UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549


FORM 20-F/A
Amendment No. 1
(Mark One)

REGISTRATION STATEMENT PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(b) OR (g) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
OR

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

OR

SHELL COMPANY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 or 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Date of event requiring this shell company report. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Commission file number 001-35025

PERFORMANCE SHIPPING INC.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

Performance Shipping Inc.
(Translation of Registrant’s name into English)

Republic of the Marshall Islands
(Jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

Pendelis 18, 175 64 Palaio Faliro, Athens, Greece
(Address of principal executive offices)

Mr. Andreas Michalopoulos
Pendelis 18, 17564 Palaio Faliro, Athens, Greece
Tel: + 30-216-600-24000, Fax: + 30-216-600-2599
E-mail: amichalopoulos@pshipping.com
(Name, Telephone, E-mail and/or Facsimile number and Address of Company Contact Person)

Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act.

Title of each class
Trading Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, $0.01 par value, including the 
Preferred stock purchase rights
“PSHG”
The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC


Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act.
________________None________________
(Title of Class)


Securities for which there is a reporting obligation pursuant to Section 15(d) of the Act.
________________None________________
(Title of Class)

Indicate the number of outstanding shares of each of the issuer’s classes of capital or common stock as of the close of the period covered by the annual report.

As of December 31, 2019, there were 49,021,001 shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding.

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well‑known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.
 ☐ Yes            ☒ No
If this report is an annual or transition report, indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
 ☐ Yes            ☒ No
Note-Checking the box above will not relieve any registrant required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 from their obligations under those Sections.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
☒ Yes            ☐ No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
☒ Yes            ☐ No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or an emerging growth company. See definition of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.:

Large accelerated filer ☐
Accelerated filer ☐
Non-accelerated filer ☒
Emerging growth company ☐
   

If an emerging growth company that prepares its financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards† provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

† The term "new or revised financial accounting standard" refers to any update issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board to its Accounting Standards Codification after April 5, 2012.


Indicate by check mark which basis of accounting the registrant has used to prepare the financial statements included in this filing:

       U.S. GAAP ☒ 
International Financial Reporting Standards as issued
by the International Accounting Standards Board ☐
Other ☐
     
     
If "Other" has been checked in response to the previous question, indicate by check mark which financial statement item the registrant has elected to follow.    
☐ Item 17  ☐ Item 18

If this is an annual report, indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
☐ Yes            ☒ No

(APPLICABLE ONLY TO ISSUERS INVOLVED IN BANKRUPTCY PROCEEDINGS DURING THE PAST FIVE YEARS)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Sections 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court.
☐ Yes            ☐ No


EXPLANATORY NOTE

This Amendment No. 1 (this "Amendment No. 1") to the Annual Report on Form 20-F for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019 of Performance Shipping Inc., which was originally filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on April 10, 2020 (the "Original 2019 Form 20-F"), is being filed solely for the purposes of (i) furnishing revised Interactive Data File (“XBRL”) disclosure as Exhibit 101 in accordance with Rule 405 of Regulation S-T due to an incorrect version of the XBRL disclosure being filed due to administrative error, and (ii) including as Exhibit 15.5 the consent of Ernst and Young (Hellas), Certified Auditors Accountants S.A., the independent auditor of Performance Shipping Inc.

This Amendment No. 1 speaks as of the filing date of the Original 2019 Form 20-F on April 10, 2020. Other than as expressly set forth above, this Amendment No. 1 does not, and does not purport to, amend, update or restate the information in any other item of the Original 2019 Form 20-F, or reflect any events that have occurred after the Original 2019 Form 20-F was originally filed.



ITEM 19.
EXHIBITS
 
 
Exhibit  Number
Description of Document
Exhibit 15.2*
101.INS*
XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
 
 

*  Filed with this Amendment No. 1 on Form 20-F/A.



SIGNATURES

The registrant hereby certifies that it meets all of the requirements for filing on Form 20-F/A and has duly caused and authorized the undersigned to sign this Amendment No. 1 to its Annual Report on its behalf.


 
PERFORMANCE SHIPPING INC.
 
       
 
By:
/s/ Andreas Michalopoulos
 
   
Andreas Michalopoulos
 
Director, Deputy Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, Treasurer and Secretary



Dated: April 10, 2020





Exhibit 15.2

Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

We consent to the incorporation by reference in the Registration Statement (Form F-3 No. 333-197740) of Performance Shipping Inc. and in the related Prospectus of our report dated April 10, 2020, with respect to the consolidated financial statements of Performance Shipping Inc. included in this Amendment No. 1 to the Annual Report (Form 20-F/A) for the year ended December 31, 2019.

/s/ Ernst & Young (Hellas) Certified Auditors Accountants S.A.

Athens, Greece
April 10, 2020


v3.20.1
Commitments and Contingencies, detail (Details) - USD ($)
$ in Thousands
Dec. 31, 2019
Dec. 31, 2018
Twelve months period ending December 31,    
Lease liabilities, current $ 72 $ 0
Lease liabilities, non- current 118 $ 0
Office spaces [Member]    
Twelve months period ending December 31,    
2020 77  
2021 77  
2022 57  
2023 2  
Total 213  
Less imputed interest (23)  
Present value of lease liabilities 190  
Lease liabilities, current 72  
Lease liabilities, non- current $ 118  
v3.20.1
Earnings / (Loss) per Share, detail (Details) - USD ($)
$ / shares in Units, $ in Thousands
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2019
Dec. 31, 2018
Dec. 31, 2017
Earnings Per Share, Diluted, by Common Class, Including Two Class Method [Line Items]      
Net income / (loss) $ (32,057) $ (52,895) $ 3,819
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding 28,646,763 9,450,555 427,333
Total shares outstanding 28,646,763 9,450,555 427,361
Earnings Loss Per Share Diluted [Member]      
Earnings Per Share, Diluted, by Common Class, Including Two Class Method [Line Items]      
Net income / (loss) $ (32,057) $ (52,895) $ 3,819
Net income / (loss) available to common stockholders $ (32,057) $ (52,895) $ 3,819
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding 28,646,763 9,450,555 427,333
Effect of dilutive shares 0 0 28
Total shares outstanding 28,646,763 9,450,555 427,361
Earnings / (Loss) per common share $ (1.12) $ (5.6) $ 8.94
Earnings Loss Per Share Basic [Member]      
Earnings Per Share, Diluted, by Common Class, Including Two Class Method [Line Items]      
Net income / (loss) $ (32,057) $ (52,895) $ 3,819
Net income / (loss) available to common stockholders $ (32,057) $ (52,895) $ 3,819
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding 28,646,763 9,450,555 427,333
Effect of dilutive shares 0 0 0
Earnings / (Loss) per common share $ (1.12) $ (5.6) $ 8.94
v3.20.1
Recent Accounting Pronouncements and Significant Accounting Policies, textuals 2 (Details)
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2019
USD ($)
Dec. 31, 2018
USD ($)
Dec. 31, 2017
USD ($)
Property, Plant and Equipment [Line Items]      
Number of reportable segments 2    
Depreciation Methods Straight-line basis    
Impairment losses $ 31,629,000 $ 20,654,000 $ 8,363,000
Tanker and Container Vessels [Member]      
Property, Plant and Equipment [Line Items]      
Estimated residual scrap value per light-weight ton $ 350    
Assumed time-charter rates for asset impairment to the extent applicable, on the most recent 10 year average historical rates    
Assumed vessel utilization for asset impairment 98.00%    
Assumed off hire percentage for asset impairment 1.00%    
Tanker Vessels [Member]      
Property, Plant and Equipment [Line Items]      
Property, Plant And Equipment, Estimated Useful Lives 25 years    
Container Vessels [Member]      
Property, Plant and Equipment [Line Items]      
Property, Plant And Equipment, Estimated Useful Lives 30 years    
Deferred Charges Net [Member]      
Property, Plant and Equipment [Line Items]      
Amortization of dry-docking costs $ 389,000 518,000 744,000
Loss / (Gain) on vessels' sale 117,000 $ 832,000 $ 0
Impairment losses $ 598,000    
v3.20.1
General Information, details (Details)
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2019
Taburao Shipping Company Inc (Notes 3, 5) [Member]  
Capacity By Subsidiary And Fees [Line Items]  
Capacity 104,623 DWT
Tarawa Shipping Company Inc (Notes 3, 5) [Member]  
Capacity By Subsidiary And Fees [Line Items]  
Capacity 104,588 DWT
Rongelap Shipping Company Inc (Notes 3, 4 and 14 (c)) [Member]  
Capacity By Subsidiary And Fees [Line Items]  
Capacity 115,577 DWT
Rongerik Shipping Company Inc [Member]  
Capacity By Subsidiary And Fees [Line Items]  
Capacity 3,739 TEU
Meck Shipping Company Inc (Note 14 (d)) [Member]  
Capacity By Subsidiary And Fees [Line Items]  
Capacity 6,494 TEU
Utirik Shipping Company Inc [Member]  
Capacity By Subsidiary And Fees [Line Items]  
Capacity 3,739 TEU
Delap Shipping Company Inc [Member]  
Capacity By Subsidiary And Fees [Line Items]  
Capacity 5,576 TEU
Jabor Shipping Company Inc [Member]  
Capacity By Subsidiary And Fees [Line Items]  
Capacity 5,576 TEU
Likiep Shipping Company Inc [Member]  
Capacity By Subsidiary And Fees [Line Items]  
Capacity 3,426 TEU
Orangina Inc [Member]  
Capacity By Subsidiary And Fees [Line Items]  
Capacity 3,426 TEU
Eluk Shipping Company Inc [Member]  
Capacity By Subsidiary And Fees [Line Items]  
Capacity 6,541 TEU
Langor Shipping Company Inc [Member]  
Capacity By Subsidiary And Fees [Line Items]  
Capacity 6,494 TEU
Dud Shipping Company Inc (Note 5) [Member]  
Capacity By Subsidiary And Fees [Line Items]  
Capacity 5,042 TEU
Oruk Shipping Company Inc (Note 5) [Member]  
Capacity By Subsidiary And Fees [Line Items]  
Capacity 6,541 TEU
v3.20.1
Income Taxes
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2019
Income Taxes [Abstract]  
Income Taxes

11. Income Taxes

Under the laws of the countries of the companies’ incorporation and / or vessels’ registration, the companies are not subject to tax on international shipping income; however, they are subject to registration and tonnage taxes, which are included in Vessel operating expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.

The Company is potentially subject to a four percent U.S. federal income tax on 50% of its gross income derived by its voyages that begin or end in the United States. However, under Section 883 of the Internal Revenue Code of the United States (the “Code”), a corporation is exempt from U.S. federal income taxation on its U.S.-source shipping income if: (a) it is organized in a foreign country that grants an equivalent exemption from tax to corporations organized in the United States (an equivalent exemption”); and (b) either (i) more than 50% of the value of its common stock is owned, directly or indirectly, by “qualified shareholders,”, which is referred to as the “50% Ownership Test,” or (ii) its common stock is “primarily and regularly traded on an established securities market” in the United States or in a country that grants an “equivalent exemption”, which is referred to as the “Publicly-Traded Test.”

The Marshall Islands, the jurisdiction where Performance Shipping Inc. and each of its vessel-owning subsidiaries are incorporated, grant an “equivalent exemption” to U.S. corporations. Therefore, the Company would be exempt from U.S. federal income taxation with respect to its U.S.-source shipping income if either the 50% Ownership Test or the Publicly-Traded Test is met.

Based on the trading and ownership of its stock, the Company believes that it satisfied the Publicly-Traded Test for its 2019 taxable year and intends to take this position on its 2019 U.S. federal income tax returns. Therefore, the Company does not expect to have any U.S. federal income tax liability for the year ended December 31, 2019.

v3.20.1
Transactions with Related Parties
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2019
Transactions with Related Parties

3. Transactions with Related Parties

(a) Altair Travel Agency S.A (“Altair”): The Company uses the services of an affiliated travel agent, Altair, which is controlled by the Company’s CEO and Chairman of the Board. Travel expenses for 2019, 2018 and 2017, were $428, $554 and $672, respectively, and are included in Vessel operating expenses, in General and administrative expenses, and in Loss/(Gain) on vessels sale in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. As at December 31, 2019 and 2018, an amount of $8 and $4, respectively, was payable to Altair and is included in Due to related parties in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

(b) Steamship Shipbroking Enterprises Inc. (“Steamship Shipbroking”): Steamship Shipbroking, a company controlled by the Company’s CEO and Chairman of the Board, provided, until March 1, 2020 brokerage services to the Company, pursuant to a Brokerage Services Agreement for a fixed fee. Subsequent to the balance sheet date, the agreement with Steamship Shipbroking was early terminated at no cost (Note 14 (g)).

For 2019, 2018 and 2017, total brokerage fees to Steamship Shipbroking amounted to $2,100, $2,145 and $2,100 respectively, and are included in General and administrative expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. As at December 31, 2019 and 2018, there was no amount due from or due to Steamship Shipbroking, and an amount of $420 and $465, respectively, has been accrued for in connection with bonuses approved to Steamship Shipbroking and is included in Accrued liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

(c) Diana Shipping Inc. (“DSI”): In May 2013, the Company entered into an unsecured loan agreement of up to $50,000 with DSI, which was subsequently amended in 2015, 2016 and 2017. In May 2017, as discussed in Note 8, the Company issued 100 shares of its then newly-designated Series C Preferred Stock to DSI, in exchange for a reduction of $3,000 in the principal amount of the Company's then outstanding loan. Later, in June 2017, the Company refinanced the then existing loan for an amount of $87,617, including a $5,000 interest-bearing discount premium, which was payable at maturity in 2018. The loan, which was secured over all of the Company’s vessels owned as of the date of refinancing, was gradually repaid in full up to July 2018, together with the discount premium, and thus the loan agreement was terminated. The weighted average interest rate of the DSI loan during 2018 and 2017 was 6.12% and 5.42%, respectively. For 2018 and 2017, interest expense incurred under the loan agreements with DSI amounted to $2,054 and $3,656 respectively, while the discount premium amortization amounted to $2,708 and $2,292, respectively. Interest expense and discount premium amortization are included in Interest and finance costs in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. Subsequent to the balance sheet date, the Company re-purchased and cancelled all Series C Preferred Stock (Note 14 (j)).

d) $21,000 Investment by the Company’s CEO and Chairman: In June and November 2019, under two separate transactions, the Company acquired the entities Taburao Shipping Company Inc., Tarawa Shipping Company Inc., and Rongelap Shipping Company Inc., which were affiliated with the Company’s CEO and Chairman, Mr. Symeon Palios, for an aggregate purchase price of $21,000. Prior to their acquisition by the Company, each of the three newly-acquired entities had signed contracts to purchase an Aframax tanker vessel each, the “Blue Moon”, the “Briolette” and the “P. Fos” (ex Virgo Sun) from unaffiliated third-party sellers for a purchase price of $30,000, $30,000 and $26,000 respectively, and had paid advance deposits of $8,000, $2,000 and $11,000, respectively. The Company, in exchange for the aforementioned entities’ acquisition, agreed to pay a price equal to the aggregate deposits previously paid to the vessels’ sellers. The $10,000 aggregate purchase price for the previously signed contracts of the “Blue Moon” and theBriolette” was paid in Company’s common shares at a per share price of $1.05, which was the undiscounted closing price of the Company’s common stock on the NASDAQ stock exchange on June 7, 2019. The $11,000 purchase price for the previously signed contract of the P. Fos” (ex “Virgo Sun”) was also paid in Company’s common shares at a per share price of $0.9027, which was the undiscounted closing price of the Company’s common stock on the NASDAQ stock exchange on November 18, 2019. Both transactions, which were unanimously approved by the disinterested members of the board of directors of the Company, resulted in the issuance of an aggregate number of 21,709,474 common shares during 2019.

The “Blue Moon” and the “Briolette” were delivered to the Company charter-free in August and November 2019, respectively, and the Company paid the remaining balance of the purchase price through bank financing and cash on hand (Notes 5 and 6). The vessel “P. Fos ” (ex “Virgo Sun”) has been delivered to the Company in January 2020 and the balance of the purchase price payable under the contract of $15,000 was funded through bank financing and cash on hand (Notes 4, 6, 7 and 14 (c)).

e) Diana Wilhelmsen Management Limited (“DWM”): In late December 2019, the Company appointed DWM to provide management services to the container vessels “Rotterdam” and “Domingo”. DWM was deemed a related party to the Company until the resignation of certain of the Company’s BOD members and officers (Note 14 (f)), on the basis that, until February 2020, members of the Company’s management and board of directors also acted as board of directors members at DWM. For 2019, management fees to DWM amounted to $5 and are included in “Management fees” in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. As at December 31, 2019, there was no amount due from or due to DWM.

v3.20.1
Commitments and Contingencies
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2019
Commitments and Contingencies

7. Commitments and Contingencies

(a) Various claims, suits, and complaints, including those involving government regulations and product liability, arise in the ordinary course of the shipping business. In addition, losses may arise from disputes with charterers, agents, insurance and other claims with suppliers relating to the operations of the Company’s vessels. Currently, management is not aware of any claims or contingent liabilities, which should be disclosed, or for which a provision should be established and has not in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.

The Company accrues for the cost of environmental liabilities when management becomes aware that a liability is probable and is able to reasonably estimate the probable exposure. Currently, management is not aware of any such claims or contingent liabilities, which should be disclosed, or for which a provision should be established in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.

The Company’s vessels are covered for pollution in the amount of $1 billion per vessel per incident, by the protection and indemnity association (“P&I Association”) in which the Company’s vessels are entered. The Company’s vessels are subject to calls payable to their P&I Association and may be subject to supplemental calls which are based on estimates of premium income and anticipated and paid claims. Such estimates are adjusted each year by the Board of Directors of the P&I Association until the closing of the relevant policy year, which generally occurs within three years from the end of the policy year. Supplemental calls, if any, are expensed when they are announced and according to the period they relate to. The Company is not aware of any supplemental calls outstanding in respect of any policy year.

(b) As discussed in Notes 3 and 4, in November 2019, the Company acquired the subsidiary Rongelap Shipping Company Inc., which had entered into a memorandum of agreement, to acquire the Aframax tanker vessel “P. Fos” (exVirgo Sun”). As at December 31, 2019, the remaining balance to be paid under the contract was $15,000 and was settled in January 2020 upon vessels delivery to the new owners using cash on hand and bank financing (Notes 6 and 14 (c)).

(c) As at December 31, 2019, the Company’s container vessels were operating under time charter agreements, which are accounted for as per ASC 842 requirements, while the Company’s tanker vessels were on spot voyages, which are accounted for as per ASC 606 requirements. The minimum contractual annual charter revenues, net of related commissions to third parties, to be generated from the existing as at December 31, 2019, non-cancelable charter contracts, are estimated at $1,080 for the container vessels until December 31, 2020.

(d) The Company rents its office spaces in Greece under various lease agreements with unaffiliated parties. The durations of these agreements vary from a few months to 5 years and certain of these contracts also bear the option for the Company to extend the lease terms for further periods. Under ASC 842, the Company, as a lessee, has classified these contracts as operating leases and accordingly, a lease liability of $190 and an equal right-of-use asset based on the present value of future minimum lease payments for the fixed periods of each contract have been recognized on the December 31, 2019 balance sheet. The monthly rent cost under the existing as of December 31, 2019 lease agreements are $10 (based on the exchange rate of Euro/US Dollar $1.124 as of December 31, 2019) and rent expense is included in General and administrative expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. The Company has assessed the right of use asset recognized for office leases for impairment and concluded that no impairment charge should be recorded as of December 31, 2019, as no impairment indicators existed.

The following table sets forth the Company’s undiscounted office rental obligations as at December 31, 2019:

Twelve months period ending December 31, Amount
2020$77
202177
202257
20232
Total$213
Less imputed interest -23
Present value of lease liabilities$190
Lease liabilities, current72
Lease liabilities, non- current118
Present value of lease liabilities$190
v3.20.1
Recent Accounting Pronouncements and Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2019
Recent Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted

Recent Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted

Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No.  2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. This standard, including the codification improvements issued in November 2018, requires entities to measure all expected credit losses of financial assets held at a reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts in order to record credit losses in a more timely manner. ASU 2016-13 also amends the accounting for credit losses on available-for-sale debt securities and purchased financial assets with credit deterioration. In November 2018, FASB issued ASU 2018-19, Codification Improvements to topic 326, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses. The amendments in this update clarify that operating lease receivables are not within the scope of ASC 326-20 and should instead be accounted for under the new leasing standard, ASC 842. For public entities, the amendments of this update are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years.  The Company has assessed all the expected credit losses of its financial assets and the adoption of this ASU is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

In April 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-04, Codification Improvements to Topic 326, Financial Instruments Credit Losses, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses, Topic 815, Derivatives and Hedging, and Topic 825 Financial Instruments, the amendments of which clarify the modification of accounting for available for sale debt securities excluding applicable accrued interest, which must be individually assessed for credit losses when fair value is less than the amortized cost basis. In May 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-05, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326)—Targeted Transition Relief, which is the final version of Proposed Accounting Standards Update 2019-100—Targeted Transition Relief for Topic 326, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses, which has been deleted. This Update provides entities with an option to irrevocably elect the fair value option applied on an instrument-by-instrument basis for certain financial assets upon the adoption of Topic 326. The fair value option election does not apply to held-to-maturity debt securities. The effective date and transition requirements for the amendments in these Updates are the same as the effective dates and transition requirements in Update 2016-13, as amended by these Updates. The adoption of this ASU is not expected to have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13, Disclosure Framework: Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement, which improves the effectiveness of fair value measurement disclosures. In particular, the amendments in this Update modify the disclosure requirements on fair value measurements in Topic 820, Fair Value Measurement, based on the concepts in FASB Concepts Statement, Conceptual Framework for Financial Reporting—Chapter 8: Notes to Financial Statements, including the consideration of costs and benefits. The amendments in the Update apply to all entities that are required under existing GAAP, to make disclosures about recurring and non-recurring fair value measurements.  ASU No. 2018-13 is effective for annual periods, including interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2019. The amendments on changes in unrealized gains and losses, the range and weighted average of significant unobservable inputs used to develop Level 3 fair value measurements, and the narrative description of measurement uncertainty should be applied prospectively for only the most recent interim or annual period presented in the initial fiscal year of adoption. All other amendments should be applied retrospectively to all periods presented upon their effective date. Early adoption is permitted upon issuance of this Update. An entity is permitted to early adopt any removed or modified disclosures upon issuance of this Update and delay adoption of the additional disclosures until their effective date. The adoption of this ASU is not expected to have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

Consolidation (Topic 810): In October 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-17, “Consolidation (Topic 810)—Targeted Improvements to Related Party Guidance for Variable Interest Entities”. The Board is issuing this Update in response to stakeholders’ observations that Topic 810, Consolidation, could be improved in the following areas: i) applying the variable interest entity (VIE) guidance to private companies under common control, ii) considering indirect interests held through related parties under common control for determining whether fees paid to decision-makers and service providers are variable interests. The amendments in this Update improve the accounting for those areas, thereby improving general purpose financial reporting. ASU No. 2018-17 is effective for annual periods, including interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2019. All entities are required to apply the amendments in this Update retrospectively with a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings at the beginning of the earliest period presented. The adoption of this ASU is not expected to have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

Principles of Consolidation

(a) Principles of Consolidation: The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles and include the accounts of Performance Shipping Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries referred to in Note 1 above. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated upon consolidation. Under Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 810 “Consolidation”, the Company consolidates entities in which it has a controlling financial interest, by first considering if an entity meets the definition of a variable interest entity ("VIE") for which the Company is deemed to be the primary beneficiary under the VIE model, or if the Company controls an entity through a majority of voting interest based on the voting interest model. The Company evaluates financial instruments, service contracts, and other arrangements to determine if any variable interests relating to an entity exist. The Company’s evaluation did not result in an identification of variable interest entities as of December 31, 2019 and 2018.

Use of Estimates

(b) Use of Estimates: The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Other Comprehensive Income / (Loss)

(c) Other Comprehensive Income / (Loss): The Company follows the provisions of Accounting Standard Codification (ASC) 220, “Comprehensive Income”, which requires separate presentation of certain transactions, which are recorded directly as components of stockholders’ equity. The Company presents Other Comprehensive Income / (Loss) in a separate statement according to ASU 2011-05.

Foreign Currency Translation

(d) Foreign Currency Translation: The functional currency of the Company is the U.S. Dollar because the Company operates its vessels in international shipping markets, and therefore, primarily transacts business in U.S. Dollars. The Company’s accounting records are maintained in U.S. Dollars. Transactions involving other currencies during the years presented are converted into U.S. Dollars using the exchange rates in effect at the time of the transactions. At the balance sheet dates, monetary assets and liabilities which are denominated in other currencies are translated into U.S. Dollars at the period-end exchange rates. Resulting gains or losses are reflected separately in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

(e) Cash and Cash Equivalents: The Company considers highly liquid investments such as time deposits, certificates of deposit and their equivalents with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents.

Restricted Cash

(f) Restricted Cash: Restricted cash, when applicable, includes minimum cash deposits required to be maintained under the Company’s borrowing arrangements. The comparative amounts in the accompanying 2017 consolidated statements of cash flows have been reclassified due to the changes in the current presentation of restricted cash following the adoption as of January 1, 2018, of the ASU No. 2016-18 -Statement of Cash Flows - Restricted Cash.

Accounts Receivable, Trade

(g) Accounts Receivable, Trade: The account includes receivables from charterers for hire and freight, net of any provision for doubtful accounts. At each balance sheet date, all potentially uncollectible accounts are assessed individually for purposes of determining the appropriate provision for doubtful accounts. No provision for doubtful accounts has been made as of December 31, 2019 and 2018.

Inventories

(h) Inventories: Inventories consist of lubricants and victualling which are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost is determined by the first-in, first-out method. Net realizable value is defined as estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal and transportation. Inventories also consist of bunkers when the vessel operates under freight charter or when on the balance sheet date a vessel has been redelivered by her previous time charterers and has not yet been delivered to new charterers, or remains idle. Bunkers are also stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value and cost is determined by the first in, first out method.

Vessel Cost

(i) Vessel Cost: Vessels are stated at cost which consists of the contract price and costs incurred upon acquisition or delivery of a vessel from a shipyard. Subsequent expenditures for conversions and major improvements are also capitalized when they appreciably extend the life, increase the earnings capacity or improve the efficiency or safety of the vessels; otherwise, these amounts are charged to expense as incurred.

Vessel Depreciation

(j) Vessel Depreciation: The Company depreciates its vessels on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives, after considering the estimated salvage value. Each vessel’s salvage value is the product of her light-weight tonnage and estimated scrap rate, which is estimated at $0.35 per light-weight ton for the tanker and the container vessels in the fleet. Management estimates the useful life of the Company’s tanker and container vessels to be 25 and 30 years, respectively, from the date of initial delivery from the shipyard. Second-hand vessels are depreciated from the date of their acquisition through their remaining estimated useful life. When regulations place limitations on the ability of a vessel to trade on a worldwide basis, the vessel’s useful life is adjusted at the date such regulations are adopted.

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

(k) Impairment of Long-Lived Assets: The Company follows ASC 360-10-40 “Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets”, which addresses financial accounting and reporting for the impairment or disposal of long-lived assets. The Company reviews vessels for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances (such as market conditions, obsolesce or damage to the asset, potential sales and other business plans) indicate that the carrying amount of a vessel may not be recoverable. When the estimate of future undiscounted net operating cash flows, excluding interest charges, expected to be generated by the use of the vessel over her remaining useful life and her eventual disposition is less than her carrying amount, the Company evaluates the vessel for impairment loss. The measurement of the impairment loss is based on the fair value of the vessel. The fair value of the vessel is determined based on management estimates and assumptions and by making use of available market data and third-party valuations. The Company evaluates the carrying amounts and periods over which vessels are depreciated to determine if events have occurred which would require modification to their carrying values or useful lives. In evaluating useful lives and carrying values of long-lived assets, management reviews certain indicators of potential impairment, such as undiscounted projected operating cash flows, vessel sales and purchases, business plans and overall market conditions. The current conditions in the shipping market with decreased charter rates and decreased vessel market values are conditions that the Company considers indicators of a potential impairment. In developing estimates of future undiscounted cash flows, the Company makes assumptions and estimates about the vessels' future performance, with the significant assumptions being related to charter rates, fleet utilization, vessels' operating expenses, vessels' residual value, and the estimated remaining useful life of each vessel. The assumptions used to develop estimates of future undiscounted cash flows are based on historical trends as well as future expectations. The Company also takes into account factors such as the vessels’ age and employment prospects under the then current market conditions and determines the future undiscounted cash flows considering its various alternatives, including sale possibilities existing for each vessel as of the testing dates.

The Company determines undiscounted projected net operating cash flows for each vessel and compares it to the vessel’s carrying value. The projected net operating cash flows are determined by considering the historical and estimated vessels’ performance and utilization, the charter revenues from existing time charters for the fixed fleet days and an estimated daily rate for the unfixed days (based, to the extent applicable, on the most recent 10 year average historical rates available for each type of vessel, considering also current market rates) over the remaining estimated life of each vessel, net of commissions, expected outflows for scheduled vessels’ maintenance and vessel operating expenses assuming an average annual inflation rate.  Effective fleet utilization is assumed to 98% in the Company’s exercise, if vessel not laid-up, taking into account the period(s) each vessel is expected to undergo her scheduled maintenance (dry docking and special surveys), as well as an estimate of 1% off-hire days each year, assumptions in line with the Company’s historical performance and its expectations for future fleet utilization under its fleet employment strategy. The review of the vessel’s carrying amounts in connection with the estimated recoverable amounts for 2019, 2018 and 2017 indicated impairment charges for certain of the Company’s vessels, which are separately reflected in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations (Note 5).

Assets held for sale

(l) Assets held for sale: The Company classifies assets or assets in disposal groups as being held for sale in accordance with ASC 360-10-45-9 "Long-Lived Assets Classified as Held for Sale" when the following criteria are met: (i) management possessing the necessary authority has committed to a plan to sell the asset (disposal group); (ii) the asset (disposal group) is immediately available for sale on an "as is" basis; (iii) an active program to find the buyer and other actions required to execute the plan to sell the asset (disposal group) have been initiated; (iv) the sale of the asset (disposal group) is probable, and transfer of the asset (disposal group) is expected to qualify for recognition as a completed sale within one year; and (v) the asset (disposal group) is being actively marketed for sale at a price that is reasonable in relation to its current fair value and actions required to complete the plan indicate that it is unlikely that significant changes to the plan will be made or that the plan will be withdrawn. In case a long-lived asset is to be disposed of other than by sale (for example, by abandonment, in an exchange measured based on the recorded amount of the nonmonetary asset relinquished, or in a distribution to owners in a spinoff) the Company continues to classify it as held and used until its disposal date. Long-lived assets or disposal groups classified as held for sale are measured at the lower of their carrying amount or fair value less cost to sell. These assets are not depreciated once they meet the criteria to be held for sale. The review of the related criteria for the year ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 did not result in held for sale classification for any of the Company’s vessels, however, on September 30, 2019, on June 30, 2018, and March 31, 2018, the Company has classified certain of its vessels as held for sale (Note 5).

Accounting for Voyage and Time-Charter Revenues and Related Expenses

(m) Accounting for Voyage and Time-Charter Revenues and Related Expenses: Since the Company’s vessels are employed under time and voyage charter contracts, the Company disaggregates its revenue from contracts with customers by the type of charter (time charters and spot charters).

The Company has determined that all of its time charter agreements contain a lease and are therefore accounted for as operating leases in accordance with ASC 842. Time charter revenues are accounted for over the term of the charter as the service is provided. Vessels are chartered when a contract exists and the vessel is delivered (commencement date) to the charterer, for a fixed period of time, at rates that are generally determined in the main body of charter parties and the relevant voyage expenses burden the charterer (i.e. port dues, canal tolls, pilotages and fuel consumption). Upon delivery of the vessel, the charterer has the right to control the use of the vessel (under agreed prudent operating practices) as they have the enforceable right to: (i) decide the delivery and redelivery time of the vessel; (ii) arrange the ports from which the vessel shall pass; (iii) give directions to the master of the vessel regarding vessel's operations (i.e. speed, route, bunkers purchases, etc.); (iv) sub-charter the vessel and (v) consume any income deriving from the vessel's charter. Any off-hires are recognized as incurred. The charterer may charter the vessel with or without owner's crew and other operating services. In the case of time charter agreements, the agreed hire rates include compensation for part of the agreed crew and other operating services provided by the owner (non-lease components). The Company, as a lessor, elected to apply the practical expedient which allowed it to account for the lease and the non-lease components of time charter agreements as one, as the criteria of the paragraphs ASC 842-10-15-42A through 42B are met. Time-charter revenue is usually received in advance, and as such, unearned revenue represents cash received prior to the balance sheet date for which related service has not been provided.

Spot, or voyage charter is a charter where a contract is made in the spot market for the use of a vessel for a specific voyage for a specified freight rate per ton, regardless of time to complete. The Company has determined that under voyage charters, the charterer has no right to control any part of the use of the vessel. Thus, the Company’s voyage charters do not contain lease and are accounted for in accordance with ASC 606. More precisely, the Company satisfies its single performance obligation to transfer cargo under the contract over the voyage period. Thus, revenues from voyage charters on the spot market are recognized ratably from the date of loading (Notice of Readiness to the charterer, that the vessel is available for loading) to discharge date of cargo (loading-to-discharge). Voyage charter payments are due upon discharge of the cargo. Demurrage revenue, which is included in voyage revenues, represents charterers’ reimbursement for any potential delays exceeding the allowed lay time as per charter party agreement, represents form of variable consideration and is recognized as the performance obligation is satisfied. The Company has taken the practical expedient not to disclose the value of unsatisfied performance obligations for contracts with an original expected length of one year or less.

As discussed above, under a time charter specified voyage costs, such as bunkers and port charges are paid by the charterer, while commissions are paid by the Company. Under spot charter arrangements, voyage expenses that are unique to a particular charter are paid for by the Company. Commissions are expensed as incurred. Voyage expenses that qualify as contract fulfillment costs (mainly consisting of bunkers expenses and port dues) and are incurred by the Company from the latter of the end of the previous vessel employment, provided that the vessel is fixed, or from the date of inception of a voyage charter contract until the arrival at the loading port, are capitalized to Deferred Voyage Expenses and amortized ratably over the total transit time of the voyage (loading-to-discharge). Vessel voyage expenses that do not qualify as contract fulfillment costs, operating expenses, and charter hire expenses are expensed when incurred.

In 2018, all Company’s vessels (which were exclusively container vessels) were operating under time-charter contracts, and accordingly trade accounts receivable and deferred revenue balances of December 31, 2018 and revenues and voyage expenses of 2018 were derived solely from time-charter contracts. Since August 2019, following the acquisition of tanker vessels, the Company recognizes revenue and related voyage expenses for two types of charters, time charters and spot charters as described above. As of December 31, 2019, Accounts receivable trade from spot charters amounted to $3,985 and Accounts receivable trade from time-charter amounted to $700. For 2019, Revenues from spot charters amounted to $6,224 and Revenues from time-charters amounted to $20,622, while Voyage expenses from spot charters amounted to $2,461 and Voyage expenses from time-charters amounted to $986.

Earnings/(Loss) per Common Share

(n) Earnings/(Loss) per Common Share: Basic earnings/(loss) per common share are computed by dividing net income / (loss) attributable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings/(loss) per common share reflects the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock were exercised.

Segmental Reporting

(o) Segmental Reporting: The Company has determined that it operates under two reportable segments, one relating to its operations of the tanker vessels and one to the operations of the container vessels. For both segments, the Company reports financial information and evaluates the operations of the two segments by charter revenues and not by the length of ship employment for its customers, i.e. spot or time charters. Management, including the chief operating decision-maker, reviews operating results solely by revenue per day and operating results of the two fleets. Furthermore, when the Company charters a vessel to a charterer, the charterer is free to trade the vessel worldwide and, as a result, the disclosure of geographic information is impracticable. The accounting policies applied to the reportable segments are the same as those used in the preparation of the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

Accounting for Dry-Docking Costs

(p) Accounting for Dry-Docking Costs: The Company follows the deferral method of accounting for dry-docking costs whereby actual costs incurred are deferred and amortized on a straight-line basis over the period through the date the next dry-docking will be scheduled to become due. Unamortized dry-docking costs of vessels that are sold are written off and included in the calculation of the resulting gain or loss in the year of the vessel’s sale. Unamortized dry-docking costs of vessels classified as held for sale are written off as impairment charges when these vessels’ carrying values are impaired as a result of their classification. The unamortized dry-docking cost is reflected in Deferred Charges, net, in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. Amortization of dry-docking costs for 2019, 2018 and 2017 amounted to $389, $518 and $744, respectively, and is reflected in Depreciation and amortization of deferred charges, in the accompanying consolidated statement of operations. In addition, in 2019, $117 and $598 of deferred dry-dock costs have been written off in Loss / (Gain) on vessels’ sale and in Impairment losses, respectively, due to the respective vessels’ sale or due to their classification as held for sale during the year. Similarly, in 2018 and 2017, $832 and $0, respectively, of deferred dry-dock costs have been written-off in Loss / (Gain) on vessels’ sale in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.

Financing Costs and Liabilities

(q) Financing Costs and Liabilities: Fees paid to lenders for obtaining new loans or refinancing existing ones are deferred and recorded as a contra to debt. Other fees paid for obtaining loan facilities not used at the balance sheet date are capitalized as deferred financing costs. Fees are amortized to interest and finance costs over the life of the related debt using the effective interest method and, for the fees relating to loan facilities not used at the balance sheet date, according to the loan availability terms. Discount premiums (Note 3) are accounted for similar to other financing fees. Unamortized fees relating to loans repaid or refinanced as debt extinguishment are expensed as interest and finance costs in the period the repayment or extinguishment is made. Loan commitment fees are charged to expense in the period incurred. A loan liability is derecognized when the Company pays the creditor and is relieved of its obligation for the liability. The difference between the settlement price and the net carrying amount of the debt being extinguished (which includes any deferred debt issuance costs) is recognized as a gain or loss in the statement of operations.

Repairs and Maintenance

(r) Repairs and Maintenance: All repair and maintenance expenses including underwater inspection expenses are expensed in the period incurred. Such costs are included in Vessel operating expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.

Share-Based Payment

(s) Share-Based Payment: The Company issues restricted share awards which are measured at their grant date fair value and are not subsequently re-measured.  That cost is recognized under the straight-line method over the period during which an employee is required to provide service in exchange for the award—the requisite service period (usually the vesting period). When the service inception date precedes the grant date, the Company accrues the compensation cost for periods before the grant date based on the fair value of the award at the reporting date. In the period in which the grant date occurs, cumulative compensation cost is adjusted to reflect the cumulative effect of measuring compensation cost based on the fair value at the grant date. Forfeitures of awards are accounted for when and if they occur. If an equity award is modified after the grant date, incremental compensation cost will be recognized in an amount equal to the excess of the fair value of the modified award over the fair value of the original award immediately before the modification.

Fair Value Measurements

(t) Fair Value Measurements: The Company follows the provisions of ASC 820 "Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures", which defines fair value and provides guidance for using fair value to measure assets and liabilities. The guidance creates a fair value hierarchy of measurement and describes fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants in the market in which the reporting entity transacts. In accordance with the requirements of accounting guidance relating to Fair Value Measurements, the Company classifies and discloses its assets and liabilities carried at the fair value in one of the following categories:

Level 1: Quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;

Level 2: Observable market based inputs or unobservable inputs that are corroborated by market data;

Level 3: Unobservable inputs that are not corroborated by market data.

Concentration of Credit Risk

(u) Concentration of Credit Risk: Financial instruments, which potentially subject the Company to significant concentrations of credit risk, consist principally of cash and trade accounts receivable. The Company places its temporary cash investments, consisting mostly of deposits, with various qualified financial institutions and performs periodic evaluations of the relative credit standing of those financial institutions that are considered in the Company’s investment strategy. The Company limits its credit risk with accounts receivable by performing ongoing credit evaluations of its customers’ financial condition and generally does not require collateral for its accounts receivable and does not have any agreements to mitigate credit risk.

Going Concern

(v) Going Concern: The Company's policy is in accordance with ASU No. 2014-15, "Presentation of Financial Statements - Going Concern", issued in August 2014 by the FASB. ASU 2014-15 provides U.S. GAAP guidance on management's responsibility in evaluating whether there is substantial doubt about a company's ability to continue as a going concern and on related required footnote disclosures. For each reporting period, management is required to evaluate whether there are conditions or events that raise substantial doubt about a company's ability to continue as a going concern within one year from the date the financial statements are issued.

Evaluation of purchase transactions

(w) Evaluation of purchase transactions: When the Company enters into an acquisition transaction, it determines whether the acquisition transaction was the purchase of an asset or a business based on the facts and circumstances of the transaction. In accordance with ASU No. 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business, if substantially all of the fair value of the gross assets acquired in an acquisition transaction are concentrated in a single identifiable asset or group of similar identifiable assets, then the set is not a business. To be considered a business, a set must include an input and a substantive process that together significantly contributes to the ability to create an output. All assets acquired and liabilities assumed in a business combination are measured at their acquisition-date fair values. For asset acquisitions, the cost of the acquisition is allocated to individual assets and liabilities on a relative fair value basis. Acquisition costs associated with business combinations are expensed as incurred. Acquisition costs associated with asset acquisitions are capitalized.

v3.20.1
Long-Term Debt (Tables)
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2019
Schedule of Long-term Debt [Table Text Block]
December 31, 2019 Current Non-current December 31, 2018 Current Non-current
Nordea term loan$32,481$4,340$28,141$-$-$-
less unamortized deferred financing costs (198) (58) (140) - - -
Total debt, net of deferred financing costs$32,283$4,282$28,001$-$-$-
Schedule of maturities of Long-term Debt [Table Text Block]
Period Principal Repayment
January 1, 2020toDecember 31, 2020$4,340
January 1, 2021toDecember 31, 20214,340
January 1, 2022toDecember 31, 20224,340
January 1, 2023toDecember 31, 20234,340
January 1, 2024toJuly 30, 202415,121
Total$32,481
v3.20.1
General Information
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2019
General Information

1. General Information

The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Performance Shipping Inc. (or “Performance”) and its wholly-owned subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company”). Performance was incorporated as Diana Containerships Inc. on January 7, 2010, under the laws of the Republic of the Marshall Islands for the purpose of engaging in any lawful act or activity under the Marshall Islands Business Corporations Act. On February 19, 2019, the Company’s Annual Meeting of Shareholders approved an amendment to the Company’s Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation to change the name of the Company from “Diana Containerships Inc.” to “Performance Shipping Inc.,” which was effected on February 25, 2019.  The Company’s common shares traded on the Nasdaq Global Select Market until March 5, 2020, and effective March 6, 2020, they trade on the Nasdaq Capital Market. The Company’s ticker symbol has been “DCIX” until March 30, 2020, at which date it changed to “PSHG”.

The Company is a global provider of shipping transportation services through the ownership of container vessels since its incorporation and also through the ownership of tanker vessels since August 2019, and operates its fleet through Unitized Ocean Transport Limited, a wholly-owned subsidiary, or, from time to time, through other managers, as described below.

Following the acquisition of the tanker vessels during 2019 (Notes 3, 4, 5 and 14), the Company has determined that it operates under two reportable segments, one relating to its operations of container vessels (containers segment) and one to the operations of tanker vessels (tankers segment). The accounting policies that apply to the reportable segments are the same as those used in the preparation of the Company's consolidated financial statements (Notes 2 and 13).

As at December 31, 2019, the Company was the sole owner of all outstanding shares of the following subsidiaries:

a/aCompanyPlace of IncorporationVesselFlagCapacityDate builtDate acquiredDate sold
Vessel Owning Subsidiaries - Aframax Tanker Vessels
1Taburao Shipping Company Inc. (Notes 3, 5)Marshall IslandsBlue MoonMarshall Islands104,623 DWTSep-11Aug-19-
2Tarawa Shipping Company Inc. (Notes 3, 5)Marshall IslandsBrioletteMarshall Islands104,588 DWTApr-11Nov-19-
3Rongelap Shipping Company Inc. (Notes 3, 4 and 14 (c))Marshall IslandsP. Fos (ex Virgo Sun)Marshall Islands115,577 DWTMar-07Jan-20-
Vessel Owning Subsidiaries - Panamax Container Vessels
4Rongerik Shipping Company Inc.Marshall IslandsDomingoMarshall Islands3,739 TEUMar-01Feb-12-
Vessel Owning Subsidiaries - Post-Panamax Container Vessels
5Meck Shipping Company Inc. (Note 14 (d))Marshall IslandsRotterdamMarshall Islands6,494 TEUJul-08Sep-15Apr-20
Vessel Owning Subsidiaries - Sold Container Vessels
6Utirik Shipping Company Inc. Marshall IslandsDoukatoMarshall Islands3,739 TEUFeb-02Feb-12Jun-17
7Delap Shipping Company Inc.Marshall IslandsMarchMarshall Islands5,576 TEUMay-04Sep-14Mar-18
8Jabor Shipping Company Inc.Marshall IslandsGreatMarshall Islands5,576 TEUApr-04Oct-14Mar-18
9Likiep Shipping Company Inc.Marshall IslandsSagittaMarshall Islands3,426 TEUJun-10Jun-10Apr-18
10Orangina Inc.Marshall IslandsCentaurusMarshall Islands3,426 TEUJul-10Jul-10May-18
11Eluk Shipping Company Inc.Marshall IslandsPueloMarshall Islands6,541 TEUNov-06Aug-13Jun-18
12Langor Shipping Company Inc.Marshall IslandsHamburgMarshall Islands6,494 TEUMar-09Nov-15Jul-18
13Dud Shipping Company Inc. (Note 5)Marshall IslandsPaminaMarshall Islands5,042 TEUMay-05Nov-14Oct-19
14Oruk Shipping Company Inc. (Note 5)Marshall IslandsPuconMarshall Islands6,541 TEUAug-06Sep-13Nov-19
Other Subsidiaries
15Container Carriers (USA) LLCDelaware - USACompany's US representative----
16Unitized Ocean Transport LimitedMarshall IslandsManagement company----

Container Carriers (USA) LLC ("Container Carriers"), was established in July 2014 in the State of Delaware, USA, to act as the Company's authorized representative in the United States.

Unitized Ocean Transport Limited (the “Manager” or “UOT”), was established for the purpose of providing the Company and its vessels with management and administrative services, effective March 1, 2013. The fees payable to UOT pursuant to the respective management and administrative agreements are eliminated in consolidation as intercompany transactions.

Upon delivery of the tanker vessels “Blue Moon” and “Briolette” in 2019 (Note 5), the Company appointed Maersk Tankers A/S (“Maersk Tankers”), an unaffiliated entity, to provide management services to these vessels for a certain period of time. For 2019, management fees to Maersk Tankers amounted to $142 and are included in Management fees, and commissions to Maersk Tankers amounted to $42 and are included in Voyage expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. As at December 31, 2019, there was an amount of $512 due from Maersk Tankers, which is included in Prepaid expenses and other assets in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet. Furthermore, in late December 2019, the Company appointed Diana Wilhelmsen Management Limited (“DWM”), an affiliated until February 2020 entity, to provide management services to the Company’s container vessels “Rotterdam” and “Domingo” (Note 3).

Until March 2018, Wilhelmsen Ship Management LTD, an unaffiliated third party, provided management services to the laid-up vessels of the Company's fleet for a fixed monthly fee for each vessel. The fees payable to Wilhelmsen Ship Management LTD amounted to $62 and $697 for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and are included in Vessel operating expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.

During 2019, 2018 and 2017, charterers that accounted for more than 10% of the Company’s voyage and hire revenues, were as follows:

Charterer201920182017
A - Containers' segment31%29%-
B - Containers' segment--18%
C - Containers' segment10%32%24%
D - Containers' segment16%19%35%
E - Containers' segment11%--
F - Tankers' segment13%--
v3.20.1
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS - USD ($)
$ in Thousands
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2019
Dec. 31, 2018
Dec. 31, 2017
REVENUES:      
Voyage and time charter revenues (Note 1) $ 26,846 $ 25,566 $ 23,806
EXPENSES:      
Voyage expenses 3,447 1,267 1,702
Vessel operating expenses 11,321 15,453 22,732
Depreciation and amortization of deferred charges (Note 5) 3,684 4,945 8,147
Management fees (Notes 1 and 3) 147 0 0
General and administrative expenses (Notes 3 and 8) 8,162 8,030 8,366
Impairment losses (Note 5) 31,629 20,654 8,363
Loss / (Gain) on vessels' sale (Note 5) 127 16,700 (945)
Foreign currency (gains) / losses (7) (44) 51
Operating loss (31,664) (41,439) (24,610)
OTHER INCOME / (EXPENSES)      
Interest and finance costs (Note 9) (651) (11,520) (13,843)
Interest income 258 64 87
Gain from bank debt write off 0 0 42,185
Total other income / (expenses), net (393) (11,456) 28,429
Net income / (loss) $ (32,057) $ (52,895) $ 3,819
Earnings / (Loss) per common share, basic and diluted (Note 10) $ (1.12) $ (5.6) $ 8.94
Weighted average number of common shares, basic (Note 10) 28,646,763 9,450,555 427,333
Weighted average number of common shares, diluted (Note 10) 28,646,763 9,450,555 427,361
v3.20.1
Subsequent events, textuals (Details) - USD ($)
$ / shares in Units, $ in Thousands
1 Months Ended 2 Months Ended 3 Months Ended 8 Months Ended 12 Months Ended
Mar. 26, 2020
Jan. 14, 2020
Jan. 15, 2019
Jan. 09, 2019
Jan. 27, 2020
Jan. 24, 2020
Jan. 22, 2020
Apr. 09, 2020
Mar. 06, 2020
Mar. 01, 2020
Feb. 14, 2020
Apr. 07, 2020
Apr. 06, 2020
Mar. 26, 2020
Mar. 20, 2020
Sep. 11, 2019
Dec. 31, 2019
Dec. 21, 2019
Dec. 31, 2018
Dec. 31, 2017
Subsequent Event [Line Items]                                        
Preferred stock shares outstanding                                 1,600   350  
Advance payments for vessels acquisition                                 $ 50,161   $ 0 $ 0
Share Repurchase Program [Member]                                        
Subsequent Event [Line Items]                                        
Maximum aggregate authorized share repurchase amount       $ 6,000                                
Number of shares repurchased and cancelled                                   0    
Expiration date       Dec. 21, 2019                                
Share Repurchase Program [Member] | Subsequent Event [Member]                                        
Subsequent Event [Line Items]                                        
Maximum aggregate authorized share repurchase amount   $ 6,000                                    
Number of shares repurchased and cancelled               452,768                        
Value of shares repurchased and cancelled               $ 365                        
Expiration date   Dec. 21, 2020                                    
Series B-2 Convertible Preferred Stock [Member]                                        
Subsequent Event [Line Items]                                        
Preferred stock shares outstanding                                 1,500   250 289
Series B-2 Convertible Preferred Stock [Member] | Subsequent Event [Member]                                        
Subsequent Event [Line Items]                                        
Preferred shares converted                         1,100              
Conversion of Series B preferred stock to common stock                         1,952,152              
Preferred stock shares outstanding                         400              
Number of shares repurchased and cancelled                       400                
Payments for Repurchase of Preferred Stock                       $ 400                
P. Fos (ex Virgo Sun) Tanker Vessel [Member] | Subsequent Event [Member]                                        
Subsequent Event [Line Items]                                        
Advance payments for vessels acquisition         $ 15,000                              
Vessel delivery date         Jan. 27, 2020                              
P. Kikuma (ex FSL Shanghai) Tanker Vessel [Member] | Subsequent Event [Member]                                        
Subsequent Event [Line Items]                                        
Contract price of vessels acquired                     $ 26,000                  
Vessel delivery date                     Mar. 30, 2020                  
Rotterdam Container Vessel [Member] | Subsequent Event [Member]                                        
Subsequent Event [Line Items]                                        
Sale price           $ 18,500                            
Vessel delivery date           Apr. 01, 2020                            
Nordea Bank Abp [Member] | Secured Debt [Member] | Second Amendment and Restatement Loan Agreement [Member] | Subsequent Event [Member]                                        
Subsequent Event [Line Items]                                        
Debt Instrument, Issuance Date                             Mar. 20, 2020          
Debt Instrument, Description                             additionally finance the acquisition cost of the vessel “P. Kikuma” (ex “FSL Shanghai”) by $12,000          
Debt Instrument, Face Amount                             $ 59,000          
Nordea Bank Abp [Member] | Secured Debt [Member] | Second Amendment and Restatement Loan Agreement [Member] | P. Kikuma (ex FSL Shanghai) Tanker Vessel [Member] | Subsequent Event [Member]                                        
Subsequent Event [Line Items]                                        
Amount drawn down $ 12,000                                      
Nordea Bank Abp [Member] | Secured Debt [Member] | The Borrowers [Member]                                        
Subsequent Event [Line Items]                                        
Debt Instrument, Issuance Date                                 Dec. 23, 2019      
Debt Instrument, Description                                 additional finance of up to $14,000 for the acquisition of the tanker vessel "P. Fos" (ex "Virgo Sun")      
Debt Instrument, Face Amount                                 $ 47,000      
Nordea Bank Abp [Member] | Secured Debt [Member] | The Borrowers [Member] | P. Fos (ex Virgo Sun) Tanker Vessel [Member] | Subsequent Event [Member]                                        
Subsequent Event [Line Items]                                        
Amount drawn down             $ 14,000                          
Steamship Shipbroking Enterprises Inc. [Member] | Contract Termination [Member] | Subsequent Event [Member]                                        
Subsequent Event [Line Items]                                        
Gain (Loss) on Contract Termination                   $ 0                    
Diana Shipping Inc [Member]                                        
Subsequent Event [Line Items]                                        
Preferred stock shares outstanding                                 100   100  
Debt Instrument, Issuance Date                                     Jun. 30, 2017  
Debt Instrument, Face Amount                                     $ 87,617  
Diana Shipping Inc [Member] | Subsequent Event [Member]                                        
Subsequent Event [Line Items]                                        
Number of shares repurchased and cancelled                           100            
Payments for Repurchase of Preferred Stock                           $ 1,500            
Receipt of NASDAQ Notice [Member]                                        
Subsequent Event [Line Items]                                        
Minimum Bid Price     $ 1                         $ 1        
Closing Bid Price Threshold Consecutive Trading Days     30 days                         30 days        
Receipt of NASDAQ Notice [Member] | Subsequent Event [Member]                                        
Subsequent Event [Line Items]                                        
Minimum Bid Price                 $ 1                      
Grace Period To Regain Compliance                 180 days                      
v3.20.1
Long-Term Debt, details (Details) - USD ($)
$ in Thousands
Dec. 31, 2019
Dec. 31, 2018
Total debt, net of deferred financing costs, Current $ 4,282 $ 0
Total debt, net of deferred financing costs, Non-current 28,001 0
Nordea [Member]    
Nordea term loan 32,481 0
Nordea term loan Current 4,340 0
Nordea term loan Non-current 28,141 0
less unamortized deferred financing costs (198) 0
less unamortized deferred financing costs, Current (58) 0
less unamortized deferred financing costs, Non-current (140) 0
Total debt, net of deferred financing costs 32,283 0
Total debt, net of deferred financing costs, Current 4,282 0
Total debt, net of deferred financing costs, Non-current $ 28,001 $ 0
v3.20.1
Advances for Vessel Acquisitions and Other Vessels' Costs, details (Details) - USD ($)
$ in Thousands
Dec. 31, 2019
Dec. 31, 2018
Property, Plant and Equipment [Line Items]    
Total $ 11,017 $ 0
P. Fos (ex Virgo Sun) Tanker Vessel [Member]    
Property, Plant and Equipment [Line Items]    
Advances for vessel acquisitions 11,000 0
Capitalized costs 17 0
Total $ 11,017 $ 0
v3.20.1
General Information (Tables)
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2019
Schedule Of Subsidiaries [Table Text Block]
a/aCompanyPlace of IncorporationVesselFlagCapacityDate builtDate acquiredDate sold
Vessel Owning Subsidiaries - Aframax Tanker Vessels
1Taburao Shipping Company Inc. (Notes 3, 5)Marshall IslandsBlue MoonMarshall Islands104,623 DWTSep-11Aug-19-
2Tarawa Shipping Company Inc. (Notes 3, 5)Marshall IslandsBrioletteMarshall Islands104,588 DWTApr-11Nov-19-
3Rongelap Shipping Company Inc. (Notes 3, 4 and 14 (c))Marshall IslandsP. Fos (ex Virgo Sun)Marshall Islands115,577 DWTMar-07Jan-20-
Vessel Owning Subsidiaries - Panamax Container Vessels
4Rongerik Shipping Company Inc.Marshall IslandsDomingoMarshall Islands3,739 TEUMar-01Feb-12-
Vessel Owning Subsidiaries - Post-Panamax Container Vessels
5Meck Shipping Company Inc. (Note 14 (d))Marshall IslandsRotterdamMarshall Islands6,494 TEUJul-08Sep-15Apr-20
Vessel Owning Subsidiaries - Sold Container Vessels
6Utirik Shipping Company Inc. Marshall IslandsDoukatoMarshall Islands3,739 TEUFeb-02Feb-12Jun-17
7Delap Shipping Company Inc.Marshall IslandsMarchMarshall Islands5,576 TEUMay-04Sep-14Mar-18
8Jabor Shipping Company Inc.Marshall IslandsGreatMarshall Islands5,576 TEUApr-04Oct-14Mar-18
9Likiep Shipping Company Inc.Marshall IslandsSagittaMarshall Islands3,426 TEUJun-10Jun-10Apr-18
10Orangina Inc.Marshall IslandsCentaurusMarshall Islands3,426 TEUJul-10Jul-10May-18
11Eluk Shipping Company Inc.Marshall IslandsPueloMarshall Islands6,541 TEUNov-06Aug-13Jun-18
12Langor Shipping Company Inc.Marshall IslandsHamburgMarshall Islands6,494 TEUMar-09Nov-15Jul-18
13Dud Shipping Company Inc. (Note 5)Marshall IslandsPaminaMarshall Islands5,042 TEUMay-05Nov-14Oct-19
14Oruk Shipping Company Inc. (Note 5)Marshall IslandsPuconMarshall Islands6,541 TEUAug-06Sep-13Nov-19
Other Subsidiaries
15Container Carriers (USA) LLCDelaware - USACompany's US representative----
16Unitized Ocean Transport LimitedMarshall IslandsManagement company----
Schedule of Revenue by Major Customers by Reporting Segments [Table Text Block]
Charterer201920182017
A - Containers' segment31%29%-
B - Containers' segment--18%
C - Containers' segment10%32%24%
D - Containers' segment16%19%35%
E - Containers' segment11%--
F - Tankers' segment13%--
v3.20.1
Commitments and Contingencies (Tables)
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2019
Commitments and Contingencies Disclosure [Abstract]  
Lessee, Operating Lease, Liability, Maturity [Table Text Block]
Twelve months period ending December 31, Amount
2020$77
202177
202257
20232
Total$213
Less imputed interest -23
Present value of lease liabilities$190
Lease liabilities, current72
Lease liabilities, non- current118
Present value of lease liabilities$190
v3.20.1
Document and Entity Information
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2019
shares
Entity Information [Line Items]  
Document Type 20-F/A
Document Period End Date Dec. 31, 2019
Amendment Flag false
Document Fiscal Year Focus 2019
Document Fiscal Period Focus FY
Entity Registrant Name PERFORMANCE SHIPPING INC.
Entity Central Index Key 0001481241
Entity Current Reporting Status Yes
Entity Voluntary Filers No
Current Fiscal Year End Date --12-31
Entity Filer Category Non-accelerated Filer
Entity Well Known Seasoned Issuer No
Entity common stock shares outstanding 49,021,001
Entity Interactive Data Current Yes
Entity Emerging Growth Company false
Entity Shell Company false
Entity Address Country MH
Title of 12(b) Security Common stock, $0.01 par value, including the Preferred stock purchase rights
Trading Symbol PSHG
Security Exchange Name NASDAQ
Document Annual Report true
Document Transition Report false
Document Shell Company Report false
v3.20.1
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME / (LOSS) - USD ($)
$ in Thousands
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2019
Dec. 31, 2018
Dec. 31, 2017
Net income / (loss) $ (32,057) $ (52,895) $ 3,819
Other comprehensive income (Actuarial gain) 12 51 26
Comprehensive income / (loss) $ (32,045) $ (52,844) $ 3,845
v3.20.1
Recent Accounting Pronouncements and Significant Accounting Policies
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2019
Recent Accounting Pronouncements and Significant Accounting Policies

2. Recent Accounting Pronouncements and Significant Accounting Policies

Recent Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted

Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No.  2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. This standard, including the codification improvements issued in November 2018, requires entities to measure all expected credit losses of financial assets held at a reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts in order to record credit losses in a more timely manner. ASU 2016-13 also amends the accounting for credit losses on available-for-sale debt securities and purchased financial assets with credit deterioration. In November 2018, FASB issued ASU 2018-19, Codification Improvements to topic 326, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses. The amendments in this update clarify that operating lease receivables are not within the scope of ASC 326-20 and should instead be accounted for under the new leasing standard, ASC 842. For public entities, the amendments of this update are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years.  The Company has assessed all the expected credit losses of its financial assets and the adoption of this ASU is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

In April 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-04, Codification Improvements to Topic 326, Financial Instruments Credit Losses, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses, Topic 815, Derivatives and Hedging, and Topic 825 Financial Instruments, the amendments of which clarify the modification of accounting for available for sale debt securities excluding applicable accrued interest, which must be individually assessed for credit losses when fair value is less than the amortized cost basis. In May 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-05, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326)—Targeted Transition Relief, which is the final version of Proposed Accounting Standards Update 2019-100—Targeted Transition Relief for Topic 326, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses, which has been deleted. This Update provides entities with an option to irrevocably elect the fair value option applied on an instrument-by-instrument basis for certain financial assets upon the adoption of Topic 326. The fair value option election does not apply to held-to-maturity debt securities. The effective date and transition requirements for the amendments in these Updates are the same as the effective dates and transition requirements in Update 2016-13, as amended by these Updates. The adoption of this ASU is not expected to have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13, Disclosure Framework: Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement, which improves the effectiveness of fair value measurement disclosures. In particular, the amendments in this Update modify the disclosure requirements on fair value measurements in Topic 820, Fair Value Measurement, based on the concepts in FASB Concepts Statement, Conceptual Framework for Financial Reporting—Chapter 8: Notes to Financial Statements, including the consideration of costs and benefits. The amendments in the Update apply to all entities that are required under existing GAAP, to make disclosures about recurring and non-recurring fair value measurements.  ASU No. 2018-13 is effective for annual periods, including interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2019. The amendments on changes in unrealized gains and losses, the range and weighted average of significant unobservable inputs used to develop Level 3 fair value measurements, and the narrative description of measurement uncertainty should be applied prospectively for only the most recent interim or annual period presented in the initial fiscal year of adoption. All other amendments should be applied retrospectively to all periods presented upon their effective date. Early adoption is permitted upon issuance of this Update. An entity is permitted to early adopt any removed or modified disclosures upon issuance of this Update and delay adoption of the additional disclosures until their effective date. The adoption of this ASU is not expected to have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

Consolidation (Topic 810): In October 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-17, “Consolidation (Topic 810)—Targeted Improvements to Related Party Guidance for Variable Interest Entities”. The Board is issuing this Update in response to stakeholders’ observations that Topic 810, Consolidation, could be improved in the following areas: i) applying the variable interest entity (VIE) guidance to private companies under common control, ii) considering indirect interests held through related parties under common control for determining whether fees paid to decision-makers and service providers are variable interests. The amendments in this Update improve the accounting for those areas, thereby improving general purpose financial reporting. ASU No. 2018-17 is effective for annual periods, including interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2019. All entities are required to apply the amendments in this Update retrospectively with a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings at the beginning of the earliest period presented. The adoption of this ASU is not expected to have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

Significant Accounting Policies

(a) Principles of Consolidation: The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles and include the accounts of Performance Shipping Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries referred to in Note 1 above. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated upon consolidation. Under Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 810 “Consolidation”, the Company consolidates entities in which it has a controlling financial interest, by first considering if an entity meets the definition of a variable interest entity ("VIE") for which the Company is deemed to be the primary beneficiary under the VIE model, or if the Company controls an entity through a majority of voting interest based on the voting interest model. The Company evaluates financial instruments, service contracts, and other arrangements to determine if any variable interests relating to an entity exist. The Company’s evaluation did not result in an identification of variable interest entities as of December 31, 2019 and 2018.

(b) Use of Estimates: The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

(c) Other Comprehensive Income / (Loss): The Company follows the provisions of Accounting Standard Codification (ASC) 220, “Comprehensive Income”, which requires separate presentation of certain transactions, which are recorded directly as components of stockholders’ equity. The Company presents Other Comprehensive Income / (Loss) in a separate statement according to ASU 2011-05.

(d) Foreign Currency Translation: The functional currency of the Company is the U.S. Dollar because the Company operates its vessels in international shipping markets, and therefore, primarily transacts business in U.S. Dollars. The Company’s accounting records are maintained in U.S. Dollars. Transactions involving other currencies during the years presented are converted into U.S. Dollars using the exchange rates in effect at the time of the transactions. At the balance sheet dates, monetary assets and liabilities which are denominated in other currencies are translated into U.S. Dollars at the period-end exchange rates. Resulting gains or losses are reflected separately in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.

(e) Cash and Cash Equivalents: The Company considers highly liquid investments such as time deposits, certificates of deposit and their equivalents with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents.

(f) Restricted Cash: Restricted cash, when applicable, includes minimum cash deposits required to be maintained under the Company’s borrowing arrangements. The comparative amounts in the accompanying 2017 consolidated statements of cash flows have been reclassified due to the changes in the current presentation of restricted cash following the adoption as of January 1, 2018, of the ASU No. 2016-18 -Statement of Cash Flows - Restricted Cash.

(g) Accounts Receivable, Trade: The account includes receivables from charterers for hire and freight, net of any provision for doubtful accounts. At each balance sheet date, all potentially uncollectible accounts are assessed individually for purposes of determining the appropriate provision for doubtful accounts. No provision for doubtful accounts has been made as of December 31, 2019 and 2018.

(h) Inventories: Inventories consist of lubricants and victualling which are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost is determined by the first-in, first-out method. Net realizable value is defined as estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal and transportation. Inventories also consist of bunkers when the vessel operates under freight charter or when on the balance sheet date a vessel has been redelivered by her previous time charterers and has not yet been delivered to new charterers, or remains idle. Bunkers are also stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value and cost is determined by the first in, first out method.

(i) Vessel Cost: Vessels are stated at cost which consists of the contract price and costs incurred upon acquisition or delivery of a vessel from a shipyard. Subsequent expenditures for conversions and major improvements are also capitalized when they appreciably extend the life, increase the earnings capacity or improve the efficiency or safety of the vessels; otherwise, these amounts are charged to expense as incurred.

(j) Vessel Depreciation: The Company depreciates its vessels on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives, after considering the estimated salvage value. Each vessel’s salvage value is the product of her light-weight tonnage and estimated scrap rate, which is estimated at $0.35 per light-weight ton for the tanker and the container vessels in the fleet. Management estimates the useful life of the Company’s tanker and container vessels to be 25 and 30 years, respectively, from the date of initial delivery from the shipyard. Second-hand vessels are depreciated from the date of their acquisition through their remaining estimated useful life. When regulations place limitations on the ability of a vessel to trade on a worldwide basis, the vessel’s useful life is adjusted at the date such regulations are adopted.

(k) Impairment of Long-Lived Assets: The Company follows ASC 360-10-40 “Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets”, which addresses financial accounting and reporting for the impairment or disposal of long-lived assets. The Company reviews vessels for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances (such as market conditions, obsolesce or damage to the asset, potential sales and other business plans) indicate that the carrying amount of a vessel may not be recoverable. When the estimate of future undiscounted net operating cash flows, excluding interest charges, expected to be generated by the use of the vessel over her remaining useful life and her eventual disposition is less than her carrying amount, the Company evaluates the vessel for impairment loss. The measurement of the impairment loss is based on the fair value of the vessel. The fair value of the vessel is determined based on management estimates and assumptions and by making use of available market data and third-party valuations. The Company evaluates the carrying amounts and periods over which vessels are depreciated to determine if events have occurred which would require modification to their carrying values or useful lives. In evaluating useful lives and carrying values of long-lived assets, management reviews certain indicators of potential impairment, such as undiscounted projected operating cash flows, vessel sales and purchases, business plans and overall market conditions. The current conditions in the shipping market with decreased charter rates and decreased vessel market values are conditions that the Company considers indicators of a potential impairment. In developing estimates of future undiscounted cash flows, the Company makes assumptions and estimates about the vessels' future performance, with the significant assumptions being related to charter rates, fleet utilization, vessels' operating expenses, vessels' residual value, and the estimated remaining useful life of each vessel. The assumptions used to develop estimates of future undiscounted cash flows are based on historical trends as well as future expectations. The Company also takes into account factors such as the vessels’ age and employment prospects under the then current market conditions and determines the future undiscounted cash flows considering its various alternatives, including sale possibilities existing for each vessel as of the testing dates.

The Company determines undiscounted projected net operating cash flows for each vessel and compares it to the vessel’s carrying value. The projected net operating cash flows are determined by considering the historical and estimated vessels’ performance and utilization, the charter revenues from existing time charters for the fixed fleet days and an estimated daily rate for the unfixed days (based, to the extent applicable, on the most recent 10 year average historical rates available for each type of vessel, considering also current market rates) over the remaining estimated life of each vessel, net of commissions, expected outflows for scheduled vessels’ maintenance and vessel operating expenses assuming an average annual inflation rate.  Effective fleet utilization is assumed to 98% in the Company’s exercise, if vessel not laid-up, taking into account the period(s) each vessel is expected to undergo her scheduled maintenance (dry docking and special surveys), as well as an estimate of 1% off-hire days each year, assumptions in line with the Company’s historical performance and its expectations for future fleet utilization under its fleet employment strategy. The review of the vessel’s carrying amounts in connection with the estimated recoverable amounts for 2019, 2018 and 2017 indicated impairment charges for certain of the Company’s vessels, which are separately reflected in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations (Note 5).

(l) Assets held for sale: The Company classifies assets or assets in disposal groups as being held for sale in accordance with ASC 360-10-45-9 "Long-Lived Assets Classified as Held for Sale" when the following criteria are met: (i) management possessing the necessary authority has committed to a plan to sell the asset (disposal group); (ii) the asset (disposal group) is immediately available for sale on an "as is" basis; (iii) an active program to find the buyer and other actions required to execute the plan to sell the asset (disposal group) have been initiated; (iv) the sale of the asset (disposal group) is probable, and transfer of the asset (disposal group) is expected to qualify for recognition as a completed sale within one year; and (v) the asset (disposal group) is being actively marketed for sale at a price that is reasonable in relation to its current fair value and actions required to complete the plan indicate that it is unlikely that significant changes to the plan will be made or that the plan will be withdrawn. In case a long-lived asset is to be disposed of other than by sale (for example, by abandonment, in an exchange measured based on the recorded amount of the nonmonetary asset relinquished, or in a distribution to owners in a spinoff) the Company continues to classify it as held and used until its disposal date. Long-lived assets or disposal groups classified as held for sale are measured at the lower of their carrying amount or fair value less cost to sell. These assets are not depreciated once they meet the criteria to be held for sale. The review of the related criteria for the year ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 did not result in held for sale classification for any of the Company’s vessels, however, on September 30, 2019, on June 30, 2018, and March 31, 2018, the Company has classified certain of its vessels as held for sale (Note 5).

(m) Accounting for Voyage and Time-Charter Revenues and Related Expenses: Since the Company’s vessels are employed under time and voyage charter contracts, the Company disaggregates its revenue from contracts with customers by the type of charter (time charters and spot charters).

The Company has determined that all of its time charter agreements contain a lease and are therefore accounted for as operating leases in accordance with ASC 842. Time charter revenues are accounted for over the term of the charter as the service is provided. Vessels are chartered when a contract exists and the vessel is delivered (commencement date) to the charterer, for a fixed period of time, at rates that are generally determined in the main body of charter parties and the relevant voyage expenses burden the charterer (i.e. port dues, canal tolls, pilotages and fuel consumption). Upon delivery of the vessel, the charterer has the right to control the use of the vessel (under agreed prudent operating practices) as they have the enforceable right to: (i) decide the delivery and redelivery time of the vessel; (ii) arrange the ports from which the vessel shall pass; (iii) give directions to the master of the vessel regarding vessel's operations (i.e. speed, route, bunkers purchases, etc.); (iv) sub-charter the vessel and (v) consume any income deriving from the vessel's charter. Any off-hires are recognized as incurred. The charterer may charter the vessel with or without owner's crew and other operating services. In the case of time charter agreements, the agreed hire rates include compensation for part of the agreed crew and other operating services provided by the owner (non-lease components). The Company, as a lessor, elected to apply the practical expedient which allowed it to account for the lease and the non-lease components of time charter agreements as one, as the criteria of the paragraphs ASC 842-10-15-42A through 42B are met. Time-charter revenue is usually received in advance, and as such, unearned revenue represents cash received prior to the balance sheet date for which related service has not been provided.

Spot, or voyage charter is a charter where a contract is made in the spot market for the use of a vessel for a specific voyage for a specified freight rate per ton, regardless of time to complete. The Company has determined that under voyage charters, the charterer has no right to control any part of the use of the vessel. Thus, the Company’s voyage charters do not contain lease and are accounted for in accordance with ASC 606. More precisely, the Company satisfies its single performance obligation to transfer cargo under the contract over the voyage period. Thus, revenues from voyage charters on the spot market are recognized ratably from the date of loading (Notice of Readiness to the charterer, that the vessel is available for loading) to discharge date of cargo (loading-to-discharge). Voyage charter payments are due upon discharge of the cargo. Demurrage revenue, which is included in voyage revenues, represents charterers’ reimbursement for any potential delays exceeding the allowed lay time as per charter party agreement, represents form of variable consideration and is recognized as the performance obligation is satisfied. The Company has taken the practical expedient not to disclose the value of unsatisfied performance obligations for contracts with an original expected length of one year or less.

As discussed above, under a time charter specified voyage costs, such as bunkers and port charges are paid by the charterer, while commissions are paid by the Company. Under spot charter arrangements, voyage expenses that are unique to a particular charter are paid for by the Company. Commissions are expensed as incurred. Voyage expenses that qualify as contract fulfillment costs (mainly consisting of bunkers expenses and port dues) and are incurred by the Company from the latter of the end of the previous vessel employment, provided that the vessel is fixed, or from the date of inception of a voyage charter contract until the arrival at the loading port, are capitalized to Deferred Voyage Expenses and amortized ratably over the total transit time of the voyage (loading-to-discharge). Vessel voyage expenses that do not qualify as contract fulfillment costs, operating expenses, and charter hire expenses are expensed when incurred.

In 2018, all Company’s vessels (which were exclusively container vessels) were operating under time-charter contracts, and accordingly trade accounts receivable and deferred revenue balances of December 31, 2018 and revenues and voyage expenses of 2018 were derived solely from time-charter contracts. Since August 2019, following the acquisition of tanker vessels, the Company recognizes revenue and related voyage expenses for two types of charters, time charters and spot charters as described above. As of December 31, 2019, Accounts receivable trade from spot charters amounted to $3,985 and Accounts receivable trade from time-charter amounted to $700. For 2019, Revenues from spot charters amounted to $6,224 and Revenues from time-charters amounted to $20,622, while Voyage expenses from spot charters amounted to $2,461 and Voyage expenses from time-charters amounted to $986.

(n) Earnings/(Loss) per Common Share: Basic earnings/(loss) per common share are computed by dividing net income / (loss) attributable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings/(loss) per common share reflects the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock were exercised.

(o) Segmental Reporting: The Company has determined that it operates under two reportable segments, one relating to its operations of the tanker vessels and one to the operations of the container vessels. For both segments, the Company reports financial information and evaluates the operations of the two segments by charter revenues and not by the length of ship employment for its customers, i.e. spot or time charters. Management, including the chief operating decision-maker, reviews operating results solely by revenue per day and operating results of the two fleets. Furthermore, when the Company charters a vessel to a charterer, the charterer is free to trade the vessel worldwide and, as a result, the disclosure of geographic information is impracticable. The accounting policies applied to the reportable segments are the same as those used in the preparation of the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

(p) Accounting for Dry-Docking Costs: The Company follows the deferral method of accounting for dry-docking costs whereby actual costs incurred are deferred and amortized on a straight-line basis over the period through the date the next dry-docking will be scheduled to become due. Unamortized dry-docking costs of vessels that are sold are written off and included in the calculation of the resulting gain or loss in the year of the vessel’s sale. Unamortized dry-docking costs of vessels classified as held for sale are written off as impairment charges when these vessels’ carrying values are impaired as a result of their classification. The unamortized dry-docking cost is reflected in Deferred Charges, net, in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. Amortization of dry-docking costs for 2019, 2018 and 2017 amounted to $389, $518 and $744, respectively, and is reflected in Depreciation and amortization of deferred charges, in the accompanying consolidated statement of operations. In addition, in 2019, $117 and $598 of deferred dry-dock costs have been written off in Loss / (Gain) on vessels’ sale and in Impairment losses, respectively, due to the respective vessels’ sale or due to their classification as held for sale during the year. Similarly, in 2018 and 2017, $832 and $0, respectively, of deferred dry-dock costs have been written-off in Loss / (Gain) on vessels’ sale in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.

(q) Financing Costs and Liabilities: Fees paid to lenders for obtaining new loans or refinancing existing ones are deferred and recorded as a contra to debt. Other fees paid for obtaining loan facilities not used at the balance sheet date are capitalized as deferred financing costs. Fees are amortized to interest and finance costs over the life of the related debt using the effective interest method and, for the fees relating to loan facilities not used at the balance sheet date, according to the loan availability terms. Discount premiums (Note 3) are accounted for similar to other financing fees. Unamortized fees relating to loans repaid or refinanced as debt extinguishment are expensed as interest and finance costs in the period the repayment or extinguishment is made. Loan commitment fees are charged to expense in the period incurred. A loan liability is derecognized when the Company pays the creditor and is relieved of its obligation for the liability. The difference between the settlement price and the net carrying amount of the debt being extinguished (which includes any deferred debt issuance costs) is recognized as a gain or loss in the statement of operations.

(r) Repairs and Maintenance: All repair and maintenance expenses including underwater inspection expenses are expensed in the period incurred. Such costs are included in Vessel operating expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.

(s) Share-Based Payment: The Company issues restricted share awards which are measured at their grant date fair value and are not subsequently re-measured.  That cost is recognized under the straight-line method over the period during which an employee is required to provide service in exchange for the award—the requisite service period (usually the vesting period). When the service inception date precedes the grant date, the Company accrues the compensation cost for periods before the grant date based on the fair value of the award at the reporting date. In the period in which the grant date occurs, cumulative compensation cost is adjusted to reflect the cumulative effect of measuring compensation cost based on the fair value at the grant date. Forfeitures of awards are accounted for when and if they occur. If an equity award is modified after the grant date, incremental compensation cost will be recognized in an amount equal to the excess of the fair value of the modified award over the fair value of the original award immediately before the modification.

(t) Fair Value Measurements: The Company follows the provisions of ASC 820 "Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures", which defines fair value and provides guidance for using fair value to measure assets and liabilities. The guidance creates a fair value hierarchy of measurement and describes fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants in the market in which the reporting entity transacts. In accordance with the requirements of accounting guidance relating to Fair Value Measurements, the Company classifies and discloses its assets and liabilities carried at the fair value in one of the following categories:

1.Level 1: Quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;

2.Level 2: Observable market based inputs or unobservable inputs that are corroborated by market data;

3.Level 3: Unobservable inputs that are not corroborated by market data.

(u) Concentration of Credit Risk: Financial instruments, which potentially subject the Company to significant concentrations of credit risk, consist principally of cash and trade accounts receivable. The Company places its temporary cash investments, consisting mostly of deposits, with various qualified financial institutions and performs periodic evaluations of the relative credit standing of those financial institutions that are considered in the Company’s investment strategy. The Company limits its credit risk with accounts receivable by performing ongoing credit evaluations of its customers’ financial condition and generally does not require collateral for its accounts receivable and does not have any agreements to mitigate credit risk.

(v) Going Concern: The Company's policy is in accordance with ASU No. 2014-15, "Presentation of Financial Statements - Going Concern", issued in August 2014 by the FASB. ASU 2014-15 provides U.S. GAAP guidance on management's responsibility in evaluating whether there is substantial doubt about a company's ability to continue as a going concern and on related required footnote disclosures. For each reporting period, management is required to evaluate whether there are conditions or events that raise substantial doubt about a company's ability to continue as a going concern within one year from the date the financial statements are issued.

(w) Evaluation of purchase transactions: When the Company enters into an acquisition transaction, it determines whether the acquisition transaction was the purchase of an asset or a business based on the facts and circumstances of the transaction. In accordance with ASU No. 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business, if substantially all of the fair value of the gross assets acquired in an acquisition transaction are concentrated in a single identifiable asset or group of similar identifiable assets, then the set is not a business. To be considered a business, a set must include an input and a substantive process that together significantly contributes to the ability to create an output. All assets acquired and liabilities assumed in a business combination are measured at their acquisition-date fair values. For asset acquisitions, the cost of the acquisition is allocated to individual assets and liabilities on a relative fair value basis. Acquisition costs associated with business combinations are expensed as incurred. Acquisition costs associated with asset acquisitions are capitalized.

v3.20.1
Vessels, net, textuals 2 (Details) - USD ($)
$ in Thousands
Dec. 31, 2019
Dec. 31, 2018
Dec. 31, 2017
Property, Plant and Equipment [Line Items]      
Vessel's net book value $ 82,871 $ 85,870 $ 201,308
Blue Moon and Briolette Vessels [Member]      
Property, Plant and Equipment [Line Items]      
Vessel's net book value $ 59,421    
v3.20.1
Advances for Vessel Acquisitions and Other Vessels' Costs, textuals (Details) - USD ($)
$ in Thousands
1 Months Ended 12 Months Ended
Jan. 27, 2020
Jan. 22, 2020
Dec. 31, 2019
Dec. 31, 2018
Dec. 31, 2017
Property, Plant and Equipment [Line Items]          
Payments to acquire vessels     $ 50,161 $ 0 $ 0
Vessel acquisition cost     60,161    
Rongelap Shipping Company Inc [Member] | P. Fos (ex Virgo Sun) Tanker Vessel [Member]          
Property, Plant and Equipment [Line Items]          
Payments to acquire vessels     11,000    
Vessel acquisition cost     $ 26,000    
Subsequent Event [Member] | P. Fos (ex Virgo Sun) Tanker Vessel [Member]          
Property, Plant and Equipment [Line Items]          
Vessel delivery date Jan. 27, 2020        
Payments to acquire vessels $ 15,000        
Nordea [Member] | Secured Debt [Member] | The Borrowers [Member] | Subsequent Event [Member] | P. Fos (ex Virgo Sun) Tanker Vessel [Member]          
Property, Plant and Equipment [Line Items]          
Amount drawn down   $ 14,000      
v3.20.1
Changes in Capital Accounts, textuals (Details) - USD ($)
$ / shares in Units, $ in Thousands
1 Months Ended 2 Months Ended 3 Months Ended 5 Months Ended 8 Months Ended 12 Months Ended
Jan. 14, 2020
Jan. 15, 2019
Jan. 09, 2019
Feb. 09, 2018
Apr. 09, 2020
Mar. 06, 2020
Feb. 15, 2019
Feb. 15, 2018
Apr. 07, 2020
Apr. 06, 2020
Mar. 26, 2020
Mar. 21, 2017
May 30, 2017
Sep. 11, 2019
Dec. 31, 2019
Dec. 21, 2019
Dec. 31, 2018
Dec. 31, 2017
Restricted stock award, shares                             5,747,786   161,700  
Percentage of shares vesting after grant date                                 66.00%  
Compensation cost on restricted stock awards                             $ 1,791   $ 1,587 $ 1,171
Unrecognized compensation cost relating to restricted share awards                             $ 1,889   3,680  
Period for recognition for unrecognized compensation cost                             7 months 13 days      
Net proceeds after deducting offering expenses                             $ 6,452   $ 17,413 31,989
Preferred stock par value                             $ 0.01   $ 0.01  
Issuance of preferred stock in exchange for loan reduction                                   $ 3,000
Preferred stock shares outstanding                             1,600   350  
Warrants outstanding                                 100,010  
Diana Shipping Inc [Member]                                    
Issuance of Series C preferred stock, shares                         100          
Preferred stock par value                         $ 0.01          
Issuance of preferred stock in exchange for loan reduction                         $ 3,000          
Preferred stock, voting rights                         49%   250.000 votes      
Preferred stock shares outstanding                             100   100  
Subsequent Event [Member] | Diana Shipping Inc [Member]                                    
Number of shares repurchased and cancelled                     100              
Payments for Repurchase of Preferred Stock                     $ 1,500              
Receipt of NASDAQ Notice [Member]                                    
Minimum Bid Price   $ 1                       $ 1        
Closing Bid Price Threshold Consecutive Trading Days   30 days                       30 days        
Receipt of NASDAQ Notice [Member] | Subsequent Event [Member]                                    
Minimum Bid Price           $ 1                        
Grace Period To Regain Compliance           180 days                        
Share Repurchase Program [Member]                                    
Maximum aggregate authorized share repurchase amount     $ 6,000                              
Expiration date     Dec. 21, 2019                              
Number of shares repurchased and cancelled                               0    
Share Repurchase Program [Member] | Subsequent Event [Member]                                    
Maximum aggregate authorized share repurchase amount $ 6,000                                  
Expiration date Dec. 21, 2020                                  
Number of shares repurchased and cancelled         452,768                          
Series B Convertible Preferred Stock [Member]                                    
Preferred stock par value                                 $ 0.01  
Series B-2 Convertible Preferred Stock [Member]                                    
Preferred stock shares outstanding                             1,500   250 289
Series B-2 Convertible Preferred Stock [Member] | Subsequent Event [Member]                                    
Conversion of Series B preferred stock to common stock                   1,100                
Conversion of Series B preferred stock to common stock (Note 7), shares                   1,952,152                
Preferred stock shares outstanding                   400                
Number of shares repurchased and cancelled                 400                  
Payments for Repurchase of Preferred Stock                 $ 400                  
Registered Direct Offering [Member] | Series B Convertible Preferred Stock [Member]                                    
Issuance of preferred stock, shares                       3,000            
Preferred stock par value                       $ 0.01            
Number of warrants                       6,500            
Private Placement Offering [Member] | Series B-2 Convertible Preferred Stock [Member]                                    
Number of warrants                       140,500            
Preferred Stock [Member]                                    
Issuance of Series B preferred stock, shares                             6,470   17,490 32,500
Conversion of Series B preferred stock to common stock                             5,220   17,529 32,211
Issuance of Series C preferred stock, shares                                   100
Preferred stock shares outstanding                                 100  
Common Stock [Member]                                    
Conversion of Series B preferred stock to common stock (Note 7), shares                             7,100,510   10,250,265 4,049,733
Additional Paid-in Capital [Member]                                    
Net proceeds after deducting offering expenses                             $ 6,452   $ 17,413 $ 31,989
Issuance of preferred stock in exchange for loan reduction                                   $ 3,000
2015 Equity Incentive Plan Amendment [Member]                                    
Equity incentive plan, number of shares reserved       550,000                     388,300      
Restricted stock award, shares       161,700                            
Restricted common stock award, value       $ 380                            
Percentage of shares that will vest on the grant date       33.00%                            
Percentage of shares vesting after grant date       66.00%                            
Restricted common stock, award vesting period       2 years                            
Executive Officers And Non Executive Directors [Member]                                    
Restricted stock award, shares             5,747,786                      
Restricted common stock award, value               $ 5,000                    
Percentage of shares that will vest on the grant date             33.00%                      
Percentage of shares vesting after grant date             66.00%                      
Restricted common stock, award vesting period             2 years                      
Compensation cost on restricted stock awards                                 $ 1,464