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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

    ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020

OR

    TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ____________ to ____________

Commission file number 001-13585
clgx-20201231_g1.jpg
CORELOGIC, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware95-1068610
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
40 PacificaIrvineCalifornia92618
(Street Address)(City)(State)(Zip Code)

(949) 214-1000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class:Trading symbol(s):Name of exchange on which registered:
Common Stock, $0.00001 par valueCLGXNew York Stock Exchange
Preferred Stock Purchase RightsCLGXNew York Stock Exchange

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.

Yes No

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.

Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

Yes      No   
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).

Yes       No   
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.         

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).

Yes   No   

The aggregate market value of voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of June 30, 2020, the last business day of the registrant's most recently-completed second fiscal quarter was $5,303,236,199.

On February 22, 2021, there were 73,152,328 shares of common stock outstanding.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the registrant’s definitive proxy statement with respect to the 2020 annual meeting of the stockholders are incorporated by reference in Part III of this report. The definitive proxy statement or an amendment to this Form 10-K will be filed no later than 120 days after the close of the registrant’s fiscal year.




CoreLogic, Inc.
Table of Contents

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Table of Contents


PART I

Item 1. Business

The Company

We are a leading global property information, analytics, data-enabled software platforms, and services provider operating in North America, Western Europe, and Asia Pacific. Our vision is to deliver unique property-level insights that power the global real estate economy. Our mission is to empower our clients to make smarter decisions through data-driven insights.

With our data as a foundation, we provide software platforms and value-added business services that address the unique needs of the mortgage, real estate, insurance, capital, and public sectors. The quality of our software platforms and services is distinguished by our broad range of data assets and our experience in aggregating, organizing, normalizing, processing, and delivering data on a large-scale basis. Our structured property-specific data, consisting of over 150 million parcel records, covers over 99% of the United States ("US"), includes both residential and commercial real estate data, and is enriched by over one billion historical sales, mortgages, and pre-foreclosure transactions. Our consortium data covers loan-level mortgage performance, appraisal, as well as mortgage application data and is in excess of 300 million records. We are also the industry's first parcel-based geocoder and have developed a proprietary spatial database covering more than 150 million parcel polygons across the US. These databases enable our clients to access detailed property insights, as well as data regarding current and historical mortgages, mortgage risk and portfolio performance, involuntary property liens and encumbrances, building construction and replacement costs, consumer credit, tenancy, location intelligence, hazards, and other natural risk factors.

We have more than one million end-users who rely on our data and predictive decision analytics to reduce risk, enhance transparency, and improve the performance of their businesses.

We offer our clients a comprehensive national database covering real property and mortgage information, judgments and liens, building and replacement costs, tax information, parcel and geospatial data, among other data types. Using these robust datasets, we have built strong value-added analytical capabilities and business services to meet our clients’ needs for property tax processing, property valuation, hazard risk, property risk and replacement cost, flood plain location determination, geospatial data, analytics, and related services.

As used herein, the terms "CoreLogic," the "Company," "we," "our" and "us" refer to CoreLogic, Inc. and our consolidated subsidiaries, except where it is clear that such terms refer only to CoreLogic, Inc. and not its subsidiaries. Our executive offices are located at 40 Pacifica, Irvine, California, 92618-7471, our telephone number is (949) 214-1000, and our website is www.corelogic.com.

Corporate Events

Merger Agreement

In February 2021, we entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (“Merger Agreement”) with Celestial-Saturn Parent Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Acquirer”), and Celestial-Saturn Merger Sub Inc., a Delaware corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Acquirer (“Acquisition Sub”). Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, and subject to the terms and conditions set forth therein, Acquisition Sub would be merged with and into CoreLogic (“Merger”), with CoreLogic continuing as the surviving corporation in the Merger and a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Acquirer. The Acquirer and Acquisition Sub are affiliates of Stone Point Capital Partners and Insight Partners. If the Merger is consummated, CoreLogic’s securities will be de-listed from the New York Stock Exchange and de-registered under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (“Exchange Act”), as soon as practicable following the effective time of the Merger ("Effective Time").

In the event the Merger is completed, except as otherwise provided in the Merger Agreement, each share of common stock, par value $0.00001 per share, of CoreLogic issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time would be converted into the right to receive $80.00 per share in cash, without interest (“Merger Consideration”). Consummation of the Merger is subject to customary closing conditions, including, among other things, the adoption of the Merger Agreement by the holders of a majority of the outstanding shares of our common stock (“Requisite Stockholder Approval”). The consummation of the Merger is not subject to a financing condition, and the Acquirer has obtained equity and debt financing commitments for the purpose of financing the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement. Please refer to “Overview of Business Environment and Company Developments—Merger” in “Item 7—Management’s Discussion and Analysis of
3

Table of Contents


Financial Condition and Consolidated Results of Operations” and Note 21—Subsequent Events—Proposed Merger of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8—Financial Statements and Supplementary Data of Part II of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further information.

On February 16, 2021, the Board received an unsolicited acquisition proposal from CoStar Group, Inc. ("CoStar") to acquire the Company in an all-stock transaction. The Board is carefully reviewing the proposal in consultation with outside legal counsel and financial advisors. The Merger Agreement remains in full force and effect, and the Board has not withdrawn or modified its recommendation that the stockholders of CoreLogic vote in favor of the approval of the Merger, the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby.

Rights Agreement Amendment

In February 2021, in connection with the execution of the Merger Agreement, CoreLogic also entered into an amendment (“Rights Agreement Amendment”) to the Rights Agreement, dated as of July 6, 2020, by and between CoreLogic and Equiniti Trust Company, as rights agent (“Rights Agreement”), in order to (i) render the Rights Agreement inapplicable to the Merger and the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, (ii) ensure that in connection with the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, none of the Acquirer, Acquisition Sub, or any of their “Affiliates” or “Associates” (each as defined in the Rights Agreement) shall be deemed to be or become an “Acquiring Person” (as defined below) and (iii) provide that the “Expiration Date” (as defined in the Rights Agreement) shall occur immediately prior to the Effective Time.

Unsolicited Proposal and Proxy Contest

In June 2020, we received an unsolicited proposal from Senator Investment Group, LP (“Senator”) and Cannae Holdings, Inc. (“Cannae”) to acquire the Company for $65.00 per share in cash, which initial proposal was increased by Senator and Cannae on September 14, 2020 by $1.00 per share to $66.00 per share in cash (“Unsolicited Proposal”). In July 2020, our Board of Directors ("Board"), in consultation with its independent financial and legal advisors, unanimously determined to reject the Unsolicited Proposal. Senator and Cannae issued a press release announcing proposals to remove members of our Board and replace them with up to nine individuals nominated by Senator and Cannae and to amend certain provisions of our Bylaws (“Proxy Contest Proposals”). In August 2020, the Board determined to call a special meeting of CoreLogic’s stockholders to allow our stockholders to consider and vote on the Proxy Contest Proposals. A special meeting of our stockholders to vote on the Proxy Contest Proposals was held in November 2020, with a record date of September 18, 2020, resulting in the removal of three members of our Board and the appointment of three of Senator and Cannae's nominees to our Board, each with a term expiring at the Company's 2021 annual meeting of stockholders. In connection with the Unsolicited Proposal, Proxy Contest Proposals, and related strategic transaction process, we have incurred expenses of approximately $54.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2020.

Discontinued Operations

In July 2020, we announced our intention to exit our reseller operations focused on mortgage credit and borrower verification and multi-family tenant screening. Although market leaders in their respective business areas, these reseller businesses are not compatible with our long-term strategic imperatives. The divestiture of these operations is expected to improve our revenue growth trends and revenue mix, and significantly enhance profit margins. As a result of this strategic decision, the businesses have been reflected in our consolidated financial statements as discontinued operations for all periods presented. In October 2020, we sold a portion of our multi-family tenant screening business, which resulted in a gain on sale of discontinued operations of $2.7 million, net of tax. In February 2021 we sold the remainder of our multi-family tenant screening business for $51.2 million. Please refer to Note 18 - Discontinued Operations of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8 - Financial Statements and Supplementary Data of Part II of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further information.

Business Exits & Transformation within Continuing Operations

In December 2018, we announced our intent to exit a loan origination software unit and its remaining legacy default management related platforms, as well as accelerate an appraisal management company ("AMC") transformation program, which actions were focused on expanding our overall profit margins and providing for enhanced long-term organic growth trends. In September 2019, we divested our default management related platforms and received proceeds of $3.8 million. The AMC transformation was concluded in December 31, 2019. For the year ended December 31, 2019, our operating revenues decreased by $61.9 million attributable to the aforementioned business exits and strategic transformation compared to 2018. We also recorded non-cash impairment charges of $47.8 million and severance expense of $5.3 million in 2019 relating to the AMC transformation program.


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Table of Contents


Acquisitions

We opportunistically acquire companies, businesses, products, and services to grow market share in the mortgage, real estate, insurance, capital, public sector, and rental property markets. We also identify opportunities that complement our strengths and/or diversify our exposure from the mortgage and real estate market.

In January 2020, we acquired the remaining 66% of Location, Inc. ("Location") for $11.5 million, subject to certain working capital adjustments. Location is a leading provider of geographic location indicators for crime and non-weather related events connected to underwriting risk assessment. This acquisition further progresses our long-term strategic plan by adding scale to our insurance and spatial businesses. Location is included as a component of our Property Intelligence & Risk Management Solutions ("PIRM") segment.

During 2019, we completed the acquisition of National Tax Search, LLC ("NTS") for total net cash of approximately $13.2 million. This acquisition includes contingent consideration of up to $7.5 million to be paid in cash by 2022, contingent upon the achievement of certain revenue targets in fiscal years 2020 and 2021. NTS is a leading provider of commercial property tax payment services and specializes in identifying potential collateral loss related to unpaid property tax, homeowner's association fees, and inaccurate flood zone determinations. The NTS acquisition increases the Company's commercial property tax offerings and is expected to drive future growth in the US.

See Note 17 - Acquisitions of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8 - Financial Statements and Supplementary Data of Part II of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further discussion.

Dividend

In December 2019, we announced the initiation of a quarterly cash dividend to common shareholders. CoreLogic paid a cash dividend of $0.22 per share of common stock in January 2020 and June 2020 to shareholders of record as of the close of business on January 10, 2020 and June 1, 2020, respectively. In July 2020, our Board announced a 50% increase in our cash dividend and declared a $0.33 per share cash dividend to common stockholders, which was paid in September 2020 and December 2020 to stockholders of record as of the close of business on September 1, 2020 and December 1, 2020, respectively. In January 2021, our Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $0.33 per share of common stock to be paid in March 2021 to shareholders of record as of the close of business on March 1, 2021.

Financing Activities

In May 2019 we amended our credit agreement (as amended, the "Credit Agreement") with Bank of America, N.A., as the administrative agent, and other financial institutions. The Credit Agreement provides for a $1.8 billion five-year term loan facility (the "Term Facility"), and a $750.0 million five-year revolving credit facility (the "Revolving Facility"). The Term Facility matures, and the Revolving Facility expires, in May 2024. The Revolving Facility includes a $100.0 million multicurrency revolving sub-facility and a $50.0 million letter of credit sub-facility. The Credit Agreement also provides for the ability to increase the Term Facility and Revolving Facility by up to $300.0 million in the aggregate; however, the lenders are not obligated to do so. See Note 8 - Long Term Debt of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8 - Financial Statements and Supplementary Data of Part II of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further discussion.
    
Technology Transformation

In September 2018, we announced the adoption of the Google Cloud Platform (“GCP”) as a foundational element of our ongoing technology transformation program to further expand infrastructure capabilities and drive efficiencies. We successfully completed the initial transformation phase, and will continue transitioning our technology over the foreseeable future on an opportunistic basis. The transition to GCP allows us to leverage the capabilities of the cloud platform to achieve best-in-class system performance and reliability and to facilitate the deployment of unique business insights fueled by gold-standard data, information, and analytics. Additionally, we expect to realize cost efficiencies and enhanced security as we continue the transition.

Our Data

Our data is the foundation of many of our products, platforms, and services, and can generally be categorized as property information, mortgage information, and consumer information. We obtain our data from a variety of sources, including but not limited to, data gathered from public sources, data contributed by our clients, and data obtained from other industry leading data aggregators.
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We gather data from a variety of public sources, including electronic data and documents from federal, state, and local governments and enhance this information through advanced analytics, artificial intelligence, and machine learning ("AI/ML"), leveraging data we collect from non-public sources. This allows us to create comprehensive textual and geospatial views of each property within our coverage areas, including physical property characteristics, boundaries and tax values, current and historical ownership, voluntary and involuntary liens, tax assessments and delinquencies, replacement cost, property risk including environmental, flood, and hazard information, building permits, local trends, and nationwide summary statistics.

Specific agreements exist which govern data contributed to our consortium data assets by our clients. These contractual arrangements provide the necessary permissions to enable us to deliver solutions across several vertical markets using the client contributed data. We structure end-user agreements to consortium data solutions to acknowledge the specific uses of the data and to provide the required levels of data privacy and protection for the consortium contributors’ data. Consortium data includes loan performance information and appraisal information.

We acquire appraisal and property valuations from appraisers.

Business Segments

We have organized our business into the following two segments: Property Intelligence & Risk Management Solutions ("PIRM") and Underwriting & Workflow Solutions ("UWS").

We believe that we hold the leading market position for many of our solutions, including:

property tax processing, based on the number of loans under service;
flood zone determinations, based on the number of flood zone certification reports issued;
property valuation and technology platform solutions, based on the number of in-house staff appraisers and inquiries received; and
multiple listing services ("MLS"), based on the number of active desktops using our technology.

In addition to our two reporting segments, we also have a corporate group, which bears costs and expenses not allocated to our segments. More detailed financial information regarding each of our business segments is included in Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations as well as Note 19 - Segment Information of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data of Part II of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Solutions

Property Intelligence & Risk Management Solutions

Our PIRM segment delivers unique housing market and property-level insights, predictive analytics, and risk management capabilities. We have also developed proprietary technology and software platforms to access, automate, and track this information, as well as assist our clients with decision-making and compliance tools in the real estate and insurance industries. We deliver this information directly to our clients in a standard format over the web, through hosted software platforms or in bulk data form. Our solutions include property insights and insurance and spatial solutions in North America, Western Europe, and Asia Pacific.

Our property insights combine our patented predictive analytics with our proprietary and contributed data to enable our clients to improve customer acquisition and retention, detect and prevent fraud, improve mortgage transaction cycle time and cost efficiency, identify real estate trends and neighborhood characteristics, track market performance, and increase market share. Our data is comprised of real estate information, incorporating crime data, site inspections, information about neighborhoods, document images, and other information from proprietary sources. Further, we maintain the leading market share of real estate listing software systems, which we provide to more than 50% of all US and Canadian real estate agents. We also provide a full range of professional services to listing organizations and assist our clients in identifying revenue opportunities and improving member services.

Our insurance and spatial solutions provide property and casualty insurers, energy, and other markets the ability to more effectively locate, assess, and manage property-level assets and risks through location-based data, property content, proprietary workflow solutions, and analytics. We maintain the industry's first parcel-based geocoder and an industry-leading parcel
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database covering more than 150 million parcels across the US, as well as critical and up-to-date information across multiple hazard databases including information on storm, land-based, fire, and even non-weather-related hazards.

Underwriting & Workflow Solutions

Our UWS segment provides comprehensive mortgage origination and monitoring solutions, including underwriting-related solutions and data-enabled valuations and appraisals. We have also developed proprietary technology and software platforms to access, automate, and track this information, as well as assist our clients with vetting and on-boarding prospects, meeting compliance regulations, and understanding, evaluating, and monitoring property values. Our UWS solutions include property tax solutions, valuation solutions, and flood data solutions in North America.

Our property tax solutions are built from aggregated property tax information from over 20,000 taxing authorities. We use this information to advise mortgage originators and servicers of the property tax payment status of loans in their portfolio and to monitor that status over the life of the loans. If a mortgage lender requires tax payments to be impounded on behalf of its borrowers, we can also monitor and oversee the transfer of these funds to the taxing authorities and provide the lender with payment confirmation.

Our valuations solutions represent property valuation-related, data-driven services, and analytics combined with collateral valuation workflow technologies, which assist our clients in assessing risk of loss using both traditional and alternative forms of property valuation, driving process efficiencies, and ensuring compliance with lender and governmental regulations. We have been building collateral risk management models for more than 20 years and provide collateral information technology and solutions that automate property appraisal ordering, tracking, documentation, and review for lender compliance with government regulations.

Our flood data solutions provide flood zone determinations in accordance with the US Federal legislation passed in 1994, which requires that most mortgage lenders obtain a determination of the current flood zone status at the time each loan is originated and obtain applicable updates during the life of the loan. We provide flood zone determinations primarily to mortgage lenders.

Clients

Our clients are predominantly financial services institutions in the mortgage and insurance industries. We provide our solutions to national and regional mortgage lenders, servicers, brokers, credit unions, commercial banks, investment banks, fixed-income investors, real estate agents, MLS companies, real estate investment trusts, property and casualty insurance companies, government agencies, and government-sponsored enterprises.

Our more significant client relationships tend to be long-term in nature, and we typically provide a number of different solutions to each client. Because of the depth of these relationships, we derive a significant portion of our aggregate revenue from our largest clients, with 34.4%, 26.4%, and 32.0% of our operating revenues for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019, and 2018, respectively, being generated by our ten largest clients. None of our clients individually accounted for greater than 10% of our operating revenues for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019, and 2018.

Competition

We offer a diverse array of specialized products and services that compete directly and indirectly with similar products and services offered by national and local providers. We believe there is no single competitor who offers the same combination of products and services that we do. Therefore, we believe that we compete with a broad range of entities.

Our PIRM segment competes with entities that provide access to data or data-based analytics products and services as part of their product offerings, including Black Knight, Inc., which provides real estate information, analytics, valuation-related services, and other solutions; ATTOM Data, which provides public records data; First American Financial Corporation ("FAFC"), which provides real estate, home ownership and property data; as well as Verisk Analytics, Inc., which provides data and risk assessment in the insurance and financial services industries. We also compete with departments within financial institutions that utilize internal resources to provide similar analytics and services on a captive basis. We compete based on the breadth and quality of our data sets, the exclusive nature of some of our key data sets, the quality and effectiveness of our products, and the integration of our platforms into client systems. We believe the data we offer is distinguished by quality, the broad range of our data sources (including non-public sources), the volume of records we maintain, and our ability to provide data spanning a historical period of time that exceeds comparable data sets of most of our competitors.

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Our UWS segment competes with third-party providers such as Black Knight, Inc. and Lereta LLC, which provide tax and flood solutions, as well as Clear Capital, Solidifi, and ServiceLink, which provide valuation-related services. For these services, we compete largely based on the quality of the products and services we provide, our ability to provide scalable services at competitive prices, and our ability to provide integrated platforms. We also compete with departments within financial institutions that utilize internal resources to provide similar services on a captive basis. We generally compete with captive providers based on the quality of our products and services, the scalability of our services, cost efficiencies, and our ability to provide some level of risk mitigation.

Sales and Marketing

Our sales strategy is client-focused and resources are primarily assigned based on client size and complexity. Several of our sales team members and subject matter experts specialize in specific solutions, products, and services. Each of our sales executives develops and maintains key relationships within each client’s business units and plays an important role in relationship management as well as developing new business. Our sales executives understand the current marketplace environment and demonstrate extensive knowledge of our clients’ internal operating structure and business needs. The depth and breadth of our relationships with our clients allows us to develop and implement solutions that are tailored to the specific needs of each client in a prompt and efficient manner.

Smaller clients, measured by revenue or geographic coverage, are primarily managed through our inside sales operations function which is responsible for working with mortgage and real estate brokers, smaller property and casualty insurance companies, fixed-income investors, appraisers, real estate agents, correspondents, and other lenders.

Several of our product and service lines have sales teams and subject matter experts who specialize in specific solutions, products, and services. These sales teams and subject matter experts work collaboratively with our sales executives and our inside sales operations to assist with client sales by combining our data, products, and data-enabled services to meet the specific needs of each client and may be assigned to assist with sales in targeted markets for certain categories of clients or for particular service groups.

Our marketing strategy is to accelerate growth by building trusted relationships with our clients and delivering superior value through unique property-related data, analytics, and data-enabled solutions. We use the most efficient methods available to successfully identify, target, educate, and engage potential and existing clients through their preferred channel of communication. Employing client-centric marketing initiatives and campaigns, we clearly articulate our value proposition to build awareness, familiarity and interest in our business solutions, demand for our products and services, as well as increase volume, quality, and velocity of sales opportunities. Our marketing activities include direct marketing, advertising, public relations, event marketing, digital marketing, social media, and other targeted activities.

Acquisitions and Divestitures

Historically, we have increased the scale of our existing businesses and entered new markets, products, and services through selective acquisitions that we believe strengthen our overall solution offerings and value proposition to clients. We continually evaluate our business mix and opportunistically seek to optimize our business portfolio through acquisitions and divestitures.

Intellectual Property

We own significant intellectual property rights, including patents, copyrights, trademarks, and trade secrets. We consider our intellectual property to be proprietary and we rely on a combination of statutory (e.g., copyright, trademark, trade secret, and patent) and contractual safeguards in an intellectual property enforcement program to protect our intellectual property rights.

We have more than 50 issued patents in the US covering business methods, software, and systems patents, principally relating to automated valuation, fraud detection, data gathering, flood detection, MLS technology, and property monitoring. We also have at least 19 patent applications pending principally relating to these and other areas in the US. In addition, we have a number of issued patents and pending patent applications internationally, including in Canada and Australia. The protection of our proprietary technology is important to our success and we intend to continue to protect those intellectual property assets for which we have expended substantial research and development capital and which are material to our business.

In addition, we own more than 300 trademarks in the US and foreign countries, including the names of our products and services as well as our logos and tag lines, many of which are registered. Many of our trademarks, trade names, service marks, and logos are material to our business, as they assist our clients in identifying our products and services and the quality that stands behind them.
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We own more than 1,000 registered and unregistered copyrights in the US and foreign countries, covering computer programs, reports, and manuals. We also have other literary works, including marketing materials, handbooks, presentations, and website content that are protected under common law copyright. We believe our written materials are essential to our business as they provide our clients with insight into various areas of the financial and real estate markets in which we operate.

Our research and development activities focus primarily on the design and development of our analytical tools, software applications, and data sets. We expect to continue our practice of investing in the development of new software applications and systems in response to the market and client needs we identify through client input collected in meetings, phone calls, and web surveys. We also assess opportunities to integrate existing data sets to enhance our products' effectiveness.

In order to maintain control of our intellectual property, we enter into license agreements with our clients, granting rights to use our products and services, including our software and databases. We also audit our clients from time to time to ensure compliance with our agreements. This helps to maintain the integrity of our proprietary intellectual property and to protect the embedded information and technology contained in our solutions. As a general practice, employees, contractors, and other parties with access to our proprietary information enter into agreements that prohibit the unauthorized use or disclosure of our proprietary rights, information, and technology.

Information Technology

Information technology is a significant focus area, and we maintain a long-term strategic technology plan which is reassessed annually. Our existing technology infrastructure is a private, dedicated cloud-based computing environment hosted in primary and secondary technology centers owned and managed by the NTT Data Corporation ("NTT"). Additionally, we are in the process of modernizing a number of our legacy solutions to take full advantage of the dynamic scaling offered by the Google Cloud Platform using the Pivotal Cloud Foundry Platform as a Service capability to ensure we maintain the flexibility to operate our products and services on any public cloud platform in the future.

We maintain an Innovation Development Center ("IDC") where we use an Extreme Agile Development methodology to develop, enhance and expand our next generation cloud-agnostic IDC platform on which new products can be rapidly built, scaled, modified and deployed. In addition, the IDC plays a leading role in research and development in the areas of employing hardware advancements, data and analytics, mobility, voice, and the application of AI/ML. We supplement the IDC with a number of strategic alliances.

Technology Operations

In conjunction with NTT and GCP, we operate a computing technology environment intended to allow us to provide flexible systems at all times, enabling us to deliver increased capacity as needed or when client needs demand increased speed of delivery. Our current mainstream private, dedicated cloud computing environment hosted by NTT is designed to enable us to deliver secure and compliant data, analytics, and services to support client needs. We have also completed the development of an advanced cloud operating model that provides a fully automated, tightly controlled, and highly secured environment for the products and services we are, and increasingly will be, operating on GCP as we transition to the Google public cloud. This network of systems, combined with enterprise-level service operations, positions us as a leading property insights provider to the financial services market. Our platforms store, process, and deliver our data and proprietary technologies that are the foundation of our business and critical to the development of our solutions. Additionally, our unified network architecture allows us to operate multiple systems as a single resource capable of delivering subsets of our applications, data, and analytics as compelling combined solutions to our clients.

Security

Leveraging the National Institute of Standards and Technology (“NIST”) and the associated NIST Cybersecurity Framework, we have deployed a wide range of physical and digital security measures, along with a formal governance program to protect the security of our information technology infrastructure, personnel and data. Our security team is responsible for establishing corporate information security policies, performing 24/7 security operations, maintaining information security awareness and ensuring enterprise IT compliance. Both our technology managers and NTT’s technology infrastructure managers are Information Technology Infrastructure Library certified. NTT is contractually obligated to comply with our information security policies and procedures, and our new cloud operating model that we use for those products and services that have already been refactored to operate on GCP automatically enforces compliance with our information security policies. Our digital security framework for both our NTT and GCP computing environments provides layered protection designed to secure both active and inactive virtual machines in the data centers we use. This approach enables dedicated virtual machines to
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regularly scan all of our systems. These measures help to detect and prevent intrusions, monitor firewall integrity, inspect logs, catch and quarantine malware, and prevent data breaches. Our physical and digital security solutions run in tandem, enabling us to better identify suspicious activities and implement preventive measures.

Regulation

We are subject to a number of US federal, state and local, as well as foreign laws and regulations that involve various aspects of our businesses. Failure to satisfy those legal and regulatory requirements, or the adoption of new laws or regulations, could have a significant negative impact on our ability to provide certain products and services or could result in the imposition of fines or penalties or the incurrence of damages. We maintain a robust corporate compliance program responsible for ensuring compliance with US federal, state, local, and foreign laws and regulations relating to our business.

US federal, state and local, and foreign laws and regulations are evolving and can be subject to significant change. There are also a number of legislative proposals pending before the US Congress, various state legislative bodies, and foreign governments concerning consumer and data protection that could affect us. In addition, the application and interpretation of these laws and regulations are often uncertain. These laws are enforced by regulatory agencies or other enforcement bodies in the jurisdictions where we operate and, in some instances, also through private civil litigation. Among the more significant areas of regulation for our business are the following:

US Consumer Financial Regulations and Data Protection

Our US operations are subject to numerous laws and regulations governing the collection, protection and use of consumer data and other information, as well as the provision of certain services, that provide for sanctions for violations. The laws and regulations that affect our US operation include, but are not limited to, the following:

Fair Credit Reporting Act (“FCRA”). The FCRA governs the practices of consumer reporting agencies that are engaged in the business of collecting and analyzing certain types of information about consumers, including credit eligibility information. The FCRA also governs the submission of information to consumer reporting agencies, the access to and use of information provided by consumer reporting agencies, and the ability of consumers to access and dispute information held about them. Some of our services are subject to regulation under the FCRA. Violation of the FCRA can result in civil and criminal penalties and the FCRA contains an attorney fee shifting provision to provide an incentive for consumers to bring individual or class action lawsuits for violations of the FCRA. Regulatory enforcement of the FCRA is under the purview of the US Federal Trade Commission ("FTC"), the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB”), and state attorneys general, acting alone or in concert with one another. Many states have also enacted laws with requirements similar to the FCRA. Some of these state laws impose additional, or more stringent, requirements than the FCRA.

Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 (“Dodd-Frank Act”). The Dodd-Frank Act gave the CFPB supervisory authority over “larger participants” in the market for consumer financial services, as the CFPB defines by rule. In July 2012, the CFPB finalized its regulation regarding larger participants in the consumer reporting market. Under the regulation, certain of our credit services businesses are considered larger participants. As a result, the CFPB has the authority to conduct examinations of the covered credit services businesses and we expect that we will continue to be examined by the CFPB as part of this authority. In addition, the CFPB serves as the principal federal regulator of providers of consumer financial products and services. As such, the CFPB has significant rulemaking authority under existing federal statutes that regulate many of our products and services, as well as the authority to conduct examinations of certain providers of financial products and services, including our tax services business. The CFPB also has the authority to initiate an investigation of our other businesses if it believes that a federal consumer financial law is being violated. In addition to transferring authority under certain existing laws to the CFPB and providing it with examination and supervisory authority, the Dodd-Frank Act also prohibits unfair, deceptive or abusive acts or practices (“UDAAP”) with respect to consumer financial products and provides the CFPB with authority to enforce those provisions. The CFPB has stated that its UDAAP authority may allow it to find statutory violations even where a specific regulation does not prohibit the relevant conduct, or prior published regulatory guidance or judicial interpretation has found the activity to be in accordance with law.

Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act ("GLBA"). The GLBA regulates the sharing of non-public personal financial information held by financial institutions and applies indirectly to companies that provide services to financial institutions. In addition to regulating information sharing, the GLBA requires that non-public personal financial information be safeguarded using physical, administrative, and technological means. Certain of the non-public personal information we hold is subject to protection under the GLBA.

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Privacy Laws. The privacy and protection of consumer information is a developing area of regulation, and we continue to monitor legislative and regulatory developments at the federal, state, and local levels. In addition to the GLBA, we expect that there will continue to be enhanced state and/or federal regulation in the area of financial and consumer data privacy, including regulation similar to the California Consumer Privacy Act (“CCPA”). Such regulation may impose additional registration requirements and/or require us to make new disclosures to consumers about our data collection, use, and sharing practices and afford consumers new abilities to opt out of certain data sharing with third parties. Any such additional regulation could significantly impact some of our business practices.

Data Security. In addition to the above, federal and state laws also impose requirements relating to the security of information held by us. For our businesses that involve the collection, processing, and distribution of personal public and non-public data, certain of their solutions and services are subject to regulation under US federal, state, and local laws and, to a lesser extent, foreign countries. These laws impose requirements regarding the collection, protection, use, and distribution of some of the data we have, and provide for sanctions and penalties in the event of violations of these requirements. In addition, certain state laws may impose breach notice responsibilities in the event of the loss of data due to third-party security breaches, employee error, or other events resulting in persons gaining unauthorized access to our data (including, in some cases, for losses that are incurred through our clients’ errors or systems). Some of these laws require additional data protection measures over and above the GLBA data safeguarding requirements. If data within our system is compromised by a breach, we may be subject to provisions of various state security breach laws. All states have adopted data security breach laws that require notice be given to affected consumers in the event of a breach of personal information, and in some cases the provision of additional benefits such as free credit monitoring to affected individuals. In addition, the CCPA provides consumers with a private right of action under certain circumstances if their personal information is subject to a breach. If data within our system is compromised by a breach, we may be subject to provisions of these various state security breach laws.

Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (“RESPA”). With respect to certain services provided to our financial institution clients, RESPA generally prohibits the payment or receipt of fees or any other item of value for the referral of real estate-related settlement services. RESPA also prohibits fee shares or splits or unearned fees in connection with the provision of residential real estate settlement services, such as mortgage brokerage services and real estate brokerage services. Notwithstanding these prohibitions, RESPA permits payments for goods furnished or for services actually performed, so long as those payments bear a reasonable relationship to the market value of the goods or services provided. Our mortgage origination-related businesses that supply credit reports, flood and tax solutions, valuation products, and all other settlement services to residential mortgage lenders are structured and operated in a manner intended to comply with RESPA and related regulations. The CFPB may enforce RESPA. RESPA also provides a private right of action to consumers under certain circumstances.

Real estate appraisals and automated valuation models (“AVMs”) are subject to federal and state regulation. The Dodd-Frank Act implemented rules and guidance thereunder, and inter-agency guidance jointly issued by the federal financial institution regulators have expanded regulation of these activities. Regulations address appraisals, AVMs, and other forms of property value estimates, which are subject to explicit and detailed regulations including licensing, pricing, and quality control requirements. In addition, creditors are required to disclose information to applicants about the purpose, and provide consumers with a free copy, of any appraisal, AVM or other estimate of a home's value developed in connection with a residential real estate mortgage loan application.

In addition to the foregoing, our businesses may be subject to or impacted by additional laws and regulations applicable to their industry or geographic location, such as our flood and insurance businesses, and our businesses that operate in foreign jurisdictions.

International Consumer Financial Regulations and Data Protection

We are subject to consumer and data protection laws and regulations in the foreign countries where we conduct business. We conduct business in several international jurisdictions, including Australia, New Zealand, Canada, United Kingdom, various countries in Europe, and Brazil. Principal regulatory bodies and regulatory laws that impact our international operations include the Office of the Australian Information Commissioner, the agency with direct responsibility for administering the Australian Privacy Principles and Part IIIA of the Privacy Act 1988, and the Office of the Privacy Commissioner of New Zealand, which issued the Credit Reporting Privacy Code 2004. We are also subject to the European Union Data Protection Regulation, commonly known as GDPR, which places certain obligations on companies processing and controlling data on individuals in the European Union ("EU") and prohibits the transfer of personal information from the EU to other countries whose laws do not protect personal data to an adequate level of privacy or security. In Canada, we are subject to the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act of 2000, as well as substantially similar provincial laws enacted in Alberta, British Columbia, and Quebec. We are also subject to the recently implemented Brazilian General Data Protection Law, which is
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similar in many respects to the GDPR. In addition to the above-mentioned regulations, we are subject to a variety of international consumer protection, privacy, data security and notification laws and regulations in each foreign jurisdiction in which we operate that may relate to our business or affect the demand for our products and services.

Compliance with current and future laws and regulations relating to our businesses, including consumer protection laws and regulations and international regulations, could have a material adverse effect on us, and activities related to ongoing compliance will likely increase our compliance costs.

Human Capital Management

As of December 31, 2020, we had approximately 5,300 employees, of which approximately 4,400 were employed in the US and 900 outside the US. Our global workforce was approximately comprised of 2% executive management, 33% tactical management, and 65% operational contributors.

We believe the strength and quality of our workforce is one of the significant contributors to our success. This is largely attributed to our employees who strive every day to create a productive environment for our customers. Therefore, one of our core strategies is to invest in and support our employees to differentiate our brand, products, and services in the competitive global property information, analytics and data-enabled software platforms and services provider operating market. We recognize the diversity of customers, partners, and communities, and believe in creating an inclusive and equitable environment that represents a broad spectrum of backgrounds and cultures.

Inclusion and Diversity

We have a number of Employee Resource Groups (“ERGs”) that are voluntary, employee-led groups made up of individuals who join together based on common interests, backgrounds or demographic factors such as gender, race, or ethnicity. ERGs strengthen the culture of inclusion, improve employee relationships, provide support for existing employees and influence employee acquisition and employee retention. Our ERGs include groups comprised of women, veterans, the LGBTQ+ community, Latinos, Asians and Asian Americans, and African Americans.

Talent and Development

We invest in learning opportunities to help employees grow and build their careers through a multitude of training and development programs. These include tuition assistance programs, on-the-job learning formats, and external training including seminars, workshops, and an online platform.

Health, Safety and Wellness

The health, safety and wellness of our employees is essential to the success of our business. We provide our employees with access to a variety of health and wellness programs. Additionally, we offer rewards for employees who participate in a variety of well-being activities and health assessments during the year.

Employee Compensation and Benefits

We have demonstrated a history of investing in our workforce by offering competitive salaries and wages. We regularly monitor employee performance and offer various incentives to those employees who regularly meet or exceed expectations. To foster a stronger sense of ownership and align the interests of employees with shareholders, we have an employee stock purchase plan available to eligible employees under our equity incentive programs.

Employee Satisfaction

We regularly conduct anonymous surveys to seek feedback from our employees on a variety of topics, including but not limited to, confidence in company leadership, competitiveness of our compensation and benefits package, career growth opportunities and improvements on how we could make our company an employer of choice. The results are shared with our employees and reviewed by senior leadership, who analyze areas of progress or deterioration and prioritize actions and activities in response to this feedback to drive meaningful improvements in employee engagement. Further, we regularly review external rating sites to ensure the Company maintains a positive image among current and former employees. We work closely to evaluate human
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capital management issues such as employee retention, workplace safety, harassment and bullying, as well as to implement measures to mitigate these risks.

Available Information

We are required to file annual, quarterly and current reports, proxy statements, and other information with the US Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). The SEC maintains an Internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC, including us, at http://www.sec.gov.

Our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, proxy statements and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act are also available free of charge through the "Investors" page on our Internet site at http://www.corelogic.com as soon as reasonably practicable after such reports are electronically filed with or furnished to the SEC. The information on our website is not, and shall not be deemed to be, a part hereof or incorporated into this or any of our other filings with the SEC.

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

Risk Related to the Proposed Merger

The consummation of the Merger is subject to approval of our stockholders as well as the satisfaction of other closing conditions, some or all of which may not be satisfied or waived in a timely manner or at all.

In February 2021, we entered into the Merger Agreement with the Acquirer and Acquisition Sub. Consummation of the Merger is subject to customary closing conditions, including (i) receipt of the Requisite Stockholder Approval, (ii) the expiration or termination of the applicable waiting period under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, and the expiration of applicable waiting periods or clearance of the Merger, as applicable, under the antitrust and foreign investment laws of certain other jurisdictions, (iii) absence of any law or order issued by certain governmental authorities of competent jurisdiction, prohibiting the Merger, and (iv) the absence of a material adverse effect on CoreLogic.

In addition, while the Merger is not subject to a financing condition, the Acquirer will need to obtain debt financing in order to satisfy its payment obligations and pay other costs and expenses related to the Merger. In connection with the execution of the Merger Agreement, the Acquirer has obtained a debt commitment letter from JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. for debt financing in an aggregate principal amount of up to $5.5 billion, on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in the debt commitment letter.

We intend to pursue the satisfaction or waiver, as applicable, of each condition to the consummation of the Merger, including the receipt of the Requisite Stockholder Approval. However, no assurance can be given that such conditions to the consummation of the Merger will be satisfied or waived in a timely manner, or at all. We also cannot provide any assurance regarding whether CoreLogic will have to comply with any terms or conditions imposed by third parties in order to satisfy or waive the conditions to the consummation of the Merger. Similarly, we cannot provide any assurance that the Acquirer will be able to satisfy the conditions set forth in its debt commitment letter or otherwise procure sufficient financing to comply with its obligation to consummate the Merger. Many of the conditions to the consummation of the Merger are not within our control, and we cannot predict if or when these conditions will be satisfied or waived.

The failure to satisfy or obtain waiver of conditions to the consummation of the Merger in a timely manner could delay the consummation of the Merger and exacerbate the risks and uncertainties associated with the announcement and pendency of the Merger, which are discussed below under the headings “The announcement of the Merger Agreement and pendency of the Merger could negatively impact our business, financial condition and results of operations” and “While the Merger remains pending, we will be required to comply with various interim operating covenants that may constrain our business operations and to take certain actions that may divert our management’s focus from our ongoing business.

In addition, if all of the conditions to the consummation of the Merger are not satisfied or waived, we may be unable to consummate the Merger at all. The risks and uncertainties associated with a failure to consummate the Merger are discussed below under the heading “Failure to consummate the Merger could adversely affect our stock price, business, financial condition and results of operation.”

Future litigation challenging the Merger could prevent the Merger from occurring or adversely affect our business, financial condition or results of operations.

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In connection with the announcement of the Merger Agreement, as is common in the context of mergers and acquisitions of publicly-traded companies, CoreLogic (along with our directors and officers) may attract lawsuits seeking to enjoin us from proceeding with or consummating the Merger, or seeking to have the Merger rescinded after its consummation. One of the conditions to the consummation of the Merger is the absence of any order issued by certain governmental authorities of competent jurisdiction prohibiting the Merger. If any future plaintiffs are successful in obtaining an injunction or other order prohibiting the Merger, we may be unable to consummate the Merger. The risks and uncertainties associated with a failure to consummate the Merger are discussed below under the heading “Failure to consummate the Merger could adversely affect our stock price, business, financial condition and results of operation.”

In addition, responding to any litigation targeting the Merger, even those without merit, will cause us to incur legal costs and expenses, which may negatively impact our financial condition. Responding to lawsuits may also divert the time and attention of our management away from our ongoing business operations and adversely affect our business and results of operations.

No lawsuits challenging the Merger have been filed as of February 23, 2021.

Failure to consummate the Merger could adversely affect our stock price, business, financial condition and results of operations.

As noted above, the various conditions to the consummation of the Merger may not be satisfied or waived in a timely manner, or at all. Some of these conditions are not within our control. We cannot provide assurance that any of the conditions to the consummation of the Merger will be satisfied or waived. Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, the Merger will not be consummated until all of the conditions are satisfied or waived.

In addition, either CoreLogic or the Acquirer may terminate the Merger Agreement in certain circumstances, including if (i) the Merger has not been consummated by August 9, 2021, (ii) any of certain governmental authorities of competent jurisdiction has issued a final non-appealable law or order prohibiting the Merger, (iii) the Requisite Stockholder Approval is not obtained at the stockholders’ meeting duly convened therefor, or (iv) the other party materially breaches, and does not cure, any of its representations or covenants in the Merger Agreement that would cause the related condition to such party’s obligation to consummate the Merger to not be satisfied, in each case subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the Merger Agreement. The terms and conditions, and other circumstances under which the Merger Agreement may be terminated in accordance with its terms are described in more detail in the Merger Agreement, which is attached as Exhibit 2.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K we filed with the SEC on February 8, 2021.

If the Merger is not consummated for any reason, holders of our common stock will not receive the Merger Consideration for their shares in connection with the Merger. Instead, our common stock will continue to be listed and traded on the New York Stock Exchange and registered under the Exchange Act, and we will continue to file periodic reports with the SEC on account of our common stock. In addition, we would be subject to a number of risks and uncertainties, including but not limited to:

the completion of the Merger on the anticipated terms and timing, including obtaining required stockholder and regulatory approvals, and the satisfaction of other conditions to the completion of the acquisition;
the ability of Stone Point Capital Partners and Insight Partners to obtain the necessary financing arrangements set forth in the commitment letters received in connection with the Merger;
potential litigation relating to the Merger that could be instituted against Stone Point Capital Partners, Insight Partners, CoreLogic or their respective directors, managers or officers, including the effects of any outcomes related thereto;
the risk that disruptions from the Merger will harm CoreLogic’s business, including current plans and operations;
the ability of CoreLogic to retain and hire key personnel;
potential adverse reactions or changes to business relationships resulting from the announcement or completion of the Merger;
continued availability of capital and financing and rating agency actions;
legislative, regulatory and economic developments;
potential business uncertainty, including changes to existing business relationships, during the pendency of the Merger that could affect CoreLogic’s financial performance;
certain restrictions during the pendency of the Merger that may impact CoreLogic’s ability to pursue certain business opportunities or strategic transactions;
unpredictability and severity of catastrophic events, including but not limited to acts of terrorism, outbreaks of war or hostilities or the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as management’s response to any of the aforementioned factors;
the possibility that the Merger may be more expensive to complete than anticipated, including as a result of unexpected factors or events; and
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the occurrence of any event, change or other circumstance that could give rise to the termination of the Merger, including in circumstances requiring CoreLogic to pay a termination fee.

If the Merger is not consummated, the risk and uncertainties described above may materialize and adversely affect our business, financial condition or results of operations.

If the Merger Agreement is terminated, under certain conditions, we may be obligated to pay the Acquirer a substantial termination fee, which could require us to incur additional debt or reduce the amount of cash we have available to fund our operations.

If our Board (i) withdraws or changes its recommendation that our stockholders approve and adopt the Merger Agreement in a manner adverse to the Acquirer or Acquisition Sub, (ii) fails to include its recommendation in the proxy statement filed by CoreLogic to solicit proxies in connection with the Merger, (iii) approves or recommends a competing acquisition proposal, or (iv) fails to recommend against a competing acquisition proposal under certain circumstances, then the Acquirer will have the right to terminate the Merger Agreement (before the Requisite Stockholder Approval is received) and receive a termination fee in the amount of $165 million (the “CoreLogic Termination Fee”) from CoreLogic, subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the Merger Agreement.

In addition, subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the Merger Agreement, we would be required to pay the Acquirer the CoreLogic Termination Fee if prior to receiving the Requisite Stockholder Approval we terminate the Merger Agreement, and with the authorization of our Board, we enter into an Alternative Acquisition Agreement with respect to a Superior Proposal (as each term is defined in the Merger Agreement).

We would also be required to pay the Acquirer the CoreLogic Termination Fee, subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the Merger Agreement, if (i) a third party makes a Competing Proposal (as defined in the Merger Agreement) to us or our stockholders after February 4, 2021, (ii) the Merger Agreement is subsequently terminated by either us or the Acquirer because we did not obtain the Requisite Stockholder Approval or by the Acquirer because we knowingly and intentionally breached any covenant or agreement under the Merger Agreement, which breach would give rise to the failure of any conditions to our obligations to effect the Merger, and any such Competing Proposal was not withdrawn at least five business days prior to the event that gave rise to such termination, and (iii) within one year of such termination, we consummate a transaction involving a Competing Proposal or enter into an Alternative Acquisition Agreement providing for the consummation of a Competing Proposal (which is subsequently consummated).

If we are required to pay the CoreLogic Termination Fee, we may be required to incur additional debt or use funds that we would otherwise have been able to use for general corporate expenses, capital expenditures or for other purposes.

The announcement of the Merger Agreement and pendency of the Merger could negatively impact our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Our business could experience material disruptions due to the announcement of our entry into the Merger Agreement and during the pendency of the Merger. Our current and prospective employees, including certain key personnel, may experience uncertainty regarding their future roles with CoreLogic or desire different employment in anticipation of the consummation of the Merger. As a result, we may not be able to retain such employees, find adequate replacements for any employees we are unable to retain, or otherwise recruit new employees to join CoreLogic. The uncertainty caused by the pendency of the Merger could also negatively impact our employees’ performance. If the announcement or pendency of the Merger causes us to lose and be unable to replace our employees, impairs our ability to attract new employees, or negatively affects the performance of our employees, our business, financial condition and results of operations could suffer.

In addition, third parties, including our lenders, vendors and customers, may experience uncertainty regarding our business relationships due to the announcement of our entry into the Merger Agreement and during the pendency of the Merger. As a result, such third parties may seek to terminate or renegotiate our existing business relationships in connection with the potential Merger. Such disruptions to our business relationships could negatively impact our business, financial condition and results of operations.

The announcement of the Merger Agreement may also cause regulators to apply additional scrutiny to our business, potentially increasing our regulatory burden, including costs of compliance. If we are required to expend additional employee time or other resources to address such additional scrutiny or increased regulatory burden, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be negatively impacted.

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While the Merger remains pending, we will be required to comply with various interim operating covenants that may constrain our business operations and to take certain actions that may divert our management’s focus from our ongoing business.

Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, during the period between February 4, 2021 and the earlier to occur of (i) the consummation of the Merger or (i) the termination of the Merger Agreement (the “Interim Operating Period”), we agreed to use reasonable best efforts to conduct our business in the ordinary course of business and to not engage in certain types of actions, subject to certain terms, limitations and exceptions. In particular, among other things, we agreed to refrain from taking certain actions without the Acquirer's consent, including (i) making acquisitions and capital expenditures above certain thresholds, (ii) incurring indebtedness above a certain threshold, (iii) granting equity awards other than as specified in the Merger Agreement, (iv) entering into, amending or terminating certain material contracts, and (v) declaring or paying dividends to stockholders, in each case subject to the terms, limitations and exceptions set forth in the Merger Agreement. Complying with these obligations could limit our ability to operate our business as previously conducted, to pursue strategic transactions, or to otherwise exploit business opportunities as they arise. Our management will be primarily responsible for ensuring that CoreLogic complies with such obligations during the Interim Operating Period, and this additional responsibility may divert the focus of our management away from our ongoing business operations.

In addition, our management will also need to take certain other actions during the Interim Operating Period in connection with the proposed Merger, including, among other things, convening a meeting of our stockholders for the purpose of considering and voting on the Merger, filing a proxy statement, in both preliminary and definitive form, in connection with our solicitation of proxies from our stockholders for such meeting, using reasonable best efforts to obtain all necessary consents and approvals required in connection with the Merger and to satisfy the other conditions to the consummation of the Merger, addressing any litigation brought against CoreLogic in connection with the Merger, and responding to questions we may receive from our stockholders, employees, vendors and other interested stakeholders regarding the Merger. Taking these actions could require our management to expend time and resources, reducing the time and resources our management could otherwise direct towards our ongoing business operations. If our management is unable to expend the necessary time and resources on our business, our results of operations could be negatively impacted.

The Merger Agreement contains provisions that could make it difficult for a third party to make a superior acquisition proposal.

The Merger Agreement contains certain customary restrictions on our ability to solicit proposals from third parties for an acquisition of CoreLogic during the Interim Operating Period. In addition, subject to certain customary “fiduciary out” exceptions, the Board is required to recommend that our stockholders vote in favor of the approval of the Merger, the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby.

As discussed in further detail above under the heading “If the Merger Agreement is terminated, under certain conditions, we may be obligated to pay the Acquirer a substantial termination fee, which could require us to incur additional debt or reduce the amount of cash we have available to fund our operations,” we would also be required to pay the Acquirer the CoreLogic Termination Fee under certain conditions in connection with the termination of the Merger Agreement.

These provisions might discourage an otherwise-interested third party from considering or proposing an acquisition of CoreLogic, including proposals that may be deemed to offer greater value to our stockholders than the Merger Consideration of $80.00 per share. Furthermore, even if a third party elects to propose an acquisition, the requirement that we must pay a termination fee to accept any such proposal may cause that third party to offer a lower price to our stockholders than such third party might otherwise have offered.

Actions of activist shareholders or other parties may impair our ability to consummate the Merger or otherwise negatively impact our business.

Recently, we were the target of a proxy contest by Senator and Cannae in connection with their Unsolicited Proposal to acquire us. While Senator and Cannae ultimately terminated their offer, they initiated a proxy contest in July 2020 that resulted in the removal of three members of our Board and the appointment of three of Senator and Cannae’s nominees to our Board in November 2020. Additionally, on February 12, 2021, Pentwater Capital Management LP ("Pentwater") submitted the nomination of Matthew Halbower, Chief Executive Officer of Pentwater, for election to the Company's Board and announced that Pentwater may begin a consent solicitation to remove existing members of the Board in certain circumstances.

Future actions taken by these or other activist shareholders could impair our ability to satisfy conditions to the consummation of the Merger, including receiving the Requisite Stockholder Approval, or otherwise preclude us from consummating the Merger. Such activist shareholders could also take actions that disrupt our business, divert the time and attention of management and our
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employees away from our business operations, cause us to incur substantial additional expense, create perceived uncertainties among current and potential customers, clients, suppliers, employees and other constituencies as to our future direction as a consequence thereof, which may result in lost sales or other business arrangements and the loss of potential business opportunities, and make it more difficult to attract and retain qualified personnel and business partners.

Actions that our Board has taken, and may take in the future, in response to any offer or other related actions by Senator and Cannae, Pentwater, or any other offer or proposal by activist stockholders, may result in litigation against us, which could also be a significant distraction for our management and employees and may require us to incur significant costs or otherwise result in an adverse effect on the Company. In addition, actual or perceived actions of activist stockholders may cause significant fluctuations in the trading price of our common stock that do not necessarily reflect the underlying fundamentals and prospects of our business.

Risks Related to Information Technology and Data Access and Security

A cyber-based attack, data corruption, network security breach, or inability to secure the electronic transmission of sensitive data could have a material adverse effect on our business and reputation.

We are highly dependent on information technology networks and systems, including the Internet, to securely process, transmit, and store electronic information. We have experienced cyber-based attacks and security breaches of varying degrees to our infrastructure, including physical or electronic break-ins, computer viruses, attacks by hackers, spoofed or manipulated electronic communications and similar breaches, which have in the past, and may in the future, create system disruptions, shutdowns or unauthorized disclosure of confidential information, including non-public personal information and consumer data, or loss of other company assets. Unauthorized access, including through use of fraudulent schemes such as "phishing," could jeopardize the security of information stored in our systems. In addition, malware or viruses could jeopardize the security of information stored or used in a user's computer. Insider or employee cyber and security threats are also a significant concern. Despite our physical security, implementation of technical controls and contractual precautions to identify, detect, and prevent the unauthorized access to and alteration and disclosure of our data, we cannot protect the systems that access our services and databases from all compromises or disruptions, whether as a result of criminal conduct, distributed denial of service attacks or other advanced persistent attacks by malicious actors, including hackers, nation states and criminals, breaches due to employee error or malfeasance, or other disruptions. Several highly publicized data incidents and cyberattacks have heightened consumer awareness of this issue and may embolden individuals or groups to target our systems. Cyber attackers are also developing increasingly sophisticated systems and means to not only attack systems, but also to evade detection or to obscure their activities. If we are unable to protect against, mitigate, or timely respond to cyber-based attacks or other security or privacy breaches, our operations could be disrupted, or we may suffer loss of reputation, financial loss, lawsuits, or other regulatory restrictions or penalties.

Data security and integrity concerns have caused a growing number of legislative and regulatory bodies to impose consumer notification and other requirements in the event that consumer information is accessed by unauthorized persons and additional regulations regarding the use, access, accuracy, and security of such data are possible. In the US, federal and state laws provide for a regulatory landscape of disparate notification regimes and, therefore, regulatory compliance in the event of unauthorized access would be expensive and difficult. Failure to comply with these regulations could subject us to regulatory scrutiny and additional liability through federal or state enforcement, reputational harm, or private class actions. Likewise, our clients are increasingly imposing more stringent contractual obligations on us relating to our information security protections. If we are unable to maintain protections and processes at a level commensurate with that required by our clients, it could negatively affect our relationships with those clients or increase our operating costs.

Our use and collection of personal information exposes us to increased regulatory and compliance costs as well as possible litigation, liability, and reputational damage.

We acquire, store, use, and provide many types of consumer data and related services, and our databases include certain public and non-public personal information concerning consumers. Public concern is high with regard to the collection, use, accuracy, correction, and sharing of personal information, including Social Security numbers, dates of birth, financial information, and other behavioral data. In addition, many consumer advocates, privacy advocates, legislatures, and government regulators believe that existing laws and regulations do not adequately protect consumer privacy and have become increasingly concerned with the collection and use of personal information. Highly publicized data incidents have resulted in significantly increased legislative and regulatory activity at the federal and state levels as lawmakers and regulators continue to propose a wide range of further restrictions on the collection, dissemination or commercial use of personal information, information security standards, and data security incident disclosure standards.

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Because our databases include certain public and non-public personal information concerning consumers, we are subject to government regulation and potential adverse publicity concerning our use of consumer data. The consumer data we acquire, store, use, and provide subject us to regulation under the FCRA, the GLBA, the CCPA, the Driver's Privacy Protection Act, and various other federal, state, and local laws and regulations. Such data may also be subject to data privacy laws in international jurisdictions, including Australia, New Zealand, Canada, the United Kingdom, and certain countries in Europe. These jurisdictions have imposed increasingly stringent requirements for data collection, including restrictions on cross-border data transfers. These laws and regulations are designed to protect the privacy of consumers and to prevent the unauthorized access and misuse of personal information in the marketplace. The CCPA, for example, which became effective January 1, 2020, imposes new obligations on certain companies doing business in California with respect to the personal information of California residents. This includes new notice and privacy policy requirements, and new obligations to respond to requests to know and access to personal information, to delete personal information, and to say no to the sale of personal information. We expect that there will continue to be enhanced state and/or federal regulation in the area of financial and consumer data privacy, including regulations similar to the GDPR and the CCPA that give consumers more control over their data. Compliance with these laws imposes significant regulatory burdens and costs on us. Further, a growing number of legislative and regulatory bodies have adopted consumer notification and other requirements in the event that consumer information is accessed by unauthorized persons and additional regulations regarding the use, access, accuracy, and security of such data are possible. In the US, state laws provide for disparate notification regimes. In addition, if our practices or products are deemed to be an invasion of privacy, whether or not consistent with current or future regulations and industry practices, we may be subject to public criticism, private class actions, reputational harm, or claims by regulators, which could disrupt our business and expose us to increased liability. Our failure to comply with these laws, or any future laws or regulations of a similar nature, could result in substantial regulatory penalties, litigation expense, and loss of revenue.

We rely on the ability to access data from external sources at reasonable terms and prices.

We rely extensively upon data from a variety of external sources to maintain our proprietary and non-proprietary databases, including data from third-party suppliers, various government and public record sources and data contributed by our clients. Our data sources could cease providing or reduce the availability of their data to us, increase the price we pay for their data, or limit our use of their data for a variety of reasons, including legislatively or judicially-imposed restrictions on use. If a significant supplier is no longer able or is unwilling to provide us with certain data, or if our public record sources of data become unavailable or too expensive, we may need to find alternative sources. If we are unable to identify and contract with suitable alternative data suppliers and efficiently and effectively integrate these data sources into our service offerings, we could experience service disruptions, increased costs, and reduced quality and availability of our services. Moreover, some of our data suppliers compete with us in certain product offerings, which may make us vulnerable to unpredictable price increases from them, and they may elect to stop providing data to us. Significant price increases could have a material adverse effect on our operating margins and our financial position, in particular if we are unable to arrange for substitute replacement sources of data on favorable economic terms. There can be no assurance that we would be able to obtain data from alternative sources if our current sources become unavailable. Loss of such access or the availability of data in the future on commercially reasonable terms or at all may reduce the quality and availability of our services and products, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

Further, because some of our data suppliers face similar regulatory requirements as we do with respect to their data, their compliance with laws and regulations protecting the privacy of consumers and the unauthorized access and misuse of personal information may cause them to cease to be able to provide data to us or may substantially increase the fees they charge us for this data, which may make it financially burdensome or impossible for us to acquire data that is necessary to offer our products and services. Many consumer advocates, privacy advocates and government regulators are also seeking further restrictions on the dissemination or commercial use of personal information to the public and private sectors as well as contemplating requirements relative to data accuracy and the ability of consumers to opt to have their personal data removed from databases such as ours and those provided by our data suppliers. Any future laws, regulations, or other restrictions limiting the dissemination or use of personal information may reduce the quality and availability of the data necessary for our products and services, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

Systems interruptions may impair the delivery of our products and services.

We depend on reliable, stable, efficient, and uninterrupted operation of our technology network, systems, and data centers to provide service to our clients. System interruptions may impair the delivery of our products and services, resulting in a loss of clients and a corresponding loss in revenue. Historically, our technology infrastructure has run primarily in a private dedicated cloud-based environment hosted in NTT's technology center in Quincy, WA. In fiscal 2020, we successfully completed the initial phase of our transformation to a cloud-based environment hosted by GCP, and will continue transitioning our technology over the foreseeable future on an opportunistic basis. We cannot be sure that certain systems interruptions or events beyond our control, including issues with NTT's technology center or our third-party network and infrastructure providers, including GCP,
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in connection with our upgrading, transitioning, or changing key systems, will not interrupt or terminate the delivery of our products and services to our clients. These interruptions also may interfere with our suppliers' ability to provide necessary data to us and our employees' ability to attend to work and perform their responsibilities. Any of these possible outcomes could result in a loss of clients or a loss in revenue, which could have a material adverse effect on our business or results of operations.

Risks Related to Government Regulation

We are subject to significant government regulations.

Our business is subject to various federal, state, local, and foreign laws and regulations. See Item 1. Business - “Regulation” in this Form 10-K for a summary of the material US and foreign consumer and data protection laws and regulations to which we are subject. These laws and regulations are complex, change frequently and may become more stringent over time. Our failure to comply with applicable laws and regulations could restrict our ability to provide certain services or result in the imposition of fines and penalties, substantial regulatory and compliance costs, litigation expense, adverse publicity, and loss of revenue. We incur, and expect to continue to incur, significant expenses in our attempt to ensure compliance with these laws. See also “We could be adversely affected if personal information on consumers that we maintain is improperly disclosed.”

Our businesses are also subject to an increasing degree of compliance oversight by regulators and by our clients. Specifically, the CFPB has authority to enact rules affecting the business of consumer reporting agencies and also to supervise, conduct examinations of, and enforce compliance with federal consumer financial protection laws and regulations with respect to certain “larger participants” that offer consumer financial products and services. Two of our credit businesses, CoreLogic Credco and Teletrack, are subject to the CFPB non-bank supervision program, and the CFPB or other regulatory bodies could attempt to assert authority over other products or services. The CFPB and the prudential financial institution regulators such as the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (“OCC”) also have the authority to examine us in our role as a service provider for certain services, including for tax services, to large financial institutions. In addition, several of our largest bank clients are subject to consent orders with the OCC and/or are parties to the National Mortgage Settlement, both of which require them to exercise greater oversight and perform more rigorous audits of their key vendors such as us. The CFPB may pursue administrative proceedings or litigation to enforce the laws and rules subject to its jurisdiction. In these proceedings the CFPB can obtain cease and desist orders, which can include orders for restitution to consumers or rescission of contracts, as well as other types of affirmative relief, and monetary penalties ranging from $5,000 per day for ordinary violations and up to $1.0 million per day for knowing violations.

These laws and regulations as well as laws and regulations in the various states or in other countries could limit our ability to pursue business opportunities we might otherwise consider engaging in, impose additional costs or restrictions on us, result in significant loss of revenue, impact the value of assets we hold, or otherwise significantly adversely affect our business. Any failure by us to comply with applicable laws or regulations could also result in significant liability to us, including liability to private plaintiffs as a result of individual or class action litigation, or may result in the cessation of our operations or portions of our operations or impositions of fines and restrictions on our ability to carry on or expand our operations. Our operations could also be negatively affected by changes to laws and regulations and enhanced regulatory oversight of our clients and us. These changes may compel us to change our prices, may restrict our ability to implement price increases, and may limit the manner in which we conduct our business or otherwise may have a negative impact on our ability to generate revenues, earnings, and cash flows. If we are unable to adapt our products and services to conform to the new laws and regulations, or if these laws and regulations have a negative impact on our clients, we may experience client losses or increased operating costs, and our business and results of operations could be negatively affected.

Risks Related to Our Operations

We rely on our top ten clients for a significant portion of our revenue.

Our ten largest clients generated approximately 34.4% of our operating revenues for the year ended December 31, 2020, although none of our largest clients individually accounted for greater than 10% of our operating revenues for that period. We expect that a limited number of our clients will continue to represent a significant portion of our revenues for the foreseeable future, and that our concentration of revenue may continue to be significant or increase. These clients face continued pressure in the current economic and regulatory climate. Many of our relationships with these clients are long-standing and are important to our future operating results, but there is no guarantee that we will be able to retain or renew existing agreements or maintain our relationships on acceptable terms or at all. In addition, in response to increased regulatory oversight, clients in the mortgage lending industry may have internal policies that require them to use multiple vendors or service providers, thereby causing a diversification of revenue among many vendors. Deterioration in or termination of any of these relationships, including through
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vendor diversification policies or merger or consolidation among our clients, could significantly reduce our revenue and could adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations. In addition, certain of our businesses have higher client concentration than our company as a whole. As a result, these businesses may be disproportionately affected by declining revenue from, or loss of, a significant client.

We operate in a competitive business environment that is impacted by technology advancements or new product development.

The markets for our products and services are intensely competitive. Our competitors vary in size and in the scope and breadth of the services they offer. We compete for existing and new clients against both third parties and the in-house capabilities of our clients. Many of our competitors have substantial resources. Some have widely-used technology platforms that they seek to use as a competitive advantage to drive sales of other products and services. In addition, we expect that the markets in which we compete will continue to attract new competitors and new technologies. These competitors and new technologies may be disruptive to our existing technology or service offerings, resulting in operating inefficiencies and increased competitive pressure. In order to compete with current and future technologies, we must continuously improve our network operating systems, programming tools, programming languages, operating systems, data matching, data filtering, and other database technologies. These improvements, as well as changes in client preferences or regulatory requirements, may require changes in the technology used to gather and process our data and deliver our services. Our future success will depend, in part, upon our ability to internally develop and implement new and competitive technologies, respond to changing client needs and regulatory requirements, and transition clients and data sources successfully to new interfaces or other technologies.

In addition, many of our products and services compete within markets characterized by frequent new product and service introductions and changing industry standards. Without the timely introduction of new products and services, our products and services could become commercially obsolete over time, in which case our revenue and operating results would suffer. The success of our new products and services will depend on several factors, including our ability to properly identify client needs; innovate and develop new technologies, services, and applications; successfully commercialize new products and services in a timely manner; produce and deliver our products in sufficient volumes on time; differentiate our offerings from competitor offerings; price our products competitively, including taking into account changes in sales and use tax laws; and anticipate our competitors’ development of new products, services, or technological innovations.

We cannot provide assurance that there will be market demand for our future product offerings or that we will successfully implement new technologies, cause clients or data furnishers to implement compatible technologies or adapt our technology to evolving client, regulatory and competitive requirements. We also cannot guarantee that we will be able to effectively allocate capital to new product development to create competitive products, as compared to our peers and new market entrants. Failure to launch new and differentiated products will have an adverse effect on our growth and our business. If we fail to respond, or fail to cause our clients or data furnishers to respond, to changes in technology, regulatory requirements or client preferences, the demand for our services, the delivery of our services or our market reputation could be adversely affected.

Our reliance on outsourcing arrangements subjects us to risk and may disrupt or adversely affect our operations.

We have outsourced various business process and information technology services to third parties, including the technology infrastructure management services agreement we entered into with NTT, the cloud services agreement we entered into with GCP, and the outsourcing arrangements we entered into with a subsidiary of Cognizant Technology Solutions, an affiliate of EPAM Systems, and affiliates of Tata Consultancy Services. Although we have service-level arrangements with our providers, we do not ultimately control their performance, which may make our operations vulnerable to their performance failures. In addition, the failure to adequately monitor and regulate the performance of our third-party vendors could subject us to additional risk. Reliance on third parties also makes us vulnerable to changes in the vendors’ business, financial condition, and other matters outside of our control, including their violations of laws or regulations which could increase our exposure to liability or otherwise increase the costs associated with the operation of our business. The failure of our outsourcing partners to perform as expected or as contractually required could result in significant disruptions and costs to our operations and to the services we provide to our clients, which could materially and adversely affect our business, client relationships, financial condition, operating results, and cash flow.

Certain outsource arrangements contemplate the utilization of lower-cost labor outside the US in countries such as India, Poland, Ukraine, Mexico, and the Philippines. It is possible that the countries where our outsourcing vendors are located may be subject to higher degrees of political and social instability than the US and may lack the infrastructure to withstand political unrest, natural disasters, health crises, or other events impacting the local workforce. Such disruptions could impact our ability to deliver our products and services on a timely basis, if at all, and to a lesser extent could decrease efficiency and increase our costs. Fluctuations of the US dollar in relation to the currencies used and higher inflation rates experienced in these countries may also reduce the savings we planned to achieve. Furthermore, the practice of utilizing labor based in foreign countries has
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come under increased scrutiny in the US, and as a result, many of our clients may require us to use labor based in the US. We may not be able to pass on the increased costs of higher-priced US-based labor to our clients, which ultimately could have an adverse effect on our results of operations.

In addition, the US or the foreign countries in which we have service provider arrangements or operate could adopt new legislation or regulations that would adversely affect our business by making it difficult, more costly or impossible for us to continue our foreign activities as currently being conducted. Furthermore, in many foreign countries, particularly in those with developing economies, it is common to engage in business practices that are prohibited by laws and regulations applicable to us, such as the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act ("FCPA"). Any violations of the FCPA or local anti-corruption laws by us, our subsidiaries or our local agents could have an adverse effect on our business and reputation and result in substantial financial penalties or other sanctions.

The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic, or the perception of its effects, will impact our business depends on future developments that are highly uncertain.

The global coronavirus ("COVID-19") pandemic and the mitigation efforts by governments to attempt to control its spread have adversely impacted the global economy, leading to business disruptions and volatility in the global capital markets. Many of our clients, and therefore certain of our businesses and revenues, are sensitive to negative changes in general economic conditions. With respect to the housing market in particular, although the current interest rate environment is conducive to mortgage activity, other market factors, including availability of funds for mortgage loans, housing supply, employment levels, actions by the Federal Reserve, and the overall state of the US economy, could adversely impact sales of new and existing homes and other activities relevant to the markets we serve. Further deteriorations in economic conditions as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic or otherwise, has led to, and may continue to lead to, a decline in demand for certain of our products and services and has, and may continue to, negatively impact our business.

As a result of business disruptions caused by COVID-19, we experienced temporary slowdowns in service from some of our service providers, such as domestic county records offices and certain of our international suppliers during the transition to a work-from-home environment. Further, decreased morale resulting from ongoing work-from-home, social distancing measures and other restrictions implemented in response to COVID-19 have, and may continue to, make it more difficult to motivate and retain qualified employees. We cannot predict the extent of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and its resulting economic impact, but it could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial position, results of operations, and cash flows. For example, we may experience operational issues or financial losses due to a number of factors, including increased cyber fraud risk related to COVID-19, continued volatility in mortgage transactions, disruptions to operations as a result of issues with our outsource providers or data sources, and concerns related to the ability to collect payments on a timely basis from clients. The adverse effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business and financial results may also have the effect of heightening many of the other risks described in this “Risk Factors” section and elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic impacts our business, financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and challenging to predict, including new information that may emerge concerning the severity of the virus, the impact of mutated variants, uncertainties surrounding the timing of vaccine rollouts, public acceptance and usage of vaccines and the effectiveness of vaccines in limiting the spread of COVID-19.

We have substantial investments in recorded goodwill and other intangible assets, and an extended economic downturn or troubled mortgage market could cause these investments to become impaired.

Goodwill was $2.3 billion as of December 31, 2020. Other intangible assets, net were $320.9 million. Goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets are assessed for impairment at least annually or whenever changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. Intangible assets with finite useful lives are assessed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. Factors that may indicate the carrying value of our intangible assets, including goodwill, may not be recoverable include, but are not limited to, significant under-performance relative to historical or projected future results of operations, a significant decline in our stock price and market capitalization, and negative industry or economic trends, including a troubled mortgage market. However, if there is an extended economic downturn in the future, the carrying amount of our goodwill or other intangible assets may no longer be recoverable, and we may be required to record an impairment charge. In the event that the carrying value of goodwill or other intangible assets is impaired, any such impairment would be charged against earnings in the period of impairment, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.

We operate our business in international markets.

In 2020, we derived approximately 11% of our revenues from our operations outside of the US and we intend to continue to expand our international operations. We expect to continue to add personnel internationally to expand our abilities to deliver
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differentiated services to our international clients. Expansion into international markets may require significant resources and management's attention and will subject us to new regulatory, economic, and political risks. There can be no assurance that our products or services will be accepted in any particular international market or that our international expansion efforts will be successful. The results of our operations and our growth rate could be adversely affected by a variety of factors arising out of international commerce, some of which are beyond our control, including currency rate fluctuations, foreign laws and regulatory requirements, trade protection measures, increased data privacy and consumer protection regulations, difficulty in staffing and managing widespread operations, restrictions on the import and export of technologies, political and economic conditions in foreign countries, and reduced protection for intellectual property rights.

Risks Related to Intellectual Property

We could infringe on the proprietary rights of others.

As we continue to develop and expand our products and services, we may become increasingly subject to infringement claims from third parties such as non-practicing entities, software providers, and suppliers of data. Likewise, if we are unable to maintain adequate controls over how third-party software and data are used, we may be subject to claims of infringement. Any claims, whether with or without merit, could:

be expensive and time-consuming to defend;
cause us to cease making, licensing or using applications that incorporate the challenged intellectual property;
require us to redesign our applications, if feasible;
divert management's attention and resources;
require us to enter into royalty or licensing agreements in order to obtain the right to use necessary technologies; and
subject us to significant damages, penalties, fines, and costs associated with an adverse judgment or settlement.

We rely upon intellectual property rights to protect our, proprietary technology and information.

Our success depends, in part, upon our intellectual property rights. We rely primarily on a combination of patents, copyrights, trade secrets, and trademark laws and nondisclosure and other contractual restrictions on copying, distribution and creation of derivative products to protect our proprietary technology and information. This protection is limited, and our intellectual property could be used by others without our consent. In addition, patents may not be issued with respect to our pending or future patent applications, and our patents may not be upheld as valid or may not prevent the development of competitive products. Any infringement, disclosure, loss, invalidity of, or failure to protect our intellectual property could negatively impact our competitive position, and ultimately, our business. Moreover, litigation may be necessary to enforce or protect our intellectual property rights, to protect our trade secrets, or to determine the validity and scope of the proprietary rights of others. Such litigation could be time-consuming, result in substantial costs and diversion of resources and could harm our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.

Risks Related to Our Indebtedness

Our level of indebtedness could adversely affect our financial condition and prevent us from complying with our covenants and obligations under our outstanding debt instruments.

As of December 31, 2020, our total debt was approximately $1.9 billion, and we had unused commitments of approximately $450.0 million under our Revolving Facility. Subject to the limitations contained in the Credit Agreement governing our credit facilities and our other debt instruments, we may incur additional debt from time to time to finance working capital, capital expenditures, investments or acquisitions, or for other general corporate purposes. If we do so, the risks related to our level of debt could increase. Specifically, our level of debt could have important consequences to us, including increasing our vulnerability to adverse economic and industry conditions and compromising our flexibility to capitalize our business opportunities and to plan for, or react to, competitive pressures and changes in our business or market conditions.

The Credit Agreement governing our credit facilities imposes operating and financial restrictions on our activities. These restrictions include the financial covenants in our credit facilities, which require ongoing compliance with certain financial tests and ratios, including a minimum interest coverage ratio and maximum leverage ratio, and could limit or prohibit our ability to, among other things:

create, incur or assume additional debt;
create, incur or assume certain liens;
redeem and/or prepay certain subordinated debt we might issue in the future;
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pay dividends on our stock or repurchase stock;
make certain investments and acquisitions, including joint ventures;
enter into or permit to exist contractual limits on the ability of our subsidiaries to pay dividends to us;
enter into new lines of business;
engage in consolidations, mergers and acquisitions;
engage in specified sales of assets; and
enter into transactions with affiliates.

These restrictions on our ability to operate our business could negatively impact our business by, among other things, limiting our ability to take advantage of financing, merger and acquisition, or other corporate opportunities that might otherwise be beneficial to us. Our failure to comply with these restrictions could result in an event of default which, if not cured or waived, could result in the acceleration of substantially all our debt.

We may not be able to generate sufficient cash to service all of our indebtedness.

Our ability to make scheduled payments on or refinance our debt obligations depends on our financial condition and operating performance, which are subject to prevailing economic and competitive conditions and to certain financial, business, legislative, regulatory, and other factors beyond our control. We may be unable to maintain a level of cash flows from operating activities sufficient to permit us to pay the principal, premium, if any, and interest on our indebtedness. Our inability to generate sufficient cash flows to satisfy our debt obligations, or to refinance our indebtedness on commercially reasonable terms or at all, would materially and adversely affect our financial position and results of operations. If we cannot make scheduled payments on our debt, we will be in default; the lenders under our credit facilities could declare all outstanding principal and interest to be due and payable and could terminate their revolving commitments to loan money and foreclose against the assets securing their borrowings, and we could be forced into bankruptcy or liquidation.

Risks Related to Business Acquisitions

Our acquisition and integration of businesses may involve increased expenses and may not produce the desired financial or operating results.

We have acquired and expect to continue to acquire, on an opportunistic basis, companies, businesses, products and services. These activities may increase our expenses, and the expected results, synergies, and growth from these initiatives may not materialize as planned. While management believes that acquisitions will improve our competitiveness and profitability, no assurance can be given that acquisitions will be successful or accretive to earnings. For a description of our recent acquisitions, see Note 17 - Acquisitions of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8 - Financial Statements and Supplementary Data of Part II of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

We may have difficulty integrating our completed or any future acquisitions into our operations, including implementing controls, procedures, and policies. If we fail to properly integrate acquired businesses, products, technologies, and personnel, it could impair relationships with employees, clients and strategic partners, distract management attention from our core businesses, result in control failures and otherwise disrupt our ongoing business and harm our results of operations. We also may not be able to retain key management and other critical employees after an acquisition. Although part of our business strategy may include growth through strategic acquisitions, we may not be able to identify suitable acquisition candidates, obtain the capital necessary to pursue acquisitions or complete acquisitions on satisfactory terms in the future. In addition, we have substantial investments in recorded goodwill as a result of prior acquisitions, and an impairment of these investments would require a write-down that would reduce our net income. See “We have substantial investments in recorded goodwill and other intangible assets, and an extended economic downturn or troubled mortgage market could cause these investments to become impaired.”

Risks Related to Takeover Attempts

The shareholder rights plan adopted by our Board of Directors may impair a takeover attempt.

On July 6, 2020, our Board of Directors adopted the Rights Agreement.

Pursuant to the Rights Agreement, on July 6, 2020, our Board of Directors declared a dividend distribution of one right (a “Right”) for each outstanding share of our common stock to shareholders of record on July 17, 2020. Each Right entitles its holder to purchase from us, when exercisable and subject to adjustment, a unit (“Unit”) consisting of one one-thousandth of a
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share of Series A Junior Participating Preferred Stock, par value $0.00001 per share, at an exercise price of $308.00 per Unit (the “purchase price”).

Under the Rights Agreement, the Rights will generally be exercisable only in the event that a person or group of affiliated or associated persons (such person or group being an “Acquiring Person”), other than certain exempt persons, acquires beneficial ownership of ten percent (10%) or more of the outstanding shares of our common stock (or twenty percent (20%) or more of the outstanding shares of our common stock in the case of passive institutional investors reporting beneficial ownership on Schedule 13G). In such case, subject to certain exceptions specified in the Rights Agreement, each holder of a Right (other than the Acquiring Person, whose Rights would become null and void) will have the right to receive, upon payment of the purchase price, common stock (or, in certain circumstances, other securities, cash, or other assets of the Company) having a value equal to two (2) times the purchase price.

In the event that, at any time after a person or group has become an Acquiring Person, (i) the Company is acquired in a merger or other business combination transaction in which the Company is not the continuing or surviving corporation, (ii) the Company engages in a merger or other business combination transaction in which the Company is the continuing or surviving corporation and the shares of common stock of the Company are changed or exchanged or (iii) fifty percent (50%) or more of the Company’s assets, cash flow or earning power is sold or transferred, each holder of a Right (other than the Acquiring Person, whose Rights would become null and void) would thereafter have the right to receive, upon payment of the purchase price, common stock of the acquiring company having a value equal to two (2) times the purchase price.

Our Board of Directors may redeem the Rights for $0.001 per Right, subject to adjustment, at any time until the earlier of 10 business days following a public announcement that an Acquiring Person has become such or the expiration of the Rights Agreement. The Rights will expire on July 6, 2021, unless the Rights are earlier redeemed, exchanged or terminated.

The Rights Agreement is intended to enable all of our stockholders to realize the value of their investment in the Company, ensure that all stockholders receive fair treatment, and provide our Board of Directors and stockholders with adequate time to make informed decisions. The Rights Agreement is not intended to prevent a takeover of the Company and should not interfere with any merger or other business combination approved by our Board of Directors. However, the overall effect of the Rights Agreement may render it more difficult or discourage a merger, tender offer or other business combination involving the Company that is not supported by our Board of Directors, even if such a transaction would be beneficial to our stockholders. These deterrents could adversely affect the price of our common stock.

On February 4, 2021, in connection with the execution of the Merger Agreement, we entered into the Rights Agreement Amendment in order to (i) render the Rights Agreement inapplicable to the Merger and the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, (ii) ensure that in connection with the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, none of the Acquirer, Acquisition Sub, or any of their “Affiliates” or “Associates” (each as defined in the Rights Agreement) shall be deemed to be or become an “Acquiring Person” (as defined below) and (iii) provide that the “Expiration Date” (as defined in the Rights Agreement) shall occur immediately prior to the Effective Time.

General Risk Factors

Our revenue is affected by the strength of the economy, interest rate environment and the housing market generally.

A significant portion of our revenue is generated from solutions we provide to the mortgage, consumer lending, and real estate industries and, as a result, a weak economy or housing market or adverse changes in the interest rate environment may adversely affect our business. A large portion of our client base suffers when financial markets experience volatility, illiquidity, and disruption, which has occurred in the past and which could reoccur, and any future disruptions of the financial markets presents considerable risks to our business and revenue. The volume of mortgage origination and residential real estate transactions is highly variable. Reductions in these transaction volumes have had, and will continue to have, a direct impact on certain portions of our revenues and may materially adversely affect our business. Negative economic conditions or increasing interest rate environments has resulted, and may continue to result, in fluctuations in volumes, pricing, and operating margins for our services. If our clients in the mortgage consumer lending and real estate industries experience economic hardship, in particular if these clients go bankrupt or otherwise exit certain businesses, it may negatively impact our revenue, earnings, and liquidity.

We may not be able to attract, train, motivate, and retain qualified personnel and senior management.

We rely on skilled and qualified, high-performing personnel, and our success depends on our ability to attract, train, motivate, and retain a sufficient number of such individuals. If we are unsuccessful in further developing and implementing recruitment,
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retention, and other initiatives to manage and develop our human capital, including in the areas of diversity and inclusion and training and development, our attrition rate may increase, and our operating efficiency and productivity may decrease. We compete for talented individuals not only with other companies in our industry, but also with companies in other industries, such as software services, engineering services, and financial services companies, and there is a limited pool of individuals who have the skills and training needed to grow our company, especially in the increasingly-regulated environment in which we operate. Increased attrition or competition for qualified personnel could have an adverse effect on our ability to expand our business and product offerings, as well as cause us to incur greater personnel expenses and training costs.

In addition, our success and growth depend, in large part, upon the efforts of our senior management team, who have extensive market knowledge and relationships, and exercise substantial influence over our operational, financing, and strategic activities. Members of our senior management team have national and/or regional industry reputations that attract business opportunities and assist us in negotiations with customers, suppliers, regulators, and other industry participants. The loss of services of one or more members of our senior management team, or our inability to attract and retain similarly qualified personnel, could adversely affect our business, diminish our investment opportunities and weaken our business relationships, which could have a material adverse effect on us.

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

Item 2. Properties

As of December 31, 2020, our real estate portfolio of approximately 1.1 million square feet is comprised of leased property throughout 19 states in the US totaling approximately 931,000 square feet, with approximately another 150,000 square feet in the aggregate in Australia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, France, Germany, India, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom. Our properties range in size from a small number of properties under 1,000 square feet to our large operations center in Irving, Texas totaling approximately 328,000 square feet. The lease governing our Irving, Texas property expires in March 2032. Our corporate headquarters are located in Irvine, California, where we occupy approximately 123,000 square feet, and the lease governing the property expires in July 2028. In addition, we have total land holdings of approximately 40 acres located in Texas and Mississippi.

All properties are primarily used as offices, and the agreements governing the properties have varying expiration dates. The office facilities we occupy are, in all material respects, in good condition and adequate for their intended use.

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

For a description of our legal proceedings, see Note 14 - Litigation and Regulatory Contingencies and our discussion of discontinued operations within Note 2 - Significant Accounting Policies and Note 18 - Discontinued Operations of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8 - Financial Statements and Supplementary Data of Part II of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, which disclosures are incorporated by reference in response to this item.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

PART II

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Common Stock Market Prices and Dividends

Our common stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange and trades under the symbol "CLGX". The approximate number of record holders of our common stock on February 22, 2021 was 2,302.

In December 2019, we announced the initiation of a quarterly cash dividend to common shareholders. CoreLogic paid a cash dividend of $0.22 per share of common stock in January 2020 and June 2020 to shareholders of record as of the close of business on January 10, 2020 and June 1, 2020, respectively. In July 2020, our Board of Directors announced a 50% increase in our cash dividend and declared a $0.33 per share cash dividend to common stockholders, which was paid in September 2020
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and December 2020 to stockholders of record as of the close of business on September 1, 2020 and December 1, 2020, respectively. In January 2021, our Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $0.33 per share of common stock to be paid in March 2021 to shareholders of record as of the close of business on March 1, 2021.

Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, we agreed to refrain from declaring or paying any dividends during the Interim Operating Period, subject to the terms, limitations and exceptions set forth in the Merger Agreement. In addition, to the extent the Merger is consummated, subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the Merger Agreement, shares of our common stock will be converted into the right to receive the Merger Consideration, and the holders of such common stock will not be entitled to receive any dividend payments or other distributions with respect to such common stock after the Effective Time.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities

During the quarter ended December 31, 2020, we did not issue any shares of our common stock in any transaction that was not registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers

In July 2020, our Board canceled all prior repurchase authorizations and established a new share repurchase authorization of up to $1.0 billion. As of December 31, 2020, we had $500.0 million in value of shares (inclusive of commissions and fees) available to be repurchased under the plan. Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, we agreed to refrain from repurchasing shares of our common stock during the Interim Operating Period, subject to the terms, limitations and exceptions set forth in the Merger Agreement.

The following table summarizes our repurchase activity under our Board-approved stock repurchase plan for the three months ended December 31, 2020:
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
PeriodTotal Number of Shares Purchased
Average Price Paid per Share (1)
Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or ProgramsApproximate Dollar Value of Shares that May Yet be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs
October 1 to October 31, 20201,961,894 $69.72 1,961,894 $863,216,748 
November 1 to November 30, 20202,970,739 $77.72 2,970,739 $632,319,184 
December 1 to December 31, 20201,691,818 $78.20 1,691,818 $500,012,691 
Total6,624,451 $— 6,624,451 
(1)Calculated inclusive of commissions.

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Stock Performance Graph

The following performance graph and related information shall not be deemed “soliciting material” or “filed” with the SEC, nor shall such information be incorporated by reference into any future filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Exchange Act, except to the extent that it is specifically incorporated by reference into such filing.

The following graph compares the yearly percentage change in the cumulative total stockholder return on our common stock with corresponding changes in the cumulative total returns of the Russell 2000 Index and a peer group index. The comparison assumes an investment of $100 at the close of business on December 31, 2015 and reinvestment of dividends. This historical performance is not indicative of future performance.

clgx-20201231_g2.gif

The 2020 Peer Group, which was used by the Board's Compensation Committee for 2020 compensation decisions, consisted of Altisource Portfolio Solutions S.A., Black Knight Inc., CSG Systems International Inc., Equifax, Inc., Euronet Worldwide, Inc., Fair Isaac Corporation, Fidelity National Financial, Inc., Fidelity National Information Services, Inc., First American Financial Corporation, Fleetcor Technologies, Inc., Gartner, Inc., Global Payments, Inc., Jack Henry & Associates, Inc., MGIC Investment Corporation, Mr. Cooper Group, Inc., Pennymac Financial Services, Inc., Radian Group, Inc., Realogy Holdings Corporation, Verisk Analytics, Inc., and Zillow Group, Inc. The Peer Group accurately and appropriately reflects our business and the industries in which we compete.


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Item 6. Selected Financial Data

The selected consolidated financial data for the five-year period ended December 31, 2020 has been derived from the consolidated financial statements. The selected consolidated financial data should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto, “Item 1—Business—Corporate Events—Discontinued Operations,”
“Item 1—Business—Corporate Events—Discontinued Operations,” “Item 1—Business—Corporate Events—Acquisitions” and “Item 7—Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Consolidated Results of Operations.” The consolidated statements of operations data for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 and the consolidated balance sheet data as of December 31, 2018, 2017, and 2016 have been derived from financial statements not included herein.

(in thousands, except per share amounts)For the Year Ended December 31,
Income Statement Data:20202019201820172016
Operating revenue$1,642,375 $1,440,873 $1,436,370 $1,484,985 $1,576,243 
Operating income$330,982 $122,035 $157,370 $173,662 $193,034 
Equity in earnings/(losses) of affiliates, net of tax$1,859 $556 $1,493 $(1,186)$496 
Amounts attributable to CoreLogic:
Income from continuing operations, net of tax$264,250 $33,770 $74,010 $109,486 $57,518 
Income from discontinued operations, net of tax34,363 15,610 47,854 42,363 50,962 
Gain/(loss) from sale of discontinued operations, net of tax2,742 — — 313 (1,930)
Net income attributable to CoreLogic$301,355 $49,380 $121,864 $152,162 $106,550 
      
Balance Sheet Data:
Assets of discontinued operations$202,417 $201,986 $192,372 $191,460 $197,501 
Total assets$4,283,222 $4,159,281 $4,169,221 $4,077,414 $3,907,532 
Total debt$1,871,233 $1,666,560 $1,779,176 $1,753,570 $1,602,047 
Total equity$723,262 $951,210 $1,000,498 $1,007,876 $1,002,984 
Dividends declared per common share of stock$0.88 $0.22 $— $— $— 
Amounts attributable to CoreLogic:     
Basic income per share:     
Income from continuing operations, net of tax$3.36 $0.42 $0.92 $1.31 $0.66 
Income from discontinued operations, net of tax0.44 0.20 0.59 0.51 0.58 
Gain/(loss) from sale of discontinued operations, net of tax0.03 — — — (0.02)
Net income attributable to CoreLogic$3.83 $0.62 $1.51 $1.82 $1.22 
Diluted income per share:     
Income from continuing operations, net of tax$3.28 $0.42 $0.90 $1.28 $0.65 
Income from discontinued operations, net of tax0.43 0.19 0.58 0.50 0.57 
Gain/(loss) from sale of discontinued operations, net of tax0.03 — — — (0.02)
Net income attributable to CoreLogic$3.74 $0.61 $1.48 $1.78 $1.20 
Weighted average shares outstanding     
Basic78,542 79,885 80,854 83,499 87,502 
Diluted80,495 81,021 82,275 85,234 89,122 

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Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Consolidated Results of Operations

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Annual Report on Form 10-K and certain information incorporated herein by reference contain forward-looking statements within the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements included or incorporated by reference in this Annual Report, other than statements that are purely historical, are forward-looking statements. Words such as “anticipate,” “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “seek,” “estimate,” “will,” “should,” “would,” “could,” “may,” and similar expressions also identify forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements include, without limitation, statements regarding our future operations, financial condition and prospects, operating results, revenues and earnings, liquidity, our estimated income tax rate, unrecognized tax positions, amortization expenses, impact of recent accounting pronouncements, our cost management program, our acquisition strategy and growth plans, expectations regarding our recent acquisitions, dividends, share repurchases, the level of aggregate US mortgage originations, and the reasonableness of the carrying value related to specific financial assets and liabilities.

Our expectations, beliefs, objectives, intentions, and strategies regarding future results are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from results contemplated by our forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to:

the potential impact of, and any potential developments related to, the proposed Merger;
the potential impact of, and any potential developments related to, activist shareholder activity;
compromises in the security or stability of our data and systems, including from cyber-based attacks, the unauthorized transmission of confidential information or systems interruptions, which could impair the delivery of our products and services;
changes in applicable government legislation, regulations and the level of regulatory scrutiny affecting our clients or us, including with respect to consumer financial services and the use of public records and consumer data;
reliance on our top ten clients for a significant portion of our revenue and profit;
intense competition in the market against third parties and the in-house capabilities of our clients;
risks related to the outsourcing of services and international operations;
potential impairment of our substantial goodwill and other intangible assets;
the potential impact that the COVID-19 pandemic, or the perception of its effects, may have on our business;
our ability to protect proprietary technology rights and avoid infringement of others’ proprietary technology rights;
the level of our indebtedness, our ability to service our indebtedness and the restrictions in our various debt agreements;
our ability to realize the anticipated benefits of certain acquisitions and the timing thereof;
the impact of our adoption of a shareholder rights plan;
difficult or uncertain conditions in the mortgage and consumer lending industries and the economy generally; and
our ability to attract and retain qualified personnel.

We urge you to carefully consider risks and uncertainties and review the additional disclosures we make concerning risks and uncertainties that may materially affect the outcome of our forward-looking statements and our future business and operating results, including those made in Item 1A, “Risk Factors” in this 10-K, as such risk factors may be amended, supplemented, or superseded from time to time by other reports we file with the SEC. We assume no obligation to update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise, except as required by applicable law. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of the filing of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.


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Business Overview

We are a leading global property information, analytics and data-enabled software platforms and services provider operating in North America, Western Europe, and Asia Pacific. Our combined data from public, contributory and proprietary sources provides detailed coverage of property, mortgages, other encumbrances, property risk and replacement cost, location, hazard risk, and related performance information. We have more than one million users who rely on our data and predictive decision analytics to reduce risk, enhance transparency, and improve the performance of their businesses.

We offer our clients a comprehensive national database covering real property and mortgage information, judgments and liens, building and replacement costs, parcel and geospatial data, and tax information, among other data types. Our structured property-specific data consisting of over 150 million parcel records covers over 99% of the US, includes both residential and commercial real estate data and is enriched by over one billion historical sales, mortgage, and pre-foreclosure transactions. Our consortium data covers loan-level mortgage performance, appraisal, as well as mortgage application data and is in excess of 300 million records. We are also the industry's first parcel-based geocoder and have developed a proprietary spatial database covering more than 150 million parcel polygons across the US. We believe the quality of the data we offer is distinguished by our broad range of data sources and our experience in aggregating, organizing, normalizing, processing, and delivering data to our clients.

With our data as a foundation, we have built strong analytics capabilities and a variety of value-added business services to meet our clients’ needs for property tax processing, property valuation, hazard risk, property risk and replacement cost, flood plain location determination, other geospatial data, analytics, and related services.


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Overview of Business Environment and Company Developments

Merger Agreement

In February 2021, CoreLogic entered into the Merger Agreement with the Acquirer and Acquisition Sub, providing for the Merger, subject to the terms and conditions set forth therein. The Acquirer and Acquisition Sub are affiliates of Stone Point Capital Partners and Insight Partners.

In the event the Merger is completed, except as otherwise provided in the Merger Agreement, each share of common stock issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time would be converted into the right to receive the Merger Consideration. Consummation of the Merger is subject to customary closing conditions, including, among other things, receipt of the Requisite Stockholder Approval. The consummation of the Merger is not subject to a financing condition, and the Acquirer has obtained equity and debt financing commitments for the purpose of financing the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement.

Either we or the Acquirer may terminate the Merger Agreement in certain circumstances, including if (i) the Merger shall not have been consummated on or before 5:00 p.m. (New York City time) on August 9, 2021, (ii) any of certain governmental authorities of competent jurisdiction has issued a final non-appealable law or order prohibiting the Merger, (iii) the Requisite Stockholder Approval is not obtained at the stockholders’ meeting duly convened therefor or (iv) the other party materially breaches, and does not cure, any representation or covenant that would cause the related condition to the other party’s obligation to consummate the Merger not to be satisfied, in each case subject to certain limitations set forth in the Merger Agreement. If we terminate the Merger Agreement because (i) the Acquirer or Acquisition Sub materially breaches, and does not cure, any representation or covenant that would cause any conditions to our obligation to consummate the Merger not to be satisfied or (ii) all conditions to the Merger have been and continue to be satisfied (subject to customary exceptions) and the Acquirer fails to consummate the Merger after receiving written notification from us, we would be entitled to receive a termination fee from the Acquirer of $330 million. If the Merger Agreement is terminated by us or the Acquirer under other certain circumstances specified in the Merger Agreement, we would be obligated to pay a termination fee of $165 million to the Acquirer. See the risk factor titled “If the Merger Agreement is terminated, under certain conditions, we may be obligated to pay the Acquirer a substantial termination fee, which could require us to incur additional debt or reduce the amount of cash we have available to fund our operations” under “Risk Factors” in Item 1A of Part I of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further information about the termination fee we may be obligated to pay. Please refer to Note 21 - Subsequent Events - Proposed Merger of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8 - Financial Statements and Supplementary Data of Part II of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further information.

On February 16, 2021, the Board received an unsolicited acquisition proposal from CoStar to acquire the Company in an all-stock transaction. The Board is carefully reviewing the proposal in consultation with outside legal counsel and financial advisors. The Merger Agreement remains in full force and effect, and the Board has not withdrawn or modified its recommendation that the stockholders of CoreLogic vote in favor of the approval of the Merger, the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby.

Rights Agreement Amendment

In February 2021, in connection with the execution of the Merger Agreement, CoreLogic also entered into the Rights Agreement Amendment with Equiniti Trust Company, in order to (i) render the Rights Agreement inapplicable to the Merger and the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, (ii) ensure that in connection with the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, none of the Acquirer, Acquisition Sub, or any of their “Affiliates” or “Associates” (each as defined in the Rights Agreement) shall be deemed to be or become an “Acquiring Person” (as defined below) and (iii) provide that the “Expiration Date” (as defined in the Rights Agreement) shall occur immediately prior to the Effective Time.

Unsolicited Proposal and Proxy Contest Proposals

In June 2020, we received the Unsolicited Proposal from Senator and Cannae to acquire the Company for $65.00 per share in cash, which initial proposal was increased by Senator and Cannae on September 2020 by $1.00 per share to $66.00 per share in cash. Our Board, in consultation with its independent financial and legal advisors, unanimously determined to reject the Unsolicited Proposal, as it significantly undervalues the Company, raises serious regulatory concerns and is not in the best interests of the Company and its stockholders. In July 2020, we received written notification from the FTC that it is conducting an investigation (“FTC Investigation”) of the proposed acquisition of the Company by Senator and Cannae and requesting that we produce information in connection with that investigation. In August 2020, we received a Civil Investigative Demand from
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the FTC in connection with the FTC Investigation into Senator and Cannae, requesting that the Company produce additional information in connection with that investigation.

In July 2020, in connection with the Unsolicited Proposal, Senator and Cannae issued a press release announcing the Proxy Contest Proposals. Although our Board opposed the actions being pursued by Senator and Cannae because they believed these proposals were not in the best interests of the Company’s stockholders, in August 2020, the Board of Directors determined to call a special meeting to provide stockholders the opportunity to vote and express their views. The Board of Directors set the special meeting for November 2020, with a record date of September 18, 2020. The Special Meeting resulted in the removal of three members of our Board and the appointment of three of Senator and Cannae's nominees to our Board, each with a term expiring at the Company's 2021 annual meeting of stockholders.

In October 2020, we issued a press release confirming that we are engaging with third parties that have indicated interest in a potential acquisition of the Company at a value at or above $80 per share. In November 2020, we issued a press release announcing that our Board would conduct a thorough strategic review (the “Strategic Review”) to maximize shareholder value. This Strategic Review ultimately culminated in our entry into the Merger Agreement with the Acquirer and Acquisition Sub on February 4, 2021. Our Board, including each of the directors elected at the November special meeting, has unanimously approved the Merger Agreement, the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement. However, the consummation of the Merger is subject to customary closing conditions, including, among other things, receipt of the Requisite Stockholder Approval. In addition, our Board continues to review the unsolicited acquisition proposal from CoStar, consistent with its fiduciary duties and the terms of the Merger Agreement.

These events have required us, and will continue to require us, to incur significant legal and advisory fees and expenses, and require significant time and attention by management and our Board of Directors. For a further discussion of risks, uncertainties and other factors relating to the Unsolicited Proposal, the Proxy Contest Proposals, the FTC Investigation and the Merger Agreement that could impact our business and operating results, see the section entitled “Risk Factors” in Item 1A of Part I of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

In connection with the Unsolicited Proposal, Proxy Contest Proposals and related strategic transaction process, we have incurred expenses of approximately $54.0 million for year ended December 31, 2020.

COVID-19

The global COVID-19 pandemic and the mitigation efforts by governments to attempt to control its spread have adversely impacted the global economy, leading to disruptions and volatility in the global financial markets. Most states and many countries have issued policies intended to stop or slow the further spread of the disease. Our first priority remains ensuring the safety and health of our employees, clients, and others with whom we partner in conducting our business. We have deployed risk-mitigation activities, safety practices, and business continuity strategies so that we can continue offering our clients consistent service offerings while continuing to protect our employees.

The volume of US mortgage loan originations serves as a key market driver for more than half of our business. We believe the volume and related volatility of real estate and mortgage transactions is primarily affected by real estate prices, the availability of funds for mortgage loans, mortgage interest rates, housing supply, employment levels, actions by the Federal Reserve, and the overall state of the US economy. Mortgage interest rates are extremely low by historical standards, and are resulting in higher demand for refinance activity, while the purchase market has been adversely impacted by reduced construction and sales of new and existing homes, and more recently, the COVID-19 pandemic and resulting economic instability. For the year ended December 31, 2020, our continuing operations experienced unfavorable business and revenue impacts of approximately $18.7 million related to the COVID-19 pandemic, exclusive of the increased mortgage refinance volumes. We have also incurred COVID-19 related expenses of approximately $3.0 million for year ended December 31, 2020. As of December 31, 2020, the impact we have experienced as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic has not had a significant impact on our financial condition, cash flows, control environment, or any related disclosures.

We will continue to monitor our business trends, financial condition, and liquidity, and are taking steps to manage our operating cash flows, by prioritizing our investments, and evaluating our capital needs and activities. Our liquidity as of December 31, 2020 consisted primarily of $167.4 million of cash and cash equivalents, and $450.0 million of unused committed capacity under our revolving credit facility, and we are in compliance with all financial covenants.




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Business Environment

The volume of US mortgage loan originations serves as a key market driver for more than half of our business. We believe the volume of real estate and mortgage transactions is primarily affected by real estate prices, the availability of funds for mortgage loans, mortgage interest rates, housing supply, employment levels, and the overall state of the US economy. We believe mortgage origination unit volumes increased by approximately 40% to 45% in 2020 relative to 2019, primarily due to higher mortgage refinance volumes resulting from lower interest rates which favorably impacted overall mortgage unit volumes. Going forward, we expect 2021 mortgage unit volumes to modestly decline relative to 2020 levels as lower interest rates are expected to enable higher refinance volumes through at least the first half of 2021. Mortgage purchase volumes continue to be impacted by multiple factors such as tight inventory supply, insufficient supply of new housing stock, and affordability, all of which we expect to continue for the foreseeable future.

We generate the majority of our revenues from clients with operations in the US residential real estate, mortgage origination, and mortgage servicing markets. Approximately 34.4%, 26.4%, and 32.0% of our operating revenues for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019 and 2018, respectively, were generated from our ten largest clients who consist of some of the largest US mortgage originators and servicers. None of our clients individually accounted for 10.0% or more of our operating revenues for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019 and 2018.

While the majority of our revenues are generated in the US, foreign exchange translation impacted our financial results from our international operating revenues unfavorably by $0.5 million, $9.8 million and $3.5 million for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

Capital Return

In July 2020, our Board of Directors authorized the repurchase up to $1.0 billion of outstanding shares of our common stock. The authorization has no expiration date and supersedes our previous share repurchase authorization. As of December 31, 2020, we had $500.0 million in value of shares (inclusive of commissions and fees) available to be repurchased under the share repurchase authorization. Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, we agreed to refrain from repurchasing shares of our common stock during the Interim Operating Period, subject to the terms, limitations and exceptions set forth in the Merger Agreement.

In December 2019, we announced the initiation of a quarterly cash dividend to common shareholders. CoreLogic paid a cash dividend of $0.22 per share of common stock in January 2020 and June 2020 to shareholders of record as of the close of business on January 10, 2020 and June 1, 2020, respectively. In July 2020, our Board of Directors announced a 50% increase in our cash dividend and declared a $0.33 per share cash dividend to common stockholders, which was paid in September 2020 and December 2020 to stockholders of record as of the close of business on September 1, 2020 and December 1, 2020, respectively. In January 2021, our Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $0.33 per share of common stock to be paid in March 2021 to shareholders of record as of the close of business on March 1, 2021.

Discontinued Operations

In July 2020, we announced our intention to exit our reseller operations focused on mortgage credit and borrower verification and multi-family tenant screening. Although market leaders in their respective business areas, these reseller businesses are not compatible with our long-term strategic imperatives. The divestiture of these operations is expected to improve the Company's revenue growth trends and revenue mix, and significantly enhance profit margins. As a result of this strategic decision, the businesses have been reflected in our consolidated financial statements as discontinued operations for all periods presented. In October 2020, we sold a portion of our multi-family tenant screening business, which resulted in a gain on the sale of discontinued operations of $2.7 million, net of tax. For the year ended December 31, 2020, these business generated revenues of $374.3 million and operating income of $46.6 million. In February 2021, we sold the remainder of our multi-family tenant screening business for $51.2 million. Please refer to Note 18 - Discontinued Operations of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8 - Financial Statements and Supplementary Data of Part II of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further information.

Business Exits & Transformation within Continuing Operations

In December 2018, we announced our intent to exit a loan origination software unit and its remaining legacy default management related platforms, as well as accelerate our AMC transformation program, which actions were focused on expanding our overall profit margins and providing for enhanced long-term organic growth trends. In September 2019, we divested our default management related platforms and received proceeds of $3.8 million. For the year ended December 31, 2019, operating revenues decreased by $61.9 million attributable to the aforementioned business exits and strategic
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transformation compared to 2018. We also recorded non-cash impairment charges of $47.8 million and severance expense of $5.3 million in 2019 relating to the AMC transformation program which concluded in December 2019.

Acquisitions

In January 2020, we acquired the remaining 66% of Location for $11.5 million, subject to certain working capital adjustments. Location is included as a component of our PIRM segment. See Note 17 - Acquisitions of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8 - Financial Statements and Supplementary Data of Part II of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further discussion.

Unless otherwise indicated, the Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in this Annual Report on Form 10-K relate solely to the discussion of our continuing operations.

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Consolidated Results of Operations

Year Ended December 31, 2020 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2019

Operating Revenues

Our consolidated operating revenues were $1.6 billion for the year ended December 31, 2020, an increase of $201.5 million when compared to 2019, and consisted of the following:
(in thousands, except percentages)20202019$ Change% Change
PIRM$681,912 $663,016 $18,896 2.9 %
UWS972,831 787,368 185,463 23.6 
Corporate and eliminations(12,368)(9,511)(2,857)30.0 
Operating revenues$1,642,375 $1,440,873 $201,502 14.0 %

Our PIRM segment revenues increased by $18.9 million, or 2.9%, when compared to 2019. Excluding acquisition activity of $3.5 million, the increase of $15.4 million was primarily due to higher revenues of $31.0 million from property insights and insurance and spatial solutions due to increased market volumes, market-share gains and pricing. This increase was partially offset by the impact of COVID-19 totaling $15.1 million across our solution groups. Additionally, included within our property insights revenues is unfavorable foreign exchange of $0.5 million.

Our UWS segment revenues increased by $185.5 million, or 23.6%, when compared to 2019. Excluding acquisition activity of $3.9 million, the increase of $181.5 million was primarily due to higher property tax solutions revenues of $194.6 million and higher flood data solutions revenues of $41.1 million, both primarily related to increased market volumes, market-share gains, and pricing. These increases were partially offset by lower valuation solutions revenue of $46.6 million due to the impacts of our AMC transformation program, and lower other revenues of $7.6 million due to business exits and the adverse impact of COVID-19.

Our corporate and eliminations revenues were comprised of intercompany revenue eliminations between our operating segments.

Cost of Services (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)

Our consolidated cost of services was $597.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, a decrease of $35.1 million, or 5.6%, when compared to 2019. Acquisition activity contributed $5.5 million of additional cost in 2020. Excluding acquisition activity, the decrease of $40.6 million was primarily due to favorable product mix due to the impact of our AMC transformation program and business exits, offset by higher operating revenues.

Selling, General and Administrative Expense

Our consolidated selling, general and administrative expenses were $537.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, an increase of $73.8 million, or 15.9%, when compared to 2019. Excluding acquisition activity of $4.9 million, the increase of $68.9 million was primarily due to higher costs from the Unsolicited Proposal, Proxy Contest Proposals, and related strategic transaction process of $54.0 million, higher other external services costs of $24.8 million, and $0.6 million in compensation, primarily due to higher variable compensation costs relating to operating performance, partially offset by lower travel costs of $9.8 million and lower other expenses of $0.7 million.

Depreciation and Amortization

Our consolidated depreciation and amortization expense was $174.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, a decrease of $0.7 million, or 0.4%, when compared to 2019. Excluding acquisition activity of $1.6 million, the decrease of $2.3 million is primarily due to assets that were fully impaired.

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Impairment Loss

Our consolidated impairment loss totaled $2.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, a decrease of $45.5 million, or 95.2%, when compared to 2019, primarily due to prior write-offs of client lists of $32.3 million, software of $12.3 million, and licenses of $3.3 million related to the transformation of our AMC business, offset by current year impairment charges related to software and operating lease assets.

Operating Income

Our consolidated operating income was $331.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, an increase of $208.9 million, or 171.2%, when compared to 2019, and consisted of the following:
(in thousands, except percentages)20202019$ Change% Change
PIRM$90,931 $53,607 $37,324 69.6 %
UWS431,690 194,654 237,036 121.8 
Corporate and eliminations(191,639)(126,226)(65,413)51.8 
Operating income$330,982 $122,035 $208,947 171.2 %

Our PIRM segment operating income increased by $37.3 million, or 69.6%, for the year ended December 31, 2020, when compared to 2019. Acquisitions lowered operating income by $1.0 million primarily due to investments in data and technology capabilities and the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets. Excluding acquisition activity, operating income increased by $38.3 million and margins increased by 547 basis points primarily due to higher revenue, favorable product mix, and the impact of our ongoing operational efficiency programs.

Our UWS segment operating income increased by $237.0 million, or 121.8%, when compared to 2019. Acquisitions lowered operating income by $3.6 million due to investments in data and technology capabilities and the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets. Excluding acquisition activity, operating income increased by $240.6 million and margins increased by 20 percentage points, primarily impacted by lower impairment loss, higher revenues, improved product mix from business exits and AMC transformation, and the impact of our ongoing operational efficiency programs.

Our corporate and eliminations losses increased by $65.4 million, or 51.8%, compared to 2019, primarily due to higher costs associated with the Unsolicited Proposal, Proxy Contest Proposals, and related strategic transaction process.

Total Interest Expense, Net

Our consolidated total interest expense, net, was $69.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, a decrease of $7.0 million, or 9.2%, when compared to 2019. The decrease was primarily due to lower interest rates as well as lower average outstanding principal balances. See Note 8 - Long-Term Debt for further discussion.

Tax Indemnification Release

In 2019, we recorded a $13.4 million loss related to the release of a tax indemnification receivable due to the expiration of the statutes of limitations in our principal state jurisdictions. Associated state tax reserves of $15.3 million were also released and recognized as income tax benefit through the provision for income taxes.

Gain/(Loss) on Investments and Other, Net

Our consolidated gain on investments and other, net, was $42.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, a favorable variance of $43.2 million when compared to 2019. The gain on investments and other, net in 2020 is comprised of a gain of $37.3 million from the sale of equity method investments, a gain of $3.4 million related to supplemental benefit plans, gains of $1.5 million related to other merger and acquisition activity, and other gains of $1.4 million. These gains are offset by an impairment of an equity method investment of $1.4 million. The $1.0 million loss on investments and other, net in 2019 is comprised of a $6.6 million loss related to a fair value adjustment on an equity investment, and $1.5 million of unamortized debt issuance cost write-offs due to financing activities in May 2019. The aforementioned items were partially offset by realized gains on our supplemental benefit plans of $5.4 million, gains of $1.0 million related to merger and acquisition activity, and other gains of $0.7 million.

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Provision/(Benefit) for Income Taxes

Our consolidated provision/(benefit) for income taxes from continuing operations before equity in earnings of affiliates and income taxes was a provision of $41.6 million and a benefit of $1.8 million for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Our effective income tax rate was a provision of 13.7% and a benefit of 5.7% for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The items which gave rise to the change in the effective income tax rate are primarily the tax benefit associated with the close of an IRS Examination in 2020 and a prior year one-time benefit related to the release of state tax reserves.

Equity in Earnings of Affiliates, net of tax

Our consolidated equity in earnings of affiliates, net of tax was $1.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, a favorable variance of $1.3 million when compared to 2019. We had equity interests in various affiliates which had higher earnings in the current period compared to prior year.

Income from Discontinued Operations, Net of Tax

Our consolidated income from discontinued operations, net of tax was $34.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, a favorable variance of $18.8 million, or 120.1%, when compared to 2019. This is primarily due to higher income from our reseller business related to increased market volumes and a prior year loss principally related to a $23.0 million legal settlement. See Note 2 - Significant Accounting Policies for further information.

Gain from Sale of Discontinued Operations, Net of Tax

Our consolidated gain from sale of discontinued operations, net of tax was $2.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 due to the sale of a component of our multi-family tenant screening business.
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Year Ended December 31, 2019 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2018

Operating Revenues

Our consolidated operating revenues were $1.4 billion for the year ended December 31, 2019, an increase of $4.5 million when compared to 2018, and consisted of the following:
(in thousands, except percentages)20192018$ Change% Change
PIRM$663,016 $646,804 $16,212 2.5 %
UWS787,368 796,550 (9,182)(1.2)
Corporate and eliminations(9,511)(6,984)(2,527)36.2 
Operating revenues$1,440,873 $1,436,370 $4,503 0.3 %

Our PIRM segment revenues increased by $16.2 million, or 2.5%, when compared to 2018. Acquisition activity contributed $46.2 million in 2019. Excluding acquisition activity, the decrease of $30.0 million was primarily due to lower property insights revenues of $25.8 million as well as lower insurance and spatial solutions revenues of $4.2 million. Property insights included unfavorable foreign exchange translation of $9.8 million and weaker market conditions in Australia which negatively impacted revenues by $8.9 million.

Our UWS segment revenues decreased by $9.2 million, or 1.2%, when compared to 2018. Acquisition activity contributed $13.2 million in 2019. Excluding acquisition activity, the decrease of $22.4 million was primarily due to lower valuation solutions revenues of $37.0 million due to our business exits and transformation initiatives which lowered our segment revenues by approximately $61.9 million offset by higher market volumes of $24.9 million. Further, property tax solutions was also impacted by a discrete prior year benefit of accelerated revenue recognition of approximately $23.7 million. These decreases were partially offset by higher market volumes, which increased flood data solutions revenues by $11.4 million and property tax solutions revenue by $3.2 million.

Our corporate and eliminations revenues were comprised of intercompany revenue eliminations between our operating segments.

Cost of Services (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)

Our consolidated cost of services was $632.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, a decrease of $30.2 million, or 4.6%, when compared to 2018. Acquisition activity contributed $26.8 million of additional cost in 2019. Excluding acquisition activity, the decrease of $56.9 million was primarily due to favorable product mix due to the impact of our AMC transformation program and business exits.

Selling, General and Administrative Expense

Our consolidated selling, general and administrative expenses was $463.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, an increase of $35.9 million, or 8.4%, when compared to 2018. Acquisition activity contributed an increase of $23.6 million in 2019. Excluding acquisition activity, the increase of $12.3 million was primarily due to higher productivity-related investments of $16.8 million, higher severance expense of $4.9 million, and higher personnel-related costs of $8.6 million, partially offset by lower outsourced services of $12.5 million, and lower other expenses of $5.5 million.

Depreciation and Amortization

Our consolidated depreciation and amortization expense was $175.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, a decrease of $6.0 million, or 3.3%, when compared to 2018. Excluding acquisition activity of $6.6 million, the decrease of $12.6 million is primarily due to assets that were fully impaired.

Impairment Loss

Our consolidated impairment loss totaled $47.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, and increase of $40.1 million when compared to 2018, representing write-offs of client lists of $32.3 million, software of $12.3 million and licenses of $3.3 million related to the transformation of our AMC business in 2019, offset by impairment charges related to software of $7.7 million in 2018.
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Operating Income

Our consolidated operating income was $122.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, a decrease of $35.3 million, or 22.5%, when compared to 2018, and consisted of the following:
(in thousands, except percentages)20192018$ Change% Change
PIRM$53,607 $59,395 $(5,788)(9.7)%
UWS194,654 201,351 (6,697)(3.3)
Corporate and eliminations(126,226)(103,376)(22,850)22.1 
Operating income$122,035 $157,370 $(35,335)(22.5)%

Our PIRM segment operating income decreased by $5.8 million, or 9.7%, when compared to 2018. Excluding acquisition activity of $1.7 million, operating income decreased by $4.1 million and operating margins decreased by 151 basis points primarily due to lower operating revenues, partially offset by the impact of our ongoing operational efficiency programs.

Our UWS segment operating income decreased by $6.7 million, or 3.3%, when compared to 2018. Excluding acquisition-related activity of $4.1 million, operating income decreased $10.8 million and margins decreased by 660 basis points primarily due to our business exits and AMC transformation and prior year benefit of accelerated revenue recognition, partially offset by higher market volumes, favorable product mix and the impact of our ongoing operational efficiency programs.

Corporate and eliminations had an unfavorable variance of $22.9 million, or 22.1%, primarily due to higher investments on data and technology capabilities.

Total Interest Expense, Net

Our consolidated total interest expense, net was $76.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, an increase of $2.2 million, or 3.0%, when compared to 2018. The increase was primarily due to higher average outstanding principal balances in 2019.

Gain/(Loss) on Investments and Other, Net

Our consolidated loss on investments and other, net was $1.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, an unfavorable variance of $19.8 million when compared to 2018. The variance was primarily due to merger and acquisition activity totaling $18.4 million, a loss of $6.6 million related to a fair value adjustment on an equity investment, and $1.5 million of unamortized debt issuance cost write-offs due to financing activities in May 2019. The aforementioned items were partially offset by realized gains on our supplemental benefit plans of $6.7 million in 2019.

Tax Indemnification Release

In 2019, we recorded a $13.4 million loss related to the release of a tax indemnification receivable due to the expiration of the statutes of limitations in our principal state jurisdictions. Associated state tax reserves of $15.3 million were also released and recognized as income tax benefit through the provision for income taxes.

Provision/(Benefit) for Income Taxes

Our consolidated provision/(benefit) for income taxes from continuing operations before equity in earnings of affiliates and income taxes was a benefit of $1.8 million and a provision of $29.6 million for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Our effective income tax rate was a benefit of 5.7% and a provision of 29.0% for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The change in effective income tax rate was primarily due to the tax benefit associated with the reversal of state tax reserves due to the expiration of the statute of limitations in our principal state jurisdictions in 2019 and a prior year one-time charge for the transitions tax in connection with the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act in 2018.

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Equity in Earnings of Affiliates, net of tax

Our consolidated equity in earnings of affiliates, net of tax was $0.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, an unfavorable variance of $0.9 million when compared to 2018. We had equity interests in various affiliates which had lower earnings in 2019 compared to 2018.

Income (loss) from Discontinued Operations, Net of Tax

Our consolidated income/(loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax was $15.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, an unfavorable variance of $32.2 million, when compared to 2018. This is primarily due to lower income from our reseller businesses related to decreased market volumes, market-share losses, and pricing as well as a $23.0 million legal settlement, prior to an associated tax benefit, resulting from an appellate court decision.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Cash and cash equivalents totaled $167.4 million and $104.2 million as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, representing an increase of $63.3 million. As of December 31, 2020, our cash balances held in foreign jurisdictions totaled $67.6 million and are primarily related to our international operations. We plan to maintain significant cash balances outside the US for the foreseeable future.

Restricted cash of $10.4 million and $10.5 million at December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, is comprised of deposits that are pledged for various letters of credit/bank guarantees secured by us, escrow accounts due to acquisitions and divestitures as well as short-term investments within our deferred compensation plan trust.

Cash Flow

Operating Activities. Cash provided by operating activities reflects net income adjusted for certain non-cash items and changes in operating assets and liabilities. Total cash provided by operating activities was $535.8 million, $364.2 million and $355.1 million for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019, and 2018, respectively. Cash provided by discontinued operating activities was $44.6 million, $16.9 million and $49.3 million for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019, and 2018, respectively. The increase in cash provided by operations were primarily due to higher net income as adjusted for non-cash activities and favorable changes in working capital items.

The increase in cash provided by operating activities in 2019 relative to 2018 was primarily due to favorable changes in working capital offset by lower net income from continuing and discontinued operations, as adjusted for non-cash activities, and increased cash used discontinued operations principally related to the impact of a 2019 legal settlement. Please refer to Note 18 - Discontinued Operations of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8 - Financial Statements and Supplementary Data of Part II of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further information.

Investing Activities. Total cash used in investing activities consisted primarily of capital expenditures, acquisitions, and dispositions. Cash used in investing activities was approximately $65.7 million, $135.8 million, and $308.9 million for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019, and 2018, respectively. Cash used in discontinued investing activities was $12.1 million, $16.8 million, and $13.2 million for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019, and 2018, respectively.

Cash used in investing activities from continuing operations during 2020 was primarily related to investments in property and equipment and capitalized data of $57.7 million and $41.4 million, respectively. Additionally, we paid net cash of $12.0 million primarily related to the Location acquisition and made other investments of $1.3 million. These outflows were partially offset by proceeds from investments of $51.4 million and net cash received from the sale of a discontinued operation of $7.5 million. Cash used in discontinued investing activities consisted of capital expenditures.

Cash used in investing activities from continuing operations during 2019 was primarily related to investments in property and equipment and capitalized data of $79.3 million and $35.5 million, respectively. Additionally, we paid net cash of $13.3 million primarily related to the NTS acquisition and made other investments of $0.7 million. These outflows were partially offset by proceeds from the sale of investments of $5.6 million, as well as $4.1 million in proceeds from the sale of a business-line. Cash used in discontinued investing activities consisted of capital expenditures.

Cash used in investing activities from continuing operations during 2018 was primarily related to net cash paid for acquisitions, including eTech Solutions Limited for $21.2 million, a la mode technologies for $120.3 million, Breakaway Holdings, LLC for $12.6 million, and Symbility Solutions Inc., for $66.0 million. Further, we had investments in property and equipment and
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capitalized data of $53.6 million and $30.6 million, respectively. These outflows were partially offset by proceeds from the sale of investments of $4.9 million, as well as $3.2 million in proceeds from the sale of a business-line. Cash used in discontinued investing activities consisted of capital expenditures.

For the year ending December 31, 2021, we anticipate investing between $90 million and $110 million in capital expenditures for property and equipment and capitalized data. Capital expenditures are expected to be funded by a combination of existing cash balances, cash generated from operations, or additional borrowings under our Revolving Facility. Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, we agreed to refrain from, or seek the Acquirer's consent for, making capital expenditures in excess of certain thresholds during the Interim Operating Period, subject to the terms, limitations and exceptions set forth in the Merger Agreement.

Financing Activities. Total cash used in financing activities was $409.5 million, $211.2 million, and $82.7 million for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019, and 2018, respectively.

Net cash used in financing activities during 2020 was primarily comprised of repayment of long-term debt of $103.2 million, share repurchases of $509.3 million, payment of cash dividends of $85.7 million, and net settlements from share-based compensation related transactions of $11.3 million partially offset by proceeds from debt issuance of $300.0 million.

Net cash used in financing activities during 2019 was primarily comprised of repayment of long-term debt of $1.9 billion, share repurchases of $86.7 million, and debt issuance costs of $9.6 million, partially offset by proceeds from debt issuance of $1.8 billion and net settlements from share-based compensation related transactions of $0.1 million.

Net cash used in financing activities during 2018 was primarily comprised of repayment of long-term debt of $173.2 million and share repurchases of $109.1 million, partially offset by proceeds from debt issuance of $191.3 million and net settlements from share-based compensation related to transactions of $8.3 million.

Financing and Financing Capacity

We had total debt outstanding of $1.9 billion and $1.7 billion as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Our significant debt instruments are described below.

Credit Agreement. In May 2019, we amended our Credit Agreement. The Credit Agreement provides for a $1.8 billion Term Facility and a $750.0 million Revolving Facility. The Term Facility matures, and the Revolving Facility expires, in May 2024. The Revolving Facility includes a $100.0 million multicurrency revolving sub-facility and a $50.0 million letter of credit sub-facility. The Credit Agreement also provides for the ability to increase the Term Facility and/or Revolving Facility by up to $300.0 million in the aggregate; however, the lenders are not obligated to do so.

At December 31, 2020, we had borrowing capacity of $450.0 million under the Revolving Facility and were in compliance with all of our financial maintenance covenants under the Credit Agreement. However, if we have a significant increase in our outstanding debt or if our EBITDA (as defined by our Credit Agreement) decreases significantly, we may be unable to incur additional indebtedness and the lenders may be unwilling to permit us to amend the financial or restrictive covenants described above to provide additional flexibility. See Note 8 -Long Term Debt for further discussion.

During the year ended December 31, 2020, we did not make any repurchases on our debentures.

As of December 31, 2020, and 2019, we recorded $0.3 million and $0.4 million, respectively, of accrued interest expense.

Interest Rate Swaps

We have entered into amortizing interest rate swaps (the "Swaps") in order to convert a portion of our interest rate exposure on the Credit Agreement floating rate borrowings from variable to fixed. Under the Swaps, we agree to exchange floating rate for fixed rate interest payments periodically over the life of the agreement. The floating rates in our Swaps are based on the one-month London interbank offering rate. The notional balances, terms, and maturities of our Swaps are designed to have the effect of fixing the rate of interest on at least 50% of the principal balance of our senior term debt.

As of December 31, 2020, our Swaps have a combined remaining notional balance of $1.2 billion, a weighted average fixed interest rate of 2.39% (rates range from 1.025% to 2.98%) and scheduled terminations through December 2025. As previously indicated, notional balances under our Swaps are scheduled to increase and decrease over their contract lengths based on our expectations of variable debt levels. Currently, we have scheduled notional amounts of approximately $1.2 billion through
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September 2021, then $1.1 billion through March 2022, $1.0 billion through August 2022 and approximately $500.0 million thereafter until December 2025. Approximate weighted average fixed interest rates for the aforementioned periods are 2.66%, 2.78%, 2.77%, and 2.64%, respectively.

Liquidity and Capital Strategy

We expect that cash flows from operations and current cash balances, together with available borrowings under our Revolving Facility, will be sufficient to meet operating requirements through the next twelve months. Cash available from operations, however, could be affected by any general economic downturn, such as financial impacts related to COVID-19, or any decline or adverse changes in our business such as a loss of clients, competitive pressures, or other significant change in business environment.

In July 2020, our Board cancelled all prior repurchase authorizations and established a new share repurchase authorization of up to $1.0 billion. During the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019, and 2018, we repurchased approximately 6.8 million, 2.0 million, and 2.3 million shares of our common stock for $509.3 million, $86.7 million, and $109.1 million, respectively, including commission costs. As of December 31, 2020, we had $500.0 million in value of shares available to be repurchased under the plan. Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, we agreed to refrain from repurchasing our capital stock during the Interim Operating Period, subject to the terms, limitations and exceptions set forth in the Merger Agreement. See Item 5 - Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities - Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers for further discussion.

For the year ended December 31, 2020, we paid cash dividends of $85.7 million. In July 2020, our Board announced a 50% increase to the quarterly cash dividend, declaring a cash dividend of $0.33 per share of common stock which was paid in September 2020 and December 2020. Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, we agreed to refrain from declaring or paying any dividends during the Interim Operating Period, subject to the terms, limitations and exceptions set forth in the Merger Agreement.

We strive to pursue a balanced approach to capital allocation and initiated a regular dividend in December 2019. Subject to the limitations during the Interim Operating Period on our ability to (i) make acquisitions or capital expenditures above certain thresholds, (ii) repurchase our capital stock, subject to certain exceptions, (iii) declare or pay dividends, and (iv) incur indebtedness in excess of certain thresholds, in each case pursuant to the Merger Agreement and subject to the terms, limitations and exceptions set forth therein, we will also continue to evaluate management of outstanding debt and pursuits of strategic acquisitions and investments on an opportunistic basis.

Availability of Additional Capital

Our access to additional capital fluctuates as market conditions change. There may be times when the private capital markets and the public debt or equity markets lack sufficient liquidity or when our securities cannot be sold at attractive prices, in which case we would not be able to access capital from these sources. Based on current market conditions and our financial condition (including our ability to satisfy the conditions contained in our debt instruments that are required to be satisfied to permit us to incur additional indebtedness), we believe that we have the ability to effectively access these liquidity sources for new borrowings. However, continued general economic instability, such as financial impacts resulting from COVID-19 which has caused, and may continue to cause, disruptions in the financial markets or a weakening of our financial condition, including a significant decrease in our profitability or cash flows or a material increase in our leverage, could adversely affect our ability to access these markets and/or increase our cost of borrowings.

Contractual Obligations

A summary, by due date, of our total contractual obligations at December 31, 2020, is as follows:
(in thousands)Less than 1 Year1-3 Years3-5 YearsMore than 5 YearsTotal
Operating leases$21,562 $34,217 $30,129 $61,748 $147,656 
Long-term debt$43,230 $178,229 $1,656,627 $9,531 $1,887,617 
Interest payments related to debt (1)$31,898 $60,257 $13,065 $1,799 $107,019 
Total (2)$96,690 $272,703 $1,699,821 $73,078 $2,142,292 
(1)Estimated interest payments, net of the effect of our Swaps, are calculated assuming interest rates at December 31, 2020 over minimum maturity periods specified in debt agreements.
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(2)Excludes a net liability of $3.1 million related to uncertain tax positions including associated interest and penalties, and deferred compensation of $41.8 million due to uncertainty of payment period.

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Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Our significant accounting policies are discussed in Note 2 - Significant Accounting Policies of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8 - Financial Statements and Supplementary Data of Part II of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We consider the accounting policies described below to be critical in preparing our consolidated financial statements. These policies require us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of certain assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses, and related disclosures of contingencies. Our assumptions, estimates, and judgments are based on historical experience, current trends, and other factors to be relevant at the time we prepare the consolidated financial statements. Although our estimates and assumptions are reasonable, we cannot determine future events. Consequently, actual results could differ materially from our assumptions and estimates.

Operating Revenue Recognition. We derive our operating revenues primarily from US mortgage lenders, servicers, and insurance companies with good creditworthiness. Operating revenue arrangements are written and specify the products or services to be delivered, pricing, and payment terms. Operating revenue is recognized when the distinct good or service (also referred as "performance obligation"), is delivered and control has been transferred to the client. Generally, clients contract with us to provide products and services that are highly interrelated and not separately identifiable. Therefore, the entire contract is accounted for as one performance obligation. At times, some of our contracts have multiple performance obligations where we allocate the total price to each performance obligation based on the estimated relative standalone selling price using observable sales or the cost-plus margin approaches.

For products or services where delivery occurs at a point in time, we recognize operating revenue when the client obtains control of the products upon delivery. When delivery occurs over time, we generally recognize operating revenue ratably over the service period once initial delivery has occurred. For certain of our products or services clients may also pay upfront fees, which we defer and recognize as operating revenue over the longer of the contractual term or the expected client relationship period.

Licensing arrangements that provide our clients with the right to access, or use, our intellectual property are considered functional licenses for which we generally recognize operating revenue based on usage. For arrangements that provide a stand-ready obligation, or, substantive updates to the intellectual property which the client is contractually or practically required to use, we recognize operating revenue ratably over the contractual term.

Client payment terms are standard with no significant financing components or extended payment terms granted. In limited cases, we allow for client cancellations for which we estimate a reserve.

See further discussion in Note 11 - Operating Revenues of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8 - Financial Statements and Supplementary Data of Part II of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further discussion.

Purchase Accounting. The purchase method of accounting requires companies to assign values to assets and liabilities acquired based upon their fair values at the acquisition date. In most instances, there are not readily defined or listed market prices for individual assets and liabilities acquired in connection with a business, including intangible assets. The determination of fair value for assets and liabilities in many instances requires a high degree of estimation. The valuation of intangible assets, in particular, is very subjective. We generally obtain third-party valuations to assist us in estimating fair values. The use of different valuation techniques and assumptions could change the amounts and useful lives assigned to the assets and liabilities acquired and the related amortization expense.

Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets. We perform an annual impairment test for goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets for each reporting unit every fourth quarter, or on an interim basis if an indicator of impairment is present. In assessing the overall carrying value of our goodwill and other intangibles, we could first assess qualitative factors to determine whether the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. Examples of such events or circumstances include the following: cost factors, financial performance, legal and regulatory factors, entity specific events, industry and market factors, macroeconomic conditions, and other considerations. For goodwill, if we determine that it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying value, then quantitative impairment testing is performed utilizing a combination of the income and market approach. We could also elect to perform a quantitative impairment test without first assessing qualitative factors.

If the fair value of a reporting unit exceeds its carrying value, then goodwill is not considered impaired and no additional analysis is required. However, if the carrying value of a reporting unit is greater than the fair value, an impairment loss is recorded for the excess. The fair value of a reporting unit is judgmental and requires assumptions and estimates of many critical
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factors including revenue growth rates, cost of services, selling, general and administrative expenses, market multiples, and discount rates.

For other indefinite-lived intangible assets, if we determine that it is more likely than not that the fair value of the asset is less than its carrying value, then quantitative impairment testing is performed. In assessing the fair value of indefinite-lived intangibles, we compare the fair value of the asset to its carrying value to determine if there is an impairment. If the fair value of the asset is less than its carrying value, an impairment loss is recorded. See further discussion in Note 4 – Goodwill, Net of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8 - Financial Statements and Supplementary Data of Part II of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further discussion.

As of December 31, 2020, our reporting units related to continuing operations are PIRM and UWS. During the third quarter of 2020, we performed a quantitative analysis due to our intention to exit our reseller operations. No impairments were recorded based on our assessment. During the fourth quarter of 2020, we assessed qualitative factors such as: cost structure, financial performance, legal and regulatory environment, industry and market conditions, and macroeconomic considerations. We noted no indicators of impairment on our reporting units through our analysis. It is reasonably possible that changes in the facts, judgments, assumptions, and estimates used in assessing the fair value of the goodwill could cause a reporting unit to become impaired.

Income Taxes. We account for income taxes under the asset and liability method, whereby we recognize deferred tax assets and liabilities for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases, as well as expected benefits of utilizing net operating loss and credit carry-forwards. We measure deferred tax assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates we expect to apply in the years in which we expect to recover or settle those temporary differences. We recognize in income the effect of a change in tax rates on deferred tax assets and liabilities in the period that includes the enactment date.

We recognize the effect of income tax positions only if sustaining those positions is more likely than not. We reflect changes in recognition or measurement of uncertain tax positions in the period in which a change in judgment occurs. We recognize interest and penalties, if any, related to uncertain tax positions within income tax expense. Accrued interest and penalties are included within the related tax liability line in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet.

We evaluate the need to establish a valuation allowance based upon expected levels of taxable income, future reversals of existing temporary differences, tax planning strategies, and recent financial operations. We establish a valuation allowance to reduce deferred tax assets to the extent it is more-likely-than-not that some, or all, of the deferred tax assets will not be realized.

Share-based Compensation. Our primary means of providing share-based compensation is granting restricted stock units (“RSUs”) and performance-based restricted stock units (“PBRSUs”). The fair value of any grant is based on the market value of our shares on the date of grant and is generally recognized as compensation expense over the vesting period. We measure the cost of employee services received in exchange for an award of equity instruments based on the grant-date fair value of the award. The cost is recognized over the period during which an employee is required to provide services in exchange for the award. We utilize the Monte-Carlo simulation method to estimate the fair value for PBRSUs with market-based conditions. We apply the straight-line single option method of attributing the value of share-based compensation expense. As share-based compensation expense recognized in results of operations is based on awards ultimately expected to vest, share-based compensation expense has been reduced for forfeitures. Forfeitures are recognized at the time they occur. We apply the long-form method for determining the pool of windfall tax benefits.

In addition, we have an employee stock purchase plan that allows eligible employees to purchase common stock of the Company at 85.0% of the closing price on the first or last day of each quarter, whichever is lower. We recognize an expense in the amount equal to the estimated fair value of the discount.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

For a description of recently issued and adopted accounting pronouncements, including the respective dates of adoption and expected effects on our results of operations and financial condition, see Note 2 - Significant Accounting Policies of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8 - Financial Statements and Supplementary Data of Part II of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, which is incorporated by reference in response to this item.

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Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

Our primary exposure to market risk relates to interest-rate risk associated with certain financial instruments. We monitor our risk associated with fluctuations in interest rates and currently use derivative financial instruments to hedge some of these risks. We have entered into Swaps in order to convert a portion of our interest rate exposure on the Credit Agreement floating rate borrowings from variable to fixed. Under the Swaps, we agree to exchange floating rate for fixed rate interest payments periodically over the life of the agreement. The floating rates in our Swaps are based on the one-month London interbank offering rate. The notional balances, terms, and maturities of our Swaps are designed to have the effect of fixing the rate of interest on at least 50% of the principal balance of our senior term debt.

As of December 31, 2020, our Swaps have a combined remaining notional balance of $1.2 billion, a weighted average fixed interest rate of 2.39% (rates range from 1.03% to 2.98%) and scheduled terminations through December 2025. As previously indicated, notional balances under our Swaps are scheduled to increase and decrease over their contract lengths based on our expectations of variable debt levels. Currently, we have scheduled notional amounts of approximately $1.2 billion through September 2021, then $1.1 billion through March 2022 and $1.0 billion through August 2022 and approximately $500.0 million thereafter until December 2025. Weighted average fixed interest rates for the aforementioned periods are approximately 2.66%, 2.78%, 2.77%, and 2.64%, respectively. We have designated the Swaps as cash flow hedges. See Note 8 - Long-Term Debt included in Item 8 - Financial Statements and Supplementary Data of Part II of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further information.

As of December 31, 2020, we had approximately $1.9 billion in long-term debt outstanding, predominately all of which was variable interest rate debt. As of December 31, 2020, the remaining notional balance of the Swaps was $1.2 billion. A hypothetical 1% increase or decrease in interest rates could result in an approximately $1.8 million change to interest expense on a quarterly basis. Rising interest rates could limit our ability to refinance our debt when it matures or cause us to pay higher interest rates upon refinancing and increase interest expense on refinanced indebtedness.

Although we are subject to foreign currency exchange rate risk as a result of our operations in certain foreign countries, the foreign exchange exposure related to these operations, in the aggregate, is not material to our financial condition or results of operations.

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Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
 
INDEX
 Page No.
Financial Statements: 
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2019 and 2018
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2019, 2018, and 2017
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the years ended December 31, 2019, 2018 and 2017
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders' Equity for the years ended December 31, 2019, 2018 and 2017
Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2019, 2018 and 2017
  
Financial Statement Schedule: 
Schedule II - Valuation and Qualifying Accounts for the years ended December 31, 2019, 2018, and 2017

Financial statement schedules not listed are either omitted because they are not applicable or the required information is shown in the consolidated financial statements or in the notes thereto.

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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of CoreLogic, Inc.

Opinions on the Financial Statements and Internal Control over Financial Reporting

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of CoreLogic, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, and the related consolidated statements of operations, of comprehensive income, of changes in stockholders’ equity and of cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2020, including the related notes and financial statement schedule listed in the accompanying index (collectively referred to as the “consolidated financial statements”). We also have audited the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2020, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO).

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2020 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Also in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2020, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the COSO.

Changes in Accounting Principles

As discussed in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company changed the manner in which it accounts for income taxes in 2020, the manner in which it accounts for leases in 2019, and the manner in which it accounts for revenue from contracts with customers in 2018.

Basis for Opinions

The Company's management is responsible for these consolidated financial statements, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting, and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting appearing under Item 9A. Our responsibility is to express opinions on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and on the Company's internal control over financial reporting based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud, and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects.

Our audits of the consolidated financial statements included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.

Definition and Limitations of Internal Control over Financial Reporting

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
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Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

Critical Audit Matters

The critical audit matter communicated below is a matter arising from the current period audit of the consolidated financial statements that was communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that (i) relates to accounts or disclosures that are material to the consolidated financial statements and (ii) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the consolidated financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matter below, providing a separate opinion on the critical audit matter or on the accounts or disclosures to which it relates.

Fair Value of the Underwriting & Workflow Solutions (UWS) Reporting Unit and Credit Solutions (CS) Disposal Group

As described in Notes 2 and 18 to the consolidated financial statements, in connection with their intent to exit their reseller businesses, the Company allocated $79.9 million of goodwill from the UWS reporting unit to the CS disposal group. The allocated amount was determined by calculating the relative fair values between the CS disposal group and the UWS reporting unit using a combination of the income and market approaches. Determining the fair value of a disposal group and reporting unit is judgmental and requires assumptions and estimates of many critical factors, including revenue growth rates, cost of services, selling, general and administrative expenses, market multiples, discount rates, and indicative fair market values from potential participants at the time of valuation.

The principal considerations for our determination that performing procedures relating to the fair value of the UWS reporting unit and the CS disposal group is a critical audit matter are (i) the significant judgment by management when developing the fair value measurements of the UWS reporting unit and the CS disposal group, (ii) a high degree of auditor judgment, subjectivity, and effort in performing procedures and evaluating management’s significant assumptions related to revenue growth rates and cost of services for the UWS reporting unit, and cost of services and the discount rate for the CS disposal group; and (iii) the audit effort involved the use of professionals with specialized skill and knowledge.

Addressing the matter involved performing procedures and evaluating audit evidence in connection with forming our overall opinion on the consolidated financial statements. These procedures included testing the effectiveness of controls relating to management’s determination of fair value of the UWS reporting unit and CS disposal group. These procedures also included, among others, (i) testing management’s process for developing the fair value measurements of the UWS reporting unit and CS disposal group; (ii) evaluating the appropriateness of the income approach; (iii) testing the completeness and accuracy of underlying data used in the income approach; (iv) and evaluating the significant assumptions used by management related to the revenue growth rates and cost of services for the UWS reporting unit, and cost of services and the discount rate for the CS disposal group. Evaluating management’s assumptions related to revenue growth rates and cost of services involved evaluating whether the assumptions used by management were reasonable considering (i) the current and past performance of the applicable reporting unit and disposal group, (ii) the consistency with external market and industry data, and (iii) whether these assumptions were consistent with evidence obtained in other areas of the audit. Professionals with specialized skills and knowledge were used to assist in the evaluation of the Company’s income approach and discount rate.



/s/ PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP
Irvine, California
February 26, 2021

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 1954, which includes periods prior to the Company’s separation from its predecessor (The First American Corporation) in 2010.
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CoreLogic, Inc.
Consolidated Balance Sheets
As of December 31, 2020 and 2019
(in thousands, except par value)  
Assets20202019
Current assets:  
Cash and cash equivalents$167,422 $104,162 
Accounts receivable (less allowances of $9,838 and $6,937 in 2020 and 2019, respectively)
303,202 247,683 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets82,794 53,105 
Assets of discontinued operations202,417 201,986 
Total current assets755,835 606,936 
Property and equipment, net406,114 424,670 
Operating lease assets82,459 65,825 
Goodwill, net2,315,495 2,286,896 
Other intangible assets, net320,921 375,629 
Capitalized data and database costs, net321,211 308,409 
Investment in affiliates, net 16,666 
Other assets81,187 74,250 
Total assets$4,283,222 $4,159,281 
Liabilities and Equity  
Current liabilities:  
Accounts payable and other accrued expenses$177,606 $139,511 
Accrued salaries and benefits57,499 83,418 
Dividend payable 17,374 
Contract liabilities, current411,821 320,634 
Current portion of long-term debt43,230 56,022 
Operating lease liabilities, current15,566 18,058 
Liabilities of discontinued operations44,677 42,708 
Total current liabilities750,399 677,725 
Long-term debt, net of current1,828,003 1,610,538 
Contract liabilities, net of current617,318 563,190 
Deferred income tax liabilities91,853 92,783 
Operating lease liabilities, net of current99,966 85,139 
Other liabilities172,421 178,696 
Total liabilities3,559,960 3,208,071 
Stockholders' Equity:  
Preferred stock, $0.00001 par value; 500 shares authorized, no shares issued or outstanding
  
Common stock, $0.00001 par value; 180,000 shares authorized; 73,152 and 78,972 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively
1 1 
Additional paid-in capital 111,000 
Retained earnings893,404 1,006,992 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(170,143)(166,783)
Total stockholders' equity723,262 951,210 
Total liabilities and equity$4,283,222 $4,159,281 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
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CoreLogic, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Operations
For the Years Ended December 31, 2020, 2019 and 2018
(in thousands, except per share amounts)202020192018
Operating revenue$1,642,375 $1,440,873 $1,436,370 
Cost of services (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)597,022 632,117 662,293 
Selling, general and administrative expenses537,617 463,787 427,878 
Depreciation and amortization174,445 175,100 181,142 
Impairment loss2,309 47,834 7,687 
Total operating expenses1,311,393 1,318,838 1,279,000 
Operating income330,982 122,035 157,370 
Interest expense:   
Interest income724 2,136 1,577 
Interest expense69,900 78,293 75,551 
Total interest expense, net(69,176)(76,157)(73,974)
Tax indemnification release (13,394) 
Gain/(loss) on investments and other, net42,151 (1,077)18,708 
Income from continuing operations before equity in earnings of affiliates and income taxes303,957 31,407 102,104 
Provision/(benefit) for income taxes41,566 (1,807)29,587 
Income from continuing operations before equity in earnings of affiliates262,391 33,214 72,517 
Equity in earnings of affiliates, net of tax1,859 556 1,493 
Net income from continuing operations