SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
|☒||Annual report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934|
For the fiscal year ended: December 31, 2020
|☐||Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934|
Commission File Number: 001-34190
HOME BANCORP, INC.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
|(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization)||(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)|
503 Kaliste Saloom Road, Lafayette, Louisiana
|(Address of Principal Executive Offices)||(Zip Code)|
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (337) 237-1960
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
|Title of each class||Trading symbol||Name of each exchange on which registered|
|Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share|| HBCP||The Nasdaq Stock Market, LLC|
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: none
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ☐ No ☒
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes ☐ No ☒
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
|Large accelerated filer|| |
| ||Accelerated filer|
|Non-accelerated filer|| |
| ||Smaller reporting company|| |
| || ||Emerging growth company|| |
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management's assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report. ☒
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes ☐ No ☒
The aggregate market value of the 7,915,620 shares of the Registrant’s common stock held by non-affiliates, based upon the closing price of $26.75 for the common stock on June 30, 2020, as reported by the Nasdaq Stock Market, was approximately $211.7 million. Shares of common stock held by the registrant’s executive officers, directors and certain benefit plans have been excluded since such persons may be deemed to be affiliates. This determination of affiliate status is not necessarily a conclusive determination for other purposes.
Number of shares of common stock outstanding as of March 5, 2021: 8,705,834
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Set forth below are the documents incorporated by reference and the part of the Form 10-K into which the document is incorporated:
Portions of the definitive Proxy Statement for the 2021 Annual Meeting of Shareholders are incorporated by reference into Part III, Items 10-14 of this Form 10-K.
HOME BANCORP, INC.
2020 ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K
TABLE OF CONTENTS
GLOSSARY OF DEFINED TERMS
Below is a listing of certain acronyms, abbreviations and defined terms, among others, used throughout this Annual Report on Form 10-K. As used in this report, unless the context otherwise requires, the terms “we,” “our,” “us” or the “Company” refer to Home Bancorp, Inc., a Louisiana corporation, and the term “Bank” refers to Home Bank, National Association, a national bank and wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (for periods prior to March 2, 2015, the term “Bank” refers to the predecessor federal savings bank, Home Bank). In addition, unless the context otherwise requires, references to the operations of the Company include the operations of the Bank.
|ACL||–||Allowance for credit losses||ESOP||–||Employee Stock Ownership Plan|
|ALL||–||Allowance for loan losses||FDIC||–||Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation|
|AOCI||–||Accumulated other comprehensive income||FASB||–||Financial Accounting Standards Board|
|ASC||–||Accounting Standards Codification||FHLB||–||Federal Home Loan Bank|
|ASU||–||Accounting Standards Update||FRB or Federal Reserve||–|
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System
Home Bank, N.A., a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company
|GAAP||–||Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in the United States of America|
|BOLI||–||Bank-owned life insurance||NMTC||–||New Markets Tax Credit(s)|
basis points, 100 basis points being equal to 1.0%
Office of the Comptroller of the Currency
|C&D||–||Construction and land||OCI||–||Other comprehensive income|
|C&I||–||Commercial and industrial||ORE||–||Other real estate|
|CAA||–||Consolidated Appropriations Act||PCD||–||Purchased credit deteriorated|
Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act
|PCI||–||Purchased credit impaired|
Community bank leverage ratio
|PPP||–||Paycheck Protection Program|
|CECL||–||Current expected credit losses ||RRP||–||Recognition and Retention Plan|
Consumer Financial Protection Bureau
|SBA||–||Small Business Association|
Home Bancorp, Inc., a Louisiana corporation and the holding company for Home Bank, N.A.
|SBIC||–||Small Business Investment Company|
The novel coronavirus
|SEC||–||Securities and Exchange Commission|
|CRA||–||Community Reinvestment Act||SMB||–||St. Martin Bancshares, an entity the Company acquired on December 6, 2017|
|CRE||–||Commercial real estate||TDR||–||Troubled debt restructuring|
Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act
|EPS||–||Earnings per common share||U.S.||–||United States|
This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains certain forward looking statements (as defined in the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and the regulations hereunder). Forward looking statements are not historical facts but instead represent only the beliefs, expectations or opinions of Home Bancorp, Inc. and its management regarding future events, many of which, by their nature, are inherently uncertain. Forward looking statements may be identified by the use of such words as: “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “plan,” “estimate” or words of similar meaning or future or conditional terms such as “will,” “would,” “should,” “could,” “may,” “likely,” “probably” or “possibly.” Forward looking statements include, but are not limited to, financial projections and estimates and their underlying assumptions; statements regarding plans, objectives and expectations with respect to future operations, products and services; and statements regarding future performance. Such statements are subject to certain risks, uncertainties and assumptions, many of which are difficult to predict and generally are beyond the control of Home Bancorp, Inc. and its management, that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in, or implied or projected by, forward looking statements. The following factors, among others, could cause actual results to differ materially from the anticipated results or other expectations expressed in the forward looking statements: (1) economic and competitive conditions which could affect the volume of loan originations, deposit flows or real estate values; (2) the levels of noninterest income and expense and the amount of loan losses; (3) competitive pressure among depository institutions increasing significantly; (4) changes in the interest rate environment causing reduced interest margins; (5) general economic conditions, either nationally or in the markets in which Home Bancorp, Inc. is or will be doing business, being less favorable than expected; (6) political and social unrest, including acts of war or terrorism; (7) failure to fully realize all the benefits we anticipate in connection with any future acquisitions of other institutions or our assumptions made in connection therewith being inaccurate; or (8) legislation or changes in regulatory requirements adversely affecting the business of Home Bancorp, Inc. Home Bancorp, Inc. undertakes no obligation to update these forward looking statements to reflect events or circumstances that occur after the date on which such statements were made.
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused significant economic dislocation in the United States as many state and local governments have ordered non-essential businesses to close and residents to shelter in place at home. Given its ongoing and dynamic nature, it is difficult to predict the full impact of COVID-19 on our business. The extent of such impact will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain, including when the coronavirus can be controlled and abated. As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and the related adverse local and national economic consequences, our forward-looking statements are subject to the following additional risks, uncertainties and assumptions, among others:
•Demand for our products and services may decline;
•If high levels of unemployment continue, our loan delinquencies, non-performing assets and loan foreclosures may increase;
•Collateral for loans, especially real estate, may decline in value;
•Our allowance for loan losses may have to be increased if our borrowers continue to experience financial difficulties;
•As a result of the reduction in the Federal Reserve Board's target federal funds rate to near 0%, the yield on our interest-earning assets may decline more than the decline in the cost of our interest-bearing liabilities;
•A material decrease in our net income or a net loss over several quarters could result in a suspension of our stock repurchase program and/or a reduction of our quarterly stock dividend;
•Our cyber security risks may be increased as a result of more of our employees working remotely; and
•FDIC deposit insurance premiums may increase if the agency experiences additional resolution costs.
The Company undertakes no obligation to update these forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances that occur after the date on which such statements were made.
Item 1. Business.
General. Home Bancorp, Inc. (the “Company”) is a Louisiana corporation and the holding company for Home Bank, N.A. (the “Bank”). The Bank, which is headquartered in Lafayette, Louisiana and is a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, currently conducts business through 40 banking offices in the Acadiana, Baton Rouge, Greater New Orleans and Northshore (of Lake Pontchartrain) regions of south Louisiana and the Natchez and Vicksburg regions of west Mississippi.
The Company is subject to regulation as a bank holding company by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the “FRB” or the “Federal Reserve”). In September 2018, the Bank established HB Investment Fund I, LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Bank to invest in New Markets Tax Credits (“NMTC”) in our market areas.
The Bank is primarily engaged in attracting deposits from the general public and using those funds to invest in loans and securities. Our principal sources of funds are customer deposits, repayments of loans, repayments of investments and funds borrowed from outside sources such as the Federal Home Loan Bank (“FHLB”) of Dallas.
These funds are primarily used for the origination of loans, including one-to four-family first mortgage loans, home equity loans and lines, commercial real estate loans, construction and land loans, multi-family residential loans, commercial and industrial loans and consumer loans. The Bank derives its income principally from interest earned on loans and investment securities and, to a lesser extent, from fees received in connection with the origination of loans, service charges on deposit accounts and for other services. The Bank’s primary expenses are interest expense and general operating expenses, the most significant of which is compensation and benefits.
Although we continue to be an active originator of residential home mortgage loans and other consumer loans in our market areas, our efforts are focused on originating commercial real estate loans and commercial and industrial loans. Commercial real estate loans and commercial and industrial loans are deemed attractive due to their generally higher yields and shorter anticipated lives compared to single-family residential mortgage loans. In addition, the Bank views commercial real estate and commercial and industrial loans as attractive lending products because the Bank’s commercial borrowers typically maintain deposit accounts at the Bank, increasing the Bank’s core deposits.
The Company’s headquarters is located at 503 Kaliste Saloom Road, Lafayette, Louisiana, and our telephone number is (337) 237-1960. We maintain a website at www.home24bank.com, and we provide our customers with online banking services. Filings of the Company made with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") are available, without charge, on our website. Information on our website should not be considered a part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Market Area and Competition
The Bank has four primary market areas across south Louisiana: Acadiana, Baton Rouge, Greater New Orleans, and the Northshore (of Lake Pontchartrain) and two primary market areas in west Mississippi: Natchez and Vicksburg. Since completing its initial public offering of stock in October 2008, the Company has acquired five other financial institutions. The Bank currently operates 20 banking offices in Acadiana, four banking offices in Baton Rouge, six banking offices in the Greater New Orleans area, six banking offices in the Northshore region, three banking offices in Natchez, and one banking office in Vicksburg. For additional information on our acquisition activity, see Part II, Item 7 in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Acquisition Activity.”
We face significant competition in originating loans and attracting deposits. This competition stems primarily from other banks, credit unions and mortgage-banking companies. Many of the financial service providers operating in our market areas are significantly larger and have greater financial resources. We face additional competition for deposits from short-term money market funds and other corporate and government securities funds, mutual funds and from other non-depository financial institutions such as brokerage firms and insurance companies. More recently, innovations in loan and deposit products brought about by financial technology companies have added to the level of competition for originating loans and attracting deposits.
Supervision and Regulation
Set forth below is a brief description of certain laws relating to the regulation of Home Bancorp, Inc. and Home Bank. This description does not purport to be complete and is qualified in its entirety by reference to applicable laws and regulations.
General. Home Bank, N.A. is subject to federal regulation and oversight by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (“OCC”). The Bank is also subject to regulation and examination by the FDIC, which insures the deposits of the Bank to the maximum extent permitted by law, and requirements established by the Federal Reserve. In the last several years, the Company has experienced heightened regulatory requirements and scrutiny following the global financial crisis and the enactment in 2010 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the “Dodd-Frank Act”). Resulting reforms have caused the Company’s compliance and risk management processes, and the costs thereof, to increase. The legislation enacted in 2018 and summarized below may reduce some of the burdens associated with implementation of the Dodd-Frank Act, but the actual impact of this administration’s policies regarding the Dodd-Frank reforms and the 2018 regulatory reforms is impossible to predict with any certainty.
Federal law provides the federal banking regulators with substantial enforcement powers. The OCC’s enforcement authority includes, among other things, the ability to assess civil money penalties, to issue cease and desist or removal orders and to initiate injunctive actions. In general, these enforcement actions may be initiated for violations of laws and regulations and unsafe or unsound practices. Other actions or inactions may provide the basis for enforcement action, including misleading or untimely reports filed with the OCC. The FRB has comparable enforcement authority over the Company. In addition, the FDIC, as the insurer of the Bank’s deposits, can initiate enforcement proceedings, remove Bank officials and suspend or terminate deposit insurance. Any change in such regulations could have a material adverse impact on the Company and the Bank.
In May 2018, the Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief and Consumer Protection Act (the “Act”), was enacted to modify or remove certain financial reform rules and regulations, including some of those implemented under the Dodd-Frank Act. While the Act maintains most of the regulatory structure established by the Dodd-Frank Act, it amends certain aspects of the regulatory framework for small depository institutions with assets of less than $10 billion and for large banks with assets of more than $50 billion. Many of these changes could result in meaningful regulatory relief for community banks, such as the Bank.
The Act, among other matters, expands the definition of qualified mortgages which may be held by a financial institution and simplifies the regulatory capital rules for financial institutions and their holding companies with total consolidated assets of less than $10 billion by instructing the federal banking regulators to establish a single “Community Bank Leverage Ratio” of between 8 and 10 percent to replace the leverage and risk-based regulatory capital ratios. The Act also expands the category of holding companies that may rely on the “Small Bank Holding Company and Savings and Loan Holding Company Policy Statement” by raising the maximum amount of assets a qualifying holding company may have from $1 billion to $3 billion. This expansion also excludes such holding companies from the minimum capital requirements of the Dodd-Frank Act. In addition, the Act includes regulatory relief for community banks regarding regulatory examination cycles, call reports, the Volcker Rule (proprietary trading prohibitions), mortgage disclosures and risk weights for certain high-risk commercial real estate loans.
It is difficult at this time to predict when or how any new standards under the Act will ultimately be applied to us or what specific impact the Act and the final implementing rules and regulations will have on community banks.
Regulation of Home Bancorp, Inc.
The Company is a bank holding company, subject to regulation, supervision and examination by the Federal Reserve. The Federal Reserve has enforcement authority with respect to the Company similar to that of the OCC over the Bank. Applicable federal law and regulations limit the activities of the Company and require the approval of the Federal Reserve for any acquisition of a subsidiary, including another financial institution or holding company thereof, or a merger or acquisition of the Company. The Company must serve as a source of strength for the Bank, maintaining the ability to provide financial assistance if the Bank suffers financial distress. These and other Federal Reserve policies may restrict the Company’s ability to pay dividends. In addition, dividends from the Company may depend, in part, upon its receipt of dividends from the Bank. If the Company does not have the required capital conservation buffer or otherwise meet its new capital requirements, its ability to pay dividends to its stockholders will be limited.
A bank holding company is required to give the Federal Reserve prior written notice of any purchase or redemption of its outstanding equity securities if the gross consideration for the purchase or redemption, when combined with the net consideration paid for all such purchases or redemption during the preceding 12 months, is equal to 10% or more of the company’s consolidated net worth. The Federal Reserve may disapprove such a purchase or redemption if it determines that the proposal would constitute an unsafe or unsound practice or would violate any law, regulation, Federal Reserve order, or any condition imposed by, or written agreement with the Federal Reserve. This notification requirement does not apply to any company that meets the well-capitalized standard for bank holding companies, is well-managed and is not subject to any unresolved supervisory issues.
Permissible Activities. The business activities of the Company are generally limited to those activities permissible for bank holding companies under Section 4(c)(8) of the Bank Holding Company Act and certain additional activities authorized by the Federal Reserve regulations. The Bank Holding Company Act generally prohibits a bank holding company from acquiring direct or indirect ownership or control of more than 5% of the voting shares of any company which is not a bank or bank holding company. A bank holding company must obtain Federal Reserve Board approval before acquiring directly or indirectly, ownership or control of any voting shares of another bank or bank holding company if, after such acquisition, it would own or control more than 5% of such shares (unless it already owns or controls the majority of such shares).
Capital Requirements. The regulatory capital requirements generally applicable to a bank holding company are the same as the capital requirements for its subsidiary bank. However, the Company is exempt from any regulatory capital requirements. For a description of the Bank's capital requirements, see “Regulation of Home Bank, N.A. - Recent Regulatory Capital Regulations.”
Federal Securities Laws. We have registered our common stock with the Securities and Exchange Commission under Section 12(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Accordingly, the Company is subject to the proxy and tender offer rules, insider trading reporting requirements and restrictions and certain other requirements under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
The Sarbanes-Oxley Act. As a public company, the Company is subject to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 which addresses, among other issues, corporate governance, auditing and accounting, executive compensation and enhanced and timely disclosure of corporate information. As directed by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer are required to certify that our quarterly and annual reports do not contain any untrue statement of a material fact. The rules adopted by the SEC under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act have several requirements, including having these officers certify that: they are responsible for establishing, maintaining and regularly evaluating the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting; they have made certain disclosures to our independent auditors and the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors about our internal control over financial reporting; and they have included information in our quarterly and annual reports about their evaluation and whether there have been changes in our internal control over financial reporting or in other factors that could materially affect internal control over financial reporting.
Volcker Rule Regulations. Regulations have been adopted by the federal banking agencies to implement the provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act commonly referred to as the Volcker Rule. The regulations contain prohibitions and restrictions on the ability of financial institution holding companies and their affiliates to engage in proprietary trading and to hold certain interests in, or to have certain relationships with, various types of investment funds, including hedge funds and private equity funds. Recently promulgated federal regulations exclude from the Volker Rule restrictions on community banks with $10.0 billion or less in total consolidated assets and total trading assets and liabilities of 5.0% or less of total consolidated assets. The Company qualifies for this exclusion from the Volker Rule restrictions.
Regulation of Home Bank, N.A.
General. The Bank is subject to regulation and oversight by the OCC extending to all aspects of its operations. As part of this authority, the Bank is required to file periodic reports with the OCC and is subject to periodic examinations by the OCC and the FDIC. The investment and lending authorities of national banks are prescribed by federal laws and regulations, and such institutions are prohibited from engaging in any activities not permitted by such laws and regulations. Such regulation and supervision is primarily intended for the protection of depositors and the Deposit Insurance Fund.
The OCC’s enforcement authority over national banks includes, among other things, the ability to assess civil money penalties, to issue cease and desist or removal orders and to initiate injunctive actions. In general, these enforcement actions may be initiated for violations of laws and regulations and unsafe or unsound practices. Other actions or inactions may provide the basis for enforcement action, including misleading or untimely reports filed with the OCC.
Insurance of Accounts. The deposits of the Bank are insured to the maximum extent permitted by the Deposit Insurance Fund and are backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government. The Dodd-Frank Act permanently increased deposit insurance on most accounts to $250,000. As insurer, the FDIC is authorized to conduct examinations of, and to require reporting by, insured institutions. It also may prohibit any insured institution from engaging in any activity determined by regulation or order to pose a serious threat to the FDIC. The FDIC also has the authority to initiate enforcement actions against insured institutions.
The Dodd-Frank Act raises the minimum reserve ratio of the Deposit Insurance Fund from 1.15% to 1.35% and requires the FDIC to offset the effect of this increase on insured institutions with assets of less than $10 billion (small institutions). In March 2016, the FDIC adopted a rule to accomplish this by imposing a surcharge on larger institutions commencing when the reserve ratio reaches 1.15% and ending when it reaches 1.35%. The reserve ratio reached 1.15% effective as of June 30, 2016. The surcharge period began effective July 1, 2016 and ended on September 30, 2018 when the reserve ratio reached 1.36%. Small institutions received credits for the portion of their regular assessments that contributed to growth in the reserve ratio between 1.15% and 1.35%. The credits were applied to reduce regular assessments by 2.0 basis points for quarters when the reserve ratio is at least 1.38%.
Effective July 1, 2016, the FDIC adopted changes that eliminated its risk-based premium system. Under the new premium system, the FDIC assesses deposit insurance premiums on the assessment base of a depository institution, which is its average total assets reduced by the amount of its average tangible equity. For a small institution (one with assets of less than $10 billion) that has been federally insured for at least five years, effective July 1, 2016, the initial base assessment rate ranges from 3 to 30 basis points, based on the institution’s CAMELS composite and component ratings and certain financial ratios; its leverage ratio; its ratio of net income before taxes to total assets; its ratio of nonperforming loans and leases to gross assets; its ratio of other real estate owned to gross assets; its brokered deposits ratio (excluding reciprocal deposits if the institution is well capitalized and has a CAMELS composite rating of 1 or 2); its one year asset growth ratio (which penalizes growth adjusted for mergers in excess of 10%); and its loan mix index (which penalizes higher risk loans based on historical industry charge off rates). The initial base assessment rate is subject to downward adjustment (not below 1.5%) based on the ratio of unsecured debt the institution has issued to its assessment base, and to upward adjustment (which can cause the rate to exceed 30 basis points) based on its holdings of unsecured debt issued by other insured institutions. Institutions with assets of $10 billion or more are assessed using a scorecard method.
The FDIC may terminate the deposit insurance of any insured depository institution if it determines after a hearing that the institution has engaged or is engaging in unsafe or unsound practices, is in an unsafe or unsound condition to continue operations or has violated any applicable law, regulation, order or any condition imposed by an agreement with the FDIC. It also may suspend deposit insurance temporarily during the hearing process for the permanent termination of insurance, if the institution has no tangible capital. If insurance of accounts is terminated, the accounts at the institution at the time of the termination, less subsequent withdrawals, shall continue to be insured for a period of six months to two years, as determined by the FDIC. Management is aware of no existing circumstances which would result in termination of the Bank’s deposit insurance.
Recent Regulatory Capital Regulations. In July of 2013, the respective U.S. federal banking agencies issued final rules implementing Basel III and the Dodd-Frank Act capital requirements which became fully phased in on a global basis on January 1, 2019. The regulations establish a new tangible common equity capital requirement, increase the minimum requirement for the current Tier 1 risk-weighted asset (“RWA”) ratio, phase out certain kinds of intangibles treated as capital and certain types of instruments and change the risk weightings of certain assets used to determine required capital ratios. The new common equity Tier 1 capital component requires capital of the highest quality – predominantly composed of retained earnings and common stock instruments. For community banks, such as Home Bank, the new capital rules required a common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of 4.5% and also increased the current minimum Tier 1 capital ratio from 4.0% to 6.0%. In addition, in order to make capital distributions and pay discretionary bonuses to executive officers without restriction, an institution must also maintain greater than 2.5% in common equity attributable to a capital conservation buffer which became fully phased in on January 1, 2019. The new rules also increase the risk weights for several categories of assets, including an increase from 100% to 150% for certain acquisition, development and construction loans and more than 90-day past due exposures. The new
capital rules maintain the general structure of the prompt corrective action rules (described below), but incorporate the new common equity Tier 1 capital requirement and the increased Tier 1 RWA requirement into the prompt corrective action framework.
Effective January 1, 2020, qualifying community banking organizations may elect to comply with a greater than 9% community bank leverage ratio (the “CBLR”) requirement in lieu of the currently applicable requirements for calculating and reporting risk-based capital ratios. The CBLR is equal to Tier 1 capital divided by average total consolidated assets. In order to qualify for the CBLR election, a community bank must (i) have a leverage capital ratio greater than 9 percent, (2) have less than $10 billion in average total consolidated assets, (3) not exceed certain levels of off-balance sheet exposure and trading assets plus trading liabilities and (4) not be an advanced approaches banking organization (generally an internationally active banking organization with at least $250 billion in total consolidated assets or at least $10 billion in total on-balance sheet foreign exposure). A community bank that meets the above qualifications and elects to utilize the CBLR is considered to have satisfied the risk-based and leverage capital requirements in the generally applicable capital rules and is also considered to be “well capitalized” under the prompt corrective action rules. The Bank has not elected to be subject to the CBLR.
Regulatory Capital Requirements. Unless a community bank qualifies for and elects to comply with the CBLR beginning on January 1, 2020, national banks are required to maintain the minimum levels of regulatory capital described below. Current OCC capital standards require these institutions to satisfy a common equity Tier 1 capital requirement, a leverage capital requirement and a risk-based capital requirement. The common equity Tier 1 capital component generally consists of retained earnings and common stock instruments and must equal at least 4.5% of risk-weighted assets. Leverage capital, also known as “core” capital, must equal at least 3.0% of adjusted total assets for the most highly rated national banks. Core capital generally consists of common stockholders’ equity (including retained earnings). An additional cushion of at least 100 basis points is required for all other institutions, which effectively increases their minimum Tier 1 leverage ratio to 4.0% or more. Under the OCC’s regulations, the most highly-rated national banks are those that the OCC determines are strong banking organization and are rated composite 1 under the Uniform Financial Institutions Rating System. Under the risk-based capital requirement, “total” capital (a combination of core and “supplementary” capital) must equal at least 8.0% of “risk-weighted” assets. The OCC also is authorized to impose capital requirements in excess of these standards on individual institutions on a case-by-case basis.
In determining compliance with the risk-based capital requirement, a national bank is allowed to include both core capital and supplementary capital in its total capital, provided that the amount of supplementary capital included does not exceed the national bank’s core capital. Supplementary capital generally consists of general allowances for loan losses up to a maximum of 1.25% of risk-weighted assets, together with certain other items. In determining the required amount of risk-based capital, total assets, including certain off-balance sheet items, are multiplied by a risk weight based on the risks inherent in the type of assets. The Bank does not have any assets assigned to a risk category over 400%.
National banks must value securities available for sale at amortized cost for regulatory capital purposes. This means that in computing regulatory capital, national banks should add back any unrealized losses and deduct any unrealized gains, net of income taxes, on debt securities reported as a separate component of capital, as defined by generally accepted accounting principles.
At December 31, 2020, the Bank exceeded all of its regulatory capital requirements, with Tier 1, Tier 1 common equity, Tier 1 common equity (to risk-weighted assets) and total risk-based capital ratios of 9.68%, 13.92%, 13.92% and 15.18%, respectively.
Any national bank that fails any of the capital requirements is subject to possible enforcement action by the OCC or the FDIC. Such action could include a capital directive, a cease and desist order, civil money penalties, the establishment of restrictions on the institution’s operations, termination of federal deposit insurance and the appointment of a conservator or receiver. The OCC’s capital regulations provide that such actions, through enforcement proceedings or otherwise, could require one or more of a variety of corrective actions.
Prompt Corrective Action. The following table shows the amount of capital associated with the different capital categories set forth in the prompt corrective action regulations.
|Well capitalized||10% or more||8% or more||6.5% or more||5% or more|
|Adequately capitalized||8% or more||6% or more||4.5% or more||4% or more|
|Undercapitalized||Less than 8%||Less than 6%||Less than 4.5%||Less than 4%|
|Significantly undercapitalized||Less than 6%||Less than 4%||Less than 3%||Less than 3%|
In addition, an institution is “critically undercapitalized” if it has a ratio of tangible equity to total assets that is equal to or less than 2.0%. Under specified circumstances, a federal banking agency may reclassify a well-capitalized institution as adequately capitalized and may require an adequately capitalized institution or an undercapitalized institution to comply with supervisory actions as if it were in the next lower category (except that the OCC may not reclassify a significantly undercapitalized institution as critically undercapitalized).
An institution generally must file a written capital restoration plan which meets specified requirements within 45 days of the date that the institution receives notice or is deemed to have notice that it is undercapitalized, significantly undercapitalized or critically undercapitalized. A federal banking agency must provide the institution with written notice of approval or disapproval within 60 days after receiving a capital restoration plan, subject to extensions by the agency. An institution which is required to submit a capital restoration plan must concurrently submit a performance guaranty by each company that controls the institution. In addition, undercapitalized institutions are subject to various regulatory restrictions, and the appropriate federal banking agency also may take any number of discretionary supervisory actions.
As of December 31, 2020, the Bank was deemed a well-capitalized institution for purposes of the above regulations and as such is not subject to the above mentioned restrictions.
CARES Act and CAA, 2021. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, Congress, through the enactment of the CARES Act, and the federal banking agencies, though rulemaking, interpretive guidance and modifications to agency policies and procedures, have taken a series of actions to provide national emergency economic relief measures including, among others, the following:
i.The CARES Act allows banks to elect to suspend requirements under GAAP for loan modifications related to the COVID-19 pandemic (for loans that were not more than 30 days past due as of December 31, 2019) that would otherwise be categorized as a TDR, including impairment for accounting purposes, until the earlier of 60 days after the termination date of the national emergency or December 31, 2020. The suspension of GAAP is applicable for the entire term of the modification. The federal banking agencies also issued guidance to encourage banks to make loan modifications for borrowers affected by COVID-19 by providing that short-term modifications made in response to COVID-19, such as payment deferrals, fee waivers, extensions of repayment terms, or other delays in payment that are insignificant related to the loans in which the borrower is less than 30 days past due on its contractual payments at the time a modification is implemented is not a TDR. The Bank is applying this guidance to qualifying COVID-19 Modifications. As of December 31, 2020, the Bank had an aggregate of $36.0 million in outstanding loans that had been modified which, pursuant to this provision of the CARES Act, were not deemed to be TDRs at such date.
i.The CARES Act amended the SBA’s loan program, in which the Bank participates, to create a guaranteed, unsecured loan program, the PPP, to fund payroll and operational costs of eligible businesses, organizations and self-employed persons during COVID-19. The loans are provided through participating financial institutions, such as the Bank, that process loan applications and service the loans and are eligible for SBA repayment and loan forgiveness if the borrower meets the PPP conditions. The application period for a SBA PPP loan closed on August 8, 2020. The SBA began approving PPP forgiveness applications and remitting forgiveness payments to PPP lenders on October 2, 2020. The CAA, 2021, which was signed into law on December 27, 2020, renews and extends the PPP until March 31, 2021. As a result, as a participating lender, the Bank began originating PPP loans again in January 2021 and will continue to monitor legislative, regulatory, and supervisory developments related to the PPP.
i.Concurrent with enactment of the CARES Act, federal banking agencies issued an interim final rule that delays the estimated impact on regulatory capital resulting from the adoption of CECL. The interim final rule provides banking organizations that implement CECL before the end of 2020 the option to delay for two years the estimated impact of CECL on regulatory capital relative to regulatory capital determined under the prior incurred loss methodology, followed by a three-year transition period to phase out the aggregate amount of capital benefit provided during the initial two-year delay. The changes in the final rule apply only to those banking organizations that elect the CECL transition relief provided under the rule. The Company did not elect this option.
As the on-going COVID-19 pandemic evolves, federal regulatory authorities continue to issue additional guidance with respect to the implementation, lifecycle, and eligibility requirements for the various CARES Act programs as well as industry-specific recovery procedures for COVID-19. In addition, it is possible that Congress will enact supplementary COVID-19 response legislation. The Company continues to assess the impact of the CARES Act and other statutes, regulations and supervisory guidance related to the COVID-19 pandemic. For additional information regarding actions taken by regulatory agencies to provide relief to consumers who have been adversely impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, see the discussion below under "Item 1A. Risk Factors—Risks Related to the COVID-19 Pandemic."
Community Reinvestment Act and Fair Lending Laws. All insured depository institutions have a responsibility under the Community Reinvestment Act and related regulations to help meet the credit needs of their communities, including low- and moderate-income borrowers. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is required to assess the Bank’s record of compliance with the Community Reinvestment Act. A bank’s failure to comply with the provisions of the Community Reinvestment Act could, at a minimum, result in denial of certain corporate applications such as branches or mergers, or in restrictions on its activities. In addition, the Equal Credit Opportunity Act and the Fair Housing Act prohibit lenders from discriminating in their lending practices. The failure to comply with the Equal Credit Opportunity Act and the Fair Housing Act could result in enforcement actions by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, as well as other federal regulatory agencies and the Department of Justice.
In June 2020, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency issued a final rule clarifying and expanding the activities that qualify for Community Reinvestment Act credit and, according to the agency, seeking to create a more consistent and objective method for evaluating Community Reinvestment Act performance. The final rule became effective October 1, 2020, but compliance with the revised requirements is not mandatory until January 1, 2023.
The Community Reinvestment Act requires all institutions insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation to publicly disclose their rating. The Bank received a “Outstanding” Community Reinvestment Act rating in its most recent federal examination.
Limitations on Dividends. OCC regulations impose various restrictions on the ability of the Bank to pay dividends. The Bank generally may pay dividends during any calendar year in an amount up to 100% of net income for the year-to-date plus retained net income for the two preceding years, so long as it is well-capitalized after the distribution. If the Bank proposes to pay a dividend when it does not meet its capital requirements or that will exceed these limitations, it must obtain the OCC’s prior approval. The OCC may object to a proposed dividend based on safety and soundness concerns. No insured depository institution may pay a dividend if, after paying the dividend, the institution would be undercapitalized. In addition, as noted above, if Home Bank does not have the required capital conservation buffer, its ability to pay dividends to the Company will be limited.
Limitations on Transactions with Affiliates. Transactions between a national bank and any affiliate are governed by Sections 23A and 23B of the Federal Reserve Act. An affiliate of a national bank includes any company or entity which controls the national bank or that is controlled by a company that controls the national bank. In a holding company context, the holding company of a national bank (such as the Company) and any companies which are controlled by such holding company are affiliates of the national bank. Generally, Section 23A limits the extent to which the national bank or its subsidiaries may engage in “covered transactions” with any one affiliate to an amount equal to 10% of such bank’s capital stock and surplus, and contains an aggregate limit on all such transactions with all affiliates to an amount equal to 20% of such capital stock and surplus. Section 23B applies to “covered transactions” as well as certain other transactions and requires that all transactions be on terms substantially the same, or at least as favorable, to the national bank as those provided to a non-affiliate. The term “covered transaction” includes the making of loans to, purchase of assets from and issuance of a guarantee to an affiliate and similar transactions. Section 23B transactions also include the provision of services and the sale of assets by a national bank to an affiliate.
In addition, Sections 22(g) and (h) of the Federal Reserve Act, place restrictions on loans to executive officers, directors and principal shareholders of a national bank and its affiliates. Under Section 22(h), loans to a director, an executive officer, a greater than 10% shareholder of a national bank and certain affiliated interests of either, may not exceed, together with all other outstanding loans to such person and affiliated interests, a national bank’s loans to one borrower limit (generally equal to 15% of the bank’s unimpaired capital and surplus). Section 22(h) also requires that loans to directors, executive officers and principal shareholders be made on terms substantially the same as offered in comparable transactions to other persons unless the loans are made pursuant to a benefit or compensation program that (i) is widely available to employees of the bank and (ii) does not give preference to any director, executive officer or principal shareholder or certain affiliated interests of either, over other employees of the national bank. Section 22(h) also requires prior board approval for certain loans. In addition, the aggregate amount of extensions of credit by a national bank to all insiders cannot exceed the bank’s unimpaired capital and surplus. Furthermore, Section 22(g) places additional restrictions on loans to executive officers. The Bank currently is subject to Sections 22(g) and (h) of the Federal Reserve Act, and as of December 31, 2020 was in compliance with the above restrictions.
Consumer Financial Services. The historical structure of federal consumer protection regulation applicable to all providers of consumer financial products and services changed significantly with the establishment of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB”) as part of the Dodd-Frank Act reforms. On July 21, 2011, the CFPB commenced operations to supervise and enforce consumer protection laws. The CFPB has broad rulemaking authority for a wide range of consumer protection laws that apply to all providers of consumer products and services, including the Bank, as well as the authority to prohibit “unfair, deceptive or abusive” acts and practices. CFPB has examination and enforcement authority over providers with more than $10 billion in assets. FDIC-insured institutions with $10 billion or less in assets, like the Bank, continue to be examined by their applicable bank regulators.
Anti-money Laundering. All financial institutions, including national banks, are subject to federal laws that are designed to prevent the use of the U.S. financial system to fund terrorist activities. Financial institutions operating in the United States must develop anti-money laundering compliance programs, due diligence policies and controls to ensure the detection and reporting of money laundering. Such compliance programs are intended to supplement compliance requirements, also applicable to financial institutions, under the Bank Secrecy Act and the Office of Foreign Assets Control Regulations. The Bank has established policies and procedures to ensure compliance with these provisions.
Federal Home Loan Bank System. The Bank is a member of the FHLB of Dallas, which is one of 11 regional FHLBs that administer the home financing credit function of various financial institutions. The FHLBs provides financial institutions additional strength to serve their communities through financial services to support its mission of affordable housing and economic development. Each FHLB serves as a reserve or central bank for its members within its assigned region. It is funded primarily from proceeds derived from the sale of consolidated obligations of the FHLB System. It makes loans to members (i.e., advances) in accordance with policies and procedures established by the board of directors of the FHLB. As of December 31, 2020, the Bank had $28.8 million of FHLB advances and $787.2 million available on its line of credit with the FHLB.
As a member, the Bank is required to purchase and maintain stock in the FHLB of Dallas in an amount equal to at least 0.4% of its total assets in Class B-1 stock and activity-based investment of Class B-2 stock equal to 4.1% of its advances outstanding and 2.0% of acquired members advances currently on the Bank’s balance sheet. As of December 31, 2020, the Bank had $2.5 million in FHLB stock, which was in compliance with this requirement.
Federal Reserve System. The FRB requires all depository institutions to maintain reserves against their transaction accounts and non-personal time deposits. The required reserves must be maintained in the form of vault cash or an account at the FRB. As of December 31, 2020, the Bank had met its reserve requirement.
Privacy. Financial institutions are required to disclose their policies for collecting and protecting confidential information. Customers generally may prevent financial institutions from sharing personal financial information with nonaffiliated third parties except for third parties that market the institutions’ own products and services.
Additionally, financial institutions generally may not disclose consumer account numbers to any nonaffiliated third party for use in telemarketing, direct mail marketing or other marketing through electronic mail to consumers. The Bank has established policies and procedures designed to safeguard its customers’ personal financial information and to ensure compliance with applicable privacy laws.
Item 1A. Risk Factors.
In analyzing whether to make or to continue an investment in our securities, investors should consider, among other factors, the following risk factors.
Risks Related to the COVID-19 Pandemic
The COVID-19 pandemic has adversely impacted our business and financial results, and the ultimate impact will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted, including the scope and duration of the pandemic and actions taken by governmental authorities in response to the pandemic.
The COVID-19 pandemic has negatively impacted the global economy, disrupted global supply chains, lowered equity market valuations, created significant volatility and disruption in financial markets, and increased unemployment levels. In addition, the pandemic has resulted in temporary closures of many businesses and the institution of social distancing and sheltering in place requirements in Louisiana and many other states and communities. Global markets for oil and gas have, and may continue to be, adversely impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic and/or other events beyond our control, and further volatility in commodity prices could have a negative impact on the economies of energy-dominated states in which we operate. As a result, the demand for our products and services may be significantly impacted, which could adversely affect our revenue. Furthermore, the pandemic could continue to result in the recognition of credit losses in our loan portfolios and increases in our allowance for credit losses, particularly if businesses remain closed, the impact on the global economy worsens, or more customers draw on their lines of credit or seek additional loans to help finance their businesses. Similarly, because of changing economic and market conditions affecting issuers, we may be required to recognize impairments on the securities we hold as well as reductions in other comprehensive income. Our business operations may also be disrupted if significant portions of our workforce are unable to work effectively, including because of illness, quarantines, government actions, or other restrictions in connection with the pandemic, and we have already temporarily limited access to certain of our branches and offices. In response to the pandemic, we have also suspended residential property foreclosure sales, evictions, and involuntary automobile repossessions, and are offering fee waivers, payment deferrals, and other expanded assistance for credit card, automobile, mortgage, small business and personal lending customers, and future governmental actions may require these and other types of customer-related responses. The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic impacts our business, results of operations, and financial condition, as well as our regulatory capital and liquidity ratios, will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted, including the scope and duration of the pandemic and actions taken by governmental authorities and other third parties in response to the pandemic.
Risks Related to Our Lending Activities
There are increased risks involved with commercial real estate, including multi-family residential, commercial and industrial and construction and land lending activities.
Our lending activities include loans secured by commercial real estate and commercial and industrial loans. Our commercial real estate loans, commercial and industrial loans and multi-family residential loans increased by an aggregate of 75.6%, 198.9% and 88.3%, respectively, from December 31, 2016 through December 31, 2020. Excluding PPP loans, our commercial and industrial loans increased by an aggregate of 40.7% over the same time period. Generally, commercial real estate, commercial and industrial and multi-family residential lending involve a higher degree of risk than single-family residential lending due to a variety of factors. Due to the larger loan balances typically involved in these loans, an adverse development with respect to one loan or one borrower relationship can expose us to greater risk of loss compared to an adverse development with respect to a one- to four-family residential mortgage loan. As of December 31, 2020, the largest outstanding balances of our commercial real estate, commercial and industrial and multi-family residential loans were $23.4 million, $8.2 million and $7.1 million, respectively. If a large loan were to become non-performing, as we have experienced in the past, it can have a significant impact on our results of operations. Because we intend to continue our growth in commercial real estate, commercial and industrial and multi-family residential loans, our credit risk exposure may increase and we may need to make additional provisions to our allowance for loan losses, which could adversely affect our future results of operations.
In addition to commercial real estate and commercial and industrial, and multi-family residential loans, the Bank holds a significant portfolio of construction and land loans. As of December 31, 2020, the Bank’s construction and land loans amounted to $221.8 million, or 11.2% of our loan portfolio. Construction and land loans generally have a higher risk of loss than single-family residential mortgage loans due primarily to the critical nature of the initial estimates of a property’s value upon completion of construction compared to the estimated costs, including interest,
of construction as well as other assumptions. If the estimates upon which construction loans are made prove to be inaccurate, we may be confronted with projects that, upon completion, have values which are below the loan amounts. If the Bank is forced to liquidate the collateral associated with such loans at values less than the remaining loan balance, it could have a significant impact on our results of operations.
Risks Related to Market Interest Rates
Changes in interest rates could have a material adverse effect on our operations.
The operations of financial institutions are dependent to a large extent on net interest income, which is the difference between the interest income earned on interest-earning assets, such as loans and investment securities, and the interest expense paid on interest-bearing liabilities, such as deposits and borrowings. Changes in the general level of interest rates can affect our net interest income by affecting the difference between the weighted average yield earned on our interest-earning assets and the weighted average rate paid on our interest-bearing liabilities, or interest rate spread, and the average life of our interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities. If general market rates of interest increase, our interest expense on deposits and borrowings would likely increase which could adversely affect our interest rate spread and net interest income. Changes in interest rates also can affect our ability to originate loans, the value of our interest-earning assets and our ability to realize gains from the sale of such assets, our ability to obtain and retain deposits in competition with other available investment alternatives and the ability of our borrowers to repay adjustable or variable rate loans. Interest rates are highly sensitive to many factors, including governmental monetary policies, domestic and international economic and political conditions and other factors beyond our control.
Fluctuations in interest rates due to economic conditions and governmental or regulatory policies may adversely affect our net interest income and profitability.
Interest rates are highly sensitive to many factors beyond the Company’s control, including general economic conditions and the policies of the FRB and other governmental and regulatory agencies. Changes in monetary policy, including changes in interest rates, will influence the origination of loans, the prepayment of loans, the fair value of existing assets and liabilities, the purchase of investments, the retention and generation of deposits and the rates received on loans and investment securities and paid on deposits or other sources of funding. If the interest rates paid on deposits and other borrowings increase at a faster rate than the interest rates received on loans and other investments, our earnings could be adversely affected. Earnings could also be adversely affected if the interest rates received on loans and other investments fall more quickly than the interest rates paid on deposits and other borrowings. We have adopted asset and liability management policies to mitigate the potential adverse effects of changes in interest rates on net interest income or earnings. However, even with these policies in place, a change in interest rates can impact our results of operations or financial condition.
The Alternative Reference Rates Committee ("ARRC") has proposed that the Secured Overnight Funding Rate ("SOFR") replace USD-LIBOR. ARRC has proposed that the transition to SOFR from USD-LIBOR will take place by the end of 2021. The Company has contracts that are indexed to USD-LIBOR. Industry organizations are currently working on the transition plan. The Company is currently monitoring this activity and evaluating the risks involved.
Risks Related to Our Market Areas
Our business is geographically concentrated in south Louisiana and west Mississippi, which are areas where the oil and gas industry has a significant presence. Low prices in crude oil and gas, among other factors, could cause a downturn in the local economy, which could adversely affect the Company’s financial condition and results of operations.
Most of our loans are to individuals and businesses located in south Louisiana and west Mississippi. The oil and gas industry has a significant presence in the market areas in which we operate. Regional economic conditions affect the demand for our products and services as well as the ability of our customers to repay loans. Crude oil prices have declined considerably since mid-2014 and global markets for oil and gas have, and may continue to be, adversely impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic and/or other events beyond our control. Continued fluctuations in crude oil prices could adversely affect our operations and economic conditions in some of our markets during 2021 and future periods, which could adversely affect our future results of operations. Although the Company attempts to mitigate risk by diversifying its borrower base, approximately $31.3 million, or 1.6% of the Company’s loan portfolio, at
December 31, 2020 was comprised of loans to borrowers in the oil and gas industry (which is also referred to as the “energy sector”). We had an additional $10.1 million in unfunded loan commitments to companies in the energy sector at such date. At December 31, 2020, $2.7 million of our loans in the energy sector were on nonaccrual status, and $1.6 million of our total allowance for loan losses was attributable to energy sector loans. Historically, the oil and gas industry has been an important factor in the local economy in our Acadiana and Natchez markets. If oil prices continue to remain low, it could have an adverse effect on our customers resulting in increased levels of nonperforming loans, provisions for loan losses and expense associated with loan collection efforts.
A natural disaster, especially one affecting our market areas, could adversely affect the Company’s financial condition and results of operations.
Since a considerable portion of our business is conducted in south Louisiana, most of our credit exposure is in that area. Historically, south Louisiana has been vulnerable to natural disasters, including hurricanes and floods. Natural disasters could harm our operations directly through interference with communications, which would prevent us from gathering deposits, originating loans and processing and controlling our flow of business, as well as through the destruction of facilities and our operational, financial and management information systems. A natural disaster or recurring power outages may also impair the value of our loan portfolio, as uninsured or underinsured losses, including losses from business disruption, may reduce our borrowers’ ability to repay their loans. Disasters may also reduce the value of the real estate securing our loans, impairing our ability to recover on defaulted loans through foreclosure and making it more likely that we would suffer losses on defaulted loans. Although we have implemented several back-up systems and protections (and maintain business interruption insurance), these measures may not protect us fully from the effects of a natural disaster. The occurrence of natural disasters in our market areas could have a material adverse effect on our business, prospects, financial condition and results of operations.
Economic conditions could result in increases in our level of non-performing loans and/or reduce demand for our products and services, which could have an adverse effect on our results of operations.
Prolonged deteriorating economic conditions could significantly affect the markets in which we do business, the value of our loans and investment securities and our ongoing operations, costs and profitability. Further, declines in real estate values and sales volumes and elevated unemployment levels may result in higher loan delinquencies, increases in our non-performing and classified assets and a decline in demand for our products and services. These events may cause us to incur losses and may adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations. Reduction in problem assets can be slow, and the process can be exacerbated by the condition of the properties securing non-performing loans and the length of time involved in the foreclosure process. To the extent that we must work through the resolution of assets, economic problems may cause us to incur losses and adversely affect our capital, liquidity and financial condition.
Risks Related to Accounting Matters
Our allowance for credit losses may not be adequate to cover losses over the life of our financial assets.
On January 1, 2020, the Company adopted ASC 326, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses, which introduced a new model known as CECL. The new standard significantly changed the impairment model for most financial assets that are measured at amortized cost, including off-balance sheet credit exposures, from an incurred loss model to an expected loss model. We have established an allowance for credit losses, which includes the allowance for loans losses and losses on unfunded lending commitments, based upon various assumptions and judgments about the collectability of our loan portfolio which we believe is adequate to offset expected losses on our existing financial assets. Determining the appropriateness of the allowance requires judgment by management about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain. Changes in factors and forecasts used in evaluating the overall loan portfolio may result in significant changes in the allowance for credit losses and related provision expense in future periods. The allowance level is influenced by loan volumes, loan asset quality ratings, delinquency status, historical credit loss experience, loan performance characteristics, forecasted information and other conditions influencing loss expectations. Changes to the assumptions in the model in future periods could have a material impact on the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements.
While we are not aware of any specific factors indicating a deficiency in the amount of our allowance for credit losses, in light of the current economic environment, one of the most pressing issues faced by financial institutions is the adequacy of their allowance for credit losses. Federal bank regulators routinely scrutinize the level of the
allowance for credit losses maintained by regulated institutions. In the event that we have to increase our allowance for credit losses beyond current levels, it would have an adverse effect on our results in future periods. As of December 31, 2020, our allowance for loan losses amounted to $33.0 million, or 1.66% of total loans and our total allowance for credit losses amounted to $34.4 million, or 1.74% of total loans. See Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for a detailed discussion of the Company's methodologies for estimating expected credit losses.
Our decisions regarding the fair value of assets acquired could be inaccurate, which could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and future prospects.
Management makes various assumptions and judgments about the collectability of acquired loan portfolios, including the creditworthiness of borrowers and the value of the real estate and other assets serving as collateral for the repayment of secured loans. If our assumptions are incorrect, increased loss reserves may be needed to respond to different economic conditions or adverse developments in the acquired loan portfolio. Any increase in future loan losses would have a negative effect on our operating results.
Declines in the value of our investment securities may require us to take additional charges to earnings.
On January 1, 2020, the Company adopted ASC 326, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses, which introduced a new model known as CECL. ASC 326 requires expected credit related losses for available for sale debt securities to be recorded through an allowance for credit losses, while non-credit related losses will continue to be recognized through other comprehensive income. The Company’s held to maturity debt securities are also required to utilize the CECL approach to estimate expected credit losses.
We evaluate our securities portfolio for impairment at least quarterly, and more frequently when economic and market conditions warrant such evaluations. If this evaluation indicates the existence of credit losses, the Company compares the present value of cash flows expected to be collected from the security with the amortized cost basis. If the present value of expected cash flows is less than the amortized cost basis, an allowance for credit losses is recorded, limited by the amount that the fair value of the security is less than its amortized cost. Delinquencies and defaults in the mortgage loans underlying these securities may adversely affect the cash flows received by us and may result in a conclusion in future periods that credit losses are expected from our securities portfolio. Such a conclusion, would require us to take additional charges to earnings to establish an allowance for credit lo for these securities.
Our goodwill may be determined to be impaired at a future date depending on the results of periodic impairment tests.
We test goodwill for impairment annually, or more frequently if necessary. If the quoted market price of our common stock were to decline significantly and the total book value of the Company, including goodwill, exceeded its fair value, we could be required to write down the amount recorded for goodwill. This, in turn, would result in a charge to earnings and, thus, a reduction in shareholders’ equity. See Notes 2 and 8 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information concerning our goodwill and the required impairment test.
Changes in accounting policies or in accounting standards could materially affect how we report our financial condition and results of operations.
Our accounting policies are fundamental to the understanding of our financial condition and results of operations. The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”) requires management to make significant estimates and assumptions that affect the financial statements by affecting the value of our assets or liabilities and results of operations. Some of our accounting policies are critical because they require management to make difficult, subjective and complex judgments about matters that are inherently uncertain and because materially different amounts may be reported if different estimates or assumptions were used. If such estimates or assumptions underlying the financial statements are incorrect, we could experience material losses. From time to time, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) and the SEC change the financial accounting and reporting standards or the interpretation of such standards that govern the preparation of our external financial statements. These changes are beyond our control, can be difficult to predict and could materially impact how we report our financial condition and results of operations. Additionally, it is possible, if unlikely, we could be required to apply a new or revised standard retrospectively, resulting in the restatement of prior period financial statements in material amounts.
Risks Related to Our Business Strategy
We are subject to certain risks in connection with our strategy of growing through mergers and acquisitions.
Mergers and acquisitions are currently a component of our business model and growth strategy. Accordingly, it is possible that we could acquire other banking institutions, other financial services companies or branches of banks in the future. Acquisitions typically involve the payment of a premium over book and trading values and, therefore, may result in the dilution of our tangible book value per share. Our ability to engage in future mergers and acquisitions depends on various factors, including: (1) our ability to identify suitable merger partners and acquisition opportunities; (2) our ability to finance and complete transactions on acceptable terms and at acceptable prices; and (3) our ability to receive the necessary regulatory and, when required, shareholder approvals. Our inability to engage in an acquisition or merger for any of these reasons could have an adverse impact on the implementation of our business strategies. Furthermore, mergers and acquisitions involve a number of risks and challenges, including: (1) our ability to achieve planned synergies and to integrate the branches and operations we acquire and the internal controls and regulatory functions into our current operations and (2) the diversion of management’s attention from existing operations, which may adversely affect our ability to successfully conduct our business and negatively impact our financial results.
Our financial performance and future growth may be negatively affected if we are unable to successfully execute our growth plans, which may include acquisitions.
Over the past several years, we have grown our branch system primarily through acquisitions of other financial institutions. Our ability to successfully acquire other institutions depends on our ability to identify, acquire and integrate such institutions into our franchise. Our results of operations could be adversely affected if our analysis of past or future acquisitions was not complete and correct or our integration efforts were not successful. Currently, we have no agreements or understandings with anyone regarding a future acquisition.
Risks Related to Our Operational and Information Technology Systems
A failure in our operational systems or infrastructure, or those of third parties, could impair our liquidity, disrupt our businesses, result in the unauthorized disclosure of confidential information, damage our reputation and cause financial losses.
Our ability to adequately conduct and grow our business is dependent on our ability to create and maintain an appropriate operational and organizational control infrastructure. Operational risk can arise in numerous ways including employee fraud, customer fraud and control lapses in bank operations and information technology. Our dependence on our employees and automated systems, including the automated systems used by acquired entities and third parties, to record and process transactions may further increase the risk that technical failures or tampering of those systems will result in losses that are difficult to detect. We are also subject to disruptions of our operating systems arising from events that are wholly or partially beyond our control. Failure to maintain an appropriate operational infrastructure can lead to loss of service to customers, legal actions and noncompliance with various laws and regulations.
We continuously monitor our operational and technological capabilities and make modifications and improvements when we believe it will be cost effective to do so. In some instances, we may build and maintain these capabilities ourselves. We also outsource some of these functions to third parties. These third parties may experience errors or disruptions that could adversely impact us and over which we may have limited control. We also face risk from the integration of new infrastructure platforms and/or new third party providers of such platforms into its existing businesses.
System failure or cybersecurity breaches of our network security could subject us to increased operating costs as well as litigation and other potential losses.
We rely heavily on communications and information systems to conduct our business. The computer systems and network infrastructure we use could be vulnerable to unforeseen hardware and cybersecurity issues. Our operations are dependent upon our ability to protect our computer equipment against damage from fire, power loss, telecommunications failure or a similar catastrophic event. Any damage or failure that causes an interruption in our operations could have an adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations. In addition, our operations are dependent upon our ability to protect the computer systems and network infrastructure we use,
including our Internet banking activities, against damage from physical break-ins, cybersecurity breaches and other disruptive problems caused by the internet or users. Such problems could jeopardize the security of our customers’ personal information and other information stored in and transmitted through our computer systems and network infrastructure, which may result in significant liability to us, subject us to additional regulatory scrutiny, damage our reputation, result in a loss of customers or inhibit current and potential customers from our internet banking services. Any or all of these problems could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition. Although we have security measures, including firewalls and penetration tests, designed to mitigate the possibility of break-ins, breaches and other disruptive problems, there can be no assurance that such security measures will be effective in preventing such problems.
We are dependent on our information technology and telecommunications systems and third-party service providers; systems failures, interruptions and cybersecurity breaches could have a material adverse effect on us.
Our business is dependent on the successful and uninterrupted functioning of our information technology and telecommunications systems and third-party service providers. The failure of these systems, or the termination of a third-party software license or service agreement on which any of these systems is based, could interrupt our operations. Because our information technology and telecommunications systems interface with and depend on third-party systems, we could experience service denials if demand for such services exceeds capacity or such third-party systems fail or experience interruptions. If significant, sustained or repeated, a system failure or service denial could compromise our ability to operate effectively, damage our reputation, result in a loss of customer business and/or subject us to additional regulatory scrutiny and possible financial liability, any of which could have a material adverse effect on us.
Our third-party service providers may be vulnerable to unauthorized access, computer viruses, phishing schemes and other security breaches. We likely will expend additional resources to protect against the threat of such security breaches and computer viruses, or to alleviate problems caused by such security breaches or viruses. To the extent that the activities of our third-party service providers or the activities of our customers involve the storage and transmission of confidential information, security breaches and viruses could expose us to claims, regulatory scrutiny, litigation costs and other possible liabilities.
The occurrence of fraudulent activity, breaches or failures of our information security controls or cybersecurity-related incidents could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and growth prospects.
As a bank, we are susceptible to fraudulent activity, information security breaches and cybersecurity-related incidents that may be committed against us or our customers, which may result in financial losses or increased costs to us or our customers, disclosure or misuse of our information or our customer information, misappropriation of assets, privacy breaches against our customers, litigation or damage to our reputation. Such fraudulent activity may take many forms, including check fraud, electronic fraud, wire fraud, phishing, social engineering and other dishonest acts. Information security breaches and cybersecurity-related incidents may include fraudulent or unauthorized access to systems used by us or our customers, denial or degradation of service attacks and malware or other cyber-attacks. In recent periods, there continues to be a rise in electronic fraudulent activity, security breaches and cyber-attacks within the financial services industry, especially in the commercial banking sector due to cyber criminals targeting commercial bank accounts. Moreover, in recent periods, several large corporations, including financial institutions and retail companies, have suffered major data breaches, in some cases exposing not only confidential and proprietary corporate information, but also sensitive financial and other personal information of their customers and employees and subjecting them to potential fraudulent activity. Some of our customers may have been affected by these breaches, which could increase their risks of identity theft and other fraudulent activity that could involve their accounts with us.
Information pertaining to us and our customers is maintained, and transactions are executed, on networks and systems maintained by us and certain third-party partners, such as our online banking, mobile banking or accounting systems. The secure maintenance and transmission of confidential information, as well as execution of transactions over these systems, are essential to protect us and our customers against fraud and security breaches and to maintain the confidence of our customers. Breaches of information security also may occur through intentional or unintentional acts by those having access to our systems or the confidential information of our customers, including employees. In addition, increases in criminal activity levels and sophistication, advances in computer capabilities, new discoveries, vulnerabilities in third-party technologies (including browsers and operating systems) or other
developments could result in a compromise or breach of the technology, processes and controls that we use to prevent fraudulent transactions and protect data about us, our customers and underlying transactions, as well as the technology used by our customers to access our systems. Our third-party partners’ inability to anticipate, or failure to adequately mitigate, breaches of security could result in a number of negative events, including losses to us or our customers, loss of business or customers, damage to our reputation, the incurrence of additional expenses, disruption to our business, additional regulatory scrutiny, penalties or exposure to civil litigation and possible financial liability, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and growth prospects.
Risks Related to Our Business and Industry Generally
We face strong competition which adversely affects our profitability.
We are subject to vigorous competition in all aspects and areas of our business from banks and other financial institutions. We are significantly smaller than several of the larger depository institutions operating in our market areas. The financial resources of these larger competitors may permit them to pay higher interest rates on their deposits and to be more aggressive in new loan originations. We also compete with non-financial institutions, including retail stores that maintain their own credit programs, governmental agencies that make available low cost or guaranteed loans to certain borrowers and non-traditional financial technology firms that are offering an increasing array of online loan, deposit and treasury management products. Some of our larger competitors have substantially greater resources, technological capabilities, lending limits, branch systems and a wider array of commercial banking services. Vigorous competition from both bank and non-bank organizations is expected to continue.
We operate in a highly regulated environment, and we may be adversely affected by changes in laws and regulations.
We are subject to extensive regulation, supervision and examination by the FRB, the OCC and the FDIC. Such regulation and supervision governs the activities in which an institution and its holding company may engage and are intended primarily for the protection of the insurance fund and the depositors and borrowers of the Bank rather than for holders of our common stock. Regulatory authorities have extensive discretion in their supervisory and enforcement activities, including the imposition of restrictions on our operations, the classification of our assets and determination of the level of our allowance for loan losses. Any change in such regulation and oversight, whether in the form of regulatory policy, regulations, legislation or supervisory action, may have a material impact on our operations.
We may be adversely affected by recent changes in U.S. tax laws and regulations.
Changes in tax laws contained in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, which was enacted in December 2017, included a number of provisions that have an impact on the banking industry, borrowers and the market for residential real estate. Included in this legislation was a reduction of the corporate income tax rate from 35% to 21%. In addition, other changes included: (i) a lower limit on the deductibility of mortgage interest on single-family residential mortgage loans, (ii) the elimination of interest deductions for home equity loans, (iii) a limitation on the deductibility of business interest expense and (iv) a limitation on the deductibility of property taxes and state and local income taxes.
The recent changes in the tax laws may have an adverse effect on the market for, and valuation of, residential properties, and on the demand for such loans in the future, and could make it harder for borrowers to make their loan payments. If home ownership becomes less attractive, demand for mortgage loans could decrease. The value of the properties securing loans in our loan portfolio may be adversely impacted as a result of the changing economics of home ownership, which could require an increase in our provision for loan losses, which would reduce our profitability and could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.
Item 2. Properties.
We currently conduct business from 20 banking offices in Acadiana, four banking offices in Baton Rouge, six banking offices in Greater New Orleans, six banking offices in the Northshore (of Lake Pontchartrain) region of Louisiana, three banking offices in Natchez, Mississippi, and one banking office in Vicksburg, Mississippi. The Bank owns 37 of its 40 banking offices. The Bank leases the land for one banking office in our Northshore market, and leases one banking office in Acadiana, Baton Rouge and Greater New Orleans, respectively.
Item 3. Legal Proceedings.
From time-to-time, the Bank is named as a defendant in various legal actions arising from the normal course of business in which damages of various amounts may be claimed. While the amount, if any, of ultimate liability with respect to any such matters cannot be currently determined, management believes, after consulting with legal counsel, that any such liability will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.
Item 5. Market for the Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.
(a)Home Bancorp, Inc.’s common stock is listed on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol “HBCP”. The common stock commenced trading on the Nasdaq Stock Market on October 3, 2008. As of the close of business on December 31, 2020, there were 8,740,104 shares of common stock outstanding, held by approximately 684 shareholders of record, not including the number of persons or entities whose stock is held in nominee or “street” name through various brokerage firms and banks.
The following graph shows a comparison of the cumulative total returns for the common stock of Home Bancorp, Inc., the Nasdaq Composite Index, and the S&P US Small Cap Banks Index for the period beginning December 31, 2015 and ending December 31, 2020. The graph below represents $100 invested in our common stock at its closing price on December 31, 2015.
|Home Bancorp, Inc.||100.00||150.84||171.32||142.69||161.62||119.26|
|S&P US Small Cap Banks||100.00||137.89||143.86||120.04||150.60||136.78|
The stock price information shown above is not necessarily indicative of future price performance. Information used was obtained from S&P Global Market Intelligence, Charlottesville, Virginia. The Company assumes no responsibility for any errors or omissions in such information.
The Company did not sell any of its equity securities during 2020 that were not registered under the Securities Act of 1933.
For information regarding the Company’s equity compensation plans, see Item 12.
(c)During the third quarter of 2020, the Company completed the remaining share repurchases under the 2019 Repurchase Plan. On August 31, 2020, the Company announced the approval of a new repurchase program (the "2020 Repurchase Plan"). Under the 2020 Repurchase Plan, the Company may purchase up to 444,000 shares, or approximately 5% of the its common stock outstanding, through open market or privately negotiated transactions. The Company’s purchases of its common stock made during the fourth quarter of 2020 (which were made pursuant to the 2020 Repurchase Plan) are set forth in the following table.
|Period||Total Number of Shares Purchased||Average Price Paid per Share||Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs||Maximum Number of Shares that |
May Yet be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs
|October 1 - October 31, 2020||71,830 ||$||25.73 ||71,830 ||319,862 |
|November 1 - November 30, 2020||4,344 ||26.03 ||4,344 ||315,518 |
|December 1 - December 31, 2020||15,438 ||28.61 ||15,438 ||300,080 |
|Total||91,612 ||$||26.23 ||91,612 ||300,080 |
Item 6. Selected Financial Data.
|As of December 31,|
(dollars in thousands)
|Selected Financial Condition Data:|
|Total assets||$||2,591,850 ||$||2,200,465 ||$||2,153,658 ||$||2,228,121 ||$||1,556,732 |
|Cash and cash equivalents||187,952 ||39,847 ||59,618 ||150,418 ||29,315 |
|Interest-bearing deposits in banks||349 ||449 ||939 ||2,421 ||1,884 |
|Available for sale||254,752 ||257,321 ||260,131 ||234,993 ||183,730 |
|Held to maturity||2,934 ||7,149 ||10,872 ||13,034 ||13,365 |
|Loans receivable, net||1,946,991 ||1,696,493 ||1,633,406 ||1,642,988 ||1,215,323 |
|Intangible assets||63,112 ||64,472 ||66,055 ||68,033 ||12,762 |
|Deposits||2,213,821 ||1,820,975 ||1,773,217 ||1,866,227 ||1,248,072 |
|Other borrowings||5,539 ||5,539 ||5,539 ||— ||— |
|Federal Home Loan Bank advances||28,824 ||40,620 ||58,698 ||71,825 ||118,533 |
|Shareholders’ equity||321,842 ||316,329 ||304,040 ||277,871 ||179,843 |
|For the Years Ended December 31,|
|(dollars in thousands, except per share data)||2020||2019||2018||2017||2016|
|Selected Operating Data:|
|Interest income||$||104,129 ||$||102,208 ||$||102,312 ||$||74,398 ||$||67,684 |
|Interest expense||11,918 ||16,212 ||10,306 ||6,549 ||5,268 |
|Net interest income||92,211 ||85,996 ||92,006 ||67,849 ||62,416 |
|Provision for loan losses||12,728 ||3,014 ||3,943 ||2,317 ||3,200 |
|Net interest income after provision for loan losses||79,483 ||82,982 ||88,063 ||65,532 ||59,216 |
|Noninterest income||14,305 ||14,415 ||13,447 ||9,962 ||11,157 |
|Noninterest expense||62,981 ||63,605 ||63,225 ||46,177 ||46,797 |
|Income before income taxes||30,807 ||33,792 ||38,285 ||29,317 ||23,576 |
|Income taxes||6,042 ||5,860 ||6,695 ||12,493 ||7,568 |
|Net income||$||24,765 ||$||27,932 ||$||31,590 ||$||16,824 ||$||16,008 |
|Earnings per share - basic||$||2.86 ||$||3.08 ||$||3.48 ||$||2.36 ||$||2.34 |
|Earnings per share - diluted||$||2.85 ||$||3.05 ||$||3.40 ||$||2.28 ||$||2.25 |
|Cash dividends per share||$||0.88 ||$||0.84 ||$||0.71 ||$||0.55 ||$||0.41 |
|As of or For the Years Ended December 31,|
Selected Operating Ratios: (1)
Average yield on interest-earning assets(TE)
|4.48 ||%||5.07 ||%||5.15 ||%||4.91 ||%||4.71 ||%|
|Average rate on interest-bearing liabilities||0.76 ||1.13 ||0.73 ||0.59 ||0.49 |
Average interest rate spread(TE)(2)
|3.72 ||3.94 ||4.42 ||4.32 ||4.22 |
Net interest margin(TE)(3)
|3.96 ||4.26 ||4.62 ||4.48 ||4.34 |
|Average interest-earning assets to average interest-bearing liabilities||146.05 ||140.07 ||139.72 ||135.70 ||134.34 |
Noninterest expense to average assets
|2.53 ||2.89 ||2.93 ||2.86 ||3.04 |
|59.13 ||63.34 ||59.96 ||59.35 ||63.61 |
Return on average assets
|0.99 ||1.27 ||1.46 ||1.04 ||1.04 |
Return on average common equity
|7.83 ||8.95 ||10.88 ||8.63 ||9.19 |
Return on average tangible common equity (Non-GAAP)(8)
|10.24 ||11.83 ||14.80 ||9.66 ||10.32 |
Common stock dividend payout ratio
|30.88 ||27.54 ||20.88 ||24.12 ||18.22 |
Average equity to average assets
|12.69 ||14.19 ||13.43 ||12.06 ||11.30 |
Book value per common share
|$||36.82 ||$||34.19 ||$||32.14 ||$||29.57 ||$||24.47 |
Tangible book value per common share (Non-GAAP)(9)
| ||29.60 || ||27.22 || ||25.16 || ||22.33 || ||22.73 |
Asset Quality Ratios: (5) (6)
|Non-performing loans as a percent of total loans receivable||0.94 ||%||1.17 ||%||1.40 ||%||2.38 ||%||1.39 ||%|
|Non-performing assets as a percent of total assets||0.77 ||0.95 ||0.97 ||1.49 ||1.07 |
|Allowance for loan losses as a percent of non-performing loans as of end of period||176.5 ||110.0 ||96.6 ||63.9 ||99.4 |
|Allowance for loan losses as a percent of net loans as of end of period||1.66 ||1.29 ||1.36 ||1.52 ||1.38 |
|As of or For the Years Ended December 31,|
Capital Ratios: (5) (7)
Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio
|13.92 ||%||14.22 ||%||14.55 ||%||12.54 ||%||12.91 ||%|
Leverage capital ratio
|9.68 ||11.17 ||11.15 ||11.66 ||9.94 |
Total risk-based capital ratio
|15.18 ||15.28 ||15.59 ||13.48 ||13.96 |
(1)With the exception of end-of-period ratios, all ratios are based on average monthly balances during the respective periods.
(2)Average interest rate spread represents the difference between the average yield on interest-earning assets and the average rate paid on interest-bearing liabilities.
(3)Net interest margin represents net interest income as a percentage of average interest-earning assets. Taxable equivalent yields are calculated using a marginal tax rate of 21% for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019 and 2018 and 35% for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016.
(4)The efficiency ratio represents noninterest expense as a percentage of total revenues. Total revenues is the sum of net interest income and noninterest income.
(5)Asset quality and capital ratios are end of period ratios.
(6)Due to the adoption of ASC 326, asset quality ratios are based on total non-performing assets at December 31, 2020. For the periods prior to January 1, 2020, asset quality ratios represent originated non-performing assets. Acquired nonimpaired loans, which were on nonaccrual or 90 days or more past due, and acquired assets, which were foreclosed assets or ORE, are not included for periods prior to January 1, 2020. Acquired nonimpaired loans, which were on nonaccrual or 90 days or more past due totaled $9.8 million, $9.0 million, $2.7 million and $1.5 million at December 31, 2019, 2018, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Acquired assets, which were foreclosed assets or ORE, totaled $2.4 million, $1.4 million, $584,000 and $2.2 million, at December 31, 2019, 2018, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Refer to Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for more information on the adoption of ASC 326.
(7)Capital ratios are for Home Bank only.
(8)Tangible calculation eliminates goodwill, core deposit intangible and the corresponding amortization expense, net of tax.
(9)Tangible calculation eliminates goodwill and core deposit intangible.
This Selected Financial Data contains financial information prepared other than in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”). The Company uses these non-GAAP financial measures in its analysis of the Company’s performance. Management believes that the non-GAAP information provides useful data in understanding the Company’s operations and in comparing the Company’s results to peers. This non-GAAP information should be considered in addition to the Company’s financial information prepared in accordance with GAAP, and is not a substitute for, or superior to, GAAP results. A reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP disclosures is included in the table below.
|As of or For the Years Ended December 31,|
|(dollars in thousands, except per share data)||2020||2019||2018||2017||2016|
|Book value per common share||$||36.82 ||$||34.19 ||$||32.14 ||$||29.57 ||$||24.47 |
|Less: Intangibles||7.22 ||6.97 ||6.98 ||7.24 ||1.74 |
|Tangible book value per common share||29.60 ||27.22 ||25.16 ||22.33 ||22.73 |
|Net Income||24,765 ||27,932 ||31,590 ||16,824 ||16,008 |
|Add: CDI amortization, net of tax||1,074 ||1,250 ||1,458 ||496 ||521 |
|Non-GAAP tangible income||25,839 ||29,182 ||33,048 ||17,320 ||16,529 |
|Return on common equity||7.83 ||%||8.95 ||%||10.88 ||%||8.63 ||%||9.19 ||%|
|Add: Intangibles||2.41 ||2.88 ||3.92 ||1.03 ||1.13 |
Return on average tangible common equity
|10.24 ||11.83 ||14.80 ||9.66 ||10.32 |
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following is an analysis and discussion of the financial condition and results of operations of Home Bancorp, Inc. (the “Company”), and its wholly owned subsidiary, Home Bank, N.A. (the “Bank”). This discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes included herein in Part II, Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” and the description of our business included herein in Part 1, Item 1 “Business”.
The Company reported net income for 2020 of $24.8 million, or $2.85 diluted EPS compared to $27.9 million, or $3.05 diluted EPS, reported for 2019. Our 2020 results reflect increased reserve builds during the first half of 2020 primarily due to the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the impact of provision for loan loss expense was partially offset by an increase in net interest income, which was primarily driven by low interest rates on deposits and PPP loan income.
Highlights of the Company’s performance for the year ended December 31, 2020 are summarized below.
•Assets increased $391.4 million, or 17.8%, from December 31, 2019 to $2.6 billion at December 31, 2020.
•Loans increased by $265.6 million, or 15.5%, from December 31, 2019 to $2.0 billion at December 31, 2020. Excluding PPP loans, loans increased by $44.4 million, or 2.6%.
•On January 1, 2020, the Company adopted the CECL framework, which resulted in a $6.1 million, or 33.9%, increase in the ACL upon adoption. During the fourth quarter of 2020, a revision to our estimate of the ACL on unfunded lending commitments reduced the CECL adoption impact by $940,000 from what was originally reported in our previously filed Forms 10-Q.
•The provision for loan losses totaled $12.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, up $9.7 million compared to 2019.
•The ALL totaled $33.0 million, or 1.66% of total loans, at December 31, 2020. The ACL, which is comprised of the allowance for loan losses plus the allowance for unfunded lending commitments, totaled $34.4 million, or 1.74% of total loans at December 31, 2020. Excluding PPP loans, the ratios of ALL to total loans and ACL to total loans were 1.87% and 1.96%, respectively.
•Total deposits increased $392.8 million, or 21.6%, from December 31, 2019 to $2.2 billion at December 31, 2020 primarily due to increases in demand deposit and NOW accounts.
•The Company repurchased 530,504 shares of common stock at an average price of $26.41 per share.
•The net interest margin was 3.96% for the year ended December 31, 2020, down 30 bps compared to 2019, primarily due to the decrease in the average yield on interest-earning assets during 2020.
•The average yield paid on total interest-bearing deposits during 2020 was 0.72%, down 38 bps compared to 2019.
•Noninterest income decreased $110,000, or 0.8%, in 2020 compared to 2019 primarily due to a decrease in service fees and charges and the absence of $1.2 million death benefit from a BOLI policy recognized in 2019, partially offset by an increase in gains on the sale of loans.
•Noninterest expense decreased $624,000, or 1.0%, in 2020 compared to 2019. Decreases across several noninterest expense categories (including, but not limited to, compensation, occupancy and marketing) were partially offset by increases in data processing and communication expense and regulatory fees.
Banking operations remain unencumbered by state and local government COVID-19 restrictions. However, we have adapted to protect our employees and customers by working remotely, enhancing cleaning procedures, and enacting several other measures to reduce the risk of transmission of the virus. State government imposed COVID-19 restrictions continue to be in place within our Louisiana and Mississippi markets. The restrictions primarily place limits on capacity and hours of operation of certain businesses.
During the second and third quarters of 2020, the Company funded approximately 3,072 loans totaling $262.2 million under the Small Business Administration's ("SBA") Paycheck Protection Program ("PPP"). At December 31, 2020, the total recorded net investment in PPP loans was $221.2 million, of which approximately 2,495 loans with an aggregate outstanding balance of $70.5 million were for amounts of $150,000 or less. The Company is prepared to assist customers in the second round of PPP loans in 2021.
To give immediate financial support to our customers, the Company began providing principal and/or interest payment relief options in March 2020. When we last reported the level of such deferrals in our third quarter Form 10-Q (as of September 30, 2020), $70.2 million, or 4% of total loans, were under deferral agreements. As of December 31, 2020, the level of deferrals decreased to $36.0 million, or 2% of total loans. The level of COVID-19 related deferrals formerly totaled $558.8 million, or 28% of total loans, at June 30, 2020. Of the loans that have exited deferral agreements, $469.2 million, or 98%, were current and performing as of December 31, 2020.
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES
The accounting and financial reporting policies of the Company conform to generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”) and to general practices within the banking industry. Accordingly, the financial statements require certain estimates, judgments and assumptions, which are believed to be reasonable, based upon the information available. These estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of income and expenses during the periods presented. The following accounting policies comprise those that management believes are the most critical to aid in fully understanding and evaluating our reported financial results. These policies require numerous estimates or economic assumptions that may prove inaccurate or may be subject to variations which may significantly affect our reported results and financial condition for the period or in future periods.
Allowance for Credit Losses
Adoption of ASC 326, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses
Due to the adoption of ASC 326 on January 1, 2020, management maintains, based on current and forecasted information, an allowance for credit losses ("ACL") that reflects a current estimate of expected credit losses ("CECL") for the estimated life of the loan portfolio at reporting periods subsequent to the adoption date. For reporting periods prior to January 1, 2020, management maintained an allowance for loan losses ("ALL") at a level which reflected losses that were probable and reasonably estimable at the relevant reporting date. Under current and prior accounting guidance, loans are charged against the allowance when management believes that the collectability of the principal is unlikely. Subsequent recoveries are added to the allowance.
The ACL and ALL policies described below are supplemented by periodic reviews and validations performed by independent loan reviewers. The results of the reviews are reported to the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors. The establishment of the ACL and ALL is and was significantly affected by management judgment. There is likelihood that different amounts would be reported under different conditions or assumptions. Federal regulatory agencies, as an integral part of their examination process, periodically review our ACL and ALL. Such agencies may require management to make additional provisions for estimated losses based upon judgments different from those of management.
We continue to monitor and modify our ACL as conditions warrant. No assurance can be given that our level of ACL will cover all of the losses on our loans or that future adjustments to the ACL will not be necessary if economic and other conditions differ substantially from the conditions used by management to determine the current level of the ACL.
For reporting periods beginning on and after January 1, 2020 and the adoption of ASC 326:
The ACL which equals the sum of the ALL and the ACL on unfunded lending commitments, is established through provisions for credit losses. Management recalculates the ACL at least quarterly to reassess the estimate of credit losses for the total portfolio at the relevant reporting date. Under ASC 326, the ACL is measured on a pool basis when similar risk characteristics exist. For each pool of loans, management also evaluates and applies qualitative adjustments to the calculated ACL based on several factors, including, but not limited to, changes in current and expected future economic conditions, changes in industry experience and industry loan concentrations, changes in the volume and severity of nonperforming assets, changes in lending policies and personnel and changes in the competitive and regulatory environment of the banking industry. Loans that do not share similar risk characteristics are individually evaluated and are excluded from the pooled loan analysis. Refer to Note 2 of the Consolidated Financial Statements for more information on the adoption of ASC 326 and its impact on the Consolidated Financial Statements.
For reporting periods prior to January 1, 2020 and the adoption of ASC 326:
The ALL was maintained at an amount which management determined covered the reasonably estimable and probable losses. The ALL was established through a provision for loan losses charged to expense. The ALL estimation process included, among other things, an analysis of delinquency trends, nonperforming loan trends, the level of charge-offs and recoveries, prior loss experience, total loans outstanding, the volume of loan originations, the type, size and geographic concentration of loans, the value of collateral securing loans, the borrower’s ability to repay and repayment performance, the number of loans requiring heightened management oversight, economic conditions and industry experience. Based on the evaluation, management assigned risk ratings to segments of the loan portfolio. Such risk ratings were periodically reviewed by management and revised as deemed appropriate.
With respect to acquired loans, prior to January 1, 2020, the Company followed the reserve standard set forth in ASC 310, Receivables. At acquisition, the Company reviewed each loan to determine whether there is evidence of deterioration in credit quality since origination and if it was probable that the Company would be unable to collect all amounts due according to the loan’s contractual terms. The Company considered expected prepayments and estimated the amount and timing of undiscounted expected principal, interest and other cash flows for each loan pool meeting the criteria above, and determined the excess of the loan pool’s scheduled contractual principal and interest payments in excess of cash flows expected at acquisition as an amount that should not be accreted (nonaccretable difference). The remaining amount, representing the excess of the pool’s cash flows expected to be collected over the fair value, was accreted into interest income over the remaining life of the pool (accretable yield). The Company recorded a discount on these loans at acquisition to record them at their estimated fair values. As a result, acquired loans subject to ASC 310 were excluded from the calculation of the ALL at the acquisition date. If the present value of expected cash flows for a pool was less than its carrying value, an impairment was recognized by an increase in the ALL and a charge to the provision for loan losses. See Note 5 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information concerning our allowance for acquired loans prior to the adoption of ASC 326.
The following describes the distinction between originated and acquired loans and certain significant accounting policies relevant to each category.
Loans originated for investment are reported at the principal balance outstanding net of unearned income. Interest on loans and accretion of unearned income are computed in a manner that approximates a level yield on recorded principal. Interest on loans is recorded as income is earned. The accrual of interest on an originated loan is discontinued when it is probable the borrower will not be able to meet payment obligations as they become due. For reporting periods prior to January 1, 2020, the Company maintained an ALL on originated loans that represented management’s estimate of probable losses incurred in this portfolio category. For reporting periods beginning on and after January 1, 2020, the Company maintains an ACL on all loans that reflects management's estimate of expected credit losses for the full life of the loan portfolio due to the adoption of the guidance under ASC 326. Refer to Note 2 of the Consolidated Financial Statements for more information on the adoption of ASC 326.
Loans that were acquired as a result of business combinations are referred to as “acquired loans.” The Company's acquired loans were purchased prior to the adoption of ASC 326 on January 1, 2020 and were recorded at estimated fair value at the acquisition date with no carryover of the related ALL. The acquired loans were segregated between those considered to be performing and those with evidence of credit deterioration (purchased credit impaired or "PCI"), and then further segregated into loan pools designed to facilitate the estimation of expected cash flows. The fair value estimate for each pool of acquired performing and PCI loans was based on the estimate of expected cash flows, both principal and interest, from that pool, discounted at prevailing market interest rates. The difference between the fair value of an acquired loan pool and the contractual amounts due at the acquisition date (the “fair value discount”) is accreted into income over the estimated life of the pool.
For reporting periods beginning on and after January 1, 2020 and the adoption of ASC 326:
Management estimates the ACL for acquired loans under the same methodology as originated loans. Changes in the ACL for acquired loans are recognized through the provision for loan losses and the provision for credit losses on unfunded lending commitments.
ASC 326 replaced the guidance for PCI loans with the concept of purchased credit deteriorated ("PCD"). For reporting periods beginning on and after January 1, 2020, PCI loans have been re-classified as PCD loans. For PCD loans, the Company applied the guidance under ASC 326 using the prospective transition approach. As a result, the Company adjusted the amortized cost basis of the PCD loans to reclassify $1.0 million of purchase discount to the ALL on January 1, 2020. The Company applied the guidance under ASC 326 using the modified retrospective approach for all non-PCD assets, which resulted in an increase in the ALL and a corresponding decrease to retained earnings. Refer to Note 2 of the Consolidated Financial Statements for more information on the adoption of ASC 326.
PCD loans, under prior accounting policies, were excluded from nonperforming loans because they continued to earn interest income from the accretable yield at the pool level. With the adoption of ASC 326, the pools were discontinued and performance is based on contractual terms for individual loans.
For reporting periods prior to January 1, 2020 and the adoption of ASC 326:
Management estimated the ALL for acquired performing loans using a methodology similar to that used for originated loans. The allowance determined for each loan pool was compared to the remaining fair value discount for that pool. If the allowance amount calculated under the Company’s methodology was greater than the Company’s remaining discount, the additional amount called for was added to the reported allowance through a provision for loan losses. If the allowance amount calculated under the Company’s methodology was less than the Company’s recorded discount, no additional allowance or provision was recognized. Actual losses first reduced any remaining nonaccretable discount for the loan pool. Once the nonaccretable discount was fully depleted, losses were applied against the allowance established for that pool. Acquired performing loans were placed on nonaccrual status and were considered and reported as nonperforming or past due using the same criteria applied to the originated portfolio.
The excess of cash flows expected to be collected from a PCI loan pool over the pool’s estimated fair value at acquisition was referred to as the accretable yield and was recognized in interest income using an effective yield method over the remaining life of the pool. Each pool of PCI loans was accounted for as a single asset with a single composite interest rate and an aggregate expectation of cash flows.
Management estimated cash flows expected to be collected on each PCI loan pool periodically. If the present value of expected cash flows for a pool was less than its carrying value, an impairment was recognized by an increase in the ALL and a charge to the provision for loan losses. If the present value of expected cash flows for a pool was greater than its carrying value, any previously established ALL was reversed and any remaining difference increased the accretable yield, which was taken into interest income over the remaining life of the loan pool. PCI loans were generally not subject to individual evaluation for impairment and were not reported with impaired loans, even if they otherwise qualified for such treatment.
Foreclosed Assets and ORE
Foreclosed assets and ORE includes real property and other assets that have been acquired as a result of foreclosure, and real property no longer used in the Bank's business. Foreclosed assets and ORE are classified as such until sold or disposed. Foreclosed assets are recorded at fair value less estimated selling costs based on third party property valuations which are obtained at the time the asset is repossessed and periodically until the property is liquidated. ORE is recorded at the lower of its net book value or fair value at the date of transfer to ORE. Foreclosed assets and ORE holding costs are charged to expense. Gains and losses on the sale of foreclosed assets and ORE are charged to operations, as incurred. Costs associated with acquiring and improving a foreclosed property or ORE are usually capitalized to the extent that the carrying value does not exceed fair value less estimated selling costs.
Assets and liabilities acquired in business combinations are recorded at their fair value. In accordance with ASC 805, Business Combinations, the Company generally records provisional amounts at the time of acquisition based on the information available to the Company. The provisional estimates of fair values may be adjusted for a period of up to one year (“measurement period”) from the date of acquisition if new information is obtained. Subsequently, adjustments recorded during the measurement period are recognized in the current reporting period.
We make estimates and judgments to calculate some of our tax liabilities and determine the recoverability of some of our deferred tax assets (“DTA”), which arise from temporary differences between the tax and financial statement recognition of revenues and expenses and enacted changes in tax rates and laws are recognized in the period in which they occur. We also estimate a valuation allowance for deferred tax assets if, based on the available evidence, it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the recorded deferred tax assets will not be realized in future periods. These estimates and judgments are inherently subjective. Historically, our estimates and judgments to calculate our deferred tax accounts have not required significant revision to our initial estimates.
In evaluating our ability to recover deferred tax assets, we consider all available positive and negative evidence, including our past operating results, recent cumulative losses and our forecast of future taxable income. In determining future taxable income, we make assumptions for the amount of taxable income, the reversal of temporary differences and the implementation of feasible and prudent tax planning strategies. These assumptions require us to make judgments about our future taxable income and are consistent with the plans and estimates we use to manage our business. Any reduction in estimated future taxable income may require us to record a valuation allowance against our deferred tax assets. An increase in the valuation allowance would result in additional income tax expense in the period and could have a significant impact on our future earnings.
On January 1, 2020, the Company adopted ASC 326, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses, which introduced a new model known as CECL. ASC 326 requires expected credit related losses for available for sale debt securities to be recorded through an allowance for credit losses, while non-credit related losses will continue to be recognized through other comprehensive income. The Company’s held to maturity debt securities are also required to utilize the CECL approach to estimate expected credit losses. Refer to Note 2 of the Consolidated Financial Statements for more information on the adoption of ASC 326.
For reporting periods beginning on and after January 1, 2020 and the adoption of ASC 326:
We evaluate our securities portfolio for impairment at least quarterly, and more frequently when economic and market conditions warrant such evaluations. The Company performs a process to determine whether the decline in the fair value of securities has resulted from credit losses or other factors. This process involves evaluating each security for impairment by monitoring credit performance, collateral type, collateral geography, bond credit support, loan-to-value ratios, credit scores, loss severity levels, pricing levels, downgrades by rating agencies, cash flow projections and other factors as indicators of potential credit issues. If this evaluation indicates the existence of credit losses, the Company compares the present value of cash flows expected to be collected from the security with the amortized cost basis. If the present value of expected cash flows is less than the amortized cost basis, an allowance for credit losses is recorded, limited by the amount that the fair value of the security is less than its amortized cost.
For reporting periods prior to January 1, 2020 and the adoption of ASC 326:
Securities were evaluated periodically to determine whether a decline in their fair value was other-than-temporary. The term “other-than-temporary” was not intended to indicate a permanent decline in value. Rather, it meant that the prospects for near term recovery of value were not necessarily favorable, or that there was a lack of evidence to support fair values equal to, or greater than, the carrying value of the investment. Management reviewed criteria such as the magnitude and duration of the decline, the reasons for the decline and the performance and valuation of the underlying collateral, when applicable, to predict whether the loss in value was other-than-temporary and the intent and ability of the Company to retain the investment for a period of time sufficient to allow for any anticipated recovery in fair value. Once a decline in value was determined to be other-than-temporary, the carrying value of the security was reduced to its fair value and a corresponding charge to earnings was recognized for the decline in value determined to be credit related. The decline in value attributable to noncredit factors was recognized in other comprehensive income.
The Company accounts for its stock options in accordance with ASC 718, Compensation – Stock Compensation. ASC 718 requires companies to expense the fair value of employee stock options and other forms of stock-based compensation. Management utilizes the Black-Scholes option valuation model to estimate the fair value of stock options. The option valuation model requires the input of highly subjective assumptions, including expected stock price volatility and option life. These subjective input assumptions materially affect the fair value estimate.
The Company has completed five acquisitions since 2010. The following table is a summary of the Company’s acquisition activity as recorded.
SUMMARY OF ACQUISITION ACTIVITY
|(dollars in thousands)|
|Statewide Bank||3/12/2010||$||188,026 ||$||110,415 ||$||560 ||$||1,429 ||$||206,925 |
|GS Financial Corporation||7/15/2011||256,677 ||182,440 ||296 ||859 ||193,518 |
|Britton & Koontz Capital Corporation||2/14/2014||298,930 ||161,581 ||43 ||3,030 ||216,600 |
|Louisiana Bancorp, Inc.||9/15/2015||352,897 ||281,583 ||8,454 ||1,586 ||208,670 |
|St. Martin Bancshares, Inc.||12/6/2017||592,852 ||439,872 ||49,135 ||6,766 ||533,497 |
|Total Acquisitions||$||1,689,382 ||$||1,175,891 ||$||58,488 ||$||13,670 ||$||1,359,210 |
Loans, Allowance for Credit Losses and Asset Quality
The types of loans originated by the Company are subject to federal and state laws and regulations. Interest rates charged on loans are affected principally by the demand for such loans and the supply of money available for lending purposes and the rates offered by our competitors. These factors are, in turn, affected by general and economic conditions, the monetary policy of the federal government, including the FRB, legislative tax policies and governmental budgetary matters.
The Company’s lending activities are subject to underwriting standards and loan origination procedures established by our Board of Directors and management. Loan originations are obtained through a variety of sources, primarily existing customers as well as new customers obtained from referrals and local advertising and promotional efforts. Single-family residential mortgage loan applications and consumer loan applications are taken at any of the Bank’s branch offices. Applications for other loans typically are taken personally by one of our loan officers, although they may be received by a branch office initially and then referred to a loan officer. All loan applications are processed and underwritten centrally at the Bank’s main office.
Total loans in portfolio (which does not include mortgage loans held for sale) increased $265.6 million, or 15.5%, from December 31, 2019 to $2.0 billion at December 31, 2020. At December 31, 2020, the total recorded net investment in PPP loans was $221.2 million, which are included in commercial and industrial loans. The recorded investment in PPP loans is net of $5.4 million in deferred lender fees, which will be amortized into interest income over the life of the loans. Excluding PPP loans, total loans increased by $44.4 million, or 2.6%.
The following table summarizes the composition of the Company’s loan portfolio as of the dates indicated.
|(dollars in thousands)||2020||2019||2018||2017||2016|
|Real estate loans:|
One- to four-family first mortgage
|$||395,638 ||$||430,820 ||$||450,363 ||$||477,211 ||$||341,883 |
|Home equity loans and lines||67,700 ||79,812 ||83,976 ||94,445 ||88,821 |
|Commercial real estate||750,623 ||722,807 ||640,575 ||611,358 ||427,515 |
|Construction and land||221,823 ||195,748 ||193,597 ||177,263 ||141,167 |
|Multi-family residential||87,332 ||54,869 ||54,455 ||50,978 ||46,369 |
|Total real estate loans||1,523,116 ||1,484,056 ||1,422,966 ||1,411,255 ||1,045,755 |
|Commercial and industrial||417,926 ||184,701 ||172,934 ||185,284 ||139,810 |
|Consumer||38,912 ||45,604 ||53,854 ||61,256 ||42,268 |
|Total other loans||456,838 ||230,305 ||226,788 ||246,540 ||182,078 |
|Total loans||$||1,979,954 ||$||1,714,361 ||$||1,649,754 ||$||1,657,795 ||$||1,227,833 |
The following table reflects contractual loan maturities as of December 31, 2020, unadjusted for scheduled principal reductions, prepayments, or repricing opportunities. Of the $1.6 billion in loans which have contractual maturity dates subsequent to December 31, 2021, $1.2 billion have fixed interest rates and $382.6 million have floating or adjustable interest rates.
|Amounts as of December 31, 2020 which mature in:|
|(dollars in thousands)||One year or|
|More than five|
|One- to four-family first mortgage||$||34,559 ||$||132,519 ||$||228,560 ||$||395,638 |
|Home equity loans and lines||2,323 ||13,203 ||52,174 ||67,700 |
|Commercial real estate||109,631 ||339,303 ||301,689 ||750,623 |
|Construction and land||128,501 ||51,465 ||41,857 ||221,823 |
|Multi-family residential||23,757 ||51,209 ||12,366 ||87,332 |
|Commercial and industrial||78,502 ||313,532 ||25,892 ||417,926 |
|Consumer||4,822 ||12,957 ||21,133 ||38,912 |
|Total||$||382,095 ||$||914,188 ||$||683,671 ||$||1,979,954 |
Allowance for Credit Losses
Effective January 1, 2020, the Company adopted the guidance under ASC 326, which introduced a new model known as CECL. For reporting periods beginning on and after January 1, 2020 and the adoption of ASC 326, the ACL is maintained at level that reflects expected losses for the full life of the financial assets. Prior to January 1, 2020 and the adoption of ASC 326, the ALL was maintained at an amount which management determined covered reasonably estimable and probable losses. The day one impact of the change in accounting principle is reflected in the table below as an increase to the beginning balance in 2020. Management recalculates the ACL at least quarterly to reassess the estimate of credit losses for the total portfolio at the relevant reporting date. For more information on the adoption of ASC 326 and the Company's relevant accounting policies, refer to Note 2 of the Consolidated Financial Statements.
The following table presents the activity in the allowance for credit losses for the years indicated.
|For the Years Ended December 31,|
|(dollars in thousands)||2020||2019||2018||2017||2016|
|Allowance for loan losses:|
|Beginning Balance||$||17,868 ||$||16,348 ||$||14,807 ||$||12,511 ||$||9,547 |
|ASC 326 adoption impact||4,633 ||— ||— ||— ||— |
|Provision for loan losses||12,728 ||3,014 ||3,943 ||2,317 ||3,200 |
|Loans charged off:|