UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

 

FORM 8-K

 

CURRENT REPORT

 

Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the

Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

Date of report (Date of earliest event reported): January 27, 2020

 

ARMATA PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Washington 001-37544 91-1549568
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or
organization)
(Commission File Number) (IRS Employer Identification No.)

 

4503 Glencoe Avenue

Marina del Rey, California

 

90292

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

 

(310) 655-2928

(Registrant’s Telephone number)

 

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the Registrant under any of the following provisions (see General Instruction A.2. below):

 

¨Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)

 

¨Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)

 

¨Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))

 

¨Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§ 230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§ 240.12b-2 of this chapter).

 

Emerging growth company ¨

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock   ARMP   NYSE American

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.01Entry into a Material Definitive Agreement.

 

On January 27, 2020, Armata Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NYSE: ARMP), a Washington corporation (the “Company”), entered into a securities purchase agreement (the “Securities Purchase Agreement”) with Innoviva, Inc. (Nasdaq: INVA) (“Innoviva”), pursuant to which the Company agreed to issue and sell to Innoviva, in a private placement priced at-the-market under NYSE American rules, up to 8,710,800 newly issued shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share (“common stock”), of the Company (the “Shares”) and warrants (the “Common Warrants”) to purchase up to 8,710,800 shares of common stock, with an exercise price per share of $2.87(the “Private Placement”). Each share of common stock is sold together with one Common Unit, and the per-Unit purchase price is $2.87.

 

The Private Placement is expected to occur in two tranches. At the closing of the first tranche (the “First Closing”), subject to satisfaction or waiver of certain closing conditions, including obtaining voting agreements (the “Voting Agreements”) from stockholders of the Company representing at least 50.1% of the outstanding shares of common stock, Innoviva will purchase the maximum number of Shares and Common Warrants issuable to Innoviva in compliance with any and all applicable laws and without the requirement for the prior receipt of the stockholders’ approval under the listing requirements of the NYSE American, which is anticipated to be approximately 1.0 million Shares and Common Warrants to purchase approximately 1.0 million shares of common stock for an aggregate purchase price of $2.8 million. At the closing of the second tranche (the “Second Closing”), subject to satisfaction of certain closing conditions, including the Company’s stockholders’ voting in favor of the transaction, Innoviva will purchase 8,710,800 shares of common stock less the number of Shares and Common Warrants sold at the First Closing, which is anticipated to be approximately 7.7 million Shares and Common Warrants to purchase approximately 7.7 million shares of common stock for an aggregate purchase price of $22.2 million.

 

At the first closing, Innoviva and the Company will enter into an investors rights agreement (the “Investor Rights Agreement”) which will provide that for so long as Innoviva and its affiliates hold at least 12.5% of the outstanding shares of common stock on a fully-diluted basis, Innoviva shall have the right to designate two (2) directors to the board of directors of the Company (the “Board”), and for so long as Innoviva and its affiliates hold at least 8% but less than 12.5% of the outstanding shares of common stock on a fully-diluted basis, Innoviva shall have the right to designate one (1) director to the Board, subject to certain qualifications and conditions in the Investor Rights Agreement. . The Company currently expects that Innoviva will appoint Sarah Schlesinger. M.D. and Odysseas Kostas, M.D. to serve on the Board. The Investor Rights Agreement also will provide for participation rights for Innoviva to participate in future offerings of equity securities by the Company.

 

Both the First Closing and the Second Closing are expected to close in the first quarter of 2020, subject to the satisfaction of certain closing conditions referenced above.

 

The Company expects to receive aggregate gross proceeds from the Private Placement of approximately $25.0 million, before deducting transaction expenses, and excluding proceeds (if any) received in connection with the exercise of any warrants.

 

The foregoing descriptions of the Securities Purchase Agreement and the transactions contemplated therein do not purport to be complete and are qualified in their entirety by reference to the full text of the Securities Purchase Agreement, the form of the Investor Rights Agreement, form of Voting Agreements, and the form of the Common Warrants, copies of which are filed as Exhibit 10.1, 10.2, 10.3 and 4.1 hereto, respectively, and incorporated by reference herein.

 

Item 3.02Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities.

 

The information contained above in Item 1.01 related to the Private Placement is hereby incorporated by reference into this Item 3.02. Based in part upon the representations of Innoviva in the Securities Purchase Agreement, the offering and sale of the Shares and Common Warrants will be exempt from registration under Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”). The sales of the Shares and Common Warrants by the Company in the Private Placement will not be registered under the Securities Act or any state securities laws and the Shares and Common Warrants may not be offered or sold in the United States absent registration with the SEC or an applicable exemption from the registration requirements. The sale of such securities will not involve a public offering and will be made without general solicitation or general advertising. In the Securities Purchase Agreement, Innoviva represented that it is an accredited investor, as such term is defined in Rule 501(a) of Regulation D under the Securities Act, and it is acquiring the Shares and Common Warrants for investment purposes only and not with a view to any resale, distribution or other disposition of the Shares and Common Warrants in violation of the U.S. federal securities laws.

 

Item 8.01Other Events.

 

On January 28, 2020, the Company issued a press release announcing the Private Placement. The full text of the press release issued in connection with this announcement is attached as Exhibit 99.1 to this Form 8-K and incorporated herein by reference.

 

In light of the transactions described elsewhere in this report, the Company no longer intends to conduct an offering of common stock in reliance on the registration statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-235656), initially filed by the Company with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on December 20, 2019 (as amended through the date hereof, the “Registration Statement”), which has not yet been declared effective. Accordingly, the Company intends to withdraw the Registration Statement as soon as practicable.

 

 

 

 

Item 9.01 Financial Statements and Exhibits.

 

(d)Exhibits.

 

Exhibit
No.

 

Description

   
 4.1   Form of Common Stock Warrant.
   
10.1   Securities Purchase Agreement, dated January 27, 2020, by and between the Company and Innoviva.
   
10.2   Form of Investor Rights Agreement, by and the Company and Innoviva.
   
10.3   Form of Voting Agreement, to be entered into by and between Innoviva and certain stockholders of the Company.
   
99.1   Press Release, dated January 28, 2020.

 

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.

 

Date: January 29, 2020 Armata Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
   
  By: /s/ Steve R. Martin
  Name:  Steve R. Martin
  Title: Chief Financial Officer

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exhibit 4.1

 

THE WARRANTS REPRESENTED BY THIS WARRANT CERTIFICATE ARE TRANSFERABLE AND ASSIGNABLE SUBJECT TO COMPLIANCE WITH APPLICABLE SECURITIES LAWS. THE WARRANTS REPRESENTED BY THIS WARRANT CERTIFICATE WILL BE VOID AND OF NO VALUE UNLESS EXERCISED ON OR BEFORE 5:00 P.M. (NEW YORK TIME) ON [_______]1.

 

WARRANT CERTIFICATE

 

 

 

ARMATA PHARMACEUTICALS Inc.

 

(Incorporated under the Laws of the State of Washington)

 

[_______] Warrants Right to Purchase

[_______] Common Shares

 

WARRANTS FOR PURCHASE OF COMMON SHARES

 

THIS IS TO CERTIFY THAT, for value received, Innoviva, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Holder”), is the holder of [_______] common share purchase warrants (the “Warrants”). Each Warrant entitles the Holder to subscribe for and purchase one fully paid and non-assessable Common Share of Armata Pharmaceuticals Inc. (the “Company”) at any time or times prior to 5:00 p.m. (New York time) on [____]2(the “Time of Expiry”) at the price of $2.87 per Common Share (the “Exercise Price”), upon the terms and conditions set forth in this Warrant Certificate. The number of Common Shares which the Holder is entitled to acquire upon exercise of a Warrant and the Exercise Price are subject to adjustment in accordance with the terms and conditions hereof. Whether or not expressly set forth herein, all amounts payable hereunder, including the Exercise Price if paid in cash, shall be paid in United States Dollars.

 

The Warrants represented by this Warrant Certificate may be exercised by the Holder, in whole or in part or parts (but not as to a fractional share), by surrender of this Warrant Certificate (properly endorsed) with the Subscription Form appended hereto as Schedule A or any other written notice in a form reasonably satisfactory to the Company duly completed and executed by the Holder, at the office of the Company in accordance with Section 12 hereof, together with the purchase price of such Common Shares as herein provided.

 

The Warrant Certificate and such payment shall be deemed not to have been surrendered and made except upon personal delivery thereof or, if sent by post or other means of transmission, upon actual receipt thereof by the Company at the office specified above.

 

Subject to Section 4, the purchase price of Common Shares subscribed for hereunder shall be paid by certified check, money order, bank draft payable to or to the order of the Company in lawful money of the United States of America or wire transfer of immediately available funds, or any combination of the foregoing, in each case, in the discretion of the Holder.

 

 

 

 

 

1 Date will be five years from original issuance.

2 Date will be five years from original issuance.

 

 

 

 

In the event of any exercise of the Warrants represented by this Warrant Certificate in accordance with the terms hereof, (a) Common Shares purchased hereunder shall be transmitted by the Company’s transfer agent to the Holder by crediting the account of the Holder’s or its designee’s balance account with The Depository Trust Company through its Deposit or Withdrawal at Custodian system (“DWAC”) if the Company is then a participant in such system and either (A) there is an effective registration statement permitting the issuance of the Common Shares to or resale of the Common Shares by the Holder or (B) the Common Shares are eligible for resale by the Holder without volume or manner-of-sale limitations pursuant to Rule 144 (and the Holder has delivered a legal opinion in form and substance reasonably acceptable to the Company to such effect), and otherwise (b) by physical delivery of certificates for the Common Shares or confirmation of book entry issuance for the Common Shares (as may be directed by the Holder) so purchased will be delivered to the Person(s) in whose name(s) the Common Shares so subscribed for are to be issued within two Business Days (“Warrant Share Delivery Date”) of the exercise of the Warrants represented by this Warrant Certificate (or if the share transfer books of the Company are properly closed, within two Business Days of the opening of said share transfer books), such Person(s) shall be deemed for all corporate purposes to have become the holder of record of the Common Shares with respect to which this Warrant has been exercised, irrespective of the date of delivery of the Warrant, provided that payment of the aggregate Exercise Price (other than in the case of a cashless exercise) is received by the Company. Unless (i) this Warrant Certificate has expired or (ii) all of the Warrants evidenced by this Warrant Certificate have been exercised, a new Warrant Certificate representing the unexercised balance of the Warrants will also be issued to the Holder within such time at the expense of the Company.

 

If the Company fails for any reason to deliver to the Holder the Common Shares subject to an exercise notice by the Warrant Share Delivery Date, the Company shall pay to the Holder, in cash, as liquidated damages and not as a penalty, for each $1,000 of Common Shares subject to such exercise (based on the Current Market Price on the date of the applicable exercise notice), $5 per Trading Day (increasing to $10 per Trading Day on the fifth (5th) Trading Day after such liquidated damages begin to accrue) for each Trading Day after such Warrant Share Delivery Date (subject to receipt of the aggregate Exercise Price for the applicable exercise (other than in the case of a cashless exercise)) until such Common Shares are delivered or Holder rescinds such exercise. The Company agrees to maintain a transfer agent that is a participant in the Depository Trust Company Fast Automated Securities Transfer Program so long as this Warrant remains outstanding and exercisable. The payments contemplated by this paragraph shall not limit a Holder’s right to pursue equitable remedies including, without limitation, a decree of specific performance and/or injunctive relief with respect to the such failure.

 

THE FOLLOWING ARE THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS REFERRED TO IN THIS WARRANT CERTIFICATE:

 

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Section 1Definitions.

 

(1)In this Warrant Certificate, the following phrases and words have the respective meanings indicated opposite them as follows:

 

Affiliate” means, as to any Person, any other Person that, directly or indirectly, is in control of, is controlled by, or is under common control with, such first Person;

 

Applicable Securities Laws” means, collectively, all applicable securities Laws in each of the jurisdictions in which the Warrants or Common Shares issued on the exercise of Warrants are issued or acquired, and the respective regulations and rules under such Laws, together with applicable published rules, policy statements, blanket orders, instruments, rulings and notices of the securities regulatory authorities in the jurisdictions and all applicable rules and regulations of any exchange on which the Common Shares are listed for trading;

 

Business Day” means any day other than a Saturday, a Sunday or a day on which banks in the City of New York are authorized or obligated by Law or Order to close;

 

Common Shares” means the shares of common stock of the Company, par value $0.01 per share and, in the event that there shall occur a change in respect of or affecting the Common Shares referred to in Section 2 (whether or not such change shall result in an adjustment to the Exchange Basis or the Exercise Price), the term “Common Shares” shall mean the shares, other securities or other property which the Holder is entitled to purchase resulting from such change;

 

control” (including, with correlative meanings, the terms “controlled by” and “under common control with”), as applied to any Person, means the possession, directly or indirectly, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of such Person, whether through the ownership of voting securities or other ownership interests, by contract or otherwise;

 

Current Market Price” of a Common Share means, on any given date, the price per Common Share equal to the volume weighted average trading price of the Common Shares on the Principal Securities Exchange (or, if the Common Shares are not listed and posted for trading on the Principal Securities Exchange, such other stock exchange or over-the-counter market on which the Common Shares may be listed or quoted) for the immediately preceding 20 consecutive Trading Days calculated by dividing the aggregate sale price of all such shares sold on such stock exchange during such 20 day period by the total number of such shares so sold. If the Common Shares are not then traded on the Principal Securities Exchange, an over-the-counter market or on a recognized exchange or market, the Current Market Price of a Common Share shall be the fair market value of a Common Share as agreed to by the board of directors of the Company and the Holder, acting in good faith, and absent such agreement, as determined by an independent valuation expert reasonably acceptable to both the Company and the Holder; provided, that the fair market value determined by the independent valuation shall not be (a) higher than the highest fair market value proposed by the board of directors of the Company or the Holder, or (b) lower than the lowest fair market value proposed by the board of directors of the Company or the Holder. The Company shall be responsible for the costs and expenses of the valuation expert;

 

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Exchange Basis” means, as at any time, the number of Common Shares which the Holder is entitled to receive upon the exercise of a Warrant represented by this Warrant Certificate and which, as at the date hereof, is equal to one Common Share per Warrant;

 

Fundamental Transaction” means that (A) the Company shall, directly or indirectly, in one or more related transactions, (i) consolidate or merge with or into (whether or not the Company is the surviving corporation) another Person, or (ii) sell, assign, transfer, convey or otherwise dispose of all or substantially all of the properties or assets of the Company to another Person, or (iii) allow another Person to make a purchase, tender or exchange offer that is accepted by the holders of more than 50% of the outstanding Common Shares (not including any Common Shares held by the Person or Persons making or party to, or associated or affiliated with the Persons making or party to, such purchase, tender or exchange offer), or (iv) consummate a stock purchase agreement or other business combination (including, without limitation, a reorganization, recapitalization, spin-off or scheme of arrangement) with another Person whereby such other Person acquires more than 50% of the outstanding Common Shares (not including any Common Shares held by the other Person or other Persons making or party to, or associated or affiliated with the other Persons making or party to, such stock purchase agreement or other business combination), or (v) reorganize, recapitalize or reclassify the Common Shares or (B) any “person” or “group” (as these terms are used for purposes of Sections 13(d) and 14(d) of the Exchange Act) is or shall become the “beneficial owner” (as defined in Rule 13d-3 under the Exchange Act) other than the Holder or any group to which the holder is a Member, directly or indirectly, of 50% of the aggregate ordinary voting power represented by issued and outstanding Common Shares.

 

Governmental Authority” means any federal, state, provincial or local court, legislature, executive or regulatory authority, agency, ministry, bureau or commission, stock exchange or other governmental authority or instrumentality;

 

Law” means any federal, state, local or foreign law, common law, statute, ordinance, rule, regulation, code, treaty or Permit, in each case enacted, promulgated or issued by a Governmental Authority;

 

Liens” means any lien, security interest, mortgage, pledge, charge or similar encumbrance;

 

NYSE American” means the New York Stock Exchange American.

 

Order” means any consent, approval, order, judgment, decree or authorization of any Governmental Authority;

 

Permit” means any registration, license, exemption, authorization, or permit of any Governmental Authority;

 

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Person” means an individual, a corporation, a limited liability company, a partnership, an association, a trust or other entity or organization;

 

Principal Securities Exchange” means any United States national stock exchange or automated inter-dealer quotation system upon which the Company has listed the Common Shares for trading; as of the date hereof, the Principal Securities Exchange for the Common Shares is the NYSE American;

 

Representatives” of any Person means such Person’s directors, managers, officers, employees, agents, attorneys, accountants, consultants, professional advisors or other representatives; and

 

Successor Entity” means the Person (or, if so elected by the Holder, the parent entity of such Person) formed by, resulting from or surviving any Fundamental Transaction or the Person (or, if so elected by the Holder, the parent entity of such Person) with which such Fundamental Transaction shall have been entered into.

 

Trading Day” with respect to any stock exchange (including the Principal Securities Exchange) or over-the-counter market means a day in which shares may be traded through the facilities of such stock exchange or over-the-counter market.

 

(2)Whenever used in this Warrant, words importing the singular number only shall include the plural, and vice versa, and words importing the masculine gender shall include the feminine gender.

 

(3)Unless otherwise specified, the word “Section” and other subdivision followed by a number mean and refer to the specified Section or other subdivision of this Warrant Certificate. In the computation of periods of time from a specified date to a later specified date, unless otherwise expressly stated, the word “from” means “from and including” and the words “to” and “until” each mean “to but excluding”. The words “hereof,” “herein,” “hereto,” “hereunder” and “hereinafter” and words of similar import refer to this Warrant Certificate as a whole and not to any particular provision hereof; (ii) the character “$” shall mean United States Dollars; (iii) the word “including” shall mean “including, without limitation,” and the words “include” and “includes” shall have corresponding meanings, and such words shall not be construed to limit any general statement that they follow to the specific items or matters immediately following them; (iv) the words “either,” “or,” “neither,” “nor” and “any” are not exclusive; and (v) references to “days” shall refer to calendar days unless Business Days are specified.

 

Section 2Adjustments.

 

Subject to Section 3, the Exercise Price and the Exchange Basis will be subject to adjustment from time to time in the events and in the manner provided as follows:

 

(a)Common Share Reorganization. If and whenever, at any time after the date hereof and prior to the Time of Expiry, the Company:

 

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(i)issues Common Shares, or securities exchangeable for or convertible into Common Shares, to all or substantially all the holders of the Common Shares as a stock dividend or other distribution payable in Common Shares or securities exercisable or exchangeable for or convertible into Common Shares;

 

(ii)subdivides, redivides or changes its then outstanding Common Shares into a greater number of shares; or

 

(iii)reduces, combines or consolidates its then outstanding Common Shares into a lesser number of shares,

 

(any of such events in these clauses (i), (ii) or (iii) being called a “Common Share Reorganization”), then the Exchange Basis will be adjusted effective immediately after the effective date of, or the record date at which the holders of Common Shares are determined for the purpose of, the Common Share Reorganization, by multiplying the Exchange Basis in effect immediately prior to such effective date or record date by a fraction:

 

(A)the numerator of which will be the number of Common Shares outstanding immediately after giving effect to such Common Share Reorganization (including, in the case where securities exercisable or exchangeable for or convertible into Common Shares are distributed, the number of Common Shares that would have been outstanding had such securities been exercised or exchanged for or converted into Common Shares on such effective date or record date, assuming in any case where such securities are not then exercisable, convertible or exchangeable but subsequently become so, that they were exercisable, convertible or exchangeable on the effective date or record date on the basis upon which they first become exercisable, convertible or exchangeable); and

 

(B)the denominator of which will be the number of Common Shares outstanding on such effective date or record date before giving effect to such Common Share Reorganization.

 

The resulting product, adjusted to the nearest 1/100th, will thereafter be the Exchange Basis until further adjusted as provided in this Section 2.

 

 

(b)Distributions. If and whenever, at any time after the date hereof and prior to the Time of Expiry, the Company will fix a record date for the distribution or dividend to all or substantially all the holders of the Common Shares of any property or other assets (including any securities, rights, options, warrants or other securities of another person) other than any dividend of cash, but including a distribution of evidences of indebtedness and provided that such distribution or dividend does not constitute a Common Share Reorganization (any of such non-excluded events being herein called a “Distribution”), the Exchange Basis will be adjusted effective immediately after the record date for the Distribution by multiplying the Exchange Basis in effect on such record date by a fraction:

 

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(i)the numerator of which shall be the product of the number of Common Shares outstanding on such record date and the Current Market Price of the Common Shares on such record date; and

 

(ii)the denominator of which shall be:

 

(A)an amount equal to the product (x) of the number of Common Shares outstanding on such record date and (y) the Current Market Price of the Common Shares on such record date, less

 

(B)the fair market value on such record date, as determined by action by the directors of the Company, acting reasonably and in good faith, of the property or other assets distributed or dividended in the Distribution; provided that no such adjustment will be made if the result of such adjustment would be to decrease the Exchange Basis in effect immediately before such record date. The resulting product, adjusted to the nearest 1/100th, will thereafter be the Exchange Basis until further adjusted as provided in this Section 2.

 

(c)Cash Distribution. If and whenever, at any time after the date hereof and prior to the Time of Expiry, the Company will fix a record date for a distribution or dividend of cash to all or substantially all the holders of the Common Shares, the Holder shall be entitled to participate in such distribution to the same extent that the Holder would have participated therein if the Holder had exercised this Warrant in full immediately before the date of which a record is taken for such distribution, or, if no such record is taken, the date as of which the record holders of Common Stock are to be determined for the participation in such distribution.

 

(d)Fundamental Transaction. At any time after the date hereof and prior to the Time of Expiry, upon the occurrence of any Fundamental Transaction, the Successor Entity shall succeed to, and be substituted for (so that from and after the date of such Fundamental Transaction, the provisions of this Warrant referring to the “Company” shall refer instead to the Successor Entity), and may exercise every right and power of the Company and shall assume all of the obligations of the Company under this Warrant with the same effect as if such Successor Entity had been named as the Company herein. Upon consummation of the Fundamental Transaction, the Successor Entity shall deliver to the Holder confirmation that there shall be issued upon exercise of this Warrant at any time after the consummation of the Fundamental Transaction, in lieu of the Common Shares (or other securities, cash, assets or other property purchasable upon the exercise of the Warrant prior to such Fundamental Transaction), such shares of stock, securities, cash, assets or any other property whatsoever (including warrants or other purchase or subscription rights), if any, that the Holder would have been entitled to receive upon the happening of such Fundamental Transaction had this Warrant been exercised immediately prior to such Fundamental Transaction, as adjusted in accordance with the provisions of this Warrant. In addition to and not in substitution for any other rights hereunder, prior to the consummation of any Fundamental Transaction pursuant to which holders of Common Shares are entitled to receive securities or other assets (including cash) with respect to or in exchange for Common Shares, the Company shall make appropriate provision to ensure that the Holder will thereafter have the right to receive upon exercise of this Warrant within 10 days after the consummation of the Fundamental Transaction but, in any event, prior to the Time of Expiry, in lieu of the Common Shares (or other securities, cash, assets or other property) purchasable upon the exercise of the Warrant prior to such Fundamental Transaction, such shares of stock, securities, cash, assets or any other property whatsoever (including warrants or other purchase or subscription rights) which the Holder would have been entitled to receive upon the happening of such Fundamental Transaction had the Warrant been exercised immediately prior to such Fundamental Transaction.

 

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(e)Any adjustment to the Exchange Basis pursuant to Section 2 including any readjustment, will include a corresponding adjustment to the Exercise Price which will be calculated by multiplying the Exercise Price by a fraction: (i) the numerator of which will be the Exchange Basis immediately prior to such adjustment, and (ii) the denominator of which will be the Exchange Basis immediately following the adjustment.

 

(f)In the event the Company shall propose to take any action of the type described in this Section 2 (but only if the action of the type described in this Section 2 would result in an adjustment in the Exchange Basis or Exercise Price or a change in the type of securities or property to be delivered upon exercise of this Warrant Certificate), the Company shall give notice to the Holder at least 10 days prior to the record date in respect of such action (or the date of such action in the event that there is no record date), in the manner set forth in Section 12, which notice shall specify the record date, if any, with respect to any such action and the approximate date on which such action is to take place. Such notice shall also set forth the facts with respect thereto as shall be reasonably necessary to indicate the effect on the Exchange Basis or Exercise Price or a change in the type of securities or property to be delivered upon exercise of this Warrant Certificate.

 

(g)If and whenever, at any time after the date hereof and prior to the Time of Expiry and provided that this Warrant has not been exercised, the Company shall make a distribution pursuant to Section 2(b) of the shares or other equity interests of a subsidiary of the Company (the “Spin-off Entity”) in a “spin-off” or similar transaction, then the Company (a) shall issue to the Holder a new warrant to purchase, at the Spin-off Entity Exercise Price (as defined below), the number of shares of common stock or other equity interest in the Spin-off Entity (and any other consideration) that the Holder would have owned had the Holder exercised or converted this Warrant immediately prior to the consummation of such spin-off and (b) shall make provision therefor in the agreement, if any, relating to such spin-off. Such new warrant shall provide for rights and obligations which shall be as nearly equivalent as may be practicable to the rights and obligations provided for in this Warrant. The provisions of this Section 2(g) (and any equivalent thereof in any such new warrant) shall apply to successive transactions. For purposes of this Section 2(g), the “Spin-off Entity Exercise Price” shall mean the amount by which the Exercise Price under this Warrant was decreased with respect to the relevant distribution pursuant to the terms of Section 2(b).

 

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(h)In addition to any adjustments pursuant to Section 2 above and without limitation of the terms of any other agreement or any rights in respect of issued and outstanding shares of Common Stock held by the Holder, if at any time prior to the Time of Expiry the Company grants, issues or sells any options, convertible Securities or rights to purchase stock, warrants, securities or other property pro rata to all or substantially all of the holders of Common Shares (the “Purchase Rights”), then the Holder will be entitled to acquire, upon the terms applicable to such Purchase Rights, the aggregate Purchase Rights which the Holder could have acquired if the Holder had held the number of Common Shares Stock acquirable upon complete exercise of this Warrant immediately before the date on which a record is taken for the grant, issuance or sale of such Purchase Rights, or, if no such record is taken, the date as of which the record holders of Common Shares are to be determined for the grant, issue or sale of such Purchase Rights.

 

Section 3Rules Regarding Calculation of Adjustment of Exchange Basis.

 

For the purposes of Section 2:

 

(a)The adjustments provided for in Section 2 will be cumulative and will be made successively upon the occurrence of an event described therein, subject to this Section 3. For greater certainty, if any action would require adjustment pursuant to more than one of the provisions described in Section 2 in a manner such that such adjustments are duplicative, only one adjustment shall be made.

 

(b)No adjustment in the Exchange Basis will be required unless such adjustment would result in a change to the then prevailing Exchange Basis of at least 1% or of at least 1/100th of a Common Share based on the prevailing Exchange Basis, provided, however, that any adjustments which, except for the provisions of this Section 3(b) would otherwise have been required to be made, will be carried forward and taken into account in any subsequent adjustment.

 

(c)No adjustment in the Exchange Basis will be made pursuant to Section 2 in respect of the issuance from time to time of:

 

(i)Common Shares purchasable on exercise of the Warrants; or

 

 - 9 - 

 

 

(ii)Common Shares pursuant to any stock options, stock option plan, stock purchase plan, restricted share units or restricted share unit plans, or other benefit plans in force at the date hereof for directors, officers, employees, advisors or consultants of the Company in their capacity as such, as such option or plan is amended or superseded from time to time in accordance with the requirements of any applicable Principal Securities Exchange and Applicable Securities Laws, and such other benefit plans as may be adopted by the Company in compliance with the requirements of any applicable Principal Securities Exchange and Applicable Securities Laws,

 

and, for the avoidance of doubt, any such issue shall be deemed not to be a Common Share Reorganization, Distribution or Capital Reorganization.

 

(d)If a dispute at any time arises with respect to adjustments provided for in Section 2, the resolution of such dispute will be conclusively determined, at the Company’s expense, by a firm of independent chartered accountants as may be agreed by the Company and the Holder, each acting reasonably, and any such determination will be binding upon the Company and the Holder. For the avoidance of doubt, the independent accountant referenced in this Section 3(e) may be, but is not required to be, the same independent valuation expert contemplated by the definition of “Current Market Price”.

 

(e)If the Company sets a record date to determine the holders of the Common Shares for the purpose of effecting a transaction described in Section 2 and thereafter and before effecting such transaction, legally abandons its plan to pay or deliver such dividend, distribution, subscription or purchase rights, then no adjustment in the Exchange Basis by reason of the setting of such record date shall be made.

 

(f)In the absence of a resolution of the directors fixing a record date for a Distribution, the Company will be deemed to have fixed as the record date therefor the date on which the Distribution is affected.

 

(g)The Company will take any action which may be necessary or advisable in order for the Company to have unissued and reserved in its authorized capital, and validly and legally issue as fully paid and non-assessable, all the shares or other securities of the Company which the Holder is entitled to receive on the exercise of the Warrants following any adjustment set forth in Section 2.

 

(h)Any adjustments to the Exchange Basis and the Exercise Price pursuant to this Warrant Certificate shall be subject to the prior approval, if required, of the Principal Securities Exchange.

 

 - 10 - 

 

 

Section 4Cashless Exercise of Warrants.

 

Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, and provided that the Warrants could otherwise be exercised in accordance with the terms hereof, the Holder may elect to exercise the Warrants, in whole or in part, without payment of the aggregate Exercise Price due on such exercise (a “Cashless Exercise”) in the manner set out in this Section 4. If the Holder elects a Cashless Exercise, the Holder shall provide written notice of the election to the Company in the form of cashless exercise notice appended hereto as Schedule B or any other written notice in a form reasonably satisfactory to the Company (a “Cashless Exercise Notice”). Upon actual receipt by the Company of a Cashless Exercise Notice, a certificate or confirmation of book entry issuance (as directed by the Holder) for the appropriate number of Common Shares will be delivered to the Person(s) in whose name(s) the Common Shares so subscribed for are to be issued within two Business Days of receipt of the Cashless Exercise Notice (or if the share transfer books of the Company are properly closed, within two Business Days of the opening of said share transfer books), such Person(s) shall become a holder in respect of such Common Shares with effect from the date of such exercise, and, unless this Warrant Certificate has expired, a new Warrant Certificate representing the unexercised balance of the Warrants, if any, or all of the Warrants evidenced by this Warrant Certificate having been exercised will also be issued to the Holder within such time. Without limiting the rights of a Holder to receive Common Shares underlying this Warrant on a “cashless exercise” and without limiting the liquidated damages provision contained herein, in no event will the Company be required to net cash settle a Warrant exercise.

 

(a)The number of Common Shares to be issued to the Holder upon a Cashless Exercise shall be determined as follows:

 

X = Y x (A-B)
      A

  Where: X = the number of Common Shares to be issued to the Holder upon exercising the Warrants; provided, for the avoidance of doubt, that if the foregoing calculation results in a negative number, then no Common Shares shall be issuable via a Cashless Exercise;
    Y = the number of Warrants being exercised;
    A = the Current Market Price per Common Share as of the applicable exercise date; and
    B = the Exercise Price of the Warrants as of the applicable exercise date.

 

(b)If the number of Common Shares to be issued to the Holder exercising its Warrants on a cashless basis in accordance with Section 4(a) above results in a fractional number, the Company will, in lieu of delivering the fractional Common Share, satisfy the right to receive such fractional interest by payment to the Holder of an amount in cash equal (computed in the case of a fraction of a cent to the next lower cent) to the value of the right to acquire such fractional interest on the basis of the Current Market Price of the Common Shares on the date of exercise.

 

 - 11 - 

 

 

(c)If Holder elects the method of exercise set forth in this Section 4, the “exchange” of the Warrants is intended to qualify as a recapitalization within the meaning of Section 368(a)(1)(E) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, and, unless otherwise required by applicable Law, the parties hereto shall report consistently therewith for all tax purposes.

 

Section 5Representations, Warranties and Covenants.

 

The Company represents, warrants, covenants and agrees that as of the date of this Warrant Certificate until the Time of Expiry:

 

(a)The Common Shares which may be issued upon the exercise of the Warrants represented by this Warrant Certificate will, upon issuance and payment therefor of the amount at which such Common Shares may at the time be purchased pursuant to the provisions hereof (including pursuant to a Cashless Exercise), be validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable and in each case, be free and clear of any Liens (other than Liens granted by the Holder);

 

(b)The Company will reserve and keep available at all times a sufficient number of unissued Common Shares out of its authorized capital to provide for the exercise in full, at any time, of the rights represented by this Warrant Certificate;

 

(c)The Company shall use its commercially reasonable efforts to maintain a listing of its Common Shares on the NYSE American or other Principal Securities Exchange, provided that nothing contained in this clause (c) shall be construed to limit (or to limit) the right of the Company to engage in a transaction that may result in it ceasing to be so listed;

 

(d)The Company has taken and will take all such actions as may be reasonably necessary and as are within its power to ensure that all those Common Shares and Warrants issued or issuable pursuant to this Warrant Certificate may be so issued without violation of Applicable Securities Law; and

 

(e)The Company will promptly advise the Holder of any defaults under this Warrant Certificate.

 

Section 6Exercise of Warrants.

 

(1)The Holder may exercise the right hereby conferred on the Holder to acquire Common Shares at any time and from time to time prior to the Time of Expiry (subject to the provisions of this Section 6) by:

 

(a)duly completing and executing the subscription form (the “Subscription Form”) attached as Schedule A to this Warrant Certificate (or any other written notice in a form satisfactory to the Company) and a Cashless Exercise Notice, if applicable;

 

 - 12 - 

 

 

(b)surrendering this Warrant Certificate, together with, in the case of Warrants not being exercised on a cashless basis in accordance with Section 4, the Holder’s certified check, bank draft, money order or wire transfer (or any combination of the foregoing, in each case, in the discretion of the Holder) of immediately available funds in the full amount of the total aggregate Exercise Price of each Warrant being exercised, together with the duly completed and executed Subscription Form (or any other written notice in a form satisfactory to the Company) and Cashless Exercise Notice, if applicable, to the Company in accordance with Section 12.

 

(2)The Holder may exercise Warrants in respect of a number of Common Shares which is less than the total number of Common Shares into which the Warrants evidenced by this Warrant Certificate may be exercised. In such a case, the Holder shall be entitled to receive, at the Company’s expense, a new certificate in respect of the Warrants evidenced hereby that are not so exercised. This Warrant Certificate shall be deemed to be surrendered only upon personal delivery thereof to, or if sent by mail or other means of transmission, upon actual receipt thereof by, the Company in accordance with Section 12.

 

(3)One Warrant, together with the Exercise Price therefor, is required to purchase one Common Share, subject to adjustment in accordance to the terms of this Warrant and to Cashless Exercise.

 

(4)The Warrants shall expire and all rights to purchase Common Shares hereunder shall cease and become null and void at the Time of Expiry.

 

(5)Nothing herein contained or done pursuant hereto shall obligate the Holder to purchase or pay for, or the Company to issue, any securities except those securities in respect of which the Holder shall have exercised its right to purchase hereunder in the manner herein provided.

 

(6)Notwithstanding anything contained herein, including any adjustment provided for herein, the Company will not be required to issue fractional Common Shares in satisfaction of its obligations hereunder. If any fractional interest in a Common Share would be deliverable upon the exercise of a Warrant, the Company will, in lieu of delivering the fractional Common Share, satisfy the right to receive such fractional interest by payment to the Holder of an amount in cash equal (computed in the case of a fraction of a cent to the next lower cent) to the value of the right to acquire such fractional interest on the basis of the Current Market Price of the Common Shares on the date of exercise.

 

(7)Notwithstanding anything herein contained, no Common Shares will be issued pursuant to the exercise of any Warrant if the issuance of such Common Shares would, in the opinion of legal counsel to the Company, constitute a violation of the Applicable Securities Laws of any applicable jurisdiction or the requirements of any Principal Securities Exchange, and without limiting the generality of the foregoing, in the event that any of the Warrants are exercised prior to expiry of any hold period or other resale restriction placed thereon by such Laws or requirements, the certificates evidencing the Common Shares thereby issued will bear such legend as is required under Applicable Securities Laws and that, in the opinion of legal counsel to the Company, is necessary in order to avoid a violation of any such Laws or requirements.

 

 - 13 - 

 

 

Section 7Reserved.

 

[Reserved].

 

Section 8Transfer of Warrants.

 

(1)Other than as may be limited pursuant to Section 9, this Warrant Certificate and the Warrants represented hereby may be transferred or assigned.

 

(2)This Warrant Certificate may only be transferred on the register of the Company by the Holder thereof or its legal Representatives or attorney duly appointed by an instrument in writing in form and execution reasonably satisfactory to the Company in accordance with applicable Laws. The Warrants and the Common Shares issuable hereunder are and may continue to be subject to resale restrictions and hold periods, and the Holder should consult its legal advisor in respect of the same. Such transfer will be effected upon surrender to the Company at the office of the Company in accordance with Section 12 hereof of this Warrant Certificate for cancellation and the duly completed and executed transfer form (the “Transfer Form”) attached hereto as Schedule C, and upon compliance, to the reasonable satisfaction of the Company, with:

 

(a)the conditions herein;

 

(b)such reasonable requirements as the Company may require; and

 

(c)all Applicable Securities Laws.

 

(3)After such transfer, the term “Holder” shall mean and include any transferee or assignee of the current Holder or any subsequent Holder. Upon compliance with Section 8(2), the Company shall execute and deliver a new Warrant Certificate or Warrant Certificates in the name of the assignee or assignees and in the denominations specified in such Transfer Form, and shall issue to the assignor a new Warrant Certificate evidencing the portion of this Warrant, if any, not so assigned and this Warrant Certificate shall promptly be cancelled.

 

(4)For each Warrant transferred, the Company shall charge to the Holder requesting such transfer a reasonable sum for each new Warrant certificate issued, which sum shall solely cover the Company’s out-of-pocket expenses for such issuance, and payment of such charges and reimbursement of the Company for any and all stamp taxes or governmental or other charges required to be paid shall be made by the Holder requesting the transfer of this Warrant Certificate as a condition precedent thereto.

 

 - 14 - 

 

 

Section 9Legend.

 

(1)Any certificate representing Common Shares issued in the United States or to or for the account or benefit of a U.S. Person upon exercise of the Warrants will bear the following legends:

 

“THE SECURITIES REPRESENTED HEREBY HAVE NOT BEEN REGISTERED UNDER THE UNITED STATES SECURITIES ACT OF 1933, AS AMENDED (THE “U.S. SECURITIES ACT”) OR APPLICABLE STATE SECURITIES LAWS, AND MAY NOT BE OFFERED, SOLD, PLEDGED OR OTHERWISE TRANSFERRED, DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY, OTHER THAN (A) PURSUANT TO AN EFFECTIVE REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE U.S. SECURITIES ACT AND APPLICABLE STATE SECURITIES LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES OR (B) PURSUANT TO AN EXEMPTION FROM REGISTRATION UNDER THE U.S. SECURITIES ACT AND IN ACCORDANCE WITH APPLICABLE STATE SECURITIES LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES, AFTER THE HOLDER HAS FURNISHED TO THE COMPANY AN OPINION OF COUNSEL OR OTHER EVIDENCE OF EXEMPTION, IN EITHER CASE REASONABLY SATISFACTORY TO THE COMPANY.

 

Section 10Not a Shareholder.

 

Nothing in this Warrant Certificate or in the holding of Warrants evidenced by this Warrant Certificate will be construed as conferring on the Holder any right or interest whatsoever as a shareholder of the Company, including but not limited to, any right to vote at, to receive notice of, or to attend any meeting of shareholders or any other proceeding of the Company or any right to receive any dividend or other distributions, prior to the Holder’s exercise of Warrants in accordance with the terms hereof and the subscription for Common Shares in connection therewith.

 

Section 11Amendment.

 

The terms of the Warrants represented by this Warrant Certificate may be amended, and the observance of any term thereof may be waived, only by a written instrument signed by the Company and the Holder of the Warrants.

 

Section 12Notice.

 

(1)Any notice, direction or other instrument required or permitted to be given under this Warrant by or to the Company or by or to the Holder shall be in writing and may be given by delivering by hand or by courier or by email to the following addresses:

 

 - 15 - 

 

 

The Company:

 

Armata Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

4503 Glencoe Avenue

Marina del Rey, CA

Attn: Chief Executive Officer

Tel: (310) 665-2928

Email: info@armatapharma.com

 

with a copy (which shall not constitute notice) to:

 

Thompson Hine LLP

335 Madison Avenue

12th Floor

New York, New York 10017-4611

Attn: Faith L. Charles

Tel: (212) 344-5680

Email: faith.charles@thompsonhine.com

 

The Holder:

 

Innoviva Inc.

1350 Old Bayshore Highway Suite 400
Burlingame, CA 94010
Attention: Chief Executive Officer
Email: Geoffrey.hulme@inva.com

 

With a copy, which shall not constitute notice to:

 

Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP
787 Seventh Ave.
New York, NY 10019
Attn: Russell Leaf and Jared Fertman
Email: rleaf@willkie.com and jfertman@willkie.com

 

(2)Any notice, direction or instrument aforesaid shall:

 

(i)if personally delivered or delivered by courier, be deemed to have been given or made at the time of delivery; and

 

(ii)if sent by email, be deemed to have been given or made upon confirmation of receipt.

 

The Company or the Holder may give written notice of change of address in the same manner, in which event such notice or communication shall thereafter be given to it as above provided at such changed address.

 

 - 16 - 

 

 

Section 13Lost Certificate.

 

Upon receipt of evidence satisfactory to the Company of the loss, theft, destruction or mutilation of this Warrant Certificate and, if requested by the Company, upon delivery of an indemnity satisfactory to the Company (or, in the case of mutilation, upon surrender of this Warrant Certificate), the Company will issue to the Holder a replacement certificate of like denomination, tenor and date (containing the same terms and conditions as this Warrant Certificate).

 

Section 14General.

 

(1)The Company may deem and treat the Holder of the Warrants as the absolute owner thereof for all purposes, except where the Company should have actual notice or knowledge to the contrary or except where the Company is required to take notice by statute or by Order of a court of competent jurisdiction. The Holder shall be entitled to the Warrants evidenced hereby, free from all equities or rights of set off or counterclaim between the Company and the original or any intermediate holder of such Warrants. The valid issue of Common Shares by the Company upon the exercise of Warrants by the Holder in accordance with the terms and conditions contained herein shall discharge all responsibilities of the Company with respect to such Warrants and the Company shall not be bound to inquire into the title of any such Holder except where the Company is required to take notice by statute or by Order of a court of competent jurisdiction.

 

(2)If any one or more of the provisions or parts thereof contained in this Warrant Certificate should be or become invalid, illegal or unenforceable in any respect in any jurisdiction, the remaining provisions or parts thereof contained herein shall be and shall be conclusively deemed to be, as to such jurisdiction, severable therefrom and:

 

(a)the validity, legality or enforceability of such remaining provisions or parts thereof shall not in any way be affected or impaired by the severance of the provisions or parts thereof severed;

 

(b)the invalidity, illegality or unenforceability of any provision or part thereof contained in this Warrant in any jurisdiction shall not affect or impair such provision or part thereof or any other provisions of this Warrant Certificate in any other jurisdiction; and

 

(c)the Company and the Holder shall negotiate in good faith to modify this Warrant Certificate so as to effect the original intent of the Company and the Holder as closely as possible in a mutually acceptable manner in order that the transactions contemplated hereby be consummated and the economic benefits anticipated hereunder be as originally contemplated to the greatest extent possible.

 

(3)Time shall be of the essence of this Warrant Certificate.

 

(4)In the event that any day on or before which any action is required to be taken hereunder is not a Business Day, then such action shall be required to be taken on or before the requisite time on the next succeeding day that is a Business Day. If the payment of any amount is deferred for any period, then such period shall be included for purposes of the computation of any interest payable hereunder.

 

 - 17 - 

 

 

(5)This Warrant Certificate, the [Committment Agreement] dated as of [_____] by and between the Holder and the Company, and the other agreements, instruments and documents referenced herein and therein, in each case as amended from time to time, constitute the sole and entire agreement of the parties to this Warrant with respect to the subject matter contained herein, and supersedes all prior and contemporaneous understandings and agreements, both written and oral, with respect to such subject matter. In the event of any inconsistency between the provisions contained in this Warrant and the Commitment Agreement, the provisions contained in this Warrant shall control.

 

(6)This Warrant Certificate and all of its provisions shall enure to the benefit of the Holder, and their respective heirs, executors, administrators, successors, legal Representatives and assigns and shall be binding upon the Company and its successors and permitted assigns. The expression the “Holder” as used herein shall include the Holder’s assigns whether immediate or derivative.

 

(7)This Warrant may be executed in counterparts, each of which shall be deemed an original, but all of which together shall be deemed to be one and the same agreement. A signed copy of this Warrant delivered by facsimile, e-mail or other means of electronic transmission shall be deemed to have the same legal effect as delivery of an original signed copy of this Warrant.

 

(8)The parties hereto acknowledge and agree that irreparable damage would occur in the event that any of the provisions of this Warrant were not performed in accordance with their specific terms or were otherwise breached. It is accordingly agreed that the parties hereto shall be entitled to an injunction or injunctions to prevent breaches or threatened breaches of this Warrant and to enforce specifically the terms and provisions of this Warrant in any court of competent jurisdiction, in each case without proof of damages or otherwise (and each party hereto hereby waives any requirement for the securing or posting of any bond in connection with such remedy), this being in addition to any other remedy to which they are entitled at law or in equity. The parties hereto agree not to assert that a remedy of specific enforcement is unenforceable, invalid, contrary to law or inequitable for any reason, nor to assert that a remedy of monetary damages would provide an adequate remedy.

 

(9)This Warrant shall be construed without regard to any presumption or rule requiring construction or interpretation against the party drafting an instrument or causing any instrument to be drafted.

 

 - 18 - 

 

 

(10)This Warrant shall be governed by, and construed in accordance with, the Laws of the State of Delaware but the reference to such Laws shall not, by conflict of laws rules or otherwise, require the application of the Law of any jurisdiction. The Company and the Holder each hereby irrevocably agree to the exclusive jurisdiction of the Chancery Court of the State of Delaware (or, if the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware declines to accept jurisdiction, any state or federal court within the State of Delaware), for the purposes of any action or legal proceeding arising out of this Warrant and the rights and obligations arising hereunder, and irrevocably and unconditionally waives any objection to the laying of venue of any such action or legal proceeding in any such court, and further irrevocably and unconditionally waives and agrees not to plead or claim in any such court that any such action or legal proceeding has been brought in an inconvenient forum. Each party hereto agrees that service of any process, summons, notice or document by registered mail to such party’s respective address set forth in Section 11 shall be effective service of process for any such action or legal proceeding.

 

(11)Each party hereto hereby waives, to the fullest extent permitted by applicable Law, any right it may have to a trial by jury in respect of any action or legal proceeding directly or indirectly arising out of, under or in connection with this Warrant.

 

 

 

[Remainder of page intentionally left blank. Signature page follows.]

 

 

 

 

 

 - 19 - 

 

 

IN WITNESS WHEREOF the Company has caused this Warrant Certificate to be signed by its duly authorized officer and this Warrant Certificate to be dated January [_], 2020.

 

 

 

ARMATA PHARMACUETICALS INC.

 

Per: ________________________
  Name: [●]
  Title: [●]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 - 20 - 

 

 

Schedule A
SHARE PURCHASE WARRANT

 

SUBSCRIPTION FORM

 

(To be signed only upon exercise of such Warrant)

 

[Company]

The undersigned hereby exercises the right to purchase and hereby subscribes for _____________ common shares of Armata Pharmaceuticals Inc. (the “Company”) referred to in the Warrant Certificate dated [_____] (the “Warrant Certificate”) attached hereto according to the conditions thereof, and herewith makes payment of the purchase price in full for the common shares. Capitalized terms used herein but not otherwise defined shall have the meanings ascribed to them in the Warrant Certificate.

 

If any Warrants represented by the Warrant Certificate are not being exercised, a new Warrant Certificate will be issued by the Company and delivered to the undersigned with the common share certificates.

 

Please issue the common shares in the following manner (Please check the ONE box applicable):

 

Issue a certificate for the common shares being purchased in the name of the undersigned.
   
Effect book entry issuance for the common shares being purchased in the name of the undersigned.

 

 

NAME: __________________________________________
  (please print)
NUMBER OF  
COMMON SHARES: __________________________________________
   
ADDRESS: __________________________________________
   
  __________________________________________
   
  __________________________________________
   

 

 

 

 

 

DATED this________ day of ________________, 20__.

 

  __________________________________________
  (Signature)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Schedule B
CASHLESS EXERCISE NOTICE

 

[Company]

The undersigned hereby exercises the right to purchase and hereby subscribes for __________ common shares of Armata Pharmaceuticals Inc. referred to in the Warrant Certificate dated [_____] (the “Warrant Certificate”) attached hereto according to the conditions thereof, on a cashless basis pursuant to Section 4 of the Warrant Certificate. Capitalized terms used herein but not otherwise defined shall have the meanings ascribed to them in the Warrant Certificate.

 

The number of Common Shares to be issued in accordance with the accompanying Subscription Form shall be calculated based on the formula set out in Section 4(b) of the Warrant Certificate.

 

DATED this _____ day of _______________, 20____.

 

  ______________________________________
  (Signature)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Schedule C
TRANSFER FORM

 

FOR VALUE RECEIVED, the undersigned hereby sells, assigns and transfers unto _____________________________________________________________(include name and address of the transferee) _____________ Warrants exercisable for common shares of Armata Pharmaceuticals Inc. (the “Company”) issued in the name of the undersigned on the register of the Company maintained therefore, and hereby irrevocably appoints _________________________________ the attorney of the undersigned to transfer the said securities on the books maintained by the Company with full power of substitution.

 

DATED this_________day of ________________________, 20__.

 

  _____________________________
  Signature of Transferor
   
  _____________________________
  _____________________________
  _____________________________
  Address of Transferor

 

Notes:

 

1.The signature to this transfer must correspond with the name written upon the face of this Warrant Certificate in every particular without any changes whatsoever.

 

 

 

 

Exhibit 10.1

 

Execution Copy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SECURITIES PURCHASE AGREEMENT

 

BY AND BETWEEN

 

Armata Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

 

AND

 

INNOVIVA, INC.

 

Dated as of January 27, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Article I DEFINITIONS 1
Section 1.1 Definitions 1
Section 1.2 Construction 8
     
Article II PURCHASE AND SALE 10
Section 2.1 The Purchase and Sale 10
Section 2.2 First Closing 10
Section 2.3 Second Closing 11
     
Article III REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF THE COMPANY 12
Section 3.1 Organization and Qualification 12
Section 3.2 Authorization; Enforcement; Validity 13
Section 3.3 Issuance of Securities 13
Section 3.4 No Conflicts 13
Section 3.5 Consents 14
Section 3.6 No General Solicitation; Agents’ Fees 14
Section 3.7 Application of Takeover Protections; Rights Agreement 14
Section 3.8 SEC Documents; Financial Statements 15
Section 3.9 Absence of Certain Changes 16
Section 3.10 Conduct of Business; Regulatory Permits 17
Section 3.11 Certain Regulatory Matters 18
Section 3.12 Sarbanes-Oxley Act 19
Section 3.13 Transactions With Affiliates 19
Section 3.14 Capitalization 19
Section 3.15 Indebtedness 20
Section 3.16 Material Contracts 20
Section 3.17 Litigation 20
Section 3.18 Insurance 20
Section 3.19 Employee Relations 21
Section 3.20 Title 21
Section 3.21 Intellectual Property Rights 22
Section 3.22 Environmental Laws 23
Section 3.23 Tax Status 23
Section 3.24 Investment Company Status 24
Section 3.25 U.S. Real Property Holding Corporation 24
Section 3.26 Registration Eligibility 24
Section 3.27 Transfer Taxes 24
Section 3.28 Shell Company Status 24
Section 3.29 ERISA Compliance 24
Section 3.30 Management 25
Section 3.31 FDA 25
Section 3.32 Stock Option Plans 26
Section 3.33 No Disqualification Events 26
Section 3.34 No Integrated Offering 26
Section 3.35 Regulation M Compliance 27
Section 3.36 Disclosure 27

 

 i 

 

 

Section 3.37 Proxy Statement 27
Section 3.38 Disclaimer of Other Representations and Warranties 27
     
Article IV REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF THE PURCHASER 28
Section 4.1 Organization 28
Section 4.2 Organizational Power and Authority 28
Section 4.3 Execution and Delivery 28
Section 4.4 No Conflict 28
Section 4.5 Consents and Approvals 28
Section 4.6 No Registration 28
Section 4.7 Purchasing Intent 29
Section 4.8 Sophistication; Investigation 29
Section 4.9 Sufficient Funds 29
Section 4.10 Bad Actor 29
     
Article V ADDITIONAL COVENANTS 29
Section 5.1 Covenants of the Company 29
Section 5.2 Pre-Closing Exclusivity 32
Section 5.3 Post-Closing Books and Records 32
Section 5.4 Stockholder Approval 33
Section 5.5 A&R Registration Rights Agreement 34
Section 5.6 Integration 34
Section 5.7 Required Minimum 34
Section 5.8 Acknowledgment of Dilution 35
Section 5.9 Expense Reimbursement 35
Section 5.10 Blue Sky Filings 35
     
Article VI CONDITIONS TO THE OBLIGATIONS OF THE PARTIES 35
Section 6.1 Conditions to the Obligations of the Purchaser at the First Closing 35
Section 6.2 Conditions to the Obligations of the Company at the First Closing 37
Section 6.3 Conditions to the Obligations of the Purchaser at the Second Closing 37
Section 6.4 Conditions to the Obligations of the Company at the Second Closing 38
     
Article VII INTENTIONALLY OMITTED 39
     
Article VIII TERMINATION 39
Section 8.1 Termination 39
Section 8.2 Effect of Termination 40
Section 8.3 Termination Fee 40
Section 8.4 Second Closing Abandonment 40
     
Article IX GENERAL PROVISIONS 41
Section 9.1 Notices 41
Section 9.2 Assignment; Third Party Beneficiaries 42
Section 9.3 Prior Negotiations; Entire Agreement 42
Section 9.4 Governing Law; Venue: Forum 42

 

 ii 

 

 

Section 9.5 Waiver of Jury Trial 42
Section 9.6 Counterparts 43
Section 9.7 Waivers and Amendments; Rights Cumulative; Consent; Severability 43
Section 9.8 Headings 43
Section 9.9 Specific Performance 43
Section 9.10 Publicity 44
Section 9.11 No Recourse 44
Section 9.12 Further Assurances 44
Section 9.13 Survival 44

 

EXHIBITS

 

Exhibit A Investor Rights Agreement
Exhibit B Warrant Certificate
Exhibit C Voting Agreement

 

 

 

 

 

 

 iii 

 

 

SECURITIES PURCHASE AGREEMENT

 

THIS SECURITIES PURCHASE AGREEMENT (together with all Exhibits and Schedules hereto, as each may be amended, restated, amended and restated, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time in accordance with the terms hereof, this “Agreement”), dated as of January 27, 2020, is made by and between (i) Armata Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a Washington corporation (the “Company”), and (ii) Innoviva, Inc., (the “Purchaser”). The Company and the Purchaser are referred to herein individually as a “Party”, and, collectively as the “Parties.”

 

RECITALS

 

WHEREAS, subject to the terms and conditions contained in this Agreement, at the Closing (as defined below), the Company intends to issue and sell to the Purchaser (a) 8,710,800 shares of fully paid and non-assessable Common Stock (the “Purchased Common Stock”) and (b) Warrants to purchase 8,710,800 shares of Common Stock (as may be adjusted pursuant to Section 2.1(a)) (the “Purchased Warrants”), and the Purchaser desires to purchase such Common Stock and Warrants from the Company

 

WHEREAS, each share of Purchased Common Stock and each Purchased Warrant will be issued and sold to the Purchaser as a unit at the First Closing and the Second Closing, as applicable, for a per unit price of $2.87 (the “Per Unit Purchase Price”) payable in accordance with the terms hereof; and

 

WHEREAS, the Board has unanimously determined that this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby are advisable, fair and in the best interests of the Company and its stockholders.

 

NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the mutual promises, agreements, representations, warranties and covenants contained herein, the Company (on behalf of itself and each of its direct and indirect Subsidiaries) and the Purchaser agree as follows:

 

Article I

 

DEFINITIONS

 

Section 1.1     Definitions. Except as otherwise expressly provided in this Agreement, whenever used in this Agreement (including any Exhibits and Schedules hereto), the following terms shall have the respective meanings specified therefor below:

 

A&R Registration Rights Agreement” has the meaning set forth in Section 5.5.

 

Acquisition Proposal” has the meaning set forth in Section 5.2.

 

Action” means, any action, suit, claim, arbitration, mediation, litigation, hearing, or other proceeding by or before any court, tribunal or arbitrator or any Governmental Entity.

 

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Affiliate” means, with respect to any Person, any other Person that, directly or indirectly, Controls or is Controlled by or is under common Control with such Person; provided, however, that neither Purchaser nor any of its Affiliates shall be deemed to be an Affiliate of the Company or any of its direct and indirect Subsidiaries for purposes of this Agreement. “Affiliated” has a correlative meaning.

 

Agreement” has the meaning set forth in the Preamble.

 

Board” means the Board of Directors of the Company.

 

Business Day” means any day that is not a Saturday, Sunday or other day on which commercial banks are required or permitted to be closed in the State of California.

 

Bylaws” means the Company’s bylaws, as amended through the date hereof.

 

Capital Stock” means (a) any shares, interests, participations or other equivalents (however designated) of capital stock of a corporation; (b) any ownership interests in a Person other than a corporation, including membership interests, partnership interests, joint venture interests and beneficial interests; and (c) any warrants, options, convertible or exchangeable securities, subscriptions, rights (including any preemptive or similar rights), calls or other rights to purchase or acquire any of the foregoing.

 

Certificate of Incorporation” means the certificate of incorporation of the Company, as amended through the date hereof.

 

Common Stock” means the common stock, par value $0.01 per share, of the Company, and any Capital Stock into which such Common Stock shall have been converted, exchanged or reclassified following the date hereof.

 

Company” has the meaning set forth in the Preamble.

 

Company Organizational Documents” mean the Certificate of Incorporation and the Bylaws.

 

Company’s Knowledge,” “Knowledge of the Company” or “Knowledge” means the actual knowledge of Brian Varnum, Todd R. Patrick and Steve R. Martin.

 

Contract” means any agreement, contract or instrument, including any loan, note, bond, mortgage, indenture, guarantee, deed of trust, license, franchise, commitment, lease, franchise agreement, letter of intent, memorandum of understanding or other obligation, and any amendments thereto, whether written or oral.

 

Control” means, with respect to any Person, the possession, directly or indirectly, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of such Person, whether through the ownership of voting securities or by contract or agency or otherwise. “Controlled” has a correlative meaning.

 

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Definitive Documents” means this Agreement, the A&R Registration Rights Agreement, the Investor Rights Agreement, the Warrant Certificate and each of the other agreements and instruments entered into and delivered by the Parties hereto in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby.

 

Environmental Laws” means all applicable federal, state, local or foreign Laws relating to pollution or protection of human health or the environment (including ambient air, surface water, groundwater, land surface or subsurface strata), including Laws relating to emissions, discharges, releases or threatened releases of chemicals, pollutants, contaminants, or toxic or hazardous substances or wastes (collectively, “Hazardous Materials”) into the environment, or otherwise relating to the manufacture, processing, distribution, use, treatment, storage, disposal, transport or handling of Hazardous Materials, as well as all authorizations, codes, demands or demand letters, licenses, notices or notice letters, Orders, permits, plans or regulations issued, entered, promulgated or approved thereunder.

 

ERISA” means the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended from time to time, and the regulations thereunder.

 

ERISA Affiliate” means any trade or business (whether or not incorporated) that together with the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is treated as a single employer within the meaning of Section 414 of the Code or Section 4001 of ERISA.

 

ERISA Event” means (1) a Reportable Event with respect to a Pension Plan; (2) a withdrawal by the Company, any of its Subsidiaries or any of their respective ERISA Affiliates from a Pension Plan subject to Section 4063 of ERISA during a plan year in which it was a substantial employer (as defined in Section 4001(a)(2) of ERISA) or a cessation of operations that is treated as a termination under Section 4062(e) of ERISA; (3) a complete or partial withdrawal by the Company, any of its Subsidiaries or any of their respective ERISA Affiliates from a Multiemployer Plan, written notification of any member of the Consolidated Group or any of their respective ERISA Affiliates concerning the imposition of Withdrawal Liability or written notification that a Multiemployer Plan is in reorganization within the meaning of Title IV of ERISA or that a Multiemployer Plan has been determined to be in “endangered” or critical status (within the meaning of Section 432 of the Code or Section 305 of ERISA); (4) the filing under Section 4041(c) of ERISA of a notice of intent to terminate a Pension Plan, the treatment of a Pension Plan or Multiemployer Plan amendment as a termination under Sections 4041 or 4041A of ERISA, or the commencement of proceedings by the PBGC to terminate a Pension Plan or Multiemployer Plan; (5) the imposition of any liability under Title IV of ERISA, other than for the payment of plan contributions or PBGC premiums due but not delinquent under Section 4007 of ERISA, upon the Company, any of its Subsidiaries or any of their respective ERISA Affiliates, (6) the failure to satisfy the minimum funding standards (within the meaning of Section 412 of the Code or Section 302 of ERISA) with respect to any Pension Plan, (7) the application for a minimum funding waiver under Section 302(c) of ERISA with respect to a Pension Plan, (8) the imposition of a Lien under Section 303(k) of ERISA with respect to any Pension Plan, (9) a determination that any Pension Plan is in “at risk” status (within the meaning of Section 303 of ERISA), or (10) the Company, any of its Subsidiaries or any of their respective ERISA Affiliates has engaged in a transaction that is subject to Sections 4069 or 4212(c) of ERISA.

 

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Expense Reimbursement” means the reimbursement obligation contemplated by Section 5.9.

 

First Closing” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.2(a).

 

First Closing Date” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.2(a).

 

First Common Stock” means the maximum number of shares of Common Stock issuable at the First Closing to Purchaser in compliance with any and all Laws and without the requirement for the prior receipt of the Stockholder Approval under the listing requirements of the NYSE American, assuming that Warrants to purchase an equal number of shares of Common Stock are also issued to Purchaser at the First Closing.

 

First Purchase Price” means an amount in cash equal to the product of (i) the number of shares of First Common Stock multiplied by (ii) the Per Unit Purchase Price.

 

First Warrants” means Warrants to purchase a number of shares of Common Stock equal to the number of shares of First Common Stock.

 

Fundamental Representations” has the meaning set forth in Section 9.13.

 

GAAP” means United States generally accepted accounting principles, consistently applied, as in effect from time to time.

 

Governmental Entity” means any applicable nation, state, county, city, town, village, district or other political jurisdiction of any nature, federal, state, local, municipal, foreign, or other government, governmental or quasi-governmental authority of any nature (including any governmental agency, branch, department, official, or entity and any court or other tribunal), stock exchange, multi-national organization or body, or body exercising, or entitled to exercise, any administrative, executive, judicial, legislative, police, regulatory, or Taxing authority or power of any nature or instrumentality of any of the foregoing, including any entity or enterprise owned or controlled by a government or a public international organization or any of the foregoing.

 

Indebtedness” means (a) any indebtedness or other obligation for borrowed money, whether current, short-term or long-term and whether secured or unsecured; (b) any indebtedness evidenced by any note, bond, debenture or other security or similar instrument; (c) any liabilities with respect to interest rate or currency swaps, collars, caps and similar hedging obligations; (d) any liabilities in respect of any lease of (or other arrangement conveying the right to use) real or personal property, or a combination thereof, which liabilities are required to be classified and accounted for under GAAP as capital leases; (e) any liabilities under any performance bond or letter of credit or any bank overdrafts and similar charges; (f) any accrued interest, premiums, penalties and other obligations relating to the foregoing items in clauses (a) through (e); and (g) any indebtedness referred to in clauses (a) through (f) above of any Person that is either guaranteed (including under any “keep well” or similar arrangement) by, or secured (including under any letter of credit, banker’s acceptance or similar credit transaction) by any Lien upon any property or asset owned by, the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.

 

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Insolvent” means, (i) with respect to the Company and its Subsidiaries, on a consolidated basis, (A) the present fair saleable value of the Company’s and its Subsidiaries’ assets is less than the amount required to pay the Company’s and its Subsidiaries’ total Indebtedness, (B) the Company and its Subsidiaries are unable to pay their debts and liabilities, subordinated, contingent or otherwise, as such debts and liabilities become absolute and matured or (C) the Company and its Subsidiaries intend to incur or believe that they will incur debts that would be beyond their ability to pay as such debts mature; and (ii) with respect to the Company and each Subsidiary, individually, (A) the present fair saleable value of the Company’s or such Subsidiary’s (as the case may be) assets is less than the amount required to pay its respective total Indebtedness, (B) the Company or such Subsidiary (as the case may be) is unable to pay its respective debts and liabilities, subordinated, contingent or otherwise, as such debts and liabilities become absolute and matured or (C) the Company or such Subsidiary (as the case may be) intends to incur or believes that it will incur debts that would be beyond its respective ability to pay as such debts mature.

 

Investor Rights Agreement” means an Investor Rights Agreement to be entered into by the Company, Purchaser and the other parties thereto in substantially the form set forth on Exhibit A hereto.

 

Law” means any law, statute, code, ordinance, regulation or rule of any Governmental Entity.

 

Lien” means any lien, adverse claim, charge, option, right of first refusal, preemptive right, servitude, security interest, mortgage, pledge, deed of trust, easement, encumbrance, restriction on transfer, Taxes, conditional sale or other title retention agreement, defect in title or other restrictions of any kind; provided that restrictions on transfer arising under applicable securities Laws shall not be Liens.

 

Material Adverse Effect” means any effect, change, event, development, condition or occurrence that, individually or together with one or more effects, changes, events, developments, conditions or occurrences, has had or would be reasonably expected to have or result in a material adverse effect or material adverse change on the business, assets, liabilities, properties, financial condition or operating results of the Company and its Subsidiaries, taken as a whole, or to the ability of the Company to consummate timely the transactions contemplated by this Agreement.

 

Material Contract” means any Contract that would be required to be filed by the Company as a “material contract” pursuant to Item 601(b)(10) of Regulation S-K under the Securities Act.

 

Multiemployer Plan” means any multiemployer plan as defined in Section 4001(a)(3) of ERISA and subject to Title IV of ERISA, to which any member of the Consolidated Group or any of their respective ERISA Affiliates makes or is obligated to make contributions, or, during the preceding five (5) plan years, has made or has been obligated to make contributions.

 

NYSE American” means the NYSE American stock exchange maintained by the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE).

 

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Order” means any judgment, order, award, injunction, writ, permit, license, settlement or decree issued, promulgated, made, rendered or entered into by or with any Governmental Entity or arbitrator of applicable jurisdiction (in each case, whether temporary, preliminary or permanent).

 

Party” or “Parties” has the meaning set forth in the Preamble.

 

PBGC” means the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation.

 

Pension Plan” means any “employee pension benefit plan” (as such term is defined in Section 3(2) of ERISA), other than a Multiemployer Plan, that is subject to Title IV of ERISA and is sponsored or maintained by the Company, any of its Subsidiaries or any of their respective ERISA Affiliates or to which the Company, any of its Subsidiaries or any of their respective ERISA Affiliates contributes or has an obligation to contribute or has made or has had an obligation to make contributions at any time in the preceding five plan years.

 

Person” means an individual, firm, corporation (including any non-profit corporation), partnership, limited liability company, joint venture, association, trust, Governmental Entity or other entity or organization.

 

Plan” means any material “employee benefit plan” (as such term is defined in Section 3(3) of ERISA) established by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, or, with respect to any such plan that is subject to Section 412 of the Code or Title IV of ERISA, any of their respective ERISA Affiliates.

 

Registration Rights Agreement” means that certain Amended and Restated Registration Rights Agreement, dated as of May 9, 2019, as amended through the date hereof.

 

Related Party” means, with respect to any Person, (a) any former, current or future director, officer, agent, Affiliate, employee, general or limited partner, member, manager or stockholder of such Person and (b) any former, current or future director, officer, agent, Affiliate, employee, general or limited partner, member, manager or stockholder of any of the foregoing.

 

Reportable Event” means, with respect to any Pension Plan, any of the events set forth in Section 4043(c) of ERISA or the regulations issued thereunder, other than events for which the thirty (30) day notice period has been waived.

 

Representatives” means, with respect to any Person, such Person’s directors, officers, members, partners, managers, employees, agents, investment bankers, attorneys, accountants, advisors and other representatives.

 

Required Minimum” means, as of any date, the maximum aggregate number of shares of Common Stock then issued or potentially issuable in the future pursuant to this Agreement, including the shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise in full of all Purchased Warrants.

 

Sanctioned Country” means any country or region that is subject or target of a comprehensive trade embargo under Sanctions.

 

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Sanctioned Person” means any individual or entity that is the subject or target of Sanctions, including (i) any individual or entity listed on any Sanctions-related restricted party list, including the U.S. Department of Treasury, Office of Foreign Asset Control’s (“OFAC”) Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons List and the EU Consolidated List, (ii) any entity that is owned, directly or indirectly, or otherwise controlled by a Person or Persons described in clause (i) above, (iii) any national, resident, government, agency, or instrumentality of a Sanctioned Country or (iv) any individual or entity otherwise the subject or target of Sanctions.

 

Sanctions” means all applicable Laws relating to economic, financial or trade sanctions, including any such Laws administered or enforced by the U.S. government (including by OFAC or the U.S. Department of State), the United Nations Security Council, the European Union, the United Kingdom (include by Her Majesty’s Treasury) or any other relevant Governmental Entity that administers or enforces economic, financial or trade sanctions.

 

SEC” means the United States Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

Second Closing” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.2(a).

 

Second Closing Date” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.2(a).

 

Second Common Stock” means an amount equal to (i) the aggregate number of shares of Purchased Common Stock, minus (ii) the number of shares of First Common Stock.

 

Second Purchase Price” means an amount in cash equal to the product of (i) the number of shares of Second Common Stock multiplied by (ii) the Per Unit Purchase Price.

 

Second Warrants” means Warrants to purchase a number of shares of Common Stock equal to the number of shares of Second Common Stock.

 

Securities” means the Purchased Common Stock and the Purchased Warrants (including the shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of the Purchased Warrants), in each case, that will be delivered to Purchaser pursuant to this Agreement.

 

Securities Act” means the Securities Act of 1933, and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.

 

Stockholder Approval” means such approval as may be required by the applicable rules and regulations of NYSE American (or any successor entity) from the stockholders of the Company with respect to the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and the other Definitive Documents.

 

Subsidiary” means, with respect to any Person, any corporation, partnership, joint venture or other legal entity as to which such Person (either alone or through or together with any other subsidiary), (a) owns, directly or indirectly, more than fifty percent (50%) of the stock or other equity interests, (b) has the power to elect a majority of the board of directors or similar governing body, or (c) has the power to direct the business and policies.

 

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Tax Contest” means any audit, suit, conference, action, assessment, investigation, claim, administrative or judicial proceeding, or other similar interaction with a Governmental Entity with respect to any Tax.

 

Tax Returns” means any and all reports, returns, declarations, claims for refund, elections, disclosures, estimates, information reports or returns or statements supplied or required to be supplied to a Governmental Entity in connection with Taxes, including any schedule or attachment thereto or amendment thereof.

 

Taxes” means (i) all taxes, assessments, duties, levies or other similar governmental charges paid or payable to a Governmental Entity, including all federal, state, local, foreign and other income, franchise, profits, gross receipts, capital gains, capital stock, transfer, property, sales, use, value-added, occupation, excise, severance, windfall profits, stamp, payroll, social security, withholding and other taxes, assessments, duties, levies (whether payable directly or by withholding and whether or not requiring the filing of a return), all estimated taxes, deficiency assessments, additions to tax, penalties and interest thereon, (ii) any liability for such amounts described in clause (i) as a result of being a member of a combined, consolidated, unitary, or affiliated group and (iii) any and all liability for the payment of any amounts described above in clauses (i) and (ii) as a result of any express or implied obligation to indemnify any other person, or any successor or transferee liability. “Taxing” and “Taxation” each have a correlative meaning.

 

Termination Date” has the meaning set forth in Section 8.1(b).

 

Termination Fee” has the meaning set forth in Section 8.3.

 

Voting Agreements” means the voting agreements to be entered into by the Purchaser and certain stockholders of the Company holding at least a majority of the outstanding shares of Common Stock as of the date hereof, in substantially the form set forth on Exhibit C hereto.

 

Warrant Certificate” means the certificate in substantially the form attached hereto as Exhibit B.

 

Warrants” means warrants to purchase shares of Common Stock, at an exercise price of $2.87 per share, represented by and on the terms set forth herein and in the Warrant Certificate.

 

Withdrawal Liability” means the liability to a Multiemployer Plan as a result of a complete or partial withdrawal from such Multiemployer Plan, as such term is defined in Part I of Subtitle E of Title IV of ERISA.

 

Section 1.2     Construction. In this Agreement, unless the context otherwise requires:

 

(a)       references to Articles, Sections, Exhibits and Schedules are references to the articles and sections or subsections of, and the exhibits and schedules attached to, this Agreement;

 

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(b)       references in this Agreement to “writing” or comparable expressions include a reference to a written document transmitted by means of electronic mail in portable document format (pdf), facsimile transmission or comparable means of communication;

 

(c)       words expressed in the singular number shall include the plural and vice versa; words expressed in the masculine shall include the feminine and neuter gender and vice versa;

 

(d)       the words “hereof,” “herein,” “hereto” and “hereunder,” and words of similar import, when used in this Agreement, shall refer to this Agreement as a whole, including all Exhibits and Schedules attached to this Agreement, and not to any provision of this Agreement;

 

(e)       the term “this Agreement” shall be construed as a reference to this Agreement as the same may have been, or may from time to time be, amended, modified, varied, novated or supplemented;

 

(f)       “include,” “includes” and “including” are deemed to be followed by “without limitation” whether or not they are in fact followed by such words;

 

(g)       references to “day” or “days” are to calendar days;

 

(h)       if the last day for the giving of any notice or the performance of any act required or permitted under this Agreement is a day that is not a Business Day, then the time for the giving of such notice or the performance of such action shall be extended to the next succeeding Business Day;

 

(i)       references to “the date hereof” or “the date of the Agreement” means the date of this Agreement;

 

(j)       references to “ordinary course of business” means the ordinary and usual course of normal day-to-day operations of the Company, consistent with past practices

 

(k)       the word “or” is disjunctive but not necessarily exclusive;

 

(l)       unless otherwise specified, references to any Law means such Law as amended from time to time and includes any successor Law thereto and any rules or regulations promulgated thereunder in effect from time to time; and

 

(m)       references to “dollars” or “$” refer to currency of the United States of America, unless otherwise expressly provided.

 

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Article II

 

PURCHASE AND SALE

 

Section 2.1     The Purchase and Sale.

 

(a)       On the terms and subject to the conditions set forth herein, at the First Closing, the Purchaser hereby agrees to purchase (or cause certain of its Subsidiaries to purchase), and the Company shall sell to Purchaser (or such Subsidiaries) in exchange for the First Purchase Price, (i) the First Common Stock, free and clear of all Liens and (ii) the First Warrants, free and clear of all Liens; provided, that, if during the period from the date hereof until and including the First Closing, the Company issues to any Person any shares of Common Stock or Capital Stock or similar securities convertible into, exchangeable for or having the right to subscribe for shares of Common Stock at a price per share less than the Per Unit Purchase Price (other than shares of Common Stock issued upon the exercise of options, warrants or similar securities outstanding as of the date hereof), the number of Warrants issued to the Purchaser at the First Closing will be proportionally and ratably increased such that the Warrants issued to Purchaser will not be affected by any such dilution.

 

(b)        On the terms and subject to the conditions set forth herein, at the Second Closing, the Purchaser hereby agrees to purchase (or cause certain of its Subsidiaries to purchase), and the Company shall sell to Purchaser (or such Subsidiaries) in exchange for the Second Purchase Price, (i) the Second Common Stock, free and clear of all Liens and (ii) the Second Warrants, free and clear of all Liens; provided, that, if during the period from the date hereof until and including the Second Closing, the Company issues to any Person any shares of Common Stock or Capital Stock or similar securities convertible into, exchangeable for or having the right to subscribe for shares of Common Stock at a price per share less than the Per Unit Purchase Price (other than shares of Common Stock issued upon the exercise of options, warrants or similar securities outstanding as of the date hereof), the number of Warrants issued to the Purchaser at the Second Closing will be proportionally and ratably increased such that the Warrants issued to Purchaser will not be affected by any such dilution

 

(c)       The Parties agree that the Common Stock and Warrants to be purchased by Purchaser hereunder shall be issued in reliance upon the exemption from registration set forth in Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act.

 

Section 2.2     First Closing.

 

(a)       The closing of the purchase of the First Common Stock and First Warrants (the “First Closing”) shall take place remotely via the electronic exchange of documents and signatures, or at such other time and place as the Parties may agree in writing, on the first (1st) Business Day after satisfaction or waiver of the conditions set forth in Section 6.1 and Section 6.2 (other than those conditions that by their terms are to be satisfied at the First Closing, but subject to the satisfaction or waiver of those conditions). The date on which the First Closing actually occurs shall be referred to herein as the “First Closing Date.” At the First Closing, the Company shall issue the First Common Stock and First Warrants to the Purchaser free and clear of all Liens against payment by the Purchaser of the First Purchase Price.

 

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(b)       At the First Closing, the Company shall:

 

(i)       deliver or cause to be delivered to the Purchaser:

 

(A)       a certificate of good standing of the Company as of a date no earlier than two (2) Business Days prior to the First Closing Date;

 

(B)       the certificate contemplated by Section 6.1(f);

 

(C)       counterparts to Warrant Certificates representing the full number of First Warrants (as may be adjusted pursuant to Section 2.1(a));

 

(D)       copies of the resolutions or written consents duly adopted by the Board and certified by the Company’s secretary authorizing the execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby, including the Charter Amendment; and

 

(E)       counterparts to the A&R Registration Rights Agreement, duly executed by the Company and the other parties thereto; and

 

(F)       counterparts to the Investor Rights Agreement, duly executed by the Company and the other parties thereto;

 

(ii)       deliver or cause to be delivered any other customary documents or certificates reasonably requested by Purchaser which are reasonably necessary to give effect to the Closing; and

 

(iii)       pay, or cause to be paid to Purchaser (which may be set off against the First Purchase Price), any portion of the Expense Reimbursement then accrued and unpaid.

 

Section 2.3     Second Closing.

 

(a)       The closing of the purchase of the Second Common Stock and Second Warrants (the “Second Closing”) shall take place remotely via the electronic exchange of documents and signatures, or at such other time and place as the Parties may agree in writing, on the first (1st) Business Day after satisfaction or waiver of the conditions set forth in Section 6.3 and Section 6.4 (other than those conditions that by their terms are to be satisfied at the Second Closing, but subject to the satisfaction or waiver of those conditions). The date on which the Second Closing actually occurs shall be referred to herein as the “Second Closing Date.” At the Second Closing, the Company shall issue the Second Common Stock and Second Warrants to the Purchaser free and clear of all Liens against payment by the Purchaser of the Second Purchase Price.

 

(b)       At the Second Closing, the Company shall:

 

(i)       deliver or cause to be delivered to the Purchaser:

 

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(A)       a certificate of good standing of the Company as of a date no earlier than two (2) Business Days prior to the Second Closing Date;

 

(B)       the certificate contemplated by Section 6.1(f); and

 

(C)       a certified copy of the Certificate of Incorporation, duly amended to renounce, to the fullest extent permitted by applicable Law, any interest or expectancy of the Company in, or in being offered an opportunity to participate in, any business opportunities presented to the officers, directors or stockholders of the Company (the “Charter Amendment”), or such other document or instrument reasonably satisfactory to the Purchaser confirming that no such interest or expectancy exists;

 

(D)       counterparts to Warrant Certificates representing the full number of Second Warrants (as may be adjusted pursuant to Section 2.1(a));

 

(ii)       pay, or cause to be paid to Purchaser (which may be set off against the Second Purchase Price), any portion of the Expense Reimbursement then accrued and unpaid; and

 

(iii)       deliver or cause to be delivered any other customary documents or certificates reasonably requested by Purchaser which are reasonably necessary to give effect to the Closing.

 

Article III

 

REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF THE COMPANY

 

Except as set forth in the SEC Documents filed with the SEC prior to the date hereof and publicly available on the SEC’s Electronic Data Gathering Analysis and Retrieval system (but excluding any forward-looking disclosures set forth in any “risk factors” section, any disclosures in any “forward-looking statements” section and any other disclosures included therein to the extent they are predictive or forward-looking in nature), the Company hereby represents and warrants to the Purchaser as of the date hereof, as of the First Closing, and as of the Second Closing, as follows:

 

Section 3.1     Organization and Qualification. Each of the Company and each of its Subsidiaries are entities duly organized, validly existing and in good standing under the Laws of the jurisdiction in which they are formed, and each has the requisite power and authority to own its properties and to carry on its business as now being conducted and as presently proposed to be conducted. Each of the Company and each of its Subsidiaries is duly qualified as a foreign entity to do business and is in good standing in every jurisdiction in which its ownership of property or the nature of the business conducted by it makes such qualification necessary, except to the extent that the failure to be so qualified or be in good standing would not, individually or in the aggregate, have a Material Adverse Effect. Other than the Persons set forth on Exhibit 21.1 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, filed with the SEC on December 20, 2019, as amended, the Company has no Subsidiaries and does not own Capital Stock in any other Person.

 

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Section 3.2     Authorization; Enforcement; Validity. Subject to the Stockholder Approval, the Company has the requisite power and authority to enter into and perform its obligations under the Agreement and the other Definitive Documents, to consummate the transaction contemplated hereby and thereby and to issue the Securities in accordance with the terms hereof and thereof. The execution and delivery of the Agreement and the other Definitive Documents by the Company, and the consummation by the Company of the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby (including the issuance of the Securities and the reservation for issuance and issuance of Common Stock issuable upon the exercise of the Warrants in accordance with, and pursuant to, the Warrant Certificate) have been duly authorized by the Company, and such authorization has not been, and as of the Closing will not have been, subsequently rescinded or modified in any way, and, no further filing, consent or authorization is or will be required to be made by or on behalf of the Company, its Subsidiaries and their respective boards of directors, stockholders or other governing bodies in connection with the transactions contemplated by the Definitive Documents. The Agreement has been, and the other Definitive Documents to which the Company is a party will be, prior to the First Closing or Second Closing, as applicable, duly executed and delivered by the Company, and each constitutes the legal, valid and binding obligations of the Company, enforceable against the Company in accordance with their respective terms, except as such enforceability may be limited by general principles of equity or applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium, liquidation or similar laws relating to, or affecting generally, the enforcement of applicable creditors’ rights and remedies and except as rights to indemnification and to contribution may be limited by applicable federal or state securities Law (the “General Enforceability Exceptions”).

 

Section 3.3     Issuance of Securities. The issuance of the Securities is duly authorized, and upon issuance in accordance with the terms of the Definitive Documents will be validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable (to the extent such concepts are applicable) and free and clear of all Liens. The issuances of the Securities in connection with the transactions contemplated by the Definitive Documents are in compliance, in all respects, with all applicable Laws, and the Securities are not subject to, and will not be issued in violation of, any purchase options, call options, rights of first refusal, preemptive rights, subscription rights or any similar rights under applicable Law, the Company Organizational Documents or any Contract to which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is a party or by which it is bound. Subject to the accuracy of the representations and warranties of the Purchaser set forth in Article IV, the offer and issuance by the Company of the Securities is exempt from registration under the Securities Act. As of the First Closing, the Company will have reserved from its duly authorized Capital Stock the maximum number of shares of Common Stock authorized under its Certificate of Incorporation that are available after giving effect to shares of Common Stock reserved for issuance or issuable upon the exercise of the Purchased Warrants. Upon the issuance of Common Stock following an exercise of the Purchased Warrants in accordance with the Warrant Certificate, such Common Stock, when issued, will be validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable and free and clear of all Liens, with the holders thereof being entitled to all rights accorded to a holder of Common Stock.

 

Section 3.4     No Conflicts. The execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement and the other Definitive Documents by the Company and the consummation by the Company of the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby (including the issuance of the Securities and the reservation for issuance and issuance of Common Stock issuable upon the exercise of the Purchased Warrants in accordance with the Warrant Certificate) will not (i) result in a violation of the Certificate of Incorporation, Bylaws, certificate of formation, memorandum of association, articles of association, bylaws or other organizational documents of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries (collectively, the “Group Companies Organizational Documents”), (ii) conflict with, or constitute a default (or an event which with notice or lapse of time or both would become a default) in any respect under, or give to others any rights of termination, amendment, acceleration or cancellation of, any Contract that would be required to be filed by the Company as a “material contract” pursuant to Item 601(b)(10) of Regulation S-K under the Securities Act or other agreement, indenture or instrument to which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is a party, other than (a) the acceleration of vesting of restricted stock awards set forth in the SEC Documents and (b) the deemed exercise of warrants to purchase Common Stock set forth in the SEC Documents, or (iii) result in a material violation of any Law (including, for the avoidance of doubt, foreign, federal and state securities Laws and the rules and regulations of the NYSE American) or Order that would be material to the business of the Company and its Subsidiaries taken as a whole.

 

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Section 3.5     Consents. Neither the Company nor any Subsidiary is required to obtain any consent from, authorization or order of, or make any filing or registration with any Governmental Entity or any regulatory or self-regulatory agency or any other Person in order for it to execute, deliver or perform any of its respective obligations under or contemplated by this Agreement or the other Definitive Documents, in each case, in accordance with the terms hereof and thereof. To the Company’s Knowledge, no facts or circumstances exist which might prevent the Company or any of its Subsidiaries from obtaining or effecting any of the registrations, applications or filings contemplated by the Definitive Documents. The Company is not in violation of the requirements of the NYSE American and has no Knowledge of any facts or circumstances which could reasonably lead to delisting or suspension of the Common Stock.

 

Section 3.6     No General Solicitation; Agents’ Fees. Neither the Company, nor any of its Subsidiaries, Affiliates, Representatives or any other Person acting on its or their behalf, has engaged in any form of general solicitation or general advertising (within the meaning of Regulation D) in connection with the offer or sale of the Securities. Except for amounts payable to Ladenburg Thalmann & Co. Inc. or any of its Affiliates, no placement agent’s fees, financial advisory fees, or brokers’ commissions or fees or any similar fees are or will be owed or payable to any Person in connection with transactions contemplated by the Definitive Documents. Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has engaged any placement agent or other agent in connection with the offer or sale of the Securities. The Company further acknowledges that Purchaser is not acting as a financial advisor or fiduciary of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries (or in any similar capacity) with respect to the Definitive Documents and the transactions contemplated thereby and that the Company’s decision to enter into the Definitive Documents to which it is a party has been based solely on the independent evaluation by the Company and its Representatives.

 

Section 3.7     Application of Takeover Protections; Rights Agreement. Prior to the First Closing, the Company and its board of directors will have taken all necessary actions, if any, in order to comply with or obtain waivers in connection with any control share acquisition, interested stockholder, business combination, poison pill (including any distribution under a rights agreement), stockholder rights plan or other similar anti-takeover provision under any of the Group Companies Organizational Documents or the Laws of the jurisdiction of its incorporation or otherwise which is or could become applicable to Purchaser as a result of the transactions contemplated by the Definitive Documents, including the Company’s issuance of the Securities and ownership by the Purchaser of the Securities. The Company and the Board have taken all necessary action, if any, in order to render inapplicable any stockholder rights plan or similar arrangement relating to accumulations of beneficial ownership of shares of Common Stock or a change in control of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.

 

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Section 3.8     SEC Documents; Financial Statements.

 

(a)       The Company (including its predecessors) has timely filed all reports, schedules, forms, proxy statements, statements and other documents required to be filed by it with the SEC pursuant to the reporting requirements of the 1934 Act or the Securities Act (all of the foregoing filed since January 1, 2017 and all exhibits and appendices included therein and financial statements, notes and schedules thereto and documents incorporated by reference therein being hereinafter referred to as the “SEC Documents”). The Company has delivered or has made available to Purchaser true, correct and complete copies of each of the SEC Documents not available on the EDGAR system. As of their respective dates, the SEC Documents complied in all material respects with the requirements of the 1934 Act, the rules and regulations of the SEC promulgated thereunder and the rules and regulations of the NYSE American, in each case, applicable to the SEC Documents, and none of the SEC Documents contains any untrue statement of a material fact or omitted to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading. None of the Company’s Subsidiaries is subject to the periodic reporting requirements of the 1934 Act. There are no outstanding or unresolved comments in comment letters from the SEC staff with respect to any of the SEC Documents. To the Company’s Knowledge, no SEC Document is the subject of ongoing SEC review or outstanding SEC investigation.

 

(b)       As of their respective dates, the audited and unaudited financial statements of the Company and its predecessors included in the SEC Documents (including, in each case, the notes thereto, the “Financial Statements”), complied in all material respects with applicable accounting requirements and the published rules and regulations of the SEC with respect thereto as in effect as of the time of filing. The Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with GAAP (except (i) as may be otherwise indicated in such Financial Statements or the notes thereto, or (ii) in the case of unaudited interim statements, to the extent they may exclude footnotes or may be condensed or summary statements), and fairly present in all material respects the financial position of the Company as of the dates thereof and the results of its operations and cash flows for the periods then ended (subject, in the case of unaudited statements, to normal year-end audit adjustments which will not be material, either individually or in the aggregate). The Company is not currently contemplating to amend or restate any of the Financial Statements (including any notes or any letter of the independent accountants of the Company with respect thereto), nor, to the Company’s Knowledge, do there exist any facts or circumstances which would require the Company to amend or restate any of the Financial Statements, in each case, in order for any of the Financials Statements to be in compliance with GAAP and the rules and regulations of the SEC. The Company has not been informed by its independent accountants that they recommend that the Company amend or restate any of the Financial Statements or that there is any need for the Company to amend or restate any of the Financial Statements.

 

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(c)       The Company and each of its Subsidiaries maintains internal control over financial reporting (as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the 1934 Act) that are effective to provide reasonable assurances regarding the reliability of the financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements of the Company and its Subsidiaries for external purposes in accordance with GAAP, and includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the Company, (ii) transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements and (iii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP, and that receipts and expenditures of the Company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the Company. The Company maintains disclosure controls and procedures (as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the 1934 Act) that are effective in ensuring that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that it files or submits under the 1934 Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the SEC, including controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that it files or submits under the 1934 Act is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including its principal executive officer or officers and its principal financial officer or officers, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has received any notice or correspondence from any accountants, Governmental Entities or other Person relating to (x) any potential material weakness or significant deficiency in any part of the internal controls over financial reporting of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or (y) any fraud, whether or not material, that involves (or involved) the management or other employees of the Company or its Subsidiaries who have (or had) a significant role in the Company’s or its Subsidiaries’ internal controls.

 

(d)       There is no transaction, arrangement, or other relationship between the Company or any of its Subsidiaries and an unconsolidated or other off balance sheet entity that is required to be disclosed by the Company in its 1934 Act filings and is not so disclosed or that otherwise would have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

(e)       There are no material disagreements of any kind presently existing or, to the Company’s Knowledge, reasonably anticipated to arise between the Company and any of its Subsidiaries, on the one hand, and the accountants and lawyers formerly or presently employed by the Company (including its predecessors) and any of Subsidiaries thereof, on the other hand, and the Company and each of its Subsidiaries is current with respect to any fees owed to its respective accountants and lawyers which, the failure to pay could affect the Company’s ability to perform any of its obligations under any of the Definitive Documents.

 

Section 3.9     Absence of Certain Changes. Since December 31, 2018 (the “10-K Date”), there has been no material adverse change and no material adverse development in the business, assets, liabilities, properties, operations (including results thereof), condition (financial or otherwise) or prospects of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries taken as a whole. Since the 10-K Date, neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has taken any action that if taken after the date hereof would require the consent of the Purchaser pursuant to Section 5.1(b). Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has taken any steps to seek protection pursuant to any applicable Law relating to bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, receivership, liquidation or winding up, nor does the Company or any Subsidiary have any Knowledge or reason to believe that any of their respective creditors intend to initiate involuntary bankruptcy proceedings or any Knowledge of any fact which would reasonably lead a creditor to do so. The Company and its Subsidiaries, individually and on a consolidated basis, are not as of the date hereof, and, after giving effect to the transactions contemplated by the Definitive Documents, will not be, Insolvent. Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has engaged in any business or in any transaction, and does not plan to engage in any business or in any transaction, for which the Company’s or such Subsidiary’s remaining assets constitute unreasonably small capital with which to conduct the business in which it is engaged as such business is now conducted and is proposed to be conducted.

 

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Section 3.10     Conduct of Business; Regulatory Permits.

 

(a)       Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries is in violation of any term of or in default under the Group Companies Organizational Documents. Neither the Company (including its predecessors) nor any Subsidiaries thereof (i) is, or has been since January 1, 2017, in violation of any applicable Law or Order applicable thereto or (ii) has received since January 1, 2017 a notification or communication from any Governmental Entity asserting that it is not or has not been in compliance with any applicable Law or Order. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the Company is not in material violation of any of the rules, regulations or requirements of the NYSE American, and has no Knowledge of any facts or circumstances that could reasonably lead to delisting or suspension of trading the Common Stock by the NYSE American. Since January 1, 2017, (i) the Common Stock has been listed or designated for quotation on the NYSE American, (ii) trading in the Common Stock has not been suspended by the SEC or the NYSE American and (iii) the Company has received no communication, written or oral, from the SEC or the NYSE American regarding the suspension or delisting of the Common Stock from the NYSE American. The Company and each of its Subsidiaries possess all licenses, certificates, authorizations and permits issued by the appropriate Governmental Entity necessary to conduct their respective businesses, and neither the Company nor any such Subsidiary has received any notice of proceedings relating to the revocation or modification of any such license, certificate, authorization or permit. There is no Contract or Order binding upon the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or to which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is a party which, individually or together with any other Contract or Order, has had or would reasonably be expected to have the effect of prohibiting or materially impairing any business practice of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, any acquisition of property by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.

 

(b)       The Common Stock is registered pursuant to Section 12(b) or 12(g) of the Exchange Act, and the Company has taken no action designed to, or which to its Knowledge is likely to have the effect of, terminating the registration of the Common Stock under the Exchange Act nor has the Company received any notification that the SEC is contemplating terminating such registration. The Company has not, since January 1, 2019, received notice from the NYSE American to the effect that the Company is not in compliance with the listing or maintenance requirements of the NYSE American. The Company is, and has no reason to believe that it will not in the foreseeable future continue to be, in compliance with all such listing and maintenance requirements. The Common Stock is currently eligible for electronic transfer through the Depository Trust Company or another established clearing corporation and the Company is current in payment of the fees to the Depository Trust Company (or such other established clearing corporation) in connection with such electronic transfer.

 

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Section 3.11     Certain Regulatory Matters.

 

(a)       None of the Company (including its predecessors), any Subsidiaries thereof or any of their respective directors, officers, or other Representatives (individually and collectively, a “Company Affiliate”) have violated the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (the “FCPA”) or any other applicable anti-bribery or anti-corruption Law, nor has any Company Affiliate offered, paid, promised to pay, or authorized the payment of, any money, or offered, given, promised to give, or authorized the giving of, anything of value, to any officer, employee or any other person acting in an official capacity for any Governmental Entity or any political party or official thereof or to any candidate for political office (individually and collectively, a “Government Official”) or to any Person under circumstances in which such Company Affiliate knew or was aware of a high probability that all or a portion of such money or thing of value would be offered, given or promised, directly or indirectly, to any Government Official, for the purpose of: (i) (A) influencing any act or decision of such Government Official in his/her official capacity, (B) inducing such Government Official to do or omit to do any act in violation of his/her lawful duty, (C) securing any improper advantage, or (D) inducing such Government Official to influence or affect any act or decision of any Governmental Entity; or (ii) assisting the Company or its Subsidiaries in obtaining or retaining business for or with, or directing business to, the Company or its Subsidiaries.

 

(b)       The Company has in place policies, procedures and controls that ensure compliance with the (i) FCPA and (ii) other applicable anti-bribery or anti-corruption laundering Laws in each foreign jurisdiction in which the Company does business.

 

(c)       No Company Affiliates or any other business entity or enterprise with which the Company or any Subsidiary is or has been Affiliated or associated, has, directly or indirectly, made or authorized any payment, contribution or gift of money, property, or services, whether or not in contravention of applicable Law, (i) as a kickback, bribe gratuity, lobbying expenditure, political contribution or contingent fee payment to any Person or (ii) to any political organization, or to the holder of or any aspirant to any elective or appointive public office except for personal political contributions not involving the direct or indirect use of funds of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.

 

(d)       The Company and its Subsidiaries are in compliance with, and have not previously violated, the USA Patriot Act of 2001 and all other applicable U.S. and non-U.S. anti-money laundering Laws and regulations and Sanctions, including the Laws, executive orders and sanctions programs administered by OFAC. No Company Affiliates (x) is a Sanctioned Person or has any reason to believe that it is acting on behalf of, or for the benefit of, any Sanctioned Person or (y) has engaged in any dealings with or the benefit of any Sanctioned Person, or in or involving any Sanctioned Country.

 

(e)       Since January 1, 2017, no allegations of sexual harassment have been made to the Company (including its predecessors) or any Subsidiaries thereof against any individual in his or her capacity as director or a managerial employee, or to the Company’s Knowledge, any other employee, of the Company (including its predecessors) or any Subsidiaries thereof.

 

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Section 3.12     Sarbanes-Oxley Act. The Company and each of its Subsidiaries is in material compliance with any and all applicable requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as amended, and any and all applicable rules and regulations promulgated by the SEC thereunder.

 

Section 3.13     Transactions With Affiliates. There have not been any transactions or Contracts or series of related transactions or Contracts required to be disclosed under Item 404 of Regulation S-K under the 1934 Act.

 

Section 3.14     Capitalization

 

(a)       As of the date hereof, the authorized capital stock of the Company consists of 217,000,000 shares of Common Stock, of which 9,921,895 are issued and outstanding. No shares of Common Stock are held in the treasury of the Company. Except for the foregoing Capital Stock, the Company has no other Capital Stock authorized, reserved for issuance or outstanding.

 

(b)       All of the Company’s Capital Stock is duly authorized and validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable (as such concepts are applicable). All the outstanding shares of Capital Stock of each Subsidiary of the Company have been validly issued and are fully paid and non-assessable (to the extent such concepts are applicable) and are owned, directly or indirectly, by the Company free and clear of all Liens.

 

(c)       (A) None of the Company’s or any of its Subsidiaries’ Capital Stock is subject to preemptive rights or any other similar rights or restrictions or Liens suffered or permitted by the Company or any Subsidiary; (B) there are no outstanding options, warrants, scrip, rights to subscribe to, calls or commitments of any character whatsoever relating to, or securities or rights convertible into, or exercisable or exchangeable for, any Capital Stock of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, or Contracts by which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is or may become bound to issue additional Capital Stock of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or options, warrants, scrip, rights to subscribe to, calls or commitments of any character whatsoever relating to, or securities or rights convertible into, or exercisable or exchangeable for, any Capital Stock of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries; (C) there are no Contracts under which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is obligated to register the sale of any of their securities under the Securities Act; (D) there are no outstanding securities or instruments of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries which contain any redemption or similar provisions, and there are no Contracts, commitments, understandings or arrangements by which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is or may become bound to redeem a security of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries; (E) there are no securities or instruments or Capital Stock containing anti-dilution or similar provisions that will be triggered by the issuance of the Securities; (F) neither the Company nor any Subsidiary has any stock appreciation rights or “phantom stock” plans or agreements or any similar plan or agreement; and (G) there are no stockholder agreements, voting trusts or other agreements to which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is a party or by they are bound relating to the voting of any shares, interests or capital stock of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.

 

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(d)       True, correct and complete copies of the Company Organizational Documents, and the terms of all convertible securities and the material rights of the holders thereof in respect thereto, are set forth in, or filed as exhibits to the SEC Documents.

 

Section 3.15     Indebtedness. Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has any outstanding Indebtedness.

 

Section 3.16     Material Contracts. Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries is party to, and none of their respective properties or assets are bound by, a Material Contract. Each Material Contract set forth in the SEC Documents is in full force and effect, and is a legal, valid and binding agreement of the Company or its Subsidiaries, as applicable, and, to the Company’s Knowledge, the other parties thereto, subject only to the General Enforceability Exceptions. There is no material default or breach by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, as applicable, with respect to any such Material Contract or, to the Company’s Knowledge, any other party thereto, and no event has occurred which, with notice or lapse of time or both, would constitute a material breach or default or would permit termination, material modification or acceleration thereof by any party to such Material Contract. Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has waived any material rights under any such Material Contract. Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has received written notice of the intention of any third party under any such Material Contract to cancel, terminate or materially modify the terms of any such Material Contract, or accelerate the obligations of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, as applicable, thereunder. There are no current or pending financing arrangements or assignments of proceeds with respect to any such Material Contract.

 

Section 3.17     Litigation. Except as would not, individually or in the aggregate, have a Material Adverse Effect, there is no, and since January 1, 2017 there has not been, any Action before or by the NYSE American, any court, public board, other Governmental Entity, self-regulatory organization or body pending or, to the Knowledge of the Company, threatened against or affecting the Company (including its predecessors) or any of Subsidiaries thereof, the Capital Stock thereof or any current or former officers, directors, managers or employees thereof, whether of a civil or criminal nature or otherwise, in their capacities as such. To the Knowledge of the Company, no current or former director, officer, manager or employee of the Company (including its predecessors) or any of its Subsidiaries has willfully violated 18 U.S.C. §1519 or engaged in spoliation in reasonable anticipation of litigation. Without limitation of the foregoing, there has not been, and to the Knowledge of the Company, there is not pending or contemplated, any investigation by the SEC involving the Company (including its predecessors), any Subsidiaries thereof or any current or former director, officer, manager of employee of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries. The SEC has not issued any stop order or other order suspending the effectiveness of any registration statement filed by the Company under the Securities Act or the 1934 Act. To the Company’s Knowledge, no fact exists which might result in or form the basis for any such Action. Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries is subject to any Order.

 

Section 3.18     Insurance. The Company and each of its Subsidiaries are insured by insurers of recognized financial responsibility against such losses and risks and in such amounts, in each case, as is customary in the businesses in which the Company and its Subsidiaries are engaged. All premiums due and payable in respect of such insurance policies maintained by the Company and its Subsidiaries have been paid in full. Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries have been refused any insurance coverage sought or applied for, and neither the Company nor any such Subsidiary has any reason to believe that it will be unable to renew its existing insurance coverage as and when such coverage expires or to obtain similar coverage from similar insurers as may be necessary to continue its business on substantially the same terms as now in effect. Excluding insurance policies that have expired and been replaced in the ordinary course of business, no such insurance policy of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries has been, or has been threatened to be, cancelled by the applicable insurer since January 1, 2017, and neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has received any written notice of cancellation or non-renewal of any such insurance policy.

 

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Section 3.19     Employee Relations. The Company and each of its Subsidiaries maintains good relationships with their respective employees. No executive officer (as defined in Rule 501(f) promulgated under the Securities Act) or other key employee of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries has notified the Company or the applicable Subsidiary that such executive officer or key employee intends to terminate, or materially amend the terms of, its employment with the Company or the applicable Subsidiary. To the Company’s Knowledge, no executive officer or other key employee of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is or will be (with or without the passage of time, or both), in violation of any material term of any employment Contract, confidentiality, disclosure or proprietary information Contract, non-competition Contract or any other Contract, or any restrictive covenant, and the continued employment of each such executive officer or other key employee (as the case may be) does not subject the Company or any of its Subsidiaries to any material liability with respect to any of the foregoing matters. The Company and its Subsidiaries are in compliance with all applicable federal, state, local and foreign Laws respecting labor, employment and employment practices and benefits, terms and conditions of employment and wages and hours, except where failure to be in compliance would not, either individually or in the aggregate, result in a Material Adverse Effect. There are no strikes or other labor disputes against the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, and, to the Knowledge of the Company, there are no strikes or other labor disputes threatened against the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.

 

Section 3.20     Title.

 

(a)       The Company and each of its Subsidiaries holds good title to all real property, leases in real property, facilities or other interests in real property owned or held by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, as applicable (the “Real Property”). The Real Property is free and clear of all Liens and is not subject to any rights of way, building use restrictions, exceptions, variances, reservations, or limitations of any nature except for (a) Liens for current Taxes not yet due for which adequate reserves (as determined in accordance with the GAAP) have been established on the Financial Statements, (b) zoning Laws and other land use restrictions that do not, and will not (with or without the passage of time, or both) impair the present or anticipated use of the Real Property subject thereto, and (c) mechanics’, carriers’, workmen’s, warehousemen’s, repairmen’s or other statutory liens arising in the ordinary course of business that would not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect. Each Real Property held under lease by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is held by the Company or its applicable Subsidiary under a valid, subsisting and enforceable leases with such exceptions as are not material and do not interfere with the current and anticipated use made and proposed to be made of such Real Property and buildings by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, as applicable.

 

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(b)       Each of the Company and its Subsidiaries (as applicable) has good title to, or a valid leasehold interest in, the tangible personal property, equipment, improvements, fixtures, and other personal property and appurtenances that are used by the Company or its Subsidiary in connection with the conduct of its business (the “Fixtures and Equipment”). The Fixtures and Equipment are structurally sound, are in good operating condition and repair, are adequate for the uses to which they are being put, are not in need of maintenance or repairs, except for routine maintenance and repairs in the ordinary course of business, and are sufficient, in all material respects, for the conduct of the Company’s and its Subsidiaries’ businesses as currently conducted. The Company and its Subsidiaries collective own all of the Fixtures and Equipment free and clear of all Liens except for (a) Liens for current Taxes not yet due for which adequate reserves (as determined in accordance with GAAP) have been established on the Financial Statements, (b) zoning Laws and other land use restrictions that do not impair the present or anticipated use of the Fixtures and Equipment subject thereto, (c) mechanics’, carriers’, workmen’s, warehousemen’s, repairmen’s or other statutory liens arising in the ordinary course of business that would not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect and (d) minor liens that have arisen in the ordinary course of business and that do not, individually or in the aggregate, materially detract from the value of the assets or properties subject thereto or materially impair the operations of the Company or its any of Subsidiaries.

 

Section 3.21     Intellectual Property Rights.

 

(a)       The Company and its Subsidiaries collectively own or possess good and marketable title to, or valid licenses to use, all trademarks, trade names, service marks, service mark registrations, service names, original works of authorship, patents, patent rights, copyrights, inventions, licenses, approvals, governmental authorizations, trade secrets and other intellectual property rights and all applications and registrations therefor (“Intellectual Property Rights”) necessary to conduct their respective businesses as now conducted and presently proposed to be conducted in all material respects. None of the Company’s material Intellectual Property Rights have expired or have been terminated or abandoned, or are expected to expire, or to be terminated or abandoned, in each case, within three (3) years from the date of the Agreement. The Company does not have any Knowledge of any infringement, misappropriate or violation by the Company or its Subsidiaries of Intellectual Property Rights of others.

 

(b)       The Company is the exclusive owner of the entire right, title and interest in and to AP-SA02, and is the exclusive owner of the entire right, title and interest in and to, or has licensed or has the right to license all Intellectual Property rights in, AP-PA02 (collectively, the “Products”), all data associated therewith, and all Intellectual Property Rights covering or relating to the Products, free and clear of all liens. To the Company’s Knowledge, all patents owned or controlled by the Company that have been issued or granted by the appropriate Patent Office are valid and enforceable.

 

(c)       There is no action which has been brought, or to the Knowledge of the Company, being threatened, against the Company or any of its Subsidiaries regarding its Intellectual Property Rights. To the Knowledge of the Company, there are no facts or circumstances which might give rise to any actions regarding the Company’s Intellectual Property Rights.

 

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(d)       To the Company’s Knowledge, the manufacture, use, offer for sale, sale and/or importation of any of the Products will not infringe and patent or other Intellectual Property Rights of any third party. Neither Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has received written or oral notice of any action, suit or proceeding that claims, that the development, manufacture, use, marketing, sale, offer for sale, importation or distribution of any Product would infringe on Intellectual Property Rights of any third party.

 

(e)       The Company is in material compliance with all terms of and obligations under its collaboration agreement with Merck and its grant agreements with the National Institute of Health and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, and has not breached and is not in default under any provision of those agreements.

 

(f)       No event has occurred that would give Merck the right to unilaterally terminate the collaboration agreement. The Company has not received any notice of an intention by Merck to terminate the collaboration agreement, and the Company has not agreed with Merck to terminate the collaboration agreement in whole or in part.

 

(g)       The Company is in material compliance with all healthcare laws and regulations, and with the codes of conduct published by the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America.

 

(h)       The Company and its Subsidiaries have taken reasonable security measures to protect the secrecy, confidentiality and value of all of their Intellectual Property Rights. In the past five years, the Company and its Subsidiaries have not (i) experienced any actual, alleged, or suspected data breach or other security incident or (ii) been subject to or received any notice of any audit, investigation, complaint, or other claim concerning the violation of any data protection laws.

 

Section 3.22     Environmental Laws.

 

(a)       The Company (including its predecessors) and Subsidiaries thereof (A) are, and since January 1, 2017 have been, in compliance with any and all Environmental Laws (as defined below), and neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has received any written communication alleging that the Company is in violation of, or has any liability under, any Environmental Law, (B) have received all permits, licenses or other approvals required of them under applicable Environmental Laws to conduct their respective businesses and (C) are in compliance with all terms and conditions of any such permit, license or approval where, in each of the foregoing clauses (A), (B) and (C), the failure to so comply would not have, individually or in the aggregate, a Material Adverse Effect.

 

(b)       No Hazardous Materials (i) have been disposed of or otherwise released from any currently or formerly owned Real Property of the Company (including its predecessors) or any Subsidiaries thereof in violation of any Environmental Laws; and (ii) are, to the Company’s Knowledge, present on, over, beneath, in or upon any Real Property or any portion thereof in quantities that would constitute a violation of any Environmental Laws.

 

Section 3.23     Tax Status. The Company and each of its Subsidiaries (i) has timely made or filed all Tax Returns required by any jurisdiction to which it is subject, (ii) has timely paid all Taxes and other governmental assessments and charges (including satisfying its withholding tax obligations) levied or imposed on their properties, income or assets or otherwise due and payable, except those being contested in good faith for which adequate reserves (as determined in accordance with the GAAP) have been established on the Financial Statements and (iii) has set aside on its books provision reasonably adequate for the payment of all Taxes for periods subsequent to the periods to which such Tax Returns apply. There are no unpaid Taxes claimed to be due and payable by the Taxing authority of any jurisdiction, and, to Knowledge of the Company, no facts or circumstances exist of that would be the basis for any such claim. The Company is not operated in such a manner as to qualify as a passive foreign investment company, as defined in Section 1297 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”).

 

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Section 3.24     Investment Company Status. The Company is not, and upon consummation of the sale of the Securities will not be, an “investment company,” an affiliate of an “investment company,” a company controlled by an “investment company” or an “affiliated person” of, or “promoter” or “principal underwriter” for, an “investment company” as such terms are defined in the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended.

 

Section 3.25     U.S. Real Property Holding Corporation. The Company (including its predecessors) and all Subsidiaries thereof is not, has not ever been, and, for so long as any of the Securities are held by the Purchaser, shall not become, a U.S. real property holding corporation within the meaning of Section 897 of the Code.

 

Section 3.26     Registration Eligibility. The Company is, and from and after the First Closing will be, eligible to register the Registrable Securities (as defined in the Registration Rights Agreement) for resale by the Purchaser using Form S-1 promulgated under the 1933 Act.

 

Section 3.27     Transfer Taxes. On the Second Closing Date, all stock transfer or other Taxes (other than income or similar Taxes) which are required to be paid in connection with the issuance, sale and transfer of the Securities to be sold to Purchaser pursuant to this Agreement will be, or will have been, fully paid or provided for by the Company, and all Laws imposing such Taxes will be or will have been complied with in all material respects.

 

Section 3.28     Shell Company Status. The Company is not an issuer identified in, and subject to, Rule 144(i).

 

Section 3.29     ERISA Compliance.

 

(a)       Each Plan is in material compliance with the applicable provisions of ERISA, the Code and other applicable federal or state Laws.

 

(b)       (i) No ERISA Event has occurred for which the Company, any of its Subsidiaries or any of their respective ERISA Affiliates has any residual liability; and (ii) no ERISA Event is expected to occur, except as would not reasonably be expected, individually or in the aggregate, to result in a material adverse effect on the Company and its Subsidiaries taken as a whole.

 

(c)       At no time during the past six (6) years has the Company (including its predecessors) or any member of the “Controlled Group” thereof (defined as any organization which is a member of a controlled group of organizations within the meaning of Code Sections 414(b), (c), (m) or (o)) maintained, sponsored or contributed to, or been obligated to contribute to (i) any retirement plan which is subject to Title IV of ERISA or Section 412 of the Code or (ii) any “multiemployer plan” as defined in Section 4001(a)(3) of ERISA

 

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Section 3.30     Management. Since January 1, 2017, no current or former officer or director or, to the Knowledge of the Company, no current ten percent (10%) or greater stockholder of the Company (including its predecessors) or any Subsidiaries thereof has been the subject of:

 

(a)       a petition under applicable bankruptcy Laws or any other applicable insolvency or moratorium Law or the appointment by a court of a receiver, fiscal agent or similar officer for such Person, or any partnership in which such person was a general partner, or any corporation or business association of which such person was an executive officer;

 

(b)       a conviction in a criminal proceeding or a named subject of a pending criminal proceeding (excluding traffic violations that do not relate to driving while intoxicated or driving under the influence);

 

(c)       any Order that has not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, permanently or temporarily enjoining any such person from, or otherwise limiting, the following activities:

 

(i)       engaging in any particular type of business practice; or

 

(ii)       engaging in any activity in connection with the purchase or sale of any security or commodity or in connection with any violation of securities Laws or commodities Laws;

 

(d)       any Order that has not been subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, barring, suspending or otherwise limiting for more than sixty (60) days the right of any such person to engage in any activity described in the preceding sub paragraph, or to be associated with persons engaged in any such activity;

 

(e)       a finding by a Governmental Entity in a civil Action or by the SEC or other authority to have violated any securities Laws or decrees, and the judgment in such civil Action or finding by the SEC or any other authority has not been subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated; or

 

(f)       a finding by a Governmental Entity in a civil Action or by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission to have violated any federal commodities Laws, and the judgment in such civil Action or finding has not been subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated.

 

Section 3.31     FDA. There is no pending, completed or, to the Company's Knowledge, threatened, action (including any lawsuit, arbitration, or legal or administrative or regulatory proceeding, charge, complaint, or investigation) against the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, and none of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries has received any notice, warning letter or other communication from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) or any other governmental entity, which (i) contests the premarket clearance, licensure, registration, or approval of, the uses of, the distribution of, the manufacturing or packaging of, the testing of, the sale of, or the labeling and promotion of any Pharmaceutical Product, (ii) withdraws its approval of, requests the recall, suspension, or seizure of, or withdraws or orders the withdrawal of advertising or sales promotional materials relating to, any Pharmaceutical Product, (iii) imposes a clinical hold on any clinical investigation by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, (iv) enjoins production at any facility of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, (v) enters or proposes to enter into a consent decree of permanent injunction with the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, or (vi) otherwise alleges any violation of any laws, rules or regulations by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries. The properties, business and operations of the Company have been and are being conducted in all material respects in accordance with all applicable laws, rules and regulations of the FDA. The Company has not been informed by the FDA that the FDA will prohibit the marketing, sale, license or use in the United States of any product proposed to be developed, produced or marketed by the Company nor has the FDA expressed any concern as to approving or clearing for marketing any product being developed or proposed to be developed by the Company.

 

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Section 3.32     Stock Option Plans. Each stock option granted by the Company was granted (i) in accordance with the terms of the applicable stock option plan of the Company and (ii) with an exercise price at least equal to the fair market value of the Common Stock on the date such stock option would be considered granted under GAAP and applicable Law. No stock option granted under the Company’s stock option plan has been backdated. The Company has not granted, and there is no and has been any policy or practice of the Company to knowingly grant, stock options prior to, or otherwise knowingly coordinate the grant of stock options with, the release or other public announcement of material information regarding the Company or its Subsidiaries or their financial results or prospects.

 

Section 3.33     No Disqualification Events. With respect to Securities to be offered and sold hereunder in reliance on Rule 506(b) under the Securities Act (“Regulation D Securities”), none of the Company, any of its predecessors, any Affiliated issuer, any director, executive officer, other officer of the Company participating in the offering of the Securities contemplated by this Agreement, or to the Company’s Knowledge, any beneficial owner of 20% or more of the Company’s outstanding voting equity securities, calculated on the basis of voting power, nor any promoter (as that term is defined in Rule 405 under the Securities Act) connected with the Company in any capacity at the time of sale (each, an “Issuer Covered Person” and, together, “Issuer Covered Persons”) is subject to any of the “Bad Actor” disqualifications described in Rule 506(d)(1)(i) to (viii) under the Securities Act (a “Disqualification Event”), except for a Disqualification Event covered by Rule 506(d)(2) or (d)(3). The Company has exercised reasonable care to determine whether any Issuer Covered Person is subject to a Disqualification Event. The Company has complied, to the extent applicable, with its disclosure obligations under Rule 506(e), and has furnished to Purchaser a copy of any disclosures provided thereunder. The Company is not aware of any Person that has been or will be paid (directly or indirectly) remuneration for solicitation of Purchaser or other potential purchasers in connection with the sale of the Securities contemplated by this Agreement.

 

Section 3.34     No Integrated Offering. Assuming the accuracy of the Purchasers’ representations and warranties set forth in this Agreement, neither the Company, nor any of its Affiliates, nor any Person acting on its or their behalf has, directly or indirectly, made any offers or sales of any security or solicited any offers to buy any security, under circumstances that would cause this offering of the Securities to be integrated with prior offerings by the Company for purposes of (i) the Securities Act which would require the registration of any such securities under the Securities Act, or (ii) any applicable stockholder approval provisions of the NYSE American.

 

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Section 3.35     Regulation M Compliance. The Company has not, and to its Knowledge no one acting on its behalf has, (i) taken, directly or indirectly, any action designed to cause or to result in the stabilization or manipulation of the price of any security of the Company to facilitate the sale or resale of any of the Securities, (ii) sold, bid for, purchased, or paid any compensation for soliciting purchases of, any of the Securities, or (iii) paid or agreed to pay to any Person any compensation for soliciting another to purchase any other securities of the Company.

 

Section 3.36     Disclosure. The Company understands and confirms that Purchaser will and is entitled to rely on the foregoing representations in effecting transactions in securities of the Company. All disclosure provided to Purchaser regarding the Company and its Subsidiaries, their businesses and the transactions contemplated by the Definitive Documents furnished by or on behalf of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state any material fact necessary in order to make the statements made therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading. No event or circumstance has occurred and no information exists with respect to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or its or their business, properties, liabilities, prospects, operations (including results thereof) or conditions (financial or otherwise), which, under applicable Law, requires public disclosure at or before the date hereof or announcement by the Company but which has not been so publicly disclosed. All financial projections and forecasts that have been prepared by or on behalf of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries and made available to Purchaser have been prepared in good faith based upon reasonable assumptions and represented, at the time each such financial projection or forecast was delivered to Purchaser, the Company’s best estimate of future financial performance (it being recognized that such financial projections or forecasts are not to be viewed as facts and that the actual results during the period or periods covered by any such financial projections or forecasts may differ from the projected or forecasted results).

 

Section 3.37     Proxy Statement. None of the information in the Proxy Statement to be sent to the stockholders of the Company in connection with the Company Stockholders’ Meeting will, on the date it is filed, on the date it is first mailed to the stockholders of the Company and at the time of the Company Stockholders’ Meeting, contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state any material fact required to be stated therein or necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they are made, not misleading. The Proxy Statement will, at the time of the Company Stockholders’ Meeting, comply as to form in all material respects with the requirements of the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.

 

Section 3.38     Disclaimer of Other Representations and Warranties. Except as expressly set forth in this Article III or in any other Definitive Document, the Company makes no representation or warranty, express or implied, at law or in equity, including with respect to it or any of its Subsidiaries or any of their respective assets, liabilities or operations, and any such other representations and warranties are hereby expressly disclaimed.

 

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Article IV

 

REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF THE PURCHASER

 

Purchaser hereby represents and warrants as of the date hereof, as of the First Closing, and as of the Second Closing, as follows:

 

Section 4.1     Organization. Purchaser is a corporation duly incorporated, validly existing and in good standing under the Laws of the State of Delaware.

 

Section 4.2     Organizational Power and Authority. Purchaser has the requisite corporate power and authority to enter into, execute and deliver this Agreement and to perform its obligations hereunder and has taken or will take all necessary corporate action required for the due authorization, execution, delivery and performance by it of this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby.

 

Section 4.3     Execution and Delivery. This Agreement has been validly executed and delivered by Purchaser, and, assuming due and valid execution and delivery hereof by the Company, will constitute valid and legally binding obligations of Purchaser, enforceable against Purchaser in accordance with its terms, except as enforceability may be limited by bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization or other similar Laws limiting creditors’ rights generally or by equitable remedies (regardless of whether enforceability is considered in a proceeding at law or in equity).

 

Section 4.4     No Conflict. The execution and delivery by Purchaser of this Agreement and the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby (a) will not conflict with, or result in a breach, modification, termination or violation of, any of the terms or provisions of, or constitute a default under (with or without notice or lapse of time or both), or result in the acceleration of, or the creation of any Lien under, any Contract to which Purchaser is party or is bound or to which any of the property or assets of Purchaser are subject, (b) will not result in any violation of the provisions of the certificate of incorporation or bylaws of Purchaser, and (c) will not result in any material violation of any Law or Order applicable to Purchaser or any of its properties, except in each of the cases described in clauses (a) through (c), for any conflict, breach, modification, termination, violation, default, acceleration or Lien which would not reasonably be expected, individually or in the aggregate, to prohibit or materially and adversely impact Purchaser’s performance of its obligations under this Agreement.

 

Section 4.5     Consents and Approvals. No consent, approval, authorization, Order, registration or qualification of or with any Governmental Entity having jurisdiction over Purchaser or any of its properties is required for the execution and delivery by Purchaser of this Agreement, the compliance by Purchaser with the provisions hereof and the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby, except any consent, approval, authorization, Order, registration or qualification which, if not made or obtained, would not reasonably be expected, individually or in the aggregate, to prohibit or materially and adversely impact Purchaser’s performance of its obligations under this Agreement.

 

Section 4.6     No Registration. Purchaser understands that (a) the Purchased Common Stock and Purchased Warrants (including any shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise thereof) have not been registered under the Securities Act by reason of a specific exemption or exclusion from the registration provisions of the Securities Act, the availability of which depends on, among other things, the bona fide nature of the investment intent and the accuracy of Purchaser’s representations as expressed herein or otherwise made pursuant hereto and (b) the foregoing securities cannot be sold unless subsequently registered under the Securities Act or an exemption or exclusion from registration is available.

 

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Section 4.7     Purchasing Intent. Purchaser is acquiring the Purchased Common Stock and Purchased Warrants (including any shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise thereof) for its own account or accounts or funds over which it or its Affiliates hold voting or investment discretion, not otherwise as a nominee or agent, and not otherwise with the view to, or for resale in connection with, any distribution thereof not in compliance with applicable securities Laws, and Purchaser has no present intention of selling, granting any other participation in, or otherwise distributing the same, except in compliance with applicable securities Laws.

 

Section 4.8     Sophistication; Investigation. Purchaser has such knowledge and experience in financial and business matters such that it is capable of evaluating the merits and risks of its investment in the Purchased Common Stock and Purchased Warrants (including any shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise thereof). Purchaser is an “accredited investor” within the meaning of Rule 501(a) of the Securities Act and an “institutional account” within the meaning of Rule 4512 of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority or a “qualified institutional buyer” within the meaning of Rule 144A of the Securities Act. Purchaser understands and is able to bear any economic risks associated with such investment (including the necessity of holding such shares for an indefinite period of time). Except for the representations and warranties expressly set forth in this Agreement, Purchaser has independently evaluated the merits and risks of its decision to enter into this Agreement and consummate the transactions contemplated hereby.

 

Section 4.9     Sufficient Funds. Purchaser has, or at the applicable Closing will have, sufficient assets and the financial capacity to perform all of its obligations under this Agreement.

 

Section 4.10     Bad Actor. Neither the Purchaser nor any person or entity with whom the Purchaser will share beneficial ownership of the Purchased Common Stock is subject to any of the “Bad Actor” disqualifications described in Rule 506(d)(1)(i) to (viii) under the Securities Act.

 

Article V

 

ADDITIONAL COVENANTS

 

Section 5.1     Covenants of the Company. During the period from the date hereof until the earlier of the Second Closing and the termination of this Agreement in accordance with Article VIII, the Company shall, and shall cause each of its Subsidiaries to, comply with the following covenants:

 

(a)       Affirmative Covenants: Except (x) as otherwise expressly required by this Agreement, (y) as required by applicable Law or (z) as consented to in writing by the Purchaser, during the period from the date hereof until the earliest of (i) the Second Closing, (ii) the Second Closing Abandonment and (iii) the termination of this Agreement in accordance with Article VIII, the Company shall, and shall cause each of its direct and indirect Subsidiaries to:

 

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(i)       preserve, in all material respects, its business operations, organization and goodwill and its relationships with suppliers, customers, lenders and others having business dealings with the Company and its Subsidiaries;

 

(ii)       to the extent any legal or structural impediment arises that would prevent, hinder, or delay the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, support and take all steps reasonably necessary and desirable to address and resolve any such impediment;

 

(iii)      use good faith and commercially reasonable efforts to obtain all required Governmental Entity and third-party approvals for the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement;

 

(iv)       inform counsel to the Purchaser as soon as reasonably practicable after becoming aware of: (A) any Material Adverse Effect, (B) any notice of any commencement of any involuntary insolvency proceedings, legal suit for payment of debt or securement of security from or by any person in respect of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, (C) a breach of this Agreement, and (D) any representation or statement made or deemed to be made by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries under this Agreement, which is or proves to have been materially incorrect or misleading in any respect when made or deemed to be made;

 

(v)       maintain the good standing of the Company and any Subsidiaries of the Company under the Laws of the state or other jurisdiction in which they are incorporated or organized;

 

(vi)       make all necessary registrations, declarations and filings with, and notices to, Governmental Entities (including under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”)) (a) in the ordinary course of business and (b) with respect to the transactions contemplated by this Agreement;

 

(vii)     operate their business in the ordinary course of business; and

 

(viii)     provide, and direct its Representatives to provide, to the Purchaser and its Representatives (A) reasonable access to the Company and its Subsidiaries’ books and records during normal business hours on reasonable advance notice to the Company and its Subsidiaries’ Representatives, (B) reasonable access to the Representatives of the Company and its Subsidiaries on reasonable advance notice to such persons, and (C) such other information as reasonably requested by the Purchaser and its Representatives.

 

(b)       Negative Covenants: Except (x) as otherwise expressly required by this Agreement, (y) as required by applicable Law or (z) as consented to by the Purchaser in writing, during the period from the date hereof until the earliest of (i) the Second Closing, (ii) the Second Closing Abandonment and (iii)the termination of this Agreement in accordance with Article VIII, the Company shall not, and shall cause each of its direct and indirect Subsidiaries not to:

 

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(i)       transfer any material property, asset or right of the Company or its Subsidiaries or any material property, asset or right used in the business of the Company and its Subsidiaries to any person or entity outside of the ordinary course of business;

 

(ii)       engage in any material disposition, acquisition, leasing, investment or other similar transaction (whether by merger, consolidation or otherwise) outside of the ordinary course of business;

 

(iii)       incur, create, assume, guarantee or otherwise become liable for any Indebtedness, other than trade indebtedness or contingent liabilities under surety bonds, in each case, in the ordinary course of business;

 

(iv)       amend the Company’s or any of its Subsidiaries’ organizational documents (whether by merger, consolidation or otherwise);

 

(v)       split, combine, reclassify, redeem, repurchase, acquire, issue or deliver or amend the terms of any Capital Stock of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries (whether by merger, consolidation or otherwise), other than the transactions expressly contemplated by this Agreement;

 

(vi)       enter into any transactions with a Related Party;

 

(vii)       create or incur any Lien on any capital stock, assets or properties of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, other than (a) Liens related to capital leases in place as of the date hereof or entered into after the date hereof in the ordinary course of business or (b) immaterial Liens created or incurred in the ordinary course of business;

 

(viii)      adopt, establish, enter into, amend, terminate or increase the benefits under any of the Company’s or its Subsidiaries’ benefit plans, except for approval and adoption of annual compensation programs in the ordinary course of business;

 

(ix)       declare, set aside, make or pay any dividend or other distribution (whether in stock, cash, other property or any combination thereof) with respect to any Capital Stock of the Company and its Subsidiaries;

 

(x)       amend or terminate any Material Contracts of the Company or its Subsidiaries, other than renewals, amendments, change orders and expirations of such Material Contracts in the ordinary course of business;

 

(xi)       waive, release, assign, settle or compromise any material action, suit, claim, cause of action, investigation, complaint, legal proceeding, administrative enforcement proceeding, arbitration proceeding or other proceeding or adjudicative matter by or before any Governmental Entity (other than settlements of force majeure claims or actions in the ordinary course of business);

 

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(xii)      settle or compromise any material Tax Contest, consent to any extension or waiver of any limitation period with respect to any material claim or assessment for Taxes, make, change or revoke any material Tax election or materially change any of the Company’s or its Subsidiaries’ accounting principles and methodologies (other than as required by GAAP); or

 

(xiii)      agree, commit or offer to do any of the foregoing.

 

Section 5.2     Pre-Closing Exclusivity. From the date hereof until the earliest of (i) the Second Closing, (ii) the Second Closing Abandonment and (iii) the termination of this Agreement in accordance with Article VIII (provided, that, with respect to any termination of this Agreement or the Second Closing Abandonment, the primary cause of which is the material breach by the Company of any of its covenants or other agreements contained in this Agreement, the obligations under this Section 5.2 shall extend until 90 days following the earlier of termination of this Agreement or the Second Closing Abandonment), (i) the Company shall not, and shall instruct its Affiliates and Representatives not to, directly or indirectly, initiate, solicit, facilitate, encourage, discuss, negotiate, endorse, engage in, enter into or accept any discussions, negotiations, proposals, inquiries, offers or agreements with any Person (other than the Purchaser and its Representatives pursuant to this Agreement) relating to the acquisition of the Company or its Subsidiaries, or greater than 20% of their businesses (whether by merger, stock sale, asset sale, tender offer, exchange offer or otherwise), or relating to the issuance of equity (other than Common Stock as incentive compensation), (collectively, the matters described in this Section 5.2(i), an “Acquisition Proposal” (ii) the Company shall, and shall instruct its Affiliates and Representatives to, immediately cease and cause to be terminated all existing discussions or negotiations with any third party (other than the Purchaser and its Representatives relating to this Agreement) conducted by or on behalf of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries on or prior to the date hereof in connection with any other transaction relating to an Acquisition Proposal and (iii) the Company shall promptly inform the Purchaser in the event that the Company or any of its Affiliates or Representatives receives any inquiry, proposal or offer that could reasonably be expected to lead to an Acquisition Proposal.

 

Section 5.3     Post-Closing Books and Records. From and after the First Closing, for so long as Purchaser has the right to designate a director to the Board pursuant to the Investor Rights Agreement, the Company shall, and shall cause its Subsidiaries to, afford to Purchaser and its Representatives reasonable access, during normal business hours, in such manner as to not interfere with the normal operation of the Company and its Subsidiaries, to their respective properties, books, contracts, commitments, Tax Returns, records and appropriate officers and employees of the Company and its Subsidiaries, and shall furnish Purchaser and its Representatives with financial and operating data and other information concerning the affairs of the Company and its Subsidiaries, in each case, as Purchaser and its Representatives may reasonably request; provided that such access shall only be upon reasonable advance notice.

 

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Section 5.4     Stockholder Approval.

 

(a)       The Company shall use reasonable best efforts to cause the Voting Agreements to be duly executed and delivered to the Purchaser as promptly as practicable following the date hereof.

 

(b)       As promptly as practicable after the date hereof, the Company shall take all action necessary under applicable Law to call, give notice of, convene and hold a meeting of the stockholders of the Company for the purpose of obtaining the Stockholder Approval (the “Company Stockholders’ Meeting”). The Company will convene and hold the Company Stockholders’ Meeting no later than the thirtieth (30th) day following the mailing of the Proxy Statement to the Company’s stockholders. The Company shall take reasonable measures to ensure that all proxies solicited in connection with the Company Stockholders’ Meeting are solicited in compliance with all applicable Law. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, if on the date of the Company Stockholders’ Meeting, or a date preceding the date on which the Company Stockholders’ Meeting is scheduled, the Company reasonably believes that (i) it will not receive proxies sufficient to obtain the Company Stockholder Vote, whether or not a quorum would be present or (ii) it will not have sufficient shares of Common Stock represented (whether in person or by proxy) to constitute a quorum necessary to conduct the business of the Company Stockholders’ Meeting, the Company may postpone or adjourn, or make one or more successive postponements or adjournments of, the Company Stockholders’ Meeting as long as the date of the Company Stockholders’ Meeting is not postponed or adjourned more than an aggregate of thirty (30) calendar days in connection with any postponements or adjournments.

 

(c)       As promptly as reasonably practicable after the date hereof, the Company shall prepare and file with the SEC a preliminary proxy statement (as amended and supplemented, the “Proxy Statement”), relating to the Company Stockholders’ Meeting. The Company shall include in the Proxy Statement the recommendation of the Board that the stockholders of the Company vote in favor of (i) the adoption and approval of this Agreement and the transactions contemplated herein and in the other Definitive Documents and (ii) the Charter Amendment (to the extent applicable). The Company shall use its reasonable best efforts to obtain the Stockholder Approval, including using reasonable best efforts to solicit proxies from the Company’s stockholders. The Company shall cause the Proxy Statement to be distributed to the Company’s stockholders as promptly as practicable after the date the SEC confirms it has no further comments to the Proxy Statement. The Company will cause the Proxy Statement to comply as to form in all material respects with the applicable requirements of the Exchange Act and the rules of the SEC and NYSE American. The Company shall not file the Proxy Statement without providing Purchaser a reasonable opportunity to review and comment thereon (which comments shall be reasonably considered by the Company). The Company shall resolve all SEC comments with respect to the Proxy Statement as promptly as practicable after receipt thereof and cause the Proxy Statement in definitive form to be cleared by the SEC and mailed (if required by applicable Law) to the Company’s stockholders as promptly as reasonably practicable following filing with the SEC. The Company, prior to responding to SEC comments with respect to the Proxy Statement, will first provide Purchaser and its Representatives a reasonable opportunity to review and comment thereon, and the Company will give due consideration to all reasonable additions, deletions or changes suggested thereto by Purchaser or its Representatives.

 

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(d)       Nothing contained in this Agreement shall prohibit the Company or the Board from (i) complying with Rules 14d-9 and 14e-2(a) promulgated under the Exchange Act, or (ii) issuing a “stop, look and listen” communication or similar communication of the type contemplated by Section 14d-9(f) under the Exchange Act or (iii) otherwise making any disclosure to the Company stockholders; provided however, that in the case of the foregoing clause (iii) the Board determines in good faith, after consultation with its outside legal counsel, that failure to make such disclosure would be inconsistent with its fiduciary duties under applicable Law.

 

Section 5.5     A&R Registration Rights Agreement. Simultaneously with the First Closing, the Company shall cause the Registration Rights Agreement to be duly amended and restated (the “A&R Registration Rights Agreement”), to name the Purchaser as a “Holder” thereunder, to include the Purchased Common Stock and the Warrant Shares as Registrable Securities and to provide for the  filing and continuous effectiveness of a Shelf Registration Statement (as defined in the Registration Rights Agreement)  covering  the Purchased Common Stock and the Purchased Warrants consistent with the terms set forth in Section 2(a) of the Registration Rights Agreement, with such filing to be made no later than 30 days following the First Closing.

 

Section 5.6     Integration. The Company shall not sell, offer for sale or solicit offers to buy or otherwise negotiate in respect of any security (as defined in Section 2 of the Securities Act) that would be integrated with the offer or sale of the Securities in a manner that would require the registration under the Securities Act of the sale of the Securities or that would be integrated with the offer or sale of the Securities for purposes of the rules and regulations of the NYSE American such that it would require stockholder approval prior to the closing of such other transaction unless stockholder approval is obtained before the closing of such subsequent transaction.

 

Section 5.7     Required Minimum.

 

(a)       The Company shall maintain a reserve of the Required Minimum from its duly authorized shares of Common Stock for issuance pursuant to this Agreement in such amount as may then be required to fulfill its obligations in full under this Agreement, without regard to any conversion or exercise limits therein.

 

(b)       If, on any date, the number of authorized but unissued (and otherwise unreserved) shares of Common Stock is less than 130% of (i) the Required Minimum on such date, minus (ii) the number of shares of Common Stock previously issued pursuant to this Agreement, then the Board of Directors shall use reasonable best efforts to amend the Certificate of Incorporation to increase the number of authorized but unissued shares of Common Stock to at least the Required Minimum at such time (minus the number of shares of Common Stock previously issued pursuant to the Transaction Documents), as soon as reasonably practicable and in any event not later than the 30th day after such date, provided that the Company will not be required at any time to authorize a number of shares of Common Stock greater than the maximum remaining number of shares of Common Stock that could possibly be issued after such time pursuant to this Agreement.

 

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(c)       The Company shall (i) in the time and manner required by the NYSE American, prepare and file with the NYSE American a Supplemental Listing Application covering a number of shares of Common Stock at least equal to the Required Minimum on the date of such application, (ii) take all steps necessary to cause such shares of Common Stock to be approved for listing or quotation on NYSE American as soon as possible thereafter, (iii) provide to the Purchaser evidence of such listing or quotation and (iv) maintain the listing or quotation of such Common Stock on any date at least equal to the Required Minimum on such date on NYSE American. The Company agrees to maintain the eligibility of the Common Stock for electronic transfer through the Depository Trust Company or another established clearing corporation, including, without limitation, by timely payment of fees to the Depository Trust Company or such other established clearing corporation in connection with such electronic transfer.

 

Section 5.8     Acknowledgment of Dilution. The Company acknowledges that the issuance of the Securities may result in dilution of the outstanding shares of Common Stock, which dilution may be substantial under certain market conditions. The Company further acknowledges that its obligations under the Definitive Documents, including, without limitation, its obligation to issue the Securities pursuant to this Agreement, are unconditional and absolute and not subject to any right of set off, counterclaim, delay or reduction, regardless of the effect of any such dilution or any claim the Company may have against Purchaser and regardless of the dilutive effect that such issuance may have on the ownership of the other stockholders of the Company.

 

Section 5.9     Expense Reimbursement. Upon (i) the termination of this Agreement under circumstance in which the Termination Fee is payable in accordance with Section 8.3 (and subject to the limitations set forth in Section 8.3) or (ii) either or both of the First Closing or the Second Closing, the Company shall promptly, upon written request of the Purchaser, reimburse the Purchaser for all reasonable and documented fees and expenses of the Purchaser and its Affiliates and Representatives (including the fees and expenses of counsel) incurred prior to, on or after the date hereof in connection with the examination, review, due diligence investigation, documentation, negotiation, closing and funding of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein, this Section 5.9 shall survive the termination of this Agreement.

 

Section 5.10     Blue Sky Filings. The Company shall take such action as the Company shall reasonably determine is necessary in order to obtain an exemption for, or to qualify the Securities for, sale to the Purchaser at the First Closing or Second Closing, as applicable, under applicable securities or “Blue Sky” laws of the states of the United States, and shall provide evidence of such actions promptly upon request of any Purchaser.

 

 

Article VI

 

CONDITIONS TO THE OBLIGATIONS OF THE PARTIES

 

Section 6.1     Conditions to the Obligations of the Purchaser at the First Closing. The obligations of Purchaser to consummate the First Closing shall be subject to (unless waived in writing by the Purchaser ) the satisfaction of the following conditions prior to or at the First Closing:

 

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(a)       Material Adverse Effect. Since the date of this Agreement, there shall not have occurred a Material Adverse Effect.

 

(b)       Governmental Approvals. All authorizations, approvals, consents or clearances under applicable Law required in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement shall have been obtained or filed.

 

(c)       No Legal Impediment to Issuance. No applicable Law will have been enacted or made effective and no Order will have been issued, promulgated, enforced or made that serves to restrain, enjoin, make illegal or prohibit the timely consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, and no action by a Governmental Entity will have been commenced and be continuing that seeks to restrain, enjoin, make illegal or prohibit the timely consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement.

 

(d)       Accuracy of the Representations and Warranties. (i) The Fundamental Representations shall be true and correct in all respects as of the date hereof and as of the First Closing as though made at and as of the First Closing (other than such representations and warranties as are made as of an earlier date, which shall be so true and correct as of such earlier date) and (ii) the other representations and warranties of the Company (A) that are qualified by “materiality”, “Material Adverse Effect” or similar qualifier shall be true and correct in all respects as of the date hereof and as of the First Closing as though made at and as of the First Closing (other than such representations and warranties as are made as of an earlier date, which shall be so true and correct as of such earlier date) and (B) that are not qualified by “materiality”, “Material Adverse Effect” or similar qualifier shall be true and correct in all material respects as of the date hereof and as of the First Closing as though made at and as of the First Closing (other than such representations and warranties as are made as of an earlier date, which shall be so true and correct as of such earlier date).

 

(e)       Compliance with Covenants. The Company shall have performed and complied, in all material respects, with all of its covenants and agreements contained in this Agreement that contemplate, by their terms, performance or compliance prior to the First Closing.

 

(f)       Delivery of the Closing Certificate. The Company shall have delivered to Purchaser a certificate duly executed by the Chief Executive Officer of the Company certifying that the conditions set forth in clauses (a), (d) and (e) of this Section 6.1 have been fully satisfied.

 

(g)       NYSE American Review. (i) The Company shall have timely provided notice to NYSE American regarding the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, (ii) NYSE American shall have satisfactorily completed its review of the issuance of the Purchased Common Stock and the Purchased Warrants on the terms and conditions contemplated herein and (iii) the Company shall have received approval from NYSE American of an Additional Listing Application covering the Purchased Common Stock and the Common Stock underlying the Purchased Warrants.

 

(h)       Suspension. Since the date hereof, trading in the Common Stock shall not have been suspended.

 

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(i)       Voting Agreement. Voting Agreements shall have been executed and delivered to the Purchaser by stockholders of the Company holding at least a majority of the outstanding shares of Common Stock as of the date hereof (the “Voting Agreement Condition”).

 

(j)       Other Deliverables and Actions. The Company shall have delivered or caused to be delivered and shall have taken each of the actions contemplated by Section 2.2(b).

 

Section 6.2     Conditions to the Obligations of the Company at the First Closing. The obligations of the Company to consummate the First Closing shall be subject to (unless waived in writing by the Company) the satisfaction of each of the following conditions prior to or at the First Closing:

 

(a)       Governmental Approvals. All authorizations, approvals, consents or clearances under applicable Law required in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement shall have been obtained or filed.

 

(b)       No Legal Impediment to Issuance. No applicable Law will have been enacted or made effective and no Order will have been issued, promulgated, enforced or made that serves to restrain, enjoin, make illegal or prohibit the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, and no action by a Governmental Entity will have been commenced and be continuing that seeks to restrain, enjoin, make illegal or prohibit the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement.

 

(c)       Accuracy of the Representations and Warranties. The representations and warranties of the Purchaser shall be true and correct in all respects as of the date hereof and as of the First Closing as though made at and as of the First Closing (other than such representations and warranties as are made as of an earlier date, which shall be so true and correct as of such earlier date) except, in each case, as would not reasonably be expected, individually or in the aggregate, to prohibit or materially and adversely impact Purchaser’s performance of its obligations under this Agreement.

 

Section 6.3     Conditions to the Obligations of the Purchaser at the Second Closing. The obligations of Purchaser to consummate the Second Closing shall be subject to (unless waived in writing by the Purchaser) the satisfaction of the following conditions prior to or at the Second Closing:

 

(a)       Material Adverse Effect. Since the date of this Agreement, there shall not have occurred a Material Adverse Effect.

 

(b)       Governmental Approvals. All authorizations, approvals, consents or clearances under applicable Law required in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement shall have been obtained or filed.

 

(c)       No Legal Impediment to Issuance. No applicable Law will have been enacted or made effective and no Order will have been issued, promulgated, enforced or made that serves to restrain, enjoin, make illegal or prohibit the timely consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, and no action by a Governmental Entity will have been commenced and be continuing that seeks to restrain, enjoin, make illegal or prohibit the timely consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement.

 

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(d)       Accuracy of the Representations and Warranties. (i) The Fundamental Representations shall be true and correct in all respects as of the date hereof and as of the Second Closing as though made at and as of the Second Closing (other than such representations and warranties as are made as of an earlier date, which shall be so true and correct as of such earlier date) and (ii) the other representations and warranties of the Company (A) that are qualified by “materiality”, “Material Adverse Effect” or similar qualifier shall be true and correct in all respects as of the date hereof and as of the Second Closing as though made at and as of the Second Closing (other than such representations and warranties as are made as of an earlier date, which shall be so true and correct as of such earlier date) and (B) that are not qualified by “materiality”, “Material Adverse Effect” or similar qualifier shall be true and correct in all material respects as of the date hereof and as of the Second Closing as though made at and as of the Second Closing (other than such representations and warranties as are made as of an earlier date, which shall be so true and correct as of such earlier date).

 

(e)       Compliance with Covenants. The Company shall have performed and complied, in all material respects, with all of its covenants and agreements contained in this Agreement that contemplate, by their terms, performance or compliance prior to the Second Closing.

 

(f)       Delivery of the Closing Certificate. The Company shall have delivered to Purchaser a certificate duly executed by the Chief Executive Officer of the Company certifying that the conditions set forth in clauses (a), (d) and (e) of this Section 6.1 have been fully satisfied.

 

(g)       Suspension. Since the date hereof, trading in the Common Stock shall not have been suspended.

 

(h)       Stockholder Approval. The Stockholder Approval shall have been duly received.

 

(i)       Other Deliverables and Actions. The Company shall have delivered or caused to be delivered and shall have taken each of the actions contemplated by Section 2.2(b).

 

Section 6.4     Conditions to the Obligations of the Company at the Second Closing. The obligations of the Company to consummate the Second Closing shall be subject to (unless waived in writing by the Company) the satisfaction of each of the following conditions prior to or at the Second Closing:

 

(a)       Governmental Approvals. All authorizations, approvals, consents or clearances under applicable Law required in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement shall have been obtained or filed.

 

(b)       No Legal Impediment to Issuance. No applicable Law will have been enacted or made effective and no Order will have been issued, promulgated, enforced or made that serves to restrain, enjoin, make illegal or prohibit the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, and no action by a Governmental Entity will have been commenced and be continuing that seeks to restrain, enjoin, make illegal or prohibit the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement.

 

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(c)       Accuracy of the Representations and Warranties. The representations and warranties of the Purchaser shall be true and correct in all respects as of the date hereof and as of the Second Closing as though made at and as of the Second Closing (other than such representations and warranties as are made as of an earlier date, which shall be so true and correct as of such earlier date) except, in each case, as would not reasonably be expected, individually or in the aggregate, to prohibit or materially and adversely impact Purchaser’s performance of its obligations under this Agreement.

 

Article VII

 

INTENTIONALLY OMITTED

 

Article VIII

 

TERMINATION

 

Section 8.1     Termination. This Agreement may be terminated, and the transactions contemplated hereby may be abandoned, at any time prior to the First Closing:

 

(a)       by mutual written consent of the Company and the Purchaser;

 

(b)       by the Purchaser or the Company, upon written notice to the other, if the First Closing shall not have been consummated on or prior to 5:00 pm New York Time on March 15, 2020 or such later date, if any, as the Company and the Purchaser may mutually agree upon in writing (such date, the “Termination Date”); provided, however, that the right to terminate this Agreement pursuant to this Section 8.1(b) shall not available to a Party if such Party’s breach of any representation, warranty, covenant or other agreement contained in this Agreement is the primary cause of the failure of the First Closing to occur on or prior to the Termination Date;

 

(c)       by the Company or the Purchaser, upon written notice to the other Party, if a Governmental Entity of competent jurisdiction has issued an Order or has taken any other action permanently enjoining or otherwise prohibiting the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, and such Order or action has become final and non-appealable; provided, however, that the right to terminate this Agreement pursuant to this Section 8.1(c) shall not be available to any Party whose breach of any representation, warranty, covenant or other agreement contained in this Agreement is the primary cause of the failure to avoid such Order or other action; or

 

(d)       by Purchaser, upon written notice to the Company, if:

 

(i)       (A) the Company has breached any representation, warranty, covenant or other agreement made by the Company in this Agreement or such representation or warranty shall have become inaccurate and such breach or inaccuracy would, individually or in the aggregate, cause a condition to the First Closing or Second Closing to not be able to be satisfied, (B) the Purchaser shall have delivered written notice of such breach or inaccuracy to the Company and (C) such breach or inaccuracy is not cured by the Company before the earlier of (x) the 10th day following the delivery of such notice, and (y) the Termination Date; or

 

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(ii)       the Company or any of its direct or indirect Subsidiaries (A) voluntarily commences any case or files any petition seeking bankruptcy, winding up, dissolution, liquidation, administration, moratorium, reorganization or other relief under any federal, state or foreign bankruptcy, insolvency, administrative receivership or similar law now or hereafter in effect; (B) consents to the institution of, or fails to contest in a timely and appropriate manner, any involuntary proceeding or petition described in the preceding subsection (A); (C) applies for or consents to the appointment of a receiver, administrator, administrative receiver, trustee, custodian, sequestrator, conservator or similar official with respect to the Company or any Affiliate or for a substantial part of the Company’s assets; (D) makes a general assignment or arrangement for the benefit of creditors; or (E) takes any corporate action for the purpose of authorizing any of the foregoing.

 

Section 8.2     Effect of Termination. Upon termination of this Agreement pursuant to this Article VIII, this Agreement shall forthwith become void and there shall be no further obligations or liabilities on the part of the Parties; provided, that, Section 2.3(b)(ii), Section 5.9, Article VIII, Section 9.1, Section 9.3 through Section 9.11 (except as otherwise set forth therein) and Section 9.13 shall survive the termination of this Agreement; provided further that nothing set forth in this Agreement shall relieve any Party from liability for any breach of this Agreement occurring prior to such termination.

 

Section 8.3     Termination Fee. Without limiting any other rights or obligations set forth in this Agreement, in the event that this Agreement is terminated pursuant to Section 8.1(b) and if, as of such termination, the Voting Agreement Condition shall not have been satisfied on or prior to prior to 5:00 pm New York Time on March 15, 2020, then the Company shall pay, or cause to be paid, to the Purchaser, (x) an amount equal to $650,000 (such amount, the “Termination Fee”) and (y) the reimbursement of expenses contemplated by Section 5.9; provided however that in the event this Agreement is terminated pursuant to Section 8.1(b), the Company’s expense reimbursement obligation shall be limited to $200,000. Payment of the Termination Fee or the reimbursement of expenses shall be made by wire transfer of immediately available funds to such accounts as directed by the Purchaser and shall be made within two (2) Business Days following the termination of this Agreement.

 

Section 8.4     Second Closing Abandonment. In the event that the Second Closing shall not have been consummated on or prior to 5:00 pm New York Time on May 15, 2020 or such later date, if any, as the Company and the Purchaser may mutually agree (the “Abandonment Date”), either the Purchaser or the Company shall be entitled to deliver written notice (a “Second Closing Abandonment Notice”) to the other specifying that the noticing party has elected not to proceed with the consummation of the Second Closing; provided, however, that the right to deliver a Second Closing Abandonment Notice pursuant to this Section 8.1(c).4 shall not be available to any Party whose breach of any representation, warranty, covenant or other agreement contained in this Agreement is the primary cause of the failure of the Second Closing to occur on or prior to the Abandonment Date. Upon delivery of a Second Closing Abandonment Notice, the obligation of each party to consummate the Second Closing shall terminate and no party shall thereafter be required to take any action contemplated herein necessary to cause the Second Closing to occur (the “Second Closing Abandonment”). For the avoidance of doubt, (i) the occurrence of the Second Closing Abandonment shall not limit any liability for a breach of this Agreement occurring prior to the Second Closing Abandonment and (ii) following the Second Closing Abandonment, all other terms, conditions and indemnities set forth herein shall continue in full effect in accordance with their terms.

 

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Article IX

 

GENERAL PROVISIONS

 

Section 9.1     Notices. All notices and other communications in connection with this Agreement shall be in writing and shall be deemed given if delivered personally, sent via electronic mail (with confirmation), mailed by registered or certified mail (return receipt requested) or delivered by an express courier (with confirmation) to the Parties at the following addresses (or at such other address for a Party as may be specified by like notice):

 

(a)       If to the Company:

 

Armata Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

4503 Glencoe Avenue

Marina del Rey, CA

Attn: Chief Executive Officer

Tel: (310) 665-2928

Email: info@armatapharma.com

 

with a copy (which shall not constitute notice) to:

 

Thompson Hine LLP

335 Madison Avenue

12th Floor

New York, New York 10017-4611

Attn: Faith L. Charles

Tel: (212) 344-5680

Email: faith.charles@thompsonhine.com

 

 

(b)       If to the Purchaser:

 

1350 Old Bayshore Highway Suite 400
Burlingame, CA 94010
Attention: Chief Executive Officer
Email: Geoffrey.hulme@inva.com

 

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with a copy (which shall not constitute notice) to:

Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP

787 Seventh Avenue

New York, New York 10019

Attn: Russell Leaf

           Jared Fertman

Tel: (212) 728-8593

        (212) 728-8670

Email: rleaf@willkie.com

           jfertman@willkie.com

 

Section 9.2     Assignment; Third Party Beneficiaries. Neither this Agreement nor any of the rights, interests or obligations under this Agreement shall be assigned or transferred (in whole or in part) by any Party (whether by operation of law or otherwise) without the prior written consent of the other Party; provided that Purchaser shall be entitled to assign this Agreement in whole or in part to any of its Subsidiaries or Affiliates. Any purported assignment or transfer in violation of this Section 9.2 shall be null and void ab initio. This Agreement (including the documents and instruments referred to in this Agreement) is not intended to and does not confer upon any Person any rights or remedies under this Agreement other than the Parties.

 

Section 9.3     Prior Negotiations; Entire Agreement. This Agreement (including the agreements attached as Schedules and Exhibits to and the documents and instruments referred to in this Agreement, including the Definitive Documents) constitute the entire agreement of the Parties and supersede all prior agreements, arrangements or understandings, whether written or oral, among the Parties with respect to the subject matter of this Agreement.

 

Section 9.4     Governing Law; Venue: Forum. THIS AGREEMENT (AND ANY CLAIMS OR CAUSE OF ACTION ARISING UNDER, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THIS AGREEMENT, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, TORT OR STATUTE) SHALL BE GOVERNED BY AND CONSTRUED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE LAWS OF THE STATE OF DELAWARE APPLICABLE TO CONTRACTS MADE AND TO BE PERFORMED IN SUCH STATE, WITHOUT GIVING EFFECT TO THE CONFLICT OF LAWS PRINCIPLES THEREOF. Each of the Parties irrevocably and unconditionally agrees that, subject to the immediately following sentence of this Section 9.4, any legal action, suit or proceeding against it with respect to any matter arising under, out of or in connection with this Agreement or for recognition or enforcement of any judgment rendered in any such action, suit or proceeding, may be brought in the Delaware Chancery Court (or, if the Delaware Chancery Court shall be unavailable, then any federal court of the United States of America sitting in the State of Delaware), and by execution and delivery of this Agreement, each of the Parties: (a) irrevocably submits itself to the nonexclusive jurisdiction of such court, (b) waives any objection to laying venue in any such action, suit or proceeding and (c) waives any objection that such court is an inconvenient forum or does not have jurisdiction over such Party.

 

Section 9.5     Waiver of Jury Trial. EACH PARTY IRREVOCABLY WAIVES ANY RIGHT TO TRIAL BY JURY IN ANY LEGAL PROCEEDING ARISING UNDER, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THIS AGREEMENT OR THE TRANSACTIONS CONTEMPLATED HEREBY (WHETHER IN CONTRACT, TORT OR STATUTE).

 

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Section 9.6     Counterparts. This Agreement may be executed in any number of counterparts, all of which will be considered one and the same agreement and will become effective when counterparts have been signed by each of the Parties and delivered to each other Party (including via facsimile or other electronic transmission), it being understood that each Party need not sign the same counterpart.

 

Section 9.7     Waivers and Amendments; Rights Cumulative; Consent; Severability.

 

(a)       This Agreement may be amended, restated, modified or changed only by a written instrument signed by the Company and the Purchaser.

 

(b)       Unless otherwise expressly set forth herein, the terms and conditions of this Agreement may be waived (i) by the Company only by a written instrument executed by the Company and (ii) by the Purchaser only by a written instrument executed by the Purchaser. No delay on the part of any Party in exercising any right, power or privilege pursuant to this Agreement will operate as a waiver thereof, nor will any waiver on the part of any Party of any right, power or privilege pursuant to this Agreement, nor will any single or partial exercise of any right, power or privilege pursuant to this Agreement, preclude any other or further exercise thereof or the exercise of any other right, power or privilege pursuant to this Agreement.

 

(c)       In the event that any provision hereof would be invalid or unenforceable in any respect under applicable Law, such provision shall be construed by modifying or limiting it so as to be valid and enforceable to the maximum extent compatible with, and possible under, applicable Law. The provisions hereof are severable, and in the event any provision hereof should be held invalid or unenforceable in any respect, it shall not invalidate, render unenforceable or otherwise affect any other provision hereof.

 

Section 9.8     Headings; Interpretation. The headings in this Agreement are for reference purposes only and will not in any way affect the meaning or interpretation of this Agreement. Each Party participated in the drafting of this Agreement and this Agreement shall be construed without regard to any presumption or rule requiring construction or interpretation against the party drafting an instrument or causing any instrument to be drafted.

 

Section 9.9     Specific Performance. It is understood and agreed by the Parties that irreparable damage would occur if any provision of this Agreement were not performed in accordance with the terms hereof and that the Parties shall be entitled to an injunction or injunctions without the necessity of posting a bond to prevent breaches of this Agreement or to enforce specifically the performance of the terms and provisions hereof, in addition to any other remedy to which they are entitled at law or in equity. Unless otherwise expressly stated in this Agreement, no right or remedy described or provided in this Agreement is intended to be exclusive or to preclude a Party from pursuing other rights and remedies to the extent available under this Agreement, at law or in equity.

 

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Section 9.10     Publicity. The Parties shall jointly issue a press release disclosing the material terms of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and the other Definitive Documents in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to each Party by 9:30 a.m. New York time on the Business Day immediately following the date hereof. The Company shall file a Current Report on Form 8-K with the SEC within the time required by the Exchange Act in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to Purchaser. The Company shall consult with the Purchaser in issuing any other press releases with respect to the transactions contemplated hereby, and the Company shall not issue any such press release or otherwise make any such public statement without the prior consent of the Purchaser, except if such disclosure is required by Law, in which case the Company shall promptly provide Purchaser with prior notice of such public statement or communication. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Company shall not publicly disclose the name of Purchaser, or include the name of Purchaser in any filing with the SEC or any Governmental Entity, without the prior written consent of Purchaser, except to the extent such disclosure is required by Law or NYSE American regulations, in which case the Company shall provide the Purchaser with prior notice of such disclosure.

 

Section 9.11     No Recourse. Notwithstanding anything that may be expressed or implied in this Agreement, each Party covenants, agrees and acknowledges that no recourse under this Agreement or any documents or instruments delivered in connection with this Agreement shall be had against any Party’s Affiliates, Related Parties or Representatives or any of such Party’s Affiliates’ or Related Parties’ Affiliates or Representatives in each case other than the Parties to this Agreement and each of their respective successors and permitted assigns under this Agreement, whether by the enforcement of any assessment or by any legal or equitable proceeding, or by virtue of any applicable Law, it being expressly agreed and acknowledged that no personal liability whatsoever shall attach to, be imposed on or otherwise be incurred by any of the Related Parties or Representatives, as such, for any obligation or liability of any Party under this Agreement or any documents or instruments delivered in connection herewith for any claim based on, in respect of or by reason of such obligations or liabilities or their creation; provided, however, that nothing in this Section 9.11 shall relieve or otherwise limit the liability of any Party hereto or any of their respective successors or permitted assigns for any breach or violation of its obligations under this Agreement or such other documents or instruments. For the avoidance of doubt, none of the Parties will have any recourse, be entitled to commence any proceeding or make any claim under this Agreement or in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby except against any of the Parties or their respective successors and permitted assigns, as applicable.

 

Section 9.12     Further Assurances. From and after the Second Closing Date, upon the reasonable request of any Party hereto, any other Party hereto shall execute, acknowledge, file and/or deliver all such additional instruments, agreements and other documents, and shall do (or cause to be done) all such additional acts and things, that are necessary, proper, advisable or desirable to carry out, consummate and make effective any of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement.

 

Section 9.13     Survival. All covenants and other agreements contained in this Agreement which by their terms are to be performed following the Second Closing shall survive the Second Closing until fully performed. The representations and warranties made in this Agreement shall survive as follows: (a) the representations and warranties set forth in Section 3.1 (Organization and Qualification), Section 3.2 (Authorization; Enforcement Validity), Section 3.3 (Issuance of Securities), Section 3.13 (Transactions with Affiliates), Section 3.14 (Capitalization) and Section 3.36 (Disclosure) (collectively, the “Fundamental Representations”) shall survive indefinitely, (b) the representations and warranties in Section 3.19, (Employee Relations), Section 3.23 (Tax Status) and Section 3.29 (ERISA Compliance) shall survive until the expiration of the statute of limitations plus sixty (60) days and (c) all other representations and warranties shall survive until the twelve (12)-month anniversary of the Second Closing.

 

[Remainder of Page Intentionally Left Blank]

 

 44 

 

 

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned Parties have duly executed this Agreement as of the date first above written.

 

 

  Armata Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
       
       
  By: /s/ Todd R. Patrick  
    Name: Todd R. Patrick  
    Title: Chief Executive Officer  

 

 

 

 

 

 

[Signature Page to Securities Purchase Agreement]

 

 

 

  INNOVIVA, INC.
     
     
  By: /s/ Geoffrey Holme  
    Name: Geoffrey Holme
    Title: Interim Principal Executive Officer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

[Signature Page to Securities Purchase Agreement]

 

Exhibit 10.2

 

INVESTOR RIGHTS AGREEMENT

 

This Investor Rights Agreement (this “Agreement”) is made and entered into as of __________, 2020 by and between Armata Pharmaceuticals Inc., a Washington corporation (the “Company”), and Innoviva, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Purchaser”), in connection with that certain Securities Purchase Agreement, dated as of _________, 2020, by and between the Company and the Purchaser (the “Purchase Agreement”). Capitalized terms used herein have the respective meanings ascribed thereto in the Purchase Agreement unless otherwise defined herein.

 

The parties hereby agree as follows:

 

1.       Certain Definitions.

 

As used in this Agreement, the following terms shall have the following meanings:

 

Applicable Percentage” means, with respect to any person on any date of determination, the quotient, expressed as a percentage, determined by dividing (i) the number of Company Common Stock owned (directly or indirectly) by such person determined on a Fully Diluted Basis by (ii) the total number of Company Common Stock that are issued and outstanding determined on a Fully Diluted Basis.

 

Board” means the board of directors of the Company.

 

Company Common Stock” means the shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, of the Company.

 

Exchange Shares” means Company Common Stock issued or issuable upon the exchange of the Warrants pursuant to the terms thereof.

 

Exempted Securities” means

 

(i) Company Common Stock (or options or other rights to acquire Company Common Stock or securities convertible or exchangeable into or exercisable for Company Common Stock) issued as a dividend or distribution on the Warrants;

 

(ii)       Company Common Stock (or options or other rights to acquire Company Common Stock or securities convertible or exchangeable into or exercisable for Company Common Stock) issued by reason of a dividend, stock split, split-up or other distribution of Company Common Stock;

 

(iii)       Company Common Stock (or options or other rights to acquire Company Common Stock or securities convertible or exchangeable into or exercisable for Company Common Stock) issued to employees or directors of, or consultants or advisors to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries pursuant to a plan, agreement or arrangement;

 

(iv)       Company Common Stock (or options or other rights to acquire Company Common Stock or securities convertible or exchangeable into or exercisable for Company Common Stock) issued to banks, equipment lessors or other financial institutions, or to real property lessors, pursuant to a debt financing, equipment leasing or real property leasing transaction ; or

 

 

 

 

(v)       Company Common Stock (or options or other rights to acquire Company Common Stock or securities convertible or exchangeable into or exercisable for Company Common Stock) issued in connection with sponsored research, collaboration, technology license, development, manufacturing, supply, distribution, marketing or other similar commercial agreements or strategic partnerships.

 

Fully Diluted Basis” means the number of shares of Company Common Stock outstanding or held (as the case may be), assuming the conversion, exchange or exercise of all securities or other instruments or rights that are convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for Company Common Stock that are outstanding. For purposes of this definition, all Warrants shall be deemed converted on the date of determination in exchange for cash.

 

Governmental Entity” means any federal, state, local, foreign, international or multinational entity or authority exercising executive, legislative, judicial, regulatory, administrative or taxing functions of or pertaining to government.

 

New Securities” means, collectively, equity securities of the Company (including Company Common Stock), whether or not currently authorized, as well as rights, options, or warrants to purchase such equity securities, or securities of any type whatsoever that are, or may become, convertible or exchangeable into or exercisable for such equity securities. For the avoidance of doubt, New Securities shall not include any Exempted Securities.

 

Purchased Shares” means the Company Common Stock acquired by the Purchaser pursuant to the Purchase Agreement.

 

2.       Registration. [Reserved].

 

3.       Participation Rights.

 

(a)       Subject to the terms and conditions of this Section 3 and applicable securities or blue sky laws, if the Company proposes to offer or sell any New Securities, the Company shall first offer such New Securities to the Purchaser in accordance with the terms hereof.

 

(b)       The Company shall give notice (the “Offer Notice”) to the Purchaser, stating (i) its bona fide intention to offer or sell such New Securities, (ii) the number of such New Securities to be offered, and (iii) the price and terms, if any, upon which it proposes to offer such New Securities.

 

(c)       By written notification to the Company within thirty (30) days after the Offer Notice is delivered to the Purchaser, the Purchaser may elect to purchase or otherwise acquire, at the price and on the terms specified in the Offer Notice, up to that portion of such New Securities which equals the Purchaser’s Applicable Percentage. The failure of the Purchaser to deliver such written notice within such time period shall be deemed an election by the Purchaser not to exercise its purchase rights with respect to such Offer Notice. To the extent that the Company offers two (2) or more New Securities or other securities in units, the Purchaser must purchase such units as a whole and will not be given the opportunity to purchase only one of the securities making up such unit.

 

 - 2 - 

 

 

(d)       The Company shall sell all applicable New Securities to the Purchaser if it has elected to purchase such New Securities on a date to be mutually determined by the Company and the Purchaser, which date shall be not later than end of the ten (10) day period commencing at the expiration of the initial thirty (30) day election period; provided, however, that such ten (10) day period shall be extended automatically if any approvals or consents of any Governmental Entities are required to consummate the transaction and such approvals or consents are not received within such ten (10) day period for up to an additional one hundred twenty (120) days as long as such approvals or consents remain outstanding and the parties are continuing to exercise commercially reasonable efforts to obtain them.

 

(e)       Upon the expiration of the offering period described in Section 3(d), the Company will be free to sell, during the one hundred twenty (120) day period commencing at the expiration of, as applicable, the initial thirty (30) day election period following delivery of an Offer Notice (as may be extended in accordance with Section 3(d)), any New Securities that the Purchaser has not elected to purchase, at a sale price not less than, and on other terms no less favorable to the Company than, those offered to the Purchaser as set forth in the Offer Notice, provided, that such one hundred twenty (120) day period shall be extended automatically if any approvals or consents of any Governmental Entities are required to consummate the transaction and such approvals or consents are not received within such one hundred twenty (120) day period for up to an additional one hundred twenty (120) days as long as such approvals or consents remain outstanding and the parties are continuing to exercise commercially reasonable efforts to obtain them. Any New Securities offered or sold by the Company after such one hundred twenty (120) day period (as such period may be extended in accordance with the immediately preceding sentence) must be reoffered to the Purchaser pursuant to this Section 3.

 

(f)       The election by the Purchaser not to exercise its subscription rights under this Section 3 in any one instance shall not affect its right (other than in respect of a reduction in its Applicable Percentage) as to any subsequent proposed issuance of New Securities under this Section 3. The provisions of this Section 3 shall apply equally to any issuance or sale by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries of equity securities that would be deemed New Securities if issued by the Company which, for the avoidance of doubt, shall not include any issuance of New Securities by a wholly-owned Subsidiary to the Company or to another wholly-owned Subsidiary of the Company. Subject to the terms of this Section 3, any sale of New Securities by the Company or any other entity covered by the preceding sentence without first giving the Purchaser the rights described in this Section 3 shall be null and void and of no force and effect.

 

(g)       Notwithstanding the terms set forth in this Section 3, if the Board determines in good faith that the Company must issue New Securities on an expedited basis without prior compliance with the terms of this Section 3 in order to avoid material harm to the Company (an “Expedited Issuance”), then, subject to compliance with the terms of the immediately following sentence, the Company may effect and consummate such Expedited Issuance without complying with the terms set forth in this Section 3 and shall not be deemed to be in breach of this Section 3 as a result thereof. As promptly as practicable following the consummation of such Expedited Issuance, the Company and the Purchaser shall comply with the terms of this Section 3 in respect of the New Securities issued in such Expedited Issuance such that the Purchaser has the opportunity to participate in such Expedited Issuance of New Securities and be put in the same place (including in respect of the percentage ownership of the equity securities of the Company) they would have been had such Expedited Issuance been effected in accordance with the terms of this Section 3.

 

 - 3 - 

 

 

(h)       (i) The provisions of this Section 3 (i) shall not apply to the issuance of Exempted Securities and (ii) shall terminate and be of no further force or effect as of such time that the Purchaser, together with its Affiliates, have an Applicable Percentage of less than 10%.

 

4.       Board Matters.

 

(a)       For so long as the Purchaser, together with its Affiliates and permitted assignees (collectively, the “Investors”) have an Applicable Percentage of at least 8%, the Company shall cause the Board to consist of not more than eight (8) members without the prior written consent of the Investors (which shall not be unreasonably withheld).

 

(b)       For so long as the Investors have an Applicable Percentage of at least 12.5%, the Investors shall have the right to designate two (2) directors to the Board, and for so long as the Investors, collectively, and together with their Affiliates, continue to have an Applicable Percentage of at least8% but less than 12.5%, the Investors shall have the right to designate one (1) director to the Board, in each case, in accordance with the terms of this Section 4. Any directors designated by the Investors in accordance with this Section 4 shall be referred to as “Investor Designees”. It is the intention of the Investor that the initial Investor Designees shall consist of Dr. Odysseas Kostas MD and Sarah Schlesinger MD . The right to designate one or more Investor Designees shall terminate and be of no further force or effect as of such time that the Investors have an Applicable Percentage of less than an applicable threshold percentage referenced in the first sentence of this Section 4(b). At any point in which the Investors are entitled to designate an Investor Designee, the Investors may provide written notice (a “Designation Notice”) to the Company naming the applicable Investor Designee(s) and demanding that the applicable Investor Designee(s) be appointed to the Board. Promptly, and in any event within five (five) Business Days, following receipt of the Designation Notice, the Company shall (i) cause a number of existing members of the Board equal to the number of Investor Designees so designated to resign from the Board and (ii) cause the Investor Designees to be appointed to the Board. Following the delivery of a Designation Notice and prior to the appointment of the Investor Designees to the Board, the Company shall not (and shall cause its Subsidiaries not to) take or approve any action outside of the ordinary course of business including (without limitation) in respect of:

 

(i)strategic transactions, joint ventures and collaborations;

 

(ii)sale or acquisition of assets or shares of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, whether by merger, consolidation or otherwise;

 

(iii)issuance of equity or debt securities;

 

(iv)incurrence or prepayment of indebtedness;

 

 - 4 - 

 

 

(v)declaration or payment of any dividend or distribution;

 

(vi)amendment of any provision of this Agreement or any other governing documents of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries in a manner that would be inconsistent with the provisions of this Agreement;

 

(vii)any change to the Company’s or any Subsidiary’s legal form, domicile or tax structure, or make any material change to the Company’s accounting or tax policies or practices; or

 

(viii)amend or alter the compensation of any of the Company’s or Subsidiary’s executives.

 

(c)       With respect to any vote of the Board, each director shall have one (1) vote and approval of all matters shall require the affirmative vote of a majority of directors.

 

(d)       Subject to the terms of this Section 4, from and after the date hereof, the Company shall take all action within its power to cause the covenants set forth in Section 4(a) and Section 4(b) to be fulfilled in all respects including: (i) causing the Investor Designees to be named in any proxy statement of the Company with respect to the election of members of the Board, (ii) soliciting the votes of shareholders in respect of the Investor Designees in the same manner and with the same level of effort as with the solicitation in respect of other members of the Board, (iii) seeking to amend any organizational documents of the Company necessary to give effect to the Investors’ rights hereunder as may reasonably be requested by the Investors and (iv) take all actions permitted by applicable law to cause the Investor Designees to be members of the Board (including the appointment of the Investor Designees to the Board).

 

(e)       Subject to clause (e) immediately below, in the event that an Investor Designee ceases to serve on the Board for any reason (including the death, disability or resignation of such person), the Investors shall be entitled to appoint a new Investor Designee in the place of such person, and the terms of this Section 4 shall apply equally to such replacement.

 

(f)       In the event that the Applicable Percentage of the Investors (and their Affiliates) falls below a threshold set forth in Section 4(b) such that the Investors shall lose the right to designate one or more Investor Designees, if one or more Investor Designee has been designated, the Investors shall identify which of the Investor Designees shall no longer be an Investor Designee (such person, a “Departing Designee”), and which Investor Designee(s) (if any) will remain as such; for the avoidance of doubt, the terms of this Section 4 shall continue to apply to any Investor Designee who is not a Departing Designee. In the event of a Departing Designee, the Investors shall cause the removal or resignation of such Departing Designee prior to the next annual meeting of the Company shareholders, and the provisions of Section 4(b) and (c) shall not apply to such Departing Designee, and in connection therewith, the Company shall not be required to name such Departing Designee on its proxy statement or solicit votes in favor of such Departing Designee.

 

 - 5 - 

 

 

(g)       For so long as the Investor holds the Applicable percentages set forth above, in the event that any member of the Board serves on the board of directors or similar governing body of any Subsidiary of the Company (a “Subsidiary Board”) or in the event that any shareholder of the Company has appointed or designated a person to serve on a Subsidiary Board, the Investors shall be entitled to designate a number of Investor Designees to the Subsidiary Board equal to the greater of (x) one Investor Designee or (y) such other number of Investor Designees such that the proportionate representation of Investor Designees on such Subsidiary Board approximates, as closely as possible, the proportionate representation of Investor Designees on the Board.

 

Subject to applicable law and listing requirements, the Investor Designees shall be entitled to be a member of any committee of the Board (including an executive or similar committee).

 

(h)       Any person designated by the Investor as an Investor Designee must possess the requisite financial and business experience to serve as a director of the Company (it being understood that the directors and each of the executives and investment professionals employed by the Investor or its Affiliates shall be deemed to possess such experience). If the Board and all applicable committees of the Board reasonably determine that an Investor Designee satisfies the criteria in the foregoing sentence, the Board shall nominate and appoint such Investor Designee to the Board.

 

(i)       For purposes of this Section 4, whenever the action of the Investors is required, such action shall be effected by vote of a majority of Investors.

 

5.       Information and Confidentiality.

 

The Company shall provide to Purchaser all information and documentation reasonably requested by Purchaser, within the periods reasonably requested by Purchaser, as is necessary for the Purchaser to complete and file all public filings required to be made by Purchaser under applicable Law and the rules and regulations of the Securities Exchange Commission.

 

The Purchaser agrees that it will keep confidential and will not disclose or divulge any confidential information obtained from the Company pursuant to the terms of this Agreement, unless such confidential information (a) is known or becomes known to the public in general (other than as a result of a breach of this Section 5 by the Purchaser), (b) is or has been independently developed or conceived by the Purchaser without use of the Company’s confidential information, or (c) is or has been made known or disclosed to the Purchaser by a third party without a breach of any obligation of confidentiality such third party may have to the Company; provided, however, that the Purchaser may disclose confidential information (i) to its attorneys, accountants, consultants and other professionals to the extent necessary to obtain their services in connection with matters related to the Company; (ii) to any prospective purchaser of any Registrable Securities from the Purchaser, if such prospective purchaser agrees to be bound by the provisions of this Section 5; (iii) to any Affiliate or its or their general or limited partners, members, stockholders, employees, officers or directors, in the ordinary course of business, provided that the Purchaser informs such person that such information is confidential and directs such person to maintain the confidentiality of such information; or (iv) as may otherwise be required by law, regulation, rule, court order, arbitration order or subpoena, provided that the Purchaser promptly notifies the Company of such disclosure and takes reasonable steps to minimize the extent of any such required disclosure. The Purchaser acknowledges and agrees that the securities laws of the United States and other jurisdictions contain prohibitions on the trading in the securities of the Company while in possession of material nonpublic information regarding the Company, and agrees to comply with such restrictions.

 

 - 6 - 

 

 

6.       Miscellaneous.

 

(a)       Amendments and Waivers. This Agreement may be amended only by a writing signed by the Company and the Purchaser. The failure or delay in enforcing compliance at any time with respect to any of the provisions, terms or conditions of this Agreement shall not be considered a waiver of such provision, term or condition itself or of any of the other provisions, terms or conditions hereof.

 

(b)       Notices. All notices and other communications provided for or permitted hereunder shall be made as set forth in Section 9.1 of the Purchase Agreement.

 

(c)       Assignments and Transfers by the Purchaser. The provisions of this Agreement shall be binding upon and inure to the benefit of the parties and their respective successors and permitted assigns. The Purchaser may transfer or assign, in whole or from time to time in part, to one or more persons its rights hereunder in connection with the transfer of Registrable Securities by the Purchaser to such person, provided that the Purchaser complies with all laws applicable thereto and the provisions of the Purchase Agreement and the Warrant and provides written notice of assignment to the Company prior to such assignment or transfer being effected, and such transferee agrees in writing and as a condition to the receipt of Registrable Securities to be bound by all of the provisions contained herein.

 

(d)       Assignments and Transfers by the Company. This Agreement may not be assigned by the Company (whether by operation of law or otherwise) without the prior written consent of the Purchaser; provided, however, that in the event that the Company is a party to a merger, consolidation, share exchange or similar business combination transaction in which the Company Common Stock are converted into the equity securities of another person, from and after the effective time of such transaction, such person shall, by virtue of such transaction, be deemed to have assumed the obligations of the Company hereunder, and the term “Company” shall be deemed to refer to such person and the term “Registrable Securities” shall be deemed to include the securities received by the Purchaser in connection with such transaction unless such securities are otherwise freely tradable by the Purchaser after giving effect to such transaction.

 

(e)       Benefits of the Agreement. The terms and conditions of this Agreement shall inure to the benefit of and be binding upon the respective successors and permitted assigns of the parties. Nothing in this Agreement, express or implied, is intended to confer upon any party other than the parties hereto or their respective successors and permitted assigns any rights, remedies, obligations, or liabilities under or by reason of this Agreement, except as expressly provided in this Agreement.

 

 - 7 - 

 

 

(f)       Counterparts. This Agreement may be executed in several counterparts, and by each party on separate counterparts, each of which and any photocopies or other electronic transmission (including by PDF) thereof shall be deemed an original, but all of which together shall constitute one and the same agreement.

 

(g)       Titles and Subtitles. The titles and subtitles used in this Agreement are used for convenience only and are not to be considered in construing or interpreting this Agreement.

 

(h)       Severability. Any provision of this Agreement that is prohibited or unenforceable in any jurisdiction shall, as to such jurisdiction, be ineffective to the extent of such prohibition or unenforceability without invalidating the remaining provisions hereof but shall be interpreted as if it were written so as to be enforceable to the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, and any such prohibition or unenforceability in any jurisdiction shall not invalidate or render unenforceable such provision in any other jurisdiction. To the extent permitted by applicable law, the parties hereby waive any provision of law which renders any provisions hereof prohibited or unenforceable in any respect.

 

(i)       Further Assurances. The parties shall execute and deliver all such further instruments and documents and take all such other actions as may reasonably be required to carry out the transactions contemplated hereby and to evidence the fulfillment of the agreements herein contained.

 

(j)       Entire Agreement. This Agreement is intended by the parties as a final expression of their agreement and intended to be a complete and exclusive statement of the agreement and understanding of the parties hereto in respect of the subject matter contained herein. This Agreement supersedes all prior agreements and understandings between the parties with respect to such subject matter.

 

(k)       Specific Performance. Without limiting remedies that may be available at law or in equity, the parties acknowledge that any failure by any party to comply with their respective obligations under this Agreement would result in material irreparable injury to the other party for which there is no adequate remedy at law, that it will not be possible to measure damages for such injuries precisely and that, in the event of any such failure, the non-breaching party may specifically enforce the breaching party’s obligations under this Agreement without the need to show actual damages and without the need to post a bond or other security.

 

 - 8 - 

 

 

(l)       Governing Law; Consent to Jurisdiction; Waiver of Jury Trial. This Agreement shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the internal laws of the State of Delaware without regard to the choice of law principles thereof. Each Party agrees that all legal proceedings concerning the interpretations, enforcement and defense of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement (whether brought against a party hereto or its respective Affiliates, directors, officers, shareholders, employees or agents) shall be commenced exclusively in the state and federal courts sitting in the State of Delaware. Each party hereby irrevocably submits to the exclusive jurisdiction of such courts for the adjudication of any dispute hereunder or in connection herewith or with any transaction contemplated hereby or discussed herein, and hereby irrevocably waives, and agrees not to assert in any suit, action or other proceeding, any claim that it is not personally subject to the jurisdiction of any such court, that such suit, action or proceeding is improper or is an inconvenient venue for such proceeding. Each party hereby irrevocably waives personal service of process and consents to process being served in any such suit, action or other proceeding by mailing a copy thereof via registered or certified United States mail or overnight delivery (with evidence of delivery) to such party at the address in effect for notices to it under this Agreement and agrees that such service shall constitute good and sufficient service of process and notice thereof. Nothing contained herein shall be deemed to limit in any way any right to serve process in any other manner permitted by law. The Parties hereby waive all rights to a trial by jury.

 

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties have executed this Agreement or caused their duly authorized officers to execute this Agreement as of the date first above written.

 

  COMPANY:
   
  ARMATA PHARMACEUTICALS INC.
   
   
  By:           
  Name:
  Title:
   
   
  PURCHASER:
   
  INNOVIVA, INC.
   
  By:           
  Name:
  Title:
   

 

 

 




 

 

 A-1  

Exhibit 10.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

VOTING AGREEMENT

 

by and between

 

Innoviva, Inc.

 

and

 

the stockholder party hereto

 

Dated as of _______, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

VOTING AGREEMENT

 

This Voting Agreement (this “Agreement”) is entered into as of [______], 2020, between Innoviva, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Purchaser”), and the undersigned stockholder (the “Stockholder”).

 

WHEREAS, as of the date hereof, the Stockholder is the sole record and beneficial owner of, and has the sole power to vote (or to direct the voting of) the number of shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share (the “Common Shares”), of Armata Pharmaceuticals Inc., a Washington corporation (the “Company”), set forth opposite the Stockholder’s name on Schedule I hereto (such Common Shares, together with any other shares of the Company that are acquired by the Stockholder after the date hereof, the “Subject Shares”);

 

WHEREAS, the Company and Purchaser entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement, dated as of January 27, 2020 (as amended from time to time, the “Purchase Agreement”), pursuant to which Purchaser has agreed to purchase, and the Company has agreed to sell, 8,710,800 Common Shares of the Company, together with warrants to purchase an additional 8,710,800 Common Shares of the Company;

 

WHEREAS, the consummation of the transactions contemplated by the Purchase Agreement requires the affirmative vote of the majority of the votes cast at a duly called meeting of the holders of a majority in voting power of the Common Shares, entitled to vote thereon pursuant to Rules 710 and 713(b) of the New York Stock Exchange American;

 

WHEREAS, Purchaser and the Stockholder have agreed that the voting power of the Subject Shares will be subject to the restrictions set forth in this Agreement from the date hereof through the date on which this Agreement is terminated in accordance with its terms (such period, the “Voting Period”); and

 

WHEREAS, as an inducement to Purchaser’s willingness to enter into the Purchase Agreement and consummate the transactions contemplated thereby, transactions from which the Stockholder believes it will each derive substantial benefits through its ownership interests in the Company, the Stockholder is entering into this Agreement.

 

NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the foregoing and the respective representations, warranties, covenants and agreements set forth herein, the parties agree as follows:

 

ARTICLE I

 

DEFINITIONS

 

Section 1.1     Capitalized Terms. For purposes of this Agreement, capitalized terms used and not defined herein shall have the respective meanings ascribed to them in the Purchase Agreement.

 

 - 1 - 

 

 

ARTICLE II

 

VOTING AGREEMENT

 

Section 2.1     Agreement to Vote. Each Stockholder hereby agrees that, during the Voting Period, such Stockholder shall, if a meeting of stockholders of the Company is held, appear at the meeting, in person or by proxy, and vote (or cause to be voted), and if an action is to be taken by written consent in lieu of a meeting, provide a written consent, in respect of all its Subject Shares, in each case (i) in favor of (A) any proposal to adopt and approve or reapprove the Purchase Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby, (B) the Charter Amendment, and (C) waiving any notice requirements applicable to the Purchase Agreement or any of the transactions contemplated thereby pursuant to the Company’s organizational documents or applicable Law, and (ii) against (X) any action or agreement that would reasonably be expected to prevent or materially delay the consummation of the transactions contemplated by the Purchase Agreement, (Y) any Acquisition Proposal and any action in furtherance of any such Acquisition Proposal and (Z) any action, proposal, transaction or agreement that is intended or would result in a breach in any material respect of any covenant, representation or warranty or any other obligation or agreement of the Company under the Purchase Agreement or the Stockholder under this Agreement.

 

Section 2.2     Grant of Irrevocable Proxy. If requested by Purchaser, each Stockholder shall appoint Purchaser and any designee of Purchaser, and each of them individually, as such Stockholder’s proxy, with full power of substitution and resubstitution, to vote during the Voting Period with respect to any and all of the Subject Shares on the matters and in the manner specified in Section 2.1. Each Stockholder shall take all further action or execute such other instruments as may be necessary to effectuate the intent of any such proxy. Each Stockholder affirms that any irrevocable proxy given by it with respect to the Purchase Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby shall be given to Purchaser by such Stockholder to secure the performance of the obligations of such Stockholder under this Agreement. It is agreed that Purchaser (and its officers on behalf of Purchaser) will use the irrevocable proxy that may be granted by the Stockholder only in accordance with applicable Law and that, to the extent Purchaser (and its officers on behalf of Purchaser) uses any such irrevocable proxy, it will only vote the Subject Shares subject to such irrevocable proxy with respect to the matters specified in, and in accordance with the provisions of, Section 2.1.

 

Section 2.3     Nature of Irrevocable Proxy. Any proxy granted pursuant to Section 2.2 to Purchaser by a Stockholder shall be irrevocable during the term of this Agreement, shall be deemed to be coupled with an interest sufficient in law to support an irrevocable proxy and shall revoke any and all prior proxies or powers of attorney granted by such Stockholder and no subsequent proxy or power of attorney shall be given or written consent executed (and if given or executed, shall not be effective) by such Stockholder with respect thereto. Any proxy that may be granted hereunder shall terminate upon the termination of this Agreement, but shall survive the death or incapacity of such Stockholder and any obligation of such Stockholder under this Agreement shall be binding upon the heirs, personal representatives and successors of such Stockholder.

 

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ARTICLE III

 

COVENANTS

 

Section 3.1     Subject Shares.

 

(a)       Each Stockholder agrees that during the Voting Period, it shall not, and shall not commit or agree to, without Purchaser’s prior written consent, (i) directly or indirectly, whether by merger, consolidation or otherwise, offer for sale, sell (including short sales), transfer, tender, pledge, encumber, assign or otherwise dispose of (including by gift or by operation of law) (collectively, a “Transfer”), or enter into any contract, option, derivative, hedging or other agreement or arrangement or understanding (including any profit-sharing arrangement, through the granting of any proxies or powers of attorney, in connection with a voting trust or voting agreement or by operation of Law) with respect to, or consent to or permit, a Transfer of, any or all of the Subject Shares or any interest therein or (ii) take any action inconsistent with this Agreement, the Purchase Agreement or the transactions contemplated hereby or thereby (including by granting of any proxy or power of attorney with respect to the Subject Shares (other than the proxy contemplated by Section 2.2) or agreeing to divest itself of the voting power with respect to its Subject Shares or vote its Subject Shares on any matter in a manner that would be inconsistent with its obligations under this Agreement). Notwithstanding the foregoing, this Section 3(a) shall not prohibit a Transfer of the Subject Shares by the Stockholder to an Affiliate of the Stockholder; provided, that a Transfer referred to in this sentence shall be permitted only if, as a precondition to such Transfer, the transferee agrees in a writing, reasonably satisfactory in form and substance to Purchaser, to be bound by all of the terms of this Agreement. Each Stockholder agrees that any Transfer of Subject Shares not permitted hereby shall be null and void and that any such prohibited Transfer shall be enjoined. If any involuntary transfer of any Subject Shares covered hereby shall occur (including, but not limited to, a sale by any Stockholder’s trustee in bankruptcy, or a sale to a purchaser at any creditor’s or court sale), the transferee (which term, as used herein, shall include any and all transferees and subsequent transferees of the initial transferee) shall take and hold such Subject Shares subject to all of the restrictions, liabilities and rights under this Agreement, which shall continue in full force and effect.

 

(b)       In the event of a stock dividend or distribution, or any change in the Subject Shares by reason of any stock dividend or distribution, split-up, recapitalization, combination, conversion, exchange of shares or the like, the term “Subject Shares” shall be deemed to refer to and include the Subject Shares as well as all such stock dividends and distributions and any securities into which or for which any or all of the Subject Shares may be changed or exchanged or which are received in such transaction. Each Stockholder further agrees that, in the event such Stockholder purchases or otherwise acquires beneficial or record ownership of or an interest in, or acquires the right to vote or share in the voting of, any additional Common Shares, in each case after the execution of this Agreement, then any such additional Common Shares shall be subject to the terms of this Agreement, including all covenants, agreements, obligations, representations and warranties set forth herein as if those additional shares were owned by such Stockholder on the date of this Agreement.

 

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Section 3.2     Capacity. All agreements and understandings made herein shall be made solely in each Stockholder’s capacity as a holder of the Subject Shares and not in any other capacity. For the avoidance of doubt, notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Agreement, the parties acknowledge that if a Stockholder has a nominee or Affiliate on the Company’s board of directors (the “Board”), the parties agree that (i) such nominee or Affiliate of such Stockholder on the Board (each, a “Stockholder Designee”) shall be free to act in his/her capacity as a director of the Company solely in accordance with his duties to the Company and its stockholders, (ii) nothing herein shall prohibit or restrict any Stockholder Designee from taking any action (or omitting to take any action) in facilitation of the exercise of his/her fiduciary duties pursuant to and in accordance with the Purchase Agreement or otherwise and (iii) no action taken by a Stockholder Designee or the omission by a Stockholder Designee to take any action, acting in his or her capacity as a director of the Company, shall be deemed to be a breach by such Stockholder of this Agreement..

 

Section 3.3     Other Offers. During the Voting Period, none of the Stockholder or its Affiliates (in their capacity as such) shall, and the Stockholder shall not authorize or permit any of its Representatives to, take any of the following actions: (i) initiate, solicit, facilitate or knowingly encourage any Acquisition Proposal or the making or submission thereof or the making of any proposal that could reasonably be expected to lead to any Acquisition Proposal, (ii) participate or engage in any negotiations regarding, or furnish any third party any non-public information relating to the Company or its Subsidiaries, in connection with or with a view to induce the making, submission or announcement of an Acquisition Proposal or any inquiries or proposals that could reasonably be expected to lead to an Acquisition Proposal, or (iii) adopt or approve any Acquisition Proposal or enter into any agreement or arrangement (including any letter of intent or agreement in principal) with respect to an Acquisition Proposal; provided, however, that none of the foregoing restrictions shall apply to the Stockholder’s and its Representatives’ interactions with Purchaser and its Subsidiaries and Representatives. Without limiting the foregoing, it is understood that any violation of the foregoing restrictions by any Affiliates or Representatives of a Stockholder who are acting at such Stockholder’s direction or behalf shall be deemed to be a breach of this Section 3.3 by such Stockholder. The Stockholder shall, and shall cause its Affiliates and Representatives to, cease immediately and cause to be terminated any and all existing activities, discussion or negotiations, if any, with any third party conducted prior to the date hereof with respect to any Acquisition Proposal.

 

Section 3.4     Communications. During the Voting Period, each Stockholder shall not, and shall use its commercially reasonable efforts to cause its Representatives, if any, not to, make any press release, public announcement or other public communication that criticizes or disparages this Agreement or the Purchase Agreement or any of the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby, without the prior written consent of Purchaser, provided that the foregoing shall not limit or affect any actions taken by such Stockholder that would be permitted to be taken by the Company pursuant to the terms of the Purchase Agreement or any Affiliate of such Stockholder who is a director, officer or employee of the Company from taking any action in his or her capacity as a director, officer or employee of the Company, including making any filings with the SEC in connection with the Purchase Agreement or any of the transactions contemplated thereby. Each Stockholder hereby consents to and authorizes the publication and disclosure by Purchaser and the Company in any publicly filed documents relating to the Purchase Agreement or the transactions contemplated thereby of: (a) such Stockholder’s identity; (b) such Stockholder’s ownership of the Subject Shares; and (c) the nature of such Stockholder’s commitments, arrangements and understandings under this Agreement, and any other information that Purchaser or the Company reasonably determine to be necessary in any SEC disclosure document in connection with the Purchase Agreement or any transactions contemplated thereby.

 

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Section 3.5     Voting Trusts. Each Stockholder agrees that it will not, nor will it permit any entity under its control to, deposit any of its Subject Shares in a voting trust or subject any of its Subject Shares to any arrangement with respect to the voting of such Subject Shares other than as provided herein.

 

ARTICLE IV

 

REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF STOCKHOLDER

 

The Stockholder hereby represents and warrants to Purchaser as follows:

 

Section 4.1     Due Authorization, etc. Such Stockholder is an entity duly organized, validly existing and in good standing under the Laws of its State of organization. Such Stockholder has all necessary power and authority to execute and deliver this Agreement and to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby. The execution and delivery of this Agreement and the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby by such Stockholder have been duly authorized by all necessary action on the part of such Stockholder and no other proceedings on the part of such Stockholder are necessary to authorize this Agreement, or to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby. This Agreement has been duly executed and delivered by such Stockholder and (assuming the due authorization, execution and delivery by Purchaser) constitutes a valid and binding obligation of such Stockholder, enforceable against such Stockholder in accordance with its terms, except to the extent enforcement is limited by the General Enforceability Exceptions.

 

Section 4.2     Ownership of Shares. Schedule I hereto sets forth opposite such Stockholder’s name the Common Shares over which such Stockholder has record and beneficial ownership as of the date hereof. As of the date hereof, such Stockholder is the lawful owner of the Common Shares denoted as being owned by such Stockholder on Schedule I hereto, has the sole power to vote or cause to be voted such Common Shares and the sole power to dispose of or cause to be disposed such Common Shares. Such Stockholder has good and valid title to the Common Shares denoted as being owned by such Stockholder on Schedule I hereto.

 

Section 4.3     No Conflicts. Except as contemplated by the Purchase Agreement and for the applicable requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), (a) no filing with any Governmental Entity is necessary for the execution of this Agreement by such Stockholder and (b) none of the execution and delivery of this Agreement by such Stockholder, the consummation by such Stockholder of the transactions contemplated hereby or compliance by such Stockholder with any of the provisions hereof shall (i) conflict with or result in any breach of any of the organizational documents of such Stockholder, (ii) result in, or give rise to, a violation or breach of or a default under any of the terms of any Contract to which such Stockholder is a party or by which such Stockholder or any of the Subject Shares or its assets may be bound, or (iii) violate any Law, except for any of the foregoing as would not reasonably be expected to impair such Stockholder’s ability to perform any of its obligations under this Agreement.

 

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Section 4.4     Finder’s Fees. No investment banker, broker, finder or other intermediary is entitled to a fee or commission from Purchaser or the Company in respect of this Agreement based upon any Contract made by or on behalf of such Stockholder, solely in such Stockholder’s capacity as a stockholder of the Company.

 

Section 4.5     No Litigation. As of the date of this Agreement, there is no Action pending or, to the knowledge of such Stockholder, threatened against such Stockholder that would reasonably be expected to impair the ability of such Stockholder to perform its obligations hereunder or consummate the transactions contemplated hereby.

 

ARTICLE V

 

REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF Purchaser

 

Purchaser hereby represents and warrants to the Stockholder as follows:

 

Section 5.1     Due Organization, etc. Purchaser is a corporation duly organized, validly existing and in good standing under the Laws of the State of Delaware. Purchaser has all necessary corporate power and authority to execute and deliver this Agreement and to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby. The execution and delivery of this Agreement and the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby by Purchaser have been duly authorized by all necessary action on the part of Purchaser and no other proceedings on the part of Purchaser are necessary to authorize this Agreement, or to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby. This Agreement has been duly executed and delivered by Purchaser and (assuming the due authorization, execution and delivery by each of the Stockholder Parties) constitutes a valid and binding obligation of Purchaser, enforceable against Purchaser in accordance with its terms, except to the extent enforcement is limited by the General Enforceability Exceptions.

 

Section 5.2     No Conflicts. Except as contemplated by the Purchase Agreement and for the applicable requirements of the Exchange Act, (a) no filing with any Governmental Entity, and no authorization, consent or approval of any other person is necessary for the execution of this Agreement by Purchaser and (b) none of the execution and delivery of this Agreement by Purchaser, the consummation by Purchaser of the transactions contemplated hereby or compliance by Purchaser with any of the provisions hereof shall (i) conflict with or result in any breach of the organizational documents of Purchaser, (ii) result in, or give rise to, a violation or breach of or a default under any of the terms of any Contract to which Purchaser is a party or by which Purchaser or any of its assets may be bound or (iii) violate any Law, except for any of the foregoing as would not reasonably be expected to impair Purchaser’s ability to perform its obligations under this Agreement.

 

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ARTICLE VI

 

TERMINATION

 

Section 6.1     Termination. This Agreement shall automatically terminate, and neither Purchaser nor the Stockholder shall have any rights or obligations hereunder and this Agreement shall become null and void and have no effect upon the earliest to occur of: (a) the mutual written consent of Purchaser and the Stockholder; (b) the Second Closing; or (c) the termination of the Purchase Agreement in accordance with its terms. The parties acknowledge that upon termination of this Agreement as permitted under and in accordance with the terms of this Article VI, no party to this Agreement shall have the right to recover any claim with respect to any losses suffered by such party in connection with such termination, except that, subject to Section 7.11, the termination of this Agreement shall not relieve either party to this Agreement from liability for such party’s intentional breach of any terms of this Agreement. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein, the provisions of this Article VI and Article VII shall survive the termination of this Agreement. Notwithstanding anything contained herein to the contrary, nothing in this Agreement shall be deemed to constitute a waiver, modification or amendment to any rights or remedies any party may have under the Purchase Agreement.

 

ARTICLE VII

 

MISCELLANEOUS

 

Section 7.1     Further Actions. Subject to the terms and conditions set forth in this Agreement, the Stockholder agrees to take any and all actions and to do all things reasonably necessary or appropriate to effectuate this Agreement.

 

Section 7.2     Fees and Expenses. Except as otherwise specifically provided herein or in the Purchase Agreement, each party shall bear its own expenses in connection with this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby.

 

Section 7.3     Amendments, Waivers, etc. This Agreement may not be amended except by an instrument in writing signed by the parties hereto and specifically referencing this Agreement. At any time during the Voting Period, any party hereto may (a) for the benefit of the other parties hereto extend the time for the performance of any of the obligations or other acts of the other parties hereto, (b) waive any inaccuracies in the representations and warranties contained herein or in any document delivered pursuant hereto, and (c) subject to the requirements of applicable Law, waive compliance with any of the agreements or conditions contained herein. Any such extension or waiver shall be valid if set forth in an instrument in writing signed by the party or parties to be bound thereby and specifically referencing this Agreement. The failure of any party to assert any rights or remedies shall not constitute a waiver of such rights or remedies.

 

Section 7.4     Notices. All notices and other communications hereunder shall be in writing and shall be deemed given if delivered personally, sent via electronic mail (with confirmation), mailed by registered or certified mail (return receipt requested) or delivered by an express courier (with confirmation) to the Parties at the following addresses (or at such other address for a party as may be specified by like notice):

 

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If to Purchaser, to:

 

Innoviva, Inc.
1350 Old Bayshore Highway Suite 400
Burlingame, CA 94010
Attention: Chief Executive Officer
Email: Geoffrey.hulme@inva.com

 

with a copy (which shall not constitute notice) to:

Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP

787 Seventh Avenue

New York, New York 10019

Attn: Russell Leaf

          Jared Fertman

Tel: (212) 728-8593

        (212) 728-8670

Email: rleaf@willkie.com

           jfertman@willkie.com

 

If to Stockholder: At the address set forth next to the name of Stockholder on the signature pages hereto.

 

Section 7.5     Headings. The headings contained in this Agreement are for reference purposes only and shall not affect in any way the meaning or interpretation of this Agreement..

 

Section 7.6     Severability. The provisions of this Agreement shall be deemed severable and the invalidity or unenforceability of any provision shall not affect the validity or enforceability of the other provisions hereof. If any provision of this Agreement, or the application of such provision to any person or any circumstance, is invalid or unenforceable (a) a suitable and equitable provision shall be substituted therefor in order to carry out, so far as may be valid and enforceable, the intent and purpose of such invalid or unenforceable provision and (b) the remainder of this Agreement and the application of such provision to other persons or circumstances shall not be affected by such invalidity or unenforceability, nor shall such invalidity or unenforceability affect the validity or enforceability of such provision, or the application of such provision, in any other jurisdiction.

 

Section 7.7     Entire Agreement; Assignment. This Agreement constitutes the entire agreement, and supersedes all other prior agreements and understandings, both written and oral, between the parties, or any of them, with respect to the subject matter hereof. Neither this Agreement nor any of the rights, interests or obligations hereunder shall be assigned by any of the parties hereto (whether by operation of law or otherwise) without the prior written consent of the other parties, except that without consent, Purchaser may assign all or any of its rights and obligations hereunder to any of its Subsidiaries or Affiliates that assume the rights and obligations of Purchaser under the Purchase Agreement. Subject to the preceding two sentences, this Agreement will be binding upon, inure to the benefit of and be enforceable by the parties hereto and their respective successors and permitted assigns. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary set forth herein, each Stockholder agrees that this Agreement and the obligations hereunder shall be binding upon any Person to which record or beneficial ownership of such Stockholder’s Subject Shares shall pass, whether by operation or law or otherwise, including such Stockholder’s heirs, guardians, administrators or successors and assigns, and each Stockholder agrees to take all commercially actions necessary to effect the foregoing.

 

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Section 7.8     Parties in Interest. This Agreement shall be binding upon and inure solely to the benefit of each party hereto, and nothing in this Agreement, express or implied, is intended to or shall confer upon any other Person any rights, benefits or remedies of any nature whatsoever under or by reason of this Agreement, including the right to rely upon the representations and warranties set forth herein. The representations and warranties in this Agreement are the product of negotiations among the parties hereto and are for the sole benefit of the parties hereto. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Company shall be an express third party beneficiary solely of the provisions of Section 3.4 hereof. Any inaccuracies in such representations and warranties are subject to waiver by the parties hereto in accordance with Section 7.3 without notice or liability to any other person. In some instances, the representations and warranties in this Agreement may represent an allocation among the parties hereto of risks associated with particular matters regardless of the knowledge of any of the parties hereto. Consequently, Persons other than the parties hereto may not rely upon the representations and warranties in this Agreement as characterizations of actual facts or circumstances as of the date of this Agreement or as of any other date (except the Company solely with respect to Section 3.4 hereof).

 

Section 7.9     Interpretation. When a reference is made in this Agreement to an Article or Section, such reference shall be to an Article or Section of this Agreement unless otherwise indicated. Whenever the words “include,” “includes” or “including” are used in this Agreement, they shall be deemed to be followed by the words “without limitation.” The words “hereof,” “herein” and “hereunder” and words of similar import when used in this Agreement shall refer to this Agreement as a whole and not to any particular provision of this Agreement. All terms defined in this Agreement shall have the defined meanings when used in any certificate or other document made or delivered pursuant hereto unless otherwise defined therein. The definitions contained in this Agreement are applicable to the singular as well as the plural forms of such terms and to the masculine as well as to the feminine and neuter genders of such term. Any agreement, instrument or statute defined or referred to herein or in any agreement or instrument that is referred to herein means such agreement, instrument or statute as from time to time amended, modified or supplemented in accordance with the terms hereof, including (in the case of agreements or instruments) by waiver or consent and (in the case of statutes) by succession of comparable successor statutes and references to all attachments thereto and instruments incorporated therein. References to a Person are also to its permitted successors and assigns. Each of the parties has participated in the drafting and negotiation of this Agreement. If an ambiguity or question of intent or interpretation arises, this Agreement must be construed as if drafted by all the parties and no presumption or burden of proof shall arise favoring or disfavoring any party by virtue of authorship of any of the provisions of this Agreement. This Agreement shall be construed without regard to any presumption or rule requiring construction or interpretation against the party drafting or causing any instrument to be drafted.

 

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Section 7.10     Governing Law. THIS AGREEMENT AND ALL QUESTIONS RELATING TO THE INTERPRETATION OR ENFORCEMENT OF THIS AGREEMENT SHALL BE DEEMED TO BE MADE IN AND IN ALL RESPECTS SHALL BE INTERPRETED, CONSTRUED AND GOVERNED BY AND IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE LAW OF THE STATE OF DELAWARE WITHOUT REGARD TO THE CONFLICTS OF LAW PRINCIPLES THEREOF TO THE EXTENT THAT SUCH PRINCIPLES WOULD DIRECT A MATTER TO ANOTHER JURISDICTION.

 

Section 7.11     Specific Performance. Each Stockholder acknowledges that any breach of this Agreement would give rise to irreparable harm for which monetary damages would not be an adequate remedy and each of the Company and Purchaser shall be entitled to a decree of specific performance and to temporary, preliminary and permanent injunctive relief to prevent breaches or threatened breaches of any of the provisions of this Agreement, without the necessity of proving the inadequacy of monetary damages as a remedy, which shall be the sole and exclusive remedy for any such breach. Notwithstanding anything contained herein to the contrary, nothing in this Agreement shall be deemed to constitute a waiver, modification or amendment to any rights or remedies any party may have under the Purchase Agreement.

 

Section 7.12     Submission to Jurisdiction. The parties hereby irrevocably submit to the exclusive personal jurisdiction of the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware, or, if the Chancery Court declines jurisdiction, the United States District Court for the District of Delaware or the courts of the State of Delaware solely in respect of the interpretation and enforcement of the provisions of this Agreement and hereby waive, and agree not to assert, as a defense in any action, suit or proceeding for the interpretation or enforcement hereof, that it is not subject thereto or that such action, suit or proceeding may not be brought or is not maintainable in said courts or that the venue thereof may not be appropriate or that this Agreement may not be enforced in or by such courts, and the parties hereto irrevocably agree that all claims relating to such action, suit or proceeding shall be heard and determined in such courts. The parties hereby consent to and grant any such court jurisdiction over the person of such parties and, to the extent permitted by law, over the subject matter of such dispute and agree that mailing of process or other papers in connection with any such action or proceeding in the manner provided in Section 7.4 or in such other manner as may be permitted by Law shall be valid and sufficient service thereof.

 

Section 7.13     Waiver of Jury Trial. EACH PARTY ACKNOWLEDGES AND AGREES THAT ANY CONTROVERSY WHICH MAY ARISE UNDER THIS AGREEMENT IS LIKELY TO INVOLVE COMPLICATED AND DIFFICULT ISSUES, AND THEREFORE EACH SUCH PARTY HEREBY IRREVOCABLY AND UNCONDITIONALLY WAIVES ANY RIGHT SUCH PARTY MAY HAVE TO A TRIAL BY JURY IN RESPECT OF ANY LITIGATION DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY ARISING OUT OF OR RELATING TO THIS AGREEMENT OR THE TRANSACTIONS CONTEMPLATED BY THIS AGREEMENT. EACH PARTY CERTIFIES AND ACKNOWLEDGES THAT (i) NO REPRESENTATIVE, AGENT OR ATTORNEY OF ANY OTHER PARTY HAS REPRESENTED, EXPRESSLY OR OTHERWISE, THAT SUCH OTHER PARTY WOULD NOT, IN THE EVENT OF LITIGATION, SEEK TO ENFORCE THE FOREGOING WAIVER, (ii) EACH PARTY UNDERSTANDS AND HAS CONSIDERED THE IMPLICATIONS OF THIS WAIVER, (iii) EACH PARTY MAKES THIS WAIVER VOLUNTARILY, AND (iv) EACH PARTY HAS BEEN INDUCED TO ENTER INTO THIS AGREEMENT BY, AMONG OTHER THINGS, THE MUTUAL WAIVERS AND CERTIFICATIONS IN THIS SECTION 7.13.

 

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Section 7.14     Counterparts. This Agreement may be executed in two or more counterparts (including by facsimile transmission or other means of electronic transmission, such as by electronic mail in “pdf” form), each of which shall be an original, with the same effect as if the signatures thereto and hereto were upon the same instrument, and shall become effective when one or more counterparts have been signed by each of the parties and delivered (by facsimile or otherwise) to the other parties.

 

Section 7.15     Relationship of the Parties. This Agreement has been negotiated on an arm’s length basis between the parties and is not intended to create a partnership, joint venture or agency relationship between the parties.

 

[signature page follows]

 

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, Purchaser and the Stockholder have caused this Agreement to be duly executed as of the day and year first above written.

 

 

  INNOVIVA, INC.
     
     
  By:        
    Name:
    Title:

 

 

 

 

 

 

[Signature Page to Voting Agreement]

 

 

 

  [STOCKHOLDER]
     
     
  By:        
  Name:
  Title:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

[Signature Page to Voting Agreement]

 

 

 

Schedule I
Ownership of Common Shares

 

 

Name and Address of Stockholder Number of Common Shares
   
Total:  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exhibit 99.1

 

Armata Pharmaceuticals and Innoviva Announce $25 Million Strategic Investment to Support Advancement of Armata's Bacteriophage Development Programs

 

MARINA DEL REY, Calif. and BRISBANE, Calif., Jan. 28, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- Armata Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NYSE American: ARMP) ("Armata"), a biotechnology company focused on precisely targeted bacteriophage therapeutics for antibiotic-resistant infections, and Innoviva, Inc. (NASDAQ: INVA) ("Innoviva"), a company with a portfolio of royalties that include respiratory assets partnered with Glaxo Group Limited, today announced that they have entered into a securities purchase agreement pursuant to which Innoviva will purchase, upon satisfaction of certain closing conditions, approximately $25 million in Armata common stock and warrant securities (excluding any consideration payable upon exercise of warrants).

 

Armata expects to use the proceeds from the offering to support the ongoing advancement of its bacteriophage development programs, including the expected first in human studies related to Armata's lead phage candidate, AP-PA02, targeting Pseudomonas aeruginosa, as well as AP-SA02, its phage candidate targeting Staphylococcus Aureus.

 

"We are excited by this opportunity and are eager to work with the Armata team in the development of this novel treatment for multi drug resistant bacterial infections which represent a serious and growing public health crisis," said Odysseas Kostas, M.D., Chairman of Innoviva's Board of Directors.

 

Pursuant to and subject to the terms and conditions of the securities purchase agreement and related agreements, Innoviva will purchase approximately 8.7 million newly issued shares of Armata's common stock, at a price of $2.87 per share, and warrants to purchase up to approximately 8.7 million additional shares of Armata's common stock, with an exercise price of $2.87 per share.  The stock purchases are expected to occur in two tranches.  At the closing of the first tranche, Innoviva will purchase approximately 1.0 million shares of common stock and warrants to purchase approximately 1.0 million shares of common stock for an aggregate purchase price of $2.8 million.  At the closing of the second tranche, upon Armata stockholders voting in favor of the transaction, Innoviva will purchase approximately 7.7 million shares of common stock and warrants to purchase approximately 7.7 million shares of common stock for an aggregate purchase price of $22.2 million.  Assuming the completion of the first closing, Innoviva will be entitled to appoint two directors to Armata's Board of Directors.  It currently is expected that Innoviva will appoint Sarah Schlesinger. M.D. and Odysseas Kostas, M.D. to serve on Armata's Board of Directors.

 

Subject to the satisfaction of certain closing conditions, including, with respect to the second closing, the approval of Armata's stockholders, the transactions contemplated by the securities purchase agreement are expected to close during the first quarter of 2020. 

 

"Over the course of the last several months, we have made significant progress advancing our bacteriophage development programs," stated Todd R. Patrick, Chief Executive Officer of Armata.  "As we now prepare to enter human clinical trials, we are excited to enter into this agreement with Innoviva given its team's experience with drug development and clinical medicine.  We are particularly looking forward to welcoming Drs. Kostas and Schlesinger to our Board.  Their commitment to provide novel solutions for patients suffering from antibiotic resistance will be invaluable as we develop our bacteriophage platform.  As we look forward, the funding from this transaction will allow us to pursue meaningful milestones in 2020 and 2021."

 

Armata hopes to achieve the following milestones in 2020:

 

·Initiate a clinical trial evaluating safety and tolerability of AP-PA02 in cystic fibrosis patients chronically infected with P. aeruginosa
·Obtain topline data from the clinical trial of AP-PA02

 

 

 

 

·Obtain third party, non-dilutive funding to advance Armata's Staphylococcus aureus phage candidate, AP-SA02, into clinical trials
·File an IND to initiate clinical studies of AP-SA02

 

The transaction was approved by the Boards of Directors of both companies and the shareholders of Armata will receive a proxy statement seeking their approval of the second closing in the coming weeks.

 

Immediately after the second closing of the transaction, Armata will have approximately 18.6 million shares of common stock and warrants exercisable for approximately 10.6 million shares of common stock outstanding.  We expect the proceeds from the offering to provide sufficient cash resources to achieve meaningful clinical milestones in 2020 and 2021.

 

Armata received legal advice in the transaction from Thompson Hine LLP and Ladenburg Thalmann provided financial advice.  Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP provided legal advice to Innoviva.

 

This release does not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy any security.  The shares offered have not been registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or applicable state securities laws and may not be offered or sold in the United States or any state thereof absent registration under the securities act and applicable state securities laws or an applicable exemption from registration requirements.

 

About Armata Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

 

Armata is a clinical-stage biotechnology company focused on the development of precisely targeted bacteriophage therapeutics for the treatment of antibiotic-resistant infections using its proprietary bacteriophage-based technology. Armata is developing and advancing a broad pipeline of natural and synthetic phage candidates, including clinical candidates for Pseudomonas aeruginosaStaphylococcus aureus, and other pathogens. In addition, in collaboration with Merck, known as MSD outside of the United States and Canada, Armata is developing proprietary synthetic phage candidates to target an undisclosed infectious disease agent. Armata is committed to advancing phage with drug development expertise that spans bench to clinic including in-house phage specific GMP manufacturing.  

 

Forward Looking Statements

 

This communication contains "forward-looking" statements, including, without limitation, statements related to the anticipated benefits of the offering and related transactions, Armata's ability to meet expected milestones, expand its pipeline, pursue additional potential partnerships, statements related to clinical trials, including the anticipated initiation of a clinical trial of AP-PA02, and future milestones, including obtain topline data from the clinical trial of AP-PA02, obtain third party, non-dilutive funding to advance the company's Staphylococcus aureus phage candidate, AP-SA02, into clinical trials, and file an IND to initiate clinical studies of AP-SA02. Any statements contained in this communication that are not statements of historical fact may be deemed to be forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are based upon Armata's current expectations. Forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties. Armata's actual results and the timing of events could differ materially from those anticipated in such forward-looking statements as a result of these risks and uncertainties, which include, without limitation, risks related to Armata's ability to advance its preclinical and clinical programs and the uncertain and time-consuming regulatory approval process; Armata's ability to develop products based on bacteriophages and synthetic phages to kill bacterial pathogens; Armata's expected market opportunity for its products; and Armata's ability to obtain stockholder approval of the offering contemplated hereby; Armata's ability to complete the offering contemplated herein and ability to sufficiently fund its future operations as expected. Additional risks and uncertainties relating to Armata and its business can be found under the caption "Risk Factors" and elsewhere in Armata's filings and reports with the SEC, including in Armata's Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the SEC on March 25, 2019, Armata's Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A, filed with the SEC on April 4, 2019, as amended, and Armata's subsequent filings with the SEC. Armata expressly disclaims any obligation or undertaking to release publicly any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect any change in Armata's expectations with regard thereto or any change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statements are based.

 

 

 

 

Media Contacts:

 

At Armata:
Steve Martin
Armata Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
ir@armatapharma.com
858-800-2492

 

Armata Investor Relations:

Joyce Allaire
LifeSci Advisors, LLC
jallaire@lifesciadvisors.com
212-915-2569

 

At Innoviva:

Dan Zacchei / Alex Kovtun
Sloane & Company
212-446-9500
dzacchei@sloanepr.com / akovtun@sloanepr.com