UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 


 

FORM 10-Q

 


 

x      QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

for the quarterly period ended September 30, 2018

 

OR

 

o         TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

for the transition period from                       to

 

Commission File Number: 001-35160

 


 

VOC ENERGY TRUST

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware

 

80-6183103

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A., Trustee

 

 

Global Corporate Trust

 

 

601 Travis Street, Floor 16

 

 

Houston, Texas

 

77002

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

 

1-512-236-6599

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 


 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes o No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company”  in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer o

 

Accelerated filer o

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer x

 

Smaller reporting company x

 

 

 

 

 

Emerging growth company o

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No x

 

As of November 7, 2018, 17,000,000 Units of Beneficial Interest in VOC Energy Trust were outstanding.

 

 

 


 

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1.  Financial Statements.

 

VOC ENERGY TRUST

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF DISTRIBUTABLE INCOME

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three months ended
September 30,

 

Nine months ended
September 30,

 

 

 

2018

 

2017

 

2018

 

2017

 

Income from net profits interest

 

$

3,676,676

 

$

2,140,348

 

$

8,991,288

 

$

7,470,474

 

Cash on hand used (withheld) for Trust expenses

 

(155,111

)

(55,015

)

(75,267

)

(148,134

)

General and administrative expenses (1)

 

(121,565

)

(215,333

)

(586,021

)

(522,340

)

Distributable income

 

$

3,400,000

 

$

1,870,000

 

$

8,330,000

 

$

6,800,000

 

Distributions per Trust unit (17,000,000 Trust units issued and outstanding at September 30, 2018 and 2017)

 

$

0.20

 

$

0.11

 

$

0.49

 

$

 0.40

 

 


(1)         Includes $24,675 and $0 paid to VOC Brazos Energy Partners, LP (“VOC Brazos”) during the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and $96,800 and $46,535 during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.  Also includes $37,500 paid to The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A. during each of the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 and $112,500 during each of the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF ASSETS AND TRUST CORPUS

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

September 30,
2018

 

December 31,
2017

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

391,787

 

$

316,520

 

Investment in net profits interest

 

140,591,606

 

140,591,606

 

Accumulated amortization

 

(69,283,338

)

(63,196,940

)

Total assets

 

$

71,700,055

 

$

77,711,186

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TRUST CORPUS

 

 

 

 

 

Trust corpus, 17,000,000 Trust units issued and outstanding at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017

 

$

71,700,055

 

$

77,711,186

 

 

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN TRUST CORPUS

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three months ended
September 30,

 

Nine months ended
September 30,

 

 

 

2018

 

2017

 

2018

 

2017

 

Trust corpus, beginning of period

 

$

73,579,322

 

$

81,682,482

 

$

77,711,186

 

$

85,466,531

 

Income from net profits interest

 

3,676,676

 

2,140,348

 

8,991,288

 

7,470,474

 

Cash distribution

 

(3,400,000

)

(1,870,000

)

(8,330,000

)

(6,800,000

)

Trust expenses

 

(121,565

)

(215,333

)

(586,021

)

(522,340

)

Amortization of net profits interest

 

(2,034,378

)

(1,935,903

)

(6,086,398

)

(5,813,071

)

Trust corpus, end of period

 

$

71,700,055

 

$

79,801,594

 

$

71,700,055

 

$

79,801,594

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements.

 

2


 

VOC ENERGY TRUST

 

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

(Unaudited)

 

Note 1.  Organization of the Trust

 

VOC Energy Trust (the “Trust”) is a statutory trust formed on November 3, 2010 (capitalized on December 17, 2010), under the Delaware Statutory Trust Act pursuant to a Trust Agreement dated November 3, 2010 (as amended and restated on May 10, 2011, the “Trust Agreement”) among VOC Brazos Energy Partners, L.P., a Texas limited partnership (“VOC Brazos”), as trustor, The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A., as Trustee (the “Trustee”), and Wilmington Trust Company, as Delaware Trustee (the “Delaware Trustee”).  The Trust was created to acquire and hold a term net profits interest for the benefit of the Trust unitholders.

 

VOC Brazos is a privately held limited partnership engaged in the production and development of oil and natural gas from properties located in Texas. VOC Kansas Energy Partners, L.L.C., a Kansas limited liability company (“VOC Kansas”), is a privately held limited liability company engaged in the production and development of oil and natural gas from properties primarily located in Kansas along with a limited number of Texas properties. In connection with the closing of the initial public offering of units of beneficial interest in the Trust (“Trust Units”) in May 2011, VOC Brazos acquired all of the membership interests in VOC Kansas in exchange for newly issued limited partner interests in VOC Brazos pursuant to a Contribution and Exchange Agreement, dated August 30, 2010, as amended, by and between VOC Brazos and VOC Kansas.  This resulted in VOC Kansas becoming a wholly-owned subsidiary of VOC Brazos.

 

In connection with the May 2011 closing of the initial public offering and in exchange for 17,000,000 Trust Units, VOC Brazos and VOC Kansas conveyed a term net profits interest representing the right to receive 80% of the net proceeds (calculated as described below in Note 6) from production from the underlying properties (as defined below) (the “net profits interest”). The net profits interest consists of net interests in all of the oil and natural gas properties held by VOC Brazos and VOC Kansas in the states of Kansas and Texas as of the date of the conveyance of the net profits interest to the Trust.  We refer to the properties in which the Trust holds the net profits interest as the “underlying properties.”

 

The net profits interest is passive in nature, and the Trustee has no management control over and no responsibility relating to the operation of the underlying properties. The net profits interest entitles the Trust to receive 80% of the net proceeds attributable to VOC Brazos’ interest from the sale of production from the underlying properties during the term of the Trust. The net profits interest will terminate on the later to occur of (1) December 31, 2030 or (2) the time when 10.6 million barrels of oil equivalent (“MMBoe”) (which is the equivalent of 8.5 MMBoe in respect of the net profits interest) have been produced from the underlying properties and sold, and the Trust will soon thereafter wind up its affairs and terminate.

 

The Trustee can authorize the Trust to borrow money to pay administrative or incidental expenses of the Trust that exceed cash held by the Trust. The Trustee may authorize the Trust to borrow from the Trustee or the Delaware Trustee as a lender provided the terms of the loan are similar to the terms it would grant to a similarly situated commercial customer with whom it did not have a fiduciary relationship. The Trustee may also deposit funds awaiting distribution in an account with itself and make other short-term investments with the funds distributed to the Trust.

 

Note 2.  Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying Condensed Statements of Assets and Trust Corpus as of December 31, 2017, which has been derived from audited financial statements, and the unaudited interim condensed financial statements as of September 30, 2018 and for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2018 and September 30, 2017, has been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Accordingly, certain information and note disclosures normally included in annual financial statements have been condensed or omitted pursuant to those rules and regulations.

 

The preparation of financial statements requires the Trust to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The Trustee believes such information includes all the disclosures necessary to make the information presented not misleading. The information furnished reflects all adjustments that are, in the opinion of the Trustee, necessary for a fair presentation of the results of the interim period presented. The financial information should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included in the Trust’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

3


 

Note 3.  Trust Accounting Policies

 

The Trust uses the modified cash basis of accounting to report receipts of the term net profits interest and payments of expenses incurred. The term net profits interest represents the right to receive revenues (oil and natural gas sales), less direct operating expenses (lease operating expenses, lease maintenance, lease overhead, and production and property taxes) and an adjustment for lease equipment costs and lease development expenses (which are capitalized in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”)) of the underlying properties, times 80%. Actual cash receipts may vary due to timing delays of actual cash receipts from the property operators or purchasers and due to wellhead and pipeline volume balancing agreements or practices. The actual cash distributions of the Trust will be made based on the terms of the conveyance creating the Trust’s net profits interest.  Expenses of the Trust, which include accounting, engineering, legal and other professional fees, Trustee fees, an administrative fee paid to VOC Brazos and out-of-pocket expenses, are recognized when paid. Under U.S. GAAP, revenues and expenses would be recognized on an accrual basis. Amortization of the investment in net profits interest is recorded on a unit-of-production method in the period in which the cash is received with respect to such production. Such amortization does not reduce distributable income, rather it is charged directly to Trust corpus.

 

This comprehensive basis of accounting other than U.S. GAAP corresponds to the accounting permitted for royalty trusts by the SEC as specified by Staff Accounting Bulletin Topic 12:E, Financial Statements of Royalty Trusts.

 

Investment in the net profits interest was recorded initially at the historical cost of VOC Brazos and is periodically assessed to determine whether its aggregate value has been impaired below its total capitalized cost based on the underlying properties. The Trust will provide a write-down to its investment in the net profits interest if and when total capitalized costs, less accumulated amortization, exceeds undiscounted future net revenues attributable to the proved oil and gas reserves of the underlying properties.

 

No new accounting pronouncements have been adopted or issued during the quarter ended September 30, 2018 that would impact the financial statements of the Trust.

 

Note 4.  Investment in Net Profits Interest

 

The net profits interest was recorded at the historical cost of VOC Brazos on May 10, 2011, the date of the conveyance of the net profits interest to the Trust, and was calculated as follows:

 

Oil and gas properties

 

$

 197,270,173

 

Accumulated depreciation and depletion

 

(17,681,155

)

Hedge liability

 

(1,717,713

)

20-year asset retirement liability

 

(2,131,797

)

Net property to be conveyed

 

175,739,508

 

Times 80% net profits interest to Trust

 

$

 140,591,606

 

 

Note 5.  Income from Net Profits Interest

 

 

 

Three months ended
September 30,

 

Nine months ended
September 30,

 

 

 

2018

 

2017

 

2018

 

2017

 

Excess of revenues over direct operating expenses and lease equipment and development costs(1)

 

$

4,595,845

 

$

2,675,434

 

$

11,239,110

 

$

9,338,091

 

Times 80% net profits interest to Trust

 

80

%

80

%

80

%

80

%

Income from net profits interest before reserve adjustments

 

3,676,676

 

2,140,348

 

8,991,288

 

7,470,474

 

VOC Brazos reserve for future development, maintenance or operating expenditures(2)

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

Income from net profits interest(3)

 

$

3,676,676

 

$

2,140,348

 

$

8,991,288

 

$

7,470,474

 

 


(1)         Excess of revenues over direct operating expenses and lease equipment and development costs reflect expenses and costs incurred by VOC Brazos during each of the March through May production periods for the three months ended September 30 and during each of the September through May production periods for the nine months ended September 30. Pursuant to the terms of the conveyance of the net profits interest, lease equipment and development costs are to be deducted when calculating the distributable income to the Trust.

 

4


 

Included in the nine months ended September 30, 2017 is the collection of proceeds of $1,209,412, which VOC Brazos received in connection with the settlement of a lawsuit arising from an unaffiliated operator having drilled and completed a well across land partly owned by VOC Brazos without observing VOC Brazos’ legal ownership in such well. In addition, it includes $205,370 for the excess of revenues over direct operating expenses and lease equipment and development costs from said well from January 2015 through March 31, 2017. The extended period of time is due to the time it took for the settlement to be finally approved by the court and the parties to the lawsuit. As a result, VOC Brazos was not able to distribute the settlement proceeds and net proceeds received from its net profits interest in such well to the Trust until the quarter ended June 30, 2017.

 

(2)         Pursuant to the terms of the conveyance of the net profits interest, VOC Brazos can reserve up to $1,000,000 for future development, maintenance or operating expenditures at any time.  During the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, and the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, VOC Brazos did not withhold or release any dollar amounts due to the Trust from the reserve. The reserve balance was $1,000,000 at September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

(3)         The income from net profits interest is based upon the cash receipts from VOC Brazos for the oil and gas production. The revenues from oil production are typically received by VOC Brazos one month after production; thus, the cash received by the Trust during the three months ended September 30, 2018 substantially represents production by VOC Brazos from March 2018 through May 2018 and the cash received by the Trust during the three months ended September 30, 2017 substantially represents production by VOC Brazos from March 2017 through May 2017.  The cash received by the Trust during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 substantially represents production by VOC Brazos from September 2017 through May 2018 and the cash received by the Trust during the nine months ended September 30, 2017 substantially represents production by VOC Brazos from September 2016 through May 2017.

 

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, MV Purchasing, LLC, an affiliate of VOC Brazos, purchased a significant portion of the production of the underlying properties.  Sales to MV Purchasing, LLC are under short-term arrangements, ranging from one to nine months, using market sensitive pricing.

 

Note 6.  Income Taxes

 

The Trust is a Delaware statutory trust and is not required to pay federal or state income taxes. Accordingly, no provision for federal or state income taxes has been made.

 

Note 7.  Distributions to Unitholders

 

VOC Brazos makes quarterly payments of the net profits interest to the Trust. The Trustee determines for each quarter the amount available for distribution to the Trust unitholders. This distribution is expected to be made on or before the 45th day following the end of each quarter to the Trust unitholders of record on the 30th day of the month following the end of each quarter (or the next succeeding business day). Such amounts will be equal to the excess, if any, of the cash received by the Trust relating to the preceding quarter, over the expenses of the Trust paid for such quarter, subject to adjustments for changes made by the Trustee during such quarter in any cash reserves established for future expenses of the Trust.

 

The first quarterly distribution during 2018 was $1,870,000, or $0.11 per Trust Unit, and was made on February 14, 2018 to Trust unitholders owning Trust Units as of January 30, 2018. Such distribution included the net proceeds of production collected by VOC Brazos from October 1, 2017 through December 31, 2017.

 

The second quarterly distribution during 2018 was $3,060,000, or $0.18 per Trust Unit, and was made on May 15, 2018 to Trust unitholders owning Trust Units as of April 30, 2018. Such distribution included the net proceeds of production collected by VOC Brazos from January 1, 2018 through March 31, 2018.

 

The third quarterly distribution during 2018 was $3,400,000, or $0.20 per Trust Unit, and was made on August 14, 2018 to Trust unitholders owning Trust Units as of July 30, 2018. Such distribution included the net proceeds of production collected by VOC Brazos from April 1, 2018 through June 30, 2018.

 

The first quarterly distribution during 2017 was $1,360,000, or $0.08 per Trust Unit, and was made on February 14, 2017 to Trust unitholders owning Trust Units as of January 30, 2017. Such distribution included the net proceeds of production collected by VOC Brazos from October 1, 2016 through December 31, 2016.

 

The second quarterly distribution during 2017 was $3,570,000, or $0.21 per Trust Unit, and was made on May 12, 2017 to Trust unitholders owning Trust Units as of May 1, 2017. Such distribution included the net proceeds of production collected by VOC Brazos from January 1, 2017 through March 31, 2017.  In addition, the distribution included proceeds of $1,209,412 (or approximately $0.9 million after giving effect to the 80% net proceeds to the Trust calculation), which VOC Brazos received in connection with the

 

5


 

settlement of a lawsuit arising from an unaffiliated operator having drilled and completed a well across land partly owned by VOC Brazos without observing VOC Brazos’ legal ownership in such well. In connection with the settlement, VOC Brazos received a working interest in the well and the settlement proceeds.

 

The third quarterly distribution during 2017 was $1,870,000, or $0.11 per Trust Unit, and was made on August 14, 2017 to Trust unitholders owning Trust Units as of July 31, 2017. Such distribution included the net proceeds of production collected by VOC Brazos from April 1, 2017 through June 30, 2017.

 

Note 8.  Advance for Trust Expenses

 

Under the terms of the Trust Agreement, the Trustee is allowed to borrow money to pay Trust expenses. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, there were no borrowings or amounts owed for money borrowed in previous quarters. Under the terms of the Trust Agreement, VOC Brazos has provided a letter of credit in the amount of $1 million to the Trustee to protect the Trust against the risk that it does not have sufficient cash to pay future expenses.

 

Note 9.  Subsequent Events

 

On October 18, 2018, the Trust announced a Trust distribution of net profits for the third quarterly payment period ended September 30, 2018. Unitholders of record on October 30, 2018 will receive a distribution amounting to $3,740,000, or $0.22 per Trust Unit, which will be paid on November 14, 2018.  In addition, VOC Brazos reported to the Trustee that it entered into a new joint venture agreement with Hawkwood Energy East Texas, LLC (“Hawkwood Energy”) to develop the lower EagleBine interval, also referred to as the Lower Woodbine Organic Shale (“LWOS”), within the south half of the Kurten Woodbine Unit (the “Contract Area”).

 

The previous joint venture with Hawkwood Energy was terminated in 2017.  Under the terms of the new joint venture agreement, Hawkwood Energy may carry VOC Brazos for its share of drilling and completion costs for up to four LWOS wells (the “Earning Wells”), with the first Earning Well to be spud by August 31, 2018 and the fourth Earning Well to be spud by June 30, 2019.  In exchange, Hawkwood Energy has the opportunity to earn a working interest representing 50% of VOC Brazos’ interest in each Earning Well and up to a 50% interest in VOC Brazos’ acreage in the Contract Area. After the Earning Wells are completed, Hawkwood Energy also has the right to propose and drill up to eight LWOS wells in 2019 and twelve LWOS wells in 2020. There is no contractual limitation of the number of wells per year to propose and drill after 2020. To date, Hawkwood has drilled and set production casing on the first two Earning Wells, with completion of both such wells expected to occur later this year.

 

Activity pursuant to the terms of the joint venture agreement recommences the horizontal LWOS drilling development program that VOC Brazos previously reported to the Trustee in December 2014.  VOC Brazos is evaluating the potential economic benefits associated with development of the LWOS and pad drilling in the upper EagleBine interval. If these activities are pursued, with the exception of the Earning Wells in which Hawkwood Energy would carry VOC Brazos for its share of drilling and completion costs, such activities would result in increased development costs burdening the net profits interest of the Trust relative to historical development costs. As a result of such increased development costs, cash available for distributions by the Trust would be temporarily reduced until anticipated production from the various development efforts in the Kurten Woodbine Unit can be brought on-line. To address these emerging opportunities, VOC Brazos will continue to evaluate the appropriate strategy and capital plan to fund development for the Trust.

 

6


 

Item 2.  Trustee’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

The following discussion of the Trust’s financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto. The Trust’s purpose is, in general, to hold the net profits interest, to distribute to the Trust unitholders cash that the Trust receives in respect of the net profits interest and to perform certain administrative functions in respect of the net profits interest and the Trust Units. The Trust derives substantially all of its income and cash flows from the net profits interest.

 

Results of Operations for the Quarters Ended September 30, 2018 and 2017

 

The following is a summary of income from net profits interest received by the Trust for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 consisting of the July distribution for each respective year:

 

 

 

Three months ended
September 30,

 

 

 

2018

 

2017

 

Sales volumes:

 

 

 

 

 

Oil (Bbl)

 

132,705

 

137,793

 

Natural gas (Mcf)

 

80,036

 

83,055

 

Total (BOE)

 

146,044

 

151,636

 

Average sales prices:

 

 

 

 

 

Oil (per Bbl)

 

$

62.84

 

$

46.07

 

Natural gas (per Mcf)

 

$

3.31

 

$

2.83

 

Gross proceeds:

 

 

 

 

 

Oil sales

 

$

8,338,594

 

$

6,348,263

 

Natural gas sales

 

264,969

 

235,237

 

Total gross proceeds

 

8,603,563

 

6,583,500

 

Costs:

 

 

 

 

 

Production and development costs:

 

 

 

 

 

Lease operating expenses

 

2,993,076

 

2,804,648

 

Production and property taxes

 

675,789

 

545,039

 

Development expenses

 

338,853

 

558,379

 

Total costs

 

4,007,718

 

3,908,066

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Excess of revenues over direct operating expenses and lease equipment and development costs

 

4,595,845

 

2,675,434

 

Times net profits interest over the term of the Trust

 

80

%

80

%

Income from net profits interest before reserve adjustments

 

3,676,676

 

2,140,348

 

VOC Brazos reserve for future development, maintenance or operating expenditures

 

0

 

0

 

Income from net profits interest

 

$

3,676,676

 

$

2,140,348

 

 

The cash received by the Trust from VOC Brazos during the quarter ended September 30, 2018 substantially represents the production by VOC Brazos from March 2018 through May 2018.  The cash received by the Trust from VOC Brazos during the quarter ended September 30, 2017 substantially represents the production by VOC Brazos from March 2017 through May 2017.  The revenues from oil production are typically received by VOC Brazos one month after production.

 

Gross proceeds.  Oil and natural gas sales were $8,603,563 for the three months ended September 30, 2018, an increase of $2,020,063 or 30.7% from $6,583,500 for the three months ended September 30, 2017.  Revenues are a function of oil and natural gas sales prices and volumes sold.  The increase in gross proceeds was due to increases in market prices for oil and natural gas during the third quarter of 2018.  During the three months ended September 30, 2018, the average price for oil increased 36.4% to $62.84 per Bbl and the average price for natural gas increased 17.0% to $3.31 per Mcf. Oil sales volumes were 132,705 Bbls for the three months ended September 30, 2018, a decrease of 5,088 Bbls or 3.7% from 137,793 Bbls for the three months ended September 30, 2017, while natural gas sales volumes were 80,036 Mcf, a decrease of 3,019 Mcf or 3.6% from 83,055 Mcf for the same period in 2017.

 

Costs.   Lease operating expenses were $2,993,076 for the three months ended September 30, 2018, an increase of $188,428 or 6.7% from $2,804,648 for the three months ended September 30, 2017. Production and property taxes were $675,789 for the three months ended September 30, 2018, an increase of $130,750 or 24.0% from $545,039 for the same period in 2017. Such increase is due to an increase of $81,114 or 21.7%  in property taxes and an increase of $49,636 or 29.1% in production taxes due to higher prices for oil and gas.  Development expenses were $338,853 for the three months ended September 30, 2018, a decrease of $219,526 or 39.3%

 

7


 

from $558,379 for the same period in 2017. Such decrease was primarily due to reduced drilling activity and corresponding limited development expenses during the three months ended September 30, 2018, compared to the three months ended September 30, 2017.

 

Excess of revenues over direct operating expenses and lease equipment and development costs.  The excess of revenues over direct operating expenses and lease equipment and development costs from the underlying properties was $4,595,845 for the three months ended September 30, 2018, an increase of $1,920,411 or 71.8% from $2,675,434 for the three months ended September 30, 2017.  The Trust’s 80% net profits interest of such amount was $3,676,676 for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and $2,140,348 for the same period in 2017. During the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, VOC Brazos did not withhold or release any dollar amounts due to the Trust from the previously established cash reserve for future development, maintenance or operating expenditures, however,  a Trust holdback for future expenses of $276,676 and $270,348 was made for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The Trustee paid general and administrative expenses of $121,565 for the three months ended September 30, 2018, a decrease of $93,768 or approximately 43.5% from $215,333 for the three months ended September 30, 2017.  This decrease was primarily due to the differences in timing of receipt and payment of recurring general and administrative expenses. These factors resulted in distributable income for the three months ended September 30, 2018 of $3,400,000, an increase of $1,530,000 or approximately 81.8% from $1,870,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2017.

 

Results of Operations for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 and 2017

 

The following is a summary of income from net profits interest received by the Trust for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 consisting of the January, April and July distributions for each respective year:

 

 

 

Nine months ended
September 30,

 

 

 

2018

 

2017

 

Sales volumes:

 

 

 

 

 

Oil (Bbl)

 

395,668

 

412,214

 

Natural gas (Mcf)

 

247,597

 

258,617

 

Total (BOE)

 

436,934

 

455,317

 

Average sales prices:

 

 

 

 

 

Oil (per Bbl)

 

$

57.00

 

$

45.97

 

Natural gas (per Mcf)

 

$

3.25

 

$

2.76

 

Gross proceeds:

 

 

 

 

 

Oil sales

 

$

22,554,788

 

$

18,947,952

 

Natural gas sales

 

804,898

 

714,424

 

Total oil and natural gas sales

 

23,359,686

 

19,662,376

 

Lawsuit settlement

 

0

 

1,209,412

 

Total gross proceeds

 

23,359,686

 

20,871,788

 

Costs:

 

 

 

 

 

Production and development costs:

 

 

 

 

 

Lease operating expenses

 

9,280,249

 

8,727,542

 

Production and property taxes

 

1,849,139

 

1,408,526

 

Development expenses

 

991,188

 

1,397,629

 

Total costs

 

12,120,576

 

11,533,697

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Excess of revenues over direct operating expenses and lease equipment and development costs

 

11,239,110

 

9,338,091

 

Times net profits interest over the term of the Trust

 

80

%

80

%

Income from net profits interest before reserve adjustments

 

8,991,288

 

7,470,474

 

VOC Brazos reserve for future development, maintenance or operating expenditures

 

0

 

0

 

Income from net profits interest

 

$

8,991,288

 

$

7,470,474

 

 

Included in the results of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 is the following information representing a one-time event associated with the collection of proceeds of $1,209,412, which VOC Brazos received in connection with the settlement of a lawsuit arising from an unaffiliated operator having drilled and completed a well across land partly owned by VOC Brazos without observing VOC Brazos’ legal ownership in such well. In connection with the settlement, VOC Brazos received a working interest in the well and the settlement proceeds. The following table includes the well’s volumes, average sales prices and net profits for the period from January 2015 through the quarter ended March 31, 2017. The extended period of time reflected in the table below is due to the time it took for the settlement to be finally approved by the court and the parties to the lawsuit. As a result, VOC

 

8


 

Brazos was not able to distribute the settlement proceeds and net proceeds received from its net profits interest in such well until the quarter ended March 31, 2017.

 

9


 

Sales volumes:

 

 

 

Oil (Bbl)

 

5,864

 

Natural gas (Mcf)

 

6,420

 

Total (BOE)

 

6,934

 

Average sales prices:

 

 

 

Oil (per Bbl)

 

$

43.75

 

Natural gas (per Mcf)

 

$

1.43

 

Gross proceeds:

 

 

 

Oil sales

 

$

256,555

 

Natural gas sales

 

9,168

 

Total gross proceeds

 

265,723

 

Costs:

 

 

 

Production and development costs:

 

 

 

Lease operating expenses

 

43,369

 

Production and property taxes

 

16,984

 

Development expenses

 

0

 

Total costs

 

60,353

 

 

 

 

 

Excess of revenues over direct operating expenses and lease equipment and development costs

 

$

205,370

 

 

The cash received by the Trust from VOC Brazos during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 substantially represents the production by VOC Brazos from September 2017 through May 2018.  The cash received by the Trust from VOC Brazos during the nine months ended September 30, 2017 substantially represents the production by VOC Brazos from September 2016 through May 2017.  The revenues from oil production are typically received by VOC Brazos one month after production.

 

Gross proceeds.  Oil and natural gas sales were $23,359,686 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, an increase of $3,697,310 or 18.8% from $19,662,376 for the nine months ended September 30, 2017.  Revenues are a function of oil and natural gas sales prices and volumes sold. The increase in gross proceeds was due to increases in market prices for oil and natural gas during the first nine months of 2018.  During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the average price for oil increased 24.0% to $57.00 per Bbl and the average price for natural gas increased 17.8% to $3.25 per Mcf. Oil sales volumes were 395,668 Bbls for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, a decrease of 16,546 Bbls or 4.0% from 412,214 Bbls for the nine months ended September 30, 2017, while natural gas sales volumes were 247,597 Mcf, a decrease of 11,020 Mcf or 4.3% from 258,617 Mcf for the same period in 2017.

 

Costs.  Lease operating expenses were $9,280,249 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, an increase of $552,707 or 6.3% from $8,727,542 for the nine months ended September 30, 2017. The increase was primarily due to increases in the costs of oilfield goods and services. Production and property taxes were $1,849,139 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, an increase of $440,613 or 31.3% from $1,408,526 for the nine months ended September 30, 2017. Such increase is primarily due to an increase of $331,317 or 36.3% in property taxes and an increase of $109,296 or 22.1% in production taxes due to higher prices for oil and gas. Development expenses were $991,188 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, a decrease of $406,441 or 29.1% from $1,397,629 for the same period in 2017. The decrease was primarily due to limited drilling activity and corresponding limited development expenses during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2017.

 

Excess of revenues over direct operating expenses and lease equipment and development costs.  The excess of revenues over direct operating expenses and lease equipment and development costs from the underlying properties was $11,239,110 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, an increase of $1,901,019 or 20.4% from $9,338,091 (which includes the lawsuit settlement proceeds of $1,209,412 and the $205,370 of proceeds as noted in the table above) for the nine months ended September 30, 2017.  The Trust’s 80% net profits interest of these totals were $8,991,288 and $7,470,474, respectively. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, VOC Brazos did not withhold or release any dollar amounts due to the Trust from the previously established cash reserve for future development, maintenance or operating expenditures, which resulted in income from the net profits interest of $8,991,288 and $7,470,474 for such periods, respectively.  These amounts were further reduced by a Trust holdback for future expenses of $661,288 and $670,474 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The Trustee paid general and administrative expenses of $586,021 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, an increase of $63,681 from $522,340 for the nine months ended September 30, 2017.  This increase was primarily due to the differences in timing of receipt and payment of recurring general and administrative expenses. These factors resulted in distributable income for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 of $8,330,000, and $6,800,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2017.

 

10


 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Other than Trust administrative expenses, including any reserves established by the Trustee for future liabilities, the Trust’s only use of cash is for distributions to Trust unitholders. Administrative expenses include payments to the Trustee as well as a quarterly administrative fee to VOC Brazos pursuant to an administrative services agreement.  Each quarter, the Trustee determines the amount of funds available for distribution. Available funds are the excess cash, if any, received by the Trust from the net profits interest and other sources (such as interest earned on any amounts reserved by the Trustee) in that quarter, over the Trust’s expenses paid for that quarter.  Available funds are reduced by any cash that the Trustee decides to reserve for future development, maintenance or operating expenses. As of September 30, 2018, $391,787 was held by the Trustee as such a reserve.

 

The Trustee may cause the Trust to borrow funds required to pay expenses if the Trustee determines that the cash on hand and the cash to be received are insufficient to cover the Trust’s expenses.  If the Trust borrows funds, the Trust unitholders will not receive distributions until the borrowed funds are repaid.  During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, there were no such borrowings. VOC Brazos has provided a letter of credit in the amount of $1,000,000 to the Trustee to protect the Trust against the risk that it does not have sufficient cash to pay future expenses.

 

Income to the Trust from the net profits interest is based on the calculation and definitions of “gross proceeds” and “net proceeds” contained in the conveyance.

 

As substantially all of the underlying properties are located in mature fields, VOC Brazos does not expect future costs for the underlying properties to change significantly compared to recent historical costs other than changes due to fluctuations in the general cost of oilfield services.  VOC Brazos may establish a cash reserve of up to $1,000,000 in the aggregate at any given time from the dollar amount otherwise distributable to the Trust to reduce the impact on distributions of uneven capital expenditure timing. The cash reserve balance was $1,000,000 at September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

The Trust does not have any transactions, arrangements or other relationships with unconsolidated entities or persons that could materially affect the Trust’s liquidity or the availability of capital resources.

 

Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

 

This Form 10-Q includes “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. All statements other than statements of historical fact included in this Form 10-Q, including without limitation the statements under “Trustee’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” are forward-looking statements. Although VOC Brazos advised the Trust that it believes that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements contained herein are reasonable, no assurance can be given that such expectations will prove to have been correct. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from expectations (“Cautionary Statements”) are disclosed in this Form 10-Q and in the Trust’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017 (the “Form 10-K”), including under the section “Item 1A. Risk Factors”. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to the Trust or persons acting on its behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the Cautionary Statements.

 

Item 3.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

 

We are a smaller reporting company as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act and are not required to provide the information under this item.

 

Item 4.  Controls and Procedures.

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures.  The Trustee maintains disclosure controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Trust in the reports that it files or submits under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and regulations promulgated by the SEC.  Disclosure controls and procedures include controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Trust is accumulated and communicated by VOC Brazos to the Trustee, as trustee of the Trust, and its employees who participate in the preparation of the Trust’s periodic reports as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

As of the end of the period covered by this report, the Trustee carried out an evaluation of the Trust’s disclosure controls and procedures. A Trust Officer of the Trustee has concluded that the disclosure controls and procedures of the Trust are effective.

 

11


 

Due to the contractual arrangements of (i) the Trust Agreement and (ii) the conveyance of the net profits interest, the Trustee relies on (A) information provided by VOC Brazos, including historical operating data, plans for future operating and capital expenditures, reserve information and information relating to projected production and (B) conclusions and reports regarding reserves by the Trust’s independent reserve engineers.  See “Risk Factors—Neither the Trust nor the Trust’s unitholders have the ability to influence VOC Brazos or control the operations or development of the underlying properties” in the Form 10-K.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting.  During the quarter ended September 30, 2018, there was no change in the Trust’s internal control over financial reporting that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Trust’s internal control over financial reporting.  The Trustee notes for purposes of clarification that it has no authority over, and makes no statement concerning, the internal control over financial reporting of VOC Brazos.

 

12


 

PART II—OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 6.  Exhibits.

 

The exhibits listed below are filed as part of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

Exhibit
Number

 

Description

 

 

 

31

 

Certification pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

 

 

32

 

Certification pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

13


 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

VOC ENERGY TRUST

 

 

 

 

By:

The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A., as Trustee

 

 

 

 

By:

/s/ Michael J. Ulrich

 

 

Michael J. Ulrich

 

 

Vice President

 

Date: November 8, 2018

 

The Registrant, VOC Energy Trust, has no principal executive officer, principal financial officer, board of directors or persons performing similar functions. Accordingly, no additional signatures are available and none have been provided. In signing the report above, the Trustee does not imply that it has performed any such function or that such function exists pursuant to the terms of the Trust Agreement under which it serves.

 

14


EXHIBIT 31

 

CERTIFICATION

 

I, Michael J. Ulrich, certify that:

 

1. I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of VOC Energy Trust (the “Trust”), for which The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A., acts as Trustee;

 

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, distributable income and changes in Trust corpus of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4. I am responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and I have:

 

a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under my supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to me by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under my supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report my conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5. I have disclosed, based on my most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors:

 

a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves any persons who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

In giving the foregoing certifications in paragraphs 4 and 5, I have relied to the extent I consider reasonable on information provided to me by VOC Brazos Energy Partners, L.P.

 

Date: November 8, 2018

/s/ MICHAEL J. ULRICH

 

Michael J. Ulrich

 

Vice President

 

The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A.,

 

Trustee for VOC Energy Trust

 


EXHIBIT 32

 

November 8, 2018

 

Via EDGAR

 

Securities and Exchange Commission

Judiciary Plaza

450 Fifth Street, N.W.

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

Re: Certification pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

Ladies and Gentlemen:

 

In connection with the Quarterly Report of VOC Energy Trust (the “Trust”) on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended September 30, 2018 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), the undersigned, not in its individual capacity but solely as the trustee of the Trust, certifies pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that to its knowledge:

 

(1) The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended; and

 

(2) The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Trust.

 

The above certification is furnished solely pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (18 U.S.C. 1350) and is not being filed as part of the Report or as a separate disclosure document.

 

 

The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A.

 

Trustee for VOC Energy Trust

 

 

 

 

By:

/s/ MICHAEL J. ULRICH

 

 

Michael J. Ulrich

 

 

Vice President and Trust Officer