SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
☑ ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020
☐ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from_____ to_____
Commission File Number: 001-36160 (Brixmor Property Group Inc.)
Commission File Number: 333-201464-01 (Brixmor Operating Partnership LP)
Brixmor Property Group Inc.
Brixmor Operating Partnership LP
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
|Maryland||(Brixmor Property Group Inc.)||45-2433192|
|Delaware||(Brixmor Operating Partnership LP)||80-0831163|
|(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization)||(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)|
450 Lexington Avenue, New York, New York 10017
(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
|Title of each class||Trading Symbol(s)||Name of each exchange on which registered|
|Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share.||BRX||New York Stock Exchange|
Securities registered pursuant to section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.
Brixmor Property Group Inc. Yes ☐ No ☑ Brixmor Operating Partnership LP Yes ☐ No ☑
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.
Brixmor Property Group Inc. Yes ☐ No ☑ Brixmor Operating Partnership LP Yes ☐ No ☑
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Brixmor Property Group Inc. Yes ☑ No ☐ Brixmor Operating Partnership LP Yes ☑ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
Brixmor Property Group Inc. Yes ☑ No ☐ Brixmor Operating Partnership LP Yes ☑ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
|Brixmor Property Group Inc.||Brixmor Operating Partnership LP|
|Large accelerated filer |
|Non-accelerated filer ||☐||Large accelerated filer ||☐||Non-accelerated filer |
|Smaller reporting company||☐||Accelerated filer ||☐||Smaller reporting company||☐||Accelerated filer ||☐|
|Emerging growth company||☐||Emerging growth company||☐|
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. N/A
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.
Brixmor Property Group Inc. ☑ Brixmor Operating Partnership LP ☑
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Brixmor Property Group Inc. Yes ☐ No ☑ Brixmor Operating Partnership LP Yes ☐ No ☑
State the aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold, or the average bid and asked price of such common equity, as of the last business day of the registrants’ most recently completed second fiscal quarter.
Brixmor Property Group Inc. $3,782,694,648 Brixmor Operating Partnership LP N/A
(APPLICABLE ONLY TO CORPORATE REGISTRANTS)
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the registrant’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
As of February 1, 2021, Brixmor Property Group Inc. had 296,764,894 shares of common stock outstanding.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the definitive proxy statement to be filed by Brixmor Property Group Inc. with the Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to Regulation 14A relating to the registrant’s Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on April 27, 2021 will be incorporated by reference in this Form 10-K in response to Items 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14 of Part III. The definitive proxy statement will be filed with the SEC not later than 120 days after the registrant’s fiscal year ended December 31, 2020.
This report combines the annual reports on Form 10-K for the period ended December 31, 2020 of Brixmor Property Group Inc. and Brixmor Operating Partnership LP. Unless stated otherwise or the context otherwise requires, references to the “Parent Company” or “BPG” mean Brixmor Property Group Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries, and references to the “Operating Partnership” mean Brixmor Operating Partnership LP and its consolidated subsidiaries. Unless the context otherwise requires, the terms “the Company,” “Brixmor,” “we,” “our” and “us” mean the Parent Company and the Operating Partnership, collectively.
The Parent Company is a real estate investment trust (“REIT”) that owns 100% of the common stock of BPG Subsidiary Inc. (“BPG Sub”), which, in turn, is the sole owner of Brixmor OP GP LLC (the “General Partner”), the sole general partner of the Operating Partnership. As of December 31, 2020, the Parent Company beneficially owned, through its direct and indirect interest in BPG Sub and the General Partner, 100% of the outstanding partnership common units (the “OP Units”) in the Operating Partnership.
The Company believes combining the annual reports on Form 10-K of the Parent Company and the Operating Partnership into this single report:
•Enhances investors’ understanding of the Parent Company and the Operating Partnership by enabling investors to view the business as a whole in the same manner as management views and operates the business;
•Eliminates duplicative disclosure and provides a more streamlined and readable presentation; and
•Creates time and cost efficiencies through the preparation of one combined report instead of two separate reports.
Management operates the Parent Company and the Operating Partnership as one business. Because the Operating Partnership is managed by the Parent Company, and the Parent Company conducts substantially all of its operations through the Operating Partnership, the Parent Company’s executive officers are the Operating Partnership’s executive officers, and although, as a partnership, the Operating Partnership does not have a board of directors, we refer to the Parent Company’s board of directors as the Operating Partnership’s board of directors.
We believe it is important to understand the few differences between the Parent Company and the Operating Partnership in the context of how the Parent Company and the Operating Partnership operate as a consolidated company. The Parent Company is a REIT, whose only material asset is its indirect interest in the Operating Partnership. As a result, the Parent Company does not conduct business itself other than issuing public equity from time to time. The Parent Company does not incur any material indebtedness. The Operating Partnership holds substantially all of our assets. Except for net proceeds from public equity issuances by the Parent Company, which are contributed to the Operating Partnership in exchange for OP Units, the Operating Partnership generates all capital required by the Company’s business. Sources of this capital include the Operating Partnership’s operations and its direct or indirect incurrence of indebtedness.
Equity, capital, and non-controlling interests are the primary areas of difference between the Consolidated Financial Statements of the Parent Company and those of the Operating Partnership. The Operating Partnership’s capital currently includes OP Units owned by the Parent Company through BPG Sub and the General Partner and has in the past and may in the future include OP Units owned by third parties. OP Units owned by third parties, if any, are accounted for in capital in the Operating Partnership’s financial statements and outside of equity in non-controlling interests in the Parent Company’s financial statements.
The Parent Company consolidates the Operating Partnership for financial reporting purposes, and the Parent Company does not have material assets other than its indirect investment in the Operating Partnership. Therefore, while equity, capital and non-controlling interests may differ as discussed above, the assets and liabilities of the Parent Company and the Operating Partnership are materially the same on their respective financial statements.
In order to highlight the differences between the Parent Company and the Operating Partnership, there are sections in this report that separately discuss the Parent Company and the Operating Partnership, including separate financial statements (but combined footnotes), separate controls and procedures sections, separate certification of periodic report under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and separate certification pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. In the sections that combine disclosure for the Parent Company and the Operating Partnership, this report refers to actions or holdings as being actions or holdings of the Company.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
|1B.||Unresolved Staff Comments|
|4.||Mine Safety Disclosures|
|5.||Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities|
|6.||Selected Financial Data|
|7.||Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations|
|7A.||Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk|
|8||Financial Statements and Supplementary Data|
|9||Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure|
|9A.||Controls and Procedures|
|10.||Directors, Executive Officers, and Corporate Governance|
|12.||Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters|
|13.||Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence|
|14.||Principal Accountant Fees and Services|
|15.||Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules|
|16.||Form 10-K Summary|
This report may contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. These statements include, but are not limited to, statements related to our expectations regarding the performance of our business, our financial results, our liquidity and capital resources and other non-historical statements. You can identify these forward-looking statements by the use of words such as “outlook,” “believes,” “expects,” “potential,” “continues,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “seeks,” “projects,” “predicts,” “intends,” “plans,” “estimates,” “anticipates,” or the negative version of these words or other comparable words. Such forward-looking statements are subject to various risks and uncertainties. Accordingly, there are or will be important factors that could cause actual outcomes or results to differ materially from those indicated in these statements. We believe these factors include but are not limited to those described under the section entitled “Risk Factors” in this report, as such factors may be updated from time to time in our periodic filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), which are accessible on the SEC’s website at http://www.sec.gov.
Currently, one of the most significant factors that could cause actual outcomes or results to differ materially from those indicated in these statements is the adverse effect of the current pandemic of the novel coronavirus, or COVID-19, or any mutations thereof, on the financial condition, operating results and cash flows of the Company, the Company’s tenants, the real estate market, the global economy and the financial markets. The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted us and our tenants significantly, and the extent that it continues to impact us and our tenants will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted with confidence, including the scope, severity and duration of the pandemic, the speed and effectiveness of vaccine and treatment developments and deployment, potential mutations of COVID-19, including SARS-CoV-2 and the response thereto, the direct and indirect economic effects of the pandemic and containment measures, and the potential for changes in consumer behavior to be sustained, among others.
Additional factors that could cause actual outcomes or results to differ materially from those indicated in these statements include (1) changes in national, regional and local economies, due to global events such as international trade disputes, a foreign debt crisis, foreign currency volatility, as well as from domestic issues, such as government policies and regulations, tariffs, energy prices, market dynamics, rising interest rates and unemployment or limited growth in consumer income; (2) local market conditions, including an oversupply of space in, or a reduction in demand for, properties similar to those in our Portfolio; (3) competition from other available properties and e-commerce, and the attractiveness of properties in our Portfolio to our tenants; (4) ongoing disruption and/or consolidation in the retail sector, the financial stability of our tenants and the overall financial condition of large retailing companies, including their ability to pay rent and expense reimbursements; (5) in the case of percentage rents, the sales volume of our tenants; (6) increases in property operating expenses, including common area expenses, utilities, insurance and real estate taxes, which are relatively inflexible and generally do not decrease if revenue or occupancy decrease; (7) increases in the costs to repair, renovate and re-lease space; (8) earthquakes, tornadoes, hurricanes, damage from rising sea levels due to climate change, other natural disasters, epidemics and/or pandemics, including COVID-19, civil unrest, terrorist acts or acts of war, any of which may result in uninsured or underinsured losses; (9) changes in laws and governmental regulations, including those governing usage, zoning, the environment and taxes; and (10) new developments in the litigation and governmental investigations discussed under the heading “Legal Matters” in Note 15 – Commitments and Contingencies to our Consolidated Financial Statements in this report. These factors should not be construed as exhaustive and should be read in conjunction with the other cautionary statements that are included in this report and in our other periodic filings. The forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this report, and we expressly disclaim any obligation or undertaking to publicly update or review any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise, except to the extent otherwise required by law.
Item 1. Business
Brixmor Property Group Inc. and subsidiaries (collectively, “BPG”) is an internally-managed real estate investment trust (“REIT”). Brixmor Operating Partnership LP and subsidiaries (collectively, the “Operating Partnership”) is the entity through which BPG conducts substantially all of its operations and owns substantially all of its assets. BPG owns 100% of the common stock of BPG Subsidiary Inc. (“BPG Sub”), which, in turn, is the sole member of Brixmor OP GP LLC (the “General Partner”), the sole general partner of the Operating Partnership. Unless stated otherwise or the context otherwise requires, “we,” “our” and “us” mean BPG and the Operating Partnership, collectively. We believe we own and operate one of the largest open-air retail portfolios by gross leasable area (“GLA”) in the United States (“U.S.”), comprised primarily of community and neighborhood shopping centers. As of December 31, 2020, our portfolio was comprised of 393 shopping centers (the “Portfolio”) totaling approximately 69 million square feet of GLA. Our high-quality national Portfolio is primarily located within established trade areas in the top 50 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (“MSAs”) in the U.S., and our shopping centers are primarily anchored by non-discretionary and value-oriented retailers, as well as consumer-oriented service providers. As of December 31, 2020, our three largest tenants by annualized base rent (“ABR”) were The TJX Companies, Inc., The Kroger Co., and Dollar Tree Stores, Inc. In the opinion of our management, no material part of our and our subsidiaries’ business is dependent upon a single tenant, the loss of which would have a material adverse effect on us, and no single tenant or shopping center accounted for 5% or more of our consolidated revenues during 2020.
As of December 31, 2020, BPG beneficially owned, through its direct and indirect interest in BPG Sub and the General Partner, 100% of the outstanding partnership common units (the “OP Units”) in the Operating Partnership. The number of OP Units in the Operating Partnership beneficially owned by BPG is equivalent to the number of outstanding shares of BPG’s common stock, and the entitlement of all OP Units to quarterly distributions and payments in liquidation is substantially the same as those of BPG’s common stockholders. BPG’s common stock is publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) under the ticker symbol “BRX.”
Management operates BPG and the Operating Partnership as one business. Because the Operating Partnership is managed by BPG, and BPG conducts substantially all of its operations through the Operating Partnership, BPG’s executive officers are the Operating Partnership’s executive officers, and although, as a partnership, the Operating Partnership does not have a board of directors, we refer to BPG’s board of directors as the Operating Partnership’s board of directors.
Our Shopping Centers
The following table provides summary information regarding our Portfolio as of December 31, 2020:
|Number of Shopping Centers||393|
|GLA (square feet)||68.9 million|
|Leased Occupancy ||91%|
ABR Per Square Foot (“PSF”)(1)
New, Renewal and Option Volume (square feet)(2)
New Lease Volume (square feet)(2)
New, Renewal and Option Rent Spread(2)(3)
New Rent Spread(2)(3)
Percent Grocery-anchored Shopping Centers(4)
|Percent of ABR in Top 50 U.S. MSAs||69%|
Average Effective Age(5)
(1) ABR PSF is calculated as ABR divided by leased GLA, excluding the GLA of lessee-owned leasehold improvements.
(2) During the year ended December 31, 2020.
(3) Based on comparable leases only, which consist of new leases signed on units that were occupied within the prior 12 months and renewal leases signed with the same tenant in all or a portion of the same location or that include the expansion into space that was occupied within the prior 12 months. New leases signed on first generation space are non-comparable and excluded from New Rent Spread.
(4) Based on number of shopping centers.
(5) Effective age is calculated based on the year of the most recent redevelopment of the shopping center or based on the year built if no redevelopment has occurred.
Impacts on Business from COVID-19
Business Objectives and Strategies
Our primary objective is to maximize total returns to our stockholders through consistent, sustainable growth in cash flow. Our key strategies to achieve this objective include proactively managing our Portfolio to drive internal growth, pursuing value-enhancing reinvestment opportunities and prudently executing on acquisition and disposition activity, while also maintaining a flexible capital structure positioned for growth. In addition, as we execute on our key strategies, we do so guided by a commitment to operate in a socially responsible manner that allows us to realize our purpose of owning and managing properties that are the centers of the communities we serve.
Driving Internal Growth. Our primary drivers of internal growth include (i) embedded contractual rent escalations, (ii) below-market rents which may be reset to market as leases expire, and (iii) occupancy growth. Strong new leasing productivity over the past several years has also enabled us to consistently improve the credit of our tenancy and, combined with our efforts in 2020 to support our tenancy during COVID-19, we have continued to prioritize the vibrancy and relevancy of our Portfolio to retailers and consumers. Approximately 70% of our shopping centers are anchored by grocery stores, which have remained open throughout 2020. Despite the negative impact of COVID-19 on our operating results in 2020, our future growth drivers remain in place due to the resilience of our Portfolio and the credit of our tenancy. During 2020, we executed 419 new leases representing approximately 2.3 million square feet and 1,381 total leases representing approximately 9.6 million square feet.
Over the past several years, we have heightened our focus on achieving higher contractual rent increases over the term of our new and renewal leases, providing for enhanced embedded contractual rent growth across our portfolio. During 2020, 93% of our executed new leases had embedded contractual rent growth provisions, reflecting an average in-place contractual rent increase over the lease term of 2.1%.
We believe that rents across our portfolio are well below market, which provides us with a key competitive advantage in attracting and retaining tenants. During 2020, we achieved new lease rent spreads of 20.2% and blended new and renewal rent spreads of 7.3% excluding options, or 7.2% including options. Looking forward, the weighted average expiring ABR PSF of lease expirations through 2024 is $13.67 compared to an average ABR PSF of $15.46 for new and renewal leases signed during 2020, excluding option exercises.
While our occupancy decreased in 2020, we believe there is opportunity for occupancy gains in our Portfolio, especially for spaces less than 10,000 square feet, as such spaces will benefit from our continued efforts to improve the quality of our anchor tenancy and the overall vibrancy and relevance of our centers. For spaces less than 10,000 square feet, leased occupancy was 83.8% at December 31, 2020, while our total leased occupancy was 90.7%.
At December 31, 2020, the spread between our total leased occupancy and our total billed occupancy was 290 basis points, which provides us strong visibility on future growth as it represents $37.6 million of ABR from leases signed but not yet commenced.
Pursuing value-enhancing reinvestment opportunities. We believe that we have significant opportunity to achieve attractive risk-adjusted returns by investing incremental capital in the repositioning and/or redevelopment of certain assets in our Portfolio. Such initiatives are tenant driven and focus on upgrading our centers with strong, best-in-class retailers and enhancing the overall merchandise mix and tenant quality of our Portfolio. Despite deferring certain elective capital expenditures during 2020 in response to COVID-19, we stabilized 25 anchor space repositioning, redevelopment, and outparcel development projects, with a weighted average incremental net operating income (“NOI”) yield of 10% and an aggregate anticipated cost of $113.2 million. As of December 31, 2020, we had 60 projects in process with an expected weighted average incremental NOI yield of 10% and an aggregate anticipated cost of $402.6 million. In addition, we have identified a pipeline of future reinvestment projects aggregating approximately $900.0 million of potential capital investment which we expect to execute over the next several years at NOI yields that are generally consistent with those which we have recently realized.
Prudently executing on acquisition and disposition activity. We intend to actively pursue acquisition and disposition opportunities in order to further concentrate our Portfolio in attractive retail submarkets and optimize the quality and long-term growth rate of our asset base. In general, our disposition strategy focuses on selling assets when we believe value has been maximized, where there is downside risk, or where we have limited ability or desire to build critical mass in a particular submarket, while our acquisition strategy focuses on buying assets with strong growth potential that are located in our existing markets and will allow us to leverage our operational platform and expertise. Acquisition activity may include acquisitions of open-air shopping centers, non-owned anchor spaces and retail buildings and/or outparcels at, or adjacent to, our shopping centers in addition to acquisitions of our common stock, pursuant to a new $400.0 million share repurchase program established in January 2020, which replaced our prior program.
During 2020, we received aggregate net proceeds of $121.4 million from property dispositions, which were utilized to fund a portion of our value-enhancing reinvestment program, acquire $3.4 million of assets, including transaction costs, and repurchase $25.0 million of our common stock. During 2021, we intend to utilize net disposition proceeds for our reinvestment program, property acquisitions, and additional stock repurchases, as warranted.
Maintaining a Flexible Capital Structure Positioned for Growth. We believe our current capital structure provides us with the financial flexibility and capacity to fund our current capital needs as well as future growth opportunities. We have access to multiple forms of capital, including secured property level debt, unsecured corporate level debt, preferred equity, and common equity, which will allow us to efficiently execute on our strategic and operational objectives. We currently have investment grade credit ratings from all three major credit rating agencies. As of December 31, 2020, we had $1.2 billion of available liquidity under our $1.25 billion revolving credit facility (the “Revolving Facility”) and $370.1 million of cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash. We have no debt maturities until 2022.
Operating in a Socially Responsible Manner. We believe that prioritizing the well-being of all our stakeholders is critical to delivering consistent, sustainable growth. As such, our Corporate Responsibility strategy is driven by creating partnerships that improve the social, economic, and environmental well-being of all our stakeholders and is guided by our mission to ensure that our shopping centers are the “centers of the communities we serve”.
As such, through initiatives such as our LED lighting conversion program and installation of electric vehicle charging stations, we continue to make meaningful progress toward our established long-term targets to mitigate our environmental impact through reductions in electric and water usage and greenhouse gas emissions. We also partner with our tenants to achieve our sustainability goals through green lease provisions. In addition to establishing a framework for promoting sustainable operations in a triple net lease environment, these provisions facilitate the installation of solar panels, providing tenants access to lower-cost on-site renewable energy. As a result of our efforts, we have been recognized by GRESB as a Green Star recipient and by the Institute for Market Transformation and U.S. Department of Energy Better Buildings Alliance as a Green Lease Leader at the highest Gold level. In addition, we earned an “A” rating in GRESB’s Public Disclosure Score, reflecting the robustness of our material environmental, social and governance (“ESG”) disclosures.
Our ongoing commitment to sustainability is also evident in our approach to value-enhancing reinvestment activity, which transforms properties to meet the needs of the communities we serve through strategic repositioning and redevelopment activity, executed with a focus on resource efficiency. Additionally, we work to provide welcoming, safe and attractive retail centers for our tenants and their customers to gather, connect and engage, both within stores at our centers and in public spaces throughout our Portfolio. We further support our communities by hosting local events, volunteering, and providing aid in times of need. We strive to be a key partner in the success of our retailers, and we do so by providing them proactive property management, ongoing tenant coordination, and additional services such as marketing support for our local tenants. We monitor our success through biennial tenant engagement surveys. During the COVID-19 pandemic, we took critical steps to maintain our high property operational standards, while minimizing unnecessary expenses for Brixmor and its tenants as we prioritized enhanced safety and cleanliness protocols across our Portfolio.
Human Capital. As of December 31, 2020, we had 480 employees, including 474 full-time employees. Our talented and committed employees are the foundation of our success. Together we focus on building a culture that is supportive, collaborative and inclusive, that provides opportunities for both personal and professional growth, and that empowers and encourages thinking and acting like owners in order to create value for all stakeholders. We
believe this approach enables us to attract and retain diverse and talented professionals and creates collaborative, skilled, and motivated teams. The pillars of our human capital strategy are:
•Engagement and connectivity: We believe that employees that are personally engaged in our vision to be the center of the communities we serve and are connected with similarly engaged colleagues will be happier, more effective and more likely to think and act like owners. Company-wide recognition of excellence is one way we show our team members how important they are to the Company and each other. Our quarterly employee awards include the “Our Center is You” award, which recognizes employees for immersing themselves in and serving our communities, and the “Find A Better Way” award, which recognizes ingenuity. We foster connectivity through company-wide enrichment events, like our TED-Talk style “Big Brain Days” where leading authors discuss topics to inspire individual and team growth, a Board of Directors lunch series, book clubs and Company-wide community service projects. We believe our engagement and connectivity initiatives have contributed to our 98% employee satisfaction rating and 97% participation in annual reviews and talent development surveys.
•Growth: We encourage our employees to grow and develop their interests and passions by providing a number of personal and professional training and learning opportunities. In addition to comprehensive training programs geared toward job functions, we provide a number of innovative development programs, such as “BRX Connect,” an internal exchange program that permits employees to learn about other functions within the Company, “Personal Development Accounts,” which provide time off and expense reimbursement for a personal or professional development activity chosen by the employee, the “Leasing Assistant Development Program,” a two-year intensive apprenticeship program for entry level leasing employees, Predictive Index Behavioral Assessments, which enhance self-awareness, collaboration and inclusion, and MasterClass subscriptions available to all employees to stimulate personal growth.
•Health and well-being: Our commitment to the health and well-being of our employees is a crucial component of our culture. We provide a wide-range of employee benefits including comprehensive medical, prescription, dental and vision insurance coverage (the majority of which is paid by the Company), paid maternity, paternity and adoption leave, matching 401(k) contributions, free life insurance, disability benefits and spousal death benefits, education assistance reimbursements and flex time. We also encourage healthy lifestyles, through initiatives such as our partnership with Headspace, an online application that enables guided mindfulness and meditation, gym membership discounts, and health-oriented employee competitions, like our “Summer Step Challenge” where all employees are offered a free fitness tracker.
Our commitment to these pillars of our human capital strategy has guided our response to the extraordinary challenges presented by the COVID-19 pandemic. The health of our employees has been a priority and, prior to governmental orders to do so, we closed all of our physical offices and invested significant resources to ensure all employees were safe, functional, and efficient while working at home. We supplemented our health and well-being programs with counseling sessions and provided additional resources for parents navigating schooling challenges. For any employees directly impacted by COVID-19, we have ensured the availability of appropriate time off, coverage for their work responsibilities, and additional support as needed. We have also focused on engagement and connectivity by, among other things, significantly increasing the frequency of our all-employee calls and hosting virtual happy hours and book club meetings. We have continued to encourage growth through virtual training programs and technology-driven productivity and personal development aids. We did not engage in layoffs, furloughs or pay reductions in response to the pandemic.
We advocate for diversity and inclusion in every part of our organization and strive to create equal opportunities for all current and future employees. We believe a culture based on diversity and inclusion is critical to our ability to attract and retain talented employees and to deliver on our strategic goals and objectives. Every year each employee signs a pledge to commit to helping us create and maintain an inclusive culture free from harassment based on race, sexual orientation, gender, and other protected classes. In 2020, we formed a Diversity & Inclusion Leadership Council, which reports directly to our CEO and assists us in maintaining best practices and behaviors to promote diversity and enhance inclusion. We regularly feature diversity and inclusion themes in our trainings and community events, such as our Big Brain Days and Board of Directors lunch series. In addition, to improve our recruitment of diverse talent, we have partnered with Jopwell, a community and job board for diverse professionals.
Our Board of Directors oversees these initiatives to ensure that our actions continue to demonstrate our strong commitment to operating in a socially responsible manner. To facilitate their oversight, the Board of Directors is provided periodic updates by our Executive Vice President, Operations. In 2020, management established an ESG Steering Committee, comprised of individuals from multiple disciplines across the Company and led by our Senior Vice President, Operations & Sustainability. The ESG Steering Committee meets quarterly and focuses primarily on setting, implementing, monitoring, and communicating the Company’s Corporate Responsibility strategy and related initiatives. Additional detailed information regarding our Corporate Responsibility strategy can be found in our Corporate Responsibility Report at https://www.brixmor.com/why-brixmor/corporate-responsibility and in our investor relations presentations.
Compliance with Government Regulations
We are subject to federal, state and local regulations, including environmental regulations that apply generally to the ownership of real property and the operations conducted on real property. As of December 31, 2020, we are not aware of any environmental conditions or material costs of complying with environmental or other government regulations that would have a material adverse effect on our overall business, financial condition or results of operations. However, it is possible that we are not aware of, or may become subject to, potential environmental liabilities or material costs of complying with government regulations that could be material. See “Environmental conditions that exist at some of the properties in our Portfolio could result in significant unexpected costs” and “Compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act and fire, safety and other regulations may require us to make expenditures that would adversely affect our cash flows” in Item 1A. “Risk Factors” for further information regarding our risks related to government regulations. In addition, during the COVID-19 pandemic, our properties and our tenants have been subject to public-health regulations that have impacted our operations and our business. See “The current pandemic of the novel coronavirus, or COVID-19, and future public health crises, could materially and adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and cash flows” in Item 1A. “Risk Factors” for further information regarding these regulations.
Financial Information about Industry Segments
Our principal business is the ownership and operation of community and neighborhood shopping centers. We do not distinguish our principal business or group our operations on a geographical basis for purposes of measuring performance. Accordingly, we have a single reportable segment for disclosure purposes in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”).
We have been organized and operated in conformity with the requirements for qualification and taxation as a REIT under the U.S. federal income tax laws, commencing with our taxable year ended December 31, 2011, have satisfied such requirements through our taxable year ended December 31, 2020, and intend to continue to satisfy such requirements for subsequent taxable years. So long as we qualify as a REIT, we generally will not be subject to U.S. federal income tax on net taxable income that we distribute annually to our stockholders. In order to qualify as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes, we must continually satisfy tests concerning, among other things, the real estate qualification of sources of our income, the composition and value of our assets, the amounts we distribute to our stockholders and the diversity of ownership of our stock. In order to comply with REIT requirements, we may need to forgo otherwise attractive opportunities or limit the manner in which we conduct our operations. See “Risk Factors – Risks Related to our REIT Status and Certain Other Tax Items.”
Brixmor Property Group Inc., a Maryland corporation, was incorporated in Delaware on May 27, 2011, changed its name to Brixmor Property Group Inc. on June 17, 2013 and changed its jurisdiction of incorporation to Maryland on November 4, 2013. The Operating Partnership, a Delaware limited partnership, was formed on May 23, 2011. Our principal executive offices are located at 450 Lexington Avenue, New York, New York 10017, and our telephone number is (212) 869-3000.
Our website address is http://www.brixmor.com. Information on our website is not incorporated by reference herein and is not a part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We make available free of charge on our website our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and Current Reports on Form 8-K, and any amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), as soon as reasonably practicable after those reports are electronically filed with, or furnished to,
the SEC. We also make available through our website other reports filed with or furnished to the SEC under the Exchange Act, including our proxy statements and reports filed by officers and directors under Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act. You may access these filings by visiting “SEC Filings” under the “Financial Info” section of the “Investors” portion of our website. In addition, the SEC maintains a website that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information for issuers, such as us, that file electronically with the SEC at http://www.sec.gov.
Financial and other material information regarding our company is routinely posted on and accessible at the “Investors” portion of our website at http://www.brixmor.com. Investors and others should note that we use our website as a channel of distribution of material information to our investors. Therefore, we encourage investors and others interested in our company to review the information we post on the “Investors” portion of our website. In addition, you may enroll to automatically receive e-mail alerts and other information about our company by visiting “Email Alerts” under the “Additional Info” section of the “Investors” portion of our website.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Risks Related to Our Portfolio and Our Business
Adverse economic, market and real estate conditions may adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and cash flows.
Our Portfolio is predominantly comprised of community and neighborhood shopping centers. Our performance is, therefore, subject to risks associated with owning and operating these types of real estate assets. See “Forward-Looking Statements” included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for the factors that could affect our rental income and/or property operating expenses and therefore adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and cash flows.
The current pandemic of the novel coronavirus, or COVID-19, and future public health crises, could materially and adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and cash flows.
Since December 2019, COVID-19 has spread globally, including to every state in the United States. In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a pandemic, and subsequently, the United States declared a national emergency with respect to COVID-19.
The COVID-19 pandemic has had and continues to have, and another pandemic or public health crisis in the future could have, repercussions across domestic and global economies and financial markets. The global impact of the COVID-19 outbreak evolved rapidly and many countries, and state and local governments in the United States, including those in which we own properties, have reacted by instituting government restrictions, border closings, quarantines, “shelter-in-place” orders and “social distancing” guidelines which have forced many of our tenants to close stores, reduce hours or significantly limit service, and has resulted in a dramatic increase in national unemployment and a significant economic contraction.
As a result, the COVID-19 pandemic is negatively impacting almost every industry directly or indirectly, with a particularly adverse effect on many of our tenants. Many such tenants, particularly those deemed “non-essential” by state and local governments, have sought rent relief, which we have provided on a case-by-case basis primarily in the form of rent deferrals, and, in more limited cases, in the form of rent abatements, and we may provide additional relief in the future. We have experienced an increase in the number of tenants that are delinquent in their lease obligations and we have recognized significantly higher levels of revenues deemed uncollectible and straight-line rent receivable reversals than historical levels. The COVID-19 pandemic has had and we expect will continue to have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, operating results and cash flows due to, among others, the following factors:
•continuing or additional store closures at our properties resulting from related government or tenant actions;
•a deterioration in our or our tenants’ ability to operate or delays in the supply of products or services to us or our tenants from vendors that are needed for efficient operations;
•changes in consumer behavior that reduce the frequency of visits to our shopping centers, including as a result of increased e-commerce;
•the inability of our tenants to meet their lease obligations to us due to changes in their businesses or local or national economic conditions, including high unemployment and reduced consumer discretionary spending;
•liquidity issues resulting from (i) reduced cash flow from operations, (ii) the impact that lower operating results could have on the financial covenants in our debt agreements, and (iii) difficulty in accessing debt and equity capital on attractive terms, or at all, due to disruptions in financial and/or credit markets;
•issues related to remote working, including increased cybersecurity risk and other technology and communication issues; and
•the possibility that a significant number of our employees, particularly senior members of our management team, may become unable to work as a result of health issues related to COVID-19.
The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic continues to impact us and our tenants will depend on future developments, which remain highly uncertain and cannot be predicted with confidence, including the scope, severity and duration of the pandemic, the speed and effectiveness of vaccine and treatment developments and deployment, potential mutations of COVID-19, including SARS-CoV-2 and the response thereto, the direct and indirect economic effects of the pandemic and containment measures, and potential sustained changes in consumer behavior, among others. Adverse developments related to these conditions could increase the number of tenants that close their stores, that are unable to meet their lease obligations to us, and/or that file for bankruptcy protection, and could
limit the demand for space from new tenants. The rapid development and fluidity of this situation precludes any prediction as to the full adverse impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Nevertheless, the COVID-19 pandemic presents material uncertainty and risk with respect to our financial condition, operating results and cash flows.
We face considerable competition in the leasing market and may be unable to renew leases or re-lease space as leases expire. Consequently, we may be required to make rent or other concessions and/or incur significant capital expenditures to retain and attract tenants, which could adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and cash flows.
There are numerous shopping venues, including regional malls, outlet malls, other shopping centers and e-commerce, which compete with our Portfolio in attracting and retaining retailers. As of December 31, 2020, leases are scheduled to expire in our Portfolio on a total of approximately 9.5% of leased GLA during 2021. We may not be able to renew or promptly re-lease expiring space and even if we do renew or re-lease such space, future rental rates may be lower than current rates and other terms may not be as favorable. In addition, we may be required to incur significant capital expenditures in order to retain or attract tenants. In these situations, our financial condition, operating results and cash flows could be adversely impacted.
We face considerable competition for tenants and the business of consumers. Consequently, we actively reinvest in our Portfolio in the form of repositioning and redevelopment projects. Such projects have inherent risks that could adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and cash flows.
In order to maintain our attractiveness to retailers and consumers, we actively reinvest in our Portfolio in the form of repositioning and redevelopments projects. In addition to the risks associated with real estate investments in general, as described elsewhere, the risks associated with repositioning and redevelopment projects include: (1) delays or failures in obtaining necessary zoning, occupancy, land use, and other governmental permits; (2) abandonment of projects after expending resources to pursue such opportunities; (3) cost overruns; (4) construction delays; (5) failure to achieve expected occupancy and/or rent levels within the projected time frame, if at all; and (6) exposure to fluctuations in the general economy due to the time lag between commencement and completion of such projects. If we fail to reinvest in our Portfolio or maintain its attractiveness to retailers and consumers, if our capital improvements are not successful, or if retailers or consumers perceive that shopping at other venues (including e-commerce) is more convenient, cost-effective or otherwise more compelling, our financial condition, operating results and cash flows could be adversely impacted.
Our performance depends on the financial health of tenants in our Portfolio and our continued ability to collect rent when due. Significant retailer distress across our Portfolio could adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and cash flows.
Our income is substantially derived from rental income on real property. As a result, our performance depends on the collection of rent from tenants in our Portfolio. Our income would be adversely affected if a significant number of our tenants failed to make rental payments when due. In addition, many of our tenants rely on external sources of financing to operate and grow their businesses, and disruptions in credit markets could adversely affect our tenants’ ability to obtain financing on favorable terms or at all. If our tenants are unable to secure necessary financing to continue to operate or expand their businesses, they may be unable to meet their rent obligations, renew leases or enter into new leases with us, which could adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and cash flows.
In certain circumstances, a tenant may have a right to terminate its lease. For example, in certain circumstances, a failure by an anchor tenant to occupy their leased premises could result in lease terminations or reductions in rent due from other tenants in those shopping centers. In such situations, we cannot be certain that we will be able to re-lease space on similar or economically advantageous terms. The loss of rental revenues from a significant number of tenants and difficulty in replacing such tenants could adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and cash flows.
We may be unable to collect balances and/or future contractual rents due from tenants that file for bankruptcy protection, which could adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and cash flows.
We have seen ongoing retailer bankruptcies in recent years, including with respect to certain current and former tenants. If a tenant files for bankruptcy, we may not be able to collect amounts owed by that party prior to the filing. In addition, after filing for bankruptcy, a tenant may terminate any or all of its leases with us, which would result in a general unsecured claim against such tenant that would likely be worth less than the full amount owed to us for the remainder of the lease term. In these situations, we cannot be certain that we will be able to re-lease space on similar
or economically advantageous terms, and we may be required to make capital improvements to re-lease the space, which could adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and cash flows.
Our expenses may remain constant or increase, even if income from our Portfolio decreases, which could adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and cash flows.
Costs associated with our business, such as common area expenses, utilities, insurance, real estate taxes and corporate expenses, are relatively inflexible and generally do not decrease in the event that a property is not fully occupied, rental rates decrease, a tenant fails to pay rent or other circumstances cause our revenues to decrease. In addition, inflation, and increases in real estate taxes in certain jurisdictions in which we operate, could result in higher operating costs. If we are unable to lower our operating costs when revenues decline and/or are unable to pass along cost increases to our tenants, our financial condition, operating results and cash flows could be adversely impacted.
We intend to continue to sell non-strategic shopping centers. However, real estate property investments are illiquid, and it may not be possible to dispose of assets in a timely manner or on favorable terms, which could adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and cash flows.
Our ability to dispose of properties on advantageous terms depends on factors beyond our control, including competition from other sellers and the availability of attractive financing for potential buyers, and we cannot predict the various market conditions affecting real estate investments that will exist at any particular time in the future. We may be required to expend funds to correct defects or to make capital improvements before a property can be sold and we cannot assure that we will have funds available to make such capital improvements; therefore, we may be unable to sell a property on favorable terms or at all. In addition, the ability to sell assets in our Portfolio may also be restricted by certain covenants in our debt agreements, such as the credit agreement governing our senior unsecured credit facility, as amended April 29, 2020 (the “Unsecured Credit Facility”). As a result, we may be unable to realize our investment objectives through dispositions, which could adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and cash flows.
Our real estate assets may be subject to impairment charges.
We periodically assess whether there are any indicators, including property operating performance, changes in anticipated hold period and general market conditions, including the impact of COVID-19, that the carrying value of our real estate assets (including any related intangible assets or liabilities) may be impaired. A property’s value is considered to be impaired only if the estimated aggregate future undiscounted and unleveraged property cash flows, taking into account the anticipated probability-weighted hold period, are less than the carrying value of the property. In our estimate of cash flows, we consider trends and prospects for a property and the effects of demand and competition on expected future operating income. If we are evaluating the redevelopment or potential sale of an asset, the undiscounted future cash flows consider the most likely course of action as of the balance sheet date. Impairment charges have an immediate direct impact on our earnings. There can be no assurance that we will not take additional charges in the future related to the impairment of our assets. Any future impairment could have an adverse effect on our operating results in the period in which the charge is recognized.
We face competition in pursuing acquisition opportunities that could increase the cost of such acquisitions and/or limit our ability to grow, and we may not be able to generate expected returns or successfully integrate completed acquisitions into our existing operations, which could adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and cash flows.
We continue to evaluate the market for acquisition opportunities and we may acquire properties when we believe strategic opportunities exist. Our ability to acquire properties on favorable terms and successfully integrate, operate, reposition or redevelop them is subject to several risks. We may be unable to acquire a desired property because of competition from other real estate investors, including from other well-capitalized REITs and institutional investment funds. Even if we are able to acquire a desired property, competition from such investors may significantly increase the purchase price. We may also abandon acquisition activities after expending significant resources to pursue such opportunities. Once we acquire new properties, these properties may not yield expected returns for several reasons, including: (1) failure to achieve expected occupancy and/or rent levels within the projected time frame, if at all; (2) inability to successfully integrate new properties into existing operations; and (3) exposure to fluctuations in the general economy, including due to the time lag between signing definitive documentation to acquire a new property and the closing of the acquisition. If any of these events occur, the cost of
the acquisition may exceed initial estimates or the expected returns may not achieve those originally contemplated, which could adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and cash flows.
We utilize a significant amount of indebtedness in the operation of our business. Required debt service payments and other risks related to our debt financing could adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and cash flows.
As of December 31, 2020, we had approximately $5.2 billion aggregate principal amount of indebtedness outstanding. Our leverage could have important consequences to us. For example, it could (1) require us to dedicate a substantial portion of our cash flow to principal and interest payments on our indebtedness, reducing the cash flow available to fund our business, pay dividends, including those necessary to maintain our REIT qualification, or use for other purposes; (2) increase our vulnerability to an economic downturn, as debt payments are not reduced if the economic performance of any property or the Portfolio as a whole deteriorates; (3) limit our ability to withstand competitive pressures; and (4) reduce our flexibility to respond to changing business and economic conditions. In addition, non-compliance with the terms of our debt agreements could result in the acceleration of a significant amount of debt and could materially impair our ability to borrow unused amounts under existing financing arrangements or to obtain additional financing on favorable terms or at all. Any of these outcomes could adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and cash flows.
Our variable rate indebtedness subjects us to interest rate risk, and an increase in our debt service obligations may adversely affect our operating results and cash flows.
As of December 31, 2020, borrowings under our unsecured $350.0 million term loan agreement, as amended on April 29, 2020 (the “$350 Million Term Loan”), unsecured $300.0 million term loan agreement, as amended on April 29, 2020 (the “$300 Million Term Loan”), and unsecured $250.0 million Floating Rate Senior Notes due 2022 (the “2022 Notes”) bear interest at variable rates. In addition, we had $1.2 billion of available liquidity under the Revolving Facility that would bear interest at variable rates upon borrowing. If interest rates were to increase, our debt service obligations on the variable rate indebtedness would increase even though the amount borrowed would remain the same, and our net income and cash flows would correspondingly decrease. In order to partially mitigate our exposure to increases in interest rates, we have entered into interest rate swap agreements on $800.0 million of our variable rate debt, which involve the exchange of variable for fixed rate interest payments. Taking into account our current interest rate swap agreements, a 100 basis point increase in interest rates would result in a $1.0 million increase in annual interest expense. Interest rate swap agreements on $500.0 million of our variable rate debt are scheduled to expire in 2021, which will increase our exposure to increases in interest rates if we do not enter into new interest rate swap agreements.
We may be adversely affected by changes in LIBOR reporting practices or the method by which LIBOR is determined.
In July 2017, the Financial Conduct Authority (“FCA”) that regulates the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) announced it intends to stop compelling banks to submit rates for the calculation of LIBOR after December 31, 2021. As a result, the Federal Reserve Board and the Federal Reserve Bank of New York organized the Alternative Reference Rates Committee (“ARRC”), which identified the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”) as its preferred alternative to LIBOR in derivatives and other financial contracts. Subsequently, in November 2020, the Intercontinental Exchange Benchmark Administration, the administrator of LIBOR, announced that it intends to extend the cessation date for most LIBOR tenors to June 30, 2023. We are not able to predict when LIBOR may be limited or discontinued or when there will be sufficient liquidity in the SOFR market. As of December 31, 2020, we had $900.0 million of debt and seven interest rate swaps with an aggregate notional value of $800.0 million outstanding that were indexed to LIBOR. In addition, we had $1.2 billion of available liquidity under the Revolving Facility that would be indexed to LIBOR upon borrowing. We are monitoring and evaluating the risks related to potential changes in LIBOR availability, which include potential changes in interest paid on debt and amounts received and paid on interest rate swaps. In addition, the value of debt or derivative instruments tied to LIBOR could also be impacted when LIBOR is limited or discontinued and contracts must be transitioned to a new alternative rate. Due to the extension noted above, we currently expect that all of our contracts indexed to LIBOR will be required to be transitioned to an alternative rate by June 30, 2023. However, it is possible that LIBOR may be discontinued prior to then. If a contract is not transitioned to an alternative rate and LIBOR is discontinued, the impact on our contracts is likely to vary by contract. Transitioning to an alternative rate may be challenging for some instruments, as they may require negotiation with the respective counterparty. Any of these events could have an adverse effect on our financing costs, and as a result, our financial condition, operating results and cash flows.
We may be unable to obtain additional capital through the debt and equity markets, which could have an adverse effect on our financial condition, operating results and cash flows.
We cannot assure that we will be able to access the capital markets to obtain additional debt or equity capital on terms favorable to us. Our access to external capital depends upon several factors, including general market conditions, our current and potential future earnings, the market’s perception of our growth potential, our liquidity and leverage ratios, our cash distributions, and the market price of our common stock. Our inability to obtain debt or equity capital on favorable terms or at all could result in the disruption of our ability to: (1) operate, maintain or reinvest in our Portfolio; (2) repay or refinance our indebtedness on or before maturity; (3) acquire new properties; or (4) dispose of some of our assets on favorable terms due to an immediate need for capital.
Adverse changes in our credit rating could affect our borrowing capacity and borrowing terms.
Our creditworthiness is rated by nationally recognized credit rating agencies. The credit ratings assigned are based on our operating performance, liquidity and leverage ratios, financial condition and prospects, and other factors viewed by the credit rating agencies as relevant to our industry. Our credit rating can affect our ability to access debt capital, as well as the terms of certain existing and future debt financing we may obtain. Since we depend on debt financing to fund our business, an adverse change in our credit rating, including changes in our credit outlook, or even the initiation of a review of our credit rating that could result in an adverse change, could adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and cash flows.
Covenants in our debt agreements may restrict our operating activities and adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and cash flows.
Our debt agreements contain various financial and operating covenants, including, among other things, certain coverage ratios and limitations on our ability to incur secured and unsecured debt. The breach of any of these covenants, if not cured within any applicable cure period, could result in a default and acceleration of certain of our indebtedness. If any of our indebtedness is accelerated prior to maturity, we may not be able to repay or refinance such indebtedness on favorable terms, or at all, which could adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and cash flows.
Legal proceedings related to certain former employees will continue to result in certain costs and expenses.
As discussed under the heading “Legal Matters” in Note 15 – Commitments and Contingencies to our Consolidated Financial Statements in this report, we finalized a settlement with the SEC with respect to certain reporting matters and we believe that no additional governmental proceedings relating to these matters will be brought against us. We understand that the SEC and the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Southern District of New York are pursuing actions relating to these matters with respect to certain former employees. We remain obligated to advance funds to these former employees for legal and other professional fees pursuant to indemnification obligations and the amounts advanced are now in excess of our insurance coverage and are being funded by us. These payments could adversely affect our operating results and cash flows.
An uninsured loss on properties or a loss that exceeds the limits of our insurance policies could result in a loss of our investment or related revenue in those properties.
We carry comprehensive liability, fire, extended coverage, business interruption, and acts of terrorism insurance with policy specifications and insured limits customarily carried for similar properties. There are, however, certain types of losses, such as from hurricanes, tornadoes, floods, earthquakes, terrorism or wars, where coverages are limited or deductibles may be higher. In addition, tenants generally are required to indemnify and hold us harmless from liabilities resulting from injury to persons or damage to personal or real property on the premises due to activities conducted by tenants or their agents on the properties (including without limitation any environmental contamination), and to obtain liability and property damage insurance policies at the tenant’s expense, kept in full force during the term of the lease. However, tenants may not properly maintain their insurance policies or have the ability to pay the deductibles associated with such policies. Should a loss occur that is uninsured or in an amount exceeding the combined aggregate limits for the policies noted above, or in the event of a loss that is subject to a substantial deductible under an insurance policy, we could lose all or part of the capital invested in, and anticipated revenue from, one or more of the properties, which could adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and cash flows.
Environmental conditions that exist at some of the properties in our Portfolio could result in significant unexpected costs.
We are subject to federal, state, and local environmental regulations that apply generally to the ownership of real property and the operations conducted on real property. Under various federal, state and local laws, ordinances and regulations, we may be or become liable for the costs of removal or remediation of certain hazardous or toxic substances released on or in our property or disposed of by us or our tenants, as well as certain other potential costs which could relate to hazardous or toxic substances (including governmental fines and injuries to persons and property). Such liability may be imposed whether or not we knew of, or were responsible for, the presence of these hazardous or toxic substances. As is the case with many community and neighborhood shopping centers, many of our properties had or have on-site dry cleaners and/or on-site gas stations, the prior or current use of which could potentially increase our environmental liability exposure. The costs of investigation, removal or remediation of such substances may be substantial, and the presence of such substances, or the failure to properly remediate such substances, may adversely affect our ability to lease such property, to borrow funds using such property as collateral, or to dispose of such property.
In addition, certain of our properties may contain asbestos-containing building materials (“ACBM”). Environmental laws require that ACBM be properly managed and maintained, and may impose fines and penalties on building owners or operators for failure to comply with these requirements. The laws also may allow third parties to seek recovery from owners or operators for personal injury associated with exposure to asbestos fibers.
Finally, we can provide no assurance that we are aware of all potential environmental liabilities or that the environmental studies performed by us have identified or will identify all material environmental conditions that may exist with respect to any of the properties in our Portfolio; that any previous owner, occupant or tenant did not create any material environmental condition not known to us; that our properties will not be affected by tenants or nearby properties or other unrelated third parties; or that changes in environmental laws and regulations will not result in additional environmental liabilities to us.
Further information relating to recognition of remediation obligations in accordance with GAAP is discussed under the heading “Environmental matters” in Note 15 – Commitments and Contingencies to our Consolidated Financial Statements in this report.
Compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act and fire, safety and other regulations may require us to make expenditures that would adversely affect our cash flows.
All of the properties in our Portfolio are required to comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act (“ADA”). The ADA has separate compliance requirements for “public accommodations” and “commercial facilities,” but generally requires that buildings be made accessible to people with disabilities. Compliance with the ADA requirements could necessitate the removal of access barriers, and non-compliance could result in the imposition of fines by the U.S. government or an award of damages to private litigants, or both. We are continually assessing our Portfolio to determine our compliance with the current requirements of the ADA. We are required to comply with the ADA within the common areas of our Portfolio and we may not be able to pass on to our tenants the costs necessary to remediate any common area ADA issues, which could adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and cash flows. In addition, we are required to operate the properties in compliance with fire and safety regulations, building codes, and other regulations, as they may be adopted by governmental agencies and bodies and become applicable to our Portfolio. As a result, we may be required to make substantial capital expenditures to comply with, and we may be restricted in our ability to renovate or redevelop the properties subject to, those requirements. The resulting expenditures and restrictions could adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and cash flows.
We and our tenants face risks relating to cybersecurity attacks that could cause loss of confidential information and other business disruptions.
We rely extensively on computer systems to operate and manage our business and process transactions, and as a result, our business is at risk from and may be impacted by cybersecurity attacks. These attacks could include attempts to gain unauthorized access to our data and/or computer systems. Attacks can be either individual or highly organized attempts by very sophisticated organizations. We employ several measures to prevent, detect and mitigate these threats, which include password protection, frequent mandatory password change events, multi-factor authentication, mandatory employee trainings, firewall detection systems, frequent backups, a redundant data system
for core applications and annual penetration testing; however, there is no guarantee that such efforts will be successful in preventing or mitigating a cybersecurity attack. A cybersecurity attack could compromise the confidential information, including personally identifiable information, of our employees, tenants and vendors, disrupt the proper functioning of our networks, result in misstated financial reports or loan covenants and/or missed reporting deadlines, prevent us from properly monitoring our REIT qualification, result in our inability to maintain the building systems relied upon by our tenants for the efficient use of their leased space or require significant management attention and resources to remedy any damages that result. A successful attack could also disrupt and affect our business operations, damage our reputation, and result in significant litigation and remediation costs. Similarly, our tenants rely extensively on computer systems to process transactions and manage their businesses and thus are also at risk from and may be impacted by cybersecurity attacks. An interruption in the business operations of our tenants or a deterioration in their reputation resulting from a cybersecurity attack could adversely impact our business operations. As of December 31, 2020, we have not had any material incidences involving cybersecurity attacks.
Risks Related to Our Organization and Structure
BPG’s board of directors may change significant corporate policies without stockholder approval.
BPG’s investment, financing and dividend policies and our policies with respect to all other business activities, including strategy and operations, will be determined by BPG’s board of directors. These policies may be amended or revised at any time and from time to time at the discretion of BPG’s board of directors without a vote of our stockholders. BPG’s charter also provides that BPG’s board of directors may revoke or otherwise terminate our REIT election without approval of BPG’s stockholders if it determines that it is no longer in BPG’s best interests to continue to qualify as a REIT. In addition, BPG’s board of directors may change BPG’s policies with respect to conflicts of interest, provided that such changes are consistent with applicable legal requirements. A change in any of these policies could have an adverse effect on our financial condition, operating results, cash flows, and our ability to satisfy our debt service obligations and to pay dividends.
BPG’s board of directors may approve the issuance of stock, including preferred stock, with terms that may discourage a third party from acquiring us.
BPG’s charter permits its board of directors to authorize the issuance of stock in one or more classes or series. Our board of directors may also classify or reclassify any unissued stock and establish the preferences, conversion and other rights, voting powers, restrictions, limitations as to dividends and other distributions, qualifications and terms and conditions of redemption of any such stock, which rights may be superior to those of our common stock. Thus, BPG’s board of directors could authorize the issuance of shares of a class or series of stock with terms and conditions which could have the effect of discouraging an unsolicited acquisition of us or a change of our control in which holders of some or a majority of BPG’s outstanding common stock might receive a premium for their shares over the then-current market price of our common stock.
The rights of BPG and BPG stockholders to take action against BPG’s directors and officers are limited.
BPG’s charter eliminates the liability of BPG’s directors and officers to us and BPG’s stockholders for money damages to the maximum extent permitted under Maryland law. Under Maryland law and BPG’s charter, BPG’s directors and officers do not have any liability to BPG or BPG’s stockholders for money damages other than liability resulting from:
•actual receipt of an improper benefit or profit in money, property or services; or
•active and deliberate dishonesty by the director or officer that was established by a final judgment and is material to the cause of action adjudicated.
BPG’s charter authorizes BPG and BPG’s bylaws require BPG to indemnify each of BPG’s directors and officers who is made a party to or witness in a proceeding by reason of his or her service in those capacities (or in a similar capacity at another entity at the request of BPG), to the maximum extent permitted under Maryland law, from and against any claim or liability to which such person may become subject by reason of his or her status as a present or former director or officer of BPG. In addition, BPG may be obligated to pay or reimburse the expenses incurred by BPG’s present and former directors and officers without requiring a preliminary determination of their ultimate entitlement to indemnification. As a result, BPG and BPG’s stockholders may have more limited rights to recover money damages from BPG’s directors and officers than might otherwise exist absent these provisions in BPG’s
charter and bylaws or that might exist with other companies, which could limit the recourse of stockholders in the event of actions that are not in BPG’s best interests.
BPG’s charter contains a provision that expressly permits BPG’s non-employee directors to compete with us.
BPG’s charter provides that, to the maximum extent permitted under Maryland law, BPG renounces any interest or expectancy that BPG has in, or any right to be offered an opportunity to participate in, any business opportunities that are from time to time presented to or developed by BPG’s directors or their affiliates, other than to those directors who are employed by BPG or BPG’s subsidiaries, unless the business opportunity is expressly offered or made known to such person in his or her capacity as a director. Non-employee directors or any of their affiliates will not have any duty to communicate or offer such transaction or business opportunity to us or to refrain from engaging, directly or indirectly, in the same business activities or similar business activities or lines of business in which we or our affiliates engage or propose to engage or to refrain from otherwise competing with us or our affiliates. These provisions may deprive us of opportunities which we may have otherwise wanted to pursue.
BPG’s charter provides that, to the maximum extent permitted under Maryland law, each of BPG’s non-employee directors, and any of their affiliates, may:
•acquire, hold and dispose of shares of BPG’s stock or OP Units for his or her own account or for the account of others, and exercise all of the rights of a stockholder of Brixmor Property Group Inc. or a limited partner of our Operating Partnership, to the same extent and in the same manner as if he, she or it were not BPG’s director or stockholder; and
•in his, her or its personal capacity or in his, her or its capacity as a director, officer, trustee, stockholder, partner, member, equity owner, manager, advisor or employee of any other person, have business interests and engage, directly or indirectly, in business activities that are similar to ours or compete with us, that involve a business opportunity that we could seize and develop or that include the acquisition, syndication, holding, management, development, operation or disposition of interests in mortgages, real property or persons engaged in the real estate business.
Risks Related to our REIT Status and Certain Other Tax Items
If BPG does not maintain its qualification as a REIT, it will be subject to tax as a regular corporation and could face a substantial tax liability.
BPG intends to continue to operate so as to qualify as a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”). However, qualification as a REIT involves the application of highly technical and complex Code provisions for which only a limited number of judicial or administrative interpretations exist. Notwithstanding the availability of cure provisions in the Code, BPG could fail to meet various compliance requirements, which could jeopardize its REIT status. Furthermore, new tax legislation, administrative guidance or court decisions, in each instance potentially with retroactive effect, could make it more difficult or impossible for BPG to qualify as a REIT.
If BPG fails to qualify as a REIT in any tax year and BPG is not entitled to relief under applicable statutory provisions:
•BPG would be taxed as a non-REIT “C” corporation, which under current laws, among other things, means being unable to deduct dividends paid to stockholders in computing taxable income and being subject to U.S. federal income tax on its taxable income at normal corporate income tax rates, which would reduce BPG’s cash flows and funds available for distribution to stockholders; and
•BPG would be disqualified from taxation as a REIT for the four taxable years following the year in which it failed to qualify as a REIT.
The Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”), the U.S. Treasury Department and Congress frequently review U.S. federal income tax legislation, regulations and other guidance. BPG cannot predict whether, when, or to what extent new U.S. federal tax laws, regulations, interpretations, or rulings will be adopted. Any legislative action may prospectively or retroactively modify BPG’s tax treatment and, therefore, may adversely affect taxation of BPG or BPG’s stockholders. Stockholders should consult with their tax advisors with respect to the status of legislative, regulatory or administrative developments and proposals and their potential effect on an investment in BPG’s stock.
Complying with REIT requirements may force BPG to liquidate or restructure investments or forgo otherwise attractive investment opportunities.
In order to qualify as a REIT, BPG must ensure that, at the end of each calendar quarter, at least 75% of the value of its assets consists of cash, cash equivalents, government securities and qualified REIT real estate assets. BPG’s investments in securities cannot include more than 10% of the outstanding voting securities of any one issuer or 10% of the total value of the outstanding securities of any one issuer unless: (1) such issuer is a REIT; (2) BPG and such issuer jointly elect for such issuer to be treated as a “taxable REIT subsidiary” under the Code; or (3) for purposes of the 10% value limitation only, the securities satisfy certain requirements and are not considered “securities” for this test. The total value of all of BPG’s investments in taxable REIT subsidiaries cannot exceed 20% of the value of BPG’s total assets. In addition, no more than 5% of the value of BPG’s assets can consist of the securities of any one issuer other than a taxable REIT subsidiary, and no more than 25% of the value of BPG’s total assets may be represented by debt instruments issued by “publicly offered REITs” (as defined under the Code) that are “nonqualified” (e.g., not secured by real property or interests in real property). If BPG fails to comply with these requirements, BPG must dispose of a portion of its assets within 30 days after the end of the calendar quarter in order to avoid losing its REIT status and suffering adverse tax consequences. In addition to the quarterly asset test requirements, BPG must annually satisfy two income test requirements (the “75% and 95% gross income tests”), which require that at least 75% of BPG’s gross income be derived from passive real estate sources, including rents from real property, gains from the disposition of real property and other specified qualifying real estate-sourced income. In addition, at least 95% of BPG’s gross income generally must be derived from items qualifying for the 75% income test and other specified interest, dividend and portfolio-type income. As a result, BPG may be required to liquidate from its portfolio, or contribute to a taxable REIT subsidiary, otherwise attractive investments in order to maintain its qualification as a REIT. These actions could reduce BPG’s income and amounts available for distribution to its stockholders. BPG may be unable to pursue investments that would otherwise be advantageous to it in order to satisfy the asset diversification or income requirements for qualifying as a REIT.
In addition, the REIT provisions of the Code impose a 100% tax on income from “prohibited transactions.” Prohibited transactions generally include sales of assets, other than foreclosure property, that constitute inventory or other property held for sale to customers in the ordinary course of business. Although BPG does not intend to hold any properties that would be characterized as held for sale to customers in the ordinary course of BPG’s business, unless a sale or disposition qualifies under certain statutory safe harbors, such characterization is a factual determination and no guarantee can be given that the IRS would agree with BPG’s characterization of its properties or that BPG will be able to make use of the otherwise available safe harbors. This 100% tax could affect BPG’s decisions to sell property if it believes such sales could be treated as prohibited transactions. However, BPG would not be subject to this tax if it were to sell such assets through a taxable REIT subsidiary.
BPG’s charter does not permit any person to own more than 9.8% of BPG’s outstanding common stock or of BPG’s outstanding stock of all classes or series, and attempts to acquire BPG’s common stock or BPG’s stock of all other classes or series in excess of these limits would not be effective without an exemption from these limits by BPG’s board of directors.
For BPG to qualify as a REIT under the Code, not more than 50% of the value of BPG’s outstanding stock may be owned directly or indirectly by five or fewer individuals (including certain entities treated as individuals for this purpose) during the last half of a taxable year. For the purpose of assisting BPG’s qualification as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes, among other purposes, BPG’s charter prohibits beneficial or constructive ownership by any individual of more than a certain percentage, currently 9.8%, in value or by number of shares, whichever is more restrictive, of the outstanding shares of BPG’s common stock or 9.8% in value of the outstanding shares of BPG’s capital stock, which BPG refers to as the “ownership limit.” The constructive ownership rules under the Code and BPG’s charter are complex and may cause shares of the outstanding common stock owned by a group of related individuals to be deemed to be constructively owned by one individual. As a result, the acquisition of less than 9.8% of BPG’s outstanding common stock or BPG’s capital stock by an individual could cause the individual to own constructively in excess of 9.8% of BPG’s outstanding common stock or BPG’s capital stock, respectively, and thus violate the ownership limit. Any attempt to own or transfer shares of BPG’s stock in excess of the ownership limit without an exemption from BPG’s board of directors will result either in the shares in excess of the limit being transferred by operation of the charter to a charitable trust or the transfer being void, and the individual who attempted to acquire such excess shares will not have any rights in such excess shares. In addition, there can be no assurance that BPG’s board of directors, as permitted in the charter, will not decrease this ownership limit in the future.
The ownership limit may have the effect of precluding a change in control of BPG by a third party, even if such change in control would be in the best interests of BPG’s stockholders or would result in BPG’s stockholders receiving a premium for their shares over the then-current market price of BPG’s common stock, and even if such change in control would not reasonably jeopardize BPG’s REIT status.
Failure to qualify as a domestically-controlled REIT could subject BPG’s non-U.S. stockholders to adverse U.S. federal income tax consequences.
BPG will be a domestically-controlled REIT if, at all times during a specified testing period, less than 50% in value of its shares are held directly or indirectly by non-U.S. stockholders. Because its shares are publicly traded, BPG cannot guarantee that it will, in fact, be a domestically-controlled REIT. If BPG fails to qualify as a domestically-controlled REIT, its non-U.S. stockholders that otherwise would not be subject to U.S. federal income tax on the gain attributable to a sale of BPG’s shares of common stock would be subject to taxation upon such a sale if either (a) the shares were not considered to be “regularly traded” under applicable Treasury regulations on an established securities market, such as the NYSE, or (b) the shares were considered to be “regularly traded” on an established securities market and the selling non-U.S. stockholder owned, actually or constructively, more than 10% in value of the outstanding shares at any time during specified testing periods. If gain on the sale or exchange of BPG’s shares of common stock was subject to taxation for these reasons, the non-U.S. stockholder would be subject to U.S. federal income tax with respect to any gain on a net basis in a manner similar to the taxation of a taxable U.S. stockholder, subject to any applicable alternative minimum tax and special alternative minimum tax in the case of nonresident alien individuals, and corporate non-U.S. stockholders may be subject to an additional branch profits tax.
BPG may choose to make distributions in BPG’s own stock, in which case stockholders may be required to pay income taxes without receiving any cash dividends.
In connection with BPG’s qualification as a REIT, BPG is required to annually distribute to its stockholders at least 90% of its REIT taxable income, determined without regard to the deduction for dividends paid and excluding net capital gains. Although it does not currently intend to do so, in order to satisfy this requirement, BPG is permitted, subject to certain conditions and limitations, to make distributions that are in whole or in part payable in shares of BPG’s stock. Taxable stockholders receiving such distributions will be required to include the full amount of such distributions as ordinary dividend income to the extent of BPG’s current or accumulated earnings and profits, as determined for U.S. federal income tax purposes. As a result, U.S. stockholders may be required to pay income taxes with respect to such distributions in excess of the cash portion of the distribution received. Accordingly, U.S. stockholders receiving a distribution in shares of BPG’s stock may be required to sell shares received in such distribution or may be required to sell other stock or assets owned by them, at a time that may be disadvantageous, in order to satisfy any tax imposed on such distribution. Furthermore, with respect to certain non-U.S. stockholders, BPG may be required to withhold U.S. tax with respect to such distribution, including in respect of all or a portion of such distribution that is payable in shares of BPG’s stock, by withholding or disposing of part of the shares included in such distribution and using the net proceeds of such disposition to satisfy the withholding tax imposed. In addition, if a significant number of BPG’s stockholders determine to sell shares of BPG’s stock in order to pay taxes owed on dividend income, such sales may put downward pressure on the market price of BPG’s stock.
Dividends payable by REITs do not qualify for the reduced tax rates available for some dividends.
The maximum tax rate applicable to qualified dividend income payable by non-REIT “C” corporations to certain non-corporate U.S. stockholders has been reduced by legislation to 23.8% (taking into account the 3.8% Medicare tax applicable to net investment income). Dividends payable by REITs, however, generally are not eligible for the reduced rates. Effective for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2017 and before January 1, 2026, non-corporate U.S. stockholders may deduct 20% of their dividends from REITs (excluding qualified dividend income and capital gain dividends). For non-corporate U.S. stockholders in the top marginal tax bracket of 37%, the deduction for REIT dividends yields an effective income tax rate of 29.6% on REIT dividends, which is higher than the 23.8% tax rate on qualified dividend income paid by non-REIT “C” corporations. As a result of the more favorable rates applicable to non-REIT “C” corporate qualified dividends, certain non-corporate investors could perceive investments in REITs to be relatively less attractive than investments in the stocks of non-REIT “C” corporations that pay dividends, which could adversely affect the value of the shares of REITs, including BPG.
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
Item 2. Properties
As of December 31, 2020, our Portfolio was comprised of 393 shopping centers totaling approximately 69 million square feet of GLA. Our high-quality national Portfolio is primarily located within established trade areas in the top 50 MSAs in the U.S., and our shopping centers are primarily anchored by non-discretionary and value-oriented retailers, as well as consumer-oriented service providers. As of December 31, 2020, our three largest tenants by ABR were The TJX Companies, Inc., The Kroger Co., and Dollar Tree Stores, Inc.
The following table summarizes the top 20 tenants by ABR in our Portfolio as of December 31, 2020 (dollars in thousands, except for PSF amounts):
|Retailer||Owned Leases||Leased GLA||Percent of GLA||ABR||Percent of ABR|
|The TJX Companies, Inc.||87 ||2,642,160 ||3.8 ||%||$||30,890 ||3.5 ||%||$||11.69 |
|The Kroger Co.||49 ||3,259,371 ||4.7 ||%||24,487 ||2.8 ||%||7.51 |
|Dollar Tree Stores, Inc.||125 ||1,455,108 ||2.1 ||%||16,114 ||1.8 ||%||11.07 |
|Burlington Stores, Inc.||29 ||1,460,689 ||2.1 ||%||15,265 ||1.7 ||%||10.45 |
|Publix Super Markets, Inc.||29 ||1,285,410 ||1.9 ||%||12,221 ||1.4 ||%||9.51 |
|Ross Stores, Inc||37 ||996,222 ||1.4 ||%||12,044 ||1.4 ||%||12.09 |
|L.A Fitness International, LLC||15 ||618,290 ||0.9 ||%||11,355 ||1.3 ||%||18.37 |
|Ahold Delhaize||20 ||1,059,637 ||1.5 ||%||11,270 ||1.3 ||%||10.64 |
|Albertson's Companies, Inc||14 ||795,381 ||1.2 ||%||9,729 ||1.1 ||%||12.23 |
|PetSmart, Inc.||26 ||587,388 ||0.9 ||%||8,742 ||1.0 ||%||14.88 |
|Big Lots, Inc.||36 ||1,180,035 ||1.7 ||%||8,135 ||0.9 ||%||6.89 |
|PETCO Animal Supplies, Inc.||31 ||422,440 ||0.6 ||%||7,584 ||0.9 ||%||17.95 |
|Kohl's Corporation||12 ||914,585 ||1.3 ||%||7,253 ||0.8 ||%||7.93 |
|Bed Bath & Beyond, Inc.||26 ||628,304 ||0.9 ||%||7,213 ||0.8 ||%||11.48 |
|Best Buy Co., Inc.||13 ||537,660 ||0.8 ||%||6,828 ||0.8 ||%||12.70 |
|Ulta Beauty, Inc.||26 ||295,708 ||0.4 ||%||6,826 ||0.8 ||%||23.08 |
|Party City Holdco Inc.||33 ||474,729 ||0.7 ||%||6,769 ||0.8 ||%||14.26 |
|The Michaels Companies, Inc.||24 ||541,541 ||0.8 ||%||6,599 ||0.8 ||%||12.19 |
|Staples, Inc.||24 ||496,662 ||0.7 ||%||6,258 ||0.7 ||%||12.60 |
|Office Depot, Inc.||23 ||502,566 ||0.7 ||%||5,726 ||0.7 ||%||11.39 |
|TOP 20 RETAILERS||679 ||20,153,886 ||29.1 ||%||$||221,308 ||25.3 ||%||$||10.98 |
(1) ABR PSF is calculated as ABR divided by leased GLA, excluding the GLA of lessee-owned leasehold improvements.
The following table summarizes the geographic diversity of our Portfolio by state, ranked by ABR, as of December 31, 2020 (dollars in thousands, expect for PSF amounts):
|State||Number of Properties|| GLA ||Percent Billed||Percent Leased|| ABR |
|Percent of Number of Properties||Percent of GLA||Percent of ABR|
|1 ||Florida||47 ||7,819,020 ||85.4 ||%||88.7 ||%||$||105,460 ||$||15.50 ||12.0 ||%||11.4 ||%||12.0 ||%|
|2 ||Texas||49 ||7,579,507 ||89.9 ||%||92.8 ||%||98,696 ||14.80 ||12.5 ||%||11.0 ||%||11.3 ||%|
|3 ||California||27 ||5,094,057 ||92.3 ||%||94.9 ||%||96,816 ||21.63 ||6.9 ||%||7.4 ||%||11.1 ||%|
|4 ||New York||28 ||3,578,761 ||90.3 ||%||94.1 ||%||65,561 ||19.73 ||7.1 ||%||5.2 ||%||7.5 ||%|
|5 ||Pennsylvania||26 ||4,985,010 ||87.2 ||%||90.5 ||%||63,366 ||17.04 ||6.6 ||%||7.2 ||%||7.2 ||%|
|6 ||North Carolina||20 ||4,243,307 ||93.1 ||%||93.5 ||%||44,725 ||11.88 ||5.1 ||%||6.2 ||%||5.1 ||%|
|7 ||New Jersey||16 ||2,843,142 ||84.1 ||%||91.9 ||%||42,715 ||17.45 ||4.1 ||%||4.1 ||%||4.9 ||%|
|8 ||Georgia||30 ||4,228,329 ||87.3 ||%||89.7 ||%||42,002 ||11.37 ||7.6 ||%||6.1 ||%||4.8 ||%|
|9 ||Illinois||15 ||3,597,442 ||79.7 ||%||81.9 ||%||39,595 ||14.11 ||3.8 ||%||5.2 ||%||4.5 ||%|
|10 ||Michigan||16 ||2,993,755 ||88.2 ||%||89.3 ||%||34,191 ||13.37 ||4.1 ||%||4.3 ||%||3.9 ||%|
|11 ||Ohio||15 ||3,045,070 ||86.9 ||%||89.8 ||%||33,934 ||14.48 ||3.8 ||%||4.4 ||%||3.9 ||%|
|12 ||Connecticut||11 ||1,792,327 ||86.0 ||%||86.9 ||%||24,620 ||15.86 ||2.8 ||%||2.6 ||%||2.8 ||%|
|13 ||Tennessee||9 ||1,891,315 ||95.0 ||%||96.1 ||%||22,755 ||12.69 ||2.3 ||%||2.7 ||%||2.6 ||%|
|14 ||Colorado||7 ||1,595,045 ||94.5 ||%||97.0 ||%||21,417 ||14.68 ||1.8 ||%||2.3 ||%||2.4 ||%|
|15 ||Massachusetts||10 ||1,499,510 ||87.7 ||%||93.3 ||%||18,061 ||14.71 ||2.5 ||%||2.2 ||%||2.1 ||%|
|16 ||Kentucky||7 ||1,683,399 ||94.6 ||%||95.1 ||%||17,451 ||12.07 ||1.8 ||%||2.4 ||%||2.0 ||%|
|17 ||Minnesota||9 ||1,380,401 ||87.8 ||%||90.9 ||%||16,451 ||14.16 ||2.3 ||%||2.0 ||%||1.9 ||%|
|18 ||Indiana||7 ||1,464,266 ||81.9 ||%||87.8 ||%||14,731 ||11.81 ||1.8 ||%||2.1 ||%||1.7 ||%|
|19 ||South Carolina||7 ||1,310,223 ||81.9 ||%||82.3 ||%||14,534 ||13.66 ||1.8 ||%||1.9 ||%||1.7 ||%|
|20 ||Virginia||7 ||1,017,100 ||89.6 ||%||90.0 ||%||10,988 ||13.06 ||1.8 ||%||1.5 ||%||1.3 ||%|
|21 ||New Hampshire||5 ||782,028 ||74.0 ||%||80.2 ||%||8,013 ||13.35 ||1.3 ||%||1.1 ||%||0.9 ||%|
|22 ||Maryland||3 ||415,708 ||68.6 ||%||75.5 ||%||5,670 ||18.53 ||0.7 ||%||0.6 ||%||0.6 ||%|
|23 ||Wisconsin||4 ||566,998 ||86.0 ||%||86.2 ||%||5,632 ||11.52 ||0.9 ||%||0.8 ||%||0.6 ||%|
|24 ||Missouri||5 ||655,984 ||93.5 ||%||96.0 ||%||5,391 ||8.74 ||1.3 ||%||1.0 ||%||0.6 ||%|
|25 ||Alabama||1 ||415,636 ||82.5 ||%||91.8 ||%||4,213 ||11.28 ||0.3 ||%||0.6 ||%||0.5 ||%|
|26 ||Kansas||2 ||376,599 ||93.4 ||%||94.8 ||%||3,499 ||12.66 ||0.4 ||%||0.6 ||%||0.4 ||%|
|27 ||Iowa||2 ||512,825 ||85.8 ||%||87.1 ||%||2,926 ||6.63 ||0.4 ||%||0.7 ||%||0.3 ||%|
|28 ||Delaware||1 ||191,974 ||82.3 ||%||99.3 ||%||2,249 ||11.79 ||0.3 ||%||0.3 ||%||0.3 ||%|
|29 ||West Virginia||2 ||251,500 ||90.0 ||%||90.0 ||%||2,026 ||8.95 ||0.4 ||%||0.4 ||%||0.2 ||%|
|30 ||Vermont||1 ||223,314 ||100.0 ||%||100.0 ||%||1,980 ||8.99 ||0.3 ||%||0.4 ||%||0.2 ||%|
|31 ||Oklahoma||1 ||186,851 ||100.0 ||%||100.0 ||%||1,920 ||10.28 ||0.3 ||%||0.3 ||%||0.2 ||%|
|32 ||Maine||1 ||287,513 ||87.3 ||%||94.8 ||%||1,800 ||17.27 ||0.3 ||%||0.4 ||%||0.2 ||%|
|33 ||Arizona||1 ||165,350 ||67.1 ||%||67.1 ||%||1,587 ||14.30 ||0.3 ||%||0.3 ||%||0.2 ||%|
|34 ||Louisiana||1 ||179,039 ||71.4 ||%||71.4 ||%||950 ||7.43 ||0.3 ||%||0.3 ||%||0.1 ||%|
|TOTAL||393 ||68,852,305 ||87.8 ||%||90.7 ||%||$||875,925 ||$||14.93 ||100.0 ||%||100.0 ||%||100.0 ||%|
(1) ABR PSF is calculated as ABR divided by leased GLA, excluding the GLA of lessee-owned leasehold improvements.
The following table summarizes certain information for our Portfolio by unit size as of December 31, 2020 (dollars in thousands, expect for PSF amounts):
|GLA||Percent of GLA||Percent Billed||Percent Leased|| ABR |
|≥ 35,000 SF||441 ||25,410,775 ||36.9 ||%||93.1 ||%||95.4 ||%||$||222,794 ||$||10.40 |
20,000 – 34,999 SF
|513 ||13,491,801 ||19.6 ||%||89.9 ||%||93.1 ||%||136,121 ||10.96 |
10,000 – 19,999 SF
|627 ||8,611,875 ||12.5 ||%||86.7 ||%||90.3 ||%||109,477 ||14.43 |
5,000 – 9,999 SF
|1,148 ||7,919,141 ||11.5 ||%||81.4 ||%||84.5 ||%||117,776 ||18.38 |
|< 5,000 SF||6,348 ||13,418,713 ||19.5 ||%||80.4 ||%||83.5 ||%||289,757 ||26.76 |
|TOTAL||9,077 ||68,852,305 ||100.0 ||%||87.8 ||%||90.7 ||%||$||875,925 ||$||14.93 |
|TOTAL ≥ 10,000 SF||1,581 ||47,514,451 ||69.0 ||%||91.0 ||%||93.8 ||%||$||468,392 ||$||11.31 |
|TOTAL < 10,000 SF||7,496 ||21,337,854 ||31.0 ||%||80.8 ||%||83.8 ||%||407,533 ||23.65 |
(1) ABR PSF is calculated as ABR divided by leased GLA, excluding the GLA of lessee-owned leasehold improvements.
The following table summarizes lease expirations for leases in place within our Portfolio for each of the next 10 calendar years and thereafter, assuming no exercise of renewal options and including the GLA of lessee-owned leasehold improvements, as of December 31, 2020:
|Number of Leases||Leased GLA||% of Leased GLA||% of In-Place ABR||In-Place ABR PSF||ABR PSF at Expiration|
|M-M||322 ||889,505 ||1.4 ||%||1.5 ||%||$||15.15 ||$||15.15 |
|2021||1,065 ||5,945,265 ||9.5 ||%||8.9 ||%||13.16 ||13.17 |
|2022||1,129 ||7,891,881 ||12.6 ||%||12.4 ||%||13.75 ||13.83 |
|2023||1,080 ||7,081,928 ||11.4 ||%||11.6 ||%||14.34 ||14.55 |
|2024||1,045 ||9,072,153 ||14.5 ||%||13.2 ||%||12.75 ||13.03 |
|2025||855 ||7,424,592 ||11.9 ||%||11.5 ||%||13.56 ||13.89 |
|2026||549 ||5,696,459 ||9.1 ||%||8.8 ||%||13.57 ||14.45 |
|2027||370 ||3,340,244 ||5.3 ||%||5.7 ||%||15.03 ||16.63 |
|2028||310 ||2,820,147 ||4.5 ||%||5.1 ||%||15.94 ||17.58 |
|2029||349 ||3,755,452 ||6.0 ||%||6.4 ||%||14.79 ||16.46 |
|2030||290||2,996,196 ||4.8 ||%||5.0 ||%||14.68 ||16.27 |
|2031+||392 ||5,544,431 ||9.0 ||%||9.9 ||%||15.48 ||18.02 |
More specific information with respect to each of our properties is set forth in Exhibit 99.1, which is incorporated herein by reference.
Our anchor tenants generally have leases with original terms ranging from 10 to 20 years, and may or may not contain renewal options for one or more additional periods. Smaller tenants typically have leases with original terms ranging from five to 10 years, and may or may not contain renewal options for one or more additional periods. Leases in our Portfolio generally provide for the payment of fixed monthly base rent. Certain leases also provide for the payment of additional rent based upon a percentage of the tenant’s gross sales above a certain threshold level. Leases typically provide for contractual increases in base rent over both the original lease term and any renewal option periods, and the reimbursement of property operating expenses, including common area expenses, utilities (if not separately metered), insurance and real estate taxes, and certain capital expenditures related to the maintenance of our properties.
The foregoing general description of the characteristics of the leases of our Portfolio is not intended to describe all leases, and material variations in lease terms may exist.
We have a wholly owned captive insurance company, Brixmor Incap, LLC (“Incap”). Incap underwrites the first layer of general liability insurance for our properties. We formed Incap as part of our overall risk management program to stabilize insurance costs, manage exposure and recoup expenses through the function of the captive program. Incap is capitalized in accordance with the applicable regulatory requirements.
We also maintain commercial liability, fire, extended coverage, earthquake, business interruption, and rental loss insurance covering all of the properties in our Portfolio. We select coverage specifications and insured limits which we believe to be appropriate given the relative risk of loss, the cost of coverage, industry practice, and the nature of the shopping centers in our Portfolio. In addition, tenants generally are required to indemnify and hold us harmless from liabilities resulting from injury to persons or damage to personal or real property on the premises due to activities conducted by tenants or their agents on the properties (including without limitation any environmental contamination), and to obtain liability and property damage insurance policies at the tenant’s expense, kept in full force during the term of the lease. In the opinion of our management, all of the properties in our Portfolio are currently adequately insured. We do not carry insurance for generally uninsured losses, such as losses from war. See “Risk Factors – Risks Related to Our Portfolio and Our Business – An uninsured loss on properties or a loss that exceeds the limits of our insurance policies could result in a loss of our investment or related revenue in those properties.”
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
The information contained under the heading “Legal Matters” in Note 15 – Commitments and Contingencies to our Consolidated Financial Statements in this report is incorporated by reference into this Item 3.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
BPG’s common stock trades on the New York Stock Exchange under the trading symbol “BRX.” As of February 1, 2021, the number of holders of record of BPG’s common stock was 595. This figure does not represent the actual number of beneficial owners of BPG’s common stock because shares of BPG’s common stock are frequently held in “street name” by securities dealers and others for the benefit of beneficial owners who may vote the shares.
BPG has elected to qualify as a REIT in accordance with the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”). To qualify as a REIT, BPG must meet several organizational and operational requirements, including a requirement that it currently distribute to its stockholders at least 90% of its REIT taxable income, determined without regard to the deduction for dividends paid and excluding net capital gains. Management intends to satisfy these requirements and maintain BPG’s REIT status. As a REIT, BPG generally will not be subject to U.S. federal income tax, provided that distributions to its stockholders equal at least the amount of its REIT taxable income as defined under the Code.
BPG’s future distributions will be at the sole discretion of BPG’s Board of Directors. When determining the amount of future distributions, we expect that BPG’s Board of Directors will consider, among other factors; (1) the amount of cash generated from our operating activities; (2) the amount of cash required for leasing and capital expenditures; (3) the amount of cash required for debt repayments, reinvestment activity, net acquisitions, and share repurchases; (4) the amount of cash required to be distributed to maintain BPG’s status as a REIT and to reduce any income and excise taxes that BPG otherwise would be required to pay; (5) any limitations on our distributions contained in our financing agreements, including, without limitation, in our senior unsecured credit facility, as amended April 29, 2020 (the “Unsecured Credit Facility”); (6) the sufficiency of legally-available assets; and (7) our ability to continue to access additional sources of capital.
To the extent BPG is prevented, by provisions of our financing agreements or otherwise, from distributing 100% of BPG’s REIT taxable income, or otherwise does not distribute 100% of BPG’s REIT taxable income, BPG will be subject to income tax, and potentially excise tax, on the retained amounts. If our operations do not generate sufficient cash flow to allow BPG to satisfy the REIT distribution requirements, we may be required to fund distributions with working capital, borrowed funds, or asset sales, or we may be required to reduce such distributions or make such distributions in whole or in part payable in shares of BPG’s stock. See Item 1A. “Risk Factors” for additional information regarding risk factors that could adversely affect our results of operations.
Distributions to the extent of the Company’s current and accumulated earnings and profits for federal income tax purposes will be taxable to stockholders as ordinary dividend income or capital gain income. Distributions in excess of taxable earnings and profits generally will be treated as non-taxable return of capital. These distributions, to the extent that they do not exceed the stockholder’s adjusted tax basis in its common shares, have the effect of deferring taxation until the sale of the stockholder’s common shares. To the extent that distributions are both in excess of taxable earnings and profits and in excess of the stockholder’s adjusted tax basis in its common shares, the distributions will be treated as capital gains from the sale of common shares. For the taxable year ended December 31, 2020, 100.0% of the Company’s distributions to stockholders constituted taxable ordinary income.
BPG’s Total Stockholder Return Performance
The following performance chart compares, for the period from December 31, 2015 through December 31, 2020, the cumulative total return of BPG’s common stock with the cumulative total return of the S&P 500 Index and the FTSE NAREIT Equity Shopping Centers Index. All stockholder return performance assumes the reinvestment of dividends. The information in this paragraph and the following performance chart are deemed to be furnished, not filed.
Sales of Unregistered Equity Securities
There were no unregistered sales of equity securities during the year ended December 31, 2020.
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
On January 9, 2020, we established a new share repurchase program (the “Program”) for up to $400.0 million of our common stock. The Program is scheduled to expire on January 9, 2023, unless suspended or extended by the Board of Directors. The Program replaced our prior share repurchase program, which expired on December 5, 2019. During the year ended December 31, 2020, we repurchased 1,650,115 shares of common stock under the Program at an average price per share of $15.14 for a total of $25.0 million, excluding commissions. We incurred total commissions of less than $0.1 million in conjunction with the Program during the year ended December 31, 2020. As of December 31, 2020, the Program had $375.0 million of available repurchase capacity. During the three months ended December 31, 2020, we did not repurchase any shares of common stock.
Item 6. Selected Financial Data
The following tables show selected consolidated financial data for BPG and the Operating Partnership and their respective subsidiaries for the periods indicated. This information should be read together with the audited financial statements and notes thereto of BPG and its subsidiaries and the Operating Partnership and its subsidiaries and with “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” included elsewhere in this Annual Report.
|BRIXMOR PROPERTY GROUP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES|
|CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS|
|(in thousands, except per share data)|
|Year Ended December 31,|
|Rental income||$||1,050,943 ||$||1,166,379 ||$||1,233,068 ||$||1,281,724 ||$||1,273,669 |
|Other revenues||2,323 ||1,879 ||1,272 ||1,456 ||2,103 |
|Total revenues||1,053,266 ||1,168,258 ||1,234,340 ||1,283,180 ||1,275,772 |