency and court proceedings. As a result of the FCC media ownership rules, the outside media interests of our officers and directors could limit our ability to acquire stations. The filing of petitions or complaints against Urban One or any FCC licensee from which we are acquiring a station could result in the FCC delaying the grant of, refusing to grant or imposing conditions on its consent to the assignment or transfer of control of licenses. The Communications Act and FCC rules and policies also impose limitations on non-U.S. ownership and voting of our capital stock.

 

Enforcement by the FCC of its indecency rules against the broadcast industry could adversely affect our business operations.

 

The FCC’s rules prohibit the broadcast of obscene material at any time and indecent or profane material on broadcast stations between the hours of 6 a.m. and 10 p.m. Broadcasters risk violating the prohibition against broadcasting indecent material because of the vagueness of the FCC’s indecency and profanity definitions, coupled with the spontaneity of live programming. The FCC has in the past vigorously enforced its indecency rules against the broadcasting industry and has threatened to initiate license revocation proceedings against broadcast licensees for “serious” indecency violations. In June 2012, the Supreme Court issued a decision which, while setting aside certain FCC indecency enforcement actions on narrow due process grounds, declined to rule on the constitutionality of the FCC’s indecency policies. Following the Supreme Court’s decision, the FCC requested public comment on the appropriate substance and scope of its indecency enforcement policy. It is not possible to predict whether and, if so, how the FCC will revise its indecency enforcement policies or the effect of any such changes on us. The fines for broadcasting indecent material are a maximum of $325,000 per utterance. The determination of whether content is indecent is inherently subjective and, as such, it can be difficult to predict whether particular content could violate indecency standards. The difficulty in predicting whether individual programs, words or phrases may violate the FCC’s indecency rules adds significant uncertainty to our ability to comply with the rules. Violation of the indecency rules could lead to sanctions which may adversely affect our business and results of operations. In addition, third parties could oppose our license renewal applications or applications for consent to acquire broadcast stations on the grounds that we broadcast allegedly indecent programming on our stations. Some policymakers support the extension of the indecency rules that are applicable to over-the-air broadcasters to cover cable programming and/or attempts to increase enforcement of or otherwise expand existing laws and rules. If such an extension, attempt to increase enforcement, or other expansion took place and was found to be constitutional, some of TV One’s content could be subject to additional regulation and might not be able to attract the same subscription and viewership levels.

 

27

 

 

Changes in current federal regulations could adversely affect our business operations.

 

Congress and the FCC have considered, and may in the future consider and adopt, new laws, regulations and policies that could, directly or indirectly, affect the profitability of our broadcast stations. In particular, Congress may consider and adopt a revocation of terrestrial radio’s exemption from paying royalties to performing artists and record companies for use of their recordings (radio already pays a royalty to songwriters, composers and publishers). In addition, commercial radio broadcasters and entities representing artists are negotiating agreements that could result in broadcast stations paying royalties to artists. A requirement to pay additional royalties could have an adverse effect on our business operations and financial performance. Moreover, it is possible that our license fees and negotiating costs associated with obtaining rights to use musical compositions and sound recordings in our programming could sharply increase as a result of private negotiations, one or more regulatory rate-setting processes, or administrative and court decisions. We cannot predict whether such increases will occur.

 

The television and distribution industries in the United States are highly regulated by U.S. federal laws and regulations issued and administered by various federal agencies, including the FCC. The television broadcasting industry is subject to extensive regulation by the FCC under the Communications Act. The U.S. Congress and the FCC currently have under consideration, and may in the future adopt, new laws, regulations, and policies regarding a wide variety of matters that could, directly or indirectly, affect the operation of TV One. For example, the FCC has initiated a proceeding to examine and potentially regulate more closely embedded advertising such as product placement and product integration. Enhanced restrictions affecting these means of delivering advertising messages may adversely affect TV One’s advertising revenues. Changes to the media ownership and other FCC rules may affect the competitive landscape in ways that could increase the competition faced by TV One. Proposals have also been advanced from time to time before the U.S. Congress and the FCC to extend the program access rules (currently applicable only to those cable program services which also own or are owned by cable distribution systems) to all cable program services. TV One’s ability to obtain the most favorable terms available for its content could be adversely affected should such an extension be enacted into law. TV One is unable to predict the effect that any such laws, regulations or policies may have on its operations.

 

New or changing federal, state or international privacy legislation or regulation could hinder the growth of our internet business.

 

A variety of federal and state laws govern the collection, use, retention, sharing and security of consumer data that our business uses to operate its services and to deliver certain advertisements to its customers, as well as the technologies used to collect such data. Not only are existing privacy-related laws in these jurisdictions evolving and subject to potentially disparate interpretation by governmental entities, new legislative proposals affecting privacy are now pending at both the federal and state level in the U.S. Changes to the interpretation of existing law or the adoption of new privacy-related requirements could hinder the growth of our business and cause us to incur new and additional costs and expenses. Also, a failure or perceived failure to comply with such laws or requirements or with our own policies and procedures could result in significant liabilities, including a possible loss of consumer or investor confidence or a loss of customers or advertisers.

 

28

 

 

Our controls and procedures may fail or be circumvented, which may result in a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Management regularly reviews and updates our internal controls, disclosure controls and procedures, and corporate governance policies and procedures. Any system of controls, however well designed and operated, is based in part on certain assumptions and can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurances that the objectives of the system are met. Any failure or circumvention of the controls and procedures or failure to comply with regulations related to controls and procedures could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

As disclosed in Part II, Item 9A “Controls and Procedures” of our 2019 Form 10-K, or Item 9A, material weaknesses were identified in our internal control over financial reporting resulting from an error in the Company’s recording of an out-of-period tax provision adjustment of approximately $3.4 million during the quarter ended March 31, 2019, not designing and maintaining effective controls over the completeness and accuracy of the balances of the income tax related accounts during the quarter ended September 30, 2019, and not designing and maintaining effective controls over the adoption of ASC 842 right of use assets and lease liability accounts and related lease accounting activity during the quarter ended December 31, 2019. The specific issues leading to these conclusions were described in Item 9A in “Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting” in our 2019 Form 10-K.

 

A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of our annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. We remediated the material weaknesses beginning as part of the third quarter close of 2019 and throughout 2020. However, our remedial measures to address the material weakness may be insufficient and we may in the future discover areas of our internal controls that need improvement. Failure to maintain effective controls or to timely implement any necessary improvement of our internal and disclosure controls could, among other things, result in losses from errors, harm our reputation, or cause investors to lose confidence in the reported financial information, all of which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

 

Unique Risks Related to Our Cable Television Segment

 

The loss of affiliation agreements could materially adversely affect our cable segment’s results of operations.

 

Our cable television segment is dependent upon the maintenance of affiliation agreements with cable and direct broadcast distributors for its revenues, and there can be no assurance that these agreements will be renewed in the future on terms acceptable to such distributors. The loss of one or more of these arrangements could reduce the distribution of TV One’s and/or CLEO TV’s programming services and reduce revenues from subscriber fees and advertising, as applicable. Further, the loss of favorable packaging, positioning, pricing or other marketing opportunities with any distributor could reduce revenues from subscribers and associated subscriber fees. In addition, consolidation among cable distributors and increased vertical integration of such distributors into the cable or broadcast network business have provided more leverage to these distributors and could adversely affect our cable television segment’s ability to maintain or obtain distribution for its network programming on favorable or commercially reasonable terms, or at all. The results of renewals could have a material adverse effect on our cable television segment’s revenues and results and operations. We cannot assure you that TV One and/or CLEO TV will be able to renew their affiliation agreements on commercially reasonable terms, or at all. The loss of a significant number of these arrangements or the loss of carriage on basic programming tiers could reduce the distribution of our content, which may adversely affect our revenues from subscriber fees and our ability to sell national and local advertising time.

 

29

 

 

Changes in consumer behavior resulting from new technologies and distribution platforms may impact the performance of our businesses.

 

Our cable television segment faces emerging competition from other providers of digital media, some of which have greater financial, marketing and other resources than we do. In particular, content offered over the internet has become more prevalent as the speed and quality of broadband networks have improved. Providers such as NetflixTM, HuluTM, AppleTM, AmazonTM and GoogleTM, as well as gaming and other consoles such as Microsoft’s XboxTM, Sony’s PS5TM, Nintendo’s WiiTM, and RokuTM, are aggressively establishing themselves as alternative providers of video services, including online TV services. Most recently, new online distribution services have emerged offering live sports and other content without paying for a traditional cable bundle of channels. These services and the growing availability of online content, coupled with an expanding market for mobile devices and tablets that allow users to view content on an on-demand basis and internet-connected televisions, may impact our cable television segment’s distribution for its services and content. Additionally, devices or services that allow users to view television programs away from traditional cable providers or on a time-shifted basis and technologies that enable users to fast-forward or skip programming, including commercials, such as DVRs and portable digital devices and systems that enable users to store or make portable copies of content, have caused changes in consumer behavior that may affect the attractiveness of our offerings to advertisers and could therefore adversely affect our revenues. If we cannot ensure that our distribution methods and content are responsive to our cable television segment’s target audiences, our business could be adversely affected.

 

Unique Risks Related to Our Capital Structure

 

Our President and Chief Executive Officer has an interest in TV One that may conflict with your interests.

 

Pursuant to the terms of employment with our President and Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Alfred C. Liggins, III, in recognition of Mr. Liggins’ contributions in founding TV One on our behalf, he is eligible to receive an award amount equal to approximately 4% of any proceeds from distributions or other liquidity events in excess of the return of our aggregate investment in TV One (the “Employment Agreement Award”). Our obligation to pay the award was triggered after our recovery of the aggregate amount of our pre-Comcast Buyout capital contribution in TV One, and payment is required only upon actual receipt of distributions of cash or marketable securities or proceeds from a liquidity event in excess of such invested amount. Mr. Liggins’ rights to the Employment Agreement Award (i) cease if he is terminated for cause or he resigns without good reason and (ii) expire at the termination of his employment (but similar rights could be included in the terms of a new employment agreement or arrangement). As a result of this arrangement, the interest of Mr. Liggins’ with respect to TV One may conflict with your interests as holders of our debt or equity securities.

 

Two common stockholders have a majority voting interest in Urban One and have the power to control matters on which our common stockholders may vote, and their interests may conflict with yours.

 

As of December 31, 2020, our Chairperson and her son, our President and CEO, collectively held in excess of 85% of the outstanding voting power of our common stock. As a result, our Chairperson and our CEO control our management and policies and decisions involving or impacting upon Urban One, including transactions involving a change of control, such as a sale or merger. The interests of these stockholders may differ from the interests of our other stockholders and our debt holders. In addition, certain covenants in our debt instruments require that our Chairperson and the CEO maintain a specified ownership and voting interest in Urban One, and prohibit other parties’ voting interests from exceeding specified amounts. Our Chairperson and the CEO have agreed to vote their shares together in elections of members to the Board of Directors of Urban One.

 

Further, we are a “controlled company” under rules governing the listing of our securities on the NASDAQ Stock Market because more than 50% of our voting power is held by our Chairperson and the CEO. Therefore, we are not subject to NASDAQ Stock Market listing rules that would otherwise require us to have: (i) a majority of independent directors on the board; (ii) a compensation committee composed solely of independent directors; (iii) a nominating committee composed solely of independent directors; (iv) compensation of our executive officers determined by a majority of the independent directors or a compensation committee composed solely of independent directors; and (v) director nominees selected, or recommended for the board’s selection, either by a majority of the independent directors or a nominating committee composed solely of independent directors. While a majority of our board members are currently independent directors, we do not make any assurances that a majority of our board members will be independent directors at any given time.

 

30

 

 

We are a smaller reporting company and we cannot be certain if the reduced disclosure requirements applicable to our filing status will make our common stock less attractive to investors.

 

We are a “smaller reporting company” and, thus, have certain decreased disclosure obligations in our SEC filings, including, among other things, simplified executive compensation disclosures and only being required to provide two years of audited financial statements in annual reports. Decreased disclosures in our SEC filings due to our status as a “smaller reporting company” may make it harder for investors to analyze our results of operations and financial prospects and may make our common stock a less attractive investment.

 

ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

 

None.

 

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES

 

The types of properties required to support each of our radio stations include offices, studios and transmitter/antenna sites. Our other media properties, such as Interactive One, generally only require office space. We typically lease our studio and office space with lease terms ranging from five to 10 years in length. A station’s studios are generally housed with its offices in business districts. We generally consider our facilities to be suitable and of adequate size for our current and intended purposes. We lease a majority of our main transmitter/antenna sites and associated broadcast towers and, when negotiating a lease for such sites, we try to obtain a lengthy lease term with options to renew. In general, we do not anticipate difficulties in renewing facility or transmitter/antenna site leases, or in leasing additional space or sites, if required.

 

We own substantially all of our equipment, consisting principally of transmitting antennae, transmitters, studio equipment and general office equipment. The towers, antennae and other transmission equipment used by our stations are generally in good condition, although opportunities to upgrade facilities are periodically reviewed. The tangible personal property owned by us and the real property owned or leased by us are subject to security interests under our senior credit facility.

 

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

Urban One is involved from time to time in various routine legal and administrative proceedings and threatened legal and administrative proceedings incidental to the ordinary course of our business. Urban One believes the resolution of such matters will not have a material adverse effect on its business, financial condition or results of operations.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURE

 

Not applicable.

 

31

 

 

Part II.

 

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

 

Price Range of Our Class A and Class D Common Stock

 

Our Class A voting common stock is traded on The NASDAQ Stock Market (“NASDAQ”) under the symbol “UONE.” The following table presents, for the quarters indicated, the high and low daily closing prices per share of our Class A Common Stock as reported on the NASDAQ.

 

   High   Low 
2020          
First Quarter  $2.21   $1.06 
Second Quarter  $36.30   $1.06 
Third Quarter  $19.63   $3.43 
Fourth Quarter  $5.78   $4.21 
           
2019          
First Quarter  $2.72   $1.93 
Second Quarter  $2.93   $1.87 
Third Quarter  $2.32   $1.75 
Fourth Quarter  $2.93   $1.75 

 

Our Class D non-voting common stock is traded on the NASDAQ under the symbol “UONEK.” The following table presents, for the quarters indicated, the high and low daily closing prices per share of our Class D Common Stock as reported on the NASDAQ.

 

   High   Low 
2020          
First Quarter  $2.00   $0.87 
Second Quarter  $4.15   $0.63 
Third Quarter  $2.37   $0.85 
Fourth Quarter  $1.46   $0.95 
           
2019          
First Quarter  $2.32   $1.75 
Second Quarter  $2.11   $1.78 
Third Quarter  $2.24   $1.75 
Fourth Quarter  $2.24   $1.90 

 

Number of Stockholders

 

Based upon a survey of record holders and a review of our stock transfer records, as of March 12, 2021, there were approximately 8,546 holders of Urban One’s Class A Common Stock, two holders of Urban One’s Class B Common Stock, three holders of Urban One’s Class C Common Stock, and approximately 6,975 holders of Urban One’s Class D Common Stock.

 

Dividends

 

Since first selling our common stock publicly in May 1999, we have not declared any cash dividends on any class of our common stock. We intend to retain future earnings for use in our business and do not anticipate declaring or paying any cash or stock dividends on shares of our common stock in the foreseeable future. In addition, any determination to declare and pay dividends will be made by our Board of Directors in light of our earnings, financial position, capital requirements, contractual restrictions contained in our credit facility and the indentures governing our senior subordinated notes, and other factors as the Board of Directors deems relevant.  (See Note 9 of our consolidated financial statements — Long-Term Debt.)

 

32

 

 

ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

 

Not required for smaller reporting companies.

 

ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following information should be read in conjunction with “Selected Financial Data” and the Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto included elsewhere in this report.

 

Overview

 

For the year ended December 31, 2020, consolidated net revenue decreased approximately 13.9% compared to the year ended December 31, 2019. For 2021, our strategy will be to: (i) grow market share; (ii) improve audience share in certain markets and improve revenue conversion of strong and stable audience share in certain other markets; and (iii) grow and diversify our revenue by successfully executing our multimedia strategy.

 

The impact of the COVID pandemic, including government interventions that limit normal economic activity, competition from digital audio players, the internet, cable television and satellite radio, among other new media outlets, audio and video streaming on the internet, and consumers’ increased focus on mobile applications, are some of the reasons our core radio business has seen slow or negative growth over the past few years. In addition to making overall cutbacks, advertisers continue to shift their advertising budgets away from traditional media such as newspapers, broadcast television and radio to these new media outlets. Internet companies have evolved from being large sources of advertising revenue for radio companies to being significant competitors for radio advertising dollars. While these dynamics present significant challenges for companies that are focused solely in the radio industry, through our online properties, which includes our radio websites, Interactive One and other online verticals, as well as our cable television business, we are poised to provide advertisers and creators of content with a multifaceted way to reach African-American consumers.

 

Results of Operations

 

Revenue

 

Within our core radio business, we primarily derive revenue from the sale of advertising time and program sponsorships to local and national advertisers on our radio stations. Advertising revenue is affected primarily by the advertising rates our radio stations are able to charge, as well as the overall demand for radio advertising time in a market. These rates are largely based upon a radio station’s audience share in the demographic groups targeted by advertisers, the number of radio stations in the related market, and the supply of, and demand for, radio advertising time. Advertising rates are generally highest during morning and afternoon commuting hours.

 

Net revenue consists of gross revenue, net of local and national agency and outside sales representative commissions. Agency and outside sales representative commissions are calculated based on a stated percentage applied to gross billing.

 

The following chart shows the percentage of consolidated net revenue generated by each reporting segment.

 

   For the Years Ended December 31, 
   2020   2019 
Radio broadcasting segment   34.7%   40.6%
           
Reach Media segment   8.2%   10.2%
           
Digital segment   9.5%   7.3%
           
Cable television segment   48.2%   42.4%
           
Corporate/eliminations   (0.6)%   (0.5)%

 

33

 

 

The following chart shows the percentages generated from local and national advertising as a subset of net revenue from our core radio business.

 

   For the Years Ended
December 31,
 
   2020   2019 
Percentage of core radio business generated from local advertising   53.2%   57.2%
           
Percentage of core radio business generated from national advertising, including network advertising   45.3%   36.8%

 

National and local advertising also includes advertising revenue generated from our digital segment. The balance of net revenue from our radio segment was generated from tower rental income, ticket sales and revenue related to our sponsored events, management fees and other revenue.

 

The following charts show our net revenue (and sources) for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019:

 

    Year Ended December 31,           %  
    2020     2019     $ Change     Change  
   

 (Unaudited)

(In thousands)

             
Net Revenue:                                
                                 
Radio Advertising   $ 137,849     $ 193,318     $ (55,469 )     (28.7 )%
Political Advertising     22,484       1,445       21,039       1,456.0  
Digital Advertising     34,131       31,912       2,219       7.0  
Cable Television Advertising     79,732       79,776       (44 )     (0.1 )
Cable Television Affiliate Fees     99,489       105,071       (5,582 )     (5.3 )
Event Revenues & Other     2,652       25,407       (22,755 )     (89.6 )
                                 
Net Revenue (as reported)   $ 376,337     $ 436,929     $ (60,592 )     (13.9 )%

 

In the broadcasting industry, radio stations and television stations often utilize trade or barter agreements to reduce cash expenses by exchanging advertising time for goods or services. In order to maximize cash revenue for our spot inventory, we closely manage the use of trade and barter agreements.

 

Within our digital segment, including Interactive One which generates the majority of the Company’s digital revenue, revenue is principally derived from advertising services on non-radio station branded, but Company-owned websites. Advertising services include the sale of banner and sponsorship advertisements. Advertising revenue is recognized either as impressions (the number of times advertisements appear in viewed pages) are delivered, when “click through” purchases are made, or ratably over the contract period, where applicable. In addition, Interactive One derives revenue from its studio operations, in which it provides third-party clients with publishing services including digital platforms and related expertise.  In the case of the studio operations, revenue is recognized primarily through fixed contractual monthly fees and/or as a share of the third party’s reported revenue.

 

Our cable television segment generates the Company’s cable television revenue, and derives its revenue principally from advertising and affiliate revenue. Advertising revenue is derived from the sale of television air time to advertisers and is recognized when the advertisements are run. Our cable television segment also derives revenue from affiliate fees under the terms of various affiliation agreements based upon a per subscriber fee multiplied by most recent subscriber counts reported by the applicable affiliate.

 

34

 

 

Reach Media primarily derives its revenue from the sale of advertising in connection with its syndicated radio shows, including the Rickey Smiley Morning Show, the Russ Parr Morning Show and the DL Hughley Show. Reach Media also operates www.BlackAmericaWeb.com, an African-American targeted news and entertainment website.  Additionally, Reach Media operates various other event-related activities.

 

Expenses

 

Our significant expenses are: (i) employee salaries and commissions; (ii) programming expenses; (iii) marketing and promotional expenses; (iv) rental of premises for office facilities and studios; (v) rental of transmission tower space; (vi) music license royalty fees; and (vii) content amortization. We strive to control these expenses by centralizing certain functions such as finance, accounting, legal, human resources and management information systems and, in certain markets, the programming management function. We also use our multiple stations, market presence and purchasing power to negotiate favorable rates with certain vendors and national representative selling agencies. In addition to salaries and commissions, major expenses for our internet business include membership traffic acquisition costs, software product design, post-application software development and maintenance, database and server support costs, the help desk function, data center expenses connected with internet service provider (“ISP”) hosting services and other internet content delivery expenses. Major expenses for our cable television business include content acquisition and amortization, sales and marketing.

 

We generally incur marketing and promotional expenses to increase and maintain our audiences. However, because Nielsen reports ratings either monthly or quarterly, depending on the particular market, any changed ratings and the effect on advertising revenue tends to lag behind both the reporting of the ratings and the incurrence of advertising and promotional expenditures.

 

Measurement of Performance

 

We monitor and evaluate the growth and operational performance of our business using net income and the following key metrics:

 

(a)  Net revenue:  The performance of an individual radio station or group of radio stations in a particular market is customarily measured by its ability to generate net revenue. Net revenue consists of gross revenue, net of local and national agency and outside sales representative commissions consistent with industry practice. Net revenue is recognized in the period in which advertisements are broadcast. Net revenue also includes advertising aired in exchange for goods and services, which is recorded at fair value, revenue from sponsored events and other revenue. Net revenue is recognized for our online business as impressions are delivered, as “click throughs” are made or ratably over contract periods, where applicable. Net revenue is recognized for our cable television business as advertisements are run, and during the term of the affiliation agreements at levels appropriate for the most recent subscriber counts reported by the affiliate, net of launch support.

 

(b)  Broadcast and digital operating income:  Net income (loss) before depreciation and amortization, income taxes, interest expense, interest income, noncontrolling interests in income of subsidiaries, other (income) expense, corporate selling, general and administrative expenses, stock-based compensation, impairment of long-lived assets, (gain) loss on retirement of debt and gain on sale-leaseback, is commonly referred to in the radio broadcasting industry as “station operating income.” However, given the diverse nature of our business, station operating income is not truly reflective of our multi-media operation and, therefore, we now use the term broadcast and digital operating income. Broadcast and digital operating income is not a measure of financial performance under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). Nevertheless, broadcast and digital operating income is a significant measure used by our management to evaluate the operating performance of our core operating segments. Broadcast and digital operating income provides helpful information about our results of operations, apart from expenses associated with our fixed and long-lived intangible assets, income taxes, investments, impairment charges, debt financings and retirements, corporate overhead and stock-based compensation. Our measure of broadcast and digital operating income is similar to industry use of station operating income; however, it reflects our more diverse business and therefore is not completely analogous to “station operating income” or other similarly titled measures as used by other companies. Broadcast and digital operating income does not represent operating loss or cash flow from operating activities, as those terms are defined under GAAP, and should not be considered as an alternative to those measurements as an indicator of our performance.

 

35

 

 

(c)  Broadcast and digital operating income margin:  Broadcast and digital operating income margin represents broadcast and digital operating income as a percentage of net revenue. Broadcast and digital operating income margin is not a measure of financial performance under GAAP. Nevertheless, we believe that broadcast and digital operating income margin is a useful measure of our performance because it provides helpful information about our profitability as a percentage of our net revenue. Broadcast and digital operating margin includes results from all four segments (radio broadcasting, Reach Media, digital and cable television).

 

(d) Adjusted EBITDA: Adjusted EBITDA consists of net (loss) income plus (1) depreciation and amortization, income taxes, interest expense, noncontrolling interests in income of subsidiaries, impairment of long-lived assets, stock-based compensation, (gain) loss on retirement of debt, gain on sale-leaseback, employment agreement, incentive plan award expenses and other compensation, contingent consideration from acquisition, severance-related costs, cost method investment income, less (2) other income and interest income. Net income before interest income, interest expense, income taxes, depreciation and amortization is commonly referred to in our business as “EBITDA.” Adjusted EBITDA and EBITDA are not measures of financial performance under GAAP. We believe Adjusted EBITDA is often a useful measure of a company’s operating performance and is a significant measure used by our management to evaluate the operating performance of our business because Adjusted EBITDA excludes charges for depreciation, amortization and interest expense that have resulted from our acquisitions and debt financing, our taxes, impairment charges, and gain on retirements of debt. Accordingly, we believe that Adjusted EBITDA provides useful information about the operating performance of our business, apart from the expenses associated with our fixed assets and long-lived intangible assets, capital structure or the results of our affiliated company. Adjusted EBITDA is frequently used as one of the measures for comparing businesses in the broadcasting industry, although our measure of Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies, including, but not limited to the fact that our definition includes the results of all four of our operating segments (radio broadcasting, Reach Media, digital and cable television). Adjusted EBITDA and EBITDA do not purport to represent operating income or cash flow from operating activities, as those terms are defined under GAAP, and should not be considered as alternatives to those measurements as an indicator of our performance.

 

Summary of Performance

 

The table below provides a summary of our performance based on the metrics described above:

 

    For the Years Ended December 31,  
    2020     2019  
             
    (In thousands, except margin data)  
Net revenue   $ 376,337     $ 436,929  
Broadcast and digital operating income     163,891       156,412  
Broadcast and digital operating income margin     43.5 %     35.8 %
Adjusted EBITDA     138,018       133,543  
Net (loss) income attributable to common stockholders     (8,113 )     925  

 

36

 

 

The reconciliation of net income to broadcast and digital operating income is as follows:

 

    For the Years Ended December 31,  
    2020     2019  
             
    (In thousands)  
Net (loss) income attributable to common stockholders, as reported   $ (8,113 )   $ 925  
Add back non-broadcast and digital operating income items included in net (loss) income:                
Interest income     (213 )     (150 )
Interest expense     74,507       81,400  
(Benefit from) provision for from income taxes     (34,476 )     10,864  
Corporate selling, general and administrative, excluding stock-based compensation     35,860       36,947  
Stock-based compensation     2,294       4,784  
Loss on retirement of debt     2,894        
Other income, net     (4,547 )     (7,075 )
Depreciation and amortization     9,741       16,985  
Noncontrolling interests in income of subsidiaries     1,544       1,132  
Impairment of long-lived assets     84,400       10,600  
Broadcast and digital operating income   $ 163,891     $ 156,412  

 

The reconciliation of net (loss) income to adjusted EBITDA is as follows:

 

    For the Years Ended December 31,  
    2020     2019  
             
    (In thousands)  
Adjusted EBITDA reconciliation:                
Consolidated net (loss) income attributable to common stockholders, as reported   $ (8,113 )   $ 925  
Interest income     (213 )     (150 )
Interest expense     74,507       81,400  
(Benefit from) provision for income taxes     (34,476 )     10,864  
Depreciation and amortization     9,741       16,985  
EBITDA   $ 41,446     $ 110,024  
Stock-based compensation     2,294       4,784  
Loss on retirement of debt     2,894        
Other income, net     (4,547 )     (7,075 )
Noncontrolling interests in income of subsidiaries     1,544       1,132  
Employment Agreement Award, incentive plan award expenses and other compensation     2,271       4,948  
Contingent consideration from acquisition     46       297  
Severance-related costs     2,800       1,980  
Cost method investment income from MGM National Harbor     4,870       6,853  
Impairment of long-lived assets     84,400       10,600  
Adjusted EBITDA   $ 138,018     $ 133,543  

  

37

 

 

URBAN ONE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following table summarizes our historical consolidated results of operations:

 

Year Ended December 31, 2020 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2019 (In thousands)

 

   

For the Years Ended

December 31,

    Increase/(Decrease)  
    2020     2019        
Statements of Operations:                                
Net revenue   $ 376,337     $ 436,929     $ (60,592 )     (13.9 )%
Operating expenses:                                
Programming and technical, excluding stock-based compensation     103,813       128,726       (24,913 )     (19.4 )
Selling, general and administrative, excluding stock-based compensation     108,633       151,791       (43,158 )     (28.4 )
Corporate selling, general and administrative, excluding stock-based compensation     35,860       36,947       (1,087 )     2.9  
Stock-based compensation     2,294       4,784       (2,490 )     (52.0 )
Depreciation and amortization     9,741       16,985       (7,244 )     (42.6 )
Impairment of long-lived assets     84,400       10,600       73,800       696.2  
Total operating expenses     344,741       349,833       (5,092 )     (1.5 )
Operating income     31,596       87,096       (55,500 )     (63.7 )
Interest income     213       150       63       42.0  
Interest expense     74,507       81,400       (6,893 )     (8.5 )
Loss on retirement of debt     2,894             2,894       100.0  
Other income, net     (4,547 )     (7,075 )     (2,528 )     (35.7 )
(Loss) income before (benefit from) provision for income taxes and noncontrolling interests in income of subsidiaries     (41,045 )     12,921       (53,966 )     (417.7 )
(Benefit from) provision for income taxes     (34,476 )     10,864       (45,340 )     (417.3 )
Consolidated net (loss) income     (6,569 )     2,057       (8,626 )     (419.3 )
Noncontrolling interests in income of subsidiaries     1,544       1,132       412       36.4  
Net (loss) income attributable to common stockholders   $ (8,113 )   $ 925     $ (9,038 )     (977.1 )%

  

38

 

 

Net revenue

 

Year Ended December 31,     Increase/(Decrease)  
2020     2019        
$ 376,337     $ 436,929     $ (60,592 )     (13.9 )%

 

During the year ended December 31, 2020, we recognized approximately $376.3 million in net revenue compared to approximately $436.9 million during the year ended December 31, 2019. These amounts are net of agency and outside sales representative commissions. The decrease in net revenue was due primarily to the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic which continued to weaken demand for advertising in general, impaired ticket sales and caused the postponement or cancellation of major tent pole special events. Net revenues from our radio broadcasting segment for the year ended December 31, 2020, decreased 26.4% from the same period in 2019. Based on reports prepared by the independent accounting firm Miller, Kaplan, Arase & Co., LLP (“Miller Kaplan”), the radio markets we operate in (excluding Richmond and Raleigh, both of which no longer participate in Miller Kaplan) decreased 26.8% in total revenues for the year ended December 31, 2020, consisting of a decrease of 33.1% in local revenues, a decrease of 24.0% in national revenues, which was offset by an increase of 15.5% in digital revenues. With the exception of our Charlotte, Columbus and Philadelphia markets, we experienced net revenue declines in all of our radio markets, primarily due to lower advertising sales. Net revenue for our Reach Media segment decreased 30.6% for the year ended December 31, 2020, compared to the same period in 2019, due primarily to the postponement of our annual cruise and cancellation of other special events. We recognized approximately $181.6 million from our cable television segment for the year ended December 31, 2020, compared to approximately $185.0 million of revenue for the same period in 2019, due primarily to lower affiliate sales. Net revenue from our digital segment increased $3.7 million and 11.5% for the year ended December 31, 2020, compared to the same period in 2019 due primarily to stronger direct revenues.

 

Operating expenses

 

Programming and technical, excluding stock-based compensation

 

Year Ended December 31,     Increase/(Decrease)  
2020     2019              
$ 103,813     $ 128,726     $ (24,913 )     (19.4 )%

 

Programming and technical expenses include expenses associated with on-air talent and the management and maintenance of the systems, tower facilities, and studios used in the creation, distribution and broadcast of programming content on our radio stations. Programming and technical expenses for the radio segment also include expenses associated with our programming research activities and music royalties. For our digital segment, programming and technical expenses include software product design, post-application software development and maintenance, database and server support costs, the help desk function, data center expenses connected with ISP hosting services and other internet content delivery expenses. For our cable television segment, programming and technical expenses include expenses associated with technical, programming, production, and content management. The decrease in programming and technical expenses for the year ended December 31, 2020, compared to the same period in 2019 is primarily due to several cost-cutting initiatives at all our segments, specifically compensation savings from employee layoffs, furloughs and salary reductions and on-air talent reductions. Our radio broadcasting segment generated a decrease of approximately $7.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, compared to the same period in 2019 due primarily to lower compensation costs, contract labor costs and music licensing fees. Our Reach Media segment generated a decrease of approximately $3.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, compared to the same period in 2019 due primarily to contract labor and talent cost reductions. Our cable television segment generated a decrease of approximately $12.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, compared to the same period in 2019 due primarily to lower content amortization expense, contract labor and lower compensation costs.

 

39

 

 

Selling, general and administrative, excluding stock-based compensation

 

Year Ended December 31,     Increase/(Decrease)  
2020     2019        
$ 108,633     $ 151,791     $ (43,158 )     (28.4 )%

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses include expenses associated with our sales departments, offices and facilities and personnel (outside of our corporate headquarters), marketing and promotional expenses, special events and sponsorships and back office expenses. Expenses to secure ratings data for our radio stations and visitors’ data for our websites are also included in selling, general and administrative expenses. In addition, selling, general and administrative expenses for the radio broadcasting segment and digital segment include expenses related to the advertising traffic (scheduling and insertion) functions. Selling, general and administrative expenses also include membership traffic acquisition costs for our online business. The decrease in expense for the year ended December 31, 2020, compared to the same period in 2019, is primarily due to special events costs that were eliminated, lower commissions and national representative fees due to declining revenue, and lower compensation expenses resulting from employee layoffs, furloughs and salary cuts. Other savings include lower promotional expenses and reduced travel and entertainment spending. Our radio broadcasting segment generated a decrease of approximately $20.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, compared to the same period in 2019 primarily due to lower compensation costs, national representative fees, special event costs and promotional spending. Our Reach Media segment generated a decrease of approximately $12.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, compared to the same period in 2019, primarily due to the cancellation of special events. Our cable television segment generated a decrease of approximately $9.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, compared to the same period in 2019 primarily due to lower promotional and advertising expenses, compensation costs and travel and entertainment spending. Our digital segment generated a decrease of $759,000 for the year ended December 31, compared to the same period in 2019, primarily due to lower web services fees.

 

Corporate selling, general and administrative, excluding stock-based compensation

 

Year Ended December 31,     Increase/(Decrease)  
2020     2019        
$ 35,860     $ 36,947     $ (1,087)       (2.9) %

 

Corporate expenses consist of expenses associated with our corporate headquarters and facilities, including personnel as well as other corporate overhead functions. The decrease in expense for the year ended December 31, 2020, compared to the same period in 2019 was due to a decrease in compensation expense for the Chief Executive Officer in connection with the valuation of the Employment Agreement Award element in his employment agreement, which was partially offset by higher compensation costs

 

Stock-based compensation

 

Year Ended December 31,   Increase/(Decrease) 
2020   2019     
$2,294   $4,784   $(2,490)   (52.0)%

 

The decrease in stock-based compensation for the year ended December 31, 2020, compared to the same period in 2019, is primarily due to a decrease in grants and vesting of stock awards for certain executive officers and other management personnel.

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

Year Ended December 31,   Increase/(Decrease) 
2020   2019     
$9,741   $16,985   $(7,244)   (42.6)%

 

The decrease in depreciation and amortization expense for the year ended December 31, 2020, was due to the mix of assets approaching or near the end of their useful lives, most notably the Company’s affiliate agreements.

 

40

 

 

Impairment of long-lived assets

 

Year Ended December 31,     Increase/(Decrease)  
2020     2019        
$ 84,400     $ 10,600     $ 73,800       696.2 %

 

The impairment of long-lived assets for the year ended December 31, 2020, was related to a non-cash impairment charge of approximately $15.9 million recorded to reduce the carrying value of our Atlanta market and Indianapolis market goodwill balances and a charge of approximately $68.5 million associated with our Atlanta, Cincinnati, Dallas, Houston, Indianapolis, Philadelphia, Raleigh, Richmond and St. Louis radio market broadcasting licenses. The impairment of long-lived assets for the year ended December 30, 2019, was related to a non-cash impairment charge associated with our Detroit and Indianapolis markets’ radio broadcasting licenses as well as a non-cash impairment charge recorded to reduce the carrying value of our Interactive One goodwill balance.

 

Interest expense

 

Year Ended December 31,   Increase/(Decrease) 
2020   2019     
$74,507   $81,400   $(6,893)   (8.5)%

 

Interest expense decreased to approximately $74.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, compared to approximately $81.4 million for the same period in 2019, due to lower overall debt balances outstanding and lower average interest rates on its 2017 Credit Facility.

 

Loss on retirement of debt

 

Year Ended December 31,   Increase/(Decrease) 
2020   2019     
$2,894   $   $2,894    100.0%

 

On November 9, 2020, we completed an exchange (the “Exchange Offer”) of 99.15% of our outstanding 7.375% Senior Secured Notes due 2022 (the “7.375% Notes”) for $347 million aggregate principal amount of newly issued 8.75% Senior Secured Notes due December 2022 (the “8.75% Notes”). There was a net loss on retirement of debt of approximately $2.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 associated with the Exchange Offer.

 

Other income, net

 

Year Ended December 31,     Increase/(Decrease)  
2020     2019        
$ (4,547 )   $ (7,075 )   $ (2,528 )     (35.7 )%

 

Other income, net, decreased to approximately $4.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, compared to approximately $7.1 million for the same period in 2019. We recognized other income in the amount of approximately $4.9 million and $6.9 million, for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, related to our MGM investment. The decrease is due to the closure and partial re-opening of the MGM casino as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.

 

(Benefit from) provision for income taxes

 

Year Ended December 31,     Increase/(Decrease)  
2020     2019        
$ (34,476)     $ 10,864     $ (45,340 )     (417.3 )%

  

41

 

 

During the year ended December 31, 2020, the benefit from income tax was approximately $34.5 million compared to a tax provision of approximately $10.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2019. The decrease in the provision for income taxes was primarily due to the reduction of IRC Section 382 limitations. For the year ended December 31, 2020, the benefit consisted of deferred tax benefit of approximately $35.0 million and current tax expense of $552,000. For the year ended December 31, 2019, the provision consisted of deferred tax expense of approximately $10.3 million and current tax expense of $595,000. The Company continues to maintain a valuation allowance of $277,000 against certain of its deferred tax assets (“DTAs”) in jurisdictions where we do not expect these assets to be realized. The provision resulted in an effective tax rate of 84.0% and 84.1% for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The 2020 and 2019 annual effective tax rates primarily reflect taxes at statutory tax rates, the impact of permanent tax adjustments, and the valuation allowance release related to the realizability of certain of the Company’s net operating losses.

 

Noncontrolling interests in income of subsidiaries

 

Year Ended December 31,     Increase/(Decrease)  
2020     2019        
$ 1,544     $ 1,132     $ 412       36.4 %
                             

 

The increase in noncontrolling interests in income of subsidiaries was primarily due to higher net income recognized by Reach Media for the year ended December 31, 2020, versus the same period in 2019.

 

Other Data

 

Broadcast and digital operating income

 

Broadcast and digital operating income increased to approximately $163.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, compared to approximately $156.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, an increase of approximately $7.5 million or 4.8%. This increase was due to higher broadcast and digital operating income in our Reach Media, cable television and digital segments, which was partially offset by a decrease in broadcast and digital operating income at our radio broadcasting segment. Our radio broadcasting segment generated approximately $39.8 million of broadcast and digital operating income during the year ended December 31, 2020, compared to approximately $58.3 million during the year ended December 31, 2019, a decrease of $18.5 million. The decrease was primarily due to lower net revenues, partially offset by lower expenses. Reach Media generated approximately $11.8 million of broadcast and digital operating income during the year ended December 31, 2020, compared to approximately $9.7 million during the year ended December 31, 2019, primarily due to lower net revenues, offset by lower expenses. Our digital segment generated $6.0 million of broadcast and digital operating income during the year ended December 31, 2020, compared to $200,000 of broadcast and digital operating income during the year ended December 31, 2019. The increase in our digital segment’s broadcast and digital operating income is primarily due to an increase in net revenues and decreases in programming and technical and selling, general and administrative expenses. Finally, TV One generated approximately $106.3 million of broadcast and digital operating income during the year ended December 31, 2020, compared to approximately $88.3 million during the year ended December 31, 2019, with the increase due primarily to overall lower expenses.

 

Broadcast and digital operating income margin

 

Broadcast and digital operating income margin increased to 43.5% for the year ended December 31, 2020, from 35.8% for 2019. The margin increase was primarily attributable to higher broadcast and digital operating income as described above.

 

42

 

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Our primary source of liquidity is cash provided by operations and, to the extent necessary, borrowings available under our asset-backed credit facility (the “ABL Facility”).

 

Throughout 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic had a negative impact on certain of our revenue and alternative revenue sources. Most notably, a number of advertisers across significant advertising categories reduced their advertising spend due to the outbreak, particularly within our radio segment which derives substantial revenue from local advertisers, including in areas such as Texas, Ohio and Georgia, who have been particularly hard hit due to social distancing and government interventions. Further, the COVID-19 outbreak caused the postponement of our 2020 Tom Joyner Foundation Fantastic Voyage cruise and impaired ticket sales of other tent pole special events, some of which we had to cancel. We do not carry business interruption insurance to compensate us for losses that occurred in 2020 and these losses may continue to occur as a result of the ongoing nature of the COVID-19 pandemic. Outbreaks in the markets in which we operate could have material impacts on our liquidity, operations including potential impairment of assets, and our financial results. Likewise, our income from our investment in MGM National Harbor Casino has been negatively affected by closures and limitations on occupancy imposed by state and local governmental authorities.

 

We anticipate continued decreases in revenues due to the COVID-19 pandemic.  As such, we assessed our operations considering a variety of factors, including but not limited to, media industry financial reforecasts, expected operating results, estimated net cash flows from operations, future obligations and liquidity, capital expenditure commitments and projected debt covenant compliance.  If the Company had been unable to meet financial covenants under certain of our debt covenants outstanding in 2020, an event of default could have occurred and our debt could have been required to be classified as current, which we could have been unable to repay if lenders were to call the debt.  We concluded that the potential that the Company could incur considerable decreases in operating profits and the resulting impact on the Company’s ability to meet its debt service obligations and debt covenants were probable conditions giving rise to a need to assess whether substantial doubt existed over the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.

 

To address the matter, we proactively implemented certain cost-cutting measures including furloughs, layoffs, salary reductions, other expense reduction (including eliminating travel and entertainment expenses), eliminating merit raises, decreasing or deferring marketing spend, deferring programming/production costs, reducing special events costs, and implementing a hiring freeze on open positions. The Company performed a complete reforecast of its anticipated results extending through one year from the date of issuance of the consolidated financial statements. Further, out of an abundance of caution and to provide for further liquidity given the uncertainty around the pandemic, we drew approximately $27.5 million on our ABL Facility on March 19, 2020. As operating conditions improved throughout the year, we were able to accumulate cash and all amounts outstanding under our ABL Facility were repaid on December 22, 2020, and as of December 31, 2020, no amounts were outstanding.

 

Based on the Company’s forecast of operational activity, its ability to manage and delay any capitalized expenditures and additional variable cost-cutting measures, the Company has adequate cash reserves and sufficient liquidity into the foreseeable future or for the next 12 months. As a result of the cost reduction measures that the Company took in response to the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company’s current cash balance and, further, considering certain remaining countermeasures the Company can implement in the event of further or continued downturn, the Company anticipates meeting its debt service requirements and is projecting compliance with all debt covenants through one year from the date of issuance of the consolidated financial statements. This estimate is, however, subject to substantial uncertainty, in particular due to the unpredictable extent and duration of the impact of COVID-19 on our business, and the concentration of certain of our revenues in areas that could be deemed “hotspots” for the pandemic. See Note 16 – Subsequent Events, for further information on liquidity and capital resources.

 

On August 18, 2020, the Company entered into an Open Market Sale AgreementSM (the “ATM Sale Agreement”) with Jefferies LLC (“Jefferies”) under which the Company may offer and sell, from time to time at its sole discretion, shares of its Class A common stock, par value $0.001 per share (the “Class A Shares”), through Jefferies as its sales agent. The Company also filed a prospectus supplement pursuant to the Sale Agreement for the offer and sale of its Class A Shares having an aggregate offering price of up to $25 million (the “2020 ATM Program”).

 

43

 

 

Pursuant to the ATM Sale Agreement, sales of the Class A Shares, if any, will be made under the Company’s previously filed and effective Registration Statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333-241635) and an applicable prospectus supplement, by any method that is deemed to be an “at the market offering” as defined in Rule 415(a)(4) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. Subject to the terms and conditions of the ATM Sale Agreement, Jefferies may sell the Class A Shares by any method permitted by law deemed to be an “at the market offering” as defined in Rule 415(a)(4) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. Jefferies will use commercially reasonable efforts to sell the Class A Shares from time to time, based upon instructions from the Company (including any price, time or size limits or other customary parameters or conditions the Company may impose). The Company will pay Jefferies a commission equal to three percent (3.0%) of the gross sales proceeds of any Class A Shares sold through Jefferies under the ATM Sale Agreement. In addition, the Company has agreed to reimburse certain legal expenses and fees by Jefferies in connection with the offering, in addition to certain ongoing disbursements of Jefferies’ counsel.

 

As of December 31, 2020, the Company issued and sold an aggregate of 2,859,276 Class A Shares pursuant to the 2020 ATM Program and received gross proceeds of approximately $15.4 million and net proceeds of approximately $14.7 million, after deducting commissions to Jefferies and other offering expenses. See Note 16 – Subsequent Events.

 

On November 9, 2020, we completed an exchange of 99.15% of our outstanding 7.375% Notes for $347 million aggregate principal amount of newly issued 8.75% Notes. In connection with the Exchange Offer, we also entered into an amendment to certain terms of our 2018 Credit Facility including the extension of the maturity date of the 2018 Credit Facility to March 31, 2023.

 

See Note 9 to our consolidated financial statements — Long-Term Debt and Note 16 – Subsequent Events, for further information on liquidity and capital resources.

 

As of December 31, 2020, ratios calculated in accordance with the 2017 Credit Facility were as follows:

 

    As of
December
31, 2020
    Covenant
Limit
    Excess
Coverage
 
Interest Coverage                        
Covenant EBITDA / Interest Expense     2.23 x     1.25 x     0.98 x
                         
Senior Secured Leverage                        
Senior Secured Debt / Covenant EBITDA     4.10 x     5.85 x     1.75 x

 

Covenant EBITDA – Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“EBITDA”) adjusted for certain other adjustments, as defined in the 2017 Credit Facility

 

As of December 31, 2020, ratios calculated in accordance with the 2018 Credit Facility were as follows:

 

    As of
December
31, 2020
    Covenant
Limit
    Excess
Coverage
 
Total Gross Leverage                        
Consolidated Indebtedness / Covenant EBITDA     5.50 x     7.50 x     2.00 x

  

Covenant EBITDA – Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“EBITDA”) adjusted for certain other adjustments, as defined in the 2018 Credit Facility.

 

44

 

 

The following table summarizes the interest rates in effect with respect to our debt as of December 31, 2020:

 

Type of Debt   Amount
Outstanding(2)
    Applicable
Interest
Rate
 
    (In millions)        
2017 Credit Facility, net of original issue discount and issuance costs (at variable rates)(1)   $               313.5     5.00 %
7.375% Senior Secured Notes, net of original issue discount and issuance costs (fixed rate)     1.56     7.375 %
2018 Credit Facility, net of original issue discount and issuance costs (fixed rate)     127.2     12.875 %
MGM National Harbor Loan, net of original issue discount and issuance costs (fixed rate, including PIK)     56.3     11.0 %
8.75% Senior Secured Notes, net of original issue discount and issuance costs (fixed rate)     343.8     8.75 %
Asset-backed credit facility (variable rate)(1)         %

 

(1)    Subject to variable LIBOR or Prime plus a spread that is incorporated into the applicable interest rate set forth above.

 

(2)    The instruments listed in this table were refinanced as part of the 2028 Notes Offering.

 

The following table provides a comparison of our statements of cash flows for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019:

 

   2020   2019 
   (In thousands) 
Net cash flows provided by operating activities  $73,867   $58,505 
Net cash flows (used in) provided by investing activities   (3,413)   8,355 
Net cash flows used in financing activities   (30,142)   (49,204)

 

Net cash flows provided by operating activities were approximately $73.9 million and $58.5 million for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Cash flow from operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2020, increased from the prior year primarily due to timing of collections of accounts receivable, payments of accrued compensation and lower payments for content assets. Cash flows from operations, cash and cash equivalents, and other sources of liquidity are expected to be available and sufficient to meet foreseeable cash requirements.

 

Net cash flows used in investing activities were approximately $3.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 and net cash flows provided by investing activities were $8.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2019. Capital expenditures, including digital tower and transmitter upgrades, and deposits for station equipment and purchases were approximately $3.8 million and $5.1 million for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. During the year ended December 31, 2019, the Company received proceeds of approximately $13.5 million for the sale of the remaining Detroit station and translators. We took ownership of WQMC-LD on February 24, 2020 for total consideration of $475,000 and we also sold property for proceeds of $860,000 for the year ended December 31, 2020.

 

Net cash flows used in financing activities were approximately $30.1 million and $49.2 million for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. During the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company repaid approximately $40.5 million and $42.1 million, respectively, in outstanding debt. During the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, we repurchased approximately $3.6 million and $5.5 million of our Class A and Class D Common Stock, respectively. Reach Media paid approximately $2.8 million and $1.0 million, respectively in dividends to noncontrolling interest shareholders for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019. During the year ended December 31, 2019, the Company distributed $658,000 of contingent consideration related to the Moguldom acquisition. During the year ended December 31, 2020, we borrowed approximately $3.6 million on the MGM National Harbor Loan. During the year ended December 31, 2020, we paid approximately $3.5 million in debt refinancing costs. During the year ended December 31, 2020, we received proceeds of approximately $2.0 million from the exercise of stock options. Finally, the Company received proceeds of approximately $14.7 million from the issuance of Class A Common Stock, net of fees paid during the year ended December 31, 2020.

 

45

 

 

Credit Rating Agencies

 

Our corporate credit ratings by Standard & Poor's Rating Services and Moody's Investors Service are speculative-grade and have been downgraded and upgraded at various times during the last several years. Any reductions in our credit ratings could increase our borrowing costs, reduce the availability of financing to us or increase our cost of doing business or otherwise negatively impact our business operations.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

See Note 1 of our consolidated financial statements — Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies for a summary of recent accounting pronouncements.

 

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES

 

Our accounting policies are described in Note 1 of our consolidated financial statements – Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies. We prepare our consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP, which require us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the year. Actual results could differ from those estimates. We consider the following policies and estimates to be most critical in understanding the judgments involved in preparing our financial statements and the uncertainties that could affect our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

The Company accounts for stock-based compensation for stock options and restricted stock grants in accordance with ASC 718, “Compensation - Stock Compensation.” Under the provisions of ASC 718, stock-based compensation cost for stock options is estimated at the grant date based on the award’s fair value as calculated by the Black-Scholes valuation option-pricing model (“BSM”) and is recognized as expense, less estimated forfeitures, ratably over the requisite service period.  The BSM incorporates various highly subjective assumptions including expected stock price volatility, for which historical data is heavily relied upon, expected life of options granted, forfeiture rates and interest rates. If any of the assumptions used in the BSM model change significantly, stock-based compensation expense may differ materially in the future from that previously recorded. Compensation expense for restricted stock grants is measured based on the fair value on the date of grant less estimated forfeitures. Compensation expense for restricted stock grants is recognized ratably during the vesting period.

 

Goodwill and Radio Broadcasting Licenses

 

Impairment Testing

 

We have made several acquisitions in the past for which a significant portion of the purchase price was allocated to radio broadcasting licenses and goodwill. Goodwill exists whenever the purchase price exceeds the fair value of tangible and identifiable intangible net assets acquired in business combinations. As of December 31, 2020, we had approximately $484.4 million in broadcast licenses and $223.4 million in goodwill, which totaled $707.5 million, and represented approximately 59.2% of our total assets. Therefore, we believe estimating the fair value of goodwill and radio broadcasting licenses is a critical accounting estimate because of the significance of their carrying values in relation to our total assets. For the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, we recorded impairment charges against radio broadcasting licenses and goodwill, collectively, of approximately $84.4 million and $10.6 million, respectively. Significant impairment charges have been an on-going trend experienced by media companies in general, and are not unique to us.

 

We test for impairment annually across all reporting units, or when events or changes in circumstances or other conditions suggest impairment may have occurred in any given reporting unit. Our annual impairment testing is performed as of October 1 of each year. Impairment exists when the carrying value of these assets exceeds its respective fair value. When the carrying value exceeds fair value, an impairment amount is charged to operations for the excess.

 

46

 

 

Beginning in March 2020, the Company noted that the COVID-19 pandemic and the resulting government stay at home orders and business restrictions were dramatically impacting certain of the Company's revenues. Most notably, a number of advertisers across significant advertising categories have reduced or ceased advertising spend due to the outbreak and stay at home orders which effectively shut many businesses down in the markets in which we operate.  This was particularly true within our radio segment which derives substantial revenue from local advertisers who have been particularly hard hit due to social distancing and government interventions.

 

As a result, the total market revenue growth for certain markets in which we operate was below that assumed in our annual impairment testing. During the first quarter of 2020, the Company recorded a non-cash impairment charge of approximately $5.9 million to reduce the carrying value of our Atlanta market and Indianapolis market goodwill balances and the Company recorded a non-cash impairment charge of approximately $47.7 million associated with our Atlanta, Cincinnati, Dallas, Houston, Indianapolis, Philadelphia, Raleigh, Richmond and St. Louis radio market broadcasting licenses. We did not identify any impairment indicators for the three months ended June 30, 2020. Based on the latest market data obtained by the Company in the third quarter of 2020, the total anticipated market revenue growth for certain markets in which we operate continues to be below that assumed in our first quarter impairment testing. We deemed that to be an impairment indicator that warranted interim impairment testing of certain markets’ radio broadcasting licenses, which we performed as of September 30, 2020. As a result of that testing, the Company recorded a non-cash impairment charge of approximately $10.0 million related to its Atlanta market and Indianapolis market goodwill balances and the Company recorded a non-cash impairment charge of approximately $19.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020 associated with our Atlanta, Cincinnati, Dallas, Houston, Indianapolis, Philadelphia and Raleigh market radio broadcasting licenses. As part of our annual testing, there was no additional impairment identified; however we recorded an impairment charge of approximately $1.7 million associated with the estimated asset sale consideration for one of our St. Louis radio broadcasting licenses.

 

Valuation of Broadcasting Licenses

 

We utilize the services of a third-party valuation firm to assist us in estimating the fair value of our radio broadcasting licenses and reporting units. Fair value is estimated to be the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. We use the income approach to test for impairment of radio broadcasting licenses. A projection period of 10 years is used, as that is the time horizon in which operators and investors generally expect to recover their investments. When evaluating our radio broadcasting licenses for impairment, the testing is done at the unit of accounting level as determined by ASC 350, “Intangibles - Goodwill and Other.” In our case, each unit of accounting is a cluster of radio stations into one of our geographical markets.  Broadcasting license fair values are based on the discounted future cash flows of the applicable unit of accounting assuming an initial hypothetical start-up operation which possesses FCC licenses as the only asset. Over time, it is assumed the operation acquires other tangible assets such as advertising and programming contracts, employment agreements and going concern value, and matures into an average performing operation in a specific radio market. The income approach model incorporates several variables, including, but not limited to: (i) radio market revenue estimates and growth projections; (ii) estimated market share and revenue for the hypothetical participant; (iii) likely media competition within the market; (iv) estimated start-up costs and losses incurred in the early years; (v) estimated profit margins and cash flows based on market size and station type; (vi) anticipated capital expenditures; (vii) estimated future terminal values; (viii) an effective tax rate assumption; and (ix) a discount rate based on the weighted-average cost of capital for the radio broadcast industry. In calculating the discount rate, we considered: (i) the cost of equity, which includes estimates of the risk-free return, the long-term market return, small stock risk premiums and industry beta; (ii) the cost of debt, which includes estimates for corporate borrowing rates and tax rates; and (iii) estimated average percentages of equity and debt in capital structures.

 

Valuation of Goodwill

 

The impairment testing of goodwill is performed at the reporting unit level. We had 17 reporting units as of our October 2020 annual impairment assessment, consisting of each of the 14 radio markets within the radio division (we retained ownership of our St. Louis market assets as of December 31, 2020) and each of the other three business divisions. In testing for the impairment of goodwill, we primarily rely on the income approach. The approach involves a 10-year model with similar variables as described above for broadcasting licenses, except that the discounted cash flows are based on the Company’s estimated and projected market revenue, market share and operating performance for its reporting units, instead of those for a hypothetical participant. We use a 5-year model for our Reach Media reporting unit. We evaluate all events and circumstances on an interim basis to determine if an impairment indicator is present and also perform annual testing by comparing the fair value of the reporting unit with its carrying amount. We recognize an impairment charge to operations in the amount that the reporting unit’s carrying value exceeds its fair value. The impairment charge recognized cannot exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to the reporting unit.

 

47

 

 

Below are some of the key assumptions used in the income approach model for estimating the broadcasting license and goodwill fair values for the annual impairment testing performed and interim impairment testing performed where an impairment charge was recorded since January 1, 2019.

 

Radio Broadcasting  

October 1,

2020

  September 30,     March 31,     October 1,     June 30,  
Licenses     2020 (a)     2020 (a)     2019     2019 (*)  
Impairment charge (in millions)   $ 1.7*   $ 19.1     $ 47.7     1.0     $ 3.8  
Discount Rate     9.0 %   9.0 %     9.5   9.0 %     *  
Year 1 Market Revenue Growth Rate Range     (10.7)% – (16.0) %   (10.7)% – (16.8) %     (13.3)     0.9% – 1.8 %     *  
Long-term Market Revenue Growth Rate Range (Years 6 – 10)     0.7% – 1.1 %   0.7% – 1.1 %     0.7% – 1.1     0.7% – 1.1 %     *  
Mature Market Share Range     6.7% – 23.9 %   6.7% – 23.9 %     6.9% – 25.0     6.9% – 25.0 %     *  
Mature Operating Profit Margin Range     27.7% – 37.1 %   27.7% –37.1 %     27.6% –39.7     27.6% – 39.7 %     *  

  

  (a) Reflects changes only to the key assumptions used in the interim testing for certain units of accounting.
  (*) License fair value based on estimated asset sale consideration.

 

Goodwill (Radio Market   October 1,   September 30,     March 31,     October 1,  
Reporting Units)   2020 (a)   2020 (a)     2020 (a)     2019(a)  
Impairment charge (in millions)  —   $ 10.0     $ 5.9     $  
                             
Discount Rate   9.0 %   9.0 %     9.5 %     9.0  
Year 1 Market Revenue Growth Rate Range   (12.9)% – 25.9 %   (26.6)% – 34.7 %     (14.5)% – (12.9) %     (7.6)% – 49.3  
Long-term Market Revenue Growth Rate Range (Years 6 – 10)   0.7% – 1.1 %   0.9% – 1.1 %     0.9% – 1.1 %     0.7% – 1.1  
Mature Market Share Range   6.8% – 16.8 %   8.4% – 12.7 %     11.1% – 13.0 %     7.1% - 17.0  
Mature Operating Profit Margin Range   27.7% – 49.1 %   27.7% – 48.1 %     29.4% – 39.0 %     26.8% - 47.6  

  

  (a) Reflects the key assumptions for testing only those radio markets with remaining goodwill.

 

Below are some of the key assumptions used in the income approach model for estimating the fair value for Reach Media for the annual and interim impairment assessments performed since October 2019. When compared to the discount rates used for assessing radio market reporting units, the higher discount rates used in these assessments reflect a premium for a riskier and broader media business, with a heavier concentration and significantly higher amount of programming content assets that are highly dependent on a single on-air personality. As a result of our impairment assessments, the Company concluded that the goodwill was not impaired.

 

    October 1,     October 1,  
Reach Media Segment Goodwill   2020     2019  
Impairment charge (in millions)   $     $  
                 
Discount Rate     11.0 %     10.5 %
Year 1 Revenue Growth Rate     22.1 %     (9.7 )%
Long-term Revenue Growth Rate (Year 5)     1.0 %     1.0 %
Operating Profit Margin Range     18.0 – 19.1 %     13.3% - 14.3 %

  

48

 

 

During the fourth quarter of 2019, the Company performed its annual impairment testing on the valuation of goodwill associated with our digital segment. Our digital segment’s net revenues and cash flow internal projections were revised downward and as a result of our annual assessment, the Company recorded a goodwill impairment charge of approximately $5.8 million. Below are some of the key assumptions used in the income approach model for determining the fair value of our digital reporting unit since October 2019. When compared to discount rates for the radio reporting units, the higher discount rate used to value the reporting unit is reflective of discount rates applicable to internet media businesses. The Company concluded no impairment to the carrying value of goodwill had occurred as a result of the annual testing performed in October 2020.

 

    October 1,     October 1,  
Digital Segment Goodwill   2020     2019  
Impairment charge (in millions)   $     $ 5.8  
                 
Discount Rate     14.0 %     12.0 %
Year 1 Revenue Growth Rate     (5.4) %     12.2 %
Long-term Revenue Growth Rate (Years 6 – 10)     3.4% - 6.0 %     2.8% - 7.7 %
Operating Profit Margin Range     (12.5)% - 13.1 %     (4.7)% - 11. %

 

Below are some of the key assumptions used in the income approach model for determining the fair value of our cable television segment since October 2019. As a result of the testing performed in 2020 and 2019, the Company concluded no impairment to the carrying value of goodwill had occurred.

 

    October 1,     October 1,  
Cable Television Segment Goodwill   2020     2019  
Impairment charge (in millions)   $     $  
                 
Discount Rate     10.5 %     10.0 %
Year 1 Revenue Growth Rate     4.5 %     1.0 %
Long-term Revenue Growth Rate Range (Years 6 – 10)     0.6% - 1.5 %     1.9% - 2.3 %
Operating Profit Margin Range     37.2% - 46.1 %     33.0% - 45.5 %

 

The above goodwill tables reflect some of the key valuation assumptions used for 11 of our 17 reporting units. The other six remaining reporting units had no goodwill carrying value balances as of December 31, 2020.

 

In arriving at the estimated fair values for radio broadcasting licenses and goodwill, we also performed an analysis by comparing our overall average implied multiple based on our cash flow projections and fair values to recently completed sales transactions, and by comparing our fair value estimates to the market capitalization of the Company. The results of these comparisons confirmed that the fair value estimates resulting from our annual assessment for 2020 were reasonable.

 

Sensitivity Analysis

 

We believe both the estimates and assumptions we utilized when assessing the potential for impairment are individually and in aggregate reasonable; however, our estimates and assumptions are highly judgmental in nature. Further, there are inherent uncertainties related to these estimates and assumptions and our judgment in applying them to the impairment analysis. While we believe we have made reasonable estimates and assumptions to calculate the fair values, changes in any one estimate, assumption or a combination of estimates and assumptions, or changes in certain events or circumstances (including uncontrollable events and circumstances resulting from continued deterioration in the economy or credit markets) could require us to assess recoverability of broadcasting licenses and goodwill at times other than our annual  October 1 assessments, and could result in changes to our estimated fair values and further write-downs to the carrying values of these assets. Impairment charges are non-cash in nature, and as with current and past impairment charges, any future impairment charges will not impact our cash needs or liquidity or our bank ratio covenant compliance.

 

49

 

 

We had a total goodwill carrying value of approximately $223.4 million across 11 of our 17 reporting units as of December 31, 2020. The below table indicates the long-term cash flow growth rates assumed in our impairment testing and the long-term cash flow growth/decline rates that would result in additional goodwill impairment. For three of the reporting units, given the significant excess of their fair value over carrying value, any future goodwill impairment is not likely. However, should our estimates and assumptions for assessing the fair values of the remaining reporting units with goodwill worsen to reflect the below or lower cash flow growth/decline rates, additional goodwill impairments may be warranted in the future.

 

Reporting Unit   Long-Term
Cash Flow
Growth Rate
Used
    Long-Term Cash
Flow
Growth/(Decline) Rate
That Would Result in
Carrying Value that is less
than Fair Value (a)
2     0.9 %   Impairment not likely
16     0.7 %   Impairment not likely
21     1.0 %   Impairment not likely
1     1.1 %   1.0%
11     0.9 %   0.8%
18     2.5 %   1.9%
12     1.0 %   (1.2)%
13     0.9 %   (3.3)%
10     1.0 %   (3.6)%
6     0.8 %   (3.8)%
19     1.0 %   (43.9)%

 

(a) The long-term cash flow growth/(decline) rate that would result in the carrying value of the reporting unit being less than the fair value of the reporting unit applies only to further goodwill impairment and not to any future license impairment that would result from lowering the long-term cash flow growth rates used.

 

Several of the licenses in our units of accounting have limited or no excess of fair values over their respective carrying values. As set forth in the table below, as of October 1, 2020, we appraised the radio broadcasting licenses at a fair value of approximately $553.8 million, which was in excess of the $484.1 million carrying value by $69.7 million, or 14.4%. After the impairment charges were recorded for the year ended December 31, 2020, the fair values of the licenses exceeded the carrying values of the licenses for all units of accounting. Should our estimates, assumptions, or events or circumstances for any upcoming valuations worsen in the units with no or limited fair value cushion, additional license impairments may be needed in the future.

 

    Radio Broadcasting Licenses  
    As of              
    October 1,
2020
    October 1,
2020
    Excess  
Unit of Accounting (a)   Carrying
Values
(“CV”)
    Fair
Values
(“FV”)
    FV vs. CV     % FV
Over CV
 
            (In thousands)                  
Unit of Accounting 2   $ 3,086     $ 31,594     $ 28,508       923.8 %
Unit of Accounting 5     13,525       13,709       184       1.4 %
Unit of Accounting 7     15,223       16,829       1,606       10.5 %
Unit of Accounting 11     15,560       15,622       62       0.4 %
Unit of Accounting 4     16,142       19,476       3,334       20.7 %
Unit of Accounting 14     19,070       19,966       896       4.7 %
Unit of Accounting 6     22,642       25,052       2,410       10.6 %
Unit of Accounting 13     39,646       39,749       103       0.3 %
Unit of Accounting 12     32,968       33,667       699       2.1 %
Unit of Accounting 8     52,515       53,047       532       1.0 %
Unit of Accounting 16     54,670      

84,342

      29,672       54.3 %
Unit of Accounting 1     84,369       85,746       1,377       1.6 %
Unit of Accounting 10     114,650       114,974       324       0.3 %
Total   $ 484,066     $ 553,773     $ 69,707       14.4 %

 

50

 

 

(a) The units of accounting are not disclosed on a specific market basis so as to not make publicly available sensitive information that could be competitively harmful to the Company.

 

The following table presents a sensitivity analysis showing the impact on our impairment testing resulting from: (i) a 100 basis point decrease in industry or reporting unit growth rates; (ii) a 100 basis point decrease in cash flow margins; (iii) a 100 basis point increase in the discount rate; and (iv) both a 5% and 10% reduction in the fair values of broadcasting licenses and reporting units.

 

    Hypothetical Increase in
the Recorded Impairment
Charge
For the Year Ended
December 31, 2020
 
    Broadcasting
Licenses
    Goodwill (a)  
    (In millions)  
Impairment charge recorded:                
Radio Market Reporting Units   $ 68.5     $ 15.9  
Reach Media Reporting Unit     -       -  
Cable Television Reporting Unit     -       -  
Digital Reporting Unit     -       -  
Total Impairment Recorded   $ 68.5     $ 15.9  
                 
Hypothetical Change for Radio Market Reporting Units:                
A 100 basis point decrease in radio industry long-term growth rates   $ 34.0     $ 7.2  
A 100 basis point decrease in cash flow margin in the projection period   $ 9.1     $ 2.9  
A 100 basis point increase in the applicable discount rate   $ 52.2     $ 12.0  
A 5% reduction in the fair value of broadcasting licenses and reporting units   $ 15.6     $ 5.0  
A 10% reduction in the fair value of broadcasting licenses and reporting units   $ 36.2     $ 10.3  
                 
Hypothetical Change for Reach Media Reporting Unit:                
A 100 basis point decrease in long-term growth rates     Not applicable     $ -  
A 100 basis point decrease in cash flow margin in the projection period     Not applicable     $ -  
A 100 basis point increase in the applicable discount rate     Not applicable     $ -  
A 5% reduction in the fair value of the reporting unit     Not applicable     $ -  
A 10% reduction in the fair value of the reporting unit     Not applicable     $ -  
                 
Hypothetical Change for Cable Television Reporting Unit:                
A 100 basis point decrease in long-term growth rates     Not applicable     $ -  
A 100 basis point decrease in cash flow margin in the projection period     Not applicable     $ -  
A 100 basis point increase in the applicable discount rate     Not applicable     $ -  
A 5% reduction in the fair value of the reporting unit     Not applicable     $ -  
A 10% reduction in the fair value of the reporting unit     Not applicable     $ -  
                 
Hypothetical Change for Digital Reporting Unit:                
A 100 basis point decrease in long-term growth rates     Not applicable     $ 0.8  
A 100 basis point decrease in cash flow margin in the projection period     Not applicable     $ 1.0  
A 100 basis point increase in the applicable discount rate     Not applicable     $ 0.8  
A 5% reduction in the fair value of the reporting unit     Not applicable     $ -  
A 10% reduction in the fair value of the reporting unit     Not applicable     $ 0.4  

 

51

 

 

(a)Goodwill impairment charge applies only to further goodwill impairment and not to any potential license impairment that could result from changing other assumptions.

 

Impairment of Intangible Assets Excluding Goodwill, Radio Broadcasting Licenses and Other Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets

 

Intangible assets, excluding goodwill, radio broadcasting licenses and other indefinite-lived intangible assets, are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset or group of assets may not be fully recoverable. These events or changes in circumstances may include a significant deterioration of operating results, changes in business plans, or changes in anticipated future cash flows. If an impairment indicator is present, we will evaluate recoverability by a comparison of the carrying amount of the asset or group of assets to future undiscounted net cash flows expected to be generated by the asset or group of assets. Assets are grouped at the lowest level for which there is identifiable cash flows that are largely independent of the cash flows generated by other asset groups. If the assets are impaired, the impairment is measured by the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the fair value of the assets determined by estimates of discounted cash flows. The discount rate used in any estimate of discounted cash flows would be the rate required for a similar investment of like risk. The Company reviewed certain intangibles for impairment during 2020 and 2019 and determined no impairment charges were necessary. Any changes in the valuation estimates and assumptions or changes in certain events or circumstances could result in changes to the estimated fair values of these intangible assets and may result in future write-downs to the carrying values.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

In accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers,” the Company recognizes revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which it expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The Company elected to use the modified retrospective method, but the adoption of the standard did not have a material impact to our financial statements. In general, our spot advertising (both radio and cable television) as well as our digital advertising continues to be recognized when aired and delivered. For our cable television affiliate revenue, the Company grants a license to the affiliate to access its television programming content through the license period, and the Company earns a usage based royalty when the usage occurs, consistent with our previous revenue recognition policy. Finally, for event advertising, the performance obligation is satisfied at a point in time when the activity associated with the event is completed.

 

52

 

 

Within our radio broadcasting and Reach Media segments, the Company recognizes revenue for broadcast advertising at a point in time when a commercial spot runs. The revenue is reported net of agency and outside sales representative commissions. Agency and outside sales representative commissions are calculated based on a stated percentage applied to gross billing. Generally, clients remit the gross billing amount to the agency or outside sales representative, and the agency or outside sales representative remits the gross billing, less their commission, to the Company.

 

Within our digital segment, including Interactive One, which generates the majority of the Company’s digital revenue, revenue is principally derived from advertising services on non-radio station branded but Company-owned websites. Advertising services include the sale of banner and sponsorship advertisements.  Advertising revenue is recognized at a point in time either as impressions (the number of times advertisements appear in viewed pages) are delivered, when “click through” purchases are made, or ratably over the contract period, where applicable. In addition, Interactive One derives revenue from its studio operations, in which it provides third-party clients with publishing services including digital platforms and related expertise.  In the case of the studio operations, revenue is recognized primarily through fixed contractual monthly fees and/or as a share of the third party’s reported revenue.

 

Our cable television segment derives advertising revenue from the sale of television air time to advertisers and recognizes revenue when the advertisements are run. Advertising revenue is recognized at a point in time when the individual spots run. To the extent there is a shortfall in contracts where the ratings were guaranteed, a portion of the revenue is deferred until the shortfall is settled, typically by providing additional advertising units generally within one year of the original airing. Our cable television segment also derives revenue from affiliate fees under the terms of various multi-year affiliation agreements based on a per subscriber fee multiplied by the most recent subscriber counts reported by the applicable affiliate. The Company recognizes the affiliate fee revenue at a point in time as its performance obligation to provide the programming is met. The Company has a right of payment each month as the programming services and related obligations have been satisfied.

 

Contingencies and Litigation

 

We regularly evaluate our exposure relating to any contingencies or litigation and record a liability when available information indicates that a liability is probable and estimable. We also disclose significant matters that are reasonably possible to result in a loss, or are probable but for which an estimate of the liability is not currently available. To the extent actual contingencies and litigation outcomes differ from amounts previously recorded, additional amounts may need to be reflected.

 

Uncertain Tax Positions

 

To address the exposures of uncertain tax positions, we recognize the impact of a tax position in the financial statements if it is more likely than not that the position would be sustained on examination based on the technical merits of the position. As of December 31, 2020, we had approximately $2.3 million in unrecognized tax benefits. Future outcomes of our tax positions may be more or less than the currently recorded liability, which could result in recording additional taxes, or reversing some portion of the liability and recognizing a tax benefit once it is determined the liability is no longer necessary as potential issues get resolved, or as statutes of limitations in various tax jurisdictions close.

 

Realizability of Deferred Tax Assets

 

As of each reporting date, management considers new evidence, both positive and negative, that could affect its conclusions regarding the future realization of the Company’s deferred tax assets (“DTAs”). During the year ended December 31, 2020, management continues to believe that there is sufficient positive evidence to conclude that it is more likely than not the DTAs are realizable. The assessment to determine the value of the DTAs to be realized under ASC 740 is highly judgmental and requires the consideration of all available positive and negative evidence in evaluating the likelihood of realizing the tax benefit of the DTAs in a future period. Circumstances may change over time such that previous negative evidence no longer exists, and new conditions should be evaluated as positive or negative evidence that could affect the realization of the DTAs. Since the evaluation requires consideration of events that may occur some years into the future, significant judgment is required, and our conclusion could be materially different if certain expectations do not materialize.

 

53

 

 

In the assessment of all available evidence, an important piece of objectively verifiable evidence is evaluating a cumulative income or loss position over the most recent three-year period. Historically, the Company maintained a full valuation against the net DTAs, principally due to overwhelming objectively verifiable negative evidence in the form of a cumulative loss over the most recent three-year period. However, during the quarter ended December 31, 2018, the Company achieved three years of cumulative income, which removed the most heavily weighted piece of objectively verifiable negative evidence from our evaluation of the realizability of DTAs. Moreover, in combination with the three years of cumulative income and other objectively verifiable positive evidence that existed as of the quarter ended December 31, 2018, management believed that there was sufficient positive evidence to conclude that it was more likely than not that a material portion of its net DTAs were realizable. Consequently, the Company reduced its valuation allowance during the quarter ended December 31, 2018, in addition to the reduction of the valuation allowance during the quarter ended December 31, 2017.

 

As of the quarter ended December 31, 2020, management continues to weigh the objectively verifiable evidence associated with its cumulative income or loss position over the most recent three-year period. Further, as of the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company continues to have three years of cumulative income. Management also considered the cumulative income includes non-deductible pre-tax expenditures that, while included in pre-tax earnings, are not a component of taxable income and therefore are not expected to negatively impact the Company's ability to realize the tax benefit of the DTAs in current or future years.

 

As part of the 2017 Tax Act, IRC Section 163(j) limits the timing of the tax deduction for interest expense. In conjunction with evaluating and weighing the aforementioned negative and positive evidence from the Company’s historical cumulative income or loss position, management also evaluated the impact that interest expense has had on our cumulative income or loss position over the most recent three-year period. A material component of the Company’s expenses is interest and has been the primary driver of historical pre-tax losses. As part of our evaluation of positive evidence, management is adjusting for the IRC Section 163(j) interest expense limitation on projected taxable income as part of developing forecasts of taxable income sufficient to utilize the Company’s federal and state net operating losses that are not subject to annual limitation resulting from the 2009 ownership shift as defined under IRC Section 382.

 

Realization of the Company’s DTAs is dependent on generating sufficient taxable income in future periods, and although management believes it is more likely than not future taxable income will be sufficient to realize the DTAs, realization is not assured and future events may cause a change to the judgment of the realizability of the DTAs. If a future event causes management to re-evaluate and conclude that it is not more likely than not, that all or a portion of the DTAs are realizable, the Company would be required to establish a valuation allowance against the assets at that time, which would result in a charge to income tax expense and a decrease to net income in the period which the change of judgment is concluded.

 

The Company continues to assess potential tax strategies, which if successful, may reduce the impact of the annual limitations and potentially recover NOLs that otherwise would expire before being applied to reduce future income tax liabilities. If successful, the Company may be able to recover additional federal and state NOLs in future periods, which could be material. If we conclude that it is more likely than not that we will be able to realize additional federal and state NOLs, the tax benefit could materially impact future quarterly and annual periods. The federal and state NOLs expire in various years from 2021 to 2039.

 

Redeemable noncontrolling interests

 

Redeemable noncontrolling interests are interests in subsidiaries that are redeemable outside of the Company’s control either for cash or other assets. These interests are classified as mezzanine equity and measured at the greater of estimated redemption value at the end of each reporting period or the historical cost basis of the noncontrolling interests adjusted for cumulative earnings allocations.  The resulting increases or decreases in the estimated redemption amount are affected by corresponding charges against retained earnings, or in the absence of retained earnings, additional paid-in-capital.

 

54

 

 

With the assistance of a third-party valuation firm, the Company assesses the fair value of the redeemable noncontrolling interest in Reach Media as of the end of each reporting period.  The fair value of the redeemable noncontrolling interests as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, was approximately $12.7 million and $10.6 million, respectively.  The determination of fair value incorporated a number of assumptions and estimates including, but not limited to, forecasted operating results, discount rates and a terminal value.  Different estimates and assumptions may result in a change to the fair value of the redeemable noncontrolling interests amount previously recorded.

 

Fair Value Measurements

 

The Company accounts for an award called for in the CEO’s employment agreement (the “Employment Agreement”) as a derivative instrument. According to the Employment Agreement, executed in April 2008, the CEO is eligible to receive an award (the “Employment Agreement Award”) amount equal to approximately 4% of any proceeds from distributions or other liquidity events in excess of the return of the Company’s aggregate investment in TV One. The Company’s obligation to pay the award was triggered after the Company recovered the aggregate amount of certain pre-April 2015 capital contributions in TV One, and payment is required only upon actual receipt of distributions of cash or marketable securities or proceeds from a liquidity event with respect to such invested amount. The long-term portion of the award is recorded in other long-term liabilities and the current portion is recorded in other current liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets. The CEO was fully vested in the award upon execution of the Employment Agreement, and the award lapses if the CEO voluntarily leaves the Company or is terminated for cause. In September 2014, the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors of the Company approved terms for a new employment agreement with the CEO, including a renewal of the Employment Agreement Award upon similar terms as in the prior Employment Agreement.

 

The Company estimated the fair value of the Employment Agreement Award as of December 31, 2020, at approximately $25.6 million and, accordingly, adjusted the liability to that amount. The fair value estimate incorporated a number of assumptions and estimates, including but not limited to TV One’s future financial projections. As the Company will measure changes in the fair value of this award at each reporting period as warranted by certain circumstances, different estimates or assumptions may result in a change to the fair value of the award amount previously recorded.

 

Content Assets

 

Our cable television segment has entered into contracts to acquire entertainment programming rights and programs from distributors and producers. The license periods granted in these contracts generally run from one year to ten years. Contract payments are made in installments over terms that are generally shorter than the contract period. Each contract is recorded as an asset and a liability at an amount equal to its gross contractual commitment when the license period begins and the program is available for its first airing. Acquired content is generally amortized on a straight-line basis over the term of the license which reflects the estimated usage. For certain content for which the pattern of usage is accelerated, amortization is based upon the actual usage. Amortization of content assets is recorded in the consolidated statement of operations as programming and technical expenses.

 

The Company also has programming for which the Company has engaged third parties to develop and produce, and it owns most or all rights (commissioned programming). In accordance with ASC 926, content amortization expense for each period is recognized based on the revenue forecast model, which approximates the proportion that estimated advertising and affiliate revenues for the current period represent in relation to the estimated remaining total lifetime revenues as of the beginning of the current period.  Management regularly reviews, and revises when necessary, its total revenue estimates, which may result in a change in the rate of amortization and/or a write-down of the asset to fair value.

 

Commissioned programming is recorded at the lower of unamortized cost or estimated net realizable value. Estimated net realizable values are based on the estimated revenues associated with the program materials and related expenses. The Company did not record any additional amortization expense for the year ended December 31, 2020 and recorded an impairment and additional amortization expense of approximately $4.9 million, as a result of evaluating its contracts for recoverability for the year ended December 31, 2019. All produced and licensed content is classified as a long-term asset, except for the portion of the unamortized content balance that is expected to be amortized within one year which is classified as a current asset.

 

55

 

 

Tax incentives that state and local governments offer that are directly measured based on production activities are recorded as reductions in production costs.

 

Capital and Commercial Commitments

 

Indebtedness

 

As of December 31, 2020, we had several debt instruments outstanding within our corporate structure. We had incurred senior bank debt as part of our 2017 Credit Facility in the amount of $350.0 million that matured on the earlier of (i) April 18, 2023, or (ii) in the event such debt had not been repaid or refinanced, 91 days prior to the maturity of the Company’s 7.375% Notes. As of December 31, 2020, we had approximately $2.9 million outstanding of our 7.375% Notes. On December 20, 2018, the Company closed on a $192.0 million unsecured credit facility (the “2018 Credit Facility”) and on a $50.0 million loan secured by our interest in the MGM National Harbor Casino (the “MGM National Harbor Loan”) and these instruments remained outstanding as of December 31, 2020. Finally, on November 9, 2020, we completed an exchange of 99.15% of our outstanding 7.375% Senior Secured Notes due 2022 (the “7.375% Notes”) for $347 million aggregate principal amount of newly issued 8.75% Senior Secured Notes due December 2022 (the “8.75% Notes”).

 

See “Liquidity and Capital Resources.” See the balances outstanding as of December 31, 2020 in the “Type of Debt” section as part of the “Liquidity and Capital Resources” section above. See Note 16 – Subsequent Events in the footnotes to the consolidated financial statements.

 

Lease obligations

 

We have non-cancelable operating leases for office space, studio space, broadcast towers and transmitter facilities that expire over the next 11 years.

 

Operating Contracts and Agreements

 

We have other operating contracts and agreements including employment contracts, on-air talent contracts, severance obligations, retention bonuses, consulting agreements, equipment rental agreements, programming related agreements, and other general operating agreements that expire over the next five years.

 

Royalty Agreements

 

Musical works rights holders, generally songwriters and music publishers, have been traditionally represented by performing rights organizations, such as the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (“ASCAP”), Broadcast Music, Inc. (“BMI”) and SESAC, Inc. (“SESAC”).  The market for rights relating to musical works is changing rapidly. Songwriters and music publishers have withdrawn from the traditional performing rights organizations, particularly ASCAP and BMI, and new entities, such as Global Music Rights, Inc. (“GMR”), have been formed to represent rights holders. These organizations negotiate fees with copyright users, collect royalties and distribute them to the rights holders.  We currently have arrangements with ASCAP, SESAC and GMR. On April 22, 2020, the Radio Music License Committee (“RMLC”), an industry group which the Company is a part of, and BMI have reached agreement on the terms of a new license agreement that covers the period January 1, 2017, through December 31, 2021. Upon approval of the court of the BMI/RMLC agreement, the Company automatically became a party to the agreement and to a license with BMI through December 31, 2021.

 

Reach Media Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest Shareholders’ Put Rights

 

Beginning on January 1, 2018, the noncontrolling interest shareholders of Reach Media have had an annual right to require Reach Media to purchase all or a portion of their shares at the then current fair market value for such shares (the “Put Right”).  This annual right is exercisable for a 30-day period beginning January 1 of each year. The purchase price for such shares may be paid in cash and/or registered Class D common stock of Urban One, at the discretion of Urban One. The noncontrolling interest shareholders of Reach Media did not exercise their Put Right for the 30-day period ending January 31, 2021. Management, at this time, cannot reasonably determine the period when and if the put right will be exercised by the noncontrolling interest shareholders.

 

56

 

 

Contractual Obligations Schedule

 

The following table represents our scheduled contractual obligations as of December 31, 2020:

 

    Payments Due by Period  
Contractual Obligations   2021     2022     2023     2024     2025     2026 and
Beyond
    Total  
    (In thousands)  
7.375% Senior Secured Notes(1)   $ 220     $ 3,048     $     $     $     $     $ 3,268  
2017 Credit facility(2)     23,960       24,008       316,281                         364,249  
2018 Credit facility(2)     35,995       37,160       88,635                         161,790  
8.75% Senior Secured Notes(1)     30,364       376,030                               406,394  
Other operating contracts/agreements(3)     58,532       23,044       11,896       10,121       9,958       22,322       135,873  
Operating lease obligations     12,892       11,739       10,323       9,192       4,696       7,618       56,460  
MGM National Harbor Loan     6,518       69,433                               75,951  
Total   $ 168,481     $ 544,462     $ 427,135     $ 19,313     $ 14,654     $ 29,940     $ 1,203,985  

 

(1) Includes interest obligations based on effective interest rates on senior secured notes outstanding as of December 31, 2020. See “Liquidity and Capital Resources.”

 

(2) Includes interest obligations based on effective interest rate, and projected interest expense on credit facilities outstanding as of December 31, 2020. See “Liquidity and Capital Resources.”

 

(3) Includes employment contracts (including the Employment Agreement Award), severance obligations, on-air talent contracts, consulting agreements, equipment rental agreements, programming related agreements, and other general operating agreements. Also includes contracts that our cable television segment has entered into to acquire entertainment programming rights and programs from distributors and producers.  These contracts relate to their content assets as well as prepaid programming related agreements.

 

Of the total amount of other operating contracts and agreements included in the table above, approximately $82.7 million has not been recorded on the balance sheet as of December 31, 2020, as it does not meet recognition criteria. Approximately $6.9 million relates to certain commitments for content agreements for our cable television segment, approximately $16.6 million relates to employment agreements, and the remainder relates to other agreements.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

On February 24, 2015, the Company entered into a letter of credit reimbursement and security agreement. On October 8, 2019, the Company entered into an amendment to its letter of credit reimbursement and security agreement and extended the term to October 8, 2024. As of December 31, 2020, the Company had letters of credit totaling $871,000 under the agreement. Letters of credit issued under the agreement are required to be collateralized with cash.

 

ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURE ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

Not required for smaller reporting companies.

 

ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

 

The consolidated financial statements of Urban One required by this item are filed with this report on Pages F-1 to F-51.

 

57

 

 

ITEM 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

 

None.

 

ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

(a) Evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures

 

We have carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) and the Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”), of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based on this evaluation, our CEO and CFO concluded that as of such date, our disclosure controls and procedures are effective in timely alerting them to material information required to be included in our periodic SEC reports. Disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act, are controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms.

 

In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, our management recognized that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can only provide reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives and management necessarily was required to apply its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures. Our disclosure controls and procedures are designed to provide a reasonable level of assurance of reaching our desired disclosure controls objective. Our management, including our CEO and CFO, has concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures are effective in reaching that level of reasonable assurance.

 

(b) Management’s report on internal control over financial reporting

 

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(f). Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our CEO and CFO, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting. Internal control over financial reporting cannot provide absolute assurance of achieving financial reporting objectives because of its inherent limitations. Internal control over financial reporting is a process that involves human diligence and compliance and is subject to lapses in judgment and breakdowns resulting from human failures. Internal control over financial reporting also can be circumvented by collusion or improper management override. Because of such limitations, there is a risk that material misstatements may not be prevented or detected on a timely basis by internal control over financial reporting. However, these inherent limitations are known features of the financial reporting process. Therefore, it is possible to design into the process safeguards to reduce, though not eliminate, this risk.

 

Under the supervision and with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, our management conducted an assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2020 based on the criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework, issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 framework). Based on this assessment, our management has concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was effective as of December 31, 2020.

 

This Form 10-K does not include an attestation report of our Company’s independent registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. As we are a non-accelerated filer, management’s report was not subject to attestation by the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm.

 

58

 

 

(c) Changes in internal control over financial reporting 

 

Except for the remediation actions described below, there were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the year ended December 31, 2020 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

As part of the Urban One Form 10-K filing for the year ended December 31, 2019, the Company identified three material weaknesses that required remediation. We completed the remediation activities during 2020 and believe that we have strengthened our controls to address the identified material weaknesses.

 

We took the following actions to remediate these material weaknesses:

 

  · Strengthened the Finance and Accounting functions and engaged additional resources, both internal and external, with the appropriate depth of experience for our Finance and Accounting departments

 

  · Implemented a required senior management, legal and accounting review to specifically address all disclosures and related financial information

 

  · Strengthened the existing internal controls related to estimating and accounting for deferred income taxes and determining the effective tax rate

 

  · Implemented specific review procedures designed to enhance our income tax monitoring control

 

  · Strengthened our current income tax control activities with improved documentation standards, technical oversight and training

 

 

ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION

 

None.

 

59

 

 

PART III

 

ITEM 10. DIRECTORS AND EXECUTIVE OFFICERS OF THE REGISTRANT

 

The information with respect to directors and executive officers required by this Item 10 is incorporated into this report by reference to the information set forth under the caption “Nominees for Class A Directors,” “Nominees for Other Directors,” “Code of Conduct,” and “Executive Officers” in our proxy statement for the 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, which is expected to be filed with the Commission within 120 days after the close of our fiscal year.

 

ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

 

The information required by this Item 11 is incorporated into this report by reference to the information set forth under the caption “Compensation of Directors and Executive Officers” in our proxy statement.

 

ITEM 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

 

The information required by this Item 12 is incorporated into this report by reference to the information set forth under the caption “Principal Stockholders” in our proxy statement.

 

ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS

 

The information required by this Item 13 is incorporated into this report by reference to the information set forth under the caption “Certain Relationships and Related Transactions” in our proxy statement.

 

ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES

 

The information required by this Item 14 is incorporated into this report by reference to the information set forth under the caption “Audit Fees” in our proxy statement.

 

60

 

 

PART IV

 

ITEM 15. EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

 

(a)(1) Financial Statements

 

The following financial statements required by this item are submitted in a separate section beginning on page F-1 of this report:

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm – Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2020 and 2019

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019

 

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive (Loss) Income for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019

 

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019

 

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Schedule II — Valuation and Qualifying Accounts

 

Schedules other than those listed above have been omitted from this Form 10-K because they are not required, are not applicable, or the required information is included in the financial statements and notes thereto.

 

(a)(2) EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENTS:   The following exhibits are filed as part of this Annual Report, except for Exhibits 32.1 and 32.2, which are furnished, but not filed, with this Annual Report.

 

Exhibit
Number
  Description
3.1   Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of Urban Inc., dated as of May 4, 2000, as filed with the State of Delaware on May 9, 2000 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to Urban One’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2000).
3.1.1   Certificate of Amendment, dated as of April 25, 2017, of the Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of Urban One, Inc., dated as of April 25, 2017, as filed with the State of Delaware on April 25, 2017 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to Urban One’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed May 8, 2017).
3.2   Amended and Restated By-laws of Urban One, Inc. amended as of May 5, 2017 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to Urban One’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed May 8, 2017).
3.3   Certificate of Conversion of Bell Broadcasting Company into Bell Broadcasting Company LLC (incorporated by reference  to Exhibit 3.13 to Urban One’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed March 14, 2016).
3.4   Articles of Organization of Blue Chip Broadcasting Licenses, Ltd. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.32 to Urban One’s Registration Statement on Form S-4, filed August 5, 2005).
3.5   Operating Agreement of Blue Chip Broadcasting Licenses, Ltd. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.60 to Urban One’s Registration Statement on Form S-4, filed August 5, 2005).
3.6   Articles of Organization of Blue Chip Broadcasting, Ltd. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.30 to Urban One’s Registration Statement on Form S-4, filed August 5, 2005).
3.7   Amended and Restated Operating Agreement of Blue Chip Broadcasting, Ltd. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.59 to Urban One’s Registration Statement on Form S-4, filed August 5, 2005).
3.8   Certificate of Formation of Charlotte Broadcasting, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.18 to Urban One’s Registration Statement on Form S-4, filed August 5, 2005).

 

61

 

 

3.9   Limited Liability Company Agreement of Charlotte Broadcasting, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.53 to Urban One’s Registration Statement on Form S-4, filed August 5, 2005).
3.10   Certificate of Formation of Distribution One, LLC. (incorporated by reference  to Exhibit 3.15 to  Urban One’s Registration Statement on Form S-4, filed February 9, 2011).
3.11   Limited Liability Company Agreement of Distribution One, LLC. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.16 to Urban One’s Registration Statement on Form S-4, filed February 9, 2011).
3.12   Articles of Incorporation of Interactive One, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.19 to Urban One’s Registration Statement on Form S-4, filed February 9, 2011).
3.13   Bylaws of Interactive One, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.20 to Urban One’s Registration Statement on Form S-4, filed February 9, 2011).
3.14   Certificate of Formation of Interactive One, LLC. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.21 to Urban One’s Registration Statement on Form S-4, filed February 9, 2011).
3.15   Limited Liability Company Agreement of Interactive One, LLC. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.22 to Urban One’s Registration Statement on Form S-4, filed February 9, 2011).
3.16   Certificate of Incorporation of New Mableton Broadcasting Corporation (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.43 to Urban One’s Registration Statement on Form S-4, filed August 5, 2005).
3.17   Bylaws of New Mableton Broadcasting Corporation (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.70 to Urban One’s Registration Statement on Form S-4, filed August 5, 2005).
3.18   Certificate of Conversion of Radio One Cable Holdings, Inc.to Radio One Cable Holdings, LLC. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.19 to Urban One’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed February 17, 2015).
3.19   Certificate of Conversion of formation of Radio One Cable Holdings, LLC. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.20 to Urban One’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed February 17, 2015).
3.20   Certificate of Formation of Radio One Distribution Holdings, LLC. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.27 to Urban One’s Registration Statement on Form S-4, filed February 9, 2011).
3.21   Limited Liability Company Agreement of Radio One Cable Holdings, LLC. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.20 to Urban One’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed February 17, 2015).
3.22   Limited Liability Company Agreement of Radio One Distribution Holdings, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.28 to Urban One’s Registration Statement on Form S-4, filed February 9, 2011).
3.23   Certificate of Formation of Radio One Licenses, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.3 to Urban One’s Registration Statement on Form S-4, filed August 5, 2005).
3.24   Limited Liability Company Agreement of Radio One Licenses, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.46 to Urban One’s Registration Statement on Form S-4, filed August 5, 2005).
3.25   Certificate of Formation of Radio One Media Holdings, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.44 to Urban One’s Registration Statement on Form S-4, filed August 5, 2005).
3.26   Limited Liability Company Agreement of Radio One Media Holdings, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.71 to Urban One’s Registration Statement on Form S-4, filed August 5, 2005).
3.29   Certificate of Formation of Radio One of Charlotte, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.15 to Urban One’s Registration Statement on Form S-4, filed August 5, 2005).
3.30   Limited Liability Company Agreement of Radio One of Charlotte, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.51 to Urban One’s Registration Statement on Form S-4, filed August 5, 2005).
3.33   Certificate of Limited Partnership of Radio One of Indiana, L.P. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.35 to Urban One’s Registration Statement on Form S-4, filed August 5, 2005).
3.34   Limited Partnership Agreement of Radio One of Indiana, L.P. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.63 to Urban One’s Registration Statement on Form S-4, filed August 5, 2005).
3.35   Certificate of Formation of Radio One of Indiana, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.38 to Urban One’s Registration Statement on Form S-4, filed August 5, 2005).
3.36   Limited Liability Company Agreement of Radio One of Indiana, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.66 to Urban One’s Registration Statement on Form S-4, filed August 5, 2005).
3.37   Certificate of Formation of Radio One of North Carolina, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.20 to Urban One’s Registration Statement on Form S-4, filed August 5, 2005).
3.38   Limited Liability Company Agreement of Radio One of North Carolina, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.54 to Urban One’s Registration Statement on Form S-4, filed August 5, 2005).
3.39   Certificate of Formation of Radio One of Texas II, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.37 to Urban One’s Registration Statement on Form S-4, filed August 5, 2005).

 

62

 

 

3.40   Limited Liability Company Agreement of Radio One of Texas II, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.65 to Urban One’s Registration Statement on Form S-4, filed August 5, 2005).
3.41   Certificate of Formation of Satellite One, L.L.C. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.39 to Urban One’s Registration Statement on Form S-4, filed August 5, 2005).
3.42   Limited Liability Company Agreement of Satellite One, L.L.C. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.67 to Urban One’s Registration Statement on Form S-4, filed August 5, 2005).
3.43   Certificate of Formation of IO Acquisition Sub, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.46 to Urban One’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed February 17, 2015).
3.44   Certificate of Amendment to Certificate of Formation of BossipMadameNoire, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.3 to Urban One’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed May 8, 2017).
3.45   Limited Liability Company Agreement of BossipMadameNoire, LLC (formerly IO Acquisition Sub and incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.47 to Urban One’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed February 17, 2015).
3.46   Certificate of Formation of Radio One Urban Network Holdings, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.48 to Urban One’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed February 17, 2015).
3.47   Limited Liability Company Agreement of Radio One Urban Network Holdings, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.49 to Urban One’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed February 17, 2015).
3.48   Certificate of Formation of Radio One Entertainment Holdings, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.50 to Urban One’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed February 17, 2015).
3.49   Second Amended and Restated Limited Liability Company Agreement of Radio One Entertainment Holdings, LLC*
3.50   Certificate of Conversion of Gaffney Broadcasting, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.52 to Urban One’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed February 17, 2015).
3.51   Certificate of Incorporation of Reach Media, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.53 to Urban One’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed February 17, 2015).
3.52   Bylaws of Reach Media, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.54 to Urban One’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed February 17, 2015).
3.53   Certificate of Formation of RO One Solution, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.54 to Urban One’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed March 14, 2016).
3.54   Certificate of Formation of Urban One Entertainment SPV, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.54 to Urban One’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed March 18, 2019).
3.55   Second Amended and Restated Limited Liability Company Agreement of Urban One Entertainment SPV, LLC*
4.1   Indenture, dated as of January 25, 2021, among  Urban  One, Inc., the guarantors named therein and Wilmington Trust, National Association, as trustee, relating to the 7.375% Senior Secured Notes due 2028 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to Urban One’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed January 29, 2021). 
4.2   Credit Agreement, dated as of February 19, 2021, among Urban One, Inc., the other borrowers party thereto, the lenders party thereto from time to time and Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to Urban One's Current Report on Form 8-K filed February 22, 2021).
4.7   Description of Registrant's Securities*
10.1   Amended and Restated Stockholders Agreement dated as of September 28, 2004 among Catherine L. Hughes and Alfred C. Liggins, III (incorporated by reference 4.1 Urban One’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended June 30, 2005).
10.2   Amended and Restated Radio One, Inc. 2009 Stock Option and Restricted Stock Grant Plan (incorporated by reference to Urban One’s Definitive Proxy on Schedule 14A filed October 3, 2013).
10.3   Urban One, Inc. 2019 Equity and Performance Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Urban One’s Definitive Proxy on Schedule 14A filed April 11, 2019).
10.4   Employment Agreement between Radio One, Inc. and Peter D. Thompson dated October 9, 2014 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.12 to Urban One’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed November 4, 2014).
10.5   Employment Agreement between Radio One, Inc. and Alfred C. Liggins, III dated April 16, 2008 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to Urban One’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed April 18, 2008).
10.6   Terms of Employment Agreement between Radio One, Inc. and Alfred C. Liggins, III approved September 30, 2014 (incorporated by reference to Item 5.02 of Urban One’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed October 6, 2014).

 

63

 

 

10.7   Employment Agreement between Radio One, Inc. and Catherine L. Hughes dated April 16, 2008 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to Urban One’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed April 18, 2008).
10.8   Terms of Employment Agreement between Radio One, Inc. and Catherine L. Hughes approved September 30, 2014 (incorporated by reference to Item 5.02 of Urban One’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed October 6, 2014).
10.9   Credit Agreement, dated as of April 21, 2016, among Radio One, Inc., the lenders party thereto from time to time and Wells Fargo Bank National Association, as administrative agent (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to Urban One’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed April 27, 2016).
10.10   Extension Agreement attaching to and made a part of Employment Agreement by and between Radio One, Inc. and Peter D. Thompson (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to Urban One’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed April 27, 2016).
21.1   Subsidiaries of Urban One, Inc.*
23.1   Consent of BDO USA, LLP *
31.1   Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.*
31.2   Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. *
32.1   Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C § 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.*
32.2   Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C § 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. *
101   Financial information from the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, formatted in XBRL.*

 

  * Indicates document filed herewith.

 

ITEM 16. FORM 10-K SUMMARY

 

None.

 

64

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized on March 31, 2021.

 

  URBAN One, Inc.  
       
  By: /s/ Peter D. Thompson  
  Name: Peter D. Thompson  
  Title: Chief Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer  

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant in the capacities indicated on March 31, 2021.

 

By:  /s/  Catherine L. Hughes  
     
Name:  Catherine L. Hughes  
     
Title:  Chairperson, Director and Secretary  
     
By:  /s/  Alfred C. Liggins, III  
     
Name:  Alfred C. Liggins, III  
     
Title:  Chief Executive Officer, President and Director  
     
By:  /s/  Terry L. Jones  
     
Name:  Terry L. Jones  
     
Title:  Director  
     
By:  /s/  Brian W. McNeill  
     
Name:  Brian W. McNeill  
     
Title:  Director  
     
By:  /s/  B. Doyle Mitchell, Jr.  
     
Name:  B. Doyle Mitchell, Jr.  
     
Title:  Director  

 

65

 

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

Shareholders and Board of Directors

Urban One, Inc.

Silver Spring, Maryland

 

Opinion on the Consolidated Financial Statements

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Urban One, Inc. (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, the related consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for the years then ended, and the related notes and schedule (collectively referred to as the “consolidated financial statements”). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company at December 31, 2020 and 2019, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

Basis for Opinion

 

These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s consolidated financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

 

Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

 F-1 

 

 

Critical Audit Matters

 

The critical audit matters communicated below are matters arising from the current period audit of the consolidated financial statements that were communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that: (1) relate to accounts or disclosures that are material to the consolidated financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the consolidated financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matters below, providing separate opinions on the critical audit matters or on the accounts or disclosures to which they relate.

 

Valuation of Radio Broadcasting Licenses

 

As described further in Notes 1 and 4 to the consolidated financial statements, the carrying amount of the Company’s radio broadcasting licenses was $484 million as of December 31, 2020. The Company determined the radio broadcast licenses are indefinite-live intangible assets. In accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 350, “Intangibles - Goodwill and Other,” goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets are not amortized. The Company tests radio broadcasting licenses for impairment annually, on October 1, or more frequently when events or changes in circumstances or other conditions suggest impairment may have occurred. During the first and third quarters of fiscal 2020, the Company concluded that a triggering event occurred for certain radio broadcasting licenses due to a decline in the Company’s revenues as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and the resulting government stay at home orders. As a result, the Company recorded an impairment charge for certain radio broadcasting licenses in the amount of $47.7 million and $19.1 million, in the first and third quarter, respectively. During the fourth quarter, the Company performed the annual impairment test for each radio broadcasting license, and there was no additional impairment. The radio broadcast licenses are evaluated for impairment at the unit of account level (which is a cluster of radio stations into one of the geographical markets) by comparing the fair value of the radio broadcast licenses to their carrying value. An impairment exists when the carrying value of the radio broadcasting license exceeds its respective fair value. The Company estimates the fair value of the radio broadcasting licenses using the income approach.

 

We identified the estimate of the fair value of the radio broadcast licenses as part of the interim and annual impairment assessment to be a critical audit matter. The principal considerations that led to this determination were (i) the fair value estimates were sensitive to changes in the significant assumptions such as the estimated market share and revenues, operating profit margin, long-term revenue growth rates and the discount rate and (ii) the audit effort involved the use of professionals with specialized skills and knowledge. These assumptions were especially challenging to test and required significant auditor judgment because they were affected by expected future market conditions, including the impact of COVID-19.

 

The primary procedures we performed to address this critical audit matter included:

 

·Obtaining an understanding of management’s process for developing the fair value estimate and evaluating the reasonableness of the significant assumptions by comparing them to historical information and market data considering the impact of COVID-19.
·Testing the completeness and accuracy of the underlying information used in the fair value estimate.
·Utilizing our valuation professionals to assist in (i) assessing the appropriateness of the valuation methodology and (ii) evaluating the reasonableness of the discount rate.

 

 F-2 

 

 

Radio Goodwill Impairment Assessment

 

As described further in Notes 1 and 4 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company’s radio broadcasting goodwill balance was $36.8 million as of December 31, 2020. The Company tests goodwill for impairment annually, on October 1, or more frequently when events or changes in circumstances or other conditions suggest impairment may have occurred. During the first and third quarters of fiscal 2020, the Company concluded that a triggering event occurred for certain reporting units due to a decline in the Company’s revenues as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and the resulting government stay at home orders. As a result, the Company recorded an impairment charge for certain reporting units in the amount of $5.9 million and $10 million, in the first and third quarter, respectively. During the fourth quarter, the Company performed the annual impairment test for each reporting unit, and there was no additional impairment charge. An impairment exists when the reporting unit’s carrying value exceeds its fair value and the impairment charge is limited to the amount of goodwill allocated to the reporting unit. The Company estimates the fair value of the reporting unit using an income approach.

 

We identified the estimate of the fair value of the Company’s reporting units as part of the interim and annual impairment assessment to be a critical audit matter. The principal considerations that led to this determination were (i) the fair value estimates were sensitive to changes in the significant assumptions such as the estimated market share and revenue, operating profit margin, long-term revenue growth rates and the discount rate and (ii) the audit effort involved the use of professionals with specialized skills and knowledge. These assumptions were especially challenging to test and required significant auditor judgment because they were affected by expected future market conditions, including the impact of COVID-19.

 

The primary procedures we performed to address this critical audit matter included:

 

·Obtaining an understanding of management’s process for developing the fair value estimate and evaluating the reasonableness of the significant assumptions by comparing them to historical information and market data considering the impact of COVID-19.
·Testing the completeness and accuracy of the underlying information used in the fair value estimate.
·Utilizing our valuation professionals to assist in (i) assessing the appropriateness of the valuation methodology and (ii) evaluating the reasonableness of the discount rate.

 

Realizability of Deferred Tax Assets

 

As described further in Notes 1 and 10 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company records a valuation allowance if, based on the weight of available evidence, it is more likely than not that all or a portion of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. As of December 31, 2020, the Company recorded a valuation allowance of $277 thousand to offset the Company’s gross deferred tax assets of $157.9 million.

 

We have identified the realizability of deferred tax assets as a critical audit matter because of the significant judgments and estimates made by management to determine that sufficient taxable income will be generated in the future periods to utilize the Federal and State net operating losses, including the evaluation of the impact of IRC Section 382. This required a high degree of auditor judgment and an increased extent of audit effort, including the need to involve our income tax specialists, when performing audit procedures to assess the reasonableness of management’s estimates of future taxable income, including projected pre-tax income, and qualifying tax planning strategies.

 

 F-3 

 

 

The primary procedures we performed to address this critical audit matter included:

 

·Testing the reasonableness of management’s estimates of future taxable income by comparing the estimates to historical taxable income, industry and market information including the impact of COVID-19 and evidence obtained in other areas of the audit to evaluate whether contradictory evidence exists.
·Evaluating the appropriateness of management’s application of new and updated regulatory and legislative guidance.
·Evaluating changes in tax laws and assessing the interpretation of those changes under the relevant state and local jurisdictions’ tax laws.
·Utilizing firm personnel with specialized knowledge and skill in income taxes to assist in (i) evaluating both positive and negative evidence, including the calculation of future taxable income, to assess the reasonableness of the Company’s valuation allowance and (ii) testing the Company’s Section 382 calculation and resulting annual limitations on the recoverability of net operating losses.

 

/s/ BDO USA, LLP

 

We have served as the Company's auditor since 2016.

 

Potomac, Maryland

 

March 31, 2021

 

 F-4 

 

 

URBAN ONE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES 

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

    As of December 31,  
    2020     2019  
    (In thousands, except share
data)
 
ASSETS                
CURRENT ASSETS:                
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 73,385     $ 33,073  
Restricted cash     473       473  
Trade accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $7,956 and $7,416, respectively     106,296       106,148  
Prepaid expenses     10,154       11,261  
Current portion of content assets     28,434       30,642  
Other current assets     4,224       4,442  
Total current assets     222,966       186,039  
CONTENT ASSETS, net     63,175       70,121  
PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, net     19,192       24,393  
GOODWILL     223,402       239,772  
RIGHT OF USE ASSETS     40,918       44,922  
RADIO BROADCASTING LICENSES     484,066       582,697  
OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS, net     56,053       58,212  
DEFERRED TAX ASSETS, net     10,041        
ASSETS HELD FOR SALE     32,661        
OTHER ASSETS     43,013       43,763  
Total assets   $ 1,195,487     $ 1,249,919  
LIABILITIES, REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY                
CURRENT LIABILITIES:                
Accounts payable   $ 11,135     $ 5,919  
Accrued interest     8,017       9,094  
Accrued compensation and related benefits     12,302       10,903  
Current portion of content payables     16,248       14,804  
Current portion of lease liabilities     8,928       8,980  
Other current liabilities     26,917       25,393  
Current portion of long-term debt     23,362       25,945  
Total current liabilities     106,909       101,038  
LONG-TERM DEBT, net of current portion, original issue discount and issuance costs     818,924       850,308  
CONTENT PAYABLES, net of current portion     9,479       14,826  
LONG-TERM LEASE LIABILITIES    

36,577

      40,494  
OTHER LONG-TERM LIABILITIES     23,999       25,054  
DEFERRED TAX LIABILITIES, net           24,560  
Total liabilities     995,888       1,056,280  
                 
REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS     12,701       10,564  
                 
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY:                
Convertible preferred stock, $.001 par value, 1,000,000 shares authorized; no shares outstanding at December  31, 2020 and 2019            
Common stock — Class A, $.001 par value, 30,000,000 shares authorized; 4,441,635 and 1,582,375 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively     4       2  
Common stock — Class B, $.001 par value, 150,000,000 shares authorized; 2,861,843 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2020 and 2019     3       3  
Common stock — Class C, $.001 par value, 150,000,000 shares authorized; 2,928,906 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2020 and 2019     3       3  
Common stock — Class D, $.001 par value, 150,000,000 shares authorized; 37,515,801 and 38,752,749 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively     38       39  
Additional paid-in capital     991,769       979,834  
Accumulated deficit     (804,919 )     (796,806 )
Total stockholders’ equity     186,898       183,075  
Total liabilities, redeemable noncontrolling interests and stockholders’ equity   $ 1,195,487     $ 1,249,919  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

  

F-5

 

 

URBAN ONE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

 

    For the Years Ended December 31,  
    2020     2019  
    (In thousands, except share data)  
NET REVENUE   $ 376,337     $ 436,929  
OPERATING EXPENSES:                
Programming and technical, including stock-based compensation of $20 and $78, respectively     103,833       128,804  
Selling, general and administrative, including stock-based compensation of $413 and $759, respectively     109,046       152,550  
Corporate selling, general and administrative, including stock-based compensation of $1,861 and $3,947, respectively     37,721       40,894  
Depreciation and amortization     9,741       16,985  
Impairment of long-lived assets     84,400       10,600  
Total operating expenses     344,741       349,833  
Operating income     31,596       87,096  
INTEREST INCOME     213       150  
INTEREST EXPENSE     74,507       81,400  
LOSS ON RETIREMENT OF DEBT     2,894        
OTHER INCOME, net     (4,547 )     (7,075 )
(Loss) income before (benefit from) provision for income taxes and noncontrolling interests in income of subsidiaries     (41,045     12,921  
(BENEFIT FROM) PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES     (34,476     10,864  
CONSOLIDATED NET (LOSS) INCOME     (6,569     2,057  
NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS     1,544       1,132  
CONSOLIDATED NET (LOSS) INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO COMMON STOCKHOLDERS   $ (8,113   $ 925  
                 
BASIC NET (LOSS) INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE  TO COMMON STOCKHOLDERS:                
Net (loss) income attributable to common stockholders   $ (0.18   $ 0.02  
                 
DILUTED NET (LOSS) INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE  TO COMMON STOCKHOLDERS:                
Net (loss) income attributable to common stockholders   $ (0.18   $ 0.02  
                 
WEIGHTED AVERAGE SHARES OUTSTANDING:                
Basic     45,041,467       44,699,586  
                 
Diluted     45,041,467       47,921,671  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

  

F-6

 

 

URBAN ONE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE (LOSS) INCOME

 

    For The Years Ended
December 31,
 
    2020     2019  
    (In thousands)  
COMPREHENSIVE (LOSS) INCOME   $ (6,569   $ 2,057  
LESS: COMPREHENSIVE INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS     1,544       1,132  
COMPREHENSIVE (LOSS) INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO COMMON STOCKHOLDERS   $ (8,113   $ 925  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

  

F-7

 

 

URBAN ONE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

For The Years Ended December 31, 2019 and 2020

 

    Convertible
Preferred
Stock
    Common
Stock
Class A
    Common
Stock
Class B
    Common
Stock
Class C
    Common
Stock
Class D
    Additional
Paid-In
Capital
    Accumulated
Deficit
    Total 
Equity
 
    (In thousands, except share data)  
BALANCE, as of December 31, 2018   $      —     $    2     $     3     $      3     $    39     $ 978,628     $ (803,534 )   $ 175,141  
                                                                 
Consolidated net income                                         925       925  
                                                                 
Stock-based compensation expense                             2       4,782             4,784  
                                                                 
Issuance of 978,844 shares of Class D common stock                                   2,108             2,108  
                                                                 
Repurchase of 54,896 shares of Class A common stock and repurchase of 2,667,210 shares of Class D common stock                             (2 )     (5,513 )           (5,515 )
                                                                 
Exercise of options for 15,000 shares of common stock                                   29             29  
                                                                 
Adoption of ASC 842                                         5,803       5,803  
                                                                 
Adjustment of redeemable noncontrolling interests to estimated redemption value                                   (200 )           (200 )
                                                                 
BALANCE, as of December 31, 2019   $     $ 2     $ 3     $ 3     $ 39     $ 979,834     $ (796,806 )   $ 183,075  
                                                                 
Consolidated net loss                                         (8,113 )     (8,113 )
                                                                 
Stock-based compensation expense                                   2,294             2,294  
                                                                 
Issuance of 2,859,276 shares of Class A common stock           2                         14,671             14,673  
                                                                 
Repurchase of 3,919,280 shares of Class D common stock                             (3 )     (3,609 )           (3,612 )
                                                                 
Exercise of options for 1,032,922 shares of common stock                             2       1,974             1,976  
                                                                 
Adjustment of redeemable noncontrolling interests to estimated redemption value                                   (3,395 )           (3,395 )
                                                                 
BALANCE, as of December 31, 2020   $     $ 4     $ 3     $ 3     $ 38     $ 991,769     $ (804,919 )   $ 186,898  

  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

  

F-8

 

 

URBAN ONE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 

    For the Years Ended
December 31,
 
    2020     2019  
    (In thousands)  
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:                
                 
Consolidated net (loss) income   $ (6,569)     $ 2,057  
                 
Adjustments to reconcile consolidated net (loss) income to net cash from operating activities:                
Depreciation and amortization     9,741       16,985  
Amortization of debt financing costs     4,465       3,895  
Amortization of content assets     37,394       48,283  
Amortization of launch assets     1,079       1,027  
Amortization of right of use assets     7,940       6,991  
Bad debt expense     1,394       1,370  
Deferred income taxes     (34,601     10,269  
Non-cash interest expense     2,191       2,033  
Non-cash lease liability expense     5,492       5,682  
Impairment of long-lived assets     84,400       10,600  
Stock-based compensation     2,294       4,784  
Non-cash fair value adjustment of Employment Agreement Award     2,271       4,948  
                 
Effect of change in operating assets and liabilities, net of assets acquired and disposed of:                
Trade accounts receivable     (1,542     2,836  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets     (255 )     (4,280 )
Other assets     (9,846 )     (5,695 )
Accounts payable     5,216       (1,412 )
Accrued interest     (1,077     2,207  
Accrued compensation and related benefits     1,399       (4,130 )
Other liabilities     (5,378     (4,495
Payments for content assets     (32,141 )     (45,450 )
Net cash flows provided by operating activities     73,867       58,505  
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:                
Purchases of property and equipment     (3,798 )     (5,145 )
Proceeds from sale of radio station           13,500  
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment     860        
Acquisition of broadcasting assets     (475 )      
Net cash flows (used in) provided by investing activities     (3,413     8,355  
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:                
Proceeds from issuance of Class A common stock, net of fees     14,673        
Proceeds from MGM National Harbor Loan     3,600        
Repayment of Comcast Note           (11,872 )
Distribution of contingent consideration           (658 )
Proceeds from exercise of stock options     1,976       29  
Repayment of 2020 Notes           (2,037 )
Payment of dividends to noncontrolling interest members of Reach Media     (2,802 )     (1,000 )
Debt refinancing costs     (3,470 )      
Repayment of 2018 Credit Facility     (37,210 )     (24,854 )
Repayment of 2017 Credit Facility     (3,297 )     (3,297 )
Repurchase of common stock     (3,612 )     (5,515 )
Net cash flows used in financing activities     (30,142 )     (49,204 )
INCREASE IN CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH     40,312       17,656  
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH, beginning of year     33,546       15,890  
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH, end of year   $ 73,858     $ 33,546  
                 
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION:                
Cash paid for:                
Interest   $ 68,927     $ 73,255  
Income taxes, net of refunds   $ 115     $ 136  
                 
NON-CASH OPERATING, FINANCING AND INVESTING ACTIVITIES:                
Right of use asset additions upon adoption of ASC 842   $     $ 49,803  
Lease liability additions upon adoption of ASC 842   $     $ 54,113  
Right of use asset and lease liability additions   $ 6,660     $ 1,300  
Issuance of common stock   $     $ 2,108  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

F-9

 

 

URBAN ONE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

December 31, 2020 and 2019

 

1.    ORGANIZATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES:

 

(a)   Organization

 

Urban One, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and its subsidiaries, (collectively, “Urban One,” the “Company”, “we”, “our” and/or “us”) is an urban-oriented, multi-media company that primarily targets African-American and urban consumers. Our core business is our radio broadcasting franchise which is the largest radio broadcasting operation that primarily targets African-American and urban listeners. As of December 31, 2020, we owned and/or operated 63 independently formatted, revenue producing broadcast stations (including 54 FM or AM stations, 7 HD stations, and the 2 low power television stations we operate) located in 13 of the most populous African-American markets in the United States. While a core source of our revenue has historically been and remains the sale of local and national advertising for broadcast on our radio stations, our strategy is to operate the premier multi-media entertainment and information content provider targeting African-American and urban consumers. Thus, we have diversified our revenue streams by making acquisitions and investments in other complementary media properties. Our diverse media and entertainment interests include TV One, LLC (“TV One”), an African-American targeted cable television network; our 80.0% ownership interest in Reach Media, Inc. (“Reach Media”) which operates the Rickey Smiley Morning Show and our other syndicated programming assets, including the Get Up! Mornings with Erica Campbell Show, Russ Parr Morning Show and the DL Hughley Show; and Interactive One, LLC (“Interactive One”), our wholly owned digital platform serving the African-American community through social content, news, information, and entertainment websites, including its Cassius and Bossip, HipHopWired and MadameNoire digital platforms and brands. We also hold a minority ownership interest in MGM National Harbor, a gaming resort located in Prince George’s County, Maryland. Through our national multi-media operations, we provide advertisers with a unique and powerful delivery mechanism to the African-American and urban audiences.

 

On January 19, 2019, the Company launched CLEO TV, a lifestyle and entertainment network targeting Millennial and Gen X women of color. CLEO TV offers quality content that defies negative and cultural stereotypes of today’s modern women. The results of CLEO TV’s operations will be reflected in the Company’s cable television segment.

 

Our core radio broadcasting franchise operates under the brand “Radio One.”  We also operate our other brands, such as TV One, CLEO TV, Reach Media and Interactive One, while developing additional branding reflective of our diverse media operations and targeting our African-American and urban audiences.

 

As part of our consolidated financial statements, consistent with our financial reporting structure and how the Company currently manages its businesses, we have provided selected financial information on the Company’s four reportable segments: (i) radio broadcasting; (ii) Reach Media; (iii) digital; and (iv) cable television. (See Note 15 – Segment Information.)

 

(b)   Basis of Presentation

 

The consolidated financial statements are prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and require management to make certain estimates and assumptions. These estimates and assumptions may affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements.  The Company bases these estimates on historical experience, current economic environment or various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances.  However, continuing economic uncertainty and any disruption in financial markets increase the possibility that actual results may differ from these estimates.

 

F-10

 

 

(c)   Principles of Consolidation

 

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts and operations of Urban One and subsidiaries in which Urban One has a controlling financial interest, which is generally determined when the Company holds a majority voting interest. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Noncontrolling interests have been recognized where a controlling interest exists, but the Company owns less than 100% of the controlled entity.

 

(d)   Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

Cash and cash equivalents consist of cash and money market funds at various commercial banks that have original maturities of 90 days or less. Investments with contractual maturities of 90 days or less from the date of original purchase are classified as cash and cash equivalents. For cash and cash equivalents, cost approximates fair value.

 

(e)   Trade Accounts Receivable

 

Trade accounts receivable are recorded at the invoiced amount. The allowance for doubtful accounts is the Company’s estimate of the amount of probable losses in the Company’s existing accounts receivable portfolio. The Company determines the allowance based on the aging of the receivables, the impact of economic conditions on the advertisers’ ability to pay and other factors. Inactive delinquent accounts that are past due beyond a certain amount of days are written off and often pursued by other collection efforts. Bankruptcy accounts are immediately written off upon receipt of the bankruptcy notice from the courts.

 

(f)   Goodwill and Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets (Primarily Radio Broadcasting Licenses)