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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_______________________________________ 
Form 10-K
 _______________________________________ 
(Mark One)
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2020
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission File Number: 001-32407
_______________________________________ 
ARC DOCUMENT SOLUTIONS, INC.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its Charter)
_______________________________________ 
Delaware20-1700361
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
12657 Alcosta Blvd, Suite 200
San Ramon, California 94583
(925949-5100
(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of Registrant’s principal executive offices)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
Title of Each ClassTrading Symbol(s)Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock, par value $0.001 per shareARCNew York Stock Exchange
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: NONE 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.     Yes  ¨    No  ý
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.     Yes  ¨    No  ý
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ý    No  ¨




Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:
Large accelerated filer ¨ Accelerated filer ¨ Non-accelerated filer ý Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  ý
Based on the closing price of $1.00 of the registrant’s Common Stock on the New York Stock Exchange on June 30, 2020 (the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter), the aggregate market value of the voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant on that date was approximately $37,190,279.
As of February 23, 2021, there were 42,792,219 shares of the Registrant’s common stock outstanding.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the Registrant’s definitive Proxy Statement on Form 14A for its April 29, 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders are incorporated by reference in this Annual Report on Form 10-K in Part III.

_______________________________________ 





ARC DOCUMENT SOLUTIONS, INC.
ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K
For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2020
Table of Contents
Page
PART I
Item 1. Business
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
Item 2. Properties
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
PART II
Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Item 6. Selected Financial Data
Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures
Item 9B. Other Information
PART III
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
Item 11. Executive Compensation
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services
PART IV
Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedule
Item 16. Form 10-K Summary
Signatures
Exhibit 21.1
Exhibit 23.1
Exhibit 31.1
Exhibit 31.2
Exhibit 32.1
Exhibit 32.2
Exhibit 101 INS
Exhibit 101 SCH
Exhibit 101 CAL
Exhibit 101 DEF
Exhibit 101 LAB
Exhibit 101 PRE


3



ARC DOCUMENT SOLUTIONS, INC.
2020 ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K
In this Annual Report on Form 10-K, “ARC Document Solutions,” “ARC,” “the Company,” “we,” “us,” and “our” refer to ARC Document Solutions, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and its consolidated subsidiaries, unless the context otherwise dictates.
CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. All statements other than statements of historical fact contained in this report are statements that could be deemed forward-looking statements, including without limitation statements with respect to expectations regarding the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our financial results and the effectiveness of the Company's responses to the pandemic, future cash flows, and capital requirements, the impact of foreign exchange rate movements on sales and net income, and the Company's anticipated effective tax rate, and statements of assumptions underlying any of the foregoing. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other important factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements.
In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terms such as “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “intend,” “plan,” “project,” “target,” “likely,” “will,” “would,” “could,” and other similar language, whether in the negative or affirmative. The forward-looking statements in this Annual Report on Form 10-K are only predictions. We have based these forward-looking statements largely on our current expectations and projections about future events and financial trends that we believe may affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K and are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties and assumptions described in the section titled “Risk Factors” under Part I, Item 1A below and elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Because forward-looking statements are inherently subject to risks and uncertainties, some of which cannot be predicted or quantified, you should not rely on these forward-looking statements as indicative of future events. The events and circumstances reflected in our forward-looking statements may not be achieved or occur and actual results could differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements. Some of the key factors that could cause actual results to differ from our expectations include:
our financial condition and results of operations for fiscal 2020 and beyond have been and are expected to continue to be adversely affected by the recent novel coronavirus (or COVID-19) pandemic;
we are highly dependent on the architectural, engineering, construction and building owner/operator (AEC/O) industry and any decline in that industry could adversely affect our future revenue and profitability;
because a significant portion of our overall costs are fixed, our earnings are highly sensitive to changes in revenue;
if we are unable to charge for our value-added services to offset declines in print volumes, our long-term revenue could decline;
we derive a significant percentage of net sales from within the State of California and our business could be disproportionately harmed by an economic downturn or natural disaster affecting California;
our growth strategy depends, in part, on our ability to successfully market and execute several different, but related, service offerings;
we are dependent upon our vendors to continue to supply us equipment, parts, supplies, and services at comparable terms and price levels as the business grows;
our failure to adequately protect the proprietary aspects of our technology, including SKYSITE, PlanWell, and Abacus may cause us to lose market share;
in performing our document management services, we handle customers’ confidential information. Our failure to protect our customers’ confidential information against security breaches could damage our reputation, harm our business and adversely affect our results of operations;
our failure to comply with laws related to privacy and data security could adversely affect our financial condition;
added risks are associated with our international operations;
4



a large percentage of our cash and cash equivalents are held outside of the United States, and we could be subject to repatriation delays and costs which could reduce our financial flexibility;
the market prices of our common stock is volatile, and is impacted by factors other than our financial performance, which could cause the value of an investment in our stock to decline;
changes in tax laws and interpretations could adversely affect our business;
our debt instruments impose certain restrictions on our ability to operate which in turn could negatively affect our ability to respond to business and market conditions and therefore could have an adverse effect on our business and results of operations;
if the interest rates on our borrowings increase, our access to capital and net income could be adversely affected; and
we may be exposed to employment-related claims and costs and periodic litigation that could adversely affect our business and results of operations.
Except where otherwise indicated, the statements made in this Annual Report on Form 10-K are made as of the date we filed this report with the Securities and Exchange Commission and should not be relied upon as of any subsequent date. All future written and verbal forward-looking statements attributable to us or any person acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained or referred to in this section. We undertake no obligation, and specifically disclaim any obligation, to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. You should, however, consult further disclosures we make in future filings of our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, and Current Reports on Form 8-K, and any amendments thereto, as well as our proxy statements.
TRADEMARKS AND TRADE NAMES
We own or have rights to a number of trademarks, service marks, and trade names that we use in conjunction with the operation of our business, including the name and design mark “ARC Document Solutions,” “ABACUS,” “METAPRINT,” “PlanWell,” “PlanWell PDS,” “Riot Creative Imaging,” “SKYSITE,” and various design marks associated therewith. In addition, we own or have rights to various trademarks, service marks, and trade names that we use regionally in conjunction with our operations. This report also includes trademarks, service marks and trade names of other companies.


5



PART I
Item 1. Business
Our Company
ARC Document Solutions, Inc. (“ARC Document Solutions,” “ARC,” “we,” “us,” or “our”) provides a wide variety of document distribution and graphic production services to facilitate communication for professionals in the design, marketing, commercial real estate, education, construction and related fields.
Our customers need us to manage the special production needs, volume, complexity and workflow of their documents. We help them reduce their costs and increase their efficiency by improving their access and control over documents, and we offer a wide variety of ways to access, distribute, collaborate on, and store documents.
Our offerings include:
Offsite Services - We operate 148 offsite service centers in major metropolitan markets in the U.S. and internationally which provide local customers with high-volume, project-related printing, offer our MPS customers overflow capacity during peak workloads, and support our customers’ scanning needs in archiving and information management services.
Specialized Color Printing - Our service centers offer color printing, finishing, and assembly of graphic materials for regional and national retailers, schools, franchises, marketing departments, theme parks, and cultural institutions, as well as a growing need for public health and safety graphics related to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Managed Print Services (“MPS”) - An onsite service where we place, manage, and optimize print and imaging equipment in our customers' offices, job sites, and other facilities. MPS relieves our customers of the burden of owning and managing print devices and print networks, and shifts their costs to a “per-use” basis typically billed in a single consolidated invoice.
Archive and Information Management (“AIM”) -We store our customers' information and intellectual property in a highly secure cloud-based and searchable digital archive. We scan our customers’ paper documents or import their digital documents, organize them, and store them in our proprietary content management software. Our regional scanning centers are HIPPA-compliant and we are fully capable of handling protected health information in addition to conventional business documents.
Web-Based Document Management Applications - We develop and offer proprietary tools to our customers, such as SKYSITE®, Abacus®, and the ARC Print app that facilitate project collaboration, manage print networks, track equipment fleets, create and maintain project document archives, and perform other document and content management tasks.
Equipment and Supplies Sales - We sell equipment and supplies primarily to customers in the architectural, engineering, construction, and building owner/operator (AEC/O) industry and provide ancillary services such as equipment service and maintenance.
The combination of our services allows us to provide a comprehensive document management ecosystem where any document, anywhere in the enterprise, can be captured, stored, managed, accessed, and distributed anywhere in the world.
Our cloud-based services are hosted by Amazon Web Services.
We believe we are the largest document solutions provider to the AEC/O market in North America, and the only national provider offering onsite, offsite and cloud-based document management solutions for regional, national and global customers. We offer comprehensive services across geographical boundaries and frequently bill under a single monthly invoice, consolidating purchasing, vendor relations, and administration for companies seeking a unified document management platform.
We serve our clients' onsite in their offices in approximately 10,750 locations, and offsite or virtually through a combination of 148 global service centers, a variety of web-based applications and software, and a global network of service partners. We operate in major metropolitan markets across the U.S., with meaningful operations in China, Canada, and the United Kingdom.
Our origins lie in the reprographics, or “blueprinting,” industry and we still maintain robust reprographics operations. We believe that we are the largest reprographics company in the United States as measured by revenue, number of customers, and number of service centers.
6



Our base of more than 45,000 customers includes most of the largest design and construction-oriented firms in North America, and the world, and our expansion into new markets includes some of the biggest names in retail, technology, educational, hospitality, public utilities customers, and others.
Our largest customers are served by our corporate sales force called Global Solutions. This sales force is focused on large regional and national customers. Our diverse customer base results in no individual customer accounting for more than 2% of our overall revenue.
We are a Delaware corporation operating under a single brand, “ARC”. Our corporate name is “ARC Document Solutions, Inc.,” and our New York Stock Exchange ticker symbol is “ARC.” We conduct our operations through our wholly-owned subsidiary, ARC Document Solutions, LLC, a Texas limited liability company, and its affiliates.
Principal Products and Services
We report revenues from our service and product offerings under the following categories:
Construction Document and Information Management (CDIM), which consists of professional services to manage and distribute documents and information related to construction projects and related project-based businesses outside of the architectural, engineering and construction (AEC) industry. Our reconfiguration of the Company's sales and marketing functions in late-2019, as well as customer needs driven by the COVID-19 pandemic, have led to a significant expansion of the non-AEC segment of our CDIM business, primarily through the provision of color graphics and signage. CDIM sales also include software services such as SKYSITE®, our cloud-based project communication application, as well as providing document and information management services that are often technology-enabled. The bulk of our current revenue from CDIM comes from large-format and small-format printing services we provide in both black and white and in color.
Managed Print Services (MPS), which consists of placement, management, and optimization of print and imaging equipment in our customers' offices, job sites, and other facilities. MPS relieves our customers of the burden of owning and managing print devices and print networks, and shifts their costs to a “per-use” basis. MPS is supported by our proprietary technology, Abacus, which allows our customers to capture, control, manage, print, and account for their documents. MPS sales represent recurring, contracted revenue in which we are paid a single cost per unit of material used, often referred to as a “click charge.” MPS sales are driven by the ongoing print needs of our customers at their facilities. Because the recent pandemic has forced a large number of our clients to direct their employees to work from home, MPS volume and sales have declined over the past year.
Archiving and Information Management (AIM), which consists of software and professional services to facilitate the capture, management, access and retrieval of documents and information that have been produced in the past. AIM includes our SKYSITE software application to organize, search and retrieve documents, as well as the provision of services that include the capture and conversion of hardcopy and electronic documents, and their cloud-based storage and maintenance. A growing portion of our sales are being driven by our ability to handle protected health information (PHI) as our regional scanning centers are HIPAA-compliant. AIM sales are driven by the need to leverage past intellectual property for present or future use, facilitate cost savings and efficiency improvements over current hardcopy and digital storage methods, as well as comply with regulatory and records retention requirements. Remote access to digital documents driven by work-from-home conditions created by the recent pandemic have also contributed to new activity in this area of our business.
Equipment and Supplies, which consists of reselling printing, imaging, and related equipment to customers primarily to architectural, engineering and construction firms.
Each of our service offerings is enabled through a suite of supporting proprietary technology.
Operations
Our products and services are available from any of our 148 service centers around the world, and nearly all of our services can be made available in our customers’ offices. Our geographic presence is concentrated in the U.S., with additional service centers in Canada, China, India, and the United Kingdom. Our corporate headquarters are located in San Ramon, California.
Historically, our business grew through acquisitions to expand our share of the reprographics market and enhance our geographic footprint to serve our larger customers. Since our inception we have acquired more than 140 companies. As we have consolidated, diversified our service offerings, and optimized our operations during the past several years, we are no longer actively pursuing the acquisition of reprographic businesses. Our origin as a company was in California, and our early acquisition activity was concentrated there. We derive approximately 32% of our total revenue from California.
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We currently employ approximately 15 engineers working from our corporate headquarters in San Ramon, California, who develop, maintain, and support our software. In addition, we operate a technology center in Kolkata, India, with approximately 160 employees who, in addition to supporting our San Ramon team, also support our research and development efforts. All of our production facilities are connected via a high-performance, dedicated, wide-area network, to facilitate data transmissions to and from our customers, our operating facilities and the cloud hosted by Amazon Web Services. We employ a combination of proprietary and industry-leading technologies to provide redundancy, backup and security of all data in our systems. In response to the recent pandemic, most of our corporate, financial and administrative staff have been working from home, while our service center staff continue to work in our facilities and adhere to strict safety and health protocols.
The majority of our historical revenue has been derived from customers engaged in the seasonal, non-residential construction market. While our traditional reprographics business, which is included in the CDIM revenue category, is still influenced by the non-residential seasonality and building cycles, our other CDIM offerings are less so. Historically, color printing services are affected by retail marketing calendars, advertising campaigns, as well as the marketing needs of our architectural and real estate development clients. Our software services are influenced primarily by the desire for document workflow improvements and our ability to market our technology-based solutions. MPS is driven by the generation of office documents and our customers' desire to improve business processes and reduce print-related costs. Equipment and Supplies Sales are driven by purchasing cycles of individual customers, as well as by new features and advancements by manufacturers.
As of December 31, 2020, the Company employed approximately 1,750 employees.
Our Customers and Markets
We serve both the enterprise and project management needs of professionals in the design, marketing, commercial real estate, construction and related fields. Our customers include senior management teams, IT and procurement departments, project architects, engineers, general contractors, facilities managers, marketing managers, as well as growing number of retail, technology, educational, hospitality, and public utilities customers.
We believe the market forces of the COVID-19 pandemic continue to cause our customers to emphasize efficiency in the production and distribution of printed documents, responsibly reduce their dependence on print where it is not necessary, and to improve remote access and control over all the documents related to their business. We believe the pandemic also encourages our customers to actively reduce costs, eliminate redundant business practices, and procure products and services from vendors who can centrally serve their business – including a remote workforce working from home – with a comprehensive offering.
We believe that these trends are advantageous to us because we can provide our customers with web-based applications and cloud-based offerings to meet their demand for technology-enabled content management services; we offer a wide variety of digital and conventional alternatives to standard printing; and our comprehensive services and national footprint create economies of scale and efficiencies for customers who prefer to work with a single supplier for print and document management.
In addition to the AEC/O industry, we also provide document management and printing services to customers in the retail, technology, educational, hospitality, and public utilities customers, among others. A significant portion of our non-AEC/O revenues are derived from supplying color printing services to customers with short-run, high quality, frequently updated promotional, advertising, marketing and public health materials. We market these services under a separate brand known as Riot Creative Imaging. Likewise, our digital tools and services appeal to companies outside of the construction industry, but with similar document management needs, including manufacturers, airlines, and healthcare/hospital companies.
In general, we address customers based on size and geographic reach. Local markets tend to be highly fragmented with a wide variety of specialized, geographically differentiated business practices. We serve smaller customers in these markets with service offerings aligned with local market expectations. Larger regional, national and international customers often consolidate purchasing and the acquisition of services through a single corporate department, and seek centralized management of document solutions. We serve these customers through our corporate sales force called Global Solutions.
Competition
The level of competition varies in each of the areas in which we provide services. We believe service levels, breadth of offering, price, quality, responsiveness, and convenience to the customer are competitive elements in each of the industry segments in which we compete.
Further, we believe we are unique because no other company provides the complete portfolio of services and products we provide. We compete with different firms in our different business lines that can provide a portion of our services. However, we do not know of any other firm that can provide a full suite of physical and digital content management services similar to our combined offerings.
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In addressing larger local and regional customers, there are several companies that provide MPS and reprographic print services, but in general, we believe that these companies cannot provide or integrate software or technology that enables the digital management of documents and centralized cost control management that we provide. In our CDIM offerings, local copy shops and self-serve franchises are often aggressive competitors for printing business, but rarely offer the breadth of document management and logistics services that we do.
With regard to large national and international customers, there are no other document solutions companies in the U.S. with the national presence and global reach that we have established, but we often compete against equipment manufacturers and businesses who offer some of the same products and services we do. Related services are offered by large printing/multifunctional device manufacturers such as Xerox, Canon, Hewlett Packard, Konica Minolta, Ricoh, and Sharp, but most offerings from these companies are focused on selling equipment as opposed to ARC’s offering of comprehensive document management services for both project and enterprise documents. Further, our deep knowledge of the AEC/O industry document workflows, which are incorporated into our software, provides us an advantage when competing against local printers and national equipment manufacturers.
We believe that we have a strong competitive position in the marketplace for the following reasons:
Strong domain expertise in construction-related fields: We believe no other national vendor/service provider possesses the document management and technology expertise that we have in the AEC/O market. Construction professionals have highly specialized needs in document capture, short-term storage, management, fulfillment, distribution, and archival services. We believe our domain expertise is unmatched due to our legacy in reprographics and software development.
Customer relationships in AEC/O industry: Our relationships with our local customers are often long-standing and comprehensive, and we do business with nearly all of the top 100 companies in the U.S. construction industry. In addition, our Global Solutions sales force has established long-term contract relationships with 25 of the largest 100 AEC/O firms. We believe this provides a competitive advantage by leveraging our success through referrals.
Wide-variety of specialized printing capabilities: We believe the equipment, capacity and expertise we offer throughout our service centers is unmatched by any other regional or national vendor. Customers with specialized printing needs can turn to us for design assistance, finishing and merchandising services, and interior and exterior installation, as well as printing services on virtually any material or object.
Service center footprint: We possess an extensive national network of service centers creating a distribution and customer service solution that can cater to both large and small customers. We operate service centers in more than 120 cities and in 34 states in the U.S. We also have a market presence in Canada and China, and operations in India and the U.K. We are not aware of any other MPS provider that has as extensive a network to supplement its MPS services and provide overflow and remote document management and printing capabilities.
Equipment agnostic: We are not required to sell or use any particular brands of equipment, nor do we manufacture equipment. We are free to place the products best suited for the required task in our own service centers or in our customers’ offices, regardless of manufacturer. Additionally, with respect to our MPS offering, as our customers' document management needs evolve over their respective contract terms, we have the ability to replace the equipment previously deployed to ensure that the equipment placed at our customers' sites is best suited for the required tasks. We believe that this, combined with the competitive market for printing and imaging products, provides us with an advantage relative to MPS providers owned by equipment manufacturers.
Capabilities in a wide variety of formats: Several equipment manufacturers who also market managed print services do not produce the full range of large- and small-format equipment demanded by the office market, AEC/O professionals, manufacturing companies, and building industries. In addition, we are not aware of any manufacturers that provide the breadth of services and technology related to large- and small-format document production that we possess.
Unique combination of Onsite, Offsite, and Cloud-based offerings: We believe we are the only national company that integrates (1) document production at customer sites (onsite offerings), (2) document production at company service centers (offsite offerings), and (3) digital management of documents in the cloud (cloud-based offerings). We have proprietary technology built by our development team that interacts with our production machines. We believe we are the only company that both develops document management software and manages the equipment that produces documents.
Suppliers and Vendors
We purchase or lease equipment for use in our production facilities and at our customers’ sites. We also purchase paper, toner and other consumables for the operation of our and our customers’ production equipment. As a high-volume purchaser, we believe we receive favorable prices as compared to other service providers, and price increases have been historically passed on to customers.
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Our primary vendors of equipment, maintenance services, and reprographics supplies include Hewlett Packard, Canon Solutions America (Océ), and Xerox. Purchases from these vendors during 2020 comprised approximately 53% of our total purchases of inventory and supplies. Although there are a limited number of suppliers that could supply our inventory, we believe any shortfalls from existing suppliers could be filled by other suppliers on comparable terms.
Proprietary Rights
We rely on a combination of copyright, trademark and trade secret laws, license agreements, nondisclosure and non-competition agreements, reseller agreements, customer contracts, and technical measures to establish and protect our rights in our proprietary technology. We also rely on a variety of technologies that are licensed from third parties to perform key functions.

We have registered “ARC Document Solutions,” as well as our historical name and logo, “ARC American Reprographics Company,” as trademarks in the U.S. with the United States Patent and Trademark Office ("USPTO"). We have registered “PlanWell”, “PlanWell PDS”, “Riot Creative Imaging”, “ABACUS” and "SKYSITE” as trademarks with the USPTO and in other countries. We do not own any other registered trademarks or service marks, or any patents, that are material to our business.
For a discussion of the risks associated with our proprietary rights, see Item 1A — “Risk Factors — Our failure to adequately protect the proprietary aspects of our technology, including SKYSITE, PlanWell, and Abacus, may cause us to lose market share.”
Information about our Executive Officers
The following sets forth certain information regarding all of our executive officers as of February 23, 2021:
 
NameAgePosition
Kumarakulasingam Suriyakumar67Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer Director
Jorge Avalos45Chief Financial Officer
Rahul K. Roy61Chief Technology Officer
Dilantha Wijesuriya59Chief Operating Officer
Kumarakulasingam (“Suri”) Suriyakumar has served as our President and Chief Executive Officer since June 1, 2007, and he served as the Company’s President and Chief Operating Officer from 1991 until his appointment as Chief Executive Officer. On July 24, 2008, Mr. Suriyakumar was appointed Chairman of our Board of Directors. Mr. Suriyakumar served as an advisor of American Reprographics Holdings, LLC ("Holdings"), from March 1998 until his appointment as a director of the Company in October 2004. Mr. Suriyakumar joined Micro Device, Inc. (our predecessor company) in 1989. He became the Vice President of Micro Device, Inc. in 1990. Prior to joining the Company, Mr. Suriyakumar was employed with Aitken Spence & Co. LTD, a highly diversified conglomerate and one of the five largest corporations in Sri Lanka.

Jorge Avalos was appointed Chief Financial Officer of the Company effective February 1, 2015. From 2011 to his appointment as Chief Financial Officer, Mr. Avalos served as Chief Accounting Officer and Vice President of Finance of the Company. Mr. Avalos joined the Company in June 2006 as the Company’s Director of Finance, and became the Company’s Corporate Controller in December 2006, and Vice President, Corporate Controller in December 2010. From March 2005 through June 2006, Mr. Avalos was employed with Vendare Media Group, an online network and social media company, as its Controller. From September 1998 through March 2005, Mr. Avalos was employed with PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, a global professional services firm focusing on audit and assurance, tax and advisory services.
Rahul K. Roy joined Holdings as its Chief Technology Officer in September 2000. Prior to joining the Company, Mr. Roy was the founder, President and Chief Executive Officer of MirrorPlus Technologies, Inc., which developed software for the reprographics industry, from August 1993 until it was acquired by the Company in 1999. Mr. Roy also served as the Chief Operating Officer of InPrint Corporation, a provider of printing, software, duplication, packaging, assembly and distribution services to technology companies, from 1993 until it was acquired by the Company in 1999.
Dilantha ("Dilo") Wijesuriya joined Ford Graphics, a former division of the Company, in January 1991. He subsequently became president of that division in 2001, and became a Company regional operations head in 2004, which position he retained until his appointment as the Company’s Senior Vice President, National Operations in August 2008. Mr. Wijesuriya was appointed Chief Operating Officer of the Company on February 25, 2011. Prior to his employment with the Company,
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Mr. Wijesuriya was a divisional manager with Aitken Spence & Co. LTD, a highly diversified conglomerate and one of the five largest corporations in Sri Lanka.
Available Information
We use our corporate website, www.e-arc.com, as a channel for routine distribution of important information, including news releases, analyst presentations and financial information. The information on our website is not incorporated by reference into this Annual Report on Form 10-K or into any other report or document we file with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). We file with, or furnish, to the SEC Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and any amendments to those reports, as well as proxy statements and annual reports to shareholders, and, from time to time, other documents. The reports and other documents filed with or furnished to the SEC are available to investors on or through our corporate website free of charge as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file them with or furnish them to the SEC. The SEC maintains an internet site located at http://www.sec.gov that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information regarding issuers, such as ARC, that file electronically with the SEC. ARC’s SEC filings and other documents pertaining to the conduct of its business can be found on the “Investors” section of its website available at ir.e-arc.com. These documents are available in print to any shareholder who requests a copy by writing or by calling ARC Document Solutions.

Item 1A. Risk Factors
Our business faces significant risks. The following risk factors could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition and the price of our common stock. We may encounter risks in addition to those described below. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial may also impair or adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.
Risk Related to the Impact of the Novel Coronavirus (or COVID-19) Pandemic on Our Business
Our financial condition and results of operations for fiscal 2020 and beyond have been and are expected to continue to be adversely affected by the novel coronavirus (or COVID-19) pandemic.
In December 2019, a novel coronavirus disease (“COVID-19”) was initially reported and on March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization characterized COVID-19 as a pandemic. COVID-19 has had a widespread and detrimental effect on the global economy and has created significant volatility and disruption of financial markets as a result of the continued increase in the number of cases and affected countries and actions by public health and governmental authorities, businesses, other organizations and individuals to address the outbreak, including travel bans and restrictions, quarantines, shelter in place, stay at home or lock-down orders and business limitations and shutdowns. The duration and severity of COVID-19 and the degree of its impact on our business is uncertain and difficult to predict. The continued spread of the outbreak could result in one or more of the following conditions that could have a material adverse impact on our business operations and financial condition: decreased business spending by our customers and prospective customers; reduced demand for our products and services; increased customer losses; increased challenges in or cost of acquiring new customers; increased competition; increased risk in collectability of accounts receivable; reduced productivity due to remote work arrangements; lost productivity due to illness and/or illness of family members or adherence to mandated stay-at-home order; inability to hire key roles; adverse effects on our strategic partners’ businesses; impairment charges; inability to recover costs from insurance carriers; business continuity concerns for us and our third-party vendors and suppliers; increased risk of privacy and cybersecurity breaches from increased remote working; and challenges with Internet infrastructure due to high loads. If we are not able to respond to and manage the potential impact of such events effectively, our business could be harmed.
Furthermore, while many governmental authorities around the world have and continue to enact legislation to address the impact of COVID-19, including measures intended to mitigate some of the more severe anticipated economic effects of the virus, we may not benefit from such legislation or such legislation may prove to be ineffective in addressing COVID-19’s impact on our and our customer’s businesses and operations. Even after the COVID-19 outbreak has subsided, we may continue to experience impacts to our business as a result of the coronavirus’ global economic impact and any recession that has occurred or may occur in the future. Since the COVID-19 situation is unprecedented and continuously evolving, COVID-19 may also affect our operating and financial results in a manner that is not presently known to us, or in a manner that we currently do not consider as presenting significant risks to our operations.
A substantial and sustained downturn in our operations due to the COVID-19 pandemic or other factors may cause us to be in breach of our Credit Agreement.
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We are required to maintain certain financial ratios, specifically a total leverage ratio and a fixed charge coverage ratio, under our Credit Agreement. We may be unable to comply with those financial ratios as a result of a substantial and sustained downturn in our operations due to the COVID-19 pandemic. If conditions change in the future and we expect to be out of compliance as a result, we would seek waivers from the lenders prior to any covenant violation. Any covenant waiver may lead to increased costs, increased interest rates, additional restrictive covenants and other available lender protections that would be applicable. Absent a waiver or amendment from participating lenders, failure to meet the financial ratios and other covenants under our Credit Agreement would constitute an event of default and cause acceleration of the outstanding obligations under the Credit Agreement, termination of the lenders’ commitment to provide a revolving line of credit, an increase in our effective cost of funds and cross-default of other credit arrangements, which would have a material adverse impact on our financial condition.
Adverse domestic and/or global economic conditions and disruption of financial and commercial real estate markets could have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.
A prolonged or severe economic downturn resulting from adverse domestic and/or global conditions, including epidemics such as the COVID-19 outbreak, may adversely affect the ability of our customers and suppliers to obtain financing and to perform their obligations under agreements with us. These restrictions could result in a decrease in, or cancellation of, existing business, could limit new business, and could negatively affect our ability to collect on our accounts receivable on a timely basis, if at all. These events may, in the aggregate, have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.
Impairment of goodwill due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic may adversely affect future results of operations.
We have intangible assets, including goodwill and other identifiable acquired intangibles on our balance sheet due to prior acquisitions. We conduct annual goodwill impairment assessments, and interim impairment analyses on an as-needed basis if a triggering event occurs. Our 2020 annual assessment resulted in no goodwill impairment. The results of our impairment analyses, however, are as of a particular point in time. If our assumptions regarding future forecasted revenue or profitability of our reporting units are not achieved, we may be required to record goodwill impairment charges in future periods. The impact of COVID-19 has negatively affected certain key assumptions used in our analysis, and if the severity of the impact increases, we will need to assess the long-term impact to determine if we will be required to record charges for asset impairments in the future.
Risks Related to Our Business
We are highly dependent on the architectural, engineering, construction and building owner/operator (AEC/O) industry and any decline in that industry could adversely affect our future revenue and profitability.
We estimate that customers in the AEC/O industry accounted for approximately 69% of our net sales in 2020; therefore, our results largely depend on the strength of that industry. Our historical operating results reflect the cyclical and variable nature of the AEC/O industry. We believe that the AEC/O industry generally experiences downturns several months after a downturn in the general economy, and that there may be a similar delay in the recovery of the AEC/O industry following a recovery of the general economy. A downturn in the AEC/O industry would diminish demand for some of our products and services, and would therefore negatively affect our revenues and have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results and financial condition.
We derive a significant percentage of net sales from within the State of California and our business could be disproportionately harmed by an economic downturn or natural disaster affecting California.
We derived approximately 32% of our net sales in 2020 from our operations in California. As a result, we are dependent to a large extent upon the AEC/O industry in California and, accordingly, we are sensitive to economic factors affecting AEC/O activity in California, including general and local economic conditions, macroeconomic trends, political factors affecting commercial and residential real estate development and natural disasters (including drought, earthquakes and wildfires). Any adverse developments affecting California could have a disproportionately negative effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

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If we are unable to charge for our value-added services to offset declines in print volumes, our long-term revenue could decline.
Our customers value the ability to view and order prints over the internet and print to output devices in their own offices and other locations throughout the country and the world. In 2020, our CDIM sales, which consists of the management, distribution, and production of documents and information related to construction projects, including large-format construction drawings, black and white and color signage, specification documents, and marketing material, represented approximately 61% of our total net sales, and our MPS represented approximately 27% of our total net sales. Both categories of revenue are generally derived from a charge per square foot of printed material. Future technology advances may further facilitate and improve our customers’ ability to reduce print and the associated costs thereof. As technology continues to improve, this trend toward printing on an “as needed” basis could result in further decreased printing volumes and sales decline in the longer term. This was certainly evidenced during 2020 when offices shut down and people were forced to work from home leading to significant reduction in printing. Failure to offset these declines in printing volumes by changing how we charge for our services and develop additional revenue sources could significantly affect our business and reduce our long-term revenue, resulting in an adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.
Our growth strategy depends, in part, on our ability to successfully market and execute several different, but related, service offerings. Failure to do so could impede our future growth and adversely affect our competitive position.
As part of our growth strategy, we intend to continue to offer and grow a variety of service offerings that are relatively new to the company. Our efforts will be affected by our ability to acquire new customers for our new service offerings as well as sell the new service offerings to existing customers. If we fail to procure new customers, our growth may be adversely affected and we may incur operating losses as a result of a failure to realize revenue from investments made in new service offerings.
Because a significant portion of our overall costs are fixed, our earnings are highly sensitive to changes in revenue.

Our network of service centers, equipment and related support activities involves substantial fixed costs which cannot be adjusted quickly to respond to declines in demand for our services. We estimate approximately 36% of our overall costs were fixed in 2020. As a consequence, our results of operations are subject to relatively high levels of volatility and our earnings could deteriorate rapidly in the face of declining revenues because our ability to reduce fixed costs in the short-term is limited. If we fail to manage our fixed costs appropriately, or to maintain adequate cash reserves to cover such costs, we may suffer material adverse effects on our results of operations and financial condition.
We are dependent upon our vendors to continue to supply us with equipment, parts, supplies, and services at comparable terms and price levels as the business grows.
Our access to equipment, parts, supplies, and services depends upon our relationships with, and our ability to purchase these items on competitive terms from our principal vendors. These vendors are not required to use us to distribute their equipment and are generally free to change the prices and other terms at which they sell to us. In addition, we compete with the selling efforts of some of these vendors. Our reliance on a limited number of principal vendors presents various risks. These include the risk that in the event of an interruption of relationships with our principal vendors for any reason, such as a natural catastrophe, epidemics such as the COVID-19 pandemic, or actions taken in regard to increased tariffs on goods produced in certain countries such as China, we may not be able to develop an alternate source without incurring material additional costs and substantial delays. Significant deterioration in relationships with, or in the financial condition of, these significant vendors could have an adverse effect on our ability to sell equipment as well as our ability to provide effective service and technical support. If one of these vendors terminates or significantly curtails its relationship with us, or if one of these vendors ceases operations, we would be forced to expand our relationships with our other existing vendors or seek out new relationships with previously unused vendors.
Our failure to adequately protect the proprietary aspects of our technology, including SKYSITE, PlanWell, and Abacus may cause us to lose market share.
Our success depends on our ability to protect and preserve the proprietary aspects of our technology products. We rely on a combination of copyright, trademark and trade secret protection, confidentiality agreements, license agreements, non-competition agreements, reseller agreements, customer contracts, and technical measures to establish and protect our rights in our proprietary technologies. These protections, however, may not be adequate to remedy harm we suffer due to misappropriation of our proprietary rights by third parties. In addition, the laws of certain countries may not protect our proprietary rights to the same extent as the laws of the United States and we may be unable to protect our proprietary technology adequately against unauthorized third-party copying or use, which could adversely affect our competitive position. It is also possible that our intellectual property rights could be challenged, invalidated or circumvented, allowing others to use our intellectual property to our competitive detriment. We also must ensure that all of our products comply with existing and
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newly enacted regulatory requirements in the countries in which they are sold. Furthermore, we may, from time to time, be subject to intellectual property litigation which can be expensive, a burden on management’s time and our Company’s resources, and the outcome of any such litigation may be uncertain.
Competition in our industry and innovation by our competitors may hinder our ability to execute our business strategy and adversely affect our profitability.
The markets for our products and services are highly competitive, with competition primarily at local and regional levels. We compete primarily based on the level and quality of customer service, technological leadership, and price. Our future success depends, in part, on our ability to continue to improve our service and product offerings, and develop and integrate new technology solutions. In addition, current and prospective customers may decide to perform certain services themselves instead of outsourcing these services to us. These competitive pressures could adversely affect our sales and consolidated results of operations.

We also face the possibility that competition will continue to increase, particularly if copy and printing or business services companies choose to compete in lines of business similar to ours. Many of these companies are substantially larger and have significantly greater financial resources than us, which could place us at a competitive disadvantage. In addition, we could encounter competition in the future from large, well-capitalized companies such as equipment dealers and system integrators that can produce their own technology and leverage their existing distribution channels. Any such future competition could adversely affect our business and reduce our future revenue and profitability.
Our failure to comply with laws related to privacy and data security could adversely affect our financial condition.
We are or may become subject to a variety of laws and regulations in the United States and abroad regarding privacy, data protection and data security. These laws and regulations are continuously evolving and developing. The scope and interpretation of the laws that are or may be applicable to us are often uncertain and may be conflicting, particularly with respect to foreign laws. In particular, health-related laws and regulations such as the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, or HIPAA, may also have an impact on our business. For example, we offer HIPAA-compliant capabilities to certain customers who are “covered entities” under HIPAA, which may include our execution of HIPAA Business Associate Agreements, or BAAs, with such covered entities. In addition, changes in applicable laws and regulations may result in the user data we collect being deemed protected health information under HIPAA. If we are unable to comply with the applicable privacy and security requirements, we could be subject to claims, legal liabilities, penalties, fines, and negative publicity, which could harm our operating results.
Our computer hardware and software and telecommunications systems are susceptible to damage, breach or interruption.
The management of our business is aided by the uninterrupted operation of our computer and telecommunication systems. These systems are vulnerable to security breaches, natural disasters or other catastrophic events, computer viruses, or other interruptions or damage stemming from power outages, equipment failure or unintended usage by employees. In particular, our employees may have access or exposure to personally identifiable or otherwise confidential information and customer data and systems, the misuse of which could result in legal liability. In addition, we rely on information technology systems to process, transmit and store electronic information and to communicate among our locations around the world and with our clients, partners and consultants, including through cloud-based platforms often provided by third parties. The breadth and complexity of this infrastructure increases the potential risk of security breaches. Security breaches, including cyber-attacks or cyber-intrusions by computer hackers, foreign governments, cyber terrorists or others with grievances against the industry in which we operate or us in particular, may disable or damage the proper functioning of our networks and systems. It is possible that our security controls, or those of the third parties with whom we partner, over personal and other data may not prevent unauthorized access to, or destruction, loss, theft, misappropriation or release of personally identifiable or other proprietary, confidential, sensitive or valuable information of ours or others; this access could lead to potential unauthorized disclosure of confidential Company or client information that others could use to compete against us or for other disruptive, destructive or harmful purposes and outcomes. Any such disclosure or damage to our networks, or those of the third parties with whom we partner, and systems could subject us to third party claims against us and reputational harm. If these events occur, our ability to attract new clients may be impaired or we may be subjected to damages or penalties. In addition, system-wide or local failures of these information technology systems could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
Damage or disruption to our facilities, including our technology center, could impair our ability to effectively provide our services and may have a significant effect on our revenues, expenses and financial condition.
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Our IT systems are an important part of our operations. We currently store customer data at servers hosted by Amazon Web Services and at our technology center located in San Ramon, California near known earthquake fault zones. Although we have redundant systems and offsite backup procedures in place, interruption in service, damage to or destruction of our technology center or a disruption of our data storage processes resulting from sustained process abnormalities, human error, acts of terrorism, violence, war or a natural disaster, such as fire, earthquake or flood, could result in delays, in reduced levels of customer service and have a material adverse effect on the markets in which we operate and on our business operations.
Although we currently maintain general property damage insurance, if we incur losses from uninsured events, we could incur significant expenses which would adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.
In performing our document management services, we handle customers’ confidential information. Our failure to protect our customers’ confidential information against security breaches could damage our reputation, harm our business and adversely affect our results of operations.
Our document management services involve the handling of our customers’ confidential information. Any compromise of security, accidental loss or theft of customer data in our possession could damage our reputation and expose us to risk of liability, which could harm our business and adversely affect our consolidated results of operation.
Added risks are associated with our international operations.
We have international operations in China, India, the United Kingdom, Canada, Hong Kong, United Arab Emirates, and Australia. Approximately 13% of our revenues for 2020 were derived from our international operations, with approximately 4% derived from China. Our future revenues, costs of operations and net income could be adversely affected by a number of factors related to our international operations, including changes in economic conditions from country to country (resulting from epidemics such as the COVID-19 outbreak or otherwise), currency fluctuations, changes in a country’s political condition, trade protection measures, licensing and other legal requirements and local tax issues.

A large percentage of our cash and cash equivalents are held outside of the United States, and we could be subject to repatriation delays and costs which could reduce our financial flexibility.

Approximately 31% of our cash and cash equivalents are currently held outside the United States. Repatriation of some of the funds could be subject to delay for local country approvals and could have potential adverse tax consequences. As a result of holding cash and cash equivalents outside of the U.S., our financial flexibility may be reduced.

Our business could suffer if we fail to attract, retain, and successfully integrate skilled personnel.
We believe that our ability to attract, retain, and successfully integrate qualified personnel is critical to our success. As we continue to place more emphasis on document management and storage technology, our need to hire and retain software and other technology focused personnel has and can be expected to continue to increase. Competition for such personnel, particularly in the San Francisco Bay Area, is intense. If we lose key personnel and/or are unable to recruit qualified personnel, our ability to manage and grow our business will be adversely affected. In addition, the loss of the services of one or more members of our senior management team would disrupt our business and impede our ability to successfully execute our business strategy.
We may be exposed to employment-related claims and costs and periodic litigation that could adversely affect our business and results of operations.

We are subject to a number of risks inherent to our status as an employer including without limitation:
claims of misconduct or negligence on the part of our employees, discrimination or harassment claims against our employees, or claims by our employees of discrimination or harassment;
claims relating to violations of wage, hour and other workplace regulations;
claims relating to employee benefits, entitlements to employee benefits, or errors in the calculation or administration of such benefits; and
possible claims relating to misuse of customer confidential information, misappropriation of assets or other similar claims.

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If we experience significant incidents involving any of the above-described risk areas we could face substantial out-of-pocket losses, or fines. In addition, such claims may give rise to litigation, which may be time consuming, distracting and costly, and could have a material adverse effect on our business.

Environmental, health, and safety laws and regulations and the costs of complying with them, or any change to them impacting our markets, could materially adversely affect our financial position, results of operations and cash flows.
Our operations are subject to numerous laws and regulations governing environmental protection and occupational health and safety matters. These laws govern such issues as wastewater, storm water, solid and hazardous wastes and materials, air quality and matters of workplace safety. Under these laws and regulations, regardless of fault we may be liable for, among other things, the cost of investigating and remediating contamination. The amount of any such expense or related natural resource damages for which we may be held responsible could be substantial. We cannot predict the potential financial impact on our business if adverse environmental, health, or safety conditions are discovered, or environmental, health, and safety requirements become more stringent. If we are required to incur environmental, health, or safety compliance or remediation costs that are not currently anticipated and accrued by us, our financial position, results of operations and cash flows could be materially adversely affected, depending on the magnitude of the cost.
Changes in tax laws and interpretations could adversely affect our business.

We are subject to income and other taxes in the U.S. and in numerous foreign jurisdictions. Our domestic and foreign tax provisions are dependent on the jurisdictions in which profits are determined to be earned and taxed. Additionally, the amount of tax provision is subject to our interpretation of applicable tax laws in the jurisdictions in which we operate. A number of factors influence our effective tax rate, including changes in tax laws and treaties as well as the interpretation of existing laws and rules. Federal, state, and local governments and administrative bodies within the U.S., which represents a majority of our operations, and other foreign jurisdictions have implemented, or are considering, a variety of broad tax, trade, and other regulatory reforms that may impact us. For example, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act enacted on December 22, 2017 resulted in changes in our federal corporate tax rate, our deferred income taxes, and the taxation of foreign earnings. It is not currently possible to accurately determine the potential impact of proposed or future changes, but such changes could have a material impact on our business.
Results of tax examinations may adversely affect our future results of operations.
We are subject to various tax examinations on an ongoing basis. Adverse results of tax examinations for income, payroll, value added, sales-based and other taxes may require future material tax payments if we are unable to sustain our position with the relevant jurisdiction. Where appropriate, we have made accruals for these matters which are reflected in our Consolidated Balance Sheets and Statements of Operations.
Risks Related to Our Indebtedness
Our debt instruments impose certain restrictions on our ability to operate which in turn could negatively affect our ability to respond to business and market conditions and therefore could have an adverse effect on our business and results of operations.
As of December 31, 2020, we had $97.2 million in outstanding short and long-term borrowings under our credit facilities, and finance leases, excluding trade payables and operating leases. The terms of the agreements under which this indebtedness was incurred may limit or restrict, among other things, our ability to incur certain additional debt, make certain restricted payments, consummate certain asset sales, and enter into certain transactions with affiliates.

We are also required to maintain a total leverage ratio and fixed charge coverage ratio under our credit agreement. Our inability to meet these ratios could result in the acceleration of the repayment of the outstanding obligations under the Credit Agreement, the termination of the lenders’ commitment to provide our revolving line of credit thereunder, the increase in our effective cost of funds or the cross-default of other credit arrangements. As a result, our ability to operate may be restricted and our ability to respond to business and market conditions may be limited, which could have an adverse effect on our business and operating results.
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If the interest rates on our borrowings increase, our access to capital and net income could be adversely affected.
Our Credit Agreement and finance leases are variable-rate instruments which expose us to interest rate risks. If interest rates increase, debt service obligations and our interest expense will increase even though the amount borrowed remains the same. Our net income and cash flows, including cash available for servicing indebtedness, will correspondingly decrease.
An increase in interest rates may increase our future borrowing costs and restrict our access to capital. Additionally, current market conditions, the recovering global economy, and overall credit conditions could limit our availability of capital, which could cause increases in interest margin spreads over underlying indices, effectively increasing the cost of our borrowing. While some of our debt instruments have contractually negotiated spreads, any changes to these spreads in connection with renegotiation of our Credit Agreement or finance leases could adversely affect our results of operations.
The interest rates under our Credit Agreement may be adjusted for the phase-out of LIBOR.
LIBOR, the London Interbank Offered Rate, is the basic rate of interest used in lending between banks on the London interbank market and is widely used as a reference for setting the interest rates on loans globally. We generally use LIBOR as a reference rate to calculate interest rates under our Credit Agreement. In 2017, the United Kingdom’s Financial Conduct Authority, which regulates LIBOR, announced that it intends to phase out LIBOR by the end of 2021. The U.S. Federal Reserve, in conjunction with the Alternative Reference Rates Committee, a steering committee comprised of large U.S. financial institutions, is considering replacing U.S. dollar LIBOR with a new index, the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”), calculated using short-term repurchase agreements backed by Treasury securities. SOFR may be more volatile than LIBOR. If LIBOR ceases to exist, we may need to renegotiate our Credit Agreement to replace LIBOR, and the interest rate under our Credit Agreement may change. The new rates may not be as favorable to us as those currently in effect. We may also find it desirable to engage in more frequent interest rate hedging transactions.
Risks Related to Our Common Stock
The market prices of our common stock is volatile, and is impacted by factors other than our financial performance, which could cause the value of an investment in our stock to decline.
The market price of our common stock may fluctuate substantially due to a variety of factors, many of which are beyond our control. Between January 1, 2020 and December 31, 2020, the closing price of our common stock had fluctuated from a low of $0.51 to a high of $1.48 per share. Factors that may contribute to fluctuations in the market prices of our common stock include:
failure to sustain an active, liquid trading market for our shares;
changes in financial estimates or recommendations by securities analysts or failure to meet analysts' performance expectations;
changes in market valuations of similar companies;
changes in our capital structure, such as future issuances of securities or the incurrence of debt;
sales of our capital stock by our directors or executive officers;
the gain or loss of significant customers;
actual or anticipated developments in our business or our competitors' businesses, such as announcements by us or our competitors of significant contracts, acquisitions or strategic alliances, or in the competitive landscape generally;
litigation involving us, our industry or both;
additions or departures of key personnel;
investors' general perception of us;
our stock repurchase program; and
changes in general economic, industry and market conditions.
The stock market in recent years has experienced significant price and volume fluctuations that have affected our stock price. These types of broad market fluctuations may adversely affect the trading price of our common stock. Recent stock
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market fluctuations related to the current COVID-19 pandemic have been particularly significant. These fluctuations have often been unrelated to our operating performance. Factors that can cause such fluctuations include the impact of natural disasters and global events, such as the current COVID-19 pandemic, general market fluctuations and macroeconomic conditions, any of which may cause the market price of our common stock to fluctuate widely.
In the past, stockholders have sometimes instituted securities class action litigation against companies following periods of volatility in the market price of their securities. Any similar litigation against us could result in substantial costs, divert management's attention as well as our other resources and could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.
There can be no assurance that we will declare cash dividends or repurchase shares of our common stock.
Our Board of Directors has declared quarterly dividends in the past. Management resumed declaring quarterly dividends in the fourth quarter of 2020, with approval by our Board of Directors, and share repurchases. Our ability to continue to pay quarterly dividends and to repurchase our shares is subject to capital availability and periodic determinations by our Board of Directors that cash dividends and share repurchases are in the best interest of our shareholders and are in compliance with applicable laws. Our dividend payments and share repurchases may change from time to time. Management currently intends to continue quarterly dividends, subject to approval by our Board of Directors, and share repurchases, but cannot provide any assurance as to the timing, sustainability, or of any particular amounts of any such dividends and share repurchases in the future. A suspension in our dividend payments or share repurchases could have a negative effect on the price of our common stock and returns on investment to our shareholders.
If we cannot meet the New York Stock Exchange continued listing requirements, the NYSE may delist our common stock.
Our common stock is currently listed on the NYSE. In the future, if we are not able to meet the continued listing requirements of the NYSE, which require, among other things, that the average closing price of our common stock be above $1.00 over 30 consecutive trading days, our common stock may be delisted. The closing price of our common stock on February 22, 2021 was $2.45, and on December 31, 2020, closed at $1.48. If we are unable to satisfy the NYSE criteria for continued listing, our common stock would be subject to delisting. A delisting of our common stock could negatively impact us by, among other things, reducing the liquidity and market price of our common stock; reducing the number of investors willing to hold or acquire our common stock, which could negatively impact our ability to raise equity financing; decreasing our analyst coverage; and limiting our ability to issue additional securities or obtain additional financing in the future. In addition, delisting from the NYSE might negatively impact our reputation and, as a consequence, its business.

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
    None.
Item 2. Properties
At the end of 2020, we operated 148 service centers, of which 126 were in the United States, 9 were in Canada, 7 were in China, 2 were in London, England, 2 were in India, 1 was in Australia and 1 was in United Arab Emirates. We also occupied a technology center in Kolkata, India, as well as other facilities, including our executive offices located in San Ramon, California.
In total, the Company occupied approximately 1.0 million square feet as of December 31, 2020.
We lease nearly all of our service centers, and each of our administrative facilities and our technology centers. In addition to the facilities that are owned, our fixed assets are comprised primarily of machinery and equipment, vehicles, and computer equipment. We believe that our facilities are adequate and appropriate for the purposes for which they are currently used in our operations and are well maintained.
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Item 3. Legal Proceedings
We are involved, and will continue to be involved, in legal proceedings arising out of the conduct of our business, including commercial and employment-related lawsuits. Some of these lawsuits purport or may be determined to be class actions and seek substantial damages, and some may remain unresolved for several years. We establish accruals for specific legal proceedings when it is considered probable that a loss has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. Our evaluation of whether a loss is reasonably probable is based on our assessment and consultation with legal counsel regarding the ultimate outcome of the matter. As of December 31, 2020, we have accrued for the potential impact of loss contingencies that are probable and reasonably estimable. We do not currently believe that the ultimate resolution of any of these matters will have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition, or cash flows. However, the results of these matters cannot be predicted with certainty, and an unfavorable resolution of one or more of these matters could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition, or cash flows.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Not applicable.
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PART II
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Our common stock, par value $0.001, is listed on the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) under the stock symbol “ARC”.
Holders
As of February 23, 2021, the approximate number of stockholders of record of our common stock was 115. Because many of the shares of our common stock are held by brokers and other institutions on behalf of stockholders, we are unable to estimate the total number of beneficial owners represented by these stockholders of record.
Dividends
In December 2020, the Company's Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.01 per share that is payable on February 26, 2021 to shareholders of record as of January 29, 2021. The timing, declaration and payment of future dividends, however, falls within the discretion of the Company’s Board of Directors and will depend upon many factors, including the Company’s financial condition and earnings, the capital requirements of our business, restrictions imposed by applicable law and any other factors the Board of Directors deems relevant from time to time.
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
The following table presents information regarding the Company's repurchases of its common stock for the periods presented:
(In thousands, except for price per share)(a) Total Number of
Shares Purchased (1)
(b) Average Price Paid per Share ($)(c) Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs(d) Approximate Dollar Value of Shares That May Yet Be Purchased Under The Plans or Programs (1)
Period
November 1, 2020—November 30, 2020114 $1.34 114 $10,551 
December 1, 2020—December 31, 2020467 $1.39 467 $9,901 
Total repurchases during the fourth quarter of 2020581 581 
(1) The Company's Board of Directors approved a stock repurchase program that authorizes the Company to purchase up to $15.0 million of the Company's outstanding common stock through March 31, 2023. Under the repurchase program, purchases of shares of common stock may be made from time to time in the open market, or in privately negotiated transactions, in compliance with applicable state and federal securities laws. The timing and amounts of any purchases will be based on market conditions and other factors including price, regulatory requirements, and capital availability. The stock repurchase program does not obligate the Company to acquire any specific number of shares in any period, and may be expanded, extended, modified or discontinued at any time without prior notice.
Securities Authorized for Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans
Information regarding the securities authorized for issuance under our equity compensation plans can be found under Item 12 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Item 6. Selected Financial Data
Not applicable.

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Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Business Summary
ARC Document Solutions, Inc. (“ARC Document Solutions,” “ARC,” “we,” “us,” or “our”) provides a wide variety of document distribution and graphic production services to facilitate communication for professionals in the design, marketing, commercial real estate, education, construction and related fields.

Our customers need us to manage the special production needs, volume, complexity and workflow of their documents. We help them reduce their costs and increase their efficiency by improving their access and control over documents, and we offer a wide variety of ways to access, distribute, collaborate on, and store documents.

Each of our service offerings is enabled through a suite of supporting proprietary technology and a wide variety of value-added services. We have categorized our service and product offerings to report distinct sales recognized from:

Construction Document and Information Management (CDIM), which consists of professional services to manage and distribute documents and information related to construction projects and related project-based businesses outside of the architectural, engineering and construction (AEC) industry. Our reconfiguration of the Company's sales and marketing functions in late-2019, as well as customer needs driven by the COVID-19 pandemic, have led to the significant expansion of the non-AEC segment of our CDIM business, primarily through the provision of color graphics and signage. CDIM sales also include software services such as SKYSITE®, our cloud-based project communication application, as well as providing document and information management services that are often technology-enabled. The bulk of our current revenue from CDIM comes from large-format and small-format printing services we provide in both black and white and in color.

Managed Print Services (MPS), which consists of placement, management, and optimization of print and imaging equipment in our customers' offices, job sites, and other facilities. MPS relieves our customers of the burden of owning and managing print devices and print networks, and shifts their costs to a “per-use” basis. MPS is supported by our proprietary technology, Abacus, which allows our customers to capture, control, manage, print, and account for their documents. MPS sales represent recurring, contracted revenue in which we are paid a single cost per unit of material used, often referred to as a “click charge.” MPS sales are driven by the ongoing print needs of our customers at their facilities. Because the recent pandemic has forced a large number of our clients to direct their employees to work from home, MPS volume and sales have declined over the past year.

Archiving and Information Management (AIM), which consists of software and professional services to facilitate the capture, management, access and retrieval of documents and information that have been produced in the past. AIM includes our SKYSITE software application to organize, search and retrieve documents, as well as the provision of services that include the capture and conversion of hardcopy and electronic documents, and their cloud-based storage and maintenance. A growing portion of our sales are being driven by our ability to handle protected health information (PHI) as our regional scanning centers are HIPAA-compliant. AIM sales are driven by the need to leverage past intellectual property for present or future use, facilitate cost savings and efficiency improvements over current hardcopy and digital storage methods, as well as comply with regulatory and records retention requirements. Remote access to digital documents driven by work-from-home conditions created by the recent pandemic have also contributed to recent sales in this area of our business.

Equipment and Supplies, which consists of reselling printing, imaging, and related equipment to customers primarily to architectural, engineering and construction firms.

We have expanded our business beyond the services we traditionally provided to the architectural, engineering, construction, and building owner/operator (AEC/O) industry in the past and are currently focused on growing MPS, AIM and CDIM, as we believe the mix of services demanded by the AEC/O industry continues to shift toward document management at customer locations and in the cloud, and away from its historical emphasis on large-format construction drawings produced “offsite” in our service centers.
We deliver our services via the cloud, through a nationwide network of service centers, regionally-based technical specialists, locally-based sales executives, and a national/regional sales force known as Global Solutions.
Based on our analysis of our operating results, we estimate that sales to the AEC/O industry accounted for approximately 69% of our net sales for 2020, with the remaining 31% consisting of sales to businesses outside of the AEC/O industry.
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Costs and Expenses
Our cost of sales consists primarily of materials (paper, toner and other consumables), labor, and “indirect costs” which consist primarily of equipment expenses related to our MPS contracts and our service center facilities. Facilities and equipment expenses include maintenance, repairs, rents, insurance, and depreciation. Paper is the largest component of our material cost; however, paper pricing typically does not significantly affect our operating margins due, in part, to our efforts to pass increased costs on to our customers. We closely monitor material cost as a percentage of net sales to measure volume and waste. We also track labor utilization, or net sales per employee, to measure productivity and determine staffing levels.
We maintain low levels of inventory. Historically, our capital expenditure requirements have varied due to the cost and availability of finance lease lines of credit. Our relationships with credit providers have provided attractive lease rates over the past two years, and as a result, we chose to lease rather than purchase equipment in a significant portion of our engagements.
Research and development costs consist mainly of the salaries, leased building space, and computer equipment that comprises our data storage and development centers in San Ramon, California and Kolkata, India. Such costs are primarily recorded to cost of sales.




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COVID-19 Pandemic

The global spread of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) has negatively impacted the global economy, disrupted global supply chains and created significant volatility and disruption of financial markets. The impact of this pandemic has created significant prolonged uncertainty in the global economy and has negatively affected our business, employees, suppliers, and customers. Despite a strong start to the year thanks to a reconfiguration of our sales and marketing functions in late -2019, the decline in demand for our products and services that began in late March 2020 as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, negatively impacted our sales and profitability during 2020. The duration of these trends and the magnitude of such impacts cannot be precisely estimated at this time, as they are affected by a number of factors, many of which are outside management’s control, including those presented in Item 1A. Risk Factors of this Annual Report. To adapt to the uncertainty and shifting demands brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic, we began to transform our business during the second quarter of 2020 into a smaller but stronger company, offering a range of products beyond the construction vertical and our historical print segments, and reconfiguring our operations and cost structure to fit the needs of our customers in the current market. We have repositioned the Company based on the belief that there is potential for new growth and similar, if not better margins, barring any unforeseen changes that may arise due to the COVID-19 pandemic or otherwise.

Sustained adverse impacts to us, as well as to certain of our suppliers, dealers or customers may also affect our future valuation of certain assets and therefore may increase the likelihood of an impairment charge, write-off, or reserve associated with such assets, including goodwill, intangible assets, property and equipment, inventories, accounts receivable, tax assets, and other assets.

We believe that we have taken appropriate measures to mitigate the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic as it relates to the health and safety of our employees and customers. As the situation continues to persist, we will continue to analyze additional mitigation measures that may be needed to preserve the health and safety of our workforce and our customers, and the ongoing continuity of our business operations. Those measures might include temporarily suspending operations at select service centers, modifying workspaces, continuing social distancing protocols, incorporating additional personal protective equipment and/or incorporating health screening policies at our facilities, or such other industry best practices needed to comply with applicable government orders and to continue to maintain a healthy and safe environment for our employees during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Given the ongoing economic uncertainty resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, we have taken actions to improve our current liquidity position, including reducing working capital, suspending share repurchases and dividend payouts for a portion of 2020, postponing capital expenditures, reducing operating costs, initiating workforce reductions and salary reductions, and substantially reducing discretionary spending.

We are the largest document services provider to industries that build and maintain our country's infrastructure and thus were considered an essential business and permitted to remain open in most markets during 2020. We also serve the housing, healthcare, and technology industries, and we were able to keep almost all of our 148 service centers open, though at reduced volumes, in order to fulfill our customers' needs. However, there is uncertainty around the extent and duration of interruptions to our business related to the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as the pandemic's overall impact on the U.S. economy, on our clients' ongoing business operations, and on our results of operations and financial condition. While our management team is actively monitoring the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, and may take further actions altering our business operations that we determine are in the best interests of our employees and clients or as required by federal, state, or local authorities, the full impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the results of our operations, financial condition, or liquidity for the future cannot be estimated at this point. The following discussions are subject to the future effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on our ongoing business operations.
 












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Results of Operations

2020 Versus 2019
 Year Ended December 31,Increase (decrease)
(In millions, except percentages)
2020 (1)
2019
$ (1)
%
CDIM$175.5 $205.5 $(30.0)(14.6)%
MPS79.3 123.3 (44.0)(35.7)%
AIM12.3 14.1 (1.8)(12.7)%
Total services sales$267.2 $342.9 $(75.8)(22.1)%
Equipment and Supplies Sales22.3 39.5 (17.2)(43.5)%
Total net sales$289.5 $382.4 $(92.9)(24.3)%
Gross profit$92.9 $125.2 $(32.3)(25.8)%
Selling, general and administrative expenses$79.0 $107.3 $(28.2)(26.3)%
Amortization of intangibles$1.5 $3.1 $(1.6)(52.2)%
Restructuring expense$ $0.7 $(0.7)(100.0)%
Loss on extinguishment and modification of debt$ $0.4 $(0.4)(100.0)%
Interest expense, net$3.9 $5.2 $(1.3)(25.2)%
Income tax provision $2.7 $5.7 $(3.0)(52.0)%
Net income attributable to ARC$6.2 $3.0 $3.2 105.2 %
Adjusted net income attributable to ARC (2)
$6.3 $6.8 $(0.5)(7.2)%
Cash flows provided by operating activities$54.5 $52.8 $1.7 3.2 %
EBITDA (2)
$43.2 $45.9 $(2.7)(5.8)%
Adjusted EBITDA (2)
$44.8 $49.4 $(4.6)(9.3)%
 
(1)Column does not foot due to rounding.
(2)See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" following "Results of Operations" for more information related to our Non-GAAP disclosures.


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The following table provides information on the percentages of certain items of selected financial data as a percentage of net sales for the periods indicated:
 
 As Percentage of Net Sales
Year Ended December 31,
 
2020 (1)
2019
Net Sales100.0 %100.0 %
Cost of sales67.9 67.3 
Gross profit32.1 32.7 
Selling, general and administrative expenses27.3 28.0 
Amortization of intangibles0.5 0.8 
Restructuring expense 0.2 
Income from operations4.3 3.7 
Loss on extinguishment and modification of debt 0.1 
Interest expense, net1.4 1.4 
Income before income tax provision3.0 2.2 
Income tax provision0.9 1.5 
Net income 2.0 0.7 
Loss attributable to the noncontrolling interest0.1 — 
Net income attributable to ARC2.1 %0.8 %
EBITDA (2)
14.9 %12.0 %
Adjusted EBITDA (2)
15.5 %12.9 %
 
(1)Column does not foot due to rounding.
(2)See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" following "Results of Operations" for more information related to our Non-GAAP disclosures.

Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2020 Compared to Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2019
Net Sales
Net sales in 2020 decreased 24.3%, compared to 2019. The decrease in net sales was due to the negative impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on sales from all our service offerings.
CDIM. Sales of CDIM services in 2020 decreased $30.0 million, or 14.6%, compared to 2019. The decrease in sales of CDIM services was due to the COVID-19 pandemic. CDIM services represented 61% and 54% of total net sales for 2020 and 2019, respectively. The impact of the pandemic on CDIM was not as pronounced as other parts of our business due to the expansion of products and services beyond the construction vertical and our historical print segments that resulted from the reconfiguration of our sales and marketing functions in late-2019, as well as demand for COVID-19-related and other color signage.
MPS. Sales of MPS services in 2020 decreased $44.0 million or 35.7%. The decline in MPS sales was driven primarily by office employees in the U.S. and Canada who followed directives to work from home, significantly reducing the volume of printing done in our customers' offices. MPS engagements on construction job sites continued to operate, and many customers have required minimums that helped mitigate the drop in print volumes. We have experienced modest improvement in net sales sequentially after April 2020 when work-from-home orders started to lift in most states. Revenues from MPS services sales represented approximately 27% and 32% of total net sales for 2020 and 2019, respectively.
The number of MPS locations have remained relatively flat year-over-year at approximately 10,750 as of December 31, 2020.

AIM. Year-over-year sales of AIM services decreased by $1.8 million, or 12.7%, in 2020, compared to 2019. The decrease in AIM was primarily driven by the lack of office activity resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, which caused a reduction in scanning opportunities. We continue to drive an expansion of our addressable market for AIM services by targeting building
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owners and facilities managers that require on-demand access to legacy documents to operate their assets efficiently. We believe over time, with the expansion of our addressable market and the desire of our customers to have digital access to documents wherever they work, that our AIM services will grow in the future.
Equipment and Supplies. Equipment and Supplies sales decreased by $17.2 million, or 43.5%, in 2020, compared to 2019, primarily driven by the slowdown in China related to the COVID-19 pandemic, which decreased sales from UNIS Document Solutions Co. LTD ("UDS"), our Chinese joint venture. Equipment and Supplies sales represented approximately 8% of total net sales for 2020 and approximately 10% for 2019. Equipment and Supplies sales derived from UDS, were $7.7 million in 2020, as compared to $19.6 million in 2019. Traditionally, our customers in China have exhibited a preference for owning print and imaging related equipment opposed to using equipment through onsite services arrangements. We do not anticipate growth in Equipment and Supplies sales due to the softening of the Chinese market as well as our focus on growing MPS sales and converting sales contracts to MPS agreements.
Gross Profit
Gross profit decreased to $92.9 million in 2020, compared to $125.2 million in 2019. Gross margin decreased to 32.1% in 2020, compared to 32.7% in 2019, on a net sales decrease of $92.9 million.
Despite the 24.3% drop in net sales due to the COVID-19 pandemic, gross margin during 2020 decreased by just 60 basis points. Gross margins were aided by the drop in low margin Equipment and Supplies sales and cost saving activities in connection with the restructuring plan we initiated in the third quarter of 2019, as well as cost savings initiated in response to the current COVID-19 pandemic. During the second quarter of 2020 we reconfigured our operating structure and costs to serve new customer needs and to reflect the reduction in our revenues as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased by $28.2 million or 26.3% in 2020 compared to 2019. The reduction was due to cost saving activities in connection with the restructuring plan we initiated in the third quarter of 2019, as well as cost savings initiated in response to the current COVID-19 pandemic including headcount reductions, suspension of most business travel, reduced consulting expenses, and reduced bonuses and commissions.
Amortization of Intangibles
Amortization of intangibles of $1.5 million in 2020 decreased compared to 2019, primarily due to the completed amortization of certain customer relationships related to historical acquisitions.
Interest Expense, Net
Net interest expense totaled $3.9 million in 2020, compared to $5.2 million in 2019. The decrease in 2020 compared to 2019 was due to our continued pay down of our long-term debt, decrease in LIBOR, and decrease in bank debt interest spread due to the improvement in our leverage ratio.
Income Taxes

We recorded an income tax provision of $2.7 million in relation to a pretax income of $8.5 million for 2020, which resulted in an effective income tax rate of 32.2%. Our effective income tax rate for 2020 was primarily impacted by certain stock-based compensation, a change in valuation allowances against certain deferred tax assets and non-deductible expenses. Excluding the impact of valuation allowances, Internal Revenue Code Section 162(m), and other discrete tax items, our effective income tax rate for the consolidated company would have been 30.0% and our effective income tax rate attributable to ARC Document Solutions, Inc. would have been 28.8%.

We recorded an income tax provision of $5.7 million in relation to a pretax income of $8.6 million for 2019, which resulted in an effective income tax rate of 66.8%. Excluding the impact of valuation allowances, Internal Revenue Code Section 162(m), and other discrete tax items, our effective income tax rate would have been 31.9%.
Noncontrolling Interest
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest represents 35% of the income of our Chinese joint venture with UDS and its subsidiaries, which together comprise our Chinese joint-venture operations.

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Net Income Attributable to ARC
Net income attributable to ARC was $6.2 million in 2020, as compared to $3.0 million in 2019. The increase in net income attributable to ARC in 2020 compared to the prior year is driven by the decrease in income taxes as 2019 had a significant tax expense related to nonqualified stock options that expired in 2019.
EBITDA
EBITDA margin increased to 14.9% in 2020 from 12.0% in 2019. Excluding the effect of stock-based compensation, restructuring expense, and the loss on extinguishment and modification of debt, adjusted EBITDA margin increased to 15.5% in 2020 from 12.9% in 2019. The increase in adjusted EBITDA in 2020 was primarily due to the significant decline in selling, general and administrative expenses, as noted above.
Impact of Inflation
We do not believe inflation has had a significant effect on our operations. Price increases for raw materials, such as paper and fuel charges, typically have been, and we expect will continue to be, passed on to customers in the ordinary course of business.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures.
EBITDA and related ratios presented in this report are supplemental measures of our performance that are not required by or presented in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). These measures are not measurements of our financial performance under GAAP and should not be considered as alternatives to net income, income from operations, or any other performance measures derived in accordance with GAAP or as an alternative to cash flows from operating, investing or financing activities as a measure of our liquidity.
EBITDA represents net income before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization. EBITDA margin is a non-GAAP measure calculated by dividing EBITDA by net sales.
We have presented EBITDA and related ratios because we consider them important supplemental measures of our performance and liquidity. We believe investors may also find these measures meaningful, given how our management makes use of them. The following is a discussion of our use of these measures.
We use EBITDA to measure and compare the performance of our operating segments. Our operating segments’ financial performance includes all of the operating activities except debt and taxation which are managed at the corporate level for U.S. operating segments. We use EBITDA to compare the performance of our divisions and to measure performance for determining consolidated-level compensation. In addition, we use EBITDA to evaluate potential acquisitions and potential capital expenditures.
EBITDA and related ratios have limitations as analytical tools, and should not be considered in isolation, or as a substitute for analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. Some of these limitations are as follows:
They do not reflect our cash expenditures, or future requirements for capital expenditures and contractual commitments;
They do not reflect changes in, or cash requirements for, our working capital needs;
They do not reflect the significant interest expense, or the cash requirements necessary, to service interest or principal payments on our debt;
Although depreciation and amortization are non-cash charges, the assets being depreciated and amortized will often have to be replaced in the future, and EBITDA does not reflect any cash requirements for such replacements; and
Other companies, including companies in our industry, may calculate these measures differently than we do, limiting their usefulness as comparative measures.
Because of these limitations, EBITDA and related ratios should not be considered as measures of discretionary cash available to us to invest in business growth or to reduce our indebtedness. We compensate for these limitations by relying primarily on our GAAP results and using EBITDA and related ratios only as supplements.
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Our presentation of adjusted net income and adjusted EBITDA is an attempt to provide meaningful comparisons to our historical performance for our existing and future investors. The unprecedented changes in our end markets over the past several years have required us to take measures that are unique in our history and specific to individual circumstances. Comparisons inclusive of these actions make normal financial and other performance patterns difficult to discern under a strict GAAP presentation. Each non-GAAP presentation, however, is explained in detail in the reconciliation tables below.
Specifically, we have presented adjusted net income attributable to ARC and adjusted earnings per share attributable to ARC shareholders for 2020 and 2019 to reflect the exclusion of loss on extinguishment and modification of debt, restructuring expense, changes in the valuation allowances related to certain deferred tax assets and other discrete tax items. This presentation facilitates a meaningful comparison of our operating results for 2020 and 2019. We believe these changes were the result of items which are not indicative of our actual operating performance.
We have presented adjusted EBITDA for 2020 and 2019 to exclude loss on extinguishment and modification of debt, restructuring expense, and stock-based compensation expense. The adjustment of EBITDA for these items is consistent with the definition of adjusted EBITDA in our Credit Agreement; therefore, we believe this information is useful to investors in assessing our financial performance.
The following is a reconciliation of cash flows provided by operating activities to EBITDA: 
 Year Ended December 31,
(In thousands)20202019
Cash flows provided by operating activities$54,478 $52,781 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities(13,229)(9,479)
Non-cash expenses(5,096)(8,558)
Income tax provision2,749 5,724 
Interest expense, net3,908 5,226 
Loss attributable to the noncontrolling interest395 175 
EBITDA$43,205 $45,869 

The following is a reconciliation of net income attributable to ARC Document Solutions, Inc. shareholders to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA:
 Year Ended December 31,
(In thousands)20202019
Net income attributable to ARC Document Solutions, Inc. shareholders$6,188 $3,015 
Interest expense, net3,908 5,226 
Income tax provision2,749 5,724 
Depreciation and amortization30,360 31,904 
EBITDA43,205 45,869 
Loss on extinguishment and modification of debt 389 
Restructuring expense 660 
Stock-based compensation1,571 2,459 
Adjusted EBITDA$44,776 $49,377 
The following is a reconciliation of net income margin attributable to ARC to EBITDA margin and Adjusted EBITDA margin:
 Year Ended December 31,
 
2020 (1)
2019
Net income margin attributable to ARC2.1 %0.8 %
Interest expense, net1.4 1.4 
Income tax provision0.9 1.5 
Depreciation and amortization10.5 8.3 
EBITDA margin14.9 12.0 
Loss on extinguishment and modification of debt 0.1 
Restructuring expense 0.2 
Stock-based compensation0.5 0.6 
Adjusted EBITDA margin15.5 %12.9 %
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(1)Column does not foot due to rounding.
The following is a reconciliation of net income attributable to ARC Document Solutions, Inc. shareholders to Adjusted net income and Adjusted earnings per share attributable to ARC Document Solutions, Inc. shareholders:
 Year Ended December 31,
(In thousands, except per share data)20202019
Net income attributable to ARC Document Solutions, Inc. shareholders$6,188 $3,015 
Loss on extinguishment and modification of debt 389 
Restructuring expense 660 
Income tax benefit related to above items (273)
Deferred tax valuation allowance and other discrete tax items118 3,006 
Adjusted net income attributable to ARC Document Solutions, Inc. shareholders$6,306 $6,797 
Actual:
Earnings per share attributable to ARC Document Solutions, Inc. shareholders:
Basic$0.14 $0.07 
Diluted$0.14 $0.07 
Weighted average common shares outstanding:
Basic42,925 44,997 
Diluted43,021 45,083 
Adjusted:
Earnings per share attributable to ARC Document Solutions, Inc. shareholders:
Basic$0.15 $0.15 
Diluted$0.15 $0.15 
Weighted average common shares outstanding:
Basic42,925 44,997 
Diluted43,021 45,083 

Liquidity and Capital Resources
Our principal sources of cash have been cash flows from operations and borrowings under our debt and lease agreements. Our recent historical uses of cash have been for ongoing operations, payment of principal and interest on outstanding debt obligations, capital expenditures and stock repurchases.
We continually assess our capital allocation strategy, including decisions relating to dividends, stock repurchases, capital expenditures, and debt pay-downs. In December 2019 and February of 2020, our board of directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.01 per share that was paid in February and May of 2020, respectively. We then suspended dividends and stock repurchases due to uncertainties caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. In December 2020, we recommenced our dividend program. We expect to continue to pay quarterly cash dividends at or above the level approved in December 2020.  The timing, declaration and payment of future dividends, however, falls within the discretion of the Company’s Board of Directors and will depend upon many factors, including our financial condition and earnings, the capital requirements of our business, restrictions imposed by applicable law and any other factors the board of directors deems relevant from time to time.
Our Board of Directors approved a stock repurchase program that authorized us to purchase up to $15.0 million of the Company's outstanding common stock through March 31, 2023. Purchases may be made from time to time in the open market at prevailing market prices or in privately negotiated transactions. During the year ended December 31, 2020 we repurchased 2.6 million in common stock for a total purchase price of $3.2 million. During the year ended December 31, 2019, we repurchased 1.3 million in common stock for a total purchase price of $1.9 million.
Total cash and cash equivalents as of December 31, 2020 was $55.0 million. Of this amount, $17.0 million was held in foreign countries, with $14.9 million held in China. Repatriation of some of our cash and cash equivalents in foreign countries could be subject to delay for local country approvals and could have potential adverse tax consequences. As a result of holding cash and cash equivalents outside of the U.S., our financial flexibility may be reduced.
Supplemental information pertaining to our historical sources and uses of cash is presented as follows and should be read in conjunction with our Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows and notes thereto included elsewhere in this report.
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 Year Ended December 31,
(In thousands)20202019
Net cash provided by operating activities$54,478 $52,781 
Net cash used in investing activities$(5,928)$(12,244)
Net cash used in financing activities$(23,985)$(40,433)

Operating Activities
Cash flows from operations are primarily driven by sales and net profit generated from these sales, excluding non-cash charges.
The increase in cash flows from operations in 2020 was primarily a result of the sustained profitability in 2020, despite the COVID-19 pandemic, and active management of operating assets and liabilities. Days sales outstanding (“DSO”) was 51 days as of December 31, 2020 and 50 days as of December 31, 2019. We reduced inventory by more than $4.0 million during 2020. We are closely managing cash collections which have remained consistent since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Investing Activities
Net cash used in investing activities was primarily related to capital expenditures. We incurred capital expenditures totaling $6.4 million and $12.9 million, in 2020 and 2019, respectively. The decrease in capital expenditures from 2019 to 2020 is driven primarily by a concerted effort to reduce and closely manage our use of cash during the COVID-19 pandemic.
As we continue to foster our relationships with credit providers and obtain attractive lease rates, we have increasingly chosen to lease rather than purchase equipment.
Financing Activities
Net cash of $24.0 million used in financing activities in 2020 primarily relates to payments on our revolver debt agreement, finance leases and share repurchases. As part of our cash management initiatives during the COVID-19 pandemic, we successfully negotiated a deferment of approximately $4.4 million of equipment capital lease payments during 2020 that will primarily be added to the back end of each individual equipment lease end date.
Our cash position, working capital, and debt obligations as of December 31, 2020 and 2019 are shown below and should be read in conjunction with our Consolidated Balance Sheets and notes thereto contained elsewhere in this report.
 
December 31,
(In Thousands)20202019
Cash and cash equivalents$54,950 $29,425 
Working capital$32,500 $20,008 
Borrowings from revolving credit facility$55,000 $60,000 
Other debt obligations42,236 46,157 
Total debt obligations$97,236 $106,157 

The increase of $12.5 million in working capital in 2020 was primarily driven by the increase in cash of approximately $26.0 million over 2019, partially offset by the $15.0 million decrease in accounts receivable. To manage our working capital, we chiefly focus on our DSO and monitor the aging of our accounts receivable, as receivables are the most significant element of our working capital.
We believe that our current cash and cash equivalents balance of $55.0 million, availability under our revolving credit facility, availability under our equipment lease lines, and cash flows provided by operations should be adequate to cover the next twelve months of working capital needs, debt requirements consisting of scheduled principal and interest payments, and planned capital expenditures, to the extent such items are known or are reasonably determinable based on current business and market conditions. See “Debt Obligations” section for further information related to our revolving credit facility.
As the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the economy and our operations evolves, we will continue to assess our liquidity needs. The COVID-19 pandemic has negatively impacted the global economy, disrupted global supply chains and created significant volatility and disruption of financial markets. An extended period of global supply chain and economic
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disruption could materially affect our business, results of operations, ability to meet debt covenants, access to sources of liquidity and financial condition. Given the economic uncertainty as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, we have taken actions to improve our current liquidity position by reducing working capital, suspending share repurchases and dividend payouts for a portion of 2020, postponing capital expenditures, reducing operating costs, initiating workforce reductions and salary reductions, and substantially reducing discretionary spending. Additionally, we have actively deferred equipment lease payments with certain lessors and deferred facility rent payments with some landlords. We have seen the benefits of these actions as evidenced by the increase of our U.S. cash balance as of December 31, 2020, of approximately $24 million.
We generate the majority of our revenue from sales of services and products to the AEC/O industry. As a result, our operating results and financial condition can be significantly affected by economic factors that influence the AEC/O industry, including the COVID-19 pandemic which has already reduced non-residential construction spending. Additionally, a general economic downturn may adversely affect the ability of our customers and suppliers to obtain financing for significant operations and purchases, and to perform their obligations under their agreements with us. We believe that credit constraints in the financial markets could result in a decrease in, or cancellation of, existing business, could limit new business, and could negatively affect our ability to collect our accounts receivable on a timely basis.
We have not been actively seeking growth through acquisition, nor do we intend to in the near future.
Debt Obligations
Credit Agreement
On December 17, 2019, we entered into an amendment (the "2019 Amendment") to our Credit Agreement, dated as of November 20, 2014 ("Credit Agreement") with Wells Fargo Bank.
The 2019 Amendment increased the maximum aggregate principal amount of Revolving Loans under the Credit Agreement from $65 million to $80 million. Proceeds of a portion of the Revolving Loans drawn under the Credit Agreement were used to fully repay the $49.5 million term loan that was then outstanding under the Credit Agreement (the "Term Loan").
The 2019 Amendment also modified certain tests we are required to meet in order to pay dividends, repurchase stock and make other restricted payments. In order to make such payments which are permitted subject to certain customary conditions set forth in the Credit Agreement, the amount of all such payments will be limited to $15 million during any twelve-month period. Per the 2019 Amendment, when calculating the fixed charge coverage ratio we may now exclude up to $10 million of such restricted payments that would otherwise constitute fixed charges in any twelve month period.
As of December 31, 2020, our borrowing availability under the Revolving Loan commitment was $22.8 million, after deducting outstanding letters of credit of $2.2 million and an outstanding Revolving Loan balance of $55.0 million.
Loans borrowed under the Credit Agreement bear interest, in the case of LIBOR rate loans, at a per annum rate equal to the applicable LIBOR rate, plus a margin ranging from 1.25% to 1.75%, based on our Total Leverage Ratio (as defined in the Credit Agreement). Loans borrowed under the Credit Agreement that are not LIBOR rate loans bear interest at a per annum rate equal to (i) the greatest of (A) the Federal Funds Rate plus 0.50%, (B) the one month LIBOR rate plus 1.00% per annum, and (C) the rate of interest announced, from time to time, by Wells Fargo Bank, National Association as its “prime rate,” plus (ii) a margin ranging from 0.25% to 0.75%, based on our Total Leverage Ratio. We pay certain recurring fees with respect to the Credit Agreement, including administration fees to the administrative agent.
Subject to certain exceptions, including in certain circumstances, reinvestment rights, the loans extended under the Credit Agreement are subject to customary mandatory prepayment provisions with respect to: the net proceeds from certain asset sales; the net proceeds from certain issuances or incurrences of debt (other than debt permitted to be incurred under the terms of the Credit Agreement); the net proceeds from certain issuances of equity securities; and net proceeds of certain insurance recoveries and condemnation events.
The Credit Agreement contains customary representations and warranties, subject to limitations and exceptions, and customary covenants restricting the ability (subject to various exceptions) of us and our subsidiaries to: incur additional indebtedness (including guarantee obligations); incur liens; sell certain property or assets; engage in mergers or other fundamental changes; consummate acquisitions; make investments; pay dividends, other distributions or repurchase equity interest of us or our subsidiaries; change the nature of their business; prepay or amend certain indebtedness; engage in certain transactions with affiliates; amend our organizational documents; or enter into certain restrictive agreements. In addition, the Credit Agreement contains financial covenants which requires us to maintain (i) at all times, a Total Leverage Ratio in an amount not to exceed 2.75 to 1.00; and (ii) a Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio (as defined in the Credit Agreement), as of the last day of each fiscal quarter, an amount not less than 1.15 to 1.00. We were in compliance with our covenants during the year ended December 31, 2020, and after considering a variety of potential effects the COVID-19 pandemic could have on our consolidated sales, as well as the actions we have already taken and other options available to us, we currently believe we will
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be in compliance with our covenants for the remainder of the term of the Credit Agreement. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, however, and the speed of economic recovery in the markets we serve is highly uncertain. If conditions change in the future due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic or for other reasons and we expect to be out of compliance as a result, we will likely seek waivers from the lenders prior to any covenant violation. Any covenant waiver may lead to increased costs, increased interest rates, additional restrictive covenants and other available lender protections that would be applicable. There can be no assurance that we would be able to obtain any such waivers in a timely manner, or on acceptable terms, or at all. If we were not able to obtain covenant violation waivers or repay our debt facilities, this would lead to an event of default and potential acceleration of amounts due under all of our outstanding debt. As a result, the failure to obtain covenant violation waivers or repay our debt obligations when they become due would have a material adverse effect on us. Refer to Part I, Item IA. Risk Factors, for more information.
The Credit Agreement contains customary events of default, including with respect to: nonpayment of principal, interest, fees or other amounts; failure to perform or observe covenants; material inaccuracy of a representation or warranty when made; cross-default to other material indebtedness; bankruptcy, insolvency and dissolution events; inability to pay debts; monetary judgment defaults; actual or asserted invalidity or impairment of any definitive loan documentation, repudiation of guaranties or subordination terms; certain ERISA related events; or a change of control.
The obligations of our subsidiary that is the borrower under the Credit Agreement are guaranteed by us and each of our other United States subsidiaries. The Credit Agreement and any interest rate protection and other hedging arrangements provided by any lender party to the Credit Agreement or any affiliate of such a lender are secured on a first priority basis by a perfected security interest in substantially all of the borrower’s, ours and each guarantor’s assets (subject to certain exceptions).
Credit Agreement

The following table sets forth the outstanding balance, borrowing capacity and applicable interest rate under Credit Agreement.
 
 December 31, 2020
BalanceAvailable
Borrowing
Capacity
Interest
Rate
 (Dollars in thousands)
Revolving Loans (1)
$55,000 $22,844 2.23 %

 (1) Revolving Loan available borrowing capacity, net of $2.2 million of outstanding standby letters of credit as of December 31, 2020.
Finance Leases
As of December 31, 2020, we had $42.2 million of finance lease obligations outstanding, with a weighted average interest rate of 4.9% and maturities between 2020 and 2026.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
As of December 31, 2020, we did not have any off-balance-sheet arrangements as defined in Item 303(a)(4)(ii) of Regulation S-K.
Critical Accounting Policies
Our management prepares financial statements in conformity with GAAP. When we prepare these consolidated financial statements, we are required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. On an on-going basis, we evaluate our estimates and judgments, including those related to accounts receivable, inventories, deferred tax assets, goodwill and intangible assets, long-lived assets and leases. We base our estimates and judgments on historical experience and on various other factors that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for our judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. To the extent that there are material differences between these estimates and actual results, our future financial statement presentation, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows will be affected. We believe that the accounting policies discussed below are critical to understanding our historical and future performance, as these policies relate to the more significant areas involving management's judgments and estimates.
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Goodwill Impairment
In accordance with ASC 350, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other, we assess goodwill for impairment annually as of September 30, and more frequently if events and circumstances indicate that goodwill might be impaired. At September 30, 2020, the Company performed its assessment and determined that goodwill was not impaired.
Goodwill impairment testing is performed at the reporting unit level. Goodwill is assigned to reporting units at the date the goodwill is initially recorded. Once goodwill has been assigned to reporting units, it no longer retains its association with a particular acquisition, and all of the activities within a reporting unit, whether acquired or internally generated, are available to support the value of the goodwill.

In 2017, we elected to early-adopt ASU 2017-04 which simplifies subsequent goodwill measurement by eliminating step two from the goodwill impairment test.

We determine the fair value of our reporting units using an income approach. Under the income approach, we determined fair value based on estimated discounted future cash flows of each reporting unit. Determining the fair value of a reporting unit is judgmental in nature and requires the use of significant estimates and assumptions, including revenue growth rates and EBITDA margins, discount rates and future market conditions, among others. The level of judgement and estimation is inherently higher in the current environment considering the uncertainty created by the COVID-19 pandemic. We have evaluated numerous factors disrupting our business and made significant assumptions which include the severity and duration of our business disruption, the timing and degree of economic recovery and ultimately, the combined effect of these assumptions on our future operating results and cash flows.

The results of the latest annual goodwill impairment test, as of September 30, 2020, were as follows:
(Dollars in thousands)Number of
Reporting
Units
Representing
Goodwill of
No goodwill balance$— 
Fair value of reporting units exceeds their carrying values by more than 100%121,051 
$121,051 
Based upon a sensitivity analysis, a reduction of approximately 50 basis points of projected EBITDA in 2020 and beyond, assuming all other assumptions remain constant, would result in no further impairment of goodwill.
Based upon a separate sensitivity analysis, a 50 basis point increase to the weighted average cost of capital would result in no further impairment of goodwill.
Given the uncertainty regarding the ultimate financial impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the proceeding economic recovery, and the changing document and printing needs of our customers and the uncertainties regarding the effect on our business, there can be no assurance that the estimates and assumptions made for purposes of our goodwill impairment testing in 2020 will prove to be accurate predictions of the future. If our assumptions, including forecasted EBITDA of certain reporting units, are not achieved, or our assumptions change regarding disruptions caused by the pandemic, and the impact on the recovery from COVID-19 change, then we may be required to record goodwill impairment charges in future periods, whether in connection with our next annual impairment testing in the third quarter of 2020, or on an interim basis, if any such change constitutes a triggering event (as defined under ASC 350, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other) outside of the quarter when we regularly perform our annual goodwill impairment test. It is not possible at this time to determine if any such future impairment charge would result or, if it does, whether such charge would be material.
Revenue Recognition
Revenue is recognized when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to our customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration that we are expected to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. We applied practical expedients related to unsatisfied performance obligations for (i) contracts with an original expected length of one year or less and (ii) contracts for which the Company recognizes revenue at the amount to which it has the right to invoice for services performed.

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CDIM consists of professional services and software services to (i) reproduce and distribute large-format and small-format documents in either black & white or color (“Ordered Prints”) and (ii) specialized graphic color printing. Substantially, all the Company’s revenue from CDIM comes from professional services to reproduce Ordered Prints. Sales of Ordered Prints are initiated through a customer order or quote and are governed by established terms and conditions agreed upon at the onset of the customer relationship. Revenue is recognized when the performance obligation under the terms of a contract with a customer are satisfied; generally, this occurs with the transfer of control of the re-produced Ordered Prints. Transfer of control occurs at a specific point-in-time, when the Ordered Prints are delivered to the customer’s site or handed to the customer for walk in orders. Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration we expect to receive in exchange for transferring goods or providing services. Taxes collected concurrent with revenue-producing activities are excluded from revenue.
MPS consists of placement, management, and optimization of print and imaging equipment in the customers' offices, job sites, and other facilities. MPS relieves the Company’s customers of the burden of purchasing print equipment and related supplies and maintaining print devices and print networks, and shifts their costs to a “per-use” basis. MPS is supported by our hosted proprietary technology, Abacus®, which allows our customers to capture, control, manage, print, and account for their documents. Under its MPS contracts, the Company is paid a fixed rate per unit for each print produced (per-use), often referred to as a “click charge”. MPS sales are driven by the ongoing print needs of the Company’s customers at their facilities. Upon the issuance of ASC 842, Leases, the Company concluded that certain of its MPS arrangements, which had previously been accounted for as service revenue under ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, are accounted for as operating leases under ASC 842. The pattern of revenue recognition for the Company's MPS revenue has remained substantially unchanged following the adoption of ASC 842. See Note 7, Leasing, for additional information.
AIM, combines software and professional services to facilitate the capture, management, access and retrieval of documents and information that have been produced in the past. AIM includes our hosted SKYSITE software to organize, search and retrieve documents, as well as the provision of services that include the capture and conversion of hardcopy and electronic documents into digital files (“Scanned Documents”), and their cloud-based storage and maintenance. Sales of AIM professional services, which represent substantially all revenue for AIM, are initiated through a customer order or proposal and are governed by established terms and conditions agreed upon at the onset of the customer relationship. Revenue is recognized when the performance obligation under the terms of a contract with a customer are satisfied; generally, this occurs with the transfer of control of the digital files. Transfer of control occurs at a specific point-in-time, when the Scanned Documents are delivered to the customer either through SKYSITE or through electronic media. Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration we expect to receive in exchange for transferring goods or providing services. Taxes collected concurrent with revenue-producing activities are excluded from revenue.

Equipment and Supplies sales consist of reselling printing, imaging, and related equipment (“Goods”) to customers primarily in architectural, engineering and construction firms. Sales of Equipment and Supplies are initiated through a customer order and are governed by established terms and conditions agreed upon at the onset of the customer relationship. Revenue is recognized when the performance obligations under the terms of a contract with a customer are satisfied; generally, this occurs with the transfer of control of the Goods. Transfer of control occurs at a specific point-in-time, when the Goods are delivered to the customer’s site. Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration we expect to receive in exchange for transferring goods or providing services. Taxes collected concurrent with revenue-producing activities are excluded from revenue. We have experienced minimal customer returns or refunds and does not offer a warranty on equipment that it is reselling.

Leases
We recognize lease assets and corresponding lease liabilities for all operating and finance leases on our Consolidated Balance Sheets, excluding short-term leases (leases with terms of 12 months or less) as described under ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). Some of our long-term operating lease agreements include options to extend, which are also factored into the recognition of their respective assets and liabilities when appropriate based on management’s assessment of the probability that the options will be exercised. Lease payments are discounted using the rate implicit in the lease, or, if not readily determinable, a third-party secured incremental borrowing rate based on information available at lease commencement. Additionally, certain of our lease agreements include escalating rents over the lease terms which, under Topic 842, results in rent being expensed on a straight-line basis over the life of the lease that commences on the date we have the right to control the property.  Finance leases were not impacted by the adoption of ASC 842, as finance lease liabilities and the corresponding ROU assets were already recorded in the balance sheet under the previous guidance, ASC 840. For additional information about the impact of the adoption of ASC 842, see Note 7, Leasing.
Income Taxes
Deferred tax assets and liabilities reflect temporary differences between the amount of assets and liabilities for financial and tax reporting purposes. Such amounts are adjusted, as appropriate, to reflect changes in tax rates expected to be in effect
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when the temporary differences reverse. A valuation allowance is recorded to reduce our deferred tax assets to the amount that is more likely than not to be realized. Changes in tax laws or accounting standards and methods may affect recorded deferred taxes in future periods.

When establishing a valuation allowance, we consider future sources of taxable income such as future reversals of existing taxable temporary differences, future taxable income exclusive of reversing temporary differences and carryforwards and tax planning strategies. A tax planning strategy is an action that: is prudent and feasible; an enterprise ordinarily might not take, but would take to prevent an operating loss or tax credit carryforward from expiring unused; and would result in realization of deferred tax assets. In the event we determine that its deferred tax assets, more likely than not, will not be realized in the future, the valuation adjustment to the deferred tax assets will be charged to earnings in the period in which we make such a determination. We have a $2.1 million valuation allowance against certain deferred tax assets as of December 31, 2020.
In future quarters we will continue to evaluate our historical results for the preceding twelve quarters and our future projections to determine whether we will generate sufficient taxable income to utilize our deferred tax assets, and whether a valuation allowance is required.
We calculate our current and deferred tax provision based on estimates and assumptions that could differ from the actual results reflected in income tax returns filed in subsequent years. Adjustments based on filed returns are recorded when identified.

Income taxes have not been provided on certain undistributed earnings of foreign subsidiaries because such earnings are considered to be permanently reinvested.

The amount of taxable income or loss we report to the various tax jurisdictions is subject to ongoing audits by federal, state and foreign tax authorities. We estimate of the potential outcome of any uncertain tax issue is subject to management’s assessment of relevant risks, facts, and circumstances existing at that time. We use a more-likely-than-not threshold for financial statement recognition and measurement of tax positions taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. We record a liability for the difference between the benefit recognized and measured and tax position taken or expected to be taken on its tax return. To the extent that our assessment of such tax positions changes, the change in estimate is recorded in the period in which the determination is made. We report tax-related interest and penalties as a component of income tax expense.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements
See Note 2, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies to our Consolidated Financial Statements for disclosure on recently adopted accounting pronouncements and those not yet adopted.

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Not applicable.

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
Our financial statements and the accompanying notes that are filed as part of this report are listed under “Part IV, Item 15. Financial Statements Schedules and Reports” and are set forth beginning on page F-1 immediately following the signature pages of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
None.

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Item 9A. Controls and Procedures
Disclosure Controls and Procedures
We maintain disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Exchange Act”) are recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures.
Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act as of December 31, 2020. Based on that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer concluded that as of December 31, 2020, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective.
Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
Management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) or 15(d)-15(f) of the Exchange Act). Under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s management, including our Chief Executive Officer and President and our Chief Financial Officer, the Company conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting based upon the framework in Internal Control — Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Based on that evaluation, the Company’s management concluded that its internal control over financial reporting was effective as of December 31, 2020.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
There were no changes to internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended December 31, 2020, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

Item 9B. Other Information

None.

36



PART III
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
Certain information regarding our executive officers is included in Part I, Item 1, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K under “Executive Officers of the Registrant.” All other information regarding directors, executive officers and corporate governance required by this item is incorporated herein by reference to the applicable information in the proxy statement for our 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders (“2020 Annual Meeting”), which will be filed with the SEC within 120 days after our fiscal year end of December 31, 2020, and is set forth under “Nominees for Director,” “Corporate Governance Profile,” “Delinquent Section 16(a) Reports” and in other applicable sections in the proxy statement.

Item 11. Executive Compensation
The information required by this item is incorporated herein by reference to the applicable information in the proxy statement for our 2021 Annual Meeting and is set forth under “Executive Compensation.”
The information in the section of the proxy statement for our 2021 Annual Meeting captioned “Compensation Committee Report” is incorporated by reference herein but shall be deemed furnished, not filed and shall not be deemed to be incorporated by reference into any filing we make under the Securities Act of 1933 or the Exchange Act.

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
The information required by this item is incorporated herein by reference to the applicable information in the proxy statement for our 2021 Annual Meeting and is set forth under “Beneficial Ownership of Voting Securities” and “Equity Compensation Plan Information.”

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
The information required by this item is incorporated herein by reference to the applicable information in the proxy statement for our 2021 Annual Meeting and is set forth under “Certain Relationships and Related Transactions” and “Corporate Governance Profile.”

Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services
The information required by this item is incorporated herein by reference to the proxy statement for our 2021 Annual Meeting and is set forth under “Auditor Fees.”

37



PART IV
Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules.
(a) The following documents are filed as part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K:
(1) Financial Statements
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm - Deloitte & Touche LLP
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm - Armanino LLP
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2020 and 2019
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019
Consolidated Statements of Equity for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(2) Financial Statement Schedules
All other schedules have been omitted as the required information is not present or is not present in amounts sufficient to require submission of the schedule, or because the information required is included in the Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto.
(3) Exhibits
See Item 15(b) below.
(b) Exhibits
The following exhibits are filed herewith as part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K or are incorporated by reference to exhibits previously filed with the SEC:









38



Index to Exhibits
Number  Description
3.1   

3.2   
3.3   

4.1   
4.2   
10.1   
10.2   

10.3   
10.4   

10.5   
10.6   
10.7   
10.8   
10.9   
39



10.10   
10.11   
10.12   
10.13   
10.14   
10.15   
10.16   
10.17   
10.18 
10.19 
10.20 
10.21 
40



10.22 
10.23 
10.24 
10.25 
10.26 
10.27 
10.28 
10.29 
10.30 
10.31 
10.32 
10.33 
10.34 
10.35 
41



10.36 
10.37 
10.38 
10.39 
10.40 
10.41 
10.42 
10.43 
10.44 
21.1   
31.1   
31.2   
32.1   
32.2   
101.INS  XBRL Instance Document *
101.SCH  XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema *
101.CAL  XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase *
101.DEF  XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase *
42



101.LAB  XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase *
101.PRE  XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase *
*Filed herewith
^Indicates management contract or compensatory plan or agreement


Item 16. Form 10-K Summary.
Not applicable.

43



SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
ARC DOCUMENT SOLUTIONS, INC.
By: /s/ KUMARAKULASINGAM SURIYAKUMAR
 Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer
Date: February 24, 2021
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
 
Signature  Title  Date
/s/ KUMARAKULASINGAM SURIYAKUMAR
Kumarakulasingam Suriyakumar
  Chairman, President and
Chief Executive Officer and Director (Principal Executive Officer)
  February 24, 2021
/s/ JORGE AVALOS
Jorge Avalos
  Chief Financial Officer (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)  February 24, 2021
/s/ TRACEY LUTTRELL
Tracey Luttrell
Director, Corporate Counsel and Corporate SecretaryFebruary 24, 2021
/s/ BRADFORD L. BROOKS
Bradford L. Brooks
  Director  February 24, 2021
/s/ CHERYL COOK
Cheryl Cook
  Director  February 24, 2021
/s/ DEWITT KERRY MCCLUGGAGE
Dewitt Kerry McCluggage
  Director  February 24, 2021
/s/ MARK W. MEALY
Mark W. Mealy
  Director  February 24, 2021



44



INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm    
Deloitte & Touche LLPF-2
Armanino LLPF-3
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2020 and 2019F-5
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019F-6
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019F-7
Consolidated Statements of Equity for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019F-8
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019F-9
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements  F-10  

F-1



REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Stockholders and Board of Directors of ARC Document Solutions, Inc.:

Opinion on the Financial Statements
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheet of ARC Document Solutions Inc. and subsidiaries (the "Company") as of December 31, 2019, the related consolidated statement of operations, comprehensive income, equity, and cash flows, for the period ended December 31, 2019, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the "financial statements"). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2019, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2019, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
Change in Accounting Principle
Effective January 1, 2019, the Company adopted Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) Topic 842, Leases (ASC 842). Effects of the application of ASC 842 are further discussed in Note 7 to the financial statements.
Basis for Opinion
These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company's financial statements based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audit included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audit also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
/s/ DELOITTE & TOUCHE LLP
San Francisco, California
March 12, 2020
We have served as the Company's auditor since 2009.












F-2



REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Board of Directors and
Stockholders of ARC Document Solutions, Inc.:

Opinion on the Financial Statements

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheet of ARC Document Solutions, Inc. and Subsidiaries (collectively the "Company") as of December 31, 2020, the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income, stockholders' equity, and cash flows, for the year ended December 31, 2020, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the "financial statements"). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2020, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2020, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

Basis for Opinion

These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company's consolidated financial statements based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) ("PCAOB") and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audit we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

Our audit included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audit also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. We believe that our audit provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

Critical Audit Matters

The critical audit matters communicated below are matters arising from the current period audit of the consolidated financial statements that were communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that (i) relate to accounts or disclosures that are material to the consolidated financial statements and (ii) involved especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the consolidated financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matter below, providing separate opinions on the critical audit matter or on the accounts or disclosures to which it relates.

Revenue Recognition — Refer to Note 2 to the Financial Statements

Critical Audit Matter Description

The Company recognizes revenue in a manner that best depicts the transfer of promised goods or services to the customer, when control of the product or service is transferred to a customer. The Company’s contracts with customers include CDIM, AIM, and Equipment and Supplies agreements. The Company’s MPS revenue stream is accounted for as operating leases. The revenue streams of the Company result in a high volume of transactions. The Company recognizes revenue upon transfer of control of promised products or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company expects to receive in exchange for those products or services.

How the Critical Audit Matter Was Addressed in the Audit

Our principal audit procedures related to the Company’s revenue recognition for these customer agreements included the following:

F-3



a.We tested the effectiveness of internal controls related to the transfer of goods or services and consideration the Company expects to receive in exchange for those products or services.
b.We selected a sample of customer agreements and performed the following procedures:
i.Obtained and read contract source documents for each selection, including master agreements, and other documents that were part of the agreement to identify significant terms.
ii.Assessed the terms in the customer agreement and evaluated the appropriateness of management’s application of their accounting policies, along with their use of estimates, in the determination of revenue recognition conclusions.
iii.Verified proper transfer of control and recognition of revenue for each selection.
c.We tested the mathematical accuracy of management’s calculations of revenue and the associated timing of recognizing the related revenue subject to any constraints in the financial statements.

Goodwill Impairment— Refer to Note 3 to the Financial Statements

Critical Audit Matter Description

The Company performs an annual impairment assessment of its goodwill as of September 30, 2020, or more frequently if events or circumstances indicate that assets might be impaired. Each impairment assessment may be qualitative or quantitative. Goodwill was valued at $121 million as of December 31, 2020.

Auditing the valuation of goodwill involved complex judgment due to the significant estimation required in determining the fair value of the related reporting units with goodwill. Specifically, the fair value estimates were sensitive to significant assumptions about future market and economic conditions. Significant assumptions used in the Company’s fair value estimates included revenue growth rates and EBITDA margins, discount rates, and future market conditions, among others.

Given these factors and assumptions are forward-looking and could be affected by future economic and market conditions, the related audit effort to evaluate management’s goodwill valuation was extensive and required a high degree of auditor judgment.

How the Critical Audit Matter Was Addressed in the Audit

Our principal audit procedures related to the Company’s goodwill impairment analysis included the following:

a.We obtained an understanding, evaluated the design and tested the operating effectiveness of controls over the Company’s annual impairment assessments for goodwill
b.We tested management’s risk assessment process to determine whether to perform a quantitative or qualitative assessment
c.For impairment assessments of reporting units with goodwill, we also tested controls over the determination of the carrying value of the reporting units
d.We tested the estimated fair values of the goodwill by performing the following:
i.Compared significant judgmental inputs to observable third party sources
ii.We involved our specialists to assist in our evaluation of certain significant assumptions used in the Company’s impairment analysis
iii.We performed sensitivity analyses over the revenue growth rate and operating margin assumptions
We also assessed the Company’s disclosure of its annual impairment assessments included in Note 3.

We have served as the Company's auditor since 2020.



ArmaninoLLP
        San Francisco, California

February 24, 2021
F-4



ARC DOCUMENT SOLUTIONS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except per share data)

 
December 31,December 31,
20202019
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$54,950 $29,425 
Accounts receivable, net of allowances for accounts receivable of $2,357 and $2,099
36,279 51,432 
Inventories, net9,474 13,936 
Prepaid expenses4,065 4,783 
Other current assets3,979 6,807 
Total current assets108,747 106,383 
Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $219,834 and $210,849
57,830 70,334 
Right-of-use assets from operating leases37,859 41,238 
Goodwill121,051 121,051 
Other intangible assets, net515 1,996 
Deferred income taxes, net17,261 19,755 
Other assets2,175 2,400 
Total assets$345,438 $363,157 
Liabilities and Equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$18,661 $23,231 
Accrued payroll and payroll-related expenses10,088 14,569 
Accrued expenses17,783 20,440 
Current operating lease liabilities12,158 11,060 
Current portion of long-term debt and finance leases17,557 17,075 
Total current liabilities76,247 86,375 
Long-term operating lease liabilities33,561 37,260 
Long-term debt and finance leases79,679 89,082 
Other long-term liabilities1,615 400 
Total liabilities191,102 213,117 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 6)
Stockholders’ equity:
ARC Document Solutions, Inc. stockholders’ equity:
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 25,000 shares authorized; 0 shares issued and outstanding
  
Common stock, $0.001 par value, 150,000 shares authorized; 49,422 and 49,189 shares issued and 42,792 and 45,228 shares outstanding
49 49 
Additional paid-in capital127,755 126,117 
Retained earnings37,308 31,969 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(2,787)(3,357)
162,325 154,778 
Less cost of common stock in treasury, 6,630 and 3,960 shares
14,657 11,410 
Total ARC Document Solutions, Inc. stockholders’ equity147,668 143,368 
Noncontrolling interest6,668 6,672 
Total equity154,336 150,040 
Total liabilities and equity$345,438 $363,157 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
F-5



ARC DOCUMENT SOLUTIONS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except per share data)
 
 Year Ended  
December 31,
20202019
Service sales$267,159 $342,912 
Equipment and supplies sales22,308 39,503 
Total net sales289,467 382,415 
Cost of sales196,558 257,246 
Gross profit92,909 125,169 
Selling, general and administrative expenses79,016 107,260 
Amortization of intangible assets1,500 3,141 
Restructuring expense 660 
Income from operations12,393 14,108 
Other income, net(57)(71)
Loss on extinguishment and modification of debt 389 
Interest expense, net3,908 5,226 
Income before income tax provision8,542 8,564 
Income tax provision2,749 5,724 
Net income5,793 2,840 
Loss attributable to noncontrolling interest395 175 
Net income attributable to ARC Document Solutions, Inc. shareholders$6,188 $3,015 
Earnings per share attributable to ARC Document Solutions, Inc. shareholders:
Basic$0.14 $0.07 
Diluted$0.14 $0.07 
Weighted average common shares outstanding:
Basic42,925 44,997 
Diluted43,021 45,083 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

F-6



ARC DOCUMENT SOLUTIONS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(In thousands)

 
 Year Ended  
December 31,
20202019
Net income$5,793 $2,840 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax961 (192)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax961 (192)
Comprehensive income6,754 2,648 
Comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interest(4)(361)
Comprehensive income attributable to ARC Document Solutions, Inc. shareholders$6,758 $3,009 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

F-7



ARC DOCUMENT SOLUTIONS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY
(In thousands, except per share data)


 ARC Document Solutions, Inc. Shareholders  
 Common Stock Accumulated  
SharesPar
Value
Additional Paid-in
Capital
Retained
Earnings
Other Comprehensive
Loss
Common Stock in
Treasury
Noncontrolling
Interest
Total
Balance at December 31, 201848,492 $48 $123,525 $29,397 $(3,351)$(9,350)$7,033 $147,302 
Stock-based compensation607 1 2,459 2,460 
Issuance of common stock under Employee Stock Purchase Plan90 133 133 
Treasury shares(2,060)(2,060)
Common stock cash dividends(443)(443)
Comprehensive income3,015 (6)(361)2,648 
Balance at December 31, 201949,189 $49 $126,117 $31,969 $(3,357)$(11,410)$6,672 $150,040 
Stock-based compensation140 1,571 1,571 
Issuance of common stock under Employee Stock Purchase Plan93 67 67 
Treasury shares(3,247)(3,247)
Common stock cash dividends(849)(849)
Comprehensive income6,188 570 (4)6,754 
Balance at December 31, 202049,422 $49 $127,755 $37,308 $(2,787)$(14,657)$6,668 $154,336 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
F-8



ARC DOCUMENT SOLUTIONS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands) 
 Year Ended December 31,
20202019
Cash flows from operating activities
Net income$5,793 $2,840 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Allowance for accounts receivable932 590 
Depreciation28,860 28,763 
Amortization of intangible assets1,500 3,141 
Amortization of deferred financing costs65 208 
Stock-based compensation1,571 2,459 
Deferred income taxes2,697 5,157 
Deferred tax valuation allowance(170)51 
Restructuring expense, non-cash portion 148 
Loss on extinguishment and modification of debt 389 
Other non-cash items, net1 (444)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable14,414 6,119 
Inventory4,566 2,791 
Prepaid expenses and other assets14,727 11,828 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses(20,478)(11,259)
Net cash provided by operating activities54,478 52,781 
Cash flows from investing activities
Capital expenditures(6,440)(12,885)
Other512 641 
Net cash used in investing activities