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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-K
(Mark One)
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2020
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission file number 001-35721
DELEK LOGISTICS PARTNERS, LP
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
dkl-20201231_g1.jpg
45-5379027
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
7102 Commerce Way
Brentwood
Tennessee
37027
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
(615771-6701
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Not Applicable
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading SymbolName of each exchange on which registered
Common Units Representing Limited Partner InterestsDKLNew York Stock Exchange
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes No
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.  Yes  No 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  No 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (Section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes     No 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management's assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 4262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.     
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).  Yes  No 
The aggregate market value of the registrant's common limited partner units held by non-affiliates as of June 30, 2020 was approximately $189,900,000, based upon the closing price of its common units on the New York Stock Exchange on that date.
At February 19, 2021, there were 43,443,336 common limited partner units.
Documents incorporated by reference: None


Table of Contents
Delek Logistics Partners, LP
Annual Report on Form 10-K
For the Annual Period Ending December 31, 2020
F-1
F-94
F-95





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Unless otherwise noted or the context requires otherwise, references in this report to "Delek Logistics Partners, LP," the "Partnership," “we,” “us,” or “our” or like terms, may refer to Delek Logistics Partners, LP, one or more of its consolidated subsidiaries or all of them taken as a whole. Unless otherwise noted or the context requires otherwise, references in this report to "Delek Holdings" refers collectively to Delek US Holdings, Inc. and any of its subsidiaries, other than the Partnership and its subsidiaries and its general partner.
This Annual Report on Form 10-K (including documents incorporated by reference herein) contains statements with respect to our expectations or beliefs as to future events. These types of statements are "forward-looking" and subject to uncertainties. Refer to our discussion of forward-looking statements in the section “Forward-Looking Statements” included in Item 7, Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Our corporate headquarters is located at 7102 Commerce Way, Brentwood, Tennessee 37027, our phone number is 615-771-6701 and our website is www.DelekLogistics.com. Information contained on our website is not part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Our reports, proxy and information statements, and any amendments to such documents are filed electronically with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") and are available on our website (in the "SEC Filings" section) free of charge, as soon as reasonably practicable after we file or furnish such material to the SEC. We also post our corporate governance guidelines, code of business conduct and ethics and the charters of the audit committee and environmental, health and safety committee of the board of directors of our general partner in the "Corporate Governance" section of our website. We will provide any of these documents to any unitholder that makes a written request to the Corporate Secretary, Delek Logistics, GP, LLC, general partner of Delek Logistics Partners, LP, 7102 Commerce Way, Brentwood, TN 37027.
PART I
ITEMS 1 AND 2.  BUSINESS AND PROPERTIES
Company Overview
Delek Logistics Partners, LP is a Delaware limited partnership formed in 2012 by Delek US Holdings, Inc. ("Delek Holdings") and its subsidiary Delek Logistics GP, LLC, our general partner (our "general partner"). The following chart illustrates the Partnership's structure as of December 31, 2020:

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The following map outlines the location of our assets and operations, which are described in greater detail under "—Assets and Operations—Pipelines and Transportation Segment" and "—Assets and Operations—Wholesale Marketing and Terminalling Segment."
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The above map is exclusive of the assets acquired in connection with the Big Spring Gathering Assets Acquisition effective March 31, 2020.
Our existing assets are integral to and dependent on the success of Delek Holdings' refining operations, as the majority of our assets are contracted exclusively to Delek Holdings in support of Delek Holdings' refineries located in Tyler, Texas (the "Tyler Refinery"), El Dorado, Arkansas (the "El Dorado Refinery") and Big Spring, Texas (the "Big Spring Refinery"). Delek Holdings is our primary customer and is responsible, directly and indirectly, for the majority of our contribution margin (as defined in "—Major Customers").
The principal activities of the business are listed below:
Partnership Overview (1)
Primary Operations:we own and operate crude oil, intermediate and refined products pipelines and transportation, storage, wholesale marketing, terminalling and offloading assets, almost all of which were previously owned, operated or held by Delek Holdings, and assets acquired from unrelated third parties.
Fee-Based Revenue Sources (2) (3) :
gathering, transporting and storing crude oil and marketing, distributing, transporting and storing intermediate and refined products in select regions of the southeastern United States and West Texas.
Other Revenue Sources:sales of wholesale products in the West Texas market.
Crude oil pipeline joint ventures:Andeavor Logistics RIO Pipeline LLC (33% interest)
Caddo Pipeline LLC (50% interest)
Red River Pipeline Company LLC (33% interest)
(1) We are not a taxable entity for federal income tax purposes or the income taxes of those states that follow the federal income tax treatment of partnerships. Instead, for purposes of such income taxes, each partner of the Partnership is required to take into account its share of items of income, gain, loss and deduction in computing its federal and state income tax liabilities, regardless of whether cash distributions are made to such partner by the Partnership. The taxable income reportable to each partner takes into account differences between the tax basis and the fair market value of our assets and financial reporting bases of assets and liabilities, the acquisition price of the partner's units and the taxable income allocation requirements under the Partnership's Second Amended and Restated Agreement of Limited Partnership, as amended (the "Partnership Agreement").
(2) See "Commercial Agreements—Commercial Agreements with Delek Holdings" and Note 4 to the consolidated financial statements in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, for a discussion of our material commercial agreements with Delek Holdings.
(3) Certain of these services are provided pursuant to contractual agreements with third parties. See "Commercial Agreements—Other Agreements with Third Parties."
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Significant Acquisitions
Trucking Assets Acquisition
Effective May 1, 2020, the Partnership, through its wholly-owned subsidiary DKL Transportation, LLC, acquired Delek Trucking, LLC consisting of certain leased and owned tractors and trailers and related assets from Delek Holdings. The total consideration was approximately $48 million in cash financed with a combination of cash on hand and borrowings under the DKL Credit Facility. The Trucking Assets are recorded in our pipeline and transportation segment and include approximately 150 trucks and trailers. The Trucking Assets Acquisition was considered a transaction between entities under common control. See Note 3 to our consolidated financial statements in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, for additional information.
Big Spring Gathering Assets Acquisition
Effective March 31, 2020, the Partnership, through its wholly-owned subsidiary DKL Permian Gathering, LLC, acquired the Big Spring Gathering Assets from Delek Holdings, located in Howard, Borden and Martin Counties, Texas. The total consideration was comprised of $100 million in cash and 5.0 million common limited partner units. The Big Spring Gathering Assets are recorded in our pipelines and transportation segment and include crude oil pipelines, approximately 200 miles of gathering assets, approximately 65 tank battery connections, terminals with total storage capacity of approximately 650,000 barrels and applicable rights-of-way assets. The Big Spring Gathering Assets Acquisition was considered a transaction between entities under common control. See Note 3 to our consolidated financial statements in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, for additional information.
Big Spring Logistics Assets Acquisition
In March 2018, the Partnership acquired storage tanks and terminals that support our Big Spring, Texas Refinery (the "Big Spring Logistics Assets") from Delek Holdings, which are primarily located at or adjacent to the Big Spring Refinery (the "Big Spring Logistics Assets Acquisition"). The Big Spring Logistics Assets include approximately 70 storage tanks, four salt wells and certain ancillary assets (such as tank pumps and piping) with an active shell capacity of approximately 3.0 million barrels as well as certain crude oil and refined product pipelines. The primary crude oil pipeline is a 10-mile pipeline, with a capacity of approximately 250,000 barrels per day ("bpd"). The refined product pipeline is a 40-mile pipeline with a capacity of approximately 20,000 bpd.
2020 Developments
Red River Expansion Project
In August 2020, Red River Pipeline Company LLC ("Red River"), a joint venture accounted for as an equity method investment which owns a crude oil pipeline running from Cushing, Oklahoma to Longview, Texas, completed a planned expansion project to increase the pipeline capacity from 150,000 bpd to 235,000 bpd. The expansion project commenced operations on October 1, 2020.
Restructuring Transaction
Effective August 13, 2020, the Partnership closed the transaction contemplated by a definitive exchange agreement with the general partner to eliminate all of the Incentive Distribution Rights ("IDRs") held by the general partner and convert the 2% economic general partner interest into a non-economic general partner interest, both in exchange for 14.0 million newly issued common limited partner units and $45.0 million in cash (the "IDR Restructuring Transaction"). See Note 4 to our consolidated financial statements in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, for additional information.
In August 2020, we filed a shelf registration statement with the SEC, which subsequently became effective, for the proposed re-sale or other disposition from time to time by Delek Holdings of up to 14.0 million common limited partner units representing limited partner interests in the Partnership. We will not sell any securities under this shelf registration statement and we will not receive any proceeds from the sale of the securities by Delek Holdings.
Inflation Adjustments
On July 1, 2020, the tariffs on our Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (the "FERC") regulated pipelines and the throughput fees and storage fees under certain of our agreements with Delek Holdings and third parties that are subject to adjustment using the FERC indexing increased approximately 2%, the amount of the change in the FERC oil pipeline index. Under certain of our other agreements with Delek Holdings and third parties, the fees adjusted based on the consumer price index increased 1.6%, and the fees adjusted based on the producer price index decreased approximately 1.2%.
IDR Waiver
On March 31, 2020, in connection with the completion of the Big Spring Gathering Assets Acquisition, the Board of the general partner waived distributions in respect of the IDRs associated with the 5.0 million newly issued common limited partner units ("Additional Units") for at least two years, through at least the distribution for the quarter ended March 31, 2022 ("IDR Waiver"). The IDR Waiver essentially reduces the distribution made to the holders of the IDRs during this period, as the holders would not receive a share of the distribution
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made on the Additional Units. An additional waiver letter was signed that waived all of the distributions for the first quarter of 2020 on the Additional Units with respect to base distributions and the IDRs. The Restructuring Transaction on August 13, 2020, permanently eliminated all of the IDRs. See Note 4 to our consolidated financial statements in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, for additional information.

Assets and Operations
We prepare segment information on the same basis that we review financial information for operational decision-making purposes. Currently, our business consists of two operating segments: (i) pipelines and transportation and (ii) wholesale marketing and terminalling. Additional segment and financial information is contained in our segment results included in Item 6, Selected Financial Data; Item 7, Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations; and Note 15, Segment Data, of our consolidated financial statements included in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
A summary of our principal assets, as of December 31, 2020, is provided in the table below and in greater detail under the segment that uses such assets. We believe that our assets are adequate for our operations and adequately maintained.
Our Assets /Facilities
Terminals 10 light product distribution terminals
Owned or Leased Pipeline Capacities (in approximate miles):
Crude oil transportation pipelines400
Refined product pipelines450
Crude oil gathering system (1)
approximately 900
Other Logistics Assets/Facilities:
Gathering system crude oil capacity, intermediate and refined products storage tanks Approximately 10.2 million barrels of active shell capacity
Crude oil storage tanks located at our refineriesvarious capacities located on-site at Delek Holdings' Tyler, El Dorado and Big Spring refineries
(1) We managed construction of the approximately 250-mile gathering system in the Permian Basin connecting to Delek Holdings' Big Spring, Texas terminal. As of December 31, 2020, approximately 178 miles of the gathering system were completed and operational. We acquired the completed gathering system from Delek Holdings in March 2020. We continue to manage the construction of the gathering system that was not acquired by the Partnership. Additionally, in connection with the Decommissioning Project (as defined below under " —Pipelines and Transportation Segment"), we decommissioned approximately 350 miles of gathering lines. See "—Pipelines and Transportation Segment" for additional detail. These gathering lines are included in this number.
Title to Properties and Permits
While we own the physical improvements consisting of our pipelines, substantially all of these pipelines are constructed on rights-of-way granted by the apparent record owners of the property, and in some instances these rights-of-way are revocable at the election of the grantor. In many instances, lands over which rights-of-way have been obtained are subject to prior liens that have not been subordinated to the right-of-way grants. We have obtained permits from public authorities to cross over or under, or to lay facilities in or along, watercourses, county roads, municipal streets and state highways, and, in some instances, these permits are revocable at the election of the grantor. We have also obtained permits from railroad companies to cross over or under lands or rights-of-way, many of which are also revocable at the grantor’s election. In some states and under some circumstances, we have the right of eminent domain to acquire rights-of-way and lands necessary for our common carrier pipelines.
We believe that we are the owner of valid easement rights and rights-of-way or fee ownership or leasehold interests to the lands on which our assets are located. Under the Omnibus Agreement, Delek Holdings has agreed to indemnify us for certain title defects and for failures to obtain certain consents and permits necessary to conduct our business, in each case, that are identified prior to the relevant date in the Omnibus Agreement, subject to an annual deductible. Although title to these properties is subject to encumbrances in some cases, such as customary interests generally retained in connection with acquisition of real property, liens that can be imposed in some jurisdictions for government-initiated action to clean up environmental contamination, liens for current taxes and other burdens, and easements, restrictions, and other encumbrances to which the underlying properties were subject at the time of acquisition by our predecessor or us, we believe that none of these burdens should materially detract from the value of these properties or from our interest in these properties or should materially interfere with their use in the operation of our business.
Facilities
Our Nettleton Station and our Bradford Station are located on properties that are owned by third parties in which we have leasehold interests. Our North Little Rock Terminal, our El Dorado Terminal and tank farm, our Tyler Terminal and tank farm, the El Dorado Rail
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Offloading Racks, the Tyler Crude Tank and the Big Spring Logistics Assets are located on property leased from third parties and Delek Holdings.
Liens and Encumbrances
Substantially all of the assets described above are pledged under and encumbered by our credit agreement. See Note 11 of the consolidated financial statements included in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further information.
Corporate Headquarters
Delek Holdings leases its corporate headquarters at 7102 Commerce Way, Brentwood, Tennessee 37027. The lease is for 54,000 square feet and expires in April 2022. We pay Delek Holdings a proportionate share of the costs to operate the building pursuant to the Omnibus Agreement. Please read Items 1 and 2. "Business and Properties—Commercial Agreements—Other Agreements with Delek Holdings."

Pipelines and Transportation Segment
Our pipelines and transportation segment includes pipelines, trucks and ancillary assets, that provide crude oil gathering and crude oil, intermediate and refined products transportation and storage services primarily in support of the Tyler, El Dorado and Big Spring Refineries. Additionally, this segment provides crude oil gathering and crude oil, intermediate and refined products transportation and storage services to Delek Holdings and third parties. In providing these services, we do not take ownership of the products or crude oil that we transport or store; and, therefore, the results of our pipelines and transportation segment are not directly exposed to changes in commodity prices.
The rates and terms and conditions of service on certain of our pipelines are subject to regulation by the FERC under the Interstate Commerce Act (the “ICA”) and by state regulatory commissions in the states in which we transport crude oil, intermediate and refined products, including the Texas Railroad Commission, the Louisiana Public Service Commission and the Arkansas Public Service Commission. Certain of our pipeline systems are subject to such regulation and have filed tariffs with the appropriate authorities. We also comply with all applicable reporting requirements for these pipelines. Some of our pipelines have received waivers from application of the FERC's tariff requirements, but comply with other applicable regulatory requirements. See "Governmental Regulation and Environmental Matters—Rate Regulation of Petroleum Pipelines" of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, for more information on the FERC imposed tariffs.


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The following table summarizes information with respect to our pipelines:
PipelineDiameter (inches)Length (miles)Throughput Capacity (bpd)CommodityAssociated RefineryOrigin/Termination PointThird-Party System Connections
El Dorado Assets (4)
Magnolia Pipeline (1)
12, 167768,500crude oilEl DoradoShreveport, LA to Magnolia, ARETP/ExxonMobil's LOLA System
Magnolia Station (2)
N/AN/AN/Acrude oilEl DoradoN/AN/A
El Dorado Pipeline (3)
123122,000crude oilEl DoradoMagnolia Station to Delek Holdings' Sandhill StationN/A
Refined Products Pipeline System (5)
12- inch diesel pipeline128N/AdieselEl Dorado El Dorado Refinery to the Enterprise TE Products Pipeline El Dorado StationN/A
10-inch gasoline pipeline108N/AgasolineEl Dorado El Dorado Refinery to the Enterprise TE Products Pipeline El Dorado StationN/A
Paline Pipeline System (6)
Longview to Nederland Pipeline (7)
1019542,000crude oilN/ALongview, TX to the Phillips 66-operated Beaumont terminal in Nederland, TXN/A
East Texas Crude Logistics System
Nettleton Pipeline8, 103625,000crude oilTylerTank Farms in Longview, TX to (a) Bullard Junction at the Tyler Refinery, and (b) our other tank farms in Longview, TXN/A
McMurrey Pipeline System6, 8, 125924,000crude oilN/ATank Farms in Longview, TX, runs roughly parallel to the Nettleton PipelineN/A
Tyler Assets (8)
Tyler-Big Sandy Product Pipeline (9)
Hopewell Pipeline81330,000crude oilTylerTyler Refinery to Hopewell StationN/A
Big Sandy Pipeline81930,000crude oilTylerHopewell Station to Big Sandy StationN/A
Big Spring Logistics Assets
Refined Product Pipeline640
20,000 (10)
refined productBig SpringBig Spring, TX to Midland, TXN/A
Primary crude oil pipelineVarious20250,000crude oilBig SpringN/AN/A
(1) Third-party pipelines connect to the Magnolia Pipeline near Louisiana, which allows for the receipt of crude oil transported from Longview, Texas.
(2) The Magnolia Station has a storage facility with approximately 230,000 barrels of active shell capacity. It is also where Magnolia and El Dorado Assets and El Dorado Gathering System have origination and destination points, as the case may be.
(3) Upon reaching Sandhill Station, the crude oil from the El Dorado Pipeline is transported, via multiple short crude oil pipelines owned by us, to Tank 192, a 150,000 barrel capacity storage tank ("Tank 192") or to Tank 120, an 80,000 barrel capacity storage tank ("Tank 120"), which receives heavier asphaltic crudes. At present, substantially all crude oil that enters the El Dorado Refinery, including the crude oil gathered on the El Dorado Gathering System, is routed through Sandhill Station. We own Tank 192 and Tank 120 and lease the underlying ground from Lion Oil under a long-term ground lease.
(4) The pipelines in the El Dorado Assets also have injection points where crude oil gathered from the El Dorado Gathering System can be injected and then transported to the El Dorado Refinery. The El Dorado Assets also have crude oil storage tanks and facilities ancillary to the operation of the pipeline system. Tankage assets include158 storage tanks and certain ancillary assets (such as pumps and piping) located at and adjacent to the El Dorado Refinery with an aggregate shell capacity of approximately
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2.5 million barrels (the "El Dorado Tank Assets"). The El Dorado Assets are capable of transporting crude oil offloaded from rail cars at or near the El Dorado Refinery, including two crude oil rail offloading racks, which are designed to receive up to 25,000 bpd of light crude oil or 12,000 bpd of heavy crude oil, or any combination of the two.     
(5) Pursuant to a capacity lease with Enterprise, we also lease capacity of approximately 14,000 bpd on the approximately 240-mile Enterprise Products Pipeline from Enterprise's El Dorado Station to our refined products terminal in Memphis, Tennessee.
(6) Our Paline Pipeline System is operated as a common carrier pipeline. See "Commercial Agreements—Other Agreements with Third Parties—Paline Pipeline System Capacity Reservation" for additional information on the use of our Paline Pipeline System.
(7) The Longview to Nederland Pipeline includes a three-mile section that runs north from Kilgore, Texas. In addition, a new connection has been installed near Vidor, Texas which will connect with a third party pipeline terminating at the Jefferson Energy Terminal in Beaumont, Texas. Service to this destination point is expected to begin on or around April 1, 2021.
(8) The Partnership owns various pipeline and tankage assets that support the Tyler Refinery. These assets include a crude oil storage tank and certain ancillary assets located adjacent to the Tyler Refinery (the "Tyler Crude Tank"). The Tyler Crude Tank has approximately 350,000 barrels of shell capacity. In addition, we own 96 storage tanks and certain ancillary assets (such as pumps and piping) located at and adjacent to the Tyler Refinery with an aggregate shell capacity of approximately 2.0 million barrels (the "Tyler Tank Assets").
(9) This pipeline runs between the Tyler Refinery and the Partnership's terminal at Big Sandy, Texas. The line consists of two segments: Hopewell Pipeline and the Big Sandy Pipeline. Service on the Tyler-Big Sandy Product Pipeline is not provided to third parties, and is classified as private intrastate carrier service.
(10) We lease the capacity on this pipeline to Delek Holdings' Big Spring refinery for an annual fee of $0.9 million annually.
El Dorado Gathering System and El Dorado Assets
We own a system of common carrier pipelines that primarily gathers and transports crude oil and condensate that is purchased from various crude oil producers in Arkansas, Texas and Louisiana by Delek Holdings or a third party to whom Delek Holdings has assigned certain of its rights (the "El Dorado Gathering System"). The El Dorado Gathering System includes approximately 700 miles of two to eight inch crude oil gathering and transportation lines located primarily within a 60-mile radius of the El Dorado Refinery in southern Arkansas and northern Louisiana. In addition, the gathering system transports small volumes of crude oil that are received from other sources and condensate that is purchased from a third party in east Texas. All such crude oil and other products are ultimately transported to the El Dorado Refinery for processing. In addition, a pipeline within the El Dorado Gathering System transports minimal crude oil for third party shippers pursuant to a common carrier tariff.
The El Dorado Gathering System includes 59 crude oil storage tanks and breakout tanks with a total combined active shell capacity of approximately 0.6 million barrels (including Tank 120, Tank 192), 17 truck receipt locations, approximately 500 pipeline gathering and receiving stations and 17 relay stations to deliver crude oil to the Magnolia Station, the El Dorado Pipeline System or directly to the El Dorado Refinery. We also have approximately 0.6 million barrels of combined shell capacity that is currently not in service.
We decommissioned certain sections of the El Dorado Gathering System from late 2018 to August 2019 in an effort to improve the safety and integrity of the system (the "Decommissioning Project"). The decommissioned mileage was approximately 350 miles. The pipelines that were decommissioned remained physically in place, and the decommissioning did not have material effect on our financial results.
The table below includes certain operating statistics for our El Dorado Assets and El Dorado Gathering System:
Throughputs (average bpd)
Year Ended December 31,
202020192018
El Dorado Assets:
     Crude pipelines (Non-gathered) (1)
74,179 49,485 51,992 
     Refined Products Pipelines to Enterprise System53,702 37,716 45,728 
El Dorado Gathering System13,466 15,325 16,571 
(1) Excludes crude oil gathered on the El Dorado Gathering System and injected into our El Dorado Assets.
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The table below sets forth historical average daily throughput for the East Texas Crude Logistics System.
Throughputs (average bpd)
Year Ended December 31,
202020192018
East Texas Crude Logistics System (1)
15,960 19,927 15,696 
(1) We have a pipelines and tankage agreement with Delek Holdings to provide throughput on the East Texas Crude Logistics System. Delek Holdings has a 10-year agreement, with an initial term expiring in 2023, with third parties to transport a substantial majority of the Tyler Refinery’s crude oil requirements on this pipeline system. As a result of the third parties' ability to transport crude oil on the pipeline system directly to the Tyler Refinery, the crude oil supplied through the Nettleton and McMurrey Pipelines is generally below the minimum aggregate throughput requirements of our pipelines and tankage agreement with Delek Holdings. However, under its commercial agreement with us, Delek Holdings is required to pay us throughput fees in an amount equal to the fees it would pay were we to throughput 35,000 bpd, based on the per barrel fees in our agreement. The current term of this agreement expires in March 2024.
Our East Texas Crude Logistics System also includes five owned or leased crude oil storage terminals, at which we store crude oil owned by Delek Holdings for the Tyler Refinery. The following table summarizes information with respect to these terminals:
TerminalNumber of TanksActive Shell Capacity (barrels)Shell capacity not in service (barrels)
LaGloria Station2450,000N/A
Nettleton Station (1)
5220,00055,000
Bradford Station2N/A65,000
Arp Station255,00055,000
Big Sandy Station6176,000N/A
(1) The Nettleton Station is located on property that we lease from a third party, as described in more detail above in Items 1 and 2. "Business and Properties - Assets and Operations."
Big Spring Gathering Assets
We own a system of common carrier pipelines that primarily gathers and transports crude oil. The Big Spring Gathering System (the "Big Spring Gathering System") includes approximately 200 miles of crude oil gathering and transportation lines with approximately 350,000 bpd capacity located primarily near the Big Spring Refinery in Texas, which provide access to hydrocarbons directly from wellheads located in the Permian Basin.
The table below includes certain operating statistics for our Big Spring Gathering Assets:
Throughputs (average bpd)
Year Ended December 31,
202020192018
Big Spring Gathering System (1)
82,817 — — 
Plains Connection System (1)
104,770 — — 
(1) Throughputs for the Big Spring Gathering System and the Plains Connection System are for approximately 275 days we owned the assets following the Big Spring Gathering Assets Acquisition effective March 31, 2020.
Other Pipeline and Transportation Assets
The Partnership also owns additional assets or leases capacity on additional assets that are used to support Delek Holdings' refineries or that are used in our operations but may not be adjacent to or directly on the properties owned by such refineries. These include various pipelines and tankage assets and trucking assets listed below:
five tanks with an aggregate active shell capacity of approximately 180,000 barrels at a terminal in North Little Rock, Arkansas;
264 tractors and 353 trailers, which are owned or leased, and used to haul primarily crude oil and other products for related and third parties; and
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an 76-mile pipeline, connecting the Greenville Storage Facility and the Mount Pleasant Terminal, which storage facility has four tanks with an aggregate active shell capacity of approximately 330,000 barrels and is connected to the Explorer Pipeline System.

Wholesale Marketing and Terminalling Segment
Our wholesale marketing and terminalling segment provides wholesale marketing and terminalling services to Delek Holdings’ refining operations and to independent third parties from whom we receive fees for marketing, transporting, storing and terminalling refined products and to whom we wholesale market refined products. In providing certain of these services, we take ownership of the products and are therefore exposed to market risks related to the volatility of commodity and refined product prices in our West Texas operations, which depend on many factors, including demand and supply of refined products in the West Texas market, the timing of refined product deliveries and downtime at refineries in the surrounding area. Effective March 1, 2018, this segment also includes the wholesale marketing and terminalling assets acquired in the Big Spring Logistics Assets Acquisition. See Item 6, Selected Financial Data of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information. As of December 31, 2020, we generated revenue in our wholesale marketing and terminalling segment by (i) providing marketing services for the refined products output of the Tyler Refinery and the Big Spring Refinery, (ii) engaging in wholesale activity at our Abilene and San Angelo, Texas terminals, as well as at terminals owned by third parties, whereby we purchase light products for sale and exchange to third parties, and (iii) providing terminalling services to independent third parties and Delek Holdings. See “Commercial Agreements—Other Agreements with Third Parties—West Texas." Also see Note 4 to the consolidated financial statements in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, for a discussion of our material commercial agreements with Delek Holdings. The tables below show the operating results for the wholesale marketing and terminalling segment. For the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019 and 2018, we present the results for the period during which we owned the relevant assets, as delineated in any notes accompanying the tables.
Wholesale Marketing
East Texas
Pursuant to a marketing agreement with Delek Holdings, we market 100% of the refined products output of the Tyler Refinery, other than jet fuel and petroleum coke. See Note 4 to the consolidated financial statements in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information. The table below sets forth the historical sales volumes under this marketing agreement.
Year Ended December 31,
202020192018
Sales volumes (average bpd):71,182 74,206 77,487 
West Texas
In our West Texas marketing operations, we generate revenue by purchasing refined products from independent third-party suppliers and from Delek Holdings for sale and exchange to third parties at our Abilene and San Angelo, Texas terminals and at third-party terminals located elsewhere in Texas.
We own approximately 100 miles of product pipelines in West Texas that connect our Abilene and San Angelo, Texas terminals to the Magellan Orion Pipeline. We purchase products from Delek Holdings and third parties at our Abilene and San Angelo terminals. To facilitate these purchases, we constructed a pipeline into our Abilene Terminal to receive product from the pipeline owned by Holly Energy Partners, L.P. (NYSE: HEP) through which Delek Holdings shipped product that was produced at the Big Spring Refinery. We are currently constructing a connection to a Magellan Midstream Partners, L.P. ("Magellan") pipeline that will allow Magellan to supply our Abilene and San Angelo terminals with product transported from the Gulf Coast. We also have active connections to the Magellan Orion Pipeline that enable us to ship product to our terminals and to acquire product from other shippers. The table below provides the number of tanks, their storage capacities, number of truck loading lanes and maximum daily available truck loading capacity for the year ended December 31, 2020 at the Abilene and San Angelo terminals associated with our marketing activities. See “Commercial Agreements—Other Agreements with Third Parties—West Texas."
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Terminal LocationNumber of Tanks Active Aggregate Shell Capacity (bbls)Number of Truck Loading LanesMaximum Daily Available Truck Loading Capacity (bpd)
Abilene, TX (1)
9363,000215,000
San Angelo, TX593,000215,000
     Total14456,000430,000
(1) Excludes approximately 47,000 barrels of shell capacity that is out of service.
The table below details the average aggregate daily number of barrels of refined products, and the margins associated with such products, that we sold in our West Texas wholesale operations for the periods indicated.
Year Ended December 31,
202020192018
Throughput (average bpd) 11,264 11,075 13,323 
Gross margin (in thousands) $9,775 $17,964 $27,082 
Gross margin per barrel $2.37 $4.44 $5.57 
Terminalling
We provide terminalling services for products to third parties and Delek Holdings through light products terminals we own in Nashville, Tennessee and to Delek Holdings, or certain third parties to whom Delek Holdings has assigned its rights, through our light products terminals in Memphis, Tennessee; Tyler, Texas; Big Sandy, Texas; Mount Pleasant, Texas; Duncan, Oklahoma; El Dorado, Arkansas; and North Little Rock, Arkansas. See Note 4 to the consolidated financial statements in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information pertaining to our material agreements. See "Commercial Agreements—Delek Holdings' Crude Oil and Refined Products Supply and Offtake Arrangement" for a description of a third party's involvement in certain agreements.
The table below provides the locations of our refined product terminals associated with our terminalling activities and their storage capacities, number of truck loading lanes and maximum daily available truck loading capacity for the year ended December 31, 2020.
Terminal LocationNumber of TanksActive Aggregate Shell Capacity (bbls)Number of Truck Loading LanesMaximum Daily Available Truck Loading Capacity (bpd)
Duncan, OK (1)
6180,000
Mount Pleasant, TX (2)
8200,000310,000
Nashville, TN (3)
10137,000215,000
Memphis, TN
10126,000320,000
North Little Rock, AR (4)
217,100
Big Sandy, TX (4)
325,000
El Dorado, AR (4)
335,000
Tyler, TX (4)
1191,000
     Total34643,00027213,100

(1) The Duncan Terminal does not have a truck rack. It is a light products distribution terminal that includes storage, loading and unloading facilities and ancillary assets. Excludes approximately 90,000 barrels of shell capacity that is currently not in use.
(2) Excludes approximately 40,000 barrels of shell capacity that is currently not in service.
(3) Excludes approximately 2,300 barrels of shell capacity that is currently not in service.
(4) See "Pipelines and Transportation Segment—Tyler Assets," " Pipelines and Transportation Segment—El Dorado Gathering System and El Dorado Assets," and "Pipelines and Transportation Segment—Other Pipeline and Transportation Assets" above for a discussion of the storage tanks associated with these terminals.

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The table below sets forth historical average daily throughput for each of our terminals.
Year Ended December 31,
202020192018
Throughput (average bpd):
  Tyler, TX 72,484 75,415 78,343 
  Duncan, OK34,214 41,731 37,679 
  El Dorado, AR 10,334 10,749 12,086 
  Memphis, TN 9,912 9,671 6,996 
  North Little Rock, AR9,033 8,497 7,437 
  Nashville, TN5,524 7,207 8,040 
  Mount Pleasant, TX 4,048 5,402 7,623 
  Big Sandy, TX 1,702 1,403 3,080 
Total (average bpd) 147,251 160,075 161,284 
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Joint Ventures
The Partnership owns a portion of three joint ventures (accounted for as equity method investments) that have constructed separate crude oil pipeline systems and related ancillary assets, which serve third parties and subsidiaries of Delek Holdings. These investments include the following:
JV NameOwnership InterestDescription
Andeavor Logistics RIO Pipeline LLC ("Andeavor Logistics")33%
Joint venture that operates a 109-mile crude oil pipeline with a capacity of 120,000 bpd, that originates in north Loving County, Texas near the Texas-New Mexico border and terminates in Midland, Texas ("the RIO Pipeline")
Caddo Pipeline LLC ("CP LLC")50%
Joint venture that operates an 80-mile crude oil pipeline with a capacity of 80,000 bpd that originates in Longview, Texas, with destinations in the Shreveport, Louisiana area (the "Caddo Pipeline")
Red River Pipeline Company LLC ("Red River")33%Joint venture that operates a 16-inch crude oil pipeline between Oklahoma and Texas with prior capacity of 150,000 bpd and increased capacity of 235,000 bpd after completion of the expansion project in August 2020 (the "Red River Pipeline")
Commercial Agreements
Commercial Agreements with Delek Holdings
The Partnership has a number of long-term, fee-based commercial agreements with Delek Holdings under which we provide various services to Delek Holdings, including crude oil gathering; crude oil, intermediate and refined products transportation and storage services; and marketing, terminalling and offloading services. Most of these agreements have an initial term ranging from five to ten years, which may be extended for various renewal terms at the option of Delek Holdings. The initial term of certain of these agreements expired in November 2017. Delek Holdings opted to renew these agreements for subsequent five-year terms expiring in November 2022. In the case of our marketing agreement with Delek Holdings with respect to the Tyler Refinery, the initial term has been extended through 2026. The term of certain of our agreements with Delek Holdings were extended through March 2024 in connection with the amended and restated DKL Credit Facility in the fourth quarter of 2018. These agreements typically include minimum quarterly volume, revenue or throughput commitments. Fees under each agreement are payable to us monthly by Delek Holdings or certain third parties to whom Delek Holdings has assigned certain of its rights. For a discussion of a third party's involvement in certain agreements, see "Delek Holdings' Crude Oil and Refined Products Supply and Offtake Arrangement." In most circumstances, if Delek Holdings or the applicable third party assignee fails to meet or exceed the minimum volume, throughput or other commitment during any calendar quarter, Delek Holdings, and not any third party assignee, will be required to make a quarterly shortfall payment to us equal to the volume or amount of the shortfall multiplied or increased by the applicable fee, subject to certain exceptions as specified in the applicable agreement. Carry-over of any volumes or revenue in excess of such commitment to any subsequent quarter is not permitted.
The tariffs and throughput and storage fees under our agreements with Delek Holdings are subject to increase or decrease on July 1 of each year, by the amount of any change in various inflation-based indices, including the FERC oil pipeline index or various iterations of the consumer price index and the producer price index; provided, however, that in no event will the fees be adjusted below the amount initially set forth in the applicable agreement.
See Note 4 to the consolidated financial statements in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, for a complete discussion of our material commercial agreements with Delek Holdings.
Other Agreements with Delek Holdings
In addition to the commercial agreements described above, the Partnership has entered into an omnibus agreement with Delek Holdings, our general partner, Delek Logistics Operating LLC ("OpCo") and certain of the Partnership’s and Delek Holdings’ other subsidiaries (as amended from time to time, the "Omnibus Agreement"). The Omnibus Agreement governs the provision of certain operational services and reimbursement obligations, among other matters, between the Partnership and Delek Holdings.
The Partnership is currently managing a long-term capital project on behalf of Delek Holdings pursuant to a construction management and operating services agreement (the "DPG Management Agreement") for the construction of a 250-mile gathering system in the Permian Basin (the "Delek Permian Gathering Project"). The majority of the gathering system has been constructed and was contributed to the Partnership in March 2020 (see "Significant Acquisitions - Big Spring Gathering Assets"); however, additional costs pertaining to a pipeline connection that was not contributed to the Partnership continue to be incurred and are still subject to the terms of the DPG Management Agreement. The Partnership is also considered the operator for the Delek Permian Gathering Project and will oversee certain functions such as oversight of project design, procurement and construction of project segments and provide other related services. The DPG Management Agreement extends through December 2022.
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Other Agreements with Third Parties
Paline Pipeline System Capacity Reservation
During the year ended December 31, 2018, we had separate agreements with an unrelated third party and a related party, Delek Refining, Ltd., for such parties to utilize certain capacity on the Paline Pipeline System. The Partnership elected not to offer to extend these agreements and these agreements terminated on February 28, 2019. As a result, since March 1, 2019, the capacity previously used by these parties has been available for any party to ship on the capacity of the pipeline subject to a tariff on file with the FERC for service provided on the Paline Pipeline System.
West Texas
In our West Texas marketing operations, we generate revenue by purchasing refined products from independent third-party suppliers and Delek Holdings for sale and exchange to third parties at our Abilene and San Angelo, Texas terminals and at third-party terminals located elsewhere in Texas. Substantially all of our product sales in West Texas are on a wholesale basis. Product purchased from Delek Holdings is produced by the Big Spring Refinery. Products purchased from Delek Holdings are generally based on daily market prices at the time of sale limiting exposure to fluctuating prices. Products purchased from third parties are generally based on daily market prices at the time of purchase requiring price hedging risk management activities between the time of purchase and sale. Existing price risk hedging programs have been adjusted to correspond to the volume of product purchased from third parties.
Delek Holdings' Crude Oil and Refined Products Supply and Offtake Arrangement
Pursuant to financing arrangements between Delek Holdings and its subsidiaries, Lion Oil Company, LLC, Lion Oil Trading & Transportation, LLC and Alon USA LP (all hereinafter referred to together as "Delek Holdings"), to which we are not a party, and J. Aron & Company ("J. Aron"), Delek Holdings assigned to J. Aron certain of its rights under our specific terminalling agreements, pipelines, storage and throughput facilities agreements, and asphalt services agreements. Accordingly, even though this is effectively a financing arrangement for Delek Holdings whereby J. Aron sells the product back to Delek Holdings, J. Aron is technically our primary customer under each of these agreements.
See Note 4 to the consolidated financial statements in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, for a complete discussion of the Delek Holdings' Crude Oil and Refined Products Supply and Offtake Agreement.
Major Customers
We are dependent upon Delek Holdings as our primary customer (which includes sales to J. Aron as described in the prior section), and the loss of Delek Holdings as a customer would have a material adverse effect on both of our operating segments. We derive a substantial majority of our contribution margin (defined as net revenues less cost of materials and other and operating expenses, excluding depreciation and amortization) from fee-based commercial agreements with Delek Holdings or as a direct result of its operations.
Delek Holdings, directly or indirectly, accounted for 89%, 87% and 83% of our contribution margin under our commercial agreements with Delek Holdings for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019 and 2018, respectively. For more information pertaining to these agreements, see "Commercial Agreements." Our other customers include major oil companies, independent refiners and marketers, jobbers, distributors, utility and transportation companies and independent retail fuel operators.
Delek Holdings, directly or indirectly, accounted for 67.4%, 44.8% and 36.6% of our total revenues for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Sunoco LP accounted for 5.6%, 14.5% and 15.9% of our total revenues for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
Employees
We have no employees. Rather, all of the employees that conduct our business are employed by our general partner and its non-Partnership affiliates, and we believe that our general partner and its non-Partnership affiliates have a satisfactory relationship with those employees.
Seasonality and Customer Maintenance Programs
The volume and throughput of crude oil and refined products transported through our pipelines and sold through our terminals and to third parties are directly affected by the level of supply and demand for all of such products in the markets served directly or indirectly by our assets. Supply and demand for such products fluctuates during the calendar year. Demand for gasoline, for example, is generally higher during the summer months than during the winter months due to seasonal increases in motor vehicle traffic. While demand for asphalt products, which are a substantial portion of the El Dorado Refinery's product mix, is also lower in the winter months. In addition, our refining customers, such as Delek Holdings, occasionally reduce or suspend operations to perform planned maintenance, which is more typically scheduled during the winter, when demand for their products is lower. Accordingly, these factors affect the need for crude oil or refined products by our customers and therefore limit our volumes or throughput during these periods, and our operating results will
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generally be lower during the first and fourth quarters of the year. We believe, however, that many of the potential effects of seasonality on our revenues and contribution margin will be substantially mitigated due to our commercial agreements with Delek Holdings which include minimum volume and throughput commitments.
Working Capital
We primarily fund our business operations from operating cash flows, borrowings under our revolving credit facility and any potential future issuances of equity and debt securities. For additional information, see Item 7, Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Competition
Pipelines and Transportation
Our business in this segment primarily consists of gathering, transporting and storing crude oil, intermediate and refined products for Delek Holdings and third parties, especially other refiners. We face competition for the transportation and storage of crude oil from other pipeline owners whose pipelines or storage facilities (i) may have a location advantage over our pipelines or storage facilities, (ii) may be able to transport or store more desirable crude oil or refined products to Delek Holdings or to third parties, (iii) may be able to transport or store crude oil or refined product at a lower rate, or (iv) may be able to store more crude oil or refined product. Any or all such factors could cause Delek Holdings, or our third-party customers, to reduce throughput to a level that is below the minimum throughput commitments established in any contracts we may have with them or determine not to renew such contracts when the term expires.
As certain of our logistic assets are on site at certain of Delek Holdings refineries and as a result of our contractual relationships with Delek Holdings related to its refineries, we do not believe that we face significant competition for the transportation and storage of crude oil or refined products to or from the refineries, particularly during the terms of the commercial agreements applicable to our pipeline and transportation assets. See Note 4 to the consolidated financial statements in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, for a discussion of our material commercial agreements with Delek Holdings.
Wholesale Marketing and Terminalling
The wholesale marketing and terminalling business is generally very competitive. Our owned refined product terminals, as well as the other third-party terminals we use to sell refined product, compete with other independent terminal operators as well as integrated oil companies on the basis of terminal location, price, versatility and services provided. The costs associated with transporting products from a loading terminal to end users usually limit the geographic size of the market that can be served economically by any terminal. Two key markets in West Texas that we serve from our owned facilities are Abilene and San Angelo, Texas. However, there are no competitive fuel loading terminals in close proximity to our Abilene terminal or within approximately 90 miles of our San Angelo terminal. Our Nashville terminal competes with a significant number of other terminals located in the greater Nashville area. As a result of our exclusive terminalling agreements, we do not believe we will face significant competition from third parties with respect to terminalling services provided to Delek Holdings at our Memphis and North Little Rock terminals during the terms of these agreements.
Pursuant to separate exclusive marketing agreements with Delek Holdings, we market 100% of the refined products output of the Tyler Refinery (other than jet fuel and petroleum coke) and certain refined products located at or sold from the Big Spring Refinery to various customers in return for a marketing fee. The current terms of the agreements for services provided with respect to products produced at the Tyler Refinery and the Big Spring Refinery expire in 2026 and 2028, respectively. As a result, we do not believe that we will face significant competition for these services from third parties. In addition, as a result of our physical integration with the Tyler Refinery and the Big Spring Refinery, and our contractual relationships with Delek Holdings related to both refineries, we do not believe that we will face significant competition for the storage or throughput of intermediate or refined products at the refineries, particularly during the term of our agreements with Delek Holdings. Delek Holdings' Tyler Refinery and Big Spring Refinery are the only full-range product supplier within 100 miles; therefore, we believe their location gives the refineries a natural advantage over more distant competitors.
See Note 4 to the consolidated financial statements in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, for additional information. However, should Delek Holdings' wholesale customers reduce their purchases of refined products due to the increased availability of more competitively priced products from other suppliers or for other reasons, the volumes we sell under the aforementioned agreements could decrease below the minimum volume commitment under the contract.
Governmental Regulation and Environmental Matters
Rate Regulation of Petroleum Pipelines
The rates, terms and conditions of service on certain of our pipelines are subject to regulation by the FERC under the ICA and by state regulatory commissions in the states in which we transport crude oil, intermediate and refined products, including the Texas Railroad Commission, the Louisiana Public Service Commission and the Arkansas Public Service Commission. The FERC regulates interstate transportation under the ICA, the Energy Policy Act of 1992 and the rules and regulations promulgated under those laws. The ICA and its
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implementing regulations require that tariff rates for interstate service on oil pipelines, including pipelines that transport crude oil, intermediate and refined products in interstate commerce (collectively referred to as “petroleum pipelines”), be just and reasonable and non-discriminatory and that such rates and terms and conditions of service be filed with the FERC. Under the ICA, shippers may challenge new or existing rates or services. The FERC is authorized to suspend the effectiveness of a challenged rate for up to seven months, though rates are typically not suspended for the maximum allowable period. Tariff rates are typically contractually subject to increase or decrease on July 1 of each year, by the amount of any change in various inflation-based indices, including the FERC oil pipeline index, the consumer price index and the producer price index; provided, however, that in no event will the fees be adjusted below the amount initially set forth in the applicable agreement. See Item 1A, "Risk Factors—Risks Relating to Our Business."
While the FERC regulates rates for shipments of crude oil or refined products in interstate commerce, state agencies may regulate rates and service for shipments in intrastate commerce. We own pipeline assets in Texas, Arkansas, and Louisiana; accordingly, such assets may be subject to additional regulation by the applicable governmental authorities in those states. Without limitation, certain of our pipeline assets in Texas, including the Greenville-Mount Pleasant Pipeline, are operated under the regulation of the Texas Railroad Commission and subject to filed tariffs and other regulatory requirements of that agency. In Texas, a pipeline, with some exceptions, is required to operate as a common carrier by publishing tariffs and providing transportation on a non-discriminatory basis. Arkansas provides that all intrastate oil pipelines are common carriers. In Louisiana, all pipelines conveying petroleum from a point of origin within the state to a destination within the state are declared common carriers. The Louisiana Public Service Commission is empowered with the authority to establish reasonable rates and regulations for the transport of petroleum by a common carrier, mandating public tariffs and providing transportation on a non-discriminatory basis.
Whether a pipeline provides service in interstate commerce or intrastate commerce is highly fact-dependent and determined on a case-by-case basis. We cannot provide assurance that the FERC will not at some point assert that some or all of the transportation service we provide, and for which we do not have a tariff on file at the FERC, is within its jurisdiction. If the FERC were successful with any such assertion, we may be required to pay refunds to customers and the FERC's ratemaking methodologies may subject us to potentially burdensome and expensive operational, reporting and other requirements. Service on the East Texas Crude Logistics System is currently subject to a temporary waiver issued by the FERC. The temporary waiver for the East Texas Crude Logistics System (the "East Texas Waiver Order") was issued by the FERC on October 23, 2012, and waives the otherwise applicable tariff filing and reporting requirements for common carrier interstate service providers. The continuing effectiveness of the East Texas Waiver Order depends upon the continuation in effect of the following conditions: (1) our affiliates continuing to own 100% of the throughput; (2) there being no demonstrated third party interest in shipping on the system; (3) our not anticipating any such interest materializing; and (4) there remaining no demonstrated opposition to the continuing effectiveness of the East Texas Waiver Order.
If the conditions to the continued effectiveness of that East Texas Waiver Order are no longer satisfied at any point, service on that system could become subject to the FERC tariff filing requirements and other the FERC regulatory requirements for the provision of transportation service.
Department of Transportation
The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration ("PHMSA") of the United States Department of Transportation ("DOT") regulates the design, construction, testing, operation, maintenance, safety and reporting and emergency response of crude oil, petroleum products and other hazardous liquids pipelines and other facilities, including certain tank facilities used in the transportation of such liquids. These requirements are complex, subject to change and, in certain cases, can be costly to comply with. We believe our operations are in compliance with these regulations, but cannot assure you that substantial expenditures on our part will not be required to remain in compliance. Moreover, certain of these requirements are difficult to insure adequately, and we cannot assure you that we will have adequate insurance to address costs and damages from any noncompliance.
The United States Pipeline Safety, Regulatory Certainty and Job Creation Act of 2011 (or the "Pipeline Safety Act") gives the PHMSA the power to assess penalties of up to $222,504 per violation per day of violation, and up to $2,222,034 for a series of related violations. These amounts are subject to inflation adjustments as well. A number of the provisions of the Pipeline Safety Act have the potential to cause owners and operators of pipeline facilities to incur significant capital expenditures and/or operating costs. We work closely with our industry associations to participate with and monitor PHMSA's efforts.
In January 2017, PHMSA finalized a new regulation that imposes additional responsibilities concerning (i) the operation, maintenance, and inspection of hazardous liquid pipelines; (ii) the reporting of pipeline incidents; (iii) reference standards for in-line pipeline inspection and the direct assessment of stress corrosion cracking; (iv) and other requirements. Additional potential new regulations of pipelines have been proposed by PHMSA and we are monitoring these developments to the extent applicable to our operations.
The DOT has additionally issued guidelines with respect to securing regulated facilities against terrorist attack. We have instituted security measures and procedures in accordance with such guidelines to enhance the protection of certain of our facilities. We cannot provide any assurance that these security measures would fully protect our facilities from an attack.
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The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration of the DOT regulates safety standards and monitors drivers and equipment of commercial motor carrier fleets. Such standards include vehicle and maintenance inspection requirements, limitations on the number of hours drivers may operate vehicles and financial responsibility requirements. We believe that the operations of our fleet of crude oil and refined products truck transports are substantially in compliance with these regulations and safety requirements.
Environmental, Health and Safety
We are subject to extensive federal, state and local environmental and safety laws and regulations enforced by various agencies, including the Environmental Protection Agency (the "EPA"), the United States Department of Transportation, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, as well as numerous state, regional and local environmental, safety and pipeline agencies. These laws and regulations govern the discharge of materials into the environment, waste management practices, pollution prevention measures, as well as the safe operation of our pipelines and the safety of our workers and the public. Numerous permits or other authorizations are required under these laws and regulations for the operation of our terminals, pipelines, saltwells, trucks, and related operations, and may be subject to revocation, modification and renewal. These laws and permits raise potential exposure to future claims and lawsuits involving environmental and safety matters which could include soil and water contamination, air pollution, personal injury and property damage allegedly caused by substances which we handled, used, released, disposed of, transported, or that relate to pre-existing conditions for which we have assumed responsibility. We believe that our current operations are in substantial compliance with existing environmental and safety requirements. However, there have been, and we expect that there will continue to be ongoing discussions about environmental and safety matters between us and federal and state authorities, including notices of violations, citations and other enforcement actions, some of which have resulted or may result in changes to operating procedures and in capital expenditures. While it is often difficult to quantify future environmental or safety related expenditures, we anticipate that continuing capital investments and changes in operating procedures will be required to comply with existing and new requirements, as well as evolving interpretations and more strict enforcement of existing laws and regulations.
Releases of hydrocarbons or hazardous substances into the environment could, to the extent the event is not insured, or is not a reimbursable event under the Omnibus Agreement, subject us to substantial expenses, including costs to respond to, contain and remediate a release, to comply with applicable laws and regulations and to resolve claims by third parties for personal injury, property damage or natural resources damages. See "Hazardous Substances and Waste" below for additional information on regulations pertaining to releases into the environment. These impacts could directly and indirectly affect our business. We cannot currently determine the amounts of such future impacts. There have been and will continue to be ongoing discussions about environmental and safety matters between us and federal and state authorities, including notices of violations, citations and other enforcement actions, some of which have resulted or may result in changes to operating procedures and in capital expenditures. See Note 17 to the consolidated financial statements in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for a discussion of commitments and contingencies related to crude oil releases.
Indemnification
Under the Omnibus Agreement, Delek Holdings has agreed to indemnify us for certain environmental matters associated with the ownership of our assets as specified therein, including matters arising from operations by Delek Holdings at or before the time of our acquisition of these assets from Delek Holdings.
Air Emissions and Climate Change
Our operations are subject to the Clean Air Act (the "CAA") and its regulations and comparable state and local statutes. Under these laws, permits may be required before construction can commence on a new source of potentially significant air emissions, and operating permits may be required for sources that are already constructed. These permits may require controls on our air emission sources, and we may become subject to more stringent regulations requiring the installation of additional or different emission control technologies. Any such future obligations may require us to incur significant additional capital or operating costs. These air emissions requirements also affect Delek Holdings' refineries, from which we receive a substantial portion of our revenues. In the future, Delek Holdings may be required to incur significant capital expenditures to comply with new legislative and regulatory requirements relating to its operations. To the extent these capital expenditures have a material effect on Delek Holdings, they could have a material effect on our business and results of operations.    
Environmental advocacy groups and regulatory agencies in the United States and other countries have focused considerable attention on the emissions of carbon dioxide, methane and other greenhouse gases ("GHGs") and their potential role in climate change. Developments in GHG initiatives that result in GHG-related requirements that disproportionately affect the cost of energy from oil in comparison to competing energy sources could affect demand for our services. Due to the uncertainties surrounding the risks and regulatory framework associated with greenhouse gas emissions, the financial impact of related developments cannot be estimated at this time.


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Renewable Fuel Standard
The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 ("EISA") was enacted into federal law in December 2007 created the Renewable Fuel Standard - 2 ("RFS-2") rule. RFS-2 requires the amounts of renewable fuel sold or introduced in the United States to increase each year, reaching 36 billion gallons by 2022. Meeting RFS-2 requires displacing increasing amounts of petroleum-based transportation fuels with biofuels, beginning with approximately 7.8% in 2011, 10.1% in 2016, 10.7% in 2017 and 2018, 10.97% in 2019 and 11.56% in 2020. Although Delek Holdings’ refineries are obligated parties under this rule, our entities are not obligated parties and have no requirement to blend specific volumes of renewable fuels. However, the requirements could reduce future demand for petroleum products and thereby have an indirect effect on certain aspects of our business. Alternatively, it could increase demand for our ethanol and biodiesel fuel blending services at our truck loading racks.
Hazardous Substances and Waste
Many of the environmental laws and regulations affecting our operations relate to the release of hazardous substances or solid wastes into water or soils and include measures to control pollution of the environment. These laws generally regulate the generation, storage, treatment, transportation and disposal of solid and hazardous waste. They also require corrective action, including investigation and remediation, at a facility where such waste may have been released or disposed. For instance, the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act ("CERCLA"), which is also known as Superfund, and comparable state laws, impose liability without regard to fault or to the legality of the original conduct, on certain classes of persons that contributed to the release of a “hazardous substance” into the environment. These persons include the owner or operator of the site where the release occurred and companies that disposed of, or arranged for the disposal of, the hazardous substances found at the site. Under CERCLA, these persons may be subject to joint and several liability for the costs of cleaning up the hazardous substances that have been released into the environment, for damages to natural resources and for the costs of certain health studies. CERCLA also authorizes the EPA and, in some instances, third parties to act in response to threats to the public health or the environment and to seek to recover from the responsible classes of persons the costs they incur. In the course of our ordinary operations, we generate waste that falls within CERCLA’s definition of a “hazardous substance” and, as a result, may be jointly and severally liable under CERCLA for all or part of the costs required to clean up certain sites. However, we have not been identified as a potentially responsible party at any Superfund-regulated sites.
We also generate small quantities of solid wastes, including hazardous wastes that are subject to the requirements of the federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act ("RCRA"), and comparable state laws. From time to time, the EPA considers the adoption of stricter disposal standards for non-hazardous wastes, including crude oil and refined products wastes. We are not currently required to comply with a substantial portion of the RCRA requirements, because our operations generate minimal quantities of hazardous wastes. However, it is possible that additional wastes, which could include wastes currently generated during operations, will in the future be designated as “hazardous wastes.” Hazardous wastes are subject to more rigorous and costly disposal requirements than are non-hazardous wastes. Any changes in the regulations could increase our, and our competitors’, maintenance, capital expenditures and operating expenses.
We currently own and lease, and Delek Holdings has in the past owned and leased, properties where hydrocarbons are being or have been handled for many years. Although we have utilized operating and disposal practices that were standard in the industry at the time, hydrocarbons or other waste may have been disposed of or released on or under the properties owned or leased by us or on or under other locations where these wastes have been taken for disposal. In addition, many of these properties have been operated by third parties whose treatment and disposal or release of hydrocarbons or other wastes were not under our control. These properties and wastes disposed thereon may be subject to CERCLA, RCRA, and analogous state laws. Under these laws, we could be required to remove or remediate previously disposed wastes (including wastes disposed of or released by prior owners or operators) to clean up contaminated property (including contaminated groundwater) or to perform remedial operations to prevent future contamination.
Water
Our operations can result in the discharge of pollutants, including crude oil and refined products. Several of our pipelines and terminals are located near, or cross under or over, environmentally sensitive waters, such as streams, creeks, rivers, lakes and wetlands. The transportation and storage of crude oil and refined products over and adjacent to water involves risk and subjects us to the provisions of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (the "OPA"), the Water Pollution Control Act of 1972 (the "Clean Water Act") and related state requirements. These requirements subject owners of covered facilities to strict, joint and potentially unlimited liability for containment and removal costs, natural resource damages and certain other consequences of an oil spill where the spill is into navigable waters, along shorelines or in the exclusive economic zone of the United States. In the event of an oil spill into navigable waters, substantial liabilities could be imposed upon us. States in which we operate have also enacted similar and, in some cases, more stringent laws.
Regulations under the Clean Water Act, the OPA and state laws also impose additional regulatory burdens on our operations. Spill prevention control and countermeasure requirements of federal laws and some state laws require containment to mitigate or prevent contamination of navigable waters in the event of an oil overflow, rupture or leak. For example, the Clean Water Act requires us to maintain spill prevention control and countermeasure plans at many of our facilities. In addition, the OPA requires that most oil transport and storage companies maintain and update various oil spill prevention and oil spill contingency plans. We maintain such plans, and
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where required have submitted plans and received federal and state approvals necessary to comply with the OPA, the Clean Water Act and related regulations. We regularly review and modify our crude oil and refined product spill prevention plans and procedures to help prevent crude oil and refined product releases and to minimize potential impacts should a release occur.
The Clean Water Act also imposes restrictions and strict controls regarding the discharge of pollutants into navigable waters. Our facilities contract with third parties for wastewater disposal, discharge to local Publicly Owned Treatment Works, or discharge under the terms of a National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System permit for wastewater and stormwater. In the event regulatory requirements change, or interpretations of current requirements change, and our facilities are required to undertake different wastewater management arrangements, we could incur substantial additional costs. The Clean Water Act imposes substantial potential liability for the violation of permits or permitting requirements and for the costs of removal, remediation, and damages resulting from such discharges. In addition, some states maintain groundwater protection programs that require permits for discharges or operations that may impact groundwater conditions.
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Risk Factors
ITEM 1A.  RISK FACTORS
An investment in the Partnership involves a high degree of risk. Numerous factors, including those discussed below in Item 1A, Risk Factors, may limit our ability to successfully execute our business and growth strategies. You should carefully consider all of the information set forth and incorporated by reference in this Annual Report in deciding whether to invest in the Partnership. Among these important risks are the following:
Our relationship with Delek Holdings and its financial condition subjects us to potential risks that are beyond our control.
If we are unable to generate sufficient cash flow, our ability to pay quarterly distributions to our common unitholders, at all or at current levels or our ability to increase our quarterly distributions in the future could be impaired materially.
Our assets and operations are subject to federal, state and local laws and regulations relating to environmental protection, pipeline integrity and safety that could require us to make substantial expenditures. In addition, our business involves the risks of spills, releases and emissions from our facilities, which could require us to make substantial expenditures and subject us to fines and penalties.
A material decrease in wholesale fuel margins or in the quantity of barrels sold to wholesale customers could adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to service our indebtedness and ability to make distribution to unitholders.
If Delek Holdings satisfies only its minimum obligations under, or if we are unable to renew or extend, the various commercial agreements we have with Delek Holdings, our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to service our indebtedness and ability to make distributions to unitholders could suffer.
A material reduction in the volumes of crude oil or refined products that we handle for Delek Holdings could adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to make distributions to unitholders. Our substantial dependence on Delek Holdings' Tyler, El Dorado and Big Spring refineries, as well as the lack of diversification of our assets and geographic locations, could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to service our indebtedness and ability to make distributions to unitholders.
A material decrease in the supply of attractively priced crude oil could materially reduce the volumes of crude oil and refined products that we transport and store, which could materially and adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to service our indebtedness and ability to make distributions to our unitholders.
Our ability to expand may be limited if Delek Holdings’ business does not grow as expected.
The costs, scope, timelines and benefits of any construction projects we undertake may deviate significantly from our original plans and estimates, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to service our indebtedness and ability to make distributions to unitholders.
A shortage of skilled labor or disruptions in our labor force may make it difficult for us to maintain labor productivity.
If we are unable to obtain needed capital or financing on satisfactory terms to fund expansions of our asset base, our ability to make quarterly cash distributions may be diminished or our financial leverage could increase.
An interruption or reduction of supply and delivery of refined products to our wholesale marketing business could result in a decline in our sales and profitability.
We are exposed to the credit risks and certain other risks of our key customers and other contractual counterparties, including Delek Holdings, and any material nonpayment or nonperformance by our key customers or other counterparties could adversely affect our business.
Restrictions in our revolving credit facility and in the indenture governing the 2025 Notes could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to make quarterly cash distributions to our unitholders.
Our debt levels may limit our flexibility to obtain financing and to pursue other business opportunities.
Transportation on certain of our pipelines is subject to federal or state regulation, and the imposition and/or cost of compliance with such regulation could adversely affect our operations and cash flows available for distribution to our unitholders.
Delek Holdings’ level of indebtedness, the terms of its borrowings and any future credit ratings could adversely affect our ability to grow our business, our ability to make cash distributions to our unitholders and our credit profile. Our current and future credit ratings may also be affected by Delek Holdings’ level of indebtedness and creditworthiness.
Our right of first offer to acquire certain of Delek Holdings’ existing logistics assets and certain assets that it may acquire or construct in the future is subject to risks and uncertainty, and we ultimately may not acquire any of those assets.
Climate change legislation or regulations restricting emissions of greenhouse gases could result in increased operating and capital costs and reduced demand for our products and services.
Our general partner and its affiliates, including Delek Holdings, have conflicts of interest with us and limited duties to us and our unitholders, and they may favor their own interests to the detriment of us and our other common unitholders.
Our Partnership Agreement replaces the fiduciary duties that would otherwise be owed by our general partner with contractual standards governing its duties.
Delek Holdings may compete with us.
Holders of our common limited partner units have limited voting rights and are not entitled to elect our general partner or its directors.
Our Partnership Agreement restricts the voting rights of unitholders owning 20% or more of our common limited partner units.
The NYSE does not require a publicly traded limited partnership like us to comply with certain of its corporate governance requirements.
Our unitholders are required to pay income taxes on their share of our taxable income even if they do not receive any cash distributions from us. A unitholder's share of our taxable income, and its relationship to any distributions we make, may be affected by a variety of factors, including our economic performance, transactions in which we engage or changes in law and may be substantially different from any estimate we make in connection with a unit offering.
As a result of investing in our common limited partner units, our unitholders may be subject to state and local taxes and return filing requirements in jurisdictions where we operate or own or acquire properties.
The ongoing COVID-19 Pandemic and certain developments in the global oil market have had, and may continue to have, an adverse impact on our business, our future results of operations and our overall financial performance.
Risks Relating to Our Business
Our relationship with Delek Holdings and their financial condition subjects us to potential risks that are beyond our control.
Delek Holdings, directly or indirectly, accounted for approximately 89%, 87% and 83% of our contribution margin for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019 and 2018, respectively, and is the only customer for a substantial majority of our assets, including but not limited to our assets used to support the Tyler Refinery and the majority of our terminalling assets. In addition, Delek Holdings is, effectively, through supply and offtake agreements with its assignee, the principal customer for our Big Spring Logistics Assets used to support the Big Spring Refinery and our Lion Pipeline System, the Gathering Assets, our El Dorado, Memphis and North Little Rock terminals. Please see Items 1 and 2. "Business and Properties—Delek Holdings' Crude Oil and Refined Products Supply and Offtake Arrangement." As we expect to continue to derive the substantial majority of our margins from Delek Holdings, either directly or indirectly, for the foreseeable future, we are subject to the risk of nonpayment, nonperformance or underperformance by Delek Holdings under our commercial agreements. In addition, we are subject to the risk of nonpayment, nonperformance or underperformance by Delek Holdings’ assignees. If Delek Holdings were to significantly decrease, or cause the significant decrease of, the materials transported on our pipelines or the volumes of refined products handled at our terminals, whether because of business or operational difficulties or strategic decisions by Delek Holdings’ management, it is unlikely that we would be able to utilize any additional capacity on our pipelines or terminal facilities to service third-party customers without substantial capital outlays and delays, if at all, which could materially and adversely affect our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows. Likewise, the terms of Delek Holdings' obligations under its agreements with us are for initial terms ranging from five years to ten years, with options to extend at the election of Delek Holdings. If Delek Holdings fails to renew these contracts as they come up for renewal, or if Delek Holdings fails to use our assets and services after the expiration of the agreements, or should our agreements be invalidated as a result of our performance failure or for any other reason, and we are unable to generate revenue from third parties with respect to such assets, we could be materially and adversely affected. See Note 4 to the consolidated financial statements in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, for a complete discussion of our material commercial agreements with Delek Holdings. Additionally, any event, whether in our areas of operation or otherwise, that materially and adversely affects Delek Holdings’ or its assignees' operations, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows may adversely affect us and our business and, therefore, our ability to sustain or increase cash distributions to our unitholders. Accordingly, we are indirectly subject to the operational and business risks of Delek Holdings and its assignees, including, but not limited to, the following:
the timing and extent of changes in the costs and availability of crude oil and other refinery feedstocks (including prolonged periods of low crude oil prices that could impact production of inland crude oil and reduce the amount of cost advantaged crude oil available and/or the discount of such crude oil as compared to other crude oil) and in the price and demand for Delek Holdings' refined products;
the risk of contract cancellation, non-renewal or failure to perform by Delek Holdings’ suppliers or customers, and Delek Holdings’ inability to replace such suppliers, contracts, customers and/or revenues;
disruptions due to equipment interruption or failure or other events at Delek Holdings’ facilities, or at third-party facilities on which Delek Holdings’ business is dependent;
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the effects of economic downturns on Delek Holdings’ business and the business of its suppliers, customers, business partners and lenders;
changes in global and local economic conditions, e.g., as a result of the outbreak of the COVID-19 Pandemic;
Delek Holdings’ ability to remain in compliance with its contracts;
Delek Holdings’ ability to remain in compliance with the terms of its outstanding and any future indebtedness;
changes in the cost or availability of third-party pipelines, terminals and other means of delivering and transporting crude oil, feedstocks and refined products;
state and federal environmental, economic, health and safety, energy and other policies and regulations, and any changes in those policies and regulations;
environmental incidents and violations and related remediation costs, fines and other liabilities; and
changes in crude oil and refined product inventory levels and carrying costs.
Additionally, Delek Holdings continually considers opportunities presented by third parties with respect to its refinery assets. These opportunities may include offers to purchase certain assets and joint venture propositions. Delek Holdings may also change its refineries’ operations by constructing new facilities, suspending or reducing certain operations, or modifying or closing facilities. Changes may be considered to meet market demands, to satisfy regulatory requirements or environmental and safety objectives, to improve operational efficiency or for other reasons. Delek Holdings actively manages its assets and operations, and, therefore, changes of some nature, possibly material to its business relationship with us, could occur in the future.
Furthermore, conflicts of interest may arise between Delek Holdings and its affiliates, including our general partner, on the one hand, and us and our unitholders, on the other hand. We have no control over Delek Holdings or our general partner, and Delek Holdings may elect to pursue a business strategy or make other decisions that do not favor us or our business. See “Risks Relating to Our Partnership Structure—Our general partner and its affiliates, including Delek Holdings, have conflicts of interest with us and limited duties to us and our unitholders, and they may favor their own interests to the detriment of us and our other common unitholders.”
The current COVID-19 Pandemic, any related “subsequent waves” of the COVID-19 Pandemic or an additional regional or global disease outbreak, and certain developments in the global oil markets have had, may continue to have, or may have an adverse impact on our business, our future results of operations and our overall financial performance.
The COVID-19 outbreak and its development into a pandemic in March 2020 (the “COVID-19 Pandemic” or the “Pandemic”) could materially adversely affect our business and operations beyond 2020. In early 2020, global health care systems and economies began to experience strain from the spread of the COVID-19 coronavirus. As the virus spread, global economic activity began to slow and future economic activity was forecast to slow with a resulting forecast of a decline in oil and gas demand. The global COVID-19 Pandemic has resulted in a dramatic reduction in airline flights and has reduced the number of vehicles on the road. Governmental actions in response to the COVID-19 Pandemic have resulted in significant business and economic disruptions in the markets we serve, including business closures, supply chain disruptions, travel restrictions, stay-at-home orders, and limitations on the availability and effectiveness of the workforce. These impacts have negatively impacted and will likely continue to negatively impact worldwide economic and commercial activity, financial markets, and demand for and prices of oil and gas products for the foreseeable future. These impacts may also precipitate a prolonged economic slowdown and recession.
In response to the decline in demand, OPEC participating countries have agreed to adjust downwards their overall production of crude oil through April 30, 2022, with the agreement to be reassessed in December 2021. However, uncertainty about the duration of the COVID-19 Pandemic and its effect on economic activity has continued to place downward pressure on commodity prices.
Global economic growth drives demand for energy from all sources, including fossil fuels. Should the U.S. and global economies experience weakness, demand for energy may decline. Similarly, should growth in global energy production outstrip demand, excess supplies may arise. Declines in demand and excess supplies may result in accompanying declines in commodity prices and deterioration of our financial position along with our ability to operate profitably and our ability to obtain financing to support operations. With respect to our business, we have experienced periodic declines in demand thought to be associated with slowing economic growth in certain markets, including the effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic, coupled with new oil and gas supplies coming on line and other circumstances beyond our control that resulted in oil and gas supply exceeding global demand which, in turn, resulted in steep declines in prices of oil and natural gas. There can be no assurance as to how long the current price decline will persist or that a recurrence of price weakness will not arise in the future.
The COVID-19 Pandemic has resulted in modifications to our business practices, including limiting employee and contractor presence at certain work locations, limiting travel, and reducing capital expenditures. We may take further actions as required by government authorities or that we determine are in the best interests of our employees, contractors, customers, suppliers and communities. However, there is no assurance that such measures will be sufficient to mitigate the risks posed by the virus, and our ability to successfully execute
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our business operations could be adversely impacted. In addition, while we have had no COVID-related impairments to date, the continued effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic could result in impairments of long-lived or indefinite-lived assets, including goodwill, at some point in the future. Such impairment charges could be material. Also, our relationship with Delek Holdings subjects us to the risk that the COVID-19 Pandemic may impact the financial condition, financial results or cash flows of Delek Holdings, may adversely affect us and our business and, therefore, our ability to sustain or increase cash distributions to our unitholders.
The full impact of the ongoing COVID-19 Pandemic is unknown and is rapidly evolving. It is difficult to predict how significant the impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic, “subsequent waves” of the COVID-19 Pandemic, or an additional regional or global disease outbreak, including any responses to such events, will be on the United States and global economies and our business or for how long disruptions are likely to continue. The extent of such impact will depend on future developments and factors outside of our control, including new information which may emerge concerning the severity or duration of the COVID-19 Pandemic, the evolving governmental and private sector actions to contain the pandemic or treat its health, economic, and other impacts, and the timing and effectiveness of the ongoing rollout of currently available vaccines.
The ultimate extent of the impact of the volatile conditions in the oil and gas industry on our business, financial condition, results of operation and liquidity will also depend largely on future developments, including the extent and duration of any price reductions, any additional decisions by OPEC and the lack of resolution of disputes between the members of OPEC+.
To the extent the COVID-19 Pandemic and the developments in the global oil markets adversely affects our or Delek Holdings' business, financial condition, results of operation and liquidity, they may also impact our ability to sustain or increase quarterly distributions to our common unitholders or have the effect of heightening many of the other risks described in this “Risk Factors” section of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Our operations are subject to many risks and operational hazards, some of which may result in business interruptions and shutdowns of our facilities and liability for damages. If a significant accident or event occurs that results in a business interruption or shutdown, our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to service our indebtedness and ability to make distributions to unitholders could be adversely affected.
Our operations are subject to all of the risks and operational hazards inherent in gathering, transporting and storing crude oil and intermediate and refined and other products, including:
business interruption due to maintenance and repairs or mechanical or structural failures with respect to our assets, or our facilities or with respect to third-party assets or facilities on which our operations are dependent, including Delek Holdings’ assets or facilities;
operational errors that result in a loss of physical integrity or performance in our pipelines and facilities;
deterioration of the condition of our pipelines and facilities through age, use and disuse;
damages to our assets and surrounding properties caused by earthquakes, floods, fires, severe weather, explosions and other natural disasters and acts of sabotage or terrorism;
damages to and loss of availability of interconnecting third-party pipelines, terminals and other means of delivering crude oil, feedstocks and refined petroleum products;
the inability of third-party facilities on which our operations are dependent, including Delek Holdings’ facilities, to complete capital projects and to restart timely refining operations following a shutdown;
curtailments of operations as a result of severe seasonal weather;
inadvertent damage to pipelines from construction, farm and utility equipment;
constrained pipeline and storage infrastructure;
disruption or failure of information technology systems and network infrastructure due to various causes, including unauthorized access or attacks; and
other hazards.
These risks could result in substantial losses due to personal injury and/or loss of life, damage to and destruction of property and equipment and pollution or other environmental damage, as well as business interruptions or shutdowns of our assets and facilities. Any such event or unplanned shutdown could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, Delek Holdings’ refining operations, on which our operations are substantially dependent and over which we have no control, are subject to these and other operational hazards and risks inherent in refining crude oil. A significant accident or event, such as described above at Delek Holdings’ facilities, could damage or destroy our assets, expose us to significant liability and could affect Delek Holdings’ ability and/or obligation to satisfy the minimum volume commitments under our commercial agreements with Delek Holdings, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
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Further, significant portions of our pipeline systems, including our gathering system, and storage and terminalling facilities have been in service for many decades, which could enhance the risks and operational hazards discussed above. The age and condition of our systems could also result in increased maintenance or repair expenditures, and any downtime associated with increased maintenance and repair activities could materially reduce our revenue. Any significant increase in maintenance and repair expenditures or loss of revenue due to the age or condition of our systems could adversely affect our business and results of operations and our ability to make cash distributions to our unitholders.
Our insurance policies and contractual protections from Delek Holdings do not cover all losses, costs or liabilities that we may experience, and insurance companies that currently insure companies in the energy industry may cease to do so or substantially increase premiums.
We are insured under Delek Holdings' insurance policies, subject to the terms, retentions and limits under those policies. To the extent Delek Holdings experiences losses under the insurance policies, the limits of our coverage may be decreased. In addition, we are not insured against all potential losses, costs or liabilities. We could suffer losses for uninsurable or uninsured risks or in amounts in excess of existing insurance coverage. In addition, because Delek Holdings’ time element insurance has up to a 60 day waiting period, a significant part, or all, of a business interruption loss or additional expenses loss could be uninsured. The occurrence of an event that is not fully covered by insurance could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
The energy industry is highly capital intensive, and the entire or partial loss of individual facilities or multiple facilities can result in significant costs to both energy industry companies, such as us, and their insurance carriers. Large energy industry claims could result in significant increases in the level of premium costs and deductibles for participants in the energy industry. Insurance companies that have historically participated in underwriting energy-related facilities may discontinue that practice, may reduce the insurance coverage they are willing to offer or demand significantly higher premiums or deductibles. If significant changes occur in the number or financial solvency of insurance underwriters for the energy industry, or if other adverse conditions over which we have no control prevail in the insurance market, we may be unable to obtain and maintain adequate insurance at a reasonable cost.
Furthermore, any losses under the insurance policies experienced by Delek Holdings may impact our ability to obtain, renew or arrange for adequate alternative coverage. The unavailability of full insurance coverage to cover events in which we suffer significant losses could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Under the Omnibus Agreement, Delek Holdings has also agreed to reimburse us for certain losses related to certain asset failures, which provisions expire at various times depending on the asset involved. See Items 1 and 2. "Business and Properties—Commercial Agreements—Other Agreements with Delek Holdings." However, upon such expiration, or if Delek Holdings were to default under the Omnibus Agreement or otherwise fail to satisfy its obligations to us, and insurance coverage was not otherwise available or was otherwise available only at substantial retention levels or cost, we could suffer significant losses that could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
If we are unable to generate sufficient cash flow, our ability to pay quarterly distributions to our common unitholders at all or at current levels or our ability to increase our quarterly distributions in the future could be impaired materially.
Our ability to pay quarterly distributions depends primarily on cash flow, including cash flow from operations, cash from financial reserves, cash from credit facilities and cash from potential capital markets transactions, and not solely on profitability, which is affected by non-cash items. As a result, we may pay cash distributions during periods of losses and may be unable to pay cash distributions during periods of income. Our ability to generate sufficient cash flow is largely dependent on our ability to manage our business successfully, but may also be affected by economic, financial, competitive, regulatory and other factors beyond our control. For example, we may not be able to obtain debt or equity financing on terms that are favorable to us, if at all, and we may be required to fund our working capital requirements principally with cash generated by our operations and borrowings under our credit facilities and not to increase or pay distributions.
We may not have sufficient available cash each quarter to enable us to pay distributions at current levels or at all. In addition, even if we are able to make distributions, because the cash we generate will fluctuate from quarter to quarter, quarterly distributions, or any period over period growth in such distributions, may also fluctuate, or even decrease, from quarter to quarter. Any failure to pay distributions at expected levels could result in a loss of investor confidence and a decrease in the trading price of our units.
Our assets and operations are subject to federal, state and local laws and regulations relating to environmental protection, pipeline integrity and safety that could require us to make substantial expenditures. In addition, our business involves the risks of spills, releases and emissions from our facilities, which could require us to make substantial expenditures and subject us to fines and penalties. These expenditures could have a material impact on our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to service our indebtedness and ability to make distributions to unitholders.
Our assets and operations involve the transportation and storage of crude oil and products, which are subject to increasingly stringent and extensive federal, state and local laws and regulations related to the discharge and remediation of materials in the environment, greenhouse gas emissions, waste management, species and habitat preservation, pollution prevention, pipeline integrity and other safety-related regulations, and characteristics and composition of fuels. These laws and regulations require us to comply with various safety
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requirements regarding the design, installation, testing, construction and operational management of certain of our assets. These requirements have raised operating costs, and compliance with such laws and regulations may cause us to incur potentially material capital expenditures associated with the construction, maintenance and upgrading of equipment and facilities. Environmental laws and regulations, in particular, are subject to frequent change, and many of them have become and may continue to become more stringent.
Transportation and storage of crude oil and products involves inherent risks of spills and releases and emissions into the air from our facilities, and can subject us to various federal and state laws governing spills and releases, including reporting and remediation obligations. We have historically experienced multiple releases and spills from our facilities and are subject to ongoing remediation and/or monitoring projects and enforcement actions. The costs associated with such obligations can be substantial, as can costs associated with related enforcement matters, including possible fines and penalties. Transportation of crude oil and products over water, or proximate to navigable bodies of water, involves inherent risks (including risks of spills) and could subject us to the provisions of the OPA, the Clean Water Act and similar state environmental laws should a spill occur from our facilities. See Items 1 and 2. "Business and Properties—Governmental Regulation and Environmental Matters—Water." Among other things, the OPA requires us to prepare a facility response plan identifying the personnel and equipment necessary to remove, to the maximum extent practicable, a “worst case discharge.” While our plans are designed to mitigate environmental impacts, such plans may not protect us from all liability associated with the discharge of crude oil or products into navigable waters.
With respect to the releases that have occurred, or for an event that occurs or is discovered in the future, whether in connection with any of our assets or any other facility to which we send or have sent waste or by-products for treatment or disposal, or a facility or assets that we may acquire from time to time as part of our ongoing growth strategy, we could be liable for all costs and penalties associated with the remediation of such facilities under federal, state and local environmental laws or common law. We may also be liable for personal injury, property damage and natural resource damage claims from third parties alleging contamination from spills or releases from our facilities or operations. In addition, even if we are insured against such risks, we may be responsible for costs or penalties to the extent our insurers do not fulfill their obligations to us or our insurance policies do not cover such items. Our failure to comply with these, or any other environmental, pipeline integrity or safety-related laws or regulations, could result in the assessment of administrative, civil or criminal penalties, the imposition of investigatory and remedial liabilities and the issuance of injunctions that may subject us to additional operational constraints. In addition, we could incur potentially significant additional expenses should we determine that any of our assets are not in compliance with such laws or regulations in order to bring our assets into compliance. Any such expenses, penalties or liabilities could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations. While we are entitled to reimbursement or indemnification from Delek Holdings for certain environmental liabilities under the Omnibus Agreement, such reimbursement or indemnification may not fully cover any damages we may incur, or Delek Holdings may default on or otherwise fail to satisfy its obligations to us, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.
Further, certain of our pipeline facilities are subject to the pipeline safety regulations of PHMSA at the DOT. PHMSA regulates the design, construction, testing, operation, maintenance, reporting and emergency response of crude oil, petroleum products and other hazardous liquid pipeline facilities.
PHMSA has adopted regulations requiring pipeline operators to develop integrity management programs for hazardous liquids pipelines located where a leak or rupture could affect “high consequence areas” that are populated or environmentally sensitive areas, although recent rulemaking is extending certain requirements beyond high consequence areas. PHMSA has also issued regulations that subject certain rural low-stress hazardous liquids pipelines to the integrity management requirements. The integrity management regulations require operators, including us, to:
perform ongoing assessments of pipeline integrity;
identify and characterize applicable threats to pipeline segments that could impact a high consequence area;
maintain processes for data collection, integration and analysis;
repair and remediate pipelines as necessary; and
implement preventive and mitigating actions.
PHMSA also carries out the Pipeline Safety, Regulatory Certainty and Job Creation Act of 2011 (the "2011 Pipeline Safety Act"), which increased penalties for safety violations, established additional safety requirements for newly constructed pipelines, imposed new emergency response and incident notification requirements and required studies of certain safety issues that could result in the adoption of new regulatory requirements for existing pipelines. The Protecting our Infrastructure of Pipelines and Enhancing Safety Act (the "PIPES Act") was finalized in 2016, reauthorizing PHMSA’s pipeline safety programs through 2019 and directing PHMSA to complete unfinished mandates of the 2011 Pipeline Safety Act. The PIPES Act of 2020 was enacted on December 27, 2020 and reauthorizes the U.S. federal pipeline safety program after the PIPES Act of 2016 expired on September 30, 2019.
We may incur significant costs and liabilities associated with compliance with pipeline safety regulations, and any corresponding repair, remediation, preventive or mitigation measures required for our non-exempt pipeline facilities, including lost cash flows resulting from shutting down our pipelines during the pendency of such repairs. Moreover, changes to pipeline safety laws and regulations that result in
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more stringent or costly pipeline integrity management or safety standards could have a material adverse effect on us and similarly situated operators.
A material decrease in wholesale fuel margins or in the quantity of barrels sold to wholesale customers could adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to service our indebtedness and ability to make distribution to unitholders.
Our wholesale fuel sales in our West Texas business are made to third party customers. The margins we earn on these sales, and the quantity of barrels we sell, are dependent on a number of factors outside our control, including the overall supply of refined products, overall market conditions, the demand for these products, competition from third parties, the price of ethanol and the value of renewable identification numbers ("RINs") we receive from blending renewable fuels. Specifically, among other circumstances, the margins we earn through these activities may be adversely impacted in the event of excess supply of refined products or decreased customer demand. Political instability and global health crises, such as the COVID-19 Pandemic, can also impact the global economy and decrease worldwide demand for oil and refined products. These supply and demand dynamics are subject to day-to-day variability and may result in volatility in the margins that we achieve. These, and other dynamics, may also result in our customers reducing their purchases of product from us in favor of purchasing more product from other refiners or suppliers. Further, decreases in the value of RINs could impact our margins in our wholesale business. In addition, our margins are affected by the price we pay for ethanol, which is blended into certain refined products. We occasionally lock in ethanol prices by committing to purchase ethanol in the future at a certain price. If the spot price for ethanol at the time we actually take delivery of such product is less than what we paid for it, our margins could be negatively impacted. Price risk management programs established to hedge price volatility may not perform as intended, which may negatively impact our margins. Extended periods of market conditions that result in us earning margins lower than anticipated or in us selling fewer barrels of product to wholesale customers, for any of the reasons set forth above or otherwise, could adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
Our contract counterparties may suspend, reduce or terminate their obligations under our various commercial agreements in certain circumstances, including events of force majeure, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to service our indebtedness and ability to make distributions to unitholders.
Our commercial agreements with Delek Holdings and third parties provide that the counterparty may, depending on the commercial agreement, suspend, reduce or terminate its obligations to us under the applicable agreement, including the requirement to pay the fees associated with the applicable minimum volume commitments, in the event of (i) a material breach of the agreement by us, (ii) in the case of Delek Holdings, Delek Holdings deciding to permanently or indefinitely suspend refining operations at one or more of its refineries, or (iii) the occurrence of certain force majeure events that would prevent us or the third party from performing our or its obligations under the applicable agreement. Force majeure events may include any acts or occurrences that prevent services from being performed either by us or such third party under the applicable agreement, such as:
acts of God;
strikes, lockouts or other industrial disturbances;
acts of the public enemy, wars, blockades, insurrections, riots or civil disturbances;
storms, floods or washouts;
arrests or the order of any court or governmental authority having jurisdiction while the same is in force and effect;
explosions, breakage or accident to machinery, storage tanks or lines of pipe;
any inability to obtain, or unavoidable delay in obtaining, material or equipment;
any inability to deliver crude oil or refined products because of a failure of third-party pipelines; and
any other causes not reasonably within the control of the party claiming suspension and which by the exercise of due diligence such party is unable to prevent or overcome.
Our counterparties have discretion in certain circumstances to decide to suspend, reduce or terminate their obligations under our commercial agreements notwithstanding the fact that their decisions may significantly and adversely affect us.
Accordingly, there exists a broad range of events that could result in our being unable to utilize our assets, and Delek Holdings or its assignee or a third party, as the case may be, no longer having an obligation to meet its minimum volume commitments or pay the amounts otherwise owing under the applicable agreement. Furthermore, a single event relating to one of Delek Holdings’ refineries could have a material impact on multiple of our commercial agreements with Delek Holdings or its assignee. Any reduction, suspension or termination of any of our commercial agreements could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to make distributions to unitholders.
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If Delek Holdings satisfies only its minimum obligations under, or if we are unable to renew or extend, the various commercial agreements we have with Delek Holdings, our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to service our indebtedness and ability to make distributions to unitholders could suffer.
Delek Holdings is not obligated to use, or to pay us with respect to our services, for volumes of crude oil or refined products in excess of the minimum volume commitments under the various commercial agreements with us. During refinery maintenance and inspection turnarounds, which typically last 30 to 60 days and are performed every four to five years, and during other planned or unplanned maintenance periods, Delek Holdings is only required to satisfy its minimum volume commitments during such periods with respect to our assets that serve the refinery. In addition, the initial terms of Delek Holdings’ obligations under those agreements range from five to ten years, unless earlier terminated as described above, with Delek Holdings having the option to renew. If Delek Holdings fails to use our services for volumes of crude oil or refined products in excess of the minimum volume commitments or fails to use our facilities and services after expiration of those agreements, or if Delek Holdings terminates those agreements prior to their expiration, and we are unable to generate additional revenues from third parties, our ability to make cash distributions to unitholders may be impaired.
A material reduction in the volumes of crude oil or refined products that we handle for Delek Holdings could adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to make distributions to unitholders. Our substantial dependence on Delek Holdings' Tyler, El Dorado and Big Spring refineries, as well as the lack of diversification of our assets and geographic locations, could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to service our indebtedness and ability to make distributions to unitholders.
If the demand for refined products, particularly in Delek Holdings’ primary market areas, decreases significantly, or if there were a material increase in the price of crude oil supplied to the Tyler, El Dorado or Big Spring refineries without an increase in the value of the refined products produced by those refineries, either temporary or permanent, which caused Delek Holdings to reduce production of refined products at its refineries, there would likely be a reduction in the volumes of crude oil and refined products we handle for Delek Holdings. Any such reduction could adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to service our indebtedness and ability to make distributions to our unitholders.
We believe that a substantial majority of our gross and contribution margins for the foreseeable future will be derived from the operation of our pipelines, gathering systems and terminal and storage facilities that support the Tyler, El Dorado and Big Spring refineries and are primarily located in Arkansas and Texas and, to a lesser degree, Louisiana and Tennessee. Any event that renders any Delek Holdings refinery temporarily or permanently unavailable could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to make distributions to our unitholders. Due to our lack of diversification in assets and geographic location, an adverse development in our businesses or areas of operations, including adverse developments due to catastrophic events, weather, regulatory action and decreases in demand for crude oil and refined products, could have a significantly greater impact on our results of operations and cash available for distribution to our common unitholders than if we maintained more diverse assets and locations. Such events may constitute force majeure events under our commercial agreements, potentially resulting in the suspension, reduction or termination of multiple commercial agreements in the affected geographic area. In addition, during planned maintenance periods or a refinery turnaround, we expect that Delek Holdings, or its assignee, may only satisfy its minimum volume commitments with respect to our assets that serve such refinery. Please see “-Our contract counterparties may suspend, reduce or terminate their obligations under our various commercial agreements in certain circumstances, including events of force majeure, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to make distributions to unitholders” and “-If Delek Holdings satisfies only its minimum obligations under, or if we are unable to renew or extend, the various commercial agreements we have with Delek Holdings, our cash flow and results of operations could suffer.”
A material decrease in the supply of attractively priced crude oil could materially reduce the volumes of crude oil and refined products that we transport and store, which could materially and adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to service our indebtedness and ability to make distributions to our unitholders.
The volumes of crude oil and refined products that we may transport on our pipelines will depend on the volumes of crude oil processed and refined products produced at Delek Holdings’ refineries that we serve, as well as third parties' desire to transport crude on our systems, including our Paline Pipeline. The volumes of crude oil processed and refined products produced depend, in part, on the availability of attractively priced crude oil. For example, if a shipper on one of our pipeline systems is unable to locate or purchase attractively priced crude, which could happen due to a large number of market factors, and their shipments on our system are made in large part because of the pipeline's proximity to such attractively priced crude, then our pipeline may not be utilized. If the capacity of such pipeline is not under contract, or the pipeline is not utilized at all or to its capacity, then our results may be adversely affected. Our Paline Pipeline is such a pipeline. If we are unable to secure capacity agreements on our Paline Pipeline, our Paline Pipeline may go unused or underused for a period of time, which could affect our operating results if third parties are no longer interested in transporting crude oil along that route for economic reasons associated with the price of crude or other reasons.
Further, in order to maintain or increase production levels at Delek Holdings’ refineries, Delek Holdings must continually contract for new crude oil supplies or connect to alternative sources of crude oil. Adverse developments in major oil producing regions around the world
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could have a significant impact on our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows because of our lack of industry and geographic diversity and substantial reliance on Delek Holdings as a direct or indirect customer. Accordingly, in addition to risks related to accessing, gathering, transporting and storing crude oil and refined products, we are disproportionately exposed to risks inherent in the broader oil and gas industry, including:
the volatility and uncertainty of regional pricing differentials for crude oil and refined products;
the action by the members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, or OPEC, individually or in the aggregate, regarding production levels and prices;
the nature and extent of governmental regulation and taxation; and
the anticipated future prices of crude oil and refined products in markets served by Delek Holdings’ refineries.
If, as a result of any of these or other factors, the volumes of attractively priced crude oil available to Delek Holdings’ refineries are materially reduced for a prolonged period of time, the volumes of crude oil and refined products that we transport and store, and the related fees for those services, could be materially reduced, which could materially and adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to make distributions to our unitholders.
A portion of our operations are conducted through joint ventures, over which we do not have full control and which have unique risks.
A portion of our operations are conducted through joint ventures, in which we have been making investments since 2015. We are able to appoint members to the managing boards of each of the joint ventures and maintain certain rights of approval over certain actions of our partners and/or their affiliates. However, our partners in each of our joint ventures, or their affiliates, serve as, or are responsible for, the contractor and the operator of the joint ventures' assets, and we have limited control over the same. In addition, we have limited control over the cash distribution policies of each of the joint ventures.
We share ownership in the joint ventures with partners that may not always share our goals and objectives. Differences in views among the partners may result in delayed decisions or failures to agree on major matters, such as large expenditures or contractual commitments, the construction of assets or borrowing money, among others. Delay or failure to agree may prevent action with respect to such matters, even though such action may not serve our best interest or that of the joint venture. Accordingly, delayed decisions and disagreements could adversely affect the business and operations of the joint ventures and, in turn, our business and operations. From time to time, our joint ventures may be involved in disputes or legal proceedings which may negatively affect our investments. Accordingly, any such occurrences could adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to service our indebtedness and ability to make distributions to our unitholders.
We are exposed to direct commodity price risk and interest rate risk, both of which may increase in the future. We may incur losses as a result of our forward contract activities and derivative transactions.
We typically own and hold a certain amount of inventory of light products in our business with respect to our wholesale marketing business in West Texas. Depending on our ability to sell such inventory, and the timing in which we do so, we could be exposed to risks related to the volatility of commodity prices in West Texas. Such volatility depends on many factors, including general market conditions and prices, demand for refined products in the West Texas market, the timing of refined product deliveries and downtime at refineries in the surrounding area. In addition, our actual product acquisitions from suppliers versus the amount we nominated to acquire may result in us being effectively long or short with respect to a given product and thus subject to further commodity price risk. This exposure to the volatility of commodity prices could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to service our indebtedness and ability to make distributions to our unitholders.
To partially mitigate the risk of various financial exposures inherent in our business, including commodity price risk and interest rate risk on our floating rate debt, we selectively use derivative financial instruments, such as fuel-related derivative transactions, and may use interest rate swaps and interest rate cap agreements. In connection with such derivative transactions, we may be required to make payments to maintain margin accounts and to settle the contracts at their value in accordance with their terms and upon termination. The maintenance of required margin accounts, and the settlement of derivative contracts, could cause us to suffer losses or limit gains. In particular, derivative transactions could expose us to the risk of financial loss upon unexpected or unusual variations in the sales prices of wholesale gasoline and diesel relative to the derivative instrument. We cannot assure you that the strategies underlying these transactions will be successful. If any of the strategies we utilize to manage our exposure to various types of risk is not effective, we may incur losses.
Our ability to expand may be limited if Delek Holdings’ business does not grow as expected.
Part of our growth strategy depends on the growth of Delek Holdings’ business. For example, in our terminals and storage business, we believe our growth will be driven in part by identifying and executing organic expansion or new construction projects that will result in increased or new throughput volumes from Delek Holdings, its assignees and third parties. Our organic growth opportunities will be limited if Delek Holdings is unable to acquire new assets for which our execution of organic projects is needed. Additionally, if Delek Holdings
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focuses on other growth areas that our business does not serve, or does not make capital expenditures to fund the organic growth of its operations, we may not be able to fully execute our growth strategy.
We may not be able to significantly increase or retain our third-party revenue due to competition and other factors, which could limit our ability to grow and may increase our dependence on Delek Holdings.
We can provide no assurance that we will be able to retain or attract third-party revenues, which could limit our ability to grow and increase our dependence on Delek Holdings. Our ability to increase our third-party revenue is subject to numerous factors beyond our control, including competition from third parties and the extent to which we have available capacity when third-party shippers require it. Further, under certain of our commercial agreements with Delek Holdings, we may not provide service to third parties with respect to certain assets without Delek Holdings’ consent, subject to limited exceptions. Furthermore, to the extent that we have capacity at our refined products terminals available for third-party volumes, competition from other existing or future refined products terminals owned by our competitors may limit our ability to utilize this available capacity.
The costs, scope, timelines and benefits of any construction projects we undertake may deviate significantly from our original plans and estimates, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to service our indebtedness and ability to make distributions to unitholders.
One of our business strategies is to evaluate and make capital investments to expand our existing asset base through the development and construction of new or expanded assets. At the same time, we also will need to devote significant resources to maintaining our asset base. However, in developing or maintaining such assets, we may experience unanticipated increases in the cost, scope and completion time for our construction or maintenance and repair projects. Equipment that we require to complete these projects may be unavailable to us at expected costs or within expected time periods. Additionally, labor expense may exceed our expectations. Moreover, pipeline construction projects requiring federal approvals are generally subject to environment review requirements under the National Environmental Policy Act and must also comply with other natural resources review requirements imposed pursuant to the Endangered Species Act, the National Historic Preservation Act and other federal and state laws and regulations. Due to these or other factors beyond our control, we may be unable to complete these projects within anticipated cost parameters and timelines. In addition, the benefits we realize from completed projects may take longer to realize and/or be less than we anticipated. Our inability to complete and/or realize the benefits of construction and/or maintenance projects in a cost-efficient and timely manner could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to service our indebtedness and ability to make distributions to our unitholders.
A shortage of skilled labor or disruptions in our labor force may make it difficult for us to maintain labor productivity.
Our future success depends to a large extent on the services of our, and our general partner's, senior executives and other key employees and the same is true of Delek Holdings and its senior executives and key employees. Our business depends on our continuing ability to recruit, train and retain highly qualified employees in all areas of our operations, including engineering, accounting, business operations, finance and other key back-office and mid-office personnel, or those of Delek Holdings that we rely upon. Furthermore, our operations require skilled and experienced employees with proficiency in multiple tasks. The competition for these employees is intense, and the loss of these executives or employees could harm our business. If any of these executives or other key personnel resigns or becomes unable to continue in his or her present role and is not adequately replaced, either by us or Delek Holdings, our business operations could be materially adversely affected.
If we are unable to obtain needed capital or financing on satisfactory terms to fund expansions of our asset base, our ability to make quarterly cash distributions may be diminished or our financial leverage could increase.
In order to expand our asset base, we will need to make significant capital expenditures. If we do not make sufficient or effective expansion capital expenditures, we will be unable to expand our business operations and may be unable to maintain or raise the level of our quarterly cash distributions. We will be required to use cash from our operations or incur borrowings or sell additional limited partner units or interests in order to fund our expansion capital expenditures. Using cash from operations will reduce cash available for distribution to our common unitholders. Our ability to obtain financing or to access the capital markets for future equity or debt offerings may be limited by our financial condition at the time of any such financing or offering, as well as the covenants in our debt agreements, general economic conditions and contingencies and uncertainties that are beyond our control. Even if we are successful in obtaining funds for expansion capital expenditures through equity or debt financings, the terms thereof could limit our ability to pay distributions to our common unitholders. Moreover, incurring additional debt may significantly increase our interest expense and financial leverage, and issuing additional limited partner interests may result in significant common unitholder dilution and increase the aggregate amount of cash required to maintain the then-current distribution rate, which could materially decrease our ability to pay distributions at the then-current distribution rate.


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If third-party pipelines, terminals or other facilities interconnected to our pipeline systems or terminals become partially or fully unavailable, or if we are unable to fulfill our contractual obligations, our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to service our indebtedness and ability to make distributions to our unitholders could be adversely affected.
Our pipelines and terminals connect to other pipelines, terminals and facilities owned and operated by unaffiliated third parties. Our shippers often need to use such pipelines, terminals and facilities; however, the continuing operation of such third-party pipelines, terminals and other facilities is not within our control.
These pipelines, terminals and other facilities may become unavailable because of testing, turnarounds, line repair, reduced operating pressure, lack of operating capacity, regulatory requirements, curtailments of receipt or deliveries due to insufficient capacity, corporate business decisions or because of damage from hurricanes or other operational hazards. In addition, we do not have interconnect agreements with all of these pipelines, terminals and other facilities, and the interconnect agreements we do have may be terminated in certain circumstances, including circumstances beyond our control, and on short notice. If any of these pipelines, terminals or other facilities becomes unable to receive or transport crude oil or refined products, we may be unable to perform our obligations under our commercial agreements with Delek Holdings and third parties, and our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and ability to make distributions to our unitholders could be adversely affected.
Similarly, if additional shippers begin transporting volumes of refined products or crude oil over interconnecting pipelines, the allocations to us and other existing shippers on these interconnecting pipelines could be reduced, which could also reduce volumes distributed through our terminals or transported through our crude oil pipelines. Allocation reductions of this nature are not infrequent and are beyond our control. Any significant reduction in volumes could adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to service our indebtedness and ability to make distributions to our unitholders.
An interruption or reduction of supply and delivery of refined products to our wholesale marketing business could result in a decline in our sales and profitability.
In our West Texas wholesale marketing business, we sell refined products that we purchase from Delek Holdings and unaffiliated third parties. The prior contract under which we purchased the majority of the products we sold in West Texas expired in December 2017. We are now purchasing the majority of product we sell in West Texas from Delek Holdings. The remainder of the barrels we sell in West Texas are spot purchased from various suppliers or refiners. We could experience an interruption or reduction in the supply or delivery of refined products if our suppliers, the refineries who supply us or our suppliers, or the pipelines that deliver that product partially or completely ceased operations, temporarily or permanently, or ceased to supply us with refined products for any reason. The ability of these refineries and our suppliers to supply refined products to us could be disrupted by anticipated events, such as scheduled upgrades or maintenance, as well as events beyond their control, such as unscheduled maintenance, fires, floods, storms, explosions, power outages, accidents, acts of terrorism or other catastrophic events, labor difficulties and work stoppages, governmental or private party litigation, or legislation or regulation that adversely impacts refinery operations. An interruption or reduction in the volume of refined products supplied to our wholesale business could adversely affect our sales and profitability.
We are exposed to the credit risks and certain other risks of our key customers and other contractual counterparties, including Delek Holdings and its assignees, and any material nonpayment or nonperformance by our key customers or other counterparties could adversely affect our business, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to service our indebtedness and ability to make distributions to unitholders.
We are subject to risks of loss resulting from nonpayment or nonperformance by our customers and other contractual counterparties. Any material nonpayment or nonperformance or default by our key customers or other contractual counterparties, including Delek Holdings or its assignees, could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and our ability to make distributions to our unitholders. Furthermore, some of our customers may be highly leveraged and subject to their own operating and regulatory risks. Any loss of our key customers, including Delek Holdings, could adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to service our indebtedness and ability to make distributions to our unitholders.
Restrictions in our revolving credit facility and in the indenture governing the 2025 Notes could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to make quarterly cash distributions to our unitholders.
Our revolving credit facility and the indenture governing the 2025 Notes contain, and any future financing agreements may contain, operating and financial restrictions and covenants that could limit our ability to finance future operations or capital needs, or to expand or pursue our business activities, which may, in turn, limit our ability to make cash distributions to our unitholders.
For example, our revolving credit facility limits our ability to, among other things:
incur or guarantee additional debt;
incur certain liens on assets;
dispose of assets;
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make certain cash distributions or redeem or repurchase units;
change the nature of our business;
engage in certain mergers or acquisitions or make certain investments (including in joint ventures); and
enter into certain transactions with affiliates.
Our revolving credit facility contains covenants requiring us to maintain certain financial ratios. Our ability to meet those financial ratios can be affected by events beyond our control, and we cannot assure you that we will meet those ratios. In addition, our revolving credit facility contains events of default customary for agreements of this nature, including the occurrence of certain change of control events.
Similarly, the indenture governing the 2025 Notes contains covenants that, among other things, limit our ability and the ability of our restricted subsidiaries to (i) incur, assume or guarantee additional indebtedness or issue certain convertible or redeemable equity securities; (ii) create liens to secure indebtedness; (iii) pay distributions on equity interests, repurchase equity securities or redeem subordinated securities; (iv) make investments; (v) restrict distributions, loans or other asset transfers from our restricted subsidiaries; (vi) consolidate with or merge with or into, or sell substantially all of our properties to, another person; (vii) sell or otherwise dispose or assets, including equity interests in subsidiaries; and (viii) enter into transactions with affiliates.
The provisions of our revolving credit facility and of the indenture governing the 2025 Notes may affect our ability to obtain future financing and pursue attractive business opportunities and our flexibility in planning for, and reacting to, changes in business conditions. In addition, a failure to comply with the provisions of our revolving credit facility or the 2025 Notes could result in a default or an event of default that could enable our lenders to declare the outstanding principal of that debt, together with accrued and unpaid interest and certain other indebtedness and other outstanding amounts, to be immediately due and payable. Such event of default would also permit our lenders to foreclose on our assets serving as collateral for our obligations under the revolving credit facility. If the payment of our debt is accelerated, our assets may be insufficient to repay such debt in full, and our unitholders could experience a partial or total loss of their investment. The revolving credit facility and the indenture governing the 2025 Notes also have cross-default provisions that would apply to certain other indebtedness we may have.
Our debt levels may limit our flexibility to obtain financing and to pursue other business opportunities.
As of December 31, 2020, we had approximately $996.6 million in debt outstanding. We have the ability to incur additional debt; however, such ability is subject to limitations under our revolving credit facility and the indenture governing the 2025 Notes. Our level of debt could have important consequences to us, including the following:
our ability to obtain additional financing, if necessary, for working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions or other purposes may be impaired, or such financing may not be available on favorable terms;
our funds available for operations, future business opportunities and distributions to unitholders will be reduced by that portion of our cash flows required to make payments on our debt and any interest thereon;
we may be more vulnerable to competitive pressures or a downturn in our business or the economy generally; and
our flexibility in responding to changing business and economic conditions may be limited.
Our ability to service our debt will depend upon, among other things, our future financial and operating performance, which will be affected by prevailing economic conditions and financial, business, regulatory and other factors, many of which are beyond our control. If our operating results are not sufficient to service our current or future indebtedness, we will be forced to take actions such as reducing distributions, which is within our control, or such as reducing or delaying our business activities, acquisitions, investments or capital expenditures, selling assets or seeking additional equity capital, which actions we may not be able to effect on satisfactory terms or at all.
Transportation on certain of our pipelines is subject to federal or state regulation, and the imposition and/or cost of compliance with such regulation could adversely affect our operations and cash flows available for distribution to our unitholders. In addition, certain of our other contracts are eligible for fee increases tied to other inflationary indexes, which could adversely affect financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to service our indebtedness and ability to make distributions to unitholders.
Certain of our pipelines provide services that may be subject to regulation by the FERC and/or state regulators. The FERC uses prescribed rate methodologies for developing regulated tariff rates for interstate oil and product pipelines. The FERC's primary rate-making authority is currently price-indexing; if the methodology changes, the new methodology may result in tariffs that generate lower revenues and cash flows. The indexing method allows a pipeline to increase its rates based on a percentage change in the producer price index for refined goods and is not based on pipeline-specific costs. If the index falls, we will be required to reduce our rates that are based on the FERC's price indexing methodology if they exceed the new maximum available rate. In addition, changes in the index might not be large enough to fully reflect actual increases in our costs. The FERC's rate-making methodologies may limit our ability to set rates based on our true costs or may delay the use of rates that reflect increased costs. Any of the foregoing could adversely affect our revenues and cash flows. We note that the FERC index has been set at a level for the period from 2016-2021 that is lower than that which was in effect from 2010-2015;
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this is likely to result in lower annual rate increases for the coming 2020-2021 period for our transportation and other rates that are subject to the FERC index for annual adjustments, compared to the previous five-year period, and indeed the index level for the 2016 index rate adjustment required a decrease in certain of our interstate transportation rates to comply with the reduced ceiling level.
Shippers may protest, and the FERC may investigate, the lawfulness of new or changed tariff rates. The FERC can suspend those tariff rates for up to seven months. It can also require refunds of amounts collected, based on rates that are ultimately found to be unlawful, and prescribe new rates prospectively. The FERC and interested parties can also challenge tariff rates that have become final and effective.
The FERC can order new rates to take effect prospectively and order refunds for past rates that exceed the just and reasonable level for time periods up to two years prior to the date of a complaint. Due to the complexity of rate making, the lawfulness of any rate is never assured. A successful challenge of our rates could adversely affect our revenues. In addition, on December 15, 2016, the FERC issued a Notice of Inquiry Regarding the Commission’s Policy for Recovery of Income Tax Costs (the “NOI”). The FERC issued a final order on March 15, 2018 (Docket No. PL17-1-000) in which the FERC found that an impermissible double recovery results from granting a Master Limited Partnership pipeline, such as the Partnership, both an income tax allowance and a return on equity pursuant to the discounted cash flow methodology. Accordingly, the FERC revised its policy and no longer permits an MLP to recover an income tax allowance in its cost of service. These changes could require us to change our rate design and potentially lower our rates if they are challenged on a cost of service basis. The FERC also regulates the terms and conditions of service, including access rights, for interstate transportation on common carrier pipelines subject to its jurisdiction.
While the FERC regulates rates and terms and conditions of service for transportation of crude oil or refined products in interstate commerce by pipeline, state agencies may regulate rates and terms and conditions of service for petroleum pipeline transportation in intrastate commerce. Whether a pipeline provides service in interstate commerce or intrastate commerce is highly fact-dependent and determined on a case-by-case basis. We cannot provide assurance that the FERC will not, at some point, assert that some or all of the transportation service we provide is within its jurisdiction. If the FERC were successful with any such assertion, we may be required to pay refunds to customers and the FERC's rate-making methodologies may limit our ability to set rates based on our actual costs, delay the use of rates that reflect increased costs and subject us to potentially burdensome and expensive operational, reporting and other requirements. Service on the East Texas Crude Logistics System is currently subject to a temporary waiver issued by the FERC. If the conditions to the continued effectiveness of that East Texas Waiver Order are no longer true at any point, service on that system would become fully subject to the FERC tariff filing requirements and other regulatory requirements for the provision of transportation service. If we file tariffs, we may be required to provide a cost justification for the transportation charge. We would also be required to provide service to all prospective shippers making reasonable requests for service without undue discrimination and to operate in a manner that does not provide any undue preference to shippers. The rates under such tariffs may be insufficient to allow us to recover fully our cost of providing service on the affected pipelines, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, regulation by the FERC may subject us to potentially burdensome and expensive operational, reporting and other requirements. We own pipeline assets in Texas, Arkansas and Louisiana. In Texas, a pipeline, with some exceptions, is required to operate as a common carrier and provide transportation without discrimination. Arkansas provides that all intrastate oil pipelines are common carriers, but it exercises light-handed regulation over petroleum pipelines. In Louisiana, all pipelines conveying petroleum from a point of origin within the state to a destination within the state are declared common carriers. The Louisiana Public Service Commission is empowered with the authority to establish reasonable rates and regulations for the transport of petroleum by a common carrier, mandating public tariffs and providing of transportation without discrimination. State commissions have generally not been aggressive in regulating common carrier pipelines, have generally not investigated the rates or practices of petroleum pipelines in the absence of shipper complaints and generally resolve complaints informally. If the regulatory commissions in the states in which we operate change their policies and aggressively regulate the rates or terms of service of pipelines operating in those states, it could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
The Federal Trade Commission, the FERC and the CFTC hold statutory authority to monitor certain segments of the physical and futures energy commodities markets. These agencies have imposed broad regulations prohibiting fraud and manipulation of such markets. With regard to our physical sales of oil or other energy commodities, and any related hedging activities that we undertake, we are required to observe the market-related regulations enforced by these agencies, which hold substantial enforcement authority. Failure to comply with such regulations, as interpreted and enforced, could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.
In addition, the fees we charge on certain of our other contracts not involving regulated or other pipelines are also subject to change based on inflation-based indices, such as certain sub-indices of the producer price index or the consumer price index. If the index rises, we will be able to increase our rates. However, if the index falls, we will be required to reduce our rates.


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Delek Holdings’ level of indebtedness, the terms of its borrowings and any future credit ratings could adversely affect our ability to grow our business, our ability to make cash distributions to our unitholders and our credit profile. Our current and future credit ratings may also be affected by Delek Holdings’ level of indebtedness and creditworthiness.
Delek Holdings must devote a substantial portion of its cash flows from operations to service its debt and lease obligations, thereby reducing the availability of its cash flows to fund its growth strategy, including capital expenditures, acquisitions and other business opportunities that would expand its needs for logistics operations. Furthermore, a higher level of indebtedness at Delek Holdings may increase the risk that it may default on its obligations, including commercial agreements with us. The covenants contained in the agreements governing Delek Holdings’ outstanding and future indebtedness may limit its ability to borrow additional funds for development and make certain investments and may directly or indirectly impact our operations in a similar manner. For example, Delek Holdings’ indebtedness requires that any transactions it enters into with us must be on terms no less favorable to Delek Holdings than those that could have been obtained with an unrelated person. There is also the risk that if Delek Holdings were to default under certain of its debt obligations, Delek Holdings’ creditors would attempt to assert claims against our assets during the litigation of their claims against Delek Holdings. The defense of any such claims could be costly and could materially impact our financial condition, even absent any adverse determination. In the event these claims were successful, our ability to meet our obligations to our creditors, make distributions and finance our operations could be materially and adversely affected.
Although we are not contractually bound by and are not liable for Delek Holdings’ debt under its credit arrangements, we may be indirectly affected by certain prohibitions and limitations contained therein. Due to its ownership and control of our general partner, Delek Holdings has the ability to prevent us from taking actions that would cause Delek Holdings to violate any covenants in its credit arrangements, or otherwise to be in default under any of its credit arrangements. In deciding whether to prevent us from taking any such action, Delek Holdings will have no fiduciary duty to us or our unitholders. Delek Holdings’ compliance with the covenants in its credit arrangements may restrict our ability to undertake certain actions that might otherwise be considered beneficial, including borrowing under our revolving credit facility.
Any debt instruments that Delek Holdings or any of its affiliates enter into in the future, including any amendments to existing credit facilities, may include additional or more restrictive limitations on Delek Holdings that may impact our ability to conduct our business. These additional restrictions could adversely affect our ability to finance our future operations or capital needs or engage in, expand or pursue our business activities.
Our current and future credit ratings may be adversely affected by any current and future credit rating of Delek Holdings, as credit rating agencies may consider the leverage and credit profile of Delek Holdings and its affiliates, because of their ownership interest in and control of us and because Delek Holdings accounts for a substantial majority of our contribution margin. Any adverse effect on our current and future credit ratings could increase our cost of borrowing or hinder our ability to raise financing in the capital markets, which could impair our ability to grow our business and make cash distributions to our unitholders.
Increases in interest rates could adversely impact the price of our common units, our ability to issue equity or incur debt for acquisitions or other purposes and our ability to make cash distributions at our intended levels.
Floating interest rates on our revolving credit facility, to the extent not hedged, and interest rates under future credit facilities and debt offerings, could be higher than current levels, causing our financing costs to increase accordingly. As with other yield-oriented securities, our unit price is impacted by the level of our cash distributions and implied distribution yield. The distribution yield is often used by investors to compare and rank yield-oriented securities for investment decision-making purposes. Therefore, changes in interest rates, either positive or negative, may affect the yield requirements of investors who invest in our common units, and a rising interest rate environment could have an adverse impact on the price of our common units, our ability to issue equity or incur debt for acquisitions or other purposes and our ability to make cash distributions at our intended levels.
Further, the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) and certain other interest rate "benchmarks" are the subject of recent proposals for reform. These reforms may cause such benchmarks to perform differently than in the past or have other consequences which cannot be predicted. The United Kingdom’s Financial Conduct Authority, which regulates LIBOR, has publicly announced that it intends to discontinue the reporting of certain LIBOR rates after 2021, with a complete cessation for all USD LIBOR rates after June 2023. Certain of our agreements use LIBOR as a “benchmark” or “reference rate” for various terms. Some agreements contain an existing LIBOR alternative. Where there is not an alternative, we expect to replace the LIBOR benchmark with an alternative reference rate. While we do not expect the transition to an alternative rate to have a significant impact on our business or operations, it is possible that the move away from LIBOR could materially impact our borrowing costs on our variable rate indebtedness.
Fixed rate debt, such as the 2025 Notes, exposes us to changes in the fair value of our debt due to changes in market interest rates. Fixed rate debt also exposes us to the risk that we may need to refinance maturing debt with new debt at higher rates.


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Our right of first offer to acquire certain of Delek Holdings' existing logistics assets and certain assets that it may acquire or construct in the future is subject to risks and uncertainty, and we ultimately may not acquire any of those assets.
The Omnibus Agreement provides us with a right of first offer on certain of Delek Holdings’ existing logistics assets and certain assets that it may acquire or construct in the future, subject to certain exceptions and time limitations. The consummation and timing of any future acquisitions pursuant to this right will depend on, among other things, Delek Holdings’ willingness to offer such assets for sale and obtain any necessary consents, our ability to negotiate acceptable purchase agreements and commercial agreements with respect to such assets and our ability to obtain financing on acceptable terms. We can offer no assurance that we will be able to successfully consummate any future acquisitions pursuant to our right of first offer, and Delek Holdings is under no obligation to accept any offer that we may choose to make. In addition, we may decide not to exercise our right of first offer, if and when any assets are offered for sale, and our decision will not be subject to unitholder approval. In addition, our right of first offer may be terminated by Delek Holdings at any time in the event that it no longer controls our general partner.
If we are unable to make investments in joint ventures or acquisitions on economically acceptable terms from Delek Holdings or third parties, our future growth could be limited, and any investments or acquisitions we may make may reduce, rather than increase, our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to service our indebtedness and ability to make distributions to unitholders.
A portion of our strategy to grow our business and increase distributions to unitholders is dependent on our ability to make acquisitions or invest in joint ventures that result in an increase in cash flow. If we are unable to make acquisitions from Delek Holdings or third parties or invest in joint ventures, because we are unable to identify attractive acquisition or project candidates or negotiate acceptable purchase contracts, we are unable to obtain financing for these acquisitions or investments on economically acceptable terms, we are outbid by competitors or we or the seller are unable to obtain any necessary consents, our future growth and ability to increase distributions to unitholders may be limited. Furthermore, even if we do consummate acquisitions or investments in joint ventures that we believe will be accretive, they may in fact result in a decrease in cash flow. Any acquisition or investment involves potential risks, including, among other things:
mistaken assumptions about revenues and costs, including synergies;
the assumption of known or unknown liabilities;
limitations on rights to indemnity from the seller;
mistaken assumptions about the overall costs of equity or debt;
the diversion of management’s attention from other business concerns;
ineffective or poor integration of such acquisitions;
unforeseen difficulties operating multi-customer and product assets in new product areas or new markets; and
customer or key employee losses at the acquired businesses.
If we consummate any future acquisitions or investments in joint ventures, our capitalization and results of operations may change significantly, and unitholders will not have the opportunity to evaluate the economic, financial and other relevant information that we will consider in determining the application of these funds and other resources.
We may be unsuccessful in integrating the operations of the assets we have acquired or of any future acquisitions with our existing operations and in realizing all or any part of the anticipated benefits of any such acquisitions.
From time to time, we evaluate and acquire assets and businesses that we believe complement our existing assets and businesses. Acquisitions may require substantial capital or the incurrence of substantial indebtedness. Our capitalization and results of operations may change significantly as a result of future acquisitions. Acquisitions and business expansions involve numerous risks, including difficulties in the assimilation of the assets and operations of the acquired businesses, inefficiencies and difficulties that arise because of improper assumptions regarding the new assets, unfamiliarity with new assets and the businesses associated with them and new geographic areas and the diversion of management’s attention from other business concerns. Further, unexpected costs and challenges may arise whenever businesses with different operations or management are combined, and we may experience unanticipated delays in realizing the benefits of an acquisition, if at all. Also, following an acquisition, we may discover previously unknown liabilities associated with the acquired business or assets for which we have limited or no recourse under applicable indemnification provisions.
The expansion of existing assets and construction of new assets, including through joint venture investments, may not result in revenue increases and will be subject to regulatory, environmental, political, legal, economic and other risks, which could adversely affect financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, ability to service our indebtedness and ability to make distributions to unitholders.
A portion of our strategy to grow and increase distributions to unitholders is dependent on our ability to expand existing assets and to construct additional assets, including through investments in joint ventures. The construction of a new pipeline or terminal, or the
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expansion of an existing pipeline or terminal, involves numerous regulatory, environmental, political and legal uncertainties, most of which are beyond our control. If we, or joint ventures we invest in, undertake these types of projects, they may not be completed on schedule, or at all, or at the budgeted cost. Moreover, we, or the joint ventures we invest in, may not receive sufficient long-term contractual commitments from customers to provide the revenue needed to support such projects. Even if such commitments are received, an increase in revenue may not be realized for an extended period of time. For instance, if we build, or invest in a joint venture that builds, a new pipeline, the construction will occur over an extended period of time, and we will not receive any material increases in revenues until after completion of the project, if at all. In addition, we, or the joint ventures we invest in, may construct facilities to capture anticipated future growth in production in a region or gain access to crude supplies at lower costs, and such growth or access may not materialize. As a result, new facilities may not be able to attract enough throughput to achieve the expected return on investment, which could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition and our ability to make distributions to our unitholders.
We do not own all of the land on which most of our pipelines and several of our facilities are located, which could result in disruptions to our operations.
We do not own all of the land on which most of our pipelines, tank farms and terminal facilities are located, and we are therefore subject to the possibility of more onerous terms and/or increased costs to retain necessary land use if we do not have valid rights-of-way or leases, if such rights-of-way or leases lapse or terminate or if our facilities are not properly located within the boundaries of such leases or rights-of-way. We obtain the rights to construct and operate our pipelines on land owned by third parties and governmental agencies, and some of those agreements may grant us those rights for only a specific period of time. Our loss of such rights, through our inability to renew any rights-of-way contracts, or a significant increase in the costs of these rights, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows and our ability to make distributions to our unitholders.
We could incur substantial costs or disruptions in our business if we cannot obtain or maintain, or otherwise fail to maintain, necessary permits and authorizations or otherwise comply with health, safety, environmental and other laws and regulations.
Our operations require numerous permits and authorizations under various laws and regulations. These authorizations and permits are subject to revocation, renewal or modification and can require operational changes to limit impacts or potential impacts on the environment and/or health and safety. A violation of authorization or permit conditions or other legal or regulatory requirements could result in substantial fines, criminal sanctions, permit revocations, injunctions and/or facility shutdowns. In addition, material modifications of our operations or changes in applicable laws could require modifications to our existing permits or upgrades to our existing pollution control equipment. Any or all of these matters could have a negative effect on our business, results of operations and cash flows.
Climate change legislation or regulations restricting emissions of greenhouse gases could result in increased operating and capital costs and reduced demand for our products and services.
The threat of climate change continues to attract considerable attention in the United States and in foreign countries. Numerous proposals have been made and could continue to be made at the international, national, regional and state levels of government to monitor and limit existing emissions of greenhouse gases, or “GHGs” as well as to restrict or eliminate such future emissions. As a result, our operations are subject to a series of regulatory, political, litigation, and financial risks associated with the production and processing of fossil fuels and emission of GHGs.
In the United States, no comprehensive climate change legislation has been implemented at the federal level. However, following the U.S. Supreme Court finding that GHG emissions constitute a pollutant under the Clean Air Act, the EPA has adopted regulations that, among other things, establish construction and operating permit reviews for GHG emissions from certain large stationary sources, require the monitoring and annual reporting of GHG emissions from certain petroleum and natural gas system sources in the United States, implement New Source Performance Standards directing the reduction of methane from certain new, modified, or reconstructed facilities in the oil and natural gas sector, and together with the DOT, implement GHG emissions limits on vehicles manufactured for operation in the United States.
Additionally, various states and groups of states have adopted or are considering adopting legislation, regulations or other regulatory initiatives that are focused on such areas as GHG cap and trade programs, carbon taxes, reporting and tracking programs, and restriction of GHG emissions. At the international level, there is a non-binding agreement, the United Nations-sponsored “Paris Agreement,” for nations to limit their GHG emissions through individually-determined reduction goals every five years after 2020. The United States officially withdrew from the Paris Agreement on November 4, 2020. However, under the new administration, the United States re-joined the Paris Agreement in February 2021. The adoption and implementation of new or more stringent legislation or regulations could result in increased costs of compliance or costs of consuming, and thereby reduce demand for, oil and natural gas, which could reduce demand for our services and products.
Concern over the threat of climate change may also result in political action deleterious to our interests. Separately, increased attention to climate change risks has increased the possibility of claims brought by public and private entities against oil and gas companies in connection with their GHG emissions. While courts have generally declined to assign direct liability for climate change to large sources of GHG emissions, new claims for damages and increased government scrutiny, especially from state and local governments, will likely
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continue. Moreover, to the extent societal pressures or political or other factors are involved, it is possible that such liability could be imposed without regard to the company’s causation of or contribution to the asserted damage, or to other mitigating factors.
There are also increasing financial risks for fossil fuel producers as shareholders currently invested in fossil-fuel energy companies concerned about the potential effects of climate change may elect in the future to shift some or all of their investments into non-energy related sectors. Institutional lenders who provide financing to fossil-fuel energy companies also have become more attentive to sustainable lending practices and some of them may elect not to provide funding for fossil fuel energy companies. Additionally, the lending practices of institutional lenders have been the subject of intensive lobbying efforts in recent years, oftentimes public in nature, by environmental activists, proponents of the international Paris Agreement, and foreign citizenry concerned about climate change not to provide funding for fossil fuel producers. Limitation of investments in and financings for fossil fuel energy companies could result in the restriction, delay or cancellation of drilling programs or development or production activities. One or more of these developments could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operation.
Finally, it should be noted that many scientists have concluded that increasing concentrations of GHGs in the Earth’s atmosphere may produce climate changes that have significant physical effects, such as increased frequency and severity of storms, floods and other climatic events; if any such effects were to occur, they could have an adverse effect on our operations or our customers’ exploration and production operations, which in turn could affect demand for our services.
In 2010, the EPA and the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration ("NHTSA") finalized new standards, raising the required Corporate Average Fuel Economy, or CAFE, standard of the nation’s passenger fleet by 40% to approximately 35 miles per gallon by 2016 and imposing the first ever federal GHG emissions standards on cars and light trucks. In September 2011, the EPA and the DOT finalized first-time standards for fuel economy of medium and heavy duty trucks. On August 28, 2012, the EPA and NHTSA announced final regulations that mandated further decreases in passenger vehicle GHG emissions and increases in fuel economy beginning with 2017 model year vehicles and increasing to the equivalent of 54.5 miles per gallon by 2025. During 2016, the EPA conducted a mid-term evaluation of progress in meeting vehicle GHG standards and in January 2017 the EPA issued a determination to maintain the current GHG emissions standards for model year (MY) 2022-2025 vehicles, but that action was subsequently withdrawn on April 13, 2018. In March 2017, EPA announced its decision to reopen the mid-term evaluation process and reconsider the January 2017 determination. As a result, GHG emissions standards for MY 2022-2025 vehicles remain uncertain. In August 2016, the EPA and the NHTSA jointly finalized standards for medium- and heavy-duty vehicles regulating fuel efficiency and carbon pollution. Such increases in fuel economy standards and potential electrification of the vehicle fleet, along with mandated increases in use of renewable fuels discussed above, could result in decreasing demand for petroleum fuels. Decreasing demand for petroleum fuels could materially affect profitability at Delek Holdings’ refineries, which could adversely impact our business, results of operations and cash flows.
Our operations are subject to federal and state laws and regulations relating to product quality specifications, and we could be subject to damages based on claims brought against us by our customers or lose customers as a result of the failure of products we distribute to meet certain quality specifications.
Various federal and state agencies prescribe specific product quality specifications for refined products, including vapor pressure, sulfur content, benzene content, ethanol content and biodiesel content. Changes in product quality specifications or blending requirements could reduce our throughput volume, require us to incur additional handling costs or require capital expenditures. For example, mandated increases in use of renewable fuels could require the construction of additional storage and blending equipment. If we are unable to recover these costs through increased revenues, our cash flows and ability to pay cash distributions to our unitholders could be adversely affected. Violations of product quality laws attributable to our operations could subject us to significant fines and penalties as well as negative publicity. In addition, changes in the product quality of the products we receive on our pipeline system could reduce or eliminate our ability to blend products.
Increasing attention to environmental, social and governance matters may impact our business, financial results or stock price.
In recent years, increasing attention has been given to corporate activities related to environmental, social and governance (“ESG”) matters in public discourse and the investment community. A number of advocacy groups, both domestically and internationally, have campaigned for governmental and private action to promote change at public companies related to ESG matters, including through the investment and voting practices of investment advisers, public pension funds, universities and other members of the investing community. These activities include increasing attention and demands for action related to climate change, promoting the use of substitutes to fossil fuel products, and encouraging the divestment of companies in the fossil fuel industry. These activities could reduce demand for our products, reduce our profits, increase the potential for investigations and litigation, impair our brand and have negative impacts on our common or limited partner unit price and access to capital markets.
In addition, organizations that provide information to investors on corporate governance and related matters have developed ratings systems for evaluating companies on their approach to ESG matters. These ratings are used by some investors to inform their investment and voting decisions. Unfavorable ESG ratings may lead to increased negative investor sentiment toward us and our industry and to the diversion of investment to other industries, which could have a negative impact on our stock price and our access to and costs of capital.
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A terrorist attack or other acts of sabotage on our assets, or threats of war or actual war, may hinder or prevent us from conducting our business.
Terrorist attacks or other acts of sabotage (including cyber-attacks) in the United States, as well as events occurring in response to or in connection with them, including political instability in various energy-producing countries, may harm our business. Energy-related assets (which could include refineries and pipelines and terminals such as ours) may be at greater risk of future attacks than other possible targets in the United States. In addition, the State of Israel, where Delek Holdings Group, the former parent company of Delek Holdings, is based, has suffered armed conflicts and political instability in recent years. We may be more susceptible to a direct attack as a result of our connection to Israel.
A direct attack on our assets, Delek Holdings’ assets or the assets of others used by us could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, any terrorist attack or continued political instability in the various energy-producing countries could have an adverse impact on energy prices, including prices for crude oil, other feedstocks and refined petroleum products, and an adverse impact on the margins from our refining and petroleum product marketing operations. Disruption or significant increases in energy prices could also result in government-imposed price controls.
Further, changes in the insurance markets attributable to terrorist attacks or acts of sabotage could make certain types of insurance more difficult for us to obtain. Moreover, the insurance that may be available to us may be significantly more expensive than our existing insurance coverage. Instability in the financial markets as a result of terrorism, sabotage or war could also affect our ability to raise capital, including our ability to repay or refinance debt.
Our customers’ operating results are seasonal and generally lower in the first and fourth quarters of the year. Our customers depend on favorable weather conditions in the spring and summer months.
The volume and throughput of crude oil and refined products transported through our pipelines and sold through our terminals and to third parties is directly affected by the level of supply and demand for all of such products in the markets served directly or indirectly by our assets. Supply and demand for such products fluctuate during the calendar year. Demand for gasoline, for example, is generally higher during the summer months than during the winter months due to seasonal increases in motor vehicle traffic and demand for asphalt products, which is a substantial product of Delek Holdings' El Dorado Refinery, is lower in the winter months. In addition, our refining customers, such as Delek Holdings, occasionally slow or shut down operations to perform planned maintenance during the winter, when demand for their products is lower. Accordingly, these factors can affect the need for crude oil or refined products by our customers, and therefore limit our volumes or throughput during these periods, and could adversely affect our customers’ business, financial condition and results of operations, which may adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Regulations adopted by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission could have an adverse effect on our ability to use derivative instruments to reduce the effect of commodity price, interest rate and other risks associated with our business.
The U.S. Congress has adopted the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the “Dodd-Frank Act”), which is comprehensive financial reform legislation that, among other things, establishes new federal oversight and regulation of over-the-counter derivatives and many of the entities that participate in that market. The Dodd-Frank Act was enacted in 2010, and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”), and the SEC, along with certain other regulators, have promulgated final rules to implement many of the Dodd-Frank Act’s provisions relating to over-the-counter derivatives. Most of these rules have been finalized, while others have not; as a result, the final form and timing of the implementation of certain parts of the regulatory regime affecting commodity derivatives remains uncertain. Among other consequences of the new regulations, entities that enter into derivatives (including futures and exchange-traded and over-the-counter swaps) are expected to be subject to aggregate position limits for certain futures, options and swaps (under regulations adopted October 15, 2020 and regulations re-proposed in December 2016 that have not been finalized to date and the ultimate form, timing and implementation of which remains uncertain), and are currently subject to recordkeeping and reporting requirements. There can be no assurance that, when fully implemented, this regulatory regime will not have a material adverse effect on our ability to hedge our exposure to commodity prices, interest rates and other risks to the extent that we use derivatives to do so.
We rely on information technology in our operations, and any material failure, inadequacy, interruption, cyber-attack or security failure of that technology could harm our business.
We rely on information technology systems across our operations, including management of our supply chain, point of sale processing at our retail sites and various other processes and transactions.  Disruption, failure or cyber security events affecting or targeting our computer, telecommunications systems, and infrastructure may materially impact our business and operations. We utilize information technology systems and controls that monitor the movement of petroleum products through our pipelines and terminals. An undetected failure of these systems because of power loss, unsuccessful transition to upgraded or replacement systems, unauthorized access, ransomware attacks or other cyber breach could result in disruption to our business operations, access, disclosure or loss of data and/or proprietary information, injury to people and environmental damage, which could have an adverse impact on our business, reputation and competitiveness. We could also be subject to resulting investigation and remediation costs as well as regulatory enforcement or private litigation and related costs, which could have an adverse impact on our cash flow and results of operations.
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Despite our security measures, we experience attempts by external parties to penetrate and attack our networks and systems. Although such attempts to date have not resulted in any known material breaches, disruptions, or loss of business-critical information, our systems and procedures for protecting against such attacks and mitigating such risks may prove to be insufficient in the future and such attacks could have an adverse impact on our business and operations, including damage to our reputation and competitiveness, remediation costs, litigation or regulatory actions. In addition, as technologies evolve, and cyber-attacks become more sophisticated, we may incur significant costs to upgrade or enhance our security measures to protect against such attacks and we may face difficulties in fully anticipating or implementing adequate preventive measures or mitigating potential harm. We could also be liable under laws that protect the privacy of personal information, subject to regulatory penalties, experience damage to our reputation or a loss of consumer confidence or incur additional costs for remediation and modification or enhancement of our information systems to prevent future occurrences, all of which could adversely affect our reputation, business, operations or financial results.

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Risks Relating to Our Partnership Structure
Our general partner and its affiliates, including Delek Holdings, have conflicts of interest with us and limited duties to us and our unitholders, and they may favor their own interests to the detriment of us and our other common unitholders.
Delek Holdings controls our general partner and appoints all of the officers and directors of our general partner. In addition, all of the officers and two of the directors of our general partner are also officers and/or directors of Delek Holdings. See Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance. Although our general partner has a contractual obligation to manage us in a manner that is beneficial to us and our unitholders, the directors and officers of our general partner have a fiduciary duty to manage our general partner in a manner that is beneficial to Delek Holdings. Conflicts of interest will arise from time to time between Delek Holdings, and our general partner, on the one hand, and us and our unitholders, on the other hand. In resolving these conflicts of interest, our general partner may favor its own interests and the interests of Delek Holdings over our interests and the interests of our unitholders. These conflicts include the following situations, among others:
Our Partnership Agreement replaces the fiduciary duties that would otherwise be owed by our general partner with contractual standards governing its duties, limits our general partner’s liabilities and restricts the remedies available to our unitholders for actions that, without such limitations, might constitute breaches of fiduciary duty.
Neither our Partnership Agreement nor any other agreement requires Delek Holdings to pursue a business strategy that favors us or utilizes our assets, including whether to increase or decrease refinery production, whether to shut down or reconfigure a refinery or what markets to pursue or grow. The directors and officers of Delek Holdings have a fiduciary duty to make these decisions in the best interests of the stockholders of Delek Holdings, which may be contrary to our interests. Delek Holdings may choose to shift the focus of its investment and growth to areas not served by our assets.
Delek Holdings, as our primary customer, has an economic incentive to cause us not to seek higher service fees, even if such higher fees could be obtained in arm’s-length, third-party transactions. Furthermore, under many of our commercial agreements with them, Delek Holdings' consent is required before we may enter into an agreement with any third party with respect to certain of our assets, including those that serve the El Dorado, Tyler and Big Spring Refineries, and Delek Holdings has an incentive to cause us not to pursue such third-party contracts in certain circumstances.
Our general partner is allowed to take into account the interests of parties other than us, such as Delek Holdings, in resolving conflicts of interest.
All of the officers and two of the directors of our general partner are also officers and/or directors of Delek Holdings and owe fiduciary duties to Delek Holdings. These officers will also devote significant time to the business of Delek Holdings and will be compensated by Delek Holdings accordingly.
Delek Holdings may be constrained by the terms of its debt instruments from taking actions, or refraining from taking actions, that may be in our best interests.
Except in limited circumstances, our general partner has the power and authority to conduct our business without unitholder approval.
Disputes may arise under our commercial agreements with Delek Holdings.
Our general partner determines the amount and timing of asset purchases and sales, borrowings, issuances of additional partnership units and the creation, reduction or increase of cash reserves, each of which can affect the amount of cash available for distribution to our unitholders.
Our general partner determines the amount and timing of any capital expenditures and whether a capital expenditure is classified as a maintenance capital expenditure, which reduces operating surplus, or an expansion or investment capital expenditure, which does not reduce operating surplus. This determination can affect the amount of cash that is distributed to our unitholders.
Our general partner determines which costs incurred by it are reimbursable by us.
Our general partner may cause us to borrow funds in order to permit the payment of cash distributions, even if the purpose or effect of the borrowing is to make a distribution on their common units.
Our Partnership Agreement does not restrict our general partner from causing us to pay it or its affiliates for any services rendered to us or entering into additional contractual arrangements with any of these entities on our behalf.
Our general partner intends to limit its liability regarding our contractual and other obligations.
If at any time our general partner and its affiliates together own 85% or more of our outstanding common units, then our general partner may exercise its right to call and purchase all of the common units not owned by it and its affiliates. This 85% threshold will automatically decrease to 80% if at any time our general partner and its affiliates together own less than 77% of our outstanding common units.
Our general partner decides whether to retain separate counsel, accountants or other advisers to perform services for us.
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Our Partnership Agreement replaces the fiduciary duties that would otherwise be owed by our general partner with contractual standards governing its duties.
Our Partnership Agreement contains provisions that eliminate the fiduciary standards to which our general partner would otherwise be held by state fiduciary duty law and replaces those duties with several different contractual standards. For example, our Partnership Agreement permits our general partner to make a number of decisions in its individual capacity, as opposed to in its capacity as our general partner, free of any duties to us and our unitholders other than the implied contractual covenant of good faith and fair dealing, which means that a court will enforce the reasonable expectations of the partners where the language in the Partnership Agreement does not provide for a clear course of action. This provision entitles our general partner to consider only the interests and factors that it desires and relieves it of any duty or obligation to give any consideration to any interest of, or factors affecting, us, our affiliates or our limited partners. Examples of decisions that our general partner may make in its individual capacity include:
how to allocate corporate opportunities among us and its other affiliates;
whether to exercise its limited call right;
whether to seek approval of the resolution of a conflict of interest by the conflicts committee of the board of directors of our general partner;
how to exercise its voting rights with respect to the units it owns;
whether to exercise its registration rights;
whether to elect to reset target distribution levels; and
whether or not to consent to any merger or consolidation of the Partnership or amendment to the Partnership Agreement.
Delek Holdings may compete with us.
Delek Holdings may compete with us. Under the Omnibus Agreement, Delek Holdings and its affiliates have agreed not to engage in, whether by acquisition or otherwise, the business of owning or operating crude oil or refined products pipelines, terminals or storage facilities in the United States that are not within, directly connected to, substantially dedicated to, or otherwise an integral part of, any refinery owned, acquired or constructed by Delek Holdings. This restriction, however, does not apply to:
any assets that were owned by Delek Holdings upon the completion of our initial public offering (including replacements or expansions of those assets);
any asset or business that Delek Holdings acquires or constructs that has a fair market value of less than $5.0 million; and
any asset or business that Delek Holdings acquires or constructs that has a fair market value of $5.0 million or more if we have been offered the opportunity to purchase the asset or business for fair market value not later than six months after completion of such acquisition or construction, and we decline to do so.
As a result, Delek Holdings has the ability to construct assets which directly compete with our assets. The limitations on the ability of Delek Holdings to compete with us are terminable by either party if Delek Holdings ceases to control our general partner.
Pursuant to the terms of our Partnership Agreement, the doctrine of corporate opportunity, or any analogous doctrine, does not apply to our general partner or any of its affiliates, including its executive officers and directors and Delek Holdings. Any such person or entity that becomes aware of a potential transaction, agreement, arrangement or other matter that may be an opportunity for us will not have any duty to communicate or offer such opportunity to us. Any such person or entity will not be liable to us or to any limited partner for breach of any fiduciary duty or other duty by reason of the fact that such person or entity pursues or acquires such opportunity for itself, directs such opportunity to another person or entity or does not communicate such opportunity or information to us. This may create actual and potential conflicts of interest between us and affiliates of our general partner and result in less than favorable treatment of us and our common unitholders.
If unitholders are not eligible holders, their common limited partner units may be subject to redemption.
We have adopted certain requirements regarding those investors who may own our common units. Eligible holders are limited partners whose (i) federal income tax status is not reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect on the rates that can be charged by us on assets that provide services that are subject to regulation by the FERC or an analogous regulatory body and (ii) nationality, citizenship or other related status would not create a substantial risk of cancellation or forfeiture of any property in which we have an interest, in each case as determined by our general partner with the advice of counsel. If you are not an eligible holder, in certain circumstances as set forth in our Partnership Agreement, your units may be redeemed by us at the then-current market price. The redemption price will be paid in cash or by delivery of a promissory note, as determined by our general partner.


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Our Partnership Agreement requires that we distribute all of our available cash, which could limit our ability to grow and make acquisitions.
We expect that we will distribute all of our available cash quarterly to our unitholders and, to the extent not otherwise reserved for, will rely primarily upon cash flows from operations, borrowings under our revolving credit facility and potential future issuances of debt and equity securities, to fund our acquisitions and expansion capital expenditures. As a result, to the extent we are unable to finance growth, our cash distribution policy could significantly impair our ability to grow.
In addition, because we intend to distribute all of our available cash, our growth may not be as fast as that of businesses that reinvest some of their available cash to expand ongoing operations. To the extent we issue additional units in connection with any acquisitions or expansion of capital expenditures, the payment of distributions on those additional units may increase the risk that we will be unable to maintain or increase our per-unit distribution level. There are no limitations in our Partnership Agreement, and we do not anticipate there being limitations in any of our credit facilities, on our ability to issue additional units, including units ranking senior to the common limited partner units. The incurrence of additional borrowings, or other debt, to finance our growth strategy would result in increased interest expense, which in turn may impact the available cash that we have to distribute to our unitholders.
Our Partnership Agreement restricts the remedies available to holders of our common limited partner units for actions taken by our general partner that might otherwise constitute breaches of fiduciary duty.
Our Partnership Agreement contains provisions that restrict the remedies available to unitholders for actions taken by our general partner that might otherwise constitute breaches of fiduciary duty under state fiduciary duty law. For example, our Partnership Agreement provides that:
whenever our general partner, the board of directors of our general partner or any committee thereof (including the conflicts committee) makes a determination or takes, or declines to take, any other action in their respective capacities, our general partner, the board of directors of our general partner and any committee thereof (including the conflicts committee), as applicable, is required to make such determination, or take or decline to take such other action, in good faith, meaning that it subjectively believed that the decision was in the best interests of the Partnership, and, except as specifically provided by our Partnership Agreement, will not be subject to any other or different standard imposed by our Partnership Agreement, Delaware law, or any other law, rule or regulation, or at equity;
our general partner will not have any liability to us or our unitholders for decisions made in its capacity as a general partner so long as such decisions are made in good faith;
our general partner and its officers and directors will not be liable for monetary damages to us or our limited partners resulting from any act or omission, unless there has been a final and non-appealable judgment entered by a court of competent jurisdiction determining that our general partner or its officers and directors, as the case may be, acted in bad faith or engaged in fraud or willful misconduct or, in the case of a criminal matter, acted with knowledge that the conduct was criminal; and
our general partner will not be in breach of its obligations under the Partnership Agreement (including any duties to us or our unitholders) if a transaction with an affiliate or the resolution of a conflict of interest is:
approved by the conflicts committee of the board of directors of our general partner, although our general partner is not obligated to seek such approval;
approved by the vote of a majority of the outstanding common limited partner units, excluding any common units owned by our general partner and its affiliates;
determined by the board of directors of our general partner to be on terms no less favorable to us than those generally being provided to or available from unrelated third parties; or
determined by the board of directors of our general partner to be fair and reasonable to us, taking into account the totality of the relationships among the parties involved, including other transactions that may be particularly favorable or advantageous to us.
In connection with a situation involving a transaction with an affiliate or a conflict of interest, any determination by our general partner or its conflicts committee must be made in good faith. If an affiliate transaction or the resolution of a conflict of interest is not approved by our common unitholders or the conflicts committee and the board of directors of our general partner determines that the resolution or course of action taken with respect to the affiliate transaction or conflict of interest satisfies either of the standards set forth in the third and fourth sub bullets above, then it will be presumed that, in making its decision, the board of directors of our general partner acted in good faith, and in any proceeding brought by or on behalf of any limited partner or the Partnership challenging such determination, the person bringing or prosecuting such proceeding will have the burden of overcoming such presumption. The general partner may still take action with respect to any affiliate transactions or the resolution of a conflict of interest without satisfying any of the sub bullets above. In such case, it is not entitled to the presumption of good faith discussed above.
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Risk Factors
The administrative services fee and reimbursements due to our general partner and its affiliates for services provided to us or on our behalf will reduce our cash available for distribution to our common unitholders. The amount and timing of such reimbursements will be determined by our general partner.
Prior to making any distribution on our common limited partner units, we will reimburse our general partner and its affiliates, including Delek Holdings, for costs and expenses they incur and payments they make on our behalf. Under the Omnibus Agreement, we will pay Delek Holdings an annual fee and reimburse Delek Holdings and its subsidiaries for Delek Holdings’ provision of various centralized corporate services. Additionally, we will reimburse Delek Holdings for direct or allocated costs and expenses incurred on our behalf, including administrative costs, such as compensation expense for those persons who provide services necessary to run our business, and insurance expenses. We also expect to incur incremental annual general and administrative expense as a result of being a publicly traded partnership. Our Partnership Agreement provides that our general partner will determine in good faith the expenses that are allocable to us. The reimbursement of expenses and payment of fees, if any, to our general partner and its affiliates will reduce the amount of available cash to pay cash distributions to our common unitholders.
Holders of our common limited partner units have limited voting rights and are not entitled to elect our general partner or its directors.
Unlike the holders of common stock in a corporation, unitholders have only limited voting rights on matters affecting our business and, therefore, limited ability to influence management’s decisions regarding our business. Unitholders will have no right on an annual or ongoing basis to elect our general partner or its board of directors. Rather, the board of directors of our general partner will be appointed by the sole member of the general partner, Delek Logistics Services Company. Furthermore, if the unitholders are dissatisfied with the performance of our general partner, they will have little ability to remove our general partner. As a result of these limitations, the price at which the common limited partner units will trade could be diminished because of the absence or reduction of a takeover premium in the trading price. Our Partnership Agreement also contains provisions limiting the ability of unitholders to call meetings or to acquire information about our operations, as well as other provisions limiting the unitholders’ ability to influence the manner or direction of management.
Even if holders of our common limited partner units are dissatisfied, they cannot remove our general partner without its consent.
Unitholders are unable to remove our general partner without its consent, because our general partner and its affiliates, including Delek Holdings, own sufficient units to be able to prevent its removal. The vote of the holders of at least 66 2/3% of all outstanding common limited partner units is required to remove our general partner. As of February 19, 2021, Delek Holdings owned 80.0% of our outstanding common limited partner units.
Our Partnership Agreement restricts the voting rights of unitholders owning 20% or more of our common limited partner units.
Unitholders’ voting rights are further restricted by a provision of our Partnership Agreement providing that any units held by a person that owns 20% or more of any class of units then outstanding, other than our general partner, its affiliates, their transferees and persons who acquired such units with the prior approval of the board of directors of our general partner, cannot vote on any matter.
Our general partner’s interest in us and the control of our general partner may be transferred to a third party without unitholder consent.
Our Partnership Agreement does not restrict the ability of Delek Holdings to transfer all or a portion of its general partner interest or its ownership interest in our general partner to a third party. Our general partner, or the new owner of our general partner, would then be in a position to replace the board of directors and officers of our general partner with its own designees and thereby exert significant control over the decisions made by the board of directors and officers of our general partner.
We may issue additional units without unitholder approval, which would dilute unitholder interests.
Our Partnership Agreement does not limit the number of additional limited partner interests, including limited partner interests that rank senior to the common limited partner units that we may issue at any time without the approval of our unitholders. The issuance by us of additional common limited partner units or other equity securities of equal or senior rank will have the following effects:
our existing unitholders’ proportionate ownership interest in us will decrease;
the amount of cash available for distribution on each unit may decrease;
the ratio of taxable income to distributions may increase;
the relative voting strength of each previously outstanding unit may be diminished; and
the market price of the common limited partner units may decline.


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Risk Factors
Delek Holdings may sell units in the public or private markets, and such sales could have an adverse impact on the trading price of the common units.
Delek Holdings holds 34,745,868 common limited partner units. In addition, we have agreed to provide Delek Holdings with certain registration rights on a portion of these units. We have filed a shelf registration statement with the SEC for the re-sale or other disposition from time to time by Delek Holdings of up to 14.0 million common limited partner units. We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of these units by Delek Holdings. The sale of these units in the public or private markets could have an adverse impact on the price of the common units or on any trading market that may develop.
Our general partner intends to limit its liability regarding our obligations.
Our general partner intends to limit its liability under contractual arrangements, so that the counterparties to such arrangements have recourse only against our assets and not against our general partner or its assets. Our general partner may therefore cause us to incur indebtedness or other obligations that are nonrecourse to our general partner. Our Partnership Agreement permits our general partner to limit its liability, even if we could have obtained more favorable terms without the limitation on liability. In addition, we are obligated to reimburse or indemnify our general partner to the extent that it incurs obligations on our behalf. Any such reimbursement or indemnification payments would reduce the amount of cash otherwise available for distribution to our unitholders.
Our general partner has a limited call right that may require our unitholders to sell their units at an undesirable time or price.
If at any time our general partner and its affiliates own more than 85% of our common units, our general partner will have the right, which it may assign to any of its affiliates or to us, but not the obligation, to acquire all, but not less than all, of the common units held by unaffiliated persons at a price that is not less than their then-current market price, as calculated pursuant to the terms of our Partnership Agreement. The ownership threshold will drop to 80% automatically if the ownership of common units by our general partner and its affiliates falls below 77% of the outstanding common units. As a result, our unitholders may be required to sell their common units at an undesirable time or price and may not receive any positive return on their investment. Our unitholders may also incur a tax liability upon any such sale of their units to Delek Holdings. At February 19, 2021, Delek Holdings owned 34,745,868 common limited partner units, or 80.0% of our total outstanding common limited partner units.
Our unitholders' liability may not be limited if a court finds that unitholder action constitutes control of our business.
A general partner of a partnership generally has unlimited liability for the obligations of the partnership, except for those contractual obligations of the partnership that are expressly made without recourse to the general partner. The Partnership is organized under Delaware law, and we conduct business in a number of other states. The limitations on the liability of holders of limited partner interests for the obligations of a limited partnership have not been clearly established in some of the other states in which we do business. Our unitholders could be held liable for any and all of our obligations as if they were general partners if a court or government agency were to determine that:
we were conducting business in a state but had not complied with that particular state’s partnership statute; or
our unitholders' right to act with other unitholders to remove or replace our general partner, to approve some amendments to our Partnership Agreement or to take other actions under our Partnership Agreement constitute “control” of our business.
Unitholders may have liability to repay distributions that were wrongfully distributed to them.
Under certain circumstances, unitholders may have to repay amounts wrongfully returned or distributed to them. Under Section 17-607 of the Delaware Revised Uniform Limited Partnership Act, we may not make a distribution to our unitholders if the distribution would cause our liabilities to exceed the fair value of our assets. Delaware law provides that for a period of three years from the date of an impermissible distribution, limited partners who received the distribution and who knew at the time of the distribution that it violated Delaware law will be liable to the limited partnership for the distribution amount. Transferees of common limited partner units are liable both for the obligations of the transferor to make contributions to the Partnership that were known to the transferee at the time of transfer and for those obligations that were unknown if the liabilities could have been determined from the Partnership Agreement. Neither liabilities to partners on account of their partnership interest nor liabilities that are non-recourse to the partnership are counted for purposes of determining whether a distribution is permitted.
The NYSE does not require a publicly traded limited partnership like us to comply with certain of its corporate governance requirements.
Our common limited partner units are listed on the New York Stock Exchange (the "NYSE"). Because we are a publicly traded limited partnership, the NYSE does not require us to have, and we do not intend to have, a majority of independent directors on our general partner’s board of directors or to establish a compensation committee or a nominating and corporate governance committee. Accordingly, unitholders will not have the same protections afforded to certain corporations that are subject to all of the NYSE corporate governance requirements.
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Risk Factors
Tax Risks to Common Unitholders
The tax treatment of publicly traded partnerships or an investment in our common limited partner units could be subject to potential legislative, judicial or administrative changes and differing interpretations, possibly on a retroactive basis.
The present federal income tax treatment of publicly traded partnerships, including us, or an investment in our common limited partner units may be modified by administrative, legislative or judicial changes or differing interpretations at any time. From time to time, members of the U.S. Congress propose and consider substantive changes to the existing federal income tax laws that affect publicly traded partnerships, such as with the "Clean Energy for America Act", introduced on May 2, 2019, which is similar to legislation that was commonly proposed during the Obama Administration. If successful, such a proposal could eliminate the qualifying income exception to the treatment of all publicly traded partnerships as corporations upon which we rely for our treatment as a partnership for federal income tax purposes. We are unable to predict whether any changes or proposals will ultimately be enacted, but it is possible that a change in law could affect us and may, if enacted, be applied retroactively. Any such changes could negatively impact the value of an investment in our common limited partner units.
Our tax treatment depends on our status as a partnership for federal income tax purposes. If the Internal Revenue Service, or IRS, were to treat us as a corporation for federal income tax purposes, which would subject us to entity-level taxation, then our cash available for distribution to our unitholders would be substantially reduced.
The anticipated after-tax economic benefit of an investment in the common limited partner units depends largely on our being treated as a partnership for federal income tax purposes. We have not requested, and do not plan to request, a ruling from the Internal Revenue Service (the "IRS") on this or any other tax matter affecting us.
Despite the fact that we are a limited partnership under Delaware law, it is possible in certain circumstances for a partnership such as ours to be treated as a corporation for federal income tax purposes. A change in our business or a change in current law could cause us to be treated as a corporation for federal income tax purposes or otherwise subject us to taxation as an entity.
If we were treated as a corporation for federal income tax purposes, we would pay federal income tax on our taxable income at the corporate tax rate, which is currently a maximum of 21.0%, and would likely pay state and local income tax at varying rates. Distributions to our unitholders would generally be taxed again as corporate dividends (to the extent of our current and accumulated earnings and profits), and no income, gains, losses, deductions or credits would flow through to such unitholders. Because a tax would be imposed upon us as a corporation, our cash available for distribution would be substantially reduced. Therefore, if we were treated as a corporation for federal income tax purposes, there would be material reductions in the anticipated cash flow and after-tax return to our unitholders, likely causing a substantial reduction in the value of our common limited partner units.
Our Partnership Agreement provides that, if a law is enacted or existing law is modified or interpreted in a manner that subjects us to taxation as a corporation or otherwise subjects us to entity-level taxation for federal, state or local income tax purposes, the target distribution amounts may be adjusted to reflect the impact of that law on us.
If we were subjected to a material amount of additional entity-level taxation by individual states, it would reduce our cash available for distribution to our unitholders.
Changes in current state law may subject us to additional entity-level taxation by individual states. Because of widespread state budget deficits and other reasons, several states are evaluating ways to subject partnerships to entity-level taxation through the imposition of state income, franchise and other forms of taxation. Imposition of such additional tax on us by a state will reduce the cash available for distribution to our unitholders. Our Partnership Agreement provides that, if a law is enacted or an existing law is modified or interpreted in a manner that subjects us to entity-level taxation, the target distribution amounts may be adjusted to reflect the impact of that law on us.
Our unitholders are required to pay income taxes on their share of our taxable income even if they do not receive any cash distributions from us. A unitholder's share of our taxable income, and its relationship to any distributions we make, may be affected by a variety of factors, including our economic performance, transactions in which we engage or changes in law and may be substantially different from any estimate we make in connection with a unit offering.
A unitholder’s allocable share of our taxable income will be taxable to it, which may require it to pay federal income taxes and, in some cases, state and local income taxes, even if it receives cash distributions from us that are less than the actual tax liability that results from that income or no cash distributions at all.
A unitholder's share of our taxable income, and its relationship to any distributions we make, may be affected by a variety of factors, including our economic performance, which may be affected by numerous business, economic, regulatory, legislative, competitive and political uncertainties beyond our control, and certain transactions in which we might engage. For example, we may engage in transactions that produce substantial taxable income allocations to some or all of our unitholders without a corresponding increase in cash distributions to our unitholders, such as a sale or exchange of assets, the proceeds of which are reinvested in our business or used to reduce our debt, or an actual or deemed satisfaction of our indebtedness for an amount less than the adjusted issue price of the debt. A unitholder's ratio of its share of taxable income to the cash received by it may also be affected by changes in law. For instance, under the recently enacted tax
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Risk Factors
reform law known as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the "Tax Reform Act"), the net interest expense deductions of certain business entities, including us, are limited to 30% of such entity's "adjusted taxable income", which is generally taxable income with certain modifications. If the limit applies, a unitholder's taxable income allocations will be more (or its net loss allocations will be less) than would have been the case absent the limitation.
From time to time, in connection with an offering of our units, we may state an estimate of the ratio of federal taxable income to cash distributions that a purchaser of units in that offering may receive in a given period. These estimates depend in part on factors that are unique to the offering with respect to which the estimate is stated, so the expected ratio applicable to other units will be different, and in many cases less favorable, than these estimates. Moreover, even in the case of units purchased in the offering to which the estimate relates, the estimate may be incorrect, due to the uncertainties described above, challenges by the IRS to tax reporting positions which we adopt, or other factors. The actual ratio of taxable income to cash distributions could be higher or lower than expected, and any differences could be material and could materially affect the value of the common units.
If the IRS contests the federal income tax positions we take, the market for our common limited partner units may be adversely impacted and the cost of any IRS contest would likely reduce our cash available for distribution to unitholders.
We have not requested a ruling from the IRS with respect to our treatment as a partnership for federal income tax purposes. The IRS may adopt positions that differ from the conclusions of our counsel or from the positions we take, and the IRS’s positions may ultimately be sustained. It may be necessary to resort to administrative or court proceedings to sustain some or all of our counsel’s conclusions or the positions we take and such positions may not ultimately be sustained. A court may not agree with some or all of our counsel’s conclusions or the positions we take. Any contest with the IRS, and the outcome of any IRS contest, may have a material adverse effect on the market for our common limited partner units and the price at which they trade. In addition, our costs of any contest with the IRS would be borne indirectly by our unitholders and our general partner, because the costs would likely reduce our cash available for distribution.
Tax gain or loss on the disposition of our common limited partner units could be more or less than expected.
If any of our unitholders sell their common limited partner units, such unitholders must recognize a gain or loss for federal income tax purposes equal to the difference between the amount realized and such unitholder's tax basis in those common limited partner units. Because distributions in excess of such unitholder's allocable share of our net taxable income decrease such unitholder's tax basis in such unitholder's common limited partner units, the amount, if any, of such prior excess distributions with respect to the common limited partner units such unitholder sells will, in effect, become taxable income to such unitholder if it sells such common limited partner units at a price greater than its tax basis in those common limited partner units, even if the price such unitholder receives is less than its original cost. Furthermore, a substantial portion of the amount realized on any sale or other disposition of such unitholder's common limited partner units, whether or not representing gain, may be taxed as ordinary income due to potential recapture items, including depreciation recapture. In addition, because the amount realized includes a unitholder’s share of our nonrecourse liabilities, if a unitholder sells their common limited partner units, they may incur a tax liability in excess of the amount of cash they receive from the sale.
Tax-exempt entities and non-U.S. persons face unique tax issues from owning our common limited partner units that may result in adverse tax consequences to them.
Investment in our common limited partner units by tax-exempt entities, such as employee benefit plans and individual retirement accounts (known as IRAs), and non-U.S. persons raises issues unique to them. For example, virtually all of our income allocated to organizations that are exempt from federal income tax, including IRAs and other retirement plans, will be unrelated business taxable income ("UBTI") and will be taxable to them. Distributions to non-U.S. persons will be reduced by withholding taxes at the highest applicable effective tax rate, and non-U.S. persons will be required to file U.S. federal income tax returns and pay tax on their share of our taxable income. Upon the sale, exchange or other disposition of a common limited partner unit by a non-U.S. person, the transferee is generally required to withhold 10% of the amount realized on the sale, exchange or disposition of such unit if any portion of the gain would be treated as effectively connected with a trade or business within the United States. The Department of the Treasury and the IRS have recently issued final regulations providing guidance on the application of these rules for transfers of publicly traded partnership interests, including transfers of our common limited partner units. Under these regulations, the “amount realized” on a transfer of an interest in a publicly traded partnership, such as our common limited partner units, will generally be the amount of gross proceeds paid to the broker effecting the applicable transfer on behalf of the transferor, and such broker will generally be responsible for the relevant withholding obligations. Distributions to non-U.S. persons may also be subject to additional withholding under these rules to the extent a portion of a distribution is attributable to an amount in excess of our cumulative net income that has not previously been distributed. The Department of the Treasury and the IRS have determined that these withholding requirements should not apply to transfers of publicly traded interests in a publicly traded partnership (such as us) that occur prior to January 1, 2022.
If you are a tax-exempt entity or a non-U.S. person, you should consult a tax advisor before investing in our common limited partner units.

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Risk Factors
We treat each holder of common limited partner units as having the same tax benefits without regard to the actual common limited partner units held. The IRS may challenge this treatment, which could adversely affect the value of the common limited partner units.
Because we cannot match transferors and transferees of common limited partner units, and because of other reasons, we will adopt depreciation and amortization positions that may not conform to all aspects of existing Treasury Regulations. A successful IRS challenge to those positions could adversely affect the amount of tax benefits available to our unitholders. It also could affect the timing of these tax benefits or the amount of gain from a unitholder's sale of common limited partner units and could have a negative impact on the value of our common limited partner units or result in audit adjustments to such unitholder's tax returns.
We prorate our items of income, gain, loss and deduction for U.S. federal income tax purposes between transferors and transferees of our units each month based upon the ownership of our units on the first day of each month, instead of on the basis of the date a particular unit is transferred. The IRS may challenge this treatment, which could change the allocation of items of income, gain, loss and deduction among our unitholders.
We prorate our items of income, gain, loss and deduction for U.S. federal income tax purposes between transferors and transferees of our units each month based upon the ownership of our units on the first day of each month, instead of on the basis of the date a particular unit is transferred. The U.S. Department of the Treasury adopted final Treasury Regulations allowing a similar monthly simplifying convention for taxable years beginning on or after August 3, 2015. However, such final regulations do not specifically authorize the use of the proration method we have adopted. If the IRS were to challenge our proration method, we may be required to change the allocation of items of income, gain, loss and deduction among our unitholders. Our counsel has not rendered an opinion with respect to whether our monthly convention for allocating taxable income and losses is permitted by existing Treasury Regulations.
If the IRS makes audit adjustments to our income tax returns for tax years beginning after 2017, it (and some states) may collect any resulting taxes (including any applicable penalties and interest) directly from us, in which case our cash available for distribution to our unitholders might be substantially reduced.
Pursuant to the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015, if the IRS makes audit adjustments to our income tax returns for tax years beginning after 2017, it may collect any resulting taxes (including any applicable penalties and interest) directly from us. We will generally have the ability to shift any such tax liability to our general partner and our unitholders in accordance with their interests in us during the year under audit, but there can be no assurance that we will be able to do so (and will choose to do so) under all circumstances, or that we will be able to (or choose to) effect corresponding shifts in state income or similar tax liability resulting from the IRS adjustment in states in which we do business in the year under audit or in the adjustment year. If we make payments of taxes, penalties and interest resulting from audit adjustments, our cash available for distribution to our unitholders would be reduced, perhaps substantially.
In the event the IRS makes an audit adjustment to our income tax returns and we do not or cannot shift the liability to our unitholders in accordance with their interests in us during the year under audit, we will generally have the ability to request that the IRS reduce the determined underpayment by reducing the suspended passive loss carryovers of our unitholders (without any compensation from us to such unitholders), to the extent such underpayment is attributable to a net decrease in passive activity losses allocable to certain partners. Such reduction, if approved by the IRS, will be binding on any affected unitholders.
A unitholder whose common limited partner units are loaned to a “short seller” to cover a short sale of common limited partner units may be considered as having disposed of those common limited partner units. If so, such unitholder would no longer be treated for federal income tax purposes as a partner with respect to those common limited partner units during the period of the loan and may recognize gain or loss from the disposition.
Because a unitholder whose common limited partner units are loaned to a “short seller” to cover a short sale of common limited partner units may be considered as having disposed of the loaned common limited partner units, such unitholder may no longer be treated for federal income tax purposes as a partner with respect to those common limited partner units during the period of the loan to the short seller and may recognize gain or loss from such disposition. Moreover, during the period of the loan to the short seller, any of our income, gain, loss or deduction with respect to those common limited partner units may not be reportable by the unitholder, and any cash distributions received by the unitholder as to those common limited partner units could be fully taxable as ordinary income. Therefore, our unitholders desiring to assure their status as partners and avoid the risk of gain recognition from a loan to a short seller are urged to consult a tax advisor to discuss whether it is advisable to modify any applicable brokerage account agreements to prohibit their brokers from loaning their common limited partner units.
We have adopted certain valuation methodologies and monthly conventions for U.S. federal income tax purposes that may result in a shift of income, gain, loss and deduction between our general partner and our unitholders. The IRS may challenge this treatment, which could adversely affect the value of the common limited partner units.
When we issue additional units or engage in certain other transactions, we determine the fair market value of our assets and allocate any unrealized gain or loss attributable to our assets to the capital accounts of our unitholders and our general partner. Our methodology may be viewed as understating the value of our assets. In that case, there may be a shift of income, gain, loss and deduction between certain
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Risk Factors
unitholders and our general partner, which may be unfavorable to such unitholders. Moreover, under our valuation methods, subsequent purchasers of common limited partner units may have a greater portion of their Code Section 743(b) adjustment allocated to our tangible assets and a lesser portion allocated to our intangible assets. The IRS may challenge our valuation methods, or our allocation of the Section 743(b) adjustment attributable to our tangible and intangible assets, and allocations of taxable income, gain, loss and deduction between our general partner and certain of our unitholders.
A successful IRS challenge to these methods or allocations could adversely affect the amount of taxable income or loss being allocated to our unitholders. It also could affect the amount of taxable gain from our unitholders’ sale of common limited partner units and could have a negative impact on the value of the common limited partner units or result in audit adjustments to our unitholders’ tax returns without the benefit of additional deductions.
As a result of investing in our common limited partner units, our unitholders may be subject to state and local taxes and return filing requirements in jurisdictions where we operate or own or acquire properties.
In addition to federal income taxes, our unitholders may be subject to other taxes, including state and local income, franchise, unincorporated business, estate, inheritance or intangible taxes that are imposed by the various jurisdictions in which we conduct business or own property now or in the future, even if such unitholders do not live or otherwise do business in any of those jurisdictions. Our unitholders may be required to file state and local income tax returns and pay state and local income taxes in some or all of these various jurisdictions. Further, our unitholders may be subject to penalties for failure to comply with those requirements. We currently own property and conduct business in Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Tennessee and Texas. Many of these states impose a personal income tax on individuals, and each state imposes an income or similar tax on corporations and certain other entities. As we make acquisitions or expand our business, we may own property or conduct business in additional states that may impose personal income taxes or other state or local taxes on our unitholders.
Compliance with and changes in tax laws could adversely affect our performance.
We are subject to extensive tax laws and regulations, including federal, state and foreign income taxes and transactional taxes such as excise, sales/use, payroll, franchise and ad valorem taxes. New tax laws and regulations and changes in existing tax laws and regulations are continuously being enacted that could result in increased tax expenditures in the future. Many of these tax liabilities are subject to audits by the respective taxing authority. These audits may result in additional taxes, as well as interest and penalties.
Unitholders may be subject to limitation on their ability to deduct interest expense incurred by us.
In general, we are entitled to a deduction for interest paid or accrued on indebtedness properly allocable to our trade or business during our taxable year. However, under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2017, our deduction for “business interest” is limited to the sum of our business interest income and 30% of our “adjusted taxable income.” For purposes of this limitation, our adjusted taxable income is computed without regard to any business interest expense or business interest income, and in the case of taxable years beginning before January 1, 2022, any deduction allowable for depreciation, amortization or depletion.

ITEM 1B.  UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
None.

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
In the ordinary conduct of our business, we are from time to time subject to lawsuits, investigations and claims, including, environmental claims and employee-related matters. Although we cannot predict with certainty the ultimate resolution of lawsuits, investigations and claims asserted against us, including civil penalties or other enforcement actions, we do not believe that any currently pending legal proceeding or proceedings to which we are a party will have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations. See Note 17 to the consolidated financial statements in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, which is incorporated by reference in this Item 3, for additional information.

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
Not applicable.

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Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases
PART II
ITEM 5.    MARKET FOR REGISTRANT'S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
General
Our common units represent limited partner interests in us that entitle the holders to the rights and privileges specified in our Partnership Agreement. Our common units trade on the NYSE under the symbol "DKL." There were four holders of record of our common units held by the public as of February 19, 2021. In addition, as of February 19, 2021, Delek Holdings and its affiliates owned 34,745,868 of our common units. See Note 12 to the consolidated financial statements in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, for a discussion of historic cash distributions.
Distributions of Available Cash
Our Partnership Agreement requires that, within 45 days after the end of each quarter, we distribute all of our available cash to unitholders of record on the applicable record date.
Definition of Available Cash
Available cash generally means, for any quarter, all cash and cash equivalents on hand at the end of that quarter:
less the amount of cash reserves established by our general partner to:
provide for the proper conduct of our business (including cash reserves for our future capital expenditures and anticipated future debt service requirements and refunds of collected rates reasonably likely to be refunded as a result of a settlement or hearing related to the FERC rate proceedings or rate proceedings under applicable law subsequent to that quarter);
comply with applicable law, any of our debt instruments or other agreements; or
provide funds for distributions to our unitholders and to our general partner for any one or more of the next four quarters; pursuant to the IDR Restructuring Transaction on August 13, 2020, the general partner will no longer receive any cash distributions;
plus, if our general partner so determines, all or any portion of the cash on hand on the date of determination of available cash for the quarter resulting from working capital borrowings made subsequent to the end of such quarter. Under our Partnership Agreement, working capital borrowings are generally borrowings that are made under a credit facility, commercial paper facility or similar financing arrangement, and in all cases are used solely for working capital purposes or to pay distributions to partners, and with the intent of the borrower to repay such borrowings within 12 months with funds other than from additional working capital borrowings.
Incentive Distribution Rights
Effective August 13, 2020, the Partnership closed on the IDR Restructuring Transaction and the general partner no longer receives any cash distributions. Prior to August 13, 2020, our general partner was entitled to 2.0% of all quarterly distributions that we make prior to our liquidation. Our general partner had the right, but not the obligation, to contribute up to a proportionate amount of capital to us to maintain its current general partner interest. Our general partner held IDRs that entitled it to receive increasing percentages, up to a maximum of 48.0%, of the cash we distributed from operating surplus (as defined in our Partnership Agreement) in excess of 0.43125 per unit per quarter. The maximum distribution was 48.0% and did not include any distributions that our general partner or its affiliates may have received on common or general partner units that it owns. As of August 12, 2020, the IDRs held by our general partner were entitled to receive the maximum distribution.
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Financial Data
ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
The following tables set forth certain selected consolidated financial data as of and for each of the five years in the period ended December 31, 2020, along with descriptions of certain transactions that occurred during the year ended December 31, 2015. All financial results have been adjusted for subsequent transactions with our Predecessors as noted below.
During the year ended December 31, 2016, the Partnership entered into various transactions with Delek Holdings and our general partner pursuant to which we acquired the following assets from Delek Holdings:
two crude oil rail offloading racks, which are designed to receive up to 25,000 bpd of light crude oil or 12,000 bpd of heavy crude oil, or any combination of the two, delivered by rail to Delek Holdings' El Dorado Refinery (the "El Dorado Refinery") and related ancillary assets (the “El Dorado Assets”) effective March 31, 2015 (such transaction, the "El Dorado Rail Offloading Racks Acquisition"); and
a crude oil storage tank (the "Tyler Crude Tank") with a shell capacity of approximately 350,000 barrels located adjacent to Delek Holdings' Tyler Refinery (the "Tyler Refinery") and certain ancillary assets (collectively, with the Tyler Crude Tank, the "Tyler Assets") effective March 31, 2015 (such transaction, the "Tyler Crude Tank Acquisition"); the Tyler Assets, together with the El Dorado Assets, are hereinafter collectively referred to as the "Logistics Assets".
The El Dorado Rail Offloading Racks Acquisition and the Tyler Crude Tank Acquisition were accounted for as transfers between entities under common control; such acquisitions hereinafter collectively referred to as the "Acquisitions from Delek Holdings." As entities under common control with Delek Holdings, transfers between entities under common control are accounted for as if the transfer occurred at the beginning of the period, and prior years have been retrospectively adjusted to include the historical results of the assets acquired in the Acquisitions from Delek Holdings prior to the effective date of each acquisition for all periods presented. Prior to each acquisition date, we refer to the Acquisitions from Delek Holdings collectively as our “Predecessors.”
During the year ended December 31, 2019, the Partnership, through its wholly-owned subsidiary DKL Big Spring, LLC, acquired the Big Spring Logistics Assets from Delek Holdings, which are primarily located at or adjacent to the Big Spring Refinery. The Big Spring Logistic Assets Acquisition was considered a transaction between entities under common control.
During the year ended December 31, 2020, the Partnership, through its wholly-owned subsidiary DKL Permian Gathering, LLC, acquired the Big Spring Gathering Assets from Delek Holdings, located in Howard, Borden and Martin Counties, Texas. In addition, the Partnership, through its wholly-owned subsidiary DKL Transportation, LLC acquired the Trucking Assets from Delek Holdings. The Big Spring Gathering Assets Acquisition and the Trucking Assets Acquisition were considered transactions between entities under common control. However, prior periods have not been recast, as these assets did not constitute a business in accordance with Accounting Standard Update 2017-01, "Clarifying the Definition of a Business."
As our Predecessors recorded revenues, general and administrative expenses and financed operations differently than the Partnership, our financial results may not be comparable. See "Factors Affecting the Comparability of Our Financial Results" in Item 7, Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information.
The following tables should be read in conjunction with Item 7, Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and our consolidated financial statements in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
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Financial Data
Year Ended December 31,
(In thousands, except units and per unit data)20202019201820172016
Statements of Income and Other Comprehensive Income Data:
Net revenues$563,418 $583,992 $657,609 $538,075 $448,059 
Operating costs and expenses383,625 458,180 531,852 449,898 370,409 
Operating income179,793 125,812 125,757 88,177 77,650 
Non-operating costs and expenses20,314 28,096 35,041 18,990 14,765 
Income before income tax expense (benefit)159,479 97,716 90,716 69,187 62,885 
Income tax expense (benefit)223 967 534 (222)81 
Net income attributable to partners$159,256 $96,749 $90,182 $69,409 $62,804 
Less: General partners' interest in net income, including incentive distribution rights 18,724 33,080 25,543 18,429 12,193 
Limited partners' interest in net income $140,532 $63,669 $64,639 $50,980 $50,611 
Net income per limited partner unit:
Common - basic
$4.18 $2.61 $2.65 $2.09 $2.08 
Common - diluted
$4.18 $2.61 $2.65 $2.09 $2.07 
Subordinated - Delek Holdings basic and diluted
$— $— $— $— $2.19 
Weighted average limited partner units outstanding:  
Common units - basic33,594,284 24,413,294 24,390,286 24,348,063 22,490,264 
Common units - diluted
33,597,418 24,418,641 24,396,881 24,367,972 22,558,717 
Subordinated units - Delek Holdings basic and diluted
— — — — 1,803,167 
Cash distributions per limited partner unit
$3.605 $3.440 $3.120 $2.835 $2.575 
Year Ended December 31,
(In thousands)20202019201820172016
Balance Sheet Data: 
Property, plant and equipment, net$464,812 $295,044 $312,562 $255,068 $251,029 
Total assets956,417 744,447 624,593 443,530 415,547 
Total debt, including current maturities992,291 833,110 700,430 422,649 392,600 
Total liabilities1,064,718 895,566 759,416 472,755 428,831 
Total deficit(108,301)(151,119)(134,823)(29,225)(13,284)

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Management's Discussion and Analysis
ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations ("MD&A") is management’s analysis of our financial performance and of significant trends that may affect our future performance. The MD&A should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K (the "Annual Report on Form 10-K"). Those statements in the MD&A that are not historical in nature should be deemed forward-looking statements that are inherently uncertain. See "Forward-Looking Statements" below for a discussion of the factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected in these statements.
Unless otherwise noted or the context requires otherwise, references in this report to "Delek Logistics Partners, LP," the "Partnership," “we,” “us,” or “our” or like terms, may refer to Delek Logistics Partners, LP, one or more of its consolidated subsidiaries or all of them taken as a whole. Unless otherwise noted or the context requires otherwise, references in this report to "Delek Holdings" refer collectively to Delek US Holdings, Inc. and any of its subsidiaries, other than the Partnership and its subsidiaries and its general partner.
Effective August 13, 2020, the Partnership closed the transaction contemplated by a definitive exchange agreement with the general partner to eliminate all of the incentive distribution rights ("IDRs") held by the general partner and convert the 2.0% economic general partner interest into a non-economic general partner interest, all in exchange for 14.0 million newly issued common limited partner units and $45.0 million in cash ("IDR Restructuring Transaction"). Contemporaneously, Delek Holdings purchased a 5.2% ownership interest in our general partner from certain affiliates, who were also members of our general partner's management and board of directors. See Note 4 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements in Item 8 Financial Statements and Supplementary Data of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further information.
Effective May 1, 2020, the Partnership, through its wholly-owned subsidiary DKL Transportation, LLC, acquired Delek Trucking, LLC consisting of certain leased and owned tractors and trailers and related assets (the "Trucking Assets") from Delek Holdings, such transaction the "Trucking Assets Acquisition." See Note 3 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements in Item 8 Financial Statements and Supplementary Data of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further information.
Effective March 31, 2020, the Partnership, through its wholly-owned subsidiary DKL Permian Gathering, LLC, acquired from Delek Holdings a crude oil gathering system located in Howard, Borden and Martin Counties, Texas (the "Big Spring Gathering Assets"), and certain related assets, such transaction the "Big Spring Gathering Assets Acquisition." See Note 3 to the consolidated financial statements in Item 8 Financial Statements and Supplementary Data of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further information.
Effective March 1, 2018, the Partnership acquired from Delek Holdings certain logistics assets primarily located at or adjacent to Delek Holdings' Big Spring, Texas refinery (the "Big Spring Refinery"). See Note 3 to the consolidated financial statements in Item 8 Financial Statements and Supplementary Data of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information on the acquisition.
The Partnership announces material information to the public about the Partnership, its products and services and other matters through a variety of means, including filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, press releases, public conference calls, the Partnership's website (www.deleklogistics.com), the investor relations section of the website (ir.deleklogistics.com), the news section of its website (www.deleklogistics.com/news), and/or social media, including its Twitter account (@DelekLogistics). The Partnership encourages investors and others to review the information it makes public in these locations, as such information could be deemed to be material information. Please note that this list may be updated from time to time.
Forward-Looking Statements
This Annual Report on Form 10-K (including information incorporated by reference) contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the "Securities Act"), and Section 21E of the Exchange Act. These forward-looking statements reflect our current estimates, expectations and projections about our future results, performance, prospects and opportunities. Forward-looking statements include, among other things, statements regarding the effect, impact, potential duration or other implications of, or expectations expressed with respect to, the COVID-19 Pandemic and the actions of members of OPEC+ with respect to oil production and pricing, and statements regarding our efforts and plans in response to such events, the information concerning our possible future results of operations, business and growth strategies, financing plans, expectations that regulatory developments or other matters will not have a material adverse effect on our business or financial condition, our competitive position and the effects of competition, the projected growth of the industry in which we operate, the benefits and synergies to be obtained from our completed and any future acquisitions, statements of management’s goals and objectives, and other similar expressions concerning matters that are not historical facts. Words such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “would,” “predicts,” “potential,” “continue,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “future,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “estimates,” “appears,” “projects” and similar expressions, as well as statements in future tense, identify forward-looking statements.
Forward-looking statements should not be read as a guarantee of future performance or results, and will not necessarily be accurate indications of the times at, or by, which such performance or results will be achieved. Forward-looking information is based on information
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Management's Discussion and Analysis
available at the time and/or management’s good faith belief with respect to future events, and is subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual performance or results to differ materially from those expressed in the statements. Important factors that, individually or in the aggregate, could cause such differences include, but are not limited to:
our substantial dependence on Delek Holdings or its assignees and their support of and respective ability to pay us under our commercial agreements;
our future coverage, leverage, financial flexibility and growth, and our ability to improve performance and achieve distribution growth at any level or at all;
Delek Holdings' future growth, financial performance, share repurchases, crude oil supply pricing and flexibility and product distribution;
industry dynamics, including Permian Basin growth, ownership concentration, efficiencies and takeaway capacity;
the age and condition of our assets and operating hazards and other risks incidental to transporting, storing and gathering crude oil, intermediate and refined products, including, but not limited to, costs, penalties, regulatory or legal actions and other effects related to spills, releases and tank failures;
changes in insurance markets impacting costs and the level and types of coverage available;
the timing and extent of changes in commodity prices and demand for refined products and the impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on such demand;
the wholesale marketing margins we are able to obtain and the number of barrels of product we are able to purchase and sell in our West Texas wholesale business;
the suspension, reduction or termination of Delek Holdings' or its assignees' or third-party's obligations under our commercial agreements including the duration, fees or terms thereof;
the results of our investments in joint ventures;
the ability to secure commercial agreements with Delek Holdings or third parties upon expiration of existing agreements;
the possibility of inefficiencies, curtailments, or shutdowns in refinery operations or pipelines, whether due to infection in the workforce or in response to reductions in demand as a result of the COVID-19 Pandemic;
disruptions due to equipment interruption or failure, or other events, including terrorism, sabotage or cyber attacks, at our facilities, Delek Holdings’ facilities or third-party facilities on which our business is dependent;
changes in the availability and cost of capital of debt and equity financing;
our reliance on information technology systems in our day-to-day operations;
changes in general economic conditions, including uncertainty regarding the timing, pace and extent of economic recovery in the United States due to the COVID-19 Pandemic;
the effects of existing and future laws and governmental regulations, including, but not limited to, the rules and regulations promulgated by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission ("FERC") and state commissions and those relating to environmental protection, pipeline integrity and safety as well as current and future restrictions on commercial and economic activities in response to the COVID-19 Pandemic;
competitive conditions in our industry;
actions taken by our customers and competitors;
the demand for crude oil, refined products and transportation and storage services;
our ability to successfully implement our business plan;
inability to complete growth projects on time and on budget;
our ability to successfully integrate acquired businesses;
disruptions due to acts of God, including natural disasters, weather-related delays, casualty losses and other matters beyond our control;
future decisions by OPEC+ regarding production and pricing and disputes between OPEC+ regarding such;
changes or volatility in interest and inflation rates;
labor relations;
large customer defaults;
changes in tax status and regulations;
the effects of future litigation; and
other factors discussed elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Many of the foregoing risks and uncertainties are, and will be, exacerbated by the COVID-19 Pandemic and any worsening of the global business and economic environment. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, our actual results of operations and execution of our business strategy could differ materially from those expressed in, or implied by, the forward-looking statements, and you should not place undue reliance upon them. In addition, past financial and/or operating performance is not necessarily a reliable indicator of future performance, and you should not use our historical performance to anticipate results or future period trends. We can give no assurances
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Management's Discussion and Analysis
that any of the events anticipated by the forward-looking statements will occur or, if any of them do, what impact they will have on our results of operations and financial condition.
All forward-looking statements included in this report are based on information available to us on the date of this report. We undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
Business Overview
The Partnership primarily owns and operates crude oil, intermediate and refined products logistics and marketing assets. We gather, transport, offload and store crude oil and intermediate products and market, distribute, transport and store refined products primarily in select regions of the southeastern United States and Texas for Delek Holdings and third parties. A substantial majority of our existing assets are both integral to and dependent upon the success of Delek Holdings' refining operations, as many of our assets are contracted exclusively to Delek Holdings in support of its Tyler, El Dorado and Big Spring refineries.
The Partnership is not a taxable entity for federal income tax purposes or the income taxes of those states that follow the federal income tax treatment of partnerships. See "Part 1—Items 1 and 2. Business and Properties—Company Overview" for further details.
The COVID-19 outbreak and its development into a pandemic in March 2020 (the "COVID-19 Pandemic" or the "Pandemic") has resulted in significant economic disruption globally, including in the U.S. and specific geographic areas where we operate. Actions taken by various governmental authorities, individuals and companies around the world to prevent the spread of COVID-19 through both voluntary and mandated social distancing, curfews, shutdowns and expanded safety measures, have restricted travel, many business operations, public gatherings and the overall level of individual movement and in-person interaction across the globe. This has in turn significantly reduced global economic activity and resulted in airlines dramatically cutting back on flights and a decrease in motor vehicle use, leading to a substantial decrease in consumer demand for gasoline and other hydrocarbons. As a result, there has also been a decline in the demand for refined petroleum products and most notably gasoline and jet fuel. There is continued uncertainty about the duration of the COVID-19 Pandemic which caused reduced consumer demand for gasoline and other hydrocarbons during the year ended December 31, 2020 in the United States and globally. Therefore, downward pressure on commodity prices has remained and could continue for the foreseeable future.
In October 2020, governmental authorities in various states across the U.S., particularly those states in our Permian Basin and U.S. Gulf Coast regions, lifted many of the restrictions created by actions taken to slow down the spread of COVID-19. These actions resulted in an increase in the level of individual movement and travel and, in turn, an increase in the demand and market prices for some of our products relative to late March 2020. However, many of the states where such restrictions were lifted subsequently experienced a marked increase in the spread of COVID-19 and many governmental authorities in such areas responded by re-imposing certain restrictions they had previously lifted. In addition, certain countries globally recently re-imposed previously lifted restrictions due to worsening effects of the increased spread of COVID-19. This response, as well as the increased infection rates, impacts regions that we serve and could significantly impact demand in ways that we cannot predict. Additionally, increased infection rates could impact our logistics operations, particularly in high-infection states, if our employees are personally affected by the illness, both through direct infection and quarantine procedures.
During the year ended December 31, 2020, both our West Texas wholesale marketing business and many of our pipeline and transportation customers have experienced the impact on demand and pricing of these unprecedented conditions. Our pipelines and transportation revenue streams were largely protected by minimum commitments under existing throughput contracts with customers during the current period, but continued pressure on our customers could present risks to our existing and new business opportunities as well as on collectability on our receivables. We continue to experience operational constraints as well, including COVID-19 infections at certain of our company locations that have resulted in re-imposed or expanded remote policies and quarantine protocols. We continue to be faced with risk from our suppliers and customers who are facing similar challenges.
We have identified the following uncertainties resulting from the COVID-19 Pandemic and other events, including the impact related to crude storage space shortages:
Customers directly impacted by the COVID-19 Pandemic and other events in terms of demand for refined product may reduce throughputs which could, likewise, impact the throughput demand for our pipelines, and may seek to renegotiate minimums under contractual force majeure provisions. Such reductions could have a significant impact on our revenues, cost of sales, operating income and liquidity, as well to the carrying value of long-lived or indefinite-lived assets;
Customers may experience financial difficulties which could interrupt the volumes ordered by those customers and/or could impact the credit worthiness of such customers and the collectability of their outstanding receivables;
Equity method investees may be significantly impacted by the COVID-19 Pandemic and/or other events, which may increase the risk of impairment of those investments;
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Management's Discussion and Analysis
The decline in demand and pricing on our wholesale marketing segment and a decline in demand for pipelines and transportation impacting current results and/or forecasts could result in impairments in certain of our long-lived or indefinite-lived assets, including goodwill, or have other financial statement impacts that cannot currently be anticipated;
While our current liquidity needs are managed by existing credit facilities, sources of future liquidity needs may be impacted by the volatility in the debt market and the availability and pricing of such funds as a result of the COVID-19 Pandemic and other events; and
The U.S. Federal Government has enacted certain stimulus and relief measures and is continuing to consider additional relief legislation. To the extent that the provisions do not directly impact the Partnership in the current period or are intended to stimulate or provide relief to the greater U.S. economy and/or consumer, the impact and success of such efforts remains unknown.
Other uncertainties related to the impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic and other events may exist that have not been identified or that are not specifically listed above, and could impact our future results of operations and financial position, the nature of which and the extent to which are currently unknown. Actions taken by OPEC+ in April and June 2020, including the agreement for management of crude oil supply in the hopes of contributing to market stabilization (the "Oil Production Cuts"), as well as the U.S. Federal Government's passage and/or enactment of additional stimulus and relief measures, may impact the extent to which the risk underlying these uncertainties are realized. To the extent these uncertainties have been identified and are believed to have an impact on our current period results of operations or financial position based on the requirements for assessing such financial statement impact under U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, we have considered them in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2020.
In addition, management continues to actively respond to the impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic and other events on our business. Such efforts include (but are not limited to) the following:
Reducing planned capital expenditures for 2021;
Identifying alternative financing solutions to enhance our access to sources of liquidity;
Enacting cost reduction measures across the organization, including reducing contract services, reducing overtime and reducing or eliminating non-critical travel which serves the dual purpose of also complying with recommendations made by the state and federal governments because of the COVID-19 Pandemic;
Implementing regular site cleaning and disinfecting procedures;
Adopting remote working where possible. Where on-site operations are required, appropriate safety precautions taken; and
Working with our employees to implement other site-specific precautionary measures to reduce the risk of exposure.
The extent to which our future results are affected by COVID-19 Pandemic will depend on various factors and consequences beyond our control, such as the duration and scope of the Pandemic; additional actions by businesses and governments in response to the COVID-19 Pandemic; and the speed and effectiveness of responses to combat the virus. The COVID-19 Pandemic, and the volatile regional and global economic conditions stemming from the Pandemic, could also exacerbate the risk factors identified in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. The COVID-19 Pandemic may also materially adversely affect our results in a manner that is either not currently known or that we do not currently consider to be a significant risk to our business.
See also 'Risk Factors' in Part I, Item 1A. of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further discussion of risks associated with the COVID-19 Pandemic.
Our Reporting Segments and Assets
Our business consists of two reportable segments:
(i) Pipelines and Transportation
The assets and investments in our pipelines and transportation segment consist of pipelines, tanks, offloading facilities, trucks and ancillary assets, which provide crude oil gathering and crude oil, intermediate and refined products transportation and storage services primarily in support of Delek Holdings' refining operations in Tyler, Texas, El Dorado, Arkansas and Big Spring, Texas. Additionally, the assets in this segment provide crude oil transportation services to certain third parties. In providing these services, we do not take ownership of the products or crude oil that we transport or store. Therefore, we are not directly exposed to changes in commodity prices with respect to this operating segment.
(ii) Wholesale Marketing and Terminalling
The assets in our wholesale marketing and terminalling segment consist of refined products terminals and pipelines in Texas, Tennessee, Arkansas and Oklahoma. We generate revenue in our wholesale marketing and terminalling segment by providing marketing services for the refined products output of the Tyler and Big Spring refineries, engaging in wholesale activity at our terminals in West Texas and at
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Management's Discussion and Analysis
terminals owned by third parties, whereby we purchase light products for sale and exchange to third parties, and by providing terminalling services at our refined products terminals to independent third parties and Delek Holdings.
2020 Developments
Restructuring Transaction
Effective August 13, 2020, the Partnership closed the transaction contemplated by a definitive exchange agreement with the general partner to eliminate all of the IDRs held by the general partner and convert the 2% economic general partner interest into a non-economic general partner interest, both in exchange for 14.0 million newly issued common limited partner units and $45.0 million in cash (the "IDR Restructuring Transaction"). See Note 3 to the consolidated financial statements in Item 8 Financial Statements and Supplementary Data of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information.
In August 2020, we filed a shelf registration statement with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, which subsequently became effective, for the proposed re-sale or other disposition from time to time by Delek Holdings of up to 14.0 million common limited partner units representing limited partner interests in the Partnership. We will not sell any securities under this shelf registration statement and we will not receive any proceeds from the sale of the securities by Delek Holdings.
Red River Expansion project
In August 2020, Red River, a joint venture equity method investment which owns a crude oil pipeline running from Cushing, Oklahoma to Longview, Texas, completed a planned expansion project to increase the pipeline capacity from 150,000 bpd to 235,000 bpd. The expansion project commenced operations on October 1, 2020.
Inflation Adjustments
On July 1, 2020, the tariffs on our FERC regulated pipelines and the throughput fees and storage fees under certain of our agreements with Delek Holdings and third parties that are subject to adjustment using the FERC indexing increased by approximately 2%, which was the amount of the change in the FERC oil pipeline index. Under certain of our other agreements with Delek Holdings and third parties, the fee adjusted based on the consumer price index increased 1.6% and the fees adjusted based on producer price index decreased approximately 1.2%. See "Part 1—Items 1 and 2. Business and Properties—Company Overview—2020 Developments" for further details.
Trucking Assets Acquisition
Effective May 1, 2020, the Partnership, through its wholly-owned subsidiary DKL Transportation, LLC, acquired Delek Trucking, LLC consisting of certain leased and owned tractors and trailers and related assets from Delek Holdings. See Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements in Item 8 Financial Statements and Supplementary Data of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information.
Big Spring Gathering Assets Acquisition
Effective March 31, 2020, the Partnership, through its wholly-owned subsidiary DKL Permian Gathering, LLC, acquired the Big Spring Gathering Assets from Delek Holdings, located in Howard, Borden and Martin Counties, Texas. See Note 2 to our accompanying consolidated financial statements, in Item 8 Financial Statements and Supplementary Data of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information.
IDR Waiver
On March 31, 2020, in connection with the completion of the Big Spring Gathering Assets Acquisition, the Board of the general partner waived distributions in respect of the Incentive Distribution Rights ("IDRs") associated with the 5.0 million newly issued common limited partner units ("Additional Units") for at least two years, through at least the distribution for the quarter ending March 31, 2022 ("IDR Waiver"). The IDR Waiver essentially reduced the distribution made to the holders of the IDRs during this period, as the holders would not receive a share of the distribution made on the Additional Units. An additional waiver letter was signed that waived all of the distributions for the first quarter of 2020 on the Additional Units with respect to base distributions and the IDRs. The Restructuring Transaction on August 13, 2020, permanently eliminated all of the IDRs. See Note 3 to our accompanying consolidated financial statements, in Item 8 Financial Statements and Supplementary Data of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information.
Business Strategies
Our objectives are to maintain stable cash flows and to grow the quarterly distributions paid to our unitholders over time. We are focused on growing our asset base within our geographic area through acquisitions, project development, joint ventures and enhancing our existing systems. While we will continue to evaluate ways to provide Delek Holdings with logistics services, our emphasis will be to increase the logistics services that we offer to third parties. We intend to achieve these objectives through the following business strategies:
Generate Stable Cash Flow. We will continue to pursue opportunities to provide logistics, marketing and other services to Delek Holdings and third parties pursuant to long-term, fee-based contracts. In new service contracts, we will endeavor to include minimum volume throughput or other commitments, similar to those included in our current commercial agreements with Delek Holdings.
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Management's Discussion and Analysis
Focus on Growing Our Business. We intend to evaluate and pursue opportunities to grow our business through both strategic acquisitions and expansion and construction projects, both internally funded or in combination with potential external partners and through investments in joint ventures. Additionally, we believe that our strong relationship with Delek Holdings will enhance our opportunities to grow our business.
Pursue Acquisitions. We plan to pursue strategic acquisitions that both complement our existing assets and provide attractive returns for our unitholders. As we continue to grow through acquisitions, we believe we will be able to increase our third party business. In addition to those opportunities to acquire assets from Delek Holdings described below, we believe that our current asset base, and our knowledge of the regional markets in which we operate, will enable us to target and complete attractive third-party acquisitions.
Investments in Joint Ventures. We have grown our asset base to include investments in joint ventures, which have contributed to our initiative to grow our midstream business, while increasing our crude oil sourcing flexibility. We intend to continue evaluating growth opportunities through these investments.
Engage in Mutually Beneficial Transactions with Delek Holdings. Delek Holdings has granted us a right of first offer on certain logistics assets. We intend to review our right to purchase any such assets as they are offered to us under the terms of the right of first offer, from time to time. Delek Holdings is also required, under certain circumstances, to offer us the opportunity to purchase additional logistics assets that Delek Holdings may acquire or construct in the future. Further, we anticipate additional growth opportunities through subsequent dropdowns of logistics assets acquired or developed by Delek Holdings. For example, Delek Holdings anticipates offering us certain gathering and logistics assets. However, there can be no assurance as to the timing of any such transaction or whether or on what terms dropdowns will be offered to us by Delek Holdings. We continue to evaluate options with respect to dropdown transactions, which may include changes in capital structure.
Pursue Attractive Expansion and Construction Opportunities. We intend to pursue organic growth opportunities that complement our existing businesses or that provide attractive returns within or outside our current geographic footprint. We plan to evaluate potential opportunities to make capital investments that will be used to expand our existing asset base through the expansion and construction of new logistics assets to support growth of any of our customers', including Delek Holdings', businesses and from increased third-party activity. These construction projects may be developed either through joint venture relationships or by us acting independently, depending on size and scale.
Optimize Our Existing Assets and Expand Our Customer Base. We seek to enhance the profitability of our existing assets by adding incremental throughput volumes, improving operating efficiencies and increasing system-wide utilization. We also expect to further diversify our customer base by increasing third-party throughput volumes running through certain of our existing systems and expanding our existing asset portfolio to service more third-party customers.
Commercial Agreements with Delek Holdings
The Partnership has a number of long-term, fee-based commercial agreements with Delek Holdings under which we provide various services, including crude oil gathering, crude oil, intermediate and refined products transportation and storage services, and marketing, terminalling and offloading services to Delek Holdings, and Delek Holdings commits to provide us with minimum monthly throughput volumes of crude oil, intermediate and refined products. Generally, these agreements include minimum quarterly volume, revenue or throughput commitments and have tariffs or fees indexed to inflation-based indices, provided that the tariffs or fees will not be decreased below the initial amount. See Note 4 to the consolidated financial statements in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for a discussion of our material commercial agreements with Delek Holdings.
Other Transactions
Starting in 2018, the Partnership manages a long-term capital project on behalf of Delek Holdings pursuant to a construction management and operating agreement (the "DPG Management Agreement") for the construction of a 250-mile gathering system in the Permian Basin (the "Delek Permian Gathering Project"). As of December 31, 2020, approximately 178 miles of the gathering system were completed and operational, however, additional costs pertaining to a pipeline connection that was not contributed to the Partnership continue to be incurred and are still subject to the terms of the DPG Management Agreement. The Partnership is also considered the operator for the project and is responsible for the oversight of the project design, procurement and construction of project segments and for providing other related services. See Note 4 to the consolidated financial statements in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information on the DPG Management Agreement.




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Management's Discussion and Analysis
How We Evaluate Our Operations
We use a variety of financial and operating metrics to analyze our segment performance. These metrics are significant factors in assessing our operating results and profitability and include:
(i)volumes (including pipeline throughput and terminal volumes);
(ii)contribution margin per barrel;
(iii)operating and maintenance expenses;
(iv)cost of materials and other; and
(v)EBITDA and distributable cash flow (as such terms are defined below).
Volumes
The amount of revenue we generate primarily depends on the volumes of crude oil and refined products that we handle in our pipeline, transportation, terminalling, storage and marketing operations. These volumes are primarily affected by the supply of and demand for crude oil, intermediate and refined products in the markets served directly or indirectly by our assets. Although Delek Holdings has committed to minimum volumes under certain of the commercial agreements, as described above, our results of operations will be impacted by:
Delek Holdings’ utilization of our assets in excess of its minimum volume commitments;
our ability to identify and execute acquisitions and organic expansion projects and capture incremental volume increases from Delek Holdings or third parties;
our ability to increase throughput volumes at our refined products terminals and provide additional ancillary services at those terminals;
our ability to identify and serve new customers in our marketing and trucking operations; and
our ability to make connections to third-party facilities and pipelines.
Contribution Margin per Barrel
Because we do not allocate general and administrative expenses by segment, we measure the performance of our segments by the amount of contribution margin as generated in operations. Contribution margin is defined as net revenues less cost of materials and other and operating expenses, excluding depreciation and amortization.
For our wholesale marketing and terminalling segment, we also measure gross margin per barrel. Gross margin per barrel reflects the gross margin (net revenues less cost of materials and other) of the wholesale marketing operations divided by the number of barrels of refined products sold during the measurement period. Both contribution margin and gross margin per barrel can be affected by fluctuations in the prices and cost of gasoline, distillate fuel, ethanol and Renewable Identification Numbers ("RINs"). Historically, the profitability of our wholesale marketing operations has been affected by commodity price volatility, (specifically as it relates to changes in the price of refined products between the time we purchase such products from our suppliers and the time we sell the products to our wholesale customers), and the fluctuation in the value of RINs. Commodity price volatility may also impact our wholesale marketing operations when the selling price of refined products does not adjust as quickly as the purchase price. Our wholesale marketing gross margin may also be impacted by the fixed price ethanol agreements we enter into to fix the price we pay for ethanol.
Operating and Maintenance Expenses
We seek to maximize the profitability of our operations by effectively managing operating and maintenance expenses. These expenses include the costs associated with the operation of owned terminals and pipelines and terminalling expenses at third-party locations, excluding depreciation and amortization. These costs primarily include outside services, allocated employee costs, repairs and maintenance costs and energy and utility costs. Operating expenses related to the wholesale business are excluded from cost of sales because they primarily relate to costs associated with selling the products through our wholesale business. These expenses generally remain relatively stable across broad ranges of throughput volumes, but can fluctuate from period to period depending on the mix of activities performed during that period and the timing of said expenses. Additionally, compliance with federal, state and local laws and regulations relating to the protection of the environment, health and safety may require us to incur additional expenditures. We will seek to manage our maintenance expenditures on our pipelines and terminals by scheduling maintenance over time to avoid significant variability in our maintenance expenditures and minimize their impact on our cash flow.




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Management's Discussion and Analysis
Cost of Materials and Other
These costs include:
(i)all costs of purchased refined products in our wholesale marketing and terminalling segment, as well as additives and related transportation of such products;
(ii)costs associated with the operation of our trucking assets, which primarily include allocated employee costs and other costs related to fuel, truck leases and repairs and maintenance;
(iii)the cost of pipeline capacity leased from any third parties; and
(iv)gains and losses related to our commodity hedging activities.
Financing
The Partnership paid a cash distribution to its unitholders at a distribution rate of $0.910 per unit for the quarter ended December 31, 2020 ($3.64 per unit on an annualized basis). Our Partnership Agreement requires that the Partnership distribute all of its available cash (as defined in the Partnership Agreement) to its unitholders quarterly. As a result, the Partnership expects to fund future capital expenditures primarily from operating cash flows, borrowings under our revolving credit facility and any potential future issuances of equity and debt securities. See Note 12 to the consolidated financial statements in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for a discussion of historic cash distributions.
Market Trends
Business Environment
Fluctuations in crude oil prices and the prices of related refined products impact our operations and the operations of other master limited partnerships in the midstream energy sector. In particular, crude oil prices and the prices of related refined products have the ability to influence drilling activity in many basins and the amounts of capital spending that crude oil exploration and production companies incur to support future growth. Throughout the majority of 2018, the prices of crude oil and related refined products remained relatively consistent. Nevertheless, during the fourth quarter of 2018 the prices of crude oil and related refined products decreased significantly due to seasonal impacts. During the first half of 2019, the prices of crude oil and related refined products increased but fell slightly in the third quarter of 2019.
During the first quarter of 2020, reduced demand for crude oil and refined products related to the COVID-19 Pandemic, combined with production increases from OPEC+, led to a significant reduction in crude oil prices. While OPEC+ reached an agreement to cut oil production, the uncertainty about the duration of the COVID-19 Pandemic continues to slow down the recovery of demand for gasoline and other hydrocarbons. Therefore, the downward pressure on commodity prices has remained and could continue for the foreseeable future. Oil prices have been extremely volatile during the year ended December 31, 2020. The January 2020 high closing price of oil (WTI Cushing) was $63.27 per barrel, which declined to close at $20.48 per barrel on March 31, 2020, reached a second quarter 2020 low of $10.01 per barrel on April 21, 2020 and closed at $39.27 per barrel on June 30, 2020. The WTI Cushing oil price recovered slightly to close at $40.22 per barrel on September 30, 2020 and at $48.40 on December 31, 2020. In response to the rapid decline in commodity prices, some companies in the Permian Basin acted swiftly to reduce drilling and completion activity starting late in the first quarter and continued into the second and third quarter of 2020. The current market conditions have resulted in lower refinery utilization which in turn has impacted the throughput for our assets and operations. This has impacted our operations leading to a decrease in revenues albeit with at least an equivalent decrease in cost and expenses in some instances. Due to the stabilization in oil prices, albeit at lower prices, during the second half of the year, we experienced improved margins in the West Texas area, and better throughput for our assets with improved gross margins, when compared to the first half of 2020. We believe we are strategically positioned, in these tougher market conditions, to continue developing profitable growth projects that are needed to support future distribution growth in the midstream energy sector and for the Partnership.
West Texas Marketing Operations
Overall demand for gathering and terminalling services in a particular area is generally driven by crude oil production in the area, which can be impacted by crude oil prices, refining economics and access to alternate delivery and transportation infrastructure. Additionally, volatility in crude oil, intermediate and refined products prices in the West Texas area and the value attributable to RINs can affect the results of our West Texas operations. For example, as discussed above, drilling activity and the prices of crude oil and related refined products increased in the first half of 2019 and in spite of a slight decrease in prices in the third quarter of 2019, demand for refined products from our West Texas operations to industries that support crude oil exploration and production began to rebound early in the first quarter of 2020. However due to the impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic there was lower demand and sales of refined products during later part of the first quarter and remained down during the second quarter of 2020. However, during the third quarter and fourth quarter of 2020, demand and sales of the refined products began to rebound from the second quarter lows.
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Management's Discussion and Analysis
See chart below for the high, low and average price per barrel of WTI crude oil for each of the quarterly periods during the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019.
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Also, the volatility of refined products prices may impact our margin in the West Texas operations when the selling price of refined products does not adjust as quickly as the purchase price. See below for the range of prices per gallon of gasoline and diesel for each of the quarterly periods during the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019.
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Management's Discussion and Analysis
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Our West Texas operations can benefit from RINs that are generated by ethanol blending activities. As a result, changes in the price of RINs can affect our results of operations. The RINs we generate are sold primarily to Delek Holdings at market prices. We sold approximately $3.4 million and $1.2 million of RINs to Delek Holdings during the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. See below for the high, low and average prices of RINs for each of the quarterly periods during the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019.
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All of these factors are subject to change over time. As part of our overall business strategy, management considers aspects such as location, acquisition and expansion opportunities and factors impacting the utilization of the refineries (and therefore throughput volumes), which may impact our performance in the market.


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Non-GAAP Measures
Our management uses certain "non-GAAP" operational measures to evaluate our operating segment performance and non-GAAP financial measures to evaluate past performance and prospects for the future to supplement our GAAP financial information presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP. These financial and operational non-GAAP measures are important factors in assessing our operating results and profitability and include:
Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization ("EBITDA") - calculated as net income before net interest expense, income tax expense, depreciation and amortization expense, including amortization of customer contract intangible assets, which is included as a component of net revenues in our accompanying consolidated statements of income.
Distributable cash flow - calculated as net cash flow from
operating activities plus or minus changes in assets and liabilities, less maintenance capital expenditures net of reimbursements and other adjustments not expected to settle in cash. Delek Logistics believes this is an appropriate reflection of a liquidity measure by which users of its financial statements can assess its ability to generate cash.
EBITDA and distributable cash flow are non-U.S. GAAP supplemental financial measures that management and external users of our consolidated financial statements, such as industry analysts, investors, lenders and rating agencies, may use to assess:
our operating performance as compared to other publicly traded partnerships in the midstream energy industry, without regard to historical cost basis or, in the case of EBITDA, financing methods;
the ability of our assets to generate sufficient cash flow to make distributions to our unitholders;
our ability to incur and service debt and fund capital expenditures; and
the viability of acquisitions and other capital expenditure projects and the returns on investment of various investment opportunities.
We believe that the presentation of EBITDA and distributable cash flow provide information useful to investors in assessing our financial condition and results of operations. EBITDA and distributable cash flow should not be considered alternatives to net income, operating income, cash flow from operating activities or any other measure of financial performance or liquidity presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP. EBITDA and distributable cash flow have important limitations as analytical tools, because they exclude some, but not all, items that affect net income and net cash provided by operating activities. Additionally, because EBITDA and distributable cash flow may be defined differently by other partnerships in our industry, our definitions of EBITDA and distributable cash flow may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other partnerships, thereby diminishing their utility. For a reconciliation of EBITDA and distributable cash flow to their most directly comparable financial measures calculated and presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP, please refer to "Results of Operations" below.
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Management's Discussion and Analysis
Results of Operations
A discussion and analysis of the factors contributing to our results of operations is presented below. The financial statements, together with the following information, are intended to provide investors with a reasonable basis for assessing our historical operations but should not serve as the only criteria for predicting our future performance.
Non-GAAP Reconciliations
The following table provides a reconciliation of EBITDA and distributable cash flow to the most directly comparable U.S. GAAP measure, or net income and net cash from operating activities, respectively.
Reconciliation of net income to EBITDA (in thousands)
Year Ended December 31,
20202019
Net income$159,256 $96,749 
Add:
Income tax expense223 967 
Depreciation and amortization35,731 26,701 
Amortization of customer contract intangible assets7,211 7,211 
Interest expense, net42,874 47,328 
EBITDA (1)
$245,295 $178,956 

Reconciliation of net cash from operating activities to distributable cash flow (in thousands)
Year Ended December 31,
20202019
Net cash provided by operating activities$193,016 $130,399 
Changes in assets and liabilities19,777 (571)
Distributions from equity method investments in investing activities2,741 804 
Non-cash lease expense(6,075)(193)
Maintenance and regulatory capital expenditures (2)
(1,296)(8,569)
Reimbursement from Delek Holdings for capital expenditures (3)
263 5,828 
Accretion of asset retirement obligations(427)(397)
Deferred income taxes(401)(496)
Other operating income, net66 197 
Distributable cash flow (1)
$207,664 $127,002 
(1)
For a definition of EBITDA and distributable cash flow, please see "Non-GAAP Measures" above.
(2)
Maintenance and regulatory capital expenditures represent cash expenditures (including expenditures for the addition or improvement to, or the replacement of, our capital assets, and for the acquisition of existing, or the construction or development of new, capital assets) made to maintain our long-term operating income or operating capacity. Examples of maintenance and regulatory capital expenditures are expenditures for the repair, refurbishment and replacement of pipelines and terminals, to maintain equipment reliability, integrity and safety and to address environmental laws and regulations.
(3)
For the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, Delek Holdings reimbursed us for certain capital expenditures pursuant to the terms of the Omnibus Agreement (as defined in Note 4 to our accompanying consolidated financial statements).