10-Q 1 tm2029575-1_10q.htm FORM 10-Q

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

 

x  QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended                             September 30, 2020                            

 

OR

 

¨  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE ACT

 

For the transition period from ____________ to _______________

 

Commission File Number:                      0-16540                     

 

                     UNITED BANCORP, INC.                     

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Ohio   34-1405357
(State or other jurisdiction of   (IRS Employer Identification No.)
incorporation or organization)    

 

201 South Fourth Street, Martins Ferry, Ohio 43935-0010

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(740) 633-0445

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

N/A

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of each exchange on which
registered
Common Stock, Par Value $1.00   UBCP   NASDQ Capital Market

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

Yes x        No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).

Yes x        No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer   ¨  Accelerated filer ¨ 
Non-accelerated filer x     
Smaller reporting company   x  Emerging growth company   ¨ 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act)

 

Yes ¨        No x

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of the issuer’s classes of common stock as of the latest practicable date: As of November 6, 2020, 5,976351 shares of the Company’s common stock, $1.00 par value, were issued and outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION  
   
Item 1 Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets 3
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income 4
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income 5
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders Equity 6
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows 7
  Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements 9
     
Item 2 Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 37
     
Item 3 Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 49
     
Item 4 Controls and Procedures 50
     
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION  
     
Item 1 Legal Proceedings 51
     
Item 1A Risk Factors 51
     
Item 2 Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 51
     
Item 3 Defaults Upon Senior Securities 51
     
Item 4 Mine Safety Disclosures 52
     
Item 5 Other Information 52
     
Item 6 Exhibits 52
     
SIGNATURES   53

 

  2

 

 

ITEM 1. Financial Statements

United Bancorp, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In thousands, except share data)

 

   September 30,   December 31, 
   2020   2019 
         
    (Unaudited) 
Assets          
Cash and due from banks  $8,303   $5,697 
Interest-bearing demand deposits   42,634    9,288 
Cash and cash equivalents   50,937    14,985 
           
Available-for-sale securities   158,244    188,785 
Loans, net of allowance for loan losses of $5,228 and $2,231 at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively   438,048    439,317 
Premises and equipment   13,572    12,402 
Federal Home Loan Bank stock   4,252    4,012 
Foreclosed assets held for sale, net   746    819 
Core deposit intangible asset   747    860 
Goodwill   682    682 
Accrued interest receivable   3,070    2,697 
Bank-owned life insurance   18,002    17,196 
Other assets   5,204    3,951 
Total assets  $693,504   $685,706 
           
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity          
Liabilities          
Deposits          
Demand  $369,777   $334,380 
Savings   117,487    108,218 
Time   89,592    105,471 
Total deposits   576,856    548,069 
           
Securities sold under repurchase agreements   17,027    6,915 
Federal Home Loan Bank advances   ---    39,800 
Deferred federal income tax   2,041    1,736 
Subordinated debentures   23,589    23,543 
Interest payable and other liabilities   7,300    5,721 
Total liabilities   626,813    625,784 
           
Stockholders’ Equity          
Preferred stock, no par value, authorized 2,000,000 shares; no shares issued   ––    –– 
Common stock, $1 par value; authorized 10,000,000 shares; issued 2020 –5,976,351 shares, 2019 – 5,959,351 shares; outstanding 2020 – 5,731,976, 2019 - 5,740,817   5,976    5,959 
Additional paid-in capital   23,060    22,871 
Retained earnings   30,697    27,905 
Stock held by deferred compensation plan; 2020 –164,782 shares, 2019 – 176,134 shares   (1,608)   (1,659)
Unearned ESOP compensation   (59)   (228)
Accumulated other comprehensive gain   9,613    5,536 
Treasury stock, at cost          
2020 –79,593 shares, 2018 – 42,400 shares   (988)   (462)
Total stockholders’ equity   66,691    59,922 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity  $693,504   $685,706 

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

  3

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income

(In thousands, except per share data)

(Unaudited)

 

   Three months ended   Nine months ended 
   September 30,   September 30, 
   2020   2019   2020   2019 
Interest and dividend income                    
Loans, including fees  $5,379   $5,508   $16,646   $16,142 
Taxable securities   121    296    537    698 
Non-taxable securities   1,164    996    3,660    2,569 
Federal funds sold   6    75    39    306 
Dividends on Federal Home Loan Bank stock and other   22    46    78    169 
Total interest and dividend income   6,692    6,921    20,960    19,884 
Interest expense                    
Deposits                    
Demand   168    620    1,296    1,785 
Savings   7    52    30    150 
Time   403    613    1,352    1,701 
Borrowings   370    441    1,382    766 
Total interest expense   948    1,726    4,060    4,402 
Net interest income   5,744    5,195    16,900    15,482 
Provision for loan losses   1,333    120    3,304    330 
Net interest income after provision for loan losses   4,411    5,075    13,596    15,152 
Noninterest income                    
Service charges on deposit accounts   645    731    1,975    2,138 
Realized gains on available-for-sale securities   1,344    ---    2,594    --- 
Realized gains on sales of loans   47    25    93    38 
Other income   304    247    878    719 
Total noninterest income   2,340    1,003    5,540    2,895 
Noninterest expense                    
Salaries and employee benefits   2,293    2,153    6,935    6,490 
Net occupancy and equipment expense   612    567    1,827    1,684 
Professional services   330    351    978    961 
Insurance   128    118    358    340 
Deposit insurance premiums   47    27    137    139 
Franchise and other taxes   122    108    369    322 
Advertising   119    137    337    412 
Stationery and office supplies   35    33    87    103 
Amortization of core deposit premium   38    38    113    113 
Other expenses   768    630    2,340    1,932 
Total noninterest expense   4,492    4,162    13,481    12,496 
Income before federal income taxes   2,259    1,916    5,655    5,551 
Federal income taxes   200    135    342    510 
Net income  $2,059   $1,781   $5,313   $5,041 
                     
EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE                    
Basic  $0.36   $0.31   $0.93   $0.88 
Diluted  $0.36   $0.31   $0.93   $0.88 
DIVIDENDS PER COMMON SHARE  $0.1425   $0.1375   $0.4275   $0.4050 

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

  4

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

   Three months ended   Nine months ended 
   September 30,   September 30, 
   2020   2019   2020   2019 
Net income  $2,059   $1,781   $5,313   $5,041 
                     
Reclassification adjustment for realized gains on available-for-sale securities included in net income, net of taxes $282, $—, $545 and $— for each respective period   (1,062)       (2,049)    
Unrealized holding gains on securities during the period, net of tax of $91, $519, $1,628 and $1,822 for each respective period   341    1,955    6,126    6,770 
                     
Comprehensive income  $1,338   $3,736   $9,390   $11,811 

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

  5

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity

Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020 and 2019

(In thousands except per share data)

(Unaudited)

 

   Three Months Ended 
       Additional   Treasury
Stock and
   Shares
Acquired
       Other     
   Common   Paid-in   Deferred   By   Retained   Comprehensive     
   Stock   Capital   Compensation   ESOP   Earnings   Income (Loss)   Total 
Balance, July 1, 2019  $5,939   $22,517   $(2,015)  $(268)  $26,002   $4,805   $56,980 
Net income   ––    ––    ––    ––    1,781    ––    1,781 
Other comprehensive income   ––    ––    ––    ––    ––    1,955    1,955 
Cash dividends - $0.1375 per share   ––    ––    ––    ––    (814)   ––    (814)
Shares sold for deferred compensation plan   ––    50    (50)   ––    ––    ––    –– 
Expense related to share-based compensation plans   ––    85    ––    ––    ––    ––    85 
Restricted stock activity   20    (20)                    
Amortization of  ESOP   ––        ––    68    ––    ––    68 
Balance, September 30, 2019   5,959   $22,632   $(2,065)  $(200)  $26,969   $6,760   $60,055 
                                    
Balance July 1, 2020   5,966    22,845    (2,555)   (84)   29,479    10,334    65,985 
Net income   ––    ––    ––    ––    2,059    ––    2,059 
Other comprehensive  (loss)   ––    ––    ––    ––    ––    (721)   (721)
Cash dividends - $0.1425 per share   ––    ––    ––    ––    (841)   ––    (841)
Shares sold for deferred compensation plan   ––    41    (41)   ––    ––    ––    –– 
Expense related to share-based compensation plans   ––    146    ––    ––    ––    ––    146 
Restricted stock activity   10    (13)                   (3)
Amortization of ESOP/reclass   ––    41    ––    25    ––    ––    66 
Balance, September 30, 2020  $5,976   $23,060   $(2,596)  $(59)  $30,697   $9,613   $66,691 

 

   Nine Months Ended 
       Additional   Treasury
Stock and
   Shares
Acquired
       Other     
   Common   Paid-in   Deferred   By   Retained   Comprehensive     
   Stock   Capital   Compensation   ESOP   Earnings   Income (Loss)   Total 
Balance, January 1, 2019  $5,927    22,556    (1,747)   (404)   24,321    (10)   50,643 
Net income   ––    ––    ––    ––    5,041    ––    5,041 
Other comprehensive loss   ––    ––    ––    ––    ––    6,770    6,770 
Cash dividends - $0.4050 per share   ––    ––    ––    ––    (2,393)   ––    (2,393)
Shares sold for deferred compensation plan   ––    (98)   98    ––    ––    ––    –– 
Repurchase of common stock   ––        (416)   ––    ––    ––    (416)
Expense related to share-based compensation plans   ––    206    ––    ––    ––    ––    206 
Restricted stock activity   32    (32)                    
Amortization of ESOP               204    ––    ––    204 
Balance, September 30, 2019   5,959   $22,632   $(2,065)  $(200)  $26,969   $6,760   $60,055 
                                    
Balance January 1, 2020   5,959    22,871    (2,121)   (228)   27,905    5,536    59,922 
Net income   ––    ––    ––    ––    5,313    ––    5,313 
Other comprehensive income   ––    ––    ––    ––    ––    4,077    4,077 
Cash dividends - $0.4275 per share   ––    ––    ––    ––    (2,521)   ––    (2,521)
Shares sold for deferred compensation plan   ––    (51)   51    ––    ––    ––    –– 
Repurchase of common stock   ––        (526)   ––    ––    ––    (526)
Expense related to share-based compensation plans   ––    219    ––    ––    ––    ––    219 
Restricted stock activity   17    (20)                   (3)
Amortization of ESOP/Reclass       41        169    ––    ––    210 
Balance, September  30, 2020  $5,976   $23,060   $(2,596)  $(59)  $30,697   $9,613   $66,691 

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

  6

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

   Nine months ended 
   September 30, 
   2020   2019 
Operating Activities          
Net income  $5,313   $5,041 
Items not requiring (providing) cash          
Accretion of premiums and discounts on securities, net   314    232 
Amortization of intangible asset   113    113 
Depreciation and amortization   875    781 
Expense related to share based compensation plans   219    206 
Expense related to ESOP   210    204 
Provision for loan losses   3,304    330 
Increase in value of bank-owned life insurance   (356)   (230)
Gain on sale of loans   (93)   (38)
Proceeds from sale of loans held for sale   4,289    1,285 
Originations of loans held for sale   (4,196)   (1,247)
Gain on sale or write down of foreclosed assets   (3)   5 
Gain on sale of available–for-sale securities   (2,594)    
Amortization of debt service costs   46     
Net change in accrued interest receivable and other assets   (735)   (1,971)
Net change in accrued expenses and other liabilities   (185)   1,516 
           
Net cash provided by operating activities   6,521    6,227 
           
Investing Activities          
Securities available for sale:          
Maturities, prepayments and calls   28,908    24,250 
Purchases   (22,602)   (89,645)
Proceeds from sale of available-for-sale securities   31,675     
Net change in loans   (2,051)   (11,825)
Mandatory redemption of Federal Home Loan Bank Stock   (240)   230 
Purchase of Bank Owned Life insurance   (450)   (4,000)
Bank Owned Life Insurance return of principal       247 
Purchases of premises and equipment-net   (2,046)   (1,152)
Proceeds from sale of foreclosed assets   185    86 
           
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities   33,379    (81,809)

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

  7

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (continued)

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

   Nine months ended 
   September 30, 
   2020   2019 
Financing Activities          
Net change in deposits  $28,787   $24,553 
Net change in securities sold under repurchase agreements   10,112    1,834 
Net change in FHLB overnight borrowings   (39,800)   20,800 
Proceeds from issuance of subordinated debentures, net of origination fees       19,404 
Repayments of long-term borrowings       (106)
Repurchase of common stock   (526)   (416)
Cash dividends paid on common stock   (2,521)   (2,393)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities   (3,948)   63,676 
           
Increase in Cash and Cash Equivalents   35,952    (11,906)
Cash and Cash Equivalents, Beginning of Period   14,985    25,253 
           
Cash and Cash Equivalents, End of Period  $50,937   $13,347 
           
Supplemental Cash Flows Information          
Interest paid on deposits and borrowings  $3,613   $4,419 
           
Federal income taxes  $480   $ 
           
Purchases of available-for-sale securities not settled  $   $3,153 
           
Supplemental Disclosure of Non-Cash Investing and Financing Activities          
Transfers from loans to foreclosed assets held for sale  $110   $30 

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

  8

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Note 1: Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

These interim financial statements are prepared without audit and reflect all adjustments which, in the opinion of management, are necessary to present fairly the financial position of United Bancorp, Inc. (“Company”) at September 30, 2020, and its results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods presented. All such adjustments are normal and recurring in nature. The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the instructions for Form 10-Q and, therefore, do not purport to contain all the necessary financial disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America that might otherwise be necessary in the circumstances and should be read in conjunction with the Company’s consolidated financial statements and related notes for the year ended December 31, 2019 included in its Annual Report on Form 10-K. Reference is made to the accounting policies of the Company described in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements contained in its Annual Report on Form 10-K. The results of operations for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2020, are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year. The condensed consolidated balance sheet of the Company as of December 31, 2019 has been derived from the audited consolidated balance sheet of the Company as of that date.

 

Principles of Consolidation

 

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of United Bancorp, Inc. (“United” or “the Company”) and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Unified Bank of Martins Ferry, Ohio (“the Bank”). All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

Nature of Operations

 

The Company’s revenues, operating income and assets are almost exclusively derived from banking. Accordingly, all of the Company’s banking operations are considered by management to be aggregated in one reportable operating segment. Customers are mainly located in Athens, Belmont, Carroll, Fairfield, Harrison, Jefferson and Tuscarawas Counties and the surrounding localities in northeastern, east-central and southeastern Ohio and include a wide range of individuals, businesses and other organizations. Unified Bank conducts its business through its main office in Martins Ferry, Ohio and branches in Amesville, Bridgeport, Colerain, Dellroy, Dillonvale, Dover, Glouster, Jewett, Lancaster Downtown, Lancaster East, Nelsonville, New Philadelphia, Powhatan, St. Clairsville East, St. Clairsville West, Sherrodsville, Strasburg, Tiltonsville, Ohio and Moudssville West Virginia. The Bank also operates a Loan Production Office in Wheeling, West Virginia.

 

The Company’s primary deposit products are checking, savings, and term certificate accounts, and its primary lending products are residential mortgage, commercial, and installment loans. Substantially all loans are secured by specific items of collateral including business assets, consumer assets and real estate and are not considered “sub prime” type loans. The targeted lending areas of our Bank operations encompass four separate metropolitan areas, minimizing the risk to changes in economic conditions in the communities housing the Company’s branch locations.

 

Commercial loans are expected to be repaid from cash flow from operations of businesses. Real estate loans are secured by both residential and commercial real estate. Net interest income is affected by the relative amount of interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities and the interest received or paid on these balances. The level of interest rates paid or received by the Company can be significantly influenced by a number of environmental factors, such as governmental monetary and fiscal policies, that are outside of management’s control. 

 

  9

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Revenue Recognition

 

Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers ("ASC 606"), establishes principles for reporting information about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from the entity's contracts to provide goods or services to customers. The core principle requires an entity to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration that it expects to be entitled to receive in exchange for those goods or services recognized as performance obligations are satisfied. 

 

The majority of our revenue-generating transactions are not subject to ASC 606, including revenue generated from financial instruments, such as our loans, investment securities, as well as revenue related to our mortgage banking activities, as these activities are subject to other GAAP discussed elsewhere within our disclosures.

 

Descriptions of our revenue-generating activities that are within the scope of ASC 606, which are presented in our income statements as components of non-interest income are as follows:

 

Service charges on deposit accounts - these represent general service fees for monthly account maintenance and activity- or transaction-based fees and consist of transaction-based revenue, time-based revenue (service period), item-based revenue or some other individual attribute-based revenue. Revenue is recognized when our performance obligation is completed which is generally monthly for account maintenance services or when a transaction has been completed (such as a wire transfer). Payment for such performance obligations are generally received at the time the performance obligations are satisfied.

 

Use of Estimates

 

To prepare financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, management makes estimates and assumptions based on available information. These estimates and assumptions affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and the disclosures provided and future results could differ. The allowance for loan losses and fair values of financial instruments are particularly subject to change.

 

Loans

 

Loans that management has the intent and ability to hold for the foreseeable future or until maturity or payoffs are reported at their outstanding principal balances adjusted for unearned income, charge-offs, the allowance for loan losses, any unamortized deferred fees or costs on originated loans and unamortized premiums or discounts on purchased loans.

 

For loans amortized at cost, interest income is accrued based on the unpaid principal balance. Loan origination fees, net of certain direct origination costs, as well as premiums and discounts, are deferred and amortized as a level yield adjustment over the respective term of the loan.

 

For all loan classes, the accrual of interest is discontinued at the time the loan is 90 days past due unless the credit is well-secured and in process of collection. Past due status is based on contractual terms of the loan. For all loan classes, the entire balance of the loan is considered past due if the minimum payment contractually required to be paid is not received by the contractual due date. For all loan classes, loans are placed on nonaccrual or charged off at an earlier date if collection of principal or interest is considered doubtful.

 

  10

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Management’s general practice is to proactively charge down loans individually evaluated for impairment to the fair value of the underlying collateral. Consistent with regulatory guidance, charge-offs on all loan segments are taken when specific loans, or portions thereof, are considered uncollectible. The Company’s policy is to promptly charge these loans off in the period the uncollectible loss is reasonably determined.

 

For all loan portfolio segments except residential and consumer loans, the Company promptly charges-off loans, or portions thereof, when available information confirms that specific loans are uncollectible based on information that includes, but is not limited to, (1) the deteriorating financial condition of the borrower, (2) declining collateral values, and/or (3) legal action, including bankruptcy, that impairs the borrower’s ability to adequately meet its obligations. For impaired loans that are considered to be solely collateral dependent, a partial charge-off is recorded when a loss has been confirmed by an updated appraisal or other appropriate valuation of the collateral.

 

The Company charges-off residential and consumer loans when the Company reasonably determines the amount of the loss. The Company adheres to timeframes established by applicable regulatory guidance which provides for the charge-down of 1-4 family first and junior lien mortgages to the net realizable value less costs to sell when the loan is 120 days past due, charge-off of unsecured open-end loans when the loan is 120 days past due, and charge down to the net realizable value when other secured loans are 120 days past due. Loans at these respective delinquency thresholds for which the Company can clearly document that the loan is both well-secured and in the process of collection, such that collection will occur regardless of delinquency status, need not be charged off.

 

For all classes, all interest accrued but not collected for loans that are placed on nonaccrual or charged off are reversed against interest income. The interest on these loans is accounted for on the cash-basis or cost-recovery method, until qualifying for return to accrual. Loans are returned to accrual status when all the principal and interest amounts contractually due are brought current and future payments are reasonably assured. Nonaccrual loans are returned to accrual status when, in the opinion of management, the financial position of the borrower indicates there is no longer any reasonable doubt as to the timely collection of interest or principal. The Company requires a period of satisfactory performance of not less than six months before returning a nonaccrual loan to accrual status.

 

When cash payments are received on impaired loans in each loan class, the Company records the payment as interest income unless collection of the remaining recorded principal amount is doubtful, at which time payments are used to reduce the principal balance of the loan. Troubled debt restructured loans recognize interest income on an accrual basis at the renegotiated rate if the loan is in compliance with the modified terms, no principal reduction has been granted and the loan has demonstrated the ability to perform in accordance with the renegotiated terms for a period of at least six months.

 

Allowance for Loan Losses

 

The allowance for loan losses is established as losses are estimated to have occurred through a provision for loan losses charged to income. Loan losses are charged against the allowance when management believes the uncollectability of a loan balance is confirmed. Subsequent recoveries, if any, are credited to the allowance.

 

The allowance for loan losses is evaluated on a regular basis by management and is based upon management’s periodic review of the collectability of the loans in light of historical experience, the nature and volume of the loan portfolio, adverse situations that may affect the borrower’s ability to repay, estimated value of any underlying collateral and prevailing economic conditions. This evaluation is inherently subjective as it requires estimates that are susceptible to significant revision as more information becomes available.

 

  11

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

The allowance consists of allocated and general components. The allocated component relates to loans that are classified as impaired. For those loans that are classified as impaired, an allowance is established when the discounted cash flows (or collateral value or observable market price) of the impaired loan is lower than the carrying value of that loan. The general component covers non-impaired loans and is based on historical charge-off experience by segment. The historical loss experience is determined by portfolio segment and is based on the actual loss history experienced by the Company over the prior five years. Management believes the five year historical loss experience methodology is appropriate in the current economic environment. Other adjustments (qualitative/environmental considerations) for each segment may be added to the allowance for each loan segment after an assessment of internal or external influences on credit quality that are not fully reflected in the historical loss or risk rating data.

 

A loan is considered impaired when, based on current information and events, it is probable that the Company will be unable to collect the scheduled payments of principal or interest when due according to the contractual terms of the loan agreement. Factors considered by management in determining impairment include payment status, collateral value and the probability of collecting scheduled principal and interest payments when due based on the loan’s current payment status and the borrower’s financial condition including available sources of cash flows. Loans that experience insignificant payment delays and payment shortfalls generally are not classified as impaired. Management determines the significance of payment delays and payment shortfalls on a case-by-case basis, taking into consideration all of the circumstances surrounding the loan and the borrower, including the length of the delay, the reasons for the delay, the borrower’s prior payment record and the amount of the shortfall in relation to the principal and interest owed. Impairment is measured on a loan-by-loan basis for non-homogenous type loans such as commercial, non-owner residential and construction loans by either the present value of expected future cash flows discounted at the loan’s effective interest rate, the loan’s obtainable market price or the fair value of the collateral if the loan is collateral dependent. For impaired loans where the Company utilizes the discounted cash flows to determine the level of impairment, the Company includes the entire change in the present value of cash flows as bad debt expense.

 

The fair values of collateral dependent impaired loans are based on independent appraisals of the collateral. In general, the Company acquires an updated appraisal upon identification of impairment and annually thereafter for commercial, commercial real estate and multi-family loans. If the most recent appraisal is over a year old, and a new appraisal is not performed, due to lack of comparable values or other reasons, the existing appraisal is utilized and discounted generally 10% - 35% based on the age of the appraisal, condition of the subject property, and overall economic conditions. After determining the collateral value as described, the fair value is calculated based on the determined collateral value less selling expenses. The potential for outdated appraisal values is considered in our determination of the allowance for loan losses through our analysis of various trends and conditions including the local economy, trends in charge-offs and delinquencies, etc. and the related qualitative adjustments assigned by the Company.

 

Segments of loans with similar risk characteristics are collectively evaluated for impairment based on the segment’s historical loss experience adjusted for changes in trends, conditions and other relevant factors that affect repayment of the loans. Accordingly, the Company does not separately identify individual consumer and residential loans for impairment measurements, unless such loans are the subject of a restructuring agreement due to financial difficulties of the borrower.

 

In the course of working with borrowers, the Company may choose to restructure the contractual terms of certain loans. In this scenario, the Company attempts to work-out an alternative payment schedule with the borrower in order to optimize collectability of the loan. Any loans that are modified are reviewed by the Company to identify if a troubled debt restructuring (“TDR”) has occurred, which is when, for economic or legal reasons related to a borrower’s financial difficulties, the Company grants a concession to the borrower that it would not otherwise consider. Terms may be modified to fit the ability of the borrower to repay in line with its current financial status and the restructuring of the loan may include the transfer of assets from the borrower to satisfy the debt, a modification of loan terms, or a combination of the two. If such efforts by the Company do not result in a satisfactory arrangement, the loan is referred to legal counsel, at which time foreclosure proceedings are initiated. At any time prior to a sale of the property at foreclosure, the Company may terminate foreclosure proceedings if the borrower is able to work-out a satisfactory payment plan.

 

  12

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

It is the Company’s policy to have any restructured loans which are on nonaccrual status prior to being restructured remain on nonaccrual status until six months of satisfactory borrower performance at which time management would consider its return to accrual status. If a loan was accruing at the time of  restructuring, the Company reviews the loan to determine if it is appropriate to continue the accrual of interest on the restructured loan.

 

With regard to determination of the amount of the allowance for credit losses, trouble debt restructured loans are considered to be impaired. As a result, the determination of the amount of impaired loans for each portfolio segment within troubled debt restructurings is the same as detailed previously.

 

Earnings Per Share

 

Basic earnings per share represents income available to common stockholders divided by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during each period. Diluted earnings per share reflects additional potential common shares that would have been outstanding if dilutive potential common shares had been issued, as well as any adjustment to income that would result from the assumed issuance. Potential common shares that may be issued by the Company relate to outstanding stock options and restricted stock awards and are determined using the treasury stock method.

 

Treasury stock shares, deferred compensation shares and unearned ESOP shares are not deemed outstanding for earnings per share calculations.

 

Earnings per share (EPS) were computed as follows:

 

    Three Months Ended September 30, 2020  
    Net
Income
    Weighted-
Average
Shares
    Per Share
Amount
 
    (In thousands)              
Net income   $ 2,059                  
                         
Less allocated earnings on non-vested restricted stock     (52 )                
                         
Less allocated dividends on non-vested restricted stock     (36 )                
                         
Net income allocated to common stockholders     1,971                  
              5,467,745          
Basic and diluted earnings per share                   $ 0.36  

 

  13

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

    Three Months Ended September 30, 2019  
    Net
Income
    Weighted-
Average
Shares
    Per Share
Amount
 
    (In thousands)              
Net income   $ 1,781                  
                         
Less allocated earnings on non-vested restricted stock     (37 )                
                         
Less dividends on non-vested restricted stock     (30 )                
                         
Net income allocated to common stockholders     1,714                  
              5,519,677          
Basic and diluted earnings per share                   $ 0.31  

 

    Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020  
   

Net

Income

    Weighted-
Average
Shares
    Per Share
Amount
 
    (In thousands)              
Net income   $ 5,313                  
                         
Less allocated earnings on non-vested restricted stock     (119 )                
                         
Less allocated dividends on non-vested restricted stock     (105 )                
                         
 Net income allocated to common stockholders     5,089                  
              5,465,854          
Basic and diluted earnings per share                   $ 0.93  

 

    Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019  
   

Net

Income

    Weighted-
Average
Shares
    Per Share
Amount
 
    (In thousands)              
Net income   $ 5,041                  
                         
Less allocated earnings on non-vested restricted stock     (92 )                
                         
Less dividends on non-vested restricted stock     (81 )                
                         
Net income allocated to common stockholders     4,868                  
              5,518,500          
Basic and diluted earnings per share                   $ 0.88  

 

  14

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company is subject to income taxes in the U.S. federal jurisdiction, as well as various state jurisdictions. Tax regulations within each jurisdiction are subject to the interpretation of the related tax laws and regulations and require significant judgment to apply. With few exceptions, the Company is no longer subject to U.S. federal, state and local income tax examinations by tax authorities for the years before 2016.

 

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

 

On February 25, 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02 “Leases (Topic 842).” ASU 2016-02 is intended to improve financial reporting about leasing transactions. This ASU affects all companies and other organization that lease assets such as real estate, airplanes, and manufacturing equipment.

 

Under the current accounting model, an organization applies a classification test to determine the accounting for the lease arrangement:

 

  (a) Some leases are classified as capital where by the lessee would recognize lease assets and liabilities on the balance sheet.

 

  (b) Other leases are classified as operating leases whereby the lessee would not recognize lease assets and liabilities on the balance sheet.

 

Under the new guidance, a lessee will be required to recognize assets and liabilities for all leases with lease terms of more than 12 months. Consistent with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), the recognition, measurement, and presentation of expenses and cash flows arising from a lease by a lessee primarily will depend on its classification as a finance or operating lease.

 

However, unlike current GAAP—which requires only capital leases to be recognized on the balance sheet—the new ASU will require both types of leases to be recognized on the balance sheet. Right of use assets represents the Company’s right to use the underlying assets for their lease terms and lease liabilities represent the obligation to make lease payments.

  

  15

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

The Company adopted ASU 2016-02 January 1, 2019. The right of use asset and lease obligation recorded as of March 31, 2019 was approximately $126,000 and is reflected in other assets and interest payable and  other liabilities, respectively on the balance sheet. The modified retrospective method was applied. Due to the immateriality of the impact, certain disclosures under ASU 842 have been omitted.

  

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, “Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326) - Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments.” The provisions of ASU 2016-13 were issued to provide financial statement users with more decision-useful information about the expected credit losses on financial instruments that are not accounted for at fair value through net income, including loans held for investment, held-to-maturity debt securities, trade and other receivables, net investment in leases and other commitments to extend credit held by a reporting entity at each reporting date. ASU 2016-13 requires that financial assets measured at amortized cost be presented at the net amount expected to be collected, through an allowance for credit losses that is deducted from the amortized cost basis. The amendments in ASU 2016-13 eliminate the probable incurred loss recognition in current GAAP and reflect an entity’s current estimate of all expected credit losses. The measurement of expected credit losses is based upon historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts that affect the collectability of the financial assets. 

 

For purchased financial assets with a more-than-insignificant amount of credit deterioration since origination (“PCD assets”) that are measured at amortized cost, the initial allowance for credit losses is added to the purchase price rather than being reported as a credit loss expense. Subsequent changes in the allowance for credit losses on PCD assets are recognized through the statement of income as a credit loss expense. 

 

Credit losses relating to available-for-sale debt securities will be recorded through an allowance for credit losses rather than as a direct write-down to the security. 

 

On October 16, 2019, FASB approved a final ASU delaying the effective date of ASU 2016-13 for small reporting companies to interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2022. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of these amendments to the Company’s financial position and results of operations and currently does not know or cannot reasonably quantify the impact of the adoption of the amendments as a result of the complexity and extensive changes from the amendments. The Allowance for Loan Losses (ALL) estimate is material to the Company and given the change from an incurred loss model to a methodology that considers the credit loss over the life of the loan, there is the potential for an increase in the ALL at adoption date. The Company is anticipating a significant change in the processes and procedures to calculate the ALL, including changes in assumptions and estimates to consider expected credit losses over the life of the loan versus the current accounting practice that utilizes the incurred loss model. In addition, the current accounting policy and procedures for the other-than-temporary impairment on available-for-sale securities will be replaced with an allowance approach. As of September 30, 2020, the Company is working with a third party to continues to run projections and reviewing segmentation to ensure it is fully compliant with the amendments at adoption date. For additional information on the allowance for loan losses, see Note 3.

 

  16

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 (Unaudited)

  

Note 2: Securities

  

The amortized cost and approximate fair values, together with gross unrealized gains and losses of securities are as follows:

 

   Amortized
Cost
   Gross
Unrealized
Gains
   Gross
Unrealized
Losses
   Fair Value 
                 
   (In thousands) 
Available-for-sale Securities:                    
September 30, 2020:                    
U.S. government agencies  $10,000   $89   $---   $10,089 
Subordinated notes   4,500    ---    (49)   4,451 
State and municipal obligations   130,195    13,509    ---    143,704 
                     
Total debt securities  $144,695   $13,598   $(49)  $158,244 
                     
Available-for-sale Securities:                    
December 31, 2019:                    
U.S. government agencies  $40,000   $––   $(472)  $39,528 
Subordinated notes   4,500    36    (4)   4,532 
State and municipal obligations  $135,897   $8,993   $(165)  $144,725 
                     
Total debt securities  $180,397   $9,029   $(641)  $188,785 

  

The amortized cost and fair value of available-for-sale securities at September 30, 2019, by contractual maturity, are shown below. Expected maturities will differ from contractual maturities because issuers may have the right to call or prepay obligations with or without call or prepayment penalties.

 

   Available-for-sale 
   Amortized
Cost
   Fair
Value
 
         
   (In thousands) 
Within one year  $---   $--- 
One to five years   ---    --- 
Five to ten year   14,500    14,540 
Due after ten years   130,195    143,704 
           
Totals  $144,695   $158,244 

 

The carrying value of securities pledged to secure public deposits and for other purpose, was $44.0 million and $46.8 million at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.

 

  17

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 (Unaudited)

  

Certain investments in debt securities are reported in the financial statements at an amount less than their historical cost. The total fair value of these investments at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, was $4.5 million and $50.3 million, which represented approximately 3% and 27%, respectively, of the Company’s available-for-sale investment portfolio.

 

Based on evaluation of available evidence, including recent changes in market interest rates, credit rating information and information obtained from regulatory filings, management believes the declines in fair value for these securities are temporary and are a result on an general increase in longer term interest rates.

 

Should the impairment of any of these securities become other-than-temporary, the cost basis of the investment will be reduced and the resulting loss recognized in net income in the period the other-than-temporary impairment is identified.

 

The following tables show the Company’s investments’ gross unrealized losses and fair value, aggregated by investment category and length of time that individual securities have been in a continuous unrealized loss position at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019:

 

   September 30, 2020 
   Less than 12 Months   12 Months or More   Total 
Description of
Securities
  Fair Value   Unrealized
Losses
   Fair Value   Unrealized
Losses
   Fair Value   Unrealized
Losses
 
                         
(In thousands)
US Government agencies  $---   $---   $---   $---   $---   $--- 
Subordinated notes   4,500    (49)   ---    ---    4,500    (49)
State and municipal obligations  $---   $---   $––   $––   $---   $--- 
                               
Total temporarily impaired securities  $4,500   $(49)  $---   $---   $4,500   $(49)

  

   December 31, 2019 
   Less than 12 Months   12 Months or More   Total 
Description of
Securities
  Fair Value   Unrealized
Losses
   Fair Value   Unrealized
Losses
   Fair Value   Unrealized
Losses
 
                         
(In thousands)
US Government agencies  $39,528   $(472)  $---   $---   $39,528   $(472)
Subordinated notes   996    (4)   ---    ---    996    (4)
State and municipal obligations  $9,831   $(165)  $––   $––   $9,831   $(165)
                               
Total temporarily impaired securities  $50,355   $(641)  $---   $---   $50,355   $(641)

 

  18

 

  

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 (Unaudited)

 

The unrealized losses on the Company’s investments in U.S. Government agencies were caused primarily by interest rate changes. The contractual terms of those investments do not permit the issuer to settle the securities at a price less than the amortized cost bases of the investments. Because the Company does not intend to sell the investments and it is not more likely than not the Company will be required to sell the investments before recovery of their amortized cost bases, which may be maturity, the Company does not consider those investments to be other-than-temporarily impaired at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2020 the Company sold $23.7 million of State and Municipal securities for a total gain of approximately $2,525,000 and the Company also sold $8.0 million of US Government Agency bonds for a total gain of approximately $69,000. There were no sales of investment securities for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019.

  

Note 3: Loans and Allowance for Loan Losses

 

Categories of loans include:

 

   September 30,   December 31, 
   2020   2019 
         
   (In thousands) 
Commercial loans  $100,460   $99,995 
Commercial real estate   245,343    254,651 
Residential real estate   88,618    77,205 
Installment loans   8,855    9,697 
           
Total gross loans   443,276    441,548 
           
Less allowance for loan losses   (5,228)   (2,231)
           
Total loans  $438,048   $439,317 

 

The risk characteristics of each loan portfolio segment are as follows:

 

Commercial

 

Commercial loans are primarily based on the identified cash flows of the borrower and secondarily on the underlying collateral provided by the borrower. The cash flows of borrowers, however, may not be as expected and the collateral securing these loans may fluctuate in value. Most commercial loans are secured by the assets being financed or other business assets, such as accounts receivable or inventory, and may include a personal guarantee. Short-term loans may be made on an unsecured basis. In the case of loans secured by accounts receivable, the availability of funds for the repayment of these loans may be substantially dependent on the ability of the borrower to collect amounts due from its customers.

 

Commercial Real Estate

 

Commercial real estate loans are viewed primarily as cash flow loans and secondarily as loans secured by real estate. Commercial real estate lending typically involves higher loan principal amounts and the repayment of these loans is generally dependent on the successful operation of the property securing the loan or the business conducted on the property securing the loan. Commercial real estate loans may be more adversely affected by conditions in the real estate markets or in the general economy. The characteristics of properties securing the Company’s commercial real estate portfolio are diverse, but with geographic location almost entirely in the Company’s market area. Management monitors and evaluates commercial real estate loans based on collateral, geography and risk grade criteria. In general, the Company avoids financing single purpose projects unless other underwriting factors are present to help mitigate risk. In addition, management tracks the level of owner-occupied commercial real estate versus nonowner-occupied loans.

 

  19

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 (Unaudited)

  

Residential and Installment

 

Residential and installment loans consist of two segments - residential mortgage loans and personal loans. For residential mortgage loans that are secured by 1-4 family residences and are generally owner-occupied, the Company generally establishes a maximum loan-to-value ratio and requires private mortgage insurance if that ratio is exceeded. Home equity loans are typically secured by a subordinate interest in 1-4 family residences, and consumer personal loans are secured by consumer personal assets, such as automobiles or recreational vehicles. Some installment personal loans are unsecured, such as small installment loans and certain lines of credit. Repayment of these loans is primarily dependent on the personal income of the borrowers, which can be impacted by economic conditions in their market areas, such as unemployment levels. Repayment can also be impacted by changes in property values on residential properties. Risk is mitigated by the fact that the loans are of smaller individual amounts and spread over a large number of borrowers.

 

Allowance for Loan Losses and Recorded Investment in Loans

As of and for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2020

  

   Commercial   Commercial
Real Estate
   Residential   Installment   Unallocated   Total 
                         
   (In thousands) 
Allowance for loan losses:                              
                               
Balance, July 1, 2020  $2,344   $751   $600   $320   $---   $4,015 
Provision charged to expense   (1,031)   1,202    988    174    ---    1,333 
Losses charged off   (5)   (63)   (21)   (55)   ––    (144)
Recoveries   13    ---    1    10    ––    24 
                               
Balance, September 30, 2020  $1,321   $1,890   $1,568   $449   $---   $5,228 
                               
Balance, January 1, 2020  $568   $792   $572   $299   $---   $2,231 
Provision charged to expense   777    1,288    1,027    212         3,304 
Losses charged off   (47)   (190)   (33)   (115)   ––    (385)
Recoveries   23    ---    2    53    ––    78 
                               
Balance, September 30, 2020  $1,321   $1,890   $1,568   $449   $---   $5,228 
                               
Allocation:                              
                               
Ending balance:  individually evaluated for impairment  $4   $21   $---   $---   $---   $25 
Ending balance:  collectively evaluated for impairment  $1,317   $1,869   $1,568   $449   $---   $5,203 
                               
Loans:                              
                               
Ending balance:  individually evaluated for impairment  $22   $614   $525   $134   $---   $1,295 
Ending balance:  collectively evaluated for impairment  $100,438   $244,729   $88,093   $8,721   $---   $441,981 

 

  20

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Allowance for Loan Losses and Recorded Investment in Loans

As of and for the three and nine month period ended September 30, 2019

 

   Commercial   Commercial
Real Estate
   Residential
Real Estate
   Installment   Unallocated   Total 
                         
   (In thousands) 
Allowance for loan losses:                              
                               
Balance, July 1, 2019  $262   $799   $747   $334   $---   $2,142 
Provision charged to expense   95    (93)   53    65    ---    120 
Losses charged off   ---    ---    (100)   (54)   ––    (154)
Recoveries   ---    ---    1    12    ––    13 
                               
Balance, September 30, 2019  $357   $706   $701   $357   $---   $2,121 
                               
Balance, January 1, 2019  $389   $672   $519   $463   $---   $2,043 
Provision charged to expense   (15)   34    311    ---         330 
Losses charged off   (18)   ––    (140)   (136)   ––    (294)
Recoveries   1    ---    11    30    ––    42 
                               
Balance, September 30, 2019  $357   $706   $701   $357   $---   $2,121 
                               
Allocation:                              
                               
Ending balance:  individually evaluated for impairment  $63   $---   $---   $---   $---   $63 
Ending balance:  collectively evaluated for impairment  $294   $706   $701   $357   $---   $2,058 
                               
Loans:                              
                               
Ending balance:  individually evaluated for impairment  $1,330   $369   $558   $---   $---   $2,257 
Ending balance:  collectively evaluated for impairment  $100,476   $234,469   $73,969   $10,094   $---   $419,008 

 

  21

 

  

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Allowance for Loan Losses and Recorded Investment in Loans

As of December 31, 2019

 

   Commercial   Commercial
Real Estate
   Residential   Installment   Unallocated   Total 
                         
   (In thousands) 
Allowance for loan losses:                              
                               
Ending balance: individually evaluated for impairment  $---   $---   $––   $––   $––   $--- 
Ending balance:  collectively evaluated for impairment  $568   $792   $572   $299   $---   $2,231 
                               
Loans:                              
                               
Ending balance:  individually evaluated for impairment  $71   $371   $594   $---   $––   $1,036 
Ending balance:  collectively evaluated for impairment  $99,924   $254,280   $76,611   $9,697   $––   $440,512 

 

  22

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 (Unaudited)

 

The following tables show the portfolio quality indicators.

 

    September 30, 2020  
Loan Class   Commercial     Commercial
Real Estate
    Residential     Installment     Total  
                               
    (In thousands)        
Pass Grade   $ 100,435     $ 241,780     $ 88,093     $ 8,721     $ 439,029  
Special Mention     ---       2,727       ---       ---       2,727  
Substandard     25       836       525       134       1,520  
Doubtful     ---       ---       ---       ---       ---  
                                         
    $ 100,460     $ 245,343     $ 88,618     $ 8,855     $ 443,276  

 

    December 31, 2019  
Loan Class   Commercial     Commercial
Real Estate
    Residential     Installment     Total  
                               
    (In thousands)        
Pass Grade   $ 99,924     $ 249,563     $ 76,611     $ 9,697     $ 435,795  
Special Mention     ---       4,016       ––       ––       4,016  
Substandard     71       1,072       594       ---       1,737  
Doubtful     ––       ––       ––       ––       ––  
                                         
    $ 99,995     $ 254,651     $ 77,205     $ 9,697     $ 441,548  

  

To facilitate the monitoring of credit quality within the loan portfolio, and for purposes of analyzing historical loss rates used in the determination of the ALLL, the Company utilizes the following categories of credit grades: pass, special mention, substandard, and doubtful. The four categories, which are derived from standard regulatory rating definitions, are assigned upon initial approval of credit to borrowers and updated periodically thereafter. Pass ratings, which are assigned to those borrowers that do not have identified potential or well defined weaknesses and for which there is a high likelihood of orderly repayment, are updated periodically based on the size and credit characteristics of the borrower. All other categories are updated on at least a quarterly basis.

 

The Company assigns a special mention rating to loans that have potential weaknesses that deserve management’s close attention. If left uncorrected, these potential weaknesses may, at some future date, result in the deterioration of the repayment prospects for the loan or the Company’s credit position.

 

The Company assigns a substandard rating to loans that are inadequately protected by the current sound worth and paying capacity of the borrower or of the collateral pledged. Substandard loans have well defined weaknesses or weaknesses that could jeopardize the orderly repayment of the debt. Loans and leases in this grade also are characterized by the distinct possibility that the Company will sustain some loss if the deficiencies noted are not addressed and corrected.

 

The Company assigns a doubtful rating to loans that have all the attributes of a substandard rating with the added characteristic that the weaknesses make collection or liquidation in full, on the basis of currently existing facts, conditions, and values, highly questionable and improbable. The possibility of loss is extremely high, but because of certain important and reasonable specific pending factors that may work to the advantage of and strengthen the credit quality of the loan or lease, its classification as an estimated loss is deferred until its more exact status may be determined. Pending factors may include a proposed merger or acquisition, liquidation proceeding, capital injection, perfecting liens on additional collateral or refinancing plans.

 

  23

 

  

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 (Unaudited)

 

The Company evaluates the loan risk grading system definitions and allowance for loan losses methodology on an ongoing basis. No significant changes were made to either during the current and past year to date periods presented.

 

Loan Portfolio Aging Analysis

As of September 30, 2020

 

    30-59 Days
Past Due
and
Accruing
    60-89 Days
Past Due
and
Accruing
    Greater
Than 90
Days and
Accruing
    Non
Accrual
    Total Past
Due and
Non Accrual
    Current     Total Loans
Receivable
 
                                           
    (In thousands)  
Commercial   $ ---     $ ---     $ ---     $ 37     $ 37     $ 100,423     $ 100,460  
Commercial real estate     ---       ---       ---       497       497       244,846       245,343  
Residential     108       ---       ---       1,010       1,118       87,500       88,618  
Installment     9       ---       ---       ---       9       8,846       8,855  
                                                         
Total   $ 117     $    ---     $    ---     $ 1,544     $ 1,661     $ 441,615     $ 443,276  

  

Loan Portfolio Aging Analysis

As of December 31, 2019

 

    30-59 Days
Past Due
and
Accruing
    60-89 Days
Past Due
and
Accruing
    Greater
Than 90
Days and
Accruing
    Non
Accrual
    Total Past
Due and
Non Accrual
    Current     Total Loans
Receivable
 
                                           
    (In thousands)  
Commercial   $ 129     $ 132     $ ---     $ 30     $ 291     $ 99,704     $ 99,995  
Commercial real estate     ---       214       197       348       759       253,892       254,651  
Residential     448       ---       29       1,074       1,551       75,654       77,205  
Installment     58       1       ––       ---       59       9,638       9,697  
                                                         
Total   $ 635     $ 347     $ 226     $ 1,452     $ 2,660     $ 438,888     $ 441,548  

 

A loan is considered impaired, in accordance with the impairment accounting guidance (ASC 310-10-35-16), when based on current information and events, it is probable the Company will be unable to collect all amounts due from the borrower in accordance with the contractual terms of the loan. Impaired loans include nonperforming commercial loans but also include loans modified in troubled debt restructurings where concessions have been granted to borrowers experiencing financial difficulties. These concessions could include a reduction in the interest rate on the loan, payment extensions, forgiveness of principal, forbearance or other actions intended to maximize collection.

 

  24

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Impaired Loans 

    As of September 30, 2020    

For the three months ended

September 30, 2020

   

For the nine months ended

September 30, 2020

 
    Recorded
Balance
    Unpaid
Principal
Balance
    Specific
Allowance
    Average
Investment in
Impaired Loans
    Interest
Income
Recognized
    Average
Investment in
Impaired Loans
   

Interest

Income
Recognized

 
                                           
    (In thousands)  
Loans without a specific valuation allowance:                                                        
Commercial   $ ---     $ ---     $ ––     $ ---     $ (5 )   $ ---     $ 1  
Commercial real estate     522       585       ––       593       9       589       14  
Residential     525       532       ––       525       7       493       21  
Installment     134       148       ––       150       1       151       5  
      1,181       1,265       ––       1,268       12       1,233       41  
Loans with a specific valuation allowance:                                                        
Commercial     22       22       4       23             24       1  
Commercial real estate     92       92       21       92       3       92       3  
Residential                 ---                         ––  
Installment     ––       ––       ––       ––             ––        
      114       114       25       115       3       116       4  
Total:                                                        
Commercial   $ 22     $ 22     $ 4     $ 23     $ (5 )   $ 24     $ 2  
Commercial real estate   $ 614     $ 677     $ 21     $ 685     $ 12     $ 681     $ 17  
Residential   $ 525     $ 532     $     $ 525     $ 7     $ 493     $ 21  
Installment   $ 134     $ 148     $ ––     $ 150     $ 1     $ 151     $ 5  

 

Impaired Loans 

    As of December 31, 2019     For the three months ended
September 30, 2019
    For the nine months ended
September 30, 2019
 
    Recorded
Balance
    Unpaid
Principal
Balance
    Specific
Allowance
    Average
Investment in
Impaired Loans
    Interest
Income
Recognized
    Average
Investment in
Impaired Loans
   

Interest

Income
Recognized

 
                                           
    (In thousands)  
Loans without a specific valuation allowance:                                                        
Commercial   $ 71     $ 71     $ ––     $ 966     $ 9     $ 956     $ 13  
Commercial real estate     371       371       ––       374       2       350       8  
Residential     594       594       ––       640       11       644       18  
Installment                 ––       ---       ---       ---       ---  
      1,036       1,036       ––       1,980       22       1,950       39  
Loans with a specific valuation allowance:                                                        
Commercial                       366       ---       365       3  
Commercial real estate     ---       ---       ---       ---       ---       ---       ---  
Residential     ––       ––       ––       ––       ––       ––       ––  
Installment     ––       ––       ––       ––       ––       ––        
      ---       ---       ---       366       ---       365       3  
Total:                                                        
Commercial   $ 71     $ 71     $     $ 1,332     $ 9     $ 1,321     $ 16  
Commercial real estate   $ 371     $ 371     $ ---     $ 374     $ 2     $ 350     $ 8  
Residential   $ 594     $ 594     $ ––     $ 640     $ 11     $ 644     $ 18  
Installment   $     $     $ ––     $ ---     $ ---     $ ---     $ ---  

 

  25

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Interest income recognized on a cash basis was not materiality different than interest income recognized.

 

For the TDRs noted in the tables below, the Company extended the maturity dates and granted interest rate concessions as part of each of those loan restructurings. The loans included in the tables are considered impaired and specific loss calculations are performed on the individual loans. In conjunction with the restructuring there were no amounts charged-off.

 

    Three Months ended September 30, 2020  
    Number of
Contracts
   

Pre-Modification
Outstanding
Recorded

Investment

    Post-Modification
Outstanding
Recorded
Investment
 
                   
    (In thousands)  
Commercial         ---     $             ---     $               ---  
Commercial real estate     ---       ---       ––  
Residential     ––       ––       ––  
Installment     ––       ––       ––  

 

    Three Months Ended September 30, 2020  
    Interest
Only
    Term     Combination     Total
Modification
 
                         
          (In thousands)        
Commercial   $          ––     $         ---     $         ---     $         ---  
Commercial real estate     ––       ––       ––       ––  
Residential     ––       ––       ––       ––  
Consumer     ––       ––       ––       ––  

 

    Nine Months ended September 30, 2020  
    Number of
Contracts
   

Pre-Modification
Outstanding
Recorded

Investment

    Post-Modification
Outstanding
Recorded
Investment
 
                   
    (In thousands)  
Commercial     3     $        67     $      67  
Commercial real estate     1       86       86  
Residential     ––       ––       ––  
Installment     ––       ––       ––  

 

    Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020  
    Interest
Only
    Term     Combination     Total
Modification
 
                         
          (In thousands)        
Commercial   $         ---     $ 23     $ 44     $ 67  
Commercial real estate     ––       86       ––       87  
Residential     ––       ––       ––       ––  
Consumer     ––       ––       ––       ––  

 

  26

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

      Three Months ended September 30, 2019  
      Number of
Contracts
     

Pre-Modification
Outstanding
Recorded

Investment

      Post-Modification
Outstanding
Recorded
Investment
 
                         
      (In thousands)  
Commercial     2     $ 82     $ 82  
Commercial real estate     ––       ––       ––  
Residential     ––       ––       ––  
Installment     ––       ––       ––  

 

      Three Months Ended September 30, 2019  
      Interest
Only
      Term       Combination       Total
Modification
 
                                 
      (In thousands)  
Commercial   $ ––     $ 82     $ ––     $ 82  
Commercial real estate     ––       ––       ––       ––  
Residential     ––       ––       ––       ––  
Consumer     ––       ––       ––       ––  

 

      Nine Months ended September 30, 2019  
      Number of
Contracts
      Pre-Modification
Outstanding
Recorded
Investment
      Post-Modification
Outstanding
Recorded
Investment
 
                         
      (In thousands)  
Commercial     2     $ 82     $ 82  
Commercial real estate     ––       ––       ––  
Residential     ––       ––       ––  
Installment     ––       ––       ––  

 

      Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019  
      Interest
Only
      Term       Combination       Total
Modification
 
                                 
      (In thousands)  
Commercial   $ 2     $ 82     $ ––     $ 82  
Commercial real estate     ––       ––       ––       ––  
Residential     ––       ––       ––       ––  
Consumer     ––       ––       ––       ––  

 

  27

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2020 troubled debt restructurings did not have an impact on the allowance for loan losses. At September 30, 2020 and 2019 and for three and nine month periods then ended, there were no defaults of any troubled debt restructurings that were modified in the last 12 months. The Company generally considers TDR’s that become 90 days or more past due under the modified terms as subsequently defaulted.

 

Note 4: Benefit Plans

 

Pension expense includes the following:

 

   

Three months ended

September 30,

   

Nine months ended

September 30,

 
    2020     2019     2020     2019  
                         
    (In thousands)  
Service cost   $ 98     $ 75     $ 294     $ 225  
Interest cost     59       55       177       165  
Expected return on assets     (117 )     (102 )     (351 )     (306 )
Amortization of prior service cost and net loss     13       1 )     39       3  
                                 
Pension expense   $ 53     $ 29     $ 159     $ 87  

 

Note 5: Off-balance-sheet Activities

 

Some financial instruments, such as loan commitments, credit lines, letters of credit and overdraft protection, are issued to meet customer financing needs. These are agreements to provide credit or to support the credit of others, as long as conditions established in the contracts are met, and usually have expiration dates. Commitments may expire without being used. Off-balance-sheet risk to credit loss exists up to the face amount of these instruments, although material losses are not anticipated. The same credit policies are used to make such commitments as are used for loans, including obtaining collateral at exercise of the commitment.

 

  28

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

A summary of the notional or contractual amounts of financial instruments with off-balance-sheet risk at the indicated dates is as follows:

 

   September 30,   December 31, 
   2020   2019 
         
   (In thousands) 
Commercial loans unused lines of credit  $33,406   $40,538 
Commitment to originate loans   30,927    38,722 
Consumer open end lines of credit   39,244    38,575 
Standby lines of credit   22    46 

 

  Note 6: Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

 

The components of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), included in stockholders’ equity, are as follows:

 

   

September 30,

2020

   

December 31,

2019

 
             
    (In thousands)  
Net unrealized gain on securities available-for-sale   $ 13,549     $ 8,389  
Net unrealized loss for unfunded status of defined benefit plan liability     (1,381 )     (1,381 )
                 
      12,168       7,008  
Tax effect     (2,555 )     (1,472)  
                 
Net-of-tax amount   $ 9,613     $ 5,536  

 

  Note 7: Fair Value Measurements

 

The Company defines fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The Company also utilizes a fair value hierarchy which requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. The standard describes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:

 

Level 1        Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the entity can access at the measurement date

 

Level 2        Observable inputs other than Level 1 prices, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities

 

  29

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Level 3        Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities

 

Following is a description of the valuation methodologies used for assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis and recognized in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets, as well as the general classification of such instruments pursuant to the valuation hierarchy.

 

Available-for-sale Securities

 

Where quoted market prices are available in an active market, securities are classified within Level 1 of the valuation hierarchy. If quoted market prices are not available, then fair values are estimated by using quoted prices of securities with similar characteristics or independent asset pricing services and pricing models, the inputs of which are market-based or independently sourced market parameters, including, but not limited to, yield curves, interest rates, volatilities, prepayments, defaults, cumulative loss projections and cash flows. Such securities are classified in Level 2 of the valuation hierarchy.

 

The following table presents the fair value measurements of assets recognized in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets measured at fair value on a recurring basis and the level within the fair value hierarchy in which the fair value measurements fall at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019:

 

          Fair Value Measurements Using  
    Fair Value     Quoted
Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical
Assets
(Level 1)
    Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
    Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
September 30, 2020                                
U.S. government agencies   $ 10,089     $     $ 10,089     $  
State and municipal obligations     143,704             143,704        
Subordinated notes     4,451             4,451        
                                 
December 31, 2019                                
U.S. government agencies   $ 39,528     $ ––     $ 39,528     $ ––  
State and municipal obligations   $ 144,725     $ ––     $ 144,725     $ ––  
Subordinated notes   $ 4,532     $ ––     $ 4,532     $ ––  

 

  30

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Following is a description of the valuation methodologies used for assets measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis and recognized in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets, as well as the general classification of such assets pursuant to the valuation hierarchy. For assets classified within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy, the process used to develop the reported fair value is described below.

 

Impaired Loans (Collateral Dependent)

 

Collateral dependent impaired loans consisted primarily of loans secured by nonresidential real estate. Management has determined fair value measurements on impaired loans primarily through evaluations of appraisals performed. Due to the nature of the valuation inputs, impaired loans are classified within Level 3 of the hierarchy.

 

The Company considers the appraisal or evaluation as the starting point for determining fair value and then considers other factors and events in the environment that may affect the fair value. Appraisals of the collateral underlying collateral-dependent loans are obtained when the loan is determined to be collateral-dependent and subsequently as deemed necessary by the Company’s Chief Lender. Appraisals are reviewed for accuracy and consistency by the Company’s Chief Lender. Appraisers are selected from the list of approved appraisers maintained by management. The appraised values are reduced by discounts to consider lack of marketability and estimated cost to sell if repayment or satisfaction of the loan is dependent on the sale of the collateral. These discounts and estimates are developed by the Company’s Chief Lender by comparison to historical results.

 

Foreclosed Assets Held for Sale

 

Assets acquired through, or in lieu of, loan foreclosure are held for sale and are initially recorded at fair value (based on current appraised value) at the date of foreclosure, establishing a new cost basis. Subsequent to foreclosure, valuations are periodically performed by management and the assets are carried at the lower of carrying amount or fair value less cost to sell. Management has determined fair value measurements on other real estate owned primarily through evaluations of appraisals performed, and current and past offers. Due to the nature of the valuation inputs, foreclosed assets held for sale are classified within Level 3 of the hierarchy.

 

Appraisals of foreclosed assets held for sale are obtained when the real estate is acquired and subsequently as deemed necessary by the Company’s Chief Lender. Appraisals are reviewed for accuracy and consistency by the Company’s Chief Lender and are selected from the list of approved appraisers maintained by management.

 

  31

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

The following table presents the fair value measurements of assets recognized in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis and the level within the fair value hierarchy in which the fair value measurements fall at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

       Fair Value Measurements Using 
   Fair
Value
  

Quoted
Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical
Assets

(Level 1)

  

Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs

(Level 2)

  

Significant
Unobservable
Inputs

(Level 3)

 
                 
   (In thousands) 
September 30, 2020                
Collateral dependent impaired loans  $89   $––   $––   $89 
Foreclosed assets held for sale   ---    ---    ---    --- 
                     
December 31, 2019                    
Collateral dependent impaired loans  $---   $––   $––   $--- 
Foreclosed assets held for sale   ---    ––    ––    --- 

 

Unobservable (Level 3) Inputs

 

The following table presents quantitative information about unobservable inputs used in recurring and nonrecurring Level 3 fair value measurements.

 

   Fair Value at
9/30/20
   Valuation
Technique
  Unobservable
Inputs
  Range
              
   (In thousands)
Collateral-dependent impaired loans  $89   Market
comparable
properties
  Marketability discount  10% - 25%
               
Foreclosed assets held for sale  $---   Market
comparable
properties
  Marketability discount  10% – 35%

 

    Fair Value at 12/31/19     Valuation
Technique
  Unobservable
Inputs
  Range
                   
    (In thousands)
Collateral-dependent impaired loans   $ ---     Market
comparable
properties
  Comparability adjustments   Not available
                     
Foreclosed assets held for sale   $ ---     Market
comparable
properties
  Marketability discount   10% – 35%

 

  32

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

There were no significant changes in the valuation techniques used during 2020 and 2019.

 

The following table presents estimated fair values of the Company’s financial instruments. The fair values of certain of these instruments were calculated by discounting expected cash flows, which involves significant judgments by management and uncertainties. Because no market exists for certain of these financial instruments and because management does not intend to sell these financial instruments, the Company does not know whether the fair values shown below represent values at which the respective financial instruments could be sold individually or in the aggregate.

 

          Fair Value Measurements Using  
    Carrying
Amount
   

Quoted
Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical
Assets

(Level 1)

   

Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs

(Level 2)

   

Significant
Unobservable
Inputs

(Level 3)

 
                         
    (In thousands)  
September 30, 2020                                
                                 
Financial assets                                
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 50,937     $ 50,937     $ ––     $ ––  
Loans, net of allowance     438,048       ––       ––       436,722  
Federal Home Loan Bank stock     4,252       ––       4,252       ––  
Accrued interest receivable     3,070       ––       3,070       ––  
                                 
Financial liabilities                                
Deposits     576,856       ––       577,842       ––  
Short term borrowings     17,027       ––       17,027       ––  
Subordinated debentures     23,589       ––       23,524       ––  
Interest payable     660               660       ––  

 

  33

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

          Fair Value Measurements Using  
    Carrying
Amount
   

Quoted
Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical
Assets

(Level 1)

   

Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs

(Level 2)

   

Significant
Unobservable
Inputs

(Level 3)

 
                         
    (In thousands)  
December 31, 2019:                                
                                 
Financial assets                                
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 14,985     $ 14,985     $ ––     $ ––  
Loans, net of allowance     439,317       ––       ––       437,688  
Federal Home Loan Bank stock     4,012       ––       4,012       ––  
Accrued interest receivable     2,697       ––       2,697       ––