Sta 

 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

 

Form 10-Q

 

☒ QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2018

 

Or

 

☐ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from ______ to ______

 

Commission File Number 000-09587

 

ELECTRO-SENSORS, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Minnesota

41-0943459

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

(IRS Employer Identification No.)

 

6111 Blue Circle Drive
Minnetonka, Minnesota 55343-9108

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(952) 930-0100

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 of 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ☒ No ☐

 

1


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer  

Accelerated filer ☐

 

Non-accelerated filer

☐ 

Smaller reporting company ☒

 

 

 

Emerging growth company ☐

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No ☒

 

The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock, $0.10 par value, on November 12, 2018 was 3,395,521.

 

 

 

2


 

ELECTRO-SENSORS, INC.

Form 10-Q

For the Periods Ended September 30, 2018

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION 4
   
Item 1. Financial Statements (unaudited): 4
   
Balance Sheets – As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 4
Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) – For the Three and Nine Months ended September 30, 2018 and September 30, 2017 5
Statements of Cash Flows – For the Nine Months ended September 30, 2018 and September 30, 2017 6
Notes to Financial Statements 7
   
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 12
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 16
Item 4. Controls and Procedures 16
   
PART II – OTHER INFORMATION 16
   
Item 1. Legal Proceedings 16
Item 1A. Risk Factors 16
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 16
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities 16
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 16
Item 5. Other Information 16
Item 6. Exhibits 16
   
SIGNATURES 17
   

 

3


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements

ELECTRO-SENSORS, INC.

BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands except share and per share amounts)

 

 

September 30,
2018

 

 

December 31,
2017

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

ASSET

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents 

 

$

853

 

 

$

963

 

Investments

 

 

7,749

 

 

 

7,756

 

Trade receivables, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $11


1,044

 

 

 

902

 

Inventories

 

 

1,604

 

 

 

1,552

 

Other current assets

 

 

171

 

 

 

141

 

Income tax receivable

 

 

17

 

 

 

45

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total current assets

 

 

11,438

 

 

 

11,359

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deferred income tax asset, net

 

 

178

 

 

 

182

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Intangible assets, net

 

 

624

 

 

 

800

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

1,041

 

 

 

1,074

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

$

13,281

 

 

$

13,415

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contingent earn-out

 

$

0

 

 

$

150

 

Accounts payable

 

 

193

 

 

 

178

 

Accrued expenses

 

 

425

 

 

 

380

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

618

 

 

 

708

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock par value $0.10 per share; authorized 10,000,000 shares; 3,395,521 shares issued and outstanding

 

 

339

 

 

 

339

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

2,011

 

 

 

2,004

 

Retained earnings

 

 

10,287

 

 

 

10,352

 

Accumulated other comprehensive gain (unrealized gain on available-for-sale securities, net of income tax)

 

 

26

 

 

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity

 

 

12,663

 

 

 

12,707

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity 

 

$

13,281

 

 

$

13,415

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited financial statements

4


ELECTRO-SENSORS, INC.

STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

(in thousands except share and per share amounts)  

(unaudited)

 

    Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
    2018     2017     2018     2017  
   
                           
Net sales   $ 2,146     $ 2,078
  $ 5,642
    $ 6,075
 
Cost of goods sold     951    
944       2,559
      2,718
 
                                 
Gross profit  
1,195    
1,134       3,083
      3,357
 
                                 
Operating expenses                                
Selling and marketing     406       342       1,242
      1,127
 
General and administrative     414       402       1,370
      1,225
 
Research and development  
176    
168       628
      590
 
                                 
Total operating expenses   
996    
912       3,240
      2,942
 
                                 
Operating income (loss)     199     222       (157 )   415
                                 
Non-operating income                                
Interest income     36       9       83
      22
 
Other income  
2    
3       7
      8
 
                                 
Total non-operating income  
38    
12       90
      30
 
                                 
Income (loss) before income tax expense (benefit)      237     234       (67 )     445
                                 
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes     50  
82       (9 )     154
                                 
Net income (loss)   $ 187   $
152     $ (58 )   $ 291
                                 
Other comprehensive income                                
Change in unrealized value of available-for-sale securities, net of income tax   $ 0     $ 6     $ 6   $ 10
 
Other comprehensive income     0       6       6     10

                                 
Net comprehensive income (loss)   $
187   $ 158     $ (52 )   $ 301
                                 
Net income (loss) per share data:                                
                                 
Basic                                
Net income (loss) per share   $ 0.06   $ 0.04     $ (0.02 )   $ 0.09
Weighted average shares     3,395,521       3,395,521       3,395,521       3,395,521  
                                 
Diluted                                
Net income (loss) per share   $
0.06   $
0.04     $ (0.02 )   $ 0.09
Weighted average shares     3,398,238       3,400,988       3,395,521       3,396,899
 

See accompanying notes to unaudited financial statements

5


ELECTRO-SENSORS, INC.

STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(in thousands)

(unaudited)

 

 

 

Nine Months Ended
September 30,

 

 

 

2018

 

2017

 

Cash flows from (used in) operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

(58

)

 

$

291


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash from (used in) operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

238

 

 

 

233

 

Deferred income taxes

 

 

0

 

 

(62

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

7

 

 

 

48

 

Change in contingent earn-out fair value

 

 

0

 

 

 

(53

)

Interest accrued on treasury bills

 

 

(78

)

 

 

(21

)

Change in:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trade receivables

 

 

(142

)

 

 

(272

)

Inventories

 

 

(52

)

 

 

(13

)

Other current assets

 

 

(30

)

 

 

(3

)

Accounts payable

 

 

15

 

 

(106

)  

Accrued expenses

 

 

45

 

 

 

135

 

Income tax receivable

 

 

28

 

 

139

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash from (used in) operating activities

 

 

(27

)

 

 

316

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of treasury bills

 

 

(10,654

)

 

 

(5,956

)

Proceeds from the maturity of treasury bills

 

 

10,750

 

 

 

6,000

 

Purchase of property and equipment

 

 

(29

)

 

 

(15

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash from investing activities

 

 

67

 

 

 

29

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows used in financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Payment of contingent earn-out

 

 

(150

)

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash used in financing activities

 

 

(150

)

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

(110

)

 

 

345

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning

 

 

963

 

 

 

840

 

Cash and cash equivalents, ending

 

$

853

 

 

$

1,185

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental cash flow information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for income taxes

 

$

0

 

 

$

125

 

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited financial statements

 

6


ELECTRO-SENSORS, INC.

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE PERIOD ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2018

(in thousands except share and per share amounts)

(unaudited)

 

Note 1. Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying unaudited financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for interim financial information and with the instructions and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission to Form 10-Q. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for complete financial statements.

 

This report should be read together with the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, including the audited financial statements and footnotes therein.

 

Management believes that the unaudited financial statements include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals, necessary to fairly state the financial position and results of operations as of September 30, 2018 and for the three and nine-month periods then ended in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The results of interim periods may not be indicative of results to be expected for the year.

 

Nature of Business

 

Electro-Sensors, Inc. manufactures and markets a complete line of monitoring and control systems for a variety of industrial machinery. The Company uses leading-edge technology to continuously improve its products and expand the number of applications they can be used in, with the goal of manufacturing the industry-preferred product for every market served. The Company sells these products through an internal sales staff, manufacturers’ representatives, and distributors to a wide variety of industries that use the products in a variety of applications to monitor process machinery operations. The Company markets its products to customers located throughout the United States, Canada, Latin America, Europe, and Asia.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) Revenue from Contracts with Customers and all related amendments (the Standard), for all contracts using the modified retrospective method. The Standard implements a five-step process for revenue recognition that focuses on transfer of control and defines a contract as “an agreement between two or more parties that creates legally enforceable rights and obligations." The adoption of the Standard did not materially affect the timing and measurement of our revenue recognition. As a result, we did not recognize a cumulative effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings.

 

At contract inception, the Company assesses the goods and services promised to a customer and identifies a performance obligation for each promised good or service that is distinct.   In addition, the transaction price for each performance obligation is determined at contract inception.  Our contracts, generally in the form of a purchase order, specify the product or service that is promised to the customer. The typical contract life is less than one month and contains a single performance obligation, to provide conforming goods or services to the customer. Product revenue is recognized at the point in time when control of the product is transferred to the customer, which typically occurs when products are shipped.  Service revenue is recognized at the point in time when the service has been provided.


Fair Value Measurements 

 

The carrying value of trade receivables, accounts payable, and other financial working capital items approximates fair value at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, due to the short maturity nature of these instruments.


7


ELECTRO-SENSORS, INC.

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE PERIOD ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2018

(in thousands except share and per share amounts)

(unaudited)

 


Stock-Based Compensation

 

The Company records compensation expense for stock options based on the estimated fair value of the options on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes-Merton (“BSM”) option pricing model. The Company uses historical data, among other factors, to estimate the expected price volatility, the expected option life, and the expected forfeiture rate. The risk-free interest rate is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant for the estimated life of the option. 


As of September 30, 2018, there was approximately $9 of unrecognized compensation expense related to unvested stock options. The Company expects to recognize this expense over the next two years.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates, including the underlying assumptions, consist of economic lives of long-lived assets, realizability of trade receivables, valuation of deferred tax assets/liabilities, inventory, investments, contingent earn-out, and stock compensation expense. It is at least reasonably possible that these estimates may change in the near term.

 

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncement

 

In January 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-01 (ASU 2016-01) "Financial Instruments-Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities," which amends various aspects of the recognition, measurement, presentation, and disclosure of financial instruments. The Company adopted ASU 2016-01 as of January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective method for marketable equity securities. This resulted in a $7 reclassification of net unrealized losses from accumulated other comprehensive gain (AOCI) to retained earnings. The adoption of ASU 2016-01 increases the possibility of increased volatility of non-operating income, as a result of the requirement to remeasure our equity securities each reporting period. For further information on unrealized gains from equity securities, see Note 2.

 

Net Income (Loss) per Common Share

 

Basic and diluted net income (loss) per common share is determined by dividing net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders by the weighted-average common shares outstanding during the period. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the common shares underlying stock options have been excluded from the calculation because their effect would be anti-dilutive. Therefore, the weighted-average shares outstanding used to calculate both basic and diluted loss per common shares are the same.

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, 6,812 option share equivalents have been excluded from the computations of diluted weighted-average shares outstanding.

 

Reclassification

 

Certain items related to freight costs in the 2017 financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the 2018 presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on stockholders' equity, net income, or cash flows.


8


ELECTRO-SENSORS, INC.

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE PERIOD ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2018

(in thousands except share and per share amounts)

(unaudited)

 

Note 2. Investments

 

The Company has investments in commercial paper, Treasury Bills, and common equity securities of a private U.S. company.  The commercial paper investment is in U.S. debt with ratings of A-1+, P-1, and F1+.  The Treasury Bills have terms ranging from one month to six months at September 30, 2018


The Company classifies its investments in commercial paper and Treasury Bills as available-for-sale accounted for at fair value with unrealized gains and losses recognized in accumulated other comprehensive gain on the balance sheet.

 

Prior to January 1, 2018, the Company accounted for equity securities at fair value with unrealized gains and losses recognized in accumulated other comprehensive gain on the balance sheet. Realized gains and losses on equity securities sold or impaired were recognized in non-operating income on the statement of comprehensive income (loss).

 

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASU 2016-01, which changed the way the Company accounted for equity securities. Equity securities are measured at fair value and starting January 1, 2018 unrealized gains and losses are recognized in non-operating income. Upon adoption, the Company reclassified $7 net unrealized losses related to equity securities from accumulated other comprehensive gain to retained earnings. 


The cost and estimated fair value of the Company’s investments are as follows:

 

 

 

Cost

 

 

Gross
unrealized
gain

 

 

Gross
unrealized
loss

 

 

Fair
value

 

September 30, 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial Paper

 

$

316

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

316

 

Treasury Bills

 

 

7,671

 

 

 

33

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

7,704

 

Equity Securities

 

 

54

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

(9

)

 

 

45

 

 

 

 

8,041

 

 

 

33

 

 

 

(9

)

 

 

8,065

 

Less Cash Equivalents

 

 

316

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

316

 

Total Investments, September 30, 2018

 

$

7,725

 

 

$

33

 

 

$

(9

)

 

$

7,749

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial Paper

 

$

568

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

568

 

Treasury Bills

 

 

7,687

 

 

 

24

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

7,711

 

Equity Securities

 

 

54

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

(9

)

 

 

45

 

 

 

 

8,309

 

 

 

24

 

 

 

(9

)

 

 

8,324

 

Less Cash Equivalents

 

 

568

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

568

 

Total Investments, December 31, 2017

 

$

7,741

 

 

$

24

 

 

$

(9

)

 

$

7,756

 

 

9


ELECTRO-SENSORS, INC.

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE PERIOD ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2018

(in thousands except share and per share amounts)

(unaudited)

 

Note 3. Fair Value Measurements

 

The following table provides information on those assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis.

 

September 30, 2018

 

 

Carrying amount

 

 

 

 

 

 Fair Value Measurement Using 

 

 

 

in balance sheet

 

 

Fair Value

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash equivalents

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial paper

 

$

316

 

 

$

316

 

 

$

316

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

0

 

Treasury bills

 

 

7,704

 

 

 

7,704

 

 

 

7,704

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

Equity Securities

 

 

45

 

 

 

45

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

45

 

 

December 31, 2017

 

 

Carrying amount

 

 

 

 

 

 Fair Value Measurement Using 

 

 

 

in balance sheet

 

 

Fair Value

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash equivalents

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial paper

 

$

568

 

 

$

568

 

 

$

568

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

0

 

Treasury bills

 

 

7,711

 

 

 

7,711

 

 

 

7,711

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

Equity Securities

 

 

45

 

 

 

45

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

45

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contingent earn-out

 

 

150

 

 

 

150

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

150

  

 

The fair value of the commercial paper and treasury bills is based on quoted market prices in an active market. There is not a significant market for the available-for-sale equity security owned by the Company.  The Company has determined the fair value for this equity security based on financial and other factors that are considered level 3 inputs in the fair value hierarchy.

 

The contingent earn-out relates to the 2014 acquisition of the HazardPROTM product line. Management estimated the probability of meeting the revenue targets over the measurement period to determine the fair value of the contingent earn-out, which is considered a level 3 input in the fair value hierarchy.  The contingent earn-out was paid in full during the first quarter of 2018.

 

The change in level 3 liabilities at fair value on a recurring basis for the three and nine months ended September 302018 and 2017 are as follows:

 

 

Three Months Ended September 30

   

Nine Months  Ended September 30

 
     2018       2017       2018     2017  
                   
         
Beginning Balance $ 0     $ 142    

$

150     $
195    

Change in Fair Value

  0     0     0       (53 )
 

Payments

  0     0       (150

)

    0    
Ending Balance $ 0     $ 142     $
0     $ 142    

 

10


ELECTRO-SENSORS, INC.

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE PERIOD ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2018

(in thousands except share and per share amounts)

(unaudited)


Note 4Commitments


Lease commitments

 

The Company is leasing office equipment under an operating lease expiring in 2023.

 

Minimum lease payments required under non-cancelable operating leases are as follows:


Year Amount
2018 $ 2
2019 7
2020 7
2021 7
2022 7
Thereafter 6
Total minimum lease payments 36


Rental expense charged to operations was $1 for the three months ended September 30, 2018.


11


Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, including statements regarding our expectations, beliefs, intentions or strategies regarding the future. Forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements relating to our marketing efforts or our efforts to accelerate growth; our business development activities; our efforts to maintain or reduce production costs; our expected use of cash on hand; our cash requirements; and the sufficiency of our cash flows. Any statement that is not based solely upon historical facts, including our strategies for the future and the outcome of events that have not yet occurred, is a forward-looking statement.

 

All forward-looking statements in this document are based on information available to us as of the date of this Form 10-Q, and we assume no obligation to update any of these forward-looking statements, other than as required by law. Our actual results could differ materially from those projected or indicated in these forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause future results to differ materially from our recent results or those projected in the forward-looking statements, including the accuracy of management’s assumptions with respect to industry trends, fluctuations in industry conditions, the accuracy of management’s assumptions regarding expenses and our cash needs and those listed under the heading “Cautionary Statements” under “Item 1—Business,” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES

 

The preparation of our financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make decisions based upon estimates, assumptions, and factors it considers relevant to the circumstances. These decisions include the selection of applicable accounting principles and the use of judgment in their application, and affect reported amounts and disclosures. Changes in economic conditions or other business circumstances may affect the outcomes of management’s estimates and assumptions. An in-depth description of our accounting estimates can be found in the interim financial statements included in this report and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017. We have not developed new estimates subsequent to those discussed in our Annual Report.


12


SELECTED FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

The following table contains selected financial information, for the periods indicated, from our statements of comprehensive income (loss) expressed as a percentage of net sales.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended September 30,

 

Nine Months Ended September 30,

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

Net sales

 

 

100.0

%

 

 

100.0

%

 

 

100.0

%

 

 

100.0

%

Cost of goods sold

 

 

44.3

 

 

 

45.4

 

 

 

45.4

 

 

 

44.7

 

Gross profit

 

 

55.7

 

 

 

54.6

 

 

 

54.6

 

 

 

55.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     Selling and marketing

 

 

18.9

 

 

 

16.5

 

 

 

22.0

 

 

 

18.6

 

     General and administrative

 

 

19.3

 

 

 

19.3

 

 

 

24.3

 

 

 

20.2

 

     Research and development

 

 

8.2

 

 

 

8.1

 

 

 

11.1

 

 

 

9.7

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

46.4

 

 

 

43.9

 

 

 

57.4

 

 

 

48.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income (loss)

 

 

9.3

 

 

 

10.7

 

 

 

(2.8

)

 

 

6.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Non-operating income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     Interest income

 

 

1.7

 

 

 

0.5

 

 

 

1.5

 

 

 

0.4

 

     Other income

 

 

0.0

 

 


0.1

 

 

 

0.1

 

 

 

0.1

 

Total non-operating income

 

 

1.7

 

 

 

0.6

 

 

 

1.6

 

 

 

0.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income tax expense (benefit)

 

 

11.0

 

 

11.3

 

 

 

(1.2

)

 

 

7.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Provision for (benefit from) income taxes

 

 

2.3

 

 


3.9

 

 

 

(0.2

)

 

 

2.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

 

 

8.7

%

 

 

7.4

%

 

 

(1.0

)%

 

 

4.8

%


The following paragraphs discuss the Company’s performance for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.

 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS (in thousands) 

 

Net Sales

 

Net sales for the third quarter of 2018 were $2,146, a increase of $68, or 3.3%, over the same period in 2017Net sales for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 were $5,642, a decrease of $433, or 7.1%, over the same period in 2017.  The increase in the third quarter was primarily due to an increase in the number of orders in excess of $5 during the quarter and a 31% increase in international sales.  The increase in international sales was driven by increased activity in South America.

  

Gross Profit

 

Gross profit for the third quarter of 2018 increased $61, or 5.4%, over the same period in 2017. Gross profit for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 decreased $274, or 8.2%, over the same period in 2017Gross margin, as a percentage of net sales, increased slightly in the third quarter of 2018 to 55.7%, versus 54.6% in the same period in 2017. Gross margin, as a percentage of net sales, decreased in the nine months ended September 30, 2018 to 54.6%, versus 55.3% in the same period in 2017 The change in the gross margin percentage for both periods was primarily due to a change in product mix.

13


Operating Expenses

 

Total operating expenses increased $84, or 9.2%, for the third quarter of 2018 compared to the same period in 2017, and also increased as a percentage of net sales to 46.4% from 43.9%. Total operating expenses increased $298, or 10.1%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared to the same period in 2017, and also increased as a percentage of net sales to 57.4% from 48.5%.  The increases in operating expenses were due to increased personnel, legal, and professional expenses.

 

 

Selling and marketing expenses in the third quarter of 2018 increased $64, or 18.7%, from the same period in 2017, and also increased as a percentage of net sales to 18.9% from 16.5%. Selling and marketing expenses in the nine months ended September 30, 2018 increased $115, or 10.2%, from the same period of 2017, and also increased as a percentage of net sales to 22.0% from 18.6%. The increase in the third quarter resulted primarily from an increase in commissions dollars accrued to outside sales representatives due to increased sales and expenses related to the hiring of a business development manager.  The increase for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, as compared to the same period in 2017, resulted primarily from the hiring of a business development manager.

 

 

General and administrative expenses increased $12, or 3.0%, for the third quarter of 2018 compared to the same period in 2017, and remained a constant percentage of net sales of 19.3%. General and administrative expenses increased $145, or 11.8%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared to the same period in 2017 and also increased as a percentage of net sales to 24.3% from 20.2%. The increase for in the third quarter was due to higher expenses related to computer supplies, software, and testing.  The increase for the nine-month period was due to increases in legal and professional expenses and computer supplies, software, and testing.

 

 

Research and development expenses increased $8, or 4.8%, in the third quarter of 2018 from the same period in 2017, and also increased as a percentage of net sales to 8.2% from 8.1%. Research and development expenses increased $38, or 6.4%, in the nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared to the same period in 2017, and also increased as a percentage of net sales to 11.1% from 9.7%. The increase for the third quarter was due to the hiring of additional personnel, partially offset by a decrease in contract engineering related to product enhancements.  The increase for the nine-month period was due to the hiring of additional personnel and increased lab testing and certification expenses for a new product, partially offset by a decrease in contract engineering.

 

Non-Operating Income

 

Non-operating income increased by $26, or 216.7%, for the third quarter of 2018 compared to the same period in 2017. Non-operating income increased by $60, or 200.0%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared to the same 2017 period. The increase was primarily due to higher interest income in both periods, as compared to the respective prior year periods, primarily the result of higher interest rates on Treasury Bills.

 

Income (Loss) Before Income Taxes

 

Income before income taxes was $237 for the third quarter of 2018, representing an increase of $3, or 1.3%, compared to $234 for the same period in 2017. Loss before income taxes was $67 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, representing a decrease of $512, or 115.1%, when compared to income before income taxes of $445 for the same period of 2017. The increase for the third quarter was the result of higher gross profit and interest income, partially offset by increased operating expenses discussed above.  The decrease for the nine-month period was the result of lower revenues and higher operating expenses discussed above.

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company's income tax expense percentage decreased to 21.1% for the third quarter of 2018 from 35.0% in the third quarter of 2017 and decreased to 13.4% for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 from 34.6% for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 due to the enactment of the Tax Jobs and Cuts Act (the "Act") of 2017 in December 2017.  The Act decreased the highest corporate rate to 21% from 39%.

 

14


LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

 

Cash and cash equivalents were $853 at September 30, 2018 and $963 at December 31, 2017. The decrease was primarily the result of the payment of the contingent earn-out of $150 in the first quarter of 2018.

 

Cash used in operating activities was $27 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 as compared to cash generated from operations of $316 for the nine months ended September 30, 2017. The $343 decrease was due to the net loss experienced in 2018 and a decrease in accrued income taxes, partially offset by a decrease in trade receivables. The net loss in 2018, as compared to the prior year net income, was primarily due to decreased revenue and higher operating expenses for the nine-month period.  The decrease in accrued income taxes is due to the net loss.  The decrease in trade receivables is due to the timing of sales and collections on accounts.  

 

Cash generated from investing activities was $67 and $29 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.  During the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company had net proceeds of Treasury Bills with a maturity date of more than three months of $96 and $44, respectively. In addition, we purchased $29 and $15 of property and equipment during the nine months ended of 2018 and 2017, respectively.


Cash used in financing activities in the nine months ended September 30, 2018 was $150 to pay the contingent earn-out owed for the technology purchased from Harvest Engineering, Inc. in 2014.  There was no cash used or provided by financing activities in the nine months ended September 30, 2017.  

 

Our ongoing cash requirements will be primarily for capital expenditures, research and development, working capital, and growth initiatives.  Management believes that our cash on hand and any cash generated from operations will be sufficient to meet our cash requirements through at least the next 12 months.

 

Future Business Development Activities

 

The Company continues to seek growth opportunities, both internally through the Company’s existing portfolio of products, technologies and markets, as well as externally through technology partnerships or related-product acquisitions. 


Off-balance Sheet Arrangements

 

As of September 30, 2018, the Company had no off-balance sheet arrangements or transactions. 


 

15


 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

Not Applicable.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Based on an evaluation with the participation of the Company’s management, the Company’s principal executive officer and principal financial officer have concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (“Exchange Act”) were effective as of September 30, 2018.


Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting during the third quarter of 2018, which were identified in connection with management’s evaluation required by paragraph (d) of Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15 under the Exchange Act, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.


PART II – OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1. Legal Proceedings – None
Item 1A. Risk Factors – Not Applicable
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds – None
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities – None
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures – Not Applicable 
Item 5. Other Information – None
Item 6. Exhibits


Exhibit

 

Description

 

 

 

31.1

 

Certification of CEO and CFO Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

 

 

32.1

 

Certification of CEO and CFO Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

 

 

101

 

The following financial information from Electro-Sensors, Inc.’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended September 30, 2018, formatted in eXtensible Business Reporting Language XBRL: (i) Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, (ii) Statements of Comprehensive Loss for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and September 30, 2017, (iii) Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and September 30, 2017, and (iv) Notes to Financial Statements. 

 

16


 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

Electro-Sensors, Inc.

 

 

November 13, 2018

/s/ David L. Klenk

 

David L. Klenk

 

Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer

(Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer)

  


17

 EXHIBIT 31.1

 

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO
SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES OXLEY-ACT OF 2002

 

I, David L. Klenk, certify that:

 

1. I have reviewed this report on Form 10-Q of Electro-Sensors Inc.;

 

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4. I am responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

(a)       Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under my supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant is made known to me by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

(b)       Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under my supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

(c)       Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report my conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

(d)       Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5. I have disclosed, based on my most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

(a)       All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

(b)        Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

November 13, 2018 /s/ David L. Klenk
  David L. Klenk
  Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer

 

18

 

EXHIBIT 32.1

 

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO

SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

In connection with the Quarterly Report of Electro-Sensors, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2018 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Report”), I, David L. Klenk, Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer of the Company, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. §1350, as adopted pursuant to §906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that:

 

(1)  The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

 

(2)  The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.  

   
November 13, 2018 /s/ David L. Klenk
  David L. Klenk
  Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer

 

19

v3.10.0.1
Document And Entity Information - shares
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Nov. 12, 2018
Document And Entity Information [Abstract]    
Document Type 10-Q  
Amendment Flag false  
Document Period End Date Sep. 30, 2018  
Document Fiscal Year Focus 2018  
Document Fiscal Period Focus Q3  
Entity Filer Category Non-accelerated Filer  
Entity Registrant Name ELECTRO SENSORS INC  
Entity Central Index Key 0000351789  
Current Fiscal Year End Date --12-31  
Entity Current Reporting Status Yes  
Entity Small Business true  
Entity Common Stock, Shares Outstanding   3,395,521
Trading Symbol ELSE  
Entity Emerging Growth Company false  
v3.10.0.1
Balance Sheets - USD ($)
$ in Thousands
Sep. 30, 2018
Dec. 31, 2017
Current assets    
Cash and cash equivalents $ 853 $ 963
Investments 7,749 7,756
Trade receivables, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $11 1,044 902
Inventories 1,604 1,552
Other current assets 171 141
Income tax receivable 17 45
Total current assets 11,438 11,359
Deferred income tax asset, net 178 182
Intangible assets, net 624 800
Property and equipment, net 1,041 1,074
Total assets 13,281 13,415
Current liabilities    
Contingent earn-out 0 150
Accounts payable 193 178
Accrued expenses 425 380
Total current liabilities 618 708
Commitments and contingencies
Stockholders' equity    
Common stock par value $0.10 per share; authorized 10,000,000 shares; 3,395,521 shares issued and outstanding 339 339
Additional paid-in capital 2,011 2,004
Retained earnings 10,287 10,352
Accumulated other comprehensive gain (unrealized gain on available-for-sale securities, net of income tax) 26 12
Total stockholders' equity 12,663 12,707
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity $ 13,281 $ 13,415
v3.10.0.1
Balance Sheets (Parenthetical) - USD ($)
$ in Thousands
Sep. 30, 2018
Dec. 31, 2017
Balance Sheets [Abstract]    
Trade receivables, allowance for doubtful accounts $ 11 $ 11
Common stock, par value $ 0.10 $ 0.10
Common stock, shares authorized 10,000,000 10,000,000
Common stock, shares issued 3,395,521 3,395,521
Common stock, shares outstanding 3,395,521 3,395,521
v3.10.0.1
Statements Of Comprehensive Income (Loss) - USD ($)
$ in Thousands
3 Months Ended 9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Sep. 30, 2017
Sep. 30, 2018
Sep. 30, 2017
Statements Of Comprehensive Income (Loss) [Abstract]        
Net sales $ 2,146 $ 2,078 $ 5,642 $ 6,075
Cost of goods sold 951 944 2,559 2,718
Gross profit 1,195 1,134 3,083 3,357
Operating expenses        
Selling and marketing 406 342 1,242 1,127
General and administrative 414 402 1,370 1,225
Research and development 176 168 628 590
Total operating expenses 996 912 3,240 2,942
Operating income (loss) 199 222 (157) 415
Non-operating income        
Interest income 36 9 83 22
Other income 2 3 7 8
Total non-operating income 38 12 90 30
Income (loss) before income tax expense (benefit) 237 234 (67) 445
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes 50 82 (9) 154
Net income (loss) 187 152 (58) 291
Other comprehensive income        
Change in unrealized value of available-for-sale securities, net of income tax 0 6 6 10
Other comprehensive income 0 6 6 10
Net comprehensive income (loss) $ 187 $ 158 $ (52) $ 301
Basic        
Net income (loss) per share $ 0.06 $ 0.04 $ (0.02) $ 0.09
Weighted average shares 3,395,521 3,395,521 3,395,521 3,395,521
Diluted        
Net income (loss) per share $ 0.06 $ 0.04 $ (0.02) $ 0.09
Weighted average shares 3,398,238 3,400,988 3,395,521 3,396,899
v3.10.0.1
Statements Of Cash Flows - USD ($)
$ in Thousands
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Sep. 30, 2017
Cash flows from (used in) operating activities    
Net income (loss) $ (58) $ 291
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash from (used in) operating activities:    
Depreciation and amortization 238 233
Deferred income taxes 0 (62)
Stock-based compensation expense 7 48
Change in contingent earn-out fair value 0 (53)
Interest accrued on treasury bills (78) (21)
Change in:    
Trade receivables (142) (272)
Inventories (52) (13)
Other current assets (30) (3)
Accounts payable 15 (106)
Accrued expenses 45 135
Income tax receivable 28 139
Net cash from (used in) operating activities (27) 316
Cash flows from investing activities    
Purchases of treasury bills (10,654) (5,956)
Proceeds from the maturity of treasury bills 10,750 6,000
Purchase of property and equipment (29) (15)
Net cash from investing activities 67 29
Cash flows used in financing activities    
Payment of contingent earn-out (150) 0
Net cash used in financing activities (150) 0
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents (110) 345
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning 963 840
Cash and cash equivalents, ending 853 1,185
Supplemental cash flow information    
Cash paid for income taxes $ 0 $ 125
v3.10.0.1
Basis of Presentation
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Nature Of Business And Significant Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Basis Of Presentation

Note 1. Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying unaudited financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for interim financial information and with the instructions and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission to Form 10-Q. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for complete financial statements.

 

This report should be read together with the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, including the audited financial statements and footnotes therein.

 

Management believes that the unaudited financial statements include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals, necessary to fairly state the financial position and results of operations as of September 30, 2018 and for the three and nine-month periods then ended in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The results of interim periods may not be indicative of results to be expected for the year.

 

Nature of Business

 

Electro-Sensors, Inc. manufactures and markets a complete line of monitoring and control systems for a variety of industrial machinery. The Company uses leading-edge technology to continuously improve its products and expand the number of applications they can be used in, with the goal of manufacturing the industry-preferred product for every market served. The Company sells these products through an internal sales staff, manufacturers’ representatives, and distributors to a wide variety of industries that use the products in a variety of applications to monitor process machinery operations. The Company markets its products to customers located throughout the United States, Canada, Latin America, Europe, and Asia.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) Revenue from Contracts with Customers and all related amendments (the Standard), for all contracts using the modified retrospective method. The Standard implements a five-step process for revenue recognition that focuses on transfer of control and defines a contract as “an agreement between two or more parties that creates legally enforceable rights and obligations." The adoption of the Standard did not materially affect the timing and measurement of our revenue recognition. As a result, we did not recognize a cumulative effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings.

 

At contract inception, the Company assesses the goods and services promised to a customer and identifies a performance obligation for each promised good or service that is distinct.   In addition, the transaction price for each performance obligation is determined at contract inception.  Our contracts, generally in the form of a purchase order, specify the product or service that is promised to the customer. The typical contract life is less than one month and contains a single performance obligation, to provide conforming goods or services to the customer. Product revenue is recognized at the point in time when control of the product is transferred to the customer, which typically occurs when products are shipped.  Service revenue is recognized at the point in time when the service has been provided.


Fair Value Measurements 

 

The carrying value of trade receivables, accounts payable, and other financial working capital items approximates fair value at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, due to the short maturity nature of these instruments.



Stock-Based Compensation

 

The Company records compensation expense for stock options based on the estimated fair value of the options on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes-Merton (“BSM”) option pricing model. The Company uses historical data, among other factors, to estimate the expected price volatility, the expected option life, and the expected forfeiture rate. The risk-free interest rate is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant for the estimated life of the option. 


As of September 30, 2018, there was approximately $9 of unrecognized compensation expense related to unvested stock options. The Company expects to recognize this expense over the next two years.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates, including the underlying assumptions, consist of economic lives of long-lived assets, realizability of trade receivables, valuation of deferred tax assets/liabilities, inventory, investments, contingent earn-out, and stock compensation expense. It is at least reasonably possible that these estimates may change in the near term.

 

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncement

 

In January 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-01 (ASU 2016-01) "Financial Instruments-Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities," which amends various aspects of the recognition, measurement, presentation, and disclosure of financial instruments. The Company adopted ASU 2016-01 as of January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective method for marketable equity securities. This resulted in a $7 reclassification of net unrealized losses from accumulated other comprehensive gain (AOCI) to retained earnings. The adoption of ASU 2016-01 increases the possibility of increased volatility of non-operating income, as a result of the requirement to remeasure our equity securities each reporting period. For further information on unrealized gains from equity securities, see Note 2.

 

Net Income (Loss) per Common Share

 

Basic and diluted net income (loss) per common share is determined by dividing net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders by the weighted-average common shares outstanding during the period. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the common shares underlying stock options have been excluded from the calculation because their effect would be anti-dilutive. Therefore, the weighted-average shares outstanding used to calculate both basic and diluted loss per common shares are the same.

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, 6,812 option share equivalents have been excluded from the computations of diluted weighted-average shares outstanding.

 

Reclassification

 

Certain items related to freight costs in the 2017 financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the 2018 presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on stockholders' equity, net income, or cash flows.

v3.10.0.1
Investments
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Investments [Abstract]  
Investments

Note 2. Investments

 

The Company has investments in commercial paper, Treasury Bills, and common equity securities of a private U.S. company.  The commercial paper investment is in U.S. debt with ratings of A-1+, P-1, and F1+.  The Treasury Bills have terms ranging from one month to six months at September 30, 2018


The Company classifies its investments in commercial paper and Treasury Bills as available-for-sale accounted for at fair value with unrealized gains and losses recognized in accumulated other comprehensive gain on the balance sheet.

 

Prior to January 1, 2018, the Company accounted for equity securities at fair value with unrealized gains and losses recognized in accumulated other comprehensive gain on the balance sheet. Realized gains and losses on equity securities sold or impaired were recognized in non-operating income on the statement of comprehensive income (loss).

 

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASU 2016-01, which changed the way the Company accounted for equity securities. Equity securities are measured at fair value and starting January 1, 2018 unrealized gains and losses are recognized in non-operating income. Upon adoption, the Company reclassified $7 net unrealized losses related to equity securities from accumulated other comprehensive gain to retained earnings. 


The cost and estimated fair value of the Company’s investments are as follows:

 

 

 

Cost

 

 

Gross
unrealized
gain

 

 

Gross
unrealized
loss

 

 

Fair
value

 

September 30, 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial Paper

 

$

316

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

316

 

Treasury Bills

 

 

7,671

 

 

 

33

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

7,704

 

Equity Securities

 

 

54

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

(9

)

 

 

45

 

 

 

 

8,041

 

 

 

33

 

 

 

(9

)

 

 

8,065

 

Less Cash Equivalents

 

 

316

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

316

 

Total Investments, September 30, 2018

 

$

7,725

 

 

$

33

 

 

$

(9

)

 

$

7,749

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial Paper

 

$

568

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

568

 

Treasury Bills

 

 

7,687

 

 

 

24

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

7,711

 

Equity Securities

 

 

54

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

(9

)

 

 

45

 

 

 

 

8,309

 

 

 

24

 

 

 

(9

)

 

 

8,324

 

Less Cash Equivalents

 

 

568

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

568

 

Total Investments, December 31, 2017

 

$

7,741

 

 

$

24

 

 

$

(9

)

 

$

7,756

 

v3.10.0.1
Fair Value Measurements
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Fair Value Measurements [Abstract]  
Fair Value Measurements

Note 3. Fair Value Measurements

 

The following table provides information on those assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis.

 

September 30, 2018

 

 

Carrying amount

 

 

 

 

 

 Fair Value Measurement Using 

 

 

 

in balance sheet

 

 

Fair Value

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash equivalents

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial paper

 

$

316

 

 

$

316

 

 

$

316

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

0

 

Treasury bills

 

 

7,704

 

 

 

7,704

 

 

 

7,704

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

Equity Securities

 

 

45

 

 

 

45

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

45

 

 

December 31, 2017

 

 

Carrying amount

 

 

 

 

 

 Fair Value Measurement Using 

 

 

 

in balance sheet

 

 

Fair Value

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash equivalents

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial paper

 

$

568

 

 

$

568

 

 

$

568

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

0

 

Treasury bills

 

 

7,711

 

 

 

7,711

 

 

 

7,711

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

Equity Securities

 

 

45

 

 

 

45

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

45

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contingent earn-out

 

 

150

 

 

 

150

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

150

  

 

The fair value of the commercial paper and treasury bills is based on quoted market prices in an active market. There is not a significant market for the available-for-sale equity security owned by the Company.  The Company has determined the fair value for this equity security based on financial and other factors that are considered level 3 inputs in the fair value hierarchy.

 

The contingent earn-out relates to the 2014 acquisition of the HazardPROTM product line. Management estimated the probability of meeting the revenue targets over the measurement period to determine the fair value of the contingent earn-out, which is considered a level 3 input in the fair value hierarchy.  The contingent earn-out was paid in full during the first quarter of 2018.

 

The change in level 3 liabilities at fair value on a recurring basis for the three and nine months ended September 302018 and 2017 are as follows:

 

 

Three Months Ended September 30

   

Nine Months  Ended September 30

 
     2018