hubg-10k_20191231.htm
false FY 0000940942 --12-31 Large Accelerated Filer P1Y 0000940942 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 xbrli:shares 0000940942 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2020-02-21 0000940942 us-gaap:CommonClassBMember 2020-02-21 iso4217:USD 0000940942 2019-06-30 0000940942 2019-12-31 0000940942 2018-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2018-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:CommonClassBMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:CommonClassBMember 2018-12-31 iso4217:USD xbrli:shares 0000940942 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000940942 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2016-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2016-12-31 0000940942 hubg:PurchasePriceInExcessOfPredecessorBasisNetOfTaxMember 2016-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2016-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2016-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2016-12-31 0000940942 2016-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2017-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2017-12-31 0000940942 hubg:PurchasePriceInExcessOfPredecessorBasisNetOfTaxMember 2017-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2017-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2017-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2017-12-31 0000940942 2017-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2018-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2018-12-31 0000940942 hubg:PurchasePriceInExcessOfPredecessorBasisNetOfTaxMember 2018-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2018-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2018-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2018-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201602Member 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201602Member 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:PurchasePriceInExcessOfPredecessorBasisNetOfTaxMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:CaseStackIncorporationMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:CaseStackIncorporationAndHubGroupDedicatedMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 xbrli:pure 0000940942 srt:MinimumMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:BuildingAndBuildingImprovementsMember srt:MaximumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:ComputerEquipmentAndSoftwareMember srt:MaximumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember srt:MaximumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:TransportationEquipmentMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:SoftwareDevelopmentMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember srt:MaximumMember us-gaap:ServiceMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember srt:MaximumMember us-gaap:ServiceMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember srt:MaximumMember us-gaap:ServiceMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:StateAndLocalJurisdictionMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:CommonClassBMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:ModeTransportationLimitedLiabilityCompanyMember 2018-09-30 0000940942 hubg:ModeTransportationLimitedLiabilityCompanyMember hubg:OtherReceivablesMember 2018-12-31 0000940942 hubg:ModeTransportationLimitedLiabilityCompanyMember 2019-03-31 0000940942 hubg:ModeTransportationLimitedLiabilityCompanyMember srt:ConsolidationEliminationsMember 2018-01-01 2018-08-31 0000940942 hubg:ModeTransportationLimitedLiabilityCompanyMember srt:ConsolidationEliminationsMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000940942 srt:ParentCompanyMember srt:ConsolidationEliminationsMember 2018-01-01 2018-08-31 0000940942 srt:ParentCompanyMember srt:ConsolidationEliminationsMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000940942 hubg:ModeTransportationLimitedLiabilityCompanyMember us-gaap:DiscontinuedOperationsDisposedOfBySaleMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000940942 hubg:ModeTransportationLimitedLiabilityCompanyMember us-gaap:DiscontinuedOperationsDisposedOfBySaleMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000940942 hubg:ModeTransportationLimitedLiabilityCompanyMember us-gaap:DiscontinuedOperationsDisposedOfBySaleMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:ModeTransportationLimitedLiabilityCompanyMember us-gaap:DiscontinuedOperationsDisposedOfBySaleMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:CaseStackIncorporationMember 2018-12-02 2018-12-03 0000940942 hubg:CaseStackIncorporationMember 2018-12-04 2018-12-31 0000940942 hubg:CaseStackIncorporationMember 2019-04-01 2019-04-30 0000940942 hubg:CaseStackIncorporationMember 2018-12-03 0000940942 hubg:CaseStackIncorporationMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember hubg:LogisticsMember hubg:CaseStackIncorporationMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember hubg:TransportationMember hubg:CaseStackIncorporationMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:TradeNamesMember hubg:CaseStackIncorporationMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember hubg:LogisticsMember hubg:CaseStackIncorporationMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember hubg:TransportationMember hubg:CaseStackIncorporationMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:TradeNamesMember hubg:CaseStackIncorporationMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:CaseStackIncorporationMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:CaseStackIncorporationAndHubGroupDedicatedMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000940942 hubg:CaseStackIncorporationAndHubGroupDedicatedMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:SellingGeneralAndAdministrativeExpensesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:SellingGeneralAndAdministrativeExpensesMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201409Member us-gaap:DifferenceBetweenRevenueGuidanceInEffectBeforeAndAfterTopic606Member 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000940942 hubg:IntermodalMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:IntermodalMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000940942 hubg:IntermodalMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000940942 hubg:TruckBrokerageMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:TruckBrokerageMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000940942 hubg:TruckBrokerageMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000940942 hubg:LogisticsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:LogisticsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000940942 hubg:LogisticsMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000940942 hubg:DedicatedCarrierMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:DedicatedCarrierMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000940942 hubg:DedicatedCarrierMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000940942 2018-12-03 0000940942 us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:TradeNamesMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember srt:MinimumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember srt:MaximumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:TradeNamesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember 2018-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:TradeNamesMember 2018-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember srt:MinimumMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember srt:MaximumMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:TradeNamesMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000940942 srt:WeightedAverageMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:DomesticCountryMember hubg:CaseStackIncorporationMember 2018-12-31 0000940942 hubg:CaseStackIncorporationMember us-gaap:InternalRevenueServiceIRSMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:DomesticCountryMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOperatingLossCarryforwardsMember us-gaap:StateAndLocalJurisdictionMember hubg:CaseStackIncorporationMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:CaseStackIncorporationMember srt:MinimumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:CaseStackIncorporationMember srt:MaximumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 srt:MinimumMember us-gaap:DomesticCountryMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 srt:MaximumMember us-gaap:DomesticCountryMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 srt:MinimumMember us-gaap:StateAndLocalJurisdictionMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 srt:MaximumMember us-gaap:StateAndLocalJurisdictionMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceTaxCreditCarryforwardMember us-gaap:StateAndLocalJurisdictionMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 srt:MaximumMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:FixedRateBorrowingsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:FixedRateBorrowingsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000940942 hubg:FixedRateBorrowingsMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:FixedRateBorrowingsMember 2018-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:LandMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:LandMember 2018-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:BuildingAndBuildingImprovementsMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:BuildingAndBuildingImprovementsMember 2018-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember 2018-12-31 0000940942 hubg:ComputerEquipmentAndSoftwareMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:ComputerEquipmentAndSoftwareMember 2018-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember 2018-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:TransportationEquipmentMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:TransportationEquipmentMember 2018-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:ConstructionInProgressMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:ConstructionInProgressMember 2018-12-31 0000940942 hubg:CreditAgreementMember 2017-07-01 0000940942 hubg:CreditAgreementMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:CreditAgreementMember us-gaap:FederalFundsEffectiveSwapRateMember 2017-06-29 2017-07-01 0000940942 hubg:CreditAgreementMember us-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember 2017-06-29 2017-07-01 0000940942 hubg:CreditAgreementMember us-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:CreditAgreementMember us-gaap:EurodollarMember 2017-06-29 2017-07-01 0000940942 hubg:CreditAgreementMember us-gaap:BaseRateMember 2017-06-29 2017-07-01 0000940942 hubg:CreditAgreementMember 2017-06-29 2017-07-01 0000940942 us-gaap:LetterOfCreditMember 2017-06-29 2017-07-01 0000940942 us-gaap:StandbyLettersOfCreditMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:StandbyLettersOfCreditMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:BankRevolvingLineOfCreditMember us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:BankRevolvingLineOfCreditMember us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember 2018-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyFourMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyFourMember 2018-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyThreeMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyThreeMember 2018-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyTwoMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyTwoMember 2018-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyOneMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyOneMember 2018-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyMember 2018-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandNineteenMember 2018-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyFourMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyFourMember hubg:EquipmentNotesCommencingOnTwoThousandEighteenMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyFourMember hubg:EquipmentNotesCommencingOnTwoThousandNineteenMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyFourMember hubg:EquipmentNotesCommencingOnTwoThousandTwentyMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyFourMember srt:MinimumMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyFourMember srt:MaximumMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyThreeMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyThreeMember hubg:EquipmentNotesCommencingOnTwoThousandEighteenMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyThreeMember hubg:EquipmentNotesCommencingOnTwoThousandNineteenMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyThreeMember srt:MinimumMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyThreeMember srt:MaximumMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyTwoMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyTwoMember hubg:EquipmentNotesCommencingOnTwoThousandFifteenMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyTwoMember hubg:EquipmentNotesCommencingOnTwoThousandSeventeenMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyTwoMember srt:MinimumMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyTwoMember srt:MaximumMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyOneMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyOneMember hubg:EquipmentNotesCommencingOnTwoThousandSixteenMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyOneMember hubg:EquipmentNotesCommencingOnTwoThousandSeventeenMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyOneMember srt:MinimumMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyOneMember srt:MaximumMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyMember hubg:EquipmentNotesCommencingOnTwoThousandFifteenMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyMember hubg:EquipmentNotesCommencingOnTwoThousandSixteenMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyMember srt:MinimumMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyMember srt:MaximumMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandNineteenMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandNineteenMember hubg:EquipmentNotesCommencingOnTwoThousandThirteenMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandNineteenMember hubg:EquipmentNotesCommencingOnTwoThousandFifteenMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandNineteenMember srt:MinimumMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EquipmentNotesDueTwoThousandNineteenMember srt:MaximumMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201602Member 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:NewAccountingPronouncementEarlyAdoptionEffectMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:NewAccountingPronouncementEarlyAdoptionEffectMember 2018-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:NewAccountingPronouncementEarlyAdoptionEffectMember us-gaap:OtherAssetsMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:NewAccountingPronouncementEarlyAdoptionEffectMember us-gaap:OtherAssetsMember 2018-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:NewAccountingPronouncementEarlyAdoptionEffectMember us-gaap:PropertyPlantAndEquipmentMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:NewAccountingPronouncementEarlyAdoptionEffectMember us-gaap:PropertyPlantAndEquipmentMember 2018-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:NewAccountingPronouncementEarlyAdoptionEffectMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:NewAccountingPronouncementEarlyAdoptionEffectMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000940942 srt:MinimumMember us-gaap:NewAccountingPronouncementEarlyAdoptionEffectMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:TwoThousandTwoStockIncentivePlanMember us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2017-12-31 0000940942 hubg:TwoThousandSeventeenStockIncentivePlanMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EmployeesMember srt:MinimumMember hubg:TimeBasedRestrictedStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EmployeesMember hubg:TimeBasedRestrictedStockMember srt:MaximumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:NonEmployeeDirectorsMember hubg:TimeBasedRestrictedStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:TimeBasedRestrictedStockMember 2018-12-31 0000940942 hubg:PerformanceBasedRestrictedStockMember 2018-12-31 0000940942 hubg:TimeBasedRestrictedStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:PerformanceBasedRestrictedStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:TimeBasedRestrictedStockMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:PerformanceBasedRestrictedStockMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:TimeBasedRestrictedStockMember hubg:EmployeesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:TimeBasedRestrictedStockMember hubg:EmployeesMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000940942 hubg:TimeBasedRestrictedStockMember hubg:EmployeesMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000940942 hubg:TimeBasedRestrictedStockMember hubg:OutsideDirectorsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:TimeBasedRestrictedStockMember hubg:OutsideDirectorsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000940942 hubg:TimeBasedRestrictedStockMember hubg:OutsideDirectorsMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000940942 hubg:TimeBasedRestrictedStockMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000940942 hubg:TimeBasedRestrictedStockMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000940942 hubg:TimeBasedRestrictedStockMember srt:MinimumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:TimeBasedRestrictedStockMember srt:MaximumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:TimeBasedRestrictedStockMember srt:MinimumMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000940942 hubg:TimeBasedRestrictedStockMember srt:MaximumMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000940942 hubg:TimeBasedRestrictedStockMember srt:MinimumMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000940942 hubg:TimeBasedRestrictedStockMember srt:MaximumMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000940942 hubg:PerformanceBasedRestrictedStockMember hubg:EmployeesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember hubg:EmployeesMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-01-01 2020-01-31 0000940942 us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember hubg:EmployeesMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-01-01 2020-01-31 0000940942 hubg:TimeBasedSharesMember hubg:EmployeesMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-01-01 2020-01-31 0000940942 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember hubg:OutsideDirectorsMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-01-01 2020-01-31 0000940942 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-01-01 2020-01-31 0000940942 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember hubg:EmployeesMember srt:MinimumMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2020-01-01 2020-01-31 0000940942 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember hubg:EmployeesMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember srt:MaximumMember 2020-01-01 2020-01-31 0000940942 hubg:NonqualifiedDeferredCompensationPlanMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 hubg:Plaintiff 0000940942 hubg:RoblesLawsuitsMember 2015-08-04 2015-08-05 hubg:Employee 0000940942 hubg:RoblesAndAdameLawsuitsMember hubg:AccruedOtherMember 2015-08-05 0000940942 hubg:RoblesAndAdameLawsuitsMember us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember 2015-08-04 2015-08-05 0000940942 us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2019-05-28 0000940942 hubg:EmployeeRestrictedStockPlanMember us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 hubg:EmployeeRestrictedStockPlanMember us-gaap:CommonClassAMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000940942 2019-06-01 2019-06-30 0000940942 2019-07-01 2019-07-31 0000940942 hubg:PubliclyAnnouncedPlanMember 2019-06-01 2019-06-30 0000940942 hubg:PubliclyAnnouncedPlanMember 2019-07-01 2019-07-31 0000940942 hubg:PubliclyAnnouncedPlanMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 2019-01-31 0000940942 2019-02-28 0000940942 2019-03-31 0000940942 2019-04-30 0000940942 2019-05-31 0000940942 2019-07-31 0000940942 2019-08-31 0000940942 2019-09-30 0000940942 2019-10-31 0000940942 2019-11-30 0000940942 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000940942 2019-04-01 2019-06-30 0000940942 2019-07-01 2019-09-30 0000940942 2019-10-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 2018-01-01 2018-03-31 0000940942 2018-04-01 2018-06-30 0000940942 2018-07-01 2018-09-30 0000940942 2018-10-01 2018-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember 2018-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember 2017-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember 2016-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember 2018-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember 2017-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember 2016-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000940942 us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember 2019-12-31

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

(Mark One)

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934               

Commission File No. 0-27754

 

HUB GROUP, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Delaware

36-4007085

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

2000 Clearwater Drive

Oak Brook, IL

60523

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (630271-3600

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:  

Title of each class

 

Trading

Symbol(s)

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Class A Common Stock

 

HUBG

 

NASDAQ

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:  None

 

Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark if Registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ☐  No  

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 229.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer

 

  

Accelerated filer

 

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

  

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

 

 

 

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.   

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  

The aggregate market value of the Registrant’s voting stock held by non-affiliates on June 30, 2019, based upon the last reported sale price on that date on the NASDAQ Global Select Market of $41.98 per share, was $1,370,432,860.

On February 21, 2020, the Registrant had 33,587,372 outstanding shares of Class A Common Stock, par value $.01 per share, and 662,296 outstanding shares of Class B Common Stock, par value $.01 per share.

Documents Incorporated by Reference

The Registrant’s definitive Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on May 20, 2020 (the “Proxy Statement”) is incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K to the extent stated herein. Except with respect to information specifically incorporated by reference in this Form 10-K, the Proxy Statement is not deemed to be filed as a part hereof.

 

 

 

 

 


 

PART I

 

FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS

This annual report contains, and our officers and representatives may from time to time make, forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Words such as “expects,” “hopes,” “believes,” “intends,” “estimates,” “anticipates,” “predicts,” “projects,” “potential,” “may,” “could,” “might,” “should,” and variations of these words and similar expressions are intended to identify these forward-looking statements. In particular, information appearing under “Business,” “Risk Factors,” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” includes forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are neither historical facts nor assurance of future performance.  Instead, they are based on our beliefs, expectations and assumptions regarding the future of our business, future plans and strategies, projections, anticipated events and trends, the economy and other future conditions.  Because forward-looking statements relate to the future, they are subject to inherent uncertainties, risks and changes in circumstances that are difficult to predict and many of which are outside of our control.  Our actual results and financial condition may differ materially from those indicated in the forward-looking statements.  All forward-looking statements made by us in this annual report are based upon information available to us on the date of this report and speak only as of the date in which they are made. Except as required by law, we expressly disclaim any obligations to publicly update any forward-looking statements whether written or oral, that may be made from time to time, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise. Important factors that could cause our actual results and financial condition to differ materially from those indicated in the forward-looking statements, in addition to those described in detail under Items 1A “Risk Factors,” include the following:

 

the degree and rate of market growth in the domestic intermodal, truck brokerage, dedicated and logistics markets served by us;

 

deterioration in our relationships, service conditions or provision of equipment with existing railroads or adverse changes to the railroads’ operating rules;

 

inability to recruit and retain company drivers and owner-operators;

 

inability to hire or retain management and other key personnel that are critical to our continued success;

 

the impact of competitive pressures in the marketplace, including entry of new competitors including digital freight matching companies, direct marketing efforts by the railroads or marketing efforts of asset-based carriers;

 

unanticipated changes in rail, drayage, warehousing and trucking company capacity or costs of services;

 

increases in costs related to any reclassification or change in our treatment of drivers, owner-operators or other workers due to regulatory, judicial and legal decisions, including workers directly contracted with the Company and those contracted to the Company’s vendors;

 

joint employer claims alleging that the Company is a co-employer of any workers providing services to a Company contractor;

 

labor unrest in the rail, drayage or trucking company communities;

 

significant deterioration in our customers’ financial condition, particularly in the retail, consumer products and durable goods sectors;

 

inability to identify, close and successfully integrate any future business combinations;

 

fuel shortages or fluctuations in fuel prices;

 

increases in interest rates;

 

acts of terrorism and military action and the resulting effects on security;

 

difficulties in maintaining or enhancing our information technology systems, implementing new systems or protecting against cyber-attacks;

 

increases in costs associated with changes to or new governmental regulations;

 

significant increases to employee health insurance costs;

 

loss of several of our largest customers;

 

awards received during annual customer bids not materializing;

 

changes in insurance costs and claims expense;

2


 

 

union organizing efforts and changes to current laws which will aid in these efforts;  

 

further consolidation of railroads;

 

the effects or perceived effects of panademics;

 

imposition of new tariffs or trade barriers or withdrawal from or renegotiation of existing free trade agreements which could reduce international trade and economic activity; and

 

losses sustained on insured matters where the liability materially exceeds available insurance proceeds.

 

Item  1.

BUSINESS

General

Hub Group, Inc. (the “Company”, “Hub”, “we”, “us” or “our”) is a leading, world class supply chain management company that provides value-added multi-modal transportation and logistics solutions by offering reliability, visibility and value to our customers. Our mission is to continuously elevate each customer’s business to drive long term success. Our vision is to build the industry’s premier customer-centric supply chain solutions. Our service offerings include comprehensive intermodal, truck brokerage, dedicated trucking, managed transportation, freight consolidation, warehousing, international transportation and other logistics services. The Company is a Delaware corporation that was incorporated on March 8, 1995 as successor to a business that was founded in 1971.

We are one of the largest freight transportation providers in the United States. Through our network, we have the ability to arrange for the movement of freight in and out of every major city in the United States, Canada and Mexico. We utilize an asset-light strategy that employs a combination of our company-operated equipment as well as assets operated by third parties to transport and store our customers’ goods, which allows us to minimize our investment in equipment and facilities and reduce our capital requirements. Hub services a large and diversified customer base in a broad range of industries, including consumer products, retail and durable goods.  We believe our strategy to offer multi-modal supply chain management solutions serves to strengthen and deepen our relationships with our customers and allows us to provide a more cost effective and higher service solution.

Our strategy includes the following elements:

 

Deepen and diversify our customer relationships through a best-in-class customer experience across all solutions

 

Acquire and organically develop new service offerings for our customers that will diversify our revenue streams and deliver sophisticated supply chain logistics solutions

 

Selectively invest in assets to drive organic growth and reduce our costs

 

Build a world class information technology platform to drive growth and efficiency and support future innovations

 

Sustain a culture that continues to enable innovation, service and teamwork

We regularly evaluate strategic transactions as a component of our strategy to enhance our core business lines and diversify our service offerings.  Our recent strategic transactions include the following:

Estenson Acquisition.  On July 1, 2017, our subsidiary Hub Group Trucking, Inc. (“HGT”) acquired the outstanding equity interests of Estenson Logistics, LLC (“Estenson”), a leading North American dedicated trucking company that operated over 1,000 trucks and employed approximately 1,300 drivers. Estenson now operates under the name Hub Group Dedicated (“Dedicated”).  

Mode Sale.  On August 31, 2018, we sold the membership interests of our Mode Transportation, LLC (“Mode”) subsidiary (the “Disposition”) to an affiliate of York Capital Management (“Purchaser”).  Mode’s temperature protected division (“Temstar”) was not included in the transaction and is now included in our intermodal line of business. Mode provided transportation management services to its customers through a network of approximately 170 agents.  

CaseStack Acquisition.  On December 3, 2018, a subsidiary of Hub Group, Inc. completed a merger with CaseStack, Inc. (“CaseStack”). CaseStack is a non-asset based transportation and logistics provider operating in two lines of business. CaseStack’s logistics business provides warehouse and transportation logistics services, including retailer-driven collaborative consolidation programs, to its customers who primarily consist of consumer packaged goods companies selling into the North American retail channel. CaseStack’s transportation brokerage business offers truck brokerage services with a focus on less-than-truckload services.  CaseStack does not own or operate any warehouses or transportation equipment. The financial results of CaseStack are included in our logistics line of business, except for its transportation brokerage business which is included in our truck brokerage line of business.

3


 

Services Provided

Our lines of business can be categorized as follows:

Intermodal. As an intermodal provider, we arrange for the movement of our customers’ freight in containers, typically over long distances of 750 miles or more. We contract with railroads to provide transportation for the long-haul portion of the shipment between rail terminals.  Local pickup and delivery services between origin or destination and rail terminals (referred to as “drayage”) are provided by our HGT subsidiary and third-party local trucking companies.  

In a typical intermodal transaction, the customer places an order with us. We determine the price, arrange for the necessary intermodal equipment (which includes a container and chassis or a trailer) to be delivered to the customer by HGT or a third-party drayage company and, after the freight is loaded, arrange for the transportation of the container to the rail terminal where it is transported by the railroad to the destination rail terminal. Our predictive track and trace technology then monitors the shipment to ensure that it arrives as scheduled and alerts our customer service personnel if there are service delays. We then arrange for and confirm delivery by a drayage company at the destination. After unloading, the empty equipment is made available for reloading.

As of December 31, 2019, we owned approximately 38,000 53-foot containers for our dedicated use on the Union Pacific (“UP”) and the Norfolk Southern (“NS”) railroads.

During 2019, HGT accounted for approximately 58% of Hub’s drayage needs by providing reliable, cost effective intermodal services to our customers. As of December 31, 2019, HGT had terminals in the Atlanta, Birmingham, Charlotte, Chicago, Dallas, Edinburg (TX), Harrisburg, Huntsville, Indianapolis, Jacksonville, Kalamazoo, Kansas City, Milwaukee, Memphis, Nashville, Newark, Philadelphia, Portland (OR), Salt Lake City, Seattle, St. Louis, Stockton and Wilmington (IL) metro areas. As of December 31, 2019, HGT leased or owned approximately 1,300 tractors and 200 trailers, employed approximately 1,400 drivers and contracted with approximately 1,200 owner-operators.

Dedicated Trucking. Our dedicated operation contracts with customers who seek to outsource a portion of their trucking transportation needs. We offer a dedicated fleet of equipment and drivers to each customer, as well as the management and infrastructure to operate according to the customer’s high service expectations. Contracts with customers generally include fixed and variable pricing arrangements and may include charges for early termination which serves to reduce the financial risk we bear with respect to the utilization of our equipment. Our dedicated operation currently operates a fleet of approximately 1,300 tractors and 4,400 trailers at 87 locations throughout the U.S. As of December 31, 2019, Dedicated employed approximately 1,500 drivers.

Truck Brokerage. We operate one of the largest truck brokerage operations in the U.S., providing customers with an over the road service option for their transportation needs. Our brokerage does not operate any trucks; instead we match customers’ needs with carriers’ capacity to provide the most effective service and price combination. We have contracts with a substantial base of carriers allowing us to meet the varied needs of our customers.

In a typical truck brokerage transaction, the customer places an order with us for a particular freight movement. We make the delivery appointment and arrange with the appropriate carrier to pick up the freight. Once we receive confirmation that the freight has been picked up, we monitor the movement of the shipment until it reaches its destination and the delivery has been confirmed.

In 2018, we expanded our truck brokerage service offering through the acquisition of CaseStack. CaseStack’s truck brokerage provides us with additional capabilities, particularly with respect to less-than-truckload freight.

Logistics. Hub’s logistics business offers a wide range of transportation management services and technology solutions including shipment optimization, load consolidation, mode selection, carrier management, load planning and execution and web-based shipment visibility. Our multi-modal transportation capabilities include small parcel, heavyweight, expedited, less-than-truckload, truckload, intermodal, railcar and international shipping. In 2018, we acquired CaseStack which leverages proprietary technology along with collaborative partnerships with retailers and logistics providers to deliver cost savings and performance-enhancing supply chain services to consumer packaged goods clients. CaseStack contracts with third-party warehouse providers in seven markets across North America to which its customers ship their goods to be stored and eventually consolidated, along with goods from other CaseStack customers, into full truckload shipments destined to major North American retailers. CaseStack offers its customers shipment visibility, transportation cost savings, high service and compliance with retailers’ increasingly stringent supply chain requirements.

4


 

Marketing and Customers

As one of the leading transportation management companies in North America, Hub seeks to provide innovative, value-added multi-modal solutions including intermodal, dedicated trucking, truck brokerage and logistics services. We have transformed our organization from a traditional intermodal marketing company into a multi-modal solutions provider delivering reliability, visibility and value to our customers every day.

We seek to understand and analyze our customers’ entire network to provide innovative multi-modal solutions to drive savings, improve service and offer full visibility into their supply chains. 

Over our nearly 50 years in business, we continue to live by the simple mantra that "good" is not good enough. To ensure we grow and improve, we focus intently on our customers, listening to their needs, developing comprehensive transportation solutions and delivering superior service. We invest in our people, equipment and technology to maintain our competitive edge in order to be the best transportation provider for our customers.

The supply chain needs of our customers have become more complex, efficient and lean. We are committed to helping our customers meet these needs. A particular focus has been providing our customers with increased speed and improved visibility into their supply chains.  Our state-of-the-art technology and satellite tracking of intermodal containers helps to maintain our high levels of service while aiding capacity planning and providing 24/7 visibility into any shipment; and our people have the skills, training and information to quickly respond to our customers' changing supply chain networks. Every customer has a dedicated team of professionals ready to service all of their needs. We refer to this exceptional service approach the "One Hub" experience.

The majority of our business is in the retail, consumer products and durable goods.  No one customer represents more than 10% of our total revenue in 2019 or 2018.  Our business is seasonal to the extent that certain customer groups, such as retail, are seasonal.

Information Technology Systems

Leveraging strong technology at the core and emerging technologies on the edge to achieve our business goals and to keep pace with customer demands remains the basis of our technology strategy. We purchase commercially available technology for commodity capabilities, we extend to create additional value leveraging emerging technologies, and we build solutions where we can create differentiated experiences for our customers, drivers, carriers and employees. In 2018, we initiated our multi-year investment and process enhancement initiative that we refer to as “Elevate” which includes implementing core foundational technologies, Oracle enterprise resource planning (“ERP”) and Oracle Human Capital Management (“HCM”) and Oracle Transportation Management (“OTM”) all of which are deployed in the cloud. Anchored on those common platforms, our technology strategy includes the deployment of differentiating solutions facing our customers and carriers through our Hub Connect application and for our drivers through our Hub Pro application. In addition, we have many initiatives focused on internal productivity and efficiency that will be a dramatic change from the processes and technology used today.

We have now converted over 40% of our Intermodal terminals and are aggressively converting our Dedicated business to our newly designed process and technology solutions for fleet operations with the remainder to complete in 2020. This included changes to the technology used for the recruiting, qualifying, and onboarding of drivers. This allows drivers to immediately begin using the entire suite of solutions on their first day of employment. We also deployed our state-of-the-art transportation management system, OTM, allowing us to plan drivers and loads. This positively impacts both driver and asset utilization while improving the customer experience with more efficient, responsive operations. This deployment also added a significant set of capabilities to Hub Pro, our mobile solution for company drivers and owner operator drivers. These new capabilities include visibility to work assignments, direct communication to their manager, verification of work completed, hours of service compliance, vehicle inspection and other features focused on value to our drivers. This end to end solution was deployed leveraging both purchased and custom-built solutions integrated through our API platform.

Benefits of our Cloud First technology strategy include improvements to the rate and pace at which we can deliver technology solutions, while lowering the cost to serve and maintaining our level of service. As planned, we deployed ERP as our financial management solution as well as enabling HCM Cloud for driver payroll in 2020 allowing us to leverage both solutions to improve efficiency and gain valuable insight. In 2020, we will continue to invest in new technology solutions consistent with our overall technology strategy.

5


 

Relationship with Railroads

A key element of our business strategy is to strengthen our close working relationships with the major intermodal railroads in North America. Due to our size and relative importance, some railroads have dedicated support personnel to focus on our day-to-day service requirements. On a regular basis, our senior executives and each of the railroads meet to discuss major strategic issues concerning intermodal transportation.

We have relationships with each of the following major railroads:

 

Burlington Northern Santa Fe

  

Florida East Coast

Canadian National

  

Kansas City Southern

Canadian Pacific

  

Norfolk Southern

CSX

  

Union Pacific

Ferromex

  

 

 

Relationship with Drayage Companies

Hub has a “Quality Drayage Program,” under which participants commit to provide high quality drayage service along with clean and safe equipment, maintain a defined on-time performance level and follow specified procedures designed to minimize freight loss and damage. We negotiate drayage rates for transportation between specific origin and destination points.

We also provide drayage services with our own drayage operations, which we operate through our subsidiary HGT. Our drayage operations employ their own drivers and also contract with owner-operators who supply their own trucks.

Relationship with Trucking Companies

We contract with a large number of trucking companies that we use to transport freight. Our relationships with these trucking companies are important since these relationships determine pricing, load coverage and overall service.

Risk Management and Insurance

We require all of our trucking company vendors to carry general liability insurance, truckman’s auto liability insurance and cargo insurance. Railroads, which are self-insured, provide limited cargo protection. To cover freight loss or damage when a carrier’s liability cannot be established or a carrier’s insurance is insufficient to cover the claim, we carry our own cargo insurance. We also carry general liability insurance with a companion umbrella policy on this general liability insurance.

We maintain separate insurance policies to cover potential exposure from our company-owned drayage and dedicated operations. We carry commercial general liability insurance subject to a policy aggregate limit, and trucker’s automobile liability insurance with a limit per occurrence. Additionally, we have an umbrella excess liability policy and maintain motor truck cargo liability insurance.

Government Regulation

The Company and several of our subsidiaries are licensed by the Department of Transportation as brokers in arranging for the transportation of general commodities by motor vehicle. To the extent that we perform truck brokerage services, they do so under these licenses. The Department of Transportation prescribes qualifications for acting in this capacity, including a $75,000 surety bond that we have posted. In addition, Hub has customs bonds. To date, compliance with these regulations has not had a material adverse effect on our results of operations or financial condition; however, the transportation industry is subject to legislative or regulatory changes that can affect the economics of the industry by requiring changes in operating practices or influencing the demand for, and cost of providing, transportation services.

Custom-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism

One of our operating subsidiaries achieved Custom-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism (C-TPAT) certification in 2013 and have maintained it since then. C-TPAT is a voluntary supply chain security program led by U.S. Customs and Border Protection focused on improving the security of private companies’ supply chains with respect to terrorism. Companies who achieve C-TPAT certification must have a documented process for determining and alleviating risks throughout their international supply chain. This certification allows us to be considered low risk, resulting in expedited processing of our customers’ cargo, including fewer customs examinations.

6


 

Competition

The transportation services industry is highly competitive. We compete against intermodal providers, as well as logistics companies, third party brokers, trucking companies and railroads that market their own services. Several larger trucking companies have entered into agreements with railroads to market intermodal services nationwide. Competition is based primarily on freight rates, quality of service, reliability, transit time and scope of operations. Several transportation service companies and trucking companies, and all of the major railroads, may have substantially greater financial and other resources than we do.

General

Employees: As of December 31, 2019, Hub Group had approximately 5,000 employees, which included approximately 3,000 drivers.  We are not a party to any collective bargaining agreements and consider our relationship with our employees to be satisfactory.

Other: No material portion of our operations is subject to renegotiation of profits or termination of contracts at the election of the federal government.

Available Information

Our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to reports filed pursuant to Sections 13(a) and 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (“Exchange Act”), are filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).  We are subject to the informational requirements of the Exchange Act and file or furnish reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC.  The reports and other information that we file with the SEC are available free of charge on our website at www.hubgroup.com as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file or furnish such reports to the SEC. In addition, the SEC maintains a website (http://www.sec.gov) that contains our annual, quarterly, and current reports, proxy and information statements, and other information we electronically file with, or furnish to, the SEC. Information on the websites referenced in this Form 10-K is not incorporated by reference into this filing.  Further, our references to website URLs are intended to be inactive textual references only.

Item  1A.

RISK FACTORS

 

Because we depend on railroads for our operations, our operating results and financial condition are likely to be adversely affected by any increase in rates, reduction or deterioration in rail service or change in the railroads’ reliance on us to market their intermodal transportation services.

We depend on the major railroads in the United States for virtually all of the intermodal services we provide. In many markets, rail service is limited to one or a few railroads. Consequently, a reduction in, or elimination of, rail service to a particular market is likely to adversely affect our ability to provide intermodal transportation services to some of our customers. Rate increases would result in higher intermodal transportation costs, reducing the attractiveness of intermodal transportation compared to truck or other transportation modes, which could cause a decrease in demand for our services. Further, our ability to continue to expand our intermodal transportation business is dependent upon the railroads’ ability to increase capacity for intermodal freight and provide consistent and reliable service. Our business could also be adversely affected by a work stoppage at one or more railroads or by adverse weather conditions or other factors that hinder the railroads’ ability to provide reliable transportation services. To date, the railroads have chosen to rely on us and other intermodal competitors to market their intermodal services rather than fully developing their own marketing capabilities. If one or more of the major railroads reduced their dependence on us, the volume of intermodal shipments we arrange would likely decline, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

Our ability to expand our business or maintain our profitability may be adversely affected by a shortage of drivers and capacity.

We derive significant revenue from our intermodal, truck brokerage, dedicated and logistics services. There is significant competition for qualified drivers in the transportation industry.  Additionally, interventions and enforcements under the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (“FMCSA”) Compliance, Safety, Accountability program may shrink the industry’s pool of drivers as those drivers with unfavorable scores may no longer be eligible to drive for us.  Driver shortages and reliance on third-party companies for the operation of our intermodal, truck brokerage, dedicated and logistics services could adversely affect our profitability and limit our ability to expand our business or retain customers. Most drayage and certain less than truckload companies operate relatively small fleets and have limited access to capital for fleet expansion. Particularly during periods of economic expansion, it may be difficult for Dedicated, HGT and third-party trucking companies to expand their fleets due to chronic driver shortages. Driver shortages may require us to increase drivers’ compensation that we may be unable to pass on to our customers, let trucks sit idle, utilize lower quality drivers or face difficulty meeting customer demands, all of which could adversely affect our growth and profitability.

7


 

If we fail to maintain and enhance our information technology systems, or if we fail to successfully implement new technology or enhancements, we may be at a competitive disadvantage and lose customers.

Hub Group continues to see technology as key to driving internal efficiencies as well as providing additional capabilities to customers and carriers. In addition, Hub Group’s systems are critical to our operations and our ability to compete effectively as an intermodal provider, dedicated and drayage carrier, truck broker and logistics provider. We expect our customers to continue to demand more sophisticated technology-driven solutions from their suppliers and we must enhance or replace our information technology systems in response. This may involve significant research and development costs, implementation costs and potential challenges. To keep pace with changing technologies and customer demand, we are making investments in our technology, as well as investing in emerging technology to further drive innovation and efficiency. The back-office investments include implementing new order management, transportation management, contract management and financial management processes and systems.  In a transformation of this size and scope we must mitigate risk by engaging external expertise and hiring internal experts. If we fail to successfully implement critical technology, if it does not provide the anticipated benefits or it does not meet market demands, we may be placed at a competitive disadvantage and could lose customers, materially adversely impacting our financial condition and results of operations. 

Our information technology systems also depend upon the Internet, third-party service providers, global communications providers, satellite-based communications systems, the electric utilities grid, electric utility providers and telecommunications providers as well as their respective vendors, all of whom have at some point experienced significant system failures and outages in the past. We have minimal control over the operation, quality, or maintenance of these services or whether vendors will improve their services or continue to provide services that are essential to our business. Disruptions due to transitional challenges in upgrading or enhancing our technology systems; failures in the services upon which our information technology platforms rely, including those that may arise from adverse weather conditions or natural calamities, such as floods, hurricanes, earthquakes or tornadoes; illegal acts, including terrorist attacks; human error or systems modernization initiatives; and/or other disruptions, may adversely affect our business, which could increase our costs or result in a loss of customers that could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial position.

 

Technology and new market entrants may also disrupt the way we and our competitors operate. As technology improves and new companies enter the freight brokerage market, our customers may be able to find alternatives to our services for matching shipments with available freight hauling capacity. We must continue to develop innovative emerging technologies to source, track and provide visibility to capacity while exploiting machine learning and artificial intelligence to further improve customer outcomes.

Our information technology systems are subject to cyber and other risks some of which are beyond our control, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial position.

We rely heavily on the proper functioning and availability of our information systems for our operations as well as for providing value-added services to our customers. Our information systems, including our accounting, communications and data processing systems, are integral to the efficient operation of our business. It is critical that the data processed by these systems remain confidential, as it often includes competitive customer information, confidential customer credit card and transaction data, employee records and key financial and operational results and statistics. The sophistication of efforts by hackers, foreign governments, cyber-terrorists, and cyber-criminals, acting individually or in coordinated groups, to launch distributed denial of service attacks or other coordinated attacks that may cause service outages, gain inappropriate or block legitimate access to systems or information, or result in other business interruptions has continued to increase in recent years. We utilize third-party service providers who have access to our systems and certain sensitive data, which exposes us to additional security risks, particularly given the complex and evolving laws and regulations regarding privacy and data protection. While we and our third-party service providers have experienced cyber-attacks and attempted breaches of our and their information technology systems and networks or similar events from time to time, no such incidents have been, individually or in the aggregate, material to us. Cyber incidents that impact the security, availability, reliability, speed, accuracy or other proper functioning of our systems, information and measures, including outages, computer viruses, break-ins and similar disruptions, could have a significant impact on our operations.

Although our information systems are protected through physical and software safeguards, as well as redundant systems, network security measures and backup systems, it is difficult to fully protect against the possibility of power loss, telecommunications failures, cyber attacks, and other cyber incidents in every potential circumstance that may arise. A significant cyber incident, including system failure, security breach, disruption by malware or ransomware, or other damage, could interrupt or delay our operations, damage our reputation and brand, cause a loss of customers, expose us to a risk of loss or litigation, result in regulatory scrutiny, investigations, actions, fines or penalties and/or cause us to incur significant time and expense to remedy such an event, any of which could have a material adverse impact on our results of operations and financial position. Furthermore, any failure to comply with data privacy, security or other laws and regulations could result in claims, legal or regulatory proceedings, inquiries or investigations. As cyber threats are continually evolving, our controls and procedures may become inadequate and we may be required to devote additional resources to modifying or enhancing our systems in the future. In Addition, while we maintain insurance intended to address costs associated with aspects of cyber incidents, network failures and data privacy-related concerns, our coverage may not sufficiently cover all types of losses or claims that may arise.

8


 

The inability to successfully implement our new enterprise resource planning system could materially adversely affect our business.

We are engaged in a multi-year implementation of a new enterprise resource planning system. The ERP is designed to efficiently maintain our books and records and provide information important to the operation of our business to our management team. The ERP will continue to require significant investment of human and financial resources. In implementing the ERP, we may experience significant delays, increased costs and other difficulties. Any significant disruption or deficiency in the design and implementation of the ERP could adversely affect our ability to process orders, service customers, send invoices and track payments, fulfill contractual obligations, meet financial reporting obligations or otherwise operate our business.

Insurance and claims expenses could significantly reduce our earnings.

We are exposed to claims related to cargo loss and damage, property damage, personal injury, workers’ compensation, group health and group dental. We maintain insurance coverage with third-party insurance carriers, but we assume a significant portion of the risk associated with these claims due to high self-insured retention (“SIR”) and deductibles. Our operating results could be adversely affected if any of the following were to occur: (i) the number or the severity of claims increases; (ii) we are required to accrue or pay additional amounts because claims prove to be more severe than our original assessment; or (iii) claims exceed our coverage amounts. If the number or severity of claims increases, our operating results could also be adversely affected if the cost to renew our insurance was increased when our current coverage expires. If these expenses increase, and we are unable to offset the increase with higher freight rates to our customers, our earnings could be materially and adversely affected. In addition, insurance companies generally require us to collateralize our SIR or deductible levels. If these collateralization requirements increase, our borrowing capacity could be adversely affected.

 

We operate in a highly competitive industry and our business may suffer if we are unable to adequately address potential downward pricing pressures and other competitive factors.

The transportation industry is highly competitive. We face competition in all geographic markets and each industry sector in which we operate. Increased competition or our inability to compete successfully may lead to a reduction in our volume, reduced revenues, reduced profit margins, increased pricing pressure, or a loss of market share, any one of which could affect our financial results. Numerous competitive factors could impair our ability to maintain our current profitability, including the following:

 

 

our competitors may periodically reduce their prices to gain business, especially during times of declining economic growth, which may limit our ability to maintain or increase prices or impede our ability to maintain or grow our market share;

 

our inability to obtain expected customer retention levels or sales growth targets;

 

we compete with many other transportation and logistics service providers, some of which have greater capital resources or lower cost structures than we do;

 

our inability to compete with new entrants in the transportation and logistics market that may offer similar services at lower cost or have greater technological capabilities;

 

customers may choose to provide for themselves the services that we now provide;

 

many customers periodically accept bids from multiple carriers for their shipping needs, and this process may depress rates or result in the loss of some of our business to competitors;

 

the continuing trend toward consolidation in the trucking industry may result in larger carriers with greater financial resources than we have;

 

advances in technology require increased investments to remain competitive, and our customers may not be willing to accept higher prices to cover the cost of these investments; and

 

because cost of capital is a significant competitive factor, any increase in either the cost of our debt or equity as a result of reductions in our debt rating or stock price volatility could have a significant impact on our competitive position.

We derive a significant portion of our revenue from our largest customers and the loss of one or more of these customers could have a material adverse effect on our revenue and business.

Our 10 largest customers accounted for approximately 42% of our total revenue in 2019, 41% in 2018 and 36% in 2017. While our dedicated and logistics businesses may involve long-term contracts, those contracts may contain cancellation clauses, and there is no assurance that our current customers will continue to utilize our services or continue at the same levels.  A reduction in or termination of our services by one or more of our largest customers could have a material adverse effect on our revenue and business. While we continue to focus our efforts on diversifying our customer base, we may not be successful in doing so.

9


 

Our customers’ and suppliers’ businesses may be negatively affected by various economic and other factors such as recessions, downturns in the economy, global uncertainty and instability, the effects or perceived effects of pandemics, changes in U.S. social, political, and regulatory conditions and/or a disruption of financial markets, which may decrease demand for our services or increase our costs.

Adverse economic and other conditions, both in the U.S. and internationally, can negatively affect our customers’ business levels, the amount of transportation services they need, their ability to pay for our services and overall freight levels, any of which might impair our asset utilization. For example, the effects (or perceived effects) of pandemics (including matters such as the coronavirus) may affect international trade, supply chains, travel, employee productivity and other economic activities.  Additionally, uncertainty and instability in the global economy and any other action that the U.S. government may take to withdraw from or materially modify international trade arrangements, including related to the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement, which was agreed upon on September 30, 2018 and is designed to replace the North American Free Trade Agreement (“NAFTA”), may lead to fewer goods being transported and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial conditions and results of operations. The U.S. government has made significant changes in U.S. trade policy and has taken certain other actions that may impact U.S. trade, including imposing tariffs on certain goods imported into the United States. To date, several governments, including the European Union, China, and India, have imposed tariffs on certain goods imported from the United States. Any further changes in U.S. or international trade policy could trigger additional retaliatory actions by affected countries, resulting in “trade wars” and increased costs for goods transported globally, which may reduce customer demand for these products if the parties having to pay those tariffs increase their prices, or in trading partners limiting their trade with countries that impose anti-trade measures. If these consequences are realized, the volume of global economic activity may be significantly reduced. Such a reduction could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

Customers adversely affected by changes in U.S. trade policies or otherwise encountering adverse economic or other conditions may be unable to obtain additional financing or financing under acceptable terms. These customers represent a greater potential for bad debt losses, which may require us to increase our reserve for bad debt. Economic conditions resulting in bankruptcies of one or more of our large customers could have a significant impact on our financial position, results of operations or liquidity in a particular year or quarter. Further, when adverse economic times arise, customers may select competitors that offer lower rates in an attempt to lower their costs, and we might be forced to lower our rates or lose freight volumes.

Our suppliers’ business levels also may be negatively affected by adverse economic and other conditions and changes in the political and regulatory environment, as well as the effects (or perceived effects) of pandemics and other public concerns, both in the U.S. and internationally, or financial constraints, any one of which could lead to disruptions in the supply and availability of equipment, parts and services critical to our operations. A significant interruption in our normal supply chain could disrupt our operations, increase our costs and negatively impact our ability to serve our customers.

We are also subject to cost increases outside of our control that could materially reduce our profitability if we are unable to increase our rates sufficiently. Such cost increases include, but are not limited to, increases in wage rates, fuel prices, interest rates, taxes, tolls, license and registration fees, insurance, revenue equipment and healthcare for our employees.

Our obligation to pay our carriers is not contingent upon receipt of payment from our clients and we extend credit to certain clients as part of our business model.

In most cases, we take full risk of credit loss for the transportation services we procure from carriers.  Our obligation to pay our carriers is not contingent upon receipt of payment from our clients. If any of our key clients fail to pay for our services, our profitability would be negatively impacted.

Because our business is concentrated on intermodal services, any decrease in demand for intermodal transportation services compared to other transportation services could have an adverse effect on our results of operations.

We derived 59% of our revenue from our intermodal services in 2019 and 60% in both 2018 and 2017. As a result, any decrease in demand for intermodal transportation services compared to other transportation services could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.

Relatively small increases in our transportation costs that we are unable to pass through to our customers are likely to have a significant effect on our gross margin and operating income.

Transportation costs represented 86% of our consolidated revenue in 2019, 88% in 2018 and 89% in 2017. Because transportation costs represent such a significant portion of our costs, any increases in the operating costs of railroads, trucking companies or drayage companies can be expected to result in higher freight rates. Transportation costs may increase if we are unable to sign on owner-operators or recruit employee drivers as this may increase driver costs or force us to use more expensive purchased transportation.  The inability to pass cost increases to our customers is likely to have a significant effect on our gross margin and operating income.  

10


 

Our operations may be affected by external factors such as severe weather and other natural occurrences, including floods, fires, hurricanes and earthquakes at operating locations where we have vehicles, warehouses and other facilities. As a result, our vehicles and facilities may be damaged, our workforce may be unavailable, fuel costs may rise, and significant business interruptions could occur. In addition, the performance of our vehicles could be adversely affected by extreme weather conditions. Insurance to protect against loss of business and other related consequences resulting from these natural occurrences is subject to coverage limitations, depending on the nature of the risk insured. This insurance may not be sufficient to cover all of our damages or damages to others and this insurance may not continue to be available at commercially reasonable rates. Even with insurance, if any natural occurrence leads to a catastrophic interruption of service, we may not be able to mitigate a significant interruption in operations.

Our business depends on the availability of fuel. Fuel availability can be affected by natural or man-made disasters, adverse weather conditions, political events, disruption or failure of technology or information systems, price and supply decisions by oil producing countries and cartels, terrorist activities, armed conflict and world supply and demand imbalance. We do not maintain fuel storage and pumping stations at all of our facilities. Therefore, a disruption in the global fuel supply resulting from factors outside of our control, hence increasing the demand for fuel traditionally used by trucks could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, financial condition, and cash flows.

 

Additionally, fuel costs can be very volatile. Over recent years, fuel prices have fluctuated greatly due to factors outside our control. Significant increase in fuel prices or fuel taxes that were unable to offset by any fuel surcharges or freight rate increases could have an adverse impact on our business operations. We have a fuel surcharge program in place with many of our customers. These fuel surcharges typically allow us the ability to recover the costs associated with the volatile fuel prices. Our inability to time the fuel surcharges billed to customers with the change in fuel costs could affect our operations. Rapid increases in fuel costs could also have a material adverse effect on our operations or future profitability.

Uncertainty about global economic conditions or a global pandemic such as coronavirus could also increase the volatility of our stock price.

We use a significant number of independent contractors, such as owner operators, in our businesses.  Legislative, judicial and regulatory authorities may continue to take actions or render decisions that could affect the independent contractor classification, which could have a significant impact on our gross margin and operating income.

We do business with a large number of independent contractors, such as HGT owner-operators, consistent with longstanding industry practices. Legislative, judicial, and regulatory (including tax) authorities have taken actions and rendered decisions that could affect the independent contractor classifications.  Class action and individual lawsuits have been filed against us and others in our industries, challenging the independent contractor classifications.  See Item 3 - Legal Proceedings for further discussion and see Note 15 to the consolidated financial statements under “Legal Matters” for a description of material pending litigation and regulatory matters affecting us and certain risks to our business presented by such matters.  If independent contractors are determined to be employees, or the Company a joint-employer of warehousemen used for our consolidation business, then we may incur legal liabilities associated with that determination, such as liability for unpaid wages, overtime, employee health insurance and taxes.  If we were to change how we treat independent contractors or reclassify independent contractors to employees, then we would likely incur expenses associated with that reclassification and could incur additional ongoing expenses.  The costs associated with these matters could have a material adverse effect on results of operations and our financial position.

We operate in a highly regulated industry, and changes in existing regulations or costs of compliance with, or liability for violation of, existing or future regulations or antiterrorism measures could have a material adverse effect on our business.

The Company and various subsidiaries, including Dedicated and CaseStack, are regulated by the Department of Transportation (“DOT”) as motor carrier freight brokers. The DOT prescribes qualifications for acting in this capacity, including surety bond requirements. The transportation industry is subject to DOT regulations regarding, among other things, driver breaks and “restart” rules that can affect the economics of the industry by requiring changes in operating practices or influencing the demand for, and cost of providing, transportation services. The FMCSA, under the DOT, also manages a compliance and enforcement initiative partnering with state agencies designed to monitor and improve commercial vehicle motor safety. We are audited periodically by the DOT to ensure that we are in compliance with various safety, hours-of-service, and other rules and regulations. If we were found to be out of compliance, the DOT could levy fines and restrict or otherwise impact our operations. To date, compliance with these regulations has not had a material adverse effect on our results of operations or financial condition. We may also become subject to new or more restrictive regulations relating to carbon emissions under climate change legislation or limits on vehicle weight and size. Future laws and regulations may be more stringent and require changes in operating practices, influence the demand for transportation services or increase the cost of providing transportation services, any of which could materially adversely affect our business and results of operations.

11


 

We are not able to accurately predict how new governmental laws and regulations, or changes to existing laws and regulations, will affect the transportation industry generally, or us in particular. We are also unable to predict how the change in administration will affect government regulation of the transportation industry. Although government regulation that affects us and our competitors may simply result in higher costs that can be passed along to customers, that may not be the case.

 

Our failure to comply with any existing or future laws, rules or regulations to which we are, or may become subject, whether actual or alleged, could have a material adverse effect on our business and on our ability to access the capital required to operate our business. Among other things, any such failure could expose us to reputational harm, loss of business, fines, penalties or potential litigation liabilities, including costs, settlements and judgments, as well as the loss of operating authority and restrictions on our operations.

 

Furthermore, terrorist attacks, along with any government response to those attacks, may adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity. Our fleet, other key infrastructure and information technology systems may be targets or indirect casualties of acts of terror, other harmful acts, or war. Further, because transportation assets continue to be a target of terrorist activities, federal, state and local governmental bodies are proposing and, in some cases, have adopted legislation and regulations relating to security issues that impact the transportation industry, including checkpoints and travel restrictions on large trucks. If additional security measures disrupt or impede the timing of our operations, we may fail to meet the requirements of our customers or incur increased expenses to do so. In addition, complying with these or future regulations could continue to increase our operating costs and reduce operating efficiencies. We maintain insurance coverages addressing these risks; however, such insurance may be inadequate or become unavailable, premiums charged for some or all of the insurance could increase dramatically, or regulations may change. These changes could exacerbate the effects of an act of terrorism on our business, resulting in a significant business interruption, increased costs and liabilities and decreased revenues or an adverse impact on results of operation.

 

 

 

Our growth could be adversely affected if we are not able to make or to successfully integrate acquisition prospects.

We believe that the failure to integrate an acquired business or assets could significantly impact financial results. We cannot guarantee that we will be able to execute and integrate acquisitions on commercially acceptable terms.  Financial results most likely to be negatively affected include, but are not limited to, revenue, gross margin, salaries and benefits, selling general and administrative expenses, depreciation and amortization, interest expense, net income and our debt level.

Although we believe we have adequate liquidity and capital resources to fund our operations internally, our inability to access the capital markets on favorable terms, or at all, may adversely affect our ability to engage in strategic transactions. The inability to obtain adequate financing from debt or capital sources could force us to self-fund strategic initiatives or even forgo certain opportunities, which in turn could potentially harm our performance.

Our failure to implement or market new and existing services to existing and potential customers could have an adverse effect on our operations.

The Company continues to expand its service offerings. We may continue to add additional services in the future. In the event we implement new service offerings, we may devote substantial resources to educating our customers on such offerings with no assurance that a sufficient number of customers will use such additional services. If we add new services, we may not identify trends correctly or may not be able to bring new services as quickly, effectively or price-competitively as our competitors. Our failure to implement new services or market any existing or future services to our current customer base and/or new customers could have a material adverse impact on our operations.

We depend on third parties for equipment essential to operate our business, and if we fail to secure sufficient equipment, we could lose customers and revenue.

We depend on third parties for transportation equipment, such as tractors, containers, chassis, trailers and cross docks necessary for the operation of our business. Our industry has experienced equipment shortages in the past, particularly during the peak shipping season in the fall. A substantial amount of intermodal freight originates at or near the major West Coast ports, which have historically had the most severe equipment shortages. As an asset-light freight transportation management company, if we cannot secure sufficient transportation equipment at a reasonable price from third parties to meet our customers’ needs, our customers may seek to have their transportation needs met by other providers with their own assets. This could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial position.

12


 

We may fail to establish sufficient insurance reserves and adequately estimate for future workers’ compensation and vehicle liabilities.

We are partially self-insured for vehicle liability and workers’ compensation claims. Our self-insurance accruals are based on actuarially estimated, undiscounted cost of claims, which includes claims incurred but not reported. While we believe that our estimation processes are well designed and comply with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) and other accounting and finance best practices, any projection of losses concerning workers’ compensation and vehicle insurance is subject to a considerable degree of variability. The causes of this variability include litigation trends, claim settlement patterns and fluctuations in the frequency or severity of accidents. If actual losses incurred are greater than those anticipated, our self-insurance reserves may be insufficient and additional costs could be recorded in our consolidated financial statements. If we suffer a substantial loss in excess of our self-insured limits, the loss and attendant expenses may be covered by traditional insurance and excess insurance the Company has in place, but if not covered or above such coverages, losses could harm our business, financial condition or results of operations.

We are partially self-insured for certain losses related to employee medical coverage. Our self-insurance reserves may not be adequate to cover our medical claim liabilities.

We are partially self-insured for certain losses related to employee medical coverage, excluding employees covered by health maintenance organizations. We generally have an individual stop loss deductible per enrollee unless specific exposures are separately insured. We accrue a contingent liability based upon examination of historical trends, historical actuarial analysis, our claims experience, total plan enrollment (including employee contributions), population demographics, and other various estimates. Self-insurance reserves, net income, and cash flows could be materially affected if future claims differ significantly from our historical trends and assumptions.

 

 

The ability to hire or retain management and other key personnel is critical to our continued success, and the loss of or inability to hire such personnel could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

There is substantial competition for qualified personnel in the transportation services industry. Many individuals in the industry are required to sign non-competition agreements, severely limiting our ability to hire qualified personnel to compete in the market-place. As all key personnel devote their full time to our business, the loss of any member of our management team, or other key persons, or the inability to hire key persons, could have an adverse effect on us. We do not have written employment agreements with any of our executive officers and do not maintain key man insurance on any of our executive officers, although we do have non-competition agreements with them. If we lose key members of our senior management team or are unable to effect smooth transitions from one executive to another as part of our succession plan, we may not be able to effectively manage our current operations or meet ongoing and future business challenges, and this could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Our business could be adversely affected by strikes or work stoppages by draymen, truckers, warehousemen, port workers and railroad workers, or the decision of our employees to unionize.

There may be labor unrest, including strikes and work stoppages, among workers at various transportation providers and in industries affecting the transportation industry, such as port workers. We could lose business due to any significant work stoppage or slowdown and, if labor unrest results in increased rates for transportation providers such as draymen, we may not be able to pass these cost increases on to our customers. Strikes among longshoreman and clerical workers at ports in the past few years have slowed down the ports for a time, creating a major impact on the transportation industry. Work stoppages occurring among owner-operators in a specific market have increased our operating costs periodically in the past. In the past several years, there have been strikes involving railroad workers. Future strikes by railroad workers in the United States, Canada or anywhere else that our customers’ freight travels by railroad would impact our operations. Any significant work stoppage, slowdown or other disruption involving port workers, railroad workers, truckers or draymen could adversely affect our business and results of operations.

Currently, none of our employees are represented by a collective bargaining agreement. If in the future our employees decide to unionize, this would increase our operating costs and force us to alter the way we operate causing an adverse effect on our operating results.

13


 

Our business may be affected by uncertainty or changes in U.S. or global social, political or regulatory conditions.

We arrange for the movement of freight, much of which originates from China, into and out of every major city in the U.S., Mexico and Canada, and we import 53-foot intermodal containers manufactured in China. Adverse developments in laws, policies or practices in the U.S. and internationally can negatively impact our business and the business of our customers. Negative domestic and international global trade conditions as a result of social, political or regulatory changes or perceptions (such as those that might be associated with pandemics) could materially affect our business, financial conditions and results of operations. We provide services both domestically and to a lesser extent outside of the U.S., which subjects our business to various additional risks, including:

 

 

changes in tariffs, trade restrictions, trade agreements and taxes;

 

varying tax regimes, including consequences from changes in applicable tax laws;

 

difficulties in managing or overseeing foreign operations and agents;

 

different liability standards;

 

the price and availability of fuel;

 

uncertainty and changes to political and regulatory regimes as a result of changing social, political, regulatory and economic environments in the U.S. and internationally; and

 

geopolitical conditions, such as national and international conflict, including terrorist acts and the effects (or perceived effects of pandemics (such as the coronavirus).

If we do not correctly anticipate changes in social, political or regulatory conditions or their impact on the transportation industry, we may not alter our business practices in time to avoid adverse effects. Additionally, the occurrence or consequences of any of these factors may restrict our ability to operate in the affected region and/or decrease the profitability of our operations in that region.

 

 

 

Our suppliers may also be affected by changes in the political and regulatory environment, both in the U.S. and internationally. Negative impacts on our suppliers could result in disruptions in the supply and availability of equipment or services needed for our business that could in turn affect our ability to operate and serve our customers as planned.  Additionally, changes to current U.S. international trade agreements, such as NAFTA and other trade agreements, may lead to fewer goods transported and we may need to restructure certain terms of business with suppliers or customers. On January 29, 2020, following Congressional approval, President Trump signed an agreement with Mexico on the United States-Mexico-Canada Trade Agreement (“USMCA”), The agreement remains to be ratified by Canada.  The full impact of this agreement on us, our customers and on economic conditions is currently unknown.

Our operations may be subject to various environmental laws and regulations, the violation of which could result in substantial fines or penalties.

We are subject to various federal, state and local governmental laws and regulations that govern, among other things, the emission and discharge of hazardous materials into the environment, the presence of hazardous materials at our properties or in our vehicles, fuel storage tanks, the transportation of certain materials and the discharge or retention of storm water. Under certain environmental laws, we could also be held responsible for any costs relating to contamination at our past or present facilities and at third-party waste disposal sites, as well as costs associated with the clean-up of accidents involving our vehicles. Environmental laws have become and may continue to be increasingly more stringent over time, and there can be no assurance that our costs of complying with current or future environmental laws or liabilities arising under such laws will not have a material adverse effect on our business, operations or financial condition.

From time to time, we arrange for the movement of hazardous materials at the request of our customers. As a result, we may be subject to various environmental laws and regulations relating to the handling of hazardous materials. If we are involved in a spill or other accident involving hazardous materials, or if we are found to be in violation of applicable laws or regulations, we could be subject to substantial fines or penalties and to civil and criminal liability, any of which could have an adverse effect on our business and results of operations.

The Company is also subject to certain Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”) and California Air Resources Board (“CARB”) regulations. We may become subject to enforcement actions, new or more restrictive regulations, or differing interpretations of existing regulations, which may increase the cost of providing transportation services or adversely affect our results of operations.  In addition to EPA and state agency regulations on exhaust emissions with which we must comply, there is an increased legislative and regulatory focus on climate change, greenhouse gas emissions and the impact of global warming. State and local governments are

14


 

increasingly considering greenhouse gas emissions regulation. This possibility of increased regulation of greenhouse gas emissions potentially exposes us to significant new taxes, fees and other costs. We are also subject to increasing sensitivity to sustainability issues. This increased focus on sustainability may result in new regulations and/or customer requirements that could adversely impact our business. Any future limitations on the emission of greenhouse gases, other environmental legislation or customer sustainability requirements could increase our future capital expenditures and have an adverse impact on our financial condition, results of operations and liquidity.

We are subject to the risks of litigation and governmental inquiries, which could have a material adverse effect on our business.

The nature of our business exposes us to a variety of litigation risks related to a number of issues, including without limitation, accidents involving our trucks and employees, alleged violations of federal and state labor and employment laws, securities laws, environmental liability and other matters. Accordingly, we are, and in the future may be, subject to legal proceedings and claims that have arisen in the ordinary course of our business and may include class-action allegations. We are also subject to potential governmental proceedings, inquiries, and claims. The parties in such actions may seek amounts from us that may not be covered in whole or in part by insurance.  These proceedings may be time-consuming, expensive and disruptive to normal business operations. The defense of such lawsuits could result in significant expense and the diversion of our management’s time and attention from the operation of our business. In recent years, several insurance companies have stopped offering coverage to trucking companies as a result of increases in the severity of automobile liability claims and higher costs of settlements and verdicts. This trend could adversely affect our ability to obtain suitable insurance coverage or could significantly increase our cost for obtaining such coverage, which would adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations, liquidity and cash flows. Costs we incur to defend or to satisfy a judgment or settlement of these claims may not be covered by insurance or could exceed the amount of that coverage or increase our insurance costs and could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, liquidity and cash flows.

 

 

 

Changes in immigration laws could increase the costs of doing business or otherwise disrupt our operations.

We have hired individuals, including Information Technology (“IT”) employees, from outside the United States. We have employee drivers and owner-operator drivers who are immigrants to the U.S.  We engage third party consultants, including for various IT projects, who may utilize personnel from outside the United States.  If immigration laws are changed or if new more restrictive government regulations are enacted or increased, our access to qualified and skilled personnel may be limited, the costs of doing business may increase and our operations may be disrupted.

 

Our inability to defend our intellectual property could damage our reputation and incur costs that have a negative impact on our operations or financial condition.

 

The Company has registered various trademarks and designs in the United States, Mexico and Canada. These marks play a major role in our business as they strengthen our brand recognition while helping accomplish our marketing strategy. Some of our intellectual property rights related to trademarks, trade secrets, domain names, copyrights, or other intellectual property could be challenged or invalidated or misappropriated or infringed upon, by third parties. Our continued efforts to obtain, enforce, protect and defend our intellectual property against a third-party infringement claim may be ineffective and could result in substantial costs which could adversely impact our corporate reputation, business, results of operations, and financial conditions.

Damage to our reputation through unfavorable publicity or the actions of our employees could adversely affect our financial condition.

Our success depends on our ability to consistently deliver operational excellence and strong customer service. Our inability to deliver our services and solutions as promised on a consistent basis, or our customers having a negative experience or otherwise becoming dissatisfied, can negatively impact our relationships with new or existing customers and adversely affect our brand and reputation, which could, in turn, adversely affect revenue and earnings growth. Adverse publicity (whether or not justified) relating to activities by our employees, contractors, agents or others with whom we do business, such as customer service mishaps or noncompliance with laws, could tarnish our reputation and reduce the value of our brand. With the increase in the use of social media outlets such as Facebook, YouTube, Instagram and Twitter, adverse publicity can be disseminated quickly and broadly, making it increasingly difficult for us to effectively respond. This unfavorable publicity could also require us to allocate significant resources to rebuild our reputation.

 

15


 

The market value of our common stock may fluctuate and could be substantially affected by various factors.

We expect that the market price of our common stock will continue to fluctuate due to a variety of factors, many of which are beyond our control. These factors include, among others:

 

actual or anticipated variations in earnings, financial or operating performance or liquidity;

 

changes in analysts’ recommendations or projections;

 

failure to meet analysts’ and our Company's projections;

 

general political, social, economic and capital market conditions;

 

announcements of developments related to our business;

 

operating and stock performance of other companies deemed to be peers;

 

actions by government regulators;

 

news reports of trends, concerns and other issues related to us or our industry, including changes in regulations; and

 

geopolitical conditions such as acts or threats of terrorism, military conflicts, and the effects (or perceived effects) of pandemics (such as the coronavirus).

Our common stock price may fluctuate significantly in the future, and these fluctuations may be unrelated to our performance. General market price declines or market volatility in the future could adversely affect the price of our common stock, and the current market price of our common stock may not be indicative of future market prices.

 

Item 1B.

UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

None.

 

Item 1C.INFORMATION ABOUT OUR EXECUTIVE OFFICERS

 

Pursuant to Instructions to Item 401 of Regulation S-K, we have included information on our executive officers in this Part I. The table sets forth certain information as of February 1, 2020 with respect to each person who is an executive officer of the Company. With the exception of Ms. McDermott, all of our executive officers have been employed with Hub Group for the last five years.

 

Name

  

Age

  

Position

 

 

 

David P. Yeager

  

66

  

Chairman of the Board of Directors and Chief Executive Officer

 

 

 

Phillip D. Yeager

  

32

  

President and Chief Operating Officer

 

 

 

Terri A. Pizzuto

 

61

 

Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

 

 

 

Vava R. Dimond

  

53

  

Executive Vice President, Chief Information Officer

 

 

 

 

 

Vincent C. Paperiello

 

49

 

Chief Solutions Officer

 

 

 

 

 

Michele L. McDermott

 

49

 

Chief Human Resources Officer

 

 

 

 

 

Douglas G. Beck

  

53

  

Executive Vice President, Secretary and General Counsel

 

 

 

 

 

David P. Yeager has served as our Chairman of the Board since November 2008 and as Chief Executive Officer since March 1995. From March 1995 through November 2008, Mr. Yeager served as Vice Chairman of the Board. From October 1985 through December 1991, Mr. Yeager was President of Hub Chicago. From 1983 to October 1985, he served as Vice President, Marketing of Hub Chicago. Mr. Yeager founded the St. Louis Hub in 1980 and served as its President from 1980 to 1983. Mr. Yeager founded the Pittsburgh Hub in 1975 and served as its President from 1975 to 1977. Mr. Yeager received a Masters in Business Administration degree from the University of Chicago in 1987 and a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Dayton in 1975. Mr. Yeager is the father of Phillip D. Yeager.

Phillip D. Yeager was named President and Chief Operating Officer effective July 1, 2019. Prior to this appointment, Mr. Yeager served as Chief Commercial Officer overseeing Intermodal and Truck Brokerage operations as well as sales, pricing, solutions and

16


 

account management since January 2018. Phil formerly held the role of Executive Vice President, Account Management and Intermodal Operations since January 2016 after serving as Vice President of Account Management and Business Development from February 2014 to January 2016. Mr. Yeager joined Hub in 2011 as the Director of Strategy and Acquisitions to focus on strategic initiatives and acquisitions throughout the company and lead the integration of Mode Transportation. Prior to joining Hub, Mr. Yeager served as Assistant Vice President of Commercial Banking at BMO Harris Bank, and as an investment banking analyst for Lazard Freres & Co. Mr. Yeager earned his Bachelor of Arts degree from Trinity College in Hartford Connecticut, and a Master of Business Administration degree from the University of Chicago Booth School of Business. Mr. Yeager is the son of David P. Yeager and the brother of Matthew Yeager and Laura Grusecki.

Terri A. Pizzuto has been our Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer since March 2007. Prior to this promotion, Ms. Pizzuto was Vice President of Finance from July 2002 through February 2007. Prior to joining us, Ms. Pizzuto was a partner in the Assurance and Business Advisory Group at Arthur Andersen LLP. Ms. Pizzuto worked for Arthur Andersen LLP for 22 years holding various positions and serving numerous transportation companies. Ms. Pizzuto received a Bachelor of Science in Accounting from the University of Illinois in 1981. Ms. Pizzuto is a CPA and a member of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants.

 

Vava R. Dimond was named an Executive Vice President of the Company in May 2016 and Chief Information Officer in April 2015 after serving as the Interim Chief Information Officer since September 2014. Ms. Dimond began her career with Hub in June 2013 as the Vice President of Business Engineering, responsible for overseeing Hub’s Business Intelligence, Business Engineering and Program Management projects and processes. Previously, Ms. Dimond spent 16 years with Schneider National and held several leadership positions within IT, most recently serving as Vice President of Technology Services. Ms. Dimond earned her Bachelor of Science degree in Economics from South Dakota State University in 1991.  

Vincent C. Paperiello was named Chief Solutions Officer in 2019 after serving as Executive Vice President, Pricing and Yield Management since February 2016. Since joining Hub in 1993, Mr. Paperiello has held a variety of operational, logistics management and business intelligence positions with the Company. In his current role, he is responsible for our go-to-market analytics organization, ensuring that we are developing and delivering solutions that propel our customers’ businesses. Mr. Paperiello is a member of the Professional Pricing Society and the Intermodal Association of North America (IANA), a leading industry trade association representing the combined interest of the intermodal freight industry. Mr. Paperiello received a Bachelor of Arts degree in History from Western Illinois University and a Master of Business Administration – Finance degree from DePaul University’s Kellstadt Graduate School of Business, graduating with honors both times.

Michele L. McDermott joined Hub in 2019 as our first ever Chief Human Resources Officer (“CHRO”). Ms. McDermott has nearly 25 years of experience in human resources and served in an executive capacity at Assurance Agency and National Express Corporation before coming to Hub. As CHRO, Ms. McDermott is responsible for developing Hub’s employees, managing diverse workforces, and implementing strategic plans for benefits, safety programs and technology systems. Ms. McDermott earned a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration from Lewis University and a Master of Business Administration, Operations and Finance from DePaul University’s Kellstadt Graduate School of Business. Ms. McDermott is a Society for Human Resources Management Senior Certified Professional and has received her Senior Professional in Human Resources certification from the HR Certification Institute.

Douglas G. Beck was named Executive Vice President, Secretary and General Counsel in May 2016, after serving as Vice President, Secretary and General Counsel since July 2015, and Interim General Counsel since January 2015. In his role, Mr. Beck is responsible for managing the Legal, Compliance and Claims departments. Mr. Beck began his career with Hub in June 2011 as Assistant General Counsel. Prior to joining Hub, Mr. Beck was a Senior Attorney with Alberto-Culver Company from 2007 to 2011. Mr. Beck previously held counsel positions at Navistar International Corporation, Allegiance Healthcare Corporation and Seyfarth Shaw. Mr. Beck earned a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Illinois in 1987 graduating summa cum laude and received his Juris Doctor from Northwestern University School of Law in 1992.

Directors of the Registrant

In addition to David P. Yeager, the following six individuals are also on our Board of Directors: James C. Kenny – Director of Kenny Industries, LLC, an asset holding company, and Director of Kerry Group, PLC, a company traded on the London and Dublin stock exchanges; Peter B. McNitt – former Vice Chair of BMO Harris Bank, a United States bank; Charles R. Reaves – Chief Executive Officer of Reaves Enterprises, Inc., a real estate development company; Martin P. Slark – former Chief Executive Officer of Molex Incorporated, a manufacturer of electronic, electrical and fiber optic interconnection products and systems; Jonathan P. Ward – Operating Partner at Kohlberg & Co., a leading U.S. private equity firm; and Mary H. Boosalis – President and CEO of Premier Health, a health network in the Dayton, OH region.

 

17


 

 

Item 2.

PROPERTIES

As of December 31, 2019, we directly, or indirectly through our subsidiaries, operated 33 offices throughout the United States, Canada and Mexico, including our headquarters in Oak Brook, Illinois and our HGT terminals located throughout the United States.  We have corporate offices in Mesa, AZ, Fayetteville, AR and Santa Monica, CA. All of our office space except for our corporate headquarters is leased. Most office leases have initial terms of more than one year, and many include options to renew. While some of our leases expire in the near term, we do not believe that we will have difficulty in renewing them or in finding alternative office space. We believe that our offices are adequate for the purposes for which they are currently used.

Item  3.

LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

We are a party to litigation incident to our business, including claims for personal injury and/or property damage, bankruptcy preference claims, and claims regarding freight lost or damaged in transit, improperly shipped or improperly billed. Some of the lawsuits to which we are party are covered by insurance and are being defended by our insurance carriers. Some of the lawsuits are not covered by insurance and we defend those ourselves. We do not believe that the outcome of this litigation will have a materially adverse effect on our financial position or results of operations. See Item 1 Business—Risk Management and Insurance and see Note 16 to the consolidated financial statements under “Legal Matters” for a detailed discussion of our ongoing legal proceedings, which note is incorporated herein by reference.

Item  4.

MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not applicable.

18


 

PART II

Item  5.

MARKET FOR REGISTRANTS COMMON EQUITY AND RELATED SHAREHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

Our Class A Common Stock (“Class A Common Stock”) trades on the Nasdaq Global Select Market tier of the Nasdaq Stock Market under the symbol “HUBG.” There is no established trading market for shares of our Class B Common Stock (the “Class B Common Stock” together with the Class A Common Stock, the “Common Stock”). Set forth below are the high and low closing prices for shares of the Class A Common Stock for each full quarterly period in 2019 and 2018.

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

 

High

 

Low

 

 

High

 

Low

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

First Quarter

$

47.88

 

$

35.87

 

 

$

52.25

 

$

40.30

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Second Quarter

$

47.04

 

$

38.40

 

 

$

54.46

 

$

38.40

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Third Quarter

$

47.42

 

$

38.08

 

 

$

56.60

 

$

44.90

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fourth Quarter

$

52.64

 

$

43.83

 

 

$

49.35

 

$

34.02

 

On February 21, 2020, there were approximately 378 stockholders of record of the Class A Common Stock and, in addition, there were an estimated 10,884 beneficial owners of the Class A Common Stock whose shares were held by brokers and other fiduciary institutions. On February 21, 2020, there were 9 holders of record of our Class B Common Stock.

We were incorporated in 1995 and have never paid cash dividends on either the Class A Common Stock or the Class B Common Stock. The declaration and payment of dividends are subject to the discretion of the Board of Directors. Any determination as to the payment of dividends will depend upon our results of operations, capital requirements and financial condition of the Company, and such other factors as the Board of Directors may deem relevant. Accordingly, there can be no assurance that the Board of Directors will declare or pay cash dividends on the shares of Common Stock in the future. Our certificate of incorporation requires that any cash dividends must be paid equally on each outstanding share of Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock. Our credit facility prohibits us from paying dividends on the Common Stock if there has been, or immediately following the payment of a dividend there would be, a default or an event of default under the credit facility. We are currently in compliance with the covenants contained in the credit facility.

19


 

Performance Graph

The following line graph compares the Company’s cumulative total stockholder return on its Class A Common Stock since December 31, 2014 with the cumulative total return of the Nasdaq Stock Market Index (NQUSBT) and the Nasdaq Trucking and Transportation Index (NQUSB27707). These comparisons assume the investment of $100 on December 31, 2014 in each index and in the Company’s Class A Common Stock and the reinvestment of dividends.

 

 

20


 

Item 6.

SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

Selected Financial Data

(in thousands except per share data)

 

 

 

Years Ended December 31,

 

 

2019

 

 

2018 (1)

 

 

2017 (2)

 

 

2016

 

 

2015

 

Statement of Income Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

$

3,668,117

 

 

$

3,683,593

 

 

$

3,123,063

 

 

$

2,750,449

 

 

$

2,699,236

 

Gross margin

 

521,070

 

 

 

445,601

 

 

 

337,630

 

 

 

331,319

 

 

 

295,725

 

Operating income

 

152,420

 

 

 

124,919

 

 

 

72,669

 

 

 

96,557

 

 

 

90,983

 

Income from continuing operations before provision for income taxes

 

143,870

 

 

 

116,726

 

 

 

66,931

 

 

 

94,027

 

 

 

85,973

 

Income from continuing operations, net of income taxes

 

107,171

 

 

 

87,661

 

 

 

120,014

 

 

 

57,646

 

 

 

54,954

 

Income from discontinued operations net of income taxes

 

-

 

 

 

114,079

 

 

 

15,139

 

 

 

17,159

 

 

 

15,995

 

Net income

 

107,171

 

 

 

201,740

 

 

 

135,153

 

 

 

74,805

 

 

 

70,949

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per share from continuing operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

$

3.22

 

 

$

2.62

 

 

$

3.61

 

 

$

1.70

 

 

$

1.53

 

Diluted

$

3.20

 

 

$

2.61

 

 

$

3.60

 

 

$

1.70

 

 

$

1.53

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per share from discontinued operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

$

-

 

 

$

3.42

 

 

$

0.46

 

 

$

0.51

 

 

$

0.45

 

Diluted

$

-

 

 

$

3.40

 

 

$

0.45

 

 

$

0.51

 

 

$

0.44

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per share from net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

$

3.22

 

 

$

6.04

 

 

$

4.07

 

 

$

2.21

 

 

$

1.98

 

Diluted

$

3.20

 

 

$

6.01

 

 

$

4.05

 

 

$

2.20

 

 

$

1.97

 

 

 

 

As of December 31,

 

 

2019

 

 

2018 (1)

 

 

2017 (2)

 

 

2016

 

 

2015

 

Balance Sheet Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets (3)

$

1,991,574

 

 

$

1,924,898

 

 

$

1,670,941

 

 

$

1,360,259

 

 

$

1,301,146

 

Long-term debt and financing leases

 

188,754

 

 

 

233,810

 

 

 

222,504

 

 

 

126,105

 

 

 

114,194

 

Stockholders' equity

 

1,075,279

 

 

 

980,834

 

 

 

769,872

 

 

 

628,179

 

 

 

647,840

 

 

 

(1)

Includes the results of operations for CaseStack from December 3, 2018, the date of its merger with a subsidiary of Hub Group, Inc.

 

(2)

Includes the results of operations for Dedicated from July 1, 2017, the date of its acquisition by HGT.

 

(3)

Total assets for the years 2018 to 2015 do not reflect the impact of the adoption of ASC 842 Leases on January 1, 2019.

On August 31, 2018, Hub sold Mode. In our 2018 consolidated financial statements, Mode was presented as discontinued operations for that year and all prior periods presented. The balance sheet data above included Mode’s assets for the years 2016 and 2015. In 2017, Mode’s assets were classified as held for sale. The selected financial data for 2018 and prior years reflect Mode as discontinued operations. Refer to the Note 4 “Discontinued Operations” to our consolidated financial statements for additional information regarding the sale of Mode.

21


 

Item 7.

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

This section of the Form 10-K generally discusses 2019 and 2018 items and year-to-year comparisons between 2019 and 2018. Discussions of 2017 items and year-to-year comparisons between 2018 and 2017 that are not included in this Form 10-K can be found in “Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Part II, Item 7 of the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018.

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

We are a world class provider of multimodal transportation solutions. Our vision is to be the industry’s premier customer-centric supply chain solutions provider. We offer comprehensive intermodal, truck brokerage, dedicated trucking and logistics services. We operate through a nationwide network of operating centers.

As an intermodal provider, we arrange for the movement of our customers’ freight in containers and trailers, typically over distances of 750 miles or more. We contract with railroads to provide transportation for the long-haul portion of the shipment between rail terminals. Local pickup and delivery services between origin or destination and rail terminals (referred to as “drayage”) are provided by our HGT subsidiary and third-party local trucking companies.

We also arrange for the transportation of freight by truck, providing customers with another option for their transportation needs. We match our customers’ needs with carriers’ capacity to provide the most effective service and price combinations. As part of our truck brokerage services, we negotiate rates, track shipments in transit and handle claims for freight loss or damage on behalf of our customers.

Our dedicated service line, Dedicated, contracts with customers looking to outsource a portion of their transportation needs. We offer a dedicated fleet of equipment and drivers, as well as the management and infrastructure to operate according to the customers’ high service expectations.

Our logistics line of business consists of complex transportation management services, including load consolidation, mode optimization and carrier management. These service offerings are designed to take advantage of the increasing trend for shippers to outsource all or a greater portion of their transportation needs. Our acquisition of CaseStack added consolidation and warehousing services that are marketed primarily to consumer-packaged goods companies who serve the North American retail channel.

Hub has full time marketing representatives throughout North America who service local, regional and national accounts. We believe that fostering long-term customer relationships is critical to our success and allows us to better understand our customers’ needs and specifically tailor our transportation services to them.

Hub’s customer solutions group works with pricing, account management and operations to enhance Hub’s customer margins across all lines of business. We are working on margin enhancement projects including network optimization, matching of inbound and outbound loads, reducing empty miles, improving our recovery of accessorial costs, asset utilization, reducing repositioning costs, providing holistic solutions and reviewing and improving low profit freight.

Hub’s top 50 customers represent approximately 67% of revenue for the year ended December 31, 2019. We use various performance indicators to manage our business. We closely monitor margin and gains and losses for our top 50 customers. We also evaluate on-time performance, customer service, cost per load and daily sales outstanding by customer account. Vendor cost changes and vendor service issues are also monitored closely.

Strategic Transactions

On August 31, 2018, we sold our Mode Transportation, LLC (“Mode”) subsidiary.  Mode’s temperature protected division (“Temstar”) was not included in the transaction and is now included in our intermodal line of business.  

Prior to the decision to sell Mode, Hub historically reported two distinct and reportable business segments. As a result of the decision to sell Mode, which is now classified as discontinued operations, we have one reporting segment. Revenue and costs related to Hub’s business that were not included on the sale of Mode are reported within results from continuing operations. All revenues and costs related to Mode’s business (other than Temstar) are presented in results from discontinued operations. Prior year information has been adjusted to conform with the current presentation. Unless otherwise stated, the information disclosed in Management’s Discussion and Analysis refers to continuing operations. See Note 4 of the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information regarding results from discontinued operations.

22


 

On December 3, 2018, we acquired CaseStack, Inc. (“CaseStack”). Total consideration for the transaction was $252.9 million, consisting of $249.4 million in cash and $3.5 million in a deferred purchase consideration, which is reflected in our Consolidated Balance Sheet under Accrued Other and is being paid in twenty four equal monthly installments.  

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Year Ended December 31, 2019 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2018

The following table summarizes our revenue by business line (in thousands):

 

 

Twelve Months Ended

 

 

December 31,

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

Intermodal

$

2,166,382

 

 

$

2,219,739

 

Truck brokerage

 

433,793

 

 

 

497,282

 

Logistics

 

769,195

 

 

 

673,715

 

Dedicated

 

298,747

 

 

 

292,857

 

Total revenue

$

3,668,117

 

 

$

3,683,593

 

 

The following is a summary of operating results and certain items in the consolidated statements of income as a percentage of revenue:

 

 

Twelve Months Ended

 

 

December 31,

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

Revenue

$

3,668,117

 

 

100.0%

 

 

$

3,683,593

 

 

100.0%

 

Transportation costs

 

3,147,047

 

 

85.8%

 

 

 

3,237,992

 

 

87.9%

 

Gross margin

 

521,070

 

 

14.2%

 

 

 

445,601

 

 

12.1%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Costs and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Salaries and benefits

 

235,963

 

 

6.4%

 

 

 

222,786

 

 

6.0%

 

General and administrative

 

104,206

 

 

2.8%

 

 

 

81,272

 

 

2.2%

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

28,481

 

 

0.8%

 

 

 

16,624

 

 

0.5%

 

Total costs and expenses

 

368,650

 

 

10.0%

 

 

 

320,682

 

 

8.7%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

$

152,420

 

 

4.2%

 

 

$

124,919

 

 

3.4%

 

 

Revenue

Hub’s revenue remained consistent at $3.7 billion in 2019 and 2018. Intermodal revenue decreased 2.4% to $2.2 billion primarily due to a 7.2% decrease in volume and lower fuel revenue, partially offset by improved pricing. Truck brokerage revenue decreased 12.8% to $433.8 million due to a 24.2% decrease in fuel, mix and price combined, partially offset by an 11.4% increase in volume due to the addition of CaseStack. Logistics revenue increased 14.2% to $769.2 million related primarily to the addition of CaseStack. Dedicated’s revenue increased 2.0% to $298.7 million primarily due to growth with new accounts, partially offset by lost business.  

Transportation Costs

Hub’s transportation costs decreased to $3.1 billion in 2019 from $3.2 billion in 2018. Transportation costs in 2019 consisted of purchased transportation costs of $2.5 billion and equipment and driver related costs of $652.3 million compared to 2018, which consisted of purchased transportation costs of $2.6 billion and equipment and driver related costs of $607.8 million. The 5.2% decrease in purchased transportation costs was primarily due to decreases in intermodal volume and improved purchasing, partially offset by rail cost increases. Equipment and driver related costs increased 7.3% in 2019 primarily due to increases in equipment depreciation expense, higher insurance and claims costs and driver compensation.

Gross Margin

Hub’s gross margin increased 16.9% to $521.1 million in 2019 from $445.6 million in 2018. The $75.5 million gross margin increase was the result of increases in all lines of business. Intermodal gross margin increased primarily due to improved pricing and network optimization. Partially offsetting the intermodal margin growth were higher rail costs and an increase in insurance and claims costs and lower volumes. Truck brokerage gross margin increased due to the addition of CaseStack, benefits from our yield management strategy and improved technology. Logistics gross margin increased due to the addition of CaseStack. Dedicated gross margin increased due to revenue management initiatives and improved operational discipline.

23


 

As a percentage of revenue, gross margin increased to 14.2% in 2019 from 12.1% in 2018. Intermodal gross margin as a percentage of sales increased 50 basis points due to improved prices and network optimization, partially offset by rail cost increases, higher insurance and claims costs and lower surge volumes. Truck brokerage gross margin as a percentage of sales increased 400 basis points primarily due to the addition of CaseStack and improved purchasing and pricing. Logistics gross margin as a percentage of sales increased 550 basis points due to the addition of CaseStack and improved purchasing and pricing. Dedicated gross margin as a percentage of sales increased 410 basis points due to decreased costs for third party carriers and improved operational discipline.

 

CONSOLIDATED OPERATING EXPENSES

Salaries and Benefits

Hub’s salaries and benefits increased to $236.0 million in 2019 from $222.8 million in 2018. As a percentage of revenue, Hub’s salaries and benefits increased to 6.4% in 2019 from 6.0% in 2018.

Hub’s salaries and benefits increase of $13.2 million was primarily due to the addition of CaseStack employees. Salaries increased $17.6 million, restricted stock increased $2.9 million and payroll taxes and employee benefits combined increased $0.6 million, partially offset by a $7.9 million decrease in bonuses and commissions combined.

Hub’s headcount as of December 31, 2019 and 2018 was 2,024 and 2,312, respectively, which excludes drivers, as driver costs are included in transportation costs. The decrease in Hub’s headcount is primarily due to technology driven efficiencies and improved processes.  

General and Administrative

Hub’s general and administrative expenses increased to $104.2 million in 2019 from $81.3 million in 2018. As a percentage of revenue, these expenses increased to 2.8% in 2019 from 2.2% in 2018.

The increase of $22.9 million in general and administrative expense was due primarily to the addition of CaseStack, a $4.8 million settlement in 2019 of a claim first made in 2013 for the alleged misclassification of drivers, the $4.7 million fair value consideration adjustment related to the Dedicated acquisition that decreased general and administrative expenses in 2018, as well as increases in IT consulting and professional service expense of $6.3 million, rent expense of $2.1 million, office expense of $1.2 million, IT maintenance expense of $1.1 million, temporary labor of $0.5 million and a $0.3 million lower gain on sale of equipment in 2019 versus 2018.

Depreciation and Amortization

Hub’s depreciation and amortization increased to $28.5 million in 2019 from $16.6 million in 2018. This expense as a percentage of revenue increased to 0.8% in 2019 from 0.5% in 2018. This increase was related primarily to the addition of amortization related to CaseStack’s intangible assets.

Other Income (Expense)

Hub’s other expense increased to $8.5 million in 2019 from $8.2 million in 2018 due to higher interest expense on debt related to equipment purchases, partially offset by higher interest income earned on increased cash balances.

Provision for Income Taxes

The provision for income taxes increased to an expense of $36.7 million in 2019 from $29.1 million in 2018 due primarily to an increase in income from continuing operations in 2019. Our effective tax rate was 25.5% in 2019 and 24.9% in 2018. The effective tax rate increased in 2019 largely due to an unfavorable adjustment related to stock-based compensation impacting the 2019 tax rate. 

Net Income

Net income from continuing operations increased to $107.2 million in 2019 from $87.7 million in 2018 due primarily to increased margin, partially offset by higher operating expenses and higher income tax expense.

24


 

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

During 2019, we funded operations, capital expenditures, finance leases, repayments of debt, purchases of treasury shares and the purchase of our stock related to employee withholding upon vesting of restricted stock through cash flows from operations, proceeds from the issuance of long-term debt and cash on hand. We believe that our cash, cash flows from operations and borrowings available under our Credit Agreement will be sufficient to meet our cash needs for at least the next twelve months.

Cash provided by operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2019 was approximately $254.5 million, which resulted primarily from income of $107.2 million, non-cash charges of $134.2 million and operating assets and liabilities of $13.1 million.

Cash provided by operating activities increased $43.7 million in 2019 versus 2018. The increase was due to the change in non-cash items of $135.5 and transaction costs related to the Disposition in 2018 of $5.8 million partially offset by a decrease in net income of $94.6 million and operating assets and liabilities of $3.0 million. The increase in non-cash charges resulted from no gain on Disposition in 2019 versus a gain on Disposition in 2018 of $132.4 million, higher depreciation and amortization of $33.0 million, no contingent consideration of $4.7 million in 2019, higher compensation related to stock-based plans of $2.8 million and lower gains on the sale of fixed assets of $0.3 million, partially offset by a decrease in deferred taxes of $37.7 million. The negative change in operating assets and liabilities of $3.1 million was caused by decreases in the changes in accrued expenses of $43.6 million, accounts payable of $20.4 million, prepaid taxes of $11.5 million and restricted investments of $4.2 million. The decreases were partially offset by increases in the changes in accounts receivable of $64.2 million, prepaid expenses of $5.2 million, other assets of $4.2 million and non-current liabilities of $3.0 million.

Cash provided by operating activities increased $85.6 million in 2018 versus 2017. The increase was due to higher net income in 2018 of $66.6 million and a $57.2 million change in operating assets and liabilities, partially offset by a decrease of $32.4 million of non-cash items and $5.8 million of transaction costs related to the Disposition in 2018. The positive change in operating assets and liabilities of $57.2 million was caused by increases in the change of accounts receivable of $53.3 million, accrued expenses of $46.4 million, prepaid expenses of $5.8 million and restricted investments of $4.1 million as well as a decrease in the cash used for prepaid taxes of $23.3 million. These increases were partially offset by decreases in accounts payable of $53.5 million due to the timing of vendor payments, non-current liabilities of $14.1 million and other assets of $8.1 million. The decrease in non-cash charges primarily resulted from the gain on Disposition of $132.5 million plus the $4.7 million contingent consideration adjustment and the higher gain of the sale of equipment of $1.4 million, partially offset by increases in deferred taxes of $80.9 million, depreciation and amortization of $21.7 million and compensation expense related to stock-based compensation plans of $3.6 million.  

Net cash used in investing activities for the year ended December 31, 2019 was $66.1 million which includes capital expenditures of $94.8 million and acquisition payments related to CaseStack of $0.7 million. Proceeds included $19.4 million from the Disposition and $10.0 million from the sale of equipment. Capital expenditures of $94.8 million included tractor purchases of $26.5 million, containers of $25.5 million, technology investments of $20.4 million, construction of our corporate headquarters of $16.3 million, transportation equipment of $5.6 million and the remainder for leasehold improvements.  

Capital expenditures decreased by approximately $104.9 million in 2019 as compared to 2018. The 2019 decrease was due to decreases in tractor purchases of $69.5 million, transportation equipment, primarily trailers of $27.9 million, containers of $17.1 million, technology investments of $6.1 million and leasehold improvements of $0.7 million, partially offset by an increase of $16.3 million primarily for our corporate headquarters.

Net cash used in investing activities decreased by $25.6 million to $209.5 million in 2018 from $235.1 million in 2017. The decrease was due to the proceeds received from the Disposition in 2018 of $228.0 million as compared to no proceeds in 2017 and an increase in the proceeds from the sale of equipment of $5.6 million in 2018. These cash increases were offset by additional cash used in 2018 for capital expenditures of $125.3 million and acquisitions of approximately $82.7 million. The increase in capital expenditures of $125.3 million was due to additional purchases of tractors of $80.1 million, containers of $25.0 million, technology investments of $19.0 million, transportation equipment, including trailers, of $12.8 million and the remainder for leasehold improvements.  

In 2020, we estimate capital expenditures will range from $115 million to $120 million. We expect equipment purchases to be approximately $60 million, technology investments will range from $20 million to $25 million and the new office building at our Oak Brook, Illinois campus to be approximately $35 million. We plan to fund these expenditures with a combination of both cash and debt.

Net cash used in financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2019 was $81.1 million which includes repayments of long-term debt of $105.7 million, the purchase of treasury stock of $25.0 million, cash for stock tendered for payments of withholding taxes of $4.0 million and finance lease payments of $2.9 million partially offset by the proceeds from the issuance of debt $56.5 million.

25


 

The $112.6 million change in cash used in financing activities for 2019 versus cash provided by financing activities in 2018 was primarily due to the decrease in proceeds from the issuance of debt of $115.7 million and the increase in treasury shares purchased of $25.0 million, partially offset by decreases in debt payments of $27.8 million and cash used for purchase of our stock related to employee withholding taxes of $0.3 million.

Net cash provided by financing activities increased by $20.5 million to $31.6 million in 2018 from $11.1 million for 2017. The increase was due to additional proceeds from the issuance of debt of $73.6 million and less debt issuance costs of $1.4 million partially offset by additional payments of long-term debt of $53.6 million and stock tendered for payments of withholding taxes of $0.9 million.

 

In 2019, cash paid for income taxes was $40.3 million, of which $10.8 million related to 2018 and $29.5 million related to 2019. Income tax expense was $36.7 million in 2019, which exceeded the cash paid for income taxes related to 2019 of $29.5 million. That was due to a combination of favorable timing differences related to depreciation and approximately $4.1 million of additional 2019 tax to be paid with extensions in April 2020.

See Note 11 of the consolidated financial statements for details related to interest rates and commitment fees.

We have standby letters of credit that expire in 2020. As of December 31, 2019, our letters of credit were $31.5 million.

As of December 31, 2019, we had no borrowings under our bank revolving line of credit and our unused and available borrowings were $318.5 million. Our unused and available borrowings were $323.0 million as of December 31, 2018. We believe our line of credit is adequate to meet our cash needs. We were in compliance with our debt covenants as of December 31, 2019.

CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS

Aggregated information about our obligations and commitments to make future contractual payments, such as debt and lease obligations, and contingent commitments as of December 31, 2019 is presented in the following table (in thousands).

Future Payments Due:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating

 

 

Finance

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest

 

 

 

 

 

 

Leases

 

 

Leases

 

 

Debt

 

 

on Debt

 

 

Total

 

Year 1

$

9,703

 

 

$

3,183

 

 

$

94,691

 

 

$

3,762

 

 

$

111,339

 

Year 2

 

8,361

 

 

 

1,836

 

 

 

76,028

 

 

 

2,505

 

 

 

88,730

 

Year 3

 

7,029

 

 

 

8

 

 

 

60,489

 

 

 

1,370

 

 

 

68,896

 

Year 4

 

4,861

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

41,208

 

 

 

373

 

 

 

46,442

 

Year 5

 

3,706

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

9,209

 

 

 

29

 

 

 

12,944

 

Thereafter

 

7,190

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

7,190

 

 

$

40,850

 

 

$

5,027

 

 

$

281,625

 

 

$

8,039

 

 

$

335,541

 

 

Deferred Compensation

Under our Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plan (the “Plan”), participants can elect to defer certain compensation. Payments under the Plan are due as follows (in thousands):

Future Payments Due:

 

Year 1

$

3,817

 

Year 2

 

2,282

 

Year 3

 

1,739

 

Year 4

 

1,310

 

Year 5

 

1,112

 

Thereafter

 

12,383

 

 

$

22,643

 

 

26


 

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions. In certain circumstances, those estimates and assumptions can affect amounts reported in the accompanying consolidated financial statements. We have made our best estimates and judgments of certain amounts included in the financial statements, giving due consideration to materiality. We do not believe there is a great likelihood that materially different amounts would be reported related to the accounting policies described below. However, application of these accounting policies involves the exercise of judgment and use of assumptions as to future uncertainties and, as a result, actual results could differ from these estimates. The following is a brief discussion of the more significant accounting policies and estimates. These critical accounting policies are further discussed in Note 1 of the consolidated financial statements.

Revenue Recognition

On January 1, 2018 we adopted the Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers.  Under this new standard our significant accounting policy for revenue is as follows:

Revenue is recognized when we transfer services to our customers in an amount that reflects the consideration we expect to receive. We account for a contract when it has approval and commitment from both parties, the rights of the parties are identified, payment terms are identified, the contract has commercial substance and collectability of consideration is probable. We generally recognize revenue over time because of continuous transfer of control to the customer. Since control is transferred over time, revenue and related transportation costs are recognized based on relative transit time, which is based on the extent of progress towards completion of the related performance obligation. We enter into contracts that can include various combinations of services, which are capable of being distinct and accounted for as separate performance obligations. Taxes assessed by a governmental authority that are both imposed on and concurrent with a specific revenue-producing transaction, that are collected by the Company from a customer, are excluded from revenue. Further, in most cases, we report our revenue on a gross basis because we are the primary obligor as we are responsible for providing the service desired by the customer. Our customers view us as responsible for fulfillment including the acceptability of the service. Service requirements may include, for example, on-time delivery, handling freight loss and damage claims, setting up appointments for pick-up and delivery and tracing shipments in transit. We have discretion in setting sales prices and as a result, the amount we earn varies. In addition, we have the discretion to select our vendors from multiple suppliers for the services ordered by our customers. These factors, discretion in setting prices and discretion in selecting vendors, further support reporting revenue on a gross basis for most of our revenue.  

Allowance for Uncollectible Trade Accounts Receivable

We extend credit to customers after a review of each customer’s credit history. An allowance for uncollectible trade accounts has been established through an analysis of the accounts receivable aging, an assessment of collectability based on historical trends and an evaluation based on current economic conditions. Annually we review, in hindsight, the percentage of receivables that are collected that aged over one year, those that are not one year old and the accounts that went into bankruptcy. We reserve for accounts less than one year old based on specifically identified uncollectible balances and our historic collection percentage, including receivable adjustments charged through revenue for items such as billing disputes. In establishing a reserve for certain account balances specifically identified as uncollectible, we consider the aging of the customer receivables, the specific details as to why the receivable has not been paid, the customer’s current and projected financial results, the customer’s ability to meet and sustain its financial commitments, the positive or negative effects of the current and projected industry outlook and the general economic conditions.  Our historical collection percentage has been over 98% for receivables that are less than a year old. Once a receivable ages over one year, our collection percentage is much lower, thus a separate calculation is done for open receivables that have aged over one year. We also review our collection percentage after a customer has gone into bankruptcy. Although these collection percentages may change both negatively and positively, since only a small portion of our receivables are aged over one year or are involved in a bankruptcy case, a large change in either of those collection percentages would not have a material impact on our financial statements. Our level of reserves for customer accounts receivable fluctuate depending upon all the factors mentioned above. Historically, our reserve for uncollectible accounts has approximated actual accounts written off and we do not expect the reserve for uncollectible accounts to change significantly relative to our accounts receivable balance. The allowance for uncollectible accounts is reported on the balance sheet in net accounts receivable. Recoveries of receivables previously charged off are recorded when received.

Capitalized Internal Use Software and Cloud Computing Costs

We capitalize internal and external costs, which include costs related to the development of our cloud computing or hosting arrangements, incurred to develop internal use software per ASC Subtopic 350-40.  Internal use software has both the of the following characteristics: the software is acquired, internally developed, or modified solely to meet our needs and during the development or modification, no substantive plan exists or is being developed to market the software externally.  Only costs incurred during the application development stage and costs to develop or obtain software that allows for access to or conversion of old data by new systems are capitalized.  Capitalization of costs begins when the preliminary project stage is complete, management has committed to

27


 

funding the project and it is probable the project will be completed, and the software will be used to perform its intended function.  The measurement of the costs to capitalize include fees paid to third parties, costs incurred to obtain software from third parties, travel expenses by employees in their duties associated with developing software, payroll related costs for employees who devote time spent directly on the project and interest costs incurred while developing internal-use software or implementing a hosting arrangement. Capitalization ceases no later than when the project is substantially complete and ready for its intended use, after all substantial testing is complete.

Claims Accruals

We purchase insurance coverage for a portion of expenses related to employee injuries, vehicular collisions, accidents, and cargo damage. Certain insurance arrangements include high self-insurance retention limits (deductible) applicable to each claim. We have umbrella policies to limit our exposure to catastrophic claim costs.

Our claims accrual policy for all self-insured claims is to recognize a liability at the time of the incident based on our analysis of the nature and severity of the claims and analyses provided by third-party claims administrators, as well as legal and regulatory factors. Our safety and claims personnel work directly with representatives from the insurance companies and third party administrators to continually update the estimated cost of each claim. The ultimate cost of a claim develops over time as additional information regarding the nature, timing, and extent of damages claimed becomes available. Accordingly, we use an actuarial method to develop current claim information to derive an estimate of our ultimate claim liability. This process involves the use of loss-development factors based on our historical claims experience. In doing so, the recorded liability considers future claims growth and provides an allowance for incurred-but-not-reported claims. Our claim accrual liability is classified as either current or non-current in the consolidated balance sheet based on an estimate of when the claims are expected to be paid. We do not discount our estimated losses.  In addition, we record receivables for amounts expected to be reimbursed for payments made in excess of self-insurance levels on covered claims.

OUTLOOK, RISKS AND UNCERTAINTIES

Business Combinations/Divestitures

We believe that any future acquisitions or divestitures that we may make could significantly impact financial results. Financial results most likely to be impacted include, but are not limited to, revenue, gross margin, salaries and benefits, selling general and administrative expenses, depreciation and amortization, interest expense, net income and our debt level.

Revenue

We believe that the performance of our railroad vendors and a severe or prolonged slow-down of the economy are the most significant factors that could negatively influence our revenue growth rate. Should there be further consolidation in the rail industry causing a service disruption, we believe our intermodal business would likely be negatively impacted. Should there be a significant service disruption, we expect that there may be some customers who would switch from using our intermodal service to other transportation services that may not be provided by Hub. We expect that these customers may choose to continue to utilize other services even when intermodal service levels are restored. Other factors that could negatively influence our growth rate include, but are not limited to, the elimination of fuel surcharges, lower fuel prices, the entry of new competitors, poor customer retention, inadequate drayage and intermodal service and inadequate equipment supply and the ongoing coronavirus outbreak or other health concerns.

Gross Margin

We expect fluctuations in gross margin as a percentage of revenue from quarter-to-quarter caused by various factors including, but not limited to, competitor pricing actions, changes in the transportation business mix, start-up costs for new business, changes in logistics services between transactional business and management fee business, changes in truck brokerage services between spot, committed and special, insurance and claim costs, driver recruiting costs, driver compensation changes, impact of regulations on drayage costs, trailer and container capacity, vendor cost increases, fuel costs, equipment utilization, intermodal industry growth, intermodal industry service levels, accessorials, competitive pricing and related changes in accounting estimates.  

Salaries and Benefits

We estimate that salaries and benefits as a percentage of revenue could fluctuate from quarter-to-quarter as there are timing differences between volume increases and changes in levels of staffing. Factors that could cause the percentage not to stay in the recent historical range include, but are not limited to, revenue growth rates significantly higher or lower than forecasted, a management decision to invest in additional personnel to stimulate new or existing businesses, changes in customer requirements, changes in our operating structure, severance, employee insurance costs, how well we perform against our EPS and other bonus goals, and changes in railroad intermodal service levels which could result in a lower or higher cost of labor per move.  

28


 

General and Administrative

We believe there are several factors that could cause general and administrative expenses to fluctuate as a percentage of revenue. As customer expectations and the competitive environment require the development of new technology interfaces and the restructuring of our information systems and related platforms, we believe there could be significant expenses incurred. Other factors that could cause general and administrative expense to fluctuate include, but are not limited to, changes in insurance premiums, technology expense related to software and services, claim expense, bad debt expense, professional services expense and costs related to acquisitions or divestitures.

Equipment, Depreciation and Amortization

We operate tractors and utilize containers, trailers and chassis in connection with our business. This equipment may be purchased or leased as part of an operating or financing lease. In addition, we rent equipment from third parties and various railroads under short term rental arrangements. Equipment which is purchased is depreciated on the straight-line method over the estimated useful life.

Impairment of Property and Equipment, Goodwill and Indefinite-Lived Intangibles

On an ongoing basis, we assess the realizability of our assets. If, at any point during the year, we determine that an impairment exists, the carrying amount of the asset is reduced by the estimated impairment with a corresponding charge to earnings which could have a material adverse impact on earnings.

Other Income (Expense)

We expect interest expense to increase in 2020 because we financed our 2019 tractor and container purchases with debt.  Factors that could cause a change in interest expense include, but are not limited to, change in interest rates, change in investments, funding working capital needs, funding capital expenditures, funding an acquisition and purchase of treasury stock.

Provision for Income Taxes

Based on current tax legislation, we estimate that our effective tax rate will be between 24% and 25% in 2020.

Item 7A.

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

We are exposed to market risk related to changes in interest rates on our bank line of credit which may adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.  

The Company has both fixed and variable rate debt as described in Note 11 to the Consolidated Financial Statements. Any material increase in market interest rates would not have a material impact on the results of operations for the year ended December 31, 2019.

Although we conduct business in foreign countries, international operations are not material to our consolidated financial position, results of operations, or cash flows. Additionally, foreign currency transaction gains and losses were not material to our results of operations for the year ended December 31, 2019. Accordingly, we are not currently subject to material foreign currency exchange rate risks from the effects that exchange rate movements of foreign currencies would have on our future costs or on future cash flows we would receive from our foreign investment. To date, we have not entered into any foreign currency forward exchange contracts or other derivative financial instruments to hedge the effects of adverse fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. We do not use financial instruments for trading purposes.

29


 

Item 8.FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

 

INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULE

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

  

31

 

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets – December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018

  

33

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income – Years ended December 31, 2019, December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017

  

34

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity – Years ended December 31, 2019, December 31, 2018 and
December 31, 2017

  

35

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows – Years ended December 31, 2019, December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017

  

36

 

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

  

37

 

 

Schedule II – Valuation and Qualifying Accounts

  

S-1

 

 

 

30


 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

To the Shareholders and the Board of Directors of Hub Group, Inc.

 

Opinion on the Financial Statements

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Hub Group, Inc. (the Company) as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, the related consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income, stockholders' equity and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2019, and the related notes and financial statement schedule listed in the Index at Item 15(b) (collectively referred to as the “consolidated financial statements”). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company at December 31, 2019 and 2018, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2019, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

 

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2019, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 framework), and our report dated February 28, 2020 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.

 

Basis for Opinion

 

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

Critical Audit Matters

The critical audit matters communicated below are matters arising from the current period audit of the financial statements that were communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that: (1) relate to accounts or disclosures that are material to the financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective or complex judgments. The communication of  critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the consolidated financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matters below, providing separate opinions on the critical audit matters or on the accounts or disclosures to which they relate.

 

 

Claims Accruals

Description of the Matter

At December 31, 2019, the Company’s aggregate accrued liability related to auto and workers’ compensation claims, inclusive of amounts expected to be paid above its self-insured retention limits, was $20.0 million. As explained in Note 1 of the consolidated financial statements, the Company recognizes a liability at the time of an incident based upon the nature and severity of the claim and analyses provided by third-party claims administrators. The Company utilizes actuarial methods to estimate this liability.

Auditing the Company's claims accruals is complex due to the uncertainty associated with the claims, the application of significant management judgment, and the use of actuarial methods. In addition, the estimate of the accrual can fluctuate based on the assumptions used in the actuarial studies, including the frequency and severity of claims, the loss development factors for existing claims and the estimates of incurred but not reported claims. These assumptions have a significant effect on the claims accruals.

31


 

How We Addressed the Matter in Our Audit

We obtained an understanding, evaluated the design and tested the operating effectiveness of internal controls over the claims accrual process. For example, we tested the controls over management’s assessment of the assumptions and underlying data used in the determination of the measurement and valuation of the reserve.

To evaluate the claims accruals, our audit procedures included, among others, testing the completeness and accuracy of the underlying claims data. Furthermore, we involved our actuarial specialist to assist in our evaluation of the methodologies applied and significant assumptions used by the Company in determining the calculated liability. We then compared the Company’s recorded liability amount to a range which our actuarial specialist developed based on independently selected assumptions.

 

Capitalized Internal Use Software and Cloud Computing Software Costs

Description of

the Matter

As discussed in Note 13 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company capitalizes costs incurred to implement, develop or obtain internal use and cloud computing software (collectively “internal use software”). The Company capitalized $21.9 million of internal use software costs in the year ended December 31, 2019 and had total internal use software costs, net of accumulated amortization, of $64.8 million as of December 31, 2019.

Auditing the Company’s capitalization of internal use software costs is complex. Management applies significant judgment in determining which software projects, and activities within those projects, qualify for capitalization, as only those costs incurred in certain stages of software development or implementation can be capitalized in accordance with the applicable accounting standards. In addition, measuring the appropriate amounts to capitalize requires the Company to maintain detailed records of time spent by personnel on implementation and development activities across all projects in development. Finally, management applies judgment in determining when to cease the capitalization of costs related to internal use software that will be placed in service.

How We Addressed the Matter in Our Audit

We obtained an understanding, evaluated the design and tested the operating effectiveness of controls over the Company’s processes for accounting for costs associated with internal use software projects. Our procedures included, among others, testing controls over management’s determination of which projects and costs qualify for capitalization in accordance with the applicable accounting standards, the Company’s controls over identifying and accumulating time and costs, both internal and external, associated with the internal software development activities and the Company’s controls over when internal use software is placed in service and amortization started.

To test the Company’s capitalization of internal use software costs, we performed audit procedures that included, among others, inspecting underlying documentation to evaluate whether the costs were appropriately capitalizable under the applicable accounting standards. We also inquired of project managers for significant projects to assess the nature of the costs, including the internal time devoted to capitalizable activities and the externally contracted costs. We evaluated the software implementation timeline and the related underlying documentation obtained to support the capitalization period for implementation and development amounts as well as the date the internal use software was placed in service.

 

/s/ ERNST & YOUNG LLP

 

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2002.

Chicago, Illinois

February 28, 2020

 

 

 

32


 

HUB GROUP, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands, except share amounts)

 

 

December 31,

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CURRENT ASSETS:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

$

168,729

 

 

$

61,435

 

Accounts receivable trade, net

 

443,539

 

 

 

477,088

 

Other receivables

 

3,237

 

 

 

22,021

 

Prepaid taxes

 

630

 

 

 

616

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

24,086

 

 

 

27,533

 

TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS

 

640,221

 

 

 

588,693

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Restricted investments

 

22,601

 

 

 

19,236

 

Property and equipment, net

 

663,165

 

 

 

681,859

 

Right-of-use assets - operating leases

 

35,548

 

 

 

-

 

Right-of-use assets - financing leases

 

5,865

 

 

 

-

 

Other intangibles, net

 

120,967

 

 

 

134,788

 

Goodwill, net

 

484,459

 

 

 

483,584

 

Other assets

 

18,748

 

 

 

16,738

 

TOTAL ASSETS

$

1,991,574

 

 

$

1,924,898

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CURRENT LIABILITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable trade

$

257,247

 

 

$

272,859

 

Accounts payable other

 

11,585

 

 

 

10,906

 

Accrued payroll

 

45,540

 

 

 

55,535