UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

Form 6-K

 

REPORT OF FOREIGN PRIVATE ISSUER PURSUANT TO RULE 13a-16 OR 15d-16 UNDER THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the month of April 2018

Commission File Number 000-51138

 

GRAVITY Co., Ltd.
———————————————————————————————————————

(Translation of registrant’s name into English)

 

15F, 396 World Cup buk-ro, Mapo-gu, Seoul 121-795, Korea

———————————————————————————————————————
(Address of principal executive office)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant files or will file annual reports under cover of Form 20-F or Form 40-F:  [x] Form 20-F    [ ] Form 40-F

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(1):  [ ]

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(7):  [ ]

 

 

 



 

 

Samil PricewaterhouseCoopers, our independent auditor for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016 and January 1, 2016 for our separate financial statements in conformity with International Financial Reporting Standards as adopted by the Republic of Korea, or Korean IFRS, have conducted audits and expressed opinions with regards to the separate statements of financial position of Gravity Co., Ltd. (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016 and January 1, 2016 and the related separate statements of comprehensive income, changes in equity and cash flows for the years ended at December 31, 2017 and 2016, expressed in Korean Won.

 

Samil PricewaterhouseCoopers, our independent auditor for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016 and January 1, 2016 has also conducted audits and expressed opinions with regards to the consolidated statements of financial position of the Company and its subsidiaries as of December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016 and January 1, 2016 and the related consolidated statements of comprehensive income, changes in equity and cash flows for the years then ended at December 31, 2017 and 2016, expressed in Korean Won. The consolidated subsidiaries as of December 31, 2017 and as of December 31, 2016 are NeoCyon, Inc., Gravity Interactive, Inc., Gravity Games Corporation and Gravity Entertainment Corporation.

 

The audited separate financial statements and the audited consolidated financial statements are attached hereto as Exhibit 99.1 and Exhibit 99.2, respectively, and are incorporated herein by reference.

 



SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

 

 

 

GRAVITY CO., LTD.

 

 

By:

/s/ Heung Gon Kim

Name:

Heung Gon Kim

Title:

Chief Financial Officer

Date: April 5, 2018



Exhibit Index

 

 

Exhibit No.    

 

Description                                                          

99. 1

 

The Company’s Korean IFRS separate financial statements as of and for the years ended December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016 and January 1, 2016 and the independent auditor’s report

 

99. 2

 

The Company’s Korean IFRS consolidated financial statements as of and for the years ended December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016 and January 1, 2016 and the independent auditor’s report

 

grvy-ex991_23.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

GRAVITY CO., LTD.

 

 

Separate Financial Statements

December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016, and January 1, 2016

 

 

 

 


GRAVITY CO., LTD.

Index

December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016, and January 1, 2016

 

Page(s)

 

 

Independent Auditor’s Report

1-2

 

 

Separate Financial Statements

 

 

 

Separate Statements of Financial Position

3-4

 

 

Separate Statements of Comprehensive Income

5

 

 

Separate Statements of Changes in Equity

6

 

 

Separate Statements of Cash Flows

7

 

 

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

8-50

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Independent Auditor’s Report

(English Translation of a Report Originally Issued in Korean)

 

To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of Gravity Co., Ltd.

 

We have audited the accompanying separate financial statements of Gravity Co., Ltd. (the "Company"), which comprise the separate statements of financial position as at December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016, and January 1, 2016, and the separate statements of comprehensive income, separate statements of changes in equity and separate statements of cash flows for the years ended at December 31, 2017 and 2016, and notes to the separate financial statements, including a summary of significant accounting policies and other explanatory information.

 

Management’s Responsibilities for the Financial Statements

Management is responsible for the preparation and fair presentation of the separate financial statements in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards as adopted by the Republic of Korea (Korean IFRS), and for such internal control as management determines is necessary to enable the preparation of financial statements that are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.

 

Auditor’s Responsibilities

Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the separate financial statements based on our audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with Korean Standards on Auditing. Those standards require that we comply with ethical requirements, and plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the separate financial statements are free from material misstatement.

An audit involves performing procedures to obtain audit evidence about the amounts and disclosures in the separate financial statements. The procedures selected depend on the auditor's judgment, including the assessment of the risks of material misstatement of the separate financial statements, whether due to fraud or error. In making those risk assessments, the auditor considers internal control relevant to the entity's preparation and fair presentation of the separate financial statements in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the entity's internal control. An audit also includes evaluating the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of significant accounting estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the separate financial statements.

We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our audit opinion.

 


 

Opinion

In our opinion, the accompanying separate financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the separate financial position of the Company as at December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016, and January 1, 2016, and its separate financial performance and its separate cash flows for the years ended at December 31, 2017 and 2016 in accordance with Korean IFRS.

 

Other Matters

The Company also prepared separate financial statements of 2016 in accordance with Accounting Standards for Non-Public Entities in the Republic of Korea, which are not included in this audit report. We had also conducted our audits on those financial statements in accordance with Korean Standards on Auditing and expressed an unmodified opinion on those statements in our audit reports dated March 20, 2017.

Auditing standards and their application in practice vary among countries. The procedures and practices used in the Republic of Korea to audit such financial statements may differ from those generally accepted and applied in other countries.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Seoul, Korea

March 22, 2018

This report is effective as of March 22, 2018, the audit report date. Certain subsequent events or circumstances, which may occur between the audit report date and the time of reading this report, could have a material impact on the accompanying separate financial statements and notes thereto. Accordingly, the readers of the audit report should understand that there is a possibility that the above audit report may have to be revised to reflect the impact of such subsequent events or circumstances, if any

2


GRAVITY CO., LTD.

Separate Statements of Financial Position

December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016, and January 1, 2016

(In thousands of Korean won)

Notes

 

December 31,

2017

 

December 31,

2016

 

January 1,

2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

5,6

 

34,990,206

 

13,995,265

 

22,153,898

 

Short-term financial instruments

6

 

 

22,500,000

 

 

21,500,000

 

 

11,500,000

 

Accounts receivables, net

6,7

 

 

38,890,644

 

 

9,490,377

 

 

3,641,173

 

Other receivables, net

6,7

 

 

704,664

 

 

1,050,725

 

 

152,597

 

Prepaid expenses

 

 

 

2,753,700

 

 

1,055,859

 

 

521,500

 

Other current assets

6

 

 

1,858,280

 

 

960,663

 

 

751,996

 

 

 

 

 

101,697,494

 

 

48,052,889

 

 

38,721,164

Non-current assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investments in subsidiaries

8

 

 

1,783,228

 

 

1,783,228

 

 

3,458,638

 

Property and equipment, net

9

 

 

476,027

 

 

320,560

 

 

353,334

 

Intangible assets, net

10

 

 

988,855

 

 

160,873

 

 

253,643

 

Deferred tax assets

18

 

 

3,036,165

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

Other non-current financial assets

6

 

 

1,357,272

 

 

939,819

 

 

923,633

 

Other non-current assets

12

 

 

2,078,575

 

 

1,393,182

 

 

52,375

 

 

 

 

9,720,122

 

 

4,597,662

 

 

5,041,623

Total assets

 

 

111,417,616

 

52,650,551

 

43,762,787

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Account payables

6

 

42,150,983

 

8,473,762

 

1,368,776

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

 

14,141,070

 

 

7,295,025

 

 

2,179,176

 

Withholdings

 

 

 

1,348,968

 

 

131,470

 

 

112,606

 

Accrued expenses

 

 

 

343,690

 

 

310,332

 

 

435,575

 

Income tax payable

18

 

 

1,628,368

 

 

168,605

 

 

119,795

 

Other current liabilities

6

 

 

140,470

 

 

120,711

 

 

120,633

 

 

 

 

59,753,549

 

 

16,499,905

 

 

4,336,561

Non-current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long-term deferred revenue

 

 

 

6,335,827

 

 

3,466,708

 

 

6,530,813

Other non-current liabilities

 

 

 

294,809

 

 

259,440

 

 

270,266

 

 

 

 

6,630,636

 

 

3,726,148

 

 

6,801,079

Total liabilities

 

 

66,384,185

 

20,226,053

 

11,137,640

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Continued)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3


GRAVITY CO., LTD.

Separate Statements of Financial Position

December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016, and January 1, 2016

 

 

(In thousands of Korean won)

Notes

 

December 31,

2017

 

December 31,

2016

 

January 1,

2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity

 

13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity attributable to owners of

the Parent Company

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share capital

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common shares

 

 

3,474,450

 

3,474,450

 

3,474,450

 

Capital surplus

13

 

 

27,482,683

 

 

28,219,282

 

 

43,945,390

 

Other components of equity

13

 

 

(348,479)

 

 

25,076

 

 

-

 

Retained earnings

(Accumulated deficit)

13

 

 

14,424,777

 

 

705,690

 

 

(14,794,693)

Total equity

 

 

 

45,033,431

 

 

32,424,498

 

 

32,625,147

Total liabilities and equity

 

 

111,417,616

 

52,650,551

 

43,762,787

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The above separate statements of financial position should be read in conjunction with the accompanying notes.

4


GRAVITY CO., LTD.

Separate Statements of Comprehensive Income

Years Ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

 

(in thousands of Korean won)

Notes

2017

 

2016

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

21

 

 

 

 

 

  Online games – subscription revenue

 

31,533,084

 

18,905,150

  Online games – royalties and license fees

 

 

17,069,208

 

 

13,163,798

  Mobile games

 

 

70,634,135

 

 

2,694,767

  Other revenue

 

 

186,127

 

 

196,813

 

 

 

119,422,554

 

 

34,960,528

Cost of revenue

14

 

75,972,759

 

 

13,662,223

Gross profit

 

 

43,449,795

 

 

21,298,305

Selling, general and administrative expenses

14,15

 

29,774,222

 

 

15,861,830

Operating profit

 

 

13,675,573

 

 

5,436,475

Non-operating income and expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finance income

6,16

 

556,997

 

 

663,840

Finance costs

6,16

 

(186,723)

 

 

(73,181)

Other non-operating income

6,17

 

1,601,880

 

 

1,327,847

Other non-operating expenses

6,8,17

 

(1,725,488)

 

 

(4,360,802)

Profit before income tax expense

 

 

13,922,239

 

 

2,994,179

Income tax expense

18

 

939,752

 

 

3,219,903

Profit (loss) for the year

 

12,982,487

 

(225,724)

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

Items that may be subsequently reclassified to income or loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation adjustments

 

 

(373,554)

 

 

25,076

Total comprehensive income (loss) for the year

 

12,608,933

 

(200,648)

 

 

 

The above separate statements of comprehensive Income should be read in conjunction with the accompanying notes.

5


GRAVITY CO., LTD.

Separate Statements of Changes in Equity

Years Ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

(in thousands of Korean won)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes

 

 

 

 

 

Share

capital

 

 

Capital

surplus

 

 

Other components

of equity

 

 

Retained earnings (Accumulated deficit)

 

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at January 1, 2016

 

3,474,450

 

43,945,390

 

-

 

(14,794,693)

 

32,625,147

Loss for the year

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

(225,724)

 

 

(225,724)

Disposition of deficit with capital surplus

13

 

-

 

 

(15,726,108)

 

 

-

 

 

15,726,108

 

 

-

Foreign currency translation adjustments

13

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

25,075

 

 

 

 

 

25,075

Balance at December 31, 2016

 

3,474,450

 

28,219,282

 

25,075

 

705,691

 

32,424,498

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at January 1, 2017

 

3,474,450

 

28,219,282

 

25,075

 

705,691

 

32,424,498

Profit for the year

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

12,982,487

 

 

12,982,487

Disposition of deficit with capital surplus

13

 

-

 

 

(736,599)

 

 

-

 

 

736,599

 

 

-

Foreign currency translation adjustments

13

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

(373,554)

 

 

-

 

 

(373,554)

Balance at December 31, 2017

 

3,474,450

 

27,482,683

 

(348,479)

 

14,424,777

 

45,033,431

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The above separate statements of changes in equity should be read in conjunction with the accompanying notes.

6


GRAVITY CO., LTD.

Separate Statements of Cash Flow

Years Ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

(in thousands of Korean won)

Notes

2017

 

2016

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit (loss) for the year

 

12,982,487

 

(225,724)

Adjustments

19

 

2,392,360

 

 

6,761,382

Changes in operating assets and liabilities

19

 

11,274,302

 

 

(786,269)

Interest received

 

 

539,635

 

 

484,249

Income tax paid

18

 

(2,437,390)

 

 

(3,102,347)

Net cash inflow from operating activities

 

 

24,751,394

 

 

3,131,291

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Decrease in other non-current financial assets

 

 

7,014

 

 

2,247

  Decrease in other current assets

 

 

3,333

 

 

5,556

  Disposal of property and equipment

9

 

1,656

 

 

1,385

  Disposal of intangible assets

10

 

13,063

 

 

8,511

  Increase in short-term financial instruments, net

 

 

(1,000,000)

 

 

(10,000,000)

  Increase in other non-current financial assets

 

 

(660,667)

 

 

(1,170,820)

  Acquisition of property and equipment

9

 

(383,267)

 

 

(97,966)

  Acquisition of intangible assets

10

 

(1,141,276)

 

 

(539)

Net cash outflows from investing activities

 

 

(3,160,144)

 

 

(11,251,626)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash inflow (outflow) from financing activities

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Effects of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

 

 

(596,309)

 

 

(38,298)

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

20,994,941

 

 

(8,158,633)

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of the year

 

 

13,995,265

 

 

22,153,898

Cash and cash equivalents at end of the year in the statements of financial position

 

34,990,206

 

13,995,265

 

 

The above separate statements of cash flows in should be read in conjunction with the accompanying notes

7

 


GRAVITY CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016, and January 1, 2016

1.

General Information

GRAVITY CO., LTD. (the “Company”) was incorporated on April 4, 2000, to engage in developing and distributing online games and other related business. The Company’s headquarters is located at 15F, 396 World Cup buk‑ro, Mapo‑gu, Seoul, Korea. On November 17, 2016, the Company has established a Gravity Taiwan Branch in Taipei City, Taiwan. The Company’s principal game product, “Ragnarok”, a massive multi-player online role-playing game, was commercially launched in August 2002, and currently operated internationally 81 markets. In addition, the Company operates many other games.

On February 8, 2005, the Company listed its shares on NASDAQ in the United States, and issued 1,400,000 shares of ordinary shares by means of American Depositary Shares.

The Company started with total paid-in capital amount of ₩500,000 thousand, and as at December 31, 2017, the total paid-in capital amounts to ₩3,474,450 thousand. The Company’s major shareholders and their respective percentage of ownership as at December 31, 2017, are as follows:

Shareholder

 

Number of shares

 

Ownership (%)

GungHo Online Entertainment, Inc.

 

4,121,737

 

59.31

Others

 

2,827,163

 

40.69

 

 

6,948,900

 

100.00

 

 

2.

Significant Accounting Polices

The principal accounting policies applied in the preparation of these financial statements are set out below. These policies have been consistently applied to all the years presented, unless otherwise stated.

2.1 Basis of Presentation

The Company has first adopted International Financial Reporting Standards as adopted by the Republic of Korea (Korean IFRS). The Company’s transition date to the Korean IFRS is January 1, 2016, and the adoption date is January 1, 2017. Korean IFRS are the standards, subsequent amendments and related interpretations issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) that have been adopted by the Republic of Korea.

The separate financial statements are prepared using historical cost method unless otherwise stated.

In addition, reconciliations of the effect of the transition from KAS-NPEs (K-GAAP) to Korean IFRS on the Company’s equity as at January 1, 2016 and December 31, 2016, and total comprehensive income for the year ended December 31, 2016 are provided in Note 4.

The preparation of the separate financial statements requires the use of certain critical accounting estimates. It also requires management to exercise judgment in the process of applying the Company's accounting policies. The areas involving a higher degree of judgment or complexity, or areas where assumptions and estimates are significant to the separate financial statements are disclosed in Note 3.


GRAVITY CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016, and January 1, 2016

2.2 Changes in Accounting Policies and Disclosures

(a) New and amended standards not yet adopted by the Company

The Company has elected not to early adopt any of the following standards/interpretations issued effective for December 31, 2017 year ends.

- Enactment of Korean IFRS 1115 Revenue from Contracts with Customers

Korean IFRS 1115 Revenue from Contracts with Customers issued on November 6, 2015 will be effective for annual reporting periods beginning on or after January 1, 2018, with early adoption permitted. This standard replaces Korean IFRS 1018 Revenue, Korean IFRS 1011 Construction Contracts, Interpretation 2031 Revenue-Barter Transactions Involving Advertising Services, Interpretation 2113 Customer Loyalty Programs, Interpretation 2115 Agreements for the Construction of Real Estate and Interpretation 2118 Transfers of assets from customers. The Company must apply Korean IFRS 1115 Revenue from Contracts with Customers within annual reporting periods beginning on or after January 1, 2018, and will elect the modified retrospective approach which will recognize the cumulative impact of initially applying the revenue standard as an adjustment to retained earnings as at January 1, 2018, the period of initial application.

Korean IFRS 1018 and other current revenue standard identify revenue as income that arises in the course of ordinary activities of an entity and provides guidance on a variety of different types of revenue, such as, sale of goods, rendering of services, interest, dividends, royalties and construction contracts. However, the new standard is based on the principle that revenue is recognized when control of a good or service transfers to a customer so the notion of control replaces the existing notion of risks and rewards. A new five-step process must be applied before revenue from contract with customers can be recognized:

 

Identify contracts with customers

 

Identify the separate performance obligation

 

Determine the transaction price of the contract

 

Allocate the transaction price to each of the separate performance obligations, and

 

Recognize the revenue as each performance obligation is satisfied.

In September, 2017, for the preparation of implementing Korean IFRS 1115, the Company has formed a task force team. The task force team modified related internal controls based on the analysis of revenue streams. Korean IFRS 1115 is expected to affect overall business practice including not only accounting treatment but also the manner to close new contract and to perform business. The Company is providing training to those employees affected by the changes and the management to inform the effects of applying Korea IFRS 1115.

The Company performed an impact assessment to identify potential financial effects of applying Korean IFRS 1115. The assessment was performed based on available information as at December 31, 2017, and the results of the assessment as at December 31, 2017 did not have any material impact on the financial statements.

 

9

 


GRAVITY CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016, and January 1, 2016

The main results of assessment of applying Korean IFRS 1115 are explained as below.

The Company engages in the game licensing business to grant the right to distribute games developed by the Company, the intellectual property (“IP”) licensing business to grant the right to use contents of intellectual property, and the game publishing business.

The Company’s promise to grant a license is not distinct from other promised services in the contract. The licensee reasonably expects that the Company will undertake activities that significantly affect the intellectual property to which the licensee has rights. The rights granted by the license directly expose the licensee to any positive or negative effects of the Company’s activities and those activities do not result in the transfer of a service to the licensee as those activities occur. Based on the assessment, the Company concluded that the nature of an entity’s promise in granting a license is a promise to provide a right to access.

During 2017, the revenue from game and IP licensing amounted to \ 21,518 million, which is approximately 18% of total revenues. As the nature of granting a license is a promise to provide access to an entity’s IP as it exists at any point during the license period, the revenue should be recognized with performance obligations satisfied over time in accordance with Korean IFRS 1115.

As a result of the financial assessment in applying Korean IFRS 1115, the Company concluded that there will be no significant changes with respect to license revenue as at December 31, 2017.

- Amendments to Korean IFRS 1028 Investments in Associates and Joint Ventures

When an investment in an associate or a joint venture is held by, or it held indirectly through, an entity that is a venture capital organization, or a mutual fund, unit trust and similar entities including investment-linked insurance funds, the entity may elect to measure that investment at fair value through profit or loss in accordance with Korean IFRS 1109. The amendments clarify that an entity shall make this election separately for each associate of joint venture, at initial recognition of the associate or joint venture. These amendments are to be applied retrospectively for annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2018, with early adoption permitted. The Company does not expect the amendments to have a significant impact on the financial statements because the Company is not a venture capital organization.

- Amendment to Korean IFRS 1040 Transfers of Investment Property

Paragraph 57 of Korean IFRS 1040 clarifies that a transfer to, or from, investment property, including property under construction, can only be made if there has been a change in use that is supported by evidence, and provides a list of circumstances as examples. The amendment will be effective for annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2018, with early adoption permitted. The Company does not expect the amendment to have a significant impact on the financial statements.

- Amendments to Korean IFRS 1102 Share-based Payment

Amendments to Korean IFRS 1102 clarify accounting for a modification to the terms and conditions of a share-based payment that changes the classification of the transaction from cash-settled to equity-settled. Amendments also clarify that the measurement approach should treat the terms and conditions of a cash-

10

 


GRAVITY CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016, and January 1, 2016

settled award in the same way as for an equity-settled award. The amendments will be effective for annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2018, with early adoption permitted. The Company does not expect the amendments to have a significant impact on the financial statements.

- Enactments to Interpretation 2122 Foreign Currency Transaction and Advance Consideration

According to these enactments, the date of the transaction for the purpose of determining the exchange rate to use on initial recognition of the related asset, expense or income (or part of it) is the date on which an entity initially recognizes the non-monetary asset or non-monetary liability arising from the payment or receipt of advance consideration. If there are multiple payments or receipts in advance, the entity shall determine a date of the transaction for each payment or receipt of advance consideration. These enactments will be effective for annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2018, with early adoption permitted. The Company does not expect the enactments to have a significant impact on the financial statements.

- Enactment of Korean IFRS 1116 Leases

Korean IFRS 1116 Leases issued on May 22, 2017 is effective for annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2019, with early adoption permitted. This standard will replace Korean IFRS 1017 Leases, Interpretation 2104 Determining whether an Arrangement contains a Lease, Interpretation 2015 Operating Leases-Incentives, and Interpretation 2027 Evaluating the Substance of Transactions Involving the Legal Form of a Lease.

At inception of a contract, the entity shall assess whether the contract is, or contains, a lease. Also, at the date of initial application, the entity shall assess whether the contract is, or contains, a lease in accordance with the standard. However, the entity will not need to reassess all contracts with applying the practical expedient because the entity elected to apply the practical expedient only to contracts entered before the date of initial application.

For a contract that is, or contains, a lease, the entity shall account for each lease component within the contract as a lease separately from non-lease components of the contract. A lessee is required to recognize a right-of-use asset representing its right to use the underlying leased asset and a lease liability representing its obligation to make lease payments. The lessee may elect not to apply the requirements to short-term lease (a lease term of 12 months or less at the commencement date) and low value assets (e.g. underlying assets below $ 5,000). In addition, as a practical expedient, the lessee may elect, by class of underlying asset, not to separate non-lease components from lease components, and instead account for each lease component and any associated non-lease components as a single lease component.

- Enactments of Korean IFRS 1109 Financial Instruments

The new standard for financial instruments issued on September 25, 2015 is effective for annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2018 with early application permitted. This standard will replace Korean IFRS 1039 Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement. The Company will apply the standards for annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2018.

11

 


GRAVITY CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016, and January 1, 2016

The standard requires retrospective application with some exceptions. For example, an entity is not required to restate prior period in relation to classification and measurement (including impairment) of financial instruments. The standard requires prospective application of its hedge accounting requirements for all hedging relationships except the accounting for time value of options and other exceptions.

Korean IFRS 1109 Financial Instruments requires three main areas including: (a) classification and measurement of financial assets on the basis of the entity’s business model for managing financial assets and the contractual cash flow characteristics of the financial assets, (b) a new impairment model of financial instruments based on the expected credit losses, and (c) hedge accounting including expansion of the range of eligible hedging instruments and hedged items that qualify for hedge accounting or change of a method of hedge effectiveness assessment.

An effective implementation of Korean IFRS 1109 requires preparation processes including financial impact assessment, accounting policy establishment, accounting system development and the system stabilization. The impact on the Company’s financial statements due to the application of the standard is dependent on judgements made in applying the standard, financial instruments held by the Company and macroeconomic variables.

The Company performed an impact assessment to identify potential financial effects of applying Korean IFRS 1109. The assessment was performed based on available information as at December 31, 2017.

As at December 31, 2017, the Company owns loans and receivables of \ 98,597 million, financial liabilities of \42,272 million at amortized costs. Based on results from the impact assessment of Korean IFRS 1109, the application of the new standard as at December 31, 2017 does not have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements. The Company plans to perform more detailed analyses on the financial effects based on additional information in the future; therefore, the results of the assessment may change due to additional information that the Company may obtain after the assessment.

2.3 Subsidiaries, Joint Ventures, and Associates – accounted for at cost

The financial statements of the Company are the separate financial statements prepared in accordance with Korean IFRS 1027 Separate Financial Statements. The Company is investing in four subsidiaries, including NeoCyon.

Investments in subsidiaries, joint ventures and associates are recognized at cost under the direct equity method in accordance with Korean IFRS 1027 (Note 4). Management applied the carrying amounts under the previous K-GAAP at the time of transition to Korean IFRS as deemed cost of investment. The Company recognizes dividend income from subsidiaries, joint ventures and associates in profit or loss when its right to receive the dividend is established.


12

 


GRAVITY CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016, and January 1, 2016

2.4 Foreign Currency Translation

(a) Functional and presentation currency

Items included in the financial statements of each of the Company’s entities are measured using the currency of the primary economic environment in which each entity operates (the “functional currency”), which the financial statements in main office and local branch (Taiwan) are presented in Korean won (KRW) and New Taiwan Dollar (NTD), respectively. The financial statements are presented in Korean won, which is the Company’s functional and presentation currency.

(b) Transactions and balances

Foreign currency transactions are translated into the functional currency using the exchange rates at the dates of the transactions. Foreign exchange gains and losses resulting from the settlement of such transactions and from the translation of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies at year end exchange rates are generally recognized in profit or loss.

Non-monetary items that are measured at fair value in a foreign currency are translated using the exchange rates at the date when the fair value was determined. Translation differences on assets and liabilities carried at fair value are reported as part of the fair value gain or loss. For example, translation differences on non-monetary assets and liabilities such as equities held at fair value through profit or loss are recognized in profit or loss as part of the fair value gain or loss and translation differences on non-monetary assets such as equities classified as available-for-sale financial assets are recognized in other comprehensive income.

2.5 Statement of Cash flow

The statement of cash flows are prepared using the indirect method, and cash flows denominated in foreign currencies are translated at average exchange rates for the period.

2.6 Cash and Cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents include cash on hand, deposits held at call with financial institutions, and other short-term investments with original maturities of three months or less that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash without significant transaction costs.

2.7 Financial Assets

(a) Classification and measurement

The Company classifies its financial assets into the following categories: financial assets at fair value through profit or loss, available-for-sale financial assets, loans and receivables, and held-to-maturity financial assets. Regular way purchases and sales of financial assets are recognized on trade-date, the date on which the Company commits to purchase or sell the asset.

13

 


GRAVITY CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016, and January 1, 2016

At initial recognition, the Company measures a financial asset at its fair value plus, in the case of a financial asset not at fair value through profit or loss, transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition of the financial asset. Transaction costs of financial assets carried at fair value through profit or loss are expensed in profit or loss. Available-for-sale financial assets and financial assets at fair value through profit or loss are subsequently carried at fair value. And, loans and receivables and held-to-maturity investments are subsequently carried at amortized cost using the effective interest method.

Gains or losses arising from changes in the fair value of financial assets at fair value through profit or loss are recognized in profit or loss within other income or other expenses. Gains or losses arising from changes in the available-for-sale financial assets are recognized in other comprehensive income, and amounts are reclassified to profit or loss when the associated assets are sold or impaired.

(b) Impairment

The Company assesses at the end of each reporting period whether there is an objective evidence that a financial asset or a group of financial assets is impaired. A financial asset or a group of financial assets is impaired and impairment losses are incurred only if there is an objective evidence of impairment as a result of one or more events that occurred after the initial recognition of the asset (a ‘loss event’) and that loss event (or events) has an impact on the estimated future cash flows of the financial asset or a group of financial assets that can be reliably estimated.

Impairment of loans and receivables is presented as a deduction in an allowance account, and that of other financial assets is directly deducted from their carrying amount. The Company writes off financial assets when the assets are determined to be no longer recoverable.

The Company considers that there is an objective evidence of impairment if significant financial difficulties of the debtor, or delinquency in interest or principal payments is indicated.

(c) Derecognition

If a transfer does not result in derecognition because the Company has retained substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of the transferred asset, the Company continues to recognize the transferred asset in its entirety and recognizes a financial liability for the consideration received.

(d) Offsetting of financial instruments

Financial assets and liabilities are offset and the net amount reported in the separate statements of financial position where there is a legally enforceable right to offset the recognized amounts and there is an intention to settle on a net basis or realize the assets and settle the liability simultaneously. The legally enforceable right must not be contingent on future events and must be enforceable in the normal course of business and in the event of default, insolvency or bankruptcy of the Company or the counterparty.

 

 

14

 


GRAVITY CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016, and January 1, 2016

2.8 Property and Equipment

Property and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment, which includes acquisition cost, production cost and other costs required to prepare the asset for its intended use. It also includes the present value of the estimated cost of dismantling and removing the asset, and restoring the site after the termination of the asset's useful life, provided it meets the criteria for recognition of provisions.

Depreciation is calculated under straight-line method over estimated useful lives as follows:

 

 

Estimated Useful Lives

Computer and other equipment

 

4 years

Furniture and fixture

 

4 years

Leasehold Improvements

 

4 years

 

Expenditures incurred after the acquisition or completion of assets are capitalized only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the Company, which includes the enhancement of the value of the related assets over their recently appraised value or extension of the useful life of the related assets, and the fair value for the related cost can be reliably measured. All other routine maintenance and repairs are charged to expense as incurred.

2.9 Intangible Assets

Intangible assets, except for goodwill, are initially recognized at its historical cost, and carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses.

Software development costs that are directly attributable to internally generated by the Company are recognized when the criteria; such as, technically feasible, generate probable future economic benefits and other, are met. Customer contracts acquired in a business combination are recognized at fair value at the acquisition date. Membership rights that have an indefinite useful life are not subject to amortization because there is no foreseeable limit to the period over which the assets are expected to be utilized.

The Company entered into a game licensing agreement with a number of third parties to gain exclusive rights to the games developed by other companies. The license fee payments are recognized as other intangible assets and amortized over the term of the contract.

The Company amortizes intangible assets with a limited useful life using the straight-line method over the following periods:

 

 

Estimated Useful Lives

Software

 

3 years

Patents

 

10 years

Other intangible assets

 

3 years

 

 

 

15

 


GRAVITY CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016, and January 1, 2016

2.10 Impairment of Non-financial Assets

Intangible assets not yet available for use are tested annually for impairment. Goodwill acquired in a business combination is tested for impairment at the end of each reporting period by assessing its recoverable amount. Assets that are subject to amortization or depreciation are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. Property and equipment are reviewed for impairment under the above circumstances and when gross estimated future cash flows expected from the use and disposal of property and equipment (individual assets or cash-generating units) is less than the carrying amount. Impairment loss is recognized for the amount by which the asset’s carrying amount exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of an asset’s fair value less costs to sell and its value-in-use. For the purposes of assessing impairment, assets are grouped at the lowest levels (cash-generating units) for which there are separate and identifiable cash flows.

2.11 Financial Liabilities

(a) Classification and measurement

The Company’s financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss are financial instruments held for trading. A financial liability is held for trading if it is incurred principally for the purpose of repurchasing in the near term. A derivative that is not a designated as hedging instruments and an embedded derivative that is separated are also classified as held for trading.

The Company classifies non-derivative financial liabilities, except for financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss, financial guarantee contracts and financial liabilities that arise when a transfer of financial assets does not qualify for derecognition, as financial liabilities carried at amortized cost and present as ‘account payables’, ‘other current liabilities’ and ‘other non-current liabilities’ in the separate statement of financial position.

(b) Derecognition

Financial liabilities are removed from the statement of financial position when it is extinguished; for example, when the obligation specified in the contract is discharged or cancelled or expired or when the terms of an existing financial liability are substantially modified.

2.12 Provisions and Contingent Liabilities

Provisions for legal claims, service warranties and make good obligations are recognized when the Company has a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of past events, it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and the amount can be reliably estimated.

Provisions are measured at the present value of management's best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation at the end of the reporting period. The discount rate used to determine the present value reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the liability.

16

 


GRAVITY CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016, and January 1, 2016

In addition, when there is a possible obligation that arises from past events and whose existence will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the entity or a present obligation that arises from past events but is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation or the amount of the obligation cannot be measured with sufficient reliability, a disclosure regarding the contingent liabilities is made in the notes to the financial statements.

2.13 Current and Deferred Tax

The tax expense for the period consists of current and deferred tax. Current and deferred tax is recognized in profit or loss, except to the extent that it relates to items recognized in other comprehensive income or directly in equity. The tax expense is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the taxation authorities, using the tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the end of the reporting period.

Deferred income tax is provided in full, using the liability method, on temporary differences arising between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts in the separate financial statements. However, deferred income tax is not accounted for if it arises from initial recognition of an asset or liability in a transaction other than a business combination that at the time of the transaction affects neither accounting nor taxable profit or loss.

Deferred tax assets are recognized only if it is probable that future taxable amounts will be available to utilize those temporary differences and losses.

The Company recognizes a deferred tax liability all taxable temporary differences associated with investments in subsidiaries, associates, and interests in joint arrangements, except to the extent that the Company is able to control the timing of the reversal of the temporary difference and it is probable that the temporary difference will not reverse in the foreseeable future. In addition, the Company recognizes a deferred tax asset for all deductible temporary differences arising from such investments to the extent that it is probable the temporary difference will reverse in the foreseeable future and taxable profit will be available against which the temporary difference can be utilized.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to offset current tax assets and liabilities and when the deferred tax balances relate to the same taxation authority. Current tax assets and tax liabilities are offset where the entity has a legally enforceable right to offset and intends either to settle on a net basis.

2.14 Employee Benefits

(a) Annual paid leave obligations

The Company recognizes expenses and liabilities related to annual paid leave during an accounting period when an employee has rendered service that gives rise to employee’s entitlement to future annual paid leave.

(b) Defined contribution pension plan

17

 


GRAVITY CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016, and January 1, 2016

The Company has a defined contribution pension plan with the related contribution to the pension plan recorded as severance benefit expenses for the employees with service period over a year. The Company recognizes provision for severance benefits for the employees with service period less than a year.

2.15 Revenue Recognition

Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable for the sale of goods or rendering of services arising from the normal course of the business. Amounts disclosed as revenue are net of value added taxes, returns, rebates and discounts and after elimination of inter-company transactions.

The Company recognizes revenue when the amount of revenue can be reliably measured, it is probable that future economic benefits will flow to the Company and when specific criteria have been met for each of the Company’s activities as described below. The Company bases its estimate on historical results, taking into consideration the type of customer, the type of transaction and the specifics of each arrangement.

(a) Subscription revenue (Online and Mobile)

The Company recognizes online and mobile subscription revenue on accrual basis when players make use of in-game premium features.

Players can access certain games free of charge, but may purchase game points to acquire in-game premium features. The Company defer revenue recognition for the unused game points at the end of reporting period. Consumable in-game items are deferred when such in-game items are purchased by users with game points and recognized as revenue when the purchased in-game items are used in the games. In-game items with limited time period are deferred and recognized as revenue in proportion to the number of days lapsed while permanent in-game items are recognized ratably as revenues over the estimated life cycle of game users.

(b) Royalties and license fees

The prepaid license fee revenues are recorded as deferred revenue and recognized on a straight-line method over the license period. The running royalties are recognized monthly on accrual basis as royalty payments are determined based on the conditions of contracts. The minimum guarantee (“MG”) royalties are recorded as deferred revenue and recognized on a straight-line method over the license period. If actual cumulative royalties exceed the cumulative revenue amount recognized under the straight-line method, the Company recognizes the excess amount as revenue.

(c) Interest income

Interest income is recognized using the effective interest method according to the time passed. When a loan and receivable is impaired, the Company reduces the carrying amount to its recoverable amount and continues unwinding the discount as interest income. Interest income on impaired loans and receivables is recognized using the original effective interest rate.

 

18

 


GRAVITY CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016, and January 1, 2016

(d) Other sales

Revenues from other sales are recognized when control of the goods has transferred, being when the goods are delivered to the customer.

2.16 Lease

A lease is an agreement, whereby the lessor conveys to the lessee, in return for a payment or series of payments, the right to use an asset for an agreed period of time. Leases in which a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are not transferred to the Company are classified as operating leases. Payments made under operating leases are charge to expenses on a straight-line basis over the period of lease.

2.17 Approval of the Financial Statements

The separate financial statements were approved by the Board of Directors on March 9, 2018.

 

3.Critical Accounting Estimates and Assumptions

 

The preparation of financial statements requires the Company to make estimates and assumptions concerning the future. Estimates and judgements are continually evaluated and are based on historical experience and other factors, including expectations of future events that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. The resulting accounting estimates will, by definition, seldom equal the related actual results. The estimates and assumptions that have a significant risk of causing a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities within the next financial year are discussed below.

(a) Deferred taxes

In assessing the realizability of the deferred tax assets, the Company considers whether it is probable that a portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. When the Company assessed the realizability of the deferred tax assets, the Company considered its performance, general economic environment, projected future taxable income, periods available to deduct tax loss carryforwards and tax credit carryforwards and etc. The ultimate realization of deferred tax assets is dependent on whether the Company is able to generate future taxable income in specific tax jurisdictions during the periods in which temporary differences become deductible. However, the amount of deferred tax assets may be different if we do not realize estimated future taxable income during the carry forward periods as originally expected.

19

 


GRAVITY CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016, and January 1, 2016

4.Transition to Korean IFRS

 

The Company’s financial statements are prepared in accordance with the requirements of Korean IFRS on or after January 1, 2016, the date of transition, for Korean IFRSs effective as at December 31, 2017. The financial statements as at January 1, 2016 and December 31, 2016 and the statements of comprehensive income, changes in equity and cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2016, which are comparatively presented, were previously prepared in accordance with Accounting Standards for Non-Public in the Republic of Korea but were restated in accordance with Korean IFRS 1101 First-time adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards.

In preparing the financial statements in accordance with Korean IFRS 1101 First time Adoption of Korean International Financial Reporting Standards, the Company has applied the mandatory exceptions and certain optional exemptions allowed by Korean IFRS as out below:

4.1 Exemption Options under Korean IFRS 1101

(a) Business Combination

The Company has elected not to apply Korean IFRS 1103, Business Combinations retrospectively to past business combinations that occurred before the date of transition to Korean IFRS.

(b) Investment in subsidiaries

The Company applied the carrying amounts under the previous K-GAAP at the time of transition to Korean IFRS as deemed cost of investment.

4.2 Explanations of Transition to Korean IFRS

Major adjustments related to the transition to Korean IFRS are as follows:

- Evaluation of Retirement benefit liabilities

In accordance with Korean IFRS, the estimation for retirement benefit liabilities for all employees including new hires are accrued and recorded as “other non-current liabilities”, whereas under K-GAAP, retirement benefit liabilities for employees who serviced less than a year were not accrued as a liability.

- Contract costs

The Company pays platform processing fees to operate mobile games on third party platforms. These fees are charged for the game users’ purchases in cash, and are considered as the incremental cost of obtaining a contract with game users. The Company records these costs as prepaid expense and amortizes them to costs of revenue in accordance with the related revenue recognition of the services provided to the game user.


20

 


GRAVITY CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016, and January 1, 2016

- Account reclassification

Certain accounts were reclassified in accordance with Korean IFRS.

Reconciliations between the previous K-GAAP to Korean IFRS

(a) Effects on the financial position and financial performance

Effects of Korean IFRS adoption on the Company’s total assets, liabilities and equity as at January 1, 2016, the date of Korean IFRS transition, are as follows:

(in thousands of Korean won)

Assets

 

Liabilities

 

Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amounts in accordance with the previous K-GAAP

\

43,762,787

 

\

11,077,664

 

\

32,685,123

Adjustments:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evaluation of retirement benefit obligation

 

-

 

 

59,976

 

 

(59,976)

Korean IFRS

\

43,762,787

 

\

11,137,640

 

\

32,625,147

 

Effects of Korean IFRS adoption on the Company’s total assets, liabilities and equity as at December 31, 2016, are as follows:

 

(in thousands of Korean won)

Assets

 

Liabilities

 

Equity

 

Total comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amounts in accordance with the previous K-GAAP

\

52,175,990

 

\

20,176,903

 

\

31,999,087

 

\

(686,036)

Adjustments:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evaluation of retirement benefit obligation

 

-

 

 

49,150

 

 

(49,150)

 

 

10,827

Incremental costs of obtaining a contract

 

390,301

 

 

-

 

 

390,301

 

 

390,301

Others

 

84,260

 

 

-

 

 

84,260

 

 

84,260

Total adjustments

 

474,561

 

 

49,150

 

 

425,411

 

 

485,388

Korean IFRS

\

52,650,551

 

\

20,226,053

 

\

32,424,498

 

\

(200,648)

 

 

 

(b) Effects on the cash flows in 2016

Upon adoption of Korean IFRS, cash flows from interest received, interest paid, dividends received, and income taxes paid, which had not been separately presented, are presented separately on the face of the

21

 


GRAVITY CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016, and January 1, 2016

statement of cash flows. In order to accommodate the change, cash flows related to relevant income/expenses, assets/liabilities have been adjusted.

The effects of the change in exchange rate on cash and cash equivalents in a foreign currency are presented separately from cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities.

Interest expense and income tax expense, which were presented only in non-cash amounts in accordance with the previous K-GAAP, are classified as operating activities cash flow and presented as separate items. In addition, the effect of foreign exchange rate fluctuations on cash and cash equivalents denominated in foreign currencies, which were classified as operating cash flows in accordance with the previous K-GAAP, are separately presented from operating activities, investing activities and cash flows from financing activities.

 

5.

Cash and cash equivalent

Cash and cash equivalents as at December 31, 2017, 2016 and January 1, 2016, consist of:

 

(in thousands of Korean won)

 

December 31, 2017

 

December 31, 2016

 

January 1, 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash in bank, etc.

 

34,990,206

 

13,995,265

 

22,153,898

 

 

 

Restricted cash and cash equivalents as at December 31, 2017, 2016 and January 1, 2016, are as follows:

 

(in thousands of Korean won)

 

December 31, 2017

 

December 31, 2016

 

January 1, 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deposits for membership

 

20,120

 

-

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

22

 


GRAVITY CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016, and January 1, 2016

6.

Financial Instruments by Category

6.1 Carrying Amounts of Financial Instruments by Category

Carrying amounts of financial assets and liabilities by category as at December 31, 2017, 2016 and January 1, 2016, are as follows:

(in thousands of Korean won)

 

Loans and receivables

 

 

December 31, 2017

 

December 31, 2016

 

January 1, 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

\

34,990,206

 

\

13,995,265

 

\

22,153,898 

Short-term financial assets

 

 

22,500,000

 

 

21,500,000

 

 

11,500,000

Accounts receivables, net

 

 

38,890,644

 

 

9,490,377

 

 

3,641,173

Other receivables, net

 

 

704,664

 

 

1,050,725

 

 

152,597

Other current assets

 

 

154,371

 

 

251,731

 

 

104,609

Other non-current financial assets

 

 

1,357,272 

 

 

939,819

 

 

923,633

 

 

\

98,597,157

 

\

47,227,917

 

\

38,475,910

 

(in thousands of Korean won)

 

Financial liabilities at amortized cost

 

 

December 31, 2017

 

December 31, 2016

 

January 1, 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Account payables

 

\

42,150,983

 

\

8,473,762

 

\

1,368,776

Other current liabilities

 

 

120,535

 

 

120,535

 

 

120,535

 

 

\

42,271,518

 

\

8,594,297

 

\

1,489,311

 

6.2 Net Gains or Losses by Category of Financial Instruments

Net gains or losses on each category of financial instruments for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, are as follows:

(in thousands of Korean won)

 

Loans and receivables

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest Income

 

\

538,448

 

\

630,260

Gain on foreign currency transaction

 

 

281,768

 

 

763,345

 

23

 


GRAVITY CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016, and January 1, 2016

(in thousands of Korean won)

 

Financial liabilities at amortized cost

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss on foreign currency transaction

 

\

(349,249)

 

\

(1,287,944)

 

6.3 Fair value of Financial Instruments by Category

The carrying amount and fair value of financial assets and liabilities as at December 31, 2017, 2016 and January 1, 2016, are as follows:

(in thousands of Korean won)

 

 

 

December 31, 2017

 

December 31, 2016

 

January 1, 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carrying

amount

 

Fair

Value

 

Carrying

amount

 

Fair

Value

 

Carrying

amount

 

Fair

Value

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

\

34,990,206

 

\

34,990,206

 

\

13,995,265

 

\

13,995,265

 

\

22,153,898

 

\

22,153,898

Short-term financial instruments

 

22,500,000

 

 

22,500,000

 

 

21,500,000

 

 

21,500,000

 

 

11,500,000

 

 

11,500,000

Accounts receivable, net

 

38,890,644

 

 

(*)

 

 

9,490,377

 

 

(*)

 

 

3,641,173

 

 

(*)

Other receivables, net

 

704,664

 

 

(*)

 

 

1,050,725

 

 

(*)

 

 

152,597

 

 

(*)

Other current assets

 

154,371

 

 

(*)

 

 

251,731

 

 

(*)

 

 

104,609

 

 

(*)

Other non-current assets

 

1,357,272

 

 

(*)

 

 

939,819

 

 

(*)

 

 

923,633

 

 

(*)

 

\

98,597,157

 

 

 

 

\

47,227,917

 

 

 

 

\

38,475,910

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Account payables

\

42,150,983

 

\

(*)

 

\

8,473,762

 

\

(*)

 

\

1,368,776

 

\

(*)

Other current liabilities

 

120,535

 

 

(*)

 

 

120,535

 

 

(*)

 

 

120,535

 

 

(*)

 

\

42,271,518

 

 

 

 

\

8,594,297

 

\

 

 

\

1,489,311

 

 

 

 

(*) As the carrying amount is a reasonable approximation of fair value, it is excluded from fair value disclosure.

 

 

24

 


GRAVITY CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016, and January 1, 2016

 

6.4 Fair value Hierarchy

Fair value hierarchy classifications of the financial assets and financial liabilities that are measured at fair value or its fair value is disclosed as at December 31, 2017, 2016 and January 1, 2016, are as follows:

(in thousands of Korean won)

 

December 31, 2017

 

 

Level 1

 

Level 2

 

Level 3

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

\

21,236,081

 

\

13,754,125

 

\

-

 

\

34,990,206

Short-term financial assets

 

 

11,000,000

 

 

11,500,000

 

 

-

 

 

22,500,000

 

 

\

32,236,081

 

\

25,254,125

 

\

-

 

\

57,490,206

 

(in thousands of Korean won)

 

December 31, 2016

 

 

Level 1

 

Level 2

 

Level 3

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

\

5,051,382

 

\

8,943,883

 

\

-

 

\

13,995,265

Short-term financial assets

 

 

4,000,000

 

 

17,500,000

 

 

-

 

 

21,500,000

 

 

\

9,051,382

 

\

26,443,883

 

\

-

 

\

35,495,265

 

(in thousands of Korean won)

 

January 1, 2016

 

 

Level 1

 

Level 2

 

Level 3

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

\

21,292,158

 

\

861,740

 

\

-

 

\

22,153,898

Short-term financial assets

 

 

1,000,000

 

 

10,500,000

 

 

-

 

 

11,500,000

 

 

\

22,292,158

 

\

11,361,740

 

\

-

 

\

33,653,898

 

Assets measured at fair value or for which the fair value is disclosed are categorized within the fair value hierarchy, and the defined levels are as follows:

 

 

Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1)

 

All inputs other than quoted prices included in level 1 that are observable (either directly that is, prices, or indirectly that is, derived from prices) for the asset or liability (Level 2)

 

Unobservable inputs for the asset or liability (Level 3)

The fair value of financial instruments traded in an active market is determined based on the quoted market price as of the end of the reporting period. If the quoted prices are readily and regularly available through exchanges, sellers, brokers, industry groups, rating agencies or regulators and such prices represent actual market transactions that occur regularly between independent parties, they are considered active markets

25

 


GRAVITY CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016, and January 1, 2016

These products are included in Level 1. Most of the products included in Level 1 consist of ordinary deposits and time deposits.

The fair value of financial instruments that are not traded in an active market is determined using valuation techniques. These valuation techniques use as much market observable information as possible and use the least amount of company-specific information. At this time, if all the significant input variables required to measure the fair value of a good are observable, the good is included in Level 2.

If more than one significant input variable is not based on observable market information, the item is included in Level 3.

The valuation techniques used to measure the fair value of a financial instrument include:

- Disclosure of similar goods Market price or dealer price

- The fair value of derivative instruments is determined by discounting the amount at present value using the leading exchange rate as of the end of the reporting period

For other financial instruments, we use other techniques, such as a discounted cash flow method. For accounts and other receivables classified as current assets, the carrying amount is estimated as a reasonable approximation of fair value.

 

 

7.

Accounts and Other Receivables

Accounts receivables as at December 31, 2017, 2016 and January 1, 2016, are as follows:

 


(in thousands of Korean won)

 

December 31, 2017

 

December 31, 2016

 

January 1, 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-related party

 

\

37,980,807

 

\

8,332,193

 

\

2,302,331

Related party

 

 

3,856,366

 

 

3,511,900

 

 

3,076,694

Less: provision for impairment

 

 

(2,946,529)

 

 

(2,353,716)

 

 

(1,737,852)

Accounts receivables, net

 

\

38,890,644

 

\

9,490,377

 

\

3,641,173

 

 

Other receivables as at December 31, 2017, 2016 and January 1, 2016, are as follows:

 


(in thousands of Korean won)

 

December 31, 2017

 

December 31, 2016

 

January 1, 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-related party

 

\

691,453

 

\

680,306

 

\

119,130

Related party

 

 

382,906

 

 

700,870

 

 

365,977

Less: provision for impairment

 

 

(369,695)

 

 

(330,451)

 

 

(332,510)

Other receivables - net

 

\

704,664

 

\

1,050,725

 

\

152,597

26

 


GRAVITY CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016, and January 1, 2016

 

 

Above accounts and other receivables are classified as loans and receivables and are subsequently measured at amortized cost.

The aging analysis of accounts receivables as at December 31, 2017, 2016 and January 1, 2016, are as follows:


(in thousands of Korean won)

 

December 31, 2017

 

December 31, 2016

 

January 1, 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Receivables not past due

 

\

38,868,644

 

\

9,271,821

 

\

3,328,354

Past due but not impaired

 

 

22,000

 

 

218,556

 

 

312,819

Impaired

 

 

2,946,529

 

 

2,353,716

 

 

1,737,852

Total

 

\

41,837,173

 

\

11,844,093

 

\

5,379,025

 

The aging analysis of other receivables as at December 31, 2017, 2016 and January 1, 2016, are as follows:


(in thousands of Korean won)

 

December 31, 2017

 

December 31, 2016

 

January 1, 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Receivables not past due

 

\

704,625

 

\

1,050,725

 

\

152,597

Past due but not impaired

 

 

39

 

 

-

 

 

-

Impaired

 

 

369,695

 

 

330,451

 

 

332,510

Total

 

\

1,074,359

 

\

1,381,176

 

\

485,107

 

 

The Company calculates recoverable amount of receivables for which loss event has been individually identified through individual analysis and recognizes the difference between such calculated recoverable amount and book value as impairment loss.

As for the receivables for which loss event has not been individually identified, the Company classifies such receivables based on the contractual collection period, and receivables whose collection period has not expired yet are deemed as receivables not past due. With regard to the receivables past due, the Company makes adjustments to provision for impairment by applying certain specified rate of impaired receivables in consideration of the credit risk based on the overdue period.

 

 

 

 

27

 


GRAVITY CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016, and January 1, 2016

 

Movements in the provision for impairment of accounts and other receivables for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, are as follows:


(in thousands of Korean won)

 

2017

 

2016

 

 

Accounts

 

Other

 

Accounts

 

Other

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance as at January 1

 

\

2,353,716

 

\

330,451

 

\

1,737,852

 

\

332,510

Provisions for impaired receivables/ (reversals of unused amounts)

 

 

592,813

 

 

39,244

 

 

615,864

 

 

(2,059)

Receivables written off during the year as uncollectible

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

Balance as at December 31

 

\

2,946,529

 

\

369,695

 

\

2,353,716

 

\

330,451

 

In assessing the recoverability of accounts receivables, etc., the Company takes into consideration changes in the credit rating of accounts receivables from commencement of the credit granting to end of the reporting period.

 

8.

Investment in Subsidiaries

 

Details of investment in subsidiaries at the end of reporting periods are as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Percentage of ownership (%)

Subsidiary

 

Location

 

Main business

 

Closing month

 

December 31, 2017

 

December 31, 2016

 

January 1,

2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gravity Interactive, Inc.

 

USA

 

Online and mobile game services

 

December

 

100

%

 

100

%

 

100

%

Gravity Entertainment Corp.

 

Japan

 

Animation production, distribution, and game services

 

December

 

100

%

 

100

%

 

100

%

NeoCyon, Inc.

 

Korea

 

Mobile Game Development and Service

 

December

 

96.11

%

 

96.11

%

 

96.11

%

Gravity Games Corp.

 

Korea

 

Online Game Development

 

December

 

85.50

%

 

85.50

%

 

85.50

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

28

 


GRAVITY CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016, and January 1, 2016

 

 

Changes in investment in subsidiaries for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, are as follows:

 

(in thousands of Korean won)

 

2017

Subsidiary

 

Beginning balance

 

Acquisition

 

Impairment

 

Others

 

Ending

balance

Gravity Interactive, Inc.

 

\

-

 

\

-

 

\

-

 

\

-

 

\

-

Gravity Entertainment Corp.

 

 

379,978

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

379,978

NeoCyon, Inc.

 

 

1,403,250

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

1,403,250

Gravity Games Corp.

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

\

1,783,228

 

\

-

 

\

-

 

\

-

 

\

1,783,228

 

(in thousands of Korean won)

2016

Subsidiary

 

Beginning balance

 

Acquisition

 

Impairment

 

Others

 

Ending

balance

Gravity Interactive, Inc.

 

\

-

 

\

-

 

\

-

 

\

-

 

\

-

Gravity Entertainment Corp.

 

 

379,978

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

379,978

NeoCyon, Inc.

 

 

3,078,660

 

 

-

 

 

(1,675,410)

 

 

-

 

 

1,403,250

Gravity Games Corp.

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

\

3,458,638

 

\

-

 

\

(1,675,410)

 

\

-

 

\

1,783,228

 

Summarized financial information for subsidiaries as at and for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, is as follows:

 

(in thousands of Korean won)

December 31, 2017

Subsidiary

 

Assets

 

Liabilities

 

Sales

 

Profit (loss) for the year

Gravity Interactive, Inc.

 

\

2,152,360

 

\

10,087,107

 

\

5,418,466

 

\

(638,112)

Gravity Entertainment Corp.

 

 

361,573

 

 

3,077

 

 

16

 

 

(8,305)

NeoCyon, Inc.

 

 

6,855,116

 

 

5,376,927

 

 

23,601,638

 

 

18,143

Gravity Games Corp.

 

 

3,403,607

 

 

4,442,408

 

 

307,842

 

 

(40,100)

 

(in thousands of Korean won)

December 31, 2016

Subsidiary

 

Assets

 

Liabilities

 

Sales

 

Profit (loss) for the year

Gravity Interactive, Inc.

 

\

697,937

 

\

8,966,107

 

\

4,056,401

 

\

(1,081,580)

Gravity Entertainment Corp.

 

 

403,995

 

 

3,835

 

 

1,104

 

 

(5,305)

NeoCyon, Inc.

 

 

6,185,791

 

 

4,725,745

 

 

15,255,006

 

 

(1,828,035)

Gravity Games Corp.

 

 

3,355,645

 

 

4,354,346

 

 

141,203

 

 

3,542

 

 

 

 

29

 


GRAVITY CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016, and January 1, 2016

 

 

 

 

Summarized financial information for subsidiaries as at January 1, 2016, is as follows:

 

(in thousands of Korean won)

 

January 1, 2016

Subsidiary

 

Assets

 

Liabilities

Gravity Interactive, Inc.

 

\

685,890

 

\

7,612,041

Gravity Entertainment Corp.

 

 

382,971

 

 

2,993

NeoCyon, Inc.

 

 

5,406,065

 

 

2,119,827

Gravity Games Corp.

 

 

3,281,485

 

 

4,283,728

 

 

9.

Property and Equipment

 

Details of property and equipment as at December 31, 2017, 2016 and January 1, 2016, are as follows:

(in thousands of

Korean won)

 

December 31, 2017

 

December 31, 2016

 

January 1, 2016

 

 

Cost

 

Accumulated depreciation

 

Book amount

 

Cost

 

Accumulated depreciation

 

Book amount

 

Cost

 

Accumulated depreciation

 

Book amount

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Computer and other equipment

 

\

4,413,663

 

\

(4,094,625)

 

\

319,038

 

\

4,288,608

 

\

(4,132,871)

 

\

155,737

 

\

5,567,224

 

\

(5,381,653)

 

\

185,571

Furniture

and fixture

 

 

654,411

 

 

(624,189)

 

 

30,222

 

 

633,990

 

 

(612,587)

 

 

21,403

 

 

619,614

 

 

(609,411)

 

 

10,203

Leasehold improvements

 

 

1,080,809

 

 

(954,042)

 

 

126,767

 

 

1,005,679

 

 

(862,259)

 

 

143,420

 

 

963,697

 

 

(806,138)

 

 

157,559

 

 

\

6,148,883

 

\

(5,672,856)

 

\

476,027

 

\

5,928,277

 

\

(5,607,717)

 

\

320,560

 

\

7,150,535

 

\

(6,797,202)

 

\

353,333

 

 

Changes in property and equipment for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, are as follows:

 

(in thousands of Korean won)

 

December 31, 2017

 

 

Computer

and

other equipment

 

Furniture

and

Fixture

 

Leasehold

improvements

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Opening net book amount

 

\

155,737

 

\

21,403

 

\

143,420

 

\

320,560

Acquisitions

 

 

245,042

 

 

21,113

 

 

117,112

 

 

383,267

Depreciation

 

 

(81,096)

 

 

(11,813)

 

 

(98,281)

 

 

(191,190)

Disposals

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

(36,540)

 

 

(36,540)

Exchange differences

 

 

(645)

 

 

(481)

 

 

1,056

 

 

(70)

Closing net book amount

 

\

319,038

 

\

30,222

 

\

126,767

 

\

476,027

 

30

 


GRAVITY CO., LTD.

Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016, and January 1, 2016

 

 

(in thousands of Korean won)

 

December 31, 2016

 

 

Computer

and

other equipment

 

Furniture

and

Fixture

 

Leasehold

improvements

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Opening net book amount

 

\

185,571

 

\

10,203

 

\

157,559

 

\

353,333

Acquisitions

 

 

54,393

 

 

17,303

 

 

41,982

 

 

113,678

Depreciation

 

 

(84,561)

 

 

(6,153)

 

 

(56,092)

 

 

(146,806)

Disposals

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

Exchange differences

 

 

334

 

 

50

 

 

(29)

 

 

355

Closing net book amount

 

\

155,737