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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
___________________________________
FORM 10-K
____________________________________
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2020
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from __________ to __________
Commission File Number 001-35504
FORUM ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
61-1488595
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
10344 Sam Houston Park DriveSuite 300HoustonTexas77064
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (713351-7900
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Common stock, $0.01 par valueFETNew York Stock Exchange
Rights to Purchase Preferred StockN/ANew York Stock Exchange
(Title of Each Class)(Trading Symbol)(Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes No
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No
The aggregate market value of Common Stock held by non-affiliates on June 30, 2020, determined using the per share closing price on the New York Stock Exchange Composite tape of $10.60 on June 30, 2020, was approximately $44.0 million. For this purpose, our executive officers and directors and SCF Partners L.P. and its affiliates are considered affiliates.
As of February 26, 2021, there were 5,599,517 common shares outstanding.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of our Proxy Statement for the 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders are incorporated by reference into Part III of this report.
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Forum Energy Technologies, Inc.
Index to Form 10-K
PART I
PART II
PART III
PART IV
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PART I
Item 1. Business
Forum Energy Technologies, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Forum,” the “Company,” “we” or “us”), is a global products company, serving the drilling, downhole, subsea, completions, and production sectors of the energy industry. Our common shares are listed on the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) under the symbol “FET.” Our principal executive offices are located at 10344 Sam Houston Park Drive, Houston, Texas 77064, our telephone number is (713) 351-7900, and our website is www.f-e-t.com. Our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K, and all amendments thereto, are available free of charge in the “Investors” section of our website as soon as reasonably practicable after such reports are electronically filed with or furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). These reports are also available on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. Information contained on or accessible from our website is not incorporated by reference into this Annual Report on Form 10-K and should not be considered part of this report or any other filing that we make with the SEC.
Reverse Stock Split
On November 9, 2020, we effected a reverse stock split where each 20 issued and outstanding shares of our common stock were converted into one share of our common stock (the "Reverse Stock Split"). Our shares began trading on a reverse stock split-adjusted basis on November 10, 2020. All share and per share data included in this report have been retroactively adjusted to reflect the Reverse Stock Split.
Overview
We are a global products company, serving the drilling, downhole, subsea, completions and production sectors of the energy industry. We design, manufacture and distribute products and engage in aftermarket parts supply and services that complement our product offering. The Company's products include highly engineered capital equipment as well as products that are consumed in the drilling, well construction, production and transportation of oil and natural gas. These consumable products are used in drilling, well construction and completions activities, within the supporting infrastructure, and at processing centers and refineries. Our engineered capital products are directed at drilling rig equipment for new rigs, upgrades and refurbishment projects, subsea construction and development projects, pressure pumping equipment, the placement of production equipment on new producing wells, and downstream capital projects. In 2020, over 80% of our revenue was derived from consumable products and activity-based equipment, while the balance was primarily derived from capital products with a small amount from rental and other services.
We seek to design, manufacture and supply high quality reliable products that create value for our diverse customer base, which includes, among others, oil and natural gas operators, land and offshore drilling contractors, oilfield service companies, subsea construction and service companies, and pipeline and refinery operators.
Our reporting segments align with business activity drivers and the manner in which management reviews and evaluates operating performance. Forum operates in the following three reporting segments: Drilling & Downhole, Completions and Production. We believe that the reporting segment structure is aligned with the key phases of the well cycle and provides operating efficiencies.
We incorporate by reference the segment and geographic information for the last three years set forth in Note 18 Business Segments, and the information with respect to dispositions set forth in Note 4 Dispositions.
Drilling & Downhole segment
In our Drilling & Downhole segment, we design, manufacture and supply products and provide related services to the drilling, downhole and subsea markets. Through this segment, we offer drilling technologies, including capital equipment and a broad line of products consumed in the drilling process; downhole technologies, including cementing and casing tools, protection products for artificial lift equipment and cables. The segment also supplies subsea technologies, including robotic vehicles and other capital equipment, specialty components and tooling, a broad suite of complementary subsea technical services.
There are several factors that drive demand for our Drilling & Downhole segment. Our Drilling Technologies product line is influenced by global drilling activity; the level of capital investment in drilling rigs and equipment replacement as drilling contractors modify or replace existing rigs to increase capability or improve efficiency and safety; the number of rigs in use and the severity of operating conditions. Our Downhole Technologies product line is impacted
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by the level of well completion activity and complexity of well construction and completion. Demand for our subsea products is affected by global offshore activity, defense spending, subsea equipment and pipeline installation, repair and maintenance expenditures, and growth in offshore resource development.
Drilling Technologies. We provide both drilling capital equipment and consumables, with a focus on products that enhance our customers’ handling of tubulars and drilling fluids on the drilling rig. Our product offering includes powered and manual tubular handling equipment; customized offline crane systems; drilling data acquisition management systems; pumps, pump parts, valves, and manifolds; drilling fluid end components; and a broad line of items consumed in the drilling process.
Drilling capital equipment. We design and manufacture a range of powered and manual tubular handling tools used on onshore and offshore drilling rigs. Our Forum B+V Oil Tools and Wrangler™ branded tools reduce direct human involvement in the handling of pipe during drilling operations, improving safety, speed and efficiency of operations. Our tubular handling tools include elevators, clamps, rotary slips, rotary tongs, powered slips, spiders and kelly spinners. Our hydraulic catwalks mechanize the lifting and lowering of tubulars to and from the drill floor, eliminating or reducing the need for traditional drill pipe and casing “pick-up and lay-down” operations with associated personnel. In addition, our make-up and break-out tools, called Forum Roughneck™, automate a potentially dangerous rig floor task and improve rig drilling speed and safety. In addition, we also manufacture torque machines which allow customers to make up and break out complex tubulars and casing offline. We also design and manufacture a range of rig-based offline activity cranes and multi-purpose cranes.
In addition to powered tubular handling equipment, we design and manufacture drilling manifold systems and high pressure piping packages. Finally, we repair and service drilling equipment for both land and offshore rigs. Many of our service employees work in the field to address problems at the rig site.
Consumable products. We manufacture a range of consumable products used on drilling rigs, well servicing rigs, and hydraulic fracturing systems. Our consumable products include valves, centrifugal pumps, mud pump fluid end components, including P-Quip™ mud pump modules, Forumlok™, rig sensors, inserts, and dies. We are also a supplier of oilfield bearings, including FracMax™, to original equipment manufacturers and repair businesses for use in drilling and well stimulation equipment.
Downhole Technologies. We manufacture a broad line of downhole products that are consumed during the construction, completion and production phases of a well’s lifecycle.
Downhole protection systems. We offer a full selection of downhole protection solutions and artificial lift accessories through our various brands such as Cannon Services™ and Multilift. Our Cannon Services protectors are used to shield downhole control lines, cables and gauges during installation and to provide protection during production enhancement operations. We design and manufacture a variety of downhole protection solutions for electrical submersible pump (“ESP”) cabling, encapsulated control lines, sub-surface safety valves and permanent downhole gauges. We provide both standard and customized protection systems, and we utilize a range of materials in our products for various downhole environments. SandGuard™ and Cyclone™ branded completion tools extend the useful life of an ESP by protecting it against sand and other solids during shutdown and startup. Forum’s GasGuard™ branded product also extends the useful life of an ESP by breaking down gas slugs, creating an uninterrupted flow of liquid.
Casing and cementing tools. Through our Davis-Lynch™ branded downhole well construction operations, we design and manufacture products used in the construction of oil and natural gas wells. We design and manufacture a full portfolio of centralizers, float equipment, stage cementing tools, inflatable packers, flotation collars, cementing plugs and surge reduction equipment. Our products are used globally in the construction of onshore and offshore wells.
Our primary customers in this product line are oil and natural gas producers, and service companies providing completions, artificial lift and other intervention services to producers.
Subsea Technologies. We design and manufacture capital equipment and specialty components used in the subsea sector and provide a broad suite of complementary technical services. We have a core focus on the design and manufacture of remotely operated vehicle (“ROV”) systems, other specialty subsea vehicles, and rescue submarines, as well as critical components of these vehicles. Many of our related technical services complement our vehicle offerings.
Subsea vehicles. We are a leading designer and manufacturer of a wide range of ROVs that we supply to the offshore subsea construction, observation and related service markets. The market for ROVs can be segmented
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into three broad classes of vehicles based on size and category of operations: (1) large work-class vehicles and trenchers for construction and installation activities, (2) drilling-class vehicles deployed from and for use around an offshore rig and (3) observation-class vehicles for inspection and light manipulation. We are a leading provider of work-class and observation class vehicles.
We design and manufacture large work-class ROVs through our highly respected Perry® brand. These vehicles are principally used in deepwater construction applications. In addition to work-class ROVs, we design and manufacture large trenchers that travel along the sea floor for trenching, installation and burial operations. The largest of these trenchers is able to cut over three meters deep into the seafloor to lay pipelines, power cables or communications cables for customers in the pipeline, renewables and telecom markets.
Our Forum Sub-Atlantic® branded observation-class vehicles are electrically powered and are principally used for inspection, survey and light manipulation, and serve a wide range of industries.
In addition to ROVs, we design and manufacture subsea rescue vehicles capable of a range of tasks, including submarine rescue operations, diver support, seabed survey, port security, under hull search and a variety of other tasks.
Our subsea vehicle customers are primarily large offshore construction companies, including non-oil and natural gas entities, such as a range of governmental organizations including naval, maritime science and geoscience research organizations, offshore wind power companies, and other industries operating in marine environments.
Subsea products and technical services. We are also a leading designer and manufacturer of subsea products and components utilized in conjunction with ROVs for the oil and natural gas, renewables, telecommunications and defense markets. We manufacture Dynacon® branded ROV launch and recovery systems, linear cable engines, Sub-Atlantic® branded ROV thrusters, and a wide range of hydraulic power units and valve packs. We design and manufacture these ROV components for incorporation into our own vehicles as well as for sale to other ROV manufacturers. We also provide a broad suite of subsea tooling, both industry standard and custom designed, and technical services.
Completions segment
In our Completions segment, we design, manufacture and supply products and provide related services to the coiled tubing, stimulation and intervention markets. Through this segment, we offer stimulation and intervention technologies, including hydraulic fracturing pumps, cooling systems, flow iron, wireline cable and pressure control equipment as well as related recertification and refurbishment services. We also offer coiled tubing products, including coiled tubing strings and coiled line pipe.
Demand for our Stimulation & Intervention and Coiled Tubing product lines is impacted by the level of North America shale or tight sand basin hydraulic fracturing activity and the level of workover and intervention activity.
Stimulation and Intervention. We provide a broad range of high pressure pumps and flow equipment used by well stimulation, or pressure pumping, companies during stimulation, intervention (principally plug and perforation activity) and flowback processes. We sell power end assemblies, industrial heat exchanger and cooling systems, manifolds and manifold trailers, and treating iron. Frequent refurbishment and recertification of flow equipment is critical to ensuring the reliable and safe operation of a pressure pumping companys fleet. We perform these services and position inventory in strategic locations in North America.
We also manufacture pressure control products that are used for well intervention operations that are sold domestically and internationally to oilfield service companies and equipment rental companies. Products we supply include blowout preventers for coiled tubing and wireline units and our Hydraulic Latch Assembly, which is used to facilitate efficient zipper fracturing operations. We also manufacture electro-mechanical wireline cables as well as innovative EnviroLite branded (greaseless) cables. We also conduct aftermarket refurbishment and recertification services for pressure control equipment.
Our primary customers in the Stimulation and Intervention product line are pressure pumping, wireline and flowback service companies. In addition, we sell directly to pressure pumping unit original equipment manufacturers.
Coiled Tubing. We manufacture Global Tubing® branded coiled tubing strings, including DURACOIL (quench and temper), and coiled line pipe, and provide related services. Coiled tubing strings are consumable components utilized to perform well completion and intervention activities. Our coiled line pipe offering serves as an alternative to conventional line pipe and composite flexibles in onshore and offshore applications.
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The product line’s primary customers are domestic and international service companies that provide coiled tubing services and oil and gas operators.
Production segment
In our Production segment, we design, manufacture and supply products and provide related equipment and services to the production and infrastructure markets. Through this segment, we supply production equipment, including well site production and process equipment, and a broad range of industrial and process valves.
The segment’s primary market driver is the level of spending associated with bringing new wells on production. Demand for our Production Equipment product line is also impacted by the amount of spending on midstream and downstream projects. Demand for our Valve Solutions product line is driven by the level of infrastructure additions, upgrades and maintenance activity across the oil and natural gas industry, including the upstream, midstream and downstream sectors. In addition, Valve Solutions is affected by activity levels in the power generation, process, petrochemical and mining industries.
Production Equipment. Our Production Equipment product line provides engineered process systems and field services for capital equipment used at the wellsite and for production processing in the U.S. Once a well has been drilled, completed and brought on stream, we provide the well operator or producer with process equipment necessary to make the oil or natural gas ready for transmission. We engineer, fabricate and install separators, packaged production systems and American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) and American Petroleum Institute (API) coded pressure vessels, skidded vessels with gas measurement, modular process plants, header and manifold skids, process and flow control equipment and separators to help clean and process oil or natural gas as it travels from the wellhead and along the transmission line to the refinery. Our customers are principally U.S. oil and natural gas operators or producers.
We also design and provide process oil treatment equipment, including EDGE® and NU-STATIC® branded desalters and dehydrator technologies, used in refineries and other process applications worldwide. We have a team of highly trained technicians and field service engineers for repair and installation, and we supply a broad range of replacement parts for our equipment and other manufacturers. This equipment removes sand, water and suspended solids from hydrocarbons prior to their transmission or refining.
Valve Solutions. We provide a wide range of industrial valves that principally serve the upstream, midstream and downstream markets of the oil and natural gas industry. To a lesser extent, our valves serve general industrial, power generation and process industry customers as well as the mining industry. We provide ball, gate, globe, check and butterfly valves across a range of sizes and applications.
We market our valves to our customers and end users through our recognized brands: PBV®, DSI® and Accuseal®. Much of our production is sold through distribution supply companies, with our marketing efforts targeting end users for pull through of our valve products. Our global sales force and representatives cover approximately 30 countries, with local sales and distribution in Canada. Our Canadian operations provide significant exposure to heavy oil projects.
Our supply chain systems enable us to design and sell high-quality engineered valves, as well as provide standardized products, while maintaining competitive pricing and minimizing capital requirements. We utilize our international manufacturing partners to produce components and completed products for a number of our valve brands.
Depending on the product, our valves are manufactured to conform to the standards of one or more of the API, American National Standards Institute, American Bureau of Shipping, and International Organization for Standardization and/or other relevant standards governing the design and manufacture of industrial valves.
Business history
Forum was incorporated in 2005 and formed through a series of acquisitions. In August 2010, Forum Oilfield Technologies, Inc. was renamed Forum Energy Technologies, Inc., when four other companies were merged into Forum. On April 17, 2012, we completed our initial public offering.
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Backlog
As we provide a mix of consumable products, capital goods, and repair parts and services, the majority of our business does not require lengthy lead times. The majority of orders and commitments included in our backlog as of December 31, 2020 were scheduled to be delivered within six months. Our backlog was approximately $114 million at December 31, 2020 and approximately $173 million at December 31, 2019. Substantially all of the projects currently in our backlog are subject to change and our customers may seek to terminate these orders. However, customers are generally required to pay us for work performed, other costs and fees as a result of such changes or termination. It is difficult to predict how much of our current backlog may be delayed or terminated, or subject to changes, as well as our ability to collect termination or change fees.
Our consumable and repair products are predominantly off-the-shelf items requiring short lead-times, generally less than six months, and our related refurbishment or other services are also not contracted with significant lead time. The composition of our backlog is reflective of our mix of capital equipment, consumable products, aftermarket and other related items. Our bookings, which consist of written orders or commitments for our products or related services, during the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 were approximately $473 million and $863 million, respectively.
Customers
No customer represented more than 10% of consolidated revenue in any of the last three years.
Seasonality
A substantial portion of our business is not significantly impacted by seasonality. We do, however, generally experience lower sales and profitability in the fourth quarter due to a decrease in working days caused by calendar year-end holidays, and manufacturing and shipping delays caused by weather. In addition, given the geographic proximity of a number of our facilities to the Gulf Coast, we are subject to business interruptions caused by hurricanes and tropical storms. A small portion of the revenue we generate from select Canadian operations often benefits from higher first quarter activity levels, as operators take advantage of the winter freeze to gain access to remote drilling and production areas.
Competition
The markets in which we operate are highly competitive. We compete with a number of companies of varying size. There are several large national and multinational companies that have longer operating histories, greater financial, technical and other resources and greater name recognition. In addition, we have several smaller competitors who compete with us on a regional or local basis. These competitor are often times very quick to respond to new or emerging technologies and services, and changes in customer requirements. The principal competitive factors in our markets are product quality and performance, price, breadth of product offering, availability of products and services, performance, distribution capabilities, technical expertise, responsiveness to customer needs, reputation for service and intellectual property rights. We believe our products and services in each segment are at least comparable in price, quality, performance and dependability with our competitors’ offerings. We seek to differentiate ourselves from our competitors by providing a rapid response to the needs of our customers, expert knowledge, a high level of customer service, and innovative product development initiatives. Some of our competitors expend greater amounts of money than us on formal research and engineering efforts. We believe, however, that our product development efforts are enhanced by the investment of management time that we make to improve our customer service and to work with our customers on their specific product needs and challenges.
Although we have no single competitor across all of our product lines, the companies we compete with across the greatest number of our product lines include National Oilwell Varco, Inc., Cameron International Corporation (a subsidiary of Schlumberger), Ingersoll Rand, TechnipFMC plc, Tenaris S.A., and Caterpillar, Inc.
Patents, trademarks and other intellectual property
We currently hold multiple U.S. and international patents and trademarks, have a number of pending patent and trademark applications and have developed a significant amount of trade secrets or other know how in the areas where we compete. Although our patents, trademarks, licenses, trade secrets and know how are material to us in the aggregate, we do not regard any single piece of intellectual property to be material to our business as a whole.
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Raw materials
We acquire component parts, products and raw materials from suppliers, including foundries, forge shops, and original equipment manufacturers. The prices we pay for our raw materials may be affected by, among other things, energy, steel and other commodity prices, tariffs and duties on imported materials and foreign currency exchange rates. Certain of our component parts, products or raw materials, such as bearings, are only available from a limited number of suppliers. Please see “Risk factors—Risks related to our business—We rely on relationships with key suppliers to operate and maintain our business.”
Timely receipt of raw materials is critical to our business. However, we may not be able to continue purchasing raw materials on a timely basis or at acceptable prices. We generally try to purchase raw materials from multiple suppliers so that we are not dependent on any one supplier, but this is not always possible.
Inventory
An important consideration for many of our customers in selecting a vendor is timely availability of the product. Customers may pay a premium for earlier or immediate availability because of the cost of delays in critical operations. We stock our consumable products in regional warehouses or on consignment around the world so that these products are available for our customers when needed. This availability is especially critical for certain consumable products, causing us to carry substantial inventories for these products. For critical capital items in which demand is expected to be strong, we often build certain items before we have a firm order. Our having such goods available on short notice can be of great value to our customers. We also stock raw materials and components in order to be in a position to build products in response to market demand.
We typically offer our customers payment terms of 30 days, although during downturns in activity, customers often take 60 days or more to settle accounts. For sales into certain countries or for select customers, we might require payment upfront or credit support through a letter of credit. For longer term projects, we typically require progress payments as important milestones are reached. On average, we collect our receivables in about 60 days from shipment resulting in a substantial investment in accounts receivable. Likewise, standard terms with our vendors are 90 days. For critical items sourced from significant vendors, we have settled accounts more quickly, sometimes in exchange for early payment discounts.
Governmental regulation
Our operations are subject to numerous stringent and complex laws and regulations governing the discharge of materials into the environment, health and safety aspects of our operations, or otherwise relating to human health and environmental protection. In addition to environmental and worker safety regulations, we are subject to regulation by numerous other governmental regulatory agencies, including the U.S. Department of Labor and other state, local and international bodies regulating worker rights and labor conditions. In addition, we are subject to certain requirements to contribute to retirement funds or other benefit plans and laws in some jurisdictions in which we operate restrict our ability to dismiss employees. We also operate vehicles that are subject to federal and state transportation regulations. Failure to comply with these laws or regulations or to obtain or comply with permits may result in the assessment of administrative, civil and criminal penalties, imposition of remedial or corrective action requirements, and the imposition of injunctions to prohibit certain activities or force future compliance.
The trend in environmental regulation has been to impose increasingly stringent restrictions and limitations on activities that may impact the environment, and thus, any changes in environmental laws and regulations or in enforcement policies that result in more stringent and costly waste handling, storage, transport, disposal, or remediation requirements could have a material adverse effect on our operations and financial position. Moreover, accidental releases or spills of regulated substances may occur in the course of our operations, and if so, we may incur significant costs and liabilities as a result of such releases or spills, including any third party claims for damage to property, natural resources or persons.
The following is a summary of the more significant existing environmental, health and safety laws and regulations to which our business operations are subject and for which compliance may have a material adverse impact on our capital expenditures, results of operations or financial position.
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Hazardous substances and waste
The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (the “RCRA”) and comparable state statutes, regulate the generation, transportation, treatment, storage, disposal and cleanup of hazardous and non-hazardous wastes. Under the auspices of the Environmental Protection Agency (the “EPA”), the individual states administer some or all of the provisions of the RCRA, sometimes in conjunction with their own, more stringent requirements. We are required to manage the transportation, storage and disposal of hazardous and non-hazardous wastes in compliance with the RCRA.
The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (the “CERCLA”), also known as the Superfund law, imposes joint and several liability, without regard to fault or legality of conduct, on classes of persons who are considered to be responsible for the release of a hazardous substance into the environment. These persons include the owner or operator of the site where the release occurred, and anyone who disposed or arranged for the disposal of a hazardous substance released at the site. We currently own, lease, or operate numerous properties that have been used for manufacturing and other operations for many years. We also contract with waste removal services and landfills. These properties and the substances disposed or released on them may be subject to the CERCLA, RCRA and analogous state laws. Under such laws, we could be required to remove previously disposed substances and wastes, remediate contaminated property, or perform remedial operations to prevent future contamination. In addition, it is not uncommon for neighboring landowners and other third-parties to file claims for personal injury and property damage allegedly caused by hazardous substances released into the environment.
Hydraulic fracturing
A significant percentage of our customers’ oil and natural gas production is being developed from unconventional sources, such as hydrocarbon shales. These formations require hydraulic fracturing completion processes to release the oil or natural gas from the rock so that it can flow through the formations. Hydraulic fracturing involves the injection of water, sand and chemicals under pressure into the formation to stimulate production. A number of federal agencies, including the EPA and the U.S. Department of Energy, are analyzing, or have been requested to review, a variety of environmental issues associated with shale development, including hydraulic fracturing. Moreover, various political groups and officials are requesting or have discussed implementing a ban on hydraulic fracturing, or oil & gas extraction generally, on federal lands. For more information, please read “Risk Factors-Potential legislation or regulations restricting the use of hydraulic fracturing could reduce demand for our products.”
Operating risk and insurance
We maintain insurance coverage of types and amounts that we believe to be customary and reasonable for companies of our size and with similar operations. In accordance with industry practice, however, we do not maintain insurance coverage against all of the operating risks to which our business is exposed. Therefore, there is a risk our insurance program may not be sufficient to cover any particular loss or all losses. Currently, our insurance program includes coverage for, among other things, general liability, umbrella liability, sudden and accidental pollution, personal property, vehicles, workers’ compensation, and employer’s liability coverage.
Employees
As of December 31, 2020, we had approximately 1,400 employees. Of our total employees, approximately 1,000 were in the U.S., 150 were in the United Kingdom, 100 were in Germany, 100 were in Canada and 50 were in all other locations. We are not a party to any collective bargaining agreements, other than in our Hamburg, Germany facility. We consider our relations with our employees to be satisfactory.
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Item 1A. Risk Factors
The following summarizes the principal factors that make an investment in our company speculative or risky, all of which are more fully described in the Risk Factors section below. This summary should be read in conjunction with the Risk Factors section and should not be relied upon as an exhaustive summary of the material risks facing our business.
Risks Related to our Business and Operations:
The success of our business largely depends on activity levels in the oil and natural gas industry, which can be affected by the amount and volatility of oil and natural gas prices.
The markets in which we operate are highly competitive.
We may hold excess or obsolete inventory.
We may not realize revenue on our current backlog due to customer order reductions, cancellations or acceptance delays, which may negatively impact our financial results.
The COVID-19 pandemic has and may continue to adversely affect our business and results of operations.
The industry in which we operate is undergoing continuing consolidation that may impact our results of operations.
A greater focus on budgetary discipline and technological advances have caused a decline in customer spending that may remain at a low level despite an increase in commodity prices.
Our Chief Executive Officer and other executive officers are critical to our business and these individuals may not remain with us in the future.
We may be unable to employ a sufficient number of skilled and qualified workers.
We rely on relationships with key suppliers to operate and maintain our business.
Our business depends upon our ability to obtain key raw materials and specialized equipment from suppliers.
We may not be able to satisfy technical requirements, testing requirements, code requirements or other specifications under contracts and contract tenders.
A failure or breach of our information technology infrastructure could adversely impact our business and results of operations and expose us to potential liabilities.
Our success depends on our ability to implement new technologies and services more efficiently and quickly than our competitors.
Our success will be affected by the use and protection of our proprietary technology.
We may incur liabilities, fines, penalties or additional costs, or we may be unable to sell to certain customers if we do not maintain safe operations.
Facility consolidations or expansions may subject us to risks of operating inefficiencies, construction delays and cost overruns.
Our acquisitions and dispositions may not result in anticipated benefits and may present risks not originally contemplated.
A natural disaster, catastrophe or other event could result in severe property damage, which could curtail our operations.
Legal and Regulatory Risks:
Governmental laws and regulations may affect our and our customers’ costs, prohibit or curtail our customers’ operations in certain areas, limit the demand for our products and services or restrict our operations.
Potential legislation or regulations restricting the use of hydraulic fracturing could reduce demand for our products.
Our financial results could be adversely impacted by changes in regulation of oil and natural gas exploration and development activity in response to significant environmental incidents.
Our operations are subject to environmental and operational safety laws and regulations that may expose us to significant costs and liabilities.
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Our business operations worldwide are subject to anti-corruption and trade sanction laws and regulations in the U.S. and other jurisdictions.
We are subject to litigation risks that may not be covered by insurance.
The number and cost of our current and future asbestos claims could be substantially higher than we have estimated and the timing of payment of claims could be sooner than we have estimated.
Our products are used in operations that are subject to potential hazards inherent in the oil and natural gas industry and, as a result, we are exposed to potential liabilities that could affect our financial condition and reputation.
Climate change legislation or regulations restricting emissions of greenhouse gases could increase our operating costs or reduce demand for our products.

Risks Related to our International Operations
We may be adversely affected by developments and economic uncertainty relating to the U.K.’s departure from the European Union.
Our exposure to currency exchange rate fluctuations may result in fluctuations in our cash flows.

Risks Related to our Common Stock, Indebtedness and Financial Condition:
Our common stock price has been volatile, and we expect it to continue to remain volatile in the future.
We have a significant amount of indebtedness. Our leverage and debt service obligations restrict our operations and make us more vulnerable to adverse economic conditions.
The indenture governing our 2025 Notes and our Credit Facility contain operating and financial restrictions that restrict our business and financing activities.
Our ability to access the capital and credit markets to raise capital on favorable terms is limited by our debt level, industry conditions and credit rating.
We have incurred impairment charges in the past and we may incur additional impairment charges in the future.
L.E. Simmons & Associates (“LESA”), through SCF, may significantly influence the outcome of stockholder voting and may exercise this voting power in a manner adverse to our other stockholders.
Certain of our directors may have conflicts of interest because they are also directors or officers of SCF. The resolution of these conflicts of interest may not be in the best interests of our Company or our other stockholders.
We have renounced any interest in specified business opportunities, and SCF and its director nominees on our board of directors generally have no obligation to offer us those opportunities.

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Risks related to our business and operations:
The success of our business largely depends on activity levels in the oil and natural gas industry, which can be affected by the amount and volatility of oil and natural gas prices.
We have experienced, and will continue to experience, fluctuations in revenues and operating results due to economic and business cycles. The willingness of oil and natural gas operators to make capital expenditures to explore for and produce oil and natural gas, the need of oilfield services companies to replenish consumable parts and the willingness of these customers to invest in capital equipment depends largely upon prevailing industry conditions that are influenced by numerous factors over which we have no control. Such factors include:
supply of and demand for oil and natural gas;
prices, and expectations about future prices, of oil and natural gas;
ability or willingness of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (“OPEC”) and other major producers to set and maintain production limits;
cost of exploring for, developing, producing and delivering oil and natural gas;
levels of drilling and completions activity;
expected decline in rates of current and future production, or faster than anticipated declines in production;
discovery rates of new oil and natural gas reserves;
the COVID-19 pandemic and related public health measures implemented by governments worldwide;
ability of our customers to access new markets or areas of production or to continue to access current markets, including as a result of trade restrictions;
weather conditions, including hurricanes, that can affect oil and natural gas operations over a wide area;
natural disasters, catastrophes or other events resulting in severe property damage;
more stringent environmental regulations;
prohibitions, moratoriums or similar limitations on drilling or hydraulic fracturing activity resulting in a cessation or disruption of operations;
domestic and worldwide economic conditions;
financial stability of our customers and other industry participants;
political instability in oil and natural gas producing countries;
shareholder activism or activities by non-governmental organizations to restrict the exploration, development and production of oil and natural gas;
conservation measures and technological advances affecting energy consumption;
price and availability of alternative energy resources and fuels;
uncertainty in capital and commodities markets, and the ability of oil and natural gas companies to raise equity capital and debt financing;
interest rates and the cost of capital; and
merger and divestiture activity among oil and natural gas producers, drilling contractors and oilfield service companies.
The oil and natural gas industry has historically experienced periodic reductions in the overall level of exploration and development activities in connection with declines in commodity prices. As a result, there are periodic reductions in the demand for our products and services, downward pressure on the prices that we charge and ultimately an adverse impact on our business. The COVID-19 pandemic has negatively impacted demand for oil and natural gas, which has contributed to further price volatility. It is uncertain whether commodity prices will maintain current levels, decline or increase in 2021. Furthermore, there can be no assurance that the demand or pricing for oil and natural gas will follow historic patterns or recover meaningfully in the near term. Declines in oil and natural gas prices, decreased levels of exploration, development, and production activity, and the willingness of customers to invest in their equipment relative to historical norms may negatively affect:
revenues, cash flows, and profitability;
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the ability to maintain or increase borrowing capacity;
the ability to obtain additional capital to finance our business and the cost of that capital;
the ability to collect outstanding amounts from our customers; and
the ability to attract and retain skilled personnel to maintain our business or that will be needed in the event of an upturn in the demand for our products.
The markets in which we operate are highly competitive, including some competitors that hold substantial market share and have substantially greater resources than we do, as well as a number of regional or local competitors for certain of our product lines. We may not be able to compete successfully in this environment.
The markets in which we operate are highly competitive and our products and services are subject to competition from significantly larger businesses. We have several competitors that are large national and multinational companies that have longer operating histories, greater financial, technical and other resources and greater name recognition than we do. In addition, we compete with many small companies on a regional or local basis. Our competitors may be able to respond more quickly to new or emerging technologies and services and changes in customer requirements. In addition, several of our competitors provide a much broader array of services, and have a stronger presence in more geographic markets and, as such, may be better positioned to withstand an extended downturn. Our larger competitors are able to use their size and purchasing power to seek economies of scale and pricing concessions. Furthermore, some of our customers are our competitors and have in the past ceased buying from us, and may do the same in the future. We also have competitors outside of the U.S. with lower structural costs due to labor and raw material cost in and around their manufacturing centers, and prices based on foreign currencies. Accordingly, currency fluctuations may cause U.S. dollar-priced products to be less competitive than our competitors’ products that are priced in other currencies. Moreover, our competitors may utilize available capacity during a period of depressed energy prices to gain market share.
New competitors have also entered the markets in which we compete. We consider product quality, price, breadth of product offering, availability of products and services, performance, distribution capabilities, technical expertise, responsiveness to customer needs, reputation for service and intellectual property rights to be the primary competitive factors. Competitors may be able to offer more attractive pricing, duplicate strategies, or develop enhancements to products that offer performance features that are superior to our products. In addition, we may not be able to retain key employees of entities that we acquire in the future and those employees may choose to compete against us following a contractually agreed period of non-competition that is permitted under the law. Competitive pressures, including those described above, and other factors could adversely affect our competitive position, resulting in a loss of market share or decreases in prices. For more information about our competitors, please read “Business—Competition.”
Given the uncertainty related to long-term commodity prices and associated customer demand, we hold excess or obsolete inventory and have experienced a reduction in gross margins and financial results.
We cannot accurately predict what or how many products our customers will need in the future. Orders are placed with our suppliers based on forecasts of customer demand and, in some instances, we may establish buffer inventories to accommodate anticipated demand. At certain times, we have built capital equipment before receiving customer orders, and we have kept our standardized downhole protection systems and certain of our flow iron products in stock and readily available for delivery on short notice from customers. Our forecasts of customer demand are based on multiple assumptions, which have introduced errors into the estimates. These forecasts were particularly challenging recently due to the COVID-19 pandemic, including as a result of uncertain demand levels and inability by our customers to receive finished goods. In addition, many of our suppliers, such as those for certain of our standardized valves, require a longer lead time to provide products than our customers demand for delivery of our finished products. If we underestimate customer demand or if insufficient manufacturing capacity is available, we would miss revenue opportunities and potentially lose market share and damage our customer relationships. Conversely, if we overestimate customer demand, we would allocate resources to the purchase of material or manufactured products that we are not be able to sell when we expect to, if at all. As a result, we would hold excess or obsolete inventory, which would reduce gross margin and adversely affect financial results upon writing down the value of inventory. In addition, any future significant cancellations or deferrals of product orders or the return of previously sold products could materially and adversely affect profit margins, increase product obsolescence and restrict our ability to fund our operations.
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We may not realize revenue on our current backlog due to customer order reductions, cancellations or acceptance delays, which may negatively impact our financial results.
Uncertainty regarding demand for our customers’ services has resulted in order reductions, cancellations and acceptance delays, and we may experience more of these in the future. We may be unable to collect revenue for all of the orders reflected in our backlog, or we may be unable to collect cancellation penalties, to the extent we have the right to impose them, or the revenues may be pushed into future periods. In addition, customers who are more highly leveraged or otherwise unable to pay their creditors in the ordinary course of business may become insolvent or be unable to operate as a going concern. We may be unable to collect amounts due or damages we are awarded from these customers, and our efforts to collect such amounts may damage our customer relationships. Our results of operations and overall financial condition may be negatively impacted by a reduction in revenue as a result of these circumstances.
The COVID-19 pandemic has and may continue to adversely affect our business and results of operations.
The COVID-19 pandemic and related responses by governmental authorities and changes to consumer behavior have significantly impacted global economic activity. In addition to impacts on oil and natural gas markets (as described in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Market Conditions”), the COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in further declines in the global rig count and North America completions activities that have and may continue to impact our business and operations. These events have directly affected our business and have compounded the impact from many of the risks described in this Risk Factors section, including those relating to our customers’ capital spending and trends in oil and natural gas prices. Demand for our products and services has declined and is expected to remain depressed as our customers have reduced their capital budgets in response to lower commodity prices. In addition, we are facing, and expect to continue to face, logistical challenges including border closures, travel restrictions and an inability to commute to certain facilities and job sites, as we provide services and products to our customers. We are also experiencing inefficiencies surrounding stay-at-home orders and remote work arrangements.
Given the nature and significance of the events described above, we are not able to enumerate all potential risks to our business; however, we believe that in addition to the impacts described above, other current or potential impacts of these recent events include, but are not limited to:
supply chain disruptions for essential raw materials, including product import and export restrictions;
claims that non-performance is permitted due to force majeure or other reasons;
customers may delay or default on payment obligations, and/or seek bankruptcy protection that could delay or prevent collections of certain accounts receivable;
liquidity challenges
a credit rating downgrade and higher borrowing costs in the future;
cybersecurity issues, as digital technologies may become more vulnerable and experience a higher rate of and increased sophistication in cyberattacks in the current environment of remote connectivity, which could disrupt our operations or result in the loss or exposure of confidential or sensitive customer, employee or company information and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations;
litigation risk and possible loss contingencies related to COVID-19 and its impact, including with respect to commercial contracts, employee matters and insurance arrangements;
reduction of our global workforce to adjust to market conditions, including severance payments, retention issues, and an inability to hire employees when market conditions improve;
costs associated with rationalization of our portfolio of real estate facilities, including possible exit of leases and facility closures to align with expected activity and workforce capacity;
additional asset impairments, including an impairment of the carrying value of our intangible assets, property and equipment, along with other accounting charges related to reduced demand for our products and services;
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infections and quarantining of our employees and the personnel of our customers, suppliers and other third parties in areas in which we operate;
changes in the regulation of the production of hydrocarbons, such as the imposition of limitations on the production of oil and natural gas by states or other jurisdictions, that may result in additional limits on demand for our products and services;
actions undertaken by national, regional and local governments and health officials to contain the virus or treat its effects; and
a structural shift in the global economy and its demand for oil and natural gas as a result of changes in the way people work, travel and interact, or in connection with a global recession or depression.
Given the dynamic nature of these events, we cannot reasonably estimate the period of time that the COVID-19 pandemic and related market conditions will persist, the full extent of the impact they will have on our business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows or the pace or extent of any subsequent recovery. The ultimate extent of the impact of the pandemic will depend largely on future developments, including the duration and spread of the outbreak, the success of vaccination programs and the related impact on overall economic activity, all of which are uncertain and cannot be predicted with certainty at this time. We expect our activity levels will continue to be substantially below previous year levels, coupled with downward pressure on the price of our products and services, and corresponding reductions in revenue and operating margins.
The confluence of events described above have had, and are expected to continue to have, a significant impact on our business, and depending on the duration of the pandemic and its effect on the oil and natural gas industry, could have, a material adverse effect on our business, liquidity, consolidated results of operations and consolidated financial condition. For more information, see “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Market Conditions.”
The industry in which we operate is undergoing continuing consolidation that may impact our results of operations.
Some of our largest customers have consolidated and are using their size and purchasing power to achieve economies of scale and pricing concessions. This consolidation could result in reduced capital spending by such customers or decreased demand for our products and services. If we cannot maintain sales levels for customers that have consolidated or replace such revenues with increased business activities from other customers, this consolidation activity could have a significant negative impact on our results of operations or financial condition. We are unable to predict what effect consolidations in the industry may have on prices, capital spending by customers, selling strategies, competitive position, customer retention or our ability to negotiate favorable agreements with customers.
A greater focus on budgetary discipline and technological advances have caused a decline in customer spending that may remain at a low level despite an increase in commodity prices.
A portion of our business is driven by our customers’ spending on capital equipment such as drilling rigs. Our customers and their investors have adopted business strategies placing significant emphasis on capital discipline that has limited the level of their spending. In addition, new techniques and technological advances have reduced the number of days required to drill wells. The number of days required for a drilling rig to be on a site to drill a well has in many areas been reduced by at least half over the last several years. This has exacerbated the oversupply of drilling rigs. Given these factors we cannot provide any assurance that our capital equipment sales will increase if there is an increase in commodity prices.
Our common stock price has been volatile, and we expect it to continue to remain volatile in the future.
The market price of common stock of companies engaged in the oil and natural gas equipment manufacturing and services industry has been volatile. Likewise, the market price of our common stock has varied significantly in the past. For example, in 2020, the market price of our common stock reached a high of $40.20 per share on January 7, 2020 and a low of $3.00 per share on March 23, 2020 and April 1, 2020. Additionally, the Reverse Stock Split reduced the number of shares in our public float, which may limit trading and liquidity and increase volatility until more shares become available, if ever. We expect our stock price to continue to remain volatile given the cyclical nature of our industry and our limited public float.

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We may be adversely affected by developments and economic uncertainty relating to the U.K.’s departure from the European Union.
The U.K. held a referendum on June 23, 2016 in which a majority voted for the U.K.’s withdrawal from the European Union (“EU”), commonly referred to as “Brexit,” and the U.K. withdrew from the EU on January 31, 2020. On December 31, 2020, the transition period during which the trading relationship between the EU and the U.K. remained substantially the same as prior to the U.K.’s withdrawal from the EU ended. To ensure as smooth a transition as practicably possible, in December 2020, the U.K. and the EU reached an accord on a trade and cooperation agreement (“TCA”), which is provisionally applicable from January 1, 2021. The TCA was ratified by the U.K. Parliament on December 30, 2020 and awaits formal approval of the European Parliament and adoption by the European Council, both of which are expected to be completed by the end of February 2021. Brexit and the terms of the TCA bring an end to the U.K.’s automatic access to the EU single market, with U.K. goods no longer benefiting from the free movement of goods and the free market of people between the EU and the U.K. also being curtailed.
The withdrawal of the U.K. from the EU may adversely affect business activity and economic and market conditions in the U.K., the Eurozone, and globally and could contribute to instability in global financial and foreign exchange markets, including volatility in the value of the pound sterling and the euro. In addition, Brexit could lead to additional political, legal, regulatory and economic instability in the EU and the U.K. Depending on the application of the terms of the TCA, our business could face new regulatory costs and challenges, and any adjustments we are required to undertake as a result of Brexit could lead to a significant time and cost commitment from our business. Brexit could lead to legal uncertainty and potentially divergent national laws and regulations as the U.K. determines which EU laws to replace and which to maintain. Any of these effects of Brexit, and others we cannot anticipate, could adversely affect the value of our assets in the U.K., as well as our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
We have a significant amount of indebtedness. Our leverage and debt service obligations restrict our operations and make us more vulnerable to adverse economic conditions.
We currently have a substantial amount of indebtedness, including $316.9 million of 9.00% convertible secured notes due August 2025 (“2025 Notes”). Our level of indebtedness and restrictions in our debt agreements have significant consequences for our future prospects, including limiting our liquidity and flexibility in obtaining additional financing. In addition, we may have difficulty making debt service payments on our indebtedness as such payments become due. Furthermore, our $250.0 million senior secured revolving credit facility (“Credit Facility”), which had an outstanding balance of $13.1 million as of December 31, 2020, will mature prior to the maturity date of our 2025 Notes. Our level of indebtedness and the terms of our debt agreements affect our operations in several ways, including the following:
requiring us to dedicate a substantial portion of our cash flow from operations to servicing existing debt obligations;
increasing our vulnerability to general adverse economic and industry conditions;
limiting our ability to borrow funds, dispose of assets, pay dividends and make certain investments;
reducing our flexibility to plan for, and react to, changes in the economy and in our industry; and
impairing our ability to obtain additional financing in the future for working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions or other general corporate purposes.
Our ability to pay our expenses, and fund our working capital needs and debt obligations, will depend on our future performance, which will be affected by financial, business, economic, regulatory and other factors that are outside of our control. As a result of these factors, our business may not generate sufficient cash flow from operations to enable us to meet our debt obligations. In addition, under the terms of our Credit Facility, any failure to comply with the financial or other covenants of our indebtedness would result in an event of default, which would cause some or all of our indebtedness to become immediately due and payable and have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
The indenture governing our 2025 Notes and our Credit Facility contain operating and financial restrictions that restrict our business and financing activities.
Our indenture and Credit Facility contain, and any future indebtedness we incur may contain, a number of restrictive covenants that will impose significant operating and financial restrictions on us, including restrictions on our ability to, among other things:
pay dividends on, purchase or redeem our common stock;
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make certain investments;
incur or guarantee additional indebtedness or issue certain types of equity securities;
create certain liens;
sell assets, including equity interests in our restricted subsidiaries;
redeem or prepay subordinated debt or debt that is unsecured or secured on a basis junior to our notes;
restrict dividends or other payments of our restricted subsidiaries;
consolidate, merge or transfer all or substantially all of our assets;    
engage in transactions with affiliates;
create unrestricted subsidiaries; or
execute our acquisition strategy.
Our Credit Facility also contains covenants, which, among other things, require us in certain circumstances, on a consolidated basis, to maintain specified financial ratios or conditions. As a result of these covenants, we will be limited in the manner in which we conduct our business, and we may be unable to engage in favorable business activities or finance future operations or capital needs. Our ability to borrow under the Credit Facility and comply with some of the covenants, ratios or tests contained in our indenture and Credit Facility may be affected by events beyond our control. If market or other economic conditions deteriorate, and there is a decrease in our accounts receivable and inventory, our ability to borrow under our Credit Facility will be reduced and our ability to comply with these covenants, ratios or tests may be impaired. A failure to comply with the covenants, ratios or tests would result in an event of default, which, if not cured or waived, would cause some or all of our indebtedness to become immediately due and payable and have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Tariffs imposed by the United States government could continue to adversely affect our results of operations.
The U.S. government has imposed global tariffs on certain imported steel and aluminum products pursuant to Section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962, as well as tariffs on Chinese imports pursuant to Section 301 of the Trade Act of 1974. In response, China and other countries have imposed retaliatory tariffs on a wide range of U.S. products, including those containing steel and aluminum. Our efforts to mitigate the impact of these tariffs on raw materials through the diversification of our supply chain and exemption requests may not be sufficiently successful. Furthermore, a prolonged imposition of tariffs on our goods could have a significant adverse effect on our results of operations.
Our exposure to currency exchange rate fluctuations may result in fluctuations in our cash flows and could have an adverse effect on our results of operations.
Fluctuations in currency exchange rates could be material to us depending upon, among other things, our manufacturing locations and the sourcing for our raw materials and components. In particular, we are sensitive to fluctuations in currency exchange rates between the U.S. dollar and each of the Canadian dollar, the British pound sterling, the Euro, and, to a lesser degree, the Mexican peso, the Chinese yuan, the Singapore dollar, and the Saudi riyal. There may be instances in which costs and revenue will not be matched with respect to currency denomination. As a result, to the extent that we continue our expansion on a global basis, management expects that increasing portions of revenue, costs, assets and liabilities will be subject to fluctuations in foreign currency valuations. We may experience economic loss and a negative impact on earnings or net assets solely as a result of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. Further, the markets in which we operate could restrict the removal or conversion of the local currency, resulting in our inability to hedge against these risks.
Our ability to access the capital and credit markets to raise capital on favorable terms is limited by our debt level, industry conditions and credit rating.
Our ability to access the capital and credit markets is limited by, among other things, oil and natural gas prices, our existing capital structure, our credit ratings, the state of the economy, the health of the drilling and overall oil and natural gas industry, trends among investors to avoid companies associated with the production of hydrocarbon products, and the liquidity of the capital markets. Many of the factors that affect our ability to access capital markets are outside of our control and may be negatively impacted by market events. Recent trends and conditions in the capital and credit markets with respect to the energy sector limit our ability to access these markets or may significantly increase our cost of capital. Low levels of exploration and drilling activity have caused and may
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continue to cause lenders to increase the interest rates under our credit facilities, enact tighter lending standards, refuse to refinance existing debt on acceptable terms or at all and may reduce or cease to provide funding. If we are unable to access the capital or credit markets on terms acceptable to us, it could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and liquidity, particularly in respect of our ability to repay or refinance our debt.
We have incurred impairment charges and we may incur additional impairment charges in the future.
For the year ended December 31, 2019, we recognized goodwill impairments totaling $471.0 million which is included in “Impairments of goodwill, intangible assets, property and equipment” in the consolidated statements of comprehensive loss. Following these impairment charges, there is no remaining goodwill balance for any of our reporting units.
We evaluate our long-lived assets, including property and equipment and intangible assets with definite lives, for potential impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of a long-lived asset may not be recoverable. In performing our review for impairment, future cash flows expected to result from the use of the asset and its eventual value upon disposal are estimated. If the undiscounted future cash flows are less than the carrying amount of the assets, there is an indication that the asset may be impaired. The amount of the impairment is measured as the difference between the carrying value and the estimated fair value of the asset. The fair value is determined either through the use of an external valuation, or by means of an analysis of discounted future cash flows based on expected utilization.
For the year ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, we recognized property and equipment impairment charges totaling $15.1 million and $7.9 million, respectively. For the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, we recognized intangible asset impairment charges totaling $5.3 million and $53.5 million, respectively. These charges are included in “Impairments of goodwill, intangible assets, property and equipment” in the consolidated statements of comprehensive loss. See Note 8 Impairments of Goodwill and Long Lived Assets for further information related to these charges.
If we determine that the carrying value of our long-lived assets is less than their fair value, we would be required to record additional charges in the future, which could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.
Our Chief Executive Officer and other executive officers are critical to our business and these individuals may not remain with us in the future.
Our future success depends in substantial part on our ability to hire and retain executive officers with expertise and strategic vision. In addition, we presently depend upon the significant years of experience, abilities and services of our President, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board, C. Christopher Gaut. The diminution or loss of Mr. Gaut’s services or the services of our other executive officers could have a material adverse effect on our business. Furthermore, the knowledge and skills possessed by our Chief Executive Officer and other executive officers are transferable to positions outside of the oil and gas industry. As a result, the prolonged industry downturn makes us particularly susceptible to the loss of services of members of our executive team.
We may be unable to employ a sufficient number of skilled and qualified workers.
The delivery of our products and services requires personnel with specialized skills and experience. Our ability to be productive and profitable depends upon our ability to employ and retain skilled workers. During periods of low activity in our industry, we have reduced the size of our labor force to match declining revenue levels, and other employees have chosen to leave in order to find more stable employment. This causes us to lose skilled personnel, the absence of which could cause us to incur quality, efficiency and deliverability issues in our operations, or delay our response to an upturn in the market. During periods of increasing activity in our industry, our ability to expand our operations depends in part on our ability to increase the size of our skilled labor force. In addition, during those periods, the demand for skilled workers is high, the supply is limited and the cost to attract and retain qualified personnel increases, especially for skilled workers. For example, we have in the past experienced shortages of engineers, mechanical assemblers, machinists and welders, which in some instances slowed the productivity of certain of our operations. Furthermore, a significant increase in the wages paid by competing employers could result in a reduction of our skilled labor force, increases in the wage rates that we must pay, or both. If any of these events were to occur, our ability to respond quickly to customer demands may be inhibited and our growth potential could be impaired.
We rely on relationships with key suppliers to operate and maintain our business.
Certain of our product lines depend on a limited number of third party suppliers. In some cases, the suppliers own the intellectual property rights to the products we sell, or possess the technology or specialized tooling required to
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manufacture them. As a result of this concentration in part of our supply chain, our business and operations may be negatively affected if our key suppliers were to experience significant disruptions affecting the price, quality, availability or timely delivery of their products, such as from the COVID-19 pandemic, or if they were to decide to terminate their relationships with us. For example, we have a limited number of suppliers for our bearings product lines and certain of our valve product lines. The limited number of these suppliers can restrict the quantity and timeliness of customer deliveries. Recently, some of our suppliers have imposed more stringent payment terms and conditions on us based on our perceived risk as a counterparty. The partial or complete loss of any one of our key suppliers, or a significant adverse change in the relationship with any of these suppliers, through consolidation or otherwise, would limit our ability to manufacture and sell certain of our products.
Our business depends upon our ability to obtain key raw materials and specialized equipment from suppliers. Increased costs of raw materials and other components may result in increased operating expenses.
Should our suppliers be unable to provide the necessary raw materials or finished products or otherwise fail to deliver such materials and products timely and in the quantities required, resulting delays in the provision of products or services to customers could have a material adverse effect on our business. In particular, because many of our products are manufactured out of steel, we are particularly susceptible to fluctuations in steel prices and tariffs. Our results of operations may be adversely affected by our inability to manage the rising costs and availability of raw materials and components used in our products.
Some of our customer contracts require us to compensate customers if we do not meet specified delivery obligations. We rely on suppliers to provide required materials and in many instances these materials must meet certain specifications. Managing a geographically diverse supply base poses inherently significant logistical challenges. Furthermore, the ability of third party suppliers to deliver materials to our specifications may be affected by events beyond our control. As a result, there is a risk that we could experience diminished supplier performance resulting in longer than expected lead times and/or product quality issues. For example, in the past, we have experienced issues with the quality of certain forgings used to produce materials utilized in our products. As a result, we were required to seek alternative suppliers for those forgings, which resulted in increased costs and a disruption in our supply chain. We have also been required in certain circumstances to provide better economic terms to some of our suppliers in exchange for their agreement to increase their capacity to satisfy our supply needs. The occurrence of any of the foregoing factors would have a negative impact on our ability to deliver products to customers within committed time frames.
We may not be able to satisfy technical requirements, testing requirements, code requirements or other specifications under contracts and contract tenders.
Many of our products are used in harsh environments and severe service applications. Our contracts with customers and customer requests for bids often set forth detailed specifications or technical requirements (including that they meet certain industrial code requirements, such as API, ASME or similar codes, or that our processes and facilities maintain ISO or similar certifications) for our products and services, which may also include extensive testing requirements. We anticipate that such code testing requirements will become more common in our contracts. We cannot assure that our products or facilities will be able to satisfy the specifications or requirements, or that we will be able to perform the full-scale testing necessary to prove that the product specifications are satisfied in future contract bids or under existing contracts, or that the costs of modifications to our products or facilities to satisfy the specifications and testing will not adversely affect our results of operations. If our products or facilities are unable to satisfy such requirements, or we are unable to perform or satisfy any required full-scale testing, we may suffer reputational harm and our customers may cancel their contracts and/or seek new suppliers, and our business, results of operations or financial position may be adversely affected.
A failure or breach of our information technology infrastructure, including as a result of cyber attacks or failures of data protection measures, could adversely impact our business and results of operations and expose us to potential liabilities.
The efficient operation of our business is dependent on our information technology (“IT”) systems. Accordingly, we rely upon the capacity, reliability and security of our IT hardware and software infrastructure and our ability to expand and update this infrastructure in response to our changing needs. Despite our implementation of security measures, our IT systems are vulnerable to computer viruses, natural disasters, incursions by intruders or hackers, failures in hardware or software, power fluctuations, cyber terrorists and other similar disruptions. In certain instances, our IT systems have failed to perform as anticipated, resulting in disruptions in operations and other adverse consequences. Should our IT systems materially fail in the future, it may result in numerous other adverse consequences, including reduced effectiveness and efficiency of our operations, inappropriate disclosure of
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confidential information, increased overhead costs, and loss of intellectual property, which could lead to liability to third parties or otherwise and have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations. Our insurance may not protect us against such occurrences or our insurers may refuse to make payment. In addition, we may be required to incur significant costs to prevent damage caused by these disruptions or security breaches in the future.
In addition, recent laws and regulations governing data privacy and the unauthorized disclosure of confidential information, including the European Union General Data Protection Regulation and laws enacted in certain U.S. jurisdictions, pose increasingly complex compliance challenges and potentially elevate our costs. Any failure by us to comply with these laws and regulations, including as a result of a security or privacy breach, could result in significant penalties and liabilities for us. Additionally, if we acquire a company that has violated or is not in compliance with applicable data protection laws, we may incur significant liabilities and penalties as a result.
Our success depends on our ability to implement new technologies and services more efficiently and quickly than our competitors.
Our success depends on our ability to develop and implement new product designs and improvements that meet our customer’s needs in a manner equal to or more effective than those offered by our competitors. If we are not able to continue to provide new and innovative services and technologies in a manner that allows us to meet evolving industry requirements at prices acceptable to our customers, our financial results would be negatively affected. In addition, some of our competitors are large national and multinational companies that we believe are able to devote greater financial, technical, manufacturing and marketing resources to research and develop more or better systems, services and technologies than we are able to do. Moreover, as a result of the currently depressed levels of customer activity, we may be unable to allocate sufficient amounts of capital to research and new product development activities, which may limit our ability to compete in the market and generate revenue.
Our success will be affected by the use and protection of our proprietary technology. Due to the limitations of our intellectual property rights, our ability to exclude others from the use of our proprietary technology may be reduced. Furthermore, we may be adversely affected by disputes regarding intellectual property rights.
Our success will be affected by our development and implementation of new product designs and improvements and by our ability to protect and maintain intellectual property assets related to these developments. Although in many cases our products are not protected by any registered intellectual property rights, in some cases we rely on a combination of patents and trade secret laws to establish and protect this proprietary technology.
We currently hold multiple U.S. and international patents and have several pending patent applications associated with our products and processes. Some work is conducted in international waters and, therefore, does not fall within the scope of any country’s patent jurisdiction. As a result, we would be limited in the degree to which we can enforce our patents against infringement occurring in international waters and other “non-covered” territories. Also, we do not have patents in every jurisdiction in which we conduct business and our patent portfolio will not protect all aspects of our business and may relate to obsolete or unusual methods, which would not prevent third parties from entering the same market.
From time to time, our competitors have infringed upon, misappropriated, circumvented, violated or challenged the validity or enforceability of our intellectual property. In the future, we may not be able to adequately protect or enforce our intellectual property rights. Our failure or inability to protect our proprietary information or successfully oppose intellectual property challenges against us could materially and adversely affect our competitive position. Moreover, third parties from time to time may initiate litigation against us by asserting that the conduct of our business infringes, misappropriates or otherwise violates their intellectual property rights. For example, in 2017, one of our subsidiaries filed an action seeking a declaratory judgment action of non-infringement against Tenaris Coiled Tubes, LLC. Tenaris subsequently filed counterclaims against our subsidiary and us alleging infringement on certain of its patents. We may not prevail in any such legal proceedings, and our products and services may be found to infringe, impair, misappropriate, dilute or otherwise violate the intellectual property rights of others. Any legal proceeding concerning intellectual property is likely to be protracted and costly and is inherently unpredictable, and could have a material adverse effect on our business, regardless of its outcome. Further, our intellectual property rights may not have the value expected and such value is expected to change over time as new products are designed and improved.
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We may incur liabilities, fines, penalties or additional costs, or we may be unable to sell to certain customers if we do not maintain safe operations.
If we fail to comply with safety regulations or maintain an acceptable level of safety at our facilities, we may incur fines, penalties or other liabilities, or we may be held criminally liable. In addition, a portion of our work force is made up of newer employees who are less experienced and therefore more prone to injury. As a result, new employees require ongoing training and a higher degree of oversight. We incur additional costs to encourage training and ensure proper oversight of these shorter service employees. Moreover, we incur costs in connection with equipment upgrades, or other costs to facilitate our compliance with safety regulations. Failure to maintain safe operations or achieve certain safety performance metrics could disqualify us from doing business with certain customers, particularly major oil companies.
If we fail to maintain an effective system of internal controls, we may not be able to accurately report our financial results or prevent fraud.
Effective internal control over financial processes and reporting are necessary for us to provide reliable financial reports that effectively prevent fraud and operate successfully. Our efforts to maintain internal control systems have not been successful in the past. The existence of a material weakness in the future or a failure of our internal controls could affect our ability to obtain financing or increase the cost of any such financing. The identification of a material weakness in the future could also cause investors to lose confidence in the reliability of our financial statements and could result in a decrease in the value of our common stock. In addition, the entities that we acquire in the future may not maintain effective systems of internal control or we may encounter difficulties integrating our system of internal controls with those of acquired entities. If we are unable to maintain effective internal controls and, as a result, fail to provide reliable financial reports and effectively prevent fraud, our reputation and operating results would be harmed.
Facility consolidations or expansions may subject us to risks of operating inefficiencies, construction delays and cost overruns.
We have consolidated and may continue to consolidate facilities to achieve operating efficiencies and reduce costs. These facility consolidations may be delayed and cause us to incur increased costs, product or service delivery delays, decreased responsiveness to customer needs, liabilities under terms and conditions of sale or other operational inefficiencies, or may not provide the benefits we anticipate. We may lose key personnel and operational knowledge that might lead to quality issues or delays in production.
In the future, we may grow our businesses through the construction of new facilities and expansions of our existing facilities. These projects, and any other capital asset construction projects that we may commence, are subject to similar risks of delay or cost overruns inherent in any construction project resulting from numerous factors, including the following:
difficulties or delays in obtaining land;
shortages of key equipment, materials or skilled labor;
unscheduled delays in the delivery of ordered materials and equipment;
unanticipated cost increases;
weather interferences; and
difficulties in obtaining necessary permits or in meeting permit conditions.
Our operations and our customers’ operations are subject to a variety of governmental laws and regulations that affect our and our customers’ costs, prohibit or curtail our customers’ operations in certain areas, limit the demand for our products and services or restrict our operations.
Our business and our customers’ businesses may be significantly affected by:
federal, state and local U.S. and non-U.S. laws and other regulations relating to oilfield operations, worker safety and protection of the environment;
changes in these laws and regulations;
the level of enforcement of these laws and regulations; and
interpretation of existing laws and regulations.
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In addition, we depend on the demand for our products and services from the oil and natural gas industry. This demand is affected by changing taxes, price controls and other laws and regulations relating to the oil and natural gas industry in general. For example, the adoption of laws and regulations curtailing exploration and development drilling for oil and natural gas for economic or other policy reasons could adversely affect our operations by limiting demand for our products. In addition, some non-U.S. countries adopt regulations or practices that provide an advantage to local oil companies in bidding for oil leases, or require local companies to perform oilfield services currently supplied by international service companies. To the extent that such companies are not our customers, or we are unable to develop relationships with them, our business may suffer. We cannot determine the extent to which our future operations and earnings may be affected by new legislation, new regulations or changes in existing regulations.
Because of our non-U.S. operations and sales, we are also subject to changes in non-U.S. laws and regulations that encourage or require hiring of local contractors or require non-U.S. contractors to employ citizens of, or purchase supplies from, a particular jurisdiction. If we fail to comply with any applicable law or regulation, our business, results of operations or financial condition may be adversely affected.
Potential legislation or regulations restricting the use of hydraulic fracturing could reduce demand for our products.
Certain environmental advocacy groups and politicians have suggested that additional federal, state and local laws and regulations may be needed to more closely regulate the hydraulic fracturing process, and have made claims that hydraulic fracturing techniques are harmful to surface water and drinking water resources. Various governmental entities (within and outside the U.S.) are in the process of studying, restricting, regulating or preparing to regulate hydraulic fracturing, directly or indirectly.
The EPA has asserted federal authority over hydraulic fracturing using fluids that contain “diesel fuel” under the federal Safe Drinking Water Act (“SDWA”) Underground Injection Control Program and has issued permitting guidance for hydraulic fracturing operations involving the use of diesel fuel in fracturing fluids in those states where the EPA is the permitting authority.  Additionally, in March 2015, the Department of the Interior’s Bureau of Land Management (“BLM”) issued final rules, including new requirements relating to public disclosure, wellbore integrity and handling of flowback water, to regulate hydraulic fracturing on federal and Indian lands. These rules were rescinded by rule in December 2017; however, in January 2018, California and a coalition of environmental groups filed a lawsuit in the Northern District of California to challenge the BLM’s rescission of the rules. The Northern District of California upheld the rescission in 2020, but this decision was then appealed to the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals. This litigation is ongoing and future implementation of the BLM rules is uncertain at this time
In past sessions, Congress has considered, but not passed, the adoption of legislation to provide for federal regulation of hydraulic fracturing under the SDWA and to require disclosure of the chemicals used in the hydraulic fracturing process. Some states have adopted, and other states are considering adopting, legal requirements that could impose more stringent permitting, public disclosure or well construction requirements on hydraulic fracturing activities or impose bans or moratoria on these activities altogether. Local governments also may seek to adopt ordinances within their jurisdictions regulating the time, place and manner of drilling activities in general or hydraulic fracturing activities in particular, in some cases banning hydraulic fracturing entirely. For example, the Colorado state legislature passed a package of hydraulic fracturing regulations in April 2019. Under the new law, the state oil and natural gas agency must review well locations for environmental protection criteria. In addition, the legislation broadened the authority for local governments to further regulate or restrict hydraulic fracturing. In November 2019, the California governor’s office imposed new regulations on hydraulic fracturing, including a moratorium on all new hydraulic fracturing permits pending review by a panel of scientists. In February 2018, the Oklahoma Corporation Commission released a protocol that requires operators to suspend hydraulic fracturing well completion operations in response to certain levels of seismic activity.
If new or more stringent federal, state or local legal restrictions relating to the hydraulic fracturing process are adopted in areas where our oil and natural gas exploration and production customers operate, they could incur potentially significant added costs to comply with such requirements, experience delays or curtailment in the pursuit of exploration, development, and production activities, and perhaps even be precluded from drilling wells, some or all of which could adversely affect demand for our products and services from those customers.
Our financial results could be adversely impacted by changes in regulation of oil and natural gas exploration and development activity in response to significant environmental incidents.
The U.S. Department of the Interior implemented additional safety and certification requirements applicable to drilling activities in the U.S. Gulf of Mexico, imposed additional requirements with respect to exploration,
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development and production activities in U.S. waters and imposed a moratorium that delayed the approval of drilling plans and well permits in both deepwater and shallow-water areas due to the Macondo well incident. Although neither we nor our products were involved in the incident, the delays caused by the new regulations and requirements had an overall negative effect on drilling activity in U.S. waters, and to a certain extent, our financial results. Another similar environmental incident could result in similar drilling moratoria, and could result in increased federal, state, and international regulation of our and our customers’ operations that could negatively impact our earnings, prospects and the availability and cost of insurance coverage. Any additional regulation of the exploration and production industry as a whole could result in fewer companies being financially qualified to operate offshore or onshore in the U.S. or in non-U.S. jurisdictions, resulting in higher operating costs for our customers and reduced demand for our products and services.
Our operations are subject to environmental and operational safety laws and regulations that may expose us to significant costs and liabilities.
Our operations are subject to numerous stringent and complex laws and regulations governing the discharge of materials into the environment, health and safety aspects of our operations, or otherwise relating to human health and environmental protection. These laws and regulations may, among other things, regulate the management and disposal of hazardous and nonhazardous wastes; require acquisition of environmental permits related to our operations; restrict the types, quantities, and concentrations of various materials that can be released into the environment; limit or prohibit operational activities in certain ecologically sensitive and other protected areas; regulate specific health and safety criteria addressing worker protection; require compliance with operational and equipment standards; impose testing, reporting and record keeping requirements; and require remedial measures to mitigate pollution from former and ongoing operations. Failure to comply with these laws and regulations or to obtain or comply with permits may result in the inability to conduct certain operational activities, assessment of administrative, civil and criminal penalties, imposition of remedial or corrective action requirements and the imposition of injunctions to prohibit certain activities or force future compliance. Certain environmental laws may impose joint and several liability, without regard to fault or legality of conduct, on classes of persons who are considered to be responsible for the release of a hazardous substance into the environment. In addition, these risks may be greater for us because the companies we acquire or have acquired may not have allocated sufficient resources and management focus to environmental compliance, potentially requiring rehabilitative efforts during the integration process or exposing us to liability before such rehabilitation occurs.
The trend in environmental regulation has been to impose increasingly stringent restrictions and limitations on activities that may impact the environment. The implementation of new laws and regulations could result in materially increased costs, stricter standards and enforcement, larger fines and liability and increased capital expenditures and operating costs, particularly for our customers.
Our business operations worldwide are subject to a number of U.S. federal laws and regulations, including restrictions imposed by the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (“FCPA”) as well as trade sanctions administered by the Office of Foreign Assets Control and the Commerce Department, as well as similar laws in non-U.S. jurisdictions that govern our operations by virtue of our presence or activities there.
We rely on a large number of agents in non-U.S. countries that have been identified as posing a high risk of corrupt activities and whose local laws and customs differ significantly from those in the U.S. In many countries, particularly in those with developing economies, it is common to engage in business practices that are prohibited by the regulations applicable to us. The U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and similar anti-corruption laws in other jurisdictions, including the UK Bribery Act 2010, (“anti-corruption laws”) prohibit corporations and individuals from engaging in certain activities to obtain or retain business or to influence a person working in an official capacity. We may be held responsible for violations by our employees, contractors and agents for violations of anti-corruption laws. We may also be held responsible for violations by an acquired company that occur prior to an acquisition, or subsequent to an acquisition but before we are able to institute our compliance procedures. In addition, our non-U.S. competitors that are not subject to the FCPA or similar anti-corruption laws may be able to secure business or other preferential treatment in such countries by means that such laws prohibit with respect to us. The UK Bribery Act 2010 is broader in scope than the FCPA, applies to public and private sector corruption, and contains no facilitating payments exception. A violation of any of these laws, even if prohibited by our policies, could have a material adverse effect on our business. Actual or alleged violations could damage our reputation, be expensive to defend, impair our ability to do business, and cause us to incur civil and criminal fines, penalties and sanctions.
Compliance with regulations relating to export controls, trade sanctions and embargoes administered by the countries in which we operate, including the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (“OFAC”) and similar regulations in non-U.S. jurisdictions also pose a risk to us. We cannot provide products or
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services to certain countries, companies or individuals subject to trade sanctions of the U.S. and other countries. Furthermore, the laws and regulations concerning import activity, export record keeping and reporting, export controls and economic sanctions are complex and constantly changing. Any failure to comply with applicable legal and regulatory trading obligations could result in criminal and civil penalties and sanctions, such as fines, imprisonment, debarment from governmental contracts, seizure of shipments and loss of import and export privileges.
We are subject to litigation risks that may not be covered by insurance.
In the ordinary course of business, we become the subject of claims, lawsuits and administrative proceedings seeking damages or other remedies concerning our commercial operations, products, employees and other matters, including occasional claims by individuals alleging exposure to hazardous materials as a result of our products or operations. Some of these claims relate to the activities of businesses that we have acquired, even though these activities may have occurred prior to our acquisition of such businesses. Our insurance does not cover all of our potential losses, and we are subject to various self-insured retentions and deductibles under our insurance. A judgment may be rendered against us in cases in which we could be uninsured or which exceed the amounts that we currently have reserved or anticipate incurring for such matters.
The number and cost of our current and future asbestos claims could be substantially higher than we have estimated and the timing of payment of claims could be sooner than we have estimated.
One of our subsidiaries has been and continues to be named as a defendant in asbestos related product liability actions. The actual amounts expended on asbestos-related claims in any year may be impacted by the number of claims filed, the nature of the allegations asserted in the claims, the jurisdictions in which claims are filed, and the number of settlements. As of December 31, 2020, our subsidiary has a net liability of $0.3 million for the estimated indemnity cost associated with the resolution of its current open claims and future claims anticipated to be filed during the next five years.
Due to a number of uncertainties, the actual costs of resolving these pending claims could be substantially higher than the current estimate. Among these are uncertainties as to the ultimate number and type of lawsuits filed, the amounts of claim costs, the impact of bankruptcies of other companies with asbestos suits or of our insurers, and potential legislative changes and uncertainties surrounding the litigation process from jurisdiction to jurisdiction and from case to case. In addition, future claims beyond the five-year forecast period are possible, but the accrual does not cover losses that may arise from such additional future claims. Therefore, any such future claims could result in a loss.
Significant costs are incurred in defending asbestos claims and these costs are recorded at the time incurred. Receipt of reimbursement from our insurers may be delayed for a variety of reasons. In particular, if our primary insurers claim that certain policy limits have been exhausted, we may be delayed in receiving reimbursement due to the transition from one set of insurers to another. Our excess insurers may also dispute the claims of exhaustion, or may rely on certain policy requirements to delay or deny claims. Furthermore, the various per occurrence and aggregate limits in different insurance policies may result in extended negotiations or the denial of reimbursement for particular claims. For more information on the cost sharing agreements related to this risk, refer to Note 13 Commitments and Contingencies.
Our products are used in operations that are subject to potential hazards inherent in the oil and natural gas industry and, as a result, we are exposed to potential liabilities that could affect our financial condition and reputation.
Our products are used in potentially hazardous completion, production and drilling applications in the oil and natural gas industry where an accident or a failure of a product can potentially have catastrophic consequences. Risks inherent to these applications, such as equipment malfunctions; failures; explosions; blowouts or uncontrollable flows of oil, natural gas or well fluids; and natural disasters on land or in deepwater or shallow-water environments, can cause personal injury; loss of life; suspension of operations; damage to formations; damage to facilities; business interruption and damage to or destruction of property, surface water and drinking water resources, equipment and the environment. These risks can be caused or contributed to by failure of, defects in or misuse of our products. In addition, we provide certain services that could cause, contribute to or be implicated in these events. If our products or services fail to meet specifications or are involved in accidents or failures, we could face warranty, contract or other litigation claims, which could expose us to substantial liability for personal injury, wrongful death, property damage, loss of oil and natural gas production, and pollution or other environmental damages. In addition, failure of our products to operate properly or to meet specifications may increase costs by requiring additional engineering resources and services, replacement of parts and equipment or monetary reimbursement to a customer. Our insurance policies may not be adequate to cover all liabilities. Further, insurance may not be
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generally available in the future or, if available, insurance premiums may make such insurance commercially unjustifiable. Moreover, even if we are successful in defending a claim, it could be time-consuming and costly to defend.
In addition, the frequency and severity of such incidents could affect operating costs, insurability and relationships with customers, employees and regulators. In particular, our customers may elect not to purchase our products or services if they view our safety record as unacceptable, which could cause us to lose customers and revenues. In addition, these risks may be greater for us because we may acquire companies that have not allocated significant resources and management focus to quality or safety, requiring rehabilitative efforts during the integration process. We may incur liabilities for losses associated with these newly acquired companies before we are able to rehabilitate such companies’ quality, safety and environmental programs.
Our acquisitions and dispositions may not result in anticipated benefits and may present risks not originally contemplated, which may have a material adverse effect on our business, consolidated results of operations and consolidated financial condition.
We continually seek opportunities to maximize efficiency and value through various transactions, including purchases or sales of assets, businesses, investments, or joint venture interests. These transactions are intended to (but may not) result in the realization of savings, the creation of efficiencies, the offering of new products or services, the generation of cash or income, or the reduction of risk. Acquisition transactions may use cash on hand or be financed by additional borrowings or by the issuance of our common stock. These transactions may also affect our business, consolidated results of operations and consolidated financial condition. These transactions also involve risks, and we cannot ensure that:
any acquisitions we attempt will be completed on the terms announced, or at all;
any acquisitions would result in an increase in income or provide an adequate return of capital or other anticipated benefits;
any acquisitions would be successfully integrated into our operations and internal controls;
the due diligence conducted prior to an acquisition would uncover situations that could result in financial or legal exposure, including under the FCPA, or that we will appropriately quantify the exposure from known risks;
any disposition would not result in decreased earnings, revenue, or cash flow;
use of cash for acquisitions would not adversely affect our cash available for capital expenditures and other uses; or
any dispositions, investments, or acquisitions, including integration efforts, would not divert management resources.
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Climate change legislation or regulations restricting emissions of greenhouse gases and related divestment and other efforts could increase our operating costs or reduce demand for our products.
Environmental advocacy groups and regulatory agencies in the U.S. and other countries have focused considerable attention on the emissions of carbon dioxide, methane and other greenhouse gases and their potential role in climate change. In response to scientific studies suggesting that emissions of GHGs, including carbon dioxide and methane, are contributing to the warming of the Earth’s atmosphere and other climatic conditions, the U.S. Congress has considered adopting comprehensive legislation to reduce emissions of GHGs, and almost half of the states have already taken legal measures to reduce emissions of GHGs, primarily through measures to promote the use of renewable energy and/or regional GHG cap-and-trade programs. The Environmental Protection Agency (the “EPA”) has already begun to regulate greenhouse gas emissions under the federal Clean Air Act. In December 2009, the EPA determined that emissions of carbon dioxide, methane and certain other GHGs endanger public health and the environment because emissions of such gases are, according to the EPA, contributing to warming of the Earth’s atmosphere and other climatic changes. Accordingly, the EPA has begun adopting rules under the Clean Air Act that, among other things, cover reductions in GHG emissions from motor vehicles, permits for certain large stationary sources of GHGs, and monitoring and annual reporting of GHG emissions from specified GHG emission sources, including oil and natural gas exploration and production operations. Additionally, in May 2016, the EPA issued final new source performance standards governing methane emissions that impose more stringent controls on methane and volatile organic compounds emissions at new and modified oil and natural gas production, processing, storage and transmission facilities. However, in August 2020 the EPA rescinded methane and volatile organic compound emissions standards for new and modified oil and gas transmission and storage infrastructure, as well as methane limits for new and modified oil and gas production and processing equipment. The EPA also relaxed requirements for oil and gas operators to monitor emissions leaks. The EPA has also adopted rules requiring the reporting of greenhouse gas emissions from specified large greenhouse gas emission sources in the U.S., including oil and natural gas systems.
Efforts have also been made and continue to be made in the international community toward the adoption of international treaties or protocols that would address global climate change issues. In 2015, the U.S. participated in the United Nations Conference on Climate Change, which led to the creation of the Paris Agreement, which requires member countries to review and “represent a progression” in their nationally determined contributions, which set GHG emission reduction goals every five years. Although the U.S. had withdrawn from the Paris Agreement in November 2020, the Biden Administration officially reentered the U.S. into the agreement in February 2021.
The adoption of additional legislation or regulatory programs to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases could require us to incur increased operating costs to comply with new emissions-reduction or reporting requirements. Any such legislation or regulatory programs could also increase the cost of consuming, and thereby reduce demand for, hydrocarbons that certain of our customers produce and reduce revenues by other of our customers who provide services to those exploration and production customers. Consequently, legislation and regulatory programs to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
In addition to the regulatory efforts described above, there have also been efforts in recent years aimed at the investment community, including investment advisers, sovereign wealth funds, public pension funds, universities and other groups, promoting the divestment of fossil fuel equities as well as to pressure lenders and other financial services companies to limit or curtail activities with companies engaged in the extraction of fossil fuel reserves. If these efforts are successful, our ability to access capital markets may be limited and our stock price may be negatively impacted.
Members of the investment community have recently increased their focus on sustainability practices, including practices related to GHGs and climate change, in the oil and natural gas industry. As a result, we and our customers have come under increasing pressure to improve our sustainability practices. Some of our customers have begun to screen their service providers, including us, for compliance with sustainability metrics. Additionally, members of the investment community have begun to screen companies such as ours for sustainability performance before investing in our stock. If we are unable to establish adequate sustainability practices, we may lose customers, our stock price may be negatively impacted, our reputation may be negatively affected, and it may be more difficult for us to compete effectively. Our efforts to improve our sustainability practices in response to these pressures may increase our costs, and we may be forced to implement technologies that are not economically viable in order to improve our sustainability performance and to perform services for certain customers. Finally, some scientists have concluded that increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases in the Earth’s atmosphere may produce climate changes that have significant physical effects, such as increased frequency and severity of storms, droughts, and floods and other climatic events.
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Finally, increasing attention to the risks of climate change has resulted in an increased possibility of lawsuits or investigations brought by public and private entities against oil and natural gas companies in connection with their greenhouse gas emissions. Should we be targeted by any such litigation or investigations, we may incur liability, which, to the extent that societal pressures or political or other factors are involved, could be imposed without regard to the causation of or contribution to the asserted damage, or to other mitigating factors.
A natural disaster, catastrophe or other event could result in severe property damage, which could curtail our operations.
Adverse weather conditions, such as hurricanes, tornadoes, ice or snow may damage or destroy our facilities, interrupt or curtail our operations, or our customers’ operations, cause supply disruptions and result in a loss of revenue, which may or may not be insured. For example, certain of our facilities located in Oklahoma and Pennsylvania have experienced suspensions in operations due to tornado activity or extreme cold weather conditions.
Some of our operations involve risks of, among other things, property damage, which could curtail our operations. Disruptions in operations or damage to a manufacturing plant could reduce our ability to produce products and satisfy customer demand. In particular, we have offices and manufacturing facilities in Houston, Texas, and in various places throughout the U.S. Gulf Coast region. These offices and facilities are particularly susceptible to severe tropical storms and hurricanes, which may disrupt our operations. Damage to one or more of our manufacturing facilities by severe weather or any other disaster, accident, catastrophe or event, could significantly interrupt our operations. Similar interruptions could result from damage to production or other facilities that provide supplies or other raw materials to our plants or other stoppages arising from factors beyond our control. These interruptions might involve significant damage to property, among other things, and repairs might take a significant amount of time. For example, in the third quarter 2017, we were impacted by idled facilities and operations directly related to Hurricane Harvey’s widespread damage in Texas and Louisiana. As a result, our financial results were negatively impacted by foregone revenue and under-absorption of manufacturing costs, and, indirectly, due to supplier and logistical delays.
Provisions in our organizational documents and under Delaware law and our rights plan could delay or prevent a change in control of our company, which could adversely affect the price of our common stock.
The existence of some provisions in our organizational documents and under Delaware law and our rights plan could delay or prevent a change in control of our company that a stockholder may consider favorable, which could adversely affect the price of our common stock. Certain provisions of our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and amended and restated bylaws could make it more difficult for a third party to acquire control of our company, even if the change of control would be beneficial to our stockholders. These provisions include:
a classified board of directors, so that only approximately one-third of our directors are elected each year;
authority of our board to fill vacancies and determine its size;
the ability of our board of directors to issue preferred stock without stockholder approval;
limitations on the removal of directors; and
limitations on the ability of our stockholders to call special meetings.
In addition, our amended and restated bylaws establish advance notice provisions for stockholder proposals and nominations for elections to the board of directors to be acted upon at meetings of stockholders. Furthermore, if SCF’s ownership is reduced to less than 15%, certain restrictions under Delaware law on business combinations with greater than 15% stockholders will begin to apply to us.
Further, in April 2020, our board of directors adopted a shareholder rights plan, implementing what is commonly known as a “poison pill.” This poison pill significantly increases the costs that would be incurred by an unwanted third party acquirer if such party owns or commences a tender offer for 10% (or 20% in the case of a holder who or which is entitled to file and files a statement on Schedule 13G) or more of our outstanding common stock. The existence of this poison pill could delay, deter or prevent a takeover of us. The shareholder rights plan is scheduled to expire in April 2021.
LESA, through SCF Partners (“SCF”), may significantly influence the outcome of stockholder voting and may exercise this voting power in a manner adverse to our other stockholders.
As of February 26, 2021, SCF held approximately 846 thousand shares of our common stock, equal to approximately 15% of the outstanding common stock at that date. LESA is the ultimate general partner of SCF and will exert significant influence over us, including over the outcome of most matters requiring a stockholder vote,
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such as the election of directors, adoption of amendments to our charter and bylaws and approval of transactions involving a change of control. LESA’s interests may differ from our other stockholders, and SCF may vote its common stock in a manner that may adversely affect those stockholders.
SCF is a party to a registration rights agreement with us, which requires us to effect the registration of its shares in certain circumstances. SCF exercised such rights in the past. Sales of substantial amounts of our common stock by SCF, or the perception that such sales could occur, may adversely affect prevailing market prices of our common stock.
Certain of our directors may have conflicts of interest because they are also directors or officers of SCF. The resolution of these conflicts of interest may not be in the best interests of our Company or our other stockholders.
Certain of our directors, namely David C. Baldwin and Andrew L. Waite, are currently officers of LESA. In addition, our CEO, directly and through a trust for his children who are primary beneficiaries, holds an ownership interest in various SCF funds. These positions may create conflicts of interest because of the ownership interest these directors and Mr. Gaut maintain. Duties as directors or officers of LESA may conflict with such individuals’ duties as one of our directors or officers regarding business dealings and other matters between SCF and us. The resolution of these conflicts may not always be in the best interest of our Company or our other stockholders. Please read “We have renounced any interest in specified business opportunities, and SCF and its director nominees on our board of directors generally have no obligation to offer us those opportunities.”
We have renounced any interest in specified business opportunities, and SCF and its director nominees on our board of directors generally have no obligation to offer us those opportunities.
Our certificate of incorporation provides that, so long as we have a director or officer who is affiliated with SCF (an “SCF Nominee”) and for a continuous period of one year thereafter, we renounce any interest or expectancy in any business opportunity in which any member of the SCF group participates or desires or seeks to participate in and that involves any aspect of the energy equipment or services business or industry, other than (i) any business opportunity that is brought to the attention of an SCF Nominee solely in such person’s capacity as a director or officer of our Company and with respect to which no other member of the SCF group independently receives notice or otherwise identifies such opportunity and (ii) any business opportunity that is identified by the SCF group solely through the disclosure of information by or on behalf of our Company. We refer to SCF and its other affiliates and its portfolio companies as the SCF group. We are not prohibited from pursuing any business opportunity with respect to which we have renounced any interest.
SCF has investments in other oilfield service companies that may compete with us, and SCF and its affiliates, other than our Company, may invest in other such companies in the future. LESA, the ultimate general partner of SCF, has an internal policy that discourages it from investing in two or more portfolio companies with substantially overlapping industry segments and geographic areas. However, LESA’s internal policy does not restrict the management or operation of its other individual portfolio companies from competing with us. Pursuant to LESA’s policy, LESA may allocate any potential opportunities to the existing portfolio company where LESA determines, in its discretion, such opportunities are the most logical strategic and operational fit. As a result, LESA or its affiliates may become aware, from time to time, of certain business opportunities, such as acquisition opportunities, and may direct such opportunities to its other portfolio companies, in which case we may not become aware of or otherwise have the ability to pursue such opportunities. Furthermore, LESA does not have a specific policy with regard to allocation of financial professionals and they are under no obligation to provide us with financial professionals.
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
None.

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Item 2. Properties
The following table describes the significant facilities owned or leased by us as of December 31, 2020 for our Drilling & Downhole (“D&D”), Completions (“C”) and Production (“P”) segments:
Country
Location
Number of facilitiesDescriptionLeased or OwnedSegments
CanadaRed Deer2Service/DistributionLeasedC
Calgary1ManufacturingLeasedC
Edmonton2Service/DistributionLeasedShared
Grande Prairie1Service/DistributionLeasedC
GermanyHamburg1ManufacturingLeasedD&D
Saudi ArabiaDammam1Manufacturing/DistributionOwnedShared
UAEDubai1Service/DistributionLeasedD&D
Jebel Ali1Service/DistributionLeasedD&D
United KingdomAberdeen1Service/DistributionLeasedD&D
Kirkbymoorside1ManufacturingOwnedD&D
United StatesBroussard, LA2Manufacturing/Service/DistributionOwnedShared
Bryan, TX1ManufacturingOwnedShared
Clearfield, PA1Manufacturing/Service/DistributionOwnedP
Dayton, TX1ManufacturingOwnedC
Fort Worth, TX1Manufacturing/ServiceLeasedC
Guthrie, OK1ManufacturingLeasedP
Houston, TX2Corporate/ManufacturingLeasedShared
Humble, TX1ManufacturingLeasedC
Midland, TX1Service/DistributionLeasedC
Odessa, TX1Service/DistributionLeasedC
Odessa, TX1Service/DistributionOwnedD&D
Pearland, TX1Manufacturing/DistributionOwnedD&D
Plantersville, TX1Manufacturing/DistributionOwnedD&D
Smock, PA1ServiceLeasedC
Stafford, TX1Manufacturing/DistributionLeasedPP
Stafford, TX1ManufacturingOwnedD&D
Tyler, TX1DistributionLeasedD&D
Williston, ND1Service/DistributionLeasedShared
We believe our facilities are suitable for their present and intended purposes, and are adequate for our current and anticipated level of operations.
We incorporate by reference the information set forth in Item 1 and Item 7 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K and the information set forth in Note 6 Property and Equipment and Note 13 Commitments and Contingencies.
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Item 3. Legal Proceedings
Information related to Item 3. Legal Proceedings is included in Note 13 Commitments and Contingencies, which is incorporated herein by reference. In addition to these matters, we are involved in various other legal proceedings incidental to the conduct of our business. We do not believe that any of these legal proceedings will have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operation or cash flows.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Not applicable.
Information About Our Executive Officers
The following table indicates the names, ages and positions of the executive officers of Forum as of February 26, 2021:
NameAgePosition
C. Christopher Gaut64President, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board
D. Lyle Williams51Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
Neal Lux45Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer
John C. Ivascu43Executive Vice President, General Counsel, Chief Compliance Officer and Corporate Secretary
Michael D. Danford58Senior Vice President and Chief Human Resources Officer
C. Christopher Gaut. Mr. Gaut was appointed to serve as President and Chief Executive Officer in November 2018 and has served as Chairman of the board of directors since December 2017. Prior to that, from May 2017 to December 2017, he served as Executive Chairman of the Board, and as Chief Executive Officer from May 2016 to May 2017. From August 2010 to May 2016 he served as President, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board, and as one of our directors since December 2006. He served as a consultant to LESA, the ultimate general partner of SCF, our largest stockholder, from November 2009 to August 2010 and from April 2018 to November 2018. Mr. Gaut served at Halliburton Company, a leading diversified oilfield services company, as President of the Drilling and Evaluation Division and prior to that as Chief Financial Officer, from March 2003 through April 2009. From April 2009 through November 2009, Mr. Gaut was a private investor. Prior to joining Halliburton Company in 2003, Mr. Gaut was a Co-Chief Operating Officer of Ensco International, a provider of offshore contract drilling services. He also served as Ensco’s Chief Financial Officer from 1988 until 2003. Mr. Gaut is currently a member of the board of directors of EOG Resources, an independent crude oil and natural gas company, and previously served as a director of Valaris plc and Key Energy Services Inc., a well services provider. Mr. Gaut holds an A.B. in Engineering Sciences from Dartmouth College and an M.B.A. from The Wharton School at University of Pennsylvania.
D. Lyle Williams, Jr. Mr. Williams has served as Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer since June 2020. Since January 2007, Mr. Williams has held various financial and operations roles, including Senior Vice President - Operations; Vice President - Corporate Development and Treasurer; Vice President - Operations Finance; Vice President - Finance and Accounting, Drilling and Subsea Segment; Senior Vice President - Downhole Technologies; Vice President - Subsea Products; and Vice President - Capital Equipment. Prior to joining Forum, Mr. Williams held various operations positions with Cooper Cameron Corporation, including Director of Operations - Engineering Products. He holds a B.A. in Economics and English from Rice University and an M.B.A. from Harvard University Graduate School of Business Administration.
Neal Lux. Mr. Lux has served as Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer since December 2020. Since January 2009, Mr. Lux has held various operations roles of increasing responsibility with the Company and its subsidiaries, including Executive Vice President - Operations; Senior Vice President - Completions; Managing Director - Global Tubing; and President - Global Tubing. He holds a B.S. in Industrial Engineering from Purdue University.
John C. Ivascu. Mr. Ivascu has served as Executive Vice President, General Counsel, Chief Compliance Officer and Corporate Secretary since June 2020. Since June 2011, Mr. Ivascu has held various legal roles of increasing responsibility, including Senior Vice President, General Counsel, Chief Compliance Officer and Secretary; Senior
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Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary; Vice President, Deputy General Counsel and Secretary; Vice President, Associate General Counsel and Assistant Secretary; and Assistant General Counsel. From 2006 to June 2011, Mr. Ivascu practiced corporate law at Vinson & Elkins L.L.P., representing public and private companies and investment banking firms in capital markets offerings, mergers and acquisitions, corporate governance and bankruptcy matters. From 2004 to 2006, Mr. Ivascu served as an attorney for the U.S. Securities & Exchange Commission, Division of Enforcement. Mr. Ivascu holds a B.B.A. from the Stephen M. Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan, and a J.D. from Brooklyn Law School.
Michael D. Danford. Mr. Danford has served as Senior Vice President and Chief Human Resources Officer since June 2020. Prior to that, Mr. Danford served as Senior Vice President - Human Resources from February 2015 to June 2020; and Vice President - Human Resources from November 2007 to February 2015. Prior to joining Forum, from August 2007 through November 2007, he worked at Trico Marine Services Inc., a privately held provider of subsea and marine support vessels and services to the oil and natural gas industry, as Vice President - Human Resources. From 1997 through July 2007, Mr. Danford served as Director of Human Resources and Vice President - Human Resources for Hydril Company, a publicly traded manufacturer of connections used for oil and natural gas drilling and production. From 1991 to 1997, Mr. Danford served in various human resources roles for Baker Hughes Incorporated, a publicly traded oilfield services company. Prior to joining Baker Hughes, from 1990 to 1991, Mr. Danford served as a recruiter and as an employee relations representative in the human resources department for Compaq Computer, a publicly traded developer and manufacturer of computer systems. Mr. Danford holds a B.S. degree in Computer Science from the University of Louisiana at Monroe (formerly Northeast Louisiana University).

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PART II
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Our common stock trades on the NYSE under the trading symbol “FET.” As of February 26, 2021, there were approximately 34 common stockholders of record. In calculating the number of shareholders, we consider clearing agencies and security position listings as one shareholder for each agency or listing.
No dividends were declared or issued during 2020 or 2019, and we do not currently have any plans to pay cash dividends in the future. Our future dividend policy is within the discretion of our board of directors and will depend upon various factors, including our results of operations, financial condition, capital requirements, investment opportunities, and restrictions under our loan agreements.
Purchase of Equity Securities
There were no repurchases of our common stock during the three months ended December 31, 2020.

Item 6. Selected Financial Data
Not required under Regulation S-K for “smaller reporting companies.”
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Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and related notes included under Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. This discussion contains forward-looking statements based on our current expectations, estimates and projections about our operations and the industry in which we operate. Our actual results may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of a variety of risks and uncertainties, including those described in “Risk Factors” and “Cautionary note regarding forward-looking statements” and elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We assume no obligation to update any of these forward-looking statements.
Overview
We are a global products company, serving the drilling, downhole, subsea, completions and production sectors of the energy industry. We design, manufacture and distribute products and engage in aftermarket parts supply and services that complement our product offering. The Company's products include highly engineered capital equipment as well as products that are consumed in the drilling, well construction, production and transportation of oil and natural gas. These consumable products are used in drilling, well construction and completions activities, within the supporting infrastructure, and at processing centers and refineries. Our engineered capital products are directed at drilling rig equipment for new rigs, upgrades and refurbishment projects; subsea construction and development projects; pressure pumping equipment; the placement of production equipment on new producing wells; and downstream capital projects. In 2020, over 80% of our revenue was derived from consumable products and activity-based equipment, while the balance was primarily derived from capital products with a small amount from rental and other services.
We seek to design, manufacture and supply high quality reliable products that create value for our diverse customer base, which includes, among others, oil and natural gas operators, land and offshore drilling contractors, oilfield service companies, subsea construction and service companies, and pipeline and refinery operators.
A summary of the products and services offered by each segment is as follows:
Drilling & Downhole. This segment designs and manufactures products and provides related services to the drilling, well construction, artificial lift and subsea energy construction and services markets as well as other sectors such as alternative energy, defense and communications. The products and related services consist primarily of: (i) capital equipment and a broad line of expendable drilling products consumed in the drilling process; (ii) well construction casing and cementing equipment and protection products for artificial lift equipment and cables; and (iii) subsea remotely operated vehicles and trenchers, specialty components and tooling, and complementary subsea technical services.
Completions. This segment designs, manufactures and supplies products and provides related services to the coiled tubing, well stimulation and intervention markets. The products and related services consist primarily of: (i) capital and consumable products sold to the pressure pumping, hydraulic fracturing and flowback services markets, including hydraulic fracturing pumps, cooling systems and flow iron as well as wireline cable and pressure control equipment used in the well completion and intervention service markets; and (ii) coiled tubing strings and coiled line pipe and related services.
Production. This segment designs, manufactures and supplies products and provides related equipment and services for production and infrastructure markets. The products and related services consist primarily of: (i) engineered process systems, production equipment, as well as specialty separation equipment; and (ii) a wide range of industrial valves focused on serving upstream, midstream, and downstream oil and natural gas customers as well as power generation and other general industries.
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Market Conditions
The level of demand for our products is directly related to the activity levels and the capital and operating budgets of our customers, which in turn are heavily influenced by energy prices and expectations as to future price trends. In addition, the availability of existing capital equipment adequate to serve exploration and production requirements, or lack thereof, drives demand for our capital equipment products.
In early 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic and associated actions taken around the world to mitigate the spread of COVID-19 caused unprecedented declines in economic activity, energy demand and oil and natural gas prices. In response, in the second quarter of 2020, OPEC+ agreed to a significant cut in oil production and North American exploration and production companies significantly reduced supply by shutting in producing wells and aggressively decreasing drilling and completion activities.
The extreme volatility and lower price environment through the year created a very challenging market for all sub-sectors of the oil and natural gas industry. Recently, oil demand and prices have partially rebounded as supply and demand have rebalanced at a lower level. However, overall activity and the North America rig count remain at historically low levels.
Due to the challenging market conditions, exploration and production companies in North America are under pressure to generate positive cash flows and minimize capital and maintenance expenditures. As a result, we have experienced a material reduction in demand for many of our products and consequently, our revenue. In addition, bankruptcies and consolidation of exploration and production and service companies continued through 2020. If this trend continues going forward, it may lead to a further reduction in the demand for our products.
Activity levels in international regions, as well as global offshore and subsea activity, have also been impacted by COVID-19 related activity disruptions. However, international revenue for our drilling and subsea capital equipment offerings have not declined as sharply due to longer project timelines for international drilling customers and the diversification of our subsea product line revenue outside of the oil and natural gas industry.
Demand for products in our Valve Solutions product line is driven by capital projects and maintenance spending in the upstream, midstream and downstream markets. As such, revenue for our Valve Solutions product line has also been negatively affected by lower energy prices and the impacts of COVID-19 on the global economy. In addition, revenue for our Valve Solutions product line has been under pressure due to our distribution customers’ increased focus on decreasing their valve inventories in order to generate positive free cash flow.
On December 31, 2020, we sold assets pertaining to our ABZ and Quadrant valve brands for total consideration of $104.6 million and recognized a gain on disposition of $88.4 million. The disposition of these brands will reduce our Valve Solutions product line’s future revenue.
Although we have experienced some operational inefficiencies, our manufacturing facilities and business operations have not experienced work stoppages due to COVID-19 or associated government regulations. However, in response to the decline in demand for our products and decreases in revenue, we have implemented significant cost reduction actions, including exiting facilities, lowering headcount, reducing salaries, suspending the Company’s matching contribution to the U.S. and Canada defined contribution retirement plans, and furloughing select employee groups. These efforts continued in the fourth quarter of 2020 with the discontinuation of certain products and other changes in sourcing and manufacturing strategies. These restructuring efforts are expected to be completed during the first half of 2021.
The table below shows average crude oil and natural gas prices for West Texas Intermediate crude oil (WTI), United Kingdom Brent crude oil (Brent), and Henry Hub natural gas:
20202019
Average global oil, $/bbl
West Texas Intermediate$39.16 $56.98 
United Kingdom Brent$41.96 $64.30 
Average North American Natural Gas, $/Mcf
Henry Hub$2.03 $2.56 
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Average WTI and Brent oil prices were 31% and 35% lower, respectively, for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to 2019. The price of oil varied dramatically during 2020 with spot prices for WTI and Brent falling from $61.14 and $67.77, respectively, as of December 31, 2019 to lows of below $15.00 per barrel in April 2020 followed by a partial recovery to $48.35 and $51.22, respectively, as of December 31, 2020. Average natural gas prices were 21% lower in 2020 than 2019.
The table below shows the average number of active drilling rigs operating by geographic area and drilling for different purposes based on the weekly rig count information published by Baker Hughes Company.
20202019
Active Rigs by Location
United States433 943 
Canada89 134 
International825 1,098 
Global Active Rigs1,347 2,175 
Land vs. Offshore Rigs
Land1,133 1,903 
Offshore214 272 
Global Active Rigs1,347 2,175 
U.S. Commodity Target, Land
Oil/Gas345 773 
Gas85 169 
Unclassified
Total U.S. Land Rigs433 943 
U.S. Well Path, Land
Horizontal384 826 
Vertical21 54 
Directional28 63 
Total U.S. Active Land Rigs433 943 
A substantial portion of our revenue is impacted by the level of rig activity and the number of wells completed. The average U.S. and Canadian rig counts in 2020 decreased 54% and 34%, respectively, as compared to 2019, while the international rig count decreased 25% compared to 2019. The number of working rigs in the U.S. started 2020 at 805 and fell over 70% to a low of 244 rigs in August 2020. Since then, active rig levels have rebounded slightly to 351 working rigs as of December 31, 2020. Despite improvement in early 2021, the U.S. rig count in 2021 is projected to remain below levels achieved in recent years.
The table below shows the amount of total inbound orders by segment for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019:
(in millions of dollars)20202019
Orders:
Drilling & Downhole$208.5 $314.2 
Completions112.8 273.8 
Production151.3 275.4 
Total Orders$472.6 $863.4 



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Results of operations
Year ended December 31,Change
(in thousands of dollars, except per share information)20202019$%
Revenue:
Drilling & Downhole$216,836 $334,829 $(117,993)(35.2)%
Completions118,685 305,089 (186,404)(61.1)%
Production177,510 320,996 (143,486)(44.7)%
Eliminations(555)(4,381)3,826 *
Total revenue$512,476 $956,533 (444,057)(46.4)%
Cost of sales:
Drilling & Downhole$192,640 $240,175 $(47,535)(19.8)%
Completions165,098 226,713 (61,615)(27.2)%
Production166,314 249,174 (82,860)(33.3)%
Eliminations(555)(4,381)3,826 *
Total cost of sales$523,497 $711,681 $(188,184)(26.4)%
Gross profit:
Drilling & Downhole$24,196 $94,654 $(70,458)(74.4)%
Completions(46,413)78,376 (124,789)(159.2)%
Production11,196 71,822 (60,626)(84.4)%
Total gross profit$(11,021)$244,852 $(255,873)(104.5)%
Selling, general and administrative expenses:
Drilling & Downhole$72,160 $86,993 $(14,833)(17.1)%
Completions50,891 71,795 (20,904)(29.1)%
Production44,614 64,020 (19,406)(30.3)%
Corporate30,012 28,928 1,084 3.7 %
Total selling, general and administrative expenses$197,677 $251,736 $(54,059)(21.5)%
Segment operating income (loss):
Drilling & Downhole$(47,964)$7,343 $(55,307)(753.2)%
Operating margin %(22.1)%2.2 %
Completions(97,304)6,581 (103,885)(1,578.6)%
Operating margin %(82.0)%2.2 %
Production(33,418)7,802 (41,220)(528.3)%
Operating margin %(18.8)%2.4 %
Corporate(30,012)(28,928)(1,084)(3.7)%
Total segment operating loss$(208,698)$(7,202)$(201,496)(2,797.8)%
Operating margin %(40.7)%(0.8)%
Transaction expenses3,128 1,159 1,969 *
Impairments of goodwill, intangible assets, property and equipment20,394 532,336 (511,942)*
Contingent consideration benefit— (4,629)4,629 *
Loss (gain) on disposal of assets and other(597)78 (675)*
Operating loss(231,623)(536,146)304,523 56.8 %
Interest expense30,268 31,618 (1,350)(4.3)%
Gain on extinguishment of debt(72,478)— (72,478)*
Deferred loan costs written off2,262 — 2,262 *
Foreign exchange losses and other, net6,470 5,022 1,448 *
Gain realized on previously held equity investment— (1,567)1,567 *
Gain on disposition of business(88,375)(2,348)(86,027)*
Total other (income) expense, net(121,853)32,725 (154,578)*
Loss before income taxes(109,770)(568,871)459,101 80.7 %
Income tax benefit(12,881)(1,814)(11,067)*
Net loss(96,889)(567,057)470,168 82.9 %
Weighted average shares outstanding
Basic5,577 5,505 
Diluted5,577 5,505 
Loss per share
Basic$(17.37)$(103.01)
Diluted$(17.37)$(103.01)
* not meaningful
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Revenue
Our revenue for the year ended December 31, 2020 was $512.5 million, a decrease of $444.1 million, or 46.4%, compared to the year ended December 31, 2019. For the year ended December 31, 2020, our Drilling & Downhole segment, Completions segment, and Production segment comprised 42.3%, 23.1% and 34.6% of our total revenue, respectively, compared to 35.0%, 31.4% and 33.6%, respectively, for the year ended December 31, 2019. The overall decrease in revenue is due to lower sales volumes due to the significant decrease in drilling and completions activity levels as a result of lower spending by exploration and production companies. The changes in revenue by operating segment consisted of the following:
Drilling & Downhole segment — Revenue was $216.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, a decrease of $118.0 million, or 35.2%, compared to the year ended December 31, 2019. This decrease includes a $60.4 million, or 38.3%, decline in revenue for our Drilling Technologies product line due to lower sales volumes of consumable products and capital equipment as a result of a 38% decline in global rig count year-over-year. Revenue for our Downhole Technologies product line decreased by $52.0 million, or 44.8%, primarily due to lower sales volumes of artificial lift products and well construction equipment due to the significant decrease in drilling activity and the number of wells completed in 2020. The $5.6 million, or 9.1%, decline in revenue for our Subsea Technologies product line was relatively less than other product lines in the segment due to the diversification of sales of capital equipment to customers outside the oil and natural gas industry.
Completions segment — Revenue was $118.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, a decrease of $186.4 million, or 61.1%, compared to the year ended December 31, 2019. This decline includes a $105.6 million, or 65.2%, decrease in sales volumes for our Stimulation and Intervention product line primarily attributable to lower spending by our pressure pumping service customers due to the significant decline in hydraulic fracturing activity levels in the U.S. The remaining decline was driven by an $80.8 million, or 57%, decrease in sales volumes for our Coiled Tubing product line primarily attributable to lower U.S. completions activity.
Production segment — Revenue was $177.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, a decrease of $143.5 million, or 44.7%, compared to the year ended December 31, 2019. This decrease includes an $86.6 million, or 43.7%, decline in sales volumes of our valve products, particularly sales into the North America upstream and midstream oil and natural gas market, and a $56.9 million, or 46.4%, decrease in revenue for our Production Equipment product line as a result of lower sales volumes of our surface production equipment due to the significant decline in the number of U.S. well completions in 2020.
Segment operating loss and segment operating margin percentage
Segment operating loss for the year ended December 31, 2020 was $208.7 million compared to a loss of $7.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2019. For the year ended December 31, 2020, segment operating margin percentage was (40.7)% compared to (0.8)% for the year ended December 31, 2019. Segment operating margin percentage is calculated by dividing segment operating income (loss) by revenue for the period. The change in operating loss and segment operating margin percentage for each segment is explained as follows:
Drilling & Downhole segment — Segment operating loss was $48.0 million, or (22.1)%, for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to income of $7.3 million, or 2.2% for the year ended December 31, 2019. The $55.3 million decline in segment operating results is primarily attributable to lower gross profit from the 35.2% decline in segment revenues. In addition, segment operating loss for 2020 includes $24.9 million of inventory write-downs, $5.4 million of impairments of operating lease right of use assets, and $4.4 million of employee severance costs. These declines in segment operating results were partially offset by lower employee related costs due to headcount, salary and other cost reductions implemented in 2020.
Completions segment — Segment operating loss was $97.3 million, or (82.0)%, for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to income of $6.6 million, or 2.2% for the year ended December 31, 2019. The $103.9 million decline in segment operating results is primarily attributable to lower gross profit from the 61.1% decline in segment revenues. In addition, segment operating loss for 2020 includes $53.5 million of inventory write-downs, $6.1 million of impairments of operating lease right of use assets, and $1.8 million of employee severance costs. These declines in segment operating results were partially offset by lower employee related costs due to headcount, salary and other cost reductions implemented in 2020.
Production segment — Segment operating loss was $33.4 million, or (18.8)%, for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to income of $7.8 million, or 2.4% for the year ended December 31, 2019. The $41.2 million decline in segment operating results is primarily attributable to lower gross profit from the (44.7)% decline in segment revenues. In addition, segment operating loss for 2020 includes $22.4 million of inventory write-downs, $2.4 million of impairments of operating lease right of use assets, and $1.3 million of employee severance costs. These declines
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in segment operating results were partially offset by lower employee related costs due to headcount, salary and other cost reductions implemented in 2020.
Corporate — Selling, general and administrative expenses for Corporate were $30.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, a $1.1 million increase compared to the year ended December 31, 2019. Reductions in employee related costs from headcount, salary and other cost reductions were more than offset by a $1.5 million lease impairment and higher legal fees related to litigation. Corporate costs include, among other items, payroll related costs for management, administration, finance, legal, and human resources personnel; professional fees for legal, accounting and related services; and marketing costs.
Other items not included in segment operating income (loss)
Several items are not included in segment operating loss, but are included in the total operating loss. These items include transaction expenses, impairments of goodwill, intangible assets, property and equipment, contingent consideration benefit and losses (gains) on the disposal of assets and other. Transaction expenses relate to legal and other advisory costs incurred in acquiring or disposing of businesses and are not considered to be part of segment operating loss. For further information related to impairments of goodwill, intangible assets, property and equipment, see Note 8 Impairments of Goodwill and Long Lived Assets.
The contingent consideration benefit in 2019 relates to a gain of $4.6 million recognized in the first quarter of 2019 due to reducing the estimated fair value of the contingent cash liability associated with the fourth quarter 2018 acquisition of Global Heat Transfer LLC.
Other income and expense
Other income and expense includes interest expense, gain on extinguishment of debt, deferred loan costs written off, foreign exchange losses and other, net, gain realized on previously held equity investment, and gain on disposition of business.
We incurred $30.3 million of interest expense during the year ended December 31, 2020, a decrease of $1.4 million compared to the year ended December 31, 2019 due to lower average outstanding balances on our Credit Facility in 2020 compared to 2019 partially offset by higher non-cash amortization of debt discount and debt issuance costs associated with our 9.0% convertible secured notes due August 2025 (the “2025 Notes”).
The foreign exchange losses are primarily the result of movements in the British pound, the Euro, and the Canadian Dollar relative to the U.S. dollar. These movements in exchange rates create foreign exchange gains or losses when applied to monetary assets or liabilities denominated in currencies other than the location’s functional currency, primarily U.S. dollar denominated cash, trade account receivables and net intercompany receivable balances for our foreign entities using a functional currency other than the U.S. dollar.
During the year ended December 31, 2020, we recognized $72.5 million of gains on extinguishment of debt, including a $43.8 million gain from the repurchase of notes in the first half of 2020 and a $28.7 million gain from the exchange of notes in the third quarter of 2020. During the first half of 2020, we repurchased an aggregate $71.9 million of principal amount of our 6.25% unsecured notes due 2021 (the “2021 Notes”) for $27.7 million and recognized a net gain of $43.8 million reflecting the difference in the amount paid and the net carrying value of the extinguished debt, including debt issuance costs and unamortized debt premium. In the third quarter of 2020, we exchanged $315.5 million principal amount of 2021 Notes for new 2025 Notes. This transaction was accounted for as an extinguishment of the 2021 Notes with the new 2025 Notes recorded at fair value on the transaction date, resulting in a $28.7 million gain on extinguishment of debt. See Note 9 Debt for further information.
During the year ended December 31, 2020, we wrote-off $2.3 million of deferred loan costs including $2.0 million for the termination of previous discussions related to a potential exchange offer for our 2021 Notes and $0.3 million related to amending our Credit Facility to, among other things, reduce the size of the commitments from $300.0 million to $250.0 million.
In the fourth quarter of 2020, we sold certain assets of our ABZ and Quadrant valve brands and recognized a gain on disposition totaling $88.4 million. In the fourth quarter of 2019, we sold certain assets of our Cooper Alloy brand of valve products and recognized a gain on disposition totaling $2.3 million. In the third quarter of 2019, we sold our aggregate 40% interest in Ashtead and recognized a gain of $1.6 million as a result of such sale. See Note 4 Dispositions for further information related to these transactions.
Taxes
We recorded a tax benefit of $12.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to $1.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2019. On March 27, 2020, the U.S. Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (“CARES Act”) was signed into law which provided relief to corporate taxpayers by permitting a five-year carryback of 2018-2020 NOLs, increased the 30% limitation on interest expense deductibility to 50% of adjusted taxable
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income for 2019 and 2020, and accelerated refunds for minimum tax credit carryforwards, among other provisions. The tax effects of changes in tax laws are recognized in the period in which the law is enacted. As such, the tax benefit for the year ended December 31, 2020 includes a $16.0 million benefit related to a carryback claim for U.S. federal tax losses based on provisions in the CARES Act.
The tax benefit for the year ended December 31, 2019 includes an increase in our valuation allowance of $98.9 million to write down our deferred tax assets in the U.S., U.K., Germany, Singapore and Saudi Arabia primarily due to operating losses incurred where the recording of a tax benefit is not available and $27.2 million of tax expense related to the impairment of non-tax deductible goodwill.
See Note 11 Income Taxes for additional information.

Liquidity and capital resources
Sources and uses of liquidity
Our internal sources of liquidity are cash on hand and cash flows from operations, while our primary external sources include trade credit, our Credit Facility and 2025 Notes described below. Our primary uses of capital have been for inventories, sales on credit to our customers and maintenance and growth capital expenditures. We continually monitor potential capital sources, including equity and debt financing, to meet our investment and target liquidity requirements. Our future success and growth will be highly dependent on our ability to continue generating positive operating cash flow and access outside sources of capital.
During the first half of 2020, we repurchased an aggregate $71.9 million principal amount of our 2021 Notes for $27.7 million and recognized a net gain of $43.8 million reflecting the difference in the amount paid and the net carrying value of the extinguished debt, including debt issuance costs and unamortized debt premium. In the third quarter of 2020, we exchanged $315.5 million principal amount of the remaining 2021 Notes for new 2025 Notes. Concurrent with the 2021 Notes exchange, the Credit Facility was amended to, among other things, reduce the size of the commitments from $300.0 million to $250.0 million. In the fourth quarter of 2020, we redeemed the remaining $12.6 million principal amount of 2021 Notes at par and therefore, no 2021 Notes remained outstanding at December 31, 2020.
As of December 31, 2020, we had $316.9 million principal amount of 2025 Notes and $13.1 million of borrowings outstanding under our Credit Facility. The Credit Facility is scheduled to mature on October 30, 2022 and the 2025 notes are scheduled to mature in August 2025.
See 9 Debt for further details related to the terms for our 2021 Notes, 2025 Notes and Credit Facility.
As of December 31, 2020, we had cash and cash equivalents of $128.6 million and $110.5 million of availability under our Credit Facility. In the fourth quarter of 2020, we sold certain assets of our ABZ and Quadrant brands of valve products for cash consideration of $104.6 million. In the third quarter of 2020, we received a $14.1 million cash refund for income taxes from filing a carryback claim for U.S. federal tax losses based on provisions in the CARES Act.
We anticipate that our future working capital requirements for our operations will fluctuate directionally with revenues. Furthermore, availability under our Credit Facility will fluctuate directionally based on the level of our eligible accounts receivable and inventory. In addition, we expect total 2021 capital expenditures to be less than $10.0 million, consisting of, among other items, replacing end of life machinery and equipment.
We expect our available cash on-hand, cash generated by operations, and estimated availability under our Credit Facility to be adequate to fund current operations and debt maturities during the next 12 months. In addition, based on existing market conditions and our expected liquidity needs, among other factors, we may use a portion of our cash flows from operations, proceeds from divestitures, securities offerings or other eligible capital to reduce the principal amount of our 2025 Notes or other debt outstanding.
In 2020, we completed one disposition for total consideration of $104.6 million and in 2019, we completed two dispositions for total consideration of $51.7 million. For additional information, see Note 4 Dispositions. We may pursue acquisitions in the future, which may be funded with cash and/or equity. Our ability to make significant acquisitions for cash may require us to pursue additional equity or debt financing, which we may not be able to obtain on terms acceptable to us or at all.

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Our cash flows for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 are presented below (in thousands):
  Year ended December 31,
20202019
Net cash provided by operating activities$3,883 $104,144 
Net cash provided by investing activities108,250 28,135 
Net cash used in financing activities(41,765)(122,191)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash338 582 
Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash$70,706 $10,670 
Net cash provided by operating activities
Net cash provided by operating activities was $3.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to $104.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2019. The decrease is primarily attributable to the decline in operating results. Net income adjusted for non-cash items used $53.5 million of cash for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to providing $40.7 million of cash for the year ended December 31, 2019. The remaining decline is due to changes in working capital which provided cash of $57.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to $63.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2019.
Our operating cash flows are sensitive to a number of variables, the most significant of which is the level of drilling and production activity for oil and natural gas reserves. These activity levels are in turn impacted by the volatility of oil and natural gas prices, regional and worldwide economic activity, weather, infrastructure capacity to reach markets and other various factors. These factors are beyond our control and are difficult to predict.
Net cash provided by investing activities
Net cash provided by investing activities was $108.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 including $104.6 million from the sale of certain assets of our ABZ and Quadrant brands of valve products and $5.3 million of proceeds from the sale of property and equipment, partially offset by $2.2 million of capital expenditures. Net cash provided by investing activities was $28.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2019 including $39.3 million in cash proceeds from the sale of our aggregate 40% interest in Ashtead technology and $3.4 million in cash proceeds from the sale of certain assets of our Cooper Alloy brand of valve products, partially offset by $15.1 million of capital expenditures for property and equipment.
Net cash used in financing activities
Net cash used in financing activities was $41.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to $122.2 million used in financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2019. Net cash used in financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2020 includes $40.3 million of cash used to repurchase 2021 Notes, $9.7 million paid for deferred financing costs and a $3.5 million early participation payment for the bond exchange. These cash outflows were partially offset by $13.1 million of net borrowings on our Credit Facility in 2020. Net cash used in financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2019 primarily includes $119.9 million of net repayments of debt.
Off-balance sheet arrangements
As of December 31, 2020, we had no off-balance sheet instruments or financial arrangements, other than letters of credit entered into in the ordinary course of business. For additional information, refer to Note 13 Commitments and Contingencies.
Supplemental Guarantor Financial Information
The Company’s 2025 Notes are guaranteed by our domestic subsidiaries which are 100% owned, directly or indirectly, by the Company. The guarantees are full and unconditional, joint and several.
The guarantees of the 2025 Notes are (i) pari passu in right of payment with all existing and future senior indebtedness of such guarantor, including all obligations under our Credit Facility; (ii) secured by certain collateral of such guarantor, subject to permitted liens under the indenture governing the 2025 Notes; (iii) effectively senior to all unsecured indebtedness of that guarantor, to the extent of the value of the collateral securing the 2025 Notes (after giving effect to the liens securing our Credit Facility and any other senior liens on the collateral); and (v) senior in right of payment to any future subordinated indebtedness of that guarantor.
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In the event of a bankruptcy, liquidation or reorganization of any of the non-guarantor subsidiaries of the 2025 Notes, the non-guarantor subsidiaries of such notes will pay the holders of their debt and their trade creditors before they will be able to distribute any of their assets to the Company or to any guarantors.
The 2025 Notes guarantees shall each be released upon (i) any sale or other disposition of all or substantially all of the assets of such guarantor (by merger, consolidation or otherwise) to a person that is not (either before or after giving effect to such transaction) the Company or a subsidiary, if the sale or other disposition does not violate the applicable provisions of the indenture governing such notes; (ii) any sale, exchange or transfer (by merger, consolidation or otherwise) of the equity interests of such guarantor after which the applicable guarantor is no longer a subsidiary, which sale, exchange or transfer does not violate the applicable provisions of the indenture governing such notes; (iii) legal or covenant defeasance or satisfaction and discharge of the indenture governing such notes; or (iv) dissolution of such guarantor, provided no default or event of default has occurred that is continuing.
The obligations of each guarantor of the 2025 Notes under its guarantee will be limited to the maximum amount as will, after giving effect to all other contingent and fixed liabilities of such guarantor (including, without limitation, any guarantees under the Credit Facility) and any collections from or payments made by or on behalf of any other guarantor in respect of the obligations of such other guarantor under its guarantee or pursuant to its contribution obligations under the applicable indenture, result in the obligations of such guarantor under its guarantee not constituting a fraudulent conveyance, fraudulent preference or fraudulent transfer or otherwise reviewable transaction under applicable law. Nonetheless, in the event of the bankruptcy, insolvency or financial difficulty of a guarantor, such guarantor’s obligations under its guarantee may be subject to review and avoidance under applicable fraudulent conveyance, fraudulent preference, fraudulent transfer and insolvency laws.
We are presenting the following summarized financial information for the Company and the subsidiary guarantors (collectively referred to as the "Obligated Group") pursuant to Rule 13-01 of Regulation S-X, Guarantors and Issuers of Guaranteed Securities Registered or Being Registered. For purposes of the following summarized financial information, transactions between the Company and the subsidiary guarantors, presented on a combined basis, have been eliminated and information for the non-guarantor subsidiaries have been excluded. Amounts due to the non-guarantor subsidiaries and other related parties, as applicable, have been separately presented within the summarized financial information below.
Summarized financial information was as follows (in thousands):
  
Year ended December 31,
(in thousands, except per share information)20202019
Revenues$393,704 $811,566 
Cost of sales431,670 614,429 
Operating loss(238,608)(550,091)
Net loss(96,889)(567,057)

  
Year ended December 31,
(in thousands, except per share information)20202019
Current assets$385,364 $530,111 
Noncurrent assets332,486 416,924 
Current liabilities105,393 122,354 
Payables to non-guarantor subsidiaries102,885 116,053 
Noncurrent liabilities324,954 440,817 
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Critical accounting policies and estimates
The discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. In preparing our consolidated financial statements, we make judgments, estimates and assumptions affecting the amounts reported. We base our estimates on factors including historical experience and various assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances. These factors form the basis for making estimates about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Certain accounting policies involve judgments and uncertainties to such an extent that there is a reasonable likelihood that materially different amounts could have been reported under different conditions, or if different assumptions had been used. We evaluate our estimates and assumptions on a regular basis. Actual results may differ from these estimates and assumptions used in preparation of our consolidated financial statements.
In order to provide a better understanding of how we make judgments, and develop estimates and assumptions about future events, we have described our most critical accounting policies below. We believe that these accounting policies reflect our more significant estimates and assumptions used in preparation of our consolidated financial statements.
Revenue recognition
Revenue is recognized in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification Topic 606 (“ASC 606”), when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to our customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration we expect to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services.
Contract Identification. We account for a contract when it is approved, both parties are committed, the rights of the parties are identified, payment terms are defined, the contract has commercial substance and collection of consideration is probable.
Performance Obligations. A performance obligation is a promise in a contract to transfer a distinct good or service to the customer under ASC 606. The majority of our contracts with customers contain a single performance obligation to provide agreed-upon products or services. For contracts with multiple performance obligations, we allocate revenue to each performance obligation based on its relative standalone selling price. In accordance with ASC 606, we do not assess whether promised goods or services are performance obligations if they are immaterial in the context of the contract with the customer. We have elected to apply the practical expedient to account for shipping and handling costs associated with outbound freight after control of a product has transferred to a customer as a fulfillment cost which is included in Cost of Sales. Furthermore, since our customer payment terms are short-term in nature, we have also elected to apply the practical expedient which allows an entity to not adjust for the effects of a significant financing component if it expects that the customer’s payment period will be less than one year in duration.
Contract Value. Revenue is measured based on the amount of consideration specified in the contracts with our customers and excludes any amounts collected on behalf of third parties. We have elected the practical expedient to exclude amounts collected from customers for all sales (and other similar) taxes.
The estimation of total revenue from a customer contract is subject to elements of variable consideration. Certain customers may receive rebates or discounts which are accounted for as variable consideration. We estimate variable consideration as the most likely amount to which we expect to be entitled, and we include estimated amounts in the transaction price to the extent it is probable that a significant reversal of cumulative revenue will not occur when the uncertainty associated with the variable consideration is resolved. Our estimate of variable consideration and determination of whether to include estimated amounts in the transaction price are based largely on an assessment of our anticipated performance and all information (historic, current, forecast) that is reasonably available to us.
Timing of Recognition. We recognize revenue when we satisfy a performance obligation by transferring control of a product or service to a customer. Our performance obligations are satisfied at a point in time or over time as work progresses.
Revenue from goods transferred to customers at a point in time accounted for 93% of revenues for the year ended December 31, 2020. The majority of this revenue is product sales, which are generally recognized when items are shipped from our facilities and title passes to the customer. The amount of revenue recognized for products is adjusted for expected returns, which are estimated based on historical data.
Revenue from goods transferred to customers over time accounted for 7% of revenues for the year ended December 31, 2020, which is related to certain contracts in our Subsea and Production Equipment product lines. Recognition over time for these contracts is supported by our assessment of the products supplied as having no
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alternative use to us and by clauses in the contracts that provide us with an enforceable right to payment for performance completed to date. We use the cost-to-cost method to measure progress for these contracts because it best depicts the transfer of assets to the customer which occurs as costs are incurred on the contract. The amount of revenue recognized is calculated based on the ratio of costs incurred to-date compared to total estimated costs which requires management to calculate reasonably dependable estimates of total contract costs. Whenever revisions of estimated contract costs and contract values indicate that the contract costs will exceed estimated revenues, thus creating a loss, a provision for the total estimated loss is recorded in that period. We recognize revenue and cost of sales each period based upon the advancement of the work-in-progress unless the stage of completion is insufficient to enable a reasonably certain forecast of profit to be established. In such cases, no profit is recognized during the period.
Accounting estimates during the course of projects may change, primarily related to our remotely operated vehicles (“ROVs”) which may take longer to manufacture. The effect of such a change, which can be upward as well as downward, is accounted for in the period of change, and the cumulative income recognized to date is adjusted to reflect the latest estimates. These revisions to estimates are accounted for on a prospective basis.
Contracts are sometimes modified to account for changes in product specifications or requirements. Most of our contract modifications are for goods and services that are not distinct from the existing contract. As such, these modifications are accounted for as if they were part of the existing contract, and therefore, the effect of the modification on the transaction price and our measure of progress for the performance obligation to which it relates is recognized as an adjustment to revenue on a cumulative catch-up basis. No adjustment to any one contract was material to our consolidated financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019 and 2018.
We sell our products through a number of channels including a direct sales force, marketing representatives, and distributors. We have elected to expense sales commissions when incurred as the amortization period would be less than one year. These costs are recorded within cost of sales.
Portfolio Approach. We have elected to apply ASC 606 to a portfolio of contracts with similar characteristics as we reasonably expect that the effects on the financial statements of applying this guidance to the portfolio would not differ materially from applying this guidance to the individual contracts within that portfolio.
Disaggregated Revenue. Refer to Note 18 Business Segments for disaggregated revenue by product line and geography.
Contract Balances. Contract balances are determined on a contract by contract basis. Contract assets represent revenue recognized for goods and services provided to our customers when payment is conditioned on something other than the passage of time. Similarly, when we receive consideration, or such consideration is unconditionally due, from a customer prior to transferring goods or services to the customer under the terms of a sales contract, we record a contract liability. Such contract liabilities typically result from billings in excess of costs incurred and advance payments received on product sales.
Stock based compensation
We account for awards of stock based compensation at fair value on the date granted to employees and recognize the compensation expense in our consolidated financial statements over the requisite service period. The fair value of stock based compensation is measured using the fair value of the common stock for restricted stock and restricted stock units, the Black-Scholes model for options, and a Monte Carlo Simulation model for performance share units and stock appreciation rights. These models require assumptions and estimates for inputs, especially the estimate of the volatility in the value of the underlying share price, that affect the resultant values and hence the amount of compensation expense recognized.
Inventories
Inventory, consisting of finished goods and materials and supplies held for resale, is carried at the lower of cost or net realizable value. We evaluate our inventories, based on an analysis of stocking levels, historical sales levels and future sales forecasts, to determine obsolete, slow-moving and excess inventory. While we have policies for calculating and recording reserves against inventory carrying values, we exercise judgment in establishing and applying these policies.
For the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, we recognized inventory write downs totaling $100.8 million and $10.3 million, respectively. These charges are all included in “Cost of sales” in the consolidated statements of comprehensive loss. See Note 5 Inventories for further information related to these charges.
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Property and equipment and intangible assets (“Long-lived assets”)
Property and equipment is stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method based on the estimated useful lives of assets, generally 3 to 30 years. We have established standard useful lives for certain classes of assets. Intangible assets are stated at cost less accumulated amortization. Amortization is computed using the straight-line method based on the estimated useful lives of assets.
We review long-lived assets for potential impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of a long-lived asset may not be recoverable. In performing the review for impairment, future cash flows expected to result from the use of the asset and its eventual disposal are estimated. If the undiscounted future cash flows are less than the carrying amount of the assets, there is an indication that the asset may be impaired. The amount of the impairment is measured as the difference between the carrying value and the estimated fair value of the asset. The fair value is determined either through the use of an external valuation, or by means of an analysis of discounted future cash flows based on expected utilization. The impairment loss recognized represents the excess of an assets’ carrying value as compared to its estimated fair value.
For the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, we recognized property and equipment impairment charges totaling $15.1 million and $7.9 million, respectively. For the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, we recognized intangible asset impairment charges totaling $5.3 million and $53.5 million, respectively. These charges are all included in “Impairments of goodwill, intangible assets, property and equipment” in the consolidated statements of comprehensive loss. See Note 8 Impairments of Goodwill and Long Lived Assets for further information related to these charges.
Income taxes
We follow the liability method of accounting for income taxes. Under this method, deferred income tax assets and liabilities are determined based upon temporary differences between the carrying amounts and tax bases of our assets and liabilities at the balance sheet date, and are measured using enacted tax rates and laws that will be in effect when the differences are expected to reverse. We recognize deferred tax assets to the extent that we believe these assets are more likely than not to be realized. In making such a determination, we consider all available positive and negative evidence, including future reversals of existing temporary differences, projected future taxable income, including the effect of U.S. tax reform, tax-planning and recent operating results. Any changes in our judgment as to the realizability of our deferred tax assets are recorded as an adjustment to the deferred tax asset valuation allowance in the period the change occurs.
The accounting guidance for income taxes requires that we recognize the financial statement benefit of a tax position only after determining that the relevant tax authority would more likely than not sustain the position following an audit. If a tax position meets the “more likely than not” recognition criteria, the accounting guidance requires the tax position be measured at the largest amount of benefit greater than 50% likely of being realized upon ultimate settlement. If management determines that likelihood of sustaining the realization of the tax benefit is less than or equal to 50%, then the tax benefit is not recognized in the consolidated financial statements.
We have operations in countries other than the U.S. Consequently, we are subject to the jurisdiction of a number of taxing authorities. The final determination of tax liabilities involves the interpretation of local tax laws, tax treaties, and related authorities in each jurisdiction. Changes in the operating environment, including changes in tax law or interpretation of tax law and currency repatriation controls, could impact the determination of our tax liabilities for a given tax year.
The CARES Act was signed into law in March 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The tax effects of changes in tax laws are recognized in the period in which the law is enacted. As such, the tax benefit for the year ended December 31, 2020 includes a $16.0 million benefit related to a carryback claim for U.S. federal tax losses based on new provisions in the CARES Act.
For the year ended December 31, 2019, we recognized tax expense for valuation allowances totaling $98.9 million. See Note 11 Income Taxes for further information related to these charges.
Recognition of provisions for contingencies
In the ordinary course of business, we are subject to various claims, suits and complaints. We, in consultation with internal and external legal advisors, will provide for a contingent loss in the consolidated financial statements if, at the date of the consolidated financial statements, it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount can be reasonably estimated. If it is determined that the reasonable estimate of the loss is a range and that there is no best estimate within that range, a provision will be made for the lower amount of the range. Legal costs are expensed as incurred.
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An assessment is made of the areas where potential claims may arise under contract warranty clauses. Where a specific risk is identified, and the potential for a claim is assessed as probable and can be reasonably estimated, an appropriate warranty provision is recorded. Warranty provisions are eliminated at the end of the warranty period except where warranty claims are still outstanding. The liability for product warranty is included in accrued liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets.
Recent accounting pronouncements
From time to time, new accounting pronouncements are issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”), which we adopt as of the specified effective date. Refer to Note 2 Summary of Significant Accounting Policies for information related to recent accounting pronouncements.
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Cautionary note regarding forward-looking statements
This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). These forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond the Company’s control. All statements, other than statements of historical fact, included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K regarding our strategy, future operations, financial position, estimated revenues and losses, projected costs, prospects, plans and objectives of management are forward-looking statements. When used in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, the words “will,” “could,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “estimate,” “expect,” “may,” “continue,” “predict,” “potential,” “project” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain such identifying words.
All forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We disclaim any obligation to update or revise these statements unless required by law, and you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Although we believe that our plans, intentions and expectations reflected in or suggested by the forward-looking statements we make in this Annual Report on Form 10-K are reasonable, forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially from our plans, intentions or expectations. This may be the result of various factors, including, but not limited to, those factors discussed in “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Item 7A. Quantitative and qualitative disclosures about market risk

Not required under Regulation S-K for “smaller reporting companies.”
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Item 8. Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
Page

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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
To the shareholders and the Board of Directors of Forum Energy Technologies, Incorporated
Opinion on the Financial Statements
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Forum Energy Technologies, Incorporated and subsidiaries (the "Company") as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, the related consolidated statements of comprehensive loss, changes in stockholders' equity, and cash flows, for each of the two years in the period ended December 31, 2020, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the "financial statements"). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended December 31, 2020, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
Basis for Opinion
These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company's financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits, we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.
Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
Critical Audit Matters
The critical audit matters communicated below are matters arising from the current-period audit of the financial statements that were communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that (1) relate to accounts or disclosures that are material to the financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matters below, providing separate opinions on the critical audit matters or on the accounts or disclosures to which they relate.
Inventory — Refer to Notes 2 and 5 to the financial statements
Critical Audit Matter Description
Inventory consists of finished goods and materials and supplies which are carried at the lower of cost or net realizable value. The Company evaluates the net realizable values of inventories based on analysis of inventory levels including excess, obsolete and slow-moving items, historical sales experience and future sales forecasts. The Company’s evaluation of net realizable value is performed at each location and is based on information and assumptions specific to that location. Changes in these assumptions could have a significant impact on the recorded inventory amounts or the amount of inventory write-downs. The inventory, net balance at December 31, 2020 was $251.7 million and the amount of inventory reserve was $144.9 million.
Given the significant judgments and assumptions made by management in applying the methodology used to determine net realizable value, future sales forecasts, and the reports utilized to determine inventory levels and historical sales experiences, performing audit procedures required a high degree of auditor judgment and increased extent of effort.
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How the Critical Audit Matter Was Addressed in the Audit
Our audit procedures related to the net realizable value of inventory included the following, among others:
We made inquiries of business unit managers as well as executives, sales, and operations personnel about the expected product lifecycles and product development plans and historical usage by product.
We have tested the forecasted demand by comparing internal and external information (e.g. historical usage, contracts, communications with customers, product development plans, and macroeconomic conditions) with the Company’s forecasted demand.
We evaluated management’s forecasted demand by comparing actual results to historical forecasts.
We considered the existence of contradictory evidence based on reading of internal communications to management and the board of directors, Company press releases, and analysts' reports, as well as our observations and inquiries as to changes within the business.
Long-lived assets —Refer to Notes 2, 6, 7 and 8 to the financial statements
Critical Audit Matter Description
The Company reviews long-lived assets for potential impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of a long-lived asset may not be recoverable. If the undiscounted future cash flows are less than the carrying amount of the assets, there is an indication that the assets may be impaired. The amount of the impairment is measured as the difference between the carrying value and the estimated fair value of the asset. In performing the review for impairment, management makes significant estimates and assumptions related to forecasts of future cash flows including forecasts of future revenue and useful lives of the assets. The net balances of property and equipment, definite lived intangibles, and right of use asset balances were $113.7 million, $240.4 million and $31.5 million, respectively, as of December 31, 2020.
Given the significant estimates and assumptions made by management to estimate future sales forecasts and useful lives of the assets, performing audit procedures required a high degree of auditor judgment and an increased extent of effort.
How the Critical Audit Matter Was Addressed in the Audit
Our audit procedures related to the forecasts of future sales and useful lives included the following, among others:
We evaluated management’s ability to accurately forecast by comparing actual results to management’s historical forecasts.
We evaluated the reasonableness of management’s forecasts by comparing the forecasts to (1) historical and current year results, (2) internal communications to management and the Board of Directors (3) forecasted information included in industry reports of the Company and certain of its peer companies, and (4) third-party and independently researched market data.
We compared the remaining useful life of the primary assets to the Company’s underlying asset registers

/s/ Deloitte & Touche LLP

Houston, Texas
March 2, 2021

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2019.



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Forum Energy Technologies, Inc. and subsidiaries
Consolidated statements of comprehensive loss
  
Year ended December 31,
(in thousands, except per share information)20202019
Revenues$512,476 $956,533 
Cost of sales523,497 711,681 
Gross profit(11,021)244,852 
Operating expenses
Selling, general and administrative expenses197,677 251,736 
Impairments of goodwill, intangible assets, property and equipment20,394 532,336 
Transaction expenses3,128 1,159 
Contingent consideration benefit (4,629)
Loss (gain) on disposal of assets and other(597)78 
Total operating expenses220,602 780,680 
Loss from equity investments (318)
Operating loss(231,623)(536,146)
Other expense (income)
Interest expense30,268 31,618 
Gain on extinguishment of debt(72,478) 
Deferred loan costs written off2,262  
Foreign exchange losses and other, net6,470 5,022 
Gain realized on previously held equity investment (1,567)
Gain on disposition of business(88,375)(2,348)
Total other expense (income), net(121,853)32,725 
Loss before income taxes(109,770)(568,871)
Income tax benefit(12,881)(1,814)
Net loss(96,889)(567,057)
Weighted average shares outstanding
Basic5,577 5,505 
Diluted5,577 5,505 
Loss per share
Basic$(17.37)$(103.01)
Diluted$(17.37)$(103.01)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
Net loss(96,889)(567,057)
Change in foreign currency translation, net of tax of $0
9,249 7,958 
Loss on pension liability(700)(1,666)
Comprehensive loss$(88,340)$(560,765)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

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Forum Energy Technologies, Inc. and subsidiaries
Consolidated balance sheets
(in thousands, except share information)December 31,
2020
December 31,
2019
Assets
Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents$128,617 $57,911 
Accounts receivable—trade, net of allowances of $9,217 and $9,048
80,606 154,182 
Inventories, net251,747 414,640 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets19,018 33,820 
Costs and estimated profits in excess of billings8,516 4,104 
Accrued revenue1,687 1,260 
Total current assets490,191 665,917 
Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation113,668 154,836 
Operating lease assets31,520 48,682 
Deferred financing costs, net249 1,243 
Intangibles, net240,444 272,300 
Deferred income taxes, net102 654 
Other long-term assets13,752 16,365 
Total assets$889,926 $1,159,997 
Liabilities and equity
Current liabilities
Current portion of long-term debt$1,322 $717 
Accounts payable—trade46,351 98,720 
Accrued liabilities67,581 86,625 
Deferred revenue7,863 4,877 
Billings in excess of costs and profits recognized1,817 5,911 
Total current liabilities124,934 196,850 
Long-term debt, net of current portion293,373 398,862 
Deferred income taxes, net1,952 2,465 
Operating lease liabilities44,536 49,938 
Other long-term liabilities18,895 25,843 
Total liabilities483,690 673,958 
Commitments and contingencies
Equity
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 14,800,000 shares authorized, 5,992,400 and 5,942,030 shares issued
60 1,189 
Additional paid-in capital1,242,720 1,231,650 
Treasury stock at cost, 410,877 and 410,595 shares
(134,499)(134,493)
Retained earnings (accumulated deficit)(601,656)(503,369)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(100,389)(108,938)
Total equity406,236 486,039 
Total liabilities and equity$889,926 $1,159,997 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
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Forum Energy Technologies, Inc. and subsidiaries
Consolidated statements of cash flows
  Year ended December 31,
(in thousands, except share information)20202019
Cash flows from operating activities
Net loss$(96,889)$(567,057)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by (used in) investing activities:
Impairments of goodwill, intangible assets, property and equipment20,394 532,336 
Impairments of operating lease assets15,370 2,364 
Depreciation expense24,484 30,629 
Amortization of intangible assets26,516 32,612 
Stock-based compensation expense9,784 15,846 
Inventory write downs100,794 10,324 
Provision for doubtful accounts1,127 3,152 
Deferred income taxes(149)(12,985)
Contingent consideration benefit (4,629)
Gain on disposition of business(88,375)(2,348)
Gain on extinguishment of debt(72,478) 
Deferred loan costs written off2,262  
Gain realized on previously held equity investment (1,567)
Loss from equity investments, net of distributions 318 
Other3,703 1,676 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities
Accounts receivable—trade65,541 49,732 
Inventories51,621 54,265 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets17,794 621 
Cost and estimated profits in excess of billings(4,317)4,632 
Accounts payable, deferred revenue and other accrued liabilities(69,399)(48,056)
Billings in excess of costs and estimated profits earned(3,900)2,279 
Net cash provided by operating activities$3,883 $104,144 
Cash flows from investing activities
Capital expenditures for property and equipment(2,246)(15,102)
Proceeds from the sale of equity investment and business105,204 42,754 
Proceeds from the sale of property and equipment5,292 483 
Net cash provided by investing activities$108,250 $28,135 
Cash flows from financing activities
Borrowings on revolving Credit Facility182,322