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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

 

(MARK ONE)

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020

or

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from            to           .

Commission file number 001-13439

 

DRIL-QUIP, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Delaware

74-2162088

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(IRS Employer

Identification No.)

 

 

6401 N. Eldridge Parkway

Houston, Texas

77041

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (713939-7711

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class

Trading symbol(s)

Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered

Common Stock, $.01 par value per share

DRQ

New York Stock Exchange

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined by Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes       No  

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes       No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of regulations S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-Accelerated filer

  

Smaller reporting company

 

 

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes       No  

At June 30, 2020, the aggregate market value of the registrant’s Common Stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was approximately $1,031,500,000 based on the closing price of such stock on such date of $29.79.

At February 23, 2021, the number of shares outstanding of registrant’s Common Stock was 35,428,778.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the Registrant’s Proxy Statement for its 2020 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A are incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K.

 


Table of Contents

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I

 

 

Item 1.

Business

5

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

17

 

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

27

 

Item 2.

Properties

27

 

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

28

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosure

28

 

 

 

PART II

 

 

Item 5.

Market for Registrant’s Common Stock, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

29

 

Item 6.

Selected Financial Data

31

 

Item 7.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

32

 

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

45

 

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

46

 

Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

76

 

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures

76

 

Item 9B.

Other Information

76

 

 

 

PART III

 

 

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

77

 

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

77

 

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

77

 

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

77

 

Item 14.

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

77

 

 

 

PART IV

 

 

Item 15.

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

78

 

Item 16.

Form 10-K Summary

81

 

 

Signatures

82

 

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FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Annual Report on Form 10-K includes certain statements that may be deemed to be “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Statements contained in all parts of this document that are not historical facts are forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties that are beyond the control of Dril-Quip, Inc. (the “Company” or “Dril-Quip”). You can identify the Company’s forward-looking statements by the words “anticipate,” “estimate,” “expect,” “may,” “project,” “believe” and similar expressions, or by the Company’s discussion of strategies or trends. Although the Company believes that the expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are reasonable, no assurance can be given that these expectations will prove to be correct. These forward-looking statements include the following types of information and statements as they relate to the Company:

 

the impact of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and the effects thereof;

 

the impact of actions taken by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and non-OPEC nations in response to their dispute over production levels and the effects thereof;

 

future operating results and cash flow;

 

scheduled, budgeted and other future capital expenditures;

 

planned or estimated cost savings;

 

working capital requirements;

 

the need for and the availability of expected sources of liquidity;

 

the introduction into the market of the Company’s future products;

 

the Company's ability to deliver its backlog in a timely fashion;

 

the market for the Company’s existing and future products;

 

the Company’s ability to develop new applications for its technologies;

 

the exploration, development and production activities of the Company’s customers;

 

compliance with present and future environmental regulations and costs associated with environmentally related penalties, capital expenditures, remedial actions and proceedings;

 

effects of pending legal proceedings;

 

changes in customers’ future product and service requirements that may not be cost effective or within the Company’s capabilities; and

 

future operations, financial results, business plans and cash needs.

These statements are based on assumptions and analysis in light of the Company’s experience and perception of historical trends, current conditions, expected future developments and other factors the Company believes were appropriate in the circumstances when the statements were made. Forward-looking statements by their nature involve substantial risks and uncertainties that could significantly impact expected results, and actual future results could differ materially from those described in such statements. While it is not possible to identify all factors, the Company continues to face many risks and uncertainties. Among the factors that could cause actual future results to differ materially are the risks and uncertainties discussed under “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in this report and the following:

 

the impact of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic;

 

the effects of actions taken by third parties, including, but not limited to, governmental authorities, customers, contractors and suppliers in response to the COVID-19 pandemic;

 

the general volatility of oil and natural gas prices;

 

the impact of actions taken by OPEC and non-OPEC nations to adjust their production levels;

 

the cyclical nature of the oil and gas industry;

 

uncertainties associated with the United States and worldwide economies;

 

uncertainties regarding political tensions in the Middle East, South America, Africa and elsewhere;

 

current and potential governmental regulatory actions in the United States and regulatory actions and political unrest in other countries;

3


Table of Contents

 

 

uncertainties regarding future oil and gas exploration and production activities, including new regulations, customs requirements and product testing requirements;

 

operating interruptions (including explosions, fires, weather-related incidents, mechanical failure, unscheduled downtime, labor difficulties, transportation interruptions, spills and releases and other environmental risks);

 

project terminations, suspensions or scope adjustments to contracts reflected in the Company’s backlog;

 

the Company’s reliance on product development;

 

technological developments;

 

the Company’s reliance on third-party technologies;

 

acquisition and merger activities involving the Company or its competitors;

 

the Company’s dependence on key employees and skilled machinists, fabricators and technical personnel;

 

the Company’s reliance on sources of raw materials, including any increase in steel costs or decreases in steel supply as a result of global tariffs on certain imported steel mill products;

 

impact of environmental matters, including future environmental regulations;

 

competitive products and pricing pressures;

 

fluctuations in foreign currency, including those attributable to Brexit;

 

the ability of the OPEC to set and maintain production levels and pricing;

 

oil and natural gas production levels by non-OPEC countries;

 

the Company’s reliance on significant customers;

 

creditworthiness of the Company’s customers;

 

fixed-price contracts;

 

changes in general economic, market or business conditions;

 

access to capital markets;

 

negative outcome of litigation, threatened litigation or government proceedings;

 

the impact of global health epidemics and concerns;

 

terrorist threats or acts, war and civil disturbances;

 

changes to, and differing interpretations of, tax laws with respect to our operations and subsidiaries;

 

declines in investor and lender sentiment with respect to, and new capital investments in, the oil and gas industry; and

 

the impact of our customers and the global energy sector shifting some of their asset allocation from fossil-fuel production to renewable energy resources.

Many of such factors are beyond the Company’s ability to control or predict, and the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic may give rise to risks that are currently unknown or amplify the risks associated with many of these factors. Any of the factors, or a combination of these factors, could materially affect the Company’s future results of operations and the ultimate accuracy of the forward-looking statements. Management cautions against putting undue reliance on forward-looking statements or projecting any future results based on such statements or present or prior earnings levels. Every forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date of the particular statement, and the Company undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement.

 

4


Table of Contents

 

PART I

Item 1.        Business

General

Dril-Quip, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Company” or “Dril-Quip”), designs, manufactures, sells and services highly engineered drilling and production equipment that is well suited primarily for use in deepwater, harsh environment and severe service applications. The Company’s principal products consist of subsea and surface wellheads, subsea and surface production trees, mudline hanger systems, specialty connectors and associated pipe, drilling and production riser systems, liner hangers, wellhead connectors, diverters and safety valves. Dril-Quip’s products are used by major integrated, large independent and foreign national oil and gas companies and drilling contractors throughout the world. Dril-Quip also provides technical advisory assistance on an as-requested basis during installation of its products, as well as rework and reconditioning services for customer-owned Dril-Quip products. In addition, Dril-Quip’s customers may rent or purchase running tools from the Company for use in the installation and retrieval of the Company’s products.

Dril-Quip has developed its broad line of subsea equipment, surface equipment and offshore rig equipment primarily through its internal product research and development efforts. The Company believes that it has achieved significant market share and brand name recognition with respect to its established products due to the technological capabilities, reliability, cost effectiveness and operational timesaving features of these products.

The Company’s operations are organized into three geographic segments — Western Hemisphere (including North and South America; headquartered in Houston, Texas), Eastern Hemisphere (including Europe and Africa; headquartered in Aberdeen, Scotland) and Asia-Pacific (including the Pacific Rim, Southeast Asia, Australia, India and the Middle East; headquartered in Singapore). Each of these segments sells similar products and services, and the Company has manufacturing facilities in all three of its regional headquarter locations, as well as in Macae, Brazil. The Company’s major subsidiaries are Dril-Quip (Europe) Limited, located in Aberdeen with branches in Azerbaijan, Denmark, Norway and Holland; Dril-Quip Asia-Pacific PTE Ltd., located in Singapore; and Dril-Quip do Brasil LTDA, located in Macae, Brazil. Other operating subsidiaries include TIW Corporation (TIW) and Honing, Inc., both located in Houston, Texas; DQ Holdings Pty. Ltd., located in Perth, Australia; Dril-Quip Cross (Ghana) Ltd., located in Takoradi, Ghana; PT DQ Oilfield Services Indonesia, located in Jakarta, Indonesia; Dril-Quip Egypt for Petroleum Services S.A.E., located in Alexandria, Egypt; Dril-Quip TIW Saudi Arabia Limited, located in Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; Dril-Quip Oilfield Services (Tianjin) Co. Ltd., located in Tianjin, China, with branches in Shenzhen and Beijing, China; Dril-Quip Qatar LLC, located in Doha, Qatar; Dril-Quip TIW Mexico S. de R.L.C.V., located in Villahermosa, Mexico; Dril-Quip Venezuela S.C.A., located in Anaco, Venezuela and with a registered branch located in Ecuador; TIW (UK) Limited, located in Aberdeen, Scotland; and TIW International LLC, with a registered branch located in Singapore.

Dril-Quip markets its products through its offices and sales representatives located in the major international energy markets throughout the world. In 2020 the Company generated approximately 66.7% of its revenues from foreign sales compared to 65.0% and 61.0% in 2019 and 2018, respectively.

The Company makes available, free of charge on its website, its Annual Report on Form 10-K and quarterly reports on Form 10-Q (in both HTML and XBRL formats), current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act as soon as reasonably practical after it electronically files such reports with, or furnishes them to, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). The Company’s website address is www.dril-quip.com. Documents and information on the Company’s website, or on any other website, are not incorporated by reference into this Form 10-K. The SEC maintains a website (www.sec.gov) that contains reports the Company has filed with the SEC.

The Company also makes available free of charge on its website (www.dril-quip.com/govern.html) its:

 

Corporate Governance Guidelines,

 

Code of Business Conduct and Ethical Practices,

 

Audit Committee Charter,

 

Nominating and Governance Committee Charter, and

 

Compensation Committee Charter.

Any stockholder, who so requests, may obtain a printed copy of any of these documents from the Company. Changes in or waivers to the Company's Code of Business Conduct and Ethical Practices involving directors and executive officers of the Company will be posted on its website.

5


Table of Contents

 

Overview and Industry Outlook

The outbreak of COVID-19 and its development into a pandemic in the first quarter of 2020 resulted in significant economic disruption globally. Actions taken by various governmental authorities, individuals and companies around the world to prevent the spread of COVID-19 through social distancing included restricted travel, curtailed business operations, prohibited public gatherings and restricted the overall level of individual movement and in-person interaction across the globe. While the severity of the government-imposed restrictions in different regions and changes to consumer behavior have continued to evolve during the course of the pandemic, significant global economic disruptions have continued throughout 2020. With the recent increase in the number of COVID-19 cases during the fourth quarter, governments in certain jurisdictions have reimposed enhanced restrictions on business activity and travel. These actions and changes in consumer behavior resulting from the pandemic continue to impact our business and have significantly reduced global economic activity and caused global demand for oil and gas to decrease at an unprecedented rate. This demand reduction was further exacerbated by disputes over oil production by the OPEC and non-OPEC nations seen in the first half of the year. Although the OPEC and non-OPEC nations have since agreed upon substantial production cuts to stabilize oil prices, declines and volatility in crude oil prices persist as a result of a challenging industry environment. The extent of the impact of the pandemic, including economic impacts that may persist following the widespread deployment of vaccines, and the decline in oil prices on our operational and financial performance will depend on future developments, which are uncertain and cannot be predicted. An extended period of economic disruption could have a material adverse impact on our business, results of operations, access to sources of liquidity and overall financial condition.

Both the market for drilling and production equipment and services and the Company’s business are substantially dependent on the condition of the oil and gas industry and, in particular, the willingness of oil and gas companies to make capital expenditures on exploration, drilling and production operations. The level of capital expenditures has generally been dependent upon the prevailing view of future oil and gas prices, which are influenced by numerous factors affecting the supply and demand for oil and gas, including worldwide economic activity, interest rates and the cost of capital, environmental regulation, tax policies and the ability and/or desire of OPEC and other producing nations to set and maintain production levels and prices. Oil prices continued to fluctuate significantly in 2020 due to market conditions discussed in the preceding paragraph, as Brent crude oil prices oscillated between a high of $70.25 per barrel and a low of $9.12 per barrel during the year.

Lower crude oil and natural gas prices resulted in a trend of customers seeking to renegotiate contract terms with the Company including extensions of delivery terms and, in some instances, contract revisions. In some cases, a customer already holds inventory of the Company’s equipment, which may delay the placement of new orders. In addition, some of the Company’s customers could experience liquidity or solvency issues or could otherwise be unable or unwilling to perform under a contract, which could ultimately lead a customer to declare bankruptcy or otherwise encourage a customer to seek to repudiate, cancel or renegotiate a contract. An extended period of reduced crude oil and natural gas prices may accelerate these trends. If the Company experiences significant contract terminations, suspensions or scope adjustments to its contracts, then its financial condition, results of operations and cash flows may be adversely impacted. According to the January 2021 release of the Short-Term Energy Outlook published by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) of the U.S. Department of Energy, Brent crude oil prices averaged approximately $41.96 per barrel in 2020, and the price is forecasted to average $52.70 per barrel in 2021 and $53.44 per barrel in 2022.

Brent crude oil prices per barrel for the three-year period ended December 31, 2020 are summarized below:

 

 

 

Brent Crude Oil Prices

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

High

 

$

70.25

 

 

$

74.94

 

 

$

86.07

 

Low

 

$

9.12

 

 

$

53.23

 

 

$

50.57

 

Average

 

$

41.96

 

 

$

64.28

 

 

$

71.34

 

Closing, December 31,

 

$

51.22

 

 

$

67.77

 

 

$

50.57

 

 

The volatility in Brent crude oil prices over the past three years continues to have a significant effect on major integrated, large independent and foreign national oil and gas companies’ capital expenditure budgets. The Company expects continued pressure in both crude oil and natural gas prices, as well as in the level of drilling and production related activities, particularly as they relate to offshore activities. Even during periods of high prices for oil and natural gas, companies exploring for oil and gas may cancel or curtail programs, seek to renegotiate contract terms, including the price of products and services, or reduce their levels of capital expenditures for exploration and production for a variety of reasons. Capital expenditures are also dependent on the cost of exploring for and producing oil and gas, the availability, expiration date and price of leases, the discovery rate of new oil and gas reserves, technological advances and alternative opportunities to invest in onshore exploration and production operations. Oil and gas prices and the level of drilling and production activity have historically been characterized by significant volatility. Future declines in oil and gas prices may further adversely affect the willingness of some oil and gas companies to make capital expenditures on exploration, drilling and production operations, which could have an adverse impact on the Company’s results of operations, financial position and cash flows. In its January 2021 Short-Term Energy Outlook, the EIA reported United States crude oil production averaged an estimated 11.3 million barrels per day in 2020 and is forecasted to average 11.1 million barrels per day in 2021.The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic during the year resulted in substantially lower drilling and production activity, which had a negative impact on the Company’s results for the year

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ended December 31, 2020. We have seen slight improvements in the global markets with vaccinations being deployed in response to the COVID-19 pandemic and from the relative stabilization of oil prices due to production cuts by the OPEC and non-OPEC nations, however, there continues to be underlying volatility in the oil price market. A prolonged delay in the recovery of commodity prices could also lead to further material impairment charges to tangible or intangible assets or otherwise result in a material adverse effect on the Company's results of operations. See “Item 1A. Risk Factors—A material or extended decline in expenditures by the oil and gas industry could significantly reduce our revenue and income.”

Products and Services

Dril-Quip’s revenues are generated from three sources: products, services and leasing. Product revenues are derived from the sale of drilling and production equipment. Service revenues are earned when the Company provides technical advisory assistance and rework and reconditioning services. Leasing revenues are derived from rental tools used during installation and retrieval of the Company’s products and from leasing our forging facility. In 2020, the Company derived 70.9% of its revenues from the sale of its products, 20.7% of its revenues from services and 8.4% from leasing revenues, compared to 73.1%, 17.4% and 9.5% for products, services and leasing in 2019, respectively, and 68.9%, 18.8% and 12.3% for products, services and leasing in 2018, respectively. Service and leasing revenues generally correlate to revenues from product sales because increased product sales typically generate increased demand for technical advisory assistance services during installation and rental of running tools. However, existing customer equipment can be used in certain circumstances, which creates demand for services with no correlating product sales. The Company has substantial international operations, with approximately 66.7% of its revenues derived from foreign sales in 2020, 65.0% in 2019 and 61.0% in 2018. Substantially all of the Company’s domestic revenue relates to operations in the U. S. Gulf of Mexico. Domestic revenue approximated 33.3% of the Company’s total revenues in 2020, 35.0% in 2019 and 39.0% in 2018.

Product contracts are typically negotiated and sold separately from service contracts. In addition, service contracts are not typically included in the product contracts or related sales orders and are not offered to the customer as a condition of the sale of the Company’s products. The demand for products and services is generally based on worldwide economic conditions in the oil and gas industry and is not based on a specific relationship between the two types of contracts. Substantially all of the Company’s sales are made on a purchase order basis. Purchase orders are subject to change or termination at the option of the customer. In case of a change or termination, the customer is required to pay the Company for work performed and other costs necessarily incurred as a result of the change or termination.

Generally, the Company attempts to raise its prices as its costs increase. However, the actual pricing of the Company’s products and services is impacted by a number of factors, including global oil prices, competitive pricing pressure, the level of utilized capacity in the oil service sector, maintenance of market share, the introduction of new products and general market conditions.

Products

Dril-Quip designs, manufactures, fabricates, inspects, assembles, tests and markets subsea equipment, downhole tools, surface equipment and offshore rig equipment. The Company’s products are used primarily for exploration and production of oil and gas from offshore drilling rigs, such as floating rigs and jack-up rigs, and for drilling and production of oil and gas wells on offshore platforms, tension leg platforms (TLPs), Spars and moored vessels such as floating production, storage and offloading monohull moored vessels (FPSOs). TLPs are floating production platforms that are connected to the ocean floor via vertical mooring tethers. A Spar is a floating cylindrical structure approximately six or seven times longer than its diameter and is anchored in place. The TIW products are used in the drilling and production for oil and gas both onshore and offshore.

Subsea Equipment - Subsea equipment is used in the drilling and production of offshore oil and gas wells around the world. Included in the subsea equipment product line are subsea wellheads, mudline hanger systems, specialty connectors and associated pipe, production riser systems, subsea production trees and liner hangers.

Subsea wellheads are pressure-containing vessels that are sometimes referred to as a “wellhead housing” and are made from forged and machined steel. A casing hanger, also made of steel, lands inside the wellhead housing and suspends casing (pipe) downhole. As drilling depth increases, successively smaller diameter casing strings are installed, each suspended by an independent casing hanger. Subsea wellheads are utilized when drilling from floating drilling rigs, either semi-submersible or drillship types, or TLPs and Spars. The Company’s flagship subsea wellhead, called the SS-15® Subsea Wellhead System, is rated for 15,000 psi internal pressure and is offered to the industry in a variety of configurations. The Company’s newest wellhead product, the SS-20 BigBore II-e Subsea Wellhead System, is designed to contain higher pressures (20,000 pounds per square inch (psi)) and provides the ability to reduce the number of casing strings in the well design by increasing load carrying and pressure capacities of casing hangers and associated installation tools.

Mudline hanger systems are used in jack-up drilling operations to support the weight of the various casing strings at the ocean floor while drilling a well. They also provide a method to disconnect the casing strings in an orderly manner at the ocean floor after the well has been drilled, and subsequently reconnect to enable production of the well by either tying it back vertically to a subsequently installed platform or by installing a shallow water subsea tree.

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Large diameter weld-on specialty connectors (threaded or stab type) are used primarily in offshore wells drilled from floating drilling rigs, jack-up rigs, fixed platforms, TLPs and Spars. Specialty connectors join lengths of conductor or large diameter (16-inch or greater) casing. Specialty connectors provide a more rapid connection than other methods of connecting lengths of pipe. Connectors may be sold individually or as an assembly after being welded to sections of Company or customer supplied pipe. Dril-Quip’s weld-on specialty connectors are designed to prevent cross threading and provide a quick, convenient method of joining casing joints with structural integrity compatible with casing strength.

Production riser systems are generally designed and manufactured to customer specifications. Production risers provide a vertical conduit from the subsea wellhead up to a TLP, Spar or FPSO floating at the surface.

A subsea production tree is an assembly composed of valves, a wellhead connector, control equipment and various other components installed on a subsea wellhead or a mudline hanger system and used to control the flow of oil and gas from a producing well. Subsea trees may be used as stand-alone satellite wells or multiple well template mounted and cluster arrangements. These types typically produce via a subsea gathering system of manifolds and flowlines to a central control point located on a platform, TLP, Spar or FPSO. The use of subsea production trees has become an increasingly important method for producing wells located in hard-to-reach deepwater areas or economically marginal fields located in shallower waters. The Company is an established manufacturer of complicated dual-bore production trees. In addition, Dril-Quip manufactures a single bore subsea completion system. This system eliminates the need for an expensive multibore installation and workover riser, thereby saving both cost and installation time. The horizontal bore subsea production completion system accommodates numerous completion configuration possibilities and features large vertical access drill-through for passage of drill-bits, submersible pumps, coil tubing strings and Dril-Quip's slimline casing hanger system. The concentric monobore vertical bore subsea production system accommodates numerous completion configuration possibilities including in tubing head and in the subsea wellhead. Dril-Quip’s subsea production trees are used in ultra-deepwater applications. These trees feature remote flowline and control connections, utilizing remotely operated intervention tools. The Company’s subsea production trees are generally custom designed and manufactured to customer specifications.

Downhole Tools - Downhole tools are primarily comprised of liner hangers, production packers, safety valves and specialty downhole tools. A liner hanger is used to hang-off and seal casing into a previously installed casing string in the well bore and can provide a means of tying back the liner for production to surface. Dril-Quip has developed a state-of-the-art liner hanger system and has installed its liner hangers in a number of difficult well applications, resulting in improved industry recognition and market opportunities. In addition to liner hanger systems that are well suited for onshore use, TIW offers expandable liner hanger systems that are typically utilized in challenging environments such as deepwater or High Pressure, High Temperature (HPHT) applications.

Surface Equipment - Surface equipment is principally used for flow control on offshore production platforms, TLPs and Spars. Included in the Company’s surface equipment product line are platform wellheads, platform production trees and riser tensioners. Dril-Quip’s development of platform wellheads and platform production trees was facilitated by adaptation of its existing subsea wellhead and tree technology to surface wellheads and trees.

Platform wellheads are pressure-containing forged and machined metal housings in which casing hangers are landed and sealed at the platform deck to suspend casings. The Company emphasizes the use of metal-to-metal sealing wellhead systems with operational time-saving features which can be used in high pressure, high temperature and corrosive drilling and production applications.

After installation of a wellhead, a platform production tree, consisting of gate valves, a surface wellhead connector, controls, tree cap and associated equipment, is installed on the wellhead to control and regulate oil or gas production. Platform production trees are similar to subsea production trees but utilize less complex equipment and more manual, rather than hydraulically actuated, valves and connectors. Platform wellheads and platform production trees and associated equipment are designed and manufactured in accordance with customer specifications.

Riser tensioners are used on a floating drilling/production vessel to provide a continuous and reliable upward force on a riser string that is independent of the movement of the floating vessel.

Rig Equipment - Rig equipment includes drilling riser systems, wellhead connectors, diverters, safety valves and cement manifolds. The drilling riser system consists of (i) lengths of riser pipe and associated riser connectors that secure one to another; (ii) the telescopic joint, which connects the entire drilling riser system to the diverter at top of the riser at the rig and provides a means to compensate for vertical motion of the rig relative to the ocean floor; and (iii) the wellhead connector , which provides a means for remote connection and disconnection of the blowout preventer stack to or from the wellhead. Diverters are used to provide protection from shallow gas blowouts and to divert gases off of the rig during the drilling operation. A safety valve is used to provide a quick, sure shutoff in the drill string at the drill floor and prevent flow up the drill pipe. The TIW Kelly Valve is located in the drill string below the kelly, the uppermost component of the drill string, and is designed to be closed under pressure to remove the kelly. Cement manifolds are used to control the flow of cement and other fluids during the cementing operations of the well installation.

Wellhead connectors are used on production riser systems and drilling riser systems. They are also used on both TLPs and Spars, which are installed in deepwater applications. The principal markets for offshore rig equipment are new rigs, rig upgrades, TLPs and Spars. Drilling risers, wellhead connectors and diverters are generally designed and manufactured to customer specifications.

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Certain of the Company's products are used in potentially hazardous drilling, completion and production applications that can cause personal injury, product liability and environmental claims. See “Item 1A. Risk Factors—Our business involves numerous operating hazards that may not be covered by insurance. The occurrence of an event not fully covered by insurance could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position and cash flows.”

Services

The Company provides services to customers, including technical advisory assistance as well as rework and reconditioning services on its customer-owned products. These services are provided from the Company’s worldwide locations and represented approximately 20.7% of revenues in 2020 compared to 17.4% in 2019 and 18.8% in 2018.

Technical Advisory Assistance. Dril-Quip generally does not install products for its customers, but it does provide technical advisory assistance to the customer, if requested, in the installation of its products. The customer is not obligated to utilize these services and may use its own personnel or a third party to perform these services. Technical advisory assistance services performed by the Company are negotiated and sold separately from the Company’s products. These services are not a prerequisite to the sale of the Company’s products as its products are fully functional on a stand-alone basis. The Company’s technicians provide assistance in the onsite installation of the Company’s products and are available on a 24-hour call out from the Company’s facilities located in Houston, Texas; Midland, Texas; Baku, Azerbaijan; Villahermosa, Mexico; Anaco, Venezuela; Shushufindi, Ecuador; Macae, Brazil; Aberdeen, Scotland; Stavanger, Norway; Esbjerg, Denmark; Alexandria, Egypt; Takoradi, Ghana; Tianjin, China; Doha, Qatar; Singapore; and Perth, Australia.

Reconditioning. The Company provides reconditioning of its customer-owned products at its facilities in Houston, Texas; Macae, Brazil; Aberdeen, Scotland; Stavanger, Norway; Esbjerg, Denmark; Baku, Azerbaijan; Alexandria, Egypt; Takoradi, Ghana; Tianjin, China; Doha, Qatar; Singapore; and Perth, Australia. The Company does not typically service, repair or recondition its competitors’ products.

Leasing

The Company leases running and installation tools for use in installing its products. These tools are required to install and retrieve the Company’s products that are purchased by customers. Rental or purchase of running tools is not a condition of the sale of the Company’s products and is contracted for separately from product sales and other services offered by the Company. Running tools are available from Dril-Quip’s locations in Houston, Texas; Midland, Texas; Villahermosa, Mexico; Anaco, Venezuela; Shushufindi, Ecuador; Macae, Brazil; Aberdeen, Scotland; Stavanger, Norway; Esbjerg, Denmark; Singapore; and Perth, Australia. These rentals are provided from the Company's worldwide locations and represented approximately 8.4% of revenues in 2020 compared to 9.5% in 2019 and 12.3% in 2018. During the latter part of 2019 we entered into an agreement to lease our forge facilities and equipment to AFGlobal Corporation.

Manufacturing

Dril-Quip has manufacturing facilities in Houston, Texas; Aberdeen, Scotland; Singapore; and Macae, Brazil. See “Item 2. Properties—Manufacturing Facilities.” Dril-Quip maintains its high standards of product quality through the implementation of Advanced Product Quality Planning (APQP) methodologies, as well as through the use of quality control specialists.

The Company’s Houston, Aberdeen, Singapore and Macae manufacturing plants are ISO 14001, OHSAS 18001 and ISO 9001 certified. The Houston, Aberdeen, Singapore and Macae plants are also licensed to applicable American Petroleum Institute (API) product specifications and are API Q1, 9th edition and APIQ2 compliant. Dril-Quip works to maintain its high standards of product quality through the use of precision measuring equipment such as MRP gages, Faro Arms, Coordinate Measuring Machine and the application of APQP. APQP entails concurrent engineering principles to identify and address potential quality concerns early in the product development process. The Company has the capability to manufacture its products globally and continues to have local capability in key critical markets. The Company’s primary raw material is forged steel products which it procures from qualified forging suppliers located globally as well as domestically through AFGlobal Corporation.

Dril-Quip’s manufacturing facilities utilize state-of-the-art computer numerically controlled (CNC) machine tools and equipment, which contribute to the Company’s product quality and timely delivery. The Company has also developed a cost effective, in-house machine tool rebuild and refurbishment capability, which produces machine upgrades with customized features to enhance the economic manufacturing of its specialized products. This strategy provides the added advantage of in-house expertise for repairs and maintenance of these machines.

Customers

The Company’s principal customers are major integrated, large independent and foreign national oil and gas companies. Drilling contractors and engineering and construction companies also represent a portion of the Company’s customer base. The Company’s customers are generally oil and gas companies that are well-known participants in exploration and production.

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The Company is not dependent on any one customer or group of customers. In 2020, the Company’s top 15 customers represented approximately 60% of total revenues, and Chevron and its affiliated companies accounted for approximately 11% of total revenues. In 2019, the Company’s top 15 customers represented approximately 52% of total revenues, and BP and its affiliated companies accounted for approximately 10% of total revenues. In 2018, the Company’s top 15 customers represented approximately 56% of total revenues and BP and its affiliated companies accounted for approximately 13% of total revenues. No other customer accounted for more than 10% of total revenues in 2020, 2019 or 2018. The number and variety of the Company’s products required in a given year by any one customer depends upon the amount of that customer’s capital expenditure budget devoted to exploration and production and on the results of competitive bids for major projects. Consequently, a customer that accounts for a significant portion of revenues in one fiscal year may represent an immaterial portion of revenues in subsequent years. While the Company is not dependent on any one customer or group of customers, the loss of one or more of its significant customers could, at least on a short-term basis, have an adverse effect on the Company’s results of operations.

Backlog

Backlog consists of firm customer orders of Dril-Quip products for which a purchase order, signed contract or letter of award has been received, satisfactory credit or financing arrangements exist and delivery is scheduled. Historically, the Company’s revenues for a specific period have not been directly related to its backlog as stated at a particular point in time. The Company’s product backlog was approximately $195.7 million and $272.5 million at December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The backlog at the end of 2020 represents a decrease of approximately $76.8 million, or 28.2%, from the end of 2019. The Company’s backlog balance during 2020 was negatively impacted by a decrease in the number of new product bookings due to the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic resulting in a depressed global economic environment that led to weakness in oil prices. In addition, we had approximately $11.3 million in cancellations during the year.  

The Company expects to fill approximately 70% to 80% of the December 31, 2020 product backlog by December 31, 2021. The remaining backlog at December 31, 2020 consists of longer-term projects which are being designed and manufactured to customer specifications requiring longer lead times.

See “Item 1A. Risk Factors—Our backlog is subject to unexpected adjustments and cancellations and is, therefore, an uncertain indicator of our future revenues and earnings.”

Marketing and Sales

Dril-Quip markets its products and services throughout the world directly through its sales personnel in multiple domestic and international locations. In addition, in certain foreign markets the Company utilizes independent sales agents or representatives to enhance its marketing and sales efforts.

Some of the locations in which Dril-Quip has sales agents or representatives are Trinidad, Indonesia, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates. Although they do not have authority to contractually bind the Company, these representatives market the Company’s products in their respective territories in return for sales commissions. The Company advertises its products and services in trade and technical publications targeted to its customer base. The Company also participates in industry conferences and trade shows to enhance industry awareness of its products.

The Company’s customers generally order products on a purchase order basis. Orders, other than those considered to be long-term projects, are typically filled within twelve months after receipt, depending on the type of product and whether it is sold out of inventory or requires some customization. Contracts for certain of the Company’s larger, more complex products, such as subsea production trees, drilling risers and equipment for TLPs and Spars, can take a year or more to complete.

The primary factors influencing a customer’s decision to purchase the Company’s products are the quality, reliability and reputation of the product, price, technology, service and timely delivery. For large drilling and production system orders, project management teams coordinate customer needs with the Company’s engineering, manufacturing and service organizations, as well as with subcontractors and vendors.

A portion of the Company’s business consists of designing, manufacturing and selling equipment, as well as offering technical advisory assistance during installation of the equipment, for major projects pursuant to competitive bids. The number of such projects in any year may fluctuate. The Company’s profitability on such projects is critically dependent on making accurate and cost-effective bids and performing efficiently in accordance with bid specifications. Various factors, including availability of raw materials, changes in customer requirements and governmental regulations, can adversely affect the Company’s performance on individual projects, with potential material adverse effects on project profitability.

Product Development and Engineering

The technological demands of the oil and gas industry continue to increase as exploration and drilling expand into more hostile environments. Conditions encountered in these environments include water depths in excess of 10,000 feet, well pressures exceeding 15,000 psi, well flowing temperatures beyond 350 degrees Fahrenheit and mixed flows of oil, gas and water that may also be highly corrosive and impact material properties.

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Since its founding in 1981, Dril-Quip has actively engaged in continuing research and development efforts to generate new products and improve existing products. When developing new products, the Company typically seeks to design the most technologically advanced version for a particular application to establish its reputation and qualification in that product. Thereafter, the Company leverages its expertise in the more technologically advanced product to produce less costly and complex versions of the product for less demanding applications. The Company also focuses its activities on reducing the overall cost to the customer, which includes not only the initial capital cost but also operating, installation and maintenance costs associated with its products.

In the 1980s, the Company introduced its first product, specialty connectors, as well as mudline suspension systems, template systems and subsea wellheads. In the 1990s, the Company introduced a series of new products, including diverters, wellhead connectors, SingleBore™ subsea trees, improved severe service dual bore subsea trees, subsea and platform valves, platform wellheads, platform trees, subsea tree workover riser systems, drilling riser systems and TLP and Spar production riser systems. Since 2000, Dril-Quip has introduced multiple new products, including liner hangers, subsea control systems, subsea manifolds, riser tensioners, and enhanced versions of subsea wellhead connectors and Dril-Quip’s industry leading subsea wellhead system(s). Recent product development efforts focus on the evolution and enhancement of Dril-Quip’s subsea tree portfolio to align with projected market needs, ability to meet a wider array of customer applications, and offer customers overall project cost savings through technological advantages.

Historically, Dril-Quip’s product development work is primarily conducted at its facilities in Houston, Texas; however, such activities have gradually increased in other regions, such as Singapore and Brazil. In addition to the work of its product development staff, the Company’s application engineering staff provides technical services to customers in connection with the design and sales of its products. The Company’s ability to develop new products and maintain technological advantages is important to its future success. See “Item 1A. Risk Factors—Our business could be adversely affected if we do not develop new products and secure and retain patents related to our products.”

The Company believes that the success of its business depends more on the technical competence, creativity and marketing abilities of its employees than on any individual patent, trademark or copyright. Nevertheless, as part of its ongoing product development and manufacturing activities, Dril-Quip’s policy has been to seek patents when appropriate on inventions concerning new products and product improvements. All patent rights for products developed by employees are assigned to the Company and almost all of the Company’s products have components that are covered by patents.

During 2020, our continued research and development efforts within the Subsea Production Systems product line resulted in the Offshore Technology Conference Spotlight on New Technology award for the Vertical Subsea Tree (VXTe) product. Dril-Quip developed this system to interface directly with Dril-Quip’s market leading wellhead technology. The VXTe uses a self-aligning mandrel to passively align the subsea tree to the tubing hanger, without regard to the tubing hanger’s orientation in the wellhead. Dril-Quip’s VXTe system provides oil companies with an opportunity to reduce their carbon footprint by reducing the amount of equipment and time required for subsea completions when compared to those activities today. Additionally, Dril-Quip met a major product milestone in the successful installation of Dril-Quip’s first Horizontal Subsea Tree (HXT) completion system in the Gulf of Mexico. The HXT also incorporated a DXe connector that resulted in two of Dril-Quip’s newest product offerings establishing field history. Additional subsea trees were delivered for field development projects within the UK Continental Shelf and the Black Sea; both of which included novel protective structures for shallow water applications associated with the region. Dril-Quip also designed, tested, and supplied equipment to a major oil company within the Gulf of Mexico in connection with a project that established new records in casing string depth to be met, which offered cost and time savings to the operator. Dril-Quip continued to support the tieback of multiple wells for projects in the Gulf of Mexico.

In 2019 Dril-Quip was awarded the Spotlight on New Technology Award for an industry first double expansion system, the Double Expansion XPak Liner Hanger System deploys through wellhead restrictions to provide a metal-to-metal seal within seamed thin-wall casing. The system helps to eliminate the need for fixed landing profiles and risks associated with sub-mudline hangers, increases operational flexibility and provides significant cost savings.

In 2019, major production milestones were met for several key global projects. In the North Sea, the additional subsea completion trees for a subsea field development project were successfully installed. Dril-Quip performed an extensive front-end engineering and design contract for a subsea production system project located off the coast of South America. The completion of a subsea completion field development and associated start-up activities for an offshore project within Indonesia included the subsea and topside control system architecture, reinforcing Dril-Quip’s ability to support larger scopes within the subsea production system market. Also, off the coast of Mexico, multiple deepwater subsea wellhead systems were installed with the support of a new service facility in Villahermosa, expanding Dril-Quip's aftermarket support presence in the region in support of international oil and gas operators’ entry in the Mexican Gulf of Mexico. Dril-Quip continued to support the tieback of multiple wells for projects in the Gulf of Mexico and offshore Brazil. Engineering, manufacturing, assembly and test work continued on additional subsea completion projects for upcoming installations off the coasts of India and the UK and contribute to the Company’s subsea production system backlog that has increased year-to-year. The requirements of the equipment in these projects represent significant technological challenges, the development of which is serving to enhance the Company's overall engineering capabilities and has resulted in product bookings for several new products throughout the year.

Dril-Quip’s continued efforts in developing technologically advanced products enable Dril-Quip to offer products for the harshest environments. The latest subsea wellhead system has been ordered by a major oil company for its high pressure, high temperature applications, further strengthening Dril-Quip’s position in the subsea market.

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In an ongoing test program, the Company continued the utilization of its recently constructed high-load horizontal test machine and fatigue test machine for rigorous validation testing of its existing specialty connector product line. Active engineering programs have been initiated in-house to continue development in specialty connector product enhancements as well as new product development. This high-load horizontal test machine has been instrumental in the development and qualification of our 20,000 psi wellhead system, riser connector that utilizes Dril-Quip proprietary locking, sealing profiles, and 20,000 psi flange. Engineering development efforts are on-going in subsea production systems.

Dril-Quip has numerous U.S. registered trademarks, including Dril-Quip®, Quik-Thread®, Quik-Stab®, Multi-Thread®, MS-15®, SS-15®, SS-10®, SU-90®, DX® and TIW®. The Company has registered its trademarks in the countries where such registration is deemed material.

Although in the aggregate, the Company’s patents and trademarks are of considerable importance to the manufacturing and marketing of many of its products, the Company does not consider any single patent or trademark or group of patents or trademarks to be material to its business as a whole, except the Dril-Quip® trademark. The Company also relies on trade secret protection for its confidential and proprietary information. The Company routinely enters into confidentiality agreements with its employees and suppliers. There can be no assurance, however, that others will not independently obtain similar information or otherwise gain access to the Company’s trade secrets.

Competition

Dril-Quip faces significant competition from other manufacturers and suppliers of exploration and production equipment. Several of its primary competitors are diversified multinational companies with substantially larger operating staffs and greater capital resources than those of the Company and which, in many instances, have been engaged in the manufacturing business for a much longer period of time than the Company. The Company competes principally with the petroleum production equipment segments of Baker Hughes; Schlumberger, Ltd.; TechnipFMC plc; and Aker Solutions.

Because of their relative size and diversity of products, several of the Company’s competitors have the ability to provide “turnkey” services for drilling and production applications, which enables them to use their own products to the exclusion of Dril-Quip’s products. See “Item 1A. Risk Factors—We may be unable to successfully compete with other manufacturers of drilling and production equipment.” The Company also competes to a lesser extent with a number of other companies in various products. The principal competitive factors in the petroleum drilling and production equipment markets are quality, reliability and reputation of the product, price, technology, service and timely delivery.

Talent and Human Capital Management

We believe that building a diverse, inclusive, engaged and empowered workforce will enable us to manage our business with a focus on health and safety, the environment, ethical behavior, quality and being a good corporate citizen in all countries in which we operate. Our people are the key to achieving our vision, and nurturing a transparent, collaborative and development focused culture drives alignment with our business strategy to achieve sustainable long-term shareholder value. We aim to attract and retain the right talent with the competencies and motivation required to execute our business strategy. Our global human capital strategy drives a consistent approach to human capital management and provides tools to facilitate employee development. Performance management and leadership succession are a key part of our people development process that helps identify and develop future leadership talent. Annually, our board provides oversight to the leadership succession process using our human capital analytics on workforce demographics, diversity and inclusion and hiring and attrition rates. These metrics are tracked, and progress is measured at cascading levels of the organization.

The Company took steps to increase engagement with employees during the unprecedented situation posed by the COVID-19 pandemic and used several methods to measure and increase engagement through pulse surveys and employee assistance programs. Although COVID-19 has brought changes and new challenges to our work environment, we have gained valuable experience working with new technology platforms and learned more about the possibilities of remote working. As a result of this experience, we are now evaluating our working arrangements which may evolve in the future to include more flexible or remote options.

Core Values and Culture

Fostering and maintaining a strong, healthy culture is a key strategic focus. Our core values reflect who we are and the way our employees interact with one another, our customers, suppliers and shareholders. We believe in doing the right thing always. Ethics and integrity are the foundation of our brand and the guiding principles for all we do. Safety and environment protection are our highest priorities. Our culture of collaboration helps to work together with customers to provide the best solution with our innovative technology and services. Our transparent culture facilitates open communication, feedback, and helps build trust.

Employee Engagement

To help determine whether we meet our goal of providing a rich experience for our employees, we measure organizational culture and engagement which help us build on the competencies that are important for our future success. We periodically engage independent third parties to conduct cultural and employee engagement surveys. These include corporate culture assessments, as well as real-time feedback on employee engagement and employee well-being focused on physical, emotional, social and financial health.

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Employees

As a result of worldwide reductions in workforce and natural attrition, the total number of the Company's employees as of December 31, 2020 was 1,424, a 21.5% reduction from December 31, 2019. Of those 1,424 employees, 729 were located in the United States. The total number of the Company's employees as of December 31, 2019 was 1,814. Of those 1,814 employees, 906 were located in the United States. Substantially all of the Company's employees are not covered by collective bargaining agreements, and the Company considers its employee relations to be good. At the end of fiscal year 2020, the Company’s global workforce was 88.5% male and 11.5% female. In the U.S., ethnicity of our workforce was 45.3% White, 35.4% Hispanic, 10.0% Asian, 8.5% Black and 0.8% Other. As a manufacturing organization, our workforce is made up of a high percentage of roles that are predominantly held by male workers such as welders, machinists, and workshop and offshore technicians.

The Company’s operations depend in part on its ability to attract quality employees. We provide employee wages and salaries that are competitive and consistent with employee positions, skill levels, experience, knowledge and geographic location. While the Company believes that its wage and salary rates are competitive and that its relationship with its labor force is good, a significant increase in the wages and salaries paid by competing employers could result in a reduction of the Company’s labor force, increases in the wage and salary rates paid by the Company or both. If either of these events were to occur, in the near-term, the profits realized by the Company from work in progress would be reduced and, in the long-term, the production capacity and profitability of the Company could be diminished and the growth potential of the Company could be impaired. See “Item 1A. Risk Factors—Loss of our key management or other personnel could adversely impact our business.”

Diversity and Inclusion

Our culture is underpinned by our core values, including our commitment to inclusion and diversity. We are developing goals to increase the number of employees from underrepresented groups. The Company has implemented several measures that focus on ensuring accountabilities exist for making progress in diversity. The Company has partnered with non-profit and community organizations to support and develop a diverse talent pipeline. The Company’s commitment to diversity recruiting includes partnering with a number of universities, non-profit and community organizations to support and develop a diverse talent pipeline. In their workforce planning forecasts, the Company’s business units are developing initiatives and goals to recruit diverse talent across all leadership and skill areas. The Company also trains its recruiting workforce in diversity sourcing strategies and partners with external organizations that develop and supply diverse talent.

Employee Development

The development, attraction and retention of employees is a critical success factor for the Company. To support the advancement of our employees, we offer training and development programs encouraging advancement from within. We leverage both formal and informal programs to identify, foster, and retain top talent at both the corporate and operating unit level. Various internship programs and informal mentoring demonstrate the Company’s ongoing commitment and initiatives towards accelerating our future leaders. The executive team also commits substantial time in evaluating the talent of our leadership team with a focus on addressing leadership gaps through executive coaching and mentoring.

Competitive Compensation

Dril-Quip’s compensation programs are designed to align the compensation of our employees with the Company’s performance and to provide the proper incentives to attract, retain and motivate employees to achieve superior results. The structure of our compensation programs balances incentive earnings for both short-term and long-term performance. Specifically:

• We provide employee wages that are competitive and consistent with employee positions, skill levels, experience, knowledge and geographic location.

• We engage nationally recognized outside compensation and benefits consulting firms to independently evaluate the effectiveness of our executive compensation and benefit programs and to provide benchmarking against our peers within the industry.

• We align our executives’ long-term equity compensation with our shareholders’ interests by linking realizable pay with stock performance.

• Annual increases and incentive compensation are based on merit, which is communicated to employees at the time of hiring and documented through our talent management process as part of our annual review procedures and upon internal transfer and/or promotion.

Employee Benefits

We have demonstrated a history of investing in our workforce by offering competitive salaries and wages. To foster a stronger sense of ownership and align the interests of employees with shareholders, restricted stock units are provided to eligible employees under our broad-based stock incentive programs. Furthermore, we offer comprehensive and locally relevant and innovative benefits to all eligible employees worldwide. In the U.S, these include, among other benefits:

• Comprehensive health insurance coverage is offered to employees working an average of 20 hours or more each week

• Company paid group dental and vision care

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• The Company sponsors a defined-contribution (cash balance) 401(k) plan covering domestic employees. Due to cost containment measures put in place in response to COVID-19, the Company suspended the employer match for U.S. employees starting July 1, 2020 with the expectation that the match will resume when market conditions recover

• Short-term and long-term disability benefits are provided to all full-time employees for added income protection

• Health Savings Account (HSA) and Flexible Spending Accounts (FSA)

• Company paid life insurance and accidental death and dismemberment benefits

• Employee assistance program for concerns or emotional issues surrounding personal or work life. Unlimited access to
consultants by telephone and tools online for help with short-term problems

• Parental leaves are provided to all new parents for birth, adoption or foster placement.

Health, Safety and Environment

Our people are our greatest asset and a key driver to our success in Health, Safety and Environment (HSE). Our HSE policy includes a commitment to provide safe and healthy working conditions for the prevention of work-related injury and ill health and is appropriate for the purpose, size and context of the organization. We established the Goal Zero program which requires each employee to hold themselves and those around them to the highest levels of safety, awareness and self-discipline. Goal Zero advocates conducting each activity in a manner that assures a safe outcome for ourselves, our co-workers and our families. Our vision is to create an environment where every employee embraces HSE as a core value and engages in Goal Zero. As part of our HSE policy we aim to identify and remediate any work practices that pose an HSE risk to our employees. The Company is devoted to creating a sustainable environment and implementing process improvements for both health and safety and the environment in the countries we operate. We evaluate our processes to ensure our protection schemes and work practices minimize these risks. Furthermore, we periodically evaluate our HSE objectives to ensure they remain aligned with our HSE goals and annually create a strategy focused on risk reduction to get us closer to zero incidents. This is the foundation on which Goal Zero is built as it shows commitment to identifying and controlling risk.

During 2020, our experience and continuing focus on workplace safety have enabled us to preserve business continuity without sacrificing our commitment to keeping our colleagues and workplace visitors safe during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Employee Turnover

We continually monitor employee turnover rates, both regionally and globally, as our success depends upon retaining our highly trained manufacturing and operating personnel. We believe the combination of competitive compensation and career growth and development opportunities help increase employee tenure and reduce voluntary turnover. Voluntary workforce turnover (rolling 12-month attrition) was 4.8% in December 2020. The average tenure of our employees is approximately 10 years, and about 38% of our employees have been employed by us for more than ten years.

Employee Recruitment

The Company works diligently to attract the best talent from a diverse range of sources in order to meet the current and future demands of our business. We have established relationships with trade schools, world-class universities, professional associations and industry groups to proactively attract talent. The Company has a strong employee value proposition that leverages our unique culture, collaborative working environment, shared sense of purpose, desire to do the right thing and entrepreneurial spirit to attract talent to our Company.

Governmental Regulations

Many aspects of the Company’s operations are affected by political developments and are subject to both domestic and foreign governmental regulations, including those relating to oilfield operations, the discharge of materials into the environment from our manufacturing or other facilities, health and worker safety aspects of our operations, or otherwise relating to human health and environmental protection. In addition, the Company depends on the demand for its services from the oil and gas industry and, therefore, is affected by changing taxes, price controls and other laws and regulations relating to the oil and gas industry in general, including those specifically directed to onshore and offshore operations. The adoption of laws and regulations curtailing exploration and development drilling for oil and gas for economic or other policy reasons could adversely affect the Company’s operations by limiting demand for the Company’s products. See “Item 1A. Risk Factors—Our operations and our customers’ operations are subject to a variety of governmental laws and regulations that may increase our costs, limit the demand for our products and services or restrict our operations.”

In recent years, increased concern has been raised over the protection of the environment. Legislation to regulate emissions of greenhouse gases has been introduced, but not enacted, in the U.S. Congress, and there has been a wide-ranging policy debate, both nationally and internationally, regarding the impact of these gases and possible means for their regulation. In addition, efforts have been made and continue to be made in the international community toward the adoption of international treaties or protocols that would address global climate change issues, such as the annual United Nations Climate Change Conferences. In November 2015, the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP21) was held in Paris with the goal to achieve a legally binding and universal agreement on climate, with the aim of keeping global warming below 2 C (Celsius), from all nations, regardless of size. The Paris Agreement, signed by the U.S. on April 22, 2016, requires countries to review and “represent a progression” in their nationally determined contributions, which set greenhouse gas emission reduction goals, every five years. Although the Trump administration had withdrawn the U.S. from

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the Paris Agreement on November 4, 2020, the Biden administration officially reentered the U.S. in the Paris Agreement in February 2021. Protection Agency (EPA) has undertaken efforts to collect information regarding greenhouse gas emissions and their effects. Following a finding by the EPA that certain greenhouse gases represent a danger to human health, the EPA expanded its regulations relating to those emissions and adopted rules imposing permitting and reporting obligations. The results of the permitting and reporting requirements could lead to further regulation of these greenhouse gases by the EPA. Moreover, specific design and operational standards apply to U.S. outer continental shelf vessels, rigs, platforms, vehicles, structures and equipment.

The U.S. Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement (BSEE) regulates the design and operation of well control and other equipment at offshore production sites, among other requirements. BSEE has adopted stricter requirements for subsea drilling production equipment. In April 2016, BSEE published a final blowout preventer systems and well control rule, which focuses on blowout preventer requirements and includes reforms in well design, well control, casing, cementing, real-time monitoring and subsea containment, among other things. BSEE also finalized a rule in September 2016 concerning production safety systems for oil and natural gas operations on the Outer Continental Shelf. However, in December 2017, BSEE published a proposed rule that would revise a number of the requirements in the September 2016 rule. The final rule implementing these revisions was published in September 2018. Subsequently, on May 2, 2019, BSEE issued the 2019 Well Control Rule, the revised well control and blowout preventer rule governing Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) activities. The new rule revised the then existing regulations impacting offshore oil and gas drilling, completions, workovers, and decommissioning activities. Specifically, the 2019 Well Control Rule addresses six areas of offshore operations: well design, well control, casing, cementing, real-time monitoring, and subsea containment. The revisions were targeted to ensure safety and environmental protection while correcting errors in the 2016 rule and reducing unnecessary regulatory burden. In addition, drilling in certain areas has been opposed by environmental groups and, in certain areas, has been restricted. For example, in December 2016, the Obama administration banned offshore drilling in portions of the Arctic and Atlantic oceans. Although the Trump administration announced a proposal in January 2018 to open most U.S. coastal waters to offshore drilling, several coastal states have taken steps to prohibit offshore drilling. For example, California passed laws in September 2018 barring the construction of new oil drilling-related infrastructure in state waters. Similarly, in November 2018, voters in Florida approved an amendment to the state constitution that would ban oil and gas drilling in offshore state waters. Further, in December 2018, environmental groups challenged incidental harassment authorizations issued by the National Marine Fisheries Service that allow companies to conduct air gun seismic surveys for oil and gas exploration off the Atlantic coast. The attorneys general for nine coastal states also sought to intervene as plaintiffs.

More recently, the acting Secretary of the Department of the Interior recently issued an order preventing staff from producing any new fossil fuel leases or permits without sign-off from a top political appointee, and President Biden recently announced a moratorium on new oil and gas leasing on federal lands and offshore waters pending completion of a comprehensive review and reconsideration of Federal oil and gas permitting and leasing practices, including consideration of whether to adjust royalties associated with oil and gas resources extracted from public lands and offshore waters or other appropriate action to account for corresponding climate costs. President Biden’s order also established climate change as a primary foreign policy and national security consideration, affirms that achieving net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by or before midcentury is a critical priority, affirms the Biden Administration’s desire to establish the United States as a leader in addressing climate change, generally further integrates climate change and environmental justice considerations into government agencies’ decision-making, and eliminates fossil fuel subsidies, among other measures.

To the extent that new laws or other governmental actions prohibit or restrict drilling or impose additional environmental protection requirements that result in increased costs to the oil and gas industry in general and the drilling industry in particular, the business of the Company could be adversely affected. Similarly, restrictions on authorizations needed to conduct seismic surveys could impact our customers' ability to identify oil and gas reserves, thereby reducing demand for our products. The Company cannot determine to what extent its future operations and earnings may be affected by new legislation, new regulations or changes in existing regulations. See “Item 1A. Risk Factors—Our business and our customers’ businesses are subject to environmental laws and regulations that may increase our costs, limit the demand for our products and services or restrict our operations.”

Our operations are also governed by laws and regulations related to workplace safety and worker health, such as the Occupational Safety and Health Act and regulations promulgated thereunder.

Based on the Company’s experience to date, the Company does not currently anticipate any material adverse effect on its business or consolidated financial position as a result of future compliance with existing environmental, health and safety laws. However, future events, such as changes in existing laws and regulations or their interpretation, more vigorous enforcement policies of or by regulatory agencies, or stricter or different interpretations of existing laws and regulations, may require additional expenditures by the Company, which may be material.

Executive Officers of the Registrant

Pursuant to Instruction 3 to Item 401(b) of Regulation S-K and General Instruction G(3) to Form 10-K, the following information is included in Part I of this Form 10-K:

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The following table sets forth the names, ages (as of February 20, 2021) and positions of the Company’s executive officers:

 

Name

 

Age

 

 

Position

Blake T. DeBerry

 

 

61

 

 

Chief Executive Officer and Director

Jeffrey J. Bird

 

 

54

 

 

President and Chief Operating Officer

James C. Webster

 

 

51

 

 

Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary

Raj Kumar

 

 

48

 

 

Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

 

Blake T. DeBerry has been the Chief Executive Officer and a member of the Board of Directors of the Company since October 2011. Mr. DeBerry was President from October 2011 to May 2020, Senior Vice President – Sales and Engineering from July 2011 until October 2011, and was Vice President – Dril-Quip Asia Pacific (which covers the Pacific Rim, Asia, Australia, India and the Middle East) from March 2007 to July 2011. He has been an employee of the Company since 1988 and has held a number of management and engineering positions in the Company’s domestic and international offices. Mr. DeBerry holds a Bachelor of Science degree in mechanical engineering from Texas Tech University.

Jeffrey J. Bird is President and Chief Operating Officer. He joined the Company in March 2017 as Vice President and Chief Financial officer. From February 2019 to May 2020, he was Senior Vice President – Production Operations and Chief Financial Officer before being promoted to his current position of President and Chief Operating Officer in May 2020. From December 2014 through February 2017, he was Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of Frank's International, a provider of engineered tubular services to the oil and gas industry. Prior to joining Frank's International, Mr. Bird was the Vice President of Finance and Chief Financial Officer of Ascend Performance Materials, a provider of chemicals, fibers and plastics in Houston, Texas, from September 2010. Prior to joining Ascend, Mr. Bird served in a variety of accounting and finance roles, primarily in the industrial manufacturing sector including serving as a division Chief Financial Officer at Danaher Corporation. Mr. Bird holds a BA in Accounting from Cedarville University in Ohio.

James C. Webster is Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary. He joined the Company in February 2011 as Vice President and General Counsel and was elected to the additional position of Secretary in May 2011. From September 2005 until September 2010, he was Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary of M-I SWACO, at the time a joint venture between Smith International, Inc. and Schlumberger Ltd., and then was an area general counsel for Schlumberger from September 2010 to February 2011 following Schlumberger’s acquisition of Smith International. From 1999 to September 2005, he was an associate with, and later a partner in, the law firm of Gardere Wynne Sewell LLP (now part of Foley & Lardner LLP) in Houston. Mr. Webster holds an economics degree from the University of Arizona and a joint Law/MBA from Loyola University.

Raj Kumar is Vice President and Chief Financial Officer. He joined the Company in June 2017 as Vice President and Treasurer and was promoted to Chief Accounting Officer in February 2019 and to Chief Financial Officer in May 2020. Prior to joining the Company, Mr. Kumar was the Vice President of Integrated Supply Chain from October 2016 to May 2017 and the Vice President – Finance from March 2015 to October 2016 at Franks International. Prior to that, he served as Segment Controller – O&P Americas at LyondellBasell from December 2012 to December 2014.  Prior to joining LyondellBasell, Mr. Kumar served in a variety of accounting, finance and strategic planning roles with FMC Technologies, Inc. and Dell Inc. Mr. Kumar holds a BBA in accounting from Deakin University in Australia and an MBA from Columbia University in New York.

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Item 1A.        Risk Factors

In this Item 1A., the terms “we,” “our,” “us” and “Dril-Quip” used herein refer to Dril-Quip, Inc. and its subsidiaries unless otherwise indicated or as the context so requires.

Risks Related to COVID-19

The outbreak of COVID-19 and developments in the global oil markets have had, and may continue to have, material adverse consequences for general economic, financial and business conditions, and could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and liquidity and those of our customers, suppliers and other counterparties.

The outbreak of COVID-19 and the responses of governmental authorities, companies and individuals across the world to stem the spread of the virus have significantly reduced global economic activity, as there has been a dramatic decrease in the number of businesses open for operation and substantially less people across the world have been traveling to work or leaving their home to purchase goods and services. As a result, there has been an unprecedented decline in the demand for, and thus also the market prices of crude oil. Additionally, the lack of sufficient storage capacity for the large increase in crude oil inventories and actions taken by OPEC and non-OPEC nations related to crude oil supply have exacerbated the negative impact on the market prices for crude oil.  

Any prolonged period of economic slowdown or recession resulting from the negative effects of COVID-19 on economic and business prospects across the world may negatively impact crude oil prices and the demand for our products, and could have significant adverse consequences to our financial condition and the financial condition of our customers, suppliers and other counterparties.

The ultimate extent of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business, financial condition, results of operation and liquidity will depend largely on future developments, including the duration and spread of the outbreak, and the related impact on overall economic activity, all of which are uncertain and cannot be predicted with certainty at this time.

Risks Related to Business, Operations and Industry

A material or extended decline in expenditures by the oil and gas industry could significantly reduce our revenue and income.

Our business depends upon the condition of the oil and gas industry and, in particular, the willingness of oil and gas companies to make capital expenditures on exploration, drilling and production operations. The level of capital expenditures is generally dependent on the prevailing view of future oil and gas prices, which are influenced by numerous factors affecting the supply and demand for oil and gas, including:

 

worldwide economic activity;

 

the level of exploration and production activity;

 

interest rates and the cost of capital;

 

environmental regulation;

 

government initiatives to promote the use of renewable energy sources and public sentiment and consumer demand regarding renewable energy and electric vehicles;

 

federal, state and foreign policies regarding exploration and development of oil and gas;

 

the ability and/or desire of OPEC and other major producers to set and maintain production levels and pricing;

 

governmental regulations regarding future oil and gas exploration and production;

 

the cost of exploring and producing oil and gas;

 

technological advances affecting energy consumption;

 

the cost of developing alternative energy sources;

 

the availability, expiration date and price of onshore and offshore leases;

 

the discovery rate of new oil and gas reserves in onshore and offshore areas;

 

the success of drilling for oil and gas in unconventional resource plays such as shale formations;

 

alternative opportunities to invest in onshore exploration and production opportunities;

 

technological advances and new techniques that render drilling more efficient or reduce demand for, and production of, fossil fuels; and

 

weather conditions and natural disasters.

Oil and gas prices and the level of drilling and production activity have been characterized by significant volatility in recent years. Worldwide military, political and economic events have contributed to crude oil and natural gas price volatility and are likely to continue

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to do so in the future. In addition, the effects of global health epidemics and concerns, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, has negatively impacted demand for crude oil and natural gas which has contributed to further price volatility.

We expect continued pressure in both crude oil and natural gas prices, as well as in the level of drilling and production related activities, particularly as they relate to offshore activities. Even during periods of high prices for oil and natural gas, companies exploring for oil and gas may cancel or curtail programs, seek to renegotiate contract terms, including the price of our products and services, or reduce their levels of capital expenditures for exploration and production for a variety of reasons. These risks are greater during periods of low or declining commodity prices. The sustained lower crude oil and natural gas prices, along with lower drilling and production activity, have had a negative impact on our results of operations.

We may not be able to satisfy technical requirements, testing requirements or other specifications under contracts and contract tenders.  

Our products are used primarily in deepwater, harsh environment and severe service applications. Our contracts with customers and customer requests for bids typically set forth detailed specifications or technical requirements for our products and services, which may also include extensive testing requirements. We anticipate that such testing requirements will become more common in our contracts. In addition, scrutiny of the drilling industry has resulted in more stringent technical specifications for our products and more comprehensive testing requirements for our products to ensure compliance with such specifications. We cannot assure you that our products will be able to satisfy the specifications or that we will be able to perform the full-scale testing necessary to prove that the product specifications are satisfied in future contract bids or under existing contracts, or that the costs of modifications to our products to satisfy the specifications and testing will not adversely affect our results of operations. If our products are unable to satisfy such requirements, or we are unable to perform any required full-scale testing, our customers may cancel their contracts and/or seek new suppliers, and our business, results of operations, cash flows or financial position may be adversely affected.

We may be unable to successfully compete with other manufacturers of drilling and production equipment.

Several of our primary competitors are diversified multinational companies with substantially larger operating staffs and greater capital resources than ours and which have been engaged in the manufacturing business for a much longer time than us. If these competitors substantially increase the resources they devote to developing and marketing competitive products and services, we may not be able to compete effectively. Similarly, consolidation among our competitors could enhance their product and service offerings and financial resources, further intensifying competition.

Our customers’ industries are undergoing continuing consolidation that may impact our results of operations.

The oil and gas industry is rapidly consolidating and, as a result, some of our largest customers have consolidated and are using their size and purchasing power to seek economies of scale and pricing concessions. This consolidation may result in reduced capital spending by some of our customers or the acquisition of one or more of our primary customers, which may lead to decreased demand for our products and services. We cannot assure you that we will be able to maintain our level of sales to a customer that has consolidated or replace that revenue with increased business activity with other customers. As a result, the acquisition of one or more of our primary customers may have a significant negative impact on our results of operations, financial position or cash flows. We are unable to predict what effect consolidations in the industry may have on price, capital spending by our customers, our selling strategies, our competitive position, our ability to retain customers or our ability to negotiate favorable agreements with our customers.

Increases in the cost of raw materials and energy used in our manufacturing processes could negatively impact our profitability.

Any increases in commodity prices for items such as nickel, molybdenum and heavy metal scrap that are used to make the steel alloys required for our products would result in an increase in our raw material costs. Similarly, any increase in energy costs would increase our product costs. If we are not successful in raising our prices on products to compensate for any increased raw material or energy costs, our margins will be negatively impacted.

Our business involves numerous operating hazards that may not be covered by insurance. The occurrence of an event not fully covered by insurance could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position and cash flows.

Our products are used in potentially hazardous drilling, completion and production applications that can cause personal injury, product liability and environmental claims. In addition, certain areas where our products are used, including in and near the U.S. Gulf of Mexico, are close to high population areas and subject to hurricanes and other extreme weather conditions on a relatively frequent basis. A catastrophic occurrence at a location where our equipment and/or services are used may expose us to substantial liability for personal injury, wrongful death, product liability, environmental damage or commercial claims. Our general liability insurance program includes an aggregate coverage limit with respect to property damage, injury or death and pollution. Additionally, our insurance policies may not cover fines, penalties or costs and expenses related to government-mandated cleanup of pollution. Our insurance does not provide coverage for all liabilities, and we cannot assure you that our insurance coverage will be adequate to cover claims that may arise or that we will be able to maintain adequate insurance at rates we consider reasonable. The occurrence of an event not fully covered by insurance could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position and cash flows.

We attempt to further limit our liability through contractual indemnification provisions with our customers. Due to competitive market pressures, we may not be able to successfully obtain favorable contractual provisions, and a failure to do so may increase our risks and costs, which could materially impact our results of operations. In addition, we cannot assure you that any party that is contractually obligated to indemnify us will be financially able to do so or that a court will enforce all such indemnities.

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Acquisitions, dispositions and investments may not result in anticipated benefits and may present risks not originally contemplated, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

From time to time, we evaluate purchases and sales of assets, businesses or other investments. These transactions may not result in the anticipated realization of savings, creation of efficiencies, offering of new products or services, generation of cash or income or reduction of risk. In addition, acquisitions may be financed by borrowings, requiring us to incur debt, or by the issuance of our common stock. These transactions involve numerous risks, and we cannot ensure that:

 

any acquisition would be successfully integrated into our operations and internal controls;

 

the due diligence conducted prior to an acquisition would uncover situations that could result in financial or legal exposure;

 

the use of cash for acquisitions would not adversely affect our cash available for capital expenditures and other uses;

 

any disposition, investment, acquisition or integration would not divert management resources from the operation of our business; or

 

any disposition, investment, acquisition or integration would not have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

Our international operations expose us to instability and changes in economic and political conditions and other risks inherent to international business, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position or cash flows.

We have substantial international operations, with approximately 66.7% of our revenues derived from foreign sales in 2020, 65.0% in 2019 and 61.0% in 2018. We operate our business and market our products and services in many of the significant oil and gas producing areas in the world and are, therefore, subject to the risks customarily attendant to international operations and investments in foreign countries. Risks associated with our international operations include:

 

volatility in general economic, social and political conditions;

 

terrorist threats or acts, war and civil disturbances;

 

expropriation or nationalization of assets;

 

renegotiation or nullification of existing contracts;

 

foreign taxation, including changes in laws or differing interpretations of existing laws;

 

assaults on property or personnel;

 

restrictive action by local governments;

 

foreign and domestic monetary policies;

 

limitations on repatriation of earnings;

 

the occurrence of a trade war or other governmental action related to tariffs or trade agreements or policies;

 

travel limitations or operational problems caused by public health threats; and

 

changes in currency exchange rates.

Any of these risks could have an adverse effect on our ability to manufacture products abroad or the demand for our products and services in some locations. To date, we have not experienced any significant problems in foreign countries arising from local government actions or political instability, but there is no assurance that such problems will not arise in the future. Interruption of our international operations could have a material adverse effect on our overall operations.

Loss of our key management or other personnel could adversely impact our business.

We depend on the continued services of our executive officers and other key members of management, particularly our Chief Executive Officer and our President and Chief Operating Officer. From time to time, there may be changes in our executive management team resulting from the hiring or departure of executives. Such changes in our executive management team may be disruptive to our business. The loss of one or more of our key employees or groups could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position and cash flows.

The overall timing and level of transition of the global energy sector from fossil-based systems of energy production and consumption to more renewable energy sources could adversely affect our business.

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Our current product offering is targeted to our customers that are engaged in the development and production of oil and gas. Any changes by our customers or the global energy sector from fossil-fuel production to renewable energy sources like wind and solar may negatively impact the demand for our products that are used in the drilling and production of oil and gas. The increasing penetration of renewable energy into the energy supply mix, the increased use of electric vehicles and improvements in energy storage may all affect the demand for our current products. Any transition of the global energy sector from fossil-based systems of energy production and consumption to more renewable energy sources could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position and cash flows.

Risks Related to Third-Party Relationships

We rely on technology provided by third parties and our business may be materially adversely affected if we are unable to renew our licensing arrangements with them.

We have existing contracts and may enter into new contracts with customers that require us to use technology or to purchase components from third parties, including some of our competitors. In the ordinary course of our business, we have entered into licensing agreements with some of these third parties for the use of such technology, including a license from a competitor of a technology important to our subsea wellheads. We may not be able to renew our existing licenses or to purchase these components on terms acceptable to us, or at all. If we are unable to use a technology or purchase a component, we may not be able to meet existing contractual commitments without increased costs or modifications or at all. In addition, we may need to stop selling products incorporating that technology or component or to redesign our products, either of which could result in a material adverse effect on our business and operations.

The loss of a significant customer could have an adverse impact on our financial results.

Our principal customers are major integrated oil and gas companies, large independent and foreign national oil and gas companies throughout the world. Drilling contractors, other oilfield contractors and engineering and construction companies also represent a portion of our customer base. In 2020, our top 15 customers represented approximately 60% of total revenues, and Chevron and its affiliated companies accounted for approximately 11% of total revenues. In 2019 and 2018, our top 15 customers represented approximately 52% and 56% of total revenues, respectively, while BP and its affiliated companies accounted for approximately 10% and 13%, respectively of 2019 and 2018 total revenues. The loss of one or more of our significant customers could have an adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position and cash flows.

We depend on third-party suppliers for timely deliveries of raw materials, and our results of operations could be adversely affected if we are unable to obtain adequate supplies in a timely manner.

Our manufacturing operations depend upon obtaining adequate supplies of raw materials from third parties. The ability of these third parties to deliver raw materials may be affected by events beyond our control, such as the COVID-19 pandemic. Restrictions or disruptions of transportation related to the pandemic, including reduced availability of air transport, port closures and increased border controls or closures, have resulted in higher costs and delays, both on obtaining raw materials and shipping finished goods to customers. Any interruption or increased costs in the supply of raw materials needed to manufacture our products could adversely affect our business, results of operations and reputation with our customers.

Financial Risks

Conditions in the global financial system may have impacts on our business and financial position that we currently cannot predict.

Uncertainty in the credit markets may negatively impact the ability of our customers to finance purchases of our products and services and could result in a decrease in, or cancellation of, orders included in our backlog or adversely affect the collectability of our receivables. If the availability of credit to our customers is reduced, they may reduce their drilling and production expenditures, thereby decreasing demand for our products and services, which could have a negative impact on our financial position. Additionally, unsettled conditions could have an impact on our suppliers, causing them to be unable to meet their obligations to us. A prolonged constriction on future lending by banks or investors could result in higher interest rates on future debt obligations or could restrict our ability to obtain sufficient financing to meet our long-term operational and capital needs.

We are exposed to the credit risks of our customers, and a general increase in the nonpayment and nonperformance by customers could have an adverse impact on our cash flows, results of operations and financial condition.

Our business is subject to risks of loss resulting from nonpayment or nonperformance by our customers. Certain of our customers finance their activities through cash flow from operations, the incurrence of debt or the issuance of equity. In an economic downturn, commodity prices typically decline, and the credit markets and availability of credit can be expected to be constrained. Additionally, certain of our customers’ equity values could decline. The combination of lower cash flow due to commodity prices, a reduction in borrowing bases under reserve-based credit facilities and the lack of available debt or equity financing may result in a significant reduction in our customers’ liquidity and ability to pay or otherwise perform on their obligations to us. Furthermore, some of our customers may be highly leveraged and subject to their own operating and regulatory risks, which increases the risk that they may default on their obligations to us. Any increase in the nonpayment and nonperformance by our customers could have an adverse impact on our operating results and could adversely affect our liquidity.

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Our backlog is subject to unexpected adjustments and cancellations and is, therefore, an uncertain indicator of our future revenues and earnings.

The revenues projected in our backlog may not be realized or, if realized, may not result in profits. All of the projects currently included in our backlog are subject to change and/or termination at the option of the customer. In case of a change or termination, the customer is generally required to pay us for work performed and other costs necessarily incurred as a result of the change or termination.

We can give no assurance that our backlog will remain at current levels. Sales of our products are affected by prices for oil and natural gas, which have fluctuated significantly and may continue to do so in the future. Contracts denominated in foreign currency are also affected by changes in exchange rates, which may have a negative impact on our backlog. When drilling and production levels are depressed, a customer may no longer need the equipment or services currently under contract or may be able to obtain comparable equipment or services at lower prices. As a result, customers may delay projects, exercise their termination rights or attempt to renegotiate contract terms.

Continued declines in, or sustained low levels of, oil and natural gas prices could also reduce new customer orders, possibly causing a decline in our future backlog. If we experience significant project terminations, suspensions or scope adjustments to contracts reflected in our backlog, our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows may be adversely impacted.

Impairment in the carrying value of long-lived assets, inventory, intangible assets and goodwill could negatively affect our operating results.

We evaluate our property and equipment for impairment whenever changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable, and we could incur additional impairment charges related to the carrying value of our long-lived assets.

For goodwill and intangible assets with indefinite lives, an assessment for impairment is performed annually or when there is an indication an impairment may have occurred. We complete our annual impairment test for goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangibles using an assessment date of October 1. Goodwill is reviewed for impairment by comparing the carrying value of each of our reporting unit’s net assets, including allocated goodwill, to the estimated fair value of the reporting unit. We determine the fair value of our reporting units using a discounted cash flow approach. We selected this valuation approach because we believe it, combined with our best judgment regarding underlying assumptions and estimates, provides the best estimate of fair value for each of our reporting units. Determining the fair value of a reporting unit requires the use of estimates and assumptions. Such estimates and assumptions include revenue growth rates, future operating margins, the weighted average cost of capital ("discount rates"), a terminal growth value, and future market conditions, among others. We believe that the estimates and assumptions used in our impairment assessments are reasonable. If the reporting unit’s carrying value is greater than its calculated fair value, we recognize a goodwill impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying value of goodwill exceeds its fair value. In March 2020, the overall offshore market conditions declined primarily due to the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic and the developments in the global oil markets. This decline was evidenced by lower commodity prices, decline in expected offshore rig counts, decrease in our customers’ capital budgets and potential contract delays. As a result, an interim goodwill impairment analysis was performed in connection with the preparation and review of financial statements during the first quarter of 2020. Based on this analysis, we fully impaired our goodwill balance of $7.7 million, all of which was in the Eastern Hemisphere reporting unit.

We incurred inventory and long-lived asset write-downs of approximately $17.3 million and $8.3 million, respectively, during the year ended December 31, 2020. These charges are reflected as "Restructuring and other charges" in our Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss).

During the fourth quarter of 2018, we incurred inventory and long-lived asset write-downs of approximately $32.1 million and $14.9 million, respectively, as a result of changes in our business structure and where specific products are manufactured. There were no inventory and long-lived asset write-downs recorded during the year ended December 31, 2019.

In December 2018, the overall offshore market conditions declined. This decline was evidenced by lower commodity prices, decline in expected offshore rig counts, decrease in our customers’ capital budgets and potential delays associated with certain of our long-term projects. Further, in December 2018 due to the decline in our stock price, our market capitalization dropped below the carrying value of our assets. An interim goodwill impairment analysis was performed for the year ended December 31, 2018. Based on this analysis, we recorded an impairment loss of $38.6 million for our Western Hemisphere reporting unit for the year ended December 31, 2018. Following this impairment charge, the Western Hemisphere reporting unit has no remaining goodwill balance. There were no impairment charges recorded during the year ended December 31, 2019.

During 2020, Brent crude oil prices fluctuated significantly, with a high of $70.25 per barrel, a low of $9.12 per barrel, and an average of $41.96 per barrel. Continued weakness or volatility in market conditions may further deteriorate the financial performance or future prospects of our operating segments from current levels, which may result in an impairment of long-lived assets or inventory and negatively impact our financial results in the period of impairment.

Our excess cash is invested in various financial instruments which may subject us to potential losses.

We invest excess cash in various financial instruments including interest bearing accounts, money market mutual funds and funds which invest in U.S. Treasury obligations and repurchase agreements backed by U.S. Treasury obligations. However, changes in the financial markets, including interest rates, as well as the performance of the issuers, can affect the market value of our short-term investments.

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We may suffer losses as a result of foreign currency fluctuations and limitations on the ability to repatriate income or capital to the United States.

We conduct a portion of our business in currencies other than the U. S. dollar, and our operations are subject to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. We cannot assure you that we will be able to protect the Company against such fluctuations in the future. Further, we cannot assure you that the countries in which we currently operate will not adopt policies limiting repatriation of earnings in the future.

Our foreign subsidiaries also hold significant amounts of cash that may be subject to both U.S. income taxes (subject to adjustment for foreign tax credits) and withholding taxes of the applicable foreign country if we repatriate that cash to the United States.

We may lose money on fixed-price contracts.

A portion of our business consists of the designing, manufacturing and selling of our equipment for major projects pursuant to competitive bids and is performed on a fixed-price basis. Under these contracts, we are typically responsible for all cost overruns, other than the amount of any cost overruns resulting from requested changes in order specifications. Our actual costs and any gross profit realized on these fixed-price contracts may vary from the estimated amounts on which these contracts were originally based. This may occur for various reasons, including:

 

errors in estimates or bidding;

 

changes in availability and cost of labor and materials;

 

variations in productivity from our original estimates; and

 

material changes in foreign currency exchange rates.

These variations and the risks inherent in our projects may result in reduced profitability or losses on projects. Depending on the size of a project, variations from estimated contract performance could have a material adverse impact on our operating results.

We may be required to recognize a charge against current earnings because of over time method of accounting.

Revenues and profits on long-term project contracts are recognized on an over time basis. We calculate the percent complete and apply the percentage to determine revenues earned and the appropriate portion of total estimated costs. Accordingly, purchase order price and cost estimates are reviewed periodically as the work progresses, and adjustments proportionate to the percentage complete are reflected in the period when such estimates are revised. To the extent that these adjustments result in a reduction or elimination of previously reported profits, we would have to recognize a charge against current earnings, which could be significant depending on the size of the project or the adjustment.

Restrictions in the agreement governing the Asset Backed Loan (ABL) Credit Facility could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

The operating and financial restrictions in the ABL Credit Facility and any future financing agreements could restrict our ability to finance future operations, capital needs or to access to capital at a reasonable cost or otherwise pursue our business activities. For example, ABL Credit Facility limits our and our subsidiaries’ ability to, among other things:

 

incur additional debt or issue guarantees;

 

incur or permit certain liens to exist;

 

make certain investments, acquisitions or other restricted payments, including payments for the purchase of equity interests in the Company;

 

dispose of assets;

 

engage in certain types of transactions with affiliates;

 

merge, consolidate or transfer all or substantially all of our assets; and

 

prepay certain indebtedness.

Furthermore, the ABL Credit Facility contains a covenant requiring us to maintain a fixed charge coverage ratio of 1.1 to 1.0 based on the ratio of consolidated EBITDA to fixed charges when availability under the ABL Credit Facility falls below the greater of $15 million and 20% of the lesser of the borrowing base and aggregate commitments.

In addition, any borrowings under the ABL Credit Facility may be at variable rates of interest that expose us to interest rate risk. If interest rates increase, our debt service obligations on the variable rate indebtedness will increase even though the amount borrowed will remain the same, and our net income and cash flows will correspondingly decrease. 

A failure to comply with the covenants in the agreement governing the ABL Credit Facility could result in an event of default, which, if not cured or waived, would permit the exercise of remedies against us that could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial position. Remedies under the ABL Credit Facility include foreclosure on the collateral securing the

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indebtedness and termination of the commitments under the ABL Credit Facility, and any outstanding borrowings under the ABL Credit Facility may be declared immediately due and payable.

In July 2017, the U.K.’s Financial Conduct Authority, which regulates LIBOR, announced that it intends to phase out LIBOR as a benchmark by the end of 2021. At the present time, the ABL Credit Facility has a term that extends beyond 2021, and borrowings under the ABL Credit Facility (as defined herein) bear interest at the Company’s option at either (i) the CB Floating Rate (as defined therein), calculated as the rate of interest publicly announced by JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as its “prime rate,” subject to each increase or decrease in such prime rate effective as of the date such change occurs, with such CB Floating Rate not being less than Adjusted One Month LIBOR (as defined therein) or (ii) the Adjusted LIBOR (as defined therein), plus, in each case, an applicable margin. We have not yet pursued any technical amendment or other contractual alternative to address this matter. We are currently evaluating the potential impact of the eventual replacement of the LIBOR interest rate.

Risks Related to Legal, Compliance and Regulations

Our international operations require us to comply with a number of U.S. and foreign regulations governing the international trade of goods, services and technology, which expose us to compliance risks.

Doing business on a worldwide basis exposes us and our subsidiaries to risks inherent in complying with the laws and regulations of a number of different nations, including various anti-bribery laws. We do business and have operations in a number of developing countries that have relatively underdeveloped legal and regulatory systems compared to more developed countries. Several of these countries are generally perceived as presenting a higher than normal risk of corruption, or as having a culture in which requests for improper payments are not discouraged. As a result, we may be subject to risks under the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, the United Kingdom’s Bribery Act of 2010 and similar laws in other countries that generally prohibit companies and their representatives from making, offering or authorizing improper payments to government officials for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business. We have adopted policies and procedures, including our Code of Business Conduct and Ethical Practices, which are designed to promote compliance with such laws. However, maintaining and administering an effective compliance program under applicable anti-bribery laws in developing countries presents greater challenges than is the case in more developed countries.

In addition, the movement of goods, services and technology subjects us to complex legal regimes governing international trade. Our import activities are governed by unique tariff and customs laws and regulations in each of the countries where we operate. Further, many of the countries in which we do business maintain controls on the export or reexport of certain goods, services and technology, as well as economic sanctions that prohibit or restrict business activities in, with or involving certain persons, entities or countries. These laws and regulations concerning import and export activity, including their recordkeeping and reporting requirements, are complex and frequently changing. Moreover, they may be adopted, enacted, amended, enforced or interpreted in a manner that could materially impact our operations.

The precautions we take to prevent and detect misconduct, fraud or non-compliance with applicable laws and regulations governing international trade, including anti-bribery laws, may not be able to prevent such occurrences, and we could face unknown risks or losses. Our failure to comply with applicable laws or regulations or acts of misconduct could subject us to criminal or civil penalties, such as fines, imprisonment, sanctions, debarment from government contracts, seizure of shipments and loss of import and export privileges. In addition, actual or alleged violations of such laws and regulations could be expensive and consume significant time and attention of senior management to investigate and resolve, as well as damage our reputation and ability to do business, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business and our results of operations, financial position and cash flows. We are also subject to the risks that our employees, agents and other representatives may act or fail to act in violation of such laws or regulations or our compliance policies and procedures.

On June 23, 2016 the United Kingdom (U.K.) held a referendum in which a majority of British voters voted to exit the E.U., commonly known as “Brexit”, with the U.K. officially withdrawing from the E.U. on January 31, 2020. A transition period (during which the trading relationship between the E.U. and the U.K. remained substantially the same as prior to Brexit) followed, and this transition period expired on December 31, 2020. Shortly prior to expiration of the transition period, in December 2020, the U.K. and the E.U. reached an accord on a trade and cooperation agreement (TCA). Brexit and the terms of the TCA brought to an end the U.K.’s automatic access to the E.U. single market, resulting in the U.K. no longer benefitting from the free movement of goods and services between the E.U. and the U.K. The rights of people to freely move between the E.U. and the U.K. have also been restricted. The TCA is provisionally applicable from January 1, 2021, having been ratified by the UK Parliament on December 30, 2020 and it is currently awaiting formal approval of the European Parliament and the adoption by the European Council (both expected by the end of February 2021).  

The June 2016 referendum, and the uncertainty that has followed, adversely impacted global markets, including currencies, resulted in a decline in the value of the British pound sterling, as compared to the U.S. dollar and other currencies. Volatility in exchange rates could be expected to continue in the short to medium term. Brexit could be expected to lead to additional political, legal, regulatory and economic instability in the E.U. and the U.K. In the long term, Brexit could also create uncertainty with respect to the legal and regulatory requirements to which we and our customers in the U.K. are subject and lead to divergent national laws and regulations as the U.K. government determines which E.U. laws to modify or replace. Depending on the application of the terms of the TCA, our business could face new regulatory costs and challenges. Any of these effects of Brexit, and others which we cannot anticipate, could have a negative impact on the Company’s financial position and results of operations.

Even though aspects of the future U.K. and E.U. relationship were agreed by December 31, 2020, further discussions regarding the future U.K. and E.U. relationship continue and may be expected to result in continued economic uncertainty and volatility in the value of

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the British pound sterling. A weaker British pound sterling compared to the U.S. dollar during a reporting period would cause local currency results of the Company's U.K. operations to be translated into fewer U.S. dollars. In addition, the Company continues to monitor potential changes to trade and customs requirements as a result of Brexit. Continued adverse consequences such as deterioration in economic conditions and volatility in currency exchange rates could have a negative impact on the Company's financial position and results of operations. See “Our international operations expose us to instability and changes in economic and political conditions and other risks inherent to international business, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position or cash flows" under "Item 1A. Risk Factors".

The consequences of Brexit, the application of the terms of the TCA and the negotiations that the U.K. is currently undertaking with other countries with a view to replicating (where possible) the effects of the E.U.’s international trade agreements, which the U.K. will no longer benefit from, could introduce significant uncertainties into global financial markets and adversely impact the regions in which we and our clients operate. For example, importing and exporting activity from our Aberdeen manufacturing facility could be subject to higher costs and delays, which could cause disruptions in our delivery schedules to our customers. The risk of a possible second Scottish referendum on the independence of Scotland from the U.K. and the uncertainty associated with such a referendum (as well as any potential outcomes were a referendum to be held) could result in additional economic uncertainty and cause disruption to economic trade and our business operations. A second Scottish referendum is supported by the currently ruling pro-independence Scottish National Party and if they are re-elected in the upcomimg Scottish parliamentary elections of May 2021, the issue of Scotand’s independence may become a dominant factor and impact economic activity and trade, which could have a negative effect on our business operations.

We are subject to taxation in many jurisdictions and there are inherent uncertainties in the final determination of our tax liabilities.

As a result of our international operations, we are subject to taxation in many jurisdictions. Accordingly, our effective income tax rate and other tax obligations in the future could be adversely affected by a number of factors, including changes in the mix of earnings in countries with differing statutory tax rates, the mix of business executed in deemed profit regimes compared to book income regimes, changes in the valuation of deferred tax assets and liabilities, disagreements with taxing authorities with respect to the interpretation of tax laws and regulations and changes in tax laws. In particular, foreign income tax returns of foreign subsidiaries and related entities are routinely examined by foreign tax authorities, and these tax examinations may result in assessments of additional taxes, interest or penalties. Refer to "Item 3. Legal Proceedings" regarding tax assessments in Brazil. We regularly assess all of these matters to determine the adequacy of our tax provision, which is subject to discretion. If our assessments are incorrect, it could have an adverse effect on our business and financial condition.

Moreover, the United States Congress, the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development and other government agencies in the other jurisdictions where we and our subsidiaries do business have had an extended focus on issues related to the taxation of multinational corporations. One example is in the area of "base erosion and profit shifting," where payments are made between affiliates from a jurisdiction with high tax rates to a jurisdiction with lower tax rates. As a result, the tax laws in the United States and other countries in which we and our subsidiaries do business could change on a prospective or retroactive basis, and such changes could adversely affect us.

Our operations and our customers’ operations are subject to a variety of governmental laws and regulations that may increase our costs, limit the demand for our products and services or restrict our operations.

Our business and our customers’ businesses may be significantly affected by:

 

federal, state, local and foreign laws and other regulations relating to the oilfield operations, worker safety and the protection of the environment;

 

changes in these laws and regulations;

 

levels of enforcement of these laws and regulations; and

 

interpretation of existing laws and regulations.

In addition, we depend on the demand for our products and services from the oil and gas industry. This demand is affected by changing taxes, price controls and other laws and regulations relating to the oil and gas industry in general, including those specifically directed to offshore operations. For example, the adoption of laws and regulations curtailing exploration and development drilling for oil and gas for economic or other policy reasons could adversely affect our operations by limiting demand for our products. We cannot determine the extent to which our future operations and earnings may be affected by new legislation, new regulations or changes in existing regulations and enforcement thereof.

Various new regulations intended to improve particularly offshore safety systems and environmental protection have been issued since 2010 that have increased the complexity of the drilling permit process and may limit the opportunity for some operators to continue deepwater drilling in the U.S. Gulf of Mexico, which could adversely affect the Company’s financial operations. Third-party challenges to industry operations in the U.S. Gulf of Mexico may also serve to further delay or restrict activities. If the new regulations, policies, operating procedures and possibility of increased legal liability are viewed by our current or future customers as a significant impairment to expected profitability on projects, they could discontinue or curtail their operations, thereby adversely affecting our financial operations by decreasing demand for our products.

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Because of our foreign operations and sales, we are also subject to changes in foreign laws and regulations that may encourage or require hiring of local contractors or require foreign contractors to employ citizens of, or purchase supplies from, a particular jurisdiction. If we fail to comply with any applicable law or regulation, our business, results of operations, financial position and cash flows may be adversely affected.

Our businesses and our customers’ businesses are subject to environmental laws and regulations that may increase our costs, limit the demand for our products and services or restrict our operations.

Our operations and the operations of our customers are also subject to federal, state, local and foreign laws and regulations relating to the protection of human health and the environment. These environmental laws and regulations affect the products and services we design, market and sell, as well as the facilities where we manufacture our products. For example, our operations are subject to numerous and complex laws and regulations that, among other things, may regulate the management and disposal of hazardous and non-hazardous wastes; require acquisition of environmental permits related to our operations; restrict the types, quantities and concentrations of various materials that can be released into the environment; limit or prohibit operation activities in certain ecologically sensitive and other protected areas; regulate specific health and safety criteria addressing worker protection; require compliance with operational and equipment standards; impose testing, reporting and record-keeping requirements; and require remedial measures to mitigate pollution from former and ongoing operations. We are required to invest financial and managerial resources to comply with such environmental, health and safety laws and regulations and anticipate that we will continue to be required to do so in the future. In addition, environmental laws and regulations could limit our customers’ exploration and production activities. These laws and regulations change frequently, which makes it impossible for us to predict their cost or impact on our future operations. For example, legislation to regulate emissions of greenhouse gases has been introduced, but not enacted, in the U.S. Congress, and there has been a wide-ranging policy debate, both nationally and internationally, regarding the impact of these gases and possible means for their regulation. In addition, efforts have been made and continue to be made in the international community toward the adoption of international treaties or protocols that would address global climate change issues, such as the annual United Nations Climate Change Conferences, including the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris (COP 21) in November 2015, which resulted in the creation of the Paris Agreement. The Paris Agreement, signed by the U.S. on April 22, 2016, requires countries to review and “represent a progression” in their nationally determined contributions, which set greenhouse gas emission reduction goals, every five years. Although the Trump administration had withdrawn the U.S. from the Paris Agreement on November 4, 2020, the Biden administration officially reentered the U.S. in the Paris Agreement in February 2021. Also, the EPA has undertaken efforts to collect information regarding greenhouse gas emissions and their effects. Following a finding by the EPA that certain greenhouse gases represent a danger to human health, the EPA expanded its regulations relating to those emissions and adopted rules imposing permitting and reporting obligations. The results of the permitting and reporting requirements could lead to further regulation of these greenhouse gases by the EPA. Subsequent to the Paris Agreement, there has been no significant legislative progress in cap and trade proposals or greenhouse gas emission reductions. The adoption of legislation or regulatory programs to reduce greenhouse gas emissions could also increase the cost of consuming, and thereby reduce demand for, the hydrocarbons that our customers produce. The Biden Administration have identified climate change as a priority, and it is likely that new executive orders, regulatory action, and/or legislation targeting greenhouse gas emissions, or prohibiting, delaying or restricting oil and gas development activities in certain areas, will be proposed and/or promulgated during the Biden Administration. For example, on January 27, 2021, President Biden issued an executive order mandating the Secretary of the Interior to pause new oil and gas leasing on federal lands, onshore and offshore, pending completion of a comprehensive review and reconsideration of federal oil and gas permitting and leasing practices, including consideration of whether to adjust royalties associated with oil and gas resources extracted from public lands and offshore waters or other appropriate action to account for corresponding climate costs. Consequently, such legislation or regulatory programs could have an adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations. It is too early to determine whether, or in what form, further regulatory action regarding greenhouse gas emissions will be adopted or what specific impact a new regulatory action might have on us or our customers. Generally, the anticipated regulatory actions do not appear to affect us in any material respect that is different, or to any materially greater or lesser extent, than other companies that are our competitors. However, our business and prospects could be adversely affected to the extent laws are enacted or modified or other governmental action is taken that prohibits or restricts our customers’ exploration and production activities or imposes environmental protection requirements that result in increased costs to us or our customers.

In addition to potential impacts on our business resulting from climate-change legislation or regulations, our business also could be negatively affected by climate-change related physical changes or changes in weather patterns. An increase in severe weather patterns could result in damages to or loss of our equipment, impact our ability to conduct our operations and/or result in a disruption of our customers’ operations. There have also been efforts in recent years to influence the investment community, including investment advisors and certain sovereign wealth, pension and endowment funds, promoting divestment of fossil fuel equities and pressuring lenders to limit funding to companies engaged in the extraction of fossil fuel reserves. Such environmental activism and initiatives aimed at limiting climate change and reducing air pollution could interfere with our business activities, operations and ability to access capital.

Environmental laws may provide for “strict liability” for damages to natural resources or threats to public health and safety, rendering a party liable for environmental damage without regard to negligence or fault on the part of such party. Sanctions for noncompliance may include revocation of permits, corrective action orders, administrative or civil penalties and criminal prosecution. Some environmental laws and regulations provide for joint and several strict liability for remediation of spills and releases of hazardous substances. In addition, we may be subject to claims alleging personal injury or property damage as a result of alleged exposure to hazardous substances, as well as damage to natural resources. These laws and regulations also may expose us to liability for the conduct of or conditions caused by others, or for our acts that were in compliance with all applicable laws and regulations at the time such acts

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were performed. Any of these laws and regulations could result in claims, fines or expenditures that could be material to results of operations, financial position and cash flows.

Our business is subject to complex and evolving U.S. and foreign laws and regulations regarding privacy and data protection.

The regulatory environment surrounding data privacy and protection is constantly evolving and can be subject to significant change. New laws and regulations governing data privacy and the unauthorized disclosure of confidential information, including the European Union General Data Protection Regulation and recent California legislation, pose increasingly complex compliance challenges and potentially elevate our costs. Any failure, or perceived failure, by us to comply with applicable data protection laws could result in proceedings or actions against us by governmental entities or others, subject us to significant fines, penalties, judgments and negative publicity, require us to change our business practices, increase the costs and complexity of compliance, and adversely affect our business. As noted above, we are also subject to the possibility of cyber incidents or attacks, which themselves may result in a violation of these laws. Additionally, if we acquire a company that has violated or is not in compliance with applicable data protection laws, we may incur significant liabilities and penalties as a result.

Risks Related to Cybersecurity and Technology

Our business could be adversely affected if we do not develop new products and secure and retain patents related to our products.  

Technology is an important component of our business and growth strategy, and our success as a company depends to a significant extent on the development and implementation of new product designs and improvements. Whether we can continue to develop systems and services and related technologies to meet evolving industry requirements and, if so, at prices acceptable to our customers will be significant factors in determining our ability to compete in the industry in which we operate. Many of our competitors are large multinational companies that may have significantly greater financial resources than we have, and they may be able to devote greater resources to research and development of new systems, services and technologies than we are able to do.

Our ability to compete effectively will also depend on our ability to continue to obtain patents on our proprietary technology and products. Although we do not consider any single patent to be material to our business as a whole, the inability to protect our future innovations through patents could have a material adverse effect.

Our business could be adversely affected by a failure or breach of our information technology systems.

Our business operations depend on our information technology (IT) systems. Despite our security and back-up measures, our IT systems are vulnerable to cyber incidents or attacks, natural disasters and other disruptions or failures. Due to the nature of cyber-attacks, breaches to our IT systems could go unnoticed for a prolonged period of time. The failure of our IT systems to perform as anticipated for any reason or any significant breach of security could disrupt our business or the businesses of key customers or suppliers and result in numerous adverse consequences, including reduced effectiveness and efficiency of our operations and those of our customers or suppliers, the loss, theft, corruption or inappropriate disclosure of confidential information or critical data, including sensitive employee and customer data, increased overhead costs, loss of revenue, legal liabilities and regulatory penalties, including under data protection laws and regulations, loss of intellectual property and damage to our reputation, which could have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations. In addition, we may be required to incur significant costs to prevent or respond to damage caused by these disruptions or security breaches in the future.

Risks Related to Ownership of our Common Stock

The market price of our common stock may be volatile.

The trading price of our common stock and the price at which we may sell common stock in the future are subject to large fluctuations in response to any of the following:

 

limited trading volume in our common stock;

 

quarterly variations in operating results;

 

general financial market conditions;

 

the prices of natural gas and oil;

 

announcements by us and our competitors;

 

our liquidity;

 

changes in government regulations;

 

our ability to raise additional funds;

 

our involvement in litigation; and

 

other events.

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We do not anticipate paying dividends on our common stock in the near future.

We have not paid any dividends in the past and do not intend to pay cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future. Our Board of Directors reviews this policy on a regular basis in light of our earnings, financial position and market opportunities. We currently intend to retain any earnings for the future operation and development of our business as well as potential stock repurchases or acquisition opportunities.

Provisions in our corporate documents and Delaware law could delay or prevent a change in control of the Company, even if that change would be beneficial to our stockholders.  

The existence of some provisions in our corporate documents and Delaware law could delay or prevent a change in control of our company, even if that change would be beneficial to our stockholders. Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws contain provisions that may make acquiring control of our company difficult, including:

 

provisions relating to the classification, nomination and removal of our directors;

 

provisions regulating the ability of our stockholders to bring matters for action at annual meetings of our stockholders;

 

provisions requiring the approval of the holders of at least 80% of our voting stock for a broad range of business combination transactions with related persons; and

 

the authorization given to our Board of Directors to issue and set the terms of preferred stock.

In addition, the Delaware General Corporation Law imposes restrictions on mergers and other business combinations between us and any holder of 15% or more of our outstanding common stock.

 

Item 1B.    Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

Item 2.       Properties

Manufacturing Facilities

 

Location

 

Building Size

(Approximate

Square Feet)

 

 

Land

(Approximate

Acreage)

 

 

Owned or Leased

Houston, Texas

 

 

1,731,000

 

 

 

218.0

 

 

Owned

Aberdeen, Scotland

 

 

222,800

 

 

 

24.1

 

 

Owned

Singapore

 

 

293,200

 

 

 

14.4

 

 

Leased

Macae, Brazil

 

 

169,600

 

 

 

10.6

 

 

Owned

 

For additional information on our manufacturing facilities, see "Item 1. Business - General" and "Manufacturing".

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Table of Contents

 

Sales, Service and Reconditioning Facilities

 

Location*

 

Building Size

(Approximate

Square Feet)

 

 

Land

(Approximate

Acreage)

 

 

Activity

Midland, Texas

 

 

10,000

 

 

 

0.2

 

 

Sales/Service/Warehouse

Villahermosa, Mexico*

 

 

12,400

 

 

 

0.3

 

 

Sales/Service/Warehouse

Anaco, Venezuela*

 

 

3,000

 

 

 

0.1

 

 

Sales/Service/Warehouse

Quito, Ecuador

 

 

2,600

 

 

 

0.1

 

 

Sales

Shushufindi, Ecuador

 

 

135,800

 

 

 

3.1

 

 

Sales/Service/Warehouse

Beverwijk, Holland

 

 

32,000

 

 

 

0.7

 

 

Sales/Warehouse

Stavanger, Norway*

 

 

42,000

 

 

 

6.1

 

 

Sales/Service/Reconditioning/Warehouse/Fabrication

Esbjerg, Denmark

 

 

19,100

 

 

 

2.6

 

 

Sales/Service/Reconditioning/Warehouse

Takoradi, Ghana

 

 

2,500

 

 

 

0.8

 

 

Service/Reconditioning/Warehouse

Cairo, Egypt

 

 

2,200

 

 

 

 

 

Sales

Alexandria, Egypt

 

 

5,200

 

 

 

0.6

 

 

Service/Reconditioning/Warehouse

Doha, Qatar

 

 

8,900

 

 

 

 

 

Service/Reconditioning/Warehouse

Shekou, China

 

 

11,100

 

 

 

 

 

Sales/Service/Warehouse

Perth and Welshpool, Australia

 

 

28,000

 

 

 

2.9

 

 

Sales/Service/Reconditioning/Warehouse

Mumbai, India

 

 

130

 

 

 

 

 

Sales

Jakarta, Indonesia

 

 

150

 

 

 

 

 

Sales

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

 

 

400

 

 

 

 

 

Sales

Beijing, China

 

 

120

 

 

 

 

 

Sales

 

*These facilities are owned; all other facilities are leased.

The Company also performs sales, service and reconditioning activities at its facilities in Houston, Aberdeen, Singapore and Macae. For additional information on our manufacturing facilities, see "Item 1. Business – General."

For information with respect to this item, see "Contingencies", Note 15 of Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of Part II, which is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 4.        Mine Safety Disclosure

Not applicable.

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Table of Contents

 

PART II

Item 5.        Market for Registrant’s Common Stock, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

The Company’s common stock is publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol "DRQ."

There were approximately 338 stockholders of record of the Company’s common stock as of December 31, 2020. This number includes the Company’s employees and directors that hold shares but does not include the number of security holders for whom shares are held in a “nominee” or “street” name.

The Company has not paid any dividends in the past and does not currently anticipate paying any dividends in the foreseeable future. The Company intends to reinvest any retained earnings for the future operation and development of its business, or to use for potential stock repurchases or acquisition opportunities. The Board of Directors will review this policy on a regular basis in light of the Company’s earnings, financial position, market opportunities and restrictions under the ABL Credit Facility.

Information concerning securities authorized for issuance under equity compensation plans is included in "Stock-Based Compensation and Stock Awards," Note 18 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

Repurchase of Equity Securities

The following table summarizes the repurchase and cancellation of our common stock during the year ended December 31, 2020

 

 

 

Twelve months ended December 31, 2020

 

 

 

Total Number of

Shares Purchased

 

 

Average Price paid

per Share

 

 

Total Number of

Shares Purchased

as Part of Publicly

Announced Plans

or Programs (1)

 

 

Maximum Dollar

Value (in millions)

of Shares that May

Yet be Purchased

Under the Plans

or Programs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

January 1-31, 2020

 

 

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

$

73.4

 

February 1-29, 2020

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

73.4

 

March 1-31, 2020

 

 

808,389

 

 

 

30.91

 

 

 

808,389

 

 

 

48.5

 

April 1-30, 2020

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

48.5

 

May 1-31, 2020

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

48.5

 

June 1-30, 2020

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

48.5

 

July 1-31, 2020

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

48.5

 

August 1-31, 2020

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

48.5

 

September 1-30, 2020

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

48.5

 

October 1-31, 2020

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

48.5

 

November 1-30, 2020

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

48.5

 

December 1-31, 2020

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

48.5

 

 

 

 

808,389

 

 

$

30.91

 

 

 

808,389

 

 

$

48.5

 

 

(1) On February 26, 2019, the Company announced that its Board of Directors authorized a stock repurchase plan under which the Company is authorized to repurchase up to $100.0 million of its common stock. The repurchase plan has no set expiration date and any repurchased shares are expected to be cancelled. During the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company purchased 808,389 shares under the share repurchase plan at an average price of approximately $30.91 per share totaling approximately $25.0 million, pursuant to a 10b5-1 plan, which is reflected in "Retained earnings" in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. All repurchased shares have been cancelled as of December 31, 2020.

Performance Graph

The following graph compares the cumulative total shareholder return on our common stock to the cumulative total shareholder return on the Standard & Poor’s 500 Stock Index and the Philadelphia Oil Service Sector Index (“OSX”), an index of oil and natural gas related companies that represents an industry composite of peers. This graph covers the period from December 31, 2015 through December 31, 2020. This comparison assumes the investment of $100 on December 31, 2015 and the reinvestment of all dividends, if any. The shareholder return set forth is not necessarily indicative of future performance.

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Table of Contents

 

COMPARISON OF 5 YEARS

CUMULATIVE TOTAL RETURN

Among Dril-Quip, Inc., the S&P 500 Index

and the Philadelphia Oil Service Index (OSX)

 

 

The performance graph above is furnished and not filed for purposes of Section 18 of the Exchange Act and will not be incorporated by reference into any registration statement filed under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), unless specifically identified therein as being incorporated therein by reference. The performance graph is not soliciting material subject to Regulation 14A.

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Item 6.        Selected Financial Data

The information set forth below should be read in conjunction with “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and the Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto included elsewhere in this report on Form 10-K.

 

 

 

Year Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

 

 

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 

Statement of Operations Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Products

 

$

258,834

 

 

$

303,279

 

 

$

265,052

 

 

$

351,132

 

 

$

433,012

 

Services

 

 

75,577

 

 

 

72,018

 

 

 

72,414

 

 

 

61,945

 

 

 

64,094

 

Leasing

 

 

30,562

 

 

 

39,509

 

 

 

47,160

 

 

 

42,392

 

 

 

41,625

 

Total revenues

 

 

364,973

 

 

 

414,806

 

 

 

384,626

 

 

 

455,469

 

 

 

538,731

 

Cost and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of sales:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Products

 

 

200,758

 

 

 

223,502

 

 

 

222,568

 

 

 

270,854

 

 

 

296,696

 

Services

 

 

37,449

 

 

 

36,550

 

 

 

37,196

 

 

 

32,733

 

 

 

32,784

 

Leasing

 

 

31,491

 

 

 

34,955

 

 

 

33,809

 

 

 

26,656

 

 

 

27,215

 

Total cost of sales

 

 

269,698

 

 

 

295,007

 

 

 

293,573

 

 

 

330,243

 

 

 

356,695

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

 

95,057

 

 

 

98,412

 

 

 

102,097

 

 

 

105,296

 

 

 

82,125

 

Engineering and product development

 

 

18,920

 

 

 

17,329

 

 

 

20,297