UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549 
FORM 10-Q
 
 (Mark One)
 
☒ QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended      June 30, 2020      
OR
☐ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934  
For the transition period from               to              
 
Commission File Number.   001-39278
 
SOLITARIO ZINC CORP.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Colorado
 
84-1285791
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.
 
 
 
4251 Kipling St. Suite 390, Wheat Ridge, CO
 
80033
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
 
(303)  534-1030
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
Title of Each Class
 
Trading Symbol
 
Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par value
 
XPL
 
NYSE American
 
Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
YES  ☒         NO ☐    
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every
Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
YES ☒         NO ☐    
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer ☐ 
Accelerated filer ☐  
Non-accelerated filer
(do not check if a smaller reporting company)  
Smaller reporting company ☒  
Emerging Growth Company ☐
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
YES ☐         NO ☒    
          
 There were 58,111,966shares of $0.01 par value common stock outstanding as of July 28, 2020.
 

 
 
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
PART 1 - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Page
 
 
3
 
 
15
 
 
22
 
 
22
 
 
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
 
23
 
 
23
 
 
23
 
 
24
 
 
24
 
 
24
 
 
24
 
 
25
 
 
 
 
2
 
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
SOLITARIO ZINC CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 
(in thousands of U.S. dollars,
 
June 30,
 
 
December 31,
 
except share and per share amounts)
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
 
 
(unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
Assets
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Cash and cash equivalents
 $371 
 $574 
  Short-term investments
  6,682 
  6,829 
  Investments in marketable equity securities, at fair value
  1,533 
  1,039 
  SilverStream note receivable
  - 
  268 
  Prepaid expenses and other
  41 
  46 
    Total current assets
  8,627 
  8,756 
 
    
    
Mineral properties
  15,617 
  15,617 
Other assets
  139 
  159 
       Total assets
 $24,383 
 $24,532 
 
    
    
 
Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity
 
Current liabilities:
    
    
  Accounts payable
 $123 
 $228 
  Operating lease liability
  28 
  41 
  Paycheck Protection Loan
  70 
  - 
  Kinross call option
  47 
  - 
       Total current liabilities
  268 
  269 
 
    
    
Long-term liabilities
    
    
  Asset retirement obligation – Lik
  125 
  125 
  Operating lease liability
  - 
  7 
       Total long-term liabilities
  125 
  132 
 
    
    
Commitments and contingencies
    
    
 
    
    
Equity:
    
    
Shareholders’ equity:
    
    
   Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, authorized 10,000,000 shares (none issued and outstanding at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019)
  - 
  - 
   Common stock, $0.01 par value, authorized 100,000,000 shares (58,111,966 and 58,133,066 shares, respectively, issued and outstanding at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019)
  581 
  581 
   Additional paid-in capital
  70,415 
  70,204 
   Accumulated deficit
  (47,006)
  (46,654)
     Total shareholders’ equity
  23,990 
  24,131 
       Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
 $24,383 
 $24,532 
 
See Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
 
 
3
 
 
SOLITARIO ZINC CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)
 
(in thousands of US dollars, except per share amounts)
 
Three months ended June 30
 
 
Six months ended June 30
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
Revenue, net – mineral property sale
 $- 
 $- 
 $- 
 $408 
 
    
    
    
    
Costs, expenses and other:
    
    
    
    
  Exploration expense
  44 
  702 
  157 
  865 
  Depreciation
  7 
  6 
  13 
  13 
  General and administrative
  254 
  321 
  590 
  746 
Total costs, expenses and other
  305 
  1,029 
  760 
  1,624 
Other (loss) income
    
    
    
    
 Interest income (net)
  27 
  90 
  108 
  162 
 Other income
  44 
  - 
  44 
  - 
 Gain (loss) on derivative instruments
  5 
  - 
  (20)
    
 Gain on sale of marketable equity securities
  - 
  - 
  25 
    
 Unrealized gain (loss) on marketable equity securities
  484 
  (63)
  251 
  (389)
Total other income (loss)
  560 
  27 
  408 
  (227)
Net income (loss)
 $255 
 $(1,002)
 $(352)
 $(1,443)
Income (loss) per common share:
    
    
    
    
    Basic
 $0.00 
 $(0.02)
 $(0.01)
 $(0.02)
    Diluted
 $0.00 
 $(0.02)
 $(0.01)
 $(0.02)
Weighted average shares outstanding:
    
    
    
    
    Basic
  58,116 
  58,141 
  58,123 
  58,151 
    Diluted
  58,249 
  58,141 
  58,123 
  58,151 
 
See Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
 
 
4
 
 
SOLITARIO ZINC CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
 
(in thousands of U.S. dollars)
 
Six months endedJune 30,
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
Operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Net loss
 $(352)
 $(1,443)
 Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
    
    
 
    
    
    Depreciation
  13 
  13 
    Amortization of right of use lease asset
  20 
  20 
    Unrealized (gain) loss on marketable equity securities
  (251)
  389 
    Employee stock option expense
  215 
  173 
    Gain on sale of marketable equity securities
  (25)
  - 
    Other income- gain on conversion of SilverStream Note
  (44)
  - 
    Loss on derivative instruments
  20 
  - 
    Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
    
    
      Prepaid expenses and other assets
  8 
  114 
      Note receivable, net of mineral property sold
  - 
  (223)
      Accounts payable and other current liabilities
  (125)
  (38)
        Net cash used in operating activities
  (521)
  (995)
Investing activities:
    
    
 Sale of short-term investments, net
  162 
  1,453 
 Cash from sale of marketable equity securities
  76 
  - 
 Purchase (sale) of derivative instruments – net
  14 
  - 
       Net cash provided by investing activities
  252 
  1,453 
Financing activities:
    
    
 Paycheck Protection Loan
  70 
  - 
 Purchase of common stock for cancellation
  (4)
  (11)
        Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
  66 
  (11)
 
    
    
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
  (203)
  447 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
  574 
  117 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
 $371 
 $564 
 
    
    
Supplemental Cash Flow information:
    
    
  Conversion of SilverStream note to Marketable equity securities
 $294 
  - 
 
    
    
 
See Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
 
 
5
 
 
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
 
1.       Business and Significant Accounting Policies
 
Business and company formation
 
Solitario Zinc Corp. (“Solitario,” or the “Company”) is an exploration stage company as defined in Industry Guide 7, as issued by the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Solitario was incorporated in the state of Colorado on November 15, 1984 as a wholly-owned subsidiary of Crown Resources Corporation ("Crown"). In July 1994, Solitario became a publicly traded company on the Toronto Stock Exchange (the "TSX") through its initial public offering. Solitario has been actively involved in mineral exploration since 1993. Solitario’s primary business is to acquire exploration mineral properties or royalties and/or discover economic deposits on its mineral properties and advance these deposits, either on its own or through joint ventures, up to the development stage. At that point, or sometime prior to that point, Solitario would likely attempt to sell its mineral properties, pursue their development either on its own or through a joint venture with a partner that has expertise in mining operations, or create a royalty with a third party that continues to advance the property. Solitario is primarily focused on the acquisition and exploration of zinc-related exploration mineral properties; however, Solitario will evaluate and acquire other base and precious metal mineral exploration properties. In addition to focusing on its mineral exploration properties and the evaluation of mineral properties for acquisition, Solitario also evaluates potential strategic transactions for the acquisition of new precious and base metal properties and assets with exploration potential or business combinations that Solitario determines to be favorable to Solitario.
 
Solitario has recorded revenue in the past from the sale of mineral properties, including (i) the sale of certain mineral royalty properties to SilverStream SEZC, a private Cayman Island royalty and streaming company (“SilverStream”), for Cdn$600,000 in January 2019 (the “Royalty Sale”), and (ii) the sale in June 2018 of its interest in the royalty on its Yanacocha property. In addition, Solitario has received proceeds from (i) the sale in 2015 of its former interest in Mount Hamilton LLC (“MH-LLC”), the owner of its former Mt. Hamilton project; (ii) the sale of a royalty on its former Mt. Hamilton project and (iii) joint venture property payments. Revenues and / or proceeds from the sale or joint venture of properties or assets, although significant when they occur, have not been a consistent annual source of cash and would only occur in the future, if at all, on an infrequent basis.
 
Solitario currently considers its carried interest in the Florida Canyon project in Peru and its interest in the Lik project in Alaska to be its core mineral property assets. Nexa Resources, Ltd. (“Nexa”), Solitario’s joint venture partner, is expected to continue the exploration and furtherance of the Florida Canyon project and Solitario is monitoring progress at Florida Canyon. Solitario is working with its 50% joint venture partner in the Lik deposit, Teck American Incorporated, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Teck Resources Limited (both companies are referred to as “Teck”), to further the exploration and evaluate potential development plans for the Lik project.
 
As of June 30, 2020, Solitario has significant balances of cash and short-term investments that Solitario anticipates using, in part, to fund costs and activities intended to further the exploration of the Florida Canyon and Lik projects and to potentially acquire additional mineral property assets. The fluctuations in precious metal and other commodity prices contribute to a challenging environment for mineral exploration and development, which has created opportunities as well as challenges for the potential acquisition of early-stage and advanced mineral exploration projects or other related assets at potentially attractive terms.
 
The accompanying interim condensed consolidated financial statements of Solitario for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 are unaudited and are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“generally accepted accounting principles”). They do not include all disclosures required by generally accepted accounting principles for annual financial statements, but in the opinion of management, include all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of results which may be achieved in the future, or for the full year ending December 31, 2020.
 
 
6
 
 
These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto which are included in Solitario’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019. The accounting policies set forth in those annual financial statements are the same as the accounting policies utilized in the preparation of these financial statements, except as modified for appropriate interim financial statement presentation.
 
Risks and Uncertainties
 
Solitario faces risks related to health epidemics and other outbreaks of communicable diseases, which could significantly disrupt its operations and may materially and adversely affect our business and financial conditions.
 
Solitario’s business could be adversely impacted by the effects of the coronavirus (“COVID-19”) or other epidemics or pandemics. Solitario has recommended all of its employees and contractors follow government guidelines for health and safety policies for employees and contractors, including encouraging tele-commuting and working from home where possible. Solitario has evaluated the effects of COVID-19 on its operations and taken pro-active steps to address the impacts on its operations, including reducing costs, in response to the economic uncertainty associated with potential risks from COVID-19. These reductions include implementing salary reductions and evaluation and reduction in certain planned 2020 exploration programs through its joint venture partners at the Florida Canyon and Lik exploration projects. Also, Solitairo has evaluated the potential impacts on its ability to access future traditional funding sources on the same or reasonably similar terms as in past periods. Solitario will continue to monitor the effects of COVID-19 on its operations, financial condition and liquidity. However, the extent to which COVID-19 impacts Solitario’s business, including our exploration and other activities and the market for its securities, will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted at this time, and include the duration, severity and scope of the outbreak and the actions taken to contain or treat the coronavirus outbreak.
 
Cash equivalents
 
Cash equivalents include investments in highly liquid money-market securities with original maturities of three months or less when purchased. As of June 30, 2020, $359,000 of Solitario’s cash and cash equivalents are held in brokerage accounts and foreign banks, which are not covered under the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) rules for the United States.
 
Short-term investments
 
As of June 30, 2020, Solitario has $5,118,000 of its current assets in United States Treasury Securities (“USTS”) with maturities of 30 days to 13 months. In addition, Solitario has $1,564,000 of its current assets in seven bank certificates of deposits (“CD’s”) with face values between $100,000 and $250,000 and maturities between eight and 23 months. The USTS and CD’s are recorded at their fair value based upon quoted market prices. The USTS are not covered under the FDIC insurance rules for United States deposits. Solitario’s USTS and CD’s are highly liquid and may be sold in their entirety at any time at their quoted market price and are classified as a current asset.
 
Earnings per share
 
The calculation of basic earnings (loss) per share is based on the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.
 
Potentially dilutive shares related to outstanding common stock options for 5,698,000 Solitario common shares were excluded from the calculation of diluted loss per share for the six months ended June 30, 2020 because the effects were anti-dilutive. Potentially dilutive shares related to outstanding common stock options for 4,373,000 Solitario common shares were excluded from the calculation of diluted loss per share for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 because the effects were anti-dilutive.
 
Potentially dilutive shares related to stock options for 1,475,000 Solitario common shares, with exercise prices of between $0.20 and $0.28 per share, were included in the calculation of diluted earnings per share for the three months ended June 30, 2020 to the extent they were exercisable.
 
 
 
7
 
 
Recently adopted accounting pronouncements
 
The FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13, Disclosure Framework – Fair Value (topic 820): Changes to Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement (“ASU No. 2018-13”). Among other things, ASU No. 2018-13 changes the required disclosures regarding (i) transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 fair values; (ii) unrealized gains / losses included in earnings and other comprehensive income for Level 3 instruments; and (iii) amount, reason and policies regarding transfers between Levels. ASU No. 2018-13 is effective for Solitario for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2019. Solitario adopted ASU No. 2016-13 January 1, 2020 which did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial position or results of operations as of or for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020.
 
Recently issued accounting pronouncements
 
The SEC has adopted amendments to its disclosure rules to modernize the mineral property disclosure requirements for issuers whose securities are registered with the SEC. These amendments became effective February 25, 2019 (the “SEC Modernization Rules”) and, following a two-year transition period, the SEC Modernization Rules will replace the historical property disclosure requirements for mining registrants that are included in SEC Industry Guide 7. Under the SEC Modernization Rules, consistent with global standards as embodied by the Committee for Reserves International Reporting Standards (“CRIRSCO”), registrants will be required to disclose specified information concerning mineral resources that have been identified on one or more of its mineral properties. Consistent with CRIRSCO standards the SEC Modernization Rules have added definitions to recognize “Measured Mineral Resources”, “Indicated Mineral Resources” and “Inferred Mineral Resources.” The Company is not required to provide disclosure on its mineral properties under the SEC Modernization Rules until its fiscal year beginning January 1, 2021.
 
Upon adoption of the SEC Modernization Rules, among other requirements, the Company will be required to report its mineral resources, if any, as Measured, Indicated or Inferred Mineral Resources in accordance with the SEC Modernization Rules. This will allow investors to evaluate the Company’s resources on a comparable basis with other mining and exploration issuers registered with the SEC. In addition, the SEC Modernization Rules will require the Company to disclose exploration results, mineral reserves, if any, and mineral resources based upon information and supporting documentation prepared by a mining expert (the “qualified person”). The SEC Modernization Rules will require the Company to obtain a dated and signed technical report summary from the qualified person identifying and summarizing the information reviewed and conclusions reached by the qualified person(s) about the mineral resources or reserves for each mineral property. The Company is currently evaluating the requirements under the SEC Modernization Rules and has not determined what effect adoption will have on its consolidated financial statements and disclosures.
 
2.        Mineral Property
 
The following table details Solitario’s investment in Mineral Property:
 
(in thousands)
 
June 30,
 
 
December 31,
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
Exploration
 
 
 
 
 
 
   Lik project (Alaska – US)
 $15,611 
 $15,611 
   La Promesa (Peru)
  6 
  6 
     Total exploration mineral property
 $15,617 
 $15,617 
 
All exploration costs on our exploration properties, none of which have proven and probable reserves, including any additional costs incurred for subsequent lease payments or exploration activities related to our projects, are expensed as incurred.
 
Royalty sale
 
On January 22, 2019, Solitario completed the Royalty Sale to SilverStream for Cdn$600,000. On closing of the Royalty Sale, Solitario received Cdn$250,000 in cash and a convertible note from SilverStream in the principal amount of Cdn$350,000 (the “SilverStream Note”). The SilverStream Note was originally due December 31, 2019, accrued 5% per annum simple interest, payable on a quarterly basis, and was convertible into common shares of SilverStream, at the discretion of SilverStream, by providing Solitario a notice of conversion. In December of 2019, Solitario and SilverStream agreed to extend the due date of the SilverStream Note to June 30, 2020, and to increase the interest rate to 8% per annum simple interest. During the six months ended June 30, 2019, Solitario recorded mineral property revenue of $408,000 from the Royalty Sale, consisting of the fair value of the cash received on the date of the sale of $185,000 and the fair value of the SilverStream Note on the date of the sale of $263,000 less the carrying value of the royalties sold of $40,000.
 
 
8
 
 
On May 19, 2020, SilverStream completed an initial public offering, including changing its name to Vox Royalty Corp. (“Vox”) and, in accordance with the terms of the SilverStream Note, issued Solitario 137,255 shares of common stock of Vox in full satisfaction of obligations owed under the SilverStream Note. In accordance with the terms of the SilverStream Note, the 137,255 shares were issued at a price of Cdn$2.55 per share, which was at a 15% discount to the initial public offering price of Cdn$3.00 per share. Solitario recorded its initial investment in the Vox common shares at the initial public offering price, or a total of Cdn$412,000 or $294,000. Solitario recorded other income of $44,000 for the gain on the conversion of the SilverStream Note during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020.
 
During the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, Solitario recorded interest income from the SilverStream Note of $2,000 and $7,000, respectively. During the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 Solitario recorded interest income from the SilverStream Note of $3,000 and $6,000, respectively.
 
Exploration expense
 
The following items comprised exploration expense:
 
(in thousands)
 
Three months ended June 30,
 
 
Six months ended June 30,
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
Geologic and field expenses
 $23 
 $680 
 $113 
 $827 
Administrative
  21 
  22 
  44 
  38 
Total exploration costs
 $44 
 $702 
 $157 
 $865 
 
Asset Retirement Obligation
 
In connection with the acquisition of its interest in the Lik project in 2017, Solitario recorded an asset retirement obligation of $125,000 for Solitario’s estimated reclamation cost of the existing disturbance at the Lik project. This disturbance consists of an exploration camp including certain drill sites and access roads at the camp. The estimate was based upon estimated cash costs for reclamation as determined by the permitting bond required by the State of Alaska for which Solitario has purchased a reclamation bond insurance policy in the event Solitario or its 50% partner, Teck, do not complete required reclamation.
 
Solitario has not applied a discount rate to the recorded asset retirement obligation as the estimated time frame for reclamation is not currently known, as reclamation is not expected to occur until the end of the Lik project life, which would follow future development and operations, the start of which cannot be estimated or assured at this time. Additionally, no depreciation will be recorded on the related asset for the asset retirement obligation until the Lik project goes into operation, which cannot be assured.
 
3.            
Marketable Equity Securities
 
Solitario's investments in marketable equity securities are carried at fair value, which is based upon quoted prices of the securities owned. The cost of marketable equity securities sold is determined by the specific identification method. Changes in market value are recorded in the condensed consolidated statement of operations. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, Solitario recorded an unrealized gain on marketable equity securities of $484,000 and $251,000, respectively. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, Solitario recorded an unrealized loss on marketable equity securities of $63,000 and $389,000, respectively.
 
The following tables summarize Solitario’s marketable equity securities and adjustments to fair value:
 
(in thousands)
 
 June 30,
2020
 
 
 December 31,
2019
 
  Marketable equity securities at cost
 $2,122 
 $1,879 
  Cumulative unrealized loss on marketable equity securities
  (589)
  (840)
  Marketable equity securities at fair value
 $1,533 
 $1,039 
 
 
9
 
 
The following table represents changes in marketable equity securities:
 
(in thousands)
 
Three months ended
June 30,
 
 
Six months ended
June 30,
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
Cost of marketable equity securities sold
 $- 
 $- 
 $51 
 $- 
Realized gain on marketable equity securities sold
  - 
  - 
  25 
  - 
Proceeds from the sale of marketable equity securities sold
  - 
  - 
  (76)
  - 
Net gain (loss) on marketable equity securities
  484 
  (63)
  276 
  (389)
Additions to marketable equity securities
  294 
  - 
  294 
  - 
Change in marketable equity securities at fair value
 $778 
 $(63)
 $494 
 $(389)
 
The following table represents the realized and unrealized gain (loss) on marketable equity securities:
 
(in thousands)
 
Three months ended
June 30,
 
 
Six months ended
June 30,
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
  Unrealized gain (loss) on marketable securities
 $484 
 $(63)
 $251 
 $(389)
  Realized gain on marketable equity securities sold
  - 
  - 
  25 
  - 
  Net gain (loss) on marketable securities
 $484 
 $(63)
 $276 
 $(389)
 
Solitario sold 2,000,000 shares of Vendetta Mining Corp. (“Vendetta”) common stock during the six months ended June 30, 2020 for proceeds of $76,000 and recorded a gain on sale of $25,000 on the date of sale. Solitario did not sell any marketable equity securities during the three months ended June 30, 2020 or June 30, 2019 nor during the six months ended June 30, 2019. The change in the fair value of marketable equity securities during the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 was related entirely to the unrealized loss on marketable equity securities related to their fair values based upon quoted market prices for the marketable equity securities held by Solitario during that period.
 
On May 19, 2020, Solitario received 137,255 shares of Vox upon conversion of the SilverStream Note, discussed above, valued at $294,000.
 
4.        Leases
 
Solitario adopted ASU 2016-02 Leases effective January 1, 2019 and accounts for its leases in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 842. Solitario leases one facility, its Wheat Ridge, Colorado office (the “WR Lease”), that has a term of more than one year. Solitario has no other material operating lease costs. The WR Lease is classified as an operating lease and has a term of 8 months remaining at June 30, 2020, with no renewal option. At June 30, 2020, the right-of-use office lease asset for the WR Lease is classified as other assets and the related liability as current office lease liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheet. The amortization of right of use lease asset expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term, with variable lease payments recognized in the period those payments are incurred. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 Solitario recognized $10,000 and $20,000, respectively, of non-cash amortization of right of use lease asset expense for the WR Lease included in general and administrative expense. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 Solitario recognized $10,000 and $20,000, respectively, of non-cash amortization of right of use lease asset expense for the WR Lease included in general and administrative expense. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 cash lease payments of $11,000 and $21,000, respectively, were made on the WR Lease. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 cash lease payments of $10,000 and $17,000, respectively, were made on the WR Lease. These cash payments, less imputed interest for each period, reduced the related liability on the WR Lease. The discount rate within the WR Lease was not determinable at the inception of the WR Lease, and Solitario has applied a discount rate of 5% based upon Solitario’s estimate of its cost of capital.
 
 
10
 
 
The maturities of Solitario’s lease liability for its WR Lease are as follows at June 30, 2020:
 
Future lease payments (in thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2020
  21 
2021
  7 
Total lease payments
  28 
  Less amount of payments representing interest
  - 
Present value of lease payments
 $28 
 
Supplemental cash flow information related to our operating lease was as follows:
 
(in thousands)
 
Three months ended
 June 30,
 
 
Six months ended
 June 30,
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   Operating cash outflows from WR Lease payments
 $11 
 $10 
 $21 
 $17 
Non-cash amounts related to the WR lease
    
    
    
    
   Leased assets recorded in exchange for new operating lease liabilities
 $- 
 $82 
 $- 
 $82 
 
5        Other Assets
 
The following items comprised other assets:
 
(in thousands)
 
June 30,
 
 
December 31
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
Furniture and fixtures, net of accumulated depreciation
 $36 
 $39 
Lik project equipment, net of accumulated depreciation
  40 
  50 
Office lease asset
  26 
  45 
Vendetta warrants
  33 
  21 
Exploration bonds and other assets
  4 
  4 
Total other
 $139 
 $159 
 
6.        Derivative Instruments
 
Vendetta Warrants
 
On July 31, 2019, Solitario purchased 3,450,000 Vendetta units for a total of $233,000. Each Vendetta unit consisted of one share of Vendetta common stock and one Vendetta warrant (the “Vendetta Warrants”). Each Vendetta Warrant entitles the holder to purchase one additional share of Vendetta common stock for a purchase price of Cdn$0.13 per share for a period of three years. On the purchase date Solitario recorded marketable equity securities of $165,000 for the Vendetta shares acquired and $68,000 for the Vendetta Warrants based upon an allocation of the purchase price of the Vendetta units, determined by (i) the fair value of the Vendetta common shares received based upon the quoted market price for Vendetta common shares and (ii) the fair value of Vendetta Warrants based upon a Black Scholes model. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, Solitario charged gain (loss) on derivative instruments of $20,000 and $(7,000), respectively, for the change in the fair value of the Vendetta Warrants based on a Black Scholes model.
 
Covered call options
 
From time to time Solitario has sold covered call options against its holdings of shares of common stock of Kinross Gold Corporation (“Kinross”) included in Marketable Equity Securities. The business purpose of selling covered calls is to provide additional income on a limited portion of shares of Kinross that Solitario may sell in the near term, which is generally defined as less than one year and any changes in the fair value of its covered calls are recognized in the statement of operations in the period of the change. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, Solitario sold covered calls against its holdings of Kinross for cash proceeds of $43,000 and $78,000, respectively, and repurchased certain of its covered calls prior to expiration for $64,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2020. As of June 30, 2020, Solitario has a remaining liability related to outstanding Kinross call options which expire in August 2020 of $47,000. During the three months ended June 30, 2020 Solitario recorded a gain on derivative instruments related to its Kinross calls of $5,000 and during the six months ended June 30, 2020 Solitario recorded a loss on derivative instruments related to its Kinross calls of $20,000. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, Solitario had no covered call options outstanding.
 
 
11
 
 
7.        PPP Loan
 
On April 20, 2020, in response to significant market volatility and uncertainty, our general history of operating losses, and the resulting need for Solitario to conserve its financial resources, Solitario applied for and received a loan in the amount of $70,000 (the “PPP Loan”) pursuant to the Paycheck Protection Program under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”) to help fund Company payroll, rent and utilities obligations. The PPP Loan has a two-year term and bears interest at a rate of 1.0% per annum. Monthly principal and interest payments are deferred for six months after the date of the loan. The PPP Loan may be prepaid at any time prior to maturity, under certain conditions, with no prepayment penalties. The PPP Loan promissory note contains events of default and other provisions customary for a loan of this type. The Paycheck Protection Program provides that the PPP Loan may be partially or wholly forgiven if the funds are used for certain qualifying expenses as described in the CARES Act. Solitario believes it used the proceeds from the PPP Loan for qualifying expenses and intends to apply for forgiveness of a portion of the PPP Loan in accordance with the terms of the CARES Act. However, Solitario cannot assure that such forgiveness of any portion of the PPP Loan will occur. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, Solitario recorded $70,000 for the PPP Loan as a current liability, and related interest at 1% per annum through June 30, 2020. Solitario expects to repay its PPP Loan, less forgiveness, if any, within the next twelve months.
 
8.        Fair Value
 
Solitario accounts for its financial instruments under ASC 820 Fair Value Measurement. During the three months ended June 30, 2020 there were no reclassifications in financial assets or liabilities between Level 1, 2 or 3 categories.
The following is a listing of Solitario’s financial assets and liabilities required to be measured at fair value on a recurring basis and where they are classified within the hierarchy as of June 30, 2020:
 
(in thousands)
 
Level 1 
 
 
Level 2 
 
 
Level 3
 
 
Total 
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Short-term investments
 $6,682 
 $- 
 $- 
 $6,682 
  Marketable equity securities
 $1,533 
 $- 
 $- 
 $1,533 
  Vendetta Warrants
 $- 
 $33 
 $- 
 $33 
Liabilities
    
    
    
    
  Kinross call options
 $47 
 $- 
 $- 
 $47 
 
The following is a listing of Solitario’s financial assets and liabilities required to be measured at fair value on a recurring basis and where they are classified within the hierarchy as of December 31, 2019:
 
(in thousands)
 
Level 1
 
 
Level 2
 
 
Level 3
 
 
Total
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Short-term investments
 $6,829 
 $- 
 $- 
 $6,829 
  Marketable equity securities
 $1,039 
 $- 
 $- 
 $1,039 
  Vendetta Warrants
 $- 
 $21 
 $- 
 $21 
 
9.        Income Taxes
 
Solitario accounts for income taxes in accordance with ASC 740 Accounting for Income Taxes. Under ASC 740, income taxes are provided for the tax effects of transactions reported in the financial statements and consist of taxes currently due plus deferred taxes related to certain income and expenses recognized in different periods for financial and income tax reporting purposes. Deferred tax assets and liabilities represent the future tax return consequences of those differences, which will either be taxable or deductible when the assets and liabilities are recovered or settled. Deferred taxes are also recognized for operating losses and tax credits that are available to offset future taxable income and income taxes, respectively. A valuation allowance is provided if it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized.
 
 
12
 
 
At both June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, a valuation allowance has been recorded, which fully offsets Solitario’s net deferred tax assets, because it is more likely than not that the Company will not realize some portion or all of its deferred tax assets.  The Company continually assesses both positive and negative evidence to determine whether it is more likely than not that the deferred tax assets can be realized prior to their expiration.
 
During the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, Solitario recorded no deferred tax expense.
 
10.            
Commitments and contingencies
 
Solitario has recorded an asset retirement obligation of $125,000 related to its Lik project in Alaska. See Note 2, “Mineral Properties,” above.
 
Solitario leases office space under a non-cancelable operating lease for the Wheat Ridge, Colorado office which provides for future total minimum rent payments as of June 30, 2020 of $28,000 through March of 2021.
 
11.            
Employee Stock Compensation Plans
 
On June 18, 2013, Solitario’s shareholders approved the 2013 Solitario Exploration & Royalty Corp. Omnibus Stock and Incentive Plan, as amended (the “2013 Plan”). Under the terms of the 2013 Plan, a total of 5,750,000 shares of Solitario common stock were reserved for awards to directors, officers, employees and consultants. Awards granted under the 2013 Plan may take the form of stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, and restricted stock units. The terms and conditions of the awards are pursuant to the 2013 Plan and are granted by the Board of Directors of the Company (the “Board of Directors”) or a committee appointed by the Board of Directors.
 
As of June 30, 2020, and December 31, 2019 there were options outstanding that are exercisable to acquire 5,698,000 and 4,373,000 shares, respectively, of Solitario common stock, with exercise prices between $0.20 and $0.77 per share. All of the options have a five-year term and vest 25% on the date of grant and 25% on each of the next three anniversary dates. Solitario amortizes grant date fair value on a straight-line basis over the vesting period. During the six months ended June 30, 2020, Solitario granted 1,325,000 options with an exercise price of $0.20 per share, a five year term and a grant date fair value of $145,000 based upon a Black-Scholes model, with a 66% volatility and a 0.4% risk-free interest rate. During the six months ended June 30, 2019, Solitario granted options exercisable to acquire 150,000 shares of common stock, with an exercise price of $0.28 per share, a five-year term, and a grant date fair value of $23,000 based upon a Black-Scholes model, with a 64% volatility and a 2.4% risk-free interest rate. In addition, during the six months ended June 30, 2019, options exercisable for 1,000,160 shares of common stock, with exercise prices between $1.68 and $0.70 per share, expired unexercised. There were no exercises of options under the 2013 Plan during either of the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2020 and 2019. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, Solitario recorded stock option compensation expense of $130,000 and $215,000, respectively. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, Solitario recorded stock option compensation expense of $85,000 and $173,000, respectively. At June 30, 2020, the total unrecognized stock option compensation cost related to non-vested options was $247,000 and is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 20 months.
 
12.        Shareholders’ Equity
 
Shareholders’ Equity for the six months ended June 30, 2020:
(in thousands, except
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Share amounts)
 
Common
 
 
Common
 
 
Additional
 
 
 
 
 
Total
 
 
 
Stock
 
 
Stock
 
 
Paid-in
 
 
Accumulated
 
 
Shareholders’
 
 
 
Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Capital
 
 
Deficit
 
 
Equity
 
Balance at December 31, 2019
  58,133,066 
  581 
 $70,204 
 $(46,654)
 $24,131 
Stock option expense
  - 
  - 
  215 
  - 
  215 
Purchase of shares for cancellation
  (21,100)
  - 
  (4)
  - 
  (4)
Net loss
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (352)
  (352)
Balance at June 30, 2020
  58,111,966 
 $581 
 $70,415 
 $(47,006)
 $23,990 
 
 
13
 
 
Shareholders’ Equity for the six months ended June 30, 2019:
(in thousands, except
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Share amounts)
 
Common
 
 
Common
 
 
Additional
 
 
 
 
 
Total
 
 
 
Stock
 
 
Stock
 
 
Paid-in
 
 
Accumulated
 
 
Shareholders’
 
 
 
Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Capital
 
 
Deficit
 
 
Equity
 
Balance at December 31, 2018
  58,171,466 
  582 
 $69,873 
 $(43,365)
 $27,090 
Stock option expense
  - 
  - 
  173 
  - 
  173 
Purchase of shares for cancellation
  (33,200)
  (1)
  (10)
  - 
  (11)
Net loss
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (1,443)
  (1,443)
Balance at June 30, 2019
  58,138,266 
 $581 
 $70,036 
 $(44,808)
 $25,809 
 
Share Repurchase Program
 
On October 28, 2015, the Board of Directors approved a share repurchase program that authorized Solitario to purchase up to two million shares of its outstanding common stock. During 2019, the Board of Directors extended the expiration date of the share repurchase program through December 31, 2020. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, Solitario purchased 4,400 and 21,100 shares of Solitario common stock, respectively, for an aggregate purchase price of $1,000 and $4,000, respectively. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, Solitario purchased 5,300 and 33,200 shares of Solitario common stock, respectively, for an aggregate purchase price of $2,000 and $11,000, respectively. As of June 30, 2020, Solitario has purchased a total of 990,400 shares for an aggregate purchase price of $466,000 under the share repurchase program since its inception.
 
 
 
14
 
 
Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the information contained in the consolidated financial statements of Solitario for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, and Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contained in Solitario’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, as amended, for the year ended December 31, 2019. Solitario's financial condition and results of operations are not necessarily indicative of what may be expected in future periods. Unless otherwise indicated, all references to dollars are to U.S. dollars.
 
(a) Business Overview and Summary
 
We are an exploration stage company under Industry Guide 7, as issued by the SEC, with a focus on the acquisition of precious and base metal properties with exploration potential and the development or purchase of royalty interests. Currently our primary focus is the acquisition and exploration of zinc-related exploration mineral properties. However, we will continue to evaluate other mineral properties for acquisition, and we hold a portfolio of mineral exploration properties and assets for future sale, joint venture or on which to create a royalty prior to the establishment of proven and probable reserves. Although our mineral properties may be developed in the future by us, through a joint venture or by a third party, we have never developed a mineral property. In addition to focusing on our current mineral exploration properties, we also from time to time evaluate potential strategic transactions for the acquisition of new precious and base metal properties and assets with exploration potential.
 
Our current geographic focus for the evaluation of potential mineral property assets is in North and South America; however, we have conducted property evaluations for potential acquisition in other parts of the world. At June 30, 2020, we consider our carried interest in the Florida Canyon project in Peru and our interest in the Lik project in Alaska to be our core mineral property assets. In addition, at June 30, 2020, we have one other exploration property in Peru. We are conducting independent exploration activities on our own and through joint ventures operated by our partners in Peru and the United States.
 
We have recorded revenue in the past from the sale of mineral properties, including from the Royalty Sale in January 2019 and the sale in June 2018 of our interest in the royalty on the Yanacocha property. Revenues and / or proceeds from the sale or joint venture of properties or assets, although generally significant when they have occurred in the past, have not been a consistent source of revenue and would only occur in the future, if at all, on an infrequent basis. We have reduced our exposure to the costs of our exploration activities in the past through the use of joint ventures. Although we anticipate that the use of joint venture funding for some of our exploration activities will continue for the foreseeable future, we can provide no assurance that these or other sources of capital will be available in sufficient amounts to meet our needs, if at all.
 
As of June 30, 2020, we have balances of cash and short-term investments that we anticipate using, in part, to (i) fund costs and activities intended to further the exploration of the Lik project, (ii) fund costs and activities intended to further the exploration at the Florida Canyon project, (iii) conduct reconnaissance exploration and (iv) potentially acquire additional mineral property assets. The fluctuations in precious metal and other commodity prices contribute to a challenging environment for mineral exploration and development, which has created opportunities as well as challenges for the potential acquisition of advanced mineral exploration projects or other related assets at potentially attractive terms.
 
(b) Effects of COVID-19
 
As of June 30, 2020, the effects of COVID-19 have not had a material adverse effect on Solitario’s administrative activities as we have only three full-time employees, all of whom can work remotely, and are not required to meet in person on a regular basis. To date, our joint ventures also have not been directly affected by the effects of COVID-19, as they are remote exploration projects, with no full-time or part-time on-site employees or contractors. However, our joint-venture partners, Teck at our Lik project and Nexa at our Florida Canyon project, have taken steps, with our concurrence, to reduce the planned exploration activities on these projects for 2020 due to several factors. These factors include but are not limited to; i) our partners’ limited exploration staffing; ii) the need to put into place safety and operational protocols for COVID-19 and other potential pandemics related to all of their exploration activities; iii) the ability to reallocate exploration resources to non-site specific tasks, such as data and resource review, and planning for future drilling; and iv) the ability to postpone 2020 exploration activities to 2021 by using the interim period to enhance potential 2021 exploration programs. Solitario does not believe the reduction in 2020 exploration activities reflects on the long-term economic potential of either its Lik or Florida Canyon projects.
 
 
15
 
 
Because of the uncertainty caused by COVID-19, and the resulting market volatility and unknown long-term effects of COVID-19, Solitairo has taken steps to reduce the potential impact of COVID-19 on its liquidity and capital resources by; i) obtaining the PPP Loan; ii) initiating salary reductions for all of its employees; iii) reducing its contractual amounts due to contractors; iv) reducing non-core activities such as travel and investor relations; and (v) reducing or delaying certain capital costs such as equipment replacement. Although the impact of COVID-19 on Solitario’s ability to access capital markets is unknown and may be reduced, Solitario believes the proceeds of the PPP Loan combined with Solitario current assets, provide Solitario with the flexibility to continue its on-going operations.
 
Nonetheless, the extent to which COVID-19 impacts our business, including our exploration and other activities and the market for our securities, will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be accurately predicted at this time. Please see Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” below.
 
 (c) Results of Operations
 
Comparison of the three months ended June 30, 2020 to the three months ended June 30, 2019
 
We had net income of $255,000 or $0.00 per basic and diluted share for the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to a net loss of $1,002,000 or $0.02 per basic and diluted share for the three months ended June 30, 2019. As explained in more detail below, the primary reasons for our net income in the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the net loss during the three months ended June 30, 2019 were (i) a reduction in exploration expense to $44,000 in the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to exploration expense of $702,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2019; (ii) a reduction in general and administrative expense to $254,000 in the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to general and administrative expense of $321,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2019; (iii) other income of $44,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2020 resulting from the conversion of the SilverStream Note, with no similar item during the three months ended June 30, 2019; and (iv) an unrealized gain on marketable equity securities of $484,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to an unrealized loss on marketable equity securities of $63,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2019. Partially offsetting the above items was a reduction in our interest income to $27,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to interest income of $90,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2019. Each of the major components of these items is discussed in more detail below.
 
          Our net exploration expense decreased to $44,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to exploration expense of $702,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2019 as a result of (i) our joint venture partner Nexa meeting the second required total drilling target of 3,400 meters of drilling at the Florida Canyon project during the three months ended June 30, 2019 with Solitario responsible for $527,000 of the total drilling costs incurred by Nexa resulting in recording of $527,000 of exploration expense during the three months ended June 30, 2019 with no similar drilling at Florida Canyon during the three months ended June 30, 2020; (ii) a decrease in our reconnaissance exploration activities primarily related to the evaluation of mineral properties and / or entities for potential acquisition or other strategic transactions for which we incurred $83,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to $104,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2019; and (iii) a one-time non-cash credit to our accrued expenses at our Lik project of $52,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2020, resulting from the billing of 2019 exploration expenditures from our joint venture partner Teck reflecting that Teck did not spent the entirety of the budgeted expenditures at the Lik project during 2019, which we had accrued. During the three months ended June 30, 2020 we had one contract geologist in Peru, and our Denver personnel spent a majority of their time on reconnaissance exploration activities described above and related matters. We now have budgeted approximately $493,000 for our full-year exploration expenditure for 2020, which as discussed above in “Effects of COVID-19,” is reduced, from our original full-year exploration budget of $976,000. As discussed above, our joint venture partners, with our concurrence, have reduced planned exploration expenditures, the bulk of which were planned for our Lik project which previously included approximately $528,000 for Solitario’s share of a joint drilling program with Teck at the Lik project. The revised plan at the Lik project calls for a full-year 2020 budget of approximately $90,000, with the bulk of those expenses planned for the third and fourth quarters of 2020. Given the significant drilling that was performed in 2019, primarily for drilling at our Florida Canyon project, we expect our full-year exploration expenditures for 2020 to be below the full-year exploration expenditures for 2019.
 
 
16
 
 
Exploration expense (in thousands) by project consisted of the following:
 
 
 
Three months ended
June 30,
 
 
Six months ended
June 30,
 
Project Name
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
Florida Canyon
 $4 
 $535 
 $6 
 $535 
Lik
  (43)
  24 
  (38)
  43 
La Promesa
  - 
  35 
  - 
  59 
Reconnaissance
  83 
  108 
  189 
  228 
  Total exploration expense
 $44 
 $702 
 $157 
 $865 
 
General and administrative costs, excluding stock option compensation costs, discussed below, were $124,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to $236,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2019. The major components of this reduction in costs were related to (i) salaries and benefit expense of $61,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to salary and benefit costs of $108,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2019, as we have reduced staff and taken salary reductions during 2020; (ii) legal and accounting expenditures of $12,000 in the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to $54,000 in the three months ended June 30, 2019; (iii) office rent and expenses of $13,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2020, compared to $27,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2019; and (iv) travel and shareholder relation costs of $38,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to $47,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2019. We anticipate the full-year general and administrative costs will be lower for 2020 compared to 2019.
 
We recorded $130,000 of stock option compensation expense for the amortization of unvested grant date fair value with a credit to additional paid-in-capital during the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to $85,000 of stock option compensation expense during the three months ended June 30, 2019. These non-cash charges related to the expense for vesting on stock options outstanding during the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019. The primary reason for the increase in 2020 was the grant of 1,325,000 options on April 2, 2020 with an exercise price of $0.20 per share, a five-year term and a grant date fair value of $145,000 based upon a Black-Scholes model. The options vest 25% on the date of grant and we recognized $36,000 of grant date fair value for these options on the date of grant during the three months ended June 30, 2020 with no similar item during the three months ended June 30, 2019. See Note 9, “Employee Stock Compensation Plans,” above, for additional information on our stock option expense.
 
We recorded a non-cash unrealized gain on marketable equity securities of $484,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to an unrealized loss on marketable equity securities of $63,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2019. The gain during the three months ended June 30, 2020 was primarily related to (i) an increase in the value of our holdings of 100,000 shares of Kinross common stock, which increased to a fair value of $722,000 at June 30, 2020 from a fair value of $398,000 at March 31, 2020 or an increase of $324,000 based on quoted market prices; and (ii) an increase in the value of our 12,450,000 shares of Vendetta common stock of $107,000, based on quoted market prices, which increased from a fair value of $350,000 at March 31, 2020 to a fair value of $457,000 at June 30, 2020.
 
We recorded interest income of $27,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to interest income of $90,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2019. This reduction was primarily due to (i) a decrease in the interest earned on our short-term investments in USTS as a result of a decrease in the total amount of outstanding short-term investments during the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019; and (ii) the average interest rates on our existing short term investments was decreasing during the three months ended June 30, 2019, which increased the value of existing USTS we held based upon quoted market prices during the three months ended June 30, 2019, while interest rates were relatively stable during the three months ended June 30, 2020, and we did not record a comparable increase in value of our existing USTS during the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the same period of 2019.
 
We regularly perform evaluations of our mineral property assets to assess the recoverability of our investments in these assets. All long-lived assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or circumstances change which indicate the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable utilizing guidelines based upon future net cash flows from the asset as well as our estimates of the geological potential of an early stage mineral property and its related value for future sale, joint venture or development by us or others. During the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, we recorded no property impairments.
 
 
17
 
 
At June 30, 2020 and 2019, our net operating loss carryforwards exceed our built-in gains on marketable equity securities resulting in a net tax asset position for which we provide a valuation allowance for all net deferred tax assets. We recorded no income tax expense or benefit during the three months ended June 30, 2020 or 2019. As a result of our administrative expenses and exploration activities, we anticipate we will not have currently payable income taxes during 2020. In addition to the valuation allowance discussed above, we provide a valuation allowance for our foreign net operating losses, which are primarily related to our exploration activities in Peru. We anticipate we will continue to provide a valuation allowance for these net operating losses until we are in a net tax liability position with regards to those countries where we operate or until it is more likely than not that we will be able to realize those net operating losses in the future.
 
Comparison of the six months ended June 30, 2020 to the six months ended June 30, 2019
 
We had a net loss of $352,000 or $0.01 per basic and diluted share for the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to a net loss of $1,443,000 or $0.02 per basic and diluted share for the six months ended June 30, 2019. As explained in more detail below, the primary reasons for the decrease in our net loss were (i) a decrease in exploration expense to $157,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to exploration expense of $865,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2019; (ii) a decrease in general and administrative costs to $590,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2020, compared to general and administrative expenses of $746,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2019; (iii) an unrealized gain on marketable equity securities of $251,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to an unrealized loss on marketable equity securities of $389,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2019; (iv) we recorded $44,000 of “other income” on the conversion of the SilverStream Note, discussed above during the six months ended June 30, 2020; and (v) we sold 2,000,000 shares of Vendetta common stock for proceeds of $76,000 and recorded a realized gain of $25,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2020 with no similar sales of marketable equity securities during the three months ended June 30 2019. These causes of the decrease in our net loss during the period were partially offset by (i) recording mineral property sale revenue of $408,000 from the Royalty Sale during the six months ended June 30, 2019, with no comparable mineral property sale during the six months ended June 30, 2020; (ii) a decrease in interest income to $108,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to interest income of $162,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2019; and (iii) recording a loss on derivative instruments of $20,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2020 with no similar item during the six months ended June 30, 2019. The significant changes for these items are discussed in more detail below.
 
During the six months ended June 30, 2019, we completed the Royalty Sale and recorded net revenues of $408,000 with no comparable sale during the six months ended June 30, 2020. See Note 2 “Mineral Property” above for a discussion of the Royalty Sale. We do not anticipate additional significant property sales during the remainder of 2020.
 
Our net exploration expense decreased to $157,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to $865,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2019. The primary reasons for the decrease was (i) the recording of $527,000 of exploration expense for the completion of drilling by Nexa in excess of the 3,400-meter threshold at the Florida Canyon project during the first six months of 2019, discussed above, with no similar charge in the six months ended June 30, 2020; (ii) recording a non-cash credit of $52,000 to exploration expense, discussed above, at our Lik Project during the six months ended June 30, 2020; and (iii) reducing our exploration activity at our La Promesa project and our reconnaissance exploration activity, as detailed in the table above, during the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019.
 
General and administrative costs, excluding stock option compensation costs discussed below, were $375,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to $573,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2019. The major components of the costs were (i) salary and benefit expense during the six months ended June 30, 2020 of $144,000 compared to salary and benefit expense of $215,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2019, with these decreases as a result of personnel and salary reductions; (ii) legal and accounting expenditures of $23,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2020, compared to $106,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2019; (iii) office and other costs of $60,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to $70,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2019; and (iv) travel and shareholder relation costs of $148,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to $181,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2019.
 
 
18
 
 
During the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, Solitario recorded $215,000 and $173,000, respectively, of stock option expense for the amortization of unvested grant date fair value with a credit to additional paid-in capital. The increase during the six months ended June 30, 2020 was primarily related to the stock option expense for the options granted on April 2, 2020, discussed above.
 
We recorded an unrealized gain on marketable equity securities of $251,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to an unrealized loss on marketable equity securities of $389,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2019. The non-cash unrealized gain during the six months ended June 30, 2020 was primarily related to an increase in the value of our holdings of 100,000 shares of Kinross common stock which increased to a fair value of $722,000 at June 30, 2020 compared to a fair value of $474,000 at December 31, 2019 based on quoted market prices, or an increase of $248,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2020. This increase was partially offset by a decrease in the value of our holdings of 12,450,000 shares of Vendetta common stock, which decreased from a fair value of $479,000 at December 31, 2019 to a fair value of $457,000 at June 30, 2020, based on quoted market prices, or a decrease of $22,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The non-cash unrealized loss during the six months ended June 30, 2019 was primarily related to a decrease in the value of our then holdings of 14,450,000 shares of Vendetta common stock which decreased in value $448,000, based on quoted market prices during the six months ended June 30, 2019. We may reduce our holdings of marketable equity securities depending on cash needs and market conditions, which may reduce the volatility of the changes in unrealized gains and losses in marketable equity securities during the remainder of 2020.
 
Our interest income on short-term investments decreased to $108,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to interest income of $162,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2019 primarily as a result of (i) the effects of interest rates reducing during the six months ended June 30, 2019, which increased the quoted market price of our USTS holdings during the three months ended June 30, 2019, as discussed above; and (ii) a decreased value of our holdings of short-term investments reduced the interest earned during the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019. We anticipate as we utilize our short-term investments to provide funds for exploration and general and administrative expenses, our interest income will be reduced during the remainder of 2020 compared to 2019.
 
During the six months ended June 30, 2020, we sold 2,000,000 shares of our holdings of Vendetta common stock for proceeds of $76,000 and recorded a gain on sale of marketable equity securities of $25,000. After the completion of the sale of the Vendetta shares, we hold 12,450,000 shares of Vendetta common stock at June 30, 2020. See Note 3 “Marketable Equity Securities” to the condensed consolidated financial statements for a discussion of the sale of Vendetta common stock.
 
(d) Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
Cash and Short-term Investments
 
As of June 30, 2020, we have $7,053,000 in cash and short-term investments. As of June 30, 2020, we have $5,118,000 of our current assets in USTS with maturities of 30 days to 13 months. In addition, Solitario has $1,564,000 of its current assets in seven CD’s with face values between $100,000 and $250,000 and maturities between eight and 23 months. The USTS and CD’s are recorded at their fair value based upon quoted market prices. We anticipate we will roll over that portion of our short-term investments not used for exploration expenditures, operating costs or mineral property acquisitions as they become due during the remainder of 2020.
 
We intend to utilize a portion of our cash and short-term investments in our exploration activities and the potential acquisition of mineral assets over the next several years. We also expect to use a portion of our cash to repurchase shares of our common stock pursuant to the terms of a share repurchase program, discussed above in Note 12, “Shareholders’ Equity,” to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, although we may reduce the number of shares repurchased during the remainder of 2020, if any, in light of the potential effects of COVID-19, discussed above. The share repurchase program may be terminated at any time and does not require us to purchase a minimum number of shares.
 
Investment in Marketable Equity Securities
 
Our marketable equity securities are carried at fair value, which is based upon market quotes of the underlying securities. At June 30, 2020 we own 12,450,000 shares of Vendetta common stock, 100,000 shares of Kinross common stock and 137,255 shares of Vox common stock. At June 30, 2020, the Vendetta shares are recorded at their fair market value of $457,000, the Kinross shares are recorded at their fair value of $722,000; and the Vox shares are recorded at their fair value of $343,000. In addition, we own other marketable equity securities with a fair value of $11,000 at June 30, 2020. During the six months ended June 30, 2020 we sold 2,000,000 shares of Vendetta common stock, as discussed above. We anticipate we may sell some of our marketable equity securities during the remainder of 2020 depending on cash needs and market conditions.
 
 
19
 
 
Working Capital
 
We had working capital of $8,359,000 at June 30, 2020 compared to working capital of $8,487,000 as of December 31, 2019. Our working capital at June 30, 2020 consists primarily of our cash and cash equivalents, our investment in USTS and CD’s, discussed above, our investment in marketable equity securities of $1,533,000, and other current assets of $41,000, less our accounts payable of $123,000, the PPP Loan of $70,000 and other current liabilities of $75,000. As of June 30, 2020, our cash balances along with our short-term investments and marketable equity securities are adequate to fund our expected expenditures over the next year.
 
The nature of the mineral exploration business requires significant sources of capital to fund exploration, development and operation of mining projects. We will need additional capital if we decide to develop or operate any of our current exploration projects or any projects or assets we may acquire. We anticipate we would finance any such development through the use of our cash reserves, short-term investments, joint ventures, issuance of debt or equity, or the sale of our interests in other exploration projects or assets.
 
Stock-Based Compensation Plans
 
As of June 30, 2020, and December 31, 2019 there were options outstanding that are exercisable to acquire 5,698,000 and 4,373,000, respectively, of shares of Solitario common stock. The outstanding options have exercise prices between $0.77 per share and $0.20 per share. We do not anticipate the exercise of options to be a significant source of cash flow during the remainder of 2020.
 
Share Repurchase Program
 
On October 28, 2015, our Board of Directors approved a share repurchase program that authorized us to purchase up to two million shares of our outstanding common stock. During 2019, our Board of Directors extended the term of the share repurchase program until December 31, 2020. All shares purchased to date have been cancelled and reduced the number of shares of outstanding common stock. The amount and timing of any shares purchased has been determined by our management and the purchases were effected in the open market or in privately negotiated transactions based upon market conditions and other factors, including price, regulatory requirements and capital availability and in compliance with applicable state and federal securities laws. The repurchase program does not require the purchase of any minimum number of shares of common stock by the Company, and may be suspended, modified or discontinued at any time without prior notice. No purchases have been made outside of the United States, including on the TSX. Payments for shares of common stock repurchased under the program have been funded using the Company’s working capital. As of June 30, 2020, Solitario has purchased a total of 990,400 shares for an aggregate purchase price of $466,000 under the share repurchase program since its inception and these shares are no longer included in our issued and outstanding shares. Subject to any legal restrictions and our available financial resources, we anticipate we will continue to purchase a limited number of shares under the share repurchase plan during 2020 as determined by management.
 
 (e) Cash Flows
 
Net cash used in operations during the six months ended June 30, 2020 decreased to $521,000 compared to $995,000 of net cash used in operations for the six months ended June 30, 2019 primarily as a result of (i) the exploration expense related to the $527,000 payment to Nexa during the six months ended June 20, 2019, discussed above, with no similar item during the six months ended June 30, 2020; and (ii) the decrease in cash general and administrative costs, excluding the non-cash costs for stock options during the six months ended June 30, 2020, discussed above, compared to the cash general and administrative costs during 2019. These decreases in uses of cash in operations were partially offset by (i) cash of $185,000 received from the Royalty Sale during the six months ended June 30, 2019, with no similar item during the six months ended June 30 2020 and (ii) the reduced cash for interest income received during the six months ended June 30, 2020 from our short-term investments compared to the cash received for interest income during the six months ended June 30, 2019, discussed above, as a result of a decrease in the balances of our short-term investments from 2019 to 2020. Based upon projected expenditures in our 2020 budget, we anticipate continued use of funds from operations through the remainder of 2020, primarily for the reduced exploration activities at our Lik and Florida Canyon projects, reconnaissance exploration and general and administrative uses. See “Results of Operations” discussed above for further explanation of some of these variances.
 
 
20
 
 
During the six months ended June 30, 2020, we provided $252,000 in cash from investing activities compared to $1,453,000 of cash provided from investing activities during the six months ended June 30, 2019. The primary sources of the cash provided related to the net proceeds from short-term investment sales and purchases of $162,000 and $1,453,000, respectively, during the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019. In addition, during the six months ended June 30, 2020 we sold 2,000,000 shares of Vendetta common stock for proceeds of $76,000, with no similar item during the six months ended June 30, 2019 and we received net cash of $14,000 from the sale of Kinross calls as derivative instruments, with no similar item during the six, months ended June 30, 2019. We may sell additional marketable equity securities during the remainder of 2020, as discussed above. However, we do not anticipate the sale of marketable equity securities will be a significant source of cash during the remainder of 2020. We will continue to liquidate a portion of our short-term investments as needed to fund our operations and / or evaluate potential mineral property acquisitions during the remainder of 2020. Any potential mineral property acquisition or strategic corporate investment during the remainder of 2020, discussed above under “Business Overview and Summary,” could involve a significant change in our cash provided or used for investing activities, depending on the structure of any potential transaction.
 
We received $70,000 from the PPP Loan during the six months ended June 30, 2020 to help fund payroll, rent and utilities expenses, and we used other cash on hand of $4,000 and $11,000, respectively, for the purchase of our common stock during the six months ended June 30 , 2020 and 2019, as discussed above under “Share Repurchase Program” in “Liquidity and Capital Resources.” We anticipate the use of funds for additional purchases of our common stock during the remainder of 2020, although we may reduce the number of shares repurchased during the remainder of 2020, if any, in light of the potential effects of COVID-19, discussed above, and any additional purchases will be limited to the maximum number of shares, permissible under the share repurchase program.
 
(f) Off-balance sheet arrangements
 
As of June 30, 2020, and December 31, 2019 we have no off-balance sheet obligations.
 
(g) Development Activities, Exploration Activities, Environmental Compliance and Contractual Obligations
 
We are not involved in any development activities, nor do we have any contractual obligations related to any potential development activities as of June 30, 2020. As of June 30, 2020, there have been no changes to our contractual obligations for exploration activities, environmental compliance or other obligations from those disclosed in our Management’s Discussion and Analysis included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.
 
(h) Discontinued Projects
 
We sold our Brazil, Mexico and Montana royalty properties during the six months ended June 30, 2019 in the Royalty Sale, discussed above. We did not record any mineral property write-downs during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.
 
(i) Critical Accounting Estimates
 
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, describe the significant accounting estimates and policies used in preparation of our consolidated financial statements. Actual results in these areas could differ from management’s estimates.
 
(j) Related Party Transactions
 
As of June 30, 2020, and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, we have no related party transactions or balances.
 
(k) Recent Accounting Pronouncements
 
See Note 1, “Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies,” to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements under Recent Accounting Pronouncements” above for a discussion of our significant accounting policies.
 
 
21
 
 
(l) Forward Looking Statements
 
This Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “1934 Act”) with respect to our financial condition, results of operations, business prospects, plans, objectives, goals, strategies, future events, capital expenditures, and exploration and development efforts. Words such as “anticipates,” “expects,” “intends,” “forecasts,” “plans,” “believes,” “seeks,” “estimates,” “may,” “will,” and similar expressions identify forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are based on our current expectations and assumptions about future events and are based on currently available information as to the outcome and timing of future events. When considering forward-looking statements, you should keep in mind the risk factors and other cautionary statements described herein and under the heading "Risk Factors" included in Item 1A of Part I of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019. These forward-looking statements appear in a number of places in this report and include statements with respect to, among other things:
 
Our estimates of the value and recovery of our short-term investments;
Our estimates of future exploration, development, general and administrative and other costs;
Our ability to realize a return on our investment in the Lik and Florida Canyon projects;
Our ability to successfully identify, and execute on transactions to acquire new mineral exploration properties and other related assets;
Our estimates of fair value of our investment in shares of Vendetta, Vox and Kinross;
Our expectations regarding development and exploration of our properties including those subject to joint venture and shareholder agreements;
The impact of political and regulatory developments;
Our future financial condition or results of operations and our future revenues and expenses;
Our business strategy and other plans and objectives for future operations; and
Risks related to pandemics, including the significant market volatility resulting from the on-going outbreak of the coronavirus global health pandemic (COVID-19).
 
Although we have attempted to identify important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those described in forward-looking statements, there may be other factors that cause results not to be as anticipated, estimated or intended. There can be no assurance that these statements will prove to be accurate as actual results and future events could differ materially from those anticipated in the statements. Except as required by law, we assume no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
 
Item 3.   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
 
Smaller Reporting Companies are not required to provide the information required by this item.
 
Item 4.   Controls and Procedures
 
Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
As required by Rule 13a-15 under the 1934 Act, as of June 30, 2020, we carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures. This evaluation was carried out under the supervision and with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer (our principal executive officer) and our Chief Financial Officer (our principal financial officer). Based upon and as of the date of that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of June 30, 2020.
 
Disclosure controls and procedures are controls and other procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted under the 1934 Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed under the 1934 Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and our principal financial officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
 
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
 
There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) promulgated under the 1934 Act) during the quarter ended June 30, 2020 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
 
 
22
 
 
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
 
None
 
Item 1A. Risk Factors
 
Except as detailed below with regard to risks related to the coronavirus pandemic and other potential pandemics, there were no material changes to the Risk Factors associated with our business disclosed in Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.
 
The outbreak of pandemics, including the coronavirus (COVID-19) may affect our operations
 
We face risks related to health epidemics and other outbreaks of communicable diseases, which could significantly disrupt our operations and may materially and adversely affect our business and financial conditions.
 
Our business could be adversely impacted by the effects of the coronavirus (COVID-19) or other epidemics or pandemics. In December 2019, a novel strain of the coronavirus emerged in China and the virus has now spread globally, including the areas we operate in - the western U.S., Alaska, and Peru. The extent to which the coronavirus impacts our business, including our exploration and other activities and the market for our securities, will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted at this time, and include the duration, severity, recurrence and scope of the outbreak and the actions taken to contain or treat the coronavirus outbreak. In particular, the continued spread of the coronavirus and travel and other restrictions established to curb the spread of the coronavirus, could materially and adversely impact our business including without limitation, planned exploration programs at our Florida Canyon and Lik projects during 2020 and beyond, employee health, workforce productivity, increased insurance premiums, limitations on travel, the availability of industry experts and personnel, the timing to process drill and other metallurgical testing, and other factors that will depend on future developments beyond our control, which may have a material and adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
There can be no assurance that our personnel will not be impacted by the coronavirus or other pandemic diseases and that we could ultimately see our workforce productivity reduced or incur increased medical costs or insurance premiums as a result of these health risks. In addition, the outbreak of coronavirus has resulted in a widespread global health crisis that adversely affect global economies and financial markets resulting in an economic downturn that could have an adverse effect on the demand for precious and base metals and our future prospects.
 
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
 
The following table provides information about our purchase of our common shares under the share repurchase program during the three months ended June 30, 2020.
 
 
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
Period
 
Total Number of Shares Purchased
 
 
Average Price Paid Per Share
 
 
Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs
 
 
Maximum number of Shares that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs (1)
 
April 1, 2020- April 30, 2020
  - 
  n/a 
  - 
  1,014,000 
May 1, 2020 – May 31, 2020
  - 
  n/a 
  - 
  1,014,000 
June 1, 2020 – June 30, 2020
  4,400 
 $0.30 
  4,400 
  1,009,600 
 
(1)
As of June 30, 2020, we have purchased a total of 990,400 shares for an aggregate purchase price of $466,000 under the share repurchase program and these shares are no longer included in our issued and outstanding shares.
 
 
23
 
 
Item 3. Defaults upon Senior Securities
 
None
 
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
 
None
 
Item 5. Other Information
 
None
 
Item 6. Exhibits
 
The Exhibits to this report are listed in the Exhibit Index.
 
 
24
 
 
SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
 
SOLITARIO ZINC CORP.
 
 
 
 
 
Date: July 28, 2020
By:  
/s/ James R. Maronick  
 
 
 
James R. Maronick
 
 
 
Chief Financial Officer
 
 

 
 
25
 
 
EXHIBIT INDEX
 
Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation of Solitario Exploration & Royalty Corp., as Amended (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to Solitario’s Form 10-Q filed on August 10, 2010)
 
 
Articles of Amendment to Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation of Solitario Zinc Corp. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to Solitario’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on July 14, 2017)
 
 
Amended and Restated By-laws of Solitario Zinc Corp. (Solitario Exploration & Royalty Corp.) (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.1 to Solitario’s Form 8-K filed on March 22, 2013)
 
 
Form of Common Stock Certificate of Solitario Zinc Corp. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to Solitario’s Form 10-Q filed on November 8, 2017)
 
 
31.1*
Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to SEC Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
 
 
31.2*
Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to SEC Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
 
 
32.1*
Certification of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
 
101*
The following financial statements, formatted in XBRL: (i) Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, (ii) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, (iii) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019; and (iv) Notes to the Condensed Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements, tagged as blocks of text.
 
* Filed herewith
 
 
26
slr_ex311
 
 
 
Exhibit 31.1
CERTIFICATIONS
I, Christopher E. Herald, certify that:
 
1.          I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Solitario Zinc Corp. for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020.
 
2.          Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
 
3.          Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
 
4.          The registrant's other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) for the registrant and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) and we have:
 
               a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
 
               b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
 
               c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant's disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
 
               d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant's internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant's most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant's fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant's internal control over financial reporting; and
 
5.          The registrant's other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant's auditors and the audit committee of the registrant's board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
 
               (a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant's ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
 
               (b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant's internal control over financial reporting.
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
Date: July 28, 2020
By:  
/s/  Christopher E. Herald
 
 
 
Christopher E. Herald
 
 
 
President and Chief Executive Officer
 
 

 
 
slr_ex312
 
 
Exhibit 31.2
CERTIFICATIONS
I, James R. Maronick, certify that:
 
1.          I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Solitario Zinc Corp. for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020.
 
2.          Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
 
3.          Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
 
4.          The registrant's other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) for the registrant and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) and we have:
 
               a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
 
               b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
 
               c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant's disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
 
               d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant's internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant's most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant's fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant's internal control over financial reporting; and
 
5.          The registrant's other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant's auditors and the audit committee of the registrant's board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
 
               (a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant's ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
 
               (b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant's internal control over financial reporting.
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
Date: July 28, 2020
By:  
/s/  James R. Maronick
 
 
 
James R. Maronick
 
 
 
Chief Financial Officer
 
 
 
 
 
slr_ex32
 
 
Exhibit 32
CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO
18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,
AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO
SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002
 
In connection with the Quarterly Report of Solitario Zinc Corp. (the "Company") on Form 10-Q for the three and six month period ended June 30, 2020, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the "Report"), we, Christopher E. Herald, Chief Executive Officer, and James R. Maronick, Chief Financial Officer, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that to our knowledge:
 
          (1)          The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
 
          (2)          The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
/s/Christopher E. Herald                         
/s/James R. Maronick                             
Christopher E. Herald
James R. Maronick
Chief Executive Officer
Chief Financial Officer
 
Dated: July 28, 2020
 
 
v3.20.2
Document and Entity Information - shares
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2020
Jul. 28, 2020
Document And Entity Information    
Entity Registrant Name SOLITARIO ZINC CORP.  
Entity Central Index Key 0000917225  
Document Type 10-Q  
Document Period End Date Jun. 30, 2020  
Amendment Flag false  
Current Fiscal Year End Date --12-31  
Is Entity's Reporting Status Current? Yes  
Is Entity a Shell Company? false  
Is Entity Emerging Growth Company? false  
Entity Filer Category Non-accelerated Filer  
Entity Small Business true  
Entity Common Stock, Shares Outstanding   58,111,966
Document Fiscal Period Focus Q2  
Document Fiscal Year Focus 2020  
Entity Interactive Data Current Yes  
Entity Incorporation State Country Code CO  
Entity File Number 001-39278  
v3.20.2
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets - USD ($)
$ in Thousands
Jun. 30, 2020
Dec. 31, 2019
Current assets:    
Cash and cash equivalents $ 371 $ 574
Short-term investments 6,682 6,829
Investments in marketable equity securities, at fair value 1,533 1,039
SilverStream note receivable 0 268
Prepaid expenses and other 41 46
Total current assets 8,627 8,756
Mineral properties 15,617 15,617
Other assets 139 159
Total assets 24,383 24,532
Current liabilities:    
Accounts payable 123 228
Operating lease liability 28 41
Paycheck Protection Loan 70 0
Kinross call options 47 0
Total current liabilities 268 269
Long-term liabilities    
Asset retirement obligation - Lik 125 125
Operating lease liability 0 7
Total long-term liabilities 125 132
Shareholders' equity:    
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, authorized 10,000,000 shares (none issued and outstanding at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019) 0 0
Common stock, $0.01 par value, authorized 100,000,000 shares (58,111,966 and 58,133,066 shares, respectively, issued and outstanding at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019) 581 581
Additional paid-in capital 70,415 70,204
Accumulated deficit (47,006) (46,654)
Total shareholders' equity 23,990 24,131
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity $ 24,383 $ 24,532
v3.20.2
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (Parenthetical) - $ / shares
Jun. 30, 2020
Dec. 31, 2019
Preferred stock    
Preferred stock, par value $ .01 $ 0.01
Preferred stock, shares authorized 10,000,000 10,000,000
Preferred stock, shares issued 0 0
Preferred stock, shares outstanding 0 0
Common stock    
Common stock, par value $ 0.01 $ 0.01
Common stock, shares authorized 100,000,000 100,000,000
Common stock, shares issued 58,111,966 58,133,066
Common stock, shares outstanding 58,111,966 58,133,066
v3.20.2
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations - USD ($)
$ in Thousands
3 Months Ended 6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2020
Jun. 30, 2019
Jun. 30, 2020
Jun. 30, 2019
Income Statement [Abstract]        
Revenue, net - mineral property sale $ 0 $ 0 $ 0 $ 408
Costs, expenses and other:        
Exploration expense 44 702 157 865
Depreciation 7 6 13 13
General and administrative 254 321 590 746
Total costs, expenses and other 305 1,029 760 1,624
Interest income, net 27 90 108 162
Other income 44 0 44 0
Gain (loss) on derivative instruments 5 0 (20) 0
Gain on sale of marketable equity securities 0 0 25 0
Unrealized gain (loss) on marketable equity securities 484 (63) 251 (389)
Total other loss 560 27 408 (227)
Net loss $ 255 $ (1,002) $ (352) $ (1,443)
Loss per common share:        
Basic $ 0 $ (0.02) $ (0.01) $ (0.02)
Diluted $ 0 $ (0.02) $ (0.01) $ (0.02)
Weighted average shares outstanding:        
Basic 58,116 58,141 58,123 58,151
Diluted 58,249 58,141 58,123 58,151
v3.20.2
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows - USD ($)
$ in Thousands
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2020
Jun. 30, 2019
Operating activities:    
Net loss $ (352) $ (1,443)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:    
Depreciation 13 13
Amortization of right of use lease asset 20 20
Unrealized gain (loss) on marketable equity securities (251) 389
Employee stock option expense 215 173
Gain on sale of marketable equity securities (25) 0
Other income - gain on conversion of SilverStream Note (44) 0
Loss on derivative instruments 20 0
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:    
Prepaid expenses and other assets 8 114
Note receivable, net of mineral property sold 0 (223)
Accounts payable and other current liabilities (125) (38)
Net cash used in operating activities (521) (995)
Investing activities:    
Sale of short-term investments, net 162 1,453
Cash from sale of marketable equity securities 76 0
Purchase (sale) of derivative instruments - net 14 0
Net cash provided by investing activities 252 1,453
Financing activities:    
Paycheck Protection Loan 70 0
Purchase of common stock for cancellation (4) (11)
Net cash used in financing activities 66 (11)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents (203) 447
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period 574 117
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period 371 564
Conversion of SilverStream note to Marketable equity securities $ 294 $ 0
v3.20.2
Business and Significant Accounting Policies
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2020
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Business and Significant Accounting Policies

Business and company formation

 

Solitario Zinc Corp. (“Solitario,” or the “Company”) is an exploration stage company as defined in Industry Guide 7, as issued by the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Solitario was incorporated in the state of Colorado on November 15, 1984 as a wholly-owned subsidiary of Crown Resources Corporation ("Crown"). In July 1994, Solitario became a publicly traded company on the Toronto Stock Exchange (the "TSX") through its initial public offering. Solitario has been actively involved in mineral exploration since 1993. Solitario’s primary business is to acquire exploration mineral properties or royalties and/or discover economic deposits on its mineral properties and advance these deposits, either on its own or through joint ventures, up to the development stage. At that point, or sometime prior to that point, Solitario would likely attempt to sell its mineral properties, pursue their development either on its own or through a joint venture with a partner that has expertise in mining operations, or create a royalty with a third party that continues to advance the property. Solitario is primarily focused on the acquisition and exploration of zinc-related exploration mineral properties; however, Solitario will evaluate and acquire other base and precious metal mineral exploration properties. In addition to focusing on its mineral exploration properties and the evaluation of mineral properties for acquisition, Solitario also evaluates potential strategic transactions for the acquisition of new precious and base metal properties and assets with exploration potential or business combinations that Solitario determines to be favorable to Solitario.

 

Solitario has recorded revenue in the past from the sale of mineral properties, including (i) the sale of certain mineral royalty properties to SilverStream SEZC, a private Cayman Island royalty and streaming company (“SilverStream”), for Cdn$600,000 in January 2019 (the “Royalty Sale”), and (ii) the sale in June 2018 of its interest in the royalty on its Yanacocha property. In addition, Solitario has received proceeds from (i) the sale in 2015 of its former interest in Mount Hamilton LLC (“MH-LLC”), the owner of its former Mt. Hamilton project; (ii) the sale of a royalty on its former Mt. Hamilton project and (iii) joint venture property payments. Revenues and / or proceeds from the sale or joint venture of properties or assets, although significant when they occur, have not been a consistent annual source of cash and would only occur in the future, if at all, on an infrequent basis.

 

Solitario currently considers its carried interest in the Florida Canyon project in Peru and its interest in the Lik project in Alaska to be its core mineral property assets. Nexa Resources, Ltd. (“Nexa”), Solitario’s joint venture partner, is expected to continue the exploration and furtherance of the Florida Canyon project and Solitario is monitoring progress at Florida Canyon. Solitario is working with its 50% joint venture partner in the Lik deposit, Teck American Incorporated, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Teck Resources Limited (both companies are referred to as “Teck”), to further the exploration and evaluate potential development plans for the Lik project.

 

As of June 30, 2020, Solitario has significant balances of cash and short-term investments that Solitario anticipates using, in part, to fund costs and activities intended to further the exploration of the Florida Canyon and Lik projects and to potentially acquire additional mineral property assets. The fluctuations in precious metal and other commodity prices contribute to a challenging environment for mineral exploration and development, which has created opportunities as well as challenges for the potential acquisition of early-stage and advanced mineral exploration projects or other related assets at potentially attractive terms.

 

The accompanying interim condensed consolidated financial statements of Solitario for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 are unaudited and are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“generally accepted accounting principles”). They do not include all disclosures required by generally accepted accounting principles for annual financial statements, but in the opinion of management, include all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of results which may be achieved in the future, or for the full year ending December 31, 2020.

 

These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto which are included in Solitario’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019. The accounting policies set forth in those annual financial statements are the same as the accounting policies utilized in the preparation of these financial statements, except as modified for appropriate interim financial statement presentation.

 

Risks and Uncertainties

 

Solitario faces risks related to health epidemics and other outbreaks of communicable diseases, which could significantly disrupt its operations and may materially and adversely affect our business and financial conditions.

 

Solitario’s business could be adversely impacted by the effects of the coronavirus (“COVID-19”) or other epidemics or pandemics. Solitario has recommended all of its employees and contractors follow government guidelines for health and safety policies for employees and contractors, including encouraging tele-commuting and working from home where possible. Solitario has evaluated the effects of COVID-19 on its operations and taken pro-active steps to address the impacts on its operations, including reducing costs, in response to the economic uncertainty associated with potential risks from COVID-19. These reductions include implementing salary reductions and evaluation and reduction in certain planned 2020 exploration programs through its joint venture partners at the Florida Canyon and Lik exploration projects. Also, Solitairo has evaluated the potential impacts on its ability to access future traditional funding sources on the same or reasonably similar terms as in past periods. Solitario will continue to monitor the effects of COVID-19 on its operations, financial condition and liquidity. However, the extent to which COVID-19 impacts Solitario’s business, including our exploration and other activities and the market for its securities, will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted at this time, and include the duration, severity and scope of the outbreak and the actions taken to contain or treat the coronavirus outbreak.

 

Cash equivalents

 

Cash equivalents include investments in highly liquid money-market securities with original maturities of three months or less when purchased. As of June 30, 2020, $359,000 of Solitario’s cash and cash equivalents are held in brokerage accounts and foreign banks, which are not covered under the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) rules for the United States.

 

Short-term investments

 

As of June 30, 2020, Solitario has $5,118,000 of its current assets in United States Treasury Securities (“USTS”) with maturities of 30 days to 13 months. In addition, Solitario has $1,564,000 of its current assets in seven bank certificates of deposits (“CD’s”) with face values between $100,000 and $250,000 and maturities between eight and 23 months. The USTS and CD’s are recorded at their fair value based upon quoted market prices. The USTS are not covered under the FDIC insurance rules for United States deposits. Solitario’s USTS and CD’s are highly liquid and may be sold in their entirety at any time at their quoted market price and are classified as a current asset.

 

Earnings per share

 

The calculation of basic earnings (loss) per share is based on the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

 

Potentially dilutive shares related to outstanding common stock options for 5,698,000 Solitario common shares were excluded from the calculation of diluted loss per share for the six months ended June 30, 2020 because the effects were anti-dilutive. Potentially dilutive shares related to outstanding common stock options for 4,373,000 Solitario common shares were excluded from the calculation of diluted loss per share for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 because the effects were anti-dilutive.

 

Potentially dilutive shares related to stock options for 1,475,000 Solitario common shares, with exercise prices of between $0.20 and $0.28 per share, were included in the calculation of diluted earnings per share for the three months ended June 30, 2020 to the extent they were exercisable.

 

Recently adopted accounting pronouncements

 

The FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13, Disclosure Framework – Fair Value (topic 820): Changes to Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement (“ASU No. 2018-13”). Among other things, ASU No. 2018-13 changes the required disclosures regarding (i) transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 fair values; (ii) unrealized gains / losses included in earnings and other comprehensive income for Level 3 instruments; and (iii) amount, reason and policies regarding transfers between Levels. ASU No. 2018-13 is effective for Solitario for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2019. Solitario adopted ASU No. 2016-13 January 1, 2020 which did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial position or results of operations as of or for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020.

 

Recently issued accounting pronouncements

 

The SEC has adopted amendments to its disclosure rules to modernize the mineral property disclosure requirements for issuers whose securities are registered with the SEC. These amendments became effective February 25, 2019 (the “SEC Modernization Rules”) and, following a two-year transition period, the SEC Modernization Rules will replace the historical property disclosure requirements for mining registrants that are included in SEC Industry Guide 7. Under the SEC Modernization Rules, consistent with global standards as embodied by the Committee for Reserves International Reporting Standards (“CRIRSCO”), registrants will be required to disclose specified information concerning mineral resources that have been identified on one or more of its mineral properties. Consistent with CRIRSCO standards the SEC Modernization Rules have added definitions to recognize “Measured Mineral Resources”, “Indicated Mineral Resources” and “Inferred Mineral Resources.” The Company is not required to provide disclosure on its mineral properties under the SEC Modernization Rules until its fiscal year beginning January 1, 2021.

 

Upon adoption of the SEC Modernization Rules, among other requirements, the Company will be required to report its mineral resources, if any, as Measured, Indicated or Inferred Mineral Resources in accordance with the SEC Modernization Rules. This will allow investors to evaluate the Company’s resources on a comparable basis with other mining and exploration issuers registered with the SEC. In addition, the SEC Modernization Rules will require the Company to disclose exploration results, mineral reserves, if any, and mineral resources based upon information and supporting documentation prepared by a mining expert (the “qualified person”). The SEC Modernization Rules will require the Company to obtain a dated and signed technical report summary from the qualified person identifying and summarizing the information reviewed and conclusions reached by the qualified person(s) about the mineral resources or reserves for each mineral property. The Company is currently evaluating the requirements under the SEC Modernization Rules and has not determined what effect adoption will have on its consolidated financial statements and disclosures.

 

v3.20.2
Mineral Property
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2020
Extractive Industries [Abstract]  
Mineral Property

The following table details Solitario’s investment in Mineral Property:

 

(in thousands)   June 30,     December 31,  
    2020     2019  
Exploration            
   Lik project (Alaska – US)   $ 15,611     $ 15,611  
   La Promesa (Peru)     6       6  
     Total exploration mineral property   $ 15,617     $ 15,617  

 

All exploration costs on our exploration properties, none of which have proven and probable reserves, including any additional costs incurred for subsequent lease payments or exploration activities related to our projects, are expensed as incurred.

 

Royalty sale

 

On January 22, 2019, Solitario completed the Royalty Sale to SilverStream for Cdn$600,000. On closing of the Royalty Sale, Solitario received Cdn$250,000 in cash and a convertible note from SilverStream in the principal amount of Cdn$350,000 (the “SilverStream Note”). The SilverStream Note was originally due December 31, 2019, accrued 5% per annum simple interest, payable on a quarterly basis, and was convertible into common shares of SilverStream, at the discretion of SilverStream, by providing Solitario a notice of conversion. In December of 2019, Solitario and SilverStream agreed to extend the due date of the SilverStream Note to June 30, 2020, and to increase the interest rate to 8% per annum simple interest. During the six months ended June 30, 2019, Solitario recorded mineral property revenue of $408,000 from the Royalty Sale, consisting of the fair value of the cash received on the date of the sale of $185,000 and the fair value of the SilverStream Note on the date of the sale of $263,000 less the carrying value of the royalties sold of $40,000.

 

On May 19, 2020, SilverStream completed an initial public offering, including changing its name to Vox Royalty Corp. (“Vox”) and, in accordance with the terms of the SilverStream Note, issued Solitario 137,255 shares of common stock of Vox in full satisfaction of obligations owed under the SilverStream Note. In accordance with the terms of the SilverStream Note, the 137,255 shares were issued at a price of Cdn$2.55 per share, which was at a 15% discount to the initial public offering price of Cdn$3.00 per share. Solitario recorded its initial investment in the Vox common shares at the initial public offering price, or a total of Cdn$412,000 or $294,000. Solitario recorded other income of $44,000 for the gain on the conversion of the SilverStream Note during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020.

 

During the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, Solitario recorded interest income from the SilverStream Note of $2,000 and $7,000, respectively. During the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 Solitario recorded interest income from the SilverStream Note of $3,000 and $6,000, respectively.

 

Exploration expense

 

The following items comprised exploration expense:

 

(in thousands)   Three months ended June 30,     Six months ended June 30,  
    2020     2019     2020     2019  
Geologic and field expenses   $ 23     $ 680     $ 113     $ 827  
Administrative     21       22       44       38  
Total exploration costs   $ 44     $ 702     $ 157     $ 865  

 

Asset Retirement Obligation

 

In connection with the acquisition of its interest in the Lik project in 2017, Solitario recorded an asset retirement obligation of $125,000 for Solitario’s estimated reclamation cost of the existing disturbance at the Lik project. This disturbance consists of an exploration camp including certain drill sites and access roads at the camp. The estimate was based upon estimated cash costs for reclamation as determined by the permitting bond required by the State of Alaska for which Solitario has purchased a reclamation bond insurance policy in the event Solitario or its 50% partner, Teck, do not complete required reclamation.

 

Solitario has not applied a discount rate to the recorded asset retirement obligation as the estimated time frame for reclamation is not currently known, as reclamation is not expected to occur until the end of the Lik project life, which would follow future development and operations, the start of which cannot be estimated or assured at this time. Additionally, no depreciation will be recorded on the related asset for the asset retirement obligation until the Lik project goes into operation, which cannot be assured.

 

v3.20.2
Marketable Equity Securities
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2020
Investments, Debt and Equity Securities [Abstract]  
Marketable Equity Securities

Solitario's investments in marketable equity securities are carried at fair value, which is based upon quoted prices of the securities owned. The cost of marketable equity securities sold is determined by the specific identification method. Changes in market value are recorded in the condensed consolidated statement of operations. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, Solitario recorded an unrealized gain on marketable equity securities of $484,000 and $251,000, respectively. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, Solitario recorded an unrealized loss on marketable equity securities of $63,000 and $389,000, respectively.

 

The following tables summarize Solitario’s marketable equity securities and adjustments to fair value:

 

(in thousands)  

 June 30,

2020

   

 December 31,

2019

 
  Marketable equity securities at cost   $ 2,122     $ 1,879  
  Cumulative unrealized loss on marketable equity securities     (589 )     (840 )
  Marketable equity securities at fair value   $ 1,533     $ 1,039  

 

The following table represents changes in marketable equity securities:

 

(in thousands)  

Three months ended

June 30,

   

Six months ended

June 30,

 
    2020     2019     2020     2019  
Cost of marketable equity securities sold   $ -     $ -     $ 51     $ -  
Realized gain on marketable equity securities sold     -       -       25       -  
Proceeds from the sale of marketable equity securities sold     -       -       (76 )     -  
Net gain (loss) on marketable equity securities     484       (63 )     276       (389 )
Additions to marketable equity securities     294       -       294       -  
Change in marketable equity securities at fair value   $ 778     $ (63 )   $ 494     $ (389 )

 

The following table represents the realized and unrealized gain (loss) on marketable equity securities:

 

(in thousands)  

Three months ended

June 30,

   

Six months ended

June 30,

 
    2020     2019     2020     2019  
  Unrealized gain (loss) on marketable securities   $ 484     $ (63 )   $ 251     $ (389 )
  Realized gain on marketable equity securities sold     -       -       25       -  
  Net gain (loss) on marketable securities   $ 484     $ (63 )   $ 276     $ (389 )

 

Solitario sold 2,000,000 shares of Vendetta Mining Corp. (“Vendetta”) common stock during the six months ended June 30, 2020 for proceeds of $76,000 and recorded a gain on sale of $25,000 on the date of sale. Solitario did not sell any marketable equity securities during the three months ended June 30, 2020 or June 30, 2019 nor during the six months ended June 30, 2019. The change in the fair value of marketable equity securities during the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 was related entirely to the unrealized loss on marketable equity securities related to their fair values based upon quoted market prices for the marketable equity securities held by Solitario during that period.

 

On May 19, 2020, Solitario received 137,255 shares of Vox upon conversion of the SilverStream Note, discussed above, valued at $294,000.

 

v3.20.2
Leases
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2020
Leases [Abstract]  
Leases

Solitario adopted ASU 2016-02 Leases effective January 1, 2019 and accounts for its leases in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 842. Solitario leases one facility, its Wheat Ridge, Colorado office (the “WR Lease”), that has a term of more than one year. Solitario has no other material operating lease costs. The WR Lease is classified as an operating lease and has a term of 8 months remaining at June 30, 2020, with no renewal option. At June 30, 2020, the right-of-use office lease asset for the WR Lease is classified as other assets and the related liability as current office lease liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheet. The amortization of right of use lease asset expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term, with variable lease payments recognized in the period those payments are incurred. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 Solitario recognized $10,000 and $20,000, respectively, of non-cash amortization of right of use lease asset expense for the WR Lease included in general and administrative expense. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 Solitario recognized $10,000 and $20,000, respectively, of non-cash amortization of right of use lease asset expense for the WR Lease included in general and administrative expense. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 cash lease payments of $11,000 and $21,000, respectively, were made on the WR Lease. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 cash lease payments of $10,000 and $17,000, respectively, were made on the WR Lease. These cash payments, less imputed interest for each period, reduced the related liability on the WR Lease. The discount rate within the WR Lease was not determinable at the inception of the WR Lease, and Solitario has applied a discount rate of 5% based upon Solitario’s estimate of its cost of capital.

 

The maturities of Solitario’s lease liability for its WR Lease are as follows at June 30, 2020:

 

Future lease payments (in thousands)      
       
2020     21  
2021     7  
Total lease payments     28  
  Less amount of payments representing interest     -  
Present value of lease payments   $ 28  

 

Supplemental cash flow information related to our operating lease was as follows:

 

(in thousands)  

Three months ended

 June 30,

   

Six months ended

 June 30,

 
    2020     2019     2020     2019  
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities                        
   Operating cash outflows from WR Lease payments   $ 11     $ 10     $ 21     $ 17  
Non-cash amounts related to the WR lease                                
   Leased assets recorded in exchange for new operating lease liabilities   $ -     $ 82     $ -     $ 82  

 

v3.20.2
Other Assets
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2020
Other Assets [Abstract]  
Other Assets

The following items comprised other assets:

 

(in thousands)   June 30,     December 31  
    2020     2019  
Furniture and fixtures, net of accumulated depreciation   $ 36     $ 39  
Lik project equipment, net of accumulated depreciation     40       50  
Office lease asset     26       45  
Vendetta warrants     33       21  
Exploration bonds and other assets     4       4  
Total other   $ 139     $ 159  

 

v3.20.2
Derivative Instruments
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2020
Derivative Asset [Abstract]  
Derivative Instruments

Vendetta Warrants

 

On July 31, 2019, Solitario purchased 3,450,000 Vendetta units for a total of $233,000. Each Vendetta unit consisted of one share of Vendetta common stock and one Vendetta warrant (the “Vendetta Warrants”). Each Vendetta Warrant entitles the holder to purchase one additional share of Vendetta common stock for a purchase price of Cdn$0.13 per share for a period of three years. On the purchase date Solitario recorded marketable equity securities of $165,000 for the Vendetta shares acquired and $68,000 for the Vendetta Warrants based upon an allocation of the purchase price of the Vendetta units, determined by (i) the fair value of the Vendetta common shares received based upon the quoted market price for Vendetta common shares and (ii) the fair value of Vendetta Warrants based upon a Black Scholes model. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, Solitario charged gain (loss) on derivative instruments of $20,000 and $(7,000), respectively, for the change in the fair value of the Vendetta Warrants based on a Black Scholes model.

 

Covered call options

 

From time to time Solitario has sold covered call options against its holdings of shares of common stock of Kinross Gold Corporation (“Kinross”) included in Marketable Equity Securities. The business purpose of selling covered calls is to provide additional income on a limited portion of shares of Kinross that Solitario may sell in the near term, which is generally defined as less than one year and any changes in the fair value of its covered calls are recognized in the statement of operations in the period of the change. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, Solitario sold covered calls against its holdings of Kinross for cash proceeds of $43,000 and $78,000, respectively, and repurchased certain of its covered calls prior to expiration for $64,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2020. As of June 30, 2020, Solitario has a remaining liability related to outstanding Kinross call options which expire in August 2020 of $47,000. During the three months ended June 30, 2020 Solitario recorded a gain on derivative instruments related to its Kinross calls of $5,000 and during the six months ended June 30, 2020 Solitario recorded a loss on derivative instruments related to its Kinross calls of $20,000. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, Solitario had no covered call options outstanding.

 

v3.20.2
PPP Loan
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2020
Loans Payable [Abstract]  
PPP Loan

On April 20, 2020, in response to significant market volatility and uncertainty, our general history of operating losses, and the resulting need for Solitario to conserve its financial resources, Solitario applied for and received a loan in the amount of $70,000 (the “PPP Loan”) pursuant to the Paycheck Protection Program under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”) to help fund Company payroll, rent and utilities obligations. The PPP Loan has a two-year term and bears interest at a rate of 1.0% per annum. Monthly principal and interest payments are deferred for six months after the date of the loan. The PPP Loan may be prepaid at any time prior to maturity, under certain conditions, with no prepayment penalties. The PPP Loan promissory note contains events of default and other provisions customary for a loan of this type. The Paycheck Protection Program provides that the PPP Loan may be partially or wholly forgiven if the funds are used for certain qualifying expenses as described in the CARES Act. Solitario believes it used the proceeds from the PPP Loan for qualifying expenses and intends to apply for forgiveness of a portion of the PPP Loan in accordance with the terms of the CARES Act. However, Solitario cannot assure that such forgiveness of any portion of the PPP Loan will occur. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, Solitario recorded $70,000 for the PPP Loan as a current liability, and related interest at 1% per annum through June 30, 2020. Solitario expects to repay its PPP Loan, less forgiveness, if any, within the next twelve months.

 

v3.20.2
Fair Value
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2020
Fair Value Disclosures [Abstract]  
Fair Value

Solitario accounts for its financial instruments under ASC 820 Fair Value Measurement. During the three months ended June 30, 2020 there were no reclassifications in financial assets or liabilities between Level 1, 2 or 3 categories.

 

The following is a listing of Solitario’s financial assets and liabilities required to be measured at fair value on a recurring basis and where they are classified within the hierarchy as of June 30, 2020:

 

(in thousands)   Level 1      Level 2      Level 3     Total   
Assets                        
  Short-term investments   $ 6,682     $ -     $ -     $ 6,682  
  Marketable equity securities   $ 1,533     $ -     $ -     $ 1,533  
  Vendetta Warrants   $ -     $ 33     $ -     $ 33  
Liabilities                                
  Kinross call options   $ 47     $ -     $ -     $ 47  

 

The following is a listing of Solitario’s financial assets and liabilities required to be measured at fair value on a recurring basis and where they are classified within the hierarchy as of December 31, 2019:

 

(in thousands)   Level 1     Level 2     Level 3     Total  
Assets                        
  Short-term investments   $ 6,829     $ -     $ -     $ 6,829  
  Marketable equity securities   $ 1,039     $ -     $ -     $ 1,039  
  Vendetta Warrants   $ -     $ 21     $ -     $ 21  

 

v3.20.2
Income Taxes
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2020
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
Income Taxes

Solitario accounts for income taxes in accordance with ASC 740 Accounting for Income Taxes. Under ASC 740, income taxes are provided for the tax effects of transactions reported in the financial statements and consist of taxes currently due plus deferred taxes related to certain income and expenses recognized in different periods for financial and income tax reporting purposes. Deferred tax assets and liabilities represent the future tax return consequences of those differences, which will either be taxable or deductible when the assets and liabilities are recovered or settled. Deferred taxes are also recognized for operating losses and tax credits that are available to offset future taxable income and income taxes, respectively. A valuation allowance is provided if it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized.

 

At both June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, a valuation allowance has been recorded, which fully offsets Solitario’s net deferred tax assets, because it is more likely than not that the Company will not realize some portion or all of its deferred tax assets.  The Company continually assesses both positive and negative evidence to determine whether it is more likely than not that the deferred tax assets can be realized prior to their expiration.

 

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, Solitario recorded no deferred tax expense.

 

v3.20.2
Commitments and Contingencies
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2020
Commitments and Contingencies Disclosure [Abstract]  
Commitments and Contingencies

Solitario has recorded an asset retirement obligation of $125,000 related to its Lik project in Alaska. See Note 2, “Mineral Properties,” above.

 

Solitario leases office space under a non-cancelable operating lease for the Wheat Ridge, Colorado office which provides for future total minimum rent payments as of June 30, 2020 of $28,000 through March of 2021.

 

v3.20.2
Employee Stock Compensation Plans
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2020
Share-based Payment Arrangement [Abstract]  
Employee Stock Compensation Plans

On June 18, 2013, Solitario’s shareholders approved the 2013 Solitario Exploration & Royalty Corp. Omnibus Stock and Incentive Plan, as amended (the “2013 Plan”). Under the terms of the 2013 Plan, a total of 5,750,000 shares of Solitario common stock were reserved for awards to directors, officers, employees and consultants. Awards granted under the 2013 Plan may take the form of stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, and restricted stock units. The terms and conditions of the awards are pursuant to the 2013 Plan and are granted by the Board of Directors of the Company (the “Board of Directors”) or a committee appointed by the Board of Directors.

 

As of June 30, 2020, and December 31, 2019 there were options outstanding that are exercisable to acquire 5,698,000 and 4,373,000 shares, respectively, of Solitario common stock, with exercise prices between $0.20 and $0.77 per share. All of the options have a five-year term and vest 25% on the date of grant and 25% on each of the next three anniversary dates. Solitario amortizes grant date fair value on a straight-line basis over the vesting period. During the six months ended June 30, 2020, Solitario granted 1,325,000 options with an exercise price of $0.20 per share, a five year term and a grant date fair value of $145,000 based upon a Black-Scholes model, with a 66% volatility and a 0.4% risk-free interest rate. During the six months ended June 30, 2019, Solitario granted options exercisable to acquire 150,000 shares of common stock, with an exercise price of $0.28 per share, a five-year term, and a grant date fair value of $23,000 based upon a Black-Scholes model, with a 64% volatility and a 2.4% risk-free interest rate. In addition, during the six months ended June 30, 2019, options exercisable for 1,000,160 shares of common stock, with exercise prices between $1.68 and $0.70 per share, expired unexercised. There were no exercises of options under the 2013 Plan during either of the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2020 and 2019. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, Solitario recorded stock option compensation expense of $130,000 and $215,000, respectively. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, Solitario recorded stock option compensation expense of $85,000 and $173,000, respectively. At June 30, 2020, the total unrecognized stock option compensation cost related to non-vested options was $247,000 and is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 20 months.

 

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Shareholders' Equity
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2020
Equity [Abstract]  
Shareholders' Equity

Shareholders’ Equity for the six months ended June 30, 2020:

(in thousands, except                              
Share amounts)   Common     Common     Additional           Total  
    Stock     Stock     Paid-in     Accumulated     Shareholders’  
    Shares     Amount     Capital     Defi