UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

Form 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended February 29, 2020
or

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from __________ to __________

Commission file number 000-08814



PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Colorado
 
84-0705083
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)
     
34501 E. Quincy Avenue, Bldg. 34, Watkins, CO
 
80137
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)

(303) 292 – 3456
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Common Stock 1/3 of $.01 par value
PCYO
The NASDAQ Stock Market
(Title of each class)
 (Trading Symbol(s))
(Name of each exchange on which registered)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer ☐
Accelerated filer ☒
Non-accelerated filer ☐
Smaller reporting company ☒
 
Emerging growth company ☐

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No ☒

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of April 2, 2020:

Common stock, 1/3 of $.01 par value
 
23,851,098
(Class)
 
(Number of Shares)



PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
INDEX TO FEBRUARY 28, 2020 FORM 10-Q

   
Page
     
1
     
 
1
     
 
1
     
 
2
     
 
3
     
 
5
     
 
6
     
  24
     
  38
     
  38
     
39
     

39
     
  39
     
40

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.
Financial Statements

PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

ASSETS:
 
February 29, 2020
   
August 31, 2019
 
   
(unaudited)
       
Current assets:
           
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
19,894,517
   
$
4,478,020
 
Short-term investments
   
1,720,233
     
5,188,813
 
Trade accounts receivable, net
   
367,821
     
1,099,631
 
Prepaid expenses and deposits
   
1,108,637
     
1,016,751
 
Inventories
   
3,376,115
     
11,613,112
 
Taxes receivable
   
109,682
     
141,410
 
Total current assets
   
26,577,005
     
23,537,737
 
                 
Investments in water and water systems, net
   
55,320,155
     
50,270,310
 
Land and mineral interests
   
5,260,525
     
5,104,477
 
Notes receivable - related parties, including accrued interest
   
1,045,539
     
988,381
 
Other assets
   
2,157,610
     
1,945,202
 
Long-term land investment
   
450,641
     
450,641
 
Operating leases - right of use assets
   
230,622
     
 
Deferred tax asset
   
561,304
     
1,283,246
 
Taxes receivable
   
     
141,410
 
Total assets
 
$
91,603,401
   
$
83,721,404
 
                 
LIABILITIES:
               
Current liabilities:
               
Accounts payable
 
$
408,034
   
$
170,822
 
Accrued liabilities
   
544,088
     
1,097,922
 
Accrued liabilities (related parties)
   
3,296,583
     
2,330,496
 
Deferred revenues, current
   
3,169,505
     
3,991,535
 
Deferred oil and gas lease payment and water sales payment
   
2,283,763
     
706,464
 
Total current liabilities
   
9,701,973
     
8,297,239
 
                 
Deferred oil and gas lease payment and water sales payment, less current portion
   
260,625
     
360,884
 
Lease obligations - operating leases, less current portion
   
160,013
     
 
Participating Interests in Export Water Supply
   
328,330
     
332,140
 
Total liabilities
   
10,450,941
     
8,990,263
 
                 
SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY:
               
Preferred stock:
               
Series B - par value $0.001 per share, 25 million shares authorized; 432,513 shares issued and outstanding (liquidation preference of $432,513)
   
433
     
433
 
Common stock:
               
Par value 1/3 of $.01 per share, 40 million shares authorized; 23,851,098 and 23,826,598 shares outstanding, respectively
   
79,509
     
79,427
 
Additional paid-in capital
   
172,748,925
     
172,360,413
 
Accumulated other comprehensive income
   
233
     
3,891
 
Accumulated deficit
   
(91,676,640
)
   
(97,713,023
)
Total shareholders’ equity
   
81,152,460
     
74,731,141
 
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
 
$
91,603,401
   
$
83,721,404
 

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(unaudited)

   
Three Months Ended
   
Six Months Ended
 
   
February 29,
2020
   
February 28,
2019
   
February 29,
2020
   
February 28,
2019
 
Revenues:
                       
Metered water usage - municipal
 
$
36,811
   
$
34,784
   
$
140,205
   
$
117,606
 
Metered water usage - oil and gas
   
19,614
     
124,234
     
56,944
     
1,409,263
 
Wastewater treatment fees
   
19,391
     
7,509
     
39,888
     
16,402
 
Water and wastewater tap fees recognized
   
1,172,858
     
467,076
     
2,844,973
     
721,902
 
Lot sales
   
2,265,710
     
1,946,381
     
10,807,353
     
3,327,577
 
Other
   
4,196
     
50,435
     
90,246
     
110,218
 
Total revenues
   
3,518,580
     
2,630,419
     
13,979,609
     
5,702,968
 
                                 
Expenses:
                               
Water service operations
   
(207,301
)
   
(229,620
)
   
(461,089
)
   
(564,784
)
Wastewater service operations
   
(37,441
)
   
(4,655
)
   
(63,512
)
   
(7,377
)
Land development construction costs
   
(1,817,100
)
   
(1,829,598
)
   
(9,880,433
)
   
(3,127,922
)
Other
   
(3,672
)
   
(31,140
)
   
(27,450
)
   
(70,273
)
Depletion and depreciation
   
(382,704
)
   
(161,114
)
   
(602,007
)
   
(312,375
)
Total cost of revenues
   
(2,448,218
)
   
(2,256,127
)
   
(11,034,491
)
   
(4,082,731
)
Gross profit
   
1,070,362
     
374,292
     
2,945,118
     
1,620,237
 
                                 
General and administrative expenses
   
(1,036,615
)
   
(559,608
)
   
(1,837,985
)
   
(1,198,441
)
Depreciation
   
(95,572
)
   
(90,392
)
   
(180,354
)
   
(178,405
)
Operating (loss) income
   
(61,825
)
   
(275,708
)
   
926,779
     
243,391
 
                                 
Other income (expense):
                               
Income from reimbursement of construction costs (related party)
   
     
     
6,275,500
     
 
Oil and gas lease income, net
   
61,741
     
13,934
     
123,481
     
27,867
 
Oil and gas royalty income, net
   
269,065
     
44,416
     
538,614
     
75,841
 
Interest income
   
83,778
     
121,661
     
137,969
     
192,823
 
Other
   
     
(328
)
   
     
(1,975
)
Income (loss) from operations before income taxes
   
352,759
     
(96,025
)
   
8,002,343
     
537,947
 
Income tax expense
   
78,841
     
     
1,965,960
     
 
Net income (loss)
 
$
273,918
   
$
(96,025
)
 
$
6,036,383
   
$
537,947
 
Unrealized holding gains (losses)
   
233
     
(65,555
)
   
(3,658
)
   
(53,759
)
Total comprehensive income (loss)
 
$
274,151
   
$
(161,580
)
 
$
6,032,725
   
$
484,188
 
                                 
Basic net income (loss) per common share
 
$
0.01
   
$
*
   
$
0.25
   
$
0.02
 
Diluted net income (loss) per common share
 
$
0.01
     
*
   
$
0.25
     
0.02
 
                                 
Weighted average common shares outstanding–basic
   
23,846,265
     
23,799,931
     
23,836,431
     
23,786,181
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding–diluted
   
24,109,538
     
23,799,931
     
24,080,116
     
23,995,760
 

*
Amount is less than $0.01 per share

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Three Months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019
(unaudited)

   
Preferred Stock
   
Common Stock
   
Additional
Paid-in
   
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
   
Accumulated
       
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Capital
   
Income (Loss)
   
Deficit
   
Total
 
November 30, 2019 balance:
   
432,513
   
$
433
     
23,826,598
   
$
79,427
   
$
172,465,766
   
$
   
$
(91,950,558
)
 
$
80,595,068
 
Stock option exercises
   
     
     
12,500
     
42
     
35,358
     
     
     
35,400
 
Stock granted for services
   
     
     
12,000
     
40
     
149,360
     
     
     
149,400
 
Share-based compensation
   
     
     
     
     
98,441
     
     
     
98,441
 
Net income
   
     
     
     
     
     
     
273,918
     
273,918
 
Unrealized holding gain on investments
   
     
     
     
     
     
233
     
     
233
 
February 29, 2020 balance:
   
432,513
   
$
433
     
23,851,098
   
$
79,509
   
$
172,748,925
   
$
233
   
$
(91,676,640
)
 
$
81,152,460
 

   
Preferred Stock
   
Common Stock
   
Additional
Paid-in
   
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
   
Accumulated
       
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Capital
   
Income (Loss)
   
Deficit
   
Total
 
November 30, 2018 balance:
   
432,513
   
$
433
     
23,789,098
   
$
79,302
   
$
172,012,936
   
$
78,242
   
$
(101,890,199
)
 
$
70,280,714
 
Stock option exercises
                   
12,500
   
$
42
   
$
36,558
     
     
     
36,600
 
Share-based compensation
   
     
     
     
     
58,241
     
     
     
58,241
 
Net loss
   
     
     
     
     
     
     
(96,025
)
   
(96,025
)
Unrealized holding loss on investments
   
     
     
     
     
     
(65,555
)
   
     
(65,555
)
February 28, 2019 balance:
   
432,513
   
$
433
     
23,801,598
   
$
79,344
   
$
172,107,735
   
$
12,687
   
$
(101,986,224
)
 
$
70,213,975
 

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Six Months Ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019
(unaudited)

   
Preferred Stock
   
Common Stock
   
Additional
Paid-in
   
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
   
Accumulated
       
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Capital
   
Income (Loss)
   
Deficit
   
Total
 
August 31, 2019 balance:
   
432,513
   
$
433
     
23,826,598
   
$
79,427
   
$
172,360,413
   
$
3,891
   
$
(97,713,023
)
 
$
74,731,141
 
Stock option exercises
                   
12,500
   
$
42
   
$
35,358
     
     
     
35,400
 
Stock granted for services
   
     
     
12,000
     
40
     
149,360
     
     
     
149,400
 
Share-based compensation
   
     
     
     
     
203,794
     
     
     
203,794
 
Net income
   
     
     
     
     
     
     
6,036,383
     
6,036,383
 
Unrealized holding loss on investments
   
     
     
     
     
     
(3,658
)
   
     
(3,658
)
February 29, 2020 balance:
   
432,513
   
$
433
     
23,851,098
   
$
79,509
   
$
172,748,925
   
$
233
   
$
(91,676,640
)
 
$
81,152,460
 

   
Preferred Stock
   
Common Stock
   
Additional
Paid-in
   
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
   
Accumulated
       
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Capital
   
Income (Loss)
   
Deficit
   
Total
 
August 31, 2018 balance:
   
432,513
   
$
433
     
23,764,098
   
$
79,218
   
$
171,831,293
   
$
66,446
   
$
(102,524,171
)
 
$
69,453,219
 
Stock option exercises
                   
37,500
   
$
126
   
$
114,725
     
     
     
114,851
 
Share-based compensation
   
     
     
     
     
161,717
     
     
     
161,717
 
Adoption of accounting standards
   
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
 
Net income
   
     
     
     
     
     
     
537,947
     
537,947
 
Unrealized holding loss on investments
   
     
     
     
     
     
(53,759
)
   
     
(53,759
)
February 28, 2019 balance:
   
432,513
   
$
433
     
23,801,598
   
$
79,344
   
$
172,107,735
   
$
12,687
   
$
(101,986,224
)
 
$
70,213,975
 

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(unaudited)

   
Six Months Ended
 
   
February 29, 2020
   
February 28, 2019
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
           
Net income
 
$
6,036,383
   
$
537,947
 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash used in operating activities:
               
Share-based compensation expense
   
353,194
     
161,717
 
Depreciation and depletion
   
782,361
     
490,780
 
Bad debt (recovery) expense
   
     
(31,233
)
Investment in Well Enhancement and Recovery Systems LLC
   
11,730
     
5,203
 
Interest income and other non-cash items
   
(175
)
   
(210
)
Interest added to receivable from related parties
   
(22,056
)
   
(19,885
)
Deferred income taxes
   
721,942
     
 
Proceeds from CAB reimbursement applied to inventories
   
4,229,501
     
 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
               
Inventories
   
2,796,111
     
(5,016,918
)
Trade accounts receivable
   
731,810
     
868,570
 
Prepaid expenses
   
(91,886
)
   
(133,745
)
Notes receivable - related parties
   
(35,102
)
   
(17,978
)
Other assets
   
     
(90,097
)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
   
203,558
     
(1,314,140
)
Income taxes
   
173,138
     
 
Deferred revenues
   
(822,030
)
   
1,094,191
 
Deferred income - oil and gas lease and water sales payment
   
1,477,040
     
(27,867
)
Lease obligations - operating leases
   
(4,195
)
   
 
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
   
16,541,324
     
(3,493,665
)
                 
Cash flows from investing activities:
               
Investments in water, water systems and land
   
(4,245,053
)
   
(5,788,964
)
Sale and maturities of short-term investments
   
5,185,156
     
22,555,619
 
Purchase of short-term investments
   
(1,720,233
)
   
(20,837,776
)
Purchase of property and equipment
   
(376,287
)
   
(132,034
)
Net cash used in investing activities
   
(1,156,417
)
   
(4,203,155
)
                 
Cash flows from financing activities:
               
Proceeds from exercise of options
   
35,400
     
114,851
 
Payments to contingent liability holders
   
(3,810
)
   
(5,762
)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
   
31,590
     
109,089
 
                 
Net change in cash and cash equivalents
   
15,416,497
     
(7,587,731
)
Cash and cash equivalents – beginning of period
   
4,478,020
     
11,565,038
 
Cash and cash equivalents – end of period
 
$
19,894,517
   
$
3,977,307
 

SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF NON-CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES
           
Changes in Inventories included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities
 
$
1,211,385
   
$
1,932,137
 
Changes in Investments in water, water systems and land included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities
 
$
1,590,877
   
$
 
Income taxes paid
 
$
1,070,880
   
$
 

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
February 29, 2020

NOTE 1 – PRESENTATION OF INTERIM INFORMATION

The February 29, 2020 consolidated balance sheet, the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income for the three and six months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019, the consolidated statements of shareholders’ equity for three the six months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019, and the consolidated statements of cash flows for the six months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019 have been prepared by Pure Cycle Corporation (the “Company”) and have not been audited. The unaudited consolidated financial statements include all adjustments that are, in the opinion of management, necessary to present fairly the financial position, results of operations and cash flows at February 29, 2020, and for all periods presented.

Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted. It is suggested that these consolidated financial statements be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended August 31, 2019 (the “2019 Annual Report”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on November 12, 2019. The results of operations for interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for the full fiscal year. The August 31, 2019 balance sheet was derived from the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Estimates are used to account for certain items such as revenue recognition, reimbursable costs and expenses, costs of revenue for lot sales, share-based compensation, deferred tax asset valuation, depreciation and the recoverability of long lived  assets. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents include all highly liquid debt instruments with original maturities of three months or less. The Company’s cash equivalents are comprised entirely of money market funds maintained at a reputable financial institution and U.S. Treasury debt securities. At various times during the three months ended February 29, 2020, the Company’s main operating account exceeded federally insured limits. To date, the Company has not suffered a loss due to such excess balance.

Land Development Inventories

Inventories primarily include land held for development and sale. Inventories are stated at cost. Capitalized lot development costs at Sky Ranch are costs incurred to construct lots at Sky Ranch that meet the Company’s capitalization criteria for improvements to a lot and are capitalized as incurred. The Company capitalizes certain legal, engineering, design, permitting, land acquisition, and construction costs related to the development of lots at Sky Ranch. The Company accumulates land development costs and allocates costs to each lot to determine the cost basis for each lot sale. The Company records all land cost of sales over time based on inputs of costs incurred to date to total estimated costs to complete.

In accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 360, Property, Plant and Equipment (“ASC 360”), the Company values land held for sale at the lower of the carrying value or net realizable value. In determining net realizable value, the Company primarily relies upon the most recent negotiated price. If a negotiated price is not available, the Company will consider several factors, including, but not limited to, current market conditions, recent comparable sales transactions and market analysis studies. If the net realizable value is lower than the current carrying value, the land is written down to its estimated net realizable value.

Contract Asset

Contract receivables are recorded at the invoiced amount and do not bear interest. Credit is extended based on the evaluation of a customer’s financial condition and collateral is not required. Contract assets reflect revenue which has been earned but not yet invoiced. The contract assets are transferred to receivables when the Company has the right to bill such amounts and they are invoiced.

Investments

Management determines the appropriate classification of its investments in U.S. Treasury debt securities at the time of purchase and re-evaluates such determinations each reporting period.

Securities that the Company does not have the positive intent or ability to hold to maturity, including certificate of deposits and U.S. Treasury debt securities, are reported at their fair value. Changes in value of such securities are recorded as a component of Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). The cost of securities sold is based on the specific identification method. As of February 29, 2020, the Company's U.S. Treasury debt securities had no maturity dates greater than three months and were classified as cash and cash equivalents in the balance sheet.  As of February 29, 2020, the Company held seven certificate of deposits with original maturity dates greater than three months and are classified as short-term investments in the balance sheet.

Concentration of Credit Risk and Fair Value

Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash, cash equivalents and investments. From time to time, the Company places its cash in money market instruments, certificates of deposit and U.S. Treasury obligations. To date, the Company has not experienced significant losses on any of these investments.

The following methods and assumptions were used to estimate the fair value of each class of financial instrument for which it is practicable to estimate that value. The Company uses a fair value hierarchy that has three levels of inputs, both observable and unobservable, with use of the lowest possible level of significant input to determine where within the fair value hierarchy the measurement falls.  The estimated fair value measurements in Note 2 – Fair Value Measurements are based on Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.

Cash and Cash Equivalents – The Company’s cash and cash equivalents are reported using the values as reported by the financial institution where the funds are held. These securities primarily include balances in the Company’s operating and savings accounts. The carrying amount of cash and cash equivalents approximate fair value.

Trade Accounts Receivable – The Company records accounts receivable net of allowances for uncollectible accounts and the carrying value approximate fair value due to the short-term nature of the receivables.

Investments – The carrying amounts of investments are recorded at fair value. Investments are described further in Note 2 – Fair Value Measurements.

Accounts Payable – The carrying amounts of accounts payable approximate fair value due to the relatively short period to maturity for these instruments.

Long-Term Financial Liabilities The Comprehensive Amendment Agreement No. 1 (the “CAA”) is comprised of a recorded balance at fair value and an off-balance sheet or “contingent” obligation associated with the Company’s acquisition of its “Rangeview Water Supply” (as defined in Note 4 – Water and Land Assets in Part II, Item 8 of the 2019 Annual Report). The amount payable is a fixed amount but is repayable only upon the sale of “Export Water” (as defined in Note 4 – Water and Land Assets in Part II, Item 8 of the 2019 Annual Report). Because of the uncertainty of the sale of Export Water, the Company has determined that the contingent portion of the CAA does not have a determinable fair value. The CAA is described further in Note 4 – Long-Term Obligations and Operating Lease – Participating Interests in Export Water Supply.

Notes Receivable – Related PartiesThe carrying amounts of the Notes receivable – related parties (including with the Rangeview Metropolitan District (the “Rangeview District”) and the Sky Ranch Community Authority Board (the “CAB”)) approximate their fair value because the interest rates on the notes approximate market rates.

Off-Balance Sheet Instruments – The Company’s off-balance sheet instruments consist entirely of the contingent portion of the CAA. Because repayment of this portion of the CAA is contingent on the sale of Export Water, which is not reasonably estimable, the Company has determined that the contingent portion of the CAA does not have a determinable fair value. See further discussion in Note 4 – Long-Term Obligations and Operating Lease – Participating Interests in Export Water Supply.

Revenue Recognition

The Company disaggregates revenue by major product line as reported on the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income.

Wholesale Water and Wastewater Fees

The Company generates revenues through two lines of business. Revenues are derived through its wholesale water and wastewater business and through the sale of developed land primarily for residential lots, both of which businesses are described below.

The Company generates revenues through its wholesale water and wastewater business predominantly from three sources: (i) monthly wholesale water usage fees and wastewater service fees, (ii) one-time water and wastewater tap fees and construction fees/Special Facility funding, and (iii) consulting fees. Because these items are separately delivered and distinct, the Company accounts for each of the related performance obligations separately, as described below.

 
(i)
Monthly water usage and wastewater treatment fees  Monthly wholesale water usage charges are assessed to the Company’s customers based on actual metered usage each month plus a base monthly service fee assessed per single family equivalent (“SFE”) unit served. One SFE is a customer, whether residential, commercial or industrial, that imparts a demand on the Company’s water or wastewater systems similar to the demand of a family of four persons living in a single-family house on a standard-sized lot. Water usage pricing uses a tiered pricing structure. The Company recognizes wholesale water usage revenues at a point in time upon delivering water to its customers or its governmental customers’ end-use customers, as applicable. Revenues recognized by the Company from the sale of “Export Water” and other portions of its “Rangeview Water Supply” off the Lowry Range are shown gross of royalties to the State of Colorado Board of Land Commissioners (the “Land Board”). The Company is the primary distributor of the Export Water and sets pricing for the sale of Export Water. Revenues recognized by the Company from the sale of water on the Lowry Range are shown net of royalties paid to the Land Board and amounts retained by the Rangeview District. For water sales on the Lowry Range, the Rangeview District is directly selling the water and deemed the primary distributor of the water. The Rangeview District sets the price for the water sales on the Lowry Range. See further description of Export Water, the Lowry Range, and the Rangeview Water Supply in Note 4 – Water and Land Assets under “Rangeview Water Supply and Water System” in Part II, Item 8 of the 2019 Annual Report.

In addition to providing domestic water, the Company provides raw water for hydraulic fracturing to industrial customers in the oil and gas industry that are located in and adjacent to its service areas. Frack water revenues are recognized at a point in time upon delivering water to a customer.

The Company delivered 4.0 million and 13.8 million gallons of water to customers during the three months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019, respectively, of which 4% and 68% was used for oil and gas exploration. The Company delivered 20.0 million and 135.4 million gallons of water to customers during the six months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019, respectively, of which 5% and 79% was used for oil and gas exploration.

The Company recognizes wastewater treatment revenues monthly based on a flat monthly fee and actual usage charges. The monthly wastewater treatment fees are shown net of amounts retained by the Rangeview District. Costs of delivering water and providing wastewater service to customers are recognized as incurred.


(ii)
Water and wastewater tap fees/Special Facility funding – The Company recognizes water and wastewater tap fees as revenue at the time the Company grants a right for the customer to tap into the water or wastewater service line to obtain service. The Company recognized $993,200 and $392,500 of water tap fee revenues during the three months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019, respectively, and $2.4 million and $619,400 of water tap revenues during the six months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019, respectively. The water tap fees recognized are based on the amounts billed by the Rangeview District and any amounts paid to third parties pursuant to the CAA as further described in Note 4 – Long-Term Obligations and Operating LeaseParticipating Interests in Export Water Supply below. The Company recognized $179,600 and $74,500 of wastewater tap fee revenues during the three months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019, respectively. The Company recognized $449,900 and $102,500 of wastewater tap fee revenues during the six months ended February 29, 2020 and 2018, respectively.

The Company recognizes construction fees, including fees received to construct “Special Facilities” (as defined below), over time as the construction is completed because the customer is generally able to use the property improvement to enhance the value of other assets during the construction period. Special Facilities are facilities that enable water to be delivered to a single customer and are not otherwise classified as a typical wholesale facility or retail facility. Temporary infrastructure required prior to construction of permanent water and wastewater systems or transmission pipelines to transfer water from one location to another are examples of Special Facilities. Management has determined that Special Facilities are separate and distinct performance obligations because these projects are contracted to construct a specific water and wastewater system or transmission pipeline and typically do not include multiple performance obligations in a contract with a customer. No Special Facilities revenue has been recognized during the three or six months ended February 29, 2020 or February 28, 2019.


(iii)
Consulting fees – Consulting fees are fees that the Company receives, typically on a monthly basis, from municipalities and area water providers along the I-70 corridor, for contract operations services over time as services are consumed. Consulting fees are recognized monthly based on a flat monthly fee plus charges for additional work performed. The Company recognized $4,200 and $50,400 of consulting fees during the three months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019, respectively. The Company recognized $90,200 and $110,200 of consulting fees during the six months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019, respectively.

The Company is reducing its consulting services in order to focus its resources on the water systems at Sky Ranch. The Company expects consulting fees to be minimal in future periods.

Land Development Activities

The Company generates revenues through the sale of finished lots at its Sky Ranch development primarily from several sources of revenues: (i) the sale of finished lots, (ii) construction support activities, (iii) project management services, and (iv) reimbursable expenses incurred to develop certain public improvements.


(i)
Land development through the sale of finished lots – The Company acquired approximately 930 acres of land zoned as a Master Planned Community known as Sky Ranch along the I-70 corridor east of Denver, Colorado. The Company has entered into purchase and sale agreements with three separate home builders pursuant to which the Company agreed to sell, and each builder agreed to purchase, residential lots at the property. The Company began construction of lots in March 2018 and segments its reporting of the activity relating to the costs and revenues from the construction and sale of lots at Sky Ranch.

The Company sells lots at Sky Ranch pursuant to distinct agreements with each home builder. These agreements follow one of two formats. One format is the sale of a finished lot, whereby the purchaser pays for a ready-to-build finished lot and payment is a lump-sum payment upon completion of the finished lot that is permit ready. The Company recognizes revenues at the point in time of the closing of the sale of a finished lot in which control transfers to the builder as the transaction cycle is complete and the Company has no further obligations for the lot. During the three months ended February 29, 2020, the Company received payment and recognized revenue of $1,406,100 from one home builder in exchange for the delivery of 20 finished lots. During the six months ended February 29, 2020, the Company received payment and recognized revenue of $2,836,700 from one home builder in exchange for the delivery of 41 finished lots. During the three and six months ended February 28, 2019, the Company received $300,000 from one home builder in exchange for the delivery of 4 finished lots.

The Company’s second format is the sale of finished lots pursuant to a development agreement with builders, whereby the Company receives payments in stages that include (i) payment upon the delivery of platted lots (which requires the Company to deliver deeded title to individual lots), (ii) a second payment upon the completion of certain infrastructure milestones, and (iii) final payment upon the delivery of the finished lot. Ownership and control of the platted lots pass to the builders once the Company closes the sale of the platted lots. Because the builder (i.e., the customer) takes control of the lot at the first closing and subsequent improvements made by the Company improve the builder’s lot as construction progresses, the Company accounts for revenue over time with progress measured based upon costs incurred to date compared to total expected costs.  Any revenue in excess of amounts entitled to be billed is reflected on the balance sheet as a contract asset, and amounts received in excess of revenue recognized are recorded as deferred revenue. As of February 29, 2020, the Company had received cumulative payments of approximately $21 million under development agreements relating to 293 lots from two home builders, of which approximately $18.0 million of revenue was recognized over time based on the costs incurred to date compared to total expected costs for full completion of the 293 lots. During the three months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019, the Company recognized $859,600 and $1,646,400 of lot sales over time, respectively. For the six months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019, the Company recognized $7,970,600 and $3,027,600 of lot sales over time, respectively. The Company had deferred revenue related to lot sales of $3,169,500 as of February 29, 2020. The Company does not have any material significant payment terms as all payments are expected to be received within 12 months after the delivery of each platted lot. The Company adopted the practical expedient for financing components and does not need to account for a financing component of these lot sales as the delivery of lot sales is expected to occur within one year or less.


(ii)
Construction support activities – The Company performs certain construction activities at Sky Ranch. The activities performed include construction and maintenance of the grading erosion and sediment control best management practices and other construction-related services. These activities are invoiced upon completion and are included in Inventories and subsequently expensed through Land development construction costs until bonds are issued by the Sky Ranch Districts (as defined in Note 6 – Related Party Transactions) and/or the CAB and the CAB reimburses the Company for public improvements. Refer to section (iv) Reimbursable Costs for Public Improvements for details on repayment of reimbursable costs. To date, the Company has invoiced the CAB $555,200 for construction support activities, which amount is included in Inventories.


(iii)
Project management services – The Company entered into two Service Agreements for Project Management Services with the CAB beginning on May 2, 2018. Pursuant to these agreements, the Company acts as the project manager and provides any and all services required to deliver the CAB-eligible improvements, including but not limited to CAB compliance; planning design and approvals; project administration; contractor agreements; and construction management and administration. The Company must submit to the CAB a monthly invoice, in a form acceptable to the CAB, detailing all project management activities during the period. The Company is responsible for all expenses it incurs in the performance of the agreements and is not entitled to any reimbursement or compensation except as defined in the agreements, unless otherwise approved in advance by the CAB in writing. The CAB is subject to annual budget and appropriation procedures and does not intend to create a multiple-fiscal year direct or indirect debt or other financial obligation. The Company receives a project management fee of five percent (5%) of actual construction costs of CAB-eligible improvements. The project management fee qualifies as a reimbursable cost to the Company. The project management fee is based only on the actual costs of the improvements; thus, items such as fees, permits, review fees, consultant or other soft costs, and land acquisition or any other costs that are not directly related to the cost of construction of CAB-eligible improvements are not included in the calculation of the project management fee. Soft costs and other costs that are not directly related to the construction of CAB-eligible improvements are included in Inventories and accounted for in the same manner as construction support activities as described above. The Company and the CAB have agreed that no payment is required by the CAB with respect to project management fees unless and until the CAB and/or the Sky Ranch Districts issue municipal bonds in an amount sufficient to reimburse the Company for all or a portion of advances provided or expenses incurred for reimbursables. Due to this contingency, the project management fees are being accrued to revenue with a corresponding allowance until the point in time when bonds are issued by the Sky Ranch Districts and/or the CAB and the CAB reimburses the Company for the public improvements. At that point, the portion of the project management fees repaid will be recognized as revenue. To date, the Company has accrued $1,304,400 in project management services to the CAB.


(iv)
Reimbursable Costs for Public Improvements – The CAB is required to construct certain public improvements, such as water distribution systems, sewer collection systems, storm water systems, drainage improvements, roads, curb, sidewalks, landscaping and parks, the costs of which may qualify as reimbursable costs. The Company is obligated to finance this infrastructure pursuant to its agreements with the CAB (see Note 6 – Related Party Transactions). These public improvements are constructed pursuant to design standards specified by the Sky Ranch Districts and/or the CAB, and, after inspection and acceptance, are turned over to the applicable governmental entity to operate and maintain. As these public improvements are owned and operated on behalf of a governmental entity, they may qualify for reimbursement.

The Company and the CAB have agreed that no payment is required with respect to advances made by the Company or expenses incurred related to construction of public improvements unless and until the CAB and/or the Sky Ranch Districts issue bonds in an amount sufficient to reimburse the Company for all or a portion of the advances made and expenses incurred. Due to this contingency, the reimbursable costs for the construction of public improvements, including reimbursable costs for construction support activities, are included in Inventories and subsequently expensed through Land development construction costs until the point in time when the CAB reimburses the Company for such public improvements. The Company submits specific costs for reimbursement to the CAB.  Based on the specific costs being reimbursed by the CAB, the Company records those costs that have been previously expensed in cost of sales as other income and those costs that remain capitalized as inventory costs as a reduction of the related inventory costs held in Inventories. Any reimbursable costs repaid after all capitalized expenses and lot revenues have been fully recognized are recorded as other income.

All amounts owed under the 2018 FFAA (as defined in Note 6 – Related Party Transactions) bear interest at a rate of 6% per annum. No payment is required of the CAB for advances made to the CAB or expenses incurred related to construction of public improvements unless and until the CAB and/or Sky Ranch Districts issue bonds in an amount sufficient to reimburse the Company for all or a portion of advances or other expenses incurred. Due to this contingency, interest is accrued to Interest Income with a corresponding allowance until the point in time when bonds are issued. At that point, the allowance will be reversed for the portion of the accrued interest repaid and the accrued interest will be recognized. To date, the Company has accrued $1,031,900 for accrued interest for advances made to the CAB.

On November 19, 2019, the CAB sold tax-exempt, fixed rate senior bonds in the aggregate principal amount of approximately $11,435,000 and tax-exempt, fixed-rate subordinate bonds in the aggregate principal amount of approximately $1,765,000 (collectively, the “Bonds”). Upon the sale of the Bonds, approximately $10.5 million of the net proceeds from the Bonds were used to partially reimburse the Company for advances it made to the CAB pursuant to the 2018 FFAA to fund the construction of public improvements to the Sky Ranch property. The remainder of the bond proceeds were retained by the CAB in cash in order to pay expenses relating to the cost of issuing the bonds and repay debt service through 2021, when the CAB expects to generate enough revenue through mill levies, to repay bond holders.

10

The Company applied approximately $4.2 million of the net proceeds to partially reduce the remaining capitalized expenses in Inventories and the excess of the capitalized public improvement expenses of approximately $6.3 million was recognized as Income from reimbursement of construction costs (related party) in other income. As a result of the reimbursed costs, the margin from land development revenues is expected to increase to approximately 27%.

The Company records all reimbursable costs to Inventories and subsequently expenses these costs through Land development construction costs. All unpaid reimbursable costs, that the Company believes are recoverable from the CAB are accrued to a Note Receivable from the CAB pursuant to the 2018 FFAA. Each period, the Company performs an impairment analysis on the recoverability of the outstanding reimbursable costs. The following table summarizes all reimbursable costs incurred to date, payments made from the CAB and any outstanding reimbursable amounts.

   
As of February 29, 2020
 
   
Costs incurred to date
   
Payments repaid by
CAB
   
Net costs incurred to date
 
Construction support activities
 
$
555,200
   
$
   
$
555,200
 
Project management services
   
1,304,400
     
     
1,304,400
 
Public Improvements
   
24,575,200
     
10,505,000
     
14,070,200
 
Accrued interest
   
1,031,900
     
     
1,031,900
 
Total reimbursable costs
 
$
27,466,700
   
$
10,505,000
   
$
16,961,700
 

The Company expects to incur approximately an additional $4.5 million of construction costs related to public improvements and expects to be reimbursed approximately an additional $18.5 million.

The Company evaluated disaggregation of revenue and has determined that no additional disaggregation of revenue is necessary.

Contract asset by segment is as follows:

The Company did not have a contract asset at February 29, 2020, February 28, 2019 or August 31, 2019.

Changes in contract asset were as follows:

   
February 29, 2020
   
August 31, 2019
 
Balance, beginning of period
 
$
   
$
 
Recognition of revenue contract asset
   
     
1,020,146
 
Contract asset invoiced
   
     
(1,020,146
)
Balance, end of period
 
$
   
$
 

Deferred revenue by segment is as follows:

   
February 29, 2020
   
August 31, 2019
 
Land development activities
 
$
3,169,505
   
$
3,991,535
 
Oil and gas leases and water sales payment
   
2,544,388
     
1,067,348
 
Balance, end of period
 
$
5,713,893
   
$
5,058,883
 

The current portion of deferred revenue for oil and gas leases and water sales payment as of February 29, 2020 and August 31, 2019,  is $2,283,763 and $706,464, respectively. There were no water segment deferred revenues as of February 28, 2019 and August 31, 2019.

Changes in deferred revenue were as follows:

   
February 29, 2020
   
August 31, 2019
 
Balance, beginning of period
 
$
5,058,883
   
$
1,846,630
 
Deferral of revenue
   
14,758,101
     
12,700,065
 
Recognition of unearned revenue
   
(14,103,091
)
   
(9,487,812
)
Balance, end of period
 
$
5,713,893
   
$
5,058,883
 

The recognition of unearned revenue was $10,807,353 and $5,920,319 from land development activities and $3,295,738 and $3,567,493 from oil and gas leases and water sales payments for the six months ended February 29, 2020 and August 31, 2019, respectively.

11

Revenue allocated to remaining performance obligations represents contracted revenue that has not yet been recognized (“contracted not recognized revenue”), which includes unearned revenue and amounts that will be invoiced and recognized as revenue in future periods. At February 29, 2020, the Company had outstanding open contracts for $13,698,400, which primarily related to the sale of 506 lots at Sky Ranch. The Company expects to recognize approximately 89% of such revenue over the next 12 months.

Inventories

Inventories primarily include land held for development and sale, which the Company has begun developing and are stated at cost. Capitalized lot development costs at Sky Ranch are costs incurred to construct finished lots at Sky Ranch that meet the Company’s capitalization criteria for improvements to a lot and are capitalized as incurred. The Company capitalizes certain legal, engineering, design, permitting, land acquisition, and construction costs related to the development of lots at Sky Ranch. The Company uses the specific identification method for purposes of accumulating land development costs and allocates costs to each lot to determine the cost basis for each lot sale. The Company records all land cost of sales when a lot is completed and sold on a lot-by-lot basis. Costs included in Inventories include common area costs that the Company funded through the CAB. The Company expects that such costs will be reimbursable by the CAB. The Company records future reimbursements as a reduction of reimbursable capitalized costs remaining in Inventories once the CAB has the ability to reimburse the costs (i.e., once the Sky Ranch Districts and/or the CAB has issued bonds).

In accordance with ASC 360, the Company measures land held for sale at the lower of the carrying value or net realizable value. In determining net realizable value, the Company primarily relies upon the most recent negotiated price. If a negotiated price is not available, the Company will consider several factors, including, but not limited to, current market conditions, recent comparable sales transactions and market analysis studies. If the net realizable value is lower than the current carrying value, the land is written down to its net realizable value.

Royalty and Other Obligations

Revenues from the sale of Export Water are shown gross of royalties payable to the Land Board. Revenues from the sale of water on the Lowry Range are invoiced directly by the Rangeview District, and a percentage of such collections are then paid to the Company by the Rangeview District. Water revenue from such sales are shown net of royalties paid to the Land Board and amounts retained by the Rangeview District.

Oil and Gas Lease Payments

As described in Note 2 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies in Part II, Item 8 of the 2019 Annual Report, the Company entered into a Paid-Up Oil and Gas Lease (the “Sky Ranch O&G Lease”) and a Surface Use and Damage Agreement that were subsequently purchased by a wholly owned subsidiary of ConocoPhillips Company and recently acquired by Crestone Peak Resources. Six wells have been drilled within the Company’s mineral interest and placed into service (four new wells beginning in fiscal 2020) and are producing oil and gas and accruing royalties to the Company. During the three months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019, the Company received $269,500 and $44,400 net of taxes, respectively, in royalties attributable to these wells. During the six months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019, the Company received $538,600 and $75,800 net of taxes, respectively, in royalties attributable to these wells. The Company classifies income from oil and gas lease and royalty payments as Other income in the statement of operations and comprehensive income as the Company does not consider these arrangements to be a primary operating business activity.

Deferred Revenue

In July 2019, the Company received an up-front payment of $573,700 from an Agreement on Locations of Oil and Gas Operations for a pad site covering approximately 16 acres with the operator of the Sky Ranch O&G Lease (the “OGOA”), which will be recognized as income on a straight-line basis over three years. If after three years the operator has not spud at least one well on the OGOA, the operator may extend the right to the OGOA one additional year by paying $75,000 to the Company. The operator may only extend the OGOA for two additional years for a total of five years. The Company recognizes the up-front payments on a straight-line basis over the terms of the respective agreements. During the three and six months ended February 29, 2020, the Company recognized $47,800 and $95,600 of income, respectively, related to the up-front payments received pursuant to the OGOA. No revenue was recognized for the three or six months ended February 28, 2019 related to the up-front payments received pursuant to the OGOA. As of February 29, 2020 and August 31, 2019, the Company had deferred revenue of $451,900 and $547,500, respectively, related to the OGOA.

12

In September 2017, the Company entered into a Paid-Up Oil and Gas Lease with Bison Oil and Gas, LLP (the “Bison Lease”). Pursuant to the Bison Lease, the Company received an up-front payment of $167,200 in October 2017, which will be recognized as income on a straight-line basis over the three year term of the lease. The Company recognized lease income of $13,900 during the three months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019 related to the up-front payment received pursuant to the Bison Lease. The Company recognized lease income of $27,900 during the six months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019 related to the up-front payment received pursuant to the Bison Lease. As of February 29, 2020 and August 31, 2019, the Company had deferred revenue of $32,500 and $60,400, respectively, related to the Bison Lease that will be recognized as income ratably through September 2020.

The Company also billed and received payments of $2.0 million as of the quarter ended February 29, 2020 from one of its industrial water customer, to reserve first priority water for its oil and gas fracking needs for defined periods through 2020. As the Customer uses the forecasted volumes each month, the Company will recognize revenue based on the volumes used. The Customer may take such volumes up to one year from invoice date. If the Customer does not take the forecasted volumes in the anticipated period, such volumes are forfeited by the Customer. At that time, any payments received for unused volumes will be recognized as revenue. As of February 29, 2020, the Company had deferred revenue of $2.0 million as a result of these advanced water purchase payments.

Long-Lived Assets

The Company reviews its long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to future undiscounted net cash flows expected to be generated by the eventual use of the asset. If such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying amount of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets. Assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of the carrying amount or fair value less costs to sell.

Capitalized Costs of Water and Wastewater Systems and Depletion and Depreciation of Water Assets

Costs to construct water and wastewater systems that meet the Company’s capitalization criteria are capitalized as incurred, including any interest, and depreciated on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives of up to 30 years. The Company capitalizes design and construction costs related to construction activities, and it capitalizes certain legal, engineering and permitting costs relating to the adjudication and improvement of its water assets. The Company depletes its groundwater assets that are being utilized on the basis of units produced (i.e., thousands of gallons sold) divided by the total volume of water adjudicated in the water decrees.

Share-Based Compensation

The Company maintains a stock option plan for the benefit of its employees and non-employee directors. The Company records share-based compensation costs as expense over the applicable vesting period of the stock award using the straight-line method. The compensation costs to be expensed are measured at the grant date based on the fair value of the award. The Company has adopted the alternative transition method for calculating the tax effects of share-based compensation, which allows for a simplified method of calculating the tax effects of employee share-based compensation. The impact on the income tax provision for the granting and exercise of stock options during the three and six months ended February 29, 2020 was a deferred tax expense of approximately $5,600 and a deferred tax benefit of $20,300, respectively. Because the Company had a full valuation allowance on its deferred tax assets as of November 30, 2018, there was no effect on the tax provision during the period. The Company recognized $247,800 of share-based compensation expense, which included unrestricted stock grants, and $58,200 of share-based compensation expense during the three months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019, respectively. The Company recognized $353,200 of share-based compensation expense, which included unrestricted stock grants, and $161,700 of share-based compensation expense during the six months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019, respectively.

Income Taxes

The Company uses a “more-likely-than-not” threshold for the recognition and de-recognition of tax positions, including any potential interest and penalties relating to tax positions taken by the Company. The Company did not have any significant unrecognized tax benefits as of February 29, 2020.

As a result of H.R.1, commonly known as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”), signed into law on December 22, 2017, the Company has a $282,000 alternative minimum tax (“AMT”) deferred tax asset for which it did not have a valuation allowance as of February 29, 2020 and August 31, 2019.  The Company expects to receive the AMT as a refund in future years.  Most, if not all, of this credit will be refundable starting with the filing of the 2018 (fiscal year ending 2019) through 2021 (fiscal year ending 2022) tax returns, subject to limitations of Internal Revenue Code Section 382 (arises with ownership changes) and the sequestration limitation of the Balanced Budget Act of 1997.

13

The Company’s effective tax rate was 22.3% and 24.6% for the three and six months ended February 29, 2020, respectively. The effective tax rate was 0% for the three and six months ended February 28, 2019 due to the valuation allowance the Company maintained on its net deferred tax asset.

The Company records deferred tax assets and liabilities for the estimated future tax effects of temporary differences between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and amounts reported in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets, as well as operating loss and tax credit carry-forwards. The Company measures deferred tax assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates expected to be applied to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled.

The Company maintained a valuation allowance on the net deferred tax asset other than AMT credits as of February 28, 2019, as the Company had determined it was more likely than not that the Company would not realize its deferred tax assets as of February 28, 2019. Such assets primarily consisted of operating loss carryforwards. The Company assessed the realizability of its deferred tax asset using all available evidence. In particular, the Company considered both historical results and projections of profitability for the reasonably foreseeable future periods. The Company is required to reassess its conclusions regarding the realization of its deferred tax assets at each financial reporting date. As a result of the evaluation, the Company concluded that all of the valuation allowance was no longer necessary as of August 31, 2019 and released the valuation allowance.

The Company files income tax returns with the Internal Revenue Service and the State of Colorado. The tax years that remain subject to examination are fiscal year 2015 through fiscal year 2019.

The Company’s policy is to recognize interest and penalties accrued on any unrecognized tax benefits as a component of income tax expense. At February 29, 2020, the Company did not have any accrued interest or penalties associated with any unrecognized tax benefits, nor was any interest expense recognized during the six months ended February 29, 2020 or February 28, 2019.

Income per Common Share

Income per common share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of shares outstanding during each period. Common stock options of 263,273 and 195,196 common share equivalents as of the three months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019, respectively, were included in the calculation of income per common share as dilutive common stock equivalents using the treasury stock method. Common stock options of 243,685 and 209,579 common share equivalents as of the six months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019, respectively, were included in the calculation of income per common share as dilutive common stock equivalents using the treasury stock method. Common stock options aggregating 50,000 common share equivalents as of the six months ended February 28, 2019, have been excluded from the calculation of income per common share as their effect is anti-dilutive.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

The Company continually assesses any new accounting pronouncements to determine their applicability. When it is determined that a new accounting pronouncement affects the Company’s financial reporting, the Company undertakes a study to determine the consequence of the change to its consolidated financial statements and to ensure that there are proper controls in place to ascertain that the Company’s consolidated financial statements properly reflect the change. New pronouncements assessed by the Company recently are discussed below:

In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). ASU 2016-02 provides guidance on the recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of leases. The new standard supersedes the present GAAP standard on leases and requires substantially all leases to be reported on the balance sheet as right-of-use assets and lease obligations. This standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company adopted the standard effective September 1, 2019, and recorded a right-of-use asset of approximately $258,900 and a lease obligation liability of approximately $252,300.

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. Among other things, these amendments require the measurement of all expected credit losses for financial assets held at the reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts. Companies will now use forward-looking information to better inform their credit loss estimates. The standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is currently assessing the provisions of the standard and the impact of the adoption on its consolidated financial statements.

14

In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-02, Income Statement  Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220); Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income. The amendments in ASU 2018-02 allow a reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings for stranded tax effects resulting from the Tax Act. Consequently, the amendments eliminate the stranded tax effects resulting from the Tax Act and will improve the usefulness of information reported to financial statement users. The amendments are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted in any interim period after issuance of the standard. The Company has assessed the impact of this standard on its condensed consolidated financial statements and determined that it is immaterial.

In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07, Compensation  Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting. ASU 2018-07 is intended to reduce cost and complexity and to improve financial reporting for share-based payments issued to nonemployees. This standard expands the scope of ASC Topic 718, Compensation Stock Compensation, which currently only includes share-based payments issued to employees, to include share-based payments issued to nonemployees for goods and services. Consequently, the accounting for share-based payments to nonemployees and employees will be substantially aligned. ASU 2018-07 supersedes ASC Subtopic 505-50, Equity Equity-Based Payments to Non-Employees. The amendments in this ASU are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within these fiscal years. The Company has assessed the impact of this standard on its consolidated financial statements and determined that is immaterial.

NOTE 2 – FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date in the principal or most advantageous market. The Company uses a fair value hierarchy that has three levels of inputs, both observable and unobservable, with use of the lowest possible level of significant input to determine where within the fair value hierarchy the measurement falls.

Level 1 — Valuations for assets and liabilities traded in active exchange markets, such as the NASDAQ Stock Market. The Company had no Level 1 assets or liabilities as of February 29, 2020 or August 31, 2019.

Level 2 — Valuations for assets and liabilities obtained from readily available pricing sources via independent providers for market transactions involving similar assets or liabilities. The Company had seven and one Level 2 assets as of February 29, 2020 and August 31, 2019, respectively, which consisted of short-term certificates of deposit.

Level 3 — Valuations for assets and liabilities that are derived from other valuation methodologies, including discounted cash flow models and similar techniques, and not based on market exchange, dealer, or broker-traded transactions. Level 3 valuations incorporate certain assumptions and projections in determining the fair value assigned to such assets or liabilities. The Company had one Level 3 liability, the contingent portion of the CAA, as of February 29, 2020 and August 31, 2019. The Company has determined that the contingent portion of the CAA does not have a determinable fair value (see Note 4 – Long-Term Obligations and Operating Lease).

The Company maintains policies and procedures to value instruments using what management believes to be the best and most relevant data available.

Level 2 Asset – Investments. The Company’s investments are the Company’s only financial assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis. The fair value of investment securities is based on the values reported by the financial institutions where the funds are held. Investment securities include certificates of deposit and U.S. Treasury debt securities.

The Company’s non-financial assets measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis when assessing recoverability consist entirely of its investments in water and water systems and other long-lived assets. See Note 3 – Water and Land Assets below.

The following table provides information on the assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of February 29, 2020:

               
Fair Value Measurement Using:
       
   
Fair Value
   
Cost /
Other Value
   
Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical
Assets
(Level 1)
   
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
   
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
   
Accumulated
Unrealized
Gains and
(Losses)
 
Certificates of deposit
 
$
1,720,200
   
$
1,720,000
   
$
   
$
1,720,200
   
$
   
$
200
 
Total
 
$
1,720,200
   
$
1,720,000
   
$
   
$
1,720,200
   
$
   
$
200
 

15

The following table provides information on the assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of August 31, 2019:

               
Fair Value Measurement Using:
       
   
Fair Value
   
Cost /
Other Value
   
Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical
Assets
(Level 1)
   
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
   
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
   
Accumulated
Unrealized
Gains and
(Losses)
 
U.S. Treasury debt securities
 
$
4,996,000
   
$
4,992,100
   
$
   
$
4,996,000
   
$
   
$
3,900
 
Total
 
$
4,996,000
   
$
4,992,100
   
$
   
$
4,996,000
   
$
   
$
3,900
 

The Company also held a certificate of deposit that is not carried at fair value on the consolidated balance sheets and is classified as a held-to-maturity security. As of February 29, 2020, the carrying amount of held-to-maturity securities was $0. As of August 31, 2019, the carrying amount of held-to-maturity securities was $192,800 and is recorded as short-term investments in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.

NOTE 3 – WATER AND LAND ASSETS

The Company’s water rights and current water and wastewater service agreements are more fully described in Note 4 – Water and Land Assets in Part II, Item 8 of the 2019 Annual Report. There have been no significant changes to the Company’s water rights or water and wastewater service agreements during the six months ended February 29, 2020.

Investment in Water and Water Systems

The Company’s Investments in Water and Water Systems consist of the following costs and accumulated depreciation and depletion at February 29, 2020 and August 31, 2019:

   
February 29, 2020
   
August 31, 2019
 
   
Costs
   
Accumulated
Depreciation
and Depletion
   
Costs
   
Accumulated
Depreciation
and Depletion
 
Rangeview Water Supply
 
$
14,827,200
   
$
(15,100
)
 
$
14,823,800
   
$
(14,700
)
Sky Ranch water rights and other costs
   
7,477,900
     
(865,500
)
   
7,371,500
     
(757,400
)
Fairgrounds water and water system
   
2,899,800
     
(1,195,000
)
   
2,899,800
     
(1,151,000
)
Rangeview water system
   
15,895,300
     
(509,000
)
   
5,617,800
     
(372,300
)
Water Supply – Other
   
7,423,400
     
(975,700
)
   
4,758,200
     
(860,100
)
Wild Pointe service rights
   
1,631,800
     
(620,200
)
   
1,631,800
     
(489,800
)
Sky Ranch pipeline
   
5,727,300
     
(507,100
)
   
5,723,700
     
(411,600
)
Lost Creek water supply
   
3,356,800
     
     
3,324,000
     
 
Construction in progress
   
768,300
     
     
8,176,600
     
 
Totals
   
60,007,800
     
(4,687,600
)
   
54,327,200
     
(4,056,900
)
Net investments in water and water systems
 
$
55,320,200
           
$
50,270,300
         

Capitalized terms in this section not defined herein are defined in Note 4 – Water and Land Assets in Part II, Item 8 of the 2019 Annual Report.

The Rangeview water system includes the Sky Ranch water reclamation facility. The Company placed the facility in service during February 2020.

Construction in progress primarily consists of additional water facilities at Sky Ranch. The Company anticipates the additional facilities will be placed in service during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020.

Depletion and Depreciation

The Company recorded depletion charges of $0 and $200 during the three months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019, respectively, and $300 and $800 during the six months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019, respectively . The depletion was related entirely to the Rangeview Water Supply.

15

The Company recorded $478,300 and $251,300 of depreciation expense during the three months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019, respectively. These figures include $95,600 and $90,400 of depreciation expense for other equipment not included in the table above in the three months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019, respectively.

The Company recorded $782,100 and $490,000 of depreciation expense during the six months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019, respectively. These figures include $180,400 and $178,400 of depreciation expense for other equipment not included in the table above in the six months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019, respectively.

NOTE 4 – LONG-TERM OBLIGATIONS AND OPERATING LEASE

The Participating Interests in Export Water Supply is an obligation of the Company that has no scheduled maturity date. Therefore, maturity of this liability is not disclosed in tabular format but is described below.

Participating Interests in Export Water Supply

The Company acquired its Rangeview Water Supply through various amended agreements entered into in the early 1990s. The acquisition was finalized with the signing of the CAA in 1996. Upon entering into the CAA, the Company recorded an initial liability of $11.1 million, which represented the cash that the Company received from the participating interest holders that was used to purchase the Company’s Export Water (described in greater detail in Note 4 – Water and Land Assets in Part II, Item 8 of the 2019 Annual Report). The Company agreed to remit a total of $31.8 million of proceeds received from the sale of Export Water to the participating interest holders in return for their initial $11.1 million investment. The obligation for the $11.1 million was recorded as debt, and the remaining $20.7 million contingent liability was not reflected on the Company’s balance sheet because the obligation to pay this is contingent on the sale of Export Water, the amounts and timing of which are not reasonably determinable.

The CAA obligation is non-interest bearing, and if the Export Water is not sold, the parties to the CAA have no recourse against the Company. If the Company does not sell the Export Water, the holders of the Series B preferred stock of the Company are also not entitled to payment of any dividend and have no contractual recourse against the Company.

As the proceeds from the sale of Export Water are received and the amounts are remitted to the external CAA holders, the Company allocates a ratable percentage of this payment to the principal portion (the Participating Interests in Export Water Supply liability account), with the balance of the payment being charged to the contingent obligation portion. Because the original recorded liability, which was $11.1 million, was 35% of the original total liability of $31.8 million, approximately 35% of each payment remitted to the CAA holders is allocated to the recorded liability account. The remaining portion of each payment, or approximately 65%, is allocated to the contingent obligation, which is recorded on a net revenue basis.

From time to time, the Company reacquired various portions of the CAA obligations, which retained their original priority, including the Land Board’s CAA interest which was assigned and relinquished to the Company in 2014. The Company did not make any CAA acquisitions during the three and six months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019.

The Company is currently allocated approximately 88% of the total proceeds from the sale of Export Water after payment of the Land Board royalty. As a result of the acquisitions and consideration from cumulative sales of Export Water as detailed in the table below, the remaining potential third-party obligation at February 29, 2020, is approximately $1 million.

   
Export
Water
Proceeds
Received
   
Initial Export
Water
Proceeds to
Pure Cycle
   
Total
Potential
Third-Party
Obligation
   
Participating
Interests
Liability
   
Contingency
 
Original balances
 
$
   
$
218,500
   
$
31,807,700
   
$
11,090,600
   
$
20,717,100
 
Activity from inception until August 31, 2019:
                                       
Acquisitions
   
     
28,042,500
     
(28,042,500
)
   
(9,790,000
)
   
(18,252,500
)
Relinquishment
   
     
2,386,400
     
(2,386,400
)
   
(832,100
)
   
(1,554,300
)
Option payments - Sky Ranch and The Hills at Sky Ranch
   
110,400
     
(42,300
)
   
(68,100
)
   
(23,800
)
   
(44,300
)
Arapahoe County tap fees
   
533,000
     
(373,100
)
   
(159,900
)
   
(55,800
)
   
(104,100
)
Export Water sale payments
   
903,600
     
(740,400
)
   
(163,200
)
   
(56,700
)
   
(106,500
)
Balance at August 31, 2019
   
1,547,000
     
29,491,600
     
987,600
     
332,200
     
655,400
 
Fiscal 2020 activity:
                                       
Export Water sale payments
   
91,900
     
(80,900
)
   
(11,000
)
   
(3,900
)
   
(7,100
)
Balance at February 29, 2020
 
$
1,638,900
   
$
29,410,700
   
$
976,600
   
$
328,300
   
$
648,300
 

16

The CAA includes contractually established priorities which call for payments to CAA holders in order of their priority. This means that the first payees receive their full payment before the next priority level receives any payment and so on until full repayment. Of the next approximately $6.4 million of Export Water payouts, which based on current payout levels would occur over several years, the Company will receive approximately $5.6 million of revenue. Thereafter, the Company will be entitled to all but approximately $220,000 of the proceeds from the sale of Export Water after deduction of the Land Board royalty.

WISE Partnership

The Company, through the Rangeview District, entered into the Amended and Restated WISE Partnership – Water Delivery Agreement, dated December 31, 2013 (the “WISE Partnership Agreement”), among the City and County of Denver acting through its Board of Water Commissioners (“Denver Water”), the City of Aurora acting by and through its Utility Enterprise (“Aurora Water”), and the South Metro WISE Authority (“SMWA”). The SMWA was formed by the Rangeview District and nine other governmental or quasi-governmental water providers pursuant to the South Metro WISE Authority Formation and Organizational Intergovernmental Agreement, dated December 31, 2013 (the “SM IGA”), to enable the members of SMWA to participate in the regional water supply project known as the Water Infrastructure Supply Efficiency partnership (“WISE”) created by the WISE Partnership Agreement. The SM IGA specifies each member’s pro rata share of WISE and the members’ rights and obligations with respect to WISE. The WISE Partnership Agreement provides for the purchase of certain infrastructure (i.e., pipelines, water storage facilities, water treatment facilities, and other appurtenant facilities) to deliver water to and among the 10 members of the SMWA, Denver Water and Aurora Water.

Pursuant to the terms of the Rangeview/Pure Cycle WISE Project Financing Agreement (the “WISE Financing Agreement”) between the Company and the Rangeview District, the Company has an agreement to fund the Rangeview District’s participation in WISE effective as of December 22, 2014. During the quarter ending February 29, 2020, the Company through the Rangeview District purchased an additional 400 acre feet of WISE water for $582,200. The Company’s cost of funding the Rangeview District’s purchase of its share of existing infrastructure and future infrastructure for WISE and funding operations and water deliveries related to WISE is projected to be an additional approximately $4.6 million over the next five years. See further discussion in Note 6 Related Party Transactions.

Lease Commitments

Under Topic 842, operating lease expense is generally recognized evenly over the term of the lease. Effective as of February 2018, the Company entered into an operating lease for approximately 11,393 square feet of office and warehouse space. The lease has a three-year term with payments of $6,600 per month and an option to extend the primary lease term for a two-year period at a rate equal to a 12.5% increase over the primary base payments. The change in the lease costs from adopting ASC 842 was not material to the Company’s operations.

The Company did not enter into any new leases in the three or six months ended February 29, 2020. Rent expense consisted of operating lease expense of $21,300 and $42,600 for the three and six months ended February 29, 2020, respectively. There was no sublease rental income for the three or six months ended February 29, 2020. We paid $19,800 and $39,700 against Lease obligations — operating leases in the three and six months ended February 29, 2020.

Leases with an initial term of twelve months or less are not recorded on the consolidated balance sheet. For lease agreements entered into or reassessed after the adoption of Topic 842, the Company combines the lease and non-lease components in determining the lease liabilities and right-of-use (“ROU”) assets.

The Company’s lease agreements generally do not provide an implicit borrowing rate; therefore, an internal incremental borrowing rate is determined based on information available at lease commencement date for purposes of determining the present value of lease payments. The Company used the incremental borrowing rate of 6% on August 31, 2019, for all leases that commenced prior to that date. We also elected the hindsight practical expedient to determine the lease term for existing leases. Our election of the hindsight practical expedient resulted in the lengthening of the lease term related to our lease.

ROU lease assets and lease liabilities for the Company’s operating leases were recorded in the consolidated balance sheet as follows:

   
As of February 29, 2020
 
Operating leases - right of use assets
 
$
230,622
 
         
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
 
$
66,414
 
Lease obligations - operating leases, net of current portion
   
160,013
 
Total lease liability
 
$
226,427
 
         
Weighted average remaining lease term (in years)
   
2.9
 
Weighted average discount rate
   
6.0
%

17

NOTE 5 – SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

The Company maintains the 2014 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2014 Equity Plan”), which was approved by shareholders in January 2014 and became effective on April 12, 2014. Executives, eligible employees, consultants and non-employee directors are eligible to receive options and stock grants pursuant to the 2014 Equity Plan. Pursuant to the 2014 Equity Plan, options to purchase shares of stock and stock awards can be granted with exercise prices, vesting conditions and other performance criteria determined by the Compensation Committee of the board of directors. The Company has reserved 1.6 million shares of common stock for issuance under the 2014 Equity Plan. The Company began awarding options and stock awards under the 2014 Equity Plan in January 2015. Prior to the effective date of the 2014 Equity Plan, the Company granted options and stock awards to eligible participants under its 2004 Incentive Plan (the “2004 Incentive Plan”), which expired on April 11, 2014. No additional awards may be granted pursuant to the 2004 Incentive Plan; however, awards outstanding as of April 11, 2014, will continue to vest and expire and may be exercised in accordance with the terms of the 2004 Incentive Plan.

The following table summarizes the combined stock option activity for the 2004 Incentive Plan and 2014 Equity Plan for the six months ended February 29, 2020:

   
Number
of Options
   
Weighted Average
Exercise Price
   
Weighted Average
Remaining
Contractual Term
   
Approximate
Aggregate
Intrinsic Value
 
Outstanding at August 31, 2019
   
555,500
   
$
6.33
     
6.27
   
$
2,527,590
 
Granted (1)
   
130,000
   
$
10.41
                 
Exercised
   
(12,500
)
 
$
2.83
                 
Forfeited or expired
   
   
$
                 
Outstanding at February 29, 2020
   
673,000
   
$
7.18
     
6.61
   
$
3,492,325
 
                                 
Options exercisable at February 29, 2020
   
493,000
   
$
6.05
     
5.66
   
$
3,117,562
 

(1)
Includes 50,000 shares granted to Mr. Harding on September 27, 2019 and 80,000 total shares granted to employees on September 25, 2019.

On January 15, 2020, the six non-employee Board members were each granted 2,000 unrestricted stock grants. The fair market value of the unrestricted shares for share-based compensation expensing is equal to the closing price of the Company's common stock on the date of grant of $12.45. Stock-based compensation expense includes $149,400 of expense related to unrestricted stock grants for the three and six months ended February 29, 2020. These stock grants were fully expensed at the date of the grant because no vesting requirements exist for unrestricted stock grants.  There was no stock-based compensation expense related to unrestricted stock grants for the three and six months ended February 28, 2019.

The following table summarizes the combined activity and value of non-vested options under the 2004 Equity Plan and 2014 Incentive Plan as of and for the six months ended February 29, 2020:

   
Number
of Options
   
Weighted Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
 
Non-vested options outstanding at August 31, 2019
   
152,500
   
$
4.03
 
Granted
   
130,000
     
4.19
 
Vested
   
(102,500
)
   
3.75
 
Forfeited
   
     
 
Non-vested options outstanding at February 29, 2020
   
180,000
   
$
4.31
 

All non-vested options are expected to vest.

Stock-based compensation expense, including unrestricted stock grant expense, was $247,800 and $58,200 for the three months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019, respectively. Stock-based compensation expense, including unrestricted stock grant expense, was $353,200 and $161,700 for the six months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019, respectively.

At February 29, 2020, the Company had unrecognized compensation expenses totaling $624,900 relating to non-vested options that are expected to vest. The weighted-average period over which these options are expected to vest is approximately two years.

18

NOTE 6 – RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

The Rangeview District is a quasi-municipal corporation and political subdivision of Colorado formed in 1986 for the purpose of providing water and wastewater service to the Lowry Range and other approved areas. The Rangeview District is governed by an elected board of directors. Eligible voters and persons eligible to serve as a director of the Rangeview District must own an interest in property within the boundaries of the Rangeview District. The Company owns certain rights and real property interests which encompass the current boundaries of the Rangeview District. Sky Ranch Metropolitan District Nos. 1, 3, 4 and 5 (collectively, the “Sky Ranch Districts”) and the CAB are quasi-municipal corporations and political subdivisions of Colorado formed for the purpose of providing service to the Company’s Sky Ranch property. The current members of the board of directors of each of the Rangeview District, the Sky Ranch Districts and the CAB consist of three employees of the Company and one independent board member.

The Rangeview District

On December 16, 2009, the Company entered into a Participation Agreement with the Rangeview District, whereby the Company agreed to provide funding to the Rangeview District in connection with the Rangeview District joining the South Metro Water Supply Authority (“SMWSA”). The Company provides funding pursuant to the Participation Agreement annually with $17,400 and $22,200 being provided during fiscal years 2020 and 2019, respectively.

Through the WISE Financing Agreement, the Company agreed to fund the Rangeview District’s cost of participating in the regional water supply project known as the WISE partnership. During the quarter ending February 29, 2020, the Company, through the Rangeview District, purchased an additional 400 acre feet of WISE water for $582,200. The Company anticipates spending an additional approximately $4.6 million over the next five fiscal years to fund the Rangeview District’s purchase of its share of the water transmission line and additional facilities, water and related assets for WISE and to fund operations and water deliveries related to WISE. To date, the Company has capitalized the funding provided pursuant to the WISE Financing Agreement because the funding has been provided to purchase capacity in the WISE infrastructure. The Company’s total investment in the WISE assets as of February 29, 2020, is approximately $6.2 million.

In 1995, the Company extended a loan to the Rangeview District. The loan provided for borrowings of up to $250,000, is unsecured, and bears interest based on the prevailing prime rate plus 2% (6.75% at February 29, 2020). The maturity date of the loan is December 31, 2020. In January 2014, the Rangeview District and the Company entered into a funding agreement that allows the Company to continue to provide funding to the Rangeview District for day-to-day operations and accrue the funding into a note that bears interest at a rate of 8% per annum and remains in full force and effect for so long as the 2014 Amended and Restated Lease Agreement remains in effect. $1,017,700 of the balance in Notes receivable - related parties at February 29, 2020, includes borrowings by the Rangeview District of $587,900 and accrued interest of $429,800.

Sky Ranch Community Authority Board

Pursuant to that certain Community Authority Board Establishment Agreement, as the same may be amended from time to time, Sky Ranch Metropolitan District Nos. 1 and 5 formed the CAB to, among other things, design, construct, finance, operate and maintain certain public improvements for the benefit of the property within the boundaries and/or service area of the Sky Ranch Districts. In order for the public improvements to be constructed and/or acquired, it is necessary for each Sky Ranch District, directly or through the CAB, to be able to fund the improvements and pay its ongoing operations and maintenance expenses related to the provision of services that benefit the property.

On September 18, 2018, the parties entered into a series of agreements, including a Facilities Funding and Acquisition Agreement with an effective date of November 13, 2017 (the “2018 FFAA”), which supersedes and consolidates the previous funding agreements between the Company and the CAB and the Company and Sky Ranch Metropolitan District No. 5 pursuant to which


the CAB agreed to repay the amounts owed by Sky Ranch Metropolitan District No. 5 to the Company, and the previous Facilities Funding and Acquisition Agreement entered into between the Company and Sky Ranch Metropolitan District No. 5 in 2014 was terminated;

a Project Funding and Reimbursement Agreement and a June 2018 Funding Acquisition Agreement between the CAB and the Company were terminated;

the CAB acknowledged all amounts owed to the Company under the terminated agreements, as well as amounts the Company incurred to finance the formation of the CAB; and

the Company agreed to fund an agreed upon list of improvements to be constructed by the CAB with an estimated cost of $30,000,000 (including improvements already funded) on an as-needed basis for calendar years 2018–2023.

19

All amounts owed under the 2018 FFAA bear interest at a rate of 6% per annum. No payment is required of the CAB for advances made to the CAB or expenses incurred related to construction of public improvements unless and until the CAB and/or Sky Ranch Districts issue bonds in an amount sufficient to reimburse the Company for all or a portion of advances or other expenses incurred. Due to this contingency, interest is accrued to Interest Income with a corresponding allowance until the point in time when bonds are issued. At that point, the allowance will be reversed for the portion of the accrued interest repaid and the accrued interest will be recognized. The CAB agrees to exercise reasonable efforts to issue bonds to reimburse the Company subject to certain limitations. In addition, the CAB agrees to utilize any available moneys not otherwise pledged to payment of debt, used for operation and maintenance expenses, or otherwise encumbered, to reimburse the Company. Any advances not paid or reimbursed by the CAB by December 31, 2058, shall be deemed forever discharged and satisfied in full.

As of February 29, 2020, the balance of the Company’s advances, net of reimbursed costs in February 2020, to the CAB totaled $14.1 million, of which $1.8 million is included in Inventories and $12.3 million was expensed through Land development construction costs of revenues. The advances have been used by the CAB to pay for construction of public improvements. The Company submits specific costs for reimbursement to the CAB.  Based on the specific costs being reimbursed by the CAB, the Company records those costs that have been previously expensed in cost of sales as other income and those costs that remain capitalized as inventory costs as a reduction of the related inventory costs held in Inventories. Any reimbursable costs repaid after all capitalized expenses and lot revenues have been fully recognized are recorded as other income.

Refer to Note 1 – Presentation of Interim Information - Revenue Recognition - Land Development Activities for a summary of reimbursable costs incurred to date, payments made from the CAB and any outstanding reimbursable amounts.

In September 2018, effective as of November 13, 2017, the Company entered into an Operation Funding Agreement with the CAB obligating the Company to advance funding to the CAB for operation and maintenance expenses for the 2018 and 2019 calendar years. All payments are subject to annual appropriations by the CAB in its absolute discretion.  The advances by the Company accrue interest at the rate of 6% per annum from the date of the advance. $27,800 of the balance of the Notes receivable – related parties at February 29, 2020, includes borrowings by the CAB of $25,500 and accrued interest of $2,300.

NOTE 7 – SIGNIFICANT CUSTOMERS

Water and Wastewater

Pursuant to the Rangeview Water Agreements (defined in Note 4 – Water and Land Assets in Part II, Item 8 of the 2019 Annual Report) and an Export Service Agreement entered into with the Rangeview District dated June 16, 2017, the Company provides water and wastewater services on the Rangeview District’s behalf to the Rangeview District’s customers. Sales to the Rangeview District accounted for 87% and 22% of the Company’s total water and wastewater revenues for the three months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019 respectively. Sales to the Rangeview District accounted for 76% and 7% of the Company’s total water and wastewater revenues for the six months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019, respectively. The Rangeview District has three significant customers, the Ridgeview Youth Services Center (“Ridgeview”), Sky Ranch Community Development (“Sky Ranch”) and Elbert & Highway 86 Commercial District (“Wild Pointe”). The Rangeview District’s significant customers accounted for 35%, 29% and 0%, respectively, of the Company’s total water and wastewater revenues for the three months ended February 29, 2020, and 16%, 0% and 0%, respectively, for the three months ended February 28, 2019. Ridgeview, Sky Ranch and Wild Pointe accounted for 31%, 15% and 14%, respectively, and 5%, 0% and 0%, respectively, for the six months ended February 28, 2019.

Revenues related to the provision of water for the oil and gas industry to one customer accounted for approximately 23% of the Company’s water and wastewater revenues for the three months ended February 29, 2020. Revenues related to the provision of water for the oil and gas industry to two customers represented approximately 52% and 21%, respectively, of the Company’s water and wastewater revenues for the three months ended February 28, 2019. Revenues related to the provision of water for the oil and gas industry to one customer represented approximately 23% of the Company’s water and wastewater revenues for the six months ended February 29, 2020. Revenues related to the provision of water for the oil and gas industry to two customers represented approximately and 48% and 43%, respectively, for the six months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019 .

Land Development

Revenues from three customers represented 100% of the Company’s land development revenues for the three months ended February 29, 2020. The three customers represented 62%, 28% and 10%, respectively, of the Company’s land development revenues for the three months ended February 29, 2020. Revenues from three customers represented 100% of the Company’s land development revenues for the three months ended February 28, 2019. The three customers represented 58%, 27% and 15%, respectively, of the Company’s land development revenues for the three months ended February 28, 2019.

Revenues from three customers represented 100% of the Company’s land development revenues for the six months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019. The three customers represented 61%, 27% and 12%, respectively, of the Company’s land development revenues for the six months ended February 29, 2020 and 61%, 30% and 9%, respectively, of the Company’s land development revenues for the six months ended February 28, 2019.

20

Accounts Receivable

The Company had accounts receivable from the Rangeview District which accounted for 76% and 40% of the Company’s trade receivables balances at February 29, 2020 and August 31, 2019, respectively. The Company had accounts receivable from one other customer which accounted for approximately 14% and 57% of its trade receivable balances at February 29, 2020 and August 31, 2019, respectively. Accounts receivable from Ridgeview accounted for 5% and 5% of the Company’s water and wastewater trade receivables as of February 29, 2020 and August 31, 2019, respectively. Accounts receivable from Wild Pointe accounted for 41% and 0% of the Company’s water and wastewater trade receivables as of February 29, 2020 and August 31, 2019, respectively.

NOTE 8 – ACCRUED LIABILITIES

At February 29, 2020, the Company had accrued liabilities of $3,840,700, of which $66,400 was for current operating lease obligations, $57,900 was for estimated property taxes, $54,900 was for professional fees, and $3,661,500 was for operating payables, of which $3,108,400 is payable to the Rangeview Metropolitan District for water infrastructure capital projects and $188,200 is payable to the CAB for the development of Sky Ranch. The Sky Ranch development costs are also included in Inventories or expensed through Land development construction costs.

At August 31, 2019, the Company had accrued liabilities of $3,428,400, of which $460,500 was for accrued compensation, $94,000 was for estimated property taxes, $70,000 was for professional fees and the remaining $2,803,900 was related to operating payables, of which $1,399,600 is payable to the CAB for the development of Sky Ranch and $930,900 is payable to the Rangeview District for water infrastructure capital projects. The Sky Ranch development costs were also included in Inventories or expensed through Land development construction costs.

NOTE 9 – COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

The Company has historically been involved in various claims, litigation and other legal proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of its business. The Company records an accrual for a material loss contingency when its occurrence is probable and damages can be reasonably estimated based on the anticipated most likely outcome or the minimum amount within a range of possible outcomes. The Company makes such estimates based on information known about the claims and experience in contesting, litigating and settling similar claims. Disclosures are also provided for reasonably possible losses that could have a material effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows. The Company was not involved in litigation or other legal proceedings and had no contingencies where the risk of material loss was reasonably possible as of February 29, 2020, or August 31, 2019.

NOTE 10 – SEGMENT INFORMATION

An operating segment is defined as a component of an enterprise for which discrete financial information is available and is reviewed regularly by the Chief Operating Decision Maker (the “CODM”), or decision-making group, to evaluate performance and make operating decisions. The Company has identified its CODM as the Chief Executive Officer.

During the year 2018, the Company began construction of lots at Sky Ranch, which the Company has identified as a segment. Currently, the Company operates its wholesale water and wastewater services segment and land development activities at Sky Ranch as its two lines of business.

The wholesale water and wastewater services business includes selling water service to customers, which water is provided by the Company using water rights owned or controlled by the Company, and developing infrastructure to divert, treat and distribute that water and collect, treat and reuse wastewater.

As part of the Company’s land development activities at Sky Ranch, the Company entered into contracts for the sale of lots (see Note 2 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies in Part II, Item 8 of the 2019 Annual Report). The Company identified land development and lot sales as a separate segment beginning in the fiscal year 2018.

Oil and gas royalties and licenses are a passive activity and not an operating business activity and, therefore, are not classified as a segment.

21

The following table summarizes wholesale water and wastewater services and land development revenue information by segment:

   
Three Months Ended
   
Six Months Ended
 
   
February 29,
2020
   
February 28,
2019
   
February 29,
2020
   
February 28,
2019
 
Wholesale water and wastewater services
 
$
1,252,870
   
$
684,038
   
$
3,172,256
   
$
2,375,391
 
Land development activities
   
2,265,710
     
1,946,381
     
10,807,353
     
3,327,577
 
Total revenues
 
$
3,518,580
   
$
2,630,419
   
$
13,979,609
   
$
5,702,968
 

The following table summarizes wholesale water and wastewater services and land development pretax income by segment:

   
Three Months Ended
   
Six Months Ended
 
   
February 29,
2020
   
February 28,
2019
   
February 29,
2020
   
February 28,
2019
 
Wholesale water and wastewater services
 
$
621,752
   
$
257,509
   
$
2,018,198
   
$
1,420,582
 
Land development activities
   
448,610
     
116,783
     
7,202,420
     
199,655
 
Corporate
   
(717,603
)
   
(470,317
)
   
(1,218,275
)
   
(1,082,290
)
Total pretax income (loss)
 
$
352,759
   
$
(96,025
)
 
$
8,002,343
   
$
537,947
 

The following table summarizes total assets for the Company’s wholesale water and wastewater services business and land development business by segment.  The assets consist of water rights and water and wastewater systems in the Company’s wholesale water and wastewater services segment. The assets consist of land, inventories and deposits in the Company’s land development segment.  The Company’s other assets primarily consist of cash and cash equivalents, equipment, mineral rights, related party notes receivables and a deferred tax asset.

   
February 29, 2020
   
August 31, 2019
 
Wholesale water and wastewater services
 
$
55,879,759
   
$
51,588,079
 
Land development activities
   
8,792,887
     
16,866,542
 
Corporate
   
26,930,755
     
15,266,783
 
Total assets
 
$
91,603,401
   
$
83,721,404
 

NOTE 11 – INCOME TAXES

The Company recorded income tax expense of $78,800 and $0 for the three months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28 2019, respectively, and $1,966,000 and $0 for the six months ended February 29, 2020 and February 28, 2019, respectively. The net expense during the three months ended February 29, 2020 consisted of current income tax expense of $75,700 and deferred income tax expense of $3,100. The net expense during the six months ended February 29, 2020 consisted of current income tax expense of $1,244,000 and deferred income tax expense of $722,000. The deferred tax expense consists of the usage of the Company's remaining $2.5 million net operating loss carryforwards and payment of deferred compensation in the period.

The income tax provision for interim periods is determined using an estimate of the annual effective tax rate, adjusted for discrete items. At February 29, 2020 the Company is estimating an annual effective tax rate of approximately 25%. Each quarter, the estimate of the annual effective tax rate is updated, and if the estimated effective tax rate changes, a cumulative adjustment is made. There is a potential for volatility of the effective tax rate due to various factors.

The provision for income taxes is recorded at the end of each interim period based on the Company’s best estimate of its effective income tax rate expected to be applicable for the full fiscal year. The Company’s effective income tax rate was 22.3% and 24.6% for the three and six months ended February 29, 2020,  respectively. The Company did not record income tax expense for the three or six months ended February 28, 2019.

The Company paid Federal and State tax installments of $877,400 and $193,500, respectively, during the three and six months ended February 29, 2020. No taxes were paid during the three and six months ended February 28,2019.

22

Deferred income taxes reflect the tax effects of net operating loss carryforwards and temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for income tax purposes. Significant components of the Company’s deferred tax assets as of February 29, 2020 and August 31, 2019 are as follows:

   
For the Periods Ended:
 
   
February 29, 2020
   
August 31, 2019
 
Deferred tax assets (liabilities):
           
Net operating loss carryforwards
 
$
   
$
609,439
 
Accrued compensation
   
     
113,559
 
Deferred revenues
   
119,444
     
149,895
 
Depreciation and depletion
   
(34,207
)
   
(46,408
)
Non-qualified stock options
   
430,974
     
410,633
 
Other
   
45,093
     
46,128
 
Net deferred tax asset
 
$
561,304
   
$
1,283,246
 

The Company maintained a valuation allowance on the net deferred tax asset other than AMT credit carryforwards as of August 31, 2018. For the fiscal year ended August 31, 2019, the Company has determined it is more likely than not that the Company will realize its deferred tax assets, which consist primarily of net operating loss carryforwards. The Company assessed the realizability of its deferred tax assets using all available evidence; considering both historical results and projections of profitability for the reasonably foreseeable future periods. As a result of the Company’s annual reassessment of its conclusions regarding the realization of its deferred tax assets at each financial reporting date, the Company concluded that its deferred tax assets are realizable, and therefore, the valuation allowance is no longer necessary.

At August 31, 2019, the Company had $2.5 million of net operating loss carryforwards available for income tax purposes. The net operating loss carryforwards expire at various times beginning in 2036 and ending in 2038 for federal income tax purposes and expire at various times beginning in 2035 and ending in 2036 for state income tax purposes. As of November 30, 2019, the Company used the remaining balance of its net operating loss carryforwards.

NOTE 12 – SUBSEQUENT EVENT

On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak of a respiratory disease caused by a new coronavirus as a “pandemic”. First identified in late 2019 and known now as COVID-19, the outbreak has impacted thousands of individuals worldwide. In response, many countries have implemented measures to combat the outbreak, which have impacted global business operations.  As of the date of issuance of the financial statements, the Company's operations have not been significantly impacted; however, the Company continues to monitor the situation. No impairments were recorded as of February 29, 2020, as no triggering events or changes in circumstances had occurred. However, due to significant uncertainty surrounding the situation, management's judgment regarding this could change in the future. In addition, while the Company's results of operations, cash flows and financial condition could be negatively impacted, the extent of the impact cannot be reasonably estimated at this time.

23

Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

OVERVIEW

The discussion and analysis below includes certain forward-looking statements that are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors, as described in “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K, that could cause our actual growth, results of operations, performance, financial position and business prospects and opportunities for this fiscal year and periods that follow to differ materially from those expressed in or implied by those forward-looking statements. Readers are cautioned that forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with our disclosure under the heading “Disclosure Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” below.

The following Management’s Discussion and Analysis (“MD&A”) is intended to help the reader understand our results of operations and financial condition and should be read in conjunction with the accompanying consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto and the financial statements and the notes thereto contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended August 31, 2019 (the “2019 Annual Report”). This section focuses on the key indicators reviewed by management in evaluating our financial condition and operating performance, including the following:


Revenue generated from providing water and wastewater services;

Revenue from lot sales at Sky Ranch;

Expenses associated with developing our water and land assets; and

Cash available to continue development of our land, water rights and service agreements.

Our MD&A section includes the following items:

Our Businessa general description of our business, our services and our business strategy.

Results of Operations – an analysis of our results of operations for the periods presented in our consolidated financial statements. We present our discussion in the MD&A in conjunction with the accompanying consolidated financial statements.

Liquidity, Capital Resources and Financial Positionan analysis of our cash position and cash flows, as well as a discussion of our financial obligations.

Critical Accounting Policies and Use of Estimatesa discussion of our critical accounting policies that require critical judgments, assumptions and estimates.

Our Business

Pure Cycle Corporation (“we,” “us,” or “our”) is a Colorado corporation that operates in two business segments. We develop wholesale water and wastewater systems in the water-short Denver metropolitan area and are developing a Master Planned Community on approximately 930 acres of land located along the Interstate 70 corridor (“I-70”), approximately four miles south of Denver International Airport (“DIA”). The Company has accumulated valuable water and land interests over the past 30 years and has developed an extensive network of wholesale water production, storage, treatment and distribution systems, and wastewater collection and treatment systems which serve domestic, commercial and industrial customers in the Denver metropolitan region. Our land assets, which include zoning for residential, commercial, retail and light industrial, are located in one of the most active development areas in the Denver metropolitan region along I-70.

Our operations are focused in two business segments: (i) providing wholesale water and wastewater services, and (ii) land development activities in which we serve as the master plan developer for approximately 930 acres of land known as Sky Ranch. The master plan includes a mix of 3,200 single-family and multifamily residential units and over 2 million square feet of commercial, retail, and industrial space.

Wholesale Water and Wastewater

Water resources throughout the western United States and more prominently in Colorado are a scarce and valuable resource. We own or control a portfolio of approximately 29,600 acre feet of groundwater and surface water supplies, approximately 26,000 acre feet of adjudicated reservoir sites, two wastewater reclamation facilities, water treatment facilities, potable and raw water storage facilities, wells and water production facilities, and nearly 50 miles of water distribution and wastewater collection lines. Our water supplies and wholesale facilities are located in southeast Denver, in Arapahoe County, an area which is limited in both water availability and infrastructure to produce, treat, store, and distribute water and wastewater, which we believe provides us with a unique competitive advantage offering these services.

24

We provide wholesale water and wastewater service to local governments, including the Rangeview Metropolitan District (“Rangeview District”), Arapahoe County, the Sky Ranch Community Authority Board (the “CAB”), and the Elbert & Highway 86 Commercial District (“Wild Pointe”). Our mission is to provide reliable, high quality water to our customers and collect and treat wastewater using advanced water treatment systems that produce high quality reclaimed water that we can reuse for outdoor irrigation and industrial demands. By using and reusing our water supplies, we seek to demonstrate good stewardship over our valuable water rights in the water-scarce Denver, Colorado region. We design, permit, construct, operate and maintain wholesale water and wastewater systems that we own or operate on behalf of governmental entities. We also design, permit, construct, operate and maintain retail distribution and collection systems that we own or operate on behalf of our governmental customers. Additionally, we handle administrative functions, including meter reading, billing and collection of monthly water and wastewater revenues, regulatory water quality monitoring, sampling, testing, and reporting requirements to the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment.

Our utility segment generates revenues from three sources: (i) tap fees, which are a one-time charge to home builders or businesses to connect to our water and wastewater systems, (ii) usage charges, which are monthly metered water and wastewater fees, and (iii) construction or special facility fees, which are specifically contracted for when necessary. We estimate that our water portfolio can provide service to approximately 60,000 single family equivalent (“SFEs”) units. Our current water tap fee is $26,675 per SFE, and our wastewater tap fee is $4,659 per SFE. On average, we generate annual revenue of approximately $1,000 per SFE water connection and $500 per SFE wastewater connection. We provide potable water to nearly 497 SFE connections and domestic wastewater services to approximately 240 SFEs.

Industrial Frack Water Deliveries

In addition to our domestic customers, we provide raw water to industrial customers in the oil and gas industry for hydraulic fracturing. Multiple operators lease more than 135,000 acres in and adjacent to our service area with more than 100 wells and miles of oil and gas collection lines. Sales of water to industrial customers in the oil and gas industry are cyclical. After several years of significant activity, demand for water by the oil and gas industry is almost non-existent as a result of low oil and gas prices due to increased production by Saudi Arabia and Russia and decreased demand due to stay-at-home orders as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The Company believes that its water resources, land and infrastructure, located in southeastern Denver, are located in one of the most attractive areas of the Denver metropolitan region, because this region well positioned for substantial growth over the next 30 years. Growth in the Denver area has trended east with significant activity occurring along the I-70 corridor, which enjoys excellent transportation infrastructure with I-70, rail access, and DIA. The region has significant employment centers, including DIA, the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, an Amazon fulfillment center, the Rocky Mountain Regional VA Medical Center, and more, creating demand for residential, retail, and commercial development opportunities.

Land Development Activities

We are developing an approximately 930-acre Master Planned Community along the I-70 corridor that is planned to include 3,200 single family and multifamily homes, parks, open spaces, trails, recreational centers, schools, and over 2 million square feet of retail, commercial and light industrial space just four miles south of DIA. Our land development activities include the design, permitting, and construction of all of the horizontal infrastructure, including, storm water, drainage, roads, curb, sidewalks, parks, open space, trails and other infrastructure to deliver “ready to build” finished lots to home builders and commercial customers. We generate revenue from the sale of finished lots to our home builder customers as well as from the construction of public improvements on behalf of local governmental entities that reimburse us for such improvements upon the issuance of municipal bonds to fund such reimbursements.

Our land development activities provide a strategic complement to our water utility segment as a significant component of any master planned community is providing high quality domestic water, irrigation water, and wastewater service to the community. Having control over land and utility development enables us to build infrastructure for water, irrigation, wastewater, distribution, collection, storm water, roads, parks, open spaces and other investments efficiently, and to manage delivery of these investments to match take-down commitments from our home builder customers without significant excess capacity in any of these investments.

25

In June 2017, we entered into contracts with three separate home builders (Richmond American Homes, Taylor Morrison, and KB Home) pursuant to which we agreed to sell, and the builders agreed to purchase, 506 total single-family, detached residential lots at the Sky Ranch property (the “Builder Contracts”). We are obligated, pursuant to the Builder Contracts, to construct infrastructure and other improvements, such as roads, curbs and gutters, park amenities, sidewalks, street and traffic signs, water and sanitary sewer mains and stubs, storm water management facilities, and lot grading improvements for delivery of finished lots to each builder. Pursuant to the Builder Contracts, we must cause the Rangeview District to install and construct off-site infrastructure improvements (i.e., a wastewater reclamation facility and wholesale water facilities) for the provision of water and wastewater service to the property. In conjunction with approvals from Arapahoe County for the Sky Ranch project, we together with the Rangeview District and/or Sky Ranch Metropolitan District Nos. 1, 3, 4 and 5 (collectively, the “Sky Ranch Districts”) and/or the CAB are obligated to maintain a deposit account with Arapahoe County to ensure completion of the off-site infrastructure improvements. Approximately $1,000,000 remains on deposit. We have substantially completed all of the off-site infrastructure improvements for the initial 506 residential lots. We have financed the obligations of the Rangeview District and the Sky Ranch Districts (through the CAB) as described in Note 6 – Related Party Transactions to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.

We estimate that the development of the finished lots for the first phase (506 lots) of Sky Ranch will require total capital of approximately $36 million, which includes estimated reimbursable costs of approximately $29 million that will be reimbursable to us by the CAB from the anticipated sale of the municipal bonds. Lot sales to home builders will generate approximately $37 million in revenues, of which $28 million has been recognized as of February 29, 2020, providing a margin on lots of approximately $1 million prior to receipt of reimbursable costs, as discussed above. The Company and the CAB have agreed that no payment is required by the CAB with respect to reimbursable costs unless and until the CAB and/or the Sky Ranch Districts issue municipal bonds in an amount sufficient to reimburse us for all or a portion of advances provided or expenses incurred for reimbursables. Due to this contingency, reimbursable costs are currently included in Inventories and subsequently expensed through Land development construction costs until the point in time when bonds are issued and the CAB reimburses us for the public improvements. We submit specific costs for reimbursement to the CAB.  Based on the specific costs being reimbursed by the CAB, we record those costs that have been previously expensed in cost of sales as other income and those costs that remain capitalized as inventory costs as a reduction of the related inventory costs held in Inventories. Any reimbursable costs repaid after all capitalized expenses and lot revenues have been fully recognized are recorded as other income. The costs of developing lots and revenues from the sales of finished lots are expected to be incurred over several quarters, and the timing of cash flows will include certain milestone deliveries, including, but not limited to, completion of governmental approvals, installation of improvements, and completion of lot deliveries. As of February 29, 2020, the CAB has reimbursed the Company $10.5 million through the sale of municipal bonds.

Results of Operations

Executive Summary

The results of our operations for the three and six months ended February 29, 2020 and 2019 are as follows:

Table 1a - Summary of Results of Operations

   
Three Months Ended
             
   
February 29,
2020
   
February 28,
2019
   
$ Change
   
% Change
 
Millions of gallons of water delivered
   
4.0
     
13.8
     
(9.8
)
   
(71
)%
Oil and gas water usage revenues
 
$
19,600
   
$
124,200
   
$
(104,600
)
   
(84
)%
Municipal water usage revenues
   
36,800
     
34,800
     
2,000
     
6
%
Total metered water usage revenues
 
$
56,400
   
$
159,000
   
$
(102,600
)
   
(65
)%
Operating costs to deliver water (excluding depreciation and depletion)
 
$
207,300
   
$
229,600
   
$
(22,300
)
   
(10
)%
Water delivery gross margin %
   
(268
)%
   
(44
)%
               
                                 
Wastewater treatment revenues
 
$
19,400
   
$
7,500
   
$
11,900
     
159
%
Operating costs to treat wastewater
 
$
37,400
   
$
4,700
   
$
32,700
     
696
%
Wastewater treatment gross margin %
   
(93
)%
   
37
%
               
                                 
Lot sales revenue
 
$
2,265,700
   
$
1,946,400
   
$
319,300
     
16
%
Land development construction costs incurred
 
$
1,817,100
   
$
1,829,600
   
$
(12,500
)
   
(1
)%
Lot sales gross margin %
   
20
%
   
6
%
               
                                 
Other income
 
$
4,200
   
$
50,400
   
$
(46,200
)
   
(92
)%
Other income costs incurred
 
$
3,700
   
$
31,100
   
$
(27,400
)
   
(88
)%
Other income gross margin %
   
12
%
   
38
%
               
                                 
Tap and Special Facility revenues
 
$
1,172,800
   
$
467,100
   
$
705,700
     
151
%
                                 
General and administrative expenses
 
$
1,036,600
   
$
559,600
   
$
477,000
     
85
%
Net income (loss)
 
$
273,900
   
$
(96,000
)
 
$
369,900
     
385
%

26

Table 1b - Summary of Results of Operations

   
Six Months Ended