UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

 

Form 10-Q

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2018

 

Or

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from ______ to ______

 

Commission File Number 000-09587

 

ELECTRO-SENSORS, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Minnesota

41-0943459

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

(IRS Employer Identification No.)

 

6111 Blue Circle Drive
Minnetonka, Minnesota 55343-9108

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(952) 930-0100

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 of 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  No 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes  No 

 

1


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer  

Accelerated filer

 

Non-accelerated filer

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  No

 

The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock, $0.10 par value, on May 9, 2018 was 3,395,521.

 

 

 

2


 

ELECTRO-SENSORS, INC.

Form 10-Q

For the Periods Ended March 31, 2018

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION 4
   
Item 1. Financial Statements (unaudited): 4
   
Balance Sheets – As of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 4
Statements of Comprehensive Loss – For the Three Months ended March 31, 2018 and March 31, 2017 5
Statements of Cash Flows – For the Three Months ended March 31, 2018 and March 31, 2017 6
Notes to Financial Statements 7
   
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 11
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 15
Item 4. Controls and Procedures 15
   
PART II – OTHER INFORMATION 15
   
Item 1. Legal Proceedings 15
Item 1A. Risk Factors 15
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 15
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities 15
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 15
Item 5. Other Information 15
Item 6. Exhibits 15
   
SIGNATURES 16
   

 

3


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements

ELECTRO-SENSORS, INC.

BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands except share and per share amounts)

 

 

March 31,
2018

 

 

December 31,
2017

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

ASSET

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents 

 

$

601

 

 

$

963

 

Investments

 

 

7,750

 

 

 

7,756

 

Trade receivables, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $11


855

 

 

 

902

 

Inventories

 

 

1,579

 

 

 

1,552

 

Other current assets

 

 

171

 

 

 

141

 

Income tax receivable

 

 

118

 

 

 

45

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total current assets

 

 

11,074

 

 

 

11,359

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deferred income tax asset, net

 

 

163

 

 

 

182

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Intangible assets, net

 

 

741

 

 

 

800

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

1,058

 

 

 

1,074

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

$

13,036

 

 

$

13,415

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contingent earn-out

 

$

0

 

 

$

150

 

Accounts payable

 

 

128

 

 

 

178

 

Accrued expenses

 

 

400

 

 

 

380

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

528

 

 

 

708

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock par value $0.10 per share; authorized 10,000,000 shares; 3,395,521 shares issued and outstanding

 

 

339

 

 

 

339

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

2,008

 

 

 

2,004

 

Retained earnings

 

 

10,143

 

 

 

10,352

 

Accumulated other comprehensive gain (unrealized gain on available-for-sale securities, net of income tax)

 

 

18

 

 

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity

 

 

12,508

 

 

 

12,707

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity 

 

$

13,036

 

 

$

13,415

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited financial statements

4


ELECTRO-SENSORS, INC.

STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

(in thousands except share and per share amounts)

(unaudited)

 

    Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
    2018     2017  
                 
Net sales   $ 1,716
    $ 1,670
 
Cost of goods sold     800
      771
 
                 
Gross profit     916
      899
 
                 
Operating expenses                
Selling and marketing     435
      377
 
General and administrative     532
      444
 
Research and development     230
      221
 
                 
Total operating expenses     1,197
      1,042
 
                 
Operating loss     (281 )
    (143
) 
                 
Non-operating income                
Interest income     23
      8
 
Other income     2
      3
 
                 
Total non-operating income     25
      11
 
                 
Loss before income tax benefit     (256 )
    (132
)
                 
Benefit from income taxes     (54 )
    (48
)
                 
Net loss   $ (202 )
  $ (84
)
                 
Other comprehensive income (loss)                
Change in unrealized value of available-for-sale securities, net of income tax   $ (1 )   $ 0
 
Other comprehensive income (loss)     (1 )     0

                 
Net comprehensive loss   $ (203 )
  $ (84
)
                 
Net loss per share data:                
                 
Basic                
Net loss per share   $ (0.06 )    $ (0.02
)
Weighted average shares     3,395,521       3,395,521  
                 
Diluted                
Net loss per share   $ (0.06 )    $ (0.02 ) 
Weighted average shares     3,395,521       3,395,521
 

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited financial statements

 

5


ELECTRO-SENSORS, INC.

STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(in thousands)

(unaudited)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

Cash flows used in operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(202

)

 

$

(84

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

79

 

 

 

78

 

Deferred income taxes

 

 

19


 

 

(35

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

4

 

 

 

17

 

Other

 

 

(22

)

 

 

(8

)

Change in:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trade receivables

 

 

47

 

 

(57

)

Inventories

 

 

(27

)

 

 

(35

)  

Other current assets

 

 

(30

)

 

 

(2

)

Accounts payable

 

 

(50

)

 

 

(97

)  

Accrued expenses

 

 

20

 

 

 

66

 

Income tax receivable

 

 

(73

)

 

 

(14

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash used in operating activities

 

 

(235

)

 

 

(171

)  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of treasury bills

 

 

(3,973

)

 

 

(1,987

)

Proceeds from the maturity of treasury bills

 

 

4,000

 

 

 

2,000

 

Purchase of property and equipment

 

 

(4

)

 

 

(12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash from investing activities

 

 

23

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows used in financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Payment of contingent earn-out

 

 

(150

)

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash used in financing activities

 

 

(150

)

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

(362

)

 

 

(170

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning

 

 

963

 

 

 

840

 

Cash and cash equivalents, ending

 

$

601

 

 

$

670

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental cash flow information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for income taxes

 

$

0

 

 

$

1

 

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited financial statements

 

6


ELECTRO-SENSORS, INC.

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2018

(in thousands except share and per share amounts)

(unaudited)

 

Note 1. Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying unaudited financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for interim financial information and with the instructions and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission to Form 10-Q. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for complete financial statements.

 

This report should be read together with the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, including the audited financial statements and footnotes therein.

 

Management believes that the unaudited financial statements include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals, necessary to fairly state the financial position and results of operations as of March 31, 2018 and for the three-month period then ended in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The results of interim periods may not be indicative of results to be expected for the year.

 

Nature of Business

 

Electro-Sensors, Inc. manufactures and markets a complete line of monitoring and control systems for a variety of industrial machinery. The Company uses leading-edge technology to continuously improve its products and make them easier to use, with the goal of manufacturing the industry-preferred product for every market served. The Company sells these products through an internal sales staff, manufacturers’ representatives, and distributors to a wide variety of industries that use the products in a variety of applications to monitor process machinery operations. The Company markets its products to customers located throughout the United States, Canada, Latin America, Europe, and Asia.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) Revenue from Contracts with Customers and all related amendments (the Standard), for all contracts using the modified retrospective method. The Standard implements a five-step process for revenue recognition that focuses on transfer of control and defines a contract as “an agreement between two or more parties that creates legally enforceable rights and obligations." The adoption of the Standard did not significantly impact the timing and measurement of revenue recognition. As a result, we did not recognize a cumulative effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings.

 

At contract inception, the Company assesses the goods and services promised to a customer and identifies a performance obligation for each promised good or service that is distinct.   In addition, the transaction price for each performance obligation is determined at contract inception.  Our contracts, generally in the form of a purchase order, specify the product or service that is promised to the customer. The typical contract life is less than one month and contains a single performance obligation, to provide conforming goods or services to the customer. Product revenue is recognized at the point in time when control of the product is transferred to the customer, which typically occurs when products are shipped.  Service revenue is recognized at the point in time when the service has been provided.


Fair Value Measurements 

 

The carrying value of trade receivables, accounts payable, and other financial working capital items approximates fair value at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, due to the short maturity nature of these instruments.


7


ELECTRO-SENSORS, INC.

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2018

(in thousands except share and per share amounts)

(unaudited)

 


Stock-Based Compensation

 

The Company records compensation expense for stock options based on the estimated fair value of the options on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes-Merton (“BSM”) option pricing model. The Company uses historical data, among other factors, to estimate the expected price volatility, the expected option life, and the expected forfeiture rate. The risk-free interest rate is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant for the estimated life of the option. 


As of March 31, 2018, there was approximately $13 of unrecognized compensation expense related to unvested stock options. The Company expects to recognize this expense over the next three years.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates, including the underlying assumptions, consist of economic lives of long-lived assets, realizability of trade receivables, valuation of deferred tax assets/liabilities, inventory, investments, contingent earn-out, and stock compensation expense. It is at least reasonably possible that these estimates may change in the near term.

 

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncement

 

In January 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-01 (ASU 2016-01) "Financial Instruments-Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities," which amends various aspects of the recognition, measurement, presentation, and disclosure of financial instruments. The Company adopted ASU 2016-01 as of January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective method for marketable equity securities. This resulted in a $7 reclassification of net unrealized losses from accumulated other comprehensive gain (AOCI) to retained earnings. The adoption of ASU 2016-01 increases the volatility of non-operating income, as a result of the remeasurement of the equity securities. For further information on unrealized gains from equity securities, see Note 2.

 

Net Loss per Common Share

 

Basic and diluted net loss per common share is determined by dividing net loss attributable to common stockholders by the weighted-average common shares outstanding during the period. For all periods presented, the common shares underlying the options have been excluded from the calculation because their effect would be anti-dilutive. Therefore, the weighted-average shares outstanding used to calculate both basic and diluted loss per common shares are the same.

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, 7,635 and 2,892 option share equivalents, respectively, have been excluded from the computations of diluted weighted-average shares outstanding.

 

Reclassification

 

Certain items related to freight costs in the 2017 financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the 2018 presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on stockholders' equity, net income, or cash flows.


8


ELECTRO-SENSORS, INC.

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2018

(in thousands except share and per share amounts)

(unaudited)

 

Note 2. Investments

 

The Company has investments in commercial paper, Treasury Bills, and common equity securities of a private U.S. company.  The commercial paper investment is in  U.S. debt with ratings of F1+.  The Treasury Bills have terms ranging from one month to seven months at March 31, 2018


The Company classifies its investments in commercial paper and Treasury Bills as available-for-sale accounted for at fair value with unrealized gains and losses recognized in accumulated other comprehensive gain on the balance sheet.

 

Prior to January 1, 2018, the Company accounted for equity securities at fair value with unrealized gains and losses recognized in accumulated other comprehensive gain on the balance sheet. Realized gains and losses on equity securities sold or impaired were recognized in non-operating income on the statement of comprehensive loss.

 

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASU 2016-01 which changed the way the Company accounted for equity securities. Equity securities are measured at fair value and starting January 1, 2018 unrealized gains and losses are recognized in non-operating income. Upon adoption, the Company reclassified $7 net unrealized losses related to equity securities from accumulated other comprehensive gain to retained earnings.


The cost and estimated fair value of the Company’s investments are as follows:

 

 

 

Cost

 

 

Gross
unrealized
gain

 

 

Gross
unrealized
loss

 

 

Fair
value

 

March 31, 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial Paper

 

$

346

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

346

 

Treasury Bills

 

 

7,682

 

 

 

23

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

7,705

 

Equity Securities

 

 

54

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

(9

)

 

 

45

 

 

 

 

8,082

 

 

 

23

 

 

 

(9

)

 

 

8,096

 

Less Cash Equivalents

 

 

346

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

346

 

Total Investments, March 31, 2018

 

$

7,736

 

 

$

23

 

 

$

(9

)

 

$

7,750

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial Paper

 

$

568

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

568

 

Treasury Bills

 

 

7,687

 

 

 

24

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

7,711

 

Equity Securities

 

 

54

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

(9

)

 

 

45

 

 

 

 

8,309

 

 

 

24

 

 

 

(9

)

 

 

8,324

 

Less Cash Equivalents

 

 

568

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

568

 

Total Investments, December 31, 2017

 

$

7,741

 

 

$

24

 

 

$

(9

)

 

$

7,756

 

 

9


ELECTRO-SENSORS, INC.

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2018

(in thousands except share and per share amounts)

(unaudited)


Note 3. Fair Value Measurements


The following table provides information on those assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis.


March 31, 2018

 

 

Carrying amount

 

 

 

 

 

 Fair Value Measurement Using 

 

 

 

in balance sheet

 

 

Fair Value

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash equivalents

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial paper

 

$

346

 

 

$

346

 

 

$

346

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

0

 

Treasury bills

 

 

7,705

 

 

 

7,705

 

 

 

7,705

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

Equity Securities

 

 

45

 

 

 

45

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

45

 


December 31, 2017

 

 

Carrying amount

 

 

 

 

 

 Fair Value Measurement Using 

 

 

 

in balance sheet

 

 

Fair Value

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash equivalents

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial paper

 

$

568

 

 

$

568

 

 

$

568

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

0

 

Treasury bills

 

 

7,711

 

 

 

7,711

 

 

 

7,711

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

Equity Securities

 

 

45

 

 

 

45

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

45

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contingent earn-out

 

 

150

 

 

 

150

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

150

  


The fair value of the commercial paper and treasury bills is based on quoted market prices in an active market. There is not a significant market for the available-for-sale equity security owned by the Company.  The Company has determined the fair value for this equity security based on financial and other factors that are considered level 3 inputs in the fair value hierarchy.


The contingent earn-out relates to the 2014 acquisition of the HazardPROTM product line. Management estimated the probability of meeting the revenue targets over the measurement period to determine the fair value of the contingent earn-out, which is considered a level 3 input in the fair value hierarchy.  The contingent earn-out was paid in full during the first quarter of 2018.


The change in level 3 liabilities at fair value on a recurring basis for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 are as follows:

 

  Three Months

Ended March 31

 
     2018       2017  
               
Beginning Balance $ 150     $ 195  

Change in Fair Value

  0     0

Payments

  (150 )     0  
Ending Balance $ 0     $ 195  


10


Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, including statements regarding our expectations, beliefs, intentions or strategies regarding the future. Forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements relating to our marketing efforts or our efforts to accelerate growth; our business development activities; our efforts to maintain or reduce production costs; our expected use of cash on hand; our cash requirements; and the sufficiency of our cash flows. Any statement that is not based solely upon historical facts, including our strategies for the future and the outcome of events that have not yet occurred, is a forward-looking statement.

 

All forward-looking statements in this document are based on information available to us as of the date of this Form 10-Q, and we assume no obligation to update any of these forward-looking statements, other than as required by law. Our actual results could differ materially from those projected or indicated in these forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause future results to differ materially from our recent results or those projected in the forward-looking statements, including the accuracy of management’s assumptions with respect to industry trends, fluctuations in industry conditions, the accuracy of management’s assumptions regarding expenses and our cash needs and those listed under the heading “Cautionary Statements” under “Item 1—Business,” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES

 

The preparation of our financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make decisions based upon estimates, assumptions, and factors it considers relevant to the circumstances. These decisions include the selection of applicable accounting principles and the use of judgment in their application, and affect reported amounts and disclosures. Changes in economic conditions or other business circumstances may affect the outcomes of management’s estimates and assumptions. An in-depth description of our accounting estimates can be found in the interim financial statements included in this report and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017. We have not developed new estimates subsequent to those discussed in our Annual Report.


11


SELECTED FINANCIAL INFORMATION


The following table contains selected financial information, for the periods indicated, from our statements of comprehensive loss expressed as a percentage of net sales.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

Net sales

 

 

100.0

%

 

 

100.0

%

Cost of goods sold

 

 

46.6

 

 

 

46.2

 

Gross profit

 

 

53.4

 

 

 

53.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     Selling and marketing

 

 

25.3

 

 

 

22.6

 

     General and administrative

 

 

31.0

 

 

 

26.6

 

     Research and development

 

 

13.4

 

 

 

13.3

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

69.7

 

 

 

62.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating loss

 

 

(16.3

)

 

 

(8.7

)

 

 


Non-operating income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     Interest income

 

 

1.3

 

 

 

0.5

 

     Other income

 

 

0.1

 

 

 

0.2

 

Total non-operating income, net

 

 

1.4

 

 

 

0.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss before income taxes

 

 

(14.9

)

 

 

(8.0

)  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Benefit from income taxes

 

 

(3.1

)

 

 

(2.9

)  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

 

(11.8

)%

 

 

(5.1

)%


The following paragraphs discuss the Company’s performance for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS (in thousands) 

 

Net Sales

 

Net sales for the 2018 first quarter were $1,716, an increase of $46, or 2.8% over the same period in 2017 This increase in sales was primarily due to increased HazardPRO product sales and system orders, led by increased sales into Canada.  

 

Gross Profit

 

Gross profit for the 2018 first quarter increased $17, or 1.9%, over the same period in 2017. Gross margin, as a percentage of net sales, decreased slightly in the 2018 first quarter to 53.4%, versus 53.8% in the same period in 2017The slight decrease in gross margin percentage during the 2018 first quarter was due to a fluctuation in product mix.


12


 

Operating Expenses

 

Total operating expenses increased $155, or 14.9%, for the 2018 first quarter compared to the same period in 2017 and increased as a percentage of net sales to 69.7% from 62.5%. 

 

 

Selling and marketing expenses in the 2018 first quarter increased $58, or 15.4%, from the 2017 first quarter, and increased as a percentage of net sales to 25.3% from 22.6%. The increase resulted primarily from the hiring of a business development manager, partially offset by a decrease in advertising expenses.

 

 

General and administrative expenses increased $88, or 19.8%, for the 2018 first quarter compared to the same period in 2017 and increased as a percentage of net sales to 31.0% from 26.6%. The increase was due to an increase in legal and professional expenses and computer supplies, software, and testing.

 

 

Research and development expenses increased $9, or 4.1%, in the 2018 first quarter from the same period in 2017, and increased as a percentage of net sales to 13.4% from 13.3%. The increase was due to the hiring of additional personnel.  The increase was partially offset by a decrease in contract engineering related to product enhancements.

 

 

Non-Operating Income

 

Non-operating income increased by $14, or 127.3%, for the 2018 first quarter compared to the same 2017 period. The increase was primarily due to higher interest income, primarily the result of higher interest rates on Treasury Bills.

 

Loss Before Income Taxes

 

Loss before income taxes was $256 for the 2018 first quarter, representing a decrease of $124, or 93.9%, when compared to the same period in 2017. The decrease for the period was the result of higher operating expenses as discussed above.


Income Taxes


The Company's income tax expense percentage decreased to 21.1% from 36.4% due to the enactment of the Tax Jobs and Cuts Act (the "Act") of 2017 in December 2017.  The Act decreased the highest corporate rate to 21% from 39%.


13


LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

 

Cash and cash equivalents were $601 at March 31, 2018 and $963 at December 31, 2017. The decrease was mainly the result of an increase in cash used in operating activities and the payment of the contingent earn-out.

 

Cash used in operating activities was $235 and $171 for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The $64 decrease was due to the higher net loss; partially offset by a decrease in trade receivables. The increase in net loss is primarily due to increased operating expenses.  The decrease in trade receivables is due to the timing of sales and collections on accounts.  The increase in income tax receivables is due to an increase in the net loss for the first quarter of 2018 compared to the same period in 2017.

 

Cash generated from investing activities was $23 and $1 for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.  During the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company had net proceeds of Treasury Bills with a maturity date of more than three months of $27 and $13, respectively. In addition, we purchased $4 and $12 of property and equipment during the first quarter of 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

Cash used in financing activities in the three months ended March 31, 2018 was $150 to pay the contingent earn-out for the technology purchased from Harvest Engineering, Inc. (Harvest) in 2014.  This was the final payment due to Harvest for the technology.  There was no cash used or provided by financing activities in the three months ended March 31, 2017.  

 

Our ongoing cash requirements will be primarily for capital expenditures, the contingent earn-out payment, research and development, and working capital.  Management believes that our cash on hand and any cash generated from operations will be sufficient to meet our cash requirements through at least the next 12 months.

 

Off-balance Sheet Arrangements

 

As of March 31, 2018, the Company had no off-balance sheet arrangements or transactions.

 

Future Business Development Activities

 

The Company continues to seek growth opportunities, both internally through the Company’s existing portfolio of products, technologies and markets, as well as externally through technology partnerships or related-product acquisitions.  Although the Company is continuing to explore these external opportunities, it currently has no agreements or understandings with any third parties.

 

14


 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

Not Applicable.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Based on an evaluation with the participation of the Company’s management, the Company’s principal executive officer and principal financial officer have concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (“Exchange Act”) were effective as of March 31, 2018


Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting during the first quarter of 2018, which were identified in connection with management’s evaluation required by paragraph (d) of Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15 under the Exchange Act, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.


PART II – OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1. Legal Proceedings – None
Item 1A. Risk Factors – Not Applicable
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds – None
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities – None
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures – Not Applicable 
Item 5. Other Information – None
Item 6. Exhibits


Exhibit

 

Description

 

 

 

31.1

 

Certification of CEO and CFO Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

 

 

32.1

 

Certification of CEO and CFO Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

 

 

101

 

The following financial information from Electro-Sensors, Inc.’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2018, formatted in eXtensible Business Reporting Language XBRL: (i) Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, (ii) Statements of Comprehensive Loss for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and March 31, 2017, (iii) Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and March 31, 2017, and (iv) Notes to Financial Statements. 

 

15


 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

Electro-Sensors, Inc.

 

 

May 10, 2018

/s/ David L. Klenk

 

David L. Klenk

 

Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer

(Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer)

  


16

 EXHIBIT 31.1

 

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO
SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES OXLEY-ACT OF 2002

 

I, David L. Klenk, certify that:

 

1. I have reviewed this report on Form 10-Q of Electro-Sensors Inc.;

 

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4. I am responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

(a)       Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under my supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant is made known to me by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

(b)       Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under my supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

(c)       Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report my conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

(d)       Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5. I have disclosed, based on my most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

(a)       All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

(b)        Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

May 10, 2018 /s/ David L. Klenk
  David L. Klenk
  Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer

 

17

 

EXHIBIT 32.1

 

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO

SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

In connection with the Quarterly Report of Electro-Sensors, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2018 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Report”), I, David L. Klenk, Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer of the Company, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. §1350, as adopted pursuant to §906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that:

 

(1)  The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

 

(2)  The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.  

   
May 10, 2018 /s/ David L. Klenk
  David L. Klenk
  Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer

 

18

v3.8.0.1
Document And Entity Information - shares
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2018
May 09, 2018
Document And Entity Information [Abstract]    
Document Type 10-Q  
Amendment Flag false  
Document Period End Date Mar. 31, 2018  
Document Fiscal Year Focus 2018  
Document Fiscal Period Focus Q1  
Entity Filer Category Smaller Reporting Company  
Entity Registrant Name ELECTRO SENSORS INC  
Entity Central Index Key 0000351789  
Current Fiscal Year End Date --12-31  
Entity Well-known Seasoned Issuer No  
Entity Current Reporting Status Yes  
Entity Voluntary Filers No  
Entity Common Stock, Shares Outstanding   3,395,521
Trading Symbol ELSE  
v3.8.0.1
Balance Sheets - USD ($)
$ in Thousands
Mar. 31, 2018
Dec. 31, 2017
Current assets    
Cash and cash equivalents $ 601 $ 963
Investments 7,750 7,756
Trade receivables, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $11 855 902
Inventories 1,579 1,552
Other current assets 171 141
Income tax receivable 118 45
Total current assets 11,074 11,359
Deferred income tax asset, net 163 182
Intangible assets, net 741 800
Property and equipment, net 1,058 1,074
Total assets 13,036 13,415
Current liabilities    
Contingent earn-out 0 150
Accounts payable 128 178
Accrued expenses 400 380
Total current liabilities 528 708
Commitments and contingencies
Stockholders' equity    
Common stock par value $0.10 per share; authorized 10,000,000 shares; 3,395,521 shares issued and outstanding 339 339
Additional paid-in capital 2,008 2,004
Retained earnings 10,143 10,352
Accumulated other comprehensive gain (unrealized gain on available-for-sale securities, net of income tax) 18 12
Total stockholders' equity 12,508 12,707
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity $ 13,036 $ 13,415
v3.8.0.1
Balance Sheets (Parenthetical) - USD ($)
$ in Thousands
Mar. 31, 2018
Dec. 31, 2017
Balance Sheets [Abstract]    
Trade receivables, allowance for doubtful accounts $ 11 $ 11
Common stock, par value $ 0.10 $ 0.10
Common stock, shares authorized 10,000,000 10,000,000
Common stock, shares issued 3,395,521 3,395,521
Common stock, shares outstanding 3,395,521 3,395,521
v3.8.0.1
Statements Of Comprehensive Loss - USD ($)
$ in Thousands
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2018
Mar. 31, 2017
Statements Of Comprehensive Loss [Abstract]    
Net sales $ 1,716 $ 1,670
Cost of goods sold 800 771
Gross profit 916 899
Operating expenses    
Selling and marketing 435 377
General and administrative 532 444
Research and development 230 221
Total operating expenses 1,197 1,042
Operating loss (281) (143)
Non-operating income    
Interest income 23 8
Other income 2 3
Total non-operating income 25 11
Loss before income tax benefit (256) (132)
Benefit from income taxes (54) (48)
Net loss (202) (84)
Other comprehensive income (loss)    
Change in unrealized value of available-for-sale securities, net of income tax (1) 0
Other comprehensive income (loss) (1) 0
Net comprehensive loss $ (203) $ (84)
Basic    
Net loss per share $ (0.06) $ (0.02)
Weighted average shares 3,395,521 3,395,521
Diluted    
Net loss per share $ (0.06) $ (0.02)
Weighted average shares 3,395,521 3,395,521
v3.8.0.1
Statements Of Cash Flows - USD ($)
$ in Thousands
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2018
Mar. 31, 2017
Cash flows used in operating activities    
Net loss $ (202) $ (84)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:    
Depreciation and amortization 79 78
Deferred income taxes 19 (35)
Stock-based compensation expense 4 17
Other (22) (8)
Change in:    
Trade receivables 47 (57)
Inventories (27) (35)
Other current assets (30) (2)
Accounts payable (50) (97)
Accrued expenses 20 66
Income tax receivable (73) (14)
Net cash used in operating activities (235) (171)
Cash flows from investing activities    
Purchases of treasury bills (3,973) (1,987)
Proceeds from the maturity of treasury bills 4,000 2,000
Purchase of property and equipment (4) (12)
Net cash from investing activities 23 1
Cash flows used in financing activities    
Payment of contingent earn-out (150) 0
Net cash used in financing activities (150) 0
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents (362) (170)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning 963 840
Cash and cash equivalents, ending 601 670
Supplemental cash flow information    
Cash paid for income taxes $ 0 $ 1
v3.8.0.1
Basis of Presentation
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2018
Nature Of Business And Significant Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Basis Of Presentation

Note 1. Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying unaudited financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for interim financial information and with the instructions and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission to Form 10-Q. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for complete financial statements.

 

This report should be read together with the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, including the audited financial statements and footnotes therein.

 

Management believes that the unaudited financial statements include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals, necessary to fairly state the financial position and results of operations as of March 31, 2018 and for the three-month period then ended in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The results of interim periods may not be indicative of results to be expected for the year.

 

Nature of Business

 

Electro-Sensors, Inc. manufactures and markets a complete line of monitoring and control systems for a variety of industrial machinery. The Company uses leading-edge technology to continuously improve its products and make them easier to use, with the goal of manufacturing the industry-preferred product for every market served. The Company sells these products through an internal sales staff, manufacturers’ representatives, and distributors to a wide variety of industries that use the products in a variety of applications to monitor process machinery operations. The Company markets its products to customers located throughout the United States, Canada, Latin America, Europe, and Asia.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) Revenue from Contracts with Customers and all related amendments (the Standard), for all contracts using the modified retrospective method. The Standard implements a five-step process for revenue recognition that focuses on transfer of control and defines a contract as “an agreement between two or more parties that creates legally enforceable rights and obligations." The adoption of the Standard did not significantly impact the timing and measurement of revenue recognition. As a result, we did not recognize a cumulative effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings.

 

At contract inception, the Company assesses the goods and services promised to a customer and identifies a performance obligation for each promised good or service that is distinct.   In addition, the transaction price for each performance obligation is determined at contract inception.  Our contracts, generally in the form of a purchase order, specify the product or service that is promised to the customer. The typical contract life is less than one month and contains a single performance obligation, to provide conforming goods or services to the customer. Product revenue is recognized at the point in time when control of the product is transferred to the customer, which typically occurs when products are shipped.  Service revenue is recognized at the point in time when the service has been provided.


Fair Value Measurements 

 

The carrying value of trade receivables, accounts payable, and other financial working capital items approximates fair value at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, due to the short maturity nature of these instruments.



Stock-Based Compensation

 

The Company records compensation expense for stock options based on the estimated fair value of the options on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes-Merton (“BSM”) option pricing model. The Company uses historical data, among other factors, to estimate the expected price volatility, the expected option life, and the expected forfeiture rate. The risk-free interest rate is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant for the estimated life of the option. 


As of March 31, 2018, there was approximately $13 of unrecognized compensation expense related to unvested stock options. The Company expects to recognize this expense over the next three years.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates, including the underlying assumptions, consist of economic lives of long-lived assets, realizability of trade receivables, valuation of deferred tax assets/liabilities, inventory, investments, contingent earn-out, and stock compensation expense. It is at least reasonably possible that these estimates may change in the near term.

 

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncement

 

In January 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-01 (ASU 2016-01) "Financial Instruments-Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities," which amends various aspects of the recognition, measurement, presentation, and disclosure of financial instruments. The Company adopted ASU 2016-01 as of January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective method for marketable equity securities. This resulted in a $7 reclassification of net unrealized losses from accumulated other comprehensive gain (AOCI) to retained earnings. The adoption of ASU 2016-01 increases the volatility of non-operating income, as a result of the remeasurement of the equity securities. For further information on unrealized gains from equity securities, see Note 2.

 

Net Loss per Common Share

 

Basic and diluted net loss per common share is determined by dividing net loss attributable to common stockholders by the weighted-average common shares outstanding during the period. For all periods presented, the common shares underlying the options have been excluded from the calculation because their effect would be anti-dilutive. Therefore, the weighted-average shares outstanding used to calculate both basic and diluted loss per common shares are the same.

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, 7,635 and 2,892 option share equivalents, respectively, have been excluded from the computations of diluted weighted-average shares outstanding.

 

Reclassification

 

Certain items related to freight costs in the 2017 financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the 2018 presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on stockholders' equity, net income, or cash flows.

v3.8.0.1
Investments
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2018
Investments [Abstract]  
Investments

Note 2. Investments

 

The Company has investments in commercial paper, Treasury Bills, and common equity securities of a private U.S. company.  The commercial paper investment is in  U.S. debt with ratings of F1+.  The Treasury Bills have terms ranging from one month to seven months at March 31, 2018


The Company classifies its investments in commercial paper and Treasury Bills as available-for-sale accounted for at fair value with unrealized gains and losses recognized in accumulated other comprehensive gain on the balance sheet.

 

Prior to January 1, 2018, the Company accounted for equity securities at fair value with unrealized gains and losses recognized in accumulated other comprehensive gain on the balance sheet. Realized gains and losses on equity securities sold or impaired were recognized in non-operating income on the statement of comprehensive loss.

 

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASU 2016-01 which changed the way the Company accounted for equity securities. Equity securities are measured at fair value and starting January 1, 2018 unrealized gains and losses are recognized in non-operating income. Upon adoption, the Company reclassified $7 net unrealized losses related to equity securities from accumulated other comprehensive gain to retained earnings.


The cost and estimated fair value of the Company’s investments are as follows:

 

 

 

Cost

 

 

Gross
unrealized
gain

 

 

Gross
unrealized
loss

 

 

Fair
value

 

March 31, 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial Paper

 

$

346

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

346

 

Treasury Bills

 

 

7,682

 

 

 

23

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

7,705

 

Equity Securities

 

 

54

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

(9

)

 

 

45

 

 

 

 

8,082

 

 

 

23

 

 

 

(9

)

 

 

8,096

 

Less Cash Equivalents

 

 

346

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

346

 

Total Investments, March 31, 2018

 

$

7,736

 

 

$

23

 

 

$

(9

)

 

$

7,750

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial Paper

 

$

568

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

568

 

Treasury Bills

 

 

7,687

 

 

 

24

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

7,711

 

Equity Securities

 

 

54

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

(9

)

 

 

45

 

 

 

 

8,309

 

 

 

24

 

 

 

(9

)

 

 

8,324

 

Less Cash Equivalents

 

 

568

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

568

 

Total Investments, December 31, 2017

 

$

7,741

 

 

$

24

 

 

$

(9

)

 

$

7,756

 

v3.8.0.1
Fair Value Measurements
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2018
Fair Value Measurements [Abstract]  
Fair Value Measurements

Note 3. Fair Value Measurements


The following table provides information on those assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis.


March 31, 2018

 

 

Carrying amount

 

 

 

 

 

 Fair Value Measurement Using 

 

 

 

in balance sheet

 

 

Fair Value

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash equivalents

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial paper

 

$

346

 

 

$

346

 

 

$

346

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

0

 

Treasury bills

 

 

7,705

 

 

 

7,705

 

 

 

7,705

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

Equity Securities

 

 

45

 

 

 

45

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

45

 


December 31, 2017

 

 

Carrying amount

 

 

 

 

 

 Fair Value Measurement Using 

 

 

 

in balance sheet

 

 

Fair Value

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash equivalents

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial paper

 

$

568

 

 

$

568

 

 

$

568

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

0

 

Treasury bills

 

 

7,711

 

 

 

7,711

 

 

 

7,711

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

Equity Securities

 

 

45

 

 

 

45

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

45

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contingent earn-out

 

 

150

 

 

 

150

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

150

  


The fair value of the commercial paper and treasury bills is based on quoted market prices in an active market. There is not a significant market for the available-for-sale equity security owned by the Company.  The Company has determined the fair value for this equity security based on financial and other factors that are considered level 3 inputs in the fair value hierarchy.


The contingent earn-out relates to the 2014 acquisition of the HazardPROTM product line. Management estimated the probability of meeting the revenue targets over the measurement period to determine the fair value of the contingent earn-out, which is considered a level 3 input in the fair value hierarchy.  The contingent earn-out was paid in full during the first quarter of 2018.


The change in level 3 liabilities at fair value on a recurring basis for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 are as follows:

 

  Three Months

Ended March 31

 
     2018       2017  
               
Beginning Balance $ 150     $ 195  

Change in Fair Value

  0     0

Payments

  (150 )     0  
Ending Balance $ 0     $ 195  
v3.8.0.1
Basis Of Presentation (Policy)
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2018
Nature Of Business And Significant Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Nature Of Business

Nature of Business

 

Electro-Sensors, Inc. manufactures and markets a complete line of monitoring and control systems for a variety of industrial machinery. The Company uses leading-edge technology to continuously improve its products and make them easier to use, with the goal of manufacturing the industry-preferred product for every market served. The Company sells these products through an internal sales staff, manufacturers’ representatives, and distributors to a wide variety of industries that use the products in a variety of applications to monitor process machinery operations. The Company markets its products to customers located throughout the United States, Canada, Latin America, Europe, and Asia.

Revenue Recognition

Revenue Recognition

 

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) Revenue from Contracts with Customers and all related amendments (the Standard), for all contracts using the modified retrospective method. The Standard implements a five-step process for revenue recognition that focuses on transfer of control and defines a contract as “an agreement between two or more parties that creates legally enforceable rights and obligations." The adoption of the Standard did not significantly impact the timing and measurement of revenue recognition. As a result, we did not recognize a cumulative effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings.

 

At contract inception, the Company assesses the goods and services promised to a customer and identifies a performance obligation for each promised good or service that is distinct.   In addition, the transaction price for each performance obligation is determined at contract inception.  Our contracts, generally in the form of a purchase order, specify the product or service that is promised to the customer. The typical contract life is less than one month and contains a single performance obligation, to provide conforming goods or services to the customer. Product revenue is recognized at the point in time when control of the product is transferred to the customer, which typically occurs when products are shipped.  Service revenue is recognized at the point in time when the service has been provided.

Fair Value Measurements

Fair Value Measurements 

 

The carrying value of trade receivables, accounts payable, and other financial working capital items approximates fair value at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, due to the short maturity nature of these instruments.

Stock-based Compensation

Stock-Based Compensation

 

The Company records compensation expense for stock options based on the estimated fair value of the options on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes-Merton (“BSM”) option pricing model. The Company uses historical data, among other factors, to estimate the expected price volatility, the expected option life, and the expected forfeiture rate. The risk-free interest rate is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant for the estimated life of the option. 


As of March 31, 2018, there was approximately $13 of unrecognized compensation expense related to unvested stock options. The Company expects to recognize this expense over the next three years.

Use Of Estimates

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates, including the underlying assumptions, consist of economic lives of long-lived assets, realizability of trade receivables, valuation of deferred tax assets/liabilities, inventory, investments, contingent earn-out, and stock compensation expense. It is at least reasonably possible that these estimates may change in the near term.

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncement

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncement

 

In January 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-01 (ASU 2016-01) "Financial Instruments-Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities," which amends various aspects of the recognition, measurement, presentation, and disclosure of financial instruments. The Company adopted ASU 2016-01 as of January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective method for marketable equity securities. This resulted in a $7 reclassification of net unrealized losses from accumulated other comprehensive gain (AOCI) to retained earnings. The adoption of ASU 2016-01 increases the volatility of non-operating income, as a result of the remeasurement of the equity securities. For further information on unrealized gains from equity securities, see Note 2.

Net Loss per Common Share

Net Loss per Common Share

 

Basic and diluted net loss per common share is determined by dividing net loss attributable to common stockholders by the weighted-average common shares outstanding during the period. For all periods presented, the common shares underlying the options have been excluded from the calculation because their effect would be anti-dilutive. Therefore, the weighted-average shares outstanding used to calculate both basic and diluted loss per common shares are the same.

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, 7,635 and 2,892 option share equivalents, respectively, have been excluded from the computations of diluted weighted-average shares outstanding.

Reclassification

Reclassification

 

Certain items related to freight costs in the 2017 financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the 2018 presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on stockholders' equity, net income, or cash flows.

v3.8.0.1
Investments (Tables)
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2018
Investments [Abstract]  
Cost And Estimated Fair Value Of Investments

 

 

Cost

 

 

Gross
unrealized
gain

 

 

Gross
unrealized
loss

 

 

Fair
value

 

March 31, 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial Paper

 

$

346

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

346

 

Treasury Bills

 

 

7,682

 

 

 

23

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

7,705

 

Equity Securities

 

 

54

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

(9

)

 

 

45

 

 

 

 

8,082

 

 

 

23

 

 

 

(9

)

 

 

8,096

 

Less Cash Equivalents

 

 

346

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

346

 

Total Investments, March 31, 2018

 

$

7,736

 

 

$

23

 

 

$

(9

)

 

$

7,750

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial Paper

 

$

568

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

568

 

Treasury Bills

 

 

7,687

 

 

 

24

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

7,711

 

Equity Securities

 

 

54

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

(9

)

 

 

45

 

 

 

 

8,309

 

 

 

24

 

 

 

(9

)

 

 

8,324

 

Less Cash Equivalents

 

 

568

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

568

 

Total Investments, December 31, 2017

 

$

7,741

 

 

$

24

 

 

$

(9

)

 

$

7,756

 

v3.8.0.1
Fair Value Measurements (Tables)
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2018
Fair Value Measurements [Abstract]  
Fair Value Measurements on a Recurring Basis

March 31, 2018

 

 

Carrying amount

 

 

 

 

 

 Fair Value Measurement Using 

 

 

 

in balance sheet

 

 

Fair Value

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash equivalents

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial paper

 

$

346

 

 

$

346

 

 

$

346

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

0

 

Treasury bills

 

 

7,705

 

 

 

7,705

 

 

 

7,705