As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 11, 2020

 

Registration No. 333-_______

 

  

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM S-3

 

REGISTRATION STATEMENT

UNDER

THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

 

 

BRIDGELINE DIGITAL, INC.

 (Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

Delaware

52-2263942

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Number)

   

100 Sylvan Road, Suite G-700

Woburn, MA 01801

(781) 376-5555

Roger Kahn

President and Chief Executive Officer

Bridgeline Digital, Inc.

100 Sylvan Road, Suite G-700

Woburn, MA 01801

(781) 376-5555

 (Address, Including Zip Code, and Telephone

Number, Including Area Code, of Registrant’s

Principal Executive Offices)

 (Name, Address, Including Zip Code, and Telephone

Number, Including Area Code, of Agent for Service)

 

 

 From time to time after the effective date of this Registration Statement

(Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to public)

  

 Copies of all communications, including all communications sent to the agent for service, should be sent to:

 

Roger Kahn

President and Chief Executive Officer

Bridgeline Digital, Inc.

100 Sylvan Road, Suite G-700

Woburn, MA 01801

(781) 376-5555

 

Daniel W. Rumsey, Esq.

Jessica R. Sudweeks, Esq.

Disclosure Law Group,

a Professional Corporation

655 West Broadway, Suite 870

San Diego, California 92101

Tel: (619) 272-7050

Fax: (619) 330-2101

 

 

 

If the only securities being registered on this form are being offered pursuant to dividend or interest reinvestment plans, please check the following box.  ☐

 

If any of the securities being registered on this form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, other than securities offered only in connection with dividend or interest reinvestment plans, check the following box. ☒

 

If this form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, please check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.  ☐

 

If this form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.  ☐

 

If this form is a registration statement pursuant to General Instruction I.D. or a post-effective amendment thereto that shall become effective upon filing with the Commission pursuant to Rule 462(e) under the Securities Act, check the following box.  ☐

 

If this form is a post-effective amendment to a registration statement filed pursuant to General Instruction I.D. filed to register additional securities or additional classes of securities pursuant to Rule 413(b) under the Securities Act, check the following box.  ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

 

 

Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

 

 

 CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE

 

Title of each class of securities to be registered

 

Amount to be Registered

 

 

Proposed

Maximum Offering Price Per Unit

 

 

Proposed Maximum Aggregate 

Offering

Price (3)

 

 

Amount of

Registration 

Fee (1)

 

Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share

 

 

(2)

 

 

 

(3)

     

(3)

 

 

$

 

Preferred Stock, par value $0.001 per share

 

 

(2)

 

 

 

(3)

     

(3)

 

 

 

 

Debt Securities

   

(2)

     

(3)

     

(3)

         

Warrants

 

 

(2)

 

 

 

(3)

     

(3)

 

 

 

 

Units

 

 

(2)

 

 

 

(3)

     

(3)

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

(2)

 

 

 

(3)

 

 

$

10,000,000

 

 

$

1,298

 

 

(1)

Pursuant to Rule 457(o) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”)., the registration fee is calculated based on the proposed maximum offering price of the securities being registered. Pursuant to Rule 415(a)(6) under the Securities Act, this registration statement covers a total of $10,000,000 of securities that were previously registered pursuant to the registrant’s registration statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333-218116) (the “Prior Registration Statement”), which was originally filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on May 19, 2017, and declared effective by the SEC on July 5, 2017, but which remain unsold as of the date hereof (the “Unsold Securities”). The Unsold Securities are being carried forward to and registered on this registration statement. In connection with the registration of the Unsold Securities on the Prior Registration Statement, the registrant previously paid a registration fee of $1,159. Pursuant to Rule 415(a)(6) under the Securities Act, (i) the registration fee applicable to the Unsold Securities is being carried forward to this registration statement and will continue to be applied to the Unsold Securities, and (ii) the offering of the Unsold Securities registered on the Prior Registration Statement will be deemed terminated as of the date of effectiveness of this registration statement. Accordingly, the Registrant is paying a registration fee of $139 with the filing of this registration statement. If the registrant sells any of the Unsold Securities pursuant to the Prior Registration Statement after the date of the initial filing, and prior to the date of effectiveness, of this registration statement, the registrant will file a pre-effective amendment to this registration statement, which will reduce the number of Unsold Securities included on this registration statement.

 

(2)

There are being registered hereunder such indeterminate number of shares of common stock and preferred stock, such indeterminate principal amount of debt securities and such indeterminate number of warrants and units as shall have an aggregate offering price not to exceed $10,000,000. If any debt securities are issued at an original issue discount, then the principal amount of such debt securities shall be in such greater amount as shall result in an aggregate offering price not to exceed $10,000,000, less the aggregate dollar amount of all securities previously issued hereunder. Any securities registered hereunder may be sold separately or together with other securities registered hereunder. The securities registered also include such indeterminate number of shares of common stock, preferred stock and amount of debt securities as may be issued upon conversion of or exchange for preferred stock or debt securities, upon exercise of warrants or pursuant to the anti-dilution provisions of any such securities. In addition, pursuant to Rule 416 under the Securities Act, the shares being registered hereunder include such indeterminate number of shares of common stock and preferred stock as may be issuable with respect to the shares being registered hereunder as a result of stock splits, stock dividends or similar transactions.

 

(3)

Estimated solely for the purpose of calculating the registration fee in accordance with Rule 457(o) of the Securities Act. The proposed maximum aggregate offering price per class of security will be determined from time to time by the Registrant in connection with the issuance by the Registrant of the securities registered hereunder and is not specified as to each class of security.

 

The Registrant hereby amends this registration statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this registration statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 or until the registration statement shall become effective on such date as the Commission, acting pursuant to said section 8(a), may determine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The information in this prospectus is not complete and may be changed. We may not sell these securities until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities and it is not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted.

 

 

 

 

 

PRELIMINARY PROSPECTUS

SUBJECT TO COMPLETION

DATED JUNE 11, 2020

 

 

 

 

$10,000,000

 

COMMON STOCK

PREFERRED STOCK

DEBT SECURITIES

WARRANTS

UNITS

 

From time to time, we may offer and sell, in one or more offerings, up to $10,000,000 of any combination of the securities described in this prospectus. We may also offer securities as may be issuable upon conversion, redemption, repurchase, exchange or exercise of any securities registered hereunder, including any applicable anti-dilution provisions.

 

This prospectus provides a general description of the securities we may offer from time to time. Each time we offer securities, we will provide specific terms of the securities offered in a supplement to this prospectus. We may also authorize one or more free writing prospectuses to be provided to you in connection with an offering. The prospectus supplement and any related free writing prospectus, may also add, update or change information contained in this prospectus. You should carefully read this prospectus, the applicable prospectus supplement and any related free writing prospectus, as well as any documents incorporated by reference, before you invest in any of the securities being offered. 

 

Our common stock is quoted on The NASDAQ Capital Market under the symbol “BLIN”. The last reported sale price of our common stock on June 10, 2020 was $1.69 per share.

 

We may offer and sell our securities to or through one or more agents, underwriters, dealers or other third parties or directly to one or more purchasers on a continuous or delayed basis. If agents, underwriters or dealers are used to sell our securities, we will name them and describe their compensation in a prospectus supplement. The price to the public of our securities and the net proceeds we expect to receive from the sale of such securities will also be set forth in a prospectus supplement. For additional information on the methods of sale, you should refer to the section entitled “Plan of Distribution” in this prospectus.

 

As of June 10, 2020, the aggregate market value of our outstanding common stock held by non-affiliates was approximately $7,964,134, which was calculated based on 4,328,334 shares of outstanding common stock held by non-affiliates, at a price per share of $1.84, the closing price of our common stock on May 22, 2020, the highest closing price of the Company's common stock on The NASDAQ Capital Market during the preceding sixty (60) day trading period. Pursuant to General Instruction I.B.6 of Form S-3, in no event will we sell the securities described in this prospectus in a public primary offering with a value exceeding more than one-third (1/3) of the aggregate market value of our common stock held by non-affiliates in any twelve (12)-month period, so long as the aggregate market value of our outstanding common stock held by non-affiliates remains below $75. During the twelve (12) calendar months prior to and including the date of this prospectus, we have not offered or sold any securities pursuant to General Instruction I.B.6 of Form S-3.

 

Our business and investing in our securities involve significant risks. You should review carefully the risks and uncertainties referenced under the heading “Risk Factors” on page 3 of this prospectus, as well as those contained in the applicable prospectus supplement and any related free writing prospectus, and in the other documents that are incorporated by reference into this prospectus or the applicable prospectus supplement.

 

Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or passed upon the adequacy or accuracy of this prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

 

 

The date of this prospectus is __________, 2020

 

 

 

Bridgeline Digital, Inc.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

PAGE

 

 

About This Prospectus

1

  

 

Company Overview

2

 

 

Risk Factors

3

 

 

Cautionary Notes Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

4

 

 

Use Of Proceeds

5

 

 

Description Of Securities That May Be Offered

6

   

Plan Of Distribution

23

 

 

Legal Matters

25

 

 

Experts

25

 

 

Where You Can Find More Information

25

 

 

Incorporation Of Certain Information By Reference

25

 

 

 

ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS

 

This prospectus is part of a registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), using a “shelf” registration process.  Under this shelf registration process, we may sell the securities described in this prospectus in one or more offerings.  This prospectus provides you with a general description of the securities which may be offered.  Each time we offer securities for sale, we will provide a prospectus supplement that contains information about the specific terms of that offering. Any prospectus supplement may also add or update information contained in this prospectus.  You should read both this prospectus and any prospectus supplement together with additional information described below under “Where You Can Find More Information” and “Incorporation of Certain Information by Reference.”

 

You should rely only on the information contained or incorporated by reference in this prospectus, and in any prospectus supplement.  We have not authorized any other person to provide you with different information.  If anyone provides you with different or inconsistent information, you should not rely on it.  We are not making offers to sell or solicitations to buy the securities described in this prospectus in any jurisdiction in which an offer or solicitation is not authorized, or in which the person making that offer or solicitation is not qualified to do so or to anyone to whom it is unlawful to make an offer or solicitation.  You should not assume that the information in this prospectus or any prospectus supplement, as well as the information we file or previously filed with the SEC that we incorporate by reference in this prospectus or any prospectus supplement, is accurate as of any date other than its respective date.  Our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may have changed since those dates.

 

This prospectus contains summaries of certain provisions contained in some of the documents described herein, but reference is made to the actual documents for complete information. All of the summaries are qualified in their entirety by the actual documents. Copies of some of the documents referred to herein have been filed, will be filed or will be incorporated by reference as exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part, and you may obtain copies of those documents as described below under the heading “Where You Can Find More Information”.

 

1

 

COMPANY OVERVIEW

 

This summary highlights information contained elsewhere in this prospectus. This summary does not contain all the information you should consider before buying our common stock. You should read the following summary together with the more detailed information appearing in this prospectus, including the section titled “Risk Factors” on page 3, before deciding whether to purchase our securities.

 

All brand names or trademarks appearing in this report are the property of their respective holders. Unless the context requires otherwise, references in this report to “Bridgeline,” the “Company,” “we,” “us,” and “our” refer to Bridgeline Digital, Inc., a Delaware corporation.

 

Bridgeline Digital, The Digital Engagement Company, helps customers maximize the performance of their full digital experience from websites and intranets to eCommerce experiences. Bridgeline’s Unbound platform is a Digital Experience Platform that deeply integrates Web Content Management, eCommerce, Marketing Automation, Site Search, Authenticated Portals, Social Media Management, and Web Analytics with the goal of assisting marketers to deliver exceptional digital experiences that attract, engage, nurture and convert their customers across all channels. Bridgeline offers a core accelerator framework for rapidly implementing digital experiences on the Bridgeline Unbound Platform which provides customers with cost-effective solutions in addition to velocity to market.

 

Bridgeline’s Unbound platform combined with its professional services assists customers in digital business transformation, driving lead generation, increasing revenue, improving customer service and loyalty, enhancing employee knowledge, and reducing operational costs. The Bridgeline Unbound platform bridges the gaps between web content management, eCommerce, eMarketing, social and web analytics by providing all of these components in one unified and deeply integrated platform.

 

 Our Unbound Franchise product empowers large franchises, healthcare networks, associations/chapters and other multi-unit organizations to manage a large hierarchy of digital properties at scale. The platform provides an easy-to-use administrative console that enables corporate marketing to provide consistency in branding and messaging while providing flexible publishing capabilities at the local-market level. The platform empowers brand networks to unify, manage, scale and optimize a hierarchy of web properties and marketing campaigns on a global, national and local level.

 

The Unbound platform is delivered through a cloud-based software as a service (“SaaS”) model, whose flexible architecture provides customers with state-of-the-art deployment providing maintenance, daily technical operation and support; or via a traditional perpetual licensing business model, in which the software resides on a dedicated infrastructure in either the customer’s facility or manage-hosted by Bridgeline via a cloud-based hosted services model.

 

OrchestraCMS, delivered through a cloud-based SaaS, is the only content and digital experience platform built 100% native on Salesforce and helps customers create compelling digital experiences for their customers, partners, and employees; uniquely combining content with business data, processes and applications across any channel or device including Salesforce Communities, social media, portals, intranets, websites, applications and services.

 

Celebros Search, delivered through a cloud-based SaaS, is a commerce oriented, site search product that provides for Natural Language Processing with artificial intelligence to present very relevant search results based on long-tail keyword searches in seven languages.

 

Corporate Information

 

Bridgeline Digital was incorporated under the laws of the State of Delaware on August 28, 2000. Our principal executive offices are located at 100 Sylvan Road, Suite G-700, Woburn, Massachusetts, and our telephone number is (781) 376-5555. Our corporate website address is www.bridgeline.com. Information contained in, or accessible through, our website is not a part of this prospectus, and the inclusion of our website address in this prospectus is an inactive textual reference only.

 

2

 

RISK FACTORS

 

We face a variety of significant and diverse risks, many of which are inherent to our business. You should carefully consider the risks described under the caption “Risk Factors” in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and other filings we make with the SEC pursuant to Section 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), all of which are incorporated by reference herein, before making an investment decision. The occurrence of any of those risks could materially and adversely affect our business, prospects, financial condition, results of operations, or cash flow. Other risks and uncertainties that we do not now consider material or of which we are not currently aware may become important factors that affect us in the future. You should carefully consider the risks and uncertainties described in the documents incorporated by reference herein before deciding to invest in our common stock.

 

3

 

CAUTIONARY NOTES REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This prospectus, any applicable prospectus supplement and any documents we incorporate by reference, may contain forward-looking statements that involve substantial risks and uncertainties. All statements contained in this prospectus, any applicable prospectus supplement and any documents we incorporate by reference other than statements of historical facts, including statements regarding our strategy, future operations, future financial position, future revenue, projected costs, prospects, plans, objectives of management and expected market growth, are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other important factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements.

 

The words “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “plan,” “predict,” “project,” “target,” “potential,” “will,” “would,” “could,” “should,” “continue,” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words. These forward-looking statements include, among other things, statements about:

 

our ability to implement our business strategy;

 

anticipated trends and challenges in our business and the markets in which we operate;

 

our expected future financial performance;

 

our expectations regarding our operating expense;

 

our ability to anticipate market needs or develop new or enhanced products to meet those needs;

 

our expectations regarding market acceptance of our products;

 

our ability to compete in our industry and innovation by our competitors;

 

our ability to protect our confidential information and intellectual property rights;

 

our ability to successfully identify and manage any potential acquisitions;

 

our ability to manage expansion into international markets;

 

● 

our ability to maintain or broaden our business relationships and develop new relationships with strategic alliances, suppliers, customers, distributors or otherwise;

 

our ability to recruit and retain qualified sales, technical and other key personnel;

 

our ability to obtain additional financing;

 

our ability to manage growth;

 

our ability to maintain the listing of our common stock on the Nasdaq Capital Market; and

 

● 

other risks and uncertainties, including those described in the section entitled “Risk Factors” in this prospectus, as well as in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2019, which risk factors are incorporated herein by reference.

 

These forward-looking statements are only predictions and we may not actually achieve the plans, intentions or expectations disclosed in our forward-looking statements, so you should not place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements. Actual results or events could differ materially from the plans, intentions and expectations disclosed in the forward-looking statements we make. We have based these forward-looking statements largely on our current expectations and projections about future events and trends that we believe may affect our business, financial condition and operating results. We have included important factors in the cautionary statements included in this prospectus, as well as certain information incorporated by reference into this prospectus, that could cause actual future results or events to differ materially from the forward-looking statements that we make. Our forward-looking statements do not reflect the potential impact of any future acquisitions, mergers, dispositions, joint ventures or investments we may make. Except as required by applicable law, including the securities laws of the United States and the rules and regulations of the SEC, we do not plan to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements contained herein after we distribute this prospectus, whether as a result of any new information, future events or otherwise.

 

You should read this prospectus, any applicable prospectus supplement and any documents we incorporate by reference with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we expect. We do not assume any obligation to update any forward-looking statements whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by applicable law.

 

4

 

USE OF PROCEEDS

 

Unless otherwise provided in the applicable prospectus supplement, we intend to use the net proceeds from the sale of the securities under this prospectus primarily for working capital and general corporate purposes. We may set forth additional information on the use of proceeds from the sale or the securities we offer under this prospectus in a prospectus supplement relating to the specific offering. We cannot currently allocate specific percentages of the net proceeds that we may use for the purposes specified above. As a result, our management will have broad discretion in the allocation of the net proceeds. Pending the application of the net proceeds, we intend to invest the net proceeds in short- and intermediate-term, interest-bearing obligations, investment-grade instruments, certificates of deposit or direct or guaranteed obligations of the U.S. government.

 

5

 

DESCRIPTION OF THE SECURITIES THAT MAY BE OFFERED

 

General

 

Our authorized capital stock currently consists of 50,000,000 shares of our common stock and 1,000,000 shares of preferred stock. The following is a description of our common stock, certain provisions of our Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation, as amended (our “Charter”) and our amended and restated bylaws (“Bylaws”), and certain provisions of Delaware law. This summary does not purport to be complete and is qualified in its entirety by the provisions of our Charter and our Bylaws, copies of which have been filed with the SEC as exhibits to our periodic filings under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), and are also incorporated by reference as exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part.

 

Common Stock

 

This section describes the general terms of our common stock that we may offer from time to time. For more detailed information, a holder of our common stock should refer to our Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation (“Certificate of Incorporation”) and our Bylaws, copies of which are filed with the SEC as exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part.

 

Under our Charter, we are authorized to issue 50,000,000 shares of our common stock, par value $0.001 per share. As of June 10, 2020, there were 4,328,334 shares of our common stock issued and outstanding.

 

Except as otherwise expressly provided in our Charter, or as required by applicable law, all shares of our common stock have the same rights and privileges and rank equally, share ratably and are identical in all respects as to all matters, including, without limitation, those described below. All outstanding shares of common stock are fully paid and nonassessable.

 

Voting Rights. The holders of our common stock are entitled to one vote per share on all matters. Our common stock does not have cumulative voting rights, which means that holders of the shares of our common stock with a majority of the votes to be cast for the election of directors can elect all directors then being elected.

 

Dividends. Each share of our common stock has an equal and ratable right to receive dividends to be paid from our assets legally available therefore when, as and if declared by our Board of Directors. We have never declared or paid cash dividends on our common stock, and we do not anticipate paying cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future.

 

Liquidation. In the event we dissolve, liquidate or wind up, the holders of our common stock are entitled to share equally and ratably in the assets available for distribution after payments are made to our creditors and to the holders of any outstanding preferred stock we may designate and issue in the future with liquidation preferences greater than those of the common stock.

 

Other. The holders of shares of our common stock have no preemptive, subscription or redemption rights and are not liable for further call or assessment. All of the outstanding shares of common stock are, and the shares of common stock offered hereby will be, fully paid and nonassessable.

 

Transfer Agent and Registrar. The transfer agent and registrar for our common stock is the American Stock Transfer & Trust Company, LLC.

   

Preferred Stock

 

This section describes the general terms and provisions of our outstanding shares of preferred stock, as well as preferred stock that we may offer from time to time. The applicable prospectus supplement will describe the specific terms of the shares of preferred stock offered through that prospectus supplement, which may differ from the terms we describe below. We will file a copy of the certificate of designation that contains the terms of each new series of preferred stock with the SEC each time we issue a new series of preferred stock, and these certificates of designation will be incorporated by reference into the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part. Each certificate of designation will establish the number of shares included in a designated series and fix the designation, powers, privileges, preferences and rights of the shares of each series as well as any applicable qualifications, limitations or restrictions. A holder of our preferred stock should refer to the applicable certificate of designation, our Articles and the applicable prospectus supplement (and any related free writing prospectus that we may authorize to be provided to you) for more specific information.

 

6

 

Under our Certificate of Incorporation, we are authorized, subject to limitations prescribed by Delaware law and our Charter, to issue up to 1,000,000 shares of preferred stock in one or more series, to establish from time to time the number of shares to be included in each series and to fix the designation, powers, preferences and rights of the shares of each series and any of its qualifications, limitations or restrictions. Our Board of Directors can increase or decrease the number of shares of any series, but not below the number of shares of that series then outstanding, without any further vote or action by our stockholders. Our Board of Directors may authorize the issuance of preferred stock with voting or conversion rights that could adversely affect the voting power or other rights of the holders of the common stock. The issuance of preferred stock, while providing flexibility in connection with possible acquisitions and other corporate purposes, could, among other things, have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a change in control of the Company and may adversely affect the market price of our common stock and the voting and other rights of the holders of our common stock.

 

Series A Preferred

 

In October 2014, our Board of Directors authorized the creation of a series of up to 264,000 shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock (“Series A Preferred”). The Certificate of Designation of Preferences, Rights and Limitations of the Series A Preferred was filed with the Delaware Secretary of State on October 28, 2014, and amended on December 31, 2019.  As of June 10, 2020, there were 14,864 shares of Series A Preferred issued and outstanding. There will be no further issuances of Series A Preferred.

 

Voting Rights. Shares of Series A Preferred vote on an as-converted basis along with shares of our common stock.

 

Conversion. Shares of Series A Preferred may be converted, at the option of the holder, at any time into such number of shares of our common stock equal to (i) the number of shares of Series A Preferred to be converted, multiplied by the stated value of $10.00 per share (“Series A Conversion Shares”), and (ii) divided by the conversion price in effect at the time of conversion, currently $1.75.

 

In addition, we have the right to require the holders to convert shares of Series A Preferred into shares of the Series A Conversion Shares if (i) our Common Stock has closed at or above $2.28 per share for fifteen (15) consecutive trading days, and (ii) the Series A Conversion Shares are (A) registered for resale on an effective registration statement, or (B) may be resold pursuant to Rule 144 under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

 

Any accrued but unpaid dividends on the shares of Series A Preferred to be converted shall also be converted into shares of our common stock at the conversion price in effect at the time of conversion.

 

Company’s Redemption Option: We may redeem all or a portion of the outstanding shares of Series A Preferred at our option, provided that we provide ten (10) business days’ prior written notice of our intent to redeem the Series A Preferred to the holders thereof, in cash at a price per share of Series A Preferred Stock equal to the 100% of the stated value, or $10,000 per share (“Stated Value”) of such shares of Series A Preferred plus all accrued and unpaid dividends thereon after December 31, 2019. Notwithstanding, the holder may convert its Series A Preferred prior to the exercise of our redemption option.

 

Dividends. Each outstanding share of Series A Preferred shall be entitled to receive cumulative dividends, payable quarterly in arrears, at a rate of (i) 5% per annum during the eighteen month period beginning on December 31, 2019, after which time the interest rate will increase to 12%. Dividends will be payable in cash or at the election of the Company, by delivery of additional shares of Series A Preferred (subject to a cap of 64,000 shares of Series A Preferred in the aggregate) (“PIK Shares”). If we elect to pay dividends in PIK Shares, we will deliver to each holder of shares of Series A Preferred a number of shares of Series A Preferred equal to the aggregate dividend payable to such holder with respect to the shares of Series A Preferred held by such holder as of the end of the quarter preceding such dividend payment date divided by the Stated Value.

 

7

 

Liquidation. In the event of any liquidation, dissolution, or winding up of the Company, the holders of shares of Series A Preferred will be entitled to receive in preference to the holders of common stock and any other stock other than our Series C Preferred, the amount equal to the stated value per share of Series A Preferred plus declared and unpaid dividends, if any. After such payment has been made, the remaining assets of the Company will be distributed ratably to the holders of our Series B Preferred, if any, and then to holders of our common stock.

 

Series B Preferred

 

In October 2018, our Board of Directors authorized the creation of a series of up to 5,000 shares of Series B Preferred. The Certificate of Designation of Preferences, Rights and Limitations of the Series B Convertible Preferred was filed with the Delaware Secretary of State on October 17, 2018. As of June 10, 2020, there were no shares of Series B Preferred issued and outstanding. There currently have no plans for further issuances of Series B Preferred.

 

Voting Rights. Except as required by our Charter or by the DGCL, shares of Series B Preferred vote on an as-converted basis along with shares of our common stock.

 

Conversion. Shares of Series B Preferred may be converted, at the option of the holder, at any time into such number of shares of our common stock equal (i) to the number of shares of Series B Preferred to be converted, multiplied by the stated value of $1,000.00 per share and (ii) divided by the conversion price in effect at the time of conversion, currently $0.50.

 

Holders of Series B Preferred are prohibited from converting Series B Preferred into shares of Common Stock if, as a result of such conversion, the holder, together with its affiliates, would own more than 4.99% of the total number of shares of our common stock then issued and outstanding.

  

Any accrued but unpaid dividends on the shares of Series B Preferred to be converted shall also be converted into shares of our common stock at the Conversion Price.

 

Dividends. Shares of the Series B Preferred are not entitled to receive any dividends, unless and until specifically declared by our Board of Directors. Subject to any senior rights of our Series A Preferred and Series C Preferred, holders of our Series B Preferred to participate, on an as-converted-to-common stock basis, in any dividends to the holders of common stock.

 

Liquidation. In the event of any liquidation, dissolution, or winding up of the Company, the holders of shares of Series B Preferred will be entitled to receive in preference to the holders of our common stock and any other stock, the amount equal to the stated value per share of Series B Preferred plus declared and unpaid dividends, if any. After such payment has been made, the remaining assets of the Company will be distributed ratably to the holders of our common stock.

 

Series C Preferred

 

On March 11, 2019, our Board of Directors authorized the creation of a series of up to 15,000 shares of Series C Preferred. The Certificate of Designation of Preferences, Rights and Limitations of the Series C Preferred was filed with the Delaware Secretary of State on March 11, 2019, designating 11,000 shares of our preferred stock as Series C Preferred. As of June 10, 2020, there were 355 shares of Series C Preferred issued and outstanding, which include 350 shares issued to a director of the Company that are currently being held in escrow until approval for the issuance is granted by the Company’s stockholders pursuant to Nasdaq Marketplace Rule 5635(c). There are currently no plans for further issuances of Series C Preferred.

 

Voting Rights.  Conditioned upon obtaining the Authorized Share Approval, shares of Series C Preferred vote on an as-converted basis along with shares of our common stock.

 

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Conversion. Shares of Series C Preferred may be converted, at the option of the holder, at any time following the date that the Company obtains the Stockholder Approvals, into such number of shares of our common stock equal to (i) the number of shares of Series C Preferred to be converted, multiplied by the stated value of $1,000 per share, and (ii) divided by the conversion price of $0.18 per share.

 

Redemption. In the event that stockholders do not approve the Authorized Share Approval on or before six months from the Closing Date, each holder of Series C Preferred will have the right, upon delivery to us of written notice (“Redemption Notice”) to require that we redeem the Series C Preferred beneficially owned by such holder at a price equal to the greater of (i) the stated value of such Series C Preferred being redeemed as of the redemption date, and (ii) the product of the number of Conversion Shares into which the Series C Preferred would be convertible on such redemption date multiplied by the greater of (a) the last closing price of a share of our common stock at the time of delivery of the Redemption Notice, and (b) the greatest intraday price on the date of the Redemption Notice on a date which is three business days from the date of delivery to us of the Redemption Notice.

 

Liquidation. In the event of any liquidation, dissolution, or winding up of the Company, the holders of shares of Series C Preferred will be entitled to receive in preference to the holders of common stock, Series A Preferred, Series B Preferred and any other stock, the amount equal to the stated value per share of Series C Preferred. After such payment has been made, the remaining assets of the Company will be distributed ratably to the holders of Series A Preferred, then to holders of the Series B Preferred, if any, and the remainder ratably to holders of our common stock.

 

Shares of Preferred Stock Issuable Pursuant to this Prospectus

 

We will incorporate by reference as an exhibit to the registration statement, which includes this prospectus, the form of any certificate of designation that describes the terms of the series of preferred stock we are offering. This description and the applicable prospectus supplement will include:

 

 

the title and stated value;

 

 

the number of shares authorized;

 

 

the liquidation preference per share;

 

 

the purchase price;

 

 

the dividend rate, period and payment date, and method of calculation for dividends;

 

 

whether dividends will be cumulative or non-cumulative and, if cumulative, the date from which dividends will accumulate;

 

 

the procedures for any auction and remarketing, if any;

 

 

the provisions for a sinking fund, if any;

 

 

the provisions for redemption or repurchase, if applicable, and any restrictions on our ability to exercise such redemption and repurchase rights;

 

 

any listing of the preferred stock on any securities exchange or market;

 

 

whether the preferred stock will be convertible into our common stock, and, if applicable, the conversion price, or how it will be calculated, and the conversion period;

 

 

voting rights, if any, of the preferred stock;

 

 

preemptive rights, if any;

 

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restrictions on transfer, sale or other assignment, if any;

 

 

a discussion of any material United States federal income tax considerations applicable to the preferred stock;

 

 

the relative ranking and preferences of the preferred stock as to dividend rights and rights if we liquidate, dissolve or wind up our affairs;

 

 

any limitations on issuance of any class or series of preferred stock ranking senior to or on a parity with the series of preferred stock as to dividend rights and rights if we liquidate, dissolve or wind up our affairs; and

 

 

any other specific terms, preferences, rights or limitations of, or restrictions on the preferred stock.

 

When we issue shares of preferred stock under this prospectus, the shares will fully be paid and nonassessable and will not have, or be subject to, any preemptive or similar rights.

 

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DESCRIPTION OF OUR DEBT SECURITIES

 

This section describes the general terms and provisions of debt securities that we may issue from time to time. We may issue debt securities, in one or more series, as either senior or subordinated debt or as senior or subordinated convertible debt. While the terms we have summarized below will apply generally to any future debt securities we may offer under this prospectus, the applicable prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus will describe the specific terms of any debt securities offered through that prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus. The terms of any debt securities we offer under a prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus may differ from the terms we describe below. Unless the context requires otherwise, whenever we refer to the “indentures,” we also are referring to any supplemental indentures that specify the terms of a particular series of debt securities. 

  

The following description, together with the additional information we include in any applicable prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus, summarizes certain general terms and provisions of the debt securities that we may offer under this prospectus. When we offer to sell a particular series of debt securities, we will describe the specific terms of the series in a supplement to this prospectus. We will also indicate in the supplement to what extent the general terms and provisions described in this prospectus apply to a particular series of debt securities. To the extent the information contained in the prospectus supplement differs from this summary description, you should rely on the information in the prospectus supplement. 

  

We may issue debt securities either separately, or together with, or upon the conversion or exercise of or in exchange for, other securities described in this prospectus. Debt securities may be our senior, senior subordinated or subordinated obligations and, unless otherwise specified in a supplement to this prospectus, the debt securities will be our direct, unsecured obligations and may be issued in one or more series. 

  

The debt securities will be issued under an indenture between us and a trustee named in the prospectus supplement. We have summarized select portions of the indenture below. The summary is not complete. The form of the indenture has been filed as an exhibit to the registration statement and you should read the indenture for provisions that may be important to you. In the summary below, we have included references to the section numbers of the indenture. Capitalized terms used in the summary and not defined herein have the meanings specified in the indenture. 

  

General 

  

       We will describe in the applicable prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus the terms of the series of debt securities being offered, including:

  

 

the title;

 

 

the principal amount being offered, and if a series, the total amount authorized and the total amount outstanding;

 

 

any limit on the amount that may be issued;

 

 

whether or not we will issue the series of debt securities in global form, and, if so, the terms and who the depository will be;

 

 

the maturity date;

 

 

whether and under what circumstances, if any, we will pay additional amounts on any debt securities held by a person who is not a United States person for tax purposes, and whether we can redeem the debt securities if we have to pay such additional amounts;

 

 

the annual interest rate, which may be fixed or variable, or the method for determining the rate and the date interest will begin to accrue, the dates interest will be payable and the regular record dates for interest payment dates or the method for determining such dates;

 

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whether or not the debt securities will be secured or unsecured, and the terms of any secured debt;

 

 

the terms of the subordination of any series of subordinated debt;

 

 

the place where payments will be payable;

 

 

restrictions on transfer, sale or other assignment, if any;

 

 

our right, if any, to defer payment of interest and the maximum length of any such deferral period;

 

 

the date, if any, after which, the conditions upon which, and the price at which, we may, at our option, redeem the series of debt securities pursuant to any optional or provisional redemption provisions and the terms of those redemption provisions;

 

 

the date, if any, on which, and the price at which we are obligated, pursuant to any mandatory sinking fund or analogous fund provisions or otherwise, to redeem, or at the holder’s option, to purchase, the series of debt securities and the currency or currency unit in which the debt securities are payable;

 

 

whether the indenture will restrict our ability or the ability of our subsidiaries to:

 

 

incur additional indebtedness;

 

 

issue additional securities;

 

 

create liens;

 

 

pay dividends or make distributions in respect of our capital stock or the capital stock of our subsidiaries;

 

 

redeem capital stock;

 

 

place restrictions on our subsidiaries’ ability to pay dividends, make distributions or transfer assets;

 

 

make investments or other restricted payments;

 

 

sell or otherwise dispose of assets;

 

 

enter into sale-leaseback transactions;

 

 

engage in transactions with stockholders or affiliates;

 

 

issue or sell stock of our subsidiaries; or

 

 

effect a consolidation or merger;

 

 

whether the indenture will require us to maintain any interest coverage, fixed charge, cash flow-based, asset-based or other financial ratios;

 

 

a discussion of certain material or special United States federal income tax considerations applicable to the debt securities;

 

 

information describing any book-entry features;

 

 

provisions for a sinking fund purchase or other analogous fund, if any;

 

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the applicability of the provisions in the indenture on discharge;

 

 

whether the debt securities are to be offered at a price such that they will be deemed to be offered at an “original issue discount” as defined in paragraph (a) of Section 1273 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended;

 

 

the denominations in which we will issue the series of debt securities, if other than denominations of $1,000 and any integral multiple thereof;

 

 

the currency of payment of debt securities if other than U.S. dollars and the manner of determining the equivalent amount in U.S. dollars; and

 

 

any other specific terms, preferences, rights or limitations of, or restrictions on, the debt securities, including any additional events of default or covenants provided with respect to the debt securities, and any terms that may be required by us or advisable under applicable laws or regulations or advisable in connection with the marketing of the debt securities.

  

Conversion or Exchange Rights 

  

We will set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus the terms on which a series of debt securities may be convertible into or exchangeable for our common stock, our preferred stock or other securities (including securities of a third-party). We will include provisions as to whether conversion or exchange is mandatory, at the option of the holder or at our option. We may include provisions pursuant to which the number of shares of our common stock, our preferred stock or other securities (including securities of a third-party) that the holders of the series of debt securities receive would be subject to adjustment.

  

Consolidation, Merger or Sale 

  

Unless we provide otherwise in the prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus applicable to a particular series of debt securities, the indentures will not contain any covenant that restricts our ability to merge or consolidate, or sell, convey, transfer or otherwise dispose of all or substantially all of our assets. However, any successor to or acquirer of such assets must assume all of our obligations under the indentures or the debt securities, as appropriate. If the debt securities are convertible into or exchangeable for other securities of ours or securities of other entities, the person with whom we consolidate or merge or to whom we sell all of our property must make provisions for the conversion of the debt securities into securities that the holders of the debt securities would have received if they had converted the debt securities before the consolidation, merger or sale.

  

Events of Default Under the Indenture 

  

      Unless we provide otherwise in the prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus applicable to a particular series of debt securities, the following are events of default under the indentures with respect to any series of debt securities that we may issue:

  

 

if we fail to pay interest when due and payable and our failure continues for 90 days and the time for payment has not been extended;

 

 

if we fail to pay the principal, premium or sinking fund payment, if any, when due and payable at maturity, upon redemption or repurchase or otherwise, and the time for payment has not been extended;

 

 

if we fail to observe or perform any other covenant contained in the debt securities or the indentures, other than a covenant specifically relating to another series of debt securities, and our failure continues for 90 days after we receive notice from the trustee or holders of at least 25% in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of the applicable series; and

 

 

if specified events of bankruptcy, insolvency or reorganization occur.

  

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We will describe in each applicable prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus any additional events of default relating to the relevant series of debt securities.

  

If an event of default with respect to debt securities of any series occurs and is continuing, other than an event of default specified in the last bullet point above, the trustee or the holders of at least 25% in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of that series, by notice to us in writing, and to the trustee if notice is given by such holders, may declare the unpaid principal, premium, if any, and accrued interest, if any, due and payable immediately. If an event of default specified in the last bullet point above occurs with respect to us, the unpaid principal, premium, if any, and accrued interest, if any, of each issue of debt securities then outstanding shall be due and payable without any notice or other action on the part of the trustee or any holder.

  

The holders of a majority in principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of an affected series may waive any default or event of default with respect to the series and its consequences, except defaults or events of default regarding payment of principal, premium, if any, or interest, unless we have cured the default or event of default in accordance with the indenture. Any waiver shall cure the default or event of default.

  

Subject to the terms of the indentures, if an event of default under an indenture shall occur and be continuing, the trustee will be under no obligation to exercise any of its rights or powers under such indenture at the request or direction of any of the holders of the applicable series of debt securities, unless such holders have offered the trustee reasonable indemnity or security satisfactory to it against any loss, liability or expense. The holders of a majority in principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of any series will have the right to direct the time, method and place of conducting any proceeding for any remedy available to the trustee, or exercising any trust or power conferred on the trustee, with respect to the debt securities of that series, provided that:

  

 

the direction so given by the holder is not in conflict with any law or the applicable indenture; and

 

 

subject to its duties under the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, as amended (the “Trust Indenture Act”), the trustee need not take any action that might involve it in personal liability or might be unduly prejudicial to the holders not involved in the proceeding.

  

               A holder of the debt securities of any series will have the right to institute a proceeding under the indentures or to appoint a receiver or trustee, or to seek other remedies if:

  

 

the holder has given written notice to the trustee of a continuing event of default with respect to that series;

 

 

the holders of at least 25% in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of that series have made written request, and such holders have offered reasonable indemnity to the trustee or security satisfactory to it against any loss, liability or expense or to be incurred in compliance with instituting the proceeding as trustee; and

 

 

the trustee does not institute the proceeding and does not receive from the holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of that series other conflicting directions within 90 days after the notice, request and offer.

  

These limitations do not apply to a suit instituted by a holder of debt securities if we default in the payment of the principal, premium, if any, or interest on, the debt securities, or other defaults that may be specified in the applicable prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus.

  

We will periodically file statements with the trustee regarding our compliance with specified covenants in the indentures.

  

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Modification of Indenture; Waiver 

  

       Subject to the terms of the indenture for any series of debt securities that we may issue, we and the trustee may change an indenture without the consent of any holders with respect to the following specific matters:

  

 

to fix any ambiguity, defect or inconsistency in the indenture;

 

 

to comply with the provisions described above under “Description of Our Debt Securities—Consolidation, Merger or Sale ;”

 

 

to comply with any requirements of the SEC in connection with the qualification of any indenture under the Trust Indenture Act;

 

 

to add to, delete from or revise the conditions, limitations, and restrictions on the authorized amount, terms, or purposes of issue, authentication and delivery of debt securities, as set forth in the indenture;

 

 

to provide for the issuance of and establish the form and terms and conditions of the debt securities of any series as provided under “Description of Our Debt Securities—General ,” to establish the form of any certifications required to be furnished pursuant to the terms of the indenture or any series of debt securities, or to add to the rights of the holders of any series of debt securities;

 

 

to evidence and provide for the acceptance of appointment hereunder by a successor trustee;

 

 

to provide for uncertificated debt securities and to make all appropriate changes for such purpose;

 

 

to add to our covenants such new covenants, restrictions, conditions or provisions for the benefit of the holders, to make the occurrence, or the occurrence and the continuance, of a default in any such additional covenants, restrictions, conditions or provisions an event of default or to surrender any right or power conferred to us in the indenture; or

 

 

to change anything that does not materially adversely affect the interests of any holder of debt securities of any series.

  

      In addition, under the indentures, the rights of holders of a series of debt securities may be changed by us and the trustee with the written consent of the holders of at least a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of each series that is affected. However, subject to the terms of the indenture for any series of debt securities that we may issue or as otherwise provided in the prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus applicable to a particular series of debt securities, we and the trustee may make the following changes only with the consent of each holder of any outstanding debt securities affected:

  

 

extending the stated maturity of the series of debt securities;

 

 

reducing the principal amount, reducing the rate of or extending the time of payment of interest, or reducing any premium payable upon the redemption or repurchase of any debt securities; or

 

 

reducing the percentage of debt securities, the holders of which are required to consent to any amendment, supplement, modification or waiver.

  

Discharge 

  

             Each indenture provides that, subject to the terms of the indenture and any limitation otherwise provided in the prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus applicable to a particular series of debt securities, we can elect to be discharged from our obligations with respect to one or more series of debt securities, except for specified obligations, including obligations to:

  

 

register the transfer or exchange of debt securities of the series;

 

 

replace stolen, lost or mutilated debt securities of the series;

 

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maintain paying agencies;

 

 

hold monies for payment in trust;

 

 

recover excess money held by the trustee;

 

 

compensate and indemnify the trustee; and

 

 

appoint any successor trustee.

  

In order to exercise our rights to be discharged, we must deposit with the trustee money or government obligations sufficient to pay all the principal of, and any premium and interest on, the debt securities of the series on the dates payments are due.

  

Form, Exchange and Transfer 

  

In the event that we issue debt securities, we will issue such debt securities of each series only in fully registered form without coupons and, unless we otherwise specify in the applicable prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus, in denominations of $1,000 and any integral multiple thereof. The indentures provide that we may issue debt securities of a series in temporary or permanent global form and as book-entry securities that will be deposited with, or on behalf of, The Depository Trust Company or another depository named by us and identified in a prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus with respect to that series.

  

At the option of the holder, subject to the terms of the indentures and the limitations applicable to global securities described in the applicable prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus, the holder of the debt securities of any series can exchange the debt securities for other debt securities of the same series, in any authorized denomination and of like tenor and aggregate principal amount.

  

Subject to the terms of the indentures and the limitations applicable to global securities set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus, holders of the debt securities may present the debt securities for exchange or for registration of transfer, duly endorsed or with the form of transfer endorsed thereon duly executed if so required by us or the security registrar, at the office of the security registrar or at the office of any transfer agent designated by us for this purpose. Unless otherwise provided in the debt securities that the holder presents for transfer or exchange, we will make no service charge for any registration of transfer or exchange, but we may require payment of any taxes or other governmental charges.

  

              We will name in the applicable prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus the security registrar, and any transfer agent in addition to the security registrar, that we initially designate for any debt securities. We may at any time designate additional transfer agents or rescind the designation of any transfer agent or approve a change in the office through which any transfer agent acts, except that we will be required to maintain a transfer agent in each place of payment for the debt securities of each series. If we elect to redeem the debt securities of any series, we will not be required to:

  

 

issue, register the transfer of, or exchange any debt securities of that series during a period beginning at the opening of business 15 days before the day of mailing of a notice of redemption of any debt securities that may be selected for redemption and ending at the close of business on the day of the mailing; or

 

 

register the transfer of or exchange any debt securities so selected for redemption, in whole or in part, except the unredeemed portion of any debt securities we are redeeming in part.

 

Information Concerning the Trustee 

  

The trustee, other than during the occurrence and continuance of an event of default under an indenture, undertakes to perform only those duties as are specifically set forth in the applicable indenture. Upon an event of default under an indenture, the trustee must use the same degree of care as a prudent person would exercise or use in the conduct of his or her own affairs.

  

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Subject to this provision, the trustee is under no obligation to exercise any of the powers given it by the indentures at the request of any holder of debt securities unless it is offered reasonable security and indemnity against the costs, expenses and liabilities that it might incur.

  

Payment and Paying Agents 

  

Unless we otherwise indicate in the applicable prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus, we will make payment of the interest on any debt securities on any interest payment date to the person in whose name the debt securities, or one or more predecessor securities, are registered at the close of business on the regular record date for the interest.

  

We will pay principal of and any premium and interest on the debt securities of a particular series at the office of the paying agents designated by us, except that unless we otherwise indicate in the applicable prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus, we will make interest payments by check that we will mail to the holder or by wire transfer to certain holders. Unless we otherwise indicate in the applicable prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus, we will designate the corporate trust office of the trustee as our sole paying agent for payments with respect to debt securities of each series. We will name in the applicable prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus any other paying agents that we initially designate for the debt securities of a particular series. We will maintain a paying agent in each place of payment for the debt securities of a particular series.

  

All money we pay to a paying agent or the trustee for the payment of the principal of or any premium or interest on any debt securities that remains unclaimed at the end of two years after such principal, premium or interest has become due and payable will be repaid to us, and the holder of the debt security thereafter may look only to us for payment thereof.

  

Governing Law 

  

The indentures and the debt securities will be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of New York, except to the extent that the Trust Indenture Act is applicable.

  

Ranking of Debt Securities 

  

The subordinated debt securities will be subordinate and junior in priority of payment to certain of our other indebtedness to the extent described in a prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus. The subordinated indenture does not limit the amount of subordinated debt securities that we may issue. It also does not limit us from issuing any other secured or unsecured debt.

  

The senior debt securities will rank equally in right of payment to all our other senior unsecured debt. The senior indenture does not limit the amount of senior debt securities that we may issue. It also does not limit us from issuing any other secured or unsecured debt.

  

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DESCRIPTION OF OUR WARRANTS

 

The following description, together with the additional information we include in any applicable prospectus supplements or free writing prospectus, summarizes the material terms and provisions of the warrants that we may offer under this prospectus, which may consist of warrants to purchase common stock and/or preferred stock in one or more series. Warrants may be offered independently or together with common stock and/or preferred stock offered by any prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus and may be attached to or separate from those securities. While the terms we have summarized below will generally apply to any future warrants we may offer under this prospectus, we will describe the particular terms of any warrants that we may offer in more detail in the applicable prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus. The terms of any warrants we offer under a prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus may differ from the terms we describe below.

 

In the event that we issue warrants, we will issue the warrants under a warrant agreement which we will enter into with a warrant agent to be selected by us. Forms of these warrant agreements and forms of the warrant certificates representing the warrants, and the complete warrant agreements and forms of warrant certificates containing the terms of the warrants being offered, will be filed as exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part or will be incorporated by reference from reports that we file with the SEC. We use the term “warrant agreement” to refer to any of these warrant agreements. We use the term “warrant agent” to refer to the warrant agent under any of these warrant agreements. The warrant agent will act solely as an agent of ours in connection with the warrants and will not act as an agent for the holders or beneficial owners of the warrants.

 

The following summaries of material provisions of the warrants and the warrant agreements are subject to, and qualified in their entirety by reference to, all the provisions of the warrant agreement applicable to a particular series of warrants. We urge you to read the applicable prospectus supplements or free writing prospectus related to the warrants that we sell under this prospectus, as well as the complete warrant agreements that contain the terms of the warrants.

 

General

 

We will describe in the applicable prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus the terms relating to a series of warrants. If warrants for the purchase of common stock, preferred stock or debt securities are offered, the prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus will describe the following terms, to the extent applicable:

 

 

the offering price and the aggregate number of warrants offered;

 

 

the total number of shares that can be purchased if a holder of the warrants exercises them and, in the case of warrants for preferred stock, the designation, total number and terms of the series of preferred stock that can be purchased upon exercise;

 

 

the designation and terms of any series of preferred stock with which the warrants are being offered and the number of warrants being offered with each share of common stock or preferred stock;

 

 

the principal amount of debt securities that may be purchased upon exercise of a debt warrant and the exercise price for the warrants, which may be payable in cash, securities or other property;

 

 

the date, if any, on and after which the warrants and the related debt securities, preferred stock or common stock will be separately transferable;

 

 

the number of shares of common stock or preferred stock that can be purchased if a holder exercises the warrant and the price at which such common stock or preferred stock may be purchased upon exercise, including, if applicable, any provisions for changes to or adjustments in the exercise price and in the securities or other property receivable upon exercise;

 

 

the terms of any rights to redeem or call, or accelerate the expiration of, the warrants;

 

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the date on which the right to exercise the warrants begins and the date on which that right expires;

 

 

federal income tax consequences of holding or exercising the warrants; and

 

 

any other specific terms, preferences, rights or limitations of, or restrictions on, the warrants. 

  

Exercise of Warrants

 

Each holder of a warrant is entitled to purchase the number of shares common stock, preferred stock or debt securities, as the case may be, at the exercise price described in the applicable prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus. After the close of business on the day when the right to exercise terminates (or a later date if we extend the time for exercise), unexercised warrants will become void.

 

A holder of warrants may exercise them by following the general procedure outlined below:

 

 

delivering to the warrant agent the payment required by the applicable prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus to purchase the underlying security;

 

 

properly completing and signing the reverse side of the applicable warrant certificate; and

 

 

delivering the warrant certificate representing the warrants to the warrant agent within five business days of the warrant agent receiving payment of the exercise price. 

 

If you comply with the procedures described above, your warrants will be considered to have been exercised when the warrant agent receives payment of the exercise price, subject to the transfer books for the securities issuable upon exercise of the warrant not being closed on such date. After you have completed those procedures and subject to the foregoing, we will, as soon as practicable, issue and deliver to you the common stock, preferred stock or debt securities that you purchased upon exercise. If you exercise fewer than all of the warrants represented by a warrant certificate, a new warrant certificate will be issued to you for the unexercised amount of warrants. Holders of warrants will be required to pay any tax or governmental charge that may be imposed in connection with transferring the underlying securities in connection with the exercise of the warrants.

 

Amendments and Supplements to the Warrant Agreements

 

We may amend or supplement a warrant agreement without the consent of the holders of the applicable warrants to cure ambiguities in the warrant agreement, to cure or correct a defective provision in the warrant agreement, or to provide for other matters under the warrant agreement that we and the warrant agent deem necessary or desirable, so long as, in each case, such amendments or supplements do not materially adversely affect the interests of the holders of the warrants.

 

Warrant Adjustments

 

Unless the applicable prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus states otherwise, the exercise price of, and the number of securities covered by, a common stock warrant or preferred stock warrant will be adjusted proportionately if we subdivide or combine our common stock or preferred stock, as applicable. In addition, unless the prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus states otherwise, if we, without receiving payment:

 

 

issue capital stock or other securities convertible into or exchangeable for common stock or preferred stock, or any rights to subscribe for, purchase or otherwise acquire any of the foregoing, as a dividend or distribution to holders of our common stock or preferred stock;

 

 

pay any cash to holders of our common stock or preferred stock other than a cash dividend paid out of our current or retained earnings or other than in accordance with the terms of the preferred stock;

 

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issue any evidence of our indebtedness or rights to subscribe for or purchase our indebtedness to holders of our common stock or preferred stock; or

 

 

issue common stock or preferred stock or additional stock or other securities or property to holders of our common stock or preferred stock by way of spinoff, split-up, reclassification, combination of shares or similar corporate rearrangement.

 

            The holders of common stock warrants and preferred stock warrants, as applicable, will be entitled to receive upon exercise of the warrants, in addition to the securities otherwise receivable upon exercise of the warrants and without paying any additional consideration, the amount of stock and other securities and property such holders would have been entitled to receive had they held the common stock or preferred stock, as applicable, issuable under the warrants on the dates on which holders of those securities received or became entitled to receive such additional stock and other securities and property.

 

Except as stated above or as otherwise set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus, the exercise price and number of securities covered by a common stock warrant and preferred stock warrant, and the amounts of other securities or property to be received, if any, upon exercise of those warrants, will not be adjusted or provided for if we issue those securities or any securities convertible into or exchangeable for those securities, or securities carrying the right to purchase those securities or securities convertible into or exchangeable for those securities.

 

Holders of common stock warrants and preferred stock warrants may have additional rights under the following circumstances:

 

 

certain reclassifications, capital reorganizations or changes of the common stock or preferred stock, as applicable;

 

 

certain share exchanges, mergers, or similar transactions involving us and which result in changes of the common stock or preferred stock, as applicable; or

 

 

certain sales or dispositions to another entity of all or substantially all of our property and assets. 

 

If one of the above transactions occurs and holders of our common stock or preferred stock are entitled to receive stock, securities or other property with respect to or in exchange for their securities, the holders of the common stock warrants and preferred stock warrants then outstanding, as applicable, will be entitled to receive upon exercise of their warrants the kind and amount of shares of stock and other securities or property that they would have received upon the applicable transaction if they had exercised their warrants immediately before the transaction.

 

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DESCRIPTION OF OUR UNITS

 

This section outlines some of the provisions of the units and the unit agreements. This information may not be complete in all respects and is qualified entirely by reference to the unit agreement with respect to the units of any particular series. The specific terms of any series of units will be described in the applicable prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus. If so described in a particular prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus, the specific terms of any series of units may differ from the general description of terms presented below.

 

As specified in the applicable prospectus supplement, we may issue units consisting of one or more shares of common stock, shares of preferred stock, debt securities, warrants or any combination of such securities.

 

The applicable prospectus supplement will specify the following terms of any units in respect of which this prospectus is being delivered:

 

 

the terms of the units and of any of the shares of common stock, shares of preferred stock, debt securities or warrants comprising the units, including whether and under what circumstances the securities comprising the units may be traded separately;

 

 

a description of the terms of any unit agreement governing the units;

 

 

if appropriate, a discussion of material U.S. federal income tax considerations; and

 

 

a description of the provisions for the payment, settlement, transfer or exchange of the units. 

 

Anti-Takeover Provisions of Delaware Law and Our Governing Documents

 

Delaware Law

 

We are subject to Section 203 of the DGCL (“Section 203”). In general, Section 203 prohibits a publicly held Delaware corporation from engaging in “business combination” transactions with any “interested stockholder” for a period of three years following the time that the stockholder became an interested stockholder, unless:

 

 

prior to the time the stockholder became an interested stockholder, either the applicable business combination or the transaction which resulted in the stockholder becoming an interested stockholder is approved by the corporation’s board of directors;

 

 

upon consummation of the transaction which resulted in the stockholder becoming an interested stockholder, the interested stockholder owned at least 85% of the voting stock of the corporation outstanding at the time the transaction commenced, excluding for purposes of determining the voting stock outstanding (but not the voting stock owned by the interested stockholder) shares owned by directors who are also officers of the corporation and shares owned by employee stock plans in which the employee participants do not have the right to determine confidentially whether shares held subject to the plan will be tendered in a tender or exchange offer; or

 

 

at or subsequent to the time that the stockholder became an interested stockholder, the business combination is approved by the corporation’s board of directors and authorized at an annual or special meeting of stockholders by the affirmative vote of at least 66 2⁄3% of the outstanding voting stock which is not owned by the interested stockholder. 

  

A “business combination” is defined to include, in general and subject to exceptions, a merger of the corporation with the interested stockholder; a sale of 10% or more of the market value of the corporation’s consolidated assets to the interested stockholder; certain transactions that result in the issuance of the corporation’s stock to the interested stockholder; a transaction that has the effect of increasing the proportionate share of the corporation’s stock owned by the interested stockholder; and any receipt by the interested stockholder of loans, guarantees or other financial benefits provided by the corporation. An “interested stockholder” is defined to include, in general and subject to exceptions, a person that (1) owns 15% or more of the outstanding voting stock of the corporation or (2) is an “affiliate” or “associate” (as defined in Section 203) of the corporation and was the owner of 15% or more of the corporation’s outstanding voting stock at any time within the prior three year period.

 

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A Delaware corporation may opt out of Section 203 with an express provision in its original certificate of incorporation or by an amendment to its certificate of incorporation or Bylaws expressly electing not to be governed by Section 203 and approved by a majority of its outstanding voting shares. We have not opted out of Section 203. As a result, Section 203 could delay, deter or prevent a merger, change of control or other takeover of our company that our stockholders might consider to be in their best interests, including transactions that might result in a premium being paid over the market price of our common stock, and may also limit the price that investors are willing to pay in the future for our common stock.

 

Undesignated Preferred Stock

 

The ability to authorize undesignated preferred stock makes it possible for our Board of Directors to issue one or more series of preferred stock with voting or other rights or preferences. These and other provisions may have the effect of deferring hostile takeovers or delaying changes in control or management of our Company.

 

Requirements for Advance Notification of Stockholder Nominations and Proposals

 

Our Bylaws establish advance notice procedures with respect to stockholder proposals and the nomination of candidates for election as directors, other than nominations made by or at the direction of our Board of Directors or a committee of our Board of Directors.

 

Stockholder Action by Written Consent; Special Meetings of Stockholders

 

Our stockholders may take action by written consent in lieu of a meeting as provided in our Bylaws. Our Bylaws provide that certain procedures, including notifying our Board of Directors and awaiting a record date, must be followed for stockholders to act by written consent. A special meeting of our stockholders may be called only by our Board of Directors, the Chairman of the Board, or the President. A special meeting may also be called at the request of stockholders holding a majority of the aggregate number of shares of capital stock of the Company issued and outstanding and entitled to vote at that meeting (subject to certain timeliness and content requirements of the demand).

 

Amendment of Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws

 

Our Charter may be amended by the affirmative vote of a majority of the aggregate number of shares of each class of our capital stock issued and outstanding after a resolution of our Board of Directors declaring the advisability of such amendment has been adopted in accordance with Delaware law. Our Bylaws may be amended by the affirmative vote of a majority of the aggregate number of shares of each class of our capital stock issued and outstanding (and entitled to vote on the subject matter) present in person or represented by proxy at a meeting of stockholders provided that notice thereof is stated in the written notice of the meeting. Our Bylaws may also be amended by a majority of the Board of Directors in accordance with Delaware law and our Charter. 

 

22

 

PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION

 

We may sell the securities described in this prospectus to or through underwriters or dealers, through agents, or directly to one or more purchasers. A prospectus supplement or supplements (and any related free writing prospectus that we may authorize to be provided to you) will describe the terms of the offering of the securities, including, to the extent applicable:

 

 

the name or names of any underwriters or agents, if applicable;

 

 

the purchase price of the securities and the proceeds we will receive from the sale;

 

 

any over-allotment options under which underwriters may purchase additional securities from us;

 

 

any agency fees or underwriting discounts and other items constituting agents’ or underwriters’ compensation;

 

 

any public offering price;

 

 

any discounts or concessions allowed or reallowed or paid to dealers; and

 

 

any securities exchange or market on which the securities may be listed.

 

We may also sell equity securities covered by this registration statement in an “at-the-market offering” as defined in Rule 415 under the Securities Act. Such offering may be made into an existing trading market for such securities in transactions at other than a fixed price, either:

 

 

on or through the facilities of the Nasdaq Capital Market or any other securities exchange or quotation or trading service on which such securities may be listed, quoted or traded at the time of sale; and/or

 

 

to or through a market maker otherwise than on the Nasdaq Capital Market or such other securities exchanges or quotation or trading services.

 

Such at-the-market offering, if any, may be conducted by underwriters acting as principal or agent.

 

Only underwriters named in a prospectus supplement are underwriters of the securities offered by the prospectus supplement.

 

If underwriters are used in the sale, they will acquire the securities for their own account and may resell the securities from time to time in one or more transactions at a fixed public offering price or at varying prices determined at the time of sale. The obligations of the underwriters to purchase the securities will be subject to the conditions set forth in the applicable underwriting agreement. We may offer the securities to the public through underwriting syndicates represented by managing underwriters or by underwriters without a syndicate. Subject to certain conditions, the underwriters will be obligated to purchase all of the securities offered by the prospectus supplement. Any public offering price and any discounts or concessions allowed or reallowed or paid to dealers may change from time to time. We may use underwriters with whom we have a material relationship. We will describe in the prospectus supplement that names the underwriter, the nature of any such relationship.

 

We may sell securities directly or through agents we designate from time to time. We will name any agent involved in the offering and sale of securities, and we will describe any commissions we will pay the agent in the prospectus supplement. Unless the prospectus supplement states otherwise, our agent will act on a best-efforts basis for the period of its appointment.

 

We may authorize agents or underwriters to solicit offers by certain types of institutional investors to purchase securities from us at the public offering price set forth in the prospectus supplement pursuant to delayed delivery contracts providing for payment and delivery on a specified date in the future. We will describe the conditions to these contracts and the commissions we must pay for solicitation of these contracts in the prospectus supplement.

 

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We may provide agents and underwriters with indemnification against civil liabilities related to this offering, including liabilities under the Securities Act, or contribution with respect to payments that the agents or underwriters may make with respect to these liabilities. Agents and underwriters may engage in transactions with, or perform services for, us in the ordinary course of business.

  

Any underwriter may engage in overallotment, stabilizing transactions, short covering transactions and penalty bids in accordance with Regulation M under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Overallotment involves sales in excess of the offering size, which create a short position. Stabilizing transactions permit bids to purchase the underlying security so long as the stabilizing bids do not exceed a specified maximum. Short covering transactions involve purchases of the securities in the open market after the distribution is completed to cover short positions. Penalty bids permit the underwriters to reclaim a selling concession from a dealer when the securities originally sold by the dealer are purchased in a covering transaction to cover short positions. Those activities may cause the price of the securities to be higher than it would otherwise be. If commenced, the underwriters may discontinue any of the activities at any time.

 

Any underwriters who are qualified market makers on the Nasdaq Capital Market may engage in passive market making transactions in accordance with Rule 103 of Regulation M during the business day prior to the pricing of the offering, before the commencement of offers or sales of the securities. Passive market makers must comply with applicable volume and price limitations and must be identified as passive market makers. In general, a passive market maker must display its bid at a price not in excess of the highest independent bid for such security; if all independent bids are lowered below the passive market maker’s bid, however, the passive market maker’s bid must then be lowered when certain purchase limits are exceeded.

 

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LEGAL MATTERS

 

Certain legal matters in connection with this offering will be passed upon for us by Disclosure Law Group, a Professional Corporation, of San Diego, California.

 

EXPERTS

 

The consolidated financial statements of Bridgeline Digital, Inc. as of and for the years ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, incorporated by reference into this prospectus from our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2019, filed with the SEC on December 27, 2019, have been audited by Marcum, LLP, an independent registered accounting firm, to the extent and period set forth in their report, and are incorporated herein by reference in reliance on such report given upon the authority of said firm as experts in accounting and auditing.

 

WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION

 

We are a public company and file annual, quarterly and special reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC. Our SEC filings are available, at no charge, to the public at the SEC’s website at http://www.sec.gov.

 

INCORPORATION OF CERTAIN INFORMATION BY REFERENCE

 

The following documents filed by us with the SEC are incorporated by reference in this prospectus:

 

 

Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2019, filed December 27, 2019;

 

Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended December 31, 2019, filed on February 13, 2020;

 

Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2020, filed on May 14, 2020;

 

Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on December 31, 2019;

 

Current Report on Form 8-K, filed April 21, 2020; and

 

The description of our common stock contained in the Registration Statement on Form 8-A filed pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act on June 28, 2007, including any amendment or report filed with the SEC for the purpose of updating this description.

 

We also incorporate by reference all documents we file pursuant to Section 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act (other than any portions of filings that are furnished rather than filed pursuant to Items 2.02 and 7.01 of a Current Report on Form 8-K) after the date of the initial registration statement of which this prospectus is a part and prior to effectiveness of such registration statement. All documents we file in the future pursuant to Section 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act after the date of this prospectus and prior to the termination of the offering are also incorporated by reference and are an important part of this prospectus.

 

Any statement contained in a document incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference herein shall be deemed to be modified or superseded for the purposes of this registration statement to the extent that a statement contained herein or in any other subsequently filed document which also is or deemed to be incorporated by reference herein modifies or supersedes such statement. Any statement so modified or superseded shall not be deemed, except as so modified or superseded, to constitute a part of this registration statement.

 

We will provide to each person, including any beneficial owner, to whom a prospectus is delivered, a copy of any or all of the information that has been incorporated by reference in the prospectus but not delivered with the prospectus. You may request a copy of these filings, excluding the exhibits to such filings which we have not specifically incorporated by reference in such filings, at no cost, by writing to or calling us at:

 

Bridgeline Digital, Inc.

Attn: Corporate Secretary

100 Sylvan Road, Suite G-700

Woburn, MA 01801

(781) 376-5555

 

This prospectus is part of a registration statement we filed with the SEC. You should only rely on the information or representations contained in this prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement. We have not authorized anyone to provide information other than that provided in this prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement. We are not making an offer of the securities in any state where the offer is not permitted. You should not assume that the information in this prospectus or any accompanying prospectus supplement is accurate as of any date other than the date on the front of the document.

 

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PROSPECTUS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$10,000,000

 

COMMON STOCK

PREFERRED STOCK

DEBT SECURITIES

WARRANTS

UNITS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

             , 2020

 

 

 

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PART II

 

INFORMATION NOT REQUIRED IN PROSPECTUS

 

 

ITEM 14.  OTHER EXPENSES OF ISSUANCE AND DISTRIBUTION

 

We estimate that our expenses in connection with this registration statement will be as follows:

 

SEC Registration Fee

  $ 139  

Legal Fees and Expenses*

  $ 15,000  

Accounting Fees and Expenses*

  $ 4,000  

Printing and Miscellaneous Expenses*

  $ 5,000  
         

Total

  $ 24,139  

 

 * Estimated expenses

 

ITEM 15.  INDEMNIFICATION OF OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS

 

Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation (“Charter”) and amended and restated bylaws (“Bylaws”) contain provisions relating to the limitation of liability and indemnification of directors and officers. Our Charter provides that a director will not be personally liable to us or our stockholders for monetary damages for breach of fiduciary duty as a director, except for liability:

 

 

for any breach of the director’s duty of loyalty to us or our stockholders;

 

 

for acts or omissions not in good faith or that involve intentional misconduct or a knowing violation of law;

 

 

under Section 174 of the Delaware General Corporation Law (the “DGCL”); or

 

 

for any transaction from which the director derived any improper personal benefit.

 

Our Charter also provides that we will indemnify our directors and officers to the fullest extent not prohibited by the DGCL, as it presently exists or may hereafter be amended.

 

Our Bylaws provide that we will indemnify our directors and officers to the fullest extent not prohibited by the DGCL; provided, however, that we may limit the extent of such indemnification by individual contracts with our directors and executive officers; and provided, further, that we are not required to indemnify any director or executive officer in connection with any proceeding (or part thereof) initiated by such person or any proceeding by such person against us or our directors, officers, employees or other agents unless:

  

 

such indemnification is expressly required to be made by law;

 

 

the proceeding was authorized by the Board of Directors; or

 

 

such indemnification is provided by us, in our sole discretion, pursuant to the powers vested in us under the DGCL.

 

Our Bylaws provide that we shall advance, prior to the final disposition of any proceeding, promptly following request therefor, all expenses by any director or executive officer in connection with any such proceeding upon receipt of any undertaking by or on behalf of such person to repay said amounts if it should be determined ultimately that such person is not entitled to be indemnified under Article V of our Bylaws or otherwise. Notwithstanding the foregoing, unless otherwise determined, no advance shall be made by us if a determination is reasonably and promptly made by the Board of Directors by a majority vote of a quorum of directors who were not parties to the proceeding, or if such a quorum is not obtainable, or even if obtainable, a quorum of disinterested directors so directs, by independent legal counsel in a written opinion, that the facts known to the decision-making party at the time such determination is made demonstrate clearly and convincingly that such person acted in bad faith or in a manner that such person did not believe to be in or not opposed to our best interests.

  

27

 

Our Bylaws also authorize us to purchase insurance on behalf of any person required or permitted to be indemnified pursuant to Article V of our Bylaws.

 

Section 145(a) of the DGCL authorizes a corporation to indemnify any person who was or is a party, or is threatened to be made a party, to a threatened, pending or completed action, suit or proceeding, whether civil, criminal, administrative or investigative (other than an action by or in the right of the corporation), by reason of the fact that the person is or was a director, officer, employee or agent of the corporation, or is or was serving at the request of the corporation as a director, officer, employee or agent of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise, against expenses (including attorneys’ fees), judgments, fines and amounts paid in settlement actually and reasonably incurred by the person in connection with such action, suit or proceeding, if the person acted in good faith and in a manner the person reasonably believed to be in, or not opposed to, the best interests of the corporation and, with respect to any criminal action or proceeding, had no reasonable cause to believe the person’s conduct was unlawful.

 

Section 145(b) of the DGCL provides in relevant part that a corporation may indemnify any person who was or is a party or is threatened to be made a party to any threatened, pending or completed action or suit by or in the right of the corporation to procure a judgment in its favor by reason of the fact that the person is or was a director, officer, employee or agent of the corporation, or is or was serving at the request of the corporation as a director, officer, employee or agent of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise against expenses (including attorneys’ fees) actually and reasonably incurred by the person in connection with the defense or settlement of such action or suit if the person acted in good faith and in a manner the person reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the corporation and except that no indemnification shall be made in respect of any claim, issue or matter as to which such person shall have been adjudged to be liable to the corporation unless and only to the extent that the Court of Chancery or the court in which such action or suit was brought shall determine upon application that, despite the adjudication of liability but in view of all the circumstances of the case, such person is fairly and reasonably entitled to indemnity for such expenses which the Court of Chancery or such other court shall deem proper.

 

The DGCL also provides that indemnification under Section 145(d) can only be made upon a determination that indemnification of the present or former director, officer or employee or agent is proper in the circumstances because such person has met the applicable standard of conduct set forth in Section 145(a) and (b).

 

Section 145(g) of the DGCL also empowers a corporation to purchase and maintain insurance on behalf of any person who is or was a director, officer, employee or agent of the corporation, or is or was serving at the request of the corporation as a director, officer, employee or agent of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise against any liability asserted against such person and incurred by such person in any such capacity, or arising out of such person’s status as such, whether or not the corporation would have the power to indemnify such person against such liability under Section 145 of the DGCL.

 

Section 102(b)(7) of the DGCL permits a corporation to provide for eliminating or limiting the personal liability of one of its directors for any monetary damages related to a breach of fiduciary duty as a director, as long as the corporation does not eliminate or limit the liability of a director for acts or omissions which (1) which breached the director’s duty of loyalty to the corporation or its stockholders, (2) which were not in good faith or which involve intentional misconduct or knowing violation of law, (3) under Section 174 of the DGCL; or (4) from which the director derived an improper personal benefit.

 

We have obtained directors’ and officers’ insurance to cover our directors and officers for certain liabilities.

 

Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act may be permitted to directors, officers and controlling persons of the registrant pursuant to the foregoing provisions or otherwise, the registrant has been advised that in the opinion of the SEC such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is, therefore, unenforceable.

 

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ITEM 16. EXHIBITS

 

Exhibit No.

Description

1.1*

Form of Underwriting Agreement

1.2*

Form of Placement Agent Agreement

4.1*

Form of any certificate of designation with respect to any preferred stock issued hereunder and the related form of preferred stock certificate

4.2*

Form of any warrant agreement with respect to each particular series of warrants issued hereunder

4.3*

Form of any warrant agency agreement with respect to each particular series of warrants issued hereunder

4.4*

Form of any unit agreement with respect to any unit issued hereunder

4.5*

Form of indenture

4.6*

Form of debt securities

5.1

Opinion of Disclosure Law Group, a Professional Corporation

23.1

Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm – Marcum LLP

23.2

Consent of Disclosure Law Group, a Professional Corporation (included in Exhibit 5.1)

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Power of Attorney (included on signature page hereto)

25.1*

Statement of Eligibility of Trustee on Form T-1 under the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, as amended

 

*

To be filed, if necessary, by an amendment to this registration statement or incorporation by reference pursuant to a Current Report on Form 8-K in connection with an offering of securities.

  

ITEM 17. UNDERTAKINGS

 

(a) The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes: 

  

(1) To file, during any period in which offers or sales are being made, a post-effective amendment to this registration statement: 

  

(i) To include any prospectus required by Section 10(a)(3) of the Securities Act of 1933; 

  

(ii) To reflect in the prospectus any facts or events arising after the effective date of the registration statement (or the most recent post-effective amendment thereof) which, individually or in the aggregate, represent a fundamental change in the information set forth in the registration statement; and 

  

(iii) To include any material information with respect to the plan of distribution not previously disclosed in the registration statement or any material change to such information in the registration statement. 

  

           Providedhowever, that paragraphs (a)(1)(i), (a)(1)(ii) and (a)(1)(iii) above do not apply if the information required to be included in a post-effective amendment by those paragraphs is contained in reports filed with or furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission by the registrant pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 that are incorporated by reference in the registration statement, or is contained in a form of prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) that is a part of the registration statement.

  

(2) That, for the purpose of determining any liability under the Securities Act of 1933, each such post-effective amendment shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof. 

  

(3) To remove from registration by means of a post-effective amendment any of the securities being registered which remain unsold at the termination of the offering. 

 

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(4) That, for the purpose of determining liability under the Securities Act of 1933 to any purchaser: 

  

(A) Each prospectus filed by the registrant pursuant to Rule 424(b)(3) shall be deemed to be part of the registration statement as of the date the filed prospectus was deemed part of and included in the registration statement; and 

  

(B) Each prospectus required to be filed pursuant to Rule 424(b)(2), (b)(5) or (b)(7) as part of a registration statement in reliance on Rule 430B relating to an offering made pursuant to Rule 415(a)(1)(i), (vii), or (x) for the purpose of providing the information required by Section 10(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 shall be deemed to be part of and included in the registration statement as of the earlier of the date such form of prospectus is first used after effectiveness or the date of the first contract of sale of securities in the offering described in the prospectus. As provided in Rule 430B, for liability purposes of the issuer and any person that is at that date an underwriter, such date shall be deemed to be a new effective date of the registration statement relating to the securities in the registration statement to which that prospectus relates, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof. Providedhowever, that no statement made in a registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement or made in a document incorporated or deemed incorporated by reference into the registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement will, as to a purchaser with a time of contract of sale prior to such effective date, supersede or modify any statement that was made in the registration statement or prospectus that was part of the registration statement or made in any such document immediately prior to such effective date.

  

(5) That, for the purpose of determining liability of the registrant under the Securities Act of 1933 to any purchaser in the initial distribution of the securities: 

  

The undersigned registrant undertakes that in a primary offering of securities of the undersigned registrant pursuant to this registration statement, regardless of the underwriting method used to sell the securities to the purchaser, if the securities are offered or sold to such purchaser by means of any of the following communications, the undersigned registrant will be a seller to the purchaser and will be considered to offer or sell such securities to such purchaser: 

  

(i) Any preliminary prospectus or prospectus of the undersigned registrant relating to the offering required to be filed pursuant to Rule 424; 

  

(ii) Any free writing prospectus relating to the offering prepared by or on behalf of the undersigned registrant or used or referred to by the undersigned registrant; 

  

(iii) The portion of any other free writing prospectus relating to the offering containing material information about the undersigned registrant or its securities provided by or on behalf of the undersigned registrant; and 

  

(iv) Any other communication that is an offer in the offering made by the undersigned registrant to the purchaser. 

  

(b) The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes that, for purposes of determining any liability under the Securities Act of 1933, each filing of the registrant’s annual report pursuant to Section 13(a) or Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (and, where applicable, each filing of an employee benefit plan’s annual report pursuant to Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) that is incorporated by reference in the registration statement shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.

  

(c) Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act of 1933 may be permitted to directors, officers and controlling persons of the registrant pursuant to the foregoing provisions, or otherwise, the registrant has been advised that in the opinion of the Securities and Exchange Commission such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is, therefore, unenforceable. In the event that a claim for indemnification against such liabilities (other than the payment by the registrant of expenses incurred or paid by a director, officer or controlling person of the registrant in the successful defense of any action, suit or proceeding) is asserted by such director, officer or controlling person in connection with the securities being registered, the registrant will, unless in the opinion of its counsel the matter has been settled by controlling precedent, submit to a court of appropriate jurisdiction the question whether such indemnification by it is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and will be governed by the final adjudication of such issue.

  

(d) The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes to file an application for the purpose of determining the eligibility of the trustee to act under subsection (a) of Section 310 of the Trust Indenture Act (the “Act”) in accordance with the rules and regulations prescribed by the SEC under Section 305(b)(2) of the Act.

  

30

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, the registrant certifies that it has reasonable grounds to believe that it meets all of the requirements for filing on Form S-3 and has duly caused this registration statement to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized, in the City of Woburn, Massachusetts on June 11, 2020.

 

 

BRIDGELINE DIGITAL, INC.

 

 

 

 

 

 

By:

/s/ Roger Kahn

 

 

 

Roger Kahn

 

 

 

President and Chief Executive Officer

(Principal Executive Officer) 

 

 

 

POWER OF ATTORNEY

 

KNOWN ALL MEN BY THESE PRESENTS, that each person whose signature below constitutes and appoints Roger Kahn and Mark G. Downey, jointly and severally, his attorneys-in-fact, each with power of substitution, for him in any and all capacities, to sign any amendments to this Registration Statement on Form S-3, and file the same, with exhibits thereto and other documents in connection therewith, with the Securities and Exchange Commission, hereby ratifying and confirming all that each of said attorneys-in-fact, or his substitute or substitutes, may do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, this registration statement has been signed by the following persons in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

 

Signature

 

Title

 

Date

 

 

 

 

 

/s/ Roger Kahn

 

President and Chief Executive Officer

 

June 11, 2020

 Roger Kahn

 

(Principal Executive Officer)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

/s/ Mark G. Downey

 

Chief Financial Officer

 

June 11, 2020

Mark G. Downey

 

(Principal Financial Officer)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

/s/Kenneth Galaznik

 

Director

 

June 11, 2020

Kenneth Galaznik

 

 

 

 
         

/s/ Joni Kahn

 

Director

 

June 11, 2020

Joni Kahn

 

 

 

 
         

/s/ Scott Landers

 

Director

 

June 11, 2020

Scott Landers

 

 

 

 
         

/s/ Michael Taglich

 

Director

 

June 11, 2020

Michael Taglich

 

 

 

 

 

  

31
ex_190113.htm

  Exhibit 5.1

June 11, 2020

 

Bridgeline Digital, Inc.

100 Sylvan Road, Suite G-700

Woburn, MA 01801 

 

Re:    Registration Statement on Form S-3

 

Ladies and Gentlemen:

 

We are acting as special counsel for Bridgeline Digital, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Company”), in connection with the filing of a Registration Statement on Form S-3 relating to the registration under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Act”), of the following securities of the Company: (i) shares (the “Company Shares”) of common stock, par value $0.001 per share (“Common Stock”), (ii) shares of preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share (“Preferred Stock”), in one or more series, (iii) one or more series of debt securities of the Company (the “Debt Securities”), which Debt Securities may include senior debt securities or subordinated debt securities issued under an indenture, including any supplemental indenture related thereto, and may be convertible into or exchangeable for shares of the Common Stock or Preferred Stock; (iv) warrants to purchase Common Stock, Preferred Stock or Debt Securities (“Warrants”), and (v) units consisting of two or more of the Securities (as defined below) (“Units”). The Company Shares, Preferred Stock, Debt Securities, Warrants and Units are collectively referred to herein as the “Securities.” The Securities shall include any additional amounts of such securities the offer and sale of which are registered pursuant to a registration statement filed pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Act in connection with one or more offerings contemplated by such Registration Statement. Such Registration Statement, as amended, and including any registration statement related thereto and filed pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Act, is herein referred to as the “Registration Statement.”

 

The Securities may be offered and sold from time to time by the Company as set forth in the Registration Statement, the prospectus contained within the Registration Statement (the “Prospectus”), and supplements to the Prospectus (each, a “Prospectus Supplement”). The Warrants may be issued under one or more warrant agreements (each, a “Warrant Agreement”) by and between the Company and a bank or trust company to be identified therein as warrant agent. The Units may be issued under one or more unit agreements (each, a “Unit Agreement”) between the Company and a third party to be identified therein as unit agent. Each Warrant Agreement and each Unit Agreement are herein collectively called the “Agreements.”

 

We have reviewed the Registration Statement and such other agreements, documents, records, certificates and other materials, and have reviewed and are familiar with such corporate proceedings and satisfied ourselves as to such other matters, as we have considered relevant or necessary as a basis for this opinion. In such review, we have assumed the accuracy and completeness of all agreements, documents, records, certificates and other materials submitted to us, the conformity with the originals of all such materials submitted to us as copies (whether or not certified and including facsimiles), the authenticity of the originals of such materials and all materials submitted to us as originals, the genuineness of all signatures and the legal capacity of all natural persons.

  

 

 

On the basis of the assumptions and subject to the qualifications and limitations set forth herein, we are of the opinion that:

 

 

1.

When an issuance of Common Stock has been duly authorized by all necessary corporate action of the Company, upon issuance, delivery and payment therefor in an amount not less than the par value thereof in the manner contemplated by the Registration Statement and/or the Prospectus and related Prospectus Supplement(s) and by such corporate action, such shares of Common Stock will be validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable.

 

 

2.

With respect to the Preferred Stock, when (a) the Company’s Board of Directors (the “Board”) has taken all necessary corporate action to approve the issuance and establish the terms of any particular series of Preferred Stock, the offering thereof and related matters, including the filing of a certificate of designations conforming to the Delaware General Corporation Law regarding such series of Preferred Stock with the Delaware Secretary of State and (b) shares of such series of Preferred Stock have been issued and sold by the Company in the manner contemplated by the Registration Statement and in accordance with such Board action, such shares of such series of Preferred Stock (including any shares of such series of Preferred Stock duly issued upon conversion, exchange or exercise of any other Security in accordance with the terms of such other Security or the instrument governing such other Security providing for such conversion, exchange or exercise as approved by the Board) will be duly authorized, legally issued, fully paid and nonassessable.

 

 

3.

When (i) the terms of any Debt Securities and their issuance and sale have been duly authorized by all necessary corporate action of the Company and (ii) such Debt Securities have been duly executed, authenticated and delivered against payment of the purchase price therefor in accordance with the applicable definitive purchase, underwriting or similar agreement, as contemplated by the Registration Statement, and in the manner provided for in the applicable indenture (including any supplemental indenture), such Debt Securities will constitute valid and binding obligations of the Company enforceable against the Company in accordance with their respective terms. The Debt Securities covered in the opinion in this paragraph include any Debt Securities that may be issued upon exercise, conversion or exchange pursuant to the terms of any other Securities.

 

 

4.

When a Warrant Agreement has been duly authorized by all necessary corporate action of the Company and duly executed and delivered, and when the specific terms of a particular issuance of Warrants have been duly established in accordance with such Warrant Agreement and authorized by all necessary corporate action of the Company, and the Warrants have been duly executed, authenticated, issued and delivered against payment therefor in accordance with such Warrant Agreement and in the manner contemplated by the Registration Statement and/or the Prospectus and related Prospectus Supplement(s) and by such corporate action (assuming the securities issuable upon exercise of the Warrants have been duly authorized and reserved for issuance by all necessary corporate action), the Warrants will be legally valid and binding obligations of the Company, enforceable against the Company in accordance with their terms.

 

 

5.

When a Unit Agreement has been duly authorized by all necessary corporate action of the Company and duly executed and delivered, and when the specific terms of a particular issuance of Units have been duly established in accordance with such Unit Agreement and authorized by all necessary corporate action of the Company, and the Units have been duly executed, authenticated, issued and delivered against payment therefor in accordance with such Unit Agreement and in the manner contemplated by the Registration Statement and/or the Prospectus and related Prospectus Supplement(s) and by such corporate action (assuming the constituent securities of the Units have been duly authorized and reserved for issuance by all necessary corporate action), the Units will be legally valid and binding obligations of the Company, enforceable against the Company in accordance with their terms.

   

Our opinions set forth above are subject to and limited by the effect of (a) applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, fraudulent conveyance, fraudulent transfer, receivership, conservatorship, arrangement, moratorium and other laws affecting and relating to the rights of creditors generally, (b) general equitable principles and (c) general principles of equity, including without limitation concepts of materiality, reasonableness, good faith and fair dealing, and the possible unavailability of specific performance or injunctive relief and limitation of rights of acceleration, regardless of whether such enforceability is considered in a proceeding in equity or at law.

 

 

 

In connection with the opinions expressed above, we have assumed that at or prior to the time of the delivery of any of the Securities (a) the Registration Statement, and any amendments thereto (including post-effective amendments), will have been declared effective under the Act and a Prospectus Supplement relating to the offer and sale of such Securities to the Prospectus will have been prepared and filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”) pursuant to Rule 424(b) under the Act, (b) the Board shall not have rescinded or otherwise modified the authorization of such Securities, (c) a definitive purchase, underwriting, or similar agreement, and any applicable indenture (including any supplemental indenture) or Agreement, pursuant to which such Securities may be issued, will have been duly authorized, executed and delivered by the Company and the other parties thereto, and the specific terms of such Securities will have been duly established in conformity with the applicable agreement and the certificate of incorporation and bylaws of the Company (if applicable), (d) that any Securities issuable upon conversion, exchange, redemption or exercise of any Securities being offered will be duly authorized, created and, if appropriate, reserved for issuance upon such conversion, exchange, redemption or exercise, and (e) neither the establishment of any terms of such Securities after the date hereof nor the issuance and delivery of, or the performance of the Company’s obligations under, such Securities will require any authorization, consent, approval or license of or exemption from, or registration or filing with, or report or notice to, any governmental unit, agency, commission, department or other authority (a “Governmental Approval”) or violate or conflict with, result in a breach of, or constitute a default under, (i) any agreement or instrument to which the Company or any of its affiliates is a party or by which the Company or any of its affiliates or any of their respective properties may be bound, (ii) any Governmental Approval that may be applicable to the Company or any of its affiliates or any of their respective properties, (iii) any order, decision, judgment or decree that may be applicable to the Company or any of its affiliates or any of their respective properties, or (iv) any applicable law (other than the Delaware General Corporation Law and the law of the State of California in each case as in effect on the date hereof).

 

The opinions set forth in this letter are limited to the Delaware General Corporation Law and the law of the State of California, in each case as in effect on the date hereof.

 

We hereby consent to the filing of this opinion letter as Exhibit 5.1 to the Registration Statement and to the use of our name under the caption “Legal Matters” in the Registration Statement and in the Prospectus forming a part thereof and any supplement thereto. In giving this consent, we do not thereby admit that we are within the category of persons whose consent is required under Section 7 of the Act or the rules and regulations of the Commission promulgated thereunder.

 

Very truly yours,

 

/s/ Disclosure Law Group

Disclosure Law Group, a Professional Corporation

 

 
ex_190114.htm

Exhibit 23.1

 

 

Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm’s Consent

 

 

We consent to the incorporation by reference in this Registration Statement of Bridgeline Digital, Inc. on Form S-3 of our report dated December 27, 2019, which includes an explanatory paragraph as to the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern, with respect to our audits of the consolidated financial statements of Bridgeline Digital, Inc. as of September 30, 2019 and 2018 and for the years then ended appearing in the Annual Report on Form 10-K of Bridgeline Digital Inc. for the year ended September 30, 2019.  We also consent to the reference to our firm under the heading “Experts” in the Prospectus, which is part of this Registration Statement.

 

 

/s/ Marcum llp

 

 

Marcum llp

 

Boston, MA

 

June 11, 2020