UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)





 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2020



 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

 

For the transition period from              to

Commission File Number: 001-38583

Crinetics Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware

 

26-3744114

(State or other jurisdiction

of incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

 

 

10222 Barnes Canyon Road, Bldg. #2,

San Diego, California

 

92121

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (858) 450-6464

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Trading

Symbol(s)

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share

 

CRNX

 

Nasdaq Global Select Market

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes      No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company”, and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

 

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes     No 

As of April 30, 2020, the registrant had 32,845,572 shares of common stock ($0.001 per share par value) outstanding.

 

 

 

 


CRINETICS PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q

For the Quarter Ended March 31, 2020

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

 

Page

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

 

Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements:

 

3

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (unaudited) as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019

 

3

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 (unaudited)

 

4

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 (unaudited)

 

5

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 (unaudited)

 

6

 

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

 

7

Item 2.

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

17

Item 3.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

25

Item 4.

 

Controls and Procedures  

 

25

 

 

 

 

 

PART II — OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

 

Legal Proceedings

 

26

Item 1A.

 

Risk Factors

 

26

Item 2.

 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

27

Item 3.

 

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

27

Item 4.

 

Mine Safety Disclosures

 

27

Item 5.

 

Other Information

 

27

Item 6.

 

Exhibits

 

28

 

 

 

2


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.

Condensed Financial Statements

Crinetics Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In thousands)

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

50,917

 

 

$

40,326

 

Investment securities

 

 

61,885

 

 

 

78,066

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

4,366

 

 

 

4,947

 

Total current assets

 

 

117,168

 

 

 

123,339

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

3,771

 

 

 

3,946

 

Operating lease right-of-use asset

 

 

2,445

 

 

 

2,510

 

Restricted cash

 

 

500

 

 

 

500

 

Other assets

 

 

 

 

 

82

 

Total assets

 

$

123,884

 

 

$

130,377

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

$

8,296

 

 

$

5,498

 

Accrued compensation and related expenses

 

 

1,711

 

 

 

2,118

 

Other current liabilities

 

 

753

 

 

 

724

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

10,760

 

 

 

8,340

 

Operating lease liability, non-current

 

 

4,648

 

 

 

4,849

 

Unvested stock liability

 

 

39

 

 

 

49

 

Total liabilities

 

 

15,447

 

 

 

13,238

 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 7)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $0.001 par value; 10,000 shares authorized; no shares issued

    or outstanding at March 31, 2020 or at December 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock and paid-in capital, $0.001 par value; 200,000 shares authorized; 24,614 and 24,587 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2020; 24,296 and 24,263 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2019

 

 

219,432

 

 

 

210,793

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

 

167

 

 

 

148

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(111,162

)

 

 

(93,802

)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

 

108,437

 

 

 

117,139

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

$

123,884

 

 

$

130,377

 

 

See the accompanying notes to these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

3


Crinetics Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss

(In thousands, except per share data)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three months ended March 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Grant revenues

 

$

71

 

 

$

367

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

 

13,862

 

 

 

7,255

 

General and administrative

 

 

3,991

 

 

 

3,156

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

17,853

 

 

 

10,411

 

Loss from operations

 

 

(17,782

)

 

 

(10,044

)

Other income (expense):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

 

556

 

 

 

1,010

 

Other income (expense), net

 

 

(134

)

 

 

18

 

Total other income (expense), net

 

 

422

 

 

 

1,028

 

Net loss

 

 

(17,360

)

 

 

(9,016

)

Other comprehensive income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unrealized gain on investment securities

 

 

19

 

 

 

84

 

Comprehensive loss

 

$

(17,341

)

 

$

(8,932

)

Net loss per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss per share – basic and diluted

 

$

(0.71

)

 

$

(0.37

)

Weighted average shares outstanding – basic and diluted

 

 

24,488

 

 

 

24,095

 

 

See the accompanying notes to these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

4


Crinetics Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity

(In thousands, except per share data)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Common Stock

 

 

Common stock

and Paid-In

 

 

Accumulated

Other

Comprehensive

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

Total

Stockholders’

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Capital

 

 

Income

 

 

Deficit

 

 

Equity

 

Balance at January 1, 2020

 

 

24,263

 

 

$

210,793

 

 

$

148

 

 

$

(93,802

)

 

$

117,139

 

Issuance of common stock, net of issuance costs of $199

 

 

276

 

 

 

6,427

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,427

 

Vesting of stock subject to repurchase

 

 

6

 

 

 

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

 

Exercise of stock options

 

 

42

 

 

 

55

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

55

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 

 

2,147

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,147

 

Comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

19

 

 

 

 

 

 

19

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(17,360

)

 

 

(17,360

)

Balance at March 31, 2020

 

 

24,587

 

 

$

219,432

 

 

$

167

 

 

$

(111,162

)

 

$

108,437

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at January 1, 2019

 

 

24,061

 

 

$

203,544

 

 

$

61

 

 

$

(43,380

)

 

$

160,225

 

Vesting of stock subject to repurchase

 

 

33

 

 

 

53

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

53

 

Exercise of stock options

 

 

21

 

 

 

20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

20

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 

 

1,028

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,028

 

Comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

84

 

 

 

 

 

 

84

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(9,016

)

 

 

(9,016

)

Balance at March 31, 2019

 

 

24,115

 

 

$

204,645

 

 

$

145

 

 

$

(52,396

)

 

$

152,394

 

 

See the accompanying notes to these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

5


Crinetics Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(17,360

)

 

$

(9,016

)

Reconciliation of net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

2,147

 

 

 

1,028

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

235

 

 

 

200

 

Noncash lease expense

 

 

65

 

 

 

53

 

Accretion of purchase discounts and amortization, net

   of premiums on investment securities

 

 

(180

)

 

 

(400

)

Other

 

 

(19

)

 

 

3

 

Increase (decrease) in cash resulting from changes in:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

663

 

 

 

905

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

 

2,391

 

 

 

583

 

Operating lease liability

 

 

(172

)

 

 

(115

)

Net cash used in operating activities

 

 

(12,230

)

 

 

(6,759

)

Investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of investment securities

 

 

(22,886

)

 

 

(31,563

)

Maturities of investment securities

 

 

39,285

 

 

 

56,570

 

Purchases of property and equipment

 

 

(60

)

 

 

(408

)

Net cash provided by investing activities

 

 

16,339

 

 

 

24,599

 

Financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from issuance of common stock, net

 

 

6,427

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from exercise of stock options

 

 

55

 

 

 

20

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

6,482

 

 

 

20

 

Net change in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

 

10,591

 

 

 

17,860

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period

 

 

40,826

 

 

 

45,473

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period

 

$

51,417

 

 

$

63,333

 

Noncash investing and financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in unvested stock liability

 

$

10

 

 

$

53

 

Amounts accrued for purchases of property and equipment

 

$

 

 

$

27

 

 

See the accompanying notes to these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

6


Crinetics Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

1. ORGANIZATION AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION

Description of Business

Crinetics Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (the “Company”) is a clinical-stage pharmaceutical company incorporated in Delaware on November 18, 2008 and based in San Diego, California. The Company is focused on the discovery, development and commercialization of novel therapeutics for rare endocrine diseases and endocrine-related tumors. In January 2017, the Company established a wholly owned Australian subsidiary, Crinetics Australia Pty Ltd (“CAPL”), in order to conduct various preclinical and clinical activities for its development candidates.

Unaudited Interim Financial Information

The accompanying interim condensed consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2020, the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the condensed consolidated statements of stockholders’ equity for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, and the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, and the related disclosures are unaudited. In management’s opinion, the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the audited consolidated financial statements and include all adjustments, which include only normal recurring adjustments, necessary for the fair presentation of the Company’s financial position as of March 31, 2020 and the results of its operations and cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). The results for the three months ended March 31, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for the full fiscal year or any other interim period.

Principles of Consolidation and Foreign Currency Transactions

The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and CAPL. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. The functional currency of both the Company and CAPL is the U.S. dollar. Assets and liabilities that are not denominated in the functional currency are remeasured into U.S. dollars at foreign currency exchange rates in effect at the balance sheet date except for nonmonetary assets, which are remeasured at historical foreign currency exchange rates in effect at the date of transaction. Net realized and unrealized gains and losses from foreign currency transactions and remeasurement are reported in other income (expense), in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and were not material for all periods presented.

Segment Reporting

Operating segments are identified as components of an enterprise about which discrete financial information is available for evaluation by the chief operating decision-maker in making decisions regarding resource allocation and assessing performance. The Company views its operations and manages its business in one operating segment.

Liquidity and Going Concern

From inception, the Company has devoted substantially all of its efforts to drug discovery and development and conducting preclinical studies and clinical trials. The Company has a limited operating history and the sales and income potential of the Company’s business and market are unproven. Successful transition to attaining profitable operations is dependent upon achieving a level of revenues adequate to support the Company’s cost structure.

As of March 31, 2020, the Company had $112.8 million in unrestricted cash, cash equivalents and investment securities. Additionally, the Company raised an additional $107.9 million through a public offering of 8,222,500 shares of its common stock in April 2020 (see Note 10). The Company believes it has sufficient cash to meet its funding requirements for at least the next 12 months.

The Company has experienced net losses and negative cash flows from operating activities since its inception and has an accumulated deficit of $111.2 million as of March 31, 2020. The Company expects to continue to incur net losses for the foreseeable future and believes it will need to raise substantial additional capital to accomplish its business plan over the next several years. The Company plans to continue to fund its losses from operations and capital funding needs through a combination of equity offerings, debt financings or other sources, including potential collaborations, licenses and other similar arrangements. If the Company is not able to secure adequate

7


additional funding, the Company may be forced to make reductions in spending, extend payment terms with suppliers, liquidate assets where possible, or suspend or curtail planned programs. Any of these actions could materially harm the Company’s business, results of operations and future prospects. There can be no assurance as to the availability or terms upon which such financing and capital might be available in the future.

COVID-19

The COVID-19 outbreak has caused significant business disruption around the globe. The extent of the impact of COVID-19 on the Company's operational and financial performance will depend on certain developments, including the duration and spread of the outbreak and the impact on the Company's clinical trials, employees and vendors. At this point, the degree to which COVID-19 may impact the Company's financial condition or results of operations is uncertain.  A prolonged outbreak could have a material adverse impact on financial results and business operations of the Company, including the timing and ability of Company to complete certain clinical trials and other efforts required to advance the development of its drug candidates and raise additional capital.

In response to the pandemic, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (“CARES ACT”) was signed into law on March 27, 2020.  The CARES Act, among other things, includes tax provisions relating to refundable payroll tax credits, deferment of employer’s social security payments, net operating loss utilization and carryback periods, modifications to the net interest deduction limitations and technical corrections to tax depreciation methods for qualified improvement property.  At this point, we do not believe that the CARES Act will have a material impact on our income tax provision for 2020.  We continue to evaluate the impact of the CARES Act on our financial position, results of operations and cash flows.  

2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Use of Estimates

The Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with GAAP. The preparation of the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements requires it to make estimates and assumptions that impact the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities in the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. The most significant estimates in the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements relate to accrued expenses and associated research and development expense, accrued amounts receivable under the Australian research and development tax incentive program, the assumptions underlying the determination of the estimated incremental borrowing rate for the determination of the Company’s operating lease right-of-use asset, and the assumptions underlying the determination of the fair value of equity awards for purposes of determining stock-based compensation. Although these estimates are based on the Company’s knowledge of current events and actions it may undertake in the future, actual results may ultimately materially differ from these estimates and assumptions.

Fair Value Measurements

The accounting guidance defines fair value, establishes a consistent framework for measuring fair value and expands disclosure for each major asset and liability category measured at fair value on either a recurring or non-recurring basis. Fair value is defined as an exit price, representing the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. As such, fair value is a market-based measurement that should be determined based on assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability. As a basis for considering such assumptions, the accounting guidance establishes a three-tier fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value as follows:

Level 1: Observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets.

Level 2: Inputs, other than the quoted prices in active markets, that are observable either directly or indirectly.

Level 3: Unobservable inputs in which there is little or no market data, which require the reporting entity to develop its own assumptions.

The carrying amounts of the Company’s current financial assets, restricted cash and current financial liabilities are considered to be representative of their respective fair values because of the short-term nature of those instruments.

8


Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash

Cash and cash equivalents include cash held in readily available checking and money market accounts, as well as short-term debt securities with maturities of three months or less when purchased. Restricted cash represents cash held as collateral for the Company’s facility lease and is reported as a long-term asset in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

Investment Securities

All investments have been classified as “available-for-sale” and are carried at fair value as determined based upon quoted market prices or pricing models for similar securities at period end. Investments with contractual maturities less than 12 months at the balance sheet date are considered short-term investments. Investments with contractual maturities beyond one year are also classified as short-term due to the Company’s ability to liquidate the investment for use in operations within the next 12 months.

Realized gains and losses on investment securities are included in earnings and are derived using the specific identification method for determining the cost of securities sold. The Company has not realized any significant gains or losses on sales of available-for-sale investment securities during any of the periods presented. As all the Company’s investment holdings are in the form of debt securities, unrealized gains and losses that are determined to be temporary in nature are reported as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). A decline in the fair value of any security below cost that is deemed other than temporary results in a charge to earnings and the establishment of a new cost basis for the security. Interest income is recognized when earned and is included in investment income, as are the amortization of purchase premiums and accretion of purchase discounts on investment securities.

Concentrations of Credit Risk

Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to significant concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash, cash equivalents and investment securities. The Company maintains deposits in federally insured financial institutions in excess of federally insured limits. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts and believes it is not exposed to significant risk on its cash balances due to the financial position of the depository institution in which those deposits are held. Additionally, the Company has established guidelines regarding approved investments and maturities of investments, which are designed to maintain safety and liquidity.

Leases

The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at the inception of the arrangement. Leases with a term longer than 12 months that are determined to be operating leases are included in operating lease assets, accrued expenses and other current liabilities and noncurrent operating lease liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheets based on the present value of the minimum lease payments called for under the arrangement. Lease expense for minimum lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

Research and Development Expenses

Research and development (“R&D”) expenses consist primarily of salaries, payroll taxes, employee benefits and stock-based compensation for individuals involved in R&D efforts, as well as consulting expenses, third-party R&D expenses, laboratory supplies, clinical materials and overhead, including facilities and depreciation costs, offset by the Australian Tax Incentive discussed below. R&D expenses are charged to expense as incurred. Payments made prior to the receipt of goods or services to be used in R&D are capitalized until the goods or services are received.

Costs incurred under contracts with contract research organizations that conduct and manage the Company’s clinical trials are also included in research and development expenses. The financial terms and activities of these agreements vary from contract to contract and may result in uneven expense levels. Generally, these agreements set forth activities that drive the recording of expenses such as start-up and initiation activities, enrollment and treatment of patients, or the completion of other clinical trial activities. Expenses related to clinical trials are accrued based on estimates and/or representations from service providers regarding work performed, including actual level of patient enrollment, completion of patient studies and progress of the clinical trials. Other incidental costs related to patient enrollment or treatment are accrued when reasonably certain. If the amounts that the Company is obligated to pay under its clinical trial agreements are modified (for instance, as a result of changes in the clinical trial protocol or scope of work to be performed), the Company adjusts its accruals accordingly on a prospective basis. Revisions to contractual payment obligations are charged to expense in the period in which the facts that give rise to the revision become reasonably certain.

9


Accrued R&D expenses were $4.0 million at March 31, 2020 and $2.8 million at December 31, 2019 and are included in accounts payable and accrued expenses in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Australian Tax Incentive

CAPL is eligible to obtain a cash refund from the Australian Taxation Office for eligible R&D expenditures under the Australian R&D Tax Incentive Program (the “Australian Tax Incentive”). The Australian Tax Incentive is recognized as a reduction to R&D expense when there is reasonable assurance that the Australian Tax Incentive will be received, the relevant expenditure has been incurred, and the amount can be reliably measured.

The Company recognized a reduction to R&D expense of $0.2 million and $47,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

Stock-Based Compensation

Stock-based compensation expense represents the estimated grant date fair value of the Company’s equity awards, consisting of stock options and shares issued under the Company’s Employee Stock Purchase Plan, recognized over the requisite service period of such awards (usually the vesting period) on a straight-line basis. For stock awards for which vesting is subject to performance-based milestones, the expense is recorded over the remaining service period after the point when the achievement of the milestone is probable, or the performance condition has been achieved. The Company estimates the fair value of all stock option grants using the Black-Scholes option pricing model and recognizes forfeitures as they occur.

Comprehensive Loss

Comprehensive loss is comprised of the Company’s net loss and the unrealized gain or loss on the Company’s investment securities held for all periods presented.

Net Loss Per Share

Basic net loss per share is computed by dividing the net loss by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding for the period, without consideration for potentially dilutive securities. Diluted net loss per share is computed by dividing the net loss by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock and dilutive common stock equivalents outstanding for the period determined using the treasury-stock and if-converted methods. Dilutive common stock equivalents are comprised of common stock subject to repurchase and stock options outstanding under the Company’s stock option plan. For all periods presented, there is no difference in the number of shares used to calculate basic and diluted shares outstanding as inclusion of the potentially dilutive securities would be antidilutive.

Potentially dilutive securities not included in the calculation of diluted net loss per share because to do so would be anti-dilutive are shown below in common stock equivalent shares (in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Common stock options

 

 

3,869

 

 

 

2,919

 

Unvested common stock subject to repurchase

 

 

27

 

 

 

93

 

 

 

 

3,896

 

 

 

3,012

 

 

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

ASU 2018-13

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, “Disclosure Framework - Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement,” which improves the effectiveness of the disclosures required under ASC 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures” and modifies the disclosure requirements on fair value measurements, including the consideration of costs and benefits. The new standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company has prospectively adopted ASU 2018-13 as of January 1, 2020 for periods presented after adoption. The adoption of ASU 2018-13 did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

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Recent Accounting Pronouncements

ASU 2016-13

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, “Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments” (“Topic 326”). Topic 326 amends guidance on reporting credit losses for assets held at amortized cost basis and available for sale debt securities. For assets held at amortized cost basis, Topic 326 eliminates the probable initial recognition threshold in current GAAP and, instead, requires an entity to reflect its current estimate of all expected credit losses. The allowance for credit losses is a valuation account that is deducted from the amortized cost basis of the financial assets to present the net amount expected to be collected. For available for sale debt securities, credit losses should be measured in a manner similar to current GAAP, however Topic 326 will require that credit losses be presented as an allowance rather than as a write-down. This ASU update affects entities holding financial assets and net investment in leases that are not accounted for at fair value through net income. This update is effective for the company for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the pending adoption of this new standard on its consolidated financial statements.

3. INVESTMENT SECURITIES

The Company reports its available-for-sale investment securities at their estimated fair values based on quoted market prices for identical or similar instruments. The following is a summary of the available-for-sale investment securities held by the Company as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 (in thousands):

 

 

 

As of March 31, 2020

 

 

 

Amortized

Cost

 

 

Gross

Unrealized

Gains

 

 

Gross

Unrealized

Losses

 

 

Fair

Market

Value

 

Available-for-sale investment securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. government and agency obligations

 

$

33,024

 

 

$

105

 

 

$

 

 

$

33,129

 

Certificates of deposit

 

 

7,152

 

 

 

56

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,208

 

Commercial paper

 

 

12,660

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12,660

 

Corporate debt securities

 

 

8,889

 

 

 

14

 

 

 

(15

)

 

 

8,888

 

Total

 

$

61,725

 

 

$

175

 

 

$

(15

)

 

$

61,885

 

 

 

 

As of December 31, 2019

 

 

 

Amortized

Cost

 

 

Gross

Unrealized

Gains

 

 

Gross

Unrealized

Losses

 

 

Fair

Market

Value

 

Available-for-sale investment securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. government and agency obligations

 

$

43,275

 

 

$

94

 

 

$

(1

)

 

$

43,368

 

Certificates of deposit

 

 

5,931

 

 

 

51

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,982

 

Commercial paper

 

 

17,645

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

17,645

 

Corporate debt securities

 

 

11,067

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

(3

)

 

 

11,071

 

Total

 

$

77,918

 

 

$

152

 

 

$

(4

)

 

$

78,066

 

 

All available-for-sale investment securities held at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, had maturity dates of less than 24 months.

None of the Company’s available-for-sale investment securities were in a material unrealized loss position at March 31, 2020 or December 31, 2019. As such, the Company has not recognized any impairment in its financial statements related to its available-for-sale investment securities.

4. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

The Company holds investment securities that consist of highly liquid, investment grade debt securities. The Company determines the fair value of its investment securities based upon one or more valuations reported by its investment accounting and reporting service provider. The investment service provider values the securities using a hierarchical security pricing model that relies primarily on valuations provided by an industry-recognized valuation service. Such valuations may be based on trade prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1

11


inputs) or valuation models using inputs that are observable either directly or indirectly (Level 2 inputs), such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities, yield curves, volatility factors, credit spreads, default rates, loss severity, current market and contractual prices for the underlying instruments or debt, and broker and dealer quotes, as well as other relevant economic measures.

Financial assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 were as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

As of March 31, 2020

 

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

 

Total

 

Investment securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. government and agency obligations

 

$

10,560

 

 

$

22,569

 

 

$

 

 

$

33,129

 

Certificates of deposit

 

 

 

 

 

7,208

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,208

 

Commercial paper

 

 

 

 

 

12,660

 

 

 

 

 

 

12,660

 

Corporate debt securities

 

 

 

 

 

8,888

 

 

 

 

 

 

8,888

 

Total assets measured at fair value

 

$

10,560

 

 

$

51,325

 

 

$

 

 

$

61,885

 

 

 

 

As of December 31, 2019

 

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

 

Total

 

Investment securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. government and agency obligations

 

$

15,478

 

 

$

27,890

 

 

$

 

 

$

43,368

 

Certificates of deposit

 

 

 

 

 

5,982

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,982

 

Commercial paper

 

 

 

 

 

17,645

 

 

 

 

 

 

17,645

 

Corporate debt securities

 

 

 

 

 

11,071

 

 

 

 

 

 

11,071

 

Total assets measured at fair value

 

$

15,478

 

 

$

62,588

 

 

$

 

 

$

78,066

 

 

The Company’s policy is to recognize transfers between levels of the fair value hierarchy on the date of the event or change in circumstances that caused the transfer. There were no transfers into or out of Level 3 during the three months ended March 31, 2020.

5. BALANCE SHEET DETAILS

Prepaid expenses and other current assets consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31,

2020

 

 

December 31,

2019

 

Prepaid research and development costs

 

$

2,370

 

 

$

2,478

 

Australian tax incentive receivable

 

 

1,082

 

 

 

929

 

Interest receivable

 

 

139

 

 

 

224

 

SBIR grant receivable

 

 

 

 

 

225

 

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

 

775

 

 

 

1,091

 

Total

 

$

4,366

 

 

$

4,947

 

 

Property and equipment, net consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31,

2020

 

 

December 31,

2019

 

Leasehold improvements

 

$

3,494

 

 

$

3,494

 

Lab equipment

 

 

1,528

 

 

 

1,468

 

Office equipment

 

 

567

 

 

 

567

 

Computers and software

 

 

41

 

 

 

41

 

Property and equipment at cost

 

 

5,630

 

 

 

5,570

 

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization

 

 

1,859

 

 

 

1,624

 

Total

 

$

3,771

 

 

$

3,946

 

  

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6. OPERATING LEASE

2018 Operating Lease. In February 2018, as amended in March 2018, the Company entered into a non-cancelable operating lease for a new facility in San Diego, California. The lease has an initial term of seven years which expires in August 2025, and the Company has an option to extend the term of the lease for an additional five years and has a termination option subject to early termination fees. The lease is subject to base lease payments and additional charges for common area maintenance and other costs and includes certain lease incentives and tenant improvement allowances. Rent expense is being recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease. The Company’s estimated incremental borrowing rate of 8.0% was used in its present value calculation as the facility lease does not have a stated rate, and the implicit rate was not readily determinable.

Under the terms of the lease, the Company provided the lessor with an irrevocable letter of credit in the amount of $0.5 million. The lessor is entitled to draw on the letter of credit in the event of any default by the Company under the terms of the lease.

Future Minimum Payments. As of March 31, 2020, future minimum payments under non-cancellable operating leases were as follows (in thousands):

 

Year ending December 31,

 

Minimum

Payments

 

2020 (9 months)

 

$

847

 

2021

 

 

1,173

 

2022

 

 

1,208

 

2023

 

 

1,244

 

2024

 

 

1,280

 

Thereafter

 

 

871

 

Total future minimum lease payments

 

 

6,623

 

Less imputed interest

 

 

1,222

 

Total operating lease liability

 

 

5,401

 

Less operating lease liability, current

 

 

753

 

Operating lease liability, non-current

 

$

4,648

 

 

Rent expense was $0.2 million for each of the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

 

Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities for operating cash flow from operating leases was $0.3 million and $0.2 million during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

 

7. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Litigation

From time to time, the Company may be subject to various claims and suits arising in the ordinary course of business. The Company does not expect that the resolution of these matters will have a material adverse effect on its financial position or results of operations.

 

8. STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Authorized Shares

In connection with the completion of the Company’s initial public offering in July 2018, the Company amended and restated its certificate of incorporation to authorize 200,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share, and 10,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share. 

Shelf Registration Statement and ATM Offering

On August 13, 2019, the Company filed a registration statement on Form S-3 (the “Shelf Registration Statement”), covering the offering of up to $300.0 million of common stock, preferred stock, debt securities, warrants and units. The Registration Statement became effective on August 29, 2019.

On August 13, 2019 the Company also entered into a Sales Agreement (the “Sales Agreement”) with SVB Leerink LLC and Cantor Fitzgerald & Co. (collectively, the “Sales Agents”), under which the Company may, from time to time, sell shares of its common stock having an aggregate offering price of up to $75.0 million through the Sales

13


Agents (the “ATM Offering”). The Shelf Registration Statement included a prospectus covering the offering, issuance and sale of up to $75.0 million of the Company’s common stock from time to time through the ATM Offering. The shares to be sold under the Sales Agreement may be issued and sold pursuant to the Shelf Registration Statement.

Between January 1, 2020 and March 31, 2020, the Company issued 275,764 shares of common stock in the ATM Offering for net proceeds of $6.4 million, after deducting commissions.

9. EQUITY INCENTIVE PLANS

2018 Incentive Award Plan

In July 2018, the Company adopted the 2018 Incentive Award Plan (the “2018 Plan”). Under the 2018 Plan, which expires in July 2028, the Company may grant equity-based awards to individuals who are employees, officers, directors or consultants of the Company. Options issued under the 2018 Plan, will generally expire ten years from the date of grant and vest over a four-year period. As of March 31, 2020, 2,649,033 shares were available for future issuance under the 2018 Plan.

The 2018 Plan contains a provision that allows annual increases in the number of shares available for issuance on the first day of each calendar year through January 1, 2028 in an amount equal to the lesser of: (i) 5% of the aggregate number of shares of the Company’s common stock outstanding on December 31 of the immediately preceding calendar year, or (ii) such lesser amount determined by the Company. Under this evergreen provision, on January 1, 2020, an additional 1,214,804 shares became available for future issuance under the 2018 Plan.

2015 Stock Incentive Plan

In February 2015, the Company adopted the Crinetics Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 2015 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2015 Plan”), which provided for the issuance of equity awards to the Company’s employees, members of its board of directors and consultants. In general, options issued under this plan vest over four years and expire after 10 years. Subsequent to the adoption of the 2018 Plan, no additional equity awards can be made under the 2015 Plan.

Certain awards under the 2015 Plan allowed for exercise prior to vesting. Shares issued under such early-exercise provisions are subject to repurchase by the Company until they become fully vested. As of March 31, 2020, 26,992 unvested shares issued under early-exercise provisions were subject to repurchase by the Company. The condensed consolidated balance sheet reflects an unvested stock liability of $39,000 as of March 31, 2020.

2018 Employee Stock Purchase Plan

In July 2018, the Company adopted the 2018 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the “ESPP”). The ESPP permits participants to purchase common stock through payroll deductions of up to 20% of their eligible compensation. As of March 31, 2020, an aggregate of 666,098 shares of common stock were available for issuance under the ESPP.

The ESPP contains a provision that allows annual increases in the number of shares available for issuance on the first day of each calendar year through January 1, 2028 in an amount equal to the lesser of: (i) 1% of the aggregate number of shares of the Company’s common stock outstanding on December 31 of the immediately preceding calendar year, or (ii) such lesser amount determined by the Company. Under this evergreen provision, on January 1, 2020, an additional 242,961 shares became available for future issuance under the ESPP.

14


Stock Options

Activity under the Company’s stock option plans during the three months ended March 31, 2020 was as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-

 

 

Weighted-

 

 

Aggregate

 

 

 

Options

 

 

Average

 

 

Average

 

 

Intrinsic

 

 

 

Outstanding

 

 

Exercise

 

 

Remaining

 

 

Value

 

 

 

(000’s)

 

 

Price

 

 

Term

 

 

(000’s)

 

Balance at December 31, 2019

 

 

3,127

 

 

$

11.52

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Granted

 

 

804

 

 

$

22.56

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cancelled

 

 

(20

)

 

$

14.44

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercised

 

 

(42

)

 

$

1.32

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at March 31, 2020

 

 

3,869

 

 

$

13.91

 

 

 

8.5

 

 

$

18,686

 

Exercisable at March 31, 2020

 

 

1,397

 

 

$

8.04

 

 

 

7.8

 

 

$

11,576

 

 

Aggregate intrinsic value in the above table is calculated as the difference at March 31, 2020 between the closing price of the Company’s common stock and the exercise price of stock options that had exercise prices below the closing price.

The aggregate intrinsic value of options exercised during the first three months of 2020 was $0.9 million. 

Fair Value of Stock Option Awards

The Company utilizes the Black-Scholes option pricing model to value awards under its equity plans. The following table summarizes the weighted average assumptions used to estimate the fair value of stock options granted to employees under the Company’s stock option plans and the shares purchasable under the ESPP during the periods presented:

 

Stock Option Plans

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Expected option term

 

6.0 years

 

 

6.0 years

 

Expected volatility

 

76%

 

 

78%

 

Risk free interest rate

 

1.3%

 

 

2.4%

 

Expected dividend yield

 

—%

 

 

—%

 

 

ESPP

 

2020

 

2019

 

Expected option term

 

N/A

 

1.1 years

 

Expected volatility

 

N/A

 

66%

 

Risk free interest rate

 

N/A

 

2.4%

 

Expected dividend yield

 

N/A

 

—%

 

 

The key assumptions used in determining the fair value of equity awards, and the Company’s rationale, were as follows: (i) Expected option term - the expected term represents the period that options are expected to be outstanding and has been estimated using the simplified method, which is an average of the contractual option term and its vesting period; (ii) Expected volatility - the expected volatility assumption is based on volatilities of a peer group of similar companies in the biotechnology industry whose share prices are publicly available; (iii) Risk-free interest rate - the risk-free interest rate is based on the U.S. Treasury yield in effect at the time of grant for zero coupon U.S. Treasury notes with maturities that approximate the expected terms of awards; and (iv) Expected dividend yield - the expected dividend yield assumption is zero as the Company has never paid dividends and has no present intention to do so in the future.

The weighted-average fair value of stock options granted to employees during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 was $15.00 and $17.31 per share, respectively.

15


Stock-Based Compensation Expense

Stock-based compensation expense for the equity awards issued by the Company to employees and non-employees for the periods presented below was as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

Three months ended March 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Included in research and development

 

$

1,086

 

 

$

539

 

Included in general and administrative

 

 

1,061

 

 

 

489

 

Total stock-based compensation expense

 

$

2,147

 

 

$

1,028

 

 

As of March 31, 2020, unrecognized stock-based compensation cost related to option awards and to the ESPP was $27.6 million and $0.4 million, respectively, which is expected to be recognized over a remaining weighted-average period of approximately 3.1 years and 1.1 years, respectively.

10. SUBSEQUENT EVENT

Stock Offering

On April 17, 2020, the Company completed a public offering of 8,222,500 shares of its common stock at a public offering price of $14.00 per share. Proceeds from the offering were approximately $107.9 million, net of underwriting discounts and commissions and offering costs of $7.2 million. The shares were registered pursuant to the Company’s Shelf Registration Statement.

16


Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

You should read the following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations in conjunction with the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and with our audited financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

Forward Looking Statements

The following discussion and other parts of this quarterly report contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). All statements other than statements of historical facts contained in this quarterly report, including statements regarding our future results of operations and financial position, business strategy, the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, prospective products, product approvals, research and development costs, timing and likelihood of success, plans and objectives of management for future operations and future results of anticipated products, are forward-looking statements. These statements are often identified by the use of words such as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “could,” “should,” “estimate,” or “continue,” and similar expressions or variations. The forward-looking statements in this quarterly report are only predictions. We have based these forward-looking statements largely on our current expectations and projections about future events and financial trends that we believe may affect our financial condition, operating results, business strategy, short-term and long-term business operations and objectives. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this quarterly report and are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties and assumptions, including those described in Part II, Item 1A, “Risk Factors.” The events and circumstances reflected in our forward-looking statements may not be achieved or occur and actual results could differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements. Except as required by applicable law, we do not plan to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements contained herein, whether as a result of any new information, future events, changed circumstances or otherwise.

Overview

We are a clinical-stage pharmaceutical company focused on the discovery, development, and commercialization of novel therapeutics for rare endocrine diseases and endocrine-related tumors. Endocrine pathways function to maintain homeostasis and commonly use peptide hormones acting through G-protein coupled receptors, or GPCRs, to regulate many aspects of physiology including growth, energy, metabolism, gastrointestinal functions and stress responses. We have assembled a seasoned team with extensive expertise in drug discovery and development in endocrine GPCRs and built a highly productive drug discovery organization. We have discovered a pipeline of oral nonpeptide (small molecule) new chemical entities that target peptide GPCRs to treat a variety of rare endocrine diseases where treatment options have significant efficacy, safety, and/or tolerability limitations. Our lead product candidate, paltusotine (formerly CRN00808), is currently in clinical development for the treatment of acromegaly, and we are advancing additional product candidates through clinical and preclinical studies in parallel. Our vision is to build the leading endocrine company which consistently pioneers new therapeutics to help patients better control their disease and improve their daily lives.

We focus on the discovery and development of oral nonpeptide therapeutics that target peptide GPCRs with well-understood biological functions, validated biomarkers, and the potential to substantially improve the treatment of endocrine diseases and/or endocrine-related tumors. Our pipeline consists of paltusotine for acromegaly and neuroendocrine tumors, or NETs, and two preclinical programs for diseases of excess adrenocorticotropic hormone, or ACTH, and congenital hyperinsulinism, or CHI.

Paltusotine

Paltusotine, our lead product candidate, establishes a new class of oral selective nonpeptide somatostatin receptor type 2, or SST2, biased agonists designed for the treatment of acromegaly and NETs.

We are currently conducting three global Phase 2 clinical trials of paltusotine in acromegaly patients, the ACROBAT Edge, or Edge, ACROBAT Evolve, or Evolve, and ACROBAT Advance, or Advance trials. The Edge trial is an open-label exploratory study designed to evaluate the safety, efficacy and pharmacokinetics of paltusotine in subjects with acromegaly that are treated with somatostatin analog, or SSA, based treatment regimens but whose disease is not biochemically controlled on octreotide LAR or lanreotide depot monotherapy. The Evolve trial is a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized withdrawal study designed to evaluate the safety, efficacy and pharmacokinetics of paltusotine, in subjects with acromegaly whose disease is biochemically controlled by

17


octreotide LAR or lanreotide depot monotherapy. The Advance trial is an open-label, long-term extension study designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of paltusotine in patients that have completed the Evolve or Edge trials.

On April 6, 2020, we announced interim results from the ongoing Edge Phase 2 clinical trial. Results as of a February 23, 2020 data cutoff showed that acromegaly patients switching from injectable depot therapy to once daily oral paltusotine maintained insulin like growth factor 1, or IGF-1, levels previously achieved with commercially available depot injections of SSAs. Interim results from an exploratory analysis of the first 13 patients who entered the Edge trial on octreotide or lanreotide depot monotherapy showed that, as of the cutoff date, switching to once daily oral paltusotine maintained patient IGF-1 levels at those achieved with prior depot therapy [mean change from baseline = -0.015 x ULN (95% CI = -0.123, +0.092)]. Ten of the 11 (91%) patients who completed paltusotine treatment maintained IGF-1 levels within 15% of their respective baseline levels at week 13. No patient required “rescue therapy” with prior injected peptide acromegaly therapy after switching to paltusotine. Of the 12 patients in whom IGF-1 levels were measured two weeks after paltusotine withdrawal, the mean increase of IGF-1 from baseline was 0.74 x ULN ((95% CI = 0.394, 1.083), p<0.001). Paltusotine washed out in a time frame consistent with the 42 to 50 hours half-life previously measured in a healthy volunteer study. The rapid mean rise in IGF-1 after washout of paltusotine indicated the lack of suppressive effects by remnants of prior depot injected medication. Additionally, paltusotine was well tolerated and there were no discontinuations due to drug-related adverse events. The most common treatment emergent adverse events among patients were headache, arthralgia, peripheral swelling, back pain and hyperhidrosis. One serious adverse event (headache) was observed in the overall trial as of the data cutoff and determined to be non-treatment related.

Edge recruitment is complete and topline data from all patients in the trial is expected in the fourth quarter of 2020. New enrollment in the Evolve study has been discontinued, however the patients already enrolled will continue in the study. We believe that this interim data from Edge alone is supportive of moving forward into Phase 3. Rather than waiting for Evolve to complete enrollment, stopping enrollment enables data from those patients already enrolled in the study to be available for end of Phase 2 regulatory interactions on the same timeline as data from Edge. We plan to advance paltusotine into Phase 3 for patients with acromegaly in the first half of 2021 as well as into Phase 2 for patients with NETs who suffer from carcinoid syndrome.

Phase 1 data for CRN01941, our other SST2 agonist, in healthy volunteers showed that the compound did not represent an improvement over paltusotine. Therefore, we discontinued development of CRN01941 to focus resources on development of paltusotine for both acromegaly and NETs. We believe that the acceleration and increased efficiency offered by focusing on paltusotine offers the best path forward for our SST2 franchise.

ACTH Antagonist Program

We are developing the first nonpeptide product candidate to antagonize the receptor for the peptide ACTH that is designed for the treatment of Cushing’s disease and other diseases caused by excess ACTH, including congenital adrenal hyperplasia and ectopic ACTH syndrome. We are currently conducting first-in-human enabling studies with our lead ACTH antagonist development candidate and plan to initiate a Phase 1 clinical trial in late 2020 or early 2021.

SST5 Agonist Program

We are developing a new class of oral selective nonpeptide somatostatin type 5 receptor, or SST5, agonists designed to treat CHI. We are currently conducting first-in-human enabling studies with our lead SST5 agonist development candidate and plan to initiate a Phase 1 clinical trial in late 2020 or early 2021. If successful, we anticipate PK/PD data from these human proof-of-concept studies in the first half of 2021.

To date, we have devoted substantially all of our resources to drug discovery, conducting preclinical studies and clinical trials, obtaining and maintaining patents related to our product candidates, and the provision of general and administrative support for these operations. We have recognized revenues from various research and development grants, but do not have any products approved for sale and have not generated any product sales. We have funded our operations primarily through our grant revenues, the private placement of preferred stock, and sales of our common stock. As of March 31, 2020, we had unrestricted cash, cash equivalents, and investment securities of $112.8 million.

We have incurred cumulative net losses since our inception and, as of March 31, 2020, we had an accumulated deficit of $111.2 million. Our net losses may fluctuate significantly from quarter-to-quarter and year-to-year, depending on the timing of our clinical trials and preclinical studies and our expenditures on other research and

18


development activities. We expect our expenses and operating losses will increase substantially as we conduct our ongoing and planned clinical trials, continue our research and development activities, and conduct preclinical studies, hire additional personnel, protect our intellectual property and incur costs associated with being a public company, including audit, legal, regulatory, and tax-related services associated with maintaining compliance with exchange listing and Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, requirements, director and officer insurance premiums, and investor relations costs.

We do not expect to generate any revenues from product sales unless and until we successfully complete development and obtain regulatory approval for one or more of our product candidates, which we expect will take a number of years. If we obtain regulatory approval for any of our product candidates, we expect to incur significant commercialization expenses related to product sales, marketing, manufacturing and distribution. Accordingly, until such time as we can generate significant revenue from sales of our product candidates, if ever, we expect to finance our cash needs through equity offerings, debt financings or other capital sources, including potentially collaborations, licenses and other similar arrangements. However, we may be unable to raise additional funds or enter into such other arrangements when needed on favorable terms or at all. Our failure to raise capital or enter into such other arrangements when needed would have a negative impact on our financial condition and could force us to delay, scale back or discontinue the development of our existing product candidates or our efforts to expand our product pipeline.

COVID-19

As we continue to actively advance our programs, we are in close contact with our principal investigators and clinical sites, which are located in the United States, the United Kingdom, Europe, Brazil, New Zealand and Australia, and are assessing any impacts of COVID-19 on our drug manufacturing, nonclinical activities and clinical trials, expected timelines, and costs on an ongoing basis. In light of recent developments relating to the COVID-19 global pandemic, and consistent with the FDA’s updated industry guidance for conducting clinical trials issued on March 18, 2020, clinical trials may be deprioritized in favor of treating patients who have contracted the virus or to prevent the spread of the virus. This may lead to clinical trial protocol deviations or to discontinuation of treatment for patients who are currently enrolled in our trials. The direct and indirect impacts of COVID-19 on our business could alter our forecasted timelines. In addition, in response to the spread of COVID-19, we have closed our offices with our employees continuing their work outside of our offices and have limited the number of staff in our laboratory. We will continue to evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business and as we learn more about its impact on our industry.

Australian operations

In January 2017, we established Crinetics Australia Pty Ltd, or CAPL, a wholly-owned subsidiary which was formed to conduct various preclinical and clinical activities for our product and development candidates. We believe CAPL will be eligible for certain financial incentives made available by the Australian government for research and development expenses. Specifically, the Australian Taxation Office provides for a refundable tax credit in the form of a cash refund equal to 43.5% of qualified research and development expenditures under the Australian Research and Development Tax Incentive Program, or the Australian Tax Incentive, to Australian companies that operate the majority of their research and development activities associated with such projects in Australia. A wholly-owned Australian subsidiary of a non-Australian parent company is eligible to receive the refundable tax credit, provided that the Australian subsidiary retains the rights to the data and intellectual property generated in Australia, and provided that the total revenues of the parent company and its consolidated subsidiaries during the period for which the refundable tax credit is claimed are less than $20.0 million Australian dollars. If we lose our ability to operate CAPL in Australia, or if we are ineligible or unable to receive the research and development tax credit, or the Australian government significantly reduces or eliminates the tax credit, the actual refund amounts we receive may differ from our estimates.

19


Financial operations overview

Grant revenues

To date, we have not generated any revenues from the commercial sale of approved products, and we do not expect to generate revenues from the commercial sale of our product candidates for at least the foreseeable future, if ever. Revenues for 2020 and 2019 were derived from Small Business Innovation Research Grants, or SBIR Grants, awarded to us by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases of the National Institutes of Health. We do not currently expect grant revenues to be a material source of future funding.

Research and development

To date, our research and development expenses have related primarily to discovery efforts and preclinical and clinical development of our product candidates. Research and development expenses are recognized as incurred and payments made prior to the receipt of goods or services to be used in research and development are capitalized until the goods or services are received.

Research and development expenses include:

 

salaries, payroll taxes, employee benefits, and stock-based compensation charges for those individuals involved in research and development efforts;

 

external research and development expenses incurred under agreements with contract research organizations, or CROs, investigative sites and consultants to conduct our clinical trials and preclinical and non-clinical studies;

 

costs related to manufacturing our product candidates for clinical trials and preclinical studies, including fees paid to third-party manufacturers;

 

costs related to compliance with regulatory requirements;

 

laboratory supplies; and

 

facilities, depreciation and other allocated expenses for rent, facilities maintenance, insurance, equipment and other supplies.

We recognize the Australian Tax Incentive as a reduction of research and development expense. The amounts are determined based on eligible research and development expenditures. The Australian Tax Incentive is recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the Australian Tax Incentive will be received, the relevant expenditure has been incurred, and the amount of the Australian Tax Incentive can be reliably measured.

Our direct research and development expenses consist principally of external costs, such as fees paid to CROs, investigative sites and consultants in connection with our clinical trials, preclinical and non-clinical studies, and costs related to manufacturing clinical trial materials. The majority of our third-party expenses during 2020 and 2019 related to the research and development of paltusotine. We deploy our personnel and facility related resources across all of our research and development activities.

Our clinical development costs may vary significantly based on factors such as:

 

the number and scope of preclinical and IND-enabling studies;

 

per patient trial costs;

 

the number of trials required for approval;

 

the number of sites included in the trials;

 

the countries in which the trials are conducted;

 

the length of time required to enroll eligible patients;

 

the number of patients that participate in the trials;

 

number of doses that patients receive;

 

drop-out or discontinuation rates of patients;

 

potential additional safety monitoring requested by regulatory agencies;

 

the duration of patient participation in the trials and follow-up;

 

the cost and timing of manufacturing our product candidates;

 

the phase of development of our product candidates; and

 

the efficacy and safety profile of our product candidates.

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We plan to substantially increase our research and development expenses for the foreseeable future as we continue the development of our product candidates and the discovery of new product candidates. We cannot determine with certainty the timing of initiation, the duration or the completion costs of current or future preclinical studies and clinical trials of our product candidates due to the inherently unpredictable nature of preclinical and clinical development. Clinical and preclinical development timelines, the probability of success and development costs can differ materially from expectations. We anticipate that we will make determinations as to which product candidates to pursue and how much funding to direct to each product candidate on an ongoing basis in response to the results of ongoing and future preclinical studies and clinical trials, regulatory developments and our ongoing assessments as to each product candidate’s commercial potential. We will need to raise substantial additional capital in the future. In addition, we cannot forecast which product candidates may be subject to future collaborations, when such arrangements will be secured, if at all, and to what degree such arrangements would affect our development plans and capital requirements.

General and administrative

General and administrative expenses consist primarily of salaries and employee-related costs, including stock-based compensation, for personnel in executive, finance and other administrative functions. Other significant costs include facility-related costs, legal fees relating to intellectual property and corporate matters, professional fees for accounting and consulting services, insurance costs, and commercial planning expenses. We anticipate that our general and administrative expenses will increase in the future to support our continued research and development activities and, if any of our product candidates receive marketing approval, commercialization activities. We also anticipate increased expenses related to audit, legal, regulatory, and tax-related services associated with maintaining compliance with exchange listing and SEC requirements, director and officer insurance premiums, and investor relations costs associated with operating as a public company.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

This discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based on our condensed consolidated financial statements, which we have prepared in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles. The preparation of these condensed financial statements requires us to make estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, as well as the reported amounts of expenses during the reporting periods. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other factors and assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances at the time the estimates are made, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the book values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. We periodically evaluate our estimates and judgments in light of changes in circumstances, facts and experience.

Our critical accounting policies are those accounting principles generally accepted in the United States that require us to make subjective estimates and judgments about matters that are uncertain and are likely to have a material impact on our financial condition and results of operations, as well as the specific manner in which we apply those principles. For a description of our critical accounting policies, please see the section entitled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Critical Accounting Policies and Significant Judgments and Estimates” contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019. There have not been any material changes to the critical accounting policies discussed therein during the three months ended March 31, 2020.

21


Results of Operations

Comparison of the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019

The following table summarizes our results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019:

 

 

 

Three months ended March 31,

 

 

Dollar

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

Change

 

Grant revenues

 

$

71

 

 

$

367

 

 

$

(296

)

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

 

13,862

 

 

 

7,255

 

 

 

6,607

 

General and administrative

 

 

3,991

 

 

 

3,156

 

 

 

835

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

17,853

 

 

 

10,411

 

 

 

7,442

 

Loss from operations

 

 

(17,782

)

 

 

(10,044